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N(h,b+k)

P(x,y)

L(h-d,b+h)

D'(h-d,k)

V'(h-a,k)

F'(h-c,k)

(h,k)

Q(h+d,k)

F(h+c,k)

V(h+a,k)

D(h+d,k)

By definition of ellipse,
Or

Similarly,
Or

The focuses are

And
The Major vertices are

and

And Minor vertices ate


And the Directrices are

....(1.1)
[

Similarly,
..(1.2)

And

Adding equations (1.1.1) and (1.1.2)

That is from the centre to the directrix is


(

And from the centre to the focus is

Again

.(1.3)
[

( )

.(1.3.1)
But for hyperbola

.. (1.4)
(

But

)
(

... (1.4.0)

) ,

From the centre to the directrix is

)
(

(
)

)
(

)
( )

( )

(1.4.0) and (1.4.1) into (1.4)

Dividing through by (

Completing the square on the

From

( ) )

For Hyperbola,
Equation of hyperbola is given by