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How will its orbit change if one of its rockets is momentarily fired. WIll the stone continue along the centre of the shaft? If not. Figure shows a particle of mass m that is moved from an infinite distance to the centre of a ri~ of mass M.5 Q. negative. \ ~ ~ ~ ". After Sputnik I was put into orbit.< tV) .alo~g ~he central axis of the ~ing.-. // . or zero: the change in the gravitational potential energy of the particle. the work done by the net gravitational force on the particle. ~ ~.. State whether. (b) away from the'Earth. "~ . and (e) at right angles to the plane of the orbit? A stone is dropped along the centre of a deep vertical mine shaft.9 In figure.. (c) in a forward direction.8 mI S2 period of an infinite simple pendulum in the Earth's real gravitational field.Q. Q...8 f'*-"*''''''~'/.-' \ ". the move were from point B to point C ? (a) 1-. assuming a uniform Earth density) : time of revolution of a satellite just above the Earthls surface period of oscillation of mail in a tunnel through the Earth .\.4 Q. if you moved the particle to point D.. 4JBansal Classes Question Bank on Gravitation [21 . (6) fromB toD? (d) Rank those moves accroding to the absolute value of the work done by your force.. Considering the fact that it did not bum up in its ascent. A container has to be thrown from the first satellite onto the second one.6 Q. is about 5 km closer to the centre of the Earth than is its mouth (at about 300N latitude). Q Q. describe its motion.. negative.' . at distance d from the centre of one uniform sphere and distance 4d from the centre of another uniform sphere.3 (a) (b) (c) (d) ( ( Q.period of a simple pendulum having a length equal to the Earthls radius in a uniform field 9. the work done by your force. (d) in a backward direction.»'. How can the river flow "uphill" as it flows south? Use -qualitative arguments to explain why the following four periods are equal (all are 84 mill. Assume no air resistance but consider the Earthls rotation. 'l& . For the tri?. (d) (c) (b) Q. how is this possible? An artificial satellite is in a circular orbit about the Earth. or zero . What are the answers if. An iron cube is placed near an iron sphere at a location remote from the Earth's gravity. how does the magnitude of the gr~Vltational force on the particle due to the rmg c1 lange . it was said that it would not return to Earth but would bum up in its descent. When will the container reach the second satellite faster: ifits is thrown in the direction of motion of the first satellite or in the opposite direction? The velocity of the container with respect to the satelliteu is much less than that of the satellite v.7 Q.IO B c M D Reconsider the situation of above question. What can you say about the location of the centre of gravity ofthe cube? Dfthe sphere? In general.2 Because the Earth bulges near the equator. a particle of mass m is initially at point A. does the location ofthe centre of gravity ofan object depend on the nature of the gravitational field in which the object is ill /' placed? . 1 Two satellites move along a circular orbit in the same direction at a small distance from each other. the following would be positive. greatest first. Ifyou moved the partic1e(a) from A to B. Would the work done by you be positive. (a) towards earth. although high above sea level.d M Q. (b) fromAto C. instead.. the source ofthe Mississippi River (at about 50"N latitude). both of mass M:> > m.

Change in the force of gravity experienced by the man is and a point 3 2GMm (A)3'R2 4JBansal Classes (B) 0 (C) 3R2 IGMm 4GMm (D)3~ Question Bank on Gravitation [3] . \ : / ':.ONLY ONE OPTION IS CORRECT.7/' 0~· l ! . Take approx. The gravitational acceleration at a point on·the surface of the asteroid just above the excavation is (A)GM/R2 (B)GM/2R2· (C)GM/8R2 (D)7GM/8R2 Z ~ Q. he sees that the planet is really made oftwo pieces a spherical shell of negligible thickness of mass 2~ mass M at the centre.2Gd d . he realizes that he will pass through a small hole in the planet. ( ~) A~what R)? acceleration 2/tRGmd/3 (C) 2/tRGmd (D) 4/tRGmd/3 earth is altitude will the (B) /tRGmd/3due to gravity be25% of that at the earth's surface (given radius of / Q.8 /'.jRg g '/'/> A spherical hole of radius R/2 is excavated from the asteroid of mass M· as shown in fig.. An object weighed at the equator gives the same reading as a reading taken at a depth d below earth's surface at a pole (d«R) The value of d is /' 1/ t{Ift6 .4 / /J . 9 \./ If the radius of the earth be increased by a factor of 5. As he enters the hole. with center of caVity a distance R/2 from the centre of the planet. Assume that the acceleration due to gravity on the earth's surface has the same value at the equator and the poles. . R. at rest graVitational attraction a very large dist~ce.. by what factor its density be changed to keep the value of g the same? (A) 1/25 (B) 1/5 (C) 1/J5 (0)5 Q.of radius R/2. 2 minutes for answering each question.- Two masses m1 other subsequently.3~hat / (A) R/4 (B) R (C) 3R/8 (D) R/2 distance from the centre of the m~on is the point at which the strength of the resultant field of earth's and moon's gravitational field is equal to zero. . Fmd the graVitational force on a small mass 'm' at the center of the cavity.. Let 0) be the angular velocity of the earth's rotation about its axis. '/'1 A larg~ spherical plan~t ofr~dius made of a material of density d.ar~ separated ?y between them. As he reaches near to the surface.A man of mass m starts falling towards a planet of mass M and radius R. earth's mass is 81 times that of moon and the distance between centres of these planets is 60R where Ris the radius ofthe earth (A) 6R (B) 4R (C) 3R (D) 5R Q. relative velOCity approach each & ~ are initiall~ due to and . therr If~he mas~es of approach at a separation distance of d is : (B) (m1+ mJ G 2d (C) [ (m1 + mJ 2GJl12 (D) (m1+~)1!2.-:f (0) . ~asa spheri~z1 ~a:ity . The.

(A) V3i [2g (C) ~3~ (D) f3R r4i Two concentric shells of uniform density of mass Ml and ~ are situated as shown in the figure. /I \ Q/FOU~ pa:ticles "Z/ of e~ualm~ss~s. DB = q and DC =r) I fJ. GMlm an d G(Ml +M2)m -2q p A satellite of the earth is revolving in circular orbit with a uniform velocity V If the gravitational force sUddenly disappears. origin.5 sec. The forces experienced by a particle of mass m when placed at positions A. (D) 4 sec.~ . each of one kg are placed on the +ve X axis at 1m.// An infinite number of masses. The time taken by 2 kg mass to fall freely through a distance S near the surface of the earth is 1 second. the satellite will (A) continlle to move with the same velocity in the same orbit. (D) come to a stop somewhere in its original orbit. (A) 0.M move along a circle ~fradius R unde: th~ action of their mutual graVltatlonal attraction mamtammg a square shape. ~):3 (C)~ (D) 00 'i ..i \ (A) zero. The magnitude of the gravitational field at origin due to this distribution of masses is: fromthe 4G 3G (A)2G . A newly discovered plan~t has adensity eight times the density of the earth and a radius twice the radius of the earth.~ .~ With what angular velocity the earth should spin in order that a body lying at 30° latitude may become weightless[R is radius of earth and g is acceleration due to gravity on the sutface of earth] . Then the time taken for a 4 kg mass to fall freely through the same distance S near the surface of the new planet is (B) 0. ~) move tangentially to the original orbit with velocity V (C) fall down with increasing velocity. 2m. The speed of each partH:.25 sec. B and C respectively are (given OA = p.le IS ! GM (AhIR 4 ~)VR 4) GM(2J2+1) IGM(~+ll (C) ~R(~ +1) 4JBansal Classes Question Bank on Gravitation l4] . 4m. (C) 1 sec.

f A cavity R/2 from R/2 is madeof the sphere. The distance between any two masses must be: ". (B) 3m~ 8 mg (C) '16 (D) none of these -. each with a speed v. two particle <'" rod is R. value at the (A) 9R (B) lOR ? (C) 99R (0) IOOR Q.a pla~et is R. where M is the mass of the sphere] '" (A) mg L. z ~~ (O)R/4 r/ b Q.J3 Iv2 . where R is the radius of earth (A)R (B)R/2 . The centre a the cavity mass 'm' distance R/2 from the centre of the sphere on the line joining both the centres of sphere and cavity (opposite to the centre of cavity). ~Bansal Classes --------------------------------Question Bank on Gravitation [5J J ./0v v--. A spherical cavity of radius R/2 is now made in the sphere as shown in the figure./ / Q. The sphere with cavity now applies a gravitational force F 2 on the same particle. M OM ~ point masses...(B) 50 3 (C) 25 22 (D) 25 The mass and diameter of a planet are twice those of earth.. (D) Neither gravitational field nor gravitational potential is zero inside the shell. [Here g = GM!R2. the distance the ends ~~n~ ofgravi~(and centre same mass.~/(C)~ro . M each.but at a point outside the shell also. A sat~llite revolves around ~tin a circle of radius r with angular velocity The acceleratiOn due to the graVIty on planet's surface IS 3 roo' r3ro3 3 2 r3ro2 \ (A) r :0 (B) R20 (C) r :0 (D) R20 A solid sphere of uniform density and radius R applies a gravitational force of attraction equal to F 1 on a particle placed at a distance 3R from the centre of the sphere.coelerationdue to gravity fall to 1% ofits .. are moving in a circle. . gravitational field alone is zero. What will be the period of oscillation of a pendulum on this planet ifit is a seconds pendulum on earth? 1 (A) 1 second (D~ . ~ earth's height At whatsurface? above the earth's surface does the a. The ratio F iF 1 is: A 9 (A) 50 41 . l7/"The radius of.ated at a distance of radius the centre inside a solid sphere ofr..l6~indsystem attached to between of a light rod..adius R. under their mutual gravitational attractive force. (A) Gravitational field and potential both are zero at centre of the shell .. (C) Inside the shell./ /" :k:~~hree shell of equal mass and having radius a . (A)2GM/v2 (B)3GM/v2 ""l (C) GM. Each particle hasof mass ofa Length of the.• A particle of mass M is at azero not a from surface of a thin spherical' (B) Gravitational field is distance only inside the shell.. Find the gravitational force on of particle of is loc. (D)GM/v2 oi.fi second (B) 2J2 seconds (C) J2 2/2 second IQ.

. The velocity of a point on its equator is VDue to the rotation of planet about its axis the acceleration due to gravity g at equator is 1/2 of g at poles. If the radius ofAis twice that ofB. Its velocity the centre of the ring axis of a R m«M (A)~~~ R (C) "\/(1__... 1 Aball'A' of mass m falls to the surface of the earth from infinity. Ratio of their kinetic energies will be : (A) 1 : 4 (B) 1 : 5 ~ 1 (C) 1 : 1 (D) 1 : 2 . is- same~ density.···"1"..II[ ~ ••••.WOPlanetsA~ B~ethe VB the escape velocity . spberical (B) 15R/16of~ m are (C) 3R/4":' shown in figure R/2 .. The escape velocity of a particle on t~ planet in terms of V (A)Ve=2V ~ / (B)Ve=V (C)Ve= V/2 (D)Ve= fjv Two point masses of mass 4m and m respectively separated by d distance are revolving under mutual force of attfliction.·.b-.J(5/6) (C) 1 '\ (D) --J(7/6) 4JBansal Classe$ Question Ba:nk on Gravitation [6J .velocity on the surface of the earth is Yo' JfMof mass are the mass andR/2 will be of the earth respectively..J2 (D) 1/2 The esca.·. r . then the ratio of (A) 2 ~ . The time intelVal between its successive passing about a point on the equator is : (A) 48 hrs (B) 24 hrs (C) 12 hrs .. (D) never 2a/ V Aparticle of radius R rest at a distance R fromat the centreand along theis: fixed ring starts' from & mass M.:""h placed (D) y!I Plot the vanation of g(graVltation mtenslty) along the X-axIS.. earth from the height equal to six times radius (C)Vo earth then ratio (D)Vo/2 A)4 Vo (B)2Vo of the of velocities oflAI and IB' on reaching the earth is (A) .• :. ?4 ~?:enti~.··0··· x b~1s .27 A spherical uniform planet is rotating about its axis.../' ~ .J(6/5) (B) ... .29 .r:Q.. .' How much deep inside the earth should a man go ~o that his weight becomes one fourth of that at a point which is at a height R above the surface of earth...J2 )GM 1 Q. 'then the escape velocity on another planet and R 2M and radius the radius : ~' . . ···0 m m . Q. Another ball 'BI of mass 2m falls to the ..pe. x (A) x (B) x (C) x (D) A satellite revolves in the geostationary orbit but ina direction east to west.. " (B) .~ Q.J2 (C) 1/.·. T.

(A) lkm/s (B)5km/s (C) lOkm!s (D) i5km/s Gravitational potential difference between a point on surface of planet and another point 10m above is 4J/kg. Considering gravitational field to be uniform.0 J Q.0 kg from the surface to a point 5 .5 J (C) 4. whose mass is twice the mass of the earth but whose size is very small compared to the size ofthe earth.is 11. and reaches the earth's surface in time 1. The velocity of the particle when it is at half the maximum height reached by it is (A) ff . I1t ¢If Q.' . surface ? (A) 0. starts from rest at a height H« R above the earth's surface. .within a spherical planet must be nonzero and uniform. (C) A body of zero total mechanical energy placed in a gravitational field will escape the field Earth's satellite must be in equatorial plane .te in a . s \.d A rocket is launched straight up from the surface ofthe earth.40 J (B) 2. (B) When a body is projected horizontally at an appreciable large height above the earth.''-.j4H/3g. The minimum velocity which the rocket must have when it starts to coast if it is to escape from the gravitational pull of the earth is [escape velocity on surface ofeartlJ.3 4 /'" an artificial satellite revolves in circular orbit around the earth with a speed equal to halfits escape velocity from the earth. Then t is equal to (A)~2H/g (B) ~HI g (C) . Then its height above the surface of earth will be: [Radius of earth=6400 km] . with a velocity less than for a circular orbit.35 The ratio of gravitational acceleration at height 3R to that at height 4R from the surface of the earth is : 3200 km (B) earth) (C) 12800 km (0)24000 km (where Ris the radius ofthe 6400 km (A) 9/16 (B) 25/16 (C) 16125 (D) 16/9 A small body of superdense material.)YS9 The orbital :elocity ~f an artificial satelli....2km/s] . what is the gravitational field strength in this region ? (A) 0..5 Nkg-I (D) 4. When its altitude is one fourth of the radius of the earth. R being the radius ofthe earth & g being the acceleration due to gravity on the surface of the earth.j2H 1 3g (D) .'. how much work is done in moving a mass of2.c~rcular orbi~ just above the earth's s~rfa~e is Vo. Y1) Q. it will fall to the earth along a parabolic path.0 N kg~l ~>/<f"~ Select the correct choice(s): = (A) The gravitational field inside a spherical cavity.0 J (D) 8. ?) .025 N kg-l (B) 0.JgR tBansal Classes Question Bank on Gravitation [7} . its fuel runs dut and therefore it coasts.40 N kg-1 (C) 2. The value of orbItal velOCIty for another satelhte orbltmg at an altitude ofhalf of earth's radius IS >:-~4lY/A particle /' is projected with a velocity ~ 4~ vertically upward from the surfuce of the earth. Q.37 Referring to previous problem. .I' (C) .Om above the.

initially at rest on the earth.Q.5 (C) 12 (D)f60 Q. Ifthe distance of separation between the fixed particles is I.J2 + 1 (D) - A satellite of mass In. 42 (B) . The minimum energy required is (A) .J2 (C) . If air resistance is neglected.·J.J3 mgR 4 I (B) "2mgR 1 (C) "4mgR 3 (D) 4mgR ( \ \ QA3 The figure shows the variation of energy with the orbit radius of a body in circular planetary motion. The ratio of the acceleration due to gravity on the earth to that on the moon is 6. its speed will be ve (C) 2" (D) zero 4JBansal' Classes Question Bank on Gravitation [8J .. (C) C and A are kinetic and potential energies respectively and B is the total energy of the system. (D) A and B are kinetic and potential energies and C is the total energy of the system. &'j (B) C shows the total energy. The ratio of the escape velocity from the earth's sUlface to that from the moon is (A) 6 (B) 1. the minimum velocity ofprojection of the particle so as to escape is equal to 1 (A) ~GM . B the total energy and C the potential energy of ~ the system. It now goes into an elliptical orbit. the point where the package will hit (with respect to the position at the time of release) will be (A) ahead (B) exactly below (C) behind (D) it will never reach the earth A space ship of mass m is in circular orbit of radius 2~ about the earth of mass M and radius Re' Energy required to transfer the space ship to circular orbit of radius 3Re is GMm GMm GMm QA6 GMm (D) 12Re (A) ~ . The maximum possible value of 11 for this to occur is 1 (A) 2 Q. At some point it is given an impulse along its direction of motion. QA4 The ratio of the radius of the earth to that of the moon is 10. 45 An artificial satellite of the earth releases a package. Q A 1 A satellite is in a circular orbit very close to the surface of a planet. '\{.' t~ 21 (B) ~GM (C) ~2~M (D)2~?-~~ 048 The escape velocity for a planet is ve' A tunnel is dug along a diameter ofthe planet and a small body is dropped into it at the surface: When the body reaches the centre of the planet. B the kinetic energy and A the potential energy of the system.47 e (B) ~ e (C) 24R e A particle is projected from the mid-point of the line joining two fixed particles each of mass m. causing its velocity to increase 11 times. B and C (A) A shows the kinetic energy. Find the correct statement about the curves A. is launched into a circular orbit at a height equal to the radius of the earth.

particle is closest to earth centre.JO.J3)/2 (C) . 50 b. Then the escape velocity of the object is: (A) -fiE" (B) 4E2 (C) -JE (D) 2E t ~ Q. The work done by external agent in changing the configuration of the system from :figure (i) to :figure (ii) is (A) zero (B) a 6Gm2 ( 1 + .4 (D) None Q. 2m and 3m.51 The magnitude ofthe potential energy per unit mass of the object at the surrace of earth is E. se Q. (B) 6GMm 7GMin R3 (D)R3 Q.. (C) potential energy of the particle will be equal to zero at centre of tunnel ifit is along a diameter.52 :y Suppose a smooth tunnel is dug along a straight linejoining two points on the surface of the earth and a particle is dropped from rest at its one end.7 J/kg A small ball of mass 'm' is released at a height 'R' above the earth surface. 'n' must be " (A) -JO:6 (B) (. (D ) acceleration of the particle will be proportional to its distance from midpoint of the tunneL ~.54 Q. A body is projection horizontally from the surface of the Earth (radius = R) with a velocity equal to 'n' times the escape velocity.49 A per son brings a mass of 1 kg from infinity to a point A. V~ ~ 2Re where Me and Re are earth's mass ..Bansal Classes Question Bank on Gravitation .particle will emerge from the other end with velocity (A) the Then and radius respectively.•. Initially the mass was at rest but it moves at a speed of 2m1s as itreachesA. as shown in the :figure above. ~. Neglect rotational effects of the earth. find the value ofK ifR isradius of earth and M mass of earth Iii Q.. 53 A hollow spherical shell is compressed to halfits radius. Then.55 Consider two configurations of a system ofthree particles of masses ill. J ~" . The maXhnumheight att~edbythe body from the Earth's surrace is R/2. The gravitational potential at the centre (A) increases (B) decreases (C) remains same (D) during the compression increases then returns at the previous value. contain an ideal spring of spring constant K and natural length R.___________ ~_u~ .e 3GMm R3 §. Assume that mass of earth is uniformly distributed over its n Volume..J2" 1) (D) a 60m2 ( 2-12 1) [9} .•• "" • " . If the maximum depth of the ball to which it goes is R/2 inside the earth through a narrpwgrove before coming to rest momentarily.ThepotentialatAis: (A) -3 J/kg (B) -2 J/kg (C) -5 J/kg (D) . e (B) the particle will come to rest at centre of the tunnel because at this position.Theworkdonebythepersononthemassis~3J.c. The grove.

. that ofS2 is : around a planet.. the q~alltity which remai~s constant is : (A) angularveloClty (B) kinet:1cenergy (C) aenal velOCity (D) potential energy Asatellite is launched into a circular orbit of radius R around the earth.6571. The change in potential energy ofthe body is (A) 3mgR (B) 3/4 mgR (C) 1/3 mgR (D) 2/3 mgR where g is acceleration due to gravity at the surface of earth. After explosion the mass 4M is in (A) bound orbit (B) unbound orbit (C) partially bound orbit (D) data is insufficient to determine the nature of the orbit. A second satellite is launched into an orbit o~dius 1.. When of undergo completely same circular orbit combination (A) continues in same orbit (B) goes to a circular orbit oflesser radius (C) goes in an elliptical orbit within the original circle (D) goes in an elliptical orbit outside the original circle C/ but are revolving in opposite ? " rf'"'. 4 9R ~~ A particle is dropped on Earth from height R (radius of Earth) and it bounces back to a height Rl2 the coefficient of restitution for collision is (ignore air resistance and rotation of Earth) (A) -3 2 Q. /' ~TWO . r (A) "2 r (B) 2.64 ~ ft-sitellitecan velocity of the planet about its axis doubles../2 (C) r (4)113 r (D) (2)1/3 .. V Q. 1 be ina geostationary orbit around a planet at a distance from the a geostationary orbj the angular around the planet ifits distance from the centre of the planet is . Points P and Q located inside and ?utside the planet have acceleration due to gravity ~ . Two satellitesthey mass m1 & ~ are ininelastic collision.. the satellite explodes into twe pieces.62 ro/(2.d t~e earth in a certain orb~t. After the explosion the mass M ends up travelling in thf. same circular orbit. Maximum possible separation between P and Q is . one of mass M and the other of mass 4M.Bansal Classes Question Bank on Gravitation {I () . / \ / \ rA uniform spherical planet (Radius R) has acceleration due to gravity at its surface g. 59 (B) 3 H (C) 3 If (D) ~2 A body of mass m is lifted up from the surface of the earth to a height three times the radius of the earth. thearound earth sense. Q. I / w7R 4 Q. At one point in its orbit. satellites S1 and S2 describe circular orbits of radius r and 2r respectively orbital angular velocity ofS1 is ro.J2)/3 (C) ro/2 (D) w/. (B) 3% (C) 1% (D) 2% Asatellite ofmass 5M orbits the earth in a circular orbit.J2) (B) (ro. a satellite canr now be incentre of the planet. If the (A) ~en .02R The period of second satellite is larger than the first one by approximately ~5% . but in opposite direction.J2 a satellite ~oves aroun.58 002 3R ~-.

an Question No. It is known that it rotates opposite to that of earth's direction. ~ have densities Pl' P2 respectively. (B) 16rc[R3/GM]1/2 (C)4~[2R3/GM]1/2 (D) None (A) 811: [R3/GM]1/2 .~In ~n ~m ~m .-------------~----------------_ Q. Their atmospheric pressures are Pp P2 respectively.?Y' IfU et. then (B)tl >t2 (C)tl <~ (D) nothing can be concluded (A)t1 =~ is the potential energy and K kinetic energy then IUI > IKI at (A)OnlyD (B)OnlyC (C) both D & C (0) neither D nor C - Q. then a ball released from one end will reac. Then the time period of a planet in circular orbit of radius R around the sun will be proportional to / l.~ Ift1 is t4e time taken by the planet to travel along ACB and ~ the time along BDA. 67 (B) Pl~P2 / P2RlPl' (C) P1R1PI I P2~P2 (D)P1R1P2/ P2~PI Suppose the gravitational force varies inversely as the nth power of distance..e other (A) 84.. then its angular momentum would be: . // (A) R (n+1) 2 (B)R(n-l) 2 (0)R(n-2) 2 / /Q.r a double star system. Then the angular velocity of the satellite about the centre of earth will be : . the ratio of masses of their atmospheres. 71 to 72 Figure shows the orbit of a planet P round the sun S. In another orbit the orbital speed is 2V. then time period will be WIT Q . The orbit radius ofthe lighter star is R.'.6 minutes (B) 42../ I . AB and CD are the minor and major axes of the ellipse. Q . 73 / If a tunnel is cut at any orientation through earth. is (A) Pl~P1 / P2R1P2 Q. A planet of mass m is in an elliptical orbit about the sun (m < < Msun) with an orbital period T. ~ 2mA mA (B) mAT (A)-T 9-66/ The planets (C) 2T' (D)2mAT with radii Rl.. neglecting variation of g within the limits of atmosphere. 1 orbi Y' / end in time(neglect earth rotation) . (A) Te/2 rad/hr (B) 1[/3 rad/hr (C) Te/4 rad/hr (D) n/8 rad/hr A satellite is orbiting round the earth. !fA be the area of orbit.h th.3 minutes (C) 8 minutes (D) depends on orientation {I () 4JBansal Classes Question Bank on Gravitation [llJ . (j5 . The time period of each star is . In a particular orbit its time period is T and orbital speed is V. the ~asses of the two stars are M and 3M. Therefore.11" . 68 A satellite is seen after every 6 hours over the equator.

Q. and apogee is the point at which it is furthest from the black hole. In particular. there is a simple relation betweenthe average kinetic energy <K> ofthe companion star and its average potential energy < U>.GmMir. <K> = -<U 12::: Two special points along the orbit are singled out by astronomers. Ifth. 76 (D) It is double the old value Which of the following prevents the companion star from leaving its orbit and falling into the black hole' (A) The centripetal force (B) The gravitational force (C) The companion star's potential energy (D) the companion star's kinetic energy The work done on the companion star in one complete orbit by the gravitational force ofthe black hole equal (A) the difference hi the kinetic energy of the companion star between apogee and perigee. (B) the total mechanical energy of the companion star (C) zero (D) the gravitational force on the companion star times the distance that it travels in one orbit. Because of the periodic nature of the orbit. the potential energy of the companion star is constant throughout the orbit. 74 At which point in the elliptical orbit does the companion star attain its maximum kinetic energy? (B) Perigee (C) The point midway from apogee to perigee (A) Apogee (D) All points in the orbit. radius of the orbit doubles.79 4JBansal Classes Question Bank on Gravitation {12 . m is the mass of the companion star.Questions 74 to 79 (6 questions) Two stars bound together by gravity orbit each other because of their mutual attraction. same as the old value. For circular orbits.78 Q. Q.Ji ofthe old value (C) It is the. since the kinetic energy is a constant of the motion. M is the mass of the black hole. Such a pair of stars is referred to as a binary star system. The black hole is a star that has collapsed on itself and is so massive that not even light rays can escape it~ gravitational pull. The gravitational potential energy is given by U = . The orbit of the companion star is either elliptical with the black hole at one of the foci or circular with the black hole at the centre. Therefore. ane r is the distance between the centre of the companion star and the centre of the black hole. which of the following gives the correct expression for the total energy? (A)-(1/2)ri1v2 (B)mv2 (C)-(GmM)/r (D)(GmM)/2r What is the ratio of the acceleration of the black hole to that of the companion star? (A)M/m (B)m/M (C)mM/r (D) 111 Q.75 1/2of the old value (B) It is 1/. the companion star's total mechanical energy is a constant oftht motion. where G is the universal gravitational constant. Perigee is the point at which the companior star is closest to the black hole. what is the new value of the velocity ofthe companion star? (A) It is Q.77 Q. One type ofbinary system is that of a black hole and a companion star. Since th{ gravitational force is conservative. the motion of the black hole can be assumed negligible compared to that of the companion. when describing the relative motion of a black hole and a companion star. For a circular orbit.

~(gR). Q. is also equal to V (B) In part (A) if the same wire is bent into a quarter of a circle then. also the gravitational potential at the centre of curvature will be V (C) In part (A) if the same wire mass is nonuniformly distributed along its length and it is bent into a semicircle of radius R. + h) . (D) A circle at which all points have same potential is in the plane perpendicular to the diameter AB .thinunifQrmwire ofmassM. If earth radius is R (A) The minimum colatitude q on earth upto which the satellite can be used for communication sin-I (R/R is + h). 5 Gravitational potential at the centre of curvature of a hemispherical bowl of radius R and mass Mis V (A) gravitational potential at the centre of curvature of a. bent into a semicircle of radius R.2 shell of radius R and mass M is )n R' GMx GM (B) Gravitational field strength at a point lying on the axis of a thin. ~(4gR13) respectively where Ris the radius of the earth and g is the acceleration due to gravity on the surface of the earth. (D) None ofthe~e. 3 minutes for answering each question. (B) ~: h3 = 3 : 4 (C) hI : h3 = 1 : 4 (D) ~ = R (A) hI : ~:= 2 : 3 Q. 1 ONE OR MORE THAN ONE OPTION AlAr BE CORRECT Take approx. (A) The gravitational field at the centre ofthe sphere is zero. Mark the correct statement/s (A) Gravitational potential at curvature centre of a thin hemispherical equalto Q. [12 • Bansal Classes Question Bar'k on Gravitation {I3} I .6 In a solid sphere two small symmetrical cavities are created whose centres lie on a diameter AB of sphere on opposite sides ofthe centre. (B) The gravitational potential at the centre remains unaffected ifcavitiesare not present' (C) A circle at which all points have same potential is in the plane of diameter AB. • (B) The maximum colatitudes q on earth upto which the satellite can be used· for communication is sin-I (R/R (C) The area on earth escaped fromthis satellite is given as 2pR2 (1 + sinq) (D) The area on earth escaped from this satellite is given as 2pR2 (1 + cosq) Q. ~.4 A geostationary satellite is at a height h above the surface of earth. uniform circular ring of radius R and mass M is equal to (R 2 + x2 )3/ 2 where x is distance of that point from centre of the ring.3 Three particles are projected vertically upward from a point on the surface of the earth with velocities ~(2gR13).. s e Q. Assuming the earth to be a sphere of uniform density the acceleration due to gravity (A) at a point outside the earth is inversely proportional to the square of its distance from the centre (B) at a point outside the earth is inversely proportional to its distance from the centre (C) at a point inside is zero (D) at a point inside is proportional to its distance from the centre. :he (C) Newton's law of gravitation for gravitational force between two bodies is applicable only when bodies have spherically symmetric distribution of mass . The maximum heights attained are respectively hI' ~. gravitational potential at the centre is V (D) none ofthese Q.s r.

it encounters small air resistance to its motion Then' (A) its kinetic energy increases (B) its kinetic energy decreases (C) its angular momentum about the earth decreases (0) its period of revolution around the earth increases A communications Earth satdlite (A) goes round the earth from east to west (B) can be in the equatorial plane only (C) can be vertically above any place on the earth (D) goes round the earth from west to east Q.8 When a satellite in a circular orbit around the earth enters the atmospheric region. but its magnitude remains constant (C). If the radius ofthe orbit of the first is x.12 & Two satellites S1' S2of equal masses revolve in the same sense around a heavy planet in coplanar circular orbit of radii R & 4R (A) the ratio ofperiod of revolution s1 & s2is 1 : 8. (B) their velocities are in the ratio 2 : 1 (C) their angular momentum aboutthe planet are in the ratio 2 : 1 (D) the ratio of angular velocities of S2w.t.r.l1 Two satellites of same mass of a planet in circular orbits have periods of revolution 32 days and 256 days. (A) radius ofthe orbit of the second is 8x (B) radius of the orbit of the second is 4x (C) total mechanical energy of the second is greater than that of the first (0) kinetic energy of the second is greater than that of the fIrst. Q. For these planets.14 . The following quantities increase for the satellite asa result of this change (A) gravitational potential energy (B) angularvleocity (C) linear orbital velocity (0) centripetal acceleration Q. lOAn earth satellite is moved from one stable circular orbit to another larger and stable circular orbit.fi Q. then the . The mass of the satellite is very small compared to the mass of the earth (A) the acceleration ofS is always directed towards the centre ofthe earth (B) the angular momentum ofS about the centre of the earth changes in direction. S1when all three are in the same line is 9 : 5.fi : 1 escape velocities from their surfaces will be in the ratio 1 : . the (A) acceleration due to gravity will be in the ratio 4: 1 (B) acceleration due to gravity will be in the ratio 1 : 4 (C) escape velocities from their surfaces will be in the ratio (0) Q . Q .7 The spherical planets have the same mass but densities in the ratio 1 : 8.the total mechanical energy of S varies periodically with time (D) the linear momentum ofS remains constant in magnitude 4JBansal Classes Question Bank on Gravitation [14J .9 Q.13 A satellite S is moving in an elliptical orbit around the earth.1 Q.Q.

14 .000 km (D) Its period of rotation must be Q. (i\) its speed is O1axllnUnl (B) time period ofits rotation is Il1inimum (C) the total energy of the 'earth plus satellite' system is minimum (D) the total energy of the 'earth plus satellite'system is maximum For a satellite to orbit around the earth.15 If a satellite orbits as close to the earth's surface as possible.. 15 T > 21t~R I g where Ris radius of earth 4JBansal Classes Question Bank on Gravitation [15J . which of the following O1Ustbe true? (i\) It must be above the equator at some time (B) It cannot pass over the poles at any time (C) Its height above the surface cannot exceed 36. Q .

---- C . Q:l ONE OR MORE THAN ONE OPTION MAYBE CORRECT ON IS CORRECT 4JBansal Classes Question Bank on Gravitation [16J .:::Q.2 Q.7 Q.3 Q.2 Q.37 D' A.49 Q.40 A.8 Q.52 Q.25 Q.15 A.56 Q.20 Q.23 ·B .68 C A.33 D Q.14 Q. .39 C.I0 Q.53 Q.D .l .55 .Q./ ---.46 Q.3 Q.35 Q.66 Q~69 Q.32 .70 Q.31 Q.16 Q.58 B B .77 Q..ex .74 Q.D C .D Q.44 ACD' A.B.41 Q.59 Q.6 Q.14 Q.B.75 Q.13 Q.54 A .30 Q.5 Q.65 D B.17 B.61 Q.28 Q.38 Q.7 Q.C Q.48 Q.4 Q.10 Q.D Q.72 C C.C AA D.51 A Q.47 Q.9 Q.63 Q.21 Q.D Q.62 Q.6 Q.34 Q.76 Q.C Q.42 Q.D .C .73 Q.27 .60 Q.18 Q.4 A .26 BQ.12 Q.45 A.24 Q.67 Q.12 .79 B if/I Q.ll A.19 D.l1 Q.

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