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. Assume no air resistance but consider the Earthls rotation. // .' . how is this possible? An artificial satellite is in a circular orbit about the Earth. Considering the fact that it did not bum up in its ascent. describe its motion. how does the magnitude of the gr~Vltational force on the particle due to the rmg c1 lange . For the tri?.-.8 f'*-"*''''''~'/. Q Q. After Sputnik I was put into orbit. greatest first.\. the work done by your force. (a) towards earth.»'. does the location ofthe centre of gravity ofan object depend on the nature of the gravitational field in which the object is ill /' placed? . or zero .period of a simple pendulum having a length equal to the Earthls radius in a uniform field 9. \ ~ ~ ~ ". What can you say about the location of the centre of gravity ofthe cube? Dfthe sphere? In general. it was said that it would not return to Earth but would bum up in its descent. instead. both of mass M:> > m. and (e) at right angles to the plane of the orbit? A stone is dropped along the centre of a deep vertical mine shaft. Would the work done by you be positive.2 Because the Earth bulges near the equator. if you moved the particle to point D. How will its orbit change if one of its rockets is momentarily fired.alo~g ~he central axis of the ~ing.IO B c M D Reconsider the situation of above question. (b) away from the'Earth. What are the answers if. 4JBansal Classes Question Bank on Gravitation [21 . A container has to be thrown from the first satellite onto the second one.d M Q. the move were from point B to point C ? (a) 1-.8 mI S2 period of an infinite simple pendulum in the Earth's real gravitational field. WIll the stone continue along the centre of the shaft? If not. although high above sea level. or zero: the change in the gravitational potential energy of the particle.6 Q.. Ifyou moved the partic1e(a) from A to B. (6) fromB toD? (d) Rank those moves accroding to the absolute value of the work done by your force.4 Q. the work done by the net gravitational force on the particle. negative.Q.. Q.< tV) . negative... (d) (c) (b) Q.. the following would be positive. When will the container reach the second satellite faster: ifits is thrown in the direction of motion of the first satellite or in the opposite direction? The velocity of the container with respect to the satelliteu is much less than that of the satellite v. How can the river flow "uphill" as it flows south? Use -qualitative arguments to explain why the following four periods are equal (all are 84 mill. at distance d from the centre of one uniform sphere and distance 4d from the centre of another uniform sphere.9 In figure. 1 Two satellites move along a circular orbit in the same direction at a small distance from each other. ~ ~. An iron cube is placed near an iron sphere at a location remote from the Earth's gravity.3 (a) (b) (c) (d) ( ( Q. (d) in a backward direction.5 Q. Figure shows a particle of mass m that is moved from an infinite distance to the centre of a ri~ of mass M.-' \ ".. (c) in a forward direction. a particle of mass m is initially at point A. is about 5 km closer to the centre of the Earth than is its mouth (at about 300N latitude). (b) fromAto C.7 Q. assuming a uniform Earth density) : time of revolution of a satellite just above the Earthls surface period of oscillation of mail in a tunnel through the Earth . the source ofthe Mississippi River (at about 50"N latitude).. 'l& . State whether. "~ .

'/'1 A larg~ spherical plan~t ofr~dius made of a material of density d. ( ~) A~what R)? acceleration 2/tRGmd/3 (C) 2/tRGmd (D) 4/tRGmd/3 earth is altitude will the (B) /tRGmd/3due to gravity be25% of that at the earth's surface (given radius of / Q.-:f (0) . he sees that the planet is really made oftwo pieces a spherical shell of negligible thickness of mass 2~ mass M at the centre. Fmd the graVitational force on a small mass 'm' at the center of the cavity.4 / /J . The. relative velOCity approach each & ~ are initiall~ due to and . An object weighed at the equator gives the same reading as a reading taken at a depth d below earth's surface at a pole (d«R) The value of d is /' 1/ t{Ift6 . Change in the force of gravity experienced by the man is and a point 3 2GMm (A)3'R2 4JBansal Classes (B) 0 (C) 3R2 IGMm 4GMm (D)3~ Question Bank on Gravitation [3] . earth's mass is 81 times that of moon and the distance between centres of these planets is 60R where Ris the radius ofthe earth (A) 6R (B) 4R (C) 3R (D) 5R Q..- Two masses m1 other subsequently. 9 \.7/' 0~· l ! . ~asa spheri~z1 ~a:ity ./ If the radius of the earth be increased by a factor of 5.8 /'.. \ : / ':. .of radius R/2. . As he enters the hole. The gravitational acceleration at a point on·the surface of the asteroid just above the excavation is (A)GM/R2 (B)GM/2R2· (C)GM/8R2 (D)7GM/8R2 Z ~ Q. Assume that the acceleration due to gravity on the earth's surface has the same value at the equator and the poles.jRg g '/'/> A spherical hole of radius R/2 is excavated from the asteroid of mass M· as shown in fig. at rest graVitational attraction a very large dist~ce. Take approx.A man of mass m starts falling towards a planet of mass M and radius R. R. Let 0) be the angular velocity of the earth's rotation about its axis..2Gd d . 2 minutes for answering each question.ONLY ONE OPTION IS CORRECT. by what factor its density be changed to keep the value of g the same? (A) 1/25 (B) 1/5 (C) 1/J5 (0)5 Q. As he reaches near to the surface.3~hat / (A) R/4 (B) R (C) 3R/8 (D) R/2 distance from the centre of the m~on is the point at which the strength of the resultant field of earth's and moon's gravitational field is equal to zero. with center of caVity a distance R/2 from the centre of the planet. he realizes that he will pass through a small hole in the planet. therr If~he mas~es of approach at a separation distance of d is : (B) (m1+ mJ G 2d (C) [ (m1 + mJ 2GJl12 (D) (m1+~)1!2.ar~ separated ?y between them.

25 sec. (C) 1 sec.~ .~ With what angular velocity the earth should spin in order that a body lying at 30° latitude may become weightless[R is radius of earth and g is acceleration due to gravity on the sutface of earth] . The time taken by 2 kg mass to fall freely through a distance S near the surface of the earth is 1 second. B and C respectively are (given OA = p. Then the time taken for a 4 kg mass to fall freely through the same distance S near the surface of the new planet is (B) 0. The speed of each partH:.le IS ! GM (AhIR 4 ~)VR 4) GM(2J2+1) IGM(~+ll (C) ~R(~ +1) 4JBansal Classes Question Bank on Gravitation l4] . (D) come to a stop somewhere in its original orbit. DB = q and DC =r) I fJ.~ . each of one kg are placed on the +ve X axis at 1m. ~):3 (C)~ (D) 00 'i .. origin. (A) V3i [2g (C) ~3~ (D) f3R r4i Two concentric shells of uniform density of mass Ml and ~ are situated as shown in the figure. /I \ Q/FOU~ pa:ticles "Z/ of e~ualm~ss~s. the satellite will (A) continlle to move with the same velocity in the same orbit. 2m. 4m. The magnitude of the gravitational field at origin due to this distribution of masses is: fromthe 4G 3G (A)2G .i \ (A) zero.M move along a circle ~fradius R unde: th~ action of their mutual graVltatlonal attraction mamtammg a square shape. A newly discovered plan~t has adensity eight times the density of the earth and a radius twice the radius of the earth. ~) move tangentially to the original orbit with velocity V (C) fall down with increasing velocity.5 sec. (D) 4 sec.// An infinite number of masses. The forces experienced by a particle of mass m when placed at positions A. (A) 0. GMlm an d G(Ml +M2)m -2q p A satellite of the earth is revolving in circular orbit with a uniform velocity V If the gravitational force sUddenly disappears.

(C) Inside the shell. (B) 3m~ 8 mg (C) '16 (D) none of these -...(B) 50 3 (C) 25 22 (D) 25 The mass and diameter of a planet are twice those of earth.. [Here g = GM!R2./0v v--.. (A) Gravitational field and potential both are zero at centre of the shell .fi second (B) 2J2 seconds (C) J2 2/2 second IQ. The distance between any two masses must be: ".l6~indsystem attached to between of a light rod.. gravitational field alone is zero.but at a point outside the shell also.ated at a distance of radius the centre inside a solid sphere ofr. Each particle hasof mass ofa Length of the. under their mutual gravitational attractive force.coelerationdue to gravity fall to 1% ofits . (A)2GM/v2 (B)3GM/v2 ""l (C) GM.• A particle of mass M is at azero not a from surface of a thin spherical' (B) Gravitational field is distance only inside the shell. (D) Neither gravitational field nor gravitational potential is zero inside the shell. where M is the mass of the sphere] '" (A) mg L. A sat~llite revolves around ~tin a circle of radius r with angular velocity The acceleratiOn due to the graVIty on planet's surface IS 3 roo' r3ro3 3 2 r3ro2 \ (A) r :0 (B) R20 (C) r :0 (D) R20 A solid sphere of uniform density and radius R applies a gravitational force of attraction equal to F 1 on a particle placed at a distance 3R from the centre of the sphere. l7/"The radius of. ~ earth's height At whatsurface? above the earth's surface does the a. ./ /" :k:~~hree shell of equal mass and having radius a . where R is the radius of earth (A)R (B)R/2 . (D)GM/v2 oi. each with a speed v..adius R.~/(C)~ro . two particle <'" rod is R.f A cavity R/2 from R/2 is madeof the sphere. The ratio F iF 1 is: A 9 (A) 50 41 .. the distance the ends ~~n~ ofgravi~(and centre same mass./ / Q. The centre a the cavity mass 'm' distance R/2 from the centre of the sphere on the line joining both the centres of sphere and cavity (opposite to the centre of cavity). Find the gravitational force on of particle of is loc. are moving in a circle. M OM ~ point masses. ~Bansal Classes --------------------------------Question Bank on Gravitation [5J J . z ~~ (O)R/4 r/ b Q. A spherical cavity of radius R/2 is now made in the sphere as shown in the figure. M each. The sphere with cavity now applies a gravitational force F 2 on the same particle.J3 Iv2 . What will be the period of oscillation of a pendulum on this planet ifit is a seconds pendulum on earth? 1 (A) 1 second (D~ ..a pla~et is R. value at the (A) 9R (B) lOR ? (C) 99R (0) IOOR Q.

..~ Q. Ratio of their kinetic energies will be : (A) 1 : 4 (B) 1 : 5 ~ 1 (C) 1 : 1 (D) 1 : 2 .J2 (C) 1/.II[ ~ ••••. then the ratio of (A) 2 ~ .J(5/6) (C) 1 '\ (D) --J(7/6) 4JBansal Classe$ Question Ba:nk on Gravitation [6J .WOPlanetsA~ B~ethe VB the escape velocity . 'then the escape velocity on another planet and R 2M and radius the radius : ~' . (D) never 2a/ V Aparticle of radius R rest at a distance R fromat the centreand along theis: fixed ring starts' from & mass M.• :.pe.velocity on the surface of the earth is Yo' JfMof mass are the mass andR/2 will be of the earth respectively.... Q.. Its velocity the centre of the ring axis of a R m«M (A)~~~ R (C) "\/(1__..J2 )GM 1 Q..J2 (D) 1/2 The esca....·. The escape velocity of a particle on t~ planet in terms of V (A)Ve=2V ~ / (B)Ve=V (C)Ve= V/2 (D)Ve= fjv Two point masses of mass 4m and m respectively separated by d distance are revolving under mutual force of attfliction. ?4 ~?:enti~.. . " (B) .. The time intelVal between its successive passing about a point on the equator is : (A) 48 hrs (B) 24 hrs (C) 12 hrs ...27 A spherical uniform planet is rotating about its axis.. Another ball 'BI of mass 2m falls to the . The velocity of a point on its equator is VDue to the rotation of planet about its axis the acceleration due to gravity g at equator is 1/2 of g at poles. r . 1 Aball'A' of mass m falls to the surface of the earth from infinity. If the radius ofAis twice that ofB..b-./' ~ .J(6/5) (B) .·. is- same~ density.. x (A) x (B) x (C) x (D) A satellite revolves in the geostationary orbit but ina direction east to west.:""h placed (D) y!I Plot the vanation of g(graVltation mtenslty) along the X-axIS.···"1". spberical (B) 15R/16of~ m are (C) 3R/4":' shown in figure R/2 .29 . earth from the height equal to six times radius (C)Vo earth then ratio (D)Vo/2 A)4 Vo (B)2Vo of the of velocities oflAI and IB' on reaching the earth is (A) . . ···0 m m .r:Q.' How much deep inside the earth should a man go ~o that his weight becomes one fourth of that at a point which is at a height R above the surface of earth. T.··0··· x b~1s .·.

''-. what is the gravitational field strength in this region ? (A) 0..5 Nkg-I (D) 4. whose mass is twice the mass of the earth but whose size is very small compared to the size ofthe earth. Q.te in a .I' (C) . (B) When a body is projected horizontally at an appreciable large height above the earth. The value of orbItal velOCIty for another satelhte orbltmg at an altitude ofhalf of earth's radius IS >:-~4lY/A particle /' is projected with a velocity ~ 4~ vertically upward from the surfuce of the earth.025 N kg-l (B) 0. The velocity of the particle when it is at half the maximum height reached by it is (A) ff . When its altitude is one fourth of the radius of the earth.c~rcular orbi~ just above the earth's s~rfa~e is Vo. its fuel runs dut and therefore it coasts. (A) lkm/s (B)5km/s (C) lOkm!s (D) i5km/s Gravitational potential difference between a point on surface of planet and another point 10m above is 4J/kg.within a spherical planet must be nonzero and uniform.0 kg from the surface to a point 5 . The minimum velocity which the rocket must have when it starts to coast if it is to escape from the gravitational pull of the earth is [escape velocity on surface ofeartlJ. ?) . with a velocity less than for a circular orbit.40 J (B) 2.' .5 J (C) 4..Om above the.'.is 11.2km/s] .d A rocket is launched straight up from the surface ofthe earth.35 The ratio of gravitational acceleration at height 3R to that at height 4R from the surface of the earth is : 3200 km (B) earth) (C) 12800 km (0)24000 km (where Ris the radius ofthe 6400 km (A) 9/16 (B) 25/16 (C) 16125 (D) 16/9 A small body of superdense material. (C) A body of zero total mechanical energy placed in a gravitational field will escape the field Earth's satellite must be in equatorial plane . Then its height above the surface of earth will be: [Radius of earth=6400 km] . Y1) Q.37 Referring to previous problem. .0 N kg~l ~>/<f"~ Select the correct choice(s): = (A) The gravitational field inside a spherical cavity. Then t is equal to (A)~2H/g (B) ~HI g (C) .0 J Q. surface ? (A) 0.)YS9 The orbital :elocity ~f an artificial satelli.j4H/3g.0 J (D) 8. s \.3 4 /'" an artificial satellite revolves in circular orbit around the earth with a speed equal to halfits escape velocity from the earth.JgR tBansal Classes Question Bank on Gravitation [7} ..j2H 1 3g (D) . it will fall to the earth along a parabolic path. and reaches the earth's surface in time 1. . how much work is done in moving a mass of2. starts from rest at a height H« R above the earth's surface. Considering gravitational field to be uniform. I1t ¢If Q..40 N kg-1 (C) 2. R being the radius ofthe earth & g being the acceleration due to gravity on the surface of the earth.

(C) C and A are kinetic and potential energies respectively and B is the total energy of the system. At some point it is given an impulse along its direction of motion. causing its velocity to increase 11 times. the minimum velocity ofprojection of the particle so as to escape is equal to 1 (A) ~GM . &'j (B) C shows the total energy.J2 (C) . The ratio of the acceleration due to gravity on the earth to that on the moon is 6.' t~ 21 (B) ~GM (C) ~2~M (D)2~?-~~ 048 The escape velocity for a planet is ve' A tunnel is dug along a diameter ofthe planet and a small body is dropped into it at the surface: When the body reaches the centre of the planet. (D) A and B are kinetic and potential energies and C is the total energy of the system. It now goes into an elliptical orbit. '\{. B and C (A) A shows the kinetic energy. If air resistance is neglected. Q A 1 A satellite is in a circular orbit very close to the surface of a planet.47 e (B) ~ e (C) 24R e A particle is projected from the mid-point of the line joining two fixed particles each of mass m. B the kinetic energy and A the potential energy of the system.5 (C) 12 (D)f60 Q.Q. its speed will be ve (C) 2" (D) zero 4JBansal' Classes Question Bank on Gravitation [8J . initially at rest on the earth. QA4 The ratio of the radius of the earth to that of the moon is 10..J2 + 1 (D) - A satellite of mass In. B the total energy and C the potential energy of ~ the system. The ratio of the escape velocity from the earth's sUlface to that from the moon is (A) 6 (B) 1. 42 (B) .J3 mgR 4 I (B) "2mgR 1 (C) "4mgR 3 (D) 4mgR ( \ \ QA3 The figure shows the variation of energy with the orbit radius of a body in circular planetary motion. Find the correct statement about the curves A.·J. Ifthe distance of separation between the fixed particles is I. the point where the package will hit (with respect to the position at the time of release) will be (A) ahead (B) exactly below (C) behind (D) it will never reach the earth A space ship of mass m is in circular orbit of radius 2~ about the earth of mass M and radius Re' Energy required to transfer the space ship to circular orbit of radius 3Re is GMm GMm GMm QA6 GMm (D) 12Re (A) ~ . The maximum possible value of 11 for this to occur is 1 (A) 2 Q. 45 An artificial satellite of the earth releases a package. The minimum energy required is (A) . is launched into a circular orbit at a height equal to the radius of the earth.

Assume that mass of earth is uniformly distributed over its n Volume. A body is projection horizontally from the surface of the Earth (radius = R) with a velocity equal to 'n' times the escape velocity.J2" 1) (D) a 60m2 ( 2-12 1) [9} . Then. 2m and 3m. e (B) the particle will come to rest at centre of the tunnel because at this position. (D ) acceleration of the particle will be proportional to its distance from midpoint of the tunneL ~. The maXhnumheight att~edbythe body from the Earth's surrace is R/2.e 3GMm R3 §. If the maximum depth of the ball to which it goes is R/2 inside the earth through a narrpwgrove before coming to rest momentarily.Theworkdonebythepersononthemassis~3J. The gravitational potential at the centre (A) increases (B) decreases (C) remains same (D) during the compression increases then returns at the previous value.49 A per son brings a mass of 1 kg from infinity to a point A.ThepotentialatAis: (A) -3 J/kg (B) -2 J/kg (C) -5 J/kg (D) . V~ ~ 2Re where Me and Re are earth's mass . The grove..particle will emerge from the other end with velocity (A) the Then and radius respectively. (B) 6GMm 7GMin R3 (D)R3 Q. particle is closest to earth centre.55 Consider two configurations of a system ofthree particles of masses ill. (C) potential energy of the particle will be equal to zero at centre of tunnel ifit is along a diameter.c. Initially the mass was at rest but it moves at a speed of 2m1s as itreachesA.J3)/2 (C) .52 :y Suppose a smooth tunnel is dug along a straight linejoining two points on the surface of the earth and a particle is dropped from rest at its one end..Bansal Classes Question Bank on Gravitation . The work done by external agent in changing the configuration of the system from :figure (i) to :figure (ii) is (A) zero (B) a 6Gm2 ( 1 + .JO. se Q. Neglect rotational effects of the earth. Then the escape velocity of the object is: (A) -fiE" (B) 4E2 (C) -JE (D) 2E t ~ Q.•. 50 b. 'n' must be " (A) -JO:6 (B) (. J ~" . ~. find the value ofK ifR isradius of earth and M mass of earth Iii Q... contain an ideal spring of spring constant K and natural length R. as shown in the :figure above.___________ ~_u~ .54 Q.4 (D) None Q.51 The magnitude ofthe potential energy per unit mass of the object at the surrace of earth is E. 53 A hollow spherical shell is compressed to halfits radius.•• "" • " .7 J/kg A small ball of mass 'm' is released at a height 'R' above the earth surface.

. I / w7R 4 Q.Bansal Classes Question Bank on Gravitation {I () . Maximum possible separation between P and Q is . 4 9R ~~ A particle is dropped on Earth from height R (radius of Earth) and it bounces back to a height Rl2 the coefficient of restitution for collision is (ignore air resistance and rotation of Earth) (A) -3 2 Q..J2 a satellite ~oves aroun.64 ~ ft-sitellitecan velocity of the planet about its axis doubles. If the (A) ~en .J2)/3 (C) ro/2 (D) w/. When of undergo completely same circular orbit combination (A) continues in same orbit (B) goes to a circular orbit oflesser radius (C) goes in an elliptical orbit within the original circle (D) goes in an elliptical orbit outside the original circle C/ but are revolving in opposite ? " rf'"'. A second satellite is launched into an orbit o~dius 1. thearound earth sense. The change in potential energy ofthe body is (A) 3mgR (B) 3/4 mgR (C) 1/3 mgR (D) 2/3 mgR where g is acceleration due to gravity at the surface of earth.. / \ / \ rA uniform spherical planet (Radius R) has acceleration due to gravity at its surface g.62 ro/(2. 1 be ina geostationary orbit around a planet at a distance from the a geostationary orbj the angular around the planet ifits distance from the centre of the planet is . one of mass M and the other of mass 4M./2 (C) r (4)113 r (D) (2)1/3 . After explosion the mass 4M is in (A) bound orbit (B) unbound orbit (C) partially bound orbit (D) data is insufficient to determine the nature of the orbit. that ofS2 is : around a planet. r (A) "2 r (B) 2. Two satellitesthey mass m1 & ~ are ininelastic collision.. After the explosion the mass M ends up travelling in thf.. Points P and Q located inside and ?utside the planet have acceleration due to gravity ~ . the q~alltity which remai~s constant is : (A) angularveloClty (B) kinet:1cenergy (C) aenal velOCity (D) potential energy Asatellite is launched into a circular orbit of radius R around the earth. V Q. 59 (B) 3 H (C) 3 If (D) ~2 A body of mass m is lifted up from the surface of the earth to a height three times the radius of the earth. the satellite explodes into twe pieces. but in opposite direction.58 002 3R ~-. /' ~TWO . same circular orbit.d t~e earth in a certain orb~t.J2) (B) (ro. At one point in its orbit. a satellite canr now be incentre of the planet. satellites S1 and S2 describe circular orbits of radius r and 2r respectively orbital angular velocity ofS1 is ro.6571..02R The period of second satellite is larger than the first one by approximately ~5% . (B) 3% (C) 1% (D) 2% Asatellite ofmass 5M orbits the earth in a circular orbit. Q.

r a double star system. then time period will be WIT Q . 1 orbi Y' / end in time(neglect earth rotation) . In another orbit the orbital speed is 2V. It is known that it rotates opposite to that of earth's direction. the ~asses of the two stars are M and 3M.~ Ift1 is t4e time taken by the planet to travel along ACB and ~ the time along BDA.. the ratio of masses of their atmospheres.h th. then (B)tl >t2 (C)tl <~ (D) nothing can be concluded (A)t1 =~ is the potential energy and K kinetic energy then IUI > IKI at (A)OnlyD (B)OnlyC (C) both D & C (0) neither D nor C - Q. Then the angular velocity of the satellite about the centre of earth will be : . neglecting variation of g within the limits of atmosphere. In a particular orbit its time period is T and orbital speed is V..-------------~----------------_ Q. 71 to 72 Figure shows the orbit of a planet P round the sun S. then its angular momentum would be: . is (A) Pl~P1 / P2R1P2 Q. 67 (B) Pl~P2 / P2RlPl' (C) P1R1PI I P2~P2 (D)P1R1P2/ P2~PI Suppose the gravitational force varies inversely as the nth power of distance. then a ball released from one end will reac. Q .3 minutes (C) 8 minutes (D) depends on orientation {I () 4JBansal Classes Question Bank on Gravitation [llJ . 73 / If a tunnel is cut at any orientation through earth. A planet of mass m is in an elliptical orbit about the sun (m < < Msun) with an orbital period T. ~ have densities Pl' P2 respectively. (A) Te/2 rad/hr (B) 1[/3 rad/hr (C) Te/4 rad/hr (D) n/8 rad/hr A satellite is orbiting round the earth.e other (A) 84. The time period of each star is .an Question No.6 minutes (B) 42...?Y' IfU et. // (A) R (n+1) 2 (B)R(n-l) 2 (0)R(n-2) 2 / /Q. Therefore. (B) 16rc[R3/GM]1/2 (C)4~[2R3/GM]1/2 (D) None (A) 811: [R3/GM]1/2 . !fA be the area of orbit./ I .11" . AB and CD are the minor and major axes of the ellipse. The orbit radius ofthe lighter star is R. 68 A satellite is seen after every 6 hours over the equator. Their atmospheric pressures are Pp P2 respectively. ~ 2mA mA (B) mAT (A)-T 9-66/ The planets (C) 2T' (D)2mAT with radii Rl.~In ~n ~m ~m . Then the time period of a planet in circular orbit of radius R around the sun will be proportional to / l. (j5 .'.

Q. The orbit of the companion star is either elliptical with the black hole at one of the foci or circular with the black hole at the centre. same as the old value. since the kinetic energy is a constant of the motion. the companion star's total mechanical energy is a constant oftht motion. Such a pair of stars is referred to as a binary star system. and apogee is the point at which it is furthest from the black hole.79 4JBansal Classes Question Bank on Gravitation {12 . Q.75 1/2of the old value (B) It is 1/. The gravitational potential energy is given by U = . where G is the universal gravitational constant. <K> = -<U 12::: Two special points along the orbit are singled out by astronomers. ane r is the distance between the centre of the companion star and the centre of the black hole. Because of the periodic nature of the orbit. the motion of the black hole can be assumed negligible compared to that of the companion. which of the following gives the correct expression for the total energy? (A)-(1/2)ri1v2 (B)mv2 (C)-(GmM)/r (D)(GmM)/2r What is the ratio of the acceleration of the black hole to that of the companion star? (A)M/m (B)m/M (C)mM/r (D) 111 Q. the potential energy of the companion star is constant throughout the orbit. what is the new value of the velocity ofthe companion star? (A) It is Q. 76 (D) It is double the old value Which of the following prevents the companion star from leaving its orbit and falling into the black hole' (A) The centripetal force (B) The gravitational force (C) The companion star's potential energy (D) the companion star's kinetic energy The work done on the companion star in one complete orbit by the gravitational force ofthe black hole equal (A) the difference hi the kinetic energy of the companion star between apogee and perigee.GmMir. there is a simple relation betweenthe average kinetic energy <K> ofthe companion star and its average potential energy < U>. m is the mass of the companion star. 74 At which point in the elliptical orbit does the companion star attain its maximum kinetic energy? (B) Perigee (C) The point midway from apogee to perigee (A) Apogee (D) All points in the orbit. radius of the orbit doubles. In particular. For circular orbits. One type ofbinary system is that of a black hole and a companion star.Ji ofthe old value (C) It is the. when describing the relative motion of a black hole and a companion star. (B) the total mechanical energy of the companion star (C) zero (D) the gravitational force on the companion star times the distance that it travels in one orbit. The black hole is a star that has collapsed on itself and is so massive that not even light rays can escape it~ gravitational pull. For a circular orbit.77 Q.Questions 74 to 79 (6 questions) Two stars bound together by gravity orbit each other because of their mutual attraction. Perigee is the point at which the companior star is closest to the black hole. Therefore. Since th{ gravitational force is conservative. M is the mass of the black hole. Ifth.78 Q.

The maximum heights attained are respectively hI' ~. also the gravitational potential at the centre of curvature will be V (C) In part (A) if the same wire mass is nonuniformly distributed along its length and it is bent into a semicircle of radius R. :he (C) Newton's law of gravitation for gravitational force between two bodies is applicable only when bodies have spherically symmetric distribution of mass .6 In a solid sphere two small symmetrical cavities are created whose centres lie on a diameter AB of sphere on opposite sides ofthe centre.thinunifQrmwire ofmassM. Q. Assuming the earth to be a sphere of uniform density the acceleration due to gravity (A) at a point outside the earth is inversely proportional to the square of its distance from the centre (B) at a point outside the earth is inversely proportional to its distance from the centre (C) at a point inside is zero (D) at a point inside is proportional to its distance from the centre. • (B) The maximum colatitudes q on earth upto which the satellite can be used· for communication is sin-I (R/R (C) The area on earth escaped fromthis satellite is given as 2pR2 (1 + sinq) (D) The area on earth escaped from this satellite is given as 2pR2 (1 + cosq) Q. If earth radius is R (A) The minimum colatitude q on earth upto which the satellite can be used for communication sin-I (R/R is + h). + h) . ~. Mark the correct statement/s (A) Gravitational potential at curvature centre of a thin hemispherical equalto Q. 3 minutes for answering each question. [12 • Bansal Classes Question Bar'k on Gravitation {I3} I . (D) None ofthe~e.3 Three particles are projected vertically upward from a point on the surface of the earth with velocities ~(2gR13).2 shell of radius R and mass M is )n R' GMx GM (B) Gravitational field strength at a point lying on the axis of a thin. bent into a semicircle of radius R. s e Q.. (D) A circle at which all points have same potential is in the plane perpendicular to the diameter AB . ~(gR). (B) ~: h3 = 3 : 4 (C) hI : h3 = 1 : 4 (D) ~ = R (A) hI : ~:= 2 : 3 Q. ~(4gR13) respectively where Ris the radius of the earth and g is the acceleration due to gravity on the surface of the earth. gravitational potential at the centre is V (D) none ofthese Q.4 A geostationary satellite is at a height h above the surface of earth.s r. uniform circular ring of radius R and mass M is equal to (R 2 + x2 )3/ 2 where x is distance of that point from centre of the ring. 5 Gravitational potential at the centre of curvature of a hemispherical bowl of radius R and mass Mis V (A) gravitational potential at the centre of curvature of a. (B) The gravitational potential at the centre remains unaffected ifcavitiesare not present' (C) A circle at which all points have same potential is in the plane of diameter AB. is also equal to V (B) In part (A) if the same wire is bent into a quarter of a circle then. 1 ONE OR MORE THAN ONE OPTION AlAr BE CORRECT Take approx. (A) The gravitational field at the centre ofthe sphere is zero.

(A) radius ofthe orbit of the second is 8x (B) radius of the orbit of the second is 4x (C) total mechanical energy of the second is greater than that of the first (0) kinetic energy of the second is greater than that of the fIrst.fi Q. The following quantities increase for the satellite asa result of this change (A) gravitational potential energy (B) angularvleocity (C) linear orbital velocity (0) centripetal acceleration Q. lOAn earth satellite is moved from one stable circular orbit to another larger and stable circular orbit. S1when all three are in the same line is 9 : 5. (B) their velocities are in the ratio 2 : 1 (C) their angular momentum aboutthe planet are in the ratio 2 : 1 (D) the ratio of angular velocities of S2w.12 & Two satellites S1' S2of equal masses revolve in the same sense around a heavy planet in coplanar circular orbit of radii R & 4R (A) the ratio ofperiod of revolution s1 & s2is 1 : 8.14 . Q.1 Q. then the .8 When a satellite in a circular orbit around the earth enters the atmospheric region. Q .l1 Two satellites of same mass of a planet in circular orbits have periods of revolution 32 days and 256 days.the total mechanical energy of S varies periodically with time (D) the linear momentum ofS remains constant in magnitude 4JBansal Classes Question Bank on Gravitation [14J . For these planets. it encounters small air resistance to its motion Then' (A) its kinetic energy increases (B) its kinetic energy decreases (C) its angular momentum about the earth decreases (0) its period of revolution around the earth increases A communications Earth satdlite (A) goes round the earth from east to west (B) can be in the equatorial plane only (C) can be vertically above any place on the earth (D) goes round the earth from west to east Q. The mass of the satellite is very small compared to the mass of the earth (A) the acceleration ofS is always directed towards the centre ofthe earth (B) the angular momentum ofS about the centre of the earth changes in direction.Q.r. but its magnitude remains constant (C).fi : 1 escape velocities from their surfaces will be in the ratio 1 : .9 Q. the (A) acceleration due to gravity will be in the ratio 4: 1 (B) acceleration due to gravity will be in the ratio 1 : 4 (C) escape velocities from their surfaces will be in the ratio (0) Q . If the radius ofthe orbit of the first is x.t.13 A satellite S is moving in an elliptical orbit around the earth.7 The spherical planets have the same mass but densities in the ratio 1 : 8.

15 T > 21t~R I g where Ris radius of earth 4JBansal Classes Question Bank on Gravitation [15J .. Q . which of the following O1Ustbe true? (i\) It must be above the equator at some time (B) It cannot pass over the poles at any time (C) Its height above the surface cannot exceed 36.14 .15 If a satellite orbits as close to the earth's surface as possible. (i\) its speed is O1axllnUnl (B) time period ofits rotation is Il1inimum (C) the total energy of the 'earth plus satellite' system is minimum (D) the total energy of the 'earth plus satellite'system is maximum For a satellite to orbit around the earth.000 km (D) Its period of rotation must be Q.

12 .44 ACD' A.33 D Q.D Q.4 Q.58 B B .B.ll A.32 .16 Q.---- C .2 Q.8 Q.31 Q.:::Q.12 Q.46 Q.21 Q.72 C C.48 Q.68 C A.38 Q.D Q.25 Q.D Q.l .19 D.54 A ..14 Q.65 D B.17 B.D .42 Q.3 Q.35 Q.23 ·B .B.66 Q~69 Q.41 Q.I0 Q.67 Q. Q:l ONE OR MORE THAN ONE OPTION MAYBE CORRECT ON IS CORRECT 4JBansal Classes Question Bank on Gravitation [16J .D .27 .28 Q.52 Q.C .74 Q.59 Q.2 Q.62 Q.34 Q.55 .10 Q.39 C.18 Q.61 Q. .70 Q.63 Q.Q.14 Q.26 BQ.49 Q.20 Q.37 D' A.7 Q.24 Q.30 Q.47 Q.15 A.9 Q.l1 Q.D C .5 Q.6 Q.75 Q.77 Q.56 Q.79 B if/I Q./ ---.73 Q.51 A Q.3 Q.40 A.7 Q.C Q.13 Q.C AA D.53 Q.60 Q.4 A .ex .45 A.76 Q.6 Q.C Q.