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gjh tF - ma
fzFf
fzFf & f
f
aa
1. 10 iws bghU J xU khwhj ir
4
dhofSF
bragLwJ.
bghU
-1
-1
irntf. 2 UJ 8 Mf khWwJ v
ir kig fhf.
bghU iw
m = 10
bjhlfirntf u = 2-1
Wirntf
v = 8 -1
ir F = m (v-u)
t
F = 10 (8-2) = 15 N
4
2. 2 iws bghU J 4 ms-2 KLfij
VgLJ ir, 3 iw J 2 ms-2
KLfij VgLJ ir. tW vJ bgaJ?

ir F = ma
fz go m1 = 2 ; m2 = 3
a1 = 4 ms-2 ; a2 = 2 ms-2
~ F1 = m1 a1 = 2 x 4 = 8N
~ F2 = m2 a2 = 3 x 2 = 6N
vdnt, 2 iws bghU J 4 ms-2
KLfij VgLJ ir bgaJ.
3 . xU bghU iw 5 nyh uh. v
-2
mj vil ahJ? ( g = 9.8 ms )
vil w = mg
w = 5 x 9.8 = 49 N

S.Saravanan.M.Sc.,B.Ed., Sirkali.
m1 = 10 kg ; m2 = 20 kg
-1
-1
u1 = 10 ms ; u2 = 5 ms
-1
-1
v1 = 12 ms ; v2 = 4 ms ; t = 2 s
id ( F1) = F1 =
m2 (v2 - u2)
t
F1 = 20 (4 5) = - 20 = - 10 N
2
2
vid ( F2) = F2 =

m1(v1 u1)
t
F2 = 10 (12 10) = 10 N
2

~ F1 = - F2
7. G = 6.67 x 10-11 Nm2kg-2 , R = 6.3
6.38 x 106 m v
iwia fzLf. ( g = 9.8 ms-2 )
2
-11
M = gR
G = 6.67 x 10
6
R = 6.68 x 10
G
g = 9.8
6 2
M = 9.8 x (6.38 x 10 )
-11
6.67 x 10
24
~ M = 5.98 X 10 Kg
8. 20 X jils f 0.2 A ndhl
cUthf njitgL dGj ntWghL ----(100 V, 4 V, 0.01 V, 40 V )
V = IR
V = 20 x 0.2 = 4 V
9. fhQ RWglij cWneh
ilna
bjhFga
jil

AB F
fhf.
fhf

4. gu 50 .. iws kj vil ahJ?


vil w = mg
w = 50 x 9.8 = 490 N
5. xU bghU iw 10 nyh uh. v
-2
mj vil ahJ? ( g = 9.8 ms )
vil w = mg
w = 10 x 9.8 = 98 N
6. 10 .., 20 .. iws bghUf Kiwna
-1,
-1
10 ms 5 ms ntf brtij gl fhLwJ.
mit nkhbfhwd. nkhj nghJ mit
bjhL bfhS neu 2 dhof. nkhjYF
-1
-1
mit Kiwna 12 ms , 4 ms ntf brwd
vF
v 1,F2tiwfhf.

R1, R2 gf iz jil
1
1
1
R12 =

R1

R2

R1= R2 = 1 X

1
R12 = 1/1 +1/1 = 2
R12 = X
R3, R4 gf iz jil

R34 =

R3

1
+

R4

1
R34 = 1/1 +1/1 = 2
R34 = X
R12 , R34 bjhliz jilahf

R = R12 + R34 = + = 1 ~ R = 1 X

www.kalvisolai.com - 2 of 6.
S.Saravanan.M.Sc.,B.Ed., Sirkali.
10. xU sF 0.75 A ndhlij
10 lfSF gagLbfhwJ v
R gh ndhl ms ahJ?
ndhl I = 0.75A
fhy t = 10 lf = 600 dhof
Q = It
Q = 0.75 x 600
}l Q = 450 C
11.
11. fhQ tiugl V kW I bjhlig
fhLwJ. glUJ dGj ntWghL 0.8V
0.8
kW 1.2V
1.2 cs nghJ V/ I kf vdthf
UF.
il:
1. V = 0.8 V
V(V)
I = 0.33 A
V
0.8
R = -------- = ---------- = 2.4 X
I
0.33
2. V = 1.2 V
I = 0.5 A
V
1.2
R = -------- = ---------- = 2.4 X
I
0.5
vdnt V/I vgJ xU kh

16. 5 X 10 X 30 X jilf xU R gf
iz izfgLsd. R bjhFga
jilfhf.

I(A)

12. s tna 3 C }l 3 dho


fhy brwh, mj tna gh ndhl
(3A, 1A, 9A, 0.5A) il: 1 A
I=Q/t
Q=3C ; t=3S
I=3/3=1A
13. bfhLfgLs R gh ndhl
fhf. ( 2A, 10A, 1A, 0.2A )

I = V / R = 10 / 10 = 1 A
14. 1 Kg iw bfhl bghU KGtJ Mwyhf
khwglh, Mw k
16
24
(9x10 J, 9x10 J, 9J, 100J)
2
Mw E = mC
iw m = 1 kg
8
-1
x irntf C = 3x10 ms
8 2
E = 1 x (3 x 10 )
16
E = 9 x 10 J

S.Saravanan.M.Sc.,B.Ed., Sirkali.

15. 500 W w cila Fgj xbthU ehS


8 k neu gagLjgLwJ. 1 kWh fhd
flz %.3.00 v 30 ehfSF brYj
ntoa bjhif vts?
w P = 500 W
t = 8 k / eh
flz = %.3.00 / kWh
dhw = P x t
= 500 x 8
= 4000 Wh = 4 KWh / eh
30 ehfSfhd bkhj dhw
= 4 KWh x 30 = 120 KWh
bkhj flz = 120KWh x 3 = %. 360

R1 = 5 X
R2 = 10 X
R3 = 30 X
it gf iz csd.
1/RP = 1/R1 + 1/R2 + 1/R3
1/RP = 1/5 + 1/10 + 1/30
1/RP = 10 / 30 = 1/3
Rp =3 X
17. 1 nyh th k (kwh) vg
vg Mw
Mw k
vts?
1 kwh = 1000 th x 3600 dho
= 3600000 th dho
6
= 3.6 x 10 ( J )
18. xU _yUJ 5A ndhlij xU
vLJ
bfhSnghJ
mj
btg_o
KidfSilna dGj ntWghL 60V v
KidfSF ilna dGj ntWghL 120 V
MFnghJ vLfgL ndhl vts?
dGj ntWghL V = 60V
ndhl I = 5A
X go R = V / I = 60 / 5 = 12 X
dGj 120 V MFnghJ ndhl : I = V / R
= 120 / 12 = 10A
~ btg_o vLF ndhl = 10 A
S.Saravanan.M.Sc.,B.Ed., Sirkali.

www.kalvisolai.com - 3 of 6.
19. 18 X kW 6 X jilf 6V fy
mLFl bjhluhf izfgLsd. v,
1. R bkhj jil
2. R gh ndhl tiw fzLf.
1) bfhLfgl jilf
R1 = 18 X
R2 = 6 X
~ R bkhj jil
Rs = 18 + 6 = 24 X
2) fy mL KidfSilna dGj
ntWghL V = 6V
~ R ndhl I = V/RS = 6/24 = 0.25 A.
20. 4 X jil KidfSilna dGj
ntWghL 20 V v m clhfgL btg
j ahJ?
dGj ntWghL V = 20V
jil R = 4 X
fhy t = 1 S
X go I = V/R = 20/4 = 5A
clhfgl btg j H = I Rt
H = 5 x 4 x 1
H = 100 J
21.
xU
sF
220V
al
izfgLsJ. ndhl 0.50 A v
s w ahJ?
a dGj V =220 V
ndhl I = 0.50 A
v s w p = V I
P = 220 X 0.50
P = 110 W
22. xU R 10V dGj ntWghLs U
fSilna
5C
ndhlij
efj
bragl ntiy ahJ?
}l Q = 5 C
dGj ntWghL V = 10 V
}lij efj bragl ntiy W = V x Q
W = 10 V x 5C
W = 50J
23. xU nkhlh thfd gagLj gLs
Faho tis Mu 3. mj Mo tna
w 5 bjhiy xU ngUJ tUwJ v
ngU g bjhiy kW jikia
fhf.
tis Mu R = +3
bghU bjhiy u = -5
1/u + 1/v = 1/f
1/v = 1/ f 1/ u
= 1/1.5 1/-5
= 1/1.5 + 1/5
= 5 +1.50 = 6.50 = 1.15
7.50
7.50
~ V = 1.15 m

24. 15 br Fa uKs FahoUJ 30 br


bjhiy bghUis itFnghJ byUJ
10br bjhiy neuhd khag ilwJ v
cUbgUf w fhf.
u = - 30br. , v = -10br. , m = ?
cUbgUf
m = v / u = - 10 / -30 = 1/3
m = + 0.33
xU
Fby
Fau
15br.
25.
byUJ 10 br bjhiy g clhf
bghU byUJ vts bjhiy itfgl
ntL.
v = -10br. , f = -15br. , u = ?
1/v - 1/u= 1/f
1/u = 1/v- 1/f
1/u = 1/-10- 1/-15
1/u = -3+2/ 30 = -1/30
u = - 30br.
br.
vdnt, byUJ bghU bjhiy 30 br..
br..
26. xU Fby Fau 2 v by
w fhf.
by Fau f = -2
by w p = 1/ f = 1/-2
p= -0.5 ilahl
27. 10 br.. FauKs F byUJ 25
br.. bjhiy bghU itfgLwJ. g
bjhiy ---.(50
br.., 16.66 br..,
--br. 6.66 br.., 10 br..)
f = 10 , u = 25 , v = ?
1/u + 1/v = 1/f
1/v = 1/ f 1/ u
1/v = 1/10 1/25
1/v = 15 / 250 = 3 / 50
V = 50 / 3 = 16.66
V = 16.66 cm
28. bydh cUthF g cau 48 br.,
bghU cau 16 br., v by
cUbgUf fhf.
( 3, 0.3, 30, 6 ) il: 3
u = 16 br. , v = 48 br. , m = ?
cUbgUf
m = v / u = 48 / 16 = 3
m=3
29. by w 0.5 ilahl v
Fabjhiy (0.5m,
(0.5 , 2m,
2 , 20m,
20 , 0.55m)
0.55 ) il: 2m
by w p = 0.5 ilahl
by Fau f = 1/p = 1/0.5 = 2m

S.Saravanan.M.Sc.,B.Ed., Sirkali.

www.kalvisolai.com - 4 of 6.
S.Saravanan.M.Sc.,B.Ed., Sirkali.

34. 20 uh rhjhuz cig 60 uh


fiuLnghJ cUthd fiur br iw
rjjij fzLf.

30. itu xyf v 2.42 x


irntfij bghUjJ.
brhbwhl bghU ahJ?

fiur br rjj iw
fiubghU iw

= 2.24 , c = 3 x 108 m/s , v = ?


V = 3 x 108 = 1.23 x 108 m/s
2.24
i) x irntf ClfF Clf khWgl
fhuz mlf xyf v MF.
ii) Clf x irntf, Clf
xyf vF vjf mikwJ.
31. itu xyf
irntfij fhf.
=

4/3

= 4/3 , c = 3 x 108 m/s , v = ?


V = 3 x 108
4/3
V = 3 x 108 x 3
4
V = 9 x 108 = 2.25 x 108 m/s
4

nta - fzFf
fzFf & f
f
32. 10 uh rhjhuz cig 40 uh
fiuLnghJ cUthd fiur br iw
rjjij fzLf.
fiur br rjj iw
fiubghU iw
= ------------------------------ x 100
fiubghU iw + fiugh iw
10
= ---------- x 100
10 + 40
10
= ----- x 100 = 20 %
50
33. 20 rika cig 50 fiuUjh
mfiur br rjj iwia fzLf.
fiur br rjj iw
fiubghU iw
= -----------------------------fiubghU iw + fiugh iw
20
= ---------- x 100
20 + 50
20
= ----- x 100 = 28.57 %
70

x 100

= -----------------------------fiubghU iw + fiugh iw
20
= ---------- x 100
20 + 60
20
= ----- x 100 = 25%
25
80

x 100

35. 22-uh bghlha rngil 12.5


fiuJ ilj fiur, 600 C btgiy c
goffis jjbj, bghlha rngo
fiuwid fzLf.
12.5 iw = 12.5 uh
12.5 uhfiujbghlharngo iw = 2
~ 1 uh fiuj bghlha rngo iw
= 2/ 12.5
100 uh fiuj bghlha rngo iw
= 2/ 12.5 x 100 = 16
~ bghlha rng c fiuw 60C
60
btgiy = 16
36. nrhoa FnshiuL(NaCI)
fyj bjoa
FnshiuL
fiur
50
iws
fiuriy
30C
30
btgiy MahFnghJ, 13.2 iws
uw NaCI cUthwJ, v NaCI
fiuwid
30C
30 fzLf.
fiur cs iw = 50 13.2 = 36.8
NaCI iw
NaCI fiuw = ---------- x 100
iw
= 13.2/36.8 x 100 = 36
NaCI
fiuw = 36
37. xU fzho z iw 20.0.
ienu(NaNO
bjoa
fiuriy
nrhoa
ienu(
3)
vLjnghJ, bkhj iw 66. cyiyF
MahFnghJ 41.5 iws NaNO3 goff
iljd v NaNO3 fiuwid 20C
20
btgiy fzLf.
NaNO3 fiuj bjoa fiur iw
= (66.0 - 20.0) = 46
NaNO3 goff iw = (41.5 20.0) = 21.5
bjoa fiur cs iw
= (46.0 21.5 ) = 24.5
NaNO3 gof iw
NaNO3 fiuw = --------------x 100
iw
= 21.5/24.5 x 100 = 87.7
NaNO3 fiuw 20C
20 btgiy = 87.7

www.kalvisolai.com - 5 of 6.
S.Saravanan.M.Sc.,B.Ed., Sirkali.
38. ieu# _yTW iw 28. mj mQ iw 14.
ieu# mQfL viz fhf.
ieu#mQfLv
ieu#mQfLv
ieu# _yTW iw
=
----------------------ieu#mQiw
=

28 = 2
14

39. M# uh _yTW iw 32 mj
ml 1.429 /f.br . M# uh _yTW
gUkid flf.
uh _yTW gUk = uh _yTW iw
th ml
M# uh _yTW gUk =
= 32 / 1.429 = 22.4 l
~ uh _yTW gUk = 22.4 l STP

40. iAu# mQ iw 1 , M# mQ iw
16 v uh _yTW iwia fzLf
H2O = 2 (H) + 1 (0)
= 2 (1) + 1 (16)
= 2 + 16
~ H2O = 18 uh
41. xU nkh mss vj ntbghUS
6.023 x 1023 Jffis bgUF. 3.0115 x 1023
Jff bfhl C02 nkhf vifia
fzLf.
_yTWf vif
nkhf vif = --------------------6.023 x 1023
3.0115 x 1023
= ---------------6.023 x 1023
= 1/2 = 0.5 nkh
42. CO2 th uh _yTW
fla
CO2 = 1(C) + 2 (0)
= 1x12 + 2 x16 = 12 + 32 = 44 uh
~ CO2 uh _yTW iw 44 uh

iwia

43. Xnrh mQ iw 16, _yTW iw 48, mj


mQfL v vd?
_yTW iw
mQfL v = -------------mQ iw
48
= ------ = 3
16

44.
44. fl nrkf cs mQf
vifia fhf.
m. fjf my
M. m
mnkhah
m. fjf my = H2SO4 = 2 + 1 + 4 = 7
M. mnkhah = NH3 = 1 + 3 = 4
45. 90 cs nkhf vifia fhf.
( _yTW thghL H2O))
iw 90
_yTW iw 18
bghU iw
nkhf vif = -----------------_yTW iw
90
= ----- = 5 nkh
18
46. fltWF nkhf vifia
fzl.
m. 3.0115 x 1023 mQfis bfhl jhu
_yTWf vif
nkhf vif = --------------------6.023 x 1023
3.0115 x 1023
= ---------------6.023 x 1023
= 1 / 2 = 0.5 nkh
M. 27.95 U
bghU iw
nkhf vif = -------------mQ iw
27.95
= ------ = 0.5 nkh
55.9
23
. 1.51 x 10 _yTWf bfhl CO2.
_yTWf vif
nkhf vif = --------------------6.023 x 1023
1.51 x 1023
= --------------- = 0.25 nkh
6.023 x 1023
47. 24.092 x 1022 _yTWfbfhl nkhf
vifia fzLf
_yTWf vif
nkhf vif = --------------------6.023 x 1023
24.092 x 1022
= --------------- = 4 nkh
6.023 x 1023
S.Saravanan.M.Sc.,B.Ed., Sirkali.

www.kalvisolai.com - 6 of 6.
48. 12.046 x 1022 mQf bfhl jhu cs
nkhf vifia fzLf.
_yTWf vif
nkhf vif = --------------------6.023 x 1023
22
12.046 x 10
= --------------- = 2 nkh
6.023 x 1023
49.
49. X & y fhf.
th
nkh
2
N2
O2

th iw
x
320

bghU iw
i ) nkhf vif = -------------_yTW iw
x
2 = ----28
X = 2 x 28 = 56
bghU iw
ii ) nkhf vif = ---------------_yTW iw
320
y = ----- = 10 nkh
32

iAu# uh uh mQ iw
ieu# uh mQ iw
M# uh mQ iw
nrhoa uh mQ iw
fhg uh mQ iw

= 1 uh
= 14 uh
= 16 uh
= 23 uh
= 12 uh

50.
50. PH = - log10 [H+] xU fiur iAu#
ma br
br 0.00l
0.00 M v mj
PH k fhf. ( 3, 11, 14 )
pH = log10 [H+]
pH = log10 (0.001)
pH = log10 (10-3)
= (3) log10 10
pH = 3
51. xU fiur iAuh ma br
1.0 x 10-8 mj PH k ahJ?
fiur cs iAuh ma br
= 1.0 x 10-8 M
POH = - log10 [OH-]
= - log10 [ 1x10-8]
= - [log101 + log1010-8]
= - [ 0 - 8 log1010 ]
= 8 log1010

POH = 8

PH + POH = 14
PH = 14 POH
= 14 8 = 6
PH = 6

52. xU fiur iAu# ma br


1.0 x 10-9 M fiur pH kig fLof.
cdJ ilUJ fiur mykh, fhukh,
eLiyah vgij TW.
TW.
pH = log10 [H+]
-9
pH = log10 (1.0 x 10 )
1.0
-9
1
pH = (log10 + log1010 )
[ log10 = 0]
10
= (0 9 log10 )
pH = (0 9) = 9
pH = 9
~ pH- k 7 I l mfkhf Ugjh fiur
fhujik cilaJ.
53. xU fiur iAuhirL ma br
0.001M. v fiur pH kig fLof.

pOH = log10[OH ]
3
pOH = log10 10
pOH = (-3 log10 10)
[ log1010 = 1]
pOH = 3
pH = 14 pOH
pH = 14 3 = 11
pH = 11
54. xU fiur iAuhirL ma br
-9
1.0x10
M. v fiur pH kig
fLof.

pOH = -log10[OH ]
-9
pOH = log10 (1.0 x 10 )
pOH = 9
pH = 14 pOH
pH = 14 9 = 5
pH = 5

eLiy fiur pH = 7
my fiur
pH < 7 ( 1,2,3,4,5,6 )
fhu fiur
pH > 7 ( 8,9,10,11,12,13,14 )

by
S. SARAVANAN.M.Sc.,(phy).B.Ed.,

Sirkali-609110.
Nagapattinam-Dist.
Cell:9786873729

log1010 = 1
log101 = 0
pH = 14 pOH
pH + pOH = 14

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