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Multiplying and Dividing Polynomials

What is a monomial & polynomial


Monomial
1 term
No variable with negative expansion

Polynomial
More than 2 terms
Can have different powers and variables

When multiplying or dividing polynomials, multiply or


divide the coefficients, and apply the laws of
exponents to the variables.
(monomial) x (monomial)
2x 3x

6x 2

4ab 5a b
2

2 3

20a3b5

1 4 3
3xy 3 x y
2

y
3
x

(monomial) x (binomial)

7x xy 5y

a 2bc 1 3ab 2b 2c

7x 2 y 35xy 3a3b2c 1 2a2b3

12 x

y 6 3y 2 2x

24x 3 y 6 6xy 2

(monomial)
x (binomial)

7x xy 5y

a 2bc 1 3ab 2b 2c

7x 2 y 35xy 3a3b2c 1 2a2b3

2 6
2
12
x
y

3y

2x

24x 3 y 6 6xy 2

eg. 3 Division of a Polynomial- Divide each


monomial individually
9x3 + 6x2 + 12x
3x
3x2 +

2x + 4

20xy5 - 15xy2 + 30x2y4


5xy
4y4 + 3y + 6xy3

Page 14
1b) x = 1
y = 4x + 1

y = 4(1) + 1
y=4+1
y=5
Now try c and d

Page 14
2a) Evaluate y = 2x2 + 3x 8
a) x = 0
2(02) + 3(0) -8
0+08
-8
Now do b, c and d and question 3

Homework
Complete all of the questions on
Page 15, 16 & 17

FOIL

FOIL

First
Outside
Inside
Last

Eg 1. Expand and simplify (FOIL)

(2x 2)(x 4)

F - First
O - Outside
I - Inside
L - Last

=(2x)(x) +(2x)(4) +(2)(x) +(2)(4)


=2x2 +8x +2x +8
=2x2+10x +8

Eg 2. Expand and simplify (FOIL)

(x 3)(x 5)

F - First
O - Outside
I - Inside
L - Last

=(x)(x) +(x)(5) +(-3)(x) +(-3)(5)


=x2 +5x -3x -15

=x2+2x -15

Eg. 3 Foil practice

(x 2)(x 2)
2
x 2x 2x 4
2
x 4x 4

(4x 3)(2x 1)
2
8x 4x 6x 3

8x 2x 3
2

(x 3)
(x 3)(x 3)
2

x 3x 3x 9
2
x 6x 9
2

Homework
pg. 18 & 19