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X_ray genaration

• Construction

1. filament it is tungsten
wire connected to a
low voltage source
when heated by electric
current emits electron
2. anode a cylindrical
copper rod connected
to +ve terminal of high
voltage dc source while
the –ve terminal is
connected to the
filament
3. the target it is a small
piece of metal of metal
of very high melting
point as (tungsten) fixed to the anode

• properties of x-ray
1. they can penetrate media easily
2. they can ionize gases
3. they diffract in crystals
4. they affect sensitive photographic
plates