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Statistics

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You are on page 1of 6

If one tosses a coin enough times, the proportion of "heads" will approach 0.5. This is an

example of:

Question 2 of 20

C.independent

Question 3 of 20

The staff at a small company includes: 4 secretaries, 20 technicians, 4 engineers, 2 executives,

and 50 factory workers. If a person is selected at random, what is the probability that he or she is

a factory worker?

B.5/8

Question 4 of 20

The probability of an event and the probability of its complement always sum to:

D.1.0

Question 5 of 20

If a menu has a choice of 4 appetizers, 4 main courses, and 3 desserts, then the sample space for

all possible dinners has how many outcomes?

A.48

A.lists all of the possible values of the random variable and their corresponding

probabilities

Question 7 of 20

Which term is NOT synonymous with the expected value of a discrete probability distribution?

D.variance

Question 8 of 20

The following data were obtained from a survey of college students. The variable X represents the number of nonassigned books read during the past six months.

x

0

1

2

3

4

5

P (X=x)

0.20

0.25

0.20

0.15

0.10

0.10

A.2.0

Question 9 of 20

A.probabilistically independent

Answer Key: A

Question 10 of 20

Suppose that 50 identical batteries are being tested. After 8 hours of continuous use, assume that

a given battery is still operating with a probability of 0.70 and has failed with a probability of

0.30.

What is the probability that greater than 30 batteries will last at least 8 hours?

D.0.9152

Part 3 of 6 -

Question 11 of 20

Accepted characters: It has been reported that 3% of all cars on the highway are traveling at

speeds in excess of 70 mph. If the speeds of four random automobiles are measured via radar,

what is the probability that at least one car is going over 70 mph? Place your answer, rounded to

four decimal places, in the space. 0.1147

Answer Key: 0.1000|.1300

Question 12 of 20

Accepted characters: A school determines that the number of children X in the families who

attend the school follows the distribution below:

Number of children X

Probability P(X)

What is the mean number of children per family? Round your answer to one decimal place as

necessary. For example, 4.5 would be a legitimate entry.

Answer:

2.5

Question 13 of 20

Accepted characters:

Suppose that the probability that a new medication will cause a bad side effect is 0.03. If this

medication is given to 150 people, what is the probability that exactly three of them will

experience a bad side effect? Place your answer, rounded to 4 decimal places, in the blank.

0.1691

Answer Key: 0.1600|0.1800

Question 14 of 20

Accepted characters:

If a gambler rolls two dice and gets a sum of four, he wins $10; and if he gets a sum of three, he

wins $25. The cost to play the game is $5. What is the expectation of this game?

Place your answer, rounded to two decimal places, in the blank. -3.06 When entering your

answer do not use a dollar sign. However, if the expected payoff is negative be sure to use a

minus sign. For example, -1.23 would be a legitimate entry.

Answer Key: -2.88|-2.68

Part 4 of 6 -

Question 15 of 20

Accepted characters: The president of a bank is attempting to arrange a meeting with the three

vice presidents for a Friday weekly meeting. He believes that each of these three busy

individuals, independently of the others, has about 40% chance of being able to attend the

meeting. What is the probability that none of the three vice presidents can attend the meeting?

Place your answer, rounded to 3 decimal places, in the blank. For example, 0.123 would be a

legitimate entry. 0.216

Answer Key: 0.216

Question 16 of 20

Accepted characters:

Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) is a very visible group whose main focus is to educate the public about the harm

caused by drunk drivers. A study was recently done that emphasized the problem we all face with drinking and

driving. Five hundred accidents that occurred on a Saturday night were analyzed. Two items noted were the number

of vehicles involved and whether alcohol played a role in the accident. The numbers are shown below:

1

2

3

Yes

60

110

30

200

No

40

215

45

300

100

325

75

rounded to 2 decimal places, in the blank. For example. 0.23 is a legitimate entry. 0.40

Given that 3 vehicles were involved, what proportion of accidents involved alcohol?

Question 17 of 20

Accepted characters:

An ice cream vendor sells three flavors: chocolate, strawberry, and vanilla. Forty five percent of the sales are

chocolate, while 30% are strawberry, with the rest vanilla flavored. Sales are by the cone or the cup. The

percentages of cones sales for chocolate, strawberry, and vanilla, are 75%, 60%, and 40%, respectively. For a

randomly selected sale, define the following events:

= chocolate chosen

= strawberry chosen

= vanilla chosen

= ice cream on a cone

ice

cream

in

cup

Find the probability that the ice cream was sold on a cone. Place your answer, rounded to 4 decimal places, in

the blank. For exampe, 0.3456 would be a legitimate entry.

0.6175

Question 18 of 20

Accepted characters:

Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) is a very visible group whose main focus is to educate the public about

the harm caused by drunk drivers. A study was recently done that emphasized the problem we all face with drinking

and driving. Five hundred accidents that occurred on a Saturday night were analyzed. Two items noted were the

number of vehicles involved and whether alcohol played a role in the accident. The numbers are shown below:

1

2

3

Yes

60

110

30

200

No

40

215

45

300

100

325

75

What proportion of accidents involved more than one vehicle? Place your answer, rounded to 2 decimal

places, in the blank. For example, 0.23 is a legitimate entry.

0.87

Part 5 of 6 -

Question 19 of 20

Two events A and B are said to be independent if P(A and B) = P(A) + P(B)

False

Question 20 of 20

A binomial experiment has exactly two outcomes, so the probability of any binomial experiment

is always 0.5 or 50%.

False

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