You are on page 1of 6

Question 1 of 20

1.0/ 1.0 Points


If one tosses a coin enough times, the proportion of "heads" will approach 0.5. This is an
example of:

B.the Law of Large Numbers

Question 2 of 20

1.0/ 1.0 Points

If P(A) = P(A|B), then events A and B are said to be

C.independent

Question 3 of 20

1.0/ 1.0 Points


The staff at a small company includes: 4 secretaries, 20 technicians, 4 engineers, 2 executives,
and 50 factory workers. If a person is selected at random, what is the probability that he or she is
a factory worker?

B.5/8

Question 4 of 20

1.0/ 1.0 Points

The probability of an event and the probability of its complement always sum to:
D.1.0

Question 5 of 20

1.0/ 1.0 Points


If a menu has a choice of 4 appetizers, 4 main courses, and 3 desserts, then the sample space for
all possible dinners has how many outcomes?
A.48

A discrete probability distribution:


A.lists all of the possible values of the random variable and their corresponding
probabilities

Question 7 of 20

1.0/ 1.0 Points


Which term is NOT synonymous with the expected value of a discrete probability distribution?
D.variance

Question 8 of 20

1.0/ 1.0 Points

The following data were obtained from a survey of college students. The variable X represents the number of nonassigned books read during the past six months.
x
0
1
2
3
4
5
P (X=x)

0.20

0.25

0.20

0.15

0.10

0.10

What is the expected value of X?


A.2.0

Question 9 of 20

0.0/ 1.0 Points

We assume that the outcomes of successive trials in a binomial experiment are:


A.probabilistically independent
Answer Key: A

Question 10 of 20

1.0/ 1.0 Points


Suppose that 50 identical batteries are being tested. After 8 hours of continuous use, assume that
a given battery is still operating with a probability of 0.70 and has failed with a probability of
0.30.
What is the probability that greater than 30 batteries will last at least 8 hours?

D.0.9152

Part 3 of 6 -

3.0/ 4.0 Points

Question 11 of 20

1.0/ 1.0 Points

Accepted characters: It has been reported that 3% of all cars on the highway are traveling at
speeds in excess of 70 mph. If the speeds of four random automobiles are measured via radar,
what is the probability that at least one car is going over 70 mph? Place your answer, rounded to
four decimal places, in the space. 0.1147
Answer Key: 0.1000|.1300

Question 12 of 20

1.0/ 1.0 Points

Accepted characters: A school determines that the number of children X in the families who
attend the school follows the distribution below:
Number of children X
Probability P(X)

0.20 0.35 0.25 0.15 0.05

What is the mean number of children per family? Round your answer to one decimal place as
necessary. For example, 4.5 would be a legitimate entry.
Answer:

2.5

Answer Key: 2.5

Question 13 of 20

1.0/ 1.0 Points

Accepted characters:
Suppose that the probability that a new medication will cause a bad side effect is 0.03. If this
medication is given to 150 people, what is the probability that exactly three of them will
experience a bad side effect? Place your answer, rounded to 4 decimal places, in the blank.
0.1691
Answer Key: 0.1600|0.1800

Question 14 of 20

0.0/ 1.0 Points

Accepted characters:
If a gambler rolls two dice and gets a sum of four, he wins $10; and if he gets a sum of three, he
wins $25. The cost to play the game is $5. What is the expectation of this game?
Place your answer, rounded to two decimal places, in the blank. -3.06 When entering your
answer do not use a dollar sign. However, if the expected payoff is negative be sure to use a
minus sign. For example, -1.23 would be a legitimate entry.
Answer Key: -2.88|-2.68
Part 4 of 6 -

3.0/ 4.0 Points

Question 15 of 20

1.0/ 1.0 Points

Accepted characters: The president of a bank is attempting to arrange a meeting with the three
vice presidents for a Friday weekly meeting. He believes that each of these three busy
individuals, independently of the others, has about 40% chance of being able to attend the
meeting. What is the probability that none of the three vice presidents can attend the meeting?
Place your answer, rounded to 3 decimal places, in the blank. For example, 0.123 would be a
legitimate entry. 0.216
Answer Key: 0.216

Question 16 of 20

1.0/ 1.0 Points

Accepted characters:
Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) is a very visible group whose main focus is to educate the public about the harm
caused by drunk drivers. A study was recently done that emphasized the problem we all face with drinking and
driving. Five hundred accidents that occurred on a Saturday night were analyzed. Two items noted were the number
of vehicles involved and whether alcohol played a role in the accident. The numbers are shown below:

Did alcohol play a role?

Number of Vehicles Involved


1
2
3

Yes

60

110

30

200

No

40

215

45

300

100

325

75

Place your answer,


rounded to 2 decimal places, in the blank. For example. 0.23 is a legitimate entry. 0.40
Given that 3 vehicles were involved, what proportion of accidents involved alcohol?

Answer Key: 0.40

Question 17 of 20

1.0/ 1.0 Points

Accepted characters:
An ice cream vendor sells three flavors: chocolate, strawberry, and vanilla. Forty five percent of the sales are
chocolate, while 30% are strawberry, with the rest vanilla flavored. Sales are by the cone or the cup. The
percentages of cones sales for chocolate, strawberry, and vanilla, are 75%, 60%, and 40%, respectively. For a
randomly selected sale, define the following events:
= chocolate chosen
= strawberry chosen
= vanilla chosen
= ice cream on a cone
ice

cream

in

cup

Find the probability that the ice cream was sold on a cone. Place your answer, rounded to 4 decimal places, in
the blank. For exampe, 0.3456 would be a legitimate entry.
0.6175

Answer Key: 0.6175

Question 18 of 20

0.0/ 1.0 Points

Accepted characters:
Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) is a very visible group whose main focus is to educate the public about
the harm caused by drunk drivers. A study was recently done that emphasized the problem we all face with drinking
and driving. Five hundred accidents that occurred on a Saturday night were analyzed. Two items noted were the
number of vehicles involved and whether alcohol played a role in the accident. The numbers are shown below:

Did alcohol play a role?

Number of Vehicles Involved


1
2
3

Yes

60

110

30

200

No

40

215

45

300

100

325

75

What proportion of accidents involved more than one vehicle? Place your answer, rounded to 2 decimal
places, in the blank. For example, 0.23 is a legitimate entry.
0.87

Answer Key: 0.80


Part 5 of 6 -

1.0/ 1.0 Points

Question 19 of 20

1.0/ 1.0 Points

Two events A and B are said to be independent if P(A and B) = P(A) + P(B)

False

1.0/ 1.0 Points


Question 20 of 20
A binomial experiment has exactly two outcomes, so the probability of any binomial experiment
is always 0.5 or 50%.

False