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2 Functions

Ext2

Extension For this exercise, the domain is R unless otherwise stated.


Exercise 2
1 x‡2
1 f (x) ˆ with x 6ˆ 3 and g (x) ˆ with x 6ˆ 4.
x‡3 x 4
a Find fg, gf and g 1 . b Solve f (x) ‡ g (x) ˆ 1.
2 The function f (x) ˆ jx 1j ‡ jxj ‡ jx ‡ 1j is defined for 3 4 x 4 3.
a Sketch f (x). b State the range.

15 1
3 f (x) ˆ x ‡ 2 and g (x) ˆ , x 6ˆ 0.
x x
a Find gf (x) and fg (x). b Solve gf (x) ˆ 0, and fg (x) ˆ 0.
4 a Sketch the graph of the function f :x ! jjx ‡ 2j jxjj.
b State the range of f.
ax ‡ b d
5 Given that f (x) ˆ with x 6ˆ , show that
cx ‡ d c
a if f (x) is an even function, then ad ˆ bc and hence f (x) ˆ k, where k is constant
b if f (x) is an odd function, then either a ˆ d ˆ 0 or b ˆ c ˆ 0 and hence
k
f (x) ˆ kx or f (x) ˆ where k is a constant
x
c if f (x) is self-inverse, then a ‡ d ˆ 0.
6 Given that f (x) ˆ 2x 1, find an expression for f n (x).
(Note: f n (x) means ff . . . f (x) where f is applied n times.)
7 a Show that for any function, f (x), for which f ( x) is defined
. g (x) ˆ f (x) ‡ f ( x) is an even function
. h (x) ˆ f (x) f ( x) is an odd function
b Hence show that any function can be expressed as the sum of an even and
an odd function.
x‡3
c Express f (x) ˆ , x 2 R, x ˆ
6 2, as the sum of an even and an odd function.
x 2
8 The description `even or odd' can be applied to integers or functions.
(Functions may also be neither even nor odd.)
Complete these four tables with E (for even) or O (for odd) or N (for neither).
Multiplication of integers Addition of integers
 E O ‡ E O
E E
O O

Multiplication of functions Addition of functions


 E O ‡ E O
E E
O O

A2 Core for Edexcel # Pearson Education Ltd. 2005 1


2 Functions

9 A periodic function f (x) is defined for x 2 R such that f (x) ˆ 2x with 0 4 x < 2
and f (x) ˆ f (x ‡ 2) for all values of x.
a Find a general solution for f (x) ˆ 2.
x
b Find the number of solutions of f (x) ˆ 4 .
4
x
c Find a general solution for f (x) ˆ 4 .
4
10 Solve these equations.
a j4 xj ˆ 1 ‡ jx ‡ 1j b 2jxj 5ˆx

11 Solve these inequalities.


a j4 xj > 1 ‡ jx ‡ 1j b 2jxj 5<x

2 A2 Core for Edexcel # Pearson Education Ltd. 2005