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300 Basic English Sentences

Five “w”: what, who, which, why, where, and one “How”

1. This is, That is, These are, Those are,

1 This is a book. 2 This is not a book. 3 Is this a book? 4 What is it? 5 That is a pencil. 6 That is not a pencil. 7 Is that a pencil? 8 What is that? 9 These are books. 10 These are not books. 11 Are these books? 12 What are these? 13 Those are pencils. 14 Those are not pencils. 15 Are those pencils? 16 What are those? 17 What is your address?

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you are. they were (past) I will be (I should be). they are (present) I was. 30 All you have to do is add the letters. 27 That’s a good idea. 2. we were. we are. You are.18 What’s your name? 19 What color is this? 20 What size is that? 21 What day is today? 22 Milk is good to eat. The verb to be I am. he/she/it is. 2 . 23 Milk is good for you to eat. 33 That is exactly what we want to learn. 24 This yard is full of children. he/she/it will be. 32 To do as you suggest would be out of the question. they will be I would be. 28 That’s very kind of you. You will be. 29 What he said is something. you will be. he/she/it would be. we would be. You were. he/she/it was. 25 What is this in the picture? 26 One is strong. you would be. The other is weak. you were. 31 This is my girl going into the door. we will be.

49 It is time for you to get up. 36 Are you a girl? 37 Who are you? 38 How old are you? 39 How are you? 40 Where are you? 41 My father is in his office. 46 It is difficult. they would be 34 I am a girl.) 56 I’m ready for breakfast. I’m sure. 42 Who’s that man over there? 43 I’m eight. 47 It is wonderful. (I’m glad to hear your good news. 48 It’s ten o’clock. 3 . 35 I am not a girl. 53 I’m busy just now. I’m sorry. 52 I’m thirsty. 55 I’m glad you like it. 50 I’m interested in this book. It must be seven.you would be. 54 I’m afraid. 51 I’m very fond to you as a friend. 44 It is seven. 45 It’s very cold.

you have. he/she/it has. It’s half past seven. they have (present) 4 .57 I’m good at tennis. It’s two minutes to six. we have. you have. It’s two sharp. The verb to have I have. (near my home/on the sea/on the left of TV / on the right/behind her / in front of TV / by desk / beside her / under the tree / on the table / in the room) 67 The car is near the tree. 68 Your hat looks very nice. It’s a quarter past five. It’s 6:30. 60 How many are they? 61 How many flowers are they? 62 How much rice are they? 63 What is your father? 64 Are you sure? 65 What are you afraid of? 66 It’s in the sky. 58 What time is it? 59 It’s two minutes past six. 3.

I had. There were.ache/a cold/a cough/a fever/a sore throat/heart trouble/liver trouble/a headache) 79 I have no time to see you. 82 There is book on the table. 80 We have a car waiting outside. ( a pair of shoe/a pair of slippers/a pair of scissors/a cup of tea/two packets of sugar/a piece of chalk/a bag of rice/a slice of bread/a bowl of soup/a box of matches/a lot of rice/a great deal of water) 70 I have not (=haven’t) a red pencil. 5 . 4. 78 I have toothache. 71 Do you have any pencils? ((England) Have you any pencils?) 72 What do you have? ((England) What have you?) 73 How many sisters do you have? 74 Do you have anything to eat? 75 He has some letters for your father? 76 My sister has a cup.. 77 I have a lot of thing to eat. There will be. 69 I have a pencil and two books. (stomach. There must be . he/she/it had . There are. you had. There was. There is... 81 I’ll have some soup.. There would be.

will you open. 96 Will there be a birthday party in the home? 5. what will you open? I am opening. 88 Are there any pencils in your box? 89 What are there in your box 90 There are seven days in a week.83 There is not any book on the table. do you open. I don’t open ( he doesn’t open). Verb I open. I am not opening. what did you open? I will open. I didn’t open. what do you open? I opened. 87 There are not any pencils in my box. 91 How much rice is there? 92 Here is a few letters for you to learn. I won’t open. did you open. 93 There’s a telephone call for you. are you opening. what are you opening? 6 . 84 Is there any book on the table? 85 What is there on the table? 86 There are two pencils in my box. 94 Is there a Miss Lee staying here? 95 There won’t be many teachers going to the party.

. Will you open the door? When will you open the door? I’m opening the door. 99 Do you open the door? 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 When do you open the door? He opens the door. I will not (=won’t) open the door. what have you opened? I have been working. I shill open the door. have you been opening. I haven’t opened. 98 I don’t open the door. 114 I’m not opening the door? 7 . what have you opening? 97 I open the door.I have opened. Does he open the door? When does he open the door? I opened the door. You are opening the door. I didn’t open the door? Did you open the door? When did you open the door? I will open the door.. He doesn’t open the door. have you opened. He is opening the door. I haven’t been opening.

115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 Are you opening the door? When are you opening the door? The door is opened. Is the door opened? I have opened the door. (He has opened the door) I have not (=haven’t) opened the door. What are you listening to? What are you writing to? What are you talking about? What are you thinking about? What do you need it for? What are you looking for? Where do you come from? Has he come? When did you come? Have you seen him? Where did you see him? Have you spoken to him? What did he tell you? 8 . Have you opened the door? When have you opened the door? The door has been opened. The door is not opened. The door has been opening.

Has your brother come from Paris? 6. He assured me he would keep his promise. He said he didn’t want to lire a car.139 140 141 I have lived in Shanghai for a long time. The verb to get: 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 I must get myself a new pair of glasses? Get me two pounds of tomatoes. Get the layer to explain it to you. Don’t get excited! You’ll get weed to it. He said the telegram had arrived at noon She promised she would reserve a room for me. It’s getting dark. Have you got a match? He said he always carried a gun. 9 . You’re getting fat. I have bought the car. I can’t get this lift to work. Get in! Get on! I’ve got to go now. I get here at 11. Did you get that? I don’t get you.

I go to the bathroom. I comb my hair. I put on my underclothes. I go back to bedroom. Do you understand? 168 169 170 Could you come to dinner? What time do you get up every day? Where were you born? 10 . I turn off the light. shirt and trouser. I take a slower. I begin to dress. I take off my slippers and put on my socks and shoes. I close the window.161 162 163 164 165 166 167 This vase is made of glass. I brush my teeth. I put on my slippers. I leave my house to go to the school. I tie my tie. I get on (off) the bus. Is this bridge made of wood? What are these things mad of? Do you like to have some coffee? Would you like to have some coffee? I work for bank.

The sooner I get to bed the better.171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 Would you say slowly. To. eat)? Do you mind if I smoke? I don’t think he will win his game. You don’t have to carry much cash. ing as object 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 I want to eat. I’d like to be called at 7. I pick you up in front of the hotel. You have to share it with other tenants. It takes place in a school. 11 . please? What do you call 铅笔 in English? How do you say 铅笔 in English? How do you like it? What are you doing? Where are you going to? Could you tell me what time it is? How long did it take? What do you see with (hear. Perhaps you’ve heard of him. I want you to tell me this. You ought to do it You‘d better wear a light jacket. smell. 7.

Close the window. Command sentence: Open the door. I need to look at your car. please. It’s likely to rain. please 12 . Why don’t we go dancing? Have you finished cleaning hall? He continued talking. He is trying to imitate speaker’s pronunciation. 8. This should help you to remember it. Let’s go 214 Open the door. Today we are going to hear report. Why do you keep asking such obvious question? I must have my TV set checked. She starts working at 7. You ask some body to tell you time I prefer to go school.193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 We should be able to resolve our difference. All this is due to our change in teaching methods Most scientists tend to agree with me. You find people expressing many different opinions. Would you like to go out and get something to eat? She hopes to get a job. You make me happy. It makes me forget all my problems.

please! Stand up! 220 Get off the bus! Get on the bus! Get in the taxi (car)! Get out of the car. 219 Sit down. 223 Don’t be nervous! Don’t worry about it! 219 Yes or no? Not at all. Never do that! 224 Good heavens! 13 . Go downstairs! (Go upstairs!) Look at the blackboard! Look at me! Hurry up! Hold on! Wait a minute.215 216 217 218 Don’t open the door! Let’s go! Let me take you out for dinner. 221 222 Turn off (on) the light. How beautiful she is! What a beautiful girl she is.

evening. night) See you tomorrow. 14 .Good gracious! Ridiculous! 220 Thank you very much. (See you again) 226 Damn Disgraceful! Shut up! Don’t be silly! 227 228 229 Tell me in your own words. 225 Excuse me Good morning! (noon. Help yourself Hand me the hammer. Thank you for helping me. 231 That’s right! All right! OK Very good! That’s too bad! Is that it? That will do. Listen to the recording. 230 Give me a break! Never mind.

must . won’t you? Have a nice weekend (have a trip. ( You too) Just so so So am I So can I So do I So did I Neither am I Neither can I 9. The small Verb: 238 239 240 241 242 243 can. (pardon?) Why not? Why me? Why not me? 235 Have a cigarette.232 233 234 Mind your own business! I beg you pardon. I can open the door.) Can I open the door? (What can I open?) Could I open the door? Can’t you open the door? Why can you open the door? Could you tell me the way to the station? 15 . have a good day) 236 237 Pleased to meet you ( Nice to meet you) Same to you. may. (I can’t open the door...

May I come in? May I sit down? May I offer a suggestion? May I use your pencil? May I take this chair? May I have some water? They may come in handy one day 253 You must know the sound of each letter in the English alphabet. I can do what you said.244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 Could you tell me what time it is? Could you spell it? What can’t a deaf man do? Can you help me? What can I do for you? We can’t get there on time. 254 We may have good reason to be proud of ourselves. He drinks more water than I. Comparing sentence: He is younger than I 255 256 257 258 He is younger than I. I have fewer brothers than you. 16 . He has more brothers than I. 10. They can be divided into three groups.

It would be quite impossible to enumerate all the things. 12. It is necessary that he should be sent there at once. you would find him. 17 .259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 I drink less water than him. I won’t believe it unless I see it with my own eyes. He is as well as you. Your car is as fast as mine. The conditional sentence and virtual sentence: if. If you had gone there. 267 268 269 270 It is very useful to listen to Lesson One again. If you went there. Which is deeper a lake or an ocean? Which is faster a train or a bus? He is not so tall as I.. you would have found him. wish 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 If you go there.. I wish I were a bird. 11. I wish I could go and visit my aunt tomorrow. I prefer to go rather than to stay. .. The stress sentence: It’s . It’s time to watch TV. you will find him.. I’m sorry to interrupt you. It was the most exciting match I’ve ever seen. I wish I had met my uncle yesterday.

290 We shall devote today’s lesson to the study of ONE English verb ‘to get’.279 280 I gave the students a chance to say a few words too. here are a few simple rules about writing. 289 I think we’ve just enough time to learn a few more irregular verbs. who will teach you. 288 You would somehow manage to make yourself understood what other people said to you. To do as you suggest would be out of the question. 291 Looking at the last few lessons. here is a young lady from Iowa 286 287 Who wrote the famous book entitled “Treasure Island”? To save you such embarrassment. You remember the sound [i] appearing in words like six. 283 I wish I could talk to you about art. Short phase and sub-sentence 284 To form the present perfect you use the present tense to the verb ‘to have’. difficult. 281 I’ve got a taxi waiting outside. 13. I see we have taken a big 18 . 285 To give you now an example of another American voice. 282 I hope you won’t find it all too difficult to understand and to remember.

When he comes. 298 299 300 As soon as we got there. End Feb. After he arrives. 301 302 Read as many English books as you possibly can. I haven’t heard anything about him since you wrote to me last month. Keeping one’s promise is something we should all do. What you call a ‘vest’ is an ‘undershirt’ to us. 2002 19 . 292 293 294 295 296 297 I take ten minutes to get there. I’ll bring him there. I won’t say anything until you tell him. I won’t phone my friend till Bob arrived. we start working. 10 . I’ll stay here until you come back. I have only a few seconds left in which to remind you that your work on these lessons is by no means over. we’ll all come out.step.

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