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IN THE SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF NEVADA

INDICATE FULL CAPTION:


ZACHARY COUGHLIN,
Appellant,
vs.
WASHOE LEGAL SERVICES, et. al.,
Respondents
No. 60302
DOCKETING STATEMENT
CIVIL APPEALS
GENERAL INFORMATION
All appellants not in proper person must complete this docketing statement. NRAP 14(a). The
purpose of the docketing statement is to assist the Supreme Court in screening jurisdiction,
classifying cases for en banc, panel, or expedited treatment, compiling statistical information
and identifying parties and their counsel.
WARNING
This statement must be completed fully, accurately and on time. NRAP 14(c). The Supreme
Court may impose sanctions on counsel or appellant if it appears that the information provided
is incomplete or inaccurate. Id. Failure to fill out the statement completely or to file it in a
timely manner constitutes grounds for the imposition of sanctions, including a fine and/or
dismissal of the appeal.
A complete list of the documents that must be attached appears as Question 26 on this docketing
statement. Failure to attach all required documents will result in the delay of your appeal and
may result in the imposition of sanctions.
This court has noted that when attorneys do not take seriously their obligations under NRAP 14
to complete the docketing statement properly and conscientiously, they waste the valuable
judicial resources of this court, making the imposition of sanctions appropriate. See KDI Sylvan
Pools v. Workman, 107 Nev. 340, 344, 810 P.2d 1217, 1220 (1991). Please use tab dividers to
separate any attached documents.
Revised 9/30/11
Attorney
Firm
Address
Telephone
1. Judicial District Second Department 6
County Washoe Judge Hon. Brent Adams
District Ct. Case No. cv11-01986
2. Attorney filing this docketing statement:
Attorney Zach Coughlin, Esq. Telephone 775 338 8118
Firm Zach Coughlin, Esq.
Address PO BOX 3961, Reno NV 89505
Client(s) pro se
If this is a joint statement by multiple appellants, add the names and addresses of other counsel and
the names of their clients on an additional sheet accompanied by a certification that they concur in the
filing of this statement.
3. Attorney(s) representing respondents(s):
Attorney Joe Garin, Esq., Shannon Nordstrom Telephone
Firm Lipson Neilson
Address 9080 West Post Road, Suite 100
LasVegas, Nevada 89148
TEL: (702)382-1500 FAX: (702) 382-1512
Client(s) Washoe Legal Services and all their employees
Client(s)
(List additional counsel on separate sheet if necessary)
4. Nature of disposition below (check all that apply):
Judgment after bench trial
El Judgment after jury verdict
0 Summary judgment
El Default judgment
El Grant/Denial of NRCP 60(b) relief
0 Grant/Denial of injunction
El Grant/Denial of declaratory relief
El Review of agency determination
I Z Dismissal:
0 Lack of jurisdiction
0 Failure to state a claim
El Failure to prosecute
Other (specify): insufficient service of proces
El Divorce Decree:
El Original El Modification
0 Other disposition (specify):
5. Does this appeal raise issues concerning any of the following?
El Child Custody
El Venue
El Termination of parental rights
6. Pending and prior proceedings in this court. List the case name and docket number
of all appeals or original proceedings presently or previously pending before this court which
are related to this appeal:
related appeal in 60317
7. Pending and prior proceedings in other courts. List the case name, number and
court of all pending and prior proceedings in other courts which are related to this appeal
(e.g., bankruptcy, consolidated or bifurcated proceedings) and their dates of disposition:
cv11-01986 in 2nd Judicial D. Ct
cv 11-01955 in 2nd Judicial D. Ct. Dept 10
8. Nature of the action. Briefly describe the nature of the action and the result below:
Wrongful Termination of legal aid attorney allegation race and sex discrimination,
retaliation, whistle-blower protection, hostile work environment, etc.
9. Issues on appeal. State concisely the principal issue(s) in this appeal (attach separate
sheets as necessary):
Whether having multiple pages per page of, say, an exhibit to a Complaint and any
attendant "legibility" issues may result in insufficient service of process sufficient to dismiss
appeal. From when EEOC 90 day limitations period runs in context; Whether it was clear
error to write Order for Dismissal based upon NRCP 12(b)(5) when on 12(b)(4) arguments
were made by Defendants; whether attorney's fees sanctions are supportable where Court
did not get "to the merits" of the litigation but, obstensibly, dismissed for insufficiency of
service of process; whether service of process is insufficient merely because proof of service
did not indicate a Summons was served with the Complaint, but video of process server
serving employees clearly shows a Summons attached to the Complaint, whether a senior
paralegal and paralegal can be served on corporation or executive director's behalf, whether
court approved proof of service forms, indicating a declaration made under penalty of perjury
is acceptable can be categorized as insufficient proof of service for failing to be notarized, etc.;
whether pro se attorneys are subjected to rules applicable to attorneys where can't win fees.
10. Pending proceedings in this court raising the same or similar issues. If you are
aware of any proceedings presently pending before this court which raises the same or
similar issues raised in this appeal, list the case name and docket numbers and identify the
same or similar issue raised:
the associated appeal in 60317
11. Constitutional issues. If this appeal challenges the constitutionality of a statute, and
the state, any state agency, or any officer or employee thereof is not a party to this appeal,
have you notified the clerk of this court and the attorney general in accordance with NRAP 44
and NRS 30.130?
N N/A
El Yes
El No
If not, explain:
12. Other issues. Does this appeal involve any of the following issues?
O Reversal of well-settled Nevada precedent (identify the case(s))
D An issue arising under the United States and/or Nevada Constitutions
ED A substantial issue of first impression
O An issue of public policy
z An issue where en banc consideration is necessary to maintain uniformity of this
court's decisions
O A ballot question
If so, explain: the use of proof of service of summons and complaint form that prompts
for the server to sign a declaration, rather than have it notarized, culled
from the District Court's website, should not be a basis for a 12b3 or 12b4
dismissal; plus how are filing dates calculated when one is waiting for a
decision on an IFP, and if the IFP is denied, is their opportunity cure date
13. Trial. If this action proceeded to trial, how many days did the trial last? 0
Was it a bench or jury trial? n/a
14. Judicial Disqualification. Do you intend to file a motion to disqualify or have a
justice recuse him/herself from participation in this appeal? If so, which Justice?
No.
TIMELINESS OF NOTICE OF APPEAL
15. Date of entry of written judgment or order appealed from 1/11/2012
If no written judgment or order was filed in the district court, explain the basis for
seeking appellate review:
16. Date written notice of entry of judgment or order was served
Was service by:
0 Delivery
Mail/electronic/fax
17. If the time for filing the notice of appeal was tolled by a post-judgment motion
(NRCP 50(b), 52(b), or 59)
(a) Specify the type of motion, the date and method of service of the motion, and
the date of filing.
0 NRCP 50(b)

Date of filing
X
0 NRCP 52(b)
g NRCP 59
Date of filing
Date of filing 1/26/2012, 2/1/2012
NOTE: Motions made pursuant to NRCP 60 or motions for rehearing or reconsideration may toll the
time for filing a notice of appeal. See AA Primo Builders v. Washington, 126 Nev. , 245
P.3d 1190 (2010).
(b) Date of entry of written order resolving tolling motion 3/13/2012 or 5/7/2012
(c) Date written notice of entry of order resolving tolling motion was served
Was service by:
0 Delivery
Mail
18. Date notice of appeal filed 2/15/2012
If more than one party has appealed from the judgment or order, list the date each
notice of appeal was filed and identify by name the party filing the notice of appeal:
19. Specify statute or rule governing the time limit for filing the notice of appeal,
e.g., NRAP 4(a) or other
NRAP 4(a)
SUBSTANTIVE APPEALABILITY
20. Specify the statute or other authority granting this court jurisdiction to review
the judgment or order appealed from:
(a)
NRAP 3A(b)(1)
NRAP 3A(b)(2)
NRAP 3A(b)(3)
Ei
Other (specify)
El NRS 38.205
fl NRS 233B.150
fl NRS 703.376
(b) Explain how each authority provides a basis for appeal from the judgment or order:
(b) Appealable Determinations. An appeal may be taken from the following judgments and
orders of a district court in a civil action:
(1) A final judgment entered in an action or proceeding commenced in the court in which
the judgment is rendered.
the dismissal was a final order
21. List all parties involved in the action or consolidated actions in the district court:
(a) Parties:
WASHOE LEGAL SERVICES, a Nevada Corporation, KATHY BRECKENRIDGE,
Individually and as Board President of WLS, TODD TORVINEN, Individually
and as WLS . Board Member, PAUL ELCANO, Individually and in his capacity
as Executive Director of WLS, DOES 1-100, Individually and as members of the
BOARD OF DIRECTORS OF WASHOE LEGAL SERVICES, CARYN
STERNLIGHT, Individually and as WLS attorney, JON SASSER, Individually
and as WLS agent, KAREN SABO, Indly and as WLS attorney, MARC AShley
(b) If all parties in the district court are not parties to this appeal, explain in detail why
those parties are not involved in this appeal, e.g., formally dismissed, not served, or
other:
22. Give a brief description (3 to 5 words) of each party's separate claims,
counterclaims, cross-claims, or third-party claims and the date of formal
disposition of each claim.
no cross or counter, all claims applied to all in concert
23. Did the judgment or order appealed from adjudicate ALL the claims alleged
below and the rights and liabilities of ALL the parties to the action or consolidated
actions below?
Yes
El No
24. If you answered "No" to question 23, complete the following:
(a) Specify the claims remaining pending below:
(b) Specify the parties remaining below:
(c) Did the district court certify the judgment or order appealed from as a final judgment
pursuant to NRCP 54(b)?
EI Yes
I:I No
(d) Did the district court make an express determination, pursuant to NRCP 54(b), that
there is no just reason for delay and an express direction for the entry of judgment?
L I Yes
0 No
25. If you answered "No" to any part of question 24, explain the basis for seeking
appellate review(e.g., order is independently appealable under NRAP 3A(b)):
I believe it was a final order
26. Attach file-stamped copies of the following documents:
The latest-filed complaint, counterclaims, cross-claims, and third-party claims
Any tolling motion(s) and order(s) resolving tolling motion(s)
Orders of NRCP 41(a) dismissals formally resolving each claim, counterclaims, cross-
claims and/or third-party claims asserted in the action or consolidated action below,
even if not at issue on appeal
Any other order challenged on appeal
Notices of entry for each attached order
June 10, 2012
Date
/s/ Zach Coughlin
Signature of counsel of record
VERIFICATION
I declare under penalty of perjury that I have read this docketing statement, that
the information provided in this docketing statement is true and complete to the
best of my knowledge, information and belief, and that I have attached all required
documents to this docketing statement.
Zach Coughlin Zach Coughlin, Esq.
Name of appellant Name of counsel of record
Washoe County, Nevada
State and county where signed
CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE
I certify that on the 14th day of June , 2012
completed docketing statement upon all counsel of record:
0 By personally serving it upon him/her; or
N By mailing it by first class mail with sufficient postage prepaid to the following
address(es): (NOTE: If all names and addresses cannot fit below, please list names
below and attach a separate sheet with the addresses.)
LIPSON, NEILSON, COLE, SELTZER & GARIN
JOSEPH P. GARIN, ESQ.
Nevada Bar No. 6653
SHANNOND NORDSTROM
Nevada Bar No. 8211
9080 West Post Road, Suite 100
LasVegas, Nevada 89148
TEL: (702)382-1500 FAX: (702) 382-1512
June , zui2
, I served a copy of this
Dated this 14th day of June ,2012
/s/ Zach Coughlin
Signature
EXHIBIT 1
EXHIBIT 1
Docket 60302 Document 2012-18740
eFlex
file:///D|/...glin%20v%20WLS%20Adams%20cv11-01896/cv11-01986/2012-05-07[01896]Amended%20order%20(__Continuation).pdf.html[6/14/2012 8:35:10 AM]
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F I L E D
Electronically
04-20-2012:02:20:15 PM
Joey Orduna Hastings
Clerk of the Court
Transaction # 2903348
F I L E D
Electronically
04-20-2012:04:40:35 PM
Joey Orduna Hastings
Clerk of the Court
Transaction # 2904207
F I L E D
Electronically
04-20-2012:12:52:24 PM
Joey Orduna Hastings
Clerk of the Court
Transaction # 2902985
F I L E D
Electronically
04-20-2012:12:52:24 PM
Joey Orduna Hastings
Clerk of the Court
Transaction # 2902985
F I L E D
Electronically
04-20-2012:02:20:15 PM
Joey Orduna Hastings
Clerk of the Court
Transaction # 2903348
F I L E D
Electronically
04-20-2012:04:40:35 PM
Joey Orduna Hastings
Clerk of the Court
Transaction # 2904207
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3060
INTHESECONDJUDICIALDISTRICTCOURTFORTHESTATEOFNEVADA
INANDFORTHECOUNTYOFWASHOE
ZACHCOUGHLIN,
Plaintiff,
vs.
WASHOE LEGAL SERVICES (WLS),
KATHY BRECKENRIDGE, individually and
in her capacity as BOARD PRESIDENT OF
WLS,TODD TORVINEN, individuallyandin
his capacity as WLS BOARD MEMBER,
PAUL ELCANO, individually and in his
capacity as EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR OF
WLS, DOES 1-100, individually and in their
capacityas membersofthe Board ofDirectors
ofWLS,CARYNSTERNLICHT, individually
and in her capacity as WLS ATTORNEY,
JOHN SASSER, individually and in his
capacity as WLS ATTORNEY, KAREN
SABO, individually and in her capacity as
WLS ATTORNEY, MARC ASHLEY,
individually and in his capacity as WLS
ATTORNEY, ZANDRA LOPEZ, individually
andinhercapacityas WLSEMPLOYEE,
Defendants.
CaseNo. CVII-01896
DepartmentNo.: 6
ORDER REGARDING PLAINTIFF'S MOTION TO PROCEED IN FORMA PAUPERIS
HavingreadPlaintiff, ZACHCOUGHLIN's,Motionto ProceedinFormaPauperis"and
his "AffidavitofPoverty," this Court finds that pursuant to NRS 12.015, Plaintiff's affidavit is
insufficienttograntforma pauperis statusatthistime.) Byaffidavit, Plaintifffailed to establish
I NRS 12.015(1) Anypersonwhodesiresto prosecuteordefendacivilactionmayfile an
affidavit with the court setting forth with particular facts concerning his income, property and
F I L E D
Electronically
06-30-2011:04:46:37 PM
Howard W. Conyers
Clerk of the Court
Transaction # 2321539
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that he has insufficient means with which to pay the costs associated with the prosecution of this
action.
Based upon the foregoing and good cause appearing,
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Plaintiff has 10 days from the date ofthis Order to file a
Supplemental Affidavit providing greater detail of his assets, income and expenses to establish
his inability to prosecute this action.
IT IS HEREBY FURTHER ORDERED that if a Supplemental Affidavit is not filed
within ten (10) days of entry of this Order, the Motion to Proceed In Forma Pauperis will be
denied.
DATED this day of June, 2010.
other resources which establish that he is unable to prosecute or defend the action because he is
unable to pay the costs of so doing.
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CERTIFICATEOFSERVICE
CASENO. CVI1-01896
I certifythat I am anemployee ofthe SECOND JUDICIAL DISTRICT COURTofthe
STATE OF NEVADA, COUNTY OF WASHOE; that on the CJ:) day of June, 2011, I
electronically filed the ORDER REGARDING MOTION TO PROCEED IN FORMA
PAUPERISwiththeClerkof theCourtbyusingtheECFsystem.
I further certifythatI transmitted atrue and correct copy ofthe foregoing documentby
themethod(s)notedbelow:
Personaldeliverytothefollowing: [none]
Electronicallyfiled withtheClerkoftheCourtby usingtheECFsystemwhichwillsenda
noticeofelectronicfilingtothefollowing: [NONE]
Deposited in the Washoe County mailing system for postage and mailingwith the United
StatesPostalServiceinReno,Nevada:
ZachCoughlin
121 RiverRockSt.
Reno,NV 89501
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Document Code:
Zach Coughlin, Esq.
NV BAR No: 947
!" B"# $%9&'
Reno, NV (9&%$
)ele: 77&*(*(++(
,a-: 949*$$7*74%'
ZachCoughlin.hotmail.com
/n 01o 0e1
/N )2E 3EC"ND 45D/C/A6 D/3)R/C) C"5R)
", )2E 3)A)E ", NEVADA
/N AND ,"R )2E C"5N)7 ", 8A32"E
ZAC2 C"5926/N:

!lainti;;.
<s.
8A32"E 6E9A6 3ERV/CE3, a Ne<ada
Co10o1ation, =A)27 BREC=ENR/D9E,
/ndi<iduall> and in he1 ca0acit> as Boa1d
!1esident o; 863, )"DD )"RV/NEN,
/ndi<iduall> and in his ca0acit> as 863 . Boa1d
?em@e1, !A56 E6CAN", /ndi<iduall> and in
his ca0acit> as E-ecuti<e Di1ecto1 o; 863,
D"E3 +*+%%, /ndi<iduall> and in thei1 ca0acit>
as mem@e1s o; the B"ARD ", D/REC)"R3
", 8A32"E 6E9A6 3ERV/CE3, CAR7N
3)ERN6/92), /ndi<iduall> and in he1 ca0acit>
as 863 atto1ne>, 4"N 3A33ER, /ndi<iduall>
and in his ca0acit> as 863 agent, =AREN
3AB", /ndi<iduall> and in he1 ca0acit> as 863
atto1ne>, ?ARC A326E7, /ndi<iduall> and in
his ca0acit> as 863 atto1ne>, ZANDRA
6"!EZ: /ndi<iduall> and in he1 ca0acit> as
863 em0lo>ee:
De;endants.
A
A
A
A
A
A CA3E N": CV++*%+(9$
DE!). N": $
?")/"N ,"R E#)EN3/"N ", )/?E )" !ER,"R? 3ERV/CE ", !R"CE33
Zach Coughlin, 0lainti;;, su@mits this motion on his oBn @ehal;.
)his ?otion is made 0u1suant to the autho1ities discussed @eloB, including NRC! 4CiA and is
su00o1ted @> the attached ?emo1andum o; !oints and Autho1ities, the Decla1ation o; Zacha1> B.
- +D+& -
MOTION FOR NEW TRIAL, OR PLED IN THE ALTERNATIVE, MOTION TO ALTER OR AMEND
F I L E D
Electronically
03-27-2012:12:08:44 AM
Joey Orduna Hastings
Clerk of the Court
Transaction # 2849616
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Coughlin, Esq., the 0a0e1s and 0leadings on ;ile he1ein, and an> o1al a1gument this cou1t ma> alloB,
as it is @eing 1equested.
MEMORANDUM OF POINTS AND AUTHORITIES
I. STATEMENT OF FACTS AND PROCEDURAL HISTORY
)his ;ilign is @eign ;iled da>s ea1l> Bith an intent to su00lement it gi<en the con;iusion o<e1
Bhethe1 8DC De0a1tments g1ant litigates additional da> sunde1 NRC! $CeA Bhe1e ;iligns a1e
elctd1onicall> ;iled and se1ed.
Ci<il 1ights actions, !1e<ailing 0a1t>, nominal damages, see ,a11a1 <. 2o@@>, 5.3.)e-.+99', ++ 3.Ct.
&$$, &%$ 5.3. +%, +'+ 6.Ed.'d 494. !1e<ailing 0a1t>, signi;icant issue test, see )e-as 3tate )eache1s
AssEn <. 9a1land /nde0endent 3chool Dist., 5.3.)e-.+9(9, +%9 3.Ct. +4($, 4(9 5.3. 7(', +% 6.Ed.'d
($$, on 1emand (74 ,.'d '4'.
Ci<il 1ights actions, !1e<ailing 0a1t>, nominal damages, see ,a11a1 <. 2o@@>, 5.3.)e-.+99', ++ 3.Ct.
&$$, &%$ 5.3. +%, +'+ 6.Ed.'d 494. !1e<ailing 0a1t>, signi;icant issue test, see )e-as 3tate )eache1s
AssEn <. 9a1land /nde0endent 3chool Dist., 5.3.)e-.+9(9, +%9 3.Ct. +4($, 4(9 5.3. 7(', +% 6.Ed.'d
($$, on 1emand (74 ,.'d '4'.
An A00lication ;o1 /,! status Bas ;iled along Bith a 01o0osed Com0laint on 4une '7th, '%++.
)he /,! Bas ;inall> g1anted August (, '%++, and the Com0liant Bas stam0ed Bith a ;iling date o;
August ++, '%++ and ente1ed in the DocFet in this matte1 on that date as Bell. +'% da>s ;1om August
++, '%++ is Decem@e1 9, '%++, Bhich ha00ens to @e the da> that )1a<is 3he1man, o<e1 +( >ea1 old
non 0a1t> 1esident o; 8ashoe Count> se1<ed !aul Elcano and 863 Cgi<en Elcano is 863Es 1egiste1ed
agentA Bith the 3ummons and Com0laint in this matte1, and 01oo; o; the same Bas ;iled on Decem@e1
- 'D+& -
MOTION FOR NEW TRIAL, OR PLED IN THE ALTERNATIVE, MOTION TO ALTER OR AMEND
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+%, '%++. ,u1the1, B1ecFen1idge Bas se1<ed @> the 8C3" on ++D+&D++ in CV++*%+(9$ C@ut that
same A;;ida<it o; 3e1<ice, ;iled onl> in CV++*%+(9$ also indicates B1ecFen1idge Bas se1<ed the
3ummons and Com0laint ;o1 CV++*%+9&& as Bell, @ut the 8C3" did not manage to ;ile an A;;ida<it
o; 3e1<ice attesting to that in CV++*%+9&&, so the case against he1 the1e got dismissed. 8hat is
inte1esting is that the 0eo0le Bho Be1e not su@Gect to and "1de1 ;1om the Chie; 4udge, De0a1tment
,ou1, indicating that the> should se1<e 01ocess 0u1suant to an /,! "1de1 Cie, me, and m> 1agtag g1ou0
o; 1andom ;1iends, st1ange1s, etcA manage to do a much, much mo1e tho1ough Go@ than the g1ou0 o;
8C3" De0uties Bith 1athe1 nice sala1ies managed to do Cie, the g1ou0 Bho Be1e getting 0aid quite
Bell, Bith a nice !ER3 0lan to @ootA. )o to0 it o;;, =a1en 3a@o Bas se1<ed something ;1om CV++*
%+(9$ Ca 3ummonsH a co0> o; the Com0laintHA its Gust that the 8C3" ;iled the A;;ida<it o; 3e1<ice
attesting to that in the wrong case CV++*%+9&& on ++D''D++ Cthe A;;ida<it ;o1 3a@o Bas ;iled in
CV++*%+9&& @ut indicates ?s. 3a@o Bas se1<ed: II6ocation: 8ashoe 6egal 3e1<ices '99 3 A1lington
A<enue Reno, N7 (9&%+ Date: ++++$D'%++ )ime: ++ :%4A? )he documentCsA se1<ed Be1e:
35??"N3: C"!7 ", CA3E CV++*%+9&& AND C"!7 ", 35??"N3, CA3E CV++*%+(9$IA.
)his Cou1tEs 4anua1> ++, '%++ "1de1 held that: I !lainti;; ;iled a com0laint on 4une '7,'%++.
!u1suant to N.R.C.!. 4CiA, !lainti;; Bould ha<e +'% da>s to se1<e the summons and com0laint on
De;endants o1 until "cto@e1 '&, '%++. !lainti;; ;ailed to se1<e De;endants !aul Elcano CIElcanoIA,
)odd )o1<ine CI)o1<inenIA, 4on 3asse1 CI3asse1IA, ?a1c Ashle> CIAshle>IA, =a1en 3a@o CI3a@oIA,
=ath> B1ecFen1idge CIB1ecFen1idgeIA, 8ashoe 6egal 3e1<ices CI863IA and C1isis /nte1<ention
3e1<ices CIC/3IA Bithin the mandated time 0e1iod. /n addition, !lainti;; ;ailed to ;ile a motion to
enla1ge time ;o1 se1<ice o1 shoB good cause as to Bh> se1<ice Bas not made Bithin the statuto1>
0e1iod. Acco1dingl>, the Cou1t g1ants De;endants Elcano, )o1<inen, 3asse1, Ashle>, 3a@o, 863, C/3
and B1ecFen1idgeEs motionCsA to dismiss Bithout 01eGudice.' ,N ': Although C/3 sought dismissal
- D+& -
MOTION FOR NEW TRIAL, OR PLED IN THE ALTERNATIVE, MOTION TO ALTER OR AMEND
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Bith 01eGudice, the Cou1t ma> dismiss an action Bithout 01eGudice Bhen se1<ice is untimel>. 3ee
N.R.C.!. 4CiA. /n addition, C/3Es 1equest ;o1 atto1ne>Es ;ees and costs is denied at this time @ecause the
Cou1t dismissed this action on 01ocedu1al g1ounds Bithout anal>Jing the me1its o; !lainti;;s case.I
/ donEt @elie<e an> o; the ;actual ;indings in that "1de1 a1e accu1ate, as all o; those
indi<idualsDentities Be1e se1<ed Cma>@e not @> the 8C3", @ut / got )1a<is 3he1man to se1<e 863
and Elcano on Decem@e1 9, '%++, Bhich is not too late conside1ing the Com0laint is ;ile stam0ed
August ++, '%++, and / had 4e1ome ,itJhen1> se1<e )odd )o1<inen Cand attem0t to se1<e 863 and
Elcano @> lea<ing a 1eal nice co0> o; the 3ummons and Com0laint unde1 ElcanoEs home doo1 matA on
"cto@e1 '7th, '%%+ CBhich, again, / do not @elie<e is outside the +'% da>s alloBed unde1 NRC! 4, as
the ;iling o;;ice Bill not issue a 3ummons in a case Bhe1e the /,! is still 0ending...as such, the /,!
onl> @eing g1anted on August ( and the Com0laitn stam0ed in on August ++, '%++....maFes the
,itJhen1> se1<ice on "cto@e1 '7th, '%++ onl> some 77 da>s o1 so into the +'% da> 0e1iod alloBed
unde1 NRC! +'%. ,u1the1, / @elie<e a ca1e;ul 1e<ieB o; the 0leadings Bill 1e<eal a ?otion ;o1
E-tension o; )ime to E;;ectuate 3e1<ice Bas ;iled, as Bas a ?otion to Consolidate these cases on
"cto@e1 &, '%++. !lease set aside the dismissal.
POINTS AND AUTHORITIES
I!lainti;;KA00ellant Rode1icF C. ?ann ;iled a ci<il action Bithin the
go<e1ning statute o; limitations @ut then did not se1<e 01ocess Bithin +'%
da>s o; ;iling, as 1equi1ed Ca@sent time e-tensionA @> ,ed.R.Ci<.!. 4CmA.
?ann then mo<ed ;o1 an e-tension o; time to se1<e De;endantK A00ellee
Ame1ican Ai1lines, Bas g1anted additional time @> the dist1ict cou1t, and
e;;ected se1<ice Bithin the Gudiciall> e-tended time. 8e conside1 C+A Bhethe1
the ;ailu1e to se1<e 01ocess Bithin the initial +'%Kda> 0e1iod causes the
statute o; limitations to 1un again and C'A Bhethe1 the dist1ict cou1t ma>
e-tend the time to se1<e 01ocess, unde1 Rule 4CmA, a;te1 the +'% da>s ha<e
e-0i1ed Bhen the statute o; limitations Bould othe1Bise @a1 the 1e*;iling o;
the suit i; the dist1ict cou1t had declined e-tension o; time and had dismissed
the suit...."n ?a> %, '%%+, ?ann ;iled an amended com0laint and the
dist1ict cou1t issued a summons. "n 4une 4, '%%+, ?ann se1<ed on De;endant
Ame1ican Ai1lines the o1iginal com0laint, the amended com0laint, the
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MOTION FOR NEW TRIAL, OR PLED IN THE ALTERNATIVE, MOTION TO ALTER OR AMEND
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o1iginal summons, and the su@sequent summons. Ame1ican Ai1lines late1
mo<ed to dismiss 0u1suant to ,ed.R.Ci<.!. +'C@AC&A and C@AC$A, alleging
inadequate and untimel> se1<ice o; 01ocess and lacF o; 0e1sonal Gu1isdiction.
)he dist1ict cou1t g1anted the motion and dismissed the case Bith 01eGudice,
a00a1entl> @elie<ing that com0liance Bith the statute o; limitations as
01o<ided @> 4' 5.3.C. L '%%%eK&C;AC+A is linFed to se1<ice o; 01ocess Bithin
the +'%Kda> 0e1iod set out in Rule 4CmA: /n this case, 0lainti;;Es o1iginal
com0laint Bas timel> ;iled, on the (9th da> o; the M+%9% 9% da> 0e1iod.
,iling a com0laint gi<es a 0lainti;; +'% da>s to com0lete se1<ice o; 01ocess
acco1ding to ,ed.R.Ci<.!. 4CmA. /n this case 0lainti;; ;ailed to timel> se1<e
and e- 0a1te mo<ed the cou1t ;o1 an e-tension o; time to com0lete se1<ice,
Bhich the cou1t g1anted. 8hile the cou1t has disc1etion Bith 1ega1ds to
se1<ice o; 01ocess, the cou1t does not ha<e the 0oBe1 to alte1 the 9% da>
statute o; limitations. 8ilson <. 91umman "hio Co10., (+& ,.'d '$, '7 C$th
Ci1.+9(7A. !lainti;;Es ;ailu1e to ;ile suit against Ame1ican NAi1linesO Bithin the
9% da> 0e1iod mandated @> the ADA 1equi1es the cou1t to dismiss. CEm0hasis
added.A ?ann a00eals. // N+ON'O )he co11ectness o; the dist1ict cou1tEs
dismissal on statute o; limitations g1ounds is a question o; laB 1e<ieBed de
no<o. 3ee 5nde1Bood Cotton Co., /nc. <. 2>undai ?e1ch. ?a1ine CAm.A,
/nc., '(( ,.d 4%&, 4%7 C9th Ci1.'%%'A. )he inte101etation o; a ,ede1al Rule
o; Ci<il !1ocedu1e is also a question o; laB 1e<ieBed de no<o. 3ee 5nited
3tates <. ,oste1, ''7 ,.d +%9$, +%99 C9th Ci1.'%%%A. /// NON4O )his a00eal
1equi1es 1esolution o; tBo issues. ,i1st, Be add1ess Bhethe1 ?annEs ;ailu1e to
se1<e 01ocess Bithin the initial +'%Kda> 0e1iod 01esc1i@ed @> ,ed.R.Ci<.!.
4CmA caused the statute o; limitations to sta1t to 1un again. 8e conclude that
it did not. "nce a com0laint is ;iled, the statute o; limitations is tolled unless
and until the dist1ict cou1t dismisses the action. 3ee 4 Cha1les A. 81ight and
A1thu1 R. ?ille1, ,ede1al !1actice and !1ocedu1e: Ci<il d L +%& Cd ed.
'%%'A.,N+ ,N+. Neithe1 0a1t> dis0utes that ?ann ;iled his com0laint Bithin
the 9%Kda> statute o; limitations. And, neithe1 0a1t> dis0utes that the statute
o; limitations initiall> is tolled u0on ;iling o; a com0laint. 3ee 3ain <. Cit> o;
Bend, %9 ,.d ++4, ++( C9th Ci1.'%%'A. N&O 3econd, Be add1ess Bhethe1
the dist1ict cou1t had the disc1etion to e-tend the time to se1<e 01ocess e<en
a;te1 the +'%Kda> 0e1iod had e-0i1ed. 8e conclude that it did. ,ed.R.Ci<.!.
4CmA 01o<ides: /; se1<ice o; the summons and com0laint is not made u0on a
de;endant Bithin +'% da>s a;te1 the ;iling o; the com0laint, the cou1t, u0on
motion o1 on its oBn initiati<e a;te1 notice to the 0lainti;;, shall dismiss the
action Bithout 01eGudice as to that de;endant o1 di1ect that se1<ice @e e;;ected
Bithin a s0eci;ied time: 01o<ided that i; the 0lainti;; shoBs good cause ;o1 the
;ailu1e, the cou1t shall e-tend the time ;o1 se1<ice ;o1 an a001o01iate 0e1iod.
,N' !age 4 '4 ,.d +%((, && ,ed.R.3e1<.d +&7, +4 A.D. Cases 4, '&
ND6R ! '4&, % Cal. Dail> "0. 3e1<. '(%$, '%% Dail> 4ou1nal D.A.R. &&7
CCite as: '4 ,.d +%((A ,N'. Rule 4CmA 1e0laced ;o1me1 Rule 4CGA in the
+99 amendments. )he cu11ent 1ule 1equi1es a dist1ict cou1t to g1ant an
e-tension o; time i; good cause is shoBn and 0e1mits the dist1ict cou1t to
g1ant such an e-tension e<en a@sent good cause. 2ende1son <. 5nited 3tates,
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MOTION FOR NEW TRIAL, OR PLED IN THE ALTERNATIVE, MOTION TO ALTER OR AMEND
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&+7 5.3. $&4, $$', ++$ 3.Ct. +$(, +4 6.Ed.'d ((% C+99$A. )his di;;e1s
;1om ;o1me1 Rule 4CGA, Bhich did not 0e1mit e-tensions a@sent good cause.
/d. at $$+K$', ++$ 3.Ct. +$(. "n its ;ace, Rule 4CmA does not tie the hands
o; the dist1ict cou1t a;te1 the +'%Kda> 0e1iod has e-0i1ed. Rathe1, Rule 4CmA
e-0licitl> 0e1mits a dist1ict cou1t to g1ant an e-tension o; time to se1<e the
com0laint a;te1 that +'%Kda> 0e1iod. C;. 2ende1son <. 5nited 3tates, &+7
5.3. $&4, $$+, ++$ 3.Ct. +$(, +4 6.Ed.'d ((% C+99$A Cconcluding that Pthe
+'%Kda> 01o<ision o0e1ates not as an oute1 limit su@Gect to 1eduction, @ut as
an i11educi@le alloBanceQA. )he dist1ict cou1tEs disc1etion is not diminished
Bhen the statute o; limitations Bould @a1 1e*;iling o; the suit i; the dist1ict
cou1t decided to dismiss the case instead o; g1ant an e-tension. )o the
cont1a1>, the ad<iso1> committee notes e-0licitl> contem0late that a dist1ict
cou1t might use M+%9+ its disc1etion to g1ant an e-tension in that <e1>
situation: PRelie; ma> @e Gusti;ied, ;o1 e-am0le, i; the a00lica@le statute o;
limitations Bould @a1 the 1e*;iled action.Q ,ed.R.Ci<.!. 4, Ad<iso1>
Committee Note to +99 Amendments, 3u@di<ision CmA. 3ee also De )ie <.
"1ange Ct>., +&' ,.d ++%9, ++++ n. & C9th Ci1.+99(A C1ecogniJing that an
e-tension ma> @e Ba11anted i; the statute o; limitations has 1unA. N$O 2e1e,
e<en though the dist1ict cou1t 01o0e1l> used its disc1etion to e-tend the time
;o1 ?ann to se1<e 01ocess, the dist1ict cou1t late1 dismissed the action a;te1
concluding the statute o; limitations had not @een satis;ied. As the1e Bas no
othe1 a00a1ent @asis, Be must assume that the dist1ict cou1t @elie<ed that the
statute o; limitations @egan to 1un u0on ?annEs ;ailu1e to se1<e 01ocess
Bithin the +'%Kda> 0e1iod.,N But the ;ailu1e to se1<e 01ocess Bithin Rule
4CmAEs +'%Kda> 0e1iod does not a;;ect the tolling o; the statute o; limitations
unless the ;ailu1e to se1<e 01ocess causes the dist1ict cou1t to dismiss the
action. C;. 2ende1son, &+7 5.3. at $&$, ++$ 3.Ct. +$( Cholding that once a
;ede1al suit is commenced in com0liance Bith the go<e1ning statute o;
limitations, Pthe manne1 and timing o; se1<ing 01ocess a1e gene1all>
nonGu1isdictional matte1s o; R01ocedu1eS QA: !a1daJi <. Cullman ?ed. Ct1.,
(9$ ,.'d ++, ++&K+$ C++th Ci1.+99%A Cholding that se1<ice o; 01ocess
1equi1ements a1e not @ound u0 Bith the statute o; limitations unde1 4' 5.3.C.
L '%%%eK&C;AC+AA. )he dist1ict cou1t did not dismiss ?annEs action @ut 1athe1
e-tended the +'% da> se1<ice o; 01ocess 0e1iod, a decision 0e1;ectl> Bithin its
disc1etion. ,N4 ,N. )he dist1ict cou1tEs 1eliance on 8ilson <. 91umman
"hio Co10., (+& ,.'d '$ C$th Ci1.+9(7A, is mis0laced in 0a1t @ecause that
case conce1ned the 1e ;iling o; a com0laint a;te1 it had al1ead> @een dismissed
@> the dist1ict cou1t ;o1 ;ailu1e to 01osecute. ,N4. 8e 1eGect De;endantEs
claims that the g1ant o; a %Kda> e-tension Bas 01eGudicial. 2a<ing
concluded that the dist1ict cou1tEs dismissal o; this case Bas e11o1, Be 1e<e1se
and 1emand ;o1 ;u1the1 01oceedings.I ?ann <. Ame1ican Ai1lines, '4 ,.d
+%((, && ,ed.R.3e1<.d +&7, +4 A.D. Cases 4, '& ND6R ! '4&, % Cal.
Dail> "0. 3e1<. '(%$, '%% Dail> 4ou1nal D.A.R. &&7C C.A.9
C8ash.A,'%%A.
Extension for Good Case Good !ase for an extension of ti"e to ser#e $ro!ess %as &een s%o'n
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MOTION FOR NEW TRIAL, OR PLED IN THE ALTERNATIVE, MOTION TO ALTER OR AMEND
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3ome atto1ne>Es 0leadings looF 1eall> good, ;o1matting Bise, Gust @eauti;ul, hoBe<e1, the>
donEt 1eall> shed an> light on the legal issues in<ol<e o1 0ut ;o1th an ta1geted legal 1esea1ch. ()* A".
+r. )d Pro!ess , --. s$ea/s to t%e re0e#ant isses %ere. T%e ndersi1ned see/s an 2ad#isor3
o$inion2 or ad#an!e indi!ation fro" t%is Cort t%at4 s%o0d t%is Motion for Extension of Ti"e
to Effe!tate Ser#i!e of Pro!ess &e 1ranted4 'o0d t%is !ort r0e t%e EEOC5s 67 da3 0i"itations
$eriod to fi0e fro" 2re!ei$t2 of Ri1%t To Se Letter &ar t%is 0iti1ation 8or an3 !ase of a!tion
2refi0ed2 in 0i1%t of t%e dis"issa0 'it%ot $re9di!e: de to a ne' fi0in1 date &ein1 otside t%e
67 da3 0i"itations $eriod for &rin1in1 sit; T%e ndersi1ned as/s t%is no' in t%e interest of
9di!ia0 e!ono"3 and to 0essen an3 &rden $on t%e defendants in!ident to defendin1 a!tions
not &ased in fa!t or 0a' a 0a NRCP --.
8he1e the 0lainti;;Es counsel had no notice o; the de;ecti<e se1<ice and
negligence o; the 01ocess se1<e1 Bas in<ol<ed.N+O T Bhe1e the 0lainti;;Es counsel Bas
misled in ce1tain 1es0ects and he e-e1cised diligence in attem0ting se1<ice.N'O T
Bhe1e the 0lainti;;Es e11o1 in maFing se1<ice o; 01ocess u0on the B1ong 0a1t> Bas
deemed to @e 1easona@le.NO T Bhe1e the 0lainti;; Bas lulled into @elie<ing that
01o0e1 se1<ice had @een accom0lished.N 4O T Bhe1e the 0lainti;; Bas 01o se and had a
good*;aith @elie; that he had made 01o0e1 se1<ice.N &O T Bhe1e the de;endant e<aded
se1<ice.N$O T @> ci1cumstances @e>ond the cont1ol o; the 0lainti;;Es counsel due to the
counselEs se<e1e illness and e-tensi<e caseload.<=> ? '%ere a !ort !0er/ fai0ed to
isse in for"a $a$eris $0aintiff5s s""ons and to a$$oint a U.S. "ars%a0 to
ser#e $ro!ess.<@> ? &3 re0ian!e on t%e U.S. Mars%a0s Ser#i!e4<6> as '%ere t%e
U.S. Mars%a0s Ser#i!e fai0ed to !o"$0ete ser#i!e '%en reAired for a $0aintiff
$ro!eedin1 in for"a $a$eris after &ein1 s$$0ied 'it% t%e ne!essar3 identif3in1
infor"ation.<-7> ? &3 extraordinar3 diffi!0t3 t%at t%e $0aintiffs ex$erien!ed in
0o!atin1 defendant des$ite di0i1ent efforts.<--> ? in $ro$er !ir!"stan!es4 &3
sett0e"ent ne1otiations.N+'O T @> a 0lainti;;Es 1easona@le @elie; that he Bas unde1 a
legal const1aint not to se1<e his com0laint Bhile the de;endant Bas in @anF1u0tc>
01oceedings and Bhile the case Bas not on the dist1ict cou1tEs acti<e caseload.N+O
C5?56A)/VE 35!!6E?EN) Cases: Em0lo>ee te1minated ;1om he1 0osition as a
01ison*@ased in;ectious diseases counselo1 shoBed good cause ;o1 he1 ;ailu1e to se1<e
a medical se1<ices com0an> Bithin the +'%*da> 0e1iod, and Bas thus entitled to a time
e-tension: counsel a@andoned his 1e01esentation o; the em0lo>ee <e1> ea1l> on in the
01osecution o; he1 com0laint, and did not communicate Bith he1, o00osing counsel o1
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MOTION FOR NEW TRIAL, OR PLED IN THE ALTERNATIVE, MOTION TO ALTER OR AMEND
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the cou1t ;o1 almost a >ea1 @e;o1e su@stituted counsel Bas o@tained, and the
em0lo>eeEs e;;o1ts to 0u1sue the 01osecution o; he1 case Be1e diligent and 1easona@le.
Cunningham <. NeB 4e1se>, '% ,.R.D. 9+, $' ,ed. R. 3e1<. d +%% CD.N.4. '%%&A.
)he1e Bas Igood causeI ;o1 01o se 01isone1Es ;ailu1e to se1<e co11ections o;;ice1 Bith
o1iginal com0laint @e;o1e the +'%*da> se1<ice deadline Bhe1e dela>s @> the ?a1shals
in com0leting se1<ice, Bhethe1 due to di;;iculties in dete1mining the a001o01iate
add1ess ;o1 o;;ice1, o1 sim0l> @ecause o; the high <olume o; 1equests, did not e<idence
dilato1> @eha<io1 on the 0a1t o; 01isone1, Bho Bas 01oceeding in ;o1ma 0au0e1is,
0a1ticula1l> since o;;ice1 1ecei<ed actual notice o; suit. 3idne> <. 8ilson, ''( ,.R.D.
&+7 C3.D. N.7. '%%&A. !lainti;; demonst1ated good cause ;o1 ;ailing to timel> se1<e
0h>sician in medical mal01actice case, Bhe1e 0lainti;;Es atto1ne> immediatel> sought
to ha<e 0h>sician se1<ed a;te1 associated local counsel ;ailed to initiate se1<ice,
atto1ne> had not lea1ned o; the ;ailu1e until th1ee da>s @e;o1e deadline ;o1 se1<ice, and
se1<ice Bas onl> one da> late. ,oss <. 8illiams, 99 3o. 'd 7( C?iss. '%%(A. NEND
", 35!!6E?EN)O N,N+O 3mith <. 3ent1> /ns., $74 ,. 3u00. +4&9, 9 ,ed. R. 3e1<.
d +'(( CN.D. 9a. +9(7A. N,N'O Baden <. C1aig*2allum, /nc., ++& ,.R.D. &(' CD.
?inn. +9(7A. N,NO 8oods <. !a1ten1eede1ei ?.3. 7anFee Cli00e1, ++' ,.R.D. ++&, $
,ed. R. 3e1<. d +&% CD. ?ass. +9($A. N,N4O DitFo; <. "Bens*/llinois, /nc., ++4
,.R.D. +%4 CE.D. ?ich. +9(7A. N,N&O RanFel <. )oBn o; 91een@u1gh, ++7 ,.R.D. &%,
9 ,ed. R. 3e1<. d +9% C3.D. N.7. +9(7A. As to autho1it> that 01o se status alone is not
good cause, see L L ++$, ++7. N,N$O RuiJ Va1ela <. 3ancheJ VeleJ, (+4 ,.'d ('+, 7
,ed. R. 3e1<. d $'$ C+st Ci1. +9(7A. )alFing a 01ocess se1<e1 out o; lea<ing 0a0e1s
cannot e-actl> @e called a<oiding se1<ice, @ut it is not e-actl> coo0e1ati<e eithe1:
consequentl>, such an occu11ence might @e good cause ;o1 a ;ailu1e to e;;ect timel>
se1<ice. 8illiams*9uice <. Boa1d o; Educ. o; Cit> o; Chicago, 4& ,.d +$+, 97 Ed.
6aB Re0. ++, % ,ed. R. 3e1<. d (4( C7th Ci1. +99&A. N,N7O 6e?aste1 <. Cit> o;
8innemucca, ++ ,.R.D. 7, $ ,ed. R. 3e1<. d 44' CD. Ne<. +9($A. <FN@> *3rd #.
Stone4 6B F.Cd )-=4 C( Fed. R. Ser#. Cd -664 -66( FED A$$. 7)=@P 8(t% Cir.
-66(:. <FN6> +a!/son #. Fo0e34 -.( F.R.D. .B.4 6B Ed. La' Re$. )6( 8E.D. N.Y.
-66B: 8%o0din1 t%at '%ere t%e fai0re to "a/e ti"e03 ser#i!e 'as so0e03 fa0t of
t%e U.S. Mars%a0s Ser#i!e4 t%e $0aintiff s%o0d not &e $ena0iDed for it:. A $ro se
$0aintiff s%o0d not &e $ena0iDed for re0ian!e on a United States "ars%a0 to effe!t
$ersona0 ser#i!e. Terre00 #. *re'er4 6C. F.)d -7-. 86t% Cir. -66-:. Good !ase is
s%o'n '%en t%e de0a3 in ser#i!e is de to a &a!/0o1 at t%e "ars%a05s offi!e. U.S. #.
+a!/ CoDDa4 In!.4 -7( F.R.D. )(B4 ) Fed. R. Ser#. Cd -7=B 8S.D. N.Y. -6@.:.
<FN-7> Antone00i #. S%ea%an4 @- F.Cd -B)) 8=t% Cir. -66(: 8statin1 s!% a fai0re
is ato"ati!a003 1ood !ase reAirin1 extension of ti"e nder Fed. R. Ci#.P.
B8"::E Fa0/er #. S"ner4 -B F.Cd -B-.4 )@ Fed. R. Ser#. Cd 6-( 86t% Cir. -66B:.
F%ere t%e $0aintiff $ro!eedin1 in for"a $a$eris re$eated03 reAested t%e U.S.
Mars%a0 to ser#e t%e defendant4 &t %e fai0ed to do so4 1ood !ase ex!sed %er
fai0re to $ersona003 ser#e t%e U.S. Attorne3. D"a1in #. Se!retar3 of Hea0t%
and H"an Ser#i!es4 )@ F.Cd -)-@4 )6 Fed. R. Ser#. Cd =C= 8D.C. Cir. -66B:. As
to t%e reAire"ent t%at t%e U.S. Mars%a0s Ser#i!e ser#e $ro!ess in !ertain
!ir!"stan!es4 see , , -)=4 -)6. N,N++O Coleman <. C1an@e11> Ba>e Rental Agenc>,
'%' ,.R.D. +%$, &% ,ed. R. 3e1<. d ($% CN.D. N.7. '%%+A. 9ood cause is shoBn
Bhe1e a 0lainti;; attem0ted se1<ice on a de;endant th1ough its autho1iJed agent, then
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MOTION FOR NEW TRIAL, OR PLED IN THE ALTERNATIVE, MOTION TO ALTER OR AMEND
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lea1ned that the de;endant had sto00ed su@sc1i@ing to that se1<ice, then attem0ted to
e;;ect se1<ice at the @anF @1anch Bhe1e the 0lainti;; o0ened the account in dis0ute
Bhen the de;endant and the @anF Be1e @oth 0a1t o; a com0le- co10o1ate st1uctu1e.
2aBtho1ne <. Citico10 Data 3>stems, /nc., '+9 ,.R.D. 47 CE.D. N.7. '%%A. N,N+'O
BanF o; Ca0e Ve1de <. B1onson, +$7 ,.R.D. 7%, $ ,ed. R. 3e1<. d $%& C3.D. N.7.
+99$A. N,N+O De )ie <. "1ange Count>, +&' ,.d ++%9, 4+ ,ed. R. 3e1<. d &'& C9th
Ci1. +99(A.I
)he a@o<e 0assage is ;1om: $'B Am. 4u1. 'd !1ocess L ++&.
N.R.C.!. 4CiA. /n addition, C/3Es 1equest ;o1 atto1ne>Es ;ees and costs is denied at this time
@ecause the Cou1t dismissed this action on 01ocedu1al g1ounds Bithout anal>Jing the me1its o;
!lainti;;s case. 3o said this Cou1t. /t seemed 9a1in asFed ;o1 sanctiosn too...@oth o; Bhich amount
to mo1e than a Is0ecial a00ea1anceI and the1e;o1e these 0a1ties ha<e Bai<ed an> se1<ice o; 01ocess
1equi1ement and a1e noB in this litigation. And a de;ault is a001o01iate to ente1 as the> ha<e ;ailed
to ;ile and AnsBe1 to the Com0laint Bithin '% da>s o; se1<ice.
,ailu1e to maFe legi@le co0> o; com0laint ;o1 se1<ice /n the ;olloBing case the cou1t ;ound
that the ;ailu1e o; cou1t 0e1sonnel to maFe a legi@le co0> o; the com0laint ;o1 se1<ice on a de;endant
su00o1ted its a00a1ent holding that the1e Bas good cause unde1 Rule 4CGA o; the ,ede1al Rules o; Ci<il
!1ocedu1e ;o1 a 0lainti;;Es ;ailu1e to timel> se1<e 01ocess. 8he1e a com0laint, alleging em0lo>ment
disc1imination, 0hotoco0ied @> cou1t 0e1sonnel ;o1 se1<ice on an em0lo>e1 on @ehal; o; a ;o1me1
em0lo>ee 01oceeding 01o se and in ;o1ma 0au0e1is, 01o<ed too ;aint ;o1 the em0lo>e1 to 1ead, the
cou1t in ?c=enJie < Amt1aF ? o; E C+99%, 3D N7A 777 , 3u00 +++9, ;ound that the ;ailu1e o; cou1t
0e1sonnel to maFe a legi@le co0> o; the com0laint ;o1 se1<ice su00o1ted its im0licit holding that the1e
Bas good cause unde1 Rule 4CGA o; the ,ede1al Rules o; Ci<il !1ocedu1e ;o1 the 0lainti;;Es ;ailu1e to
timel> se1<e a legi@le co0> o; the com0laint. )he cou1t stated that, although the a1gument that se1<ice
should not @e deemed e;;ecti<e unless the com0laint is legi@le is o1dina1il> a st1ong one, the1e Bas
little Gusti;ication ;o1 dismissing the 0lainti;;Es com0laint on that g1ound, @ecause the de;ect in se1<ice
Bas att1i@uta@le to cou1t 0e1sonnel. )he cou1t also noted that the em0lo>e1, Bho had ad<ised the
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em0lo>ee o; the illegi@ilit> o; the com0laint @ut had ;ailed to so ad<ise the 5nited 3tates ma1shal o1
the cou1t, notBithstanding the em0lo>e1Es FnoBledge that the em0lo>ee Bas 01oceeding 01o se, Bas
0a1tl> to @lame ;o1 the dela> in se1<ice.
/t sim0l> Bould not @e all that ;ai1 to sa> NRC! 4CiA gi<e the !lainti;; +'% da>s to e;;ectuate
se1<ice o; 01ocess Bhen the Com0laint Bas not e<en gi<en a ;iling date in the docFet ;o1 CV++*%+(9$
until August ++ CDe0a1tment 4 tooF ;1om the su@mission o; the /,! on 4ul> '7th, '%++ until August 9,
'%++ to issue the "1de1 91anting /,!, and this occu11ed du1ing a 0e1iod Bhe1e the 8DC Bas
changing the /,! ;o1m it maFes a<aila@le to the 0u@lic and the ;iling o;;ice actuall> 1e;used to acce0t
an ea1lie1 attem0ted su@mission o; the !etition ;o1 /,! and 01o0osed Com0liant, citing 1ationale @oth
<ague and cont1adicto1> and 1elated to 8DCR +%. )his Cou1t 4anua1> ++th, '%+' "1de1 indicates
that the e-0i1ation o; +'% da>s C;1om the 4une '7th date Bhen the Com0laint Bas stam0ed I1ecei<edI
@> the ;iling o;;ice as the 01o0osed 0leading called ;o1 unde1 NR3 +'.%+&A Bould @e "cto@e1 '&th,
'%++.
Action o; cou1t o1 cle1F o; cou1t as constituting o1 su00o1ting ;inding o; Igood cause,I unde1 1ule 4CGA
o; ,ede1al Rules o; Ci<il !1ocedu1e, ;o1 ;ailu1e to timel> se1<e 01ocess u0on de;endant. +%( A.6.R.
,ed. ($' C"1iginall> 0u@lished in +99'A.
E;;o1ts o; 0lainti;; o1 0lainti;;Es agent ;o1 se1<ice o; 01ocess as constituting o1 su00o1ting
;inding o; Igood cause,I unde1 Rule 4CGA o; ,ede1al Rules o; Ci<il !1ocedu1e, ;o1 ;ailu1e to timel>
se1<e 01ocess u0on de;endant, +++ A.6.R. ,ed. &%
NRC! 4CiA: ICiA 3ummons: )ime 6imit ;o1 3e1<ice. /; a se1<ice o; the summons and com0laint is not
made u0on a de;endant Bithin +'% da>s a;te1 the ;iling o; the com0laint, the action shall @e dismissed
as to that de;endant Bithout 01eGudice u0on the cou1tSs oBn initiati<e Bith notice to such 0a1t> o1
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u0on motion, unless the 0a1t> on Bhose @ehal; such se1<ice Bas 1equi1ed ;iles a motion to enla1ge the
time ;o1 se1<ice and shoBs good cause Bh> such se1<ice Bas not made Bithin that 0e1iod. /; the 0a1t>
on Bhose @ehal; such se1<ice Bas 1equi1ed ;ails to ;ile a motion to enla1ge the time ;o1 se1<ice @e;o1e
the +'%*da> se1<ice 0e1iod e-0i1es, the cou1t shall taFe that ;ailu1e into conside1ation in dete1mining
good cause ;o1 an e-tension o; time. 50on a shoBing o; good cause, the cou1t shall e-tend the time
;o1 se1<ice and set a 1easona@le date @> Bhich se1<ice should @e made.I
NR3 +'.%+& Actions in<ol<ing indigent 0e1sons. +. An> 0e1son Bho desi1es to 01osecute o1 de;end a
ci<il action ma>: CaA ,ile an a;;ida<it Bith the cou1t setting ;o1th Bith 0a1ticula1it> ;acts conce1ning
the 0e1sonSs income, 01o0e1t> and othe1 1esou1ces Bhich esta@lish that the 0e1son is una@le to
01osecute o1 de;end the action @ecause the 0e1son is una@le to 0a> the costs o; so doing: o1 C@A 3u@mit
a statement o1 othe1Bise indicate to the cou1t that the 0e1son is a client o; a 01og1am ;o1 legal aid. '. /;
the cou1t is satis;ied that a 0e1son Bho ;iles an a;;ida<it 0u1suant to su@section + is una@le to 0a> the
costs o; 01osecuting o1 de;ending the action o1 i; the cou1t ;inds that a 0e1son is a client o; a 01og1am
;o1 legal aid, the cou1t shall o1de1: CaA )he cle1F o; the cou1t: C+A )o alloB the 0e1son to commence o1
de;end the action Bithout costs: and C'A )o ;ile o1 issue an> necessa1> B1it, 01ocess, 0leading o1 0a0e1
Bithout cha1ge. C@A )he she1i;; o1 othe1 a001o01iate 0u@lic o;;ice1 Bithin this 3tate to maFe 0e1sonal
se1<ice o; an> necessa1> B1it, 01ocess, 0leading o1 0a0e1 Bithout cha1ge. . /; the 0e1son is 1equi1ed to
ha<e 01oceedings 1e0o1ted o1 1eco1ded, o1 i; the cou1t dete1mines that the 1e0o1ting, 1eco1ding o1
t1ansc1i0tion o; 01oceedings Bould @e hel0;ul to the adGudication o1 a00ellate 1e<ieB o; the case, the
cou1t shall o1de1 that the 1e0o1ting, 1eco1ding o1 t1ansc1i0tion @e 0e1;o1med at the e-0ense o; the
count> in Bhich the action is 0ending @ut at a 1educed 1ate as set @> the count>. ...I
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NR3 +'.%+& does not sa> Ithis Cou1t shall gi<e the !lainti;;, Bhom Bas g1anted an /,!, the tasF and
e-0ense o; 01e0a1ing Ise1<ice 0acFetsI ;o1 the 3he1i;;, Bhom shall @eha<e in an inc1easingl>
demanding manne1 toBa1d the !lainti;; and act as i; the> a1e doing the !lainti;; a ;a<o1 in e;;ectuating
se1<ice o; 01ocess and as thought the> onl> ha<e to do it i; the !lainti;; asFs 1eall> nicel> and
genu;lects a @unch....I /ndeed, ?c=enJie seems to maFe clea1 that, at least in some Gu1isdictions, the
Cou1t and 3he1i;; handle all the 0hotoco0>ing and deli<e1ing to the 3he1i;; that Bhich is necessa1> to
e;;ectuate se1<ice. ,u1the1, the1e a1e some highl> 0e1sonal, in;lammato1>, and sensiti<e ;acts 1elated
to the unde1signed 1elationshi0 Bith the 8ashoe Count> 3he1i;;Es ";;ice that ma> @a1e on the
8C3"Es ;ailu1e to co11ectl> com0l> Bith the "1de1 91anting /n ,o1ma !au0e1is status to the
unde1signed. 2oBe<e1, these ;acts a1e o; such a natu1e that 01udence dictates onl> going into them
Be1e a@solutel> necessa1>. 3u;;ice to sa>, it is highl> cu1ious that the 8C3"Es, gi<en the time ;1ame
in Bhich it occu11ed, onl> manged to ;ile ' A;;ida<its o; 3e1<ice in this case, CV++*%+(9$, Bhe1es
some nine 0ages o; A;;ida<its o; 3e1<ice Be1e ;iled in the I1elatedI case C;o1 Bhich the unde1signed
;iled an "cto@e1 &, '%++ ?otion to ConsolidateA, CV++*+%9&&, a case ;o1 Bhich the unde1signed
sc1a0ed togethe1 e<e1> last dime he had in the Bo1ld and 0aid the ;iling ;ee in ;ea1 that the /,! in this
matte1 Bould @e denied and, acco1ding to ;iling o;;ice 0e1sonnel and De0a1tment 4 Administ1ati<e
Assistant, should the /!, @e denied Bhe1e, in the inte1im, the 1unning o; the a00lica@le statute o;
limitations should occu1, as Bould ha<e @een the case he1e should the /,! ha<e @een denied and
should the unde1signed ha<e ;ailed to ;ile in CV++*+%9&& C)itle V// alloBs 9% da>s to ;ile ;1om
I1ecei0tI o; the EE"CEs Right to 3ue 6ette1, a situation made all the mo1e con;using gi<en the
EE"CEs ;ailu1e to 01o0e1l> u0date the unde1signed mailing in;o1mation u0on a B1itten notice o;
Change o; Add1ess @eing con;i1med 1ecei<ed @> the EE"C BeeFs 01io1 to the mailing o; the Right )o
3ue 6ette1, and the 53!3 ceasing to ;o1Ba1d to the unde1signed the o1iginal Right )o 3ue 6ette1, @ut
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MOTION FOR NEW TRIAL, OR PLED IN THE ALTERNATIVE, MOTION TO ALTER OR AMEND
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1athe1 1etu1n it to the EE"C Bith the Ino longe1 at this add1essI >elloB sticFe1 and notice o; the
1eci0ients neB add1ess Cas is the 53!3 custom u0on the e-0i1ation o; +' months ;1om the ;iling o; an
";;icial Change o; Add1ess ;o1m Bith the 53!3A.
!lease set aside all the dismissals and 1ecogniJe 01ocess and se1<ice o; 01ocess as
a001o01iatel> conducted, o1 g1ant additional time to e;;ectuate such se1<ice o; 01ocess, including a
1uling that the 1equi1ements to ;ile a case Bithin 9% da>s o; I1ecei0tI o; the EE"C Right )o 3ue
6ette1 is met 1ega1dless o; such an e-tension, and o1 consolidate these cases, and an> othe1 1elie;
this Cou1ts sees as a001o01iate.
AFFIRMATION Prsant to NRS )C6*.7C7
)he unde1signed does he1e@> a;;i1m that the 01eceding document does not contain the social secu1it>
num@e1 o; an> 0e1son.
Dated this ?a1ch '$, '%+' Cthough / ha<e attem0ted to ;ile this thing nume1ous
times 01e<iousl> @ut ha<e had m> ;ilings 1eGected unde1 the most sus0icious o;
ci1cumstances and e<en a00lications o; 8DCR +%A,
DsD Zach Coughlin, signed elect1onicall>
Zach Coughlin, Esq.
!lainti;;
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MOTION FOR NEW TRIAL, OR PLED IN THE ALTERNATIVE, MOTION TO ALTER OR AMEND
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DECLARATION OF GACH COUGLIN IN SUPPORT OF THE FOREGOING DOCUMENT
+. )his Decla1ation is made 0u1suant to the 01o<isions o; NR3 &.%4&, / am 01esentl> in the 3tate o;
Ne<ada and / decla1e unde1 0enalt> o; 0e1Gu1> that the ;o1egoing is t1ue and co11ect.
'. Decla1ant is the !lainti;; in the a@o<e title action.
. Decla1ant a<e1s that the ;actual statements set ;o1 a@o<e in the ;o1egoing document a1e, to the
@est o; his FnoBledge and unde1standing, accu1ate.
4. /, Zach Coughlin, am a<aila@le to testi;>, i; necessa1>, as to these matte1s. / decla1e unde1 0enalt>
o; 0e1Gu1> that the ;o1egoing is t1ue and co11ect.
Dated this ?a1ch '$, '%+'
DsD Zach Coughlin
Zach Coughlin
!6A/N)/,,
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Proof of Ser#i!eH
"n this date, /, Zach Coughlin elect1onicall> se1<ed a t1ue and co11ect co0> o; the ;o1egoing
document to all 1egiste1ed e;ile1s, and to those Bhom a1e not / 0laced a t1ue and co11ect co0> o; the
;o1egoing document in the us0s mail on this date:
B1ian 9onsal<es, Esq
!.". Bo- 9%7
=ings Beach, CA 9$+4
Atto1ne> ;o1 )ahoe 8omenEs 3e1<ices CCR/3/3 /N)ERVEN)/"N 3ERV/CE3A 82/C2 /3 N") A
NA?ED !AR)7 AND 2A3 N") /N)ER!6ED "R ,/6ED A3 A REA6 !AR)7 /N /N)ERE3)
6/!3"N, NE/63"N, C"6E, 3E6)ZER U 9AR/N
4"3E!2 !. 9AR/N, E3V.
Ne<ada Ba1 No. $$&
32ANN"ND N"RD3)R"?
Ne<ada Ba1 No. ('++
9%(% 8est !ost Road, 3uite +%%
6asVegas, Ne<ada (9+4(
)E6: C7%'A('*+&%% ,A#: C7%'A ('*+&+'
Atto1ne> ;o1 De;endant 8A32"E 6E9A6 3ERV/CE3, a Ne<ada Co10o1ation, =A)27
BREC=ENR/D9E, /ndi<iduall> and in he1 ca0acit> as Boa1d !1esident o; 863, )"DD
)"RV/NEN, /ndi<iduall> and in his ca0acit> as 863 Boa1d ?em@e1, !A56 E6CAN", /ndi<iduall>
and in his ca0acit> as E-ecuti<e Di1ecto1 o; 863, D"E3 +*+%%, /ndi<iduall> and in thei1 ca0acit> as
mem@e1s o; the B"ARD ", D/REC)"R3 ", 8A32"E 6E9A6 3ERV/CE3, CAR7N
3)ERN6/92), /ndi<iduall> and in he1 ca0acit> as 863 atto1ne>, 4"N 3A33ER, /ndi<iduall> and in
his ca0acit> as 863 agent, =AREN 3AB", /ndi<iduall> and in he1 ca0acit> as 863 atto1ne>,
?ARC A326E7, /ndi<iduall> and in his ca0acit> as 863 atto1ne>, ZANDRA 6"!EZ: /ndi<iduall>
and in he1 ca0acit> as 863 em0lo>ee:
DA)ED )2/3: Dated this ?a1ch '$, '%+'
DsD Zach Coughlin
Zach Coughlin
!lainti;;
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MOTION FOR NEW TRIAL, OR PLED IN THE ALTERNATIVE, MOTION TO ALTER OR AMEND
F I L E D
Electronically
03-08-2012:04:29:02 PM
Joey Orduna Hastings
Clerk of the Court
Transaction # 2813864
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3060
INTHESECONDJUDICIALDISTRICTCOURTFORTHESTATEOFNEVADA
INANDFORTHECOUNTYOFWASHOE
ZACHCOUGHLIN,
Plaintiff,
vs.
WASHOE LEGAL SERVICES (WLS),
KATHY BRECKENRIDGE, individually and
in her capacity as BOARD PRESIDENT OF
WLS, TODDTORVINEN, individuallyand in
his capacity as WLS BOARD MEMBER,
PAUL ELCANO, individually and in his
capacity as EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR OF
WLS, DOES 1-100, individually and in their
capacityasmembersofthe Board ofDirectors
ofWLS, CARYNSTERNLICHT, individually
and in her capacity as WLS ATTORNEY,
JOHN SASSER, individually and in his
capacity as WLS ATTORNEY, KAREN
SABO, individually and in her capacity as
WLS ATTORNEY, MARC ASHLEY,
individually and in his capacity as WLS
ATTORNEY, ZANDRA LOPEZ, individually
andinhercapacityas WLSEMPLOYEE,
Defendants.
/
CaseNo. CV11-01896
DepartmentNo.: 6
ORDERGRANTINGMOTIONFORLEAVETOPROCEEDINFORMAPAUPERIS
OnJune 27, 2011, Plaintiff, ZachCoughlinfiled aMotionto ProceedInFonnaPauperis
andan AffidavitofPoverty. OnJune 30,2011,theCourtentereditsOrderRegardingPlaintiffs
MotiontoProceedInformaPauperiswhereinthe CourtfoundthatPlaintifffailedtoestablishthat
he had insufficient means with which to pay the costs associated with the prosecution ofthis
action, andorderedPlaintiffto file asupplementalaffidavitprovidinggreaterdetailofhisassets,
F I L E D
Electronically
08-09-2011:05:46:06 PM
Howard W. Conyers
Clerk of the Court
Transaction # 2397771
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incomeandexpensesto establishhisinabilityto prosecutethisaction. OnJuly8, 2011,Plaintiff
filedaSupplementalAffidavitinSupport,andsubmittedthematterforconsideration.
Upon reviewofthe pleadings an papers on file herein, this Court finds that pursuantto
NRS 12.015, the Plaintiffs Motion and Supplemental Affidavit are sufficient to grant forma
pauperis statusatthistime.
1
Basedontheforegoingandgoodcauseappearing,
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED, pursuant to NRS 12.015, Plaintiffs Motion for Leave to
ProceedinFormaPauperisisGRANTED.
ITIS HEREBYFURTHERORDEREDthattheCourtallowsaidZACHCOUGHLIN,to
prosecute such action without costs and file or issue any necessary writ, process, pleading or
paperwithoutcharge,withtheexceptionofjuryfees.
IT IS HEREBYFURTHERORDEREDthatthe Sherifforanyotherappropriateofficer
withinthestatemakepersonalserviceofanywrit,process,pleadingorpaperwithoutchargefor
ZACHCOUGHLIN.
DATEDthisL dayofAugust,2011.
1 NRS 12.015(1) Anypersonwhodesirestoprosecuteordefendacivilactionmayfile an
affidavit with the court setting forth with particular facts concerning his inco:r;ne, property ~
otherresourceswhichestablishthathe isunable to prosecuteordefendtheactIOn becausehe IS
unabletopaythecostsofsodoing.
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CERTIFICATEOFSERVICE
CASENO. CVII-01896
I certify that I am anemployee ofthe SECOND JUDICIAL DISTRICT COURT ofthe
STATE OF NEVADA, COUNTY OF WASHOE; that on the day ofAugust, 2011, I
electronically filed the ORDER GRANTING MOTION FOR LEAVE TO PROCEED IN
FORMAPAUPERISwiththeClerkof theCourtbyusingtheECFsystem.
I further certify that I transmitted a true and correct copy ofthe foregoing documentby
themethodes)notedbelow:
Personaldeliverytothefollowing: [none]
Electronicallyfiled withtheClerkoftheCourtbyusingtheECFsystemwhichwillsenda
noticeofelectronicfilingtothefollowing: [NONE]
Deposited in theWashoe County mailing system for postage and mailingwith the United
StatesPostalServiceinReno,Nevada:
ZachCoughlin
121 RiverRockSt.
Reno,NV 89501
3
F I L E D
Electronically
05-07-2012:10:45:57 AM
Joey Orduna Hastings
Clerk of the Court
Transaction # 2933472
F I L E D
Electronically
04-26-2012:01:39:50 PM
Joey Orduna Hastings
Clerk of the Court
Transaction # 2914839
F I L E D
Electronically
04-03-2012:12:57:11 PM
Joey Orduna Hastings
Clerk of the Court
Transaction # 2865805
F I L E D
Electronically
02-08-2012:03:24:48 PM
Joey Orduna Hastings
Clerk of the Court
Transaction # 2752867
F I L E D
Electronically
01-11-2012:04:20:41 PM
Joey Orduna Hastings
Clerk of the Court
Transaction # 2695157
F I L E D
Electronically
03-13-2012:11:53:18 AM
Joey Orduna Hastings
Clerk of the Court
Transaction # 2820247
EXHI BI T 1
EXHI BI T 1
F I L E D
Electronically
04-26-2012:01:39:50 PM
Joey Orduna Hastings
Clerk of the Court
Transaction # 2914839
F I L E D
Electronically
01-12-2012:02:46:58 PM
Joey Orduna Hastings
Clerk of the Court
Transaction # 2697399










































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2540
LIPSON, NEILSON, COLE, SELTZER & GARIN, P.C.
J OSEPH P. GARIN
Nevada Bar No. 6653
SHANNON D. NORDSTROM
Nevada Bar No. 8211
9080 West Post Road, Suite 100
Las Vegas, Nevada 89148
(702) 382-1500
(702) 382-1512 - fax
jgarin@lipsonneilson.com
snordstrom@lipsonneilson.com
Attorneys for Defendants Washoe Legal Services,
Paul Elcano, Todd Torvinen, Karen Sabo, Kathy Breckenridge,
J on Sasser, and Marc Ashley
IN THE SECOND J UDICIAL DISTRICT COURT OF
THE STATE OF NEVADA IN AND FOR THE
COUNTY OF WASHOE
ZACH COUGHLIN,
Plaintiff,
vs.
WASHOE LEGAL SERVICES, a Nevada
Corporation, KATHY BRECKENRIDGE,
Individually and in her capacity as Board
President of WLS, TODD TORVINEN,
Individually and in his capacity as WLS
Board Member, PAUL ELCANO, Individually
and in his capacity as Executive Director of
WLS, DOES 1-100, Individually and in their
capacity as members of the BOARD OF
DIRECTORS OF WASHOE LEGAL
SERVICES, CARYN STERNLIGHT,
Individually and in her capacity as WLS
attorney, J ON SASSER, Individually and in
his capacity as WLS agent, KAREN SABO,
Individually and in her capacity as WLS
attorney, MARC ASHLEY, Individually and
in his capacity as WLS attorney, ZANDRA
LOPEZ, Individually and in her capacity as
WLS employee,
Defendants.
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CASE NO.: CV11-01896
DEPT. NO.: 6
NOTICE OF ENTRY OF ORDER
F I L E D
Electronically
02-20-2012:11:22:13 AM
Joey Orduna Hastings
Clerk of the Court
Transaction # 2775053










































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NOTICE OF ENTRY OF ORDER
NOTICE is hereby given that an Order was entered granting Defendant Caryn
Sternlichts Motion to Dismiss on February 8, 2012, a copy of which is attached hereto as
Exhibit 1.
Dated this 21
st
day of February, 2012.
LIPSON NEILSON COLE SELTZER
& GARIN P.C
G
By: __________________________________
J oseph P. Garin (Bar No. 6653)
Shannon D. Nordstrom (Bar No. 8211)
9080 West Post Road, Suite 100
Las Vegas, Nevada 89148
(702) 382-1500
Attorneys for Defendants Washoe Legal Services,
Paul Elcano, Todd Torvinen, Karen Sabo, Kathy
Breckenridge, J on Sasser, and Marc Ashley
AFFIRMATION
(Pursuant to NRS 239B.030)
The undersigned does hereby affirm that the proceeding document, NOTICE OF
ENTRY OF ORDER, filed in Case No. CV11-01896, does not contain the Social Security
Number of any person.
Dated this 21
st
day of February, 2012.
LIPSON NEILSON COLE SELTZER
& GARIN P.C
G
By: __________________________________
J oseph P. Garin (Bar No. 6653)
Shannon D. Nordstrom (Bar No. 8211)
9080 West Post Road, Suite 100
Las Vegas, Nevada 89148
(702) 382-1500
Attorneys for Defendants Washoe Legal Services,
Paul Elcano, Todd Torvinen, Karen Sabo, Kathy
Breckenridge, J on Sasser, and Marc Ashley
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CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE
I certify that on the 21
st
day of February, 2012, I served a true and correct copy of
Notice of Entry of Order, upon the following parties, via first class mail, postage prepaid,
addressed as follows:
Brian A. Gonsalves, Attorney at Law
P.O. Box 907
Kings Beach, CA 96143
Attorney for Defendant for Crisis Intervention Services
and by using the ECF system which served the following parties electronically:
Zachary Coughlin, Esq., for Plaintiff; and
Gary Fuller, Esq., for Defendant Committee to Aid Abused Women
/s/ Nancy Cooper
_______________________________________
An Employee of
Lipson, Neilson, Cole, Seltzer & Garin, P.C.
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EXHIBIT INDEX
No. 1 Order 3 pages
- 4 -
F I L E D
Electronically
03-12-2012:04:34:28 PM
Joey Orduna Hastings
Clerk of the Court
Transaction # 2818867
F I L E D
Electronically
01-13-2012:11:13:25 AM
Joey Orduna Hastings
Clerk of the Court
Transaction # 2699332
F I L E D
Electronically
01-12-2012:02:46:58 PM
Joey Orduna Hastings
Clerk of the Court
Transaction # 2697399
Exhibit 2
Exhibit 2
F I L E D
Electronically
12-20-2011:09:37:36 PM
Craig Franden
Clerk of the Court
Transaction # 2658430
1 CODE: 1845
2
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7 IN THE FAMILY DIVISION
8 OF mE SECOND JUDICIAL DISTRICT COURT OF THE STATE OF NEVADA
9 IN AND FOR THE COUNTY OF WASHOE
10
ASHWIN JOSHI,
11
12 Plaintiff, Case No. DVOS-O1168
vs.
13 Dept. No. 14
14 BHARTI JOSHI,
Defendantl Counterc laimant.
15 /
16
ORDER AFTER TRIAL
17
18 A Complaint for Divorce was filed by ASHWIN JOSHI (hereinafter Mr. Joshi), by
and through his attorney, JOHN P. SPRINGGA TE, ESQ., on July 8, 2008. An Answer and
19
Counterclaim was filed by BHARTI JOSHI (hereinafter 'Ms. Joshi'), by and through her
20
attorney of record, ZACHARY B. COUGHLIN, ESQ., on July 18, 2008. Argument was
21
heard on March 12, 2009 and March 17, 2009. Mr. Joshi was present and represented by
22
John P. Springgate, Esq.; and Ms. Joshi, was present and represented by Zachary B.
23
Coughlin, Esq., of Washoe Legal services.
24
All testimony and arguments having been heard, all pleadings on file having been
25
read, all exhibits, tapes, and notes having been reviewed, the Court finds and Orders as
26
follows.
27
III
28
/11
FILED
Electron)cally
04-13-2009:09:23:48 AM
Howard W. Conyers
Clerk of the Court
lransaction # 706269
1
1 ~DINGS OF FACf
2 1. The parties were married May 11,1987, in Bombay, India.
3 2. The parties have two children, both of whom are now adults.
4 Although Mr. Yoshi has no obligation to support said children any longer
5 pursuant to NRS 125.510(9)(b), Ms. Yoshi requests the financial assistance of Mr. Yoshi so
6 as to provide for the children's continuing education. (Answer, pg. 2, lines 16-18).
7 The Court notes that on August 1, 2008, Mr. Joshi filed a 'Motion For Return Of
8 Personal Property' requesting that Ms. Joshi return his passport, green card and social
9 security card. On August 7, 2008, Ms. Joshi, by and through her attorney of record,
10 Mr. Coughlin, filed an Opposition to the return of Mr. Joshi's passport citing case law
11 involving minor children and their support. Ms. Yoshi filed said opposition while
12 acknowledging the parties' children were both over eighteen years of age at the time. On
13 August 18,2008, Judge Schumacher ordered Ms. Joshi to immediately return Mr. Joshi's
14 passport within five days.
15 3. There is community property to be divided.
16 In Mr. Joshi's Complaint filed July 8, 2008, he indicated there was community
17 property and debts which should be divided by the Court.
18 Ms. Joshi filed an Answer and Counterclaim on July 18, 2008, indicating the
19 parties' community property should be equitably divided, including Ms. Joshi's
20 "women's wealth", the vehicles in each party's possession, the vehicles in their children's
21 possession, and "the money the [Ms. Yoshi] earned while working for Legendary Luxury
22 Camping Safari in Houston Texas which was automatically deposited in [Mr. Yoshi's]
23 account every month for two and one-half years, [and] which [Mr. Yoshi] told [Ms. Yoshi]
24 he would give to her." (Answer, pg. 2, lines 21-26).
25 The Court notes the following information has been provided and has been taken
26 into consideration on this issue:
27 a. "Women's Wealth" Pro~e!:!): - The parties agreed that the parties'
28 community interest in the "woman's wealth" jewelry (location unknown) belongs to Ms.
2
1 e. London Bank Account - Mr. Joshi testified that that he did not know
2 if Ms. Joshi's earnings from Tanzania were placed in a London bank account. Mr. Joshi
3 testified he did not control Ms. Joshi's money at that time.
4 Ms. Joshi presented no evidence that her earnings were placed in a London bank
5 account. To the Court's knowledge, Ms. Joshi conducted no discovery on this issue.
6 f. Communit~ Bank Accounts - Ms. Joshi testified that she requested
7 access to the bank accounts from Mr. Joshi, but that he would not let her see the bank
8 statements. Further, Ms. Joshi testified that she did have her own credit and she did have
9 access to Mr. Joshi's credit card statements.
10 There was no further evidence presented as to the conununity bank accounts.
11 4. There is community debt to be divided.
12 The Court notes the following information has been provided and has been taken
13 into consideration on this issue:
14 a. General Credit Card Debt. Mr. Joshi testified that he owes
15 approximately $15,650 in credit card debt (Trial Exhibit "E"), and argued the charges
16 were incurred for community expenses, holidays, family expenses and household
17 expenses.
18 Ms. Joshi presented no evidence regarding community credit card debt.
19 b. Best Bu~ CreditC~d Qg~! - Mr. Joshi stated that the parties
20 purchased a computer and T. V. at Best Buy for approximately $1,314.00. Mr. Joshi
21 testified Ms. Joshi has both of these items.
22 Mr. Joshi requested he be awarded the computer presently in Ms. Joshi's
23 possession and that she retain the T.V.
24 Ms. Joshi presented no evidence on this issue.
25 c. Medic~l ~Q! - Mr. Joshi testified he owes $6,735.00 to St. Mary's
26 Hospital for surgery in May 2008 (Trial Exhibit "F") and $500.00 to REMSA (Trial Exhibit
27 "G").
28 At trial, Mr. Joshi offered to pay these community debts.
4
8 .
1 Ms. Joshi presented no evidence on this issue. To the Court's knowledge, Ms.
2 Joshi conducted no discovery on this issue.
3 d. FamiI~ DeQt - there are two debts owing to family members or on
4 behalf of family members that were presented at trial.
5 Mr. Joshi introduced evidence at trial regarding a $5,000.00 debt to Rod and
6 Meena Fowler (Trial Exhibit"H/') in the form of a letter from Rod and Meena Fowler.
7 The letter states that the parties owe money in the amount of $6/000.00, which was '/long
8 overdue" by approximarely six (6) years, for money loaned to Mr. Joshi's mother when
9 she was ill. The letter references a I' copy of your letter a~eeing to pay us back" I but did
10 not attach a copy of said letter. At trial, Mr. Joshi testified that he did not have a copy of
11 the referenced letter. MS. Joshi testified that this debt was '1 made up."
12 Mr. Joshi testified regarding a debt of approximately $5,000 owing to a family
13 member by the name of Ashik Nanaby (SP?)I for buying plane tickets for the Joshi family
14 to come to the Unites States in 2001. Ms. Joshi testified that she could not obtain any
15 information regardmgtrus debt as the other party '1 wanted to stay out of the divorce."
16 At trial, Mr. Joshi offered to pay these community debts.
17 e. GeneraLCommun.!tx Debt - Mr. Joshi testified that he pays
18 approximately $600 per month for community debts, excluding his car and insurance.
19 Ms. Joshi presented no evidence regarding general community debt.
20 Mr. Joshi offered to pay the community debt in his name that he had been paying
21 and take an unequal division of community debt.
22 5. Ms. Joshi requests spousal support.
23 Specifically, Ms. Joshi requested spousal support Iluntil her death or remarriagel
24 whichever occurs first." (Answer, p. 3, lines 5-6).
25 The Court notes the following information has been provided and has been taken
26 into consideration on this issue:
27 Mr. Joshi is 51 years of age and Ms. Joshi is 46 years of age. The parties moved to
28 the United States from Tanzania in 2001.
5
Ms. Joshi is a college graduate and has worked continuously since the parties
moved to the United States. Ms. Joshi is presently employed by Raley's as a
pharmaceutical technician and earned approximately $29,500.00 in 2008. Ms. Joshi has
testified she has raised the parties' children and thereby has foregone educational
opportunities and has put her dreams aside.
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Mr. Joshi testified he is a high school graduate. Mr. Joshi is employed as a catering
manager. In 2008, Mr. Joshi earned approximately $41,500.00 while working for two
companies - American Bar and Restaurant and Sierra Sport Service. At trial, Mr. Joshi
introduced his W-2 from American Bar and Restaurant reflecting earnings of $4,157.
(Trial Exhibit "C"); and his W-2 from Sierra Sport Service in the amount of $37/504.18
(Trial Exhibit "D"). Mr. Joshi testified that business is slow and he is presently working
for only one company - American Bar and Restaurant. Mr. Joshi testified he has only two
weeks of work scheduled for March, 2009; and he filed for unemployment benefits in
March, 2009.
Mr. Joshi requested the Court consider his net income after deducting taxes, factor
in the present $600 per month he is presently paying for community debt, and set off any
alimony responsibility by his assumption of an unequal distribution of community debt.
Further, to protect Ms. Joshi in the event Mr. Joshi filed for bankruptcy, Mr. Joshi
suggested that the court maintain jurisdiction over the issue of spousal support for five
years.
5. Ms. Joshi requests reasonable attorney's fees be paid to Washoe Legal
Services for the services of Mr. Coughlin. Mr. Joshi requests reasonable attorney's fees be
paid to his attorney, Mr. Springgate.
The Court notes the following information has been provided and has been taken
into consideration on this issue:
On July 18, 2008, Mr. Coughlin filed a Statement of Legal Aid Representation
which states Defendant is receiving II free legal assistance" from Washoe Legal Services
pursuant to NRS 12.015:
6
On October 3, 2008, Judge Jordan presided over the parties' Case Management
Conference. At that hearing, the parties were unable to reach a settlement. Further, on
March 12, 2009, Judge Gardner conducted a Settlement Conference for approximately one
and one-half hours, prior to starting the trial at approximately 3;00 pm. The parties did
not agree on settlement and trial was commenced.
In his closing argument at trial, Mr. Coughlin, on behalf of Ms. Joshi, stated that he
did not understand and could not agree with equalizing debt when one party ended up
with a nicer car. He stated that he had "crunched the numbers" and could not see it the
other way. Mr. Coughlin cited an ALR article regarding community debt and stated his
client" does not have much for the creditors to take." He requested that his client assume
one.half the community debt and that the Court find Plaintiff s two $5,000 debts to family
members and friends as Mr. Joshi's separate debts. Mr. Coughlin stated his client is being
asked to "foot the bill" for Plaintiff's debts and referenced that Ms. Joshi is a caring and
committed mother.
Mr. Joshi testified that he had paid Mr. Spring gate $4,000.00 since July, 2008,
for attorney's fees and costs.
Mr. Joshi requested that Mr. Coughlin personally pay his attorney's fees for 4.15
hours of trial at the rate of $225 per hour pursuant to NRS 7.085. Mr. Springgate testified
Mr. Coughlin had not conducted any discovery, had produced no evidence regarding
Ms. Joshi's community debts other than her Financial Declaration on file, had presented
no evidence regarding alimony J and had acted in a vexatious and unreasonable manner
in representing Ms. Joshi in this divorce proceeding.
CONCLUSIQ~S OF LAW
1. Ongoing SuEErt for the Adult Children's Education-
Pursuant to NRS 125.510(9)(b), except where a contract providing otherwise has
been executed pursuant to NRS 123.080, the obligation for care, education, maintenance
and support of any minor child created by any order entered pursuant to this section
ceases: (a) Upon the death of the person to whom the order was directed; or (b) When
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3 There has been no
continuing support of the parties' adu]t children. As there has been no legal basis 4
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provide for the adult children's education.
2. CS)mmuni~ PrEert~ /Deb! -
Pursuant to NRS 125.150(1 )(b) and Putrennan v. Putrennan, 113 Nev. 606, 939 P.2d
the Court shall ensure an equal disposition of the
estate, absent compelling reasons justifying an unequal distribution. The
community
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a.
customary
b.
conununity
debt of approximately $4,100.00.
c.
d.
by Ms. Joshi justifying a request for evidence presented
" - The parties have agreed that the parties'
entirely to Ms. Joshi according to
beliefs, and thereby should be declared her sole and separate property.
property to Ms. Joshi as soon as possible.
Mr. Loshi's Verocle - The 2005 Chevrolet Blazer shall be considered
As the car is worth $10,910.00 but there is $15,009.75 due and owing
consider Mr. Joshi's assumption of this asset as an undertaking
Ms. loshi's V ehic!~
considered her sole and
- Ms. Joshi's car shall be
Ms. Joshi shall be responsible for any debt remaining thereon. As
Son's Vehi~~
- As the only evidence presented on this issue was the
yments thereon, this
the community.
among
8
e. Q~yghter's Vehis.le - The only evidence presented on this issue was
fact that the parties' adult daughter drives this car and makes payments thereon. Ms.
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f.
g.
h.
i. Television - Ms. Joshi is awarded the television purchased at Best
It is the Court's understanding this television is currently in Ms. Joshi's possession.
j. General Credit Card Debt - The evidence presented indicates a
Mr. Joshi agreed to be responsible for this
separately responsible for this debt.
k. BestBu): Credit Card Debt
solely and
computer
Mr. Joshi agreed to be responsible for this debt at tria].
London Bank Account - there was no evidence presented to the
there is no factual basis to support an
As exists. such,
Communi~ Bank Accounts - there was no evidence presented as to
community bank accounts. As such, there is no factual basis to support
it as a community asset.
ComEuter - Mr. Joshi is awarded the computer purchased at Best
deliver said computer to Mr. Springgate's office on or before Friday,
debt at trial. As such, Mr. Joshi shall be
- The evidence presented indicates there
As such, Mr. Joshi shall be
9
1. 1
Medical Debt - As Mr. }oshihas offered to pay these debts, he shall
evidence presented as to
for the Joshi family.
~
10
Pursuant
Ms. Joshi presented no evidence in support of her request for alimony other than
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4
The Court finds that the parties 9
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~ NRS 125.150(8)(k. 16
17 Based upon the
Attornex's Fees 4.
This Court enjoys discretion to award attorney's fees in a divorce action. (~
pursuant to 21
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are eleven (11) factors the court shall consider in
to NRS 125.150(8), there
to any of the eleven reference There was no
approximately the same amount,
approximately $3,125 per month
presently
earn
March 2009. fu NRS 125.150(8)(a. The
and Ms. Joshi has always been employed during that
years
law, this Court does not and the evidence
presented applicable
Also,
Finally, pursuant to NRS 7.085, if a court
maintained or defended a civil action or proceeding
and such action or defense is not well-grounded in fact or is not State
11
1
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At trial, Mr. Springgate stated that Mr. Coughlin had conducted no discovery in
In addition, Mr. Coughlin
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7
throughout trial.
The Court notes that there were well over 40 objections during four (4) hours of
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Springgate.
The Court notes that at one point, after an exhibit had been admitted,
Coughlin could not find the copy provided by Mr. Springgate in discovery.
My understanding is that you are supposed to provide a copy."
asked if he had the copy of the document, Mr. Coughlinstated,"I do not know. I
to quit
personally to pay the
failed to present one documentary piece of evidence
Mr. Coughlin was overruled on every objection except one and argued
rulings. Mr. Coughlin was admonished approximately 15 times
Mr.
Springgate to provide a copy at the time he is
" Mr. Coughlin cited no rule and then
Mr. Springgate to the arguments
replied
The had to Mr. located. Court admonish
the point and that the exhibit had been
arguing
admitted.
12
Coughlin filed an Answer Mr. 1
2
antagonistic presentation of the case that resulted in a shift from a fairly simple divorce
For all these reasons, the Court finds that Mr. Coughlin's presentation of the case
in support thereof to be unfounded in fact, unwarranted by existing law,
and vexatious throughout this entire proceeding.
5. PreEaration of the Decr~
Mr. Springgate shall prepare the decree of divorce consistent with this
m decision. Mr. Springgate shall tender his proposed decree to Mr.
WDCR 9, within 20 days from the date of this order.
Dated:
and Counterclaim on Ms. Joshi's behalf that
sheet;
of $934 within 30 days of amount
13
1 CERTIFICATE OF MAILING
2 Pursuant to NRCP 5(b), I certify that I am an employee of the Second Judicial
3 District Court and that on the -~ day of April, 2009, lelectronically filed the
4 with the Oerk of the Court System which will send a notice of electronic filing to the
5 following:
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Document: ORDER AFTER TRIAL
JOHN P. SPRINGGA TE FSQ
ZACHARY B. COUGHUN F5Q
foregoin
Assistant
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F I L E D
Electronically
03-14-2012:02:03:53 PM
Joey Orduna Hastings
Clerk of the Court
Transaction # 2824838
F I L E D
Electronically
04-30-2012:04:08:47 PM
Joey Orduna Hastings
Clerk of the Court
Transaction # 2921920
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Document Code:
Zach Coughlin, Esq.
NV BAR No: 947
!" B"# $%9&'
Reno, NV (9&%$
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,a-: 949*$$7*74%'
ZachCoughlin.hotmail.com
/n 01o 0e1
/N )2E 3EC"ND 45D/C/A6 D/3)R/C) C"5R)
", )2E 3)A)E ", NEVADA
/N AND ,"R )2E C"5N)7 ", 8A32"E
ZAC2 C"5926/N:

!lainti;;.
<s.
8A32"E 6E9A6 3ERV/CE3, a Ne<ada
Co10o1ation, =A)27 BREC=ENR/D9E,
/ndi<iduall> and in he1 ca0acit> as Boa1d
!1esident o; 863, )"DD )"RV/NEN,
/ndi<iduall> and in his ca0acit> as 863 . Boa1d
?em@e1, !A56 E6CAN", /ndi<iduall> and in
his ca0acit> as E-ecuti<e Di1ecto1 o; 863,
D"E3 +*+%%, /ndi<iduall> and in thei1 ca0acit>
as mem@e1s o; the B"ARD ", D/REC)"R3
", 8A32"E 6E9A6 3ERV/CE3, CAR7N
3)ERN6/92), /ndi<iduall> and in he1 ca0acit>
as 863 atto1ne>, 4"N 3A33ER, /ndi<iduall>
and in his ca0acit> as 863 agent, =AREN
3AB", /ndi<iduall> and in he1 ca0acit> as 863
atto1ne>, ?ARC A326E7, /ndi<iduall> and in
his ca0acit> as 863 atto1ne>, ZANDRA
6"!EZ: /ndi<iduall> and in he1 ca0acit> as
863 em0lo>ee:
De;endants.
A
A
A
A
A
A CA3E N": CV++*%+(9$
DE!). N": $
?")/"N ,"R E#)EN3/"N ", )/?E )" !ER,"R? 3ERV/CE ", !R"CE33
Zach Coughlin, 0lainti;;, su@mits this motion on his oBn @ehal;.
)his ?otion is made 0u1suant to the autho1ities discussed @eloB, including NRC! 4CiA and is
su00o1ted @> the attached ?emo1andum o; !oints and Autho1ities, the Decla1ation o; Zacha1> B.
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MOTION FOR NEW TRIAL, OR PLED IN THE ALTERNATIVE, MOTION TO ALTER OR AMEND
F I L E D
Electronically
03-27-2012:12:08:44 AM
Joey Orduna Hastings
Clerk of the Court
Transaction # 2849616
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Coughlin, Esq., the 0a0e1s and 0leadings on ;ile he1ein, and an> o1al a1gument this cou1t ma> alloB,
as it is @eing 1equested.
MEMORANDUM OF POINTS AND AUTHORITIES
I. STATEMENT OF FACTS AND PROCEDURAL HISTORY
)his ;ilign is @eign ;iled da>s ea1l> Bith an intent to su00lement it gi<en the con;iusion o<e1
Bhethe1 8DC De0a1tments g1ant litigates additional da> sunde1 NRC! $CeA Bhe1e ;iligns a1e
elctd1onicall> ;iled and se1ed.
Ci<il 1ights actions, !1e<ailing 0a1t>, nominal damages, see ,a11a1 <. 2o@@>, 5.3.)e-.+99', ++ 3.Ct.
&$$, &%$ 5.3. +%, +'+ 6.Ed.'d 494. !1e<ailing 0a1t>, signi;icant issue test, see )e-as 3tate )eache1s
AssEn <. 9a1land /nde0endent 3chool Dist., 5.3.)e-.+9(9, +%9 3.Ct. +4($, 4(9 5.3. 7(', +% 6.Ed.'d
($$, on 1emand (74 ,.'d '4'.
Ci<il 1ights actions, !1e<ailing 0a1t>, nominal damages, see ,a11a1 <. 2o@@>, 5.3.)e-.+99', ++ 3.Ct.
&$$, &%$ 5.3. +%, +'+ 6.Ed.'d 494. !1e<ailing 0a1t>, signi;icant issue test, see )e-as 3tate )eache1s
AssEn <. 9a1land /nde0endent 3chool Dist., 5.3.)e-.+9(9, +%9 3.Ct. +4($, 4(9 5.3. 7(', +% 6.Ed.'d
($$, on 1emand (74 ,.'d '4'.
An A00lication ;o1 /,! status Bas ;iled along Bith a 01o0osed Com0laint on 4une '7th, '%++.
)he /,! Bas ;inall> g1anted August (, '%++, and the Com0liant Bas stam0ed Bith a ;iling date o;
August ++, '%++ and ente1ed in the DocFet in this matte1 on that date as Bell. +'% da>s ;1om August
++, '%++ is Decem@e1 9, '%++, Bhich ha00ens to @e the da> that )1a<is 3he1man, o<e1 +( >ea1 old
non 0a1t> 1esident o; 8ashoe Count> se1<ed !aul Elcano and 863 Cgi<en Elcano is 863Es 1egiste1ed
agentA Bith the 3ummons and Com0laint in this matte1, and 01oo; o; the same Bas ;iled on Decem@e1
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MOTION FOR NEW TRIAL, OR PLED IN THE ALTERNATIVE, MOTION TO ALTER OR AMEND
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+%, '%++. ,u1the1, B1ecFen1idge Bas se1<ed @> the 8C3" on ++D+&D++ in CV++*%+(9$ C@ut that
same A;;ida<it o; 3e1<ice, ;iled onl> in CV++*%+(9$ also indicates B1ecFen1idge Bas se1<ed the
3ummons and Com0laint ;o1 CV++*%+9&& as Bell, @ut the 8C3" did not manage to ;ile an A;;ida<it
o; 3e1<ice attesting to that in CV++*%+9&&, so the case against he1 the1e got dismissed. 8hat is
inte1esting is that the 0eo0le Bho Be1e not su@Gect to and "1de1 ;1om the Chie; 4udge, De0a1tment
,ou1, indicating that the> should se1<e 01ocess 0u1suant to an /,! "1de1 Cie, me, and m> 1agtag g1ou0
o; 1andom ;1iends, st1ange1s, etcA manage to do a much, much mo1e tho1ough Go@ than the g1ou0 o;
8C3" De0uties Bith 1athe1 nice sala1ies managed to do Cie, the g1ou0 Bho Be1e getting 0aid quite
Bell, Bith a nice !ER3 0lan to @ootA. )o to0 it o;;, =a1en 3a@o Bas se1<ed something ;1om CV++*
%+(9$ Ca 3ummonsH a co0> o; the Com0laintHA its Gust that the 8C3" ;iled the A;;ida<it o; 3e1<ice
attesting to that in the wrong case CV++*%+9&& on ++D''D++ Cthe A;;ida<it ;o1 3a@o Bas ;iled in
CV++*%+9&& @ut indicates ?s. 3a@o Bas se1<ed: II6ocation: 8ashoe 6egal 3e1<ices '99 3 A1lington
A<enue Reno, N7 (9&%+ Date: ++++$D'%++ )ime: ++ :%4A? )he documentCsA se1<ed Be1e:
35??"N3: C"!7 ", CA3E CV++*%+9&& AND C"!7 ", 35??"N3, CA3E CV++*%+(9$IA.
)his Cou1tEs 4anua1> ++, '%++ "1de1 held that: I !lainti;; ;iled a com0laint on 4une '7,'%++.
!u1suant to N.R.C.!. 4CiA, !lainti;; Bould ha<e +'% da>s to se1<e the summons and com0laint on
De;endants o1 until "cto@e1 '&, '%++. !lainti;; ;ailed to se1<e De;endants !aul Elcano CIElcanoIA,
)odd )o1<ine CI)o1<inenIA, 4on 3asse1 CI3asse1IA, ?a1c Ashle> CIAshle>IA, =a1en 3a@o CI3a@oIA,
=ath> B1ecFen1idge CIB1ecFen1idgeIA, 8ashoe 6egal 3e1<ices CI863IA and C1isis /nte1<ention
3e1<ices CIC/3IA Bithin the mandated time 0e1iod. /n addition, !lainti;; ;ailed to ;ile a motion to
enla1ge time ;o1 se1<ice o1 shoB good cause as to Bh> se1<ice Bas not made Bithin the statuto1>
0e1iod. Acco1dingl>, the Cou1t g1ants De;endants Elcano, )o1<inen, 3asse1, Ashle>, 3a@o, 863, C/3
and B1ecFen1idgeEs motionCsA to dismiss Bithout 01eGudice.' ,N ': Although C/3 sought dismissal
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MOTION FOR NEW TRIAL, OR PLED IN THE ALTERNATIVE, MOTION TO ALTER OR AMEND
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Bith 01eGudice, the Cou1t ma> dismiss an action Bithout 01eGudice Bhen se1<ice is untimel>. 3ee
N.R.C.!. 4CiA. /n addition, C/3Es 1equest ;o1 atto1ne>Es ;ees and costs is denied at this time @ecause the
Cou1t dismissed this action on 01ocedu1al g1ounds Bithout anal>Jing the me1its o; !lainti;;s case.I
/ donEt @elie<e an> o; the ;actual ;indings in that "1de1 a1e accu1ate, as all o; those
indi<idualsDentities Be1e se1<ed Cma>@e not @> the 8C3", @ut / got )1a<is 3he1man to se1<e 863
and Elcano on Decem@e1 9, '%++, Bhich is not too late conside1ing the Com0laint is ;ile stam0ed
August ++, '%++, and / had 4e1ome ,itJhen1> se1<e )odd )o1<inen Cand attem0t to se1<e 863 and
Elcano @> lea<ing a 1eal nice co0> o; the 3ummons and Com0laint unde1 ElcanoEs home doo1 matA on
"cto@e1 '7th, '%%+ CBhich, again, / do not @elie<e is outside the +'% da>s alloBed unde1 NRC! 4, as
the ;iling o;;ice Bill not issue a 3ummons in a case Bhe1e the /,! is still 0ending...as such, the /,!
onl> @eing g1anted on August ( and the Com0laitn stam0ed in on August ++, '%++....maFes the
,itJhen1> se1<ice on "cto@e1 '7th, '%++ onl> some 77 da>s o1 so into the +'% da> 0e1iod alloBed
unde1 NRC! +'%. ,u1the1, / @elie<e a ca1e;ul 1e<ieB o; the 0leadings Bill 1e<eal a ?otion ;o1
E-tension o; )ime to E;;ectuate 3e1<ice Bas ;iled, as Bas a ?otion to Consolidate these cases on
"cto@e1 &, '%++. !lease set aside the dismissal.
POINTS AND AUTHORITIES
I!lainti;;KA00ellant Rode1icF C. ?ann ;iled a ci<il action Bithin the
go<e1ning statute o; limitations @ut then did not se1<e 01ocess Bithin +'%
da>s o; ;iling, as 1equi1ed Ca@sent time e-tensionA @> ,ed.R.Ci<.!. 4CmA.
?ann then mo<ed ;o1 an e-tension o; time to se1<e De;endantK A00ellee
Ame1ican Ai1lines, Bas g1anted additional time @> the dist1ict cou1t, and
e;;ected se1<ice Bithin the Gudiciall> e-tended time. 8e conside1 C+A Bhethe1
the ;ailu1e to se1<e 01ocess Bithin the initial +'%Kda> 0e1iod causes the
statute o; limitations to 1un again and C'A Bhethe1 the dist1ict cou1t ma>
e-tend the time to se1<e 01ocess, unde1 Rule 4CmA, a;te1 the +'% da>s ha<e
e-0i1ed Bhen the statute o; limitations Bould othe1Bise @a1 the 1e*;iling o;
the suit i; the dist1ict cou1t had declined e-tension o; time and had dismissed
the suit...."n ?a> %, '%%+, ?ann ;iled an amended com0laint and the
dist1ict cou1t issued a summons. "n 4une 4, '%%+, ?ann se1<ed on De;endant
Ame1ican Ai1lines the o1iginal com0laint, the amended com0laint, the
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o1iginal summons, and the su@sequent summons. Ame1ican Ai1lines late1
mo<ed to dismiss 0u1suant to ,ed.R.Ci<.!. +'C@AC&A and C@AC$A, alleging
inadequate and untimel> se1<ice o; 01ocess and lacF o; 0e1sonal Gu1isdiction.
)he dist1ict cou1t g1anted the motion and dismissed the case Bith 01eGudice,
a00a1entl> @elie<ing that com0liance Bith the statute o; limitations as
01o<ided @> 4' 5.3.C. L '%%%eK&C;AC+A is linFed to se1<ice o; 01ocess Bithin
the +'%Kda> 0e1iod set out in Rule 4CmA: /n this case, 0lainti;;Es o1iginal
com0laint Bas timel> ;iled, on the (9th da> o; the M+%9% 9% da> 0e1iod.
,iling a com0laint gi<es a 0lainti;; +'% da>s to com0lete se1<ice o; 01ocess
acco1ding to ,ed.R.Ci<.!. 4CmA. /n this case 0lainti;; ;ailed to timel> se1<e
and e- 0a1te mo<ed the cou1t ;o1 an e-tension o; time to com0lete se1<ice,
Bhich the cou1t g1anted. 8hile the cou1t has disc1etion Bith 1ega1ds to
se1<ice o; 01ocess, the cou1t does not ha<e the 0oBe1 to alte1 the 9% da>
statute o; limitations. 8ilson <. 91umman "hio Co10., (+& ,.'d '$, '7 C$th
Ci1.+9(7A. !lainti;;Es ;ailu1e to ;ile suit against Ame1ican NAi1linesO Bithin the
9% da> 0e1iod mandated @> the ADA 1equi1es the cou1t to dismiss. CEm0hasis
added.A ?ann a00eals. // N+ON'O )he co11ectness o; the dist1ict cou1tEs
dismissal on statute o; limitations g1ounds is a question o; laB 1e<ieBed de
no<o. 3ee 5nde1Bood Cotton Co., /nc. <. 2>undai ?e1ch. ?a1ine CAm.A,
/nc., '(( ,.d 4%&, 4%7 C9th Ci1.'%%'A. )he inte101etation o; a ,ede1al Rule
o; Ci<il !1ocedu1e is also a question o; laB 1e<ieBed de no<o. 3ee 5nited
3tates <. ,oste1, ''7 ,.d +%9$, +%99 C9th Ci1.'%%%A. /// NON4O )his a00eal
1equi1es 1esolution o; tBo issues. ,i1st, Be add1ess Bhethe1 ?annEs ;ailu1e to
se1<e 01ocess Bithin the initial +'%Kda> 0e1iod 01esc1i@ed @> ,ed.R.Ci<.!.
4CmA caused the statute o; limitations to sta1t to 1un again. 8e conclude that
it did not. "nce a com0laint is ;iled, the statute o; limitations is tolled unless
and until the dist1ict cou1t dismisses the action. 3ee 4 Cha1les A. 81ight and
A1thu1 R. ?ille1, ,ede1al !1actice and !1ocedu1e: Ci<il d L +%& Cd ed.
'%%'A.,N+ ,N+. Neithe1 0a1t> dis0utes that ?ann ;iled his com0laint Bithin
the 9%Kda> statute o; limitations. And, neithe1 0a1t> dis0utes that the statute
o; limitations initiall> is tolled u0on ;iling o; a com0laint. 3ee 3ain <. Cit> o;
Bend, %9 ,.d ++4, ++( C9th Ci1.'%%'A. N&O 3econd, Be add1ess Bhethe1
the dist1ict cou1t had the disc1etion to e-tend the time to se1<e 01ocess e<en
a;te1 the +'%Kda> 0e1iod had e-0i1ed. 8e conclude that it did. ,ed.R.Ci<.!.
4CmA 01o<ides: /; se1<ice o; the summons and com0laint is not made u0on a
de;endant Bithin +'% da>s a;te1 the ;iling o; the com0laint, the cou1t, u0on
motion o1 on its oBn initiati<e a;te1 notice to the 0lainti;;, shall dismiss the
action Bithout 01eGudice as to that de;endant o1 di1ect that se1<ice @e e;;ected
Bithin a s0eci;ied time: 01o<ided that i; the 0lainti;; shoBs good cause ;o1 the
;ailu1e, the cou1t shall e-tend the time ;o1 se1<ice ;o1 an a001o01iate 0e1iod.
,N' !age 4 '4 ,.d +%((, && ,ed.R.3e1<.d +&7, +4 A.D. Cases 4, '&
ND6R ! '4&, % Cal. Dail> "0. 3e1<. '(%$, '%% Dail> 4ou1nal D.A.R. &&7
CCite as: '4 ,.d +%((A ,N'. Rule 4CmA 1e0laced ;o1me1 Rule 4CGA in the
+99 amendments. )he cu11ent 1ule 1equi1es a dist1ict cou1t to g1ant an
e-tension o; time i; good cause is shoBn and 0e1mits the dist1ict cou1t to
g1ant such an e-tension e<en a@sent good cause. 2ende1son <. 5nited 3tates,
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&+7 5.3. $&4, $$', ++$ 3.Ct. +$(, +4 6.Ed.'d ((% C+99$A. )his di;;e1s
;1om ;o1me1 Rule 4CGA, Bhich did not 0e1mit e-tensions a@sent good cause.
/d. at $$+K$', ++$ 3.Ct. +$(. "n its ;ace, Rule 4CmA does not tie the hands
o; the dist1ict cou1t a;te1 the +'%Kda> 0e1iod has e-0i1ed. Rathe1, Rule 4CmA
e-0licitl> 0e1mits a dist1ict cou1t to g1ant an e-tension o; time to se1<e the
com0laint a;te1 that +'%Kda> 0e1iod. C;. 2ende1son <. 5nited 3tates, &+7
5.3. $&4, $$+, ++$ 3.Ct. +$(, +4 6.Ed.'d ((% C+99$A Cconcluding that Pthe
+'%Kda> 01o<ision o0e1ates not as an oute1 limit su@Gect to 1eduction, @ut as
an i11educi@le alloBanceQA. )he dist1ict cou1tEs disc1etion is not diminished
Bhen the statute o; limitations Bould @a1 1e*;iling o; the suit i; the dist1ict
cou1t decided to dismiss the case instead o; g1ant an e-tension. )o the
cont1a1>, the ad<iso1> committee notes e-0licitl> contem0late that a dist1ict
cou1t might use M+%9+ its disc1etion to g1ant an e-tension in that <e1>
situation: PRelie; ma> @e Gusti;ied, ;o1 e-am0le, i; the a00lica@le statute o;
limitations Bould @a1 the 1e*;iled action.Q ,ed.R.Ci<.!. 4, Ad<iso1>
Committee Note to +99 Amendments, 3u@di<ision CmA. 3ee also De )ie <.
"1ange Ct>., +&' ,.d ++%9, ++++ n. & C9th Ci1.+99(A C1ecogniJing that an
e-tension ma> @e Ba11anted i; the statute o; limitations has 1unA. N$O 2e1e,
e<en though the dist1ict cou1t 01o0e1l> used its disc1etion to e-tend the time
;o1 ?ann to se1<e 01ocess, the dist1ict cou1t late1 dismissed the action a;te1
concluding the statute o; limitations had not @een satis;ied. As the1e Bas no
othe1 a00a1ent @asis, Be must assume that the dist1ict cou1t @elie<ed that the
statute o; limitations @egan to 1un u0on ?annEs ;ailu1e to se1<e 01ocess
Bithin the +'%Kda> 0e1iod.,N But the ;ailu1e to se1<e 01ocess Bithin Rule
4CmAEs +'%Kda> 0e1iod does not a;;ect the tolling o; the statute o; limitations
unless the ;ailu1e to se1<e 01ocess causes the dist1ict cou1t to dismiss the
action. C;. 2ende1son, &+7 5.3. at $&$, ++$ 3.Ct. +$( Cholding that once a
;ede1al suit is commenced in com0liance Bith the go<e1ning statute o;
limitations, Pthe manne1 and timing o; se1<ing 01ocess a1e gene1all>
nonGu1isdictional matte1s o; R01ocedu1eS QA: !a1daJi <. Cullman ?ed. Ct1.,
(9$ ,.'d ++, ++&K+$ C++th Ci1.+99%A Cholding that se1<ice o; 01ocess
1equi1ements a1e not @ound u0 Bith the statute o; limitations unde1 4' 5.3.C.
L '%%%eK&C;AC+AA. )he dist1ict cou1t did not dismiss ?annEs action @ut 1athe1
e-tended the +'% da> se1<ice o; 01ocess 0e1iod, a decision 0e1;ectl> Bithin its
disc1etion. ,N4 ,N. )he dist1ict cou1tEs 1eliance on 8ilson <. 91umman
"hio Co10., (+& ,.'d '$ C$th Ci1.+9(7A, is mis0laced in 0a1t @ecause that
case conce1ned the 1e ;iling o; a com0laint a;te1 it had al1ead> @een dismissed
@> the dist1ict cou1t ;o1 ;ailu1e to 01osecute. ,N4. 8e 1eGect De;endantEs
claims that the g1ant o; a %Kda> e-tension Bas 01eGudicial. 2a<ing
concluded that the dist1ict cou1tEs dismissal o; this case Bas e11o1, Be 1e<e1se
and 1emand ;o1 ;u1the1 01oceedings.I ?ann <. Ame1ican Ai1lines, '4 ,.d
+%((, && ,ed.R.3e1<.d +&7, +4 A.D. Cases 4, '& ND6R ! '4&, % Cal.
Dail> "0. 3e1<. '(%$, '%% Dail> 4ou1nal D.A.R. &&7C C.A.9
C8ash.A,'%%A.
Extension for Good Case Good !ase for an extension of ti"e to ser#e $ro!ess %as &een s%o'n
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MOTION FOR NEW TRIAL, OR PLED IN THE ALTERNATIVE, MOTION TO ALTER OR AMEND
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3ome atto1ne>Es 0leadings looF 1eall> good, ;o1matting Bise, Gust @eauti;ul, hoBe<e1, the>
donEt 1eall> shed an> light on the legal issues in<ol<e o1 0ut ;o1th an ta1geted legal 1esea1ch. ()* A".
+r. )d Pro!ess , --. s$ea/s to t%e re0e#ant isses %ere. T%e ndersi1ned see/s an 2ad#isor3
o$inion2 or ad#an!e indi!ation fro" t%is Cort t%at4 s%o0d t%is Motion for Extension of Ti"e
to Effe!tate Ser#i!e of Pro!ess &e 1ranted4 'o0d t%is !ort r0e t%e EEOC5s 67 da3 0i"itations
$eriod to fi0e fro" 2re!ei$t2 of Ri1%t To Se Letter &ar t%is 0iti1ation 8or an3 !ase of a!tion
2refi0ed2 in 0i1%t of t%e dis"issa0 'it%ot $re9di!e: de to a ne' fi0in1 date &ein1 otside t%e
67 da3 0i"itations $eriod for &rin1in1 sit; T%e ndersi1ned as/s t%is no' in t%e interest of
9di!ia0 e!ono"3 and to 0essen an3 &rden $on t%e defendants in!ident to defendin1 a!tions
not &ased in fa!t or 0a' a 0a NRCP --.
8he1e the 0lainti;;Es counsel had no notice o; the de;ecti<e se1<ice and
negligence o; the 01ocess se1<e1 Bas in<ol<ed.N+O T Bhe1e the 0lainti;;Es counsel Bas
misled in ce1tain 1es0ects and he e-e1cised diligence in attem0ting se1<ice.N'O T
Bhe1e the 0lainti;;Es e11o1 in maFing se1<ice o; 01ocess u0on the B1ong 0a1t> Bas
deemed to @e 1easona@le.NO T Bhe1e the 0lainti;; Bas lulled into @elie<ing that
01o0e1 se1<ice had @een accom0lished.N 4O T Bhe1e the 0lainti;; Bas 01o se and had a
good*;aith @elie; that he had made 01o0e1 se1<ice.N &O T Bhe1e the de;endant e<aded
se1<ice.N$O T @> ci1cumstances @e>ond the cont1ol o; the 0lainti;;Es counsel due to the
counselEs se<e1e illness and e-tensi<e caseload.<=> ? '%ere a !ort !0er/ fai0ed to
isse in for"a $a$eris $0aintiff5s s""ons and to a$$oint a U.S. "ars%a0 to
ser#e $ro!ess.<@> ? &3 re0ian!e on t%e U.S. Mars%a0s Ser#i!e4<6> as '%ere t%e
U.S. Mars%a0s Ser#i!e fai0ed to !o"$0ete ser#i!e '%en reAired for a $0aintiff
$ro!eedin1 in for"a $a$eris after &ein1 s$$0ied 'it% t%e ne!essar3 identif3in1
infor"ation.<-7> ? &3 extraordinar3 diffi!0t3 t%at t%e $0aintiffs ex$erien!ed in
0o!atin1 defendant des$ite di0i1ent efforts.<--> ? in $ro$er !ir!"stan!es4 &3
sett0e"ent ne1otiations.N+'O T @> a 0lainti;;Es 1easona@le @elie; that he Bas unde1 a
legal const1aint not to se1<e his com0laint Bhile the de;endant Bas in @anF1u0tc>
01oceedings and Bhile the case Bas not on the dist1ict cou1tEs acti<e caseload.N+O
C5?56A)/VE 35!!6E?EN) Cases: Em0lo>ee te1minated ;1om he1 0osition as a
01ison*@ased in;ectious diseases counselo1 shoBed good cause ;o1 he1 ;ailu1e to se1<e
a medical se1<ices com0an> Bithin the +'%*da> 0e1iod, and Bas thus entitled to a time
e-tension: counsel a@andoned his 1e01esentation o; the em0lo>ee <e1> ea1l> on in the
01osecution o; he1 com0laint, and did not communicate Bith he1, o00osing counsel o1
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the cou1t ;o1 almost a >ea1 @e;o1e su@stituted counsel Bas o@tained, and the
em0lo>eeEs e;;o1ts to 0u1sue the 01osecution o; he1 case Be1e diligent and 1easona@le.
Cunningham <. NeB 4e1se>, '% ,.R.D. 9+, $' ,ed. R. 3e1<. d +%% CD.N.4. '%%&A.
)he1e Bas Igood causeI ;o1 01o se 01isone1Es ;ailu1e to se1<e co11ections o;;ice1 Bith
o1iginal com0laint @e;o1e the +'%*da> se1<ice deadline Bhe1e dela>s @> the ?a1shals
in com0leting se1<ice, Bhethe1 due to di;;iculties in dete1mining the a001o01iate
add1ess ;o1 o;;ice1, o1 sim0l> @ecause o; the high <olume o; 1equests, did not e<idence
dilato1> @eha<io1 on the 0a1t o; 01isone1, Bho Bas 01oceeding in ;o1ma 0au0e1is,
0a1ticula1l> since o;;ice1 1ecei<ed actual notice o; suit. 3idne> <. 8ilson, ''( ,.R.D.
&+7 C3.D. N.7. '%%&A. !lainti;; demonst1ated good cause ;o1 ;ailing to timel> se1<e
0h>sician in medical mal01actice case, Bhe1e 0lainti;;Es atto1ne> immediatel> sought
to ha<e 0h>sician se1<ed a;te1 associated local counsel ;ailed to initiate se1<ice,
atto1ne> had not lea1ned o; the ;ailu1e until th1ee da>s @e;o1e deadline ;o1 se1<ice, and
se1<ice Bas onl> one da> late. ,oss <. 8illiams, 99 3o. 'd 7( C?iss. '%%(A. NEND
", 35!!6E?EN)O N,N+O 3mith <. 3ent1> /ns., $74 ,. 3u00. +4&9, 9 ,ed. R. 3e1<.
d +'(( CN.D. 9a. +9(7A. N,N'O Baden <. C1aig*2allum, /nc., ++& ,.R.D. &(' CD.
?inn. +9(7A. N,NO 8oods <. !a1ten1eede1ei ?.3. 7anFee Cli00e1, ++' ,.R.D. ++&, $
,ed. R. 3e1<. d +&% CD. ?ass. +9($A. N,N4O DitFo; <. "Bens*/llinois, /nc., ++4
,.R.D. +%4 CE.D. ?ich. +9(7A. N,N&O RanFel <. )oBn o; 91een@u1gh, ++7 ,.R.D. &%,
9 ,ed. R. 3e1<. d +9% C3.D. N.7. +9(7A. As to autho1it> that 01o se status alone is not
good cause, see L L ++$, ++7. N,N$O RuiJ Va1ela <. 3ancheJ VeleJ, (+4 ,.'d ('+, 7
,ed. R. 3e1<. d $'$ C+st Ci1. +9(7A. )alFing a 01ocess se1<e1 out o; lea<ing 0a0e1s
cannot e-actl> @e called a<oiding se1<ice, @ut it is not e-actl> coo0e1ati<e eithe1:
consequentl>, such an occu11ence might @e good cause ;o1 a ;ailu1e to e;;ect timel>
se1<ice. 8illiams*9uice <. Boa1d o; Educ. o; Cit> o; Chicago, 4& ,.d +$+, 97 Ed.
6aB Re0. ++, % ,ed. R. 3e1<. d (4( C7th Ci1. +99&A. N,N7O 6e?aste1 <. Cit> o;
8innemucca, ++ ,.R.D. 7, $ ,ed. R. 3e1<. d 44' CD. Ne<. +9($A. <FN@> *3rd #.
Stone4 6B F.Cd )-=4 C( Fed. R. Ser#. Cd -664 -66( FED A$$. 7)=@P 8(t% Cir.
-66(:. <FN6> +a!/son #. Fo0e34 -.( F.R.D. .B.4 6B Ed. La' Re$. )6( 8E.D. N.Y.
-66B: 8%o0din1 t%at '%ere t%e fai0re to "a/e ti"e03 ser#i!e 'as so0e03 fa0t of
t%e U.S. Mars%a0s Ser#i!e4 t%e $0aintiff s%o0d not &e $ena0iDed for it:. A $ro se
$0aintiff s%o0d not &e $ena0iDed for re0ian!e on a United States "ars%a0 to effe!t
$ersona0 ser#i!e. Terre00 #. *re'er4 6C. F.)d -7-. 86t% Cir. -66-:. Good !ase is
s%o'n '%en t%e de0a3 in ser#i!e is de to a &a!/0o1 at t%e "ars%a05s offi!e. U.S. #.
+a!/ CoDDa4 In!.4 -7( F.R.D. )(B4 ) Fed. R. Ser#. Cd -7=B 8S.D. N.Y. -6@.:.
<FN-7> Antone00i #. S%ea%an4 @- F.Cd -B)) 8=t% Cir. -66(: 8statin1 s!% a fai0re
is ato"ati!a003 1ood !ase reAirin1 extension of ti"e nder Fed. R. Ci#.P.
B8"::E Fa0/er #. S"ner4 -B F.Cd -B-.4 )@ Fed. R. Ser#. Cd 6-( 86t% Cir. -66B:.
F%ere t%e $0aintiff $ro!eedin1 in for"a $a$eris re$eated03 reAested t%e U.S.
Mars%a0 to ser#e t%e defendant4 &t %e fai0ed to do so4 1ood !ase ex!sed %er
fai0re to $ersona003 ser#e t%e U.S. Attorne3. D"a1in #. Se!retar3 of Hea0t%
and H"an Ser#i!es4 )@ F.Cd -)-@4 )6 Fed. R. Ser#. Cd =C= 8D.C. Cir. -66B:. As
to t%e reAire"ent t%at t%e U.S. Mars%a0s Ser#i!e ser#e $ro!ess in !ertain
!ir!"stan!es4 see , , -)=4 -)6. N,N++O Coleman <. C1an@e11> Ba>e Rental Agenc>,
'%' ,.R.D. +%$, &% ,ed. R. 3e1<. d ($% CN.D. N.7. '%%+A. 9ood cause is shoBn
Bhe1e a 0lainti;; attem0ted se1<ice on a de;endant th1ough its autho1iJed agent, then
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lea1ned that the de;endant had sto00ed su@sc1i@ing to that se1<ice, then attem0ted to
e;;ect se1<ice at the @anF @1anch Bhe1e the 0lainti;; o0ened the account in dis0ute
Bhen the de;endant and the @anF Be1e @oth 0a1t o; a com0le- co10o1ate st1uctu1e.
2aBtho1ne <. Citico10 Data 3>stems, /nc., '+9 ,.R.D. 47 CE.D. N.7. '%%A. N,N+'O
BanF o; Ca0e Ve1de <. B1onson, +$7 ,.R.D. 7%, $ ,ed. R. 3e1<. d $%& C3.D. N.7.
+99$A. N,N+O De )ie <. "1ange Count>, +&' ,.d ++%9, 4+ ,ed. R. 3e1<. d &'& C9th
Ci1. +99(A.I
)he a@o<e 0assage is ;1om: $'B Am. 4u1. 'd !1ocess L ++&.
N.R.C.!. 4CiA. /n addition, C/3Es 1equest ;o1 atto1ne>Es ;ees and costs is denied at this time
@ecause the Cou1t dismissed this action on 01ocedu1al g1ounds Bithout anal>Jing the me1its o;
!lainti;;s case. 3o said this Cou1t. /t seemed 9a1in asFed ;o1 sanctiosn too...@oth o; Bhich amount
to mo1e than a Is0ecial a00ea1anceI and the1e;o1e these 0a1ties ha<e Bai<ed an> se1<ice o; 01ocess
1equi1ement and a1e noB in this litigation. And a de;ault is a001o01iate to ente1 as the> ha<e ;ailed
to ;ile and AnsBe1 to the Com0laint Bithin '% da>s o; se1<ice.
,ailu1e to maFe legi@le co0> o; com0laint ;o1 se1<ice /n the ;olloBing case the cou1t ;ound
that the ;ailu1e o; cou1t 0e1sonnel to maFe a legi@le co0> o; the com0laint ;o1 se1<ice on a de;endant
su00o1ted its a00a1ent holding that the1e Bas good cause unde1 Rule 4CGA o; the ,ede1al Rules o; Ci<il
!1ocedu1e ;o1 a 0lainti;;Es ;ailu1e to timel> se1<e 01ocess. 8he1e a com0laint, alleging em0lo>ment
disc1imination, 0hotoco0ied @> cou1t 0e1sonnel ;o1 se1<ice on an em0lo>e1 on @ehal; o; a ;o1me1
em0lo>ee 01oceeding 01o se and in ;o1ma 0au0e1is, 01o<ed too ;aint ;o1 the em0lo>e1 to 1ead, the
cou1t in ?c=enJie < Amt1aF ? o; E C+99%, 3D N7A 777 , 3u00 +++9, ;ound that the ;ailu1e o; cou1t
0e1sonnel to maFe a legi@le co0> o; the com0laint ;o1 se1<ice su00o1ted its im0licit holding that the1e
Bas good cause unde1 Rule 4CGA o; the ,ede1al Rules o; Ci<il !1ocedu1e ;o1 the 0lainti;;Es ;ailu1e to
timel> se1<e a legi@le co0> o; the com0laint. )he cou1t stated that, although the a1gument that se1<ice
should not @e deemed e;;ecti<e unless the com0laint is legi@le is o1dina1il> a st1ong one, the1e Bas
little Gusti;ication ;o1 dismissing the 0lainti;;Es com0laint on that g1ound, @ecause the de;ect in se1<ice
Bas att1i@uta@le to cou1t 0e1sonnel. )he cou1t also noted that the em0lo>e1, Bho had ad<ised the
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MOTION FOR NEW TRIAL, OR PLED IN THE ALTERNATIVE, MOTION TO ALTER OR AMEND
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em0lo>ee o; the illegi@ilit> o; the com0laint @ut had ;ailed to so ad<ise the 5nited 3tates ma1shal o1
the cou1t, notBithstanding the em0lo>e1Es FnoBledge that the em0lo>ee Bas 01oceeding 01o se, Bas
0a1tl> to @lame ;o1 the dela> in se1<ice.
/t sim0l> Bould not @e all that ;ai1 to sa> NRC! 4CiA gi<e the !lainti;; +'% da>s to e;;ectuate
se1<ice o; 01ocess Bhen the Com0laint Bas not e<en gi<en a ;iling date in the docFet ;o1 CV++*%+(9$
until August ++ CDe0a1tment 4 tooF ;1om the su@mission o; the /,! on 4ul> '7th, '%++ until August 9,
'%++ to issue the "1de1 91anting /,!, and this occu11ed du1ing a 0e1iod Bhe1e the 8DC Bas
changing the /,! ;o1m it maFes a<aila@le to the 0u@lic and the ;iling o;;ice actuall> 1e;used to acce0t
an ea1lie1 attem0ted su@mission o; the !etition ;o1 /,! and 01o0osed Com0liant, citing 1ationale @oth
<ague and cont1adicto1> and 1elated to 8DCR +%. )his Cou1t 4anua1> ++th, '%+' "1de1 indicates
that the e-0i1ation o; +'% da>s C;1om the 4une '7th date Bhen the Com0laint Bas stam0ed I1ecei<edI
@> the ;iling o;;ice as the 01o0osed 0leading called ;o1 unde1 NR3 +'.%+&A Bould @e "cto@e1 '&th,
'%++.
Action o; cou1t o1 cle1F o; cou1t as constituting o1 su00o1ting ;inding o; Igood cause,I unde1 1ule 4CGA
o; ,ede1al Rules o; Ci<il !1ocedu1e, ;o1 ;ailu1e to timel> se1<e 01ocess u0on de;endant. +%( A.6.R.
,ed. ($' C"1iginall> 0u@lished in +99'A.
E;;o1ts o; 0lainti;; o1 0lainti;;Es agent ;o1 se1<ice o; 01ocess as constituting o1 su00o1ting
;inding o; Igood cause,I unde1 Rule 4CGA o; ,ede1al Rules o; Ci<il !1ocedu1e, ;o1 ;ailu1e to timel>
se1<e 01ocess u0on de;endant, +++ A.6.R. ,ed. &%
NRC! 4CiA: ICiA 3ummons: )ime 6imit ;o1 3e1<ice. /; a se1<ice o; the summons and com0laint is not
made u0on a de;endant Bithin +'% da>s a;te1 the ;iling o; the com0laint, the action shall @e dismissed
as to that de;endant Bithout 01eGudice u0on the cou1tSs oBn initiati<e Bith notice to such 0a1t> o1
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u0on motion, unless the 0a1t> on Bhose @ehal; such se1<ice Bas 1equi1ed ;iles a motion to enla1ge the
time ;o1 se1<ice and shoBs good cause Bh> such se1<ice Bas not made Bithin that 0e1iod. /; the 0a1t>
on Bhose @ehal; such se1<ice Bas 1equi1ed ;ails to ;ile a motion to enla1ge the time ;o1 se1<ice @e;o1e
the +'%*da> se1<ice 0e1iod e-0i1es, the cou1t shall taFe that ;ailu1e into conside1ation in dete1mining
good cause ;o1 an e-tension o; time. 50on a shoBing o; good cause, the cou1t shall e-tend the time
;o1 se1<ice and set a 1easona@le date @> Bhich se1<ice should @e made.I
NR3 +'.%+& Actions in<ol<ing indigent 0e1sons. +. An> 0e1son Bho desi1es to 01osecute o1 de;end a
ci<il action ma>: CaA ,ile an a;;ida<it Bith the cou1t setting ;o1th Bith 0a1ticula1it> ;acts conce1ning
the 0e1sonSs income, 01o0e1t> and othe1 1esou1ces Bhich esta@lish that the 0e1son is una@le to
01osecute o1 de;end the action @ecause the 0e1son is una@le to 0a> the costs o; so doing: o1 C@A 3u@mit
a statement o1 othe1Bise indicate to the cou1t that the 0e1son is a client o; a 01og1am ;o1 legal aid. '. /;
the cou1t is satis;ied that a 0e1son Bho ;iles an a;;ida<it 0u1suant to su@section + is una@le to 0a> the
costs o; 01osecuting o1 de;ending the action o1 i; the cou1t ;inds that a 0e1son is a client o; a 01og1am
;o1 legal aid, the cou1t shall o1de1: CaA )he cle1F o; the cou1t: C+A )o alloB the 0e1son to commence o1
de;end the action Bithout costs: and C'A )o ;ile o1 issue an> necessa1> B1it, 01ocess, 0leading o1 0a0e1
Bithout cha1ge. C@A )he she1i;; o1 othe1 a001o01iate 0u@lic o;;ice1 Bithin this 3tate to maFe 0e1sonal
se1<ice o; an> necessa1> B1it, 01ocess, 0leading o1 0a0e1 Bithout cha1ge. . /; the 0e1son is 1equi1ed to
ha<e 01oceedings 1e0o1ted o1 1eco1ded, o1 i; the cou1t dete1mines that the 1e0o1ting, 1eco1ding o1
t1ansc1i0tion o; 01oceedings Bould @e hel0;ul to the adGudication o1 a00ellate 1e<ieB o; the case, the
cou1t shall o1de1 that the 1e0o1ting, 1eco1ding o1 t1ansc1i0tion @e 0e1;o1med at the e-0ense o; the
count> in Bhich the action is 0ending @ut at a 1educed 1ate as set @> the count>. ...I
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NR3 +'.%+& does not sa> Ithis Cou1t shall gi<e the !lainti;;, Bhom Bas g1anted an /,!, the tasF and
e-0ense o; 01e0a1ing Ise1<ice 0acFetsI ;o1 the 3he1i;;, Bhom shall @eha<e in an inc1easingl>
demanding manne1 toBa1d the !lainti;; and act as i; the> a1e doing the !lainti;; a ;a<o1 in e;;ectuating
se1<ice o; 01ocess and as thought the> onl> ha<e to do it i; the !lainti;; asFs 1eall> nicel> and
genu;lects a @unch....I /ndeed, ?c=enJie seems to maFe clea1 that, at least in some Gu1isdictions, the
Cou1t and 3he1i;; handle all the 0hotoco0>ing and deli<e1ing to the 3he1i;; that Bhich is necessa1> to
e;;ectuate se1<ice. ,u1the1, the1e a1e some highl> 0e1sonal, in;lammato1>, and sensiti<e ;acts 1elated
to the unde1signed 1elationshi0 Bith the 8ashoe Count> 3he1i;;Es ";;ice that ma> @a1e on the
8C3"Es ;ailu1e to co11ectl> com0l> Bith the "1de1 91anting /n ,o1ma !au0e1is status to the
unde1signed. 2oBe<e1, these ;acts a1e o; such a natu1e that 01udence dictates onl> going into them
Be1e a@solutel> necessa1>. 3u;;ice to sa>, it is highl> cu1ious that the 8C3"Es, gi<en the time ;1ame
in Bhich it occu11ed, onl> manged to ;ile ' A;;ida<its o; 3e1<ice in this case, CV++*%+(9$, Bhe1es
some nine 0ages o; A;;ida<its o; 3e1<ice Be1e ;iled in the I1elatedI case C;o1 Bhich the unde1signed
;iled an "cto@e1 &, '%++ ?otion to ConsolidateA, CV++*+%9&&, a case ;o1 Bhich the unde1signed
sc1a0ed togethe1 e<e1> last dime he had in the Bo1ld and 0aid the ;iling ;ee in ;ea1 that the /,! in this
matte1 Bould @e denied and, acco1ding to ;iling o;;ice 0e1sonnel and De0a1tment 4 Administ1ati<e
Assistant, should the /!, @e denied Bhe1e, in the inte1im, the 1unning o; the a00lica@le statute o;
limitations should occu1, as Bould ha<e @een the case he1e should the /,! ha<e @een denied and
should the unde1signed ha<e ;ailed to ;ile in CV++*+%9&& C)itle V// alloBs 9% da>s to ;ile ;1om
I1ecei0tI o; the EE"CEs Right to 3ue 6ette1, a situation made all the mo1e con;using gi<en the
EE"CEs ;ailu1e to 01o0e1l> u0date the unde1signed mailing in;o1mation u0on a B1itten notice o;
Change o; Add1ess @eing con;i1med 1ecei<ed @> the EE"C BeeFs 01io1 to the mailing o; the Right )o
3ue 6ette1, and the 53!3 ceasing to ;o1Ba1d to the unde1signed the o1iginal Right )o 3ue 6ette1, @ut
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1athe1 1etu1n it to the EE"C Bith the Ino longe1 at this add1essI >elloB sticFe1 and notice o; the
1eci0ients neB add1ess Cas is the 53!3 custom u0on the e-0i1ation o; +' months ;1om the ;iling o; an
";;icial Change o; Add1ess ;o1m Bith the 53!3A.
!lease set aside all the dismissals and 1ecogniJe 01ocess and se1<ice o; 01ocess as
a001o01iatel> conducted, o1 g1ant additional time to e;;ectuate such se1<ice o; 01ocess, including a
1uling that the 1equi1ements to ;ile a case Bithin 9% da>s o; I1ecei0tI o; the EE"C Right )o 3ue
6ette1 is met 1ega1dless o; such an e-tension, and o1 consolidate these cases, and an> othe1 1elie;
this Cou1ts sees as a001o01iate.
AFFIRMATION Prsant to NRS )C6*.7C7
)he unde1signed does he1e@> a;;i1m that the 01eceding document does not contain the social secu1it>
num@e1 o; an> 0e1son.
Dated this ?a1ch '$, '%+' Cthough / ha<e attem0ted to ;ile this thing nume1ous
times 01e<iousl> @ut ha<e had m> ;ilings 1eGected unde1 the most sus0icious o;
ci1cumstances and e<en a00lications o; 8DCR +%A,
DsD Zach Coughlin, signed elect1onicall>
Zach Coughlin, Esq.
!lainti;;
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DECLARATION OF GACH COUGLIN IN SUPPORT OF THE FOREGOING DOCUMENT
+. )his Decla1ation is made 0u1suant to the 01o<isions o; NR3 &.%4&, / am 01esentl> in the 3tate o;
Ne<ada and / decla1e unde1 0enalt> o; 0e1Gu1> that the ;o1egoing is t1ue and co11ect.
'. Decla1ant is the !lainti;; in the a@o<e title action.
. Decla1ant a<e1s that the ;actual statements set ;o1 a@o<e in the ;o1egoing document a1e, to the
@est o; his FnoBledge and unde1standing, accu1ate.
4. /, Zach Coughlin, am a<aila@le to testi;>, i; necessa1>, as to these matte1s. / decla1e unde1 0enalt>
o; 0e1Gu1> that the ;o1egoing is t1ue and co11ect.
Dated this ?a1ch '$, '%+'
DsD Zach Coughlin
Zach Coughlin
!6A/N)/,,
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MOTION FOR NEW TRIAL, OR PLED IN THE ALTERNATIVE, MOTION TO ALTER OR AMEND
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Proof of Ser#i!eH
"n this date, /, Zach Coughlin elect1onicall> se1<ed a t1ue and co11ect co0> o; the ;o1egoing
document to all 1egiste1ed e;ile1s, and to those Bhom a1e not / 0laced a t1ue and co11ect co0> o; the
;o1egoing document in the us0s mail on this date:
B1ian 9onsal<es, Esq
!.". Bo- 9%7
=ings Beach, CA 9$+4
Atto1ne> ;o1 )ahoe 8omenEs 3e1<ices CCR/3/3 /N)ERVEN)/"N 3ERV/CE3A 82/C2 /3 N") A
NA?ED !AR)7 AND 2A3 N") /N)ER!6ED "R ,/6ED A3 A REA6 !AR)7 /N /N)ERE3)
6/!3"N, NE/63"N, C"6E, 3E6)ZER U 9AR/N
4"3E!2 !. 9AR/N, E3V.
Ne<ada Ba1 No. $$&
32ANN"ND N"RD3)R"?
Ne<ada Ba1 No. ('++
9%(% 8est !ost Road, 3uite +%%
6asVegas, Ne<ada (9+4(
)E6: C7%'A('*+&%% ,A#: C7%'A ('*+&+'
Atto1ne> ;o1 De;endant 8A32"E 6E9A6 3ERV/CE3, a Ne<ada Co10o1ation, =A)27
BREC=ENR/D9E, /ndi<iduall> and in he1 ca0acit> as Boa1d !1esident o; 863, )"DD
)"RV/NEN, /ndi<iduall> and in his ca0acit> as 863 Boa1d ?em@e1, !A56 E6CAN", /ndi<iduall>
and in his ca0acit> as E-ecuti<e Di1ecto1 o; 863, D"E3 +*+%%, /ndi<iduall> and in thei1 ca0acit> as
mem@e1s o; the B"ARD ", D/REC)"R3 ", 8A32"E 6E9A6 3ERV/CE3, CAR7N
3)ERN6/92), /ndi<iduall> and in he1 ca0acit> as 863 atto1ne>, 4"N 3A33ER, /ndi<iduall> and in
his ca0acit> as 863 agent, =AREN 3AB", /ndi<iduall> and in he1 ca0acit> as 863 atto1ne>,
?ARC A326E7, /ndi<iduall> and in his ca0acit> as 863 atto1ne>, ZANDRA 6"!EZ: /ndi<iduall>
and in he1 ca0acit> as 863 em0lo>ee:
DA)ED )2/3: Dated this ?a1ch '$, '%+'
DsD Zach Coughlin
Zach Coughlin
!lainti;;
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MOTION FOR NEW TRIAL, OR PLED IN THE ALTERNATIVE, MOTION TO ALTER OR AMEND
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Document Code:
Zach Coughlin, Esq.
NV BAR No: 947
!" B"# $%9&'
Reno, NV (9&%$
)ele: 77&*(*(++(
,a-: 949*$$7*74%'
ZachCoughlin.hotmail.com
/n 01o 0e1
/N )2E 3EC"ND 45D/C/A6 D/3)R/C) C"5R)
", )2E 3)A)E ", NEVADA
/N AND ,"R )2E C"5N)7 ", 8A32"E
ZAC2 C"5926/N:

!lainti;;.
<s.
8A32"E 6E9A6 3ERV/CE3, a Ne<ada
Co10o1ation, =A)27 BREC=ENR/D9E,
/ndi<iduall> and in he1 ca0acit> as Boa1d
!1esident o; 863, )"DD )"RV/NEN,
/ndi<iduall> and in his ca0acit> as 863 . Boa1d
?em@e1, !A56 E6CAN", /ndi<iduall> and in
his ca0acit> as E-ecuti<e Di1ecto1 o; 863,
D"E3 +*+%%, /ndi<iduall> and in thei1 ca0acit>
as mem@e1s o; the B"ARD ", D/REC)"R3
", 8A32"E 6E9A6 3ERV/CE3, CAR7N
3)ERN6/92), /ndi<iduall> and in he1 ca0acit>
as 863 atto1ne>, 4"N 3A33ER, /ndi<iduall>
and in his ca0acit> as 863 agent, =AREN
3AB", /ndi<iduall> and in he1 ca0acit> as 863
atto1ne>, ?ARC A326E7, /ndi<iduall> and in
his ca0acit> as 863 atto1ne>, ZANDRA
6"!EZ: /ndi<iduall> and in he1 ca0acit> as
863 em0lo>ee:
De;endants.
A
A
A
A
A
A CA3E N": CV++*%+(9$
DE!). N": $
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Zach Coughlin, 0lainti;;, su@mits this motion on his oBn @ehal;. )he unde1signed does not oBn an o;;ice
@uilding that he 1ents out to laB>e1s o1 a laB ;i1m. No@od> seems to 1emem@e1 that the udne1signed Bent "5) ", 2/3
8A7 to ha<e these cases consolidated and that the tBo cases, CV++*%+(9$ and CV++*%+9&& Be1e onl> ;iled @ecause the
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F I L E D
Electronically
04-03-2012:12:19:43 AM
Joey Orduna Hastings
Clerk of the Court
Transaction # 2863861
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unde1signed could not get a 1elia@le indication ;1om the Cou1t as to hoB the ;iling date Bould @e calculated should his
4une '7
th
, '%++ su@mission o; an /,! and 01o0osed Com0laint had @een denied, <is a <is the 9% da>s to ;ile ;o1m D1ecei0tE
o; the EE"C Right to 3ue lette1. 5nde1signed does not ha<e a F+7&,%%% >ea1 sala1> Bith ca1 and 0hone alloBance and
health @ene;its. 863 does not ha<e to 0a> the F%% e;iling ;ees 0e1 atto1ne> each >ea1, >et / do. 7et, / donGt get @ig
checHs ;1om the go<e1nment each >ea1 to hel0 me do it, 863 does, @ut again, 863 has its e;iling ;ees Bai<ed, etc.
Actuall>, R?C 4udge Nash 2olmes 1ecentl> B1ote 3tate Ba1 o; Ne<ada Ba1 Counsel !at1icH =ing to alleged some
unatt1i@uted hea1sa> suggesting that the udne1signed Bas li<ing in his ca1. )his, Bhe1e R?C 4udge 2oBa1d denied an
/,! as Bell. All those ta- 1etu1ns, 01o;its loss statements, ;inancial 0lanne1 audits, and /!" 01os0ecti ma> @e di;;icult to
access gi<en all he di;;e1ent e<ictions, custodial a11ests, seiIu1es o; cell 0hones @> 4udge Nash 2olmes, dest1o>ing o; his
dog @> the R!D, etc. that the unde1signed has ;aced latel>. Being a licensed Ne<ada atto1ne> isnGt an automatic Dtu1n on
the ;aucet mone> 0ou1s outE 01o0osition. ,u1the1, the Chie; 4udge ma> ha<e 1uled on matte1s @e>ond the Ju1sidiction
acco1ded to 1ule on one /,! a00lication, maHing an o1de1 that s0eaHs to AN7 ,5)5RE a00lication.
)his ?otion is made 0u1suant to the autho1ities discussed @eloB, including NRC! &9KeA and
NRC! &', and DCR+K7A and 8DCR +'K(A and is su00o1ted @> the attached ?emo1andum o; !oints
and Autho1ities, the Decla1ation o; Zacha1> B. Coughlin, Esq., the 0a0e1s and 0leadings on ;ile
he1ein, and an> o1al a1gument this cou1t ma> alloB, as it is @eing 1equested.
MEMORANDUM OF POINTS AND AUTHORITIES
I. STATEMENT OF FACTS AND PROCEDURAL HISTORY
)his ;ilign is @eign ;iled da>s ea1l> Bith an intent to su00lement it gi<en the con;iusion o<e1
Bhethe1 8DC De0a1tments g1ant litigates additional da> sunde1 NRC! $KeA Bhe1e ;iligns a1e
elctd1onicall> ;iled and se1ed.
+'. %+&. Actions in<ol<ing indigent 0e1sons +. An> 0e1son Bho desi1es to 01osecute o1 de;end a ci<il
action ma>: KaA ,ile an a;;ida<it Bith the cou1t setting ;o1th Bith 0a1ticula1it> ;acts conce1ning the
0e1sonLs income, 01o0e1t> and othe1 1esou1ces Bhich esta@lish that the 0e1son is una@le to 01osecute
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o1 de;end the action @ecause the 0e1son is una@le to 0a> the costs o; so doing: o1 K@A 3u@mit a
statement o1 othe1Bise indicate to the cou1t that the 0e1son is a client o; a 01og1am ;o1 legal aid. '. /;
the cou1t is satis;ied that a 0e1son Bho ;iles an a;;ida<it 0u1suant to su@section + is una@le to 0a> the
costs o; 01osecuting o1 de;ending the action o1 i; the cou1t ;inds that a 0e1son is a client o; a 01og1am
;o1 legal aid, the cou1t shall o1de1: KaA )he cle1H o; the cou1t: K+A )o alloB the 0e1son to commence o1
de;end the action Bithout costs: and K'A )o ;ile o1 issue an> necessa1> B1it, 01ocess, 0leading o1 0a0e1
Bithout cha1ge. K@A )he she1i;; o1 othe1 a001o01iate 0u@lic o;;ice1 Bithin this 3tate to maHe 0e1sonal
se1<ice o; an> necessa1> B1it, 01ocess, 0leading o1 0a0e1 Bithout cha1ge. . /; the 0e1son is 1equi1ed to
ha<e 01oceedings 1e0o1ted o1 1eco1ded, o1 i; the cou1t dete1mines that the 1e0o1ting, 1eco1ding o1
t1ansc1i0tion o; 01oceedings Bould @e hel0;ul to the adJudication o1 a00ellate 1e<ieB o; the case, the
cou1t shall o1de1 that the 1e0o1ting, 1eco1ding o1 t1ansc1i0tion @e 0e1;o1med at the e-0ense o; the
count> in Bhich the action is 0ending @ut at a 1educed 1ate as set @> the count>. 4. /; the 0e1son
01e<ails in the action, the cou1t shall ente1 its o1de1 1equi1ing the losing 0a1t> to 0a> into cou1t Bithin
& da>s the costs Bhich Bould ha<e @een incu11ed @> the 01e<ailing 0a1t>, and those costs must then @e
0aid as 01o<ided @> laB. &. 8he1e the a;;ida<it esta@lishes that the 0e1son is una@le to de;end an
action, the 1unning o; the time Bithin Bhich to a00ea1 and ansBe1 o1 othe1Bise de;end is tolled du1ing
the 0e1iod @etBeen the ;iling o; the a;;ida<it and the 1uling o; the cou1t the1eon. $. An a;;ida<it ;iled
0u1suant to this section, and an> a00lication o1 1equest ;o1 an o1de1 ;iled Bith the a;;ida<it, does not
constitute a gene1al a00ea1ance @e;o1e the cou1t @> the a;;iant o1 gi<e the cou1t 0e1sonal Ju1isdiction
o<e1 the a;;iant. 7. )he o1de1 o; the cou1t to Bhich a00lication is made 0u1suant to this section is not
a00eala@le. (. As used in this section, Dclient o; a 01og1am ;o1 legal aidE means a 0e1son: KaA 8ho is
1e01esented @> an atto1ne> Bho is em0lo>ed @> o1 <oluntee1ing ;o1 a 01og1am ;o1 legal aid o1ganiIed
unde1 the aus0ices o; the 3tate Ba1 o; Ne<ada, a count> o1 local @a1 association, a count> o1 munici0al
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01og1am ;o1 legal se1<ices o1 othe1 01og1am ;unded @> this 3tate o1 the 5nited 3tates to 01o<ide legal
assistance to indigent 0e1sons: and K@A 8hose eligi@ilit> ;o1 such 1e01esentation is @ased u0on
indigenc>. CRED/)K3A Added @> 6aBs +9$7, 0. +'%9. Amended @> 6aBs +9(9, 0. '%+: 6aBs +99+,
0. 4&&: 6aBs '%%&, c. $9, M +, e;;. "ct. +, '%%&. 2/3)"R/CA6 AND 3)A)5)"R7 N")E3 '%%&
6egislation 6aBs '%%&, c. $9, M +, 1eB1ote the section Bhich 01e<iousl> 1ead: D+. An> 0e1son Bho
desi1es to 01osecute o1 de;end a ci<il action ma> ;ile an a;;ida<it Bith the cou1t setting ;o1th Bith
0a1ticula1it> ;acts conce1ning his income, 01o0e1t> and othe1 1esou1ces Bhich esta@lish that he is
una@le to 01osecute o1 de;end the action @ecause he is una@le to 0a> the costs o; so doing. /; the Judge
is satis;ied that the 0e1son is una@le to 0a> the costs, he shall o1de1: DKaA )he cle1H o; the cou1t: DK+A
)o alloB the 0e1son to commence o1 de;end the action Bithout costs: and DK'A )o ;ile o1 issue an>
necessa1> B1it, 01ocess, 0leading o1 0a0e1 Bithout cha1ge. DK@A )he she1i;; o1 othe1 a001o01iate 0u@lic
o;;ice1 Bithin this 3tate to maHe 0e1sonal se1<ice o; an> necessa1> B1it, 01ocess, 0leading o1 0a0e1
Bithout cha1ge. D'. /; the 0e1son is 1equi1ed to ha<e 01oceedings 1e0o1ted o1 1eco1ded, o1 i; the cou1t
dete1mines that the 1e0o1ting, 1eco1ding o1 t1ansc1i0tion o; 01oceedings Bould @e hel0;ul to the
adJudication o1 a00ellate 1e<ieB o; the case, the cou1t shall o1de1 that the 1e0o1ting, 1eco1ding o1
t1ansc1i0tion @e 0e1;o1med at the e-0ense o; the count> in Bhich the action is 0ending @ut at a
1educed 1ate as set @> the count>. D. /; the 0e1son 01e<ails in the action, the cou1t shall ente1 its o1de1
1equi1ing the losing 0a1t> to 0a> into cou1t Bithin & da>s the costs Bhich Bould ha<e @een incu11ed @>
the 01e<ailing 0a1t>, and those costs must then @e 0aid as 01o<ided @> laB. D4. 8he1e the a;;ida<it
esta@lishes that the 0e1son is una@le to de;end an action, the 1unning o; the time Bithin Bhich to
a00ea1 and ansBe1 o1 othe1Bise de;end is tolled du1ing the 0e1iod @etBeen the ;iling o; the a;;ida<it
and the 1uling o; the cou1t the1eon. D&. An a;;ida<it ;iled 0u1suant to this section, and an> a00lication
o1 1equest ;o1 an o1de1 ;iled Bith the a;;ida<it, does not constitute a gene1al a00ea1ance @e;o1e the
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cou1t @> the a;;iant o1 gi<e the cou1t 0e1sonal Ju1isdiction o<e1 him. D$. )he o1de1 o; the cou1t to
Bhich a00lication is made 0u1suant to this section is not a00eala@le.E '%%9 6egislation )echnical
co11ections Be1e made to con;o1m Bith 6egislati<e Counsel Bu1eau 1e<isions K'%%9A. CR"33
RE,ERENCE3 Dist1ict cou1ts, ;ees ;o1 o;;icial 1e0o1te1, see NR3 .4%. 4usticesG cou1ts, Bai<e1 o;
costs and o;;icial ;ees ;o1 indigent litigants, see NR3 $&.%4%. )e1minating 0a1ental 1ights,
a00ointment o; atto1ne> ;o1 indigent 0a1ents, see NR3 +'(.+%%. 6/BRAR7 RE,ERENCE3 Costs
+'7. 8estlaB =e> Num@e1 3ea1ch: +%'H+'7. C.4.3. Costs MM (7, 9. RE3EARC2 RE,ERENCE3
A6R 6i@1a1> 9( A6R '(4, Constitutionalit> o; 3tatutes !1o<iding ;o1 Re;und o; )a-es /llegall> o1
E11oneousl> E-acted. N")E3 ", DEC/3/"N3 /n gene1al ' A;;ida<it Bu1den o; 01oo; & Due
01ocess +C' ,acto1s to @e conside1ed $ ,1i<olous claims ( ?andamus 4 Validit> + 8ai<e1 o; secu1it>
;o1 costs 7 +C'. Due 01ocess /n dete1mining Bhethe1 an indigent 0a1t> in a contem0t 01oceeding @ased
on non0a>ment o; child su00o1t has a due 01ocess 1ight to a00ointment o; counsel, a;te1 @alancing
each o; the due 01ocess elements against the othe1, the> as a Bhole a1e measu1ed against the
01esum0tion that a 1ight to a00ointed counsel a1ises onl> Bhen the indigent 0a1t> ma> lose his
0e1sonal ;1eedom. Rod1igueI <. Eighth 4udicial Dist. Cou1t e- 1el. Count> o; Cla1H, '%%4, +%' !.d
4+, +'% Ne<. 79(, ce1tio1a1i denied +'& 3.Ct. '9%&, &4& 5.3. +++$, +$' 6.Ed.'d '9(. Constitutional
6aB 4494 +. Validit> Ve-atious*litigant 1est1icti<e o1de1 against 01o0e1*0e1son ci<il litigant, o1de1ing
that litigant Bould not @e alloBed to 01oceed as 01o0e1 0e1son litigant Bith Bai<e1 o; ;ees in an> neB
actions and Bould @e 1equi1ed to o@tain lea<e o; cou1t @e;o1e ;iling an> neB action, Bas
unconstitutionall> o<e1@1oad, gi<en that o1de1 ;ailed to set an> standa1d against Bhich a ;utu1e cou1t*
access dete1mination Bould @e made: o1de1 contained a00a1ent @lanHet 01ohi@ition on ;iling o; an>
neB actions in ;o1ma 0au0e1is, des0ite litigantGs indigence and 1ega1dless o; Bhethe1 the ;utu1e action
in<ol<ed a ;undamental 1ight. 4o1dan <. 3tate e- 1el. De0t. o; ?oto1 Vehicles and !u@lic 3a;et>, '%%&,
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++% !.d %, +'+ Ne<. 44, 1ehea1ing denied. /nJunction +(9 B> conditioning Bai<e1 o; ;iling ;ee on
indigents a@ilit> to o@tain ce1ti;icates o; atto1ne>s that indigentsG causes o; actions o1 de;enses had
me1it, statute <iolated equal 01otection gua1antees contained in 3tate and ,ede1al Constitution: statute
could o0e1ate to 01eclude ;iling o; me1ito1ious actions @> indigent 0e1sons as Bell as ;1i<olous
actions. 5.3.C.A. Const.Amend. +4: N.R.3. +'. %+&: Const. A1t. 4, M '+. Ba1nes <. Eighth 4udicial
Dist. Cou1t o; 3tate o; Ne<., /n and ,o1 Cla1H Count>, +9(7, 74( !.'d 4(, +% Ne<. $79.
Constitutional 6aB ''(: Costs +'9 Com0laints Bhich 01isone1s attem0ted to ;ile in dist1ict cou1t
asse1ted causes o; action ;o1 mal01actice against thei1 atto1ne>s in connection Bith thei1 c1iminal
01oceedings, and thus com0laints did not im0licate an> ;undamental 1ight 1ecogniIed @> ,ede1al
Constitution, and inasmuch as com0laints did not im0licate ;undamental 1ight, 01o<ision o; statute
1equi1ing su@mission o; a;;ida<it o; atto1ne> to su00o1t motion to 01oceed in ;o1ma 0au0e1is Bould @e
held constitutional i; classi;ication scheme c1eated @> statute Bas 1ationall> 1elated to ;u1the1ing
legitimate state inte1est. N.R.3. +'.%+&. Ba1nes <. Eighth 4udicial Dist. Cou1t o; 3tate o; Ne<., /n and
,o1 Cla1H Count>, +9(7, 74( !.'d 4(, +% Ne<. $79. Costs +'K$A 81it o; mandamus Bould issue to
com0el dist1ict cou1t to ;ile com0laints and motions to 01oceed in ;o1ma 0au0e1is and to 1e;1ain ;1om
en;o1cing statute conditioning Bai<e1 o; ;iling ;ees on indigentsG a@ilit> to o@tain ce1ti;icates o;
atto1ne>s that indigentsG claims had me1it: statute <iolated equal 01otection gua1antees contained in
3tate and ,ede1al Constitutions. 5.3.C.A. Const.Amend. +4: N.R.3. +'. %+&: Const. A1t. 4, M '+.
Ba1nes <. Eighth 4udicial Dist. Cou1t o; 3tate o; Ne<., /n and ,o1 Cla1H Count>, +9(7, 74( !.'d 4(,
+% Ne<. $79. Constitutional 6aB ''(: Costs +%$: ?andamus + '. /n gene1al 50on 1ecei<ing a
01o0e1*0e1son ci<il com0laint and an a00lication to 01oceed in ;o1ma 0au0e1is, the dist1ict cou1t must
;i1st conside1 the a00licationGs me1its and dete1mine Bhethe1 the accom0an>ing a;;ida<it and an>
additional in<estigation demonst1ate that the a00licant is una@le to 0a> the costs o; 01oceeding Bith
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the action, and i; the cou1t so ;inds, the cou1t must g1ant the a00licant lea<e to 01oceed Bithout the
0a>ment o; costs, and ;ile the com0laint. 4o1dan <. 3tate e- 1el. De0t. o; ?oto1 Vehicles and !u@lic
3a;et>, '%%&, ++% !.d %, +'+ Ne<. 44, 1ehea1ing denied. Costs +'( A00ointment o; atto1ne> to
1e01esent 0au0e1 is 01o<ided @> statute onl> ;o1 t1ial le<el o; litigation, not ;o1 a00eals. N.R.3. +'.%+&,
su@d. +KaA K'A. Cas0e1 <. 2u@e1, +9$9, 4&$ !.'d 4$, (& Ne<. 474, ce1tio1a1i denied 9% 3.Ct. +'4',
97 5.3. +%+', '& 6.Ed.'d 4'&. A00eal And E11o1 (9K+A . A;;ida<it Cle1H o; dist1ict cou1t Bas
1equi1ed to ;ile a00lication ;o1 lea<e to 01oceed in ;o1ma 0au0e1is that Bas in 01o0e1 ;o1m and Bas
sBo1n to unde1 0enalt> o; 0e1Ju1>, e<en though document Bas entitled Da00licationE 1athe1 than
Da;;ida<it,E as set ;o1th in statute. N.R.3. +'.%+&, su@d. +. 3ulli<an <. Eighth 4udicial Dist. Cou1t /n
and ,o1 Count> o; Cla1H, +99&, 9%4 !.'d +%9, +++ Ne<. +$7. Cle1Hs "; Cou1ts $7 4. ?andamus
Actions o; chie; Judge o; dist1ict cou1t in 1e;using to alloB ;iling o; 01isone1sG 0leadings Be1e not
a00eala@le dete1minations, and g1a<amen o; 0etitions ;o1 B1its o; mandamus Bas that chie; Judge
acted a1@it1a1il> and ca01iciousl> in 1e;using to alloB ;iling o; 0leading, so that 01isone1s Be1e
Bithout 0lain, s0eed> and adequate 1emed> in o1dina1> cou1se o; laB to challenge 1e;usal to ;ile thei1
0leadings, and chie; JudgeGs actions Bould esca0e 1e<ieB i; 0etitions Be1e not ente1tained @> cou1ts,
so that 3u01eme Cou1t Bould e-e1cise its disc1etion and conside1 0etitions ;o1 mandamus on me1its.
Rules A00.!1oc., Rule AK@A: N.R.3. +'.%+&, su@d. 4. Ba1nes <. Eighth 4udicial Dist. Cou1t o; 3tate o;
Ne<., /n and ,o1 Cla1H Count>, +9(7, 74( !.'d 4(, +% Ne<. $79. ?andamus KA: ?andamus + &.
Bu1den o; 01oo; Ve-atious*litigant 1est1icti<e o1de1 against 01o0e1*0e1son ci<il litigant satis;ied
1equi1ement o; containing su@stanti<e ;indings as to ;1i<olous o1 ha1assing natu1e o; litigantGs actions,
though dist1ict cou1t could ha<e made additional su@stanti<e ;indings, Bhe1e dist1ict cou1t s0eci;icall>
;ound that litigant ;iled nume1ous unme1ito1ious and cont1adicto1> documents and documents in
Bhich he me1el> 1easse1ted allegations unde1 changed ca0tions, 1eco1d demonst1ated that litigant
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1e0eatedl> su@mitted me1itless legall> im01o0e1 and cont1adicto1> ;ilings, and litigantGs 1e0eated
attacHs on o00osing counsel and dist1ict Judge demonst1ated 0atte1n o; intent to ha1ass de;endants and
the cou1t. 4o1dan <. 3tate e- 1el. De0t. o; ?oto1 Vehicles and !u@lic 3a;et>, '%%&, ++% !.d %, +'+
Ne<. 44, 1ehea1ing denied. /nJunction '%4 Ve-atious*litigant 1est1icti<e o1de1 against 01o0e1*0e1son
ci<il litigant, o1de1ing that litigant Bould not @e alloBed to 01oceed as 01o0e1 0e1son litigant Bith
Bai<e1 o; ;ees in an> neB actions and Bould @e 1equi1ed to o@tain lea<e o; cou1t @e;o1e ;iling an>
neB action, Bas im01o0e1, Bhe1e it did not contain su@stanti<e ;indings as to ;1i<olous o1 ha1assing
natu1e o; litigantGs actions, though 1eco1d indicated that man> o; litigantGs ;ilings Be1e di;;icult to
unde1stand and o;ten 01ocedu1all> im01o0e1: litigantGs allegations in cu11ent action against 3tate
1elating to his a11est Be1e not Bithout a1gua@le me1it, and a 01elimina1> e<identia1> hea1ing, a;te1
litigant had @een g1anted in ;o1ma 0au0e1is status and com0laint had @een ;iled @ut @e;o1e issuance o;
summonses, could ha<e hel0ed 01e<ent con;usion 1ega1ding the ;ilings. 4o1dan <. 3tate e- 1el. De0t.
o; ?oto1 Vehicles and !u@lic 3a;et>, '%%&, ++% !.d %, +'+ Ne<. 44, 1ehea1ing denied. /nJunction
'%4 Ve-atious*litigant 1est1icti<e o1de1 against 01o0e1*0e1son ci<il litigant did not satis;> 1equi1ement
o; c1eating adequate 1eco1d ;o1 a00ellate 1e<ieB: Bhile o1de1 contained 0a1tial e-0lana* tion, i.e., that
litigant 1e0eatedl>, in that case and othe1s, Basted 3tateGs 1esou1ces Bith me1itless and unintelligi@le
;ilings that did not con;o1m Bith cou1t 1ules, and Bhile o1de1 included tBo e-am0les o; such ;ilings,
o1de1 did not othe1Bise contain list o; ;ilings and 1ulings that led cou1t to im0ose @1oad ;iling
1est1iction, and o1de1 did not su;;icientl> indicate that litigant had 01e<iousl> instituted othe1 suits that
Be1e dete1mined me1itless o1 othe1Bise 1esulted in ad<e1se 1esolution. 4o1dan <. 3tate e- 1el. De0t. o;
?oto1 Vehicles and !u@lic 3a;et>, '%%&, ++% !.d %, +'+ Ne<. 44, 1ehea1ing denied. /nJunction '%4
"nce the 01o0e1*0e1son ci<il 0lainti;;Gs a00lication to 01oceed in ;o1ma 0au0e1is is g1anted and the
com0laint is ;iled, the dist1ict cou1t is ;1ee to 1e<ieB the com0laintGs me1its ;o1 a00a1ent de;ects, and i;
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the com0laint a00ea1s com0letel> D;1i<olousE on its ;ace, meaning that it a00ea1s to lacH an a1gua@le
@asis eithe1 in laB o1 in ;act, then the cou1t ma> di1ect the cle1H to de;e1 issuing the summonses
0ending the com0letion o; its 1e<ieB, and the cou1t ma> then hold a 01elimina1> e<identia1> hea1ing
Bith the 0lainti;; to dete1mine Bhethe1 the action should @e alloBed to 01oceed, and i; the dist1ict
cou1t dete1mines that the action o1 a s0eci;ic claim is indeed ;1i<olous, the cou1t can dismiss the
action o1 claim. 4o1dan <. 3tate e- 1el. De0t. o; ?oto1 Vehicles and !u@lic 3a;et>, '%%&, ++% !.d %,
+'+ Ne<. 44, 1ehea1ing denied. Costs +'(: Costs +'K+A )he dismissal o; a com0laint as ;1i<olous,
@ased on in;o1mation o@tained in a 01elimina1> e<identia1> hea1ing a;te1 the 01o0e1*0e1son ci<il
0lainti;; has @een g1anted in ;o1ma 0au0e1is status and the com0laint has @een ;iled, @ut @e;o1e
issuance o; summonses, is an e-t1eme action, and i; the com0laint can @e amended to cu1e an>
a00a1ent de;ects, the 0lainti;; should @e 0e1mitted to do so. 4o1dan <. 3tate e- 1el. De0t. o; ?oto1
Vehicles and !u@lic 3a;et>, '%%&, ++% !.d %, +'+ Ne<. 44, 1ehea1ing denied. Costs +'(: Costs
+'K+A )he initial @u1den o; esta@lishing indigenc> in ci<il 01oceedings 1ests Bith the 0etitione1, Bho
must demonst1ate not that he is enti1el> destitute and Bithout ;unds, @ut that 0a>ments ;o1 counsel
Bould 0lace an undue ha1dshi0 on his a@ilit> to 01o<ide the @asic necessities o; li;e ;o1 himsel; and
his ;amil>. Rod1igueI <. Eighth 4udicial Dist. Cou1t e- 1el. Count> o; Cla1H, '%%4, +%' !.d 4+, +'%
Ne<. 79(, ce1tio1a1i denied +'& 3.Ct. '9%&, &4& 5.3. +++$, +$' 6.Ed.'d '9(. Costs +'(: Costs +'K&A
$. ,acto1s to @e conside1ed )1ial cou1t Bas 1equi1ed to dete1mine Bhethe1 ;o1me1 hus@and Bas
indigent, ;o1 0u10oses o; dete1mining Bhethe1 he Bas entitled to a00ointment o; counsel in contem0t
01oceedings ;o1 non0a>ment o; child su00o1t, and to su00o1t that dete1mination Bith ;indings
1ega1ding his ;inancial status, including an> income de1i<ed ;1om @usiness he Bas aBa1ded in
di<o1ce, his em0lo>ment 01os0ects, and 0otential a@ilit> to 0a>. Rod1igueI <. Eighth 4udicial Dist.
Cou1t e- 1el. Count> o; Cla1H, '%%4, +%' !.d 4+, +'% Ne<. 79(, ce1tio1a1i denied +'& 3.Ct. '9%&, &4&
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5.3. +++$, +$' 6.Ed.'d '9(. Child 3u00o1t 49+: Child 3u00o1t 494 8he1e tBo 0eo0le a1e li<ing
togethe1 and ;unctioning as a single economic unit, Bhethe1 ma11ied, 1elated, o1 othe1Bise,
conside1ation o; thei1 com@ined ;inancial assets ma> @e Ba11anted ;o1 the 0u10oses o; dete1mining a
0a1t>Gs indigenc> status in a ci<il 01oceeding. Rod1igueI <. Eighth 4udicial Dist. Cou1t e- 1el. Count>
o; Cla1H, '%%4, +%' !.d 4+, +'% Ne<. 79(, ce1tio1a1i denied +'& 3.Ct. '9%&, &4& 5.3. +++$, +$'
6.Ed.'d '9(. Costs +'( 8hen con;1onted Bith a 0a1t> Bho is Bill;ull> unde1em0lo>ed, es0eciall> ;o1
0u10oses o; a<oiding cou1t*o1de1ed su00o1t 0a>ments, additional inqui1> into Bhethe1 the 0a1t> is
indigent is 1equi1ed: in such case, it is 01udent ;o1 the cou1t to conside1 the em0lo>a@ilit> o; the
non0a>ing 0a1t> and Bhat his a@ilit> to 0a> Bould @e i; em0lo>ment Be1e 0u1sued and o@tained.
Rod1igueI <. Eighth 4udicial Dist. Cou1t e- 1el. Count> o; Cla1H, '%%4, +%' !.d 4+, +'% Ne<. 79(,
ce1tio1a1i denied +'& 3.Ct. '9%&, &4& 5.3. +++$, +$' 6.Ed.'d '9(. Child 3u00o1t $%%: Costs +'(
,acto1s 0a1ticula1l> 1ele<ant to the dete1mination o; Bhethe1 a 0a1t> to a ci<il 01oceeding is indigent
a1e K+A the 0a1t>Gs em0lo>ment status and income, including income ;1om go<e1nment sou1ces such as
social secu1it> and unem0lo>ment @ene;its, K'A the oBne1shi0 o; an> unencum@e1ed assets, including
1eal o1 0e1sonal 01o0e1t> and monies on de0osit, and ;inall>, KA the 0a1t>Gs total inde@tedness and an>
;inancial assistance 1ecei<ed ;1om ;amil> o1 close ;1iends. Rod1igueI <. Eighth 4udicial Dist. Cou1t e-
1el. Count> o; Cla1H, '%%4, +%' !.d 4+, +'% Ne<. 79(, ce1tio1a1i denied +'& 3.Ct. '9%&, &4& 5.3.
+++$, +$' 6.Ed.'d '9(. Costs +'( 7. 8ai<e1 o; secu1it> ;o1 costs Non1esident 0lainti;; Bas not
1equi1ed to 0ost secu1it> ;o1 costs in ci<il action, Bhe1e t1ial cou1t ente1ed in ;o1ma 0au0e1is o1de1
Bhich included language e;;ecti<el> e-cusing secu1it> 1equi1ement, though late1 o1al and B1itten
o1de1s add1essed secu1it> 1equi1ement: o1al o1de1s Be1e ne<e1 1educed to B1iting and the> did not
<acate in ;o1ma 0au0e1is o1de1, and to e-tent that an> B1itten o1de1s add1essed secu1it> 1equi1ement,
the> did not e-01essl> <acate in ;o1ma 0au0e1is o1de1 and no o1de1 Bas ente1ed at a time ea1l> enough
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in 01oceedings to e;;ecti<el> gi<e 0lainti;; an> o00o1tunit> to 1es0ond @> 0osting secu1it>. 4o1dan <.
3tate e- 1el. De0t. o; ?oto1 Vehicles and !u@lic 3a;et>, '%%&, ++% !.d %, +'+ Ne<. 44, 1ehea1ing
denied. Costs + Neithe1 the statute 0e1mitting a dist1ict cou1t to alloB an indigent 0lainti;; to
commence a ci<il action Bithout costs, no1 an> othe1 statute, clea1l> and mani;estl> 1emo<ed dist1ict
cou1tGs inhe1ent 0oBe1 to Bai<e, u0on ;inding o; indigenc>, statuto1> 1equi1ement that non1esident
0lainti;; 0ost secu1it> ;o1 costs. 4o1dan <. 3tate e- 1el. De0t. o; ?oto1 Vehicles and !u@lic 3a;et>,
'%%&, ++% !.d %, +'+ Ne<. 44, 1ehea1ing denied. Costs +'( (. ,1i<olous claims )he dismissal o; a
com0laint as ;1i<olous, @ased on in;o1mation o@tained in a 01elimina1> e<identia1> hea1ing a;te1 the
01o0e1*0e1son ci<il 0lainti;; has @een g1anted in ;o1ma 0au0e1is status and the com0laint has @een
;iled, @ut @e;o1e issuance o; summonses, is an e-t1eme action, and i; the com0laint can @e amended to
cu1e an> a00a1ent de;ects, the 0lainti;; should @e 0e1mitted to do so. 4o1dan <. 3tate e- 1el. De0t. o;
?oto1 Vehicles and !u@lic 3a;et>, '%%&, ++% !.d %, +'+ Ne<. 44, 1ehea1ing denied. Costs +'(:
Costs +'K+A "nce the 01o0e1*0e1son ci<il 0lainti;;Gs a00lication to 01oceed in ;o1ma 0au0e1is is
g1anted and the com0laint is ;iled, the dist1ict cou1t is ;1ee to 1e<ieB the com0laintGs me1its ;o1
a00a1ent de;ects, and i; the com0laint a00ea1s com0letel> D;1i<olousE on its ;ace, meaning that it
a00ea1s to lacH an a1gua@le @asis eithe1 in laB o1 in ;act, then the cou1t ma> di1ect the cle1H to de;e1
issuing the summonses 0ending the com0letion o; its 1e<ieB, and the cou1t ma> then hold a
01elimina1> e<identia1> hea1ing Bith the 0lainti;; to dete1mine Bhethe1 the action should @e alloBed
to 01oceed, and i; the dist1ict cou1t dete1mines that the action o1 a s0eci;ic claim is indeed ;1i<olous,
the cou1t can dismiss the action o1 claim. 4o1dan <. 3tate e- 1el. De0t. o; ?oto1 Vehicles and !u@lic
3a;et>, '%%&, ++% !.d %, +'+ Ne<. 44, 1ehea1ing denied. Costs +'(: Costs +'K+A N. R. 3. +'.%+&,
NV 3) +'.%+& Cu11ent th1ough the '%%9 7&th Regula1 3ession and the '%+% '$th 30ecial 3ession o;
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the Ne<ada 6egislatu1e and technical co11ections 1ecei<ed ;1om the 6egislati<e Counsel Bu1eau
K'%+%A. KCA '%++ )homson Reute1s. No Claim to "1ig. 53 9o<. 8o1Hs. END ", D"C5?EN)
Ci<il 1ights actions, !1e<ailing 0a1t>, nominal damages, see ,a11a1 <. 2o@@>, 5.3.)e-.+99', ++ 3.Ct.
&$$, &%$ 5.3. +%, +'+ 6.Ed.'d 494. !1e<ailing 0a1t>, signi;icant issue test, see )e-as 3tate )eache1s
AssGn <. 9a1land /nde0endent 3chool Dist., 5.3.)e-.+9(9, +%9 3.Ct. +4($, 4(9 5.3. 7(', +% 6.Ed.'d
($$, on 1emand (74 ,.'d '4'.
Ci<il 1ights actions, !1e<ailing 0a1t>, nominal damages, see ,a11a1 <. 2o@@>, 5.3.)e-.+99', ++ 3.Ct.
&$$, &%$ 5.3. +%, +'+ 6.Ed.'d 494. !1e<ailing 0a1t>, signi;icant issue test, see )e-as 3tate )eache1s
AssGn <. 9a1land /nde0endent 3chool Dist., 5.3.)e-.+9(9, +%9 3.Ct. +4($, 4(9 5.3. 7(', +% 6.Ed.'d
($$, on 1emand (74 ,.'d '4'.
An A00lication ;o1 /,! status Bas ;iled along Bith a 01o0osed Com0laint on 4une '7th, '%++.
)he /,! Bas ;inall> g1anted August (, '%++, and the Com0liant Bas stam0ed Bith a ;iling date o;
August ++, '%++ and ente1ed in the DocHet in this matte1 on that date as Bell. +'% da>s ;1om August
++, '%++ is Decem@e1 9, '%++, Bhich ha00ens to @e the da> that )1a<is 3he1man, o<e1 +( >ea1 old
non 0a1t> 1esident o; 8ashoe Count> se1<ed !aul Elcano and 863 Kgi<en Elcano is 863Gs 1egiste1ed
agentA Bith the 3ummons and Com0laint in this matte1, and 01oo; o; the same Bas ;iled on Decem@e1
+%, '%++. ,u1the1, B1ecHen1idge Bas se1<ed @> the 8C3" on ++C+&C++ in CV++*%+(9$ K@ut that
same A;;ida<it o; 3e1<ice, ;iled onl> in CV++*%+(9$ also indicates B1ecHen1idge Bas se1<ed the
3ummons and Com0laint ;o1 CV++*%+9&& as Bell, @ut the 8C3" did not manage to ;ile an A;;ida<it
o; 3e1<ice attesting to that in CV++*%+9&&, so the case against he1 the1e got dismissed. 8hat is
inte1esting is that the 0eo0le Bho Be1e not su@Ject to and "1de1 ;1om the Chie; 4udge, De0a1tment
,ou1, indicating that the> should se1<e 01ocess 0u1suant to an /,! "1de1 Kie, me, and m> 1agtag g1ou0
o; 1andom ;1iends, st1ange1s, etcA manage to do a much, much mo1e tho1ough Jo@ than the g1ou0 o;
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8C3" De0uties Bith 1athe1 nice sala1ies managed to do Kie, the g1ou0 Bho Be1e getting 0aid quite
Bell, Bith a nice !ER3 0lan to @ootA. )o to0 it o;;, =a1en 3a@o Bas se1<ed something ;1om CV++*
%+(9$ Ka 3ummonsN a co0> o; the Com0laintNA its Just that the 8C3" ;iled the A;;ida<it o; 3e1<ice
attesting to that in the wrong case CV++*%+9&& on ++C''C++ Kthe A;;ida<it ;o1 3a@o Bas ;iled in
CV++*%+9&& @ut indicates ?s. 3a@o Bas se1<ed: OO6ocation: 8ashoe 6egal 3e1<ices '99 3 A1lington
A<enue Reno, N7 (9&%+ Date: ++++$C'%++ )ime: ++ :%4A? )he documentKsA se1<ed Be1e:
35??"N3: C"!7 ", CA3E CV++*%+9&& AND C"!7 ", 35??"N3, CA3E CV++*%+(9$OA.
)his Cou1tGs 4anua1> ++, '%++ "1de1 held that: O !lainti;; ;iled a com0laint on 4une '7,'%++.
!u1suant to N.R.C.!. 4KiA, !lainti;; Bould ha<e +'% da>s to se1<e the summons and com0laint on
De;endants o1 until "cto@e1 '&, '%++. !lainti;; ;ailed to se1<e De;endants !aul Elcano KOElcanoOA,
)odd )o1<ine KO)o1<inenOA, 4on 3asse1 KO3asse1OA, ?a1c Ashle> KOAshle>OA, =a1en 3a@o KO3a@oOA,
=ath> B1ecHen1idge KOB1ecHen1idgeOA, 8ashoe 6egal 3e1<ices KO863OA and C1isis /nte1<ention
3e1<ices KOC/3OA Bithin the mandated time 0e1iod. /n addition, !lainti;; ;ailed to ;ile a motion to
enla1ge time ;o1 se1<ice o1 shoB good cause as to Bh> se1<ice Bas not made Bithin the statuto1>
0e1iod. Acco1dingl>, the Cou1t g1ants De;endants Elcano, )o1<inen, 3asse1, Ashle>, 3a@o, 863, C/3
and B1ecHen1idgeGs motionKsA to dismiss Bithout 01eJudice.' ,N ': Although C/3 sought dismissal
Bith 01eJudice, the Cou1t ma> dismiss an action Bithout 01eJudice Bhen se1<ice is untimel>. 3ee
N.R.C.!. 4KiA. /n addition, C/3Gs 1equest ;o1 atto1ne>Gs ;ees and costs is denied at this time @ecause the
Cou1t dismissed this action on 01ocedu1al g1ounds Bithout anal>Iing the me1its o; !lainti;;s case.O
/ donGt @elie<e an> o; the ;actual ;indings in that "1de1 a1e accu1ate, as all o; those
indi<idualsCentities Be1e se1<ed Kma>@e not @> the 8C3", @ut / got )1a<is 3he1man to se1<e 863
and Elcano on Decem@e1 9, '%++, Bhich is not too late conside1ing the Com0laint is ;ile stam0ed
August ++, '%++, and / had 4e1ome ,itIhen1> se1<e )odd )o1<inen Kand attem0t to se1<e 863 and
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Elcano @> lea<ing a 1eal nice co0> o; the 3ummons and Com0laint unde1 ElcanoGs home doo1 matA on
"cto@e1 '7th, '%%+ KBhich, again, / do not @elie<e is outside the +'% da>s alloBed unde1 NRC! 4, as
the ;iling o;;ice Bill not issue a 3ummons in a case Bhe1e the /,! is still 0ending...as such, the /,!
onl> @eing g1anted on August ( and the Com0laitn stam0ed in on August ++, '%++....maHes the
,itIhen1> se1<ice on "cto@e1 '7th, '%++ onl> some 77 da>s o1 so into the +'% da> 0e1iod alloBed
unde1 NRC! +'%. ,u1the1, / @elie<e a ca1e;ul 1e<ieB o; the 0leadings Bill 1e<eal a ?otion ;o1
E-tension o; )ime to E;;ectuate 3e1<ice Bas ;iled, as Bas a ?otion to Consolidate these cases on
"cto@e1 &, '%++. !lease set aside the dismissal.
POINTS AND AUTHORITIES
O!lainti;;PA00ellant Rode1icH C. ?ann ;iled a ci<il action Bithin the
go<e1ning statute o; limitations @ut then did not se1<e 01ocess Bithin +'%
da>s o; ;iling, as 1equi1ed Ka@sent time e-tensionA @> ,ed.R.Ci<.!. 4KmA.
?ann then mo<ed ;o1 an e-tension o; time to se1<e De;endantP A00ellee
Ame1ican Ai1lines, Bas g1anted additional time @> the dist1ict cou1t, and
e;;ected se1<ice Bithin the Judiciall> e-tended time. 8e conside1 K+A Bhethe1
the ;ailu1e to se1<e 01ocess Bithin the initial +'%Pda> 0e1iod causes the
statute o; limitations to 1un again and K'A Bhethe1 the dist1ict cou1t ma>
e-tend the time to se1<e 01ocess, unde1 Rule 4KmA, a;te1 the +'% da>s ha<e
e-0i1ed Bhen the statute o; limitations Bould othe1Bise @a1 the 1e*;iling o;
the suit i; the dist1ict cou1t had declined e-tension o; time and had dismissed
the suit...."n ?a> %, '%%+, ?ann ;iled an amended com0laint and the
dist1ict cou1t issued a summons. "n 4une 4, '%%+, ?ann se1<ed on De;endant
Ame1ican Ai1lines the o1iginal com0laint, the amended com0laint, the
o1iginal summons, and the su@sequent summons. Ame1ican Ai1lines late1
mo<ed to dismiss 0u1suant to ,ed.R.Ci<.!. +'K@AK&A and K@AK$A, alleging
inadequate and untimel> se1<ice o; 01ocess and lacH o; 0e1sonal Ju1isdiction.
)he dist1ict cou1t g1anted the motion and dismissed the case Bith 01eJudice,
a00a1entl> @elie<ing that com0liance Bith the statute o; limitations as
01o<ided @> 4' 5.3.C. M '%%%eP&K;AK+A is linHed to se1<ice o; 01ocess Bithin
the +'%Pda> 0e1iod set out in Rule 4KmA: /n this case, 0lainti;;Gs o1iginal
com0laint Bas timel> ;iled, on the (9th da> o; the Q+%9% 9% da> 0e1iod.
,iling a com0laint gi<es a 0lainti;; +'% da>s to com0lete se1<ice o; 01ocess
acco1ding to ,ed.R.Ci<.!. 4KmA. /n this case 0lainti;; ;ailed to timel> se1<e
and e- 0a1te mo<ed the cou1t ;o1 an e-tension o; time to com0lete se1<ice,
Bhich the cou1t g1anted. 8hile the cou1t has disc1etion Bith 1ega1ds to
se1<ice o; 01ocess, the cou1t does not ha<e the 0oBe1 to alte1 the 9% da>
statute o; limitations. 8ilson <. 91umman "hio Co10., (+& ,.'d '$, '7 K$th
- +4C'4 -
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Ci1.+9(7A. !lainti;;Gs ;ailu1e to ;ile suit against Ame1ican RAi1linesS Bithin the
9% da> 0e1iod mandated @> the ADA 1equi1es the cou1t to dismiss. KEm0hasis
added.A ?ann a00eals. // R+SR'S )he co11ectness o; the dist1ict cou1tGs
dismissal on statute o; limitations g1ounds is a question o; laB 1e<ieBed de
no<o. 3ee 5nde1Bood Cotton Co., /nc. <. 2>undai ?e1ch. ?a1ine KAm.A,
/nc., '(( ,.d 4%&, 4%7 K9th Ci1.'%%'A. )he inte101etation o; a ,ede1al Rule
o; Ci<il !1ocedu1e is also a question o; laB 1e<ieBed de no<o. 3ee 5nited
3tates <. ,oste1, ''7 ,.d +%9$, +%99 K9th Ci1.'%%%A. /// RSR4S )his a00eal
1equi1es 1esolution o; tBo issues. ,i1st, Be add1ess Bhethe1 ?annGs ;ailu1e to
se1<e 01ocess Bithin the initial +'%Pda> 0e1iod 01esc1i@ed @> ,ed.R.Ci<.!.
4KmA caused the statute o; limitations to sta1t to 1un again. 8e conclude that
it did not. "nce a com0laint is ;iled, the statute o; limitations is tolled unless
and until the dist1ict cou1t dismisses the action. 3ee 4 Cha1les A. 81ight and
A1thu1 R. ?ille1, ,ede1al !1actice and !1ocedu1e: Ci<il d M +%& Kd ed.
'%%'A.,N+ ,N+. Neithe1 0a1t> dis0utes that ?ann ;iled his com0laint Bithin
the 9%Pda> statute o; limitations. And, neithe1 0a1t> dis0utes that the statute
o; limitations initiall> is tolled u0on ;iling o; a com0laint. 3ee 3ain <. Cit> o;
Bend, %9 ,.d ++4, ++( K9th Ci1.'%%'A. R&S 3econd, Be add1ess Bhethe1
the dist1ict cou1t had the disc1etion to e-tend the time to se1<e 01ocess e<en
a;te1 the +'%Pda> 0e1iod had e-0i1ed. 8e conclude that it did. ,ed.R.Ci<.!.
4KmA 01o<ides: /; se1<ice o; the summons and com0laint is not made u0on a
de;endant Bithin +'% da>s a;te1 the ;iling o; the com0laint, the cou1t, u0on
motion o1 on its oBn initiati<e a;te1 notice to the 0lainti;;, shall dismiss the
action Bithout 01eJudice as to that de;endant o1 di1ect that se1<ice @e e;;ected
Bithin a s0eci;ied time: 01o<ided that i; the 0lainti;; shoBs good cause ;o1 the
;ailu1e, the cou1t shall e-tend the time ;o1 se1<ice ;o1 an a001o01iate 0e1iod.
,N' !age 4 '4 ,.d +%((, && ,ed.R.3e1<.d +&7, +4 A.D. Cases 4, '&
ND6R ! '4&, % Cal. Dail> "0. 3e1<. '(%$, '%% Dail> 4ou1nal D.A.R. &&7
KCite as: '4 ,.d +%((A ,N'. Rule 4KmA 1e0laced ;o1me1 Rule 4KJA in the
+99 amendments. )he cu11ent 1ule 1equi1es a dist1ict cou1t to g1ant an
e-tension o; time i; good cause is shoBn and 0e1mits the dist1ict cou1t to
g1ant such an e-tension e<en a@sent good cause. 2ende1son <. 5nited 3tates,
&+7 5.3. $&4, $$', ++$ 3.Ct. +$(, +4 6.Ed.'d ((% K+99$A. )his di;;e1s
;1om ;o1me1 Rule 4KJA, Bhich did not 0e1mit e-tensions a@sent good cause.
/d. at $$+P$', ++$ 3.Ct. +$(. "n its ;ace, Rule 4KmA does not tie the hands
o; the dist1ict cou1t a;te1 the +'%Pda> 0e1iod has e-0i1ed. Rathe1, Rule 4KmA
e-0licitl> 0e1mits a dist1ict cou1t to g1ant an e-tension o; time to se1<e the
com0laint a;te1 that +'%Pda> 0e1iod. C;. 2ende1son <. 5nited 3tates, &+7
5.3. $&4, $$+, ++$ 3.Ct. +$(, +4 6.Ed.'d ((% K+99$A Kconcluding that Dthe
+'%Pda> 01o<ision o0e1ates not as an oute1 limit su@Ject to 1eduction, @ut as
an i11educi@le alloBanceEA. )he dist1ict cou1tGs disc1etion is not diminished
Bhen the statute o; limitations Bould @a1 1e*;iling o; the suit i; the dist1ict
cou1t decided to dismiss the case instead o; g1ant an e-tension. )o the
cont1a1>, the ad<iso1> committee notes e-0licitl> contem0late that a dist1ict
cou1t might use Q+%9+ its disc1etion to g1ant an e-tension in that <e1>
situation: DRelie; ma> @e Justi;ied, ;o1 e-am0le, i; the a00lica@le statute o;
- +&C'4 -
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limitations Bould @a1 the 1e*;iled action.E ,ed.R.Ci<.!. 4, Ad<iso1>
Committee Note to +99 Amendments, 3u@di<ision KmA. 3ee also De )ie <.
"1ange Ct>., +&' ,.d ++%9, ++++ n. & K9th Ci1.+99(A K1ecogniIing that an
e-tension ma> @e Ba11anted i; the statute o; limitations has 1unA. R$S 2e1e,
e<en though the dist1ict cou1t 01o0e1l> used its disc1etion to e-tend the time
;o1 ?ann to se1<e 01ocess, the dist1ict cou1t late1 dismissed the action a;te1
concluding the statute o; limitations had not @een satis;ied. As the1e Bas no
othe1 a00a1ent @asis, Be must assume that the dist1ict cou1t @elie<ed that the
statute o; limitations @egan to 1un u0on ?annGs ;ailu1e to se1<e 01ocess
Bithin the +'%Pda> 0e1iod.,N But the ;ailu1e to se1<e 01ocess Bithin Rule
4KmAGs +'%Pda> 0e1iod does not a;;ect the tolling o; the statute o; limitations
unless the ;ailu1e to se1<e 01ocess causes the dist1ict cou1t to dismiss the
action. C;. 2ende1son, &+7 5.3. at $&$, ++$ 3.Ct. +$( Kholding that once a
;ede1al suit is commenced in com0liance Bith the go<e1ning statute o;
limitations, Dthe manne1 and timing o; se1<ing 01ocess a1e gene1all>
nonJu1isdictional matte1s o; T01ocedu1eL EA: !a1daIi <. Cullman ?ed. Ct1.,
(9$ ,.'d ++, ++&P+$ K++th Ci1.+99%A Kholding that se1<ice o; 01ocess
1equi1ements a1e not @ound u0 Bith the statute o; limitations unde1 4' 5.3.C.
M '%%%eP&K;AK+AA. )he dist1ict cou1t did not dismiss ?annGs action @ut 1athe1
e-tended the +'% da> se1<ice o; 01ocess 0e1iod, a decision 0e1;ectl> Bithin its
disc1etion. ,N4 ,N. )he dist1ict cou1tGs 1eliance on 8ilson <. 91umman
"hio Co10., (+& ,.'d '$ K$th Ci1.+9(7A, is mis0laced in 0a1t @ecause that
case conce1ned the 1e ;iling o; a com0laint a;te1 it had al1ead> @een dismissed
@> the dist1ict cou1t ;o1 ;ailu1e to 01osecute. ,N4. 8e 1eJect De;endantGs
claims that the g1ant o; a %Pda> e-tension Bas 01eJudicial. 2a<ing
concluded that the dist1ict cou1tGs dismissal o; this case Bas e11o1, Be 1e<e1se
and 1emand ;o1 ;u1the1 01oceedings.O ?ann <. Ame1ican Ai1lines, '4 ,.d
+%((, && ,ed.R.3e1<.d +&7, +4 A.D. Cases 4, '& ND6R ! '4&, % Cal.
Dail> "0. 3e1<. '(%$, '%% Dail> 4ou1nal D.A.R. &&7K C.A.9
K8ash.A,'%%A.
Extension for Good Case Good !ase for an extension of ti"e to ser#e $ro!ess %as &een s%o'n
3ome atto1ne>Gs 0leadings looH 1eall> good, ;o1matting Bise, Just @eauti;ul, hoBe<e1, the>
donGt 1eall> shed an> light on the legal issues in<ol<e o1 0ut ;o1th an ta1geted legal 1esea1ch. ()* A".
+r. )d Pro!ess , --. s$ea/s to t%e re0e#ant isses %ere. T%e ndersi1ned see/s an 2ad#isor3
o$inion2 or ad#an!e indi!ation fro" t%is Cort t%at4 s%o0d t%is Motion for Extension of Ti"e
to Effe!tate Ser#i!e of Pro!ess &e 1ranted4 'o0d t%is !ort r0e t%e EEOC5s 67 da3 0i"itations
$eriod to fi0e fro" 2re!ei$t2 of Ri1%t To Se Letter &ar t%is 0iti1ation 8or an3 !ase of a!tion
2refi0ed2 in 0i1%t of t%e dis"issa0 'it%ot $re9di!e: de to a ne' fi0in1 date &ein1 otside t%e
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67 da3 0i"itations $eriod for &rin1in1 sit; T%e ndersi1ned as/s t%is no' in t%e interest of
9di!ia0 e!ono"3 and to 0essen an3 &rden $on t%e defendants in!ident to defendin1 a!tions
not &ased in fa!t or 0a' a 0a NRCP --.
8he1e the 0lainti;;Gs counsel had no notice o; the de;ecti<e se1<ice and
negligence o; the 01ocess se1<e1 Bas in<ol<ed.R+S U Bhe1e the 0lainti;;Gs counsel Bas
misled in ce1tain 1es0ects and he e-e1cised diligence in attem0ting se1<ice.R'S U
Bhe1e the 0lainti;;Gs e11o1 in maHing se1<ice o; 01ocess u0on the B1ong 0a1t> Bas
deemed to @e 1easona@le.RS U Bhe1e the 0lainti;; Bas lulled into @elie<ing that
01o0e1 se1<ice had @een accom0lished.R 4S U Bhe1e the 0lainti;; Bas 01o se and had a
good*;aith @elie; that he had made 01o0e1 se1<ice.R &S U Bhe1e the de;endant e<aded
se1<ice.R$S U @> ci1cumstances @e>ond the cont1ol o; the 0lainti;;Gs counsel due to the
counselGs se<e1e illness and e-tensi<e caseload.<=> ? '%ere a !ort !0er/ fai0ed to
isse in for"a $a$eris $0aintiff5s s""ons and to a$$oint a U.S. "ars%a0 to
ser#e $ro!ess.<@> ? &3 re0ian!e on t%e U.S. Mars%a0s Ser#i!e4<6> as '%ere t%e
U.S. Mars%a0s Ser#i!e fai0ed to !o"$0ete ser#i!e '%en reAired for a $0aintiff
$ro!eedin1 in for"a $a$eris after &ein1 s$$0ied 'it% t%e ne!essar3 identif3in1
infor"ation.<-7> ? &3 extraordinar3 diffi!0t3 t%at t%e $0aintiffs ex$erien!ed in
0o!atin1 defendant des$ite di0i1ent efforts.<--> ? in $ro$er !ir!"stan!es4 &3
sett0e"ent ne1otiations.R+'S U @> a 0lainti;;Gs 1easona@le @elie; that he Bas unde1 a
legal const1aint not to se1<e his com0laint Bhile the de;endant Bas in @anH1u0tc>
01oceedings and Bhile the case Bas not on the dist1ict cou1tGs acti<e caseload.R+S
C5?56A)/VE 35!!6E?EN) Cases: Em0lo>ee te1minated ;1om he1 0osition as a
01ison*@ased in;ectious diseases counselo1 shoBed good cause ;o1 he1 ;ailu1e to se1<e
a medical se1<ices com0an> Bithin the +'%*da> 0e1iod, and Bas thus entitled to a time
e-tension: counsel a@andoned his 1e01esentation o; the em0lo>ee <e1> ea1l> on in the
01osecution o; he1 com0laint, and did not communicate Bith he1, o00osing counsel o1
the cou1t ;o1 almost a >ea1 @e;o1e su@stituted counsel Bas o@tained, and the
em0lo>eeGs e;;o1ts to 0u1sue the 01osecution o; he1 case Be1e diligent and 1easona@le.
Cunningham <. NeB 4e1se>, '% ,.R.D. 9+, $' ,ed. R. 3e1<. d +%% KD.N.4. '%%&A.
)he1e Bas Ogood causeO ;o1 01o se 01isone1Gs ;ailu1e to se1<e co11ections o;;ice1 Bith
o1iginal com0laint @e;o1e the +'%*da> se1<ice deadline Bhe1e dela>s @> the ?a1shals
in com0leting se1<ice, Bhethe1 due to di;;iculties in dete1mining the a001o01iate
add1ess ;o1 o;;ice1, o1 sim0l> @ecause o; the high <olume o; 1equests, did not e<idence
dilato1> @eha<io1 on the 0a1t o; 01isone1, Bho Bas 01oceeding in ;o1ma 0au0e1is,
0a1ticula1l> since o;;ice1 1ecei<ed actual notice o; suit. 3idne> <. 8ilson, ''( ,.R.D.
&+7 K3.D. N.7. '%%&A. !lainti;; demonst1ated good cause ;o1 ;ailing to timel> se1<e
0h>sician in medical mal01actice case, Bhe1e 0lainti;;Gs atto1ne> immediatel> sought
to ha<e 0h>sician se1<ed a;te1 associated local counsel ;ailed to initiate se1<ice,
atto1ne> had not lea1ned o; the ;ailu1e until th1ee da>s @e;o1e deadline ;o1 se1<ice, and
se1<ice Bas onl> one da> late. ,oss <. 8illiams, 99 3o. 'd 7( K?iss. '%%(A. REND
", 35!!6E?EN)S R,N+S 3mith <. 3ent1> /ns., $74 ,. 3u00. +4&9, 9 ,ed. R. 3e1<.
- +7C'4 -
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d +'(( KN.D. 9a. +9(7A. R,N'S Baden <. C1aig*2allum, /nc., ++& ,.R.D. &(' KD.
?inn. +9(7A. R,NS 8oods <. !a1ten1eede1ei ?.3. 7anHee Cli00e1, ++' ,.R.D. ++&, $
,ed. R. 3e1<. d +&% KD. ?ass. +9($A. R,N4S DitHo; <. "Bens*/llinois, /nc., ++4
,.R.D. +%4 KE.D. ?ich. +9(7A. R,N&S RanHel <. )oBn o; 91een@u1gh, ++7 ,.R.D. &%,
9 ,ed. R. 3e1<. d +9% K3.D. N.7. +9(7A. As to autho1it> that 01o se status alone is not
good cause, see M M ++$, ++7. R,N$S RuiI Va1ela <. 3ancheI VeleI, (+4 ,.'d ('+, 7
,ed. R. 3e1<. d $'$ K+st Ci1. +9(7A. )alHing a 01ocess se1<e1 out o; lea<ing 0a0e1s
cannot e-actl> @e called a<oiding se1<ice, @ut it is not e-actl> coo0e1ati<e eithe1:
consequentl>, such an occu11ence might @e good cause ;o1 a ;ailu1e to e;;ect timel>
se1<ice. 8illiams*9uice <. Boa1d o; Educ. o; Cit> o; Chicago, 4& ,.d +$+, 97 Ed.
6aB Re0. ++, % ,ed. R. 3e1<. d (4( K7th Ci1. +99&A. R,N7S 6e?aste1 <. Cit> o;
8innemucca, ++ ,.R.D. 7, $ ,ed. R. 3e1<. d 44' KD. Ne<. +9($A. <FN@> *3rd #.
Stone4 6B F.Cd )-=4 C( Fed. R. Ser#. Cd -664 -66( FED A$$. 7)=@P 8(t% Cir.
-66(:. <FN6> +a!/son #. Fo0e34 -.( F.R.D. .B.4 6B Ed. La' Re$. )6( 8E.D. N.Y.
-66B: 8%o0din1 t%at '%ere t%e fai0re to "a/e ti"e03 ser#i!e 'as so0e03 fa0t of
t%e U.S. Mars%a0s Ser#i!e4 t%e $0aintiff s%o0d not &e $ena0iDed for it:. A $ro se
$0aintiff s%o0d not &e $ena0iDed for re0ian!e on a United States "ars%a0 to effe!t
$ersona0 ser#i!e. Terre00 #. *re'er4 6C. F.)d -7-. 86t% Cir. -66-:. Good !ase is
s%o'n '%en t%e de0a3 in ser#i!e is de to a &a!/0o1 at t%e "ars%a05s offi!e. U.S. #.
+a!/ CoDDa4 In!.4 -7( F.R.D. )(B4 ) Fed. R. Ser#. Cd -7=B 8S.D. N.Y. -6@.:.
<FN-7> Antone00i #. S%ea%an4 @- F.Cd -B)) 8=t% Cir. -66(: 8statin1 s!% a fai0re
is ato"ati!a003 1ood !ase reAirin1 extension of ti"e nder Fed. R. Ci#.P.
B8"::E Fa0/er #. S"ner4 -B F.Cd -B-.4 )@ Fed. R. Ser#. Cd 6-( 86t% Cir. -66B:.
F%ere t%e $0aintiff $ro!eedin1 in for"a $a$eris re$eated03 reAested t%e U.S.
Mars%a0 to ser#e t%e defendant4 &t %e fai0ed to do so4 1ood !ase ex!sed %er
fai0re to $ersona003 ser#e t%e U.S. Attorne3. D"a1in #. Se!retar3 of Hea0t%
and H"an Ser#i!es4 )@ F.Cd -)-@4 )6 Fed. R. Ser#. Cd =C= 8D.C. Cir. -66B:. As
to t%e reAire"ent t%at t%e U.S. Mars%a0s Ser#i!e ser#e $ro!ess in !ertain
!ir!"stan!es4 see , , -)=4 -)6. R,N++S Coleman <. C1an@e11> Ba>e Rental Agenc>,
'%' ,.R.D. +%$, &% ,ed. R. 3e1<. d ($% KN.D. N.7. '%%+A. 9ood cause is shoBn
Bhe1e a 0lainti;; attem0ted se1<ice on a de;endant th1ough its autho1iIed agent, then
lea1ned that the de;endant had sto00ed su@sc1i@ing to that se1<ice, then attem0ted to
e;;ect se1<ice at the @anH @1anch Bhe1e the 0lainti;; o0ened the account in dis0ute
Bhen the de;endant and the @anH Be1e @oth 0a1t o; a com0le- co10o1ate st1uctu1e.
2aBtho1ne <. Citico10 Data 3>stems, /nc., '+9 ,.R.D. 47 KE.D. N.7. '%%A. R,N+'S
BanH o; Ca0e Ve1de <. B1onson, +$7 ,.R.D. 7%, $ ,ed. R. 3e1<. d $%& K3.D. N.7.
+99$A. R,N+S De )ie <. "1ange Count>, +&' ,.d ++%9, 4+ ,ed. R. 3e1<. d &'& K9th
Ci1. +99(A.O
)he a@o<e 0assage is ;1om: $'B Am. 4u1. 'd !1ocess M ++&.
N.R.C.!. 4KiA. /n addition, C/3Gs 1equest ;o1 atto1ne>Gs ;ees and costs is denied at this time
@ecause the Cou1t dismissed this action on 01ocedu1al g1ounds Bithout anal>Iing the me1its o;
!lainti;;s case. 3o said this Cou1t. /t seemed 9a1in asHed ;o1 sanctiosn too...@oth o; Bhich amount
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to mo1e than a Os0ecial a00ea1anceO and the1e;o1e these 0a1ties ha<e Bai<ed an> se1<ice o; 01ocess
1equi1ement and a1e noB in this litigation. And a de;ault is a001o01iate to ente1 as the> ha<e ;ailed
to ;ile and AnsBe1 to the Com0laint Bithin '% da>s o; se1<ice.
,ailu1e to maHe legi@le co0> o; com0laint ;o1 se1<ice /n the ;olloBing case the cou1t ;ound
that the ;ailu1e o; cou1t 0e1sonnel to maHe a legi@le co0> o; the com0laint ;o1 se1<ice on a de;endant
su00o1ted its a00a1ent holding that the1e Bas good cause unde1 Rule 4KJA o; the ,ede1al Rules o; Ci<il
!1ocedu1e ;o1 a 0lainti;;Gs ;ailu1e to timel> se1<e 01ocess. 8he1e a com0laint, alleging em0lo>ment
disc1imination, 0hotoco0ied @> cou1t 0e1sonnel ;o1 se1<ice on an em0lo>e1 on @ehal; o; a ;o1me1
em0lo>ee 01oceeding 01o se and in ;o1ma 0au0e1is, 01o<ed too ;aint ;o1 the em0lo>e1 to 1ead, the
cou1t in ?c=enIie < Amt1aH ? o; E K+99%, 3D N7A 777 , 3u00 +++9, ;ound that the ;ailu1e o; cou1t
0e1sonnel to maHe a legi@le co0> o; the com0laint ;o1 se1<ice su00o1ted its im0licit holding that the1e
Bas good cause unde1 Rule 4KJA o; the ,ede1al Rules o; Ci<il !1ocedu1e ;o1 the 0lainti;;Gs ;ailu1e to
timel> se1<e a legi@le co0> o; the com0laint. )he cou1t stated that, although the a1gument that se1<ice
should not @e deemed e;;ecti<e unless the com0laint is legi@le is o1dina1il> a st1ong one, the1e Bas
little Justi;ication ;o1 dismissing the 0lainti;;Gs com0laint on that g1ound, @ecause the de;ect in se1<ice
Bas att1i@uta@le to cou1t 0e1sonnel. )he cou1t also noted that the em0lo>e1, Bho had ad<ised the
em0lo>ee o; the illegi@ilit> o; the com0laint @ut had ;ailed to so ad<ise the 5nited 3tates ma1shal o1
the cou1t, notBithstanding the em0lo>e1Gs HnoBledge that the em0lo>ee Bas 01oceeding 01o se, Bas
0a1tl> to @lame ;o1 the dela> in se1<ice.
/t sim0l> Bould not @e all that ;ai1 to sa> NRC! 4KiA gi<e the !lainti;; +'% da>s to e;;ectuate
se1<ice o; 01ocess Bhen the Com0laint Bas not e<en gi<en a ;iling date in the docHet ;o1 CV++*%+(9$
until August ++ KDe0a1tment 4 tooH ;1om the su@mission o; the /,! on 4ul> '7th, '%++ until August 9,
'%++ to issue the "1de1 91anting /,!, and this occu11ed du1ing a 0e1iod Bhe1e the 8DC Bas
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changing the /,! ;o1m it maHes a<aila@le to the 0u@lic and the ;iling o;;ice actuall> 1e;used to acce0t
an ea1lie1 attem0ted su@mission o; the !etition ;o1 /,! and 01o0osed Com0liant, citing 1ationale @oth
<ague and cont1adicto1> and 1elated to 8DCR +%. )his Cou1t 4anua1> ++th, '%+' "1de1 indicates
that the e-0i1ation o; +'% da>s K;1om the 4une '7th date Bhen the Com0laint Bas stam0ed O1ecei<edO
@> the ;iling o;;ice as the 01o0osed 0leading called ;o1 unde1 NR3 +'.%+&A Bould @e "cto@e1 '&th,
'%++.
Action o; cou1t o1 cle1H o; cou1t as constituting o1 su00o1ting ;inding o; Ogood cause,O unde1 1ule 4KJA
o; ,ede1al Rules o; Ci<il !1ocedu1e, ;o1 ;ailu1e to timel> se1<e 01ocess u0on de;endant. +%( A.6.R.
,ed. ($' K"1iginall> 0u@lished in +99'A.
E;;o1ts o; 0lainti;; o1 0lainti;;Gs agent ;o1 se1<ice o; 01ocess as constituting o1 su00o1ting
;inding o; Ogood cause,O unde1 Rule 4KJA o; ,ede1al Rules o; Ci<il !1ocedu1e, ;o1 ;ailu1e to timel>
se1<e 01ocess u0on de;endant, +++ A.6.R. ,ed. &%
NRC! 4KiA: OKiA 3ummons: )ime 6imit ;o1 3e1<ice. /; a se1<ice o; the summons and com0laint is not
made u0on a de;endant Bithin +'% da>s a;te1 the ;iling o; the com0laint, the action shall @e dismissed
as to that de;endant Bithout 01eJudice u0on the cou1tLs oBn initiati<e Bith notice to such 0a1t> o1
u0on motion, unless the 0a1t> on Bhose @ehal; such se1<ice Bas 1equi1ed ;iles a motion to enla1ge the
time ;o1 se1<ice and shoBs good cause Bh> such se1<ice Bas not made Bithin that 0e1iod. /; the 0a1t>
on Bhose @ehal; such se1<ice Bas 1equi1ed ;ails to ;ile a motion to enla1ge the time ;o1 se1<ice @e;o1e
the +'%*da> se1<ice 0e1iod e-0i1es, the cou1t shall taHe that ;ailu1e into conside1ation in dete1mining
good cause ;o1 an e-tension o; time. 50on a shoBing o; good cause, the cou1t shall e-tend the time
;o1 se1<ice and set a 1easona@le date @> Bhich se1<ice should @e made.O
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NR3 +'.%+& Actions in<ol<ing indigent 0e1sons. +. An> 0e1son Bho desi1es to 01osecute o1 de;end a
ci<il action ma>: KaA ,ile an a;;ida<it Bith the cou1t setting ;o1th Bith 0a1ticula1it> ;acts conce1ning
the 0e1sonLs income, 01o0e1t> and othe1 1esou1ces Bhich esta@lish that the 0e1son is una@le to
01osecute o1 de;end the action @ecause the 0e1son is una@le to 0a> the costs o; so doing: o1 K@A 3u@mit
a statement o1 othe1Bise indicate to the cou1t that the 0e1son is a client o; a 01og1am ;o1 legal aid. '. /;
the cou1t is satis;ied that a 0e1son Bho ;iles an a;;ida<it 0u1suant to su@section + is una@le to 0a> the
costs o; 01osecuting o1 de;ending the action o1 i; the cou1t ;inds that a 0e1son is a client o; a 01og1am
;o1 legal aid, the cou1t shall o1de1: KaA )he cle1H o; the cou1t: K+A )o alloB the 0e1son to commence o1
de;end the action Bithout costs: and K'A )o ;ile o1 issue an> necessa1> B1it, 01ocess, 0leading o1 0a0e1
Bithout cha1ge. K@A )he she1i;; o1 othe1 a001o01iate 0u@lic o;;ice1 Bithin this 3tate to maHe 0e1sonal
se1<ice o; an> necessa1> B1it, 01ocess, 0leading o1 0a0e1 Bithout cha1ge. . /; the 0e1son is 1equi1ed to
ha<e 01oceedings 1e0o1ted o1 1eco1ded, o1 i; the cou1t dete1mines that the 1e0o1ting, 1eco1ding o1
t1ansc1i0tion o; 01oceedings Bould @e hel0;ul to the adJudication o1 a00ellate 1e<ieB o; the case, the
cou1t shall o1de1 that the 1e0o1ting, 1eco1ding o1 t1ansc1i0tion @e 0e1;o1med at the e-0ense o; the
count> in Bhich the action is 0ending @ut at a 1educed 1ate as set @> the count>. ...O
NR3 +'.%+& does not sa> Othis Cou1t shall gi<e the !lainti;;, Bhom Bas g1anted an /,!, the tasH and
e-0ense o; 01e0a1ing Ose1<ice 0acHetsO ;o1 the 3he1i;;, Bhom shall @eha<e in an inc1easingl>
demanding manne1 toBa1d the !lainti;; and act as i; the> a1e doing the !lainti;; a ;a<o1 in e;;ectuating
se1<ice o; 01ocess and as thought the> onl> ha<e to do it i; the !lainti;; asHs 1eall> nicel> and
genu;lects a @unch....O /ndeed, ?c=enIie seems to maHe clea1 that, at least in some Ju1isdictions, the
Cou1t and 3he1i;; handle all the 0hotoco0>ing and deli<e1ing to the 3he1i;; that Bhich is necessa1> to
e;;ectuate se1<ice. ,u1the1, the1e a1e some highl> 0e1sonal, in;lammato1>, and sensiti<e ;acts 1elated
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to the unde1signed 1elationshi0 Bith the 8ashoe Count> 3he1i;;Gs ";;ice that ma> @a1e on the
8C3"Gs ;ailu1e to co11ectl> com0l> Bith the "1de1 91anting /n ,o1ma !au0e1is status to the
unde1signed. 2oBe<e1, these ;acts a1e o; such a natu1e that 01udence dictates onl> going into them
Be1e a@solutel> necessa1>. 3u;;ice to sa>, it is highl> cu1ious that the 8C3"Gs, gi<en the time ;1ame
in Bhich it occu11ed, onl> manged to ;ile ' A;;ida<its o; 3e1<ice in this case, CV++*%+(9$, Bhe1es
some nine 0ages o; A;;ida<its o; 3e1<ice Be1e ;iled in the O1elatedO case K;o1 Bhich the unde1signed
;iled an "cto@e1 &, '%++ ?otion to ConsolidateA, CV++*+%9&&, a case ;o1 Bhich the unde1signed
sc1a0ed togethe1 e<e1> last dime he had in the Bo1ld and 0aid the ;iling ;ee in ;ea1 that the /,! in this
matte1 Bould @e denied and, acco1ding to ;iling o;;ice 0e1sonnel and De0a1tment 4 Administ1ati<e
Assistant, should the /!, @e denied Bhe1e, in the inte1im, the 1unning o; the a00lica@le statute o;
limitations should occu1, as Bould ha<e @een the case he1e should the /,! ha<e @een denied and
should the unde1signed ha<e ;ailed to ;ile in CV++*+%9&& K)itle V// alloBs 9% da>s to ;ile ;1om
O1ecei0tO o; the EE"CGs Right to 3ue 6ette1, a situation made all the mo1e con;using gi<en the
EE"CGs ;ailu1e to 01o0e1l> u0date the unde1signed mailing in;o1mation u0on a B1itten notice o;
Change o; Add1ess @eing con;i1med 1ecei<ed @> the EE"C BeeHs 01io1 to the mailing o; the Right )o
3ue 6ette1, and the 53!3 ceasing to ;o1Ba1d to the unde1signed the o1iginal Right )o 3ue 6ette1, @ut
1athe1 1etu1n it to the EE"C Bith the Ono longe1 at this add1essO >elloB sticHe1 and notice o; the
1eci0ients neB add1ess Kas is the 53!3 custom u0on the e-0i1ation o; +' months ;1om the ;iling o; an
";;icial Change o; Add1ess ;o1m Bith the 53!3A.
!lease set aside all the dismissals and 1ecogniIe 01ocess and se1<ice o; 01ocess as
a001o01iatel> conducted, o1 g1ant additional time to e;;ectuate such se1<ice o; 01ocess, including a
1uling that the 1equi1ements to ;ile a case Bithin 9% da>s o; O1ecei0tO o; the EE"C Right )o 3ue
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6ette1 is met 1ega1dless o; such an e-tension, and o1 consolidate these cases, and an> othe1 1elie;
this Cou1ts sees as a001o01iate.
AFFIRMATION Prsant to NRS )C6*.7C7
)he unde1signed does he1e@> a;;i1m that the 01eceding document does not contain the social secu1it>
num@e1 o; an> 0e1son.
Dated this a!R/6 ', '%+' Kthough / ha<e attem0ted to ;ile this thing nume1ous times
01e<iousl> @ut ha<e had m> ;ilings 1eJected unde1 the most sus0icious o;
ci1cumstances and e<en a00lications o; 8DCR +%A,
CsC Zach Coughlin, signed elect1onicall>
Zach Coughlin, Esq.
!lainti;;
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Proof of Ser#i!eG
"n this date, /, Zach Coughlin elect1onicall> se1<ed a t1ue and co11ect co0> o; the ;o1egoing
document to all 1egiste1ed e;ile1s, and to those Bhom a1e not / 0laced a t1ue and co11ect co0> o; the
;o1egoing document in the us0s mail on this date:
B1ian 9onsal<es, Esq
!.". Bo- 9%7
=ings Beach, CA 9$+4
Atto1ne> ;o1 )ahoe 8omenGs 3e1<ices KCR/3/3 /N)ERVEN)/"N 3ERV/CE3A 82/C2 /3 N") A
NA?ED !AR)7 AND 2A3 N") /N)ER!6ED "R ,/6ED A3 A REA6 !AR)7 /N /N)ERE3)
6/!3"N, NE/63"N, C"6E, 3E6)ZER V 9AR/N
4"3E!2 !. 9AR/N, E3W.
Ne<ada Ba1 No. $$&
32ANN"ND N"RD3)R"?
Ne<ada Ba1 No. ('++
9%(% 8est !ost Road, 3uite +%%
6asVegas, Ne<ada (9+4(
)E6: K7%'A('*+&%% ,A#: K7%'A ('*+&+'
Atto1ne> ;o1 De;endant 8A32"E 6E9A6 3ERV/CE3, a Ne<ada Co10o1ation, =A)27
BREC=ENR/D9E, /ndi<iduall> and in he1 ca0acit> as Boa1d !1esident o; 863, )"DD
)"RV/NEN, /ndi<iduall> and in his ca0acit> as 863 Boa1d ?em@e1, !A56 E6CAN", /ndi<iduall>
and in his ca0acit> as E-ecuti<e Di1ecto1 o; 863, D"E3 +*+%%, /ndi<iduall> and in thei1 ca0acit> as
mem@e1s o; the B"ARD ", D/REC)"R3 ", 8A32"E 6E9A6 3ERV/CE3, CAR7N
3)ERN6/92), /ndi<iduall> and in he1 ca0acit> as 863 atto1ne>, 4"N 3A33ER, /ndi<iduall> and in
his ca0acit> as 863 agent, =AREN 3AB", /ndi<iduall> and in he1 ca0acit> as 863 atto1ne>,
?ARC A326E7, /ndi<iduall> and in his ca0acit> as 863 atto1ne>, ZANDRA 6"!EZ: /ndi<iduall>
and in he1 ca0acit> as 863 em0lo>ee:
DA)ED )2/3: Dated this a!R/6 ', '%+'
CsC Zach Coughlin
Zach Coughlin
!lainti;;
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Document Code:
Zach Coughlin, Esq.
NV BAR No: 947
!" B"# $%9&'
Reno, NV (9&%$
)ele: 77&*(*(++(
,a-: 949*$$7*74%'
ZachCoughlin.hotmail.com
/n 01o 0e1
/N )2E 3EC"ND 45D/C/A6 D/3)R/C) C"5R)
", )2E 3)A)E ", NEVADA
/N AND ,"R )2E C"5N)7 ", 8A32"E
ZAC2 C"5926/N:

!lainti;;.
<s.
8A32"E 6E9A6 3ERV/CE3, a Ne<ada
Co10o1ation, =A)27 BREC=ENR/D9E,
/ndi<iduall> and in he1 ca0acit> as Boa1d
!1esident o; 863, )"DD )"RV/NEN,
/ndi<iduall> and in his ca0acit> as 863 . Boa1d
?em@e1, !A56 E6CAN", /ndi<iduall> and in
his ca0acit> as E-ecuti<e Di1ecto1 o; 863,
D"E3 +*+%%, /ndi<iduall> and in thei1 ca0acit>
as mem@e1s o; the B"ARD ", D/REC)"R3
", 8A32"E 6E9A6 3ERV/CE3, CAR7N
3)ERN6/92), /ndi<iduall> and in he1 ca0acit>
as 863 atto1ne>, 4"N 3A33ER, /ndi<iduall>
and in his ca0acit> as 863 agent, =AREN
3AB", /ndi<iduall> and in he1 ca0acit> as 863
atto1ne>, ?ARC A326E7, /ndi<iduall> and in
his ca0acit> as 863 atto1ne>, ZANDRA
6"!EZ: /ndi<iduall> and in he1 ca0acit> as
863 em0lo>ee:
De;endants.
A
A
A
A
A
A CA3E N": CV++*%+(9$
DE!). N": $
?")/"N )" A6)ER "R A?END "RDER "; ?a1ch +
th
, '%+'
Zach Coughlin, 0lainti;;, su@mits this motion on his oBn @ehal;. NRC! 4CgA: D CgA Retu1n.
)he 0e1son se1<ing the 01ocess shall maEe 01oo; o; se1<ice the1eo; to the cou1t 01om0tl> and in an>
e<ent Bithin the time du1ing Bhich the 0e1son se1<ed must 1es0ond to the 01ocess. !1oo; o; se1<ice
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F I L E D
Electronically
04-03-2012:12:13:08 AM
Joey Orduna Hastings
Clerk of the Court
Transaction # 2863860
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shall @e as ;olloBs: C+A /; se1<ed @> the she1i;; o1 de0ut>, the a;;ida<it o1 ce1ti;icate o; such she1i;; o1
de0ut>: o1, C'A /; @> an> othe1 0e1son, the a;;ida<it the1eo;: o1 CA /n case o; 0u@lication, the a;;ida<it
o; the 0u@lishe1, ;o1eman o1 01inci0al cle1E, o1 othe1 em0lo>ee ha<ing EnoBledge the1eo;, shoBing
the same, and an a;;ida<it o; a de0osit o; a co0> o; the summons in the 0ost o;;ice, i; the same shall
ha<e @een de0osited: o1, C4A )he B1itten admission o; the de;endant. /n case o; se1<ice othe1Bise than
@> 0u@lication, the certificate or affidavit shall state the date, 0lace and manne1 o; se1<ice. ,ailu1e to
maEe 01oo; o; se1<ice shall not a;;ect the <alidit> o; the se1<ice.D NRC! Rule 4CgA clea1l> alloBs ;o1
a Gce1ti;icate o1 a;;ida<itH and the ;o1ms 01o<ided @> this Cou1t itsel; a1e Bhat Bas used, and such
;o1ms do not mention a s0ace ;o1 a nota1> o1 othe1 hallma1Es o; an A;;ida<it. )o hold othe1Bise
g1eatl> ad<antages the silE sheet laB ;i1ms that can a;;o1d to ha<e a nota1> on sta;;. )he ;iling o;
Decem@e1 +%
th
, '%++ in this matte1 01o<es that !aul Elcano, and the1e;o1e 863, Bhe1e a001o01iatel>
se1<ed notice int his matte1, and ;u1the1, )o1<inen Bas 01o<ided a legi@le co0> o; the Com0laint and a
3ummons. Additionall>, an> ;ailu1e to se1<e an> o; the othe1 0a1ties is the ;ault o; the 8ashoe Count>
3he1i;;Is ";;ice, Bhich should 0e1ha0s concent1ate mo1e on lea1ing Bhat G0e1sonall> se1<edH actuall>
means in a legal sense, and less on @1eaEing and ente1ing and e<icting atto1ne>Is act gun 0oint:
htt0:FFBBB.>outu@e.comFBatchJ<KssE%,82,NE7
htt0:FFBBB.>outu@e.comFBatchJ<K=L9'aELsl14
An A00lication ;o1 /,! status Bas ;iled along Bith a 01o0osed Com0laint on 4une '7th, '%++. )he
/,! Bas ;inall> g1anted August (, '%++, and the Com0liant Bas stam0ed Bith a ;iling date o; August
++, '%++ and ente1ed in the DocEet in this matte1 on that date as Bell. +'% da>s ;1om August ++,
'%++ is Decem@e1 9, '%++, Bhich ha00ens to @e the da> that )1a<is 3he1man, o<e1 +( >ea1 old non
0a1t> 1esident o; 8ashoe Count> se1<ed !aul Elcano and 863 Cgi<en Elcano is 863Is 1egiste1ed
agentA Bith the 3ummons and Com0laint in this matte1, and 01oo; o; the same Bas ;iled on Decem@e1
+%, '%++.
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,u1the1, it is a clea1 e11o1 o; laB to hold that the case has not @een decided on the me1tis, then
to suggest that it has @ecause a cu1so1> glance o; the G0leadingsH suggest as much. NR3 +(.%+%C'AC@A,
;u1the1 Bould seem to 1equi1e the se1<ice o; some ;iling 1ead> sanctions motions, Bhich Bas not done
he1e, in acco1dance Bith NRC! ++.
)his ?otion is made 0u1suant to the autho1ities discussed @eloB, including NRC! &9CeA and
NRC! &', and DCR+C7A and 8DCR +'C(A and is su00o1ted @> the attached ?emo1andum o; !oints
and Autho1ities, the Decla1ation o; Zacha1> B. Coughlin, Esq., the 0a0e1s and 0leadings on ;ile
he1ein, and an> o1al a1gument this cou1t ma> alloB, as it is @eing 1equested.
MEMORANDUM OF POINTS AND AUTHORITIES
I. STATEMENT OF FACTS AND PROCEDURAL HISTORY
)he ?a1ch +, '%+' "1de1 said: G)he1e a1e cu11entl> ;ou1 motions 0ending @e;o1e this Cou1t:
C+A De;endants !aul Elcano CDElcanoDA, )odd )o1<inen CD)o1<inenDA, 4on 3asse1 CD3asse1DA, ?a1c
Ashle CDAshle>DA, =a1en 3a@o CD3a@oDA, =ath> B1ecEen1idge CDB1ecEen1idgeDA, 8ashoe 6ega
3e1<ices CD863DA and Ca1>n 3te1nlichtIs CD3te1nlichtDA motion ;o1 atto1ne>sI ;ees: C'A !lainti Zacha1>
CoughlinIs CD!lainti;;IA motion to set aside the o1de1 ente1ed 4anua1> ++, '%+': C !lainti;;Is motion to
1eta- costs: and C4A !lainti;;Is motion to alte1 o1 amend the Ludgment, % in the alte1nati<e, to issue a
Nunc !1o )unc "1de1.+ /. De;endantsI ?otion ;o1 Atto1ne>sI ,ees /s 91anted. De;endants seeE an
aBa1d o; M+,47.%% in atto1ne>sI ;ees. C?ot. ;o1 ,ees, 4an. %, '%+'A. Because the Cou1t dismissed
!lainti;;Is com0laint ;o1 ;ailu1e to e;;ectuate 01o0e + C1isis /nte1<ention 3e1<ices CDC/3DA o00osed
!lainti;;s motionCsA on the g1ounds that it did not 1ecei<e 01o0e1 se1<ice )o that e-tent, and ;o1 the
1easons set ;o1th in this o1de1, !lainti;;s motions a1e eithe1 denied andFo1 1ende1ed moot as t
De;endant C/3. C
note Cryi i ti!! "ei#$ !ited a a reci%ie#t of the e!ectro#ic ervice "y the Ditrict Co&rt' o....(
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se1<ice o; 01ocess, the Cou1t did not add1ess the me1its o; !lainti;;Is com0laint in the o1de
ente1ed 4anua1> ++,'%+'. 2oBe<e1, a;te1 1e<ieBing the 1eco1d, including the com0laint ;iled August
++, '%++, i is clea1 that the com0laint Bas @1ought o1 maintained Bithout 1easona@le g1ounds o1 t
ha1ass De;endants. 3ee N.R.3. +(.%+%C'AC@A. !lainti;; ;iled a simila1 @ut much mo1e detailed
com0laint in CV++*%+9&&. Bot com0laints include essentiall> the same De;endants and allege the
same causes o; actio against those De;endants. 2oBe<e1, the com0laint ;iled in the 01esent action
;ails t include a sho1t and 0lain statement o; the claim shoBing that !lainti;; is entitled to 1elie;. 3ee
N.R.C.!. (CaA. /nstead, !lainti;;Is com0laint and the maLo1it> o; his su@sequen 0leadings, include
citations to i11ele<ant case laB, e-tended 01ose and 1am@ling account o; hoB !lainti;;Is li;e seems to
@e s0i1aling out o; cont1ol. !lainti;;, a disg1untled em0lo>ee, @1ought @oth com0laints Bithin da>s o;
each othe1. )he com0laint ;iled in this action Bas @1ought andFo1 maintained to ha1ass De;endants.
Consequentl>, De;enda,nts a1e entitled to atto1ne>sI ;ees. 3ee N.R.3. +(.%+%C'AC@A. )he Cou1t ;inds
that De;endants ha<e satis;ied N.R.C.!. &4CdAC'ACBA as to thei motion ;o1 atto1ne>sI ;ees. C?ot. ;o1
,ees, 4an. %, '%+'A. /n aBa1ding atto1ne> ;ees, the Cou1t has disc1etion to dete1mine Bhat amount i
1easona@le: N/On dete1mining the amount o; ;ees to aBa1d, the cou1t is not limited to one s0eci;ic
a001oach: its anal>sis ma> @egin Bith an> method 1ationall> designed to calculate a 1easona@le
amount, including those @ased on a Ilodesta1I amount o1 a contingenc> ;ee. 8e em0hasiPe that,
Bhiche<e1 method is chosen as a sta1ting 0oint, hoBe<e1, the cou1t must continue its anal>sis @>
conside1ing the 1equested amount in light o; the ;acto1s enume1ated @> this cou1t in B1unPell <.
9olden 9ate National BanE . .. Nthe ad<ocateIsO 01o;essional qualities, the natu1e o; the litigation, the
Bo1E 0e1;o1med, and the 1esult. /n this manne1, Bhiche<e1 method the cou1t ultimatel> uses, the 1esult
Bill 01o<e 1easona@le as long as the cou1t 01o<ides su;;icient 1easoning and ;indings in su00o1t o; its
ultimate dete1mination. 3huette <. BeaPe1 2omes 2oldings Co10., +'+ Ne<. (7, ($4*($&, +'4 !.d
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&%, &4(*&4 C'%%&A Cinte1nal citations omittedA. )he Cou1t has ca1e;ull> Beighed the B1unPell ;acto1s
@ased u0on a lodesta1 anal>si and ;inds that an aBa1d o; M+,47.%% in atto1ne>sI ;ees is 1easona@le.
3ee 3huette, +'+ i Ne<. at ($4*($&. Acco1dingl>, De;endantsI motion ;o1 atto1ne>sI ;ees is g1anted. //.
!lainti;;Is ?otion to 3et Aside the "1de1 Ente1ed 4anua1> ++, '%+' / Denied. )he e<idence ad<anced
@> !lainti;; does not meet the standa1d ;o1 setting aside % <acating the Cou1tIs dismissal o1de1 ente1ed
4anua1> ++,'%+'. 3ee N.R.C.!. $%. Essentiall>, !lainti;; is seeEing 1econside1ation o; the dismissal
o1de1. !lainti;; ha not demonst1ated that the o1de1 Bas clea1l> e11oneous. ?ason1> and )ile
Cont1acto1. AssIn o;3. Ne<. <. 4olle>, 51ga Q 8i1th, 6td., ++ Ne<. 77,74+,94+ !.'d 4($, 4(9
C+997A. !lainti;;Is com0laint Bas 1ecei<ed on 4une '7, '%++ and ;iled on August ++, '%++. !u1suant to
N.R.C.!. 4CiA !lainti;; had +'% da>s, until Decem@e1 9, '%++, to se1<e th summons and com0laint on
De;endants. )he1e;o1e, the Cou1t had to dete1mine Bhethe !lainti;; se1<ed De;endants Elcano,
)o1<inen, 3asse1, Ashle>, 3a@o, B1ecEen1idge, 86 and C/3 Bithin the mandated time 0e1iod. )he
Cou1t ;ound that !lainti;; had not timel> se1<ed De;endants. 2oBe<e1, @ecaus !lainti;; su@mitted an
a00lication ;o1 in ;o1ma 0au0e1is status, the one*hund1ed and tBent C+'%A da>s @egan to 1un on
August ++,'%++. "n "cto@e1 '7, '%++, !lainti;; attem0ted to se1<e De;endant Elcano @> lea<ing
01ocess unde1 a mat on De;endant ElcanoIs ;1ont 0o1ch. Although timel>, !lainti;;I attem0ted se1<ice
is insu;;icient. 6ea<ing 01ocess unde1 someoneIs mat is not an a001o<e method o; se1<ice o; 01ocess.
3ee N.R.C.!. 4CdAC$A. "n "cto@e1 '7, '%++, !lainti;; attem0ted to se1<e De;endant )o1<inen Bith
thi1t>*;i< C&A 0ages Bo1th o; documents 1elating to the instant case. N.R.C.!. 4CdA 01o<ides: )he
summons and com0laint shall @e se1<ed togethe1. )he 0lainti;; shall ;u1nish the 0e1son maEing
se1<ice Bith such co0ies as a1e necessa1>. 3e1<ice shall @e made @> deli<e1ing a co0> o; the summons
attached to a co0> o; the com0laint ... !1ocess Bas insu;;icient since the Dco0>D o; the summons and
the com0laint Be1 illegi@le.' As a 1esult, !lainti;; ;ailed to e;;ectuate 01o0e1 01ocess on De;endant
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)o1<ine and the com0laint against him is dismissed 0u1suant to N.R.C.!. +'C@ACA. "n No<em@e1
+$, '%++, !lainti;; attem0ted to se1<e De;endant 3a@o Bith summons. "nce again, !lainti;; ;ailed to
e;;ectuate 01o0e1 01ocess on De;endant 3a@o @ ;ailing to se1<e he1 Bith a co0> o; the summons and
com0laint. 3ee N.R.C.!. Acco1dingl>, the com0laint against he1 is dismissed 0u1suant to N.R.C.!.
+'C@ACA. "n No<em@e1 +&, '%++, !lainti;; attem0ted to se1<e De;endant B1ecEen1idge @ se1<ing
eight>*nine C(9A 0ages Bo1th o; documents, some 1elated to the 01esent laBsuit and othe1s 1elated to
CV++*%+9&&. Although a co0> o; the summons Bas attached to th com0laint, once again, the
com0laint Bas illegi@le. As a 1esult, !lainti;; ;ailed to e;;ectuat 01o0e1 01ocess on De;endant
B1ecEen1idge @> ;ailing to se1<e he1 Bith a Dco0>D o; th com0laint. 3ee N.R.C.!. 4CdA. )he com0laint
against De;endant B1ecEen1idge is dismisse 0u1suant to N.R.C.!. +'C@ACA. !lainti;; made no attem0t
to se1<e De;endants 3asse1 and Ashle> Bith a co0> o; th summons and com0laint @> Decem@e1 9,
'%++. !lainti;; did not shoB good cause ;o1 hi ;ailu1e to se1<e De;endants 3asse1 and Ashle>. Because
!lainti;; ;ailed to se1<e @oth De;endants Bithin one*hund1ed and tBent> C+'%A da>s a;te1 ;iling the
com0laint, !lainti;;I com0laint against De;endants 3asse1 and Ashle> a1e dismissed. 3ee N.R.C.!.4CiA.
"n Decem@e1 9,'%++, !lainti;; attem0ted to se1<e De;endant 863 <ia its 1egiste1ed agent, De;endant
Elcano. Although timel>, !lainti;; ;ailed to com0l> Bith N.R.C.!. 4CgA @ not ;iling an a;;ida<it Bith
the Cou1t to e<idence 01o0e1 se1<ice o; 01ocess. Acco1dingl>, th com0laint against 863 is dismissed.
!lainti;;Is motion to set aside the o1de1 ente1ed 4anua1> ++,'%+' is denied. ///. !lainti;;Is ?otion to
Reta- Costs /s ?oot. ' )he Ne<ada 3u01eme Cou1t has held that notice o; a litigation is not a
su@stitute ;o1 01o0e1 se1<ice % 01ocess. C.2.A. Ventu1e <. 9.9. 8allace Consulting Enginee1s, /nc.,
+%$ Ne<. (+, (4, 794 !.'d 7%7, 7% R+99%A. )he com0laint against C/3 is also dismissed 0u1suant to
N.R.C.!. +'C@ACA ;o1 ;ailing to se1<e a Dco0>D % / the summons and com0laint. )he Cou1t g1anted
De;endantsI motion to dismiss on 4anua1> ++, '%+'.4 C"1., 4an. ++, '%+'A. De;endants ;iled a notice o;
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ent1> o; o1de1 on 4anua1> +', '%+'. De;endant ;iled thei1 <e1i;ied memo1andum o; costs on 4anua1>
', '%+'. De;endants had ;i<e C&A da>s a;te1 the ent1> o; Ludgment to ;ile a <e1i;ie memo1andum o;
costs. 3ee N.R.3. +(.++%C+A. De;endants ;ailed to ;ile thei1 memo1andu o; costs Bithin the mandated
time 0e1iod. Acco1dingl>, !lainti;;Is motion to 1eta- costs is moot. /V. !lainti;;Is ?otion to Alte1 o1
Amend the 4udgment, "1 in the Alte1nati<e a ?otion ;o1 Nunc !1o )unc "1de1 is Denied. !lainti;;
;iled a motion to alte1 o1 amend the Ludgment 0u1suant to N.R.C.!. &9, o1 in the alte1nati<e, 1equested
a Nunc !1o )unc "1de1. A motion to alte1 o1 amend the Ludgment shall @e ;iled no late1 than ten C+%A
da> a;te1 se1<ice o; a B1itten notice o; ent1> o; Ludgment. N.R.C.!. &9CeA. )he ten C+%A da> tim limit
;o1 the se1<ice o; a motion to alte1 o1 amend the Ludgment is e-tended @> th1ee da> Bhe1e the notice
o; the ent1> o; Ludgment is se1<ed @> mail. N.R.C.!. $C@A. Ent1> o; Ludgment Bas ;iled on 4anua1> +',
'%+'. !lainti;; had until 4anua1> '&, '%+' to ;ile a motion to alte1 o1 amend the Ludgment. !lainti;;
;iled his motion on ,e@1ua +,'%+'. !lainti;;Is motiR ARntimel> and is, the1e;o1e, denied.H
!lease set aside all the dismissals and 1ecogniPe 01ocess and se1<ice o; 01ocess as
a001o01iatel> conducted, o1 g1ant additional time to e;;ectuate such se1<ice o; 01ocess, including a
1uling that the 1equi1ements to ;ile a case Bithin 9% da>s o; D1ecei0tD o; the EE"C Right )o 3ue
6ette1 is met 1ega1dless o; such an e-tension, and o1 consolidate these cases, and an> othe1 1elie; this
Cou1ts sees as a001o01iate.
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AFFIRMATION P&r&a#t to NRS )*+,.-*-
)he unde1signed does he1e@> a;;i1m that the 01eceding document does not contain the social secu1it>
num@e1 o; an> 0e1son.
Dated this A01il ', '%+' Cthough / ha<e attem0ted to ;ile this thing nume1ous times
01e<iousl> @ut ha<e had m> ;ilings 1eLected unde1 the most sus0icious o;
ci1cumstances and a00lications o; 8DCR +%A,
FsF Zach Coughlin, signed elect1onicall>
Zach Coughlin, Esq.
!lainti;;
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Proof of Service.
"n this date, /, Zach Coughlin elect1onicall> se1<ed a t1ue and co11ect co0> o; the ;o1egoing
document to all 1egiste1ed e;ile1s, and to those Bhom a1e not / 0laced a t1ue and co11ect co0> o; the
;o1egoing document in the us0s mail on this date:
B1ian 9onsal<es, Esq
!.". Bo- 9%7
=ings Beach, CA 9$+4
Atto1ne> ;o1 )ahoe 8omenIs 3e1<ices CCR/3/3 /N)ERVEN)/"N 3ERV/CE3A 82/C2 /3 N") A
NA?ED !AR)7 AND 2A3 N") /N)ER!6ED "R ,/6ED A3 A REA6 !AR)7 /N /N)ERE3)
6/!3"N, NE/63"N, C"6E, 3E6)ZER Q 9AR/N
4"3E!2 !. 9AR/N, E3S.
Ne<ada Ba1 No. $$&
32ANN"ND N"RD3)R"?
Ne<ada Ba1 No. ('++
9%(% 8est !ost Road, 3uite +%%
6asVegas, Ne<ada (9+4(
)E6: C7%'A('*+&%% ,A#: C7%'A ('*+&+'
Atto1ne> ;o1 De;endant 8A32"E 6E9A6 3ERV/CE3, a Ne<ada Co10o1ation, =A)27
BREC=ENR/D9E, /ndi<iduall> and in he1 ca0acit> as Boa1d !1esident o; 863, )"DD
)"RV/NEN, /ndi<iduall> and in his ca0acit> as 863 Boa1d ?em@e1, !A56 E6CAN", /ndi<iduall>
and in his ca0acit> as E-ecuti<e Di1ecto1 o; 863, D"E3 +*+%%, /ndi<iduall> and in thei1 ca0acit> as
mem@e1s o; the B"ARD ", D/REC)"R3 ", 8A32"E 6E9A6 3ERV/CE3, CAR7N
3)ERN6/92), /ndi<iduall> and in he1 ca0acit> as 863 atto1ne>, 4"N 3A33ER, /ndi<iduall> and in
his ca0acit> as 863 agent, =AREN 3AB", /ndi<iduall> and in he1 ca0acit> as 863 atto1ne>,
?ARC A326E7, /ndi<iduall> and in his ca0acit> as 863 atto1ne>, ZANDRA 6"!EZ: /ndi<iduall>
and in he1 ca0acit> as 863 em0lo>ee:
DA)ED )2/3: Dated this A01il ', '%+'
FsF Zach Coughlin
Zach Coughlin
!lainti;;
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