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Bus Profile

FINANCIAL 1960 1970 1980 1990 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Expenditures ($ thousands)
School bus 1
486,000 1,219,000 3,833,000 8,031,000 9,889,000 9,082,000 10,353,000 10,326,000 10,340,000
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 U
Operating revenues ($ thousands)
Intercity bus, Class I 2
463,100 2
721,700 2 1,397,378 2
943,268 9 1,189,235 R,9
985,537 9 1,080,083 9 1,074,582 9 1,326,909 1,133,822
Operating expenses ($ thousands)
Intercity bus, Class I 405,400 639,000 1,318,372 1,026,213 1,253,537 R
941,014 1,022,680 1,016,208 1,313,900 1,078,386

INVENTORY 1960 1970 1980 1990 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Number of operating companies
Intercity bus, Class I 143 71 61 31 24 9
20 9
22 20 9
18 9 9
15
Number of vehicles, all buses 3
272,129 3
377,562 3
528,789 3
626,987 3
685,503 3
694,781 3
697,548 3
715,540 3
728,777 3
746,125
Number of employees
Intercity and rural bus 4
40,500 4
43,400 4
37,900 4
26,100 10
23,800 10
23,800 10
22,200 10
24,400 10
23,800 10
24,700
School bus N N 79,900 111,200 131,100 132,200 136,500 141,000 146,100 146,700

PERFORMANCE 1960 1970 1980 1990 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Vehicle-miles, all buses (millions) 4,346 4,544 6,059 5,726 6,420 6,538 6,842 7,007 R
7,662 7,601
Rural highway, total 5
2,332 2,549 3,035 3,444 3,854 3,933 4,109 4,251 R
4,667 4,498
Interstate rural N 5
339 5
533 5
567 6
711 6
742 6
794 6
834 6
971 981
Other arterial rural N 944 991 995 1,171 1,186 1,243 1,282 1,375 1,270
Other rural N 1,266 1,511 1,882 1,972 2,005 2,072 2,135 R
2,321 2,247
Urban highwaya, total 2,014 1,995 3,024 2,283 2,566 2,605 2,733 2,756 2,995 3,103
Interstate urban N 277 560 455 580 598 647 663 R
752 791
Other urban N 1,718 2,464 1,828 1,986 2,007 2,086 2,093 R
2,243 2,312
Passenger-miles (millions), all buses N N N 121,398 136,104 138,613 145,060 148,558 R
162,445 161,152
Number of revenue passengers (thousands)
Intercity bus, total 1
366,000 1
401,000 1
370,000 1
334,000 1
366,500 1
347,900 1
350,600 1
357,600 1
358,900 U
Average miles traveled per vehicle, all buses 6
15,970 6
12,035 6
11,458 6
9,133 6
9,365 6
9,386 6
9,809 6
9,793 6
10,515 6
10,187
Fuel consumed (million gallons), all buses 827 820 1,018 895 968 985 1,027 1,040 1,148 1,110
Average fuel consumption per vehicle
(gallons), all buses 3,039 2,172 1,925 1,427 1,412 1,414 1,472 1,454 R
1,576 1,488
Average miles traveled per gallon of fuel
consumed, all buses 5.3 5.5 6.0 6.4 6.6 6.6 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.8
Average revenue per passenger-mile
(cents) (intercity) 1
2.71 1
3.60 1
7.26 1
11.55 1
12.19 1
12.30 1
12.56 1
12.75 1
12.76 U

SAFETY 1960 1970 1980 1990 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Number of fatalities
School bus-related N N 7
150 7
115 7
123 7
136 7
131 7
128 11
167 11
144
School bus occupants N N 9 11 13 10 8 6 10 20
Other vehicle
Occupants N N 88 64 72 101 99 91 127 98
Nonoccupants N N 53 40 38 25 24 31 30 26
Occupant fatalities, all buses N N 46 32 33 21 18 38 12
59 12
22
School buses N N 14 13 12 10 8 6 8 16
Cross country buses N N 23 2 6 3 5 13 32 3
Transit buses N N 6 3 1 5 3 2 6 1
Other and unknown N N 3 14 14 3 2 17 13 2
Fatalities in vehicular accidentsb, all buses N N 8
390 8
340 8
311 8
367 8
339 8
328 8
373 U
Occupant fatality rate
Per 100 million vehicle-miles, all buses N N 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.8 0.3
Per 10,000 registered vehicles, all buses N N 0.9 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.8 0.3
Vehicle involvement rate (fatal crashes)
Per 100 million vehicle-miles, all buses N N 6.4 5.9 4.8 5.6 5.0 4.7 4.1 U
Per 10,000 registered vehicles, all buses N N 7.4 5.4 4.5 5.3 4.9 4.6 4.4 U
KEY: N = data do not exist; P = preliminary; R = revised; U = data are not available.

02/11/2008 NTS 2002, FHWA, NHTSA


a
Urban consists of travel on all roads and streets in urban places of 5,000 or greater population.
b
Includes all fatalities that occurred in an accident in which a bus was involved.

NOTE
See transit profile for transit bus data.

SOURCES
Unless otherwise noted, refer to chapter tables for sources.
1
Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc., Transportation In America, 2000 (Washington, DC: 2001), p. 11, 16, and 18.
2
Interstate Commerce Commission, Annual Report of the ICC (Washington, DC: Annual issues), Appendix F, tables 1 and 6.
3
U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table
MV-10.
4
U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment, Hours and Earnings, United States, 1909-1994 (Washington,
DC: September 1994), SIC codes 413 and 415.
5
Ibid., Highway Statistics, Summary to 1995, FHWA-PL-97-009 (Washington, DC: July 1997), table VM-201A.
6
Ibid., Highway Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table VM-1.
7
Ibid., National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Traffic Safety Facts 1998, DOT HS 808 983 (Washington, DC: October
1999), tables 74 and 93.
8
Ibid., Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) Query, Internet site, http://www-fars.nhtsa.dot.gov as of January 2003.
9
U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Selected Earnings Data, Class I Motor Carriers of
Passengers (Washington, DC: Annual issues).
10
U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment, Hours and Earnings, United States, 1909-1994 (Washington,
DC:
11 September
Ibid., 1994), Internet
National Highway Traffic site www.bls.gov
Safety as of Jan
Administration, 200120, 2003.Safety Fact Sheets, DOT HS 809 332 (Washington, DC:
Traffic
December
12 2002).
Ibid., National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Traffic Safety Facts 2001, DOT HS 809 484 (Washington, DC: December
2002), table 74.

02/11/2008 NTS 2002, FHWA, NHTSA