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Oil Pipeline Profile

Financial

1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998

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Operating revenues ($ millions)

FERC-regulated 770 c 1,188c 6,340c R


7,045 c 6,950c R
6,962 c 7,262c R
7,264 c 7,300c

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Nonregulated 125 208 1,208 1,342 1,323 R
1,316 1,373 R
1,343 1,356

Total 895 1,396 7,548 R 8,387 8,273 8,278


R 8,635 8,607
R 8,656

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Inventory

Number of FERC-regulated companies 87 d 101 d 130 d 150 d 158 d 161 d 160 d U U

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Number of employees, pipeline companiesa 23,100e 17,600e 21,300e 18,500f 17,100f 15,100 g
R 14,500g R
14,200 g 13,800g

Mil es of pipeline (statute miles) b

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Crude lines 141,085h 146,275h 129,831h 118,805h 114,000h 129,423 h
R
92,610 h
R 91,523h 87,663h

R R
Product lines 49,859 72,396 88,562 89,947 86,500 92,177 84,925 88,350 90,985

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All lines 190,944 218,671 218,393 208,752 200,500 221,600 177,535 179,873 178,648

Performance

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Intercity ton-miles (millions)

Crude oil N N 362,600i 334,800i 322,600i 335,900i 338,300i R


337,400 I 334,100I

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Petroleum products N N 225,600 249,300 268,800 265,200 280,900 R
279,100 285,700

Total 229,000i 431,000i 588,200 584,100 591,400 601,100 619,200 616,500


R 619,800

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Tons transported (millions) 468.4 790.3 960.8 1,057.4 R
1099 R
1,124.8 1,099.0 R
1183.8 1,211.8

Average length of haul (statute miles)

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Crude oil 325 j 300 j 871 j 805 j 756 j R
747 j R
779 j 713 689

Petroleum products 269 357 414 389 400 393


R 393
R 393 393

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Safety

Fatalities N 4k 4k 3k 1k 3k 5k 0k 2k

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Injuried Persons N 21 15 7 1,858 11 13 5 6

Incidents N 351 246 180 243


R 188 193
R 171
R 153

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a Includes companies whose pipelines carry crude petroleum, petroleum products, and nonpetroleum pipeline liquids.

b Regulated plus unregulated mileage of crude oil trunk and gathering lines, plus refined oil trunk lines.

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KEY: FERC = Federal Energy Regulatory Commission; N = data do not exist; R = revised;

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U = data are not available.

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NOTE: The
: The
Interstate
Interstate
Commerce
Commerce
Committee
Committee
regulated
regulated
oil oil
pipelines
pipelines
in the
in the
1960s
1960s
and
and
1970s.
1970s.

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SOURCES: Unless otherwise noted, refer to chapter tables for sources.

c Eno Tra nsportation Foundation, Inc., Transportation In America, 1998 (Washington, DC: 1998), p. 40.

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d Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, personal communication.

e U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment, Hours and Earnings, United States, 1909-94

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(Washington, DC: September 1994), SIC 46.

f Ibid., Employment, Hours and Earnings, United States, 1988-1996 (Washington, DC: July 1996), SIC 46.

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g Ibid., Internet website www.bls.gov, as of Apr. 19, 1999.

h Eno Tra nsportation Foundation, Inc., Transportation In America, 1998 (Washington, DC: 1998), p. 64;

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and Transportation in America, Supplement, 1999, (Washington, DC: 1999), p. xii.

i Ibid., pp. 44, 59,46.

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j Ibid., p. 71.

k U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Special Programs Administration, Office of Pipeline Safety, DPS-35,

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personal communication, and Internet website http://ops.dot.gov, as of Mar. 18, 1999.

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