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Recruitment: According to Yoder Recruitment is a process to discover the sources of manpower to meet the requirements of the staffing schedule

e and to employ effective measures for attracting that manpower in adequate numbers to facilitate effective selection of an efficient working force. It is a process to locate the sources where from the required human resource can be available and attract them towards the organization. Factors effecting recruitment The factors effecting recruitment are: * Size if the organization. * The employment condition. * The effect of past recruiting efforts. * Working condition and salary. * Rate of growth of organization. * The future expansion plans. * Cultural, economic and legal factors. * Companys image. * Recruitment policy

Features of recruitment: The features of recruitment are as following: * Recruitment is a process or series of action. * It is a linking activity as it brings employer and prospective employees together. * It is a positive function. * The basic function of recruitment is to locate the sources of people required to meet the job requirements. * It is a pervasive function. * Recruitment is a two-way function as it takes both recruiter and recruitee together. Purpose & Importance of Recruitment: Attract and encourage more and more candidates to apply in the organization.

Create a talent pool of candidates to enable the selection of best candidates for the organisation. Determine present and future requirements of the organization in conjunction with its personnel planning and job analysis activities. Recruitment is the process which links the employers with the employees. Increase the pool of job candidates at minimum cost. Help increase the success rate of selection process by decreasing number of visibly under qualified or overqualified job applicants. Help reduce the probability that job applicants once recruited and selected will leave the organization only after a short period of time. Meet the organizations legal and social obligations regarding the composition of its workforce. Begin identifying and preparing potential job applicants who will be appropriate candidates. Increase organization and individual effectiveness of various recruiting techniques and sources for all types of job applicants

Steps involved in recruitment process: The recruitment and selection is the major function of the human resource department and recruitment process is the first step towards creating the competitive strength and the strategic advantage for the organizations. Recruitment process involves a systematic procedure from sourcing the candidates to arranging and conducting the interviews and requires many resources and time. A general recruitment process is as follows: Identifying the vacancy: The recruitment process begins with the human resource department receiving requisitions for recruitment from any department of the company. These contain:

Posts to be filled Number of persons Duties to be performed Qualifications required

Preparing the job description and person specification.

Locating and developing the sources of required number and type of employees (Advertising etc).

Short-listing and identifying the prospective employee with required characteristics.

Arranging the interviews with the selected candidates.

Conducting the interview and decision making

Process: 1. Identify vacancy

2. Prepare job description and person specification

3. Advertising the vacancy

4. Managing the response

5. Short-listing

6. Arrange interviews

7. Conducting interview and decision making The recruitment process is immediately followed by the selection process i.e. the final interviews and the decision making, conveying the decision and the appointment formalities.

Sources of recruitment Every organization has the option of choosing the candidates for its recruitment processes from two kinds of sources: internal and external sources. The sources within the organization itself (like transfer of employees from one department to other, promotions) to fill a position are known as the internal sources of recruitment. Recruitment candidates from all the other sources (like outsourcing agencies etc.) are known as the external sources of recruitment.

Internal Sources of Recruitment The internal sources of recruitment are:-

1. Promotions: Promotion means to give a higher position, status, salary and responsibility to the employee. So, the vacancy can be filled by promoting a suitable candidate from the same organization. 2. Transfers: Transfer means a change in the place of employment without any change in the position, status, salary and responsibility of the employee. So, the vacancy can be filled by transferring a suitable candidate from the same organization. 3. Internal Advertisements: Here, the vacancy is advertised within the organization. The existing employees are asked to apply for the vacancy. So, recruitment is done from within the organization. 4. Retired Managers: Sometimes, retired managers may be recalled for a short period. This is done when the organization cannot find a suitable candidate. 5. Recall from Long Leave: The organization may recall a manager who has gone on a long leave. This is done when the organization faces a problem which can only be solved by that particular manager. After he solves the problem, his leave is extended. External Sources of Recruitment The external sources of recruitment are:1. Management Consultants: Management consultants are used for selecting higher-level staff. They act as a representative of the employer. They make all the necessary arrangements for recruitment and selection. In return for their services, they take a service charge or commission. 2. Public Advertisements: The Personnel department of a company advertises the vacancy in newspapers, the internet, etc. This advertisement gives information about the company, the job and the required qualities of the candidate. It invites applications from suitable candidates. This source is the most popular source of recruitment. This is because it gives a very wide choice. However, it is very costly and time consuming. 3. Campus Recruitment: The organization conducts interviews in the campuses of Management institutes and Engineering Colleges. Final year students, who're soon to get graduate, are interviewed. Suitable candidates are selected by the organization based on their academic record, communication skills, intelligence, etc. This source is used for recruiting qualified, trained but inexperienced candidates. 4. Recommendations: The organization may also recruit candidates based on the recommendations received from existing managers or from sister companies.