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AEI Special Poll Report: Health Care and the Affordable Care Act

(March 2014)
Karlyn Bowman and Jennifer Marsico Few pieces of contemporary legislation have received as much scrutiny and attention as the Affordable Care Act. Few have been as divisive. This document makes it possible to see nine major pollsters trends on the bill and the law. For each pollster, opinions on the law have fluctuated in a narrow range, but they have been more negative than positive of late. Polls on President Obamas handling of health care also generally show more negative than positive views. Democrats have lost considerable ground on whether they or Republicans in Congress would better handle the issue, though Democrats ratings on health care still tend to exceed those of their GOP counterparts. NBC/WSJ shows Democrats with a 6point advantage in December 2013, down from a 16point advantage in February 2013. The economy and jobs are still the most important issues to Americans, but health care often ranks third. However, the publics concern has changed. Recent polls show a shift in opinions concerning the presumed impact of the bill on the country as a whole. In September 2012, a plurality said the country would be better off under the Obama health care plan. Now, a plurality thinks it would be worse off. People have been more skeptical about the impact on their families for some time. A March 2014 Gallup poll finds 21 percent think they will be better off under the law, 36 percent think there will be no difference, and 40 percent think they will be worse off under the law. As for what to do with the law now, a four-part question from Fox News shows opinions tilt mostly toward repealing the law entirely (30 percent), though there has been an uptick in the percentage of those would prefer to leave the law as it is (26 percent). Twenty-four percent would like to repeal parts of the law, while 15 percent want to expand it. Kaiser asks if people support defunding the law. Full wordings of the long trend questions at the beginning of the document begin on page 14.

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Views on the Legislation/Law


ABC/WP Sup Opp 45% 50% 46 48 45 48 48 49 44 51 44 51 47 49 45 50 47 48 43 51 45 50 Pew Sup Opp 38% 44% 39 46 42 44 34 47 42 39 35 48 39 48 38 50 38 48 40 44 35 47 44 46 38 45 43 47 41 48 CNN/ORC Sup Opp 46% 49% 38 58 39 59 39 54 43 56 40 56 43 54 37 59 39 56 38 56 Fox (RV) Sup Opp 36% 47% 34 49 33 53 35 54 35 51 34 57 39 51 35 55 39 50 AP/GfK Sup Opp 34% 49% 40 40 39 45 36 44 42 42 41 43 39 49 39 46 45 42 41 46 41 45 37 46 40 41 35 45 37 45 30 48 CBS/NYT App Dis 40% 45% 37 48 43 47 36 49 37 49 39 43 36 50 33 51 37 48 35 51 Gallup App Dis Kaiser Fav Unfav 46% 40% 41 44 48 41 50 35 43 45 49 40 42 44 42 40 42 41 41 50 43 48 42 46 41 41 42 44 42 46 42 43 39 44 41 43 34 51 37 44 41 43 NBC/WSJ Good Bad 36% 42% 36 42 39 41 38 42 32 47 31 46 36 48 38 44 40 44 39 39 34 41 2|Page

Jul. 2009 Aug. 2009 Sep. 2009 Oct. 2009 Nov. 2009 Dec. 2009 Jan. 2010 Feb. 2010 Mar. 2010 Apr. 2010 May 2010 Jun. 2010 Jul. 2010 Aug. 2010 Sep. 2010 Oct. 2010 Nov. 2010 Dec. 2010 Jan. 2011 Feb. 2011 Mar. 2011 Apr. 2011 May 2011 Jun. 2011 Jul. 2011 Aug. 2011 Sep. 2011 Oct. 2011 Nov. 2011 Dec. 2011

Jan. 2012 Feb. 2012 Mar. 2012 Apr. 2012 May 2012 Jun. 2012 Jul. 2012 Aug. 2012 Sep. 2012 Oct. 2012 Nov. 2012 Dec. 2012 Jan. 2013 Feb. 2013 Mar. 2013 Apr. 2013 May 2013 Jun. 2013 Jul. 2013 Aug. 2013 Sep. 2013 Oct. 2013 Nov. 2013 Dec. 2013 Jan. 2014 Feb. 2014 Mar. 2014

ABC/WP Sup Opp 41% 52% 39 53 47 47 42 49 42 52 46 49 40 57 46 49 46 49 -

Pew Sup Opp 47% 45% 41 49 43 48 47 43 42 53 41 52 41 54 -

CNN/ORC Sup Opp 43% 50% 43 51 39 49 42 51 51 44 43 54 38 57 41 56 40 58 35 62 39 57

Fox (RV) Sup Opp 40% 53% 39 49 40 55 36 59 38 57

AP/GfK Sup Opp 35% 47% 34 46 33 40 24 62 22 64 28 38 27 44 27 42 -

CBS/NYT App Dis 39% 47% 34 48 36 50 38 50 42 46 35 44 36 54 39 51 43 51 31 61 39 50 41 50 -

Gallup App Dis 48% 45% 44 52 41 49 44 47 40 54 41 51 38 54 41 51 -

Kaiser Fav Unfav 37% 44% 42 43 41 40 42 43 37 44 41 41 38 44 38 43 45 40 38 43 43 39 36 42 37 40 35 40 35 43 37 42 39 43 38 44 33 49 34 48 35 47 -

NBC/WSJ Good Bad 36% 45% 35 41 40 44 (RV) 37 49 34 47 31 44 37 47 34 50 34 48 35 49

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How is President Obama Handling Health Care?


Gallup App Dis 44% 50% 43 49 43 52 40 53 37 58 36 60 42 54 40 57 40 56 40 56 41 55 ABC/WP Quinnipiac (RV) CBS/NYT App Dis App Dis App Dis 49% 44% 46% 42% 46% 38% 46 50 39 52 40 47 47 48 41 51 47 45 48 48 47 42 47 49 41 53 44 48 44 53 38 56 42 50 45 52 35 58 40 54 43 54 35 58 35 55 48 49 44 50* 47 48 49 49 40 55 41 51 44 51 42 52 46 50 46 37 43 52 44 51 40 56 41 56 Fox (RV) App Dis 43% 45% 44 48 42 50 39 54 37 56 40 53 41 55 39 55 42 56 41 54 42 55 CNN/ORC App Dis 44% 53% 51 47 42 57 40 59 45 54 44 54 44 55 41 58 40 57 47 50 38 59 AP/GfK App Dis 50% 43% 42 52 48 47 49 46 49 46 48 48 49 46 44 52 45 51 49 46 45 53 50 50 47 53 48 51 51 49 52 48 54 46 45 54 46 53 45 54 44 55 Economist App Dis 37% 55% 40 52 44 48 43 50 41 51 40 52 41 50 39 53 39 55 40 54 39 55 40 53 47 39 38 54 37 54 38 53 38 55 38 50 38 50 35 55 36 53 36 52 37 53 39 51 39 50 4|Page

Jul. 2009 Aug. 2009 Sep. 2009 Oct. 2009 Nov. 2009 Dec. 2009 Jan. 2010 Feb. 2010 Mar. 2010 Apr. 2010 May 2010 Jun. 2010 Jul. 2010 Aug. 2010 Sep. 2010 Oct. 2010 Nov. 2010 Dec. 2010 Jan. 2011 Feb. 2011 Mar. 2011 Apr. 2011 May 2011 Jun. 2011 Jul. 2011 Aug. 2011 Sep. 2011 Oct. 2011 Nov. 2011 Dec. 2011 Jan. 2012

Feb. 2012 Mar. 2012 Apr. 2012 May 2012 Jun. 2012 Jul. 2012 Aug. 2012 Sep. 2012 Oct. 2012 Nov. 2012 Dec. 2012 Jan. 2013 Feb. 2013 Mar. 2013 Apr. 2013 May 2013 Jun. 2013 Jul. 2013 Aug. 2013 Sep. 2013 Oct. 2013 Nov. 2013 Dec. 2013 Jan. 2014 Feb. 2014 Mar. 2014

Gallup App Dis 41 56% 49 46 40 57 39 57 44 47 37 61 -

ABC/WP Quinnipiac (RV) CBS/NYT App Dis App Dis App Dis 40 56% 41% 52% 43 52 38% 50% 42 46 34 55 40 54 40 53 33 63 41 55 36 60 36 59 41 54 39 58 -

Fox (RV) App Dis 43% 52% 44 51 43 51 48 47 47 50 43 52 43 53 41 55 38 58 45 51 37 59 -

CNN/ORC App Dis 44% 51% 50 49 44 54 42 55 38 59 -

AP/GfK App Dis 48 51% 48 50 34 47 39 61 40 58 -

Economist App Dis 41 48% 37 50 37 52 38 52 42 47 42 47 40 48 47 50 44 49 45 48 41 47 46 46 42 47 42 46 38 53 38 50 42 51 37 50 39 50 39 50 39 52 35 55 38 55 41 52 42 51 40 51

Note: *The latest asking in March 2010.

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Democrats vs. Republicans on Health Care


AP-GfK Dem Rep Party Party Sep. 2007 Nov. 2007 Feb. 2008 Jul. 2009 Aug. 2009 Sep. 2009 Oct. 2009 Nov. 2009 Dec. 2009* Jan. 2010 48% 38% Feb. 2010 Mar. 2010 48 37 Apr. 2010 48 40 May 2010 47 39 Jun. 2010 51 38 Jul. 2010 Aug. 2010 50 40 Sep. 2010 49 40 Oct. 2010 48 43 Nov. 2010 Dec. 2010 Jan. 2011 49 37 Feb. 2011 Mar. 2011 53 36 Apr. 2011 May 2011 53 35 Jun. 2011 50 38 Jul. 2011 Aug. 2011 49 37 Sep. 2011 Kaiser Dem Rep Party Party 49% 32% 46 31 44 31 45 36 ABC/WP CNN/ORC NBC/WSJ CBS/NYT Dem Rep Dem Rep Dem Rep Dem Rep Party Party Cong. Cong. Party Party Party Party 56% 26% 54 29 56 29 40% 23% 51% 42% 43 40 44% 27% 47 34 48 46 37 28 40 30 44 39 46 45 46 38 42 32 46 28 42 25 Fox (RV) Dem Rep Party Party 42% 43% 44 40 Pew Dem Rep Party Party 46% 27% 45 32 46 36 39 32 42 40 49 38 6|Page

Oct. 2011 Nov. 2011 Dec. 2011 Jan. 2012 Feb. 2012 Mar. 2012 Apr. 2012 May 2012 Jun. 2012 Jul. 2012 Aug. 2012 Sep. 2012 Oct. 2012 Nov. 2012 Dec. 2012 Jan. 2013 Feb. 2013 Mar. 2013 Apr. 2013 May 2013 Jun. 2013 Jul. 2013 Aug. 2013 Sep. 2013 Oct. 2013 Nov. 2013 Dec. 2013 Jan. 2014 Feb. 2014 Mar. 2014

AP-GfK Dem Rep Party Party 32 22% -

Kaiser Dem Rep Party Party -

ABC/WP CNN/ORC NBC/WSJ CBS/NYT Dem Rep Dem Rep Dem Rep Dem Rep Party Party Cong. Cong. Party Party Party Party 39% 26% 41 28 41 25 37 29 36 30 45 37 -

Fox (RV) Dem Rep Party Party -

Pew Dem Rep Party Party 47% 31% 48 38 39 40 45 37 -

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Will You Be Better Off?


Q: Do you think you and your family will be better off or worse under the new health care reform law, or dont you think it will make much difference? (Kaiser Family Foundation) Better Worse No diff Better Worse No diff Better Worse No diff Feb. 2009 38% 11% 43% Sep. 2010 32% 28% 33% Mar. 2012 26% 33% 34% Apr. 2009 43 14 36 Oct. 2010 31 29 32 Apr. 2012 26 32 34 Jun. 2009 39 16 36 Nov. 2010 25 31 34 May 2012 23 31 37 Jul. 2009 39 21 32 Dec. 2010 32 33 28 Jul. 2012 25 32 37 Aug. 2009 36 31 27 Jan. 2011 20 32 44 Aug. 2012 26 30 37 Sep. 2009 42 23 28 Feb. 2011 28 31 38 Sep. 2012 31 26 33 Oct. 2009 41 27 28 Mar. 2011 26 30 39 Oct. 2012 26 32 33 Nov. 2009 42 24 27 Apr. 2011 27 28 37 Feb. 2013 24 32 36 Dec. 2009 35 27 32 May 2011 28 28 38 Mar. 2013 21 29 40 Jan. 2010 32 33 29 Jul. 2011 27 29 39 Jun. 2013 19 33 40 Feb. 2010 34 32 26 Aug. 2011 24 33 37 Aug. 2013 23 34 37 Mar. 2010 35 32 28 Sep. 2011 27 32 34 Sep. 2013 24 32 37 Apr. 2010 31 32 30 Oct. 2011 18 31 44 Oct. 2013 21 33 40 May 2010 29 30 32 Nov. 2011 23 31 41 Nov. 2013 20 32 41 Jun. 2010 28 28 39 Dec. 2011 26 31 39 Dec. 2013 18 29 47 Jul. 2010 32 29 33 Jan. 2012 26 33 35 Jan. 2014 12 24 62 Aug. 2010 29 30 36 Feb. 2012 27 25 41 Q: From what you've heard or read, do you think the 2010 health care law will mostly help you personally, will mostly hurt you personally, or don't you think it will have much of an effect on you personally? Help 20% 17 16 13 18 13 19 13 18 Hurt 35% 36 36 33 30 32 31 38 39 Not have much effect 38% 39 41 48 47 46 43 43 40 8|Page

Mar. 2010 Apr. 2010 May 2010 Jul. 2010 Jan. 2011 Dec. 2011 Mar. 2012 Jul. 2013 Sep. 2013

CBS CBS CBS CBS CBS CBS CBS CBS CBS

Nov. 2013 Dec. 2013

CBS CBS

15% 16

39% 34

43% 46

Q: In the long run, how do you think the healthcare law will affect your familys healthcare situation? Will it make things better, not make much difference, or make things worse? Make Not make Make better much difference worse Feb. 2012* Gallup 24% 34% 38% Jun. 2013 Gallup 22 33 42 Aug. 2013 Gallup 24 34 38 Oct. 2013 Gallup 25 36 34 Nov. 2013 Gallup 20 34 41 Jan. 2014 Gallup 22 35 37 Feb. 2014 Gallup 24 34 37 Mar. 2014 Gallup 21 36 40 Note: * Question wording included Now suppose all of the provisions of the healthcare law go into effect in the next few years.

Will the Country Be Better Off?


Q: Do you think the country as a whole will be better off or worse under the new health care reform law, or dont you think it will make much difference? (Kaiser Family Foundation) Better 59% 56 57 51 45 53 53 54 45 Worse 12% 15 16 23 34 26 28 27 31 No diff 19% 21 19 16 14 14 12 11 17 Better Worse 42% 37% 45 34 45 34 45 35 43 35 42 32 43 35 39 37 42 34 No diff 12% 12 14 11 13 19 15 18 15 Better 39% 38 40 34 37 38 39 37 35 Worse No diff 34% 18% 36 16 37 15 38 22 39 19 35 19 35 18 38 19 39 20 9|Page

Feb. 2009 Apr. 2009 Jun. 2009 Jul. 2009 Aug. 2009 Sep. 2009 Oct. 2009 Nov. 2009 Dec. 2009

Jan. 2010 Feb. 2010 Mar. 2010 Apr. 2010 May 2010 Jun. 2010 Jul. 2010 Aug. 2010 Sep. 2010

Oct. 2010 Nov. 2010 Dec. 2010 Jan. 2011 Feb. 2011 Mar. 2011 Apr. 2011 May 2011 Jun. 2011

Jul. 2011 Aug. 2011 Sep. 2011 Oct. 2011 Nov. 2011 Dec. 2011 Jan. 2012 Feb. 2012

39% 33 38 28 35 37 37 39

35% 37 36 36 36 37 36 32

20% 21 18 39 22 19 19 22

Mar. 2012 Apr. 2012 May 2012 Jul. 2012 Aug. 2012 Sep. 2012 Oct. 2012 Feb. 2013

37% 39 34 35 36 40 34 34

38% 38 35 41 37 33 35 38

18% 17 20 18 17 17 21 19

Jun. 2013 Aug. 2013 Sep. 2013 Oct. 2013 Nov. 2013 Dec. 2013 Jan. 2014

31% 34 37 35 34 34 27

40% 40 39 38 43 40 40

20% 19 16 21 15 18 27

Q: In the long run, how do you think the healthcare law will affect the healthcare situation in the U.S. will it make things better, not make much difference, or will it make things worse? Not make much Make better difference Make worse 34% 16% 47% 35 15 44 36 14 44 34 12 48 35 12 48 35 14 45

Jun. 2013 Aug. 2013 Oct. 2013 Nov. 2013 Jan. 2014 Feb. 2014

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup

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Will the Uninsured Be Better Off?


Q: Do you think the uninsured will be better off or worse under the new health care reform law, or dont you think it will make much difference? (Kaiser Family Foundation) Better Worse off No diff Better Worse off No diff Better Worse off No diff Apr. 2010 67% 15% 10% Nov. 2011 51% 23% 17% Jun. 2013 48% 30% 14% Sep. 2010 57 50 15 Jan. 2012 53 25 14 Sep. 2013 48 26 18 May 2011 55 25 15 Mar. 2012 51 24 16 Nov. 2013 46 26 18 Aug. 2011 49 20 22 Jul. 2012 47 29 16 Jan. 2014 42 30 20 Note: Jan. 2014 question wording was Do you think the uninsured are better off or worse under the new health care reform law, or has it not made much difference?

Repeal, Replace?
Q: What would you like to see Congress do when it comes to the health care law? They should expand the law. They should keep the law as is. They should repeal the law and replace it with a Republican-sponsored alternative. They should repeal the law and not replace it. (Kaiser Family Foundation) Keep Replace w/ Repeal & as is GOP alt not replace Unsure 19% 23% 20% 10% 20 19 20 10 21 18 21 10 19 15 20 14 21 19 19 10 20 19 19 12 20 16 21 10 19 16 21 12 18 15 24 11 20 16 22 11 Keep Replace w/ Repeal & as is GOP alt not replace Unsure 19% 18% 22% 11% 19 18 19 9 19 18 23 12 20 18 21 13 25 18 20 10 21 23 23 10 23 20 20 11 22 14 19 18 25 13 24 16 20 16 26 15 11 | P a g e

Jan. 2011 Feb. 2011 Mar. 2011 Apr. 2011 May 2011 Jun. 2011 Jul. 2011 Sep. 2011 Nov. 2011 Dec. 2011

Expand 28% 30 30 33 30 31 33 33 32 30

Jan. 2012 Feb. 2012 Mar. 2012 May 2012 Jun. 2012 Jul. 2012 Aug. 2012 Nov. 2012 Oct. 2013 Dec. 2013

Expand 31% 35 28 27 28 24 26 27 22 23

Q: Do you think Congress should try to repeal the new health care law, or should they let it stand? Repeal Let it stand 48% 43% 44 45 47 41 Repeal Let it stand 52% 39% 51 38 49 43

Jan. 2011 Quinnipiac Apr. 2011 Quinnipiac Nov. 2011 Quinnipiac Note: Asked of registered voters.

Feb. 2012 Apr. 2012 Jul. 2012

Quinnipiac Quinnipiac Quinnipiac

Q: Which one of the following comes closest to what you would like to see lawmakers do with the new health care law? Would you like lawmakers to repeal the law entirely, repeal parts of the law, expand the law, or leave it as is? Leave as is 15% 16 14 16 14 22 22 20 19 26 Expand it 20% 15 20 18 22 18 17 20 17 15 Repeal parts 29% 32 34 29 28 28 26 25 19 24 Repeal entirely 29% 27 27 31 31 29 28 30 39 30

Oct. 2010 Fox Dec. 2010 Fox Jan. 2011 Fox Apr. 2011 Fox Mar. 2012 Fox Jul. 2012 Fox Oct. 2012 Fox Mar. 2013 Fox Jun. 2013 Fox Oct. 2013 Fox Note: Asked of registered voters.

Q: What, if anything, do you think Congress should do with the health care law? Expand it 30% 35 31 33 Leave it as is 22% 20 22 20 Repeal it 40% 37 38 38

Nov. 2010 Jan. 2011 Oct. 2011 Mar. 2012

Pew Pew Pew Pew

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Q: And, would you favor or oppose repealing and eliminating this health care law? Strongly Not so strongly Not so strongly Strongly oppose favor repeal favor repeal oppose repeal oppose repeal Jan. 2011 NBC/WSJ 35% 10% 12% 34% Dec. 2011 NBC/WSJ 36 10 15 25 Apr. 2012 NBC/WSJ 40 9 12 30 Note: Question wording for January and December 2011 read . . . this new health care law . . .. Q: What would you like to see Congress do when it comes to the 2010 health care law? Expand the health care law. Keep the entire health care law as it is. Repeal the part of the law that requires Americans to obtain health insurance if they don't have it, but keep the rest of the law intact. Repeal the entire health care law. Expand Keep entire Repeal Repeal the the law law in place the mandate entire law Jul. 2012 CBS/NYT 17% 15% 27% 34% Sep. 2012 CBS/NYT 22 15 26 30 Oct. 2012 CBS/NYT 22 21 19 29 Jul. 2013 CBS/NYT 20 16 18 39 Q: Which comes closest to your view about the 2010 health care law? The law is working well There are some good things and should be kept in the law, but some changes in place as is are needed to make it work better Nov. 2013 CBS 7% 48% Dec. 2013 CBS/NYT 6 53 Jan. 2014 CBS 6 56 Feb. 2014 CBS 6 50

The law has so much wrong with it that it needs to be repealed entirely 43% 37 34 42

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Defunding
Q: Some lawmakers who oppose the health care law say that if Congress isn't able to repeal the law, they should try to stop it from being put into place by cutting off funding to implement it. Whether or not you like the health care law, would you say you approve or disapprove of cutting off funding as a way to stop some or all of the law from being put into place? Approve 33% 34 30 30 33 32 Disapprove 62% 61 64 64 63 58 Approve 35% 31 36 37 32 Disapprove 56% 58 57 56 60

Jan. 2011 Feb. 2011 Mar. 2011 Apr. 2011 May 2011 May 2012

Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser

Jul. 2012 Apr. 2013 Aug. 2013 Sep. 2013 Oct. 2013

Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser

Views on the legislation/law Full question wordings Q: Overall, given what you know about them, would you say you support or oppose the proposed changes to the health care system being developed by Congress and the Obama administration? (ABC/Washington Post) Beginning in March 2010, ABC/WP question wording read Given what you know about them, would you say you support or oppose the changes to the health care system that have been enacted by Congress and the Obama administration? Beginning in March 2012, question wording read Overall, do you support or oppose the federal law making changes to the health care system? Q: As of right now, do you generally favor or generally oppose the health care proposals being discussed in Congress? (Pew) Starting in April 2010, the question wording changed to ask Do you approve or disapprove of the health care legislation passed by Barack Obama and Congress last month? In July, August, and September 2010, the question asked about legislation passed in March. In November, the question read earlier this year. In January 2011, the question asked about legislation passed last year. The March 2012 question asked people whether they approved or disapproved of the health care legislation passed in 2010.

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Q: As you may know, the U.S. House of Representatives recently passed a bill that would make major changes in the countrys health care system. Based on what you have read or heard about that legislation, do you generally favor it or generally oppose it? (CNN/ORC) Question wording for January 2010 was As you may know, the US Senate and US House of Representatives recently passed bills that would make major changes in the countrys health care system. Based on what you have read or heard about those bills, do you generally favor them or generally oppose them? May 2010 question wording was Do you approve or disapprove of the passage of the health care bill which became law in April? Favor is equated with approve and oppose is equated with disapprove. The March, August, and October 2010 and June 2011 question read As you may know, a bill that makes major changes to the countrys health care system became law earlier this year. Based on what you have read or heard about that legislation, do you generally favor or generally oppose it? In 2012, question wording changed to As you may know, a bill that makes major changes to the country's health care system became law in 2010 . . . ? Q: Based on what you know about the health care reform legislation being considered right now, do you favor or oppose the plan? (Fox) Question wording for April 2010 read Based on what you know, do you favor or oppose the new health care law?. Question wording for April 2012, January 2014, and March 2014 reads Do you favor or oppose the new national health care law that was passed by Congress and signed into law by President Obama in 2010? Q: In general, do you support, oppose or neither support nor oppose the health care reform plans being discussed in Congress? (APGfK/Roper) Question wording after April 2010 reads: In general, do you support, oppose or neither support nor oppose the health care reforms that were passed by Congress in March? Q: From what you have read or heard, do you mostly approve or mostly disapprove of the proposed changes to the health care system under consideration in Congress? (CBS/NYT) In November 2009, question wording read mostly approve or mostly disapprove of the proposed changes to the health care system under consideration in Congress. For March 2010, question asked about the current health care reform bill. After March 2010, question read: From what you've heard or read, do you approve or disapprove of the new health care reform bill? Q: Wording in Nov. 2012 was Do you generally approve or disapprove of the 2010 Affordable Care Act, also known as Obamacare, that restructured the U.S. health care system? Wording in Jun. 2013 and later was Do you generally approve or disapprove of the 2010 Affordable Care Act, signed into law by President Obama that restructured the U.S. health care system? (Gallup) Q: President Obama did sign a health reform bill into law last month given what you know about the new health reform law, do you have a generally favorable or generally unfavorable opinion of it? (Kaiser) Question wording after April 2010 reads As you may know, a new health reform bill was signed into law earlier this year. Given what you know about the new health reform law, do you have a generally favorable or generally unfavorable opinion of it? 15 | P a g e

Q: From what you have heard about Barack Obama's health care plan that was passed by Congress and signed into law by the President in 2010, do you think his plan is a good idea or a bad idea? If you do not have an opinion either way, please just say so. (NBC/WSJ) Question wording for May and June 2010 was "From what you have heard about Barack Obama's health care plan that was recently passed by Congress and signed into law by the President, do you think his plan is a good idea or a bad idea? If you do not have an opinion either way, please just say so. Question wording for March 2010 and earlier was From what you have heard about Barack Obama's health care plan, do you think his plan is a good idea or a bad idea? If you do not have an opinion either way, please just say so. How is President Obama Handling Health Care? Full question wordings Q: Do you approve or disapprove of the way Barack Obama is handling health care policy? (Gallup, Pew, CNN/ORC) Q: Do you approve or disapprove of the way Obama is handling health care? (ABC/Washington Post) Q: Do you approve or disapprove of the way Barack Obama is handling health care? (Quinnipiac, CBS/New York Times) Q: Do you approve or disapprove of the job Barack Obama is doing on the following issues . . . health care? (Fox) Q: If you had to choose, do you lean more toward approving or disapproving of the way Barack Obama is handling health care? (AP/GfK-Roper) Q: Below are some issues facing the country. For each one, indicate whether you approve or disapprove of the way Barack Obama is handling that issue health care. (Economist/YouGov). The Economist/YouGov poll is an internet poll. The February 2010 poll was asked immediately after the congressional health care vote. Democrats and Republicans on Health Care Full question wordings Q: Who do you trust to do a better job of handling health care, the Democrats or the Republicans? (AP-GfK/Roper) Q: Overall, which party, the Democrats or the Republicans, do you trust to do a better job handling health care reform going forward? (Kaiser)

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Q: Which political party, the Democrats or the Republicans, do you trust to do a better job handling health care? (ABC/Washington Post) Q: Do you think the Republicans in Congress or the Democrats in Congress would do a better job of dealing with each of the following issues and problems . . .Health care? (CNN/ORC) Q: When it comes to dealing with health care which party do you think would do a better job the Democratic Party, the Republican Party, or both about the same? (NBC/Wall Street Journal). Note: *Question wording Who do you trust more to handle major changes in the countrys health care systemthe Democrats in Congress or the Republicans in Congress? **Question wording Which party could do a better job of reforming the US health care system? Q: Regardless of how you usually vote, do you think the Republican Party or the Democratic Party is more likely to improve the health care system? (CBS/New York Times) Q: Which political partythe Democrats or the Republicansdo you think would do a better job on each of the following issues Health Care? (Fox) Q: Please tell me if you think the Republican Party or the Democratic Party could do a better job in each of the following areas . . . Which party could do a better job of dealing with health care? (Pew Research Center) Will you/the country be better off? Full question wordings For February 2009 through March 2010, Kaiser Family Foundation wording was Do you think (you/the country) would be better off or worse off if the president and Congress passed health care reform, or dont you think it would make much difference?

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