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OU Kosher | A Guide to Tevilat Keilim

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OUKosher.org

A Guide to Tevilat Keilim

A Summary of the Laws of Tevilas Keilim One who acquires food utensils from a non-Jew must immerseOne who acquires food utensils from a non-Jew must immerse the utensils in a kosher mikveh prior to use. One may not use a vessel even once unless tevilah has been performed. However, food prepared in vessels that had no proper tevilah, is nevertheless kosher. a) Only vessels made of gold, silver, iron, steel, copper, tin, brass, lead, glass, pyrex, corelle and crystal require tevilah with a brachah. Unglazed earthenware, wood, rubber and plastic utensils require no tevilah. Corningware, porcelain (china), enameled pots, teflon coated pans and aluminum vessels require tevilah without a brachah. Disposable aluminum pans require no tevilah. b) A utensil made of a material requiring tevilah should be immersed inclusive of any plastic or wooden parts attached to it. A utensil made of wood or plastic requires tevilah if any metal is attached to it, providing that the metal touches the food and is vital for the utensils use. A utensil made of separable parts requires tevilah only for its metal parts. c) Tevilah is required only for those utensils used for eating, drinking or the preparation of food. Only those utensils which come into direct contact with the food require tevilah. One who purchases a food utensil for a non food related use (e.g., a knife purchased for cutting cardboard) need not immerse it. However, it should not be used, even temporarily, for food use. d) Those utensils that do not prepare the food for its final edible state (e.g., a kneading hook) require tevilah without a brachah. e) Vessels that are used merely for storage should be immersed without a brachah. f) One may purchase and eat food or drinks directly from their jars or bottles. Once the jar is emptied of its contents, some poskim permit reuse of a glass jar for other foods without tevilah. A metal container, however, should not be reused without tevilah. Some poskim permit reuse of a tin can that was opened by a Jew. g) Electrical appliances that come into direct contact with food require tevilah. An appliance that cannot be immersed in a mikveh should not be purchased. Thus, an electric urn requires immersion in a mikveh. It is impossible to do a proper tevilah on an urn unless it is completely immersed in the water. A Rov should be consulted as to the proper method of tevilah. h) Only utensils that belonged to a non-Jew require tevilah. These include: utensils manufactured by a non-Jewish company (even if partly owned by Jews), those manufactured by a Jewish company but sold in a non-Jewish store or even those sold in a Jewish store, if they had been purchased from a non-Jewish wholesaler. If there is sufficient reason to suspect that the utensils never belonged to a non-Jew, tevilah should be done without a brachah. i) Only those utensils owned by a Jew require tevilah. One who borrows a vessel from a non-Jew (when no kashrus problems apply) may use it without tevilah. j) One who wishes to eat in the home of a Jew who has not immersed his dishes should consult a Rov. k) During tevilah the utensil must be clean and free from any foreign object. Therefore any rust, dirt or labels must be removed prior to tevilah. When removing labels, one must be sure to remove all glue as well. Stubborn stickers or glue can be removed with nail polish remover or by spraying with WD 40 silicone

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OU Kosher | A Guide to Tevilat Keilim

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spray. l) One should not permit a minor (a boy below the age of 13 or a girl below the age of 12) to perform tevilah unless supervised by an adult. A minor doing tevilah with adult supervision recites the brachah as well. One should preferably not allow a non-Jew to perform tevilah even when supervised by a Jew. m) Tevilah should be done only in a kosher mikveh (some mens mikvaos are not kosher for tevilas keilim). If a store has its own mikveh, one must inquire whether it is under the supervision of a competent rov. One may do tevilas keilim in the ocean as well. One who wishes to immerse utensils in a lake should consult a Rov. n) Before grasping the vessel to be immersed, one should wet ones hands in the mikveh. One recites the brachah and immerses the vessel without grasping the vessel too tightly. Better yet, one should first grasp the vessel with one hand and transfer it to the other hand while the vessel is under water. One may immerse the vessel in a basket, but dishes should not be piled one atop another so as not to obstruct the water from reaching all surfaces of the dishes. o) Utensils made of separable parts (e.g., a meat grinder or thermos bottle) should preferably be immersed in an assembled manner. A List of Materials Material Aluminum Bone china Brass Copper Cork Crystal Glass Gold Ivory Plastic Porcelain Pyrex Silver Stainless Steel Stone Stoneware (glazed) Tin Wood Rubber A List of Items (note any item requiring tevilah, if it is made of aluminum the tevilah is done without a brachah) Item Apple slicer/corer Barbecue grill (grill only) Tevilah tevilah tevilah Brachah brachah brachah Tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah no tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah no tevilah no tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah no tevilah tevilah tevilah no tevilah no tevilah no brachah3 brachah no brachah brachah24 brachah brachah brachah13 brachah brachah Brachah no brachah1 no brachah3 brachah brachah

Earthenware (unglazed) no tevilah

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OU Kosher | A Guide to Tevilat Keilim

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Blender (blades & glass bowl) Bottle warmer Bowl (steel or glass) Bread box (metal) Broiler tray (steel) (disposable aluminum) Butter dish (glass or metal) Cake decorator (with metal spout) Cake plate cover Can opener Canister (storage) Canister cover Cast iron pots Cheese slicer Chicken shears Chopper Coffee pot Coffee mill Coffee maker (electric) Colander Cookie shaper Corkscrew Corn popper Corn-on-cob holder (metal) Corning ware Creamer Creamer (ceramic) Crock pot (ceramic insert) Crock pot (metal insert) Cutting board (wood or plastic) Decanter Disposable tins Double boiler Dough hook Drinking glasses Egg yolk brush Egg cup (ceramic) Egg beater Egg slicer

tevilah no tevilah4 tevilah tevilah tevilah no tevilah tevilah tevilah no tevilah tevilah no tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah no tevilah4 tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah no tevilah14 tevilah no tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah no tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah
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brachah2 brachah no brachah5 brachah6 brachah brachah7

no tevilah8 no brachah5 brachah brachah brachah9 brachah brachah no brachah10 brachah11 brachah brachah no brachah10 brachah brachah no brachah brachah no brachah3 no brachah12 brachah brachah brachah15 no brachah10 brachah no brachah3 brachah brachah

Cookie baking sheet (stainless steel) tevilah

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OU Kosher | A Guide to Tevilat Keilim

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Electric Knife Enameled pots Flatware (stainless or silver) Flour canister Flour sifter (metal) Food processor (metal blades) Fork French fry cutter Fruit basket (metal) Frying pan (Teflon coated) Frying pan Grater Grill (see barbecue) Grill (electric George Forman ) Honey dish (china) Honey dish (glass or silver) Hot water urn Hot plate Ice cream scooper Immersion heater Juicer (even electric) Kiddush cup Kneading hook Knife sharpener Knife Ladle Measuring cup (steel or glass) Measuring spoon Meat grinder Meat tenderizer Meat slicer Melon baller Mixer (beaters & glass bowl) Mixing spoon Nut cracker (used at table) Onion chopper Oven rack Pancake flipper Parsley shredder Pasta machine Peeler (even electric)

tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah no tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah no tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah no tevilah4 tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah
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brachah16 no brachah17 brachah no brachah5 no brachah10 brachah brachah brachah18 brachah no brachah17 brachah brachah brachah brachah no brachah3 brachah brachah brachah19 no brachah brachah brachah no brachah10 brachah brachah brachah brachah no brachah10 no brachah10 brachah brachah brachah20 brachah21 brachah brachah brachah brachah no brachah brachah
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OU Kosher | A Guide to Tevilat Keilim

http://www.oukosher.org/index.php/articles/single_print/20

Pepper mill Percolator Pizza cutter Pocket knife Pot cover Potato peeler Poultry shears Pyrex kettle Rolling pin (wooden or plastic) Salt-shaker Sandwich maker Saucer Scale (food) Shabbos blech Shredder Sieve Skewers Spatula (metal) Spoon Spoon rest (metal) Stove grate Strainer Sugar canister Sugar bowl Tea kettle Tea cups (glass) Tea cups (china) Tea pot (ceramic) Tea pot (metal) Teflon coated pan or pot Thermos bottle Toaster

tevilah tevilah tevilah no tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah no tevilah tevilah tevilah no tevilah tevilah no tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah no tevilah no tevilah4 tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah
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brachah22 brachah brachah brachah brachah18 brachah9 brachah brachah brachah brachah brachah brachah brachah brachah brachah

brachah no brachah5 brachah brachah brachah no brachah no brachah3 brachah no brachah17 brachah no brachah26 brachah

Toaster oven (tray and rack) tevilah brachah27 Tongs Tray Tupperware Vegetable steamer Waffle iron Washing cup Wine bottle Wooden mixing spoon tevilah no tevilah4 no tevilah tevilah tevilah no tevilah tevilah no tevilah brachah brachah brachah

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OU Kosher | A Guide to Tevilat Keilim

http://www.oukosher.org/index.php/articles/single_print/20

Notes 1) There is reason to question whether aluminum requires tevilah, therefore a brachah should not be recited. 2) The blade and glass jar only. 3) Porcelain and china require tevilah without a brachah, see section a. 4) A vessel that does not touch the food requires no tevilah, see section c. 5) A vessel that is used for storage only requires tevilah without a brachah, see section e. 6) A disposable pan requires no tevilah. 7) See section b. 8) It is not meant to touch the food. 9) Assuming it is used for roasted chicken as well. If, however, it is used for raw chicken only, a brachah is not recited. 10) See section d. 11) Electric coffee makers (e.g., Mr. Coffee) require tevilah. 12) Ceramic insert only. A glass or metal insert requires tevilah with a brachah. 13) Crystal is glass. 14) If wood or plastic. 15) Often the bottom pot is used for food as well, if not, no tevilah is required. 16) Blades only. 17) The surface that touches the food is not a material requiring tevilah. 18) If used to cut other vegetables as well. If, however, it is used exclusively for potatoes, no brachah is recited on the tevilah. 19) If metal. 20) Only the beaters. 21) If wooden, no tevilah is required. 22) Some poskim contend that a brachah should not be recited. 23) If one plan to usually use it for food, tevilah is required. 24) Pyrex is glass. 25) If to be used as saucers only. If, however, they will be used as plates, tevilah is required. 26) Some poskim contend that it requires no tevilah. Consult your Rav. 27) Only the shelf and tray. This list was reviewed and approved by Rabbi Belsky.

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