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1. During 2005, a company produced an average of 2,000 products per month.

How many products will the company need to produce from 2006 through 2008 in order to increase its monthly average for the period from 2005 through 2008 by 200% over its 2005 average? (A) 148,000 (B) 172,000 (C) 200,000 (D) 264,000 (E) 288,000

Company produced 12*2000 = 24,000 products in 2005. If company produces X products from 2006 to 2008, then total amount of product produced in 4 years (2005 through 2008) is X+24,000. The gives the average of (X+24,000)/4. This average needs to be 200% higher than that in 2005. In math terms, 24,000+200%(24,000) = 72,000. So: (X+24,000)/4 = 72,000 X+24,000 = 288,000 X = 264,000
2nd approach:

200% more than 2,000 is 6,000 products per month. Now, in order the monthly average, from 2005 through 2008, to be 6,000 products per month, the company should produce total of 6,000*48 products in these four years (48 months). Since in 2005, the company produced total of 2,000*12 products, then from 2006 through 2008, the company should produce 6,000*482,000*12=2,000*12*(3*4-1)=2,000*12*11=264,000. Answer: D.

2. If John makes a contribution to a charity fund at school, the average contribution size will increase by 50%, reaching \$75 per person. If there were 5 other contributions made before Johns, what is the size of his donation? (A) \$100 (B) \$150 (C) \$200 (D) \$250 (E) \$450

final avg = 75 = 1.5 of old i.e old avg = 50 = total of five/5 total of five = 250

new avg = 75 = total of six/6 total of 6 = 450 so John's contribution = 450-250 =200

Let be the average contribution size before John makes his contribution. Let be the total contribution size before John makes his contribution. Let be John's contribution. --> --> --> -->

3. What is the minimum percentage increase in the mean of set X {-4, -1, 0, 6, 9} if its two smallest elements are replaced with two different primes? (A) 25% (B) 50% (C) 75% (D) 100% (E) 200% 4. A group of men and women gathered to compete in a marathon. Before the competition, each competitor was weighed and the average weight of the female competitors was found to be 120 lbs. What percentage of the competitors were women? (1) The average weight of the men was 150 lb. (2) The average weight of the entire group was twice as close to the average weight of the men as it was to the average weight of the women.

Avg weight of women = 120 lbs Stmnt 1: Avg weight of men = 150 lbs This statement doesn't tell us the average weight of the entire group. The avg weight of men is not helpful till we know the avg weight of the entire group. Not sufficient Stmnt 2: Avg weight of group was twice as close to the average weight

of the men as it was to the average weight of the women. Since avg weight is twice as close to avg weight of men, the number of men must be twice of the number of women So women must be 1/3 of the total group. Think of the scale method we use. Ratio of the distances is 1:2 (avg is closer to men's avg than women's avg) so number of men: number of women = 2:1. Sufficient. Statement 2 is a direct reference to the number line method. Or you can say that it refers to the core concept of average weight. It says that the group avg is twice as close to the men's average as the women's average. We know that group average lies between the two averages. If men are more, the group average will be closer to men's average. If women are more, the group average will be closer to women's average ....................|.......................................|......................... .| .........Women's avg.....................Group Avg...................Men's Avg The statement says that group average is twice as close to men's avg so it means that number of men is twice of number of women. If you look at the scale method discussed in the link, you will understand it even better. We are given that the distance between group avg and men's avg is half the distance between group avg and women's avg. So men must be twice of women.
5. The mean of (54,820)2 and (54,822)2 = (A) (54,821)2 (D) (54,821)2 + 1 (B) (54,821.5)2 (C) (54,820.5)2

(E) (54,821)2 1

One can try plugging numbers and see the pattern: Take 2 and 4: average= 3 Now, for and ,

Take 4 and 6: average= 5 Now, for and :

We can quickly realize that average of 54820 and 54822= 54821 So, as per the pattern derived above, average of and