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ARBITRATION

AND
MEDIATION CENTER
ADMINISTRATIVE PANEL DECISION
WGCZ S.R.O. v. Worldwide Media, Inc.
Case No. D2014-042
1. The Parties
!"e Co#$lainan% is WGCZ S.R.O. o& 'as (e)as, Nevada, *ni%ed S%a%es o& +#erica, re$resen%ed ,-
Randa..a 'e)al Gro/$, *ni%ed S%a%es o& +#erica.
!"e Res$onden% is Worldwide Media, Inc. o& Deer&ield 0eac", 1lorida, *ni%ed S%a%es o& +#erica, re$resen%ed
,- 2o"n 0err-"ill, *ni%ed S%a%es o& +#erica.
2. The Domain Name and Registrar
!"e dis$/%ed do#ain na#e 34-videos.co#5 is re)is%ered wi%" 1+6I G#,7 8%"e 9Re)is%rar:;.
. Pro!ed"ra# $istor%
!"e Co#$lain% was &iled wi%" %"e WI6O +r,i%ra%ion and Media%ion Cen%er 8%"e 9Cen%er:; on Marc" 1<, 2014.
On Marc" 20, 2014, %"e Cen%er %rans#i%%ed ,- e#ail %o %"e Re)is%rar a re=/es% &or re)is%rar veri&ica%ion in
connec%ion wi%" %"e dis$/%ed do#ain na#e. On Marc" 21, 2014, %"e Re)is%rar %rans#i%%ed ,- e#ail %o %"e
Cen%er i%s veri&ica%ion res$onse con&ir#in) %"a% %"e Res$onden% is lis%ed as %"e re)is%ran% and $rovidin) %"e
con%ac% de%ails.
!"e Cen%er veri&ied %"a% %"e Co#$lain% sa%is&ied %"e &or#al re=/ire#en%s o& %"e *ni&or# Do#ain Na#e
Dis$/%e Resol/%ion 6olic- 8%"e 96olic-:; %"e R/les &or *ni&or# Do#ain Na#e Dis$/%e Resol/%ion 6olic- 8%"e
9R/les:;, and %"e WI6O S/$$le#en%al R/les &or *ni&or# Do#ain Na#e Dis$/%e Resol/%ion 6olic- 8%"e
9S/$$le#en%al R/les:;.
In accordance wi%" %"e R/les, $ara)ra$"s 28a; and 48a;, %"e Cen%er &or#all- no%i&ied %"e Res$onden% o& %"e
Co#$lain%, and %"a% %"e $roceedin)s co##enced on +$ril 2, 2014. In accordance wi%" %"e R/les, $ara)ra$"
>8a;, %"e d/e da%e &or Res$onse was se% %o +$ril 22, 2014. !"e Res$onse was &iled wi%" %"e Cen%er on
+$ril 2?, 2014.
!"e Cen%er a$$oin%ed 6e%er '. Mic"aelson, M. Sco%% Dona"e- and Ric"ard G. '-on as $anelis%s in %"is
$a)e 2
#a%%er on Ma- 21, 2014. !"e 6anel &inds %"a% i% was $ro$erl- cons%i%/%ed. @ac" #e#,er o& %"e 6anel "as
s/,#i%%ed %"e S%a%e#en% o& +cce$%ance and Declara%ion o& I#$ar%iali%- and Inde$endence, as re=/ired ,- %"e
Cen%er %o ens/re co#$liance wi%" %"e R/les, $ara)ra$" A.
S/,se=/en%l-, %"e Co#$lainan% s/,#i%%ed a S/$$le#en%al 1ilin) %o %"e Cen%er, &ollowed ,- %"e Res$onden%
%"en "avin) s/,#i%%ed i%s own s/c" &ilin). On Ma- ?0, 2014, %"e Cen%er &orwarded ,o%" o& %"ose &ilin)s %o %"e
6anel.
&. 'a!t"a# Ba!(gro"nd
+s re&lec%ed in %"e re)is%ra%ion record &or %"e dis$/%ed do#ain na#e in %"e Re)is%rarBs W"oIs da%a,ase 8a
co$- o& %"a% record a$$ears anne4ed %o %"e Co#$lain%;, %"e dis$/%ed do#ain na#e was ori)inall- re)is%ered
on +$ril 2>, 200? and is se% %o e4$ire on +$ril 2>, 2014.
A. Com)#ainant*s +VIDEOS Mar(s
+s indica%ed in %"e Co#$lain%, %"e Co#$lainan% owns a *.S. and %wo Co##/ni%- %rade#arC re)is%ra%ions &or
#arCs solel- con%ainin) %"e %er# D(ID@OS. In corres$ondin) anne4es a%%ac"ed %o %"e Co#$lain% and %"e
Co#$lainan%Bs S/$$le#en%al 1ilin), %"e Co#$lainan% "as $rovided co$ies o& i%s re)is%ra%ion cer%i&ica%es.
6er%inen% de%ails o& %"ese re)is%ra%ions are as &ollowsE
1. D(ID@OS
*ni%ed S%a%es re)is%ra%ion no. 4,?41,A0A
re)is%eredE Ma- 2, 201?F &iledE Se$%e#,er 11, 2012
!"is #arC is re)is%ered, /nder 'an"a# +c% G 28&;, &or /se in connec%ion wi%"E 9en%er%ain#en% services,
na#el-, $rovidin) a we, si%e &ea%/rin) $"o%o)ra$"ic, a/dio, video and $rose $resen%a%ions &ea%/rin)
ad/l%-orien%ed s/,Hec% #a%%er: in in%erna%ional class 41, and clai#s a &irs% /se da%e o& +/)/s% 20, 200I and a
&irs% /se in co##erce da%e o& +$ril 1, 200A.
2. D(ID@OS
Co##/ni%- 8C!M; re)is%ra%ion no. 011<4>21
re)is%eredE Nove#,er 2I, 201?
!"is #arC is re)is%ered &or /se in connec%ion wi%"E 9en%er%ain#en% services, na#el-, $rovidin) a we,si%e
&ea%/rin) $"o%o)ra$"ic, a/dio, video and $rose $resen%a%ions &ea%/rin) ad/l%-orien%ed s/,Hec% #a%%er: in
in%erna%ional class 41.
?. D(ID@OS 8s%-li.ed;
Co##/ni%- 8C!M; re)is%ra%ion no. 011<4><A
re)is%eredE Nove#,er 2I, 201?
!"is #arC is re)is%ered &or /se in connec%ion wi%"E 9en%er%ain#en% services, na#el-, $rovidin) a we,si%e
&ea%/rin) $"o%o)ra$"ic, a/dio, video and $rose $resen%a%ions &ea%/rin) ad/l%-orien%ed s/,Hec% #a%%er: in
in%erna%ional class 41.
B. The Parties and their Intera!tions
!"o/)" %"e $ar%- s/,#issions are ra%"er ver,ose, &or%/na%el- %"e relevan% &ac%s, as &ollows, w"ic" /nderlie
%"is dis$/%e and /$on w"ic" %"e 6anel ,ases i%s decision are s/ccinc% and ra%"er si#$le, and no% serio/sl-
dis$/%ed.
!"e Co#$lainan% owns and o$era%es %"e do#ain na#e 34videos.co#5, and "as /sed %"is do#ain &or
several -ears in connec%ion wi%" $rovidin) ad/l% en%er%ain#en% services over %"e In%erne%. + redac%ed version
o& i%s "o#e $a)e a$$ears anne4ed %o %"e Co#$lain%. !"e Co#$lainan%Bs $redecessor-in-in%eres% ac=/ired
$a)e ?
%"e na#e 34videos.co#5 on +/)/s% 20, 200I.
!"e Res$onden% ac=/ired %"e dis$/%ed do#ain na#e on Marc" 1A, 200A 8%"o/)" %"e Res$onden% avers i%
can $rove an earlier da%e, i% "as vol/n%aril- li#i%ed i%sel& &or $/r$oses o& %"is $roceedin) %o Marc" 1A, 200A as
,ein) %"e earlies% da%e i% ac=/ired %"e dis$/%ed do#ain na#e as re&lec%ed on $/,licl- availa,le records;.
@ver since %"a% da%e, i% "as con%in/o/sl- /sed %"e na#e as an address o& i%s we, si%e %"ro/)" w"ic" i%
adver%ises ad/l% con%en% and $rovides s/c" con%en% on a $a--,--clicC ,asis.
+% leas% as earl- as +$ril 200I, o%"er we, si%es, as indica%ed in an anne4 %o %"e Co#$lain%, /sed %"e %er#
D(ID@OS in conH/nc%ion wi%" o&&erin) ad/l% orien%ed video $rod/c%s and rela%ed en%er%ain#en% services.
!"ose si%es c/#/la%ivel- e4$erienced considera,le we, %ra&&ic as a res/l% o& %"e %"en $o$/lar de#and &or
%"eir o&&erin)s.
,. Parties* Contentions
A. Com)#ainant
-i. Identi!a# or Con/"sing#% Simi#ar
!"e Co#$lainan% con%ends %"a% %"e dis$/%ed do#ain na#e is ei%"er iden%ical or con&/sin)l- si#ilar %o %"e
Co#$lainan%Bs D(ID@OS MarCs. S$eci&icall-, %"e dis$/%ed do#ain na#e con%ains %"e %er# 94videos: wi%" a
"-$"en ,e%ween 94: and 9videos: &ollowed ,- %"e )eneric !o$-'evel Do#ain .co#, wi%" %"e "-$"en ,ein)
inca$a,le o& addin) s/&&icien% dis%inc%iveness w"a%soever %o %"e na#e %o #i%i)a%e an- res/l%in) /ser
con&/sion ,e%ween %"e na#e and %"e D(ID@OS MarCs.
1/r%"er#ore, %"e Co#$lainan% con%ends %"a% i% "as ac=/ired co##on law ri)"%s in i%s #arC D(ID@O da%in)
,acC %o +$ril 2I, 200I ,ased on %"e &ac% %"a% vario/s o%"er we,si%es a% %"e %i#e dis$la-ed %"e %er# 94videos:
in conH/nc%ion wi%" o&&erin) ad/l% en%er%ain#en% video $rod/c%s. !"e Co#$lainan% asser%s %"a% s/c" /se o&
%"e %er# evidences %"e secondar- #eanin) w"ic" %"e Co#$lainan% "ad ,- %"en es%a,lis"ed in i%s #arC.
7ence, %"e Co#$lainan% ,elieves %"a% i% "as sa%is&ied %"e con&/sin) si#ilari%-Jiden%i%- re=/ire#en% in
$ara)ra$" 48a;8i; o& %"e 6olic-.
-ii. Rights or Legitimate Interests
!"e Co#$lainan% con%ends %"a%, &or vario/s reasons, %"e Res$onden% "as no ri)"%s or le)i%i#a%e in%eres%s in
%"e dis$/%ed do#ain na#e $/rs/an% %o $ara)ra$" 48a;8ii; o& %"e 6olic-.
1irs%, %"e Res$onden%Bs /se o& %"e dis$/%ed do#ain na#e "as alwa-s ,een ei%"er s$ec/la%ive or in&rin)in),
wi%" a $a--$er-clicC si%e Ce-ed %o %aCe advan%a)e o& %"e Co#$lainan%Bs ri)"%s. 6a--$er-clicC si%es and do#ain
$arCin) $a)es are no% bona fide o&&erin)s o& )oods or services w"ere, as "ere, %"e- co#$e%e wi%" services
o&&ered ,- %"e Co#$lainan% %rade#arC owner or %rade o&& %"e )ood na#e o& a co#$e%i%or, na#el- %"e
Co#$lainan%.
Second, %"e Res$onden% is no% #aCin) a le)i%i#a%e nonco##ercial or &air /se o& %"e dis$/%ed do#ain na#e.
Ra%"er, %"e Res$onden% is /sin) %"e dis$/%ed do#ain na#e &or a co##ercial $/r$ose, as i%s we,si%e
con%ains linCs and adver%ise#en%s %o %"ird $ar%- we,si%es %"a% co#$e%e wi%" Co#$lainan%.
!"ird, %"e Res$onden%Bs we, si%e o$era%es $ri#aril- %o redirec% In%erne% /sers looCin) &or %"e Co#$lainan%Bs
si%e %o o%"er we,si%es, incl/din) co#$e%i%ive si%es, and as s/c" is no% a le)i%i#a%e /se o& %"e dis$/%ed do#ain
na#e.
1o/r%", %"e Res$onden% is no% co##onl- Cnown ,- %"e dis$/%ed do#ain na#e and co/ld no% ,e as %"e na#e
in&rin)es %"e Co#$lainan%Bs #arC.
$a)e 4
-iii. Registered and 0sed in Bad 'aith
!"e Co#$lainan% also con%ends %"a% %"e Res$onden% "as re)is%ered and is /sin) %"e dis$/%ed do#ain na#e
in ,ad &ai%" $/rs/an% %o $ara)ra$" 48a;8iii; o& %"e 6olic-.
1irs%, %"e Co#$lainan%Bs co##on law ri)"%s were 9well es%a,lis"ed: in 200I and "ad ,o%" ,eco#e &ederall-
re)is%ered wi%" %"e *S6!O and 9in%erna%ionall- reco)ni.ed: ,- 2012. +n- clai# ,- %"e Res$onden% %"a% i%
was no% aware o& Co#$lainan%Bs #arC w"en i% &irs% re)is%ered %"e na#e is no% credi,le, as %"e Res$onden%,
w"o owns so#e A>,000 do#ain na#es, co/ld no% "ave re)is%ered a "-$"ena%ed do#ain na#e wi%"o/%
c"ecCin) %o see i& %"e non-"-$"ena%ed version was availa,le. +ccordin)l-, %"e Res$onden%Bs re)is%ra%ion o&
%"e dis$/%ed do#ain na#e was #ade in ,ad &ai%". 1/r%"er, even i& %"e Co#$lainan% did no% "ave co##on
law ri)"%s as o& %"e da%e %"e Res$onden% re)is%ered %"e dis$/%ed do#ain na#e and i%s ri)"%s did no% $reda%e
%"ose o& %"e Res$onden%, never%"eless, %"e Res$onden%, Cnowin) %"a% %"e Co#$lainan% wo/ld liCel- /se i%s
#arC in a do#ain na#e, 9s$ec/la%ivel-: re)is%ered %"e dis$/%ed do#ain na#e wi%" %"e in%en% %o ca/se %"e
con&/sion o& In%erne% /sers in order %o diver% we, %ra&&ic &ro# %"e Co#$lainan%Bs we,si%e %o %"a% o& %"e
Res$onden% and %"/s ,ene&i% %"e la%%er.
Second, %"e Res$onden%, %"ro/)" /se o& %"e na#e, disr/$%ed Co#$lainan%Bs ,/siness ,- diver%in) In%erne%
/sers awa- &ro# %"e Co#$lainan%Bs we,si%e w"enever an- o& %"ose /sers #is%aCenl- inser%ed a "-$"en
,e%ween 94: and 9videos:, and %"en $ro&i%ed w"enever %"a% /ser clicCed on an- o& %"e linCs on %"e
Res$onden%Bs si%e.
B. Res)ondent
-i. Identi!a# or Con/"sing#% Simi#ar
@ssen%iall-, %"e Res$onden% ar)/es %"a% %"e %er# 94videos:, w"en /sed in conH/nc%ion wi%" ad/l%-orien%ed
videos, is so descri$%ive as %o ,e inca$a,le o& servin) as a %rade#arC. !"/s, %"e Co#$lainan% "as no ri)"%s
%o e4cl/de an- o%"ers &ro# /sin) %"e %er# in i%s $/rel- descri$%ive sense. S$eci&icall-, 94: is a co##onl-
/nders%ood iden%i&ier o& $orno)ra$"ic #a%erials and w"en co/$led wi%" %"e %er# 9videos: &or /se wi%" ad/l%
video rela%ed $rod/c%s clearl- and /n#is%aCa,l- descri,es %"e na%/re and c"arac%eris%ic o& s/c" $rod/c%s.
!"e Co#$lainan% reco)ni.es %"e descri$%ive na%/re o& i%s re)is%ered #arC D(ID@OS inas#/c" as i%s *S
%rade#arC re)is%ra%ion is $redica%ed on 'an"a# +c% G28&;. !"is sec%ion $er#i%s re)is%ra%ion o& a descri$%ive
#arC $redica%ed on i%s a$$lican% "avin) &iled an a&&idavi%Jdeclara%ion a%%es%in) %o &ive -ears o& s/,s%an%iall-
e4cl/sive and con%in/o/s /se o& %"e #arC in co##erce, and in connec%ion wi%" %"e )oods or services &or
w"ic" re)is%ra%ion o& %"e #arC is so/)"%, $rior %o %"e da%e on w"ic" a clai# o& dis%inc%iveness is #ade. 0ased
on %"is $rior /se, %"e *S6!O $res/#es %"a% %"e #arC "as ,eco#e dis%inc%ive w"en /sed in connec%ion wi%"
%"ose )oods or services.
7ere, %"e Co#$lainan%, as indica%ed on i%s *S %rade#arC re)is%ra%ion, clai#ed %"a% i% &irs% /sed i%s #arC in
in%ers%a%e co##erce on +$ril 1, 200A. 7owever, %"e Co#$lainan% s%a%ed on i%s G 28&; declara%ion %"a% i%s /se
o& %"e #arC co##enced &ive -ears $rior %o %"e da%e, 2an/ar- 1A, 201?, o& %"a% declara%ion, i.e. 2an/ar- 1A,
200. !"/s, %"e Co#$lainan%Bs #arC co/ld no% "ave ,eco#e dis%inc%ive /n%il &ive -ears la%erE 2an/ar- 1A,
201? K w"ic" is so#e si4 -ears a&%er %"e Res$onden% ac=/ired and s%ar%ed /sin) %"e dis$/%ed do#ain na#e.
!"/s, an- ri)"%s o& e4cl/sion did no% e4is% on Marc" 1A, 200A w"en %"e Res$onden% ac=/ired %"e dis$/%ed
do#ain na#e.
Conse=/en%l-, in %"e a,sence o& "avin) an- e4cl/sive %rade#arC ri)"%s, %"e Co#$lainan% "as &ailed %o #ee%
i%s ,/rden /nder $ara)ra$" 48a;8i; o& %"e 6olic-.
-ii. Rights or Legitimate Interests
$a)e >
!"e Res$onden% con%ends, con%rar- %o %"e Co#$lainan%Bs view, %"a% i% does "ave ri)"%s or le)i%i#a%e in%eres%s
in %"e dis$/%ed do#ain na#e.
S$eci&icall-, %"e Res$onden%Bs ri)"%s in %"e dis$/%ed do#ain na#e are senior ,- a% leas% several -ears %o
w"a%ever %rade#arC ri)"%s, i& an- owin) %o %"e in"eren%l- descri$%ive na%/re o& %"e #arC, %"e Co#$lainan%
ac%/all- "as in i%s #arC D(ID@OS. 0- vir%/e o& "avin) seniori%-, %"e Res$onden%Bs /se o& %"e na#e, as an
address o& i%s we,si%e &ro# %"e %i#e i% ac=/ired %"e na#e on Marc" 1A, 200A and con%in/in) %o %"e $resen%,
%"ro/)" w"ic" %"e Res$onden% $rovides ad/l%-en%er%ain#en% services consis%en% wi%" %"e co##on well-
/nders%ood #eanin) o& %"e na#e, is le)i%i#a%e. !"e Co#$lainan% "as no ,asis %o realis%icall- o,Hec% as i%s
%rade#arC ri)"%s, %o %"e e4%en% an- e4is%, are H/nior %o %"e Res$onden%Bs ac=/isi%ion o& %"e na#e and da%e i%
s%ar%ed /sin) %"e na#e.
-iii. Registered and 0sed in Bad 'aith
!"e Res$onden% ar)/es %"a% inas#/c" as i% "as le)i%i#a%e ri)"%s and in%eres%s in %"e dis$/%ed do#ain na#e
,- vir%/e o& "avin) senior ri)"%s in %"e na#e, %"en i%s re)is%ra%ion and /se o& %"e na#e co/ld no% "ave ,een in
,ad &ai%".
S$eci&icall-, %"e Res$onden% ac=/ired %"e na#e $rior %o %"e da%e 8+$ril 1, 200A; on w"ic" %"e Co#$lainan%
clai#ed %o ,e %"e da%e i% &irs% /sed i%s #arC in in%ers%a%e co##erce and several -ears $rior %o %"e da%e
82an/ar- 1A, 201?; on w"ic" %"e Co#$lainan%, ar)/a,l-, )ained ri)"%s -- %o w"a%ever e4%en% i% "as an- K in i%s
&ederal re)is%ra%ion ,- vir%/e o& %"e #arC "avin) $res/#$%ivel- ac=/ired dis%inc%iveness. !"/s, w"a%ever
ri)"%s %"e Co#$lainan% "as in i%s #arC are H/nior and "ence s/,ordina%e %o %"ose o& %"e Res$onden%.
1/r%"er, as %"e Res$onden% con%in/o/sl- /sed %"e na#e 34-videos.co#5 since i% ac=/ired %"e na#e on
Marc" 1A, 200A and wi%" %"e Co#$lainan% "avin) ,een aware o& s/c" /se, %"e clai# #ade ,- %"e
Co#$lainan% in i%s sec%ion 28&; a&&idavi%Jdeclara%ion %o "avin) /sed i%s #arC on a s/,s%an%iall- e4cl/sive and
con%in/o/s ,asis &or > -ears $rior is #is$laced.
Inas#/c" as %"e Marc" 1A, 200A da%e on w"ic" %"e Res$onden% ac=/ired and co##enced /se o& %"e na#e
$reda%es %"e Co#$lainan%Bs &irs% /se o& i%s #arC on +$ril 1, 200A, %"e Res$onden% si#$l- "ad no Cnowled)e
o& %"e Co#$lainan%Bs #arC a% %"e %i#e nor co/ld i% "ave )ained an- s/c" Cnowled)e as %"a% #arC si#$l- did
no% co##erciall- e4is% %"en.
!"/s, %"e Clai#an% &ailed %o carr- i%s ,/rden o& $rovin) ,ad &ai%" re)is%ra%ion and /se.
C. S"))#ementa# S"1missions
+s no%ed a,ove, eac" $ar%- &iled a s/$$le#en%al s/,#ission wi%" %"e Cen%er. !"e 6anel did no% re=/es%
ei%"er &ilin). *DR6 6anels "ave wide discre%ion as %o w"e%"er %o acce$% an /nsolici%ed s/$$le#en%al &ilin)
&ro# ei%"er $ar%-, ,earin) in #ind %"e need &or $roced/ral e&&icienc-, and %"e o,li)a%ion %o %rea% eac" $ar%-
wi%" e=/ali%- and ens/re %"a% eac" $ar%- "as a &air o$$or%/ni%- %o $resen% i%s case. !"e $ar%- s/,#i%%in) i%s
&ilin) wo/ld nor#all- need %o s"ow i%s relevance %o %"e case and w"- i% was /na,le %o $rovide %"e in&or#a%ion
in i%s s/$$le#en%al &ilin) in ei%"er %"e co#$lain% or res$onse. See $ara)ra$" 4.2 o& WI6O Overview o& WI6O
6anel (iews on Selec%ed *DR6 L/es%ions, Second @di%ion 89WI6O Overview 2.0:;.
1
W"ile %"e 6anel
considered %"ese &ilin)s, %"e 6anel &o/nd no%"in) o& conse=/ence in ei%"er &ilin).
2. Dis!"ssion and 'indings
A. Identi!a# or Con/"sing#% Simi#ar
!"e 6anel &inds %"a% %"e dis$/%ed do#ain na#e is con&/sin)l- si#ilar %o %"e Co#$lainan%Bs D(ID@OS MarCs.
1ro# a si#$le co#$arison o& %"e dis$/%ed do#ain na#e %o %"e Co#$lainan%Bs #arC D(ID@OS K a
1
One 6anel #e#,er wo/ld "ave denied leave %o s/,#i% ,o%" s/$$le#en%al &ilin)s &or %"is reason.
$a)e I
co#$arison #ade as o& %"e %i#e %"e Co#$lain% is &iled, no do/,% e4is%s %"a% %"e dis$/%ed do#ain na#e is
con&/sin)l- si#ilar %o %"e Co#$lainan%Bs #arCs. !"e $ri#ar- di&&erence ,e%ween %"e dis$/%ed do#ain na#e
and %"e #arC D(ID@OS is addi%ion o& a "-$"en ,e%ween %"e %er#s 94: and 9videos: %o &or# a corres$ondin)
co#$osi%e %er# 94-videos: alon) wi%", secondaril-, a$$endin) %"e )eneric %o$-level do#ain 8)!'D; 9.co#: %o
%"a% %er# %o &or# %"e dis$/%ed do#ain na#e, wi%" %"e las% addi%ion ,ein) irrelevan% in assessin) con&/sin)
si#ilari%- or iden%i%- /nder $ara)ra$" 48a;8i; o& %"e 6olic- and %"/s i)nored.
I% is now ver- well-es%a,lis"ed in *DR6 $receden% %"a% a #inor varia%ion, s/c" as addin) a s"or% le%%er or
n/#,er )ro/$, a $/nc%/a%ion #arC, s/c" as a "-$"en, or even )eneric or "i)"l- descri$%ive words, or
)eo)ra$"ic iden%i&iers, s/c" as a co/n%r- na#e, %o a #arC, is /s/all- ins/&&icien% in and o& i%sel&, w"en /sed in
&or#in) a do#ain na#e %"a% res/l%s &ro# #odi&-in) %"e #arC, %o con&er re=/isi%e and s/&&icien% dis%inc%iveness
%o %"a% na#e %o avoid /ser con&/sion. 7ere, inser%in) a "-$"en, in %"e #anner w"ic" %"e Res$onden%
s$eci&icall- did, %o %"e #arC D(ID@OS clearl- res/l%ed in s/c" a #inor varia%ion.
!"ere&ore, %"e 6anel &inds %"a% %"e dis$/%ed do#ain na#e is con&/sin)l- si#ilar %o %"e Co#$lainan%Bs
D(ID@OS #arCs. 7ence, %"e Co#$lainan% "as sa%is&ied i%s ,/rden /nder $ara)ra$" 48a;8i; o& %"e 6olic-.
B. Rights or Legitimate Interests
!"e 6anel &inds %"a% %"e Res$onden% "as ri)"%s and le)i%i#a%e in%eres%s in %"e dis$/%ed do#ain na#e.
!"e Res$onden% ac=/ired and s%ar%in) /sin) %"e na#e on Marc" 1A, 200A w"ic" is $rior %o %"e earlies% da%e,
+$ril 1, 200A, w"ic" %"e Co#$lainan% clai#s %o ,e %"e da%e i% &irs% s%ar%ed /sin) i%s #arC in in%ers%a%e
co##erce in %"e *S. Re)ardless o& w"e%"er %"e Co#$lainan%Bs %rade#arC e4cl/sivi%- /nder i%s &ederal
re)is%ra%ion s%ar%ed on +$ril 1, 200A or, #ore liCel-, so#e &ive -ears la%er on %"e da%e 82an/ar- 1A, 201?; o& i%s
28&; declara%ionJa&&idavi%, %"e &ac% is %"a% %"e Res$onden%Bs re)is%ra%ion and /se o& %"e dis$/%ed do#ain na#e
$reda%e an- %rade#arC re)is%ra%ion o& %"e Co#$lainan%. W"ile %"e Co#$lainan% asser%s co##on law
%rade#arC ri)"%s &ro# an earlier da%e, i% "as &/rnis"ed no evidence %o s/$$or% %"a% clai#. !"e Res$onden%
selec%ed a descri$%ive %er# &or /se in i%s descri$%ive sense $rior %o %"e Co#$lainan%Bs %rade#arC ri)"%s, a%
leas% as %"ose ri)"%s "ave ,een de#ons%ra%ed in %"is $roceedin). So &ar as %"e record re&lec%s, %"a% ac%ion
was en%irel- le)i%i#a%e.
!"/s, /nder $ara)ra$" 48a;8ii; o& %"e 6olic-, %"e Co#$lainan% "as no% $roven %"a% %"e Res$onden% lacCs
ri)"%s or le)i%i#a%e in%eres%s in %"e dis$/%ed do#ain na#e.
C. Registered and 0sed in Bad 'aith
!"e 6anel &inds %"a% %"e Res$onden% nei%"er re)is%ered nor /ses %"e dis$/%ed do#ain na#e in ,ad &ai%".
!"e Res$onden% no% onl- ac=/ired and s%ar%ed /sin) %"e na#e ,e&ore %"e Co#$lainan% co##enced /se o&
i%s #arC ,/% also con%in/o/sl- /sed %"e na#e, con%ainin) %"e &or#a%ive 94videos:, in conH/nc%ion wi%" %"e
co##onl- /nders%ood #eanin) o& %"a% &or#a%ive, i.e., %o desi)na%e ad/l%-orien%ed video en%er%ain#en%. !"e
record is devoid o& an- evidence %endin) %o s"ow %"a% %"e Res$onden% "ad an- o%"er $/r$ose in #ind w"en i%
ac=/ired and s%ar%ed /sin) %"e na#e ,/% %o /se %"e na#e in %"a% &as"ion.
Moreover, as no%ed a,ove, %"e Res$onden% "ad no Cnowled)e o& %"e Co#$lainan%Bs %rade#arC ri)"%s as
%"ose ri)"%s were si#$l- non-e4is%en% on Marc" 1A, 200A K %"e da%e on w"ic" %"e Res$onden% ac=/ired and
s%ar%ed /sin) %"e na#e. See, WI6O Overview 2.0, $ara)ra$" ?.1 and decisions ci%ed %"erein incl/din)
Meeza QSTP-LLC v. Torsten Frank / medisite Systemhaus Gmb, WI6O Case No. D200<-0<4?.
Conse=/en%l-, /nder %"e &ac%s o& record "ere, %"e Res$onden%Bs re)is%ra%ion and /se o& %"e dis$/%ed do#ain
na#e do no% re&lec% ,ad &ai%".
+ccordin)l-, %"e Co#$lainan% "as &ailed %o #ee% i%s ,/rden /nder $ara)ra$" 48a;8iii; o& %"e 6olic-.
$a)e A
3. De!ision
+ccordin)l-, %"e 6anel denies %"e relie& so/)"% ,- %"e Co#$lainan%.
Peter L. Mi!hae#son
6residin) 6anelis%
M. S!ott Donahe%
6anelis%
Ri!hard 4. L%on
6anelis%
Da%eE 2/ne 11, 2014

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