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FIELDWORK MANAGEMENT AND GEOFIELD CAMP

QAB 3044


SUBMITTED BY :
Abdul Hadi Bin Hashim 15246
Mohamad Idwal Bin Wali Mohamad 14353
Muhammad Hanif Haziq Bin Mohammad 15323
Tanaskumar a/l Kanesan 15143
Nguyen Hoang Viet 14152
Ramone Mikgail Kok 15113
Mohd Faizal Mohd Akram 13577
Lee Yin Yin 14275
Kee Shook Peng 15080
Tan Su Quin 15204
Low Zoann 13860
Nur Afiqah Binti Ismail 14581
Ezan Sahizzah Binti Sah Nuddin 14609


INTRODUCTION
This field record will cover about 2 area of study that includes Pengkalan Hulu and Gerik
which located at the north of Peninsular of Malaysia. Pengkalan Hulu, a small town and near
with the Thailand-Malaysia Border is located at 542'4"N 10059'58"E while Gerik is
located at 5 25' 0 N 101 7' 60 E. Gerik is a small area which also spread across 100 square
kilometer area at the north of Perak and has population of 29604.

Figure 1: Area of study which retrieved from google earth
Few studies had done in this area because of the tin ore that can find around these areas
which is hydrothermally deposited. The areas is transect area between Thailand and Malaysia
and seventy percent of the transect area on the Malaysia side is geomorphologically
mountainous terrains covered by thick tropical forest. Large rubber and palm oil plantation
can be found around Pengkalan Hulu and Gerik as the topography seem to be flatter.
This field record will shows the observation that had been made at our study areas which are:
1) Sungai Alai
2) Road 1
3) Road 2
4) Sungai Lembu Kasi
5) Sungai Kledang

RAW DATA 1: SG ALAI
Stop
Number
GPS Reading Strike/Dip
Reading
Observation Photo References
1 344 458
622 082
Joint: 247/67 -Conjugate Joint
-Leached Shale

2 344 604
622 134
Bedding: 247/68 -Phyllite
-Niche
-Calcerous

3 344 620
622 192
Bedding: 313/46 -Slate
4 344 543
622 519
Bedding: 232/51 -Limestone
-Crystal
-Calcerous

5 344 625
622 474
Bedding: 350/44
Joint: 69/41
-Shale
6 344 728
622 516
Bedding: 128/75 -Shale
7 344 793
622 597
Bedding: 143/57
Bedding: 353/64
-
8 344 645
622 437
Bedding: 289/50
Joint: 276/33
-Limestone as
confirmed by acid
test
-Marble ,Secondary
Calcite
Precipitation
-Calcerous

9 345 911
622 521
Bedding: 347/62
Bedding: 342/50
Bedding: 019/60
-Slate and/or
Laminated
Limestone
-Both were found
in separate layers
-Calcerous

10 345 341
622 434
Bedding: 358/40
Bedding: 10/53
-Dark Coloured
-Shally-Slate
-Did not show any
plane of weakness

11 345 396
622 406
Bedding: 22/52 -Slate
-no sample

12 345 459
622 412
Bedding: 333/42
Joint: 346/83
Bedding: 318/42
-Slate
-No sample

13 344 460
622 470
-Bedding: 304/55
-Bedding: 356/64
-Fold
-Phyllite
-Quartz Infill
-Carbonaceous

14 No data -Bedding: 179/18 -Interbedded
Sandstone layers
in Mudstone
-Quartz in
Sandstone

SG KELEDANG RAW DATA

Stop
Number
GPS
Reading
Strike/Dip
Reading
Observation Photo
References
1 346 130
616 824
Bedding:
024/36
Joints:
330/54x5
Joints:
263/83x5
Joints:
358/69x10
Joints:
187/37x10
Joints:
247/84x5
Joints: 330/63
Bedding:
338/56x16
-Slaty slate
-Highly weathered
-Bedding
-Suspecting Shale-not really broke into
plane of weakness
-compressed bed
-non-parallel bedding
-small folding
-different components interbeds, some
dissolved some remained
-Conjugate joints
1.0-1.4
2 346 153
616 790
Bedding:
012/47
Bedding:
350/47x2
Bedding:
340/38x2
Joints: 194/62
Joints:
093/66x6
Bedding:
012/67
-bedding
-obvious platy features
-carbonaceous slate
-metamorphosed towards phyllite-no
visible graphite mineral
-shale to phyllite
-slatty phyllite
-conjugate joints
2.0-2.3
3 346 244
616 962
Bedding:
346/65x30
Bedding:
325/63x5
Bedding:
337/66x7
Bedding:
341/75x6
Bedding:
346/78x10
Joints: 145/51
Fold: 039/48x2
Joints:
199/53x5
Fold: 346/81
-slate with graphite infill
-to phyllite-reflective
-break into plane of weakness
-conjugate joints
3.0-3.8
4 346 347
617 008
Bedding:
350/63
Joints:
87/64x10
-same lithology as before(stop 3)
-slate
-orthogonal joints
4.0-4.1
5 346 371
617 020
Fold:
000/072x30
Fold:
358/52x20
-slate (siliceous slate?)
-secondary cementation by silica
-produces sparks when apply friction
-compressed
-weathered
-chaos in bedding
5.0
6 346 425
617 063
Fold: 167/72x5
Fold: 167/70x6
-same lithology as before(stop 5)
-slate
6.0
7 346 455
617 033
Bedding:
345/53x9
Joints:
257/90x5
Joints:
346/59x5
Fold: 257/12
-siliceous slate
-smells of burnt rock
-hardly break along plane of weakness
-parallel bedding with stop 6s outcrop
-denser in colour-indication of higher
TOC
-looks like slate
-orthogonal joints
7.0-7.1
8 346 480
617 036
Fold: 308/60 -metamorphic rock
-slate
-break along points of weakness
-weathered
8.0-8.2
9 346 533
617 049
Bedding:
322/49
Bedding:
351/48
-conjugate joints
-slate-same lithology as previous stop
9.0-9.2
10 346 624
616 986
Joints:
214/73x4
Joints:
123/69x3
Bedding:
204/71
Joints: 123/69
-Slate with not clear plane of weakness
-Orthogonal Joints
10.0-10.1

Sungai Lembu Kasi- 16/5/2012

No GPS
reading
Fault orJoint Reading Foliation/plan
e reading
Observations
1 345 333
619 882
CJ/D 264/66 x10
CJ/D 340/52 x10
250/49 x7
242/55 Unconsolidated rock, conjugate joints,
slate
2 345 359
619 832
OJ/D 73/78
347/70
345/74 Slate+ graphite(metamorphose)
Slight fold
Orthogonal joint
3 345 351
619 815
CJ/D 12/81
CJ/D 311/81
130/54
28/36
Slate
4 345 372
619 778
10/66 x4 Parallel beds with no fold, slate, same as
previous outcrop
5 345 366
619 758
OJ/D 250/88 x30
CJ/D 61/57
159/90
202/63 x50
Conjugate joint,
slate,
28/60 possible quartz vein because of heavy
folding
6 345397
619 685
258/47 x6 338/70 Small exposed outcrop,
fine foliation,
conjugate joint
7 345 416
619 685
160/27 Slate
8 345 434
619 652
OJ/D 78/83 x20
CJ/D 90/80 x20
345/40 Slate
9 345 484
619 621
CJ/D 115/50 x5
CJ/D 80/58 x5
Conjugate joint
Slate
10 345 484
619 325
CJ/D 142/17 x5
OJ/D 230/55 x5
Orthogonal joint with quartz vein
Slate
11 345 619
619 495
CJ/D 90/83 x30
CJ/D 299/60 x30
335/15 Much sandstone boulders along the way
Slate
12 345 682
619 475
CJ: 73/78
250/49 x10
335/75

Unconsolidated rock
Conjugate joint
Slate
13 345 300
619 469
CJ: 201/75
90/84 x10
Folds
Conjugate joint
14 345 826
619 470
CJ: 96/85 x30
CJ/D: 90/84 x10
CJ/D: 255/66 x5
24/16 Slate
Conjugate joints clay in fill
Boulder sandstone+quartz vein
15 345 885
619 493
CJ/D 254/73 x11
345/86 x13
OJ/D 259/82 x7
341/70 Conjugate joint
Mudstone
slate
16 345 917
619 527
CJ/D 92/82 x3 8/80 x8
343/53 x15
Slate
17 345 953
619 512
340/45 x7
352/71 x25
95/83
Slate
18 345 022
619 502
12/59 x15
315/49
Phylite
slate



Road 1- 13/5/2012
No GPS
reading
Joint or fault Bedding reading Observation

1 344710
617 258
CJ/D 250/10 340/56 343/38
250/57
16/53
284/52
340/84
249/67
250/10
Slate-phylite
Quartzite
Flaky structure cherty
Foliation brak along joint
Mesoscopic metamorphism due
to drag fault> cause fold
2 343 824 208/35 x40 Phylite/slate
618 574 125/45 Fault plane-strike slip
Graphite>due to fault movement
Augen shape
Dynamic metamorphism
Slope failure
3 342 019
619 924
265/70 x3
180/75 x6
275/63 x4
Present talc
Possible graptolite as fossil
Quartz sill
Slate
4 341 525
619 636
23/20 x10
70/54 x5
Limestone(crystalized mineral
shape)
Ordovician-silurian
(palaeozoic)Black
Impure limestone due to clay
5 337 978
621 503
333/61 x10
112/29 x8
In situ heavily weathered
Shale weathered to soil
Conjugate joint
Slump features-turbiditic
environment
Flame structure



Road 2- 14/5/2012
No GPS
reading
Fault/Joint Bedding/foliation Observation
1 345 135
619 553
J/D 74/58 x5 148/44 x7 Highly weathered
Lithology unclear due to vegetation
2 345 329
620 092
OJ/D341/63 x50
OJ/D 80/10 x50
336/33 x50
340/49 x50
280/35 x40
quartzite
a3 345 322
620 386
J/D 290/23 x20
J/D 130/88 x20
30/79 x14 Slate(clay-ey feel)
Very weathered
Low metamorphism
Conjugate joint
Carbon leached out
4 344 802
621 733
236/44 x5
78/17 x3
51/55 x3
150/75 x2
342/78
84/89 x3
Impure limestone
Fault plane detached-slickenside
Calcite vein
Orthogonal joint
5 i 344 224
622 047
J/D 185/50
J/D 260/89
F/D 340/54 x40
345/36
348/34 x30
Slate, limestone; slate interbedded
calcite
Calcite infill
Drag fold
5ii 344 162
622 005
105/70
280/60 x20
25/34
Fold
-160/54 x12
-200/60 x20
Phyllite not schist
High carbon as blackish
Symmetrical fold observed

5 iii 344 165
622 030
F/D 215/73 x5
J/D 302/78 x20
J/D 40/43 x20
F/D 325/46 x7
Fold bed
13/61 x5
Calcite infill
Strike slip
Oblique fault
Asymmetrical anticlinal fold
6i 344 094
622 285
J/D 210/55 x2
J/D 20/70 x2
J/D 212/51 x5
OJ/D 5/46 x2
OJ/D 169/85x15
OJ/D 73/1
5/50 Limestone
Strike slip.
Slickenside
Anticlinal fold (asymmetrical) ~30m
long
6ii 344 085
622 294
F/D 62/46
J/D 68/88
F/S 62/60
357/62 x5 Normal faults
Blocky calcite
7 344 195
623 386
J/D 256/37
CJ/D 255/84 x10
CJ/D 118/62 x10
F/D 255/69
343/54 x2 Limestone
Conjugate joint
8 344 963
625 595
CJ/D 40/35 x10
CJ/D 21/52 x10
CJ/D 48/58 x10
Weathered slate
9 345 235
627 046
J/D 290/23 x20
J/D 130/88
OJ/D 210/4 x50
OJ/D121/86 x50

337/62
30/70
Weathered slate
Pulverized. hard to deline beddings
Huge fault
10 345 098
621 452
J/D 290/23 x20
J/D 103/88 x20
281/36
30/79
Interbedded mud in limestone
Weathered
Conjugate joint












Carbonaceous Slate, Normal, 4X
1) Carbonaceous slate 1
- We could see that there is a lot of of carbonaceous material or opaque minerals in these
sections. Besides that, these black minerals dont show any extinction and birefringence.

- Sungai Lembu Kasi

- 345 885
619 493


Carbonaceous Slate, Normal, 4X

2) Carbonaceous slate 2
- Just about the same as carbonaceous slate 1 with many opaque minerals but the
extensiveness of their avaibility is less.
- 346 153
616 790
- Sungai Kledang

Limestone, Normal, 4X

Limestone, Normal, 4X

3) Limestone
-This limestone might have undergone neomorphism due to the presence of euhedral shaped
dolomite crystals. We could also safely say that it also has undergone pressure dissolution as
stylolite are present in filled in inorganic matter and clay materials.
-Road 1
341 525
619 636
Micro-stylolite

Phyllite, Normal, 4X

Phyllite 1
Phyllite, Cross polarised, 4X

4) Phyllite 1
-As the slate (majority of rocks) has undergone metamorphism into Phyllite they become more
compact. As they are exposed to surface under lower temperature and pressure, they form much
more fractures and are also prone to weathering due to the damp river environment thus explaining
the abundant fractures in this section.
-Sungai Alai
344 460
622 470


Phyllite 2, Normal, 4X

5) Phyllite 2
- Just like Phyllite 1, this section also has a lot of fractures but much darker opaque minerals.
This might be due to the higher carbon content. Their fractures arent filled with any kind of
minerals thus might be recently weathered. This also explains why they are easy to break.
- Road 2
- 344 162
622 005







Quartzite, Normal, 4X


Quartzite, Cross Polarised, 10X
6) Quartzite
- As the rock is entirely composed of quartz crystals being very hard thus we assume it to be a
quartzite. The orange layer in the top picture is due to presence of iron oxide leached from
the surrounding.
- 345 329
620 092
- Road 2

Siliceous Slate, Normal, 4X

Siliceous Slate, Normal, 4X
7) Siliceous slate 1
- Surprisingly the rocks of these sections are very hard and when hit creates sparks. Basically
they characterize like normal slate but the distinguishing feature is the presence of quartz
infilled inside their fracture. This makes these rocks much harder than normal.
- 346 371
617 020
- Sungai Kledang
Quartz crystals infilled along
fracture

Siliceous Slate 2, Cross Polarised, 4X
8) Siliceous slate 2
-Also present quartz along their fractures but the quartz crystals seem to be much larger.
-346 455
617 033
-Sungai Kledang

Slate, Normal, 4X
9) Slate
- This section consists of very fine grains forming beautiful thin laminations which is indicative
of slate.
- 345 416
619 685
- Sungai lembu kasi



Slaty Slate, Normal, 4X

10) Slaty slate
-The difference between carbonaceous slate and slaty slate is that the slaty slate has much less
carbonaceous material. That being said, the amount of clay sized grains and fractures are also high.
-346 130
616 824
-Sungai Kledang











ROSE DIAGRAM

TOTAL



ROAD 1






ROAD 2




SUNGAI LEMBU KASI






SUNGAI ALAI



SUNGAI KLEDANG







MAPS