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NEXUS PMR SCIENCE FORM 1•2•3

Page 123 (Extra Practice ) Supplementary Materials for

CHAPTER 7: HEAT

PAPER 2: Structured Questions

Instructions: Answer the following questions.

Section A

1 The diagram below shows the principle of an automatic fire alarm.

bimetallic strip P
Q
metal contact
battery

electric bell

(a) Name two metals P and Q that can be used for the bimetallic strip.
P: _______________________________________________________________
Q: _______________________________________________________________
[2 marks]

(b) i. If the metals P and Q are correctly used, what will happen to the bimetallic
strip in case of fire?
____________________________________________________________
ii. Why does the bimetallic strip bend in that direction?
____________________________________________________________
[2 marks]

(c) State two consequences of the action of the bimetallic strip.


__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
[2 marks]

(d) Name two other instruments which make use of bimetallic strips.
1. ____________________________________________________________
2. ____________________________________________________________
[2 marks]

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NEXUS PMR SCIENCE FORM 1•2•3
Page 123 (Extra Practice ) Supplementary Materials for

2 The diagram below shows an electric toaster.

(a) What principle does the toaster use?


__________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

(b) Name another device which uses the same principle.


__________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

(c) State one example of each of the following:


i. Heat produced by friction.
____________________________________________________________
ii. Heat produced by chemical reaction.
____________________________________________________________
[2 marks]

(d) State whether heat is absorbed or released during the following processes:
i. Condensation of water vapour to form rain
____________________________________________________________
ii. Sublimation of naphthalene balls
____________________________________________________________
[2 marks]

(e) State two uses of heat in medicine.


1. ____________________________________________________________
2. ____________________________________________________________
[2 marks]

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NEXUS PMR SCIENCE FORM 1•2•3
Page 123 (Extra Practice ) Supplementary Materials for

Section B

3 The diagram below shows an experiment being carried out.

boiling water 100°C


copper rod

aluminium rod
iron rod
wooden rod
carbon rod
glass rod

thumbtack

(a) What do you think is the aim of the experiment?


__________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

(b) State three factors that must be kept constant in the experiment.
1. ____________________________________________________________
2. ____________________________________________________________
3. ____________________________________________________________
[3 marks]

(c) What variable is manipulated in the experiment?


__________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

(d) What is the function of the thumbtacks?


__________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

(e) State three inferences that you can draw from the results of the experiment.
1. ____________________________________________________________
2. ____________________________________________________________
3. ____________________________________________________________
[3 marks]

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NEXUS PMR SCIENCE FORM 1•2•3
Page 123 (Extra Practice ) Supplementary Materials for

4 The diagram below shows an experiment in progress.

thermometer

boiling water
100°C

cotton wool cloth

(a) Suggest a hypothesis for the experiment.


__________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

(b) State two factors that must be kept constant in the experiment.
1. ____________________________________________________________
2. ____________________________________________________________
[2 marks]

(c) What variable is manipulated in the experiment?


__________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

(d) What is the function of the thermometers?


__________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

(e) The temperature of the water in which flask will fall faster?
__________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

(f) What conclusion can you draw from the result of the experiment?
__________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

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