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Vehicle Accident Detection And Reporting Using GPS And GSM
Abstract
Accidents nowadays become a common word, especially on high ways. In many cases the casualty
is very high not because of the accident but because of the delay in treatment. This happens because
the appropriate authorities are not informed that promptly.
And also the number of vehicles that come into the road has increased drastically. With more of
modernization and vehicles cost coming down rapidly, the vehicle population has shown a steady
increase and is expected to rise exponentially. As the population increases there is a continuous
need for monitoring them and preventing them from misuse or theft by unauthorized persons.
A GPS and GSM systems are placed along with the microcontroller. The GPS system gives the exact
position of the vehicle by giving out its latitude and longitude. The GSM uses the existing mobile
phones towers to transmit and receive information to and from another GSM terminal device.
The project aims at providing a wireless information system that helps in transfer of information to
a predefined station which can be an emergency service or police party immediately after the
accident. The heart of the system is a microcontroller that is connected to both the GPS and GSM
system and also different sensors for detecting intrusion .The microcontroller on detecting the
accident receives the position of the vehicle from the GPS system and transmits it to the designated
centre using GSM network.
Hence the project provides Speedy action to the accident persons. This helps in the authorities to
get the information on the vehicle that is caught into an accident. And take appropriate action
immediately.

Existing System
1. If an accident has occurred, the specific location will not be identified easily so that it will
take time to rescue people, sometimes people cannot be rescued.

Proposed System
1. The accident location can be identified by using GPS and this information can be transmitted
to the relevant persons with the help of GSM network
2. Take speedy action to the accident persons





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www.ingenstech.com
Ingens Tech Private Limited | For Students Use Only | All Rights Reserved
www.ingenstech.com | IEEE Projects 2014 - 2015 abstracts | Final Year Projects
Block Diagram




PIC18F45K22 / PLC
A
D
C

U
A
R
T

S
P
I

I
2
C

G
P
I
O

D
A
C

/

P
W
M

Power
& Reset
U
A
R
T

GPIO
ROM
RAM
CLOCK
Alarm
GPS Receiver
U
A
R
T

GPS
Module
GSM Modem
U
A
R
T

GSM
Module
POWER SUPPLY
Power
Adapter
Reverse
Protection
Voltage
Regulators
Power LED
MEMS
Accelerometer
Vehicle Unit



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www.ingenstech.com
Ingens Tech Private Limited | For Students Use Only | All Rights Reserved
www.ingenstech.com | IEEE Projects 2014 - 2015 abstracts | Final Year Projects
Software Tools
LPC Ware / MPALB IDE
Orcad
Eagle
Embedded C

Hardware Required
ARM LPC11U67 / PIC18F45K22
GSM Modem
GPS Receiver
MEMS Accelerometer
Alarm




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