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1.

Project management and coordination


1.1. Site Organization Chart Job Responsibilities of The Site Staff
1.2. Behavioural Requirement, Conduct, Communication Skills, Letter/Report Writing Skills,
1.3. Do And Dont Regarding Units
1.4. Project Planning And Monitoring . using MS Projects, Gantt Charts And Network Diagrams
1.5. Controlling Of Drawings, Reports, Work Orders, Technical Specifications Etc
1.6. Site Store Management, Inventory and material reconciliation
1.7. HR related issues at site
1.8. Logistics at Transmission Line sites
1.9. Budgeting, Handling of funds, billing, imprest accounts
1.10. Work environment at site offices and guest houses
2. Power transmission basics
2.1. LILO arrangement
2.2. Comparison of HVDC to AC Transmission
2.3. Overhead Transmission Lines History
2.4. Highest Transmission line voltages in the world
2.5. Overhead Transmission Lines Classification by Current
2.6. Overhead Transmission Lines Classification by Phases
2.7. Overhead Transmission Lines Classification by Circuits
2.8. Overhead Transmission Lines Classification by Materials
2.9. Records in the Transmission Lines
3. Transmission line materials
3.1. What To Look In A Conductor
3.2. Common Terms Used In Conductor
3.3. IACS Units
3.4. Evolution Of Power Conductors
3.5. Types Of Conductors: AAC (All Aluminium Conductors), AAAC (All Aluminium Alloy Conductor),
ACAR(Aluminium Conductor Alloy Reinforcement) Conductor, ACSR (Aluminium Conductor With Steel
Reinforcement), AACSR (Aluminium Alloy With Steel Reinforcement), ACSS (Aluminium Conductor With Steel
Support), TW Conductors, AAC/Compact Or AAC/SB (AAC/Smooth Body), AAC-TW (All Aluminium Conductor
Trapezoidal Shaped Conductors), AAAC-TW, ACAR-TW, ACSR-TW, ACSS-TW Conductors, VR Conductors, SD
(Self Damping Conductor) (Gap Conductor), MR (Motion Resistant) Conductors.
3.6. Conductor Designation.
3.7. Earth wire, GI, AW, OPGW
3.8. Insulators: Terms Used In Insulators, Porcelain Insulators, Glass Insulators, Polymer Insulators
3.9. Hardware Fittings: Suspension Hardware, Tension Hardware For Conductors, Arcing Horns And Grading
Rings, Vibration Dampers , Corona Rings
4. Transmission Line Towers Configuration, Nomenclature & Geometry
4.1. Transmission Line Tower Types And Shapes
4.2. Self Supporting Transmission Line Towers
4.3. Guyed Towers
4.4. Monopole
4.5. Types Of Towers Based On Cross Section Of Tower, Type Of Material Sections
4.6. Tower Designation: Suspension Towers , Tension Towers, Transposition Towers, Special Tower
4.7. The Factors For Designing The Towers
4.8. Tower Configuration
4.9. Ground Clearance For Various Voltages
4.10. Tower Height
4.11. Transmission Line Tower Geometry
4.12. Body Extension
4.13. Leg Extensions.

4.14.
4.15.
4.16.
4.17.
4.18.
4.19.

Stubs For Conventional Chimney Type Foundation


Stubs For Special Towers/Foundations (Base Shoe Assembly)
Nomenclature Of Tower Parts
Bracing Systems
Bolts, Nuts And Washers
Aviation Requirements

5. Survey of Transmission Lines


5.1. Survey Classification
coordinate systems.. cartisan coordinate systems, geodedic coordinate systems
maps and map projections
5.2. UTM Zones And UTM Coordinates
various datums across the globe and effects of wrong datum usage
regional and global approach for datums
5.3. Survey Accuracy Orders
5.4. Bee line And Rou Alignment
5.5. Reconnaissance Survey
5.6. Walkover Survey
5.7. Preliminary Survey Field Work
5.8. Way Leaves and Right of way
5.9. Crossings: River Crossing, Railway Crossing, National Highway/Road Crossing, Power Line Crossing,
Communication Line Crossing, Aerodromes, Radar Stations, Rifle Ranges And Helipads, Forest Crossing,
Procedures for taking statutory clearances.
5.10.
5.11.
5.12.
5.13.
5.14.
5.15.
5.16.
5.17.
5.18.
5.19.
5.20.
5.21.
5.22.
5.23.
5.24.
5.25.
5.26.
5.27.
5.28.
5.29.
5.30.
5.31.

Various Instruments Used In Survey And Their Accuracies


Usage Of New Technology For Route Alignment
Route Marking
Route Alignment Reports
Collection Of Detail Survey Data
Soil Resistivity Data
Wind Span, Weight Span, Ruling (Equivalent) Span
Tower Spotting Data
Locating The Take Off Tower Near Substations
Sag Template
Sag Curve Profile
Manual Tower Spotting Using Sag Templates
Sag Profiles
Usage Of PLSCADD Software For Optimum Tower Spotting
Tower Schedules
Land Schedules And ROW Issues
Preparation of BOQ
Line Schedules
Check Survey
Trail pits
Check Survey Report
Tree enumeration

6. Foundation Works Excavation & StubSetting


6.1. Loads On The Foundation
6.2. Classification Of Soils
6.3. Selection Of Foundation
6.4. Types Of Foundations: PCC Pad And Chimney
Type Foundation, RCC Spread Foundation, Block Type
Foundation , Grouted Rock Anchor Foundation,
Undercut Type Foundation, Augured/Under Reamed
Foundations, Steel Grillage, Steel Plated Type, Precast
Concrete Foundations, Pile Foundations, Well Type
Foundation
6.5. Transportation
6.6. Preparation Of Foundation Site
6.7. Pit Marking
6.8. Excavation
6.9. PCC
6.10. Stub Setting By Combined Template
6.11. Prop-setting
6.12. Checking The Measurements With Accuracy
6.12a. Approval or Presence of Surveyor Needed
Before Concreting
6.13. Base Shoe Type Stub Setting
6.14. Aggregates.. selection and testing
6.15. Cement , Types, Grades Etc
6.16. Reinforcement
6.17. Water
6.18. Cover For RCC Work And Cover Blocks
6.19. Rebar/Reinforcement Binding, welding
6.20. Formwork
6.21. Concrete Mixes And W/C Ratio
6.22. Mixing Of Concrete
6.23. Compaction Methods
6.24. Finishing And Coping
6.25. Hydration & Curing
6.26. Testing Of Concrete

7. Tower Erection Works


7.1. Site Store Selection
7.2. Orientation Of Tower
7.3. Checking The Foundation
7.4. Inspection
7.5. Tools for tower erection and testing of erection
tools
7.6. Pre-Erection Activities:
7.7. General Steps To Be Followed For Tower Erection
7.8. Methods Of Tower Erection: Piece Meal Method
(Built Up Method), Section Method, Ground Assembly
Method, Helicopter Method, Floating Pillar Method,
Fixed Pillar Method
7.9. Tightening Of Nuts And Punching Of Threads
7.10. Welding And Painting
7.11. Check For Towers
7.12. Erection Tools

8. Stringing
8.1. Drum Scheduling
8.2. Stringing Charts
8.3. Parabola And Catenary
8.4. Sag Tension Chart Calculation
8.5. Conductor Creep And Creep Allowance
8.6. Sag Checking Methods
8.7. Measuring Tension
8.8. Measuring Sag
8.9. Return Wave Method Of Checking Sag
8.10. Stringing Tools
8.11. Stringing By Slack Method
8.12. Stringing Using TSC Machine
8.13. Clipping

8.14. Jumpering
8.15. Vibration Dampers Spacers
8.16. Painting Of Towers
8.17. Areal Balls
8.18. Aircraft Warning Lights
8.19. Pre-Commissioning Works
9. Safety in construction of transmission lines
9.1. Personal Protection Equipment
9.2. Cases Of Accidents And Preventive Methods
9.3. First Aid
10. Quality assurance in construction of transmission
lines FQP
11. ISO 9001:2008 quality management systems for

transmission line construction agency