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Donald John Trump, Sr.

(born June 14, 1946) is an American business magnate, inv
estor, television personality and author. He is the chairman and president of Th
e Trump Organization and the founder of Trump Entertainment Resorts. Trump's ext
ravagant lifestyle, outspoken manner, and role on the NBC reality show The Appre
ntice have made him a well-known celebrity who was No. 17 on the 2011 Forbes Cel
ebrity 100 list.
Considered one of best known real estate entrepreneurs in the United States, Tru
mp is the son of Fred Trump, a wealthy New York City real-estate developer. He w
orked for his father's firm, Elizabeth Trump & Son, while attending the Wharton
School of the University of Pennsylvania, and in 1968 officially joined the comp
any. He was given control of the company in 1971 and renamed it The Trump Organi
In 2010, Trump expressed an interest in becoming a candidate for President of th
e United States in the 2012 election, though in May 2011, he announced he would
not be a candidate. Trump was a featured speaker at the 2013 Conservative Politi
cal Action Conference (CPAC). In 2013, Trump spent over $1 million to research a
possible run for president of the United States in 2016.
== Early life and education ==
Trump was born in Queens, New York City, New York. He is the son of Fred Trump,
and his wife, Mary Anne (MacLeod), who married in 1936. His mother was born on t
he Isle of Lewis, off the west coast of Scotland. Donald was one of five childre
n. Donald's oldest brother, Fred Jr., died in 1981 at the age of 43. Trump's pat
ernal grandparents were German immigrants. His grandfather, Frederick Trump (né Fr
iedrich Drumpf), emigrated to the United States in 1885 and became a naturalized
American citizen in 1892. Frederick married Elisabeth Christ (October 10, 1880 –
June 6, 1966) at Kallstadt, Kingdom of Bavaria, Germany, on August 26, 1902. The
y had three children.
Trump attended The Kew-Forest School, Forest Hills, New York, as did some of his
siblings. At age 13 after having some difficulties there, his parents sent him
to the New York Military Academy (NYMA), hoping to direct his energy and asserti
veness in a positive manner. At NYMA, in upstate New York, Trump earned academic
honors, and played varsity football in 1962, varsity soccer in 1963, and varsit
y baseball from 1962 to 1964 (baseball captain 1964). The baseball coach, Ted Do
bias, a local celebrity for his work with area youth, awarded him the Coach's Aw
ard in 1964. Promoted to Cadet Captain-S4 (Cadet Battalion Logistics Officer) in
his senior year, Trump and Cadet First Sergeant Jeff Donaldson (NYMA class of 1
965; West Point 1969) formed a composite company of cadets, taught them advanced
close-order drill, and marched them down Fifth Avenue on Memorial Day, 1964.
Trump attended Fordham University for two years before transferring to the Whart
on School of the University of Pennsylvania. He graduated in 1968 with a Bachelo
r of Science in economics. In his book, Trump: The Art of the Deal, Trump discus
ses his undergraduate career:
After I graduated from the New York Military Academy in 1964, I flirted briefly
with the idea of attending film school ... but in the end I decided real estate
was a much better business. I began by attending Fordham University ... but afte
r two years, I decided that as long as I had to be in college, I might as well t
est myself against the best. I applied to the Wharton School at the University o
f Pennsylvania and I got in ... I was also very glad to get finished. I immediat
ely moved back home and went to work full time with my father.
== Business career ==
=== Real estate developments ===
Trump began his career at his father's company, Elizabeth Trump and Son, which f
ocused on middle-class rental housing in Brooklyn, Queens, and Staten Island. On

while he was still in college. which was $750. The Trump International Hotel and Tower – Toronto has had a series of delays and a height reduction.9 bi . he began construction on Trump Place. and completed it in three months for $1.95 million. The Taj Mahal re-emerged from bankruptcy on October 5. a multi-buil ding development along the Hudson River. primari ly with high-interest junk bonds. Ohio. with the help of a 40 year tax abatement from the New York City g overnment. Later. Trump financed the construction of his third casino. one Trump constructio n project was put on hold in favor of another (Trump International Hotel and Tow er – Fort Lauderdale). a 44-story mixed-use (hotel and condominium) tower on Columbus Circle. creditor-led bailout. the $1 billion Taj Mahal. Three years after construction of this controversial development began. and remains a major figure in the field of real estate in t he United States and a celebrity for his prominent media exposures. but opted to restructure hi s debt to avoid the risk of losing more money in court. In its October 7. Trump has several projects under way. Meanwhile.75 million. Trump became intimately inv olved in the project and with a $500. led to mounting debt. was started in 1980 with an expected 2½-year construction sche dule but was nowhere near completion by 1986. The New York City government had a plan to build the Javits Convention Center on property Trump held a right to buy option. Trump Towers – Atlanta is being developed in a hou sing market having the nation's second-highest inventory of unsold homes. he completed Trump World Tower. In 1 972 the Trump Organization sold Swifton Village for $6. Banks and bo nd holders had lost hundreds of millions of dollars. Trump estimated his company could ha ve completed the project for $110 million but the city rejected his offer and T rump received a broker's fee on the sale of the property instead. Much of the ne ws about him in the early 1990s involved his much publicized financial problems. was the revitalizati on of the foreclosed Swifton Village apartment complex in Cincinnati. with Trump ceding 50 percent ownership in t he casino to the original bondholders in exchange for lowered interest rates on the debt and more time to pay it off. "Acreage Aces". a 72-story residential tower across from the Unite d Nations Headquarters. both personal and business. In 2001. This expansion. Forbes valued Trump's w ealth at $3.0 billion. at no cost to the city. his net worth has been estimated from $2. The late 1990s saw a resurgence in his financial situation and fame. Trump owns commercial space in Trump In ternational Hotel and Tower. whic h his father had purchased for $5. By 1989. Although he shored up his businesses with addi tional loans and postponed interest payments. Florida. he turned the bankrupt Commodore Hotel into the Grand Hyatt and crea ted The Trump Organization. Trump took over the management of the project.e of Trump's first projects. The Trump Tower – Tamp a has been quite controversial because the initial sales were so successful that all deposits were returned in order to charge a higher price. with varying levels of success in their pr ogress. Trump acquired the Taj Mahal Casino in a transaction with Merv Griffin and Resorts International. 1991. by 1991 increasing debt brought Tr ump to business bankruptcy and to the brink of personal bankruptcy. The Trump International Hotel and Tower – Honolulu seems to be a success. He mad e plans to acquire and develop the old Penn Central for $60 million with no mone y down. construction has delayed and lawsuits have been filed. 2007 Forbes 400 issue. Trump currently owns several million square feet of prime Ma nhattan real estate. Also. poor business decisions left Trump unable to meet loan payments. Trump moved to Manhattan and became involved in larger building project s and utilized attractive architectural design to win public recognition.000 investment. The Wollman Ri nk in Central Park.7 million in 1962.000 less than the remaining budget. In 1971. According to Trump. Construction of the Trump International Hotel and Tower – Chicago seems to be proceeding as planned. extramarital affair with Marla Maples (whom he later marr ied). In Fort Lauderdale. Ivana Trump. In 1988. and the resulting divorce from his first wife. althoug h 30 percent of the units remain unsold. buyers paid non-refundable deposits. turned the 1200-unit comple x with a 66 percent vacancy rate to 100 percent occupancy within two years. committing to purchase every unit on the first day they were made available. Since 2011.

Both parties agreed to drop their suits. On November 2. the Trump Plaza Hotel filed a prepackaged Chapter 11 prot ection plan. the Securities and Exchange Commission brought a financial-repo rting case against Trump Hotels & Casino Resorts Inc. Trump was elected to the Gaming Hall of Fame in 1995. Trump Hotels has been forced to see k voluntary bankruptcy protection to stay afloat. The plan called for Trump's individual ownership to be reduce d from 56 percent to 27 percent. Trump had eliminated a large portion of his $900 million personal debt and reduced significantly his nearly $3. and sale of the un its is nearly complete. Trump did not re tain any ownership of the site's real estate – the owners merely promised to give him about 30 percent of the profits once the site was completely developed or so ld. Taj Mahal declared bankruptcy for the first time in November 1990. he combined his c asino holdings into the publicly held Trump Hotels & Casino Resorts. Trump then initiated a suit asserting that his ima ge had been damaged.5 billion in business debt. According to former members of the Trump Organization. 2004. A defamat ion lawsuit by the analyst against Trump for $2 million was settled out of court . 1992. Lender Deutsche Bank refused to let Trump lower the prices on the units to spur sales. Arguing that the financial crisis and resulting drop in the real estate m arket is due to circumstances beyond his control. Wall Street drove its stock above $35 in 1996. In January 2002. 2009 Trump Entertainment Resorts filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy . but by 1998 it had fallen into single digits as the company remained profitless. Under the plan.. The analyst refused to retract the statements." The matter was settled with the defendant neither admitting nor deny ing the charge. and was fired by his fi rm. By 1994. and allowed him to put his n ame on the buildings that eventually rose on the yards because his well-known mo niker allowed them to charge a premium for their condos. the owners of The West Side Yards gave him modest construct ion and management fees to oversee the development. Since then. alleging that it had comm itted several "misleading statements in the company's third-quarter 1999 earning s release. with bondholders receiving stock in exchange fo r surrendering part of the debt. and retai n his position as chief executive. === Legal affairs === In March 1990. After the company applied for Chapter 11 Protection in November 2004. In May 2005 the company re-emerged fro m bankruptcy as Trump Entertainment Resorts Holdings. though he would not be paid and would not hav e a role in day-to-day operations. forced the sale of the tract to Asian dev elopers. In return Trump would receive mo re favorable terms on the remaining $550+ million owed to the lenders.llion to $7 billion. Trump Hotels & Casino Resorts announced a restruct uring of its debt. Finally. Trump agreed to give up a 49 percent stake in the l uxury hotel to Citibank and five other lenders. Trump Entert ainment Resorts has three properties in Atlantic City. Trump stating on February 13 that he would resign from the board. Trump relinquished his CEO position but retained a role as Chairman of the Board. While he was forced to relinquish the Trump Shuttle (which he had bought in 1989). which lent Trump the money to buy the West Sid e yards. whose analyst had made negative comments on the financial prospects of T aj Mahal. Trump threatened to sue Janney Montgomery Scott. Until that time. Trump invoked a clause in the contract to not pay the loan. == Business ventures and investments == === Trump branding and licensing === . In 1995. he manage d to retain Trump Tower in New York City and control of his three casinos in Atl antic City. his biggest Manhattan parcel. a stock brokerag e firm. on October 21. Chase Manhattan Bank. On February 17.

For that reason. In late 2003 . is by far his most valuab le. and watches). a Bermuda-based financial services holdings company. but low by a multiple. GoTrump (an online travel websi te). Trump Ice Cream Parlor. this po rtion of Trump's empire." While the magazine put Trump's 2004 ne t worth at $2." After the publication of the article. ==== Net worth ==== Estimates of Trump's net worth have fluctuated along with real estate valuations : In 2013. it was dismissed in 2009. Deutsche Bank valued Trump's net worth at $788 million.6 billion. O'Brien questioned the accuracy of the Forbes figure: He q uoted a Forbes editor stating that the magazine "work[ed] hard to ensure the acc uracy of its data but that it also [relied] on information provided by those who m it surveys" and that Trump would "constantly [call] about himself and [say] we 're not only low. O'Brien's 2005 article references three unnamed busines s associates of Trump who "thought his net worth was somewhere between $150 mill ion and $250 million. Trump Books. Trump Sales and Leasing (residential sales). In 2011. Trump Magazine. in 2005.2 percent stake in Parker Adnan. he would file "financi al disclosure statements that [would] show his net worth [was] in excess of $7 b illion with more than $250 million of cash. Trump Mortgage. Donald Trump uses the "Trump Medieval" font Georg designed. formerly called the Trump University). Trump does n ot own many of the buildings that display his name. actually run by his children. and Trump Bar). In the lawsuit it was revealed that. Trump unsuccessfully filed a libel lawsuit against O'Brien. (formerly A dnanCo Group). Trump Signature Collection (a line of menswear. and very little debt. T rump Restaurants (Located in Trump Tower and consisting of Trump Buffet. Trump disputes this valuation. Donald Trump The Fragrance (2004). Donald Tr ump's Real Estate Tycoon (a business simulation game). Trump Ice. Trump Golf. Trump Vodka. Trump home (home furnishings). men's accessories . Trump has succeeded in marketing t he Trump name on a large number of products.5 million for each one-hour prese ntation he does for The Learning Annex.2 billion. According to Forbes there are 33 licensing projects under development including seven "condo hotels" (the seven Trump Inter national Hotel and Tower developments). Trump The Game (1989 Board Game). The Trump Entrepreneur In itiative (a business education company. Trump Shuttle. and Trump Ste aks. T rump Chocolate. Trump C atering. Trump Institute. Trump. New York Ti mes writer Timothy L. In April 2011. including Trump Financial (a mortga ge firm). Forbes reported that its financial experts had estimated the value of t he Trump brand at $200 million. Trump Productions (a television p roduction company). Many developers pay Trump to market their proper ties and to be the public face for their projects. amidst speculation whether Trump would run as a candidate in the US presidential election of 2012. Inc. Trump reportedly receives $1. to which Trump objected. Forbes put it at $3. and entertainme nt industries and having carved out a niche for the Trump brand within these ind ustries. having a $562 million valuation. In addition. for his own corporate logo.Beyond his traditional ventures in the real estate. if Trump should decide to run for president. his professionally prepared 2012 financial disclosure was published in his book stating a $7 billion net worth. Donald J. along with his siblings. === Other ventures === Other investments include a 17. however. According to Forbes. Although not related to font designer Georg Trump. Trump Model Management.) Although Trump did not run as a candidate in the 2012 elections. As early as 2005. saying that his b rand is worth about $3 billion. Politico quoted unnamed sources close to him s tating that. Trump has since then moved on to establish the Trump name and brand in a multitude of other industries and products." (Presidential candidates are required to disclose their finances after announcing their inten tions to run. sold their late father's real estate empire to . hospitality.

Johnson & Johnson and Procter & Gamble. Citigroup. Donald Trump's 1⁄3 share was $200 milli on. Trump bought the Menie estate in Balmedie. it . in spi te of a professor at that university returning his own honorary degree in protes t. New York City. insulting a local farmer. hol iday homes. follows the development's progress. Hayden Connell. He denied that he was concerned onl y with the view from the golf links. housing and two golf courses. Aberdeenshire Council received a request on behalf of Trump Internation al Golf Links Scotland to approve compulsory purchase orders on a number of loca l homes. You've Been Trumped.a group of investors that included Bain Capital. It is now just developed/owned by Donald Trump. It shows Trump speaking locally about his am bitions for the project. Among the stocks Trump purchas ed. 2012. he wrote to First Minister Alex Salmond expressing his view that the planned structures were ugly. He stated that he wasn't a stock market person. and designed by Der Scutt of Swanke.. In December 2012. Aberdeenshire. hosting Tyson's f ight against Michael Spinks in Atlantic City. It led to controversy. First Minister Alex Salmond citing economic benefits Trump had promi sed as justifying the unusual step of permitting development on an SSSI. Trump has objected to plans for an offshore windfarm to be built within sight of the golf links. and L amboNuni Bank reportedly for $600 million. ==== Stock market investments ==== In 2011. at the corne r of East 56th Street in Midtown Manhattan. Kohlberg Kravis Roberts. Trump was an owner of the New Jers ey Generals football team. The project includes plans for a hotel. Trump at one time acted as a financial advisor for Mike Tyson. In late January 2011 Trump International stated that it had "no interest" in pursuing compulsory purchase orders and that it had never applied for them. In April 2011. In 2008 the local authority was overruled by the Scottish government. Caterpillar Inc. it was reported that Trump was in the process of negotiating a de al with New York City to reopen the historic Tavern on the Green restaurant in C entral Park. The screening went ahead. It was developed by T rump and the Equitable Life Assurance Company. When it was announced that the documenta ry was to be given its UK television première on BBC Two on October 21. by Anthony Baxter. "It is not only for my project. which he later used to finance Trump Casino & Resorts. and planning permission was initially refused by A berdeenshire Council. An award-winning 2011 documentary film. claim ing it was defamatory and misleading. using mass land purchase as a tact ic. It also queries the supposed economic benefits and examines the ecological im pact and the effect on local residents. In 2009. ==== Trump Tower ==== Trump Tower is a 58-story mixed-use skyscraper at 725 Fifth Avenue. Trump revealed t hat he also added shares of Facebook to his stock portfolio. and being awarded an honorary degree by The Robert Gordon University. A protest group campaigned actively. Scotland anno uncing that he intended to create the best golf course in the world on a site of special scientific interest (SSSI). In 2011. Trum p's lawyers contacted the BBC to demand that the film should not be shown. saying. who he claims lives in "a slu m". Trump made a rare foray into the stock market after being disappointed with the depressed American real estate market and facing poor returns on bank d eposits. with opposition voiced by environmentalists. ==== Scottish golf course ==== In 2006. but he also stated that prime real estate at good prices is hard to get. he stated he bought stock in Bank of America. the BBC defendin g the decision and stating that Trump had refused the opportunity to take part i n the film. He later bought the Eastern Shuttle routes. These s upposed benefits were disputed by the London School of Economics. I ntel.

Flash cartoon artists. He has been the subject of comedians. The Nanny.). which is a regular fixture in the Open Championship rota. The other contestants were succ essively "fired" and eliminated from the game. featuring comedian Seth Meyers. Trump announced that if the windfarm were built he would abandon his plans fo r the hotel and housing at the golf links. and Miss Teen USA pageants. Wall Street: Money Never Sleeps. and roasters included Larry King. and o nline caricature artists. Tara Conner.000 for the first season). a decision Trump said he would appeal. making him one of the highest paid TV personalities. and Ant hony Jeselnik among regular roast participants. who had violated pageant behavioral guidelines. Scotland. In 2004. === Buffalo Bills === Following the death of Buffalo Bills owner Ralph Wilson Jr. == Entertainment media == In the media. Trump was paid $50. in March 2014. has mad e appearances as a caricatured version of himself in television series and films (e. The special was hosted by Seth MacFarlane. Ir eland. Trump was the subject of a Comedy Central Roast. === Beauty pageants === The Miss Universe Organization has been owned by Donald Trump since 1996 and the National Broadcasting Company (NBC) became a joint partner in 2003. Trump also put together The Celebri . In April 2014. Trump became the executive producer and host of the NBC reality show. but following the show's initial success. In 2007. In April 2011. === The Apprentice === In 2003. Miss USA. the Bills would remain in Buffalo. Donald Trump filed a tra demark application for the catchphrase "You're fired. he is curr ently paid a reported $3 million per episode. Home Alone 2: Lost in New York.000 per episode (roughly $700 ." In 201 2. Trump's advertisement comparing wind farms to terrorism was banned by the Advertising Standards Authority. Along with British TV producer Mark Burnett. Trump also has his own daily talk radio program called Trumped!. in which a group of competitors battled for a high-level manageme nt job in one of Trump's commercial enterprises." For the first year of the show. On February 11. When speaking to the media. Trump expressed public interest in purchasing the team. Trump purchased the Turnberry hotel and golf resort in Ayr shire. The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air. In Decem ber 2006. Trump's daughter Ivanka was seen in the audience. This sparked a tabloid war between the two celebrities which lasted for several weeks thereaf ter.g. Donald Trump is a two-time Emmy Award–nominated personality. He announced the purchase of the course on the day that his objection to the windfarm being built off the coast of his Scottish go lf course was dismissed. In March 2011. it was announced that Trump had purchased Doonbeg Golf Clu b in the Republic of Ireland. It was also conf irmed that Doonbeg Golf Club would be renamed Trump International Golf more to preserve Scotland's beautiful coastline and natural heritage. President Obama used the occasion to pre sent several prepared jokes mocking Trump. T rump has made it clear that should he purchase the team. The organiz ation produces the Miss Universe. Snoop Dogg. Trump attended the White House Correspondents' Dinner. D ays of Our Lives. Trump received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for his contribution to television (The Apprentice). T he Apprentice. talk show host Rosie O'Donnell criticized Trump's lenience toward Miss USA. 2014. and as a character (The Lit tle Rascals).

Working out detailed plans will take time. 2009. Trump was interviewed by Jesse Ve ntura ringside at WrestleMania XX. Trump speculated about running for President in the Republica n party and for 2006 considered running for governor of New York as a representa tive of the party.S. permanent abolition of the 55 percent federa l inheritance tax. over whether a candidate for President could win the election by supporting a continued escalation of the war in Iraq. and voiced some support for either of them being elected President. and supplementing t he funding of Social Security. but a liberal on this one. by way of compensatin g this one-time tax on the wealthy. which he estimated would raise $5. Medicare and Medicaid. He also appeared at WrestleMania 23 in the co rner of Bobby Lashley who competed against Umaga with WWE Chairman McMahon in hi s corner. Money" was written by Jim Johnston. On September 17." Since the 1990 U. Trump's Trump Taj Mahal in Atlant ic City was host to the 1991 WBF Championship (which was owned by WWE. Trump touted himself as "a conservative on most issues. I go for the person. Trump was inducted into the celebrity wing of the WWE Hall of Fame in 2013 at Ma dison Square Garden due to his contributions to the promotion. Bush. economic policies Trump proposed include: Institution of a once-only 14. as part of a storyline. with either Trump or McMahon having their head shaved if their competitor lost. dec iding winners and "firing" losers. He speculated that Rudy Giuliani and Hillary Clinto n could win the Republican and Democratic Presidential nominations. He made his fifth Wrestlemania appearance the next night. Trump appeared on Larry King Live and delive red a strong criticism of then-United States President George W.7 trillion in revenue toward ret irement of the national debt. where well-known stars compete to win money for their charities." Renegotiation of U. Repeal of limits on campaign contributions. Trump confirme d it and declared he would be at the following commercial-free episode in person and would give a full refund to the people who purchased tickets to the arena f or that night's show in the amount of US$235. "I'm very much independent in that way. Trump again registered as a Republican in 2009 after ha ving registered with the Democratic Party in 2001. The America We Deserve. respectively . elections. His entrance theme "Money. Trump officially endorsed John McCain for the U. B ut the goal should be clear: Our people are our greatest asset. Trump expressed a desire to run as a third-party candidate for the United States presidency. on CNN's The Situation Room at the time. trade policies.25 percent tax on personal estates and trusts over $10 million. While Trump and Burnett co-produced the show. considering a bid for the nomination of the R eform Party as a business conservative. McMahon announced on Monday Night Raw that he had "sold" the show to Donald Trump.S. === World Wrestling Entertainment === Trump is a known World Wrestling Entertainment fan and friend of WWE owner Vince McMahon. I vote for Republicans and I vote for Democrats. socially moderate candidate. On June 15.ty Apprentice. Donald Trump has made contributions to campaigns . He has hosted two WrestleMania events in the Trump Plaza and has been an active participant in several of the shows. tax cuts for the middle class. Trump stayed in the forefront. Lashley won the match. Trump said in an interview in 2007. In October 2007. I mean. and. == Political activity == In the 2000 election. combined with outlawing soft money c ampaign contributions. particula rly concerning the Iraq War. For 2004 and 2008. in a hair versus hair match. not necessar ily the party. Appearing on screen. known at the time as the "World Wrestling Federation"). McMahon "bought back" Raw the following week. In his 2000 tome. He express ed doubt. Regarding universal health care.S.000. Presid ency on Larry King Live. 2008. and he and Trump b oth proceeded to shave McMahon bald.

Rahm Emanu el. and supporting a fa ir trade policy and believing generally that the People s Republic of China shou ld be considered more of an adversarial competitor. 2011. Joe Biden. supporting defining ma rriage as between one man and one woman. as a write-in candidate in its straw poll for the office. Anthony Weiner. by the India napolis Motor Speedway. A Newsweek poll conducted in February 2011 showed Trump within a few points of Barack Obam a. he’s highly respected. Kirsten Gillibrand. with many voters undecided in the November 2012 general election for Presiden t of the United States. an accusation he has denied. budget. but there had been a fan campaign for the Speedway to instead name a racing celebrity to the position and a Speedway press release stated that Trump cancelled because of his intention to run for president. A poll released in April 2011 by Public Policy Polling s howed Trump having a nine-point lead in a potential contest for the Republican n omination for President of the United States while he was still actively conside ring a run. beginning after the city s mayoral primary in 1989. Trump says he is "a big fan of Israel". Trump announced he would not be the celebrity pace-car driver fo r the 2011 Indianapolis 500 as had been announced on April 5. in the video from his office in Manhattan. Trump participated in the "Politics and Eggs" for um at the New Hampshire Institute of Politics at Saint Anselm College." === Potential candidacy for President of the United States === In 2010. John Kerry. Charles Schumer. He also believes the U. Harry Reid. Trump stated he made the decision because of business co nstraints. and Ch arles Rangel. Trump made a F ebruary speech to a CPAC gathering. His campaign has been reported by some media as a possible promotional tool for his reality show The Apprentice. On April 23. supposedly after Trump had been supposed to make his decision whether to or not to run. a popular spot for presidential candidates visiting New Hampshire. should disengage in Iraq and Afghanistan. subjected to significant imp ort tariffs as a response to China s currency manipulation in order to help bala nce the U.of both Republican Party and Democratic Party candidates. Trump said he considered himself a potential candidate for President of the United States in the 2012 election. Regardless of this skepticism. In Decemb er 2008. These have included Re publicans John McCain. anti-foreign aid. Trump posted his endorsement via a YouTube video where." An ardent Zionist. Rudolph Giuliani. Trump endorsed Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. On May 5. and George W.S. durin g the 2013 Israeli elections. an early venue for candidates considering a presidential run. stating that "A strong prime minister is a strong Israel. On May 23. Trump supported a government-backed rescue plan for the American auto i ndustry in which the government would provide the debtor in possession financing for a Chapter 11 restructuring. Hillary Clinton. This scheduled visit i s important because the event is taking place in mid June 2011. A Wa ll Street Journal/NBC News poll released in March 2011 found Trump leading among potential contenders for the Republican nomination for President of the United States. he’s highly thought of by all. Trump s present political stances include being pro-life. supporting Second Amendment rights of g un ownership and opposing gun control. 2011. In his primary campaign. advocates the repeal and replacement of P atient Protection and Affordable Care Act. 2011. Time ran the headline "Donald Trump Begins Not Running For President" and The Huffington Post was similarly skeptical of whethe r he would run.S. On May 16. In January 2013. 2011. one point ahead of former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney. 2011 . Newt Gingrich. the New York-based TV station NY1 reported that Trump had not voted i n primary elections in New York City for a span of 21 years. Trump announced he would not run for president. He said he would impose a 25 percent tariff on Chinese good s. Tom Daschle. Bush and D emocrats Ted Kennedy. A city election bo ard spokeswoman confirmed the story. He f urther cemented his endorsement of Benjamin Netanyahu by saying "there’s nobody li ke him! He’s a winner. with having taken a more active role in Israeli poli tics as of 2012.

commenting "they cannot believe what they re finding. referred to him as such in an interview. Trump said he was "no t satisfied that Obama had proven his citizenship. With media coverage and Trump s repeated calls for release of the bir th certificate. if she were to win the Republi can nomination. He is a member of the Winged Foot Golf Club in Mam aroneck. Trump was a featured speaker at the 2013 Conservative Political Action Conferenc e (CPAC). Following President Obama s re-election. adding: "The coun try is so important. a nickname perpetuated by the media afte r his first wife Ivana Trump. I don t see that person. so vital that we choose the right person. Trump disclosed that he had sent researchers to Hawaii to investigate the matter of Obama s citizenship status." Trump brought attention to conspiracy theories questioning Obama s citizenship s tatus in media appearances and received heavy criticism from political opponents for this. and plays regularly at the other courses he owns and operates . April 25. In February 2012 he endorsed Mitt Romney prior to the Nevada caucuses. Trump sent messages on his Twitter acco unt saying that the election was a "sham and a travesty" and that the electoral college was "a disaster" and called for "a revolution".. Trump gav e media interviews endorsing Romney before the Michigan primary. despite suggestin g that he would make those public when Obama produced his long-form birth certif icate. he said he would "make a decision some time pretty soon" regarding a potential run but indicated he had "something else in mind. Trump is a golfer. Trump said he wanted Obama to end the issue by releasing the long-form of his birth ce rtificate. Trump expressed pride at his role in the rele ase of the long-form certificate in a press conference follow-up. Public Policy Polling described the events as "one of the qu ickest rises and falls in the history of presidential politics".S. Trump deleted the last c omment when it became clear that Obama had won the electoral college and also th e popular vote. h owever. Trump stated that he hadn t ruled out running for president. However in December ." though no revelation or information was e ver subsequently published. 2011. Trump was suggested as a possible Vice Presidential selection by Michele Bachmann. 2011. but did not. . and shook hands repeatedly i n public during a visit to New Hampshire in April 2011. Obama eventually made a formal statement in efforts by the White House to put the matter to rest with the release of the long-form of Obama s bi rth certificate on April 27. 2011. On Anderson Cooper 360° on CNN. 2011. In 2013." In December 2011. While it has been reported that he does not shake hands because of fear of germs . In October 2013." In an April 2011 NBC interview. history. with a low single-figure handicap. In an NBC-TV interview broadcast April 7. running for governor was not of great interest to him. New York Republicans circ ulated a memo suggesting Trump should run of governor of the state in 2014 again st Andrew Cuomo. Trump spent over $1 million to research a possible run for pr esident of the United States in 2016. In May 2011. New York. Trump said that while New York had problems and taxes were too high. a native of the Czech Republic. say whether he would be releasing his own tax returns." === Statements about Barack Obama === Speaking to an audience of more than five thousand people in Boca Raton. he claims this is "a rumor that the enemies say". Florida on April 16. Trump implied that voter reaction to the 2008 financial cris is and the perception of slow progress on the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan durin g the final months of George W. == Personal life == Trump is popularly known as The Donald. Bush s second term as President was the primary cause for the election of his successor Barack Obama and further that Obama woul d probably be known "as the worst president in U. and at this momen t.

(who is deceased) and Robert S . is a federal appeals court judge. criticized "Trump s letter o ffering to buy the site as a publicity stunt". . The federa l government filed the lawsuit against his New York real estate company for disc riminating against potential black renters. Trump expressed on Anderson Cooper s show on CNN. Ivanka (born October 30. she met Fred Trump and stayed in New York. In April 2011 on Human Events.. A February 2011 Politics Daily article described Trump as "apparently a member of the Dutch Reformed Church.. == Controversies == === Allegations of racism === In 1973. Melania gave birth to a boy named Barron William Tru mp." On April 26. Tiffany (born October 13. In a February 2008 interview on ABC s news program Nightline. Trump has six grandchildren. Jr. Born in Queens.. Mary Anne. Trump. Cusack says "t he Collegiate Reformed Protestant Dutch Church is actually a denomination within a denomination" and that the Collegiate Churches are "now part of the Reformed Church of America". he proposed to Melania Knauss (Melanija Knavs). They divorced on June 8.Trump s mother.. United Kingdom. In an April 2011 interview. 1984). He also appeared on Fox s Hannity. 2006. Trump said. Fred. 1993). Andrew Cusack in 2008 stated that Donald Trump is a member of New York City s Marble Collegia te Church. I really love it. New York. the lawyers f or the majority stakeholder. on the 700 Club. "I just know it s very hard for them (Iva na and Marla) to compete because I do love what I do. Donald J ohn III. on March 20. 2005. at which time Trump was the company s president. And you know I ve had a good relationship with the church over the yea rs. according to the Post. Trump has stated in interviews that he is a Presbyterian. I think my religion is a wonderful re ligion. I m a Pres byterian. Tristan Milos." A 2010 article in The Daily Telegraph stated that Trump was Catholic. Trump was quoted by the New York Post that. Four from his son Donald Jr. at Bethesda by the Sea Ep iscopal Church. His older sister. Marble Collegiate Church also states that it is denomination ally affiliated with the Reformed Church in America. Trum p commented on his ex-wives by saying. Trump s fifth child. Stornoway on the Isle of Le wis. Trump aroused c ontroversy in New York s black community when he took out full-page newspaper ad s calling for the death penalty for the African-American teenage suspects—who were . his personal opinion was that the mosque should not be built close t o Ground Zero . was born in 1912 at Tong. In 1993. claim ing the imam was "using religion" (meaning Islam) to get a good price for the re al estate. In 1930. on the island of Palm Beach. with the RCA website statin g that the RCA has a local church "presbyterian form of government". on a holiday i n New York. while he "is a big believer in freedom of rel igion. Trump has four siblings: two brothers. which is a Presbyterian denomination". his "suspic ions of ulterior motives at the imam running the project" known as Park51. (Kai Madison. In September 2010. In 1977. 2004. he said that he is "a Presbyterian within the Protestant group". Trump and Knauss married on January 22. Maryanne Tru mp Barry. off the coast of Scotland. Florida. I think religion is a wonderful thing. he married Marla Maples and together they had one child. Maryanne and Elizabeth. They were divorced in 1992. 1981). aged 18. (born December 31. Trump married Ivana Zelníčková and together they have three children: Donald. 1999. and Eric (born Ja nuary 6. Trump does not drink alcohol.". the Justice Department sued Trump Management Corporation for alleged ra cial discrimination. After Trump offered in a letter to buy the two-building site for more than $6 million in order to end the general controversy. and said much the same. followed by a reception at Trump s Mar-A-Lago estate. Explaining that church s organizational relationships. 1977). a native of S lovenia. "I m a Protestant. Jr. After the rape of a white female jogger in Central Park in 1989. and two sisters. and Spencer Frederick) and two from his daughter Ivanka (Arabella Rose and Joseph Frederick ).

Trump was accused of making racial slurs against black people in a book written by John R. Trump University. and I m not sure we want him back under those circumstances. compared Trump s stance to the racist attitudes expressed in the 1930s during the infamous Sco ttsboro Boys case. "laziness is a trait in blacks". Colin Moore. O Donnell." Andy Lassner. And then it s no longer fun" about Trump questioning Obama s entry into Harvard. Wh o. 80% of all the shootings in New York City are blacks-if you a dd Hispanics. is totally overrated. He also told O Donnell : "Black guys counting my money! I hate it. In April 2011. I ve always had a great relationship with the blacks. but connecting it to race in such a blunt and unfair fashion seems more about blaming certain kinds of people than solving the problem. until it starts to smack of racism.4% were white. it s all a circus. but we ll ha ve to see". "That s just code for saying he got into law school because he s black. by the way. producer of the Ellen DeGene res Show. Trump sent a tweet about Jon Stewart of The Daily Show. it remains puzzling that NBC cont inues to offer a platform to someone so willing to pass along prejudice disguise d as political speech. former president of Trump Plaza Hotel & Casino. Trump shared his thoughts on race and crime on Twitter which wa s considered controversial and prejudiced. Deggans wrote in a Tampa Bay Times column. tweeted in response: "I knew you were more than just a racist. Schieffer said. Media critic Eric Deggans dismissed Tr ump s views. CBS News chief Washington correspond ent Bob Schieffer called it absurd. In 1991." Trump s questio ning regarding Obama s place of birth has provoked additional charges of racism.all later exonerated. On April 27. 78. 2013. This is an ugly strain of racism that s running thro ugh this whole thing. in reference to a black ac countant at Trump Plaza. he replied "I have a great relations hip with the blacks. described Trump s comments as "highl y offensive". but he ou ght to be prepared to apologize just for that kind of behavior. former head of NAACP New Jersey. The only kind of people I want count ing my money are short guys that wear yarmulkes every day. it s all a rodeo. with a number of public figures including Bill Maher. when Trump was asked during a radio interview about whether o r not he is supported by African-Americans." In response. while interviewing Dr. One of the defendant’s lawyers. 1% white". Letterman added "if he comes back on t his show. Trump also tweeted: "Sadly. Proud o f you for showing your anti-semitic stripes too. Jesse Jackson and Whoopi Goldberg accusing him of employing crude and unfair stereotypes.000 persons of $40 million. Trump c alled O Donnell a disgruntled employee but he didn t deny allegations made in th e book during an interview with Playboy magazine in 1999. Trump tweeted: "According to Bill O Reilly. O Donnell wrote that Trump once said. c alled Trumped!. by critics." Walt er Fields. Beginning in ." On April 24. handed o ver for what was supposed to be the opportunity to learn Trump s real estate inv estment magic at his for-profit training program. while 18.9% were Hispanic and 2. "There is no doubt that violent crime is a serious problem in communities of color. We can hope that kind of comes to an end too. that figure goes to 98%. 2013. which some other Twitter users believe had anti-Semitic undertones: "I promise you th at I m much smarter than Jonathan Leibowitz – I mean Jon Stewart @TheDailyShow. th e overwhelming amount of violent crime in our major cities is committed by black s and hispanics-a tough subject-must be discussed". acco rding to the figures in the report. In mid-April 2011.2% of shooting suspects were black. On June 5. However. The statistics that Fox News pundit Bill O Reilly cited were from the 2012 New York City Enforcement Report compiled by the police department. 2013. based on 662 shooting suspects." === Litigation === On August 24. As always. Phil McGraw in his La te Show said "It s all fun. David Letterman. 2011. when Trump made allegations that Obama didn t get good enough gra des to warrant entry to Harvard Law School. a lawsuit filed by New York Attorney General Eric Schneiderm an alleged that Trump defrauded more than 5. Referring to Trump.

This. Simon & Schuster.2005. == External links == The Trump Organization Column archives at The Huffington Post Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission Donald Trump at AllMusic Donald Trump at AllMovie Donald Trump collected news and commentary at The Wall Street Journal Donald Trump collected news and commentary at The Guardian Works by or about Donald Trump in libraries (WorldCat catalog) WWE Hall of Fame profile [ . Gwenda (2000). In Octo ber 2013. Trump University offered a program that began with a free introductory 90 -minute presentation promising to teach Donald Trump s secrets that helped build his real estate empire. led many to c riticize Trump for making dangerous and inaccurate statements regarding the caus es of autism. to label them "shameful": "The autism-vaccine link has been disproven. That can kill children. a s well as similar remarks he made on Twitter the following August. 2013. Spreading shots out over a long per iod of time will not reduce the number of children who develop autism but it wil l leave more children vulnerable to infectious diseases for a longer period of t ime than necessary.500 seminar. === Statements on vaccines and autism === Appearing on Fox & Friends on April 2. ISBN 0-684-80849-8. was used to plug "elite" courses that cost anywhere from $10. but it gave Trump s lawyers until November 1.000. His remarks on Twitter led Richard Besser. $1. ABC News s Chief Health and Medical editor. no more than a lengthy promotion for a three-day. The Trumps. 2012 (which was World Autism Awareness Da y). This was.000 to $35. to file their response. according to the suit. The three-day program. Trump s lawyers asked the court to extend the deadline for Trump to re spond to the lawsuit until mid-December." == Bibliography == Trump has authored many books including: == See also == == References == == Further reading == Blair. Trump stated that he suspects that vaccines may be linked to autism. in turn. The court rejected that request.