James Morgan

Dr. Wood
CINS 3050

Question 3 Review Q&A
1. Hardware is classified into what major types?

output technologies

2. In one paragraph, explain how a computer works.

First the computer’s central processing unit loads the operating system with
formulas and transmits instructions. Next the input is received and digitized into a
binary code, which is handled by the CPU. The CPU uses a whole group of tiny
transistors, which uses temporary storage until it is either presented, permanently
stored, or the unit turned off.
3. Describe the difference between systems software and application software.

Systems software is used to manage and run the operation of the computer whereas
application software lets users perform specific tasks for home, school, and business use.
Most systems software is preloaded when a computer is purchased while application
software can be pre-loaded and most often purchased by the user for specific tasks.
4. How is quality in open source software ensured?

A very large user base insures fixes to problems encountered and posted as well as
helping to maintain the integrity of the code provided. If posts are made that are not
accurate, there are usually many follow-up posts that correct the postings made.
5. Describe the different types of computers and their key distinguishing characteristics.

High: $50.000 6.000.2 Information Systems Today.000+/Typical Cost Range: Low-$1. Instructor’s Manual 1. All transactions of a business are recorded as data within a computer.000. medical. applications.# of Simultaneous Users: One to many/ Physical Size: Like an automobile to as large as multiple rooms/ Typical Use: Scientific Research/Memory: 5.000+/ Physical Size: Like a refrigerator/ Typical Use: Large general-purpose business and government/Memory: Up to 1500+ GB/Typical Cost Range: Low-$500. Microcomputer -# of Simultaneous Users: One/ Physical Size: Handheld to fitting on a desktop/Typical Use Personal productivity / Memory: 512 MB to 4 GB /Typical Cost Range Low: $200. For which purposes are data stored in organizations? Answer: Data and information are important assets of a business and must be protected. 7. this data can be processed into useful information to allow businesses to make informed business decisions to remain profitable.000 3. This also allows businesses to store this data in safe places so that in the event of a disaster the business is able to recover any data temporarily lost and continue operations. or files/ Memory: Up to 512 GB/Typical Cost Range Low: $300.000-Higher$20.000 2. Publishing as Prentice Hall .000.High: $10.000 4. Supercomputer. Mainframe-# of Simultaneous Users: 1.000. Server--# of Simultaneous Users: 10. 5th Edition.High $5. Once recorded. graphic design / Memory: Up to 192 GB /Typical Cost Range Low:$750 High:$100. Inc. How does computer networking work? Answer: All computer networks require the following: Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education.000 5.000+/ Physical Size: Like a DVD player and mounted in a rack to fitting on a desktop/Typical Use: Providing Web sites or access to databases. Workstation-# of Simultaneous Users: Typically One/ Physical Size: Fitting on a desktop to the size of a file cabinet/Typical Use: Engineering.

used by single organization Connect multiple LANs. software applications. This is the physical pathway for the messages to be sent (could be cable or wireless). or other resources between several users Connect multiple LANs. What is the World Wide Web. consistent interface to a wide variety of information. distributed ownership and management Size Within a business Under 10 meters Typically within a building Spanning multiple buildings. What are URLs. 10. Instructor’s Manual 1. such as covering the area of a city Large physical distance. and why are they important to the World Wide Web? Answer: A Uniform Resource Locator (URL) is used to identify and locate a particular Web page. URLs are important to the Web. without having to remember numeric IP addresses. 2. up to worldwide (Internet) 9. using technologies such as Bluetooth Sharing of data. such as a university or business campus Larger then LAN or CAN. This means you must have both a sending device and a receiving device. 8. 11. or a graphical user interface to the Internet that provides users with a simple. and what is its relationship to the Internet? Answer: The World Wide Web (WWW) is a system of interlinked documents on the Internet. 5th Edition. as they give users an easy way to navigate to particular Web pages. Publishing as Prentice Hall . 3.Information Systems Today. Inc. A transmission medium is needed. What are the major types of networks? Answer: Type Private Branch Exchange (PBX) Personal Area Network (PAN) Local Area Network (LAN) Campus Area Network (CAN) Metropolitan Area Network (MAN) Wide Area Network (WAN) Usage Telephone system serving a particular location Wireless communication between devices. What are the problems associated with software obsolescence? Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education. Rules or protocols (standards) must be followed that allow for those communications to be passed. used by single organization Connect multiple LANs. 3 Information is needed to share between a sender and receiver.

and reported providing transparency for both the provider and consumer of the utilized service. Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education.4 Information Systems Today. 2. applications. software distribution model in which the software is hosted by a service provider and licensed for the use by the user. 12. On demand self-services: computer services such as email. Inc. Instructor’s Manual Answer: Problems associated with software obsolescence include the need for new hardware at times. Rapid Elasticity— Cloud services can be rapidly and elastically provisioned. Software as a Service. 13. controlled. in some cases automatically. and networking. and IaaS? Software as a Service is an application provided via a cloud infrastructure. reluctance of users in switching to new software. Describe the characteristics of the cloud computing model. 3. Characteristics of cloud computer include: 1. incapability of older application software to the new system software. What is the difference between SaaS. with different physical and virtual resources dynamically assigned and reassigned according to consumer demand. to quickly scale out and rapidly released to quickly scale in. 4. Resource Pooling— The provider’s computing resources are pooled together to serve multiple consumers using multiple-tenant model. Infrastructure as a Service is a form of cloud computing that provides virtualized computing resources over the Internet. 5th Edition. which allows basic skills of processing. network or server service can be provided without requiring human interaction with each service provider. 14 Define grid computing and describe its advantages and disadvantages. The Platform as a Service allows the user to run their own applications. Measured Service— Cloud computing resource usage can be measured. storage. PaaS. Publishing as Prentice Hall . and products that may have been designed to certain life spans without the capability to work with newer upgrades.

Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education. 5th Edition. Publishing as Prentice Hall 5 . 16. 15. smaller problems. which has been an influence on public issues.” IP convergence is the use of the Internet Protocol for transporting voice. concurrent. and carbon taxes. Describe what is meant by the term “IP convergence. Describe why green computing has become so important to modern organizations. and the flexibility to use a grid for large-scale computing problems and for multiple. The primary advantages of grid computing are relatively low costs. video. and data traffic. Inc. fax.Information Systems Today. which allows enterprises to make use of new forms of communication and collaboration as well as outdated forms of communication at a much lower costs. A disadvantage would be the difficulty of managing computing grids. Green computing has become so important to modern organizations because of the large increase in the demand for and cost of energy. but mainly heterogeneous grids. that are coordinated to solve a common problem. waste disposal. Green computing can save money on energy usage. Instructor’s Manual Grid computing is a collection of computers. often geographically dispersed.

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