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James Morgan

02/04/2015
Dr. Wood
CINS 3050

Question 3 Review Q&A
1. Hardware is classified into what major types?



input
processing
output technologies

2. In one paragraph, explain how a computer works.

First the computer’s central processing unit loads the operating system with
formulas and transmits instructions. Next the input is received and digitized into a
binary code, which is handled by the CPU. The CPU uses a whole group of tiny
transistors, which uses temporary storage until it is either presented, permanently
stored, or the unit turned off.
3. Describe the difference between systems software and application software.

Systems software is used to manage and run the operation of the computer whereas
application software lets users perform specific tasks for home, school, and business use.
Most systems software is preloaded when a computer is purchased while application
software can be pre-loaded and most often purchased by the user for specific tasks.
4. How is quality in open source software ensured?

Answer:
A very large user base insures fixes to problems encountered and posted as well as
helping to maintain the integrity of the code provided. If posts are made that are not
accurate, there are usually many follow-up posts that correct the postings made.
5. Describe the different types of computers and their key distinguishing characteristics.

Instructor’s Manual 1. or files/ Memory: Up to 512 GB/Typical Cost Range Low: $300. Inc.000+/Typical Cost Range: Low-$1.000 3.000+/ Physical Size: Like a DVD player and mounted in a rack to fitting on a desktop/Typical Use: Providing Web sites or access to databases.# of Simultaneous Users: One to many/ Physical Size: Like an automobile to as large as multiple rooms/ Typical Use: Scientific Research/Memory: 5.High: $10. Supercomputer.000 5.000+/ Physical Size: Like a refrigerator/ Typical Use: Large general-purpose business and government/Memory: Up to 1500+ GB/Typical Cost Range: Low-$500. Server--# of Simultaneous Users: 10. this data can be processed into useful information to allow businesses to make informed business decisions to remain profitable.000 4.000.2 Information Systems Today. 7.High: $50. For which purposes are data stored in organizations? Answer: Data and information are important assets of a business and must be protected. Once recorded.000-Higher$20. medical. applications.000.000 6. This also allows businesses to store this data in safe places so that in the event of a disaster the business is able to recover any data temporarily lost and continue operations.000 2. Mainframe-# of Simultaneous Users: 1. How does computer networking work? Answer: All computer networks require the following: Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education. graphic design / Memory: Up to 192 GB /Typical Cost Range Low:$750 High:$100.000. Publishing as Prentice Hall .000. Microcomputer -# of Simultaneous Users: One/ Physical Size: Handheld to fitting on a desktop/Typical Use Personal productivity / Memory: 512 MB to 4 GB /Typical Cost Range Low: $200. All transactions of a business are recorded as data within a computer. Workstation-# of Simultaneous Users: Typically One/ Physical Size: Fitting on a desktop to the size of a file cabinet/Typical Use: Engineering. 5th Edition.High $5.

or other resources between several users Connect multiple LANs. used by single organization Connect multiple LANs. 3 Information is needed to share between a sender and receiver. distributed ownership and management Size Within a business Under 10 meters Typically within a building Spanning multiple buildings. as they give users an easy way to navigate to particular Web pages. This is the physical pathway for the messages to be sent (could be cable or wireless). 2. A transmission medium is needed. What are the problems associated with software obsolescence? Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education. software applications. What is the World Wide Web.Information Systems Today. Rules or protocols (standards) must be followed that allow for those communications to be passed. used by single organization Connect multiple LANs. What are URLs. Inc. 8. What are the major types of networks? Answer: Type Private Branch Exchange (PBX) Personal Area Network (PAN) Local Area Network (LAN) Campus Area Network (CAN) Metropolitan Area Network (MAN) Wide Area Network (WAN) Usage Telephone system serving a particular location Wireless communication between devices. Publishing as Prentice Hall . consistent interface to a wide variety of information. and why are they important to the World Wide Web? Answer: A Uniform Resource Locator (URL) is used to identify and locate a particular Web page. such as a university or business campus Larger then LAN or CAN. 3. 5th Edition. 11. without having to remember numeric IP addresses. Instructor’s Manual 1. and what is its relationship to the Internet? Answer: The World Wide Web (WWW) is a system of interlinked documents on the Internet. URLs are important to the Web. such as covering the area of a city Large physical distance. using technologies such as Bluetooth Sharing of data. up to worldwide (Internet) 9. This means you must have both a sending device and a receiving device. 10. or a graphical user interface to the Internet that provides users with a simple.

software distribution model in which the software is hosted by a service provider and licensed for the use by the user. Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education. applications. 2. and IaaS? Software as a Service is an application provided via a cloud infrastructure.4 Information Systems Today. 12. 13. The Platform as a Service allows the user to run their own applications. and networking. Inc. Infrastructure as a Service is a form of cloud computing that provides virtualized computing resources over the Internet. Software as a Service. with different physical and virtual resources dynamically assigned and reassigned according to consumer demand. What is the difference between SaaS. 5th Edition. Describe the characteristics of the cloud computing model. which allows basic skills of processing. Publishing as Prentice Hall . On demand self-services: computer services such as email. in some cases automatically. controlled. Rapid Elasticity— Cloud services can be rapidly and elastically provisioned. to quickly scale out and rapidly released to quickly scale in. 3. Characteristics of cloud computer include: 1. and reported providing transparency for both the provider and consumer of the utilized service. Resource Pooling— The provider’s computing resources are pooled together to serve multiple consumers using multiple-tenant model. Instructor’s Manual Answer: Problems associated with software obsolescence include the need for new hardware at times. 4. PaaS. network or server service can be provided without requiring human interaction with each service provider. and products that may have been designed to certain life spans without the capability to work with newer upgrades. 14 Define grid computing and describe its advantages and disadvantages. storage. incapability of older application software to the new system software. reluctance of users in switching to new software. Measured Service— Cloud computing resource usage can be measured.

Instructor’s Manual Grid computing is a collection of computers. 5th Edition. and the flexibility to use a grid for large-scale computing problems and for multiple. but mainly heterogeneous grids. which allows enterprises to make use of new forms of communication and collaboration as well as outdated forms of communication at a much lower costs. Inc. A disadvantage would be the difficulty of managing computing grids. and data traffic. often geographically dispersed. The primary advantages of grid computing are relatively low costs. Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education. smaller problems. that are coordinated to solve a common problem. and carbon taxes. fax. Green computing can save money on energy usage. 15. concurrent. Describe why green computing has become so important to modern organizations.Information Systems Today.” IP convergence is the use of the Internet Protocol for transporting voice. which has been an influence on public issues. Publishing as Prentice Hall 5 . waste disposal. Green computing has become so important to modern organizations because of the large increase in the demand for and cost of energy. video. Describe what is meant by the term “IP convergence. 16.