James Morgan

Dr. Wood
CINS 3050

Question 3 Review Q&A
1. Hardware is classified into what major types?

output technologies

2. In one paragraph, explain how a computer works.

First the computer’s central processing unit loads the operating system with
formulas and transmits instructions. Next the input is received and digitized into a
binary code, which is handled by the CPU. The CPU uses a whole group of tiny
transistors, which uses temporary storage until it is either presented, permanently
stored, or the unit turned off.
3. Describe the difference between systems software and application software.

Systems software is used to manage and run the operation of the computer whereas
application software lets users perform specific tasks for home, school, and business use.
Most systems software is preloaded when a computer is purchased while application
software can be pre-loaded and most often purchased by the user for specific tasks.
4. How is quality in open source software ensured?

A very large user base insures fixes to problems encountered and posted as well as
helping to maintain the integrity of the code provided. If posts are made that are not
accurate, there are usually many follow-up posts that correct the postings made.
5. Describe the different types of computers and their key distinguishing characteristics.

Server--# of Simultaneous Users: 10.000 3. this data can be processed into useful information to allow businesses to make informed business decisions to remain profitable.000 6. How does computer networking work? Answer: All computer networks require the following: Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education.000+/ Physical Size: Like a refrigerator/ Typical Use: Large general-purpose business and government/Memory: Up to 1500+ GB/Typical Cost Range: Low-$500. Once recorded.000 4. All transactions of a business are recorded as data within a computer. 7. 5th Edition. applications.000.000-Higher$20.High $5.000.000 2.000. or files/ Memory: Up to 512 GB/Typical Cost Range Low: $300. medical.High: $10. This also allows businesses to store this data in safe places so that in the event of a disaster the business is able to recover any data temporarily lost and continue operations. Instructor’s Manual 1.High: $50. Supercomputer. graphic design / Memory: Up to 192 GB /Typical Cost Range Low:$750 High:$100. For which purposes are data stored in organizations? Answer: Data and information are important assets of a business and must be protected.000+/Typical Cost Range: Low-$1. Microcomputer -# of Simultaneous Users: One/ Physical Size: Handheld to fitting on a desktop/Typical Use Personal productivity / Memory: 512 MB to 4 GB /Typical Cost Range Low: $200. Workstation-# of Simultaneous Users: Typically One/ Physical Size: Fitting on a desktop to the size of a file cabinet/Typical Use: Engineering.2 Information Systems Today.# of Simultaneous Users: One to many/ Physical Size: Like an automobile to as large as multiple rooms/ Typical Use: Scientific Research/Memory: 5. Mainframe-# of Simultaneous Users: 1.000 5.000. Inc.000+/ Physical Size: Like a DVD player and mounted in a rack to fitting on a desktop/Typical Use: Providing Web sites or access to databases. Publishing as Prentice Hall .

What is the World Wide Web. 2. What are URLs. Inc. software applications. and what is its relationship to the Internet? Answer: The World Wide Web (WWW) is a system of interlinked documents on the Internet. and why are they important to the World Wide Web? Answer: A Uniform Resource Locator (URL) is used to identify and locate a particular Web page. up to worldwide (Internet) 9. without having to remember numeric IP addresses. 10. used by single organization Connect multiple LANs. This is the physical pathway for the messages to be sent (could be cable or wireless). consistent interface to a wide variety of information.Information Systems Today. Publishing as Prentice Hall . A transmission medium is needed. such as a university or business campus Larger then LAN or CAN. used by single organization Connect multiple LANs. as they give users an easy way to navigate to particular Web pages. What are the major types of networks? Answer: Type Private Branch Exchange (PBX) Personal Area Network (PAN) Local Area Network (LAN) Campus Area Network (CAN) Metropolitan Area Network (MAN) Wide Area Network (WAN) Usage Telephone system serving a particular location Wireless communication between devices. 3. 3 Information is needed to share between a sender and receiver. using technologies such as Bluetooth Sharing of data. This means you must have both a sending device and a receiving device. What are the problems associated with software obsolescence? Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education. or other resources between several users Connect multiple LANs. 8. such as covering the area of a city Large physical distance. distributed ownership and management Size Within a business Under 10 meters Typically within a building Spanning multiple buildings. URLs are important to the Web. 11. or a graphical user interface to the Internet that provides users with a simple. Instructor’s Manual 1. Rules or protocols (standards) must be followed that allow for those communications to be passed. 5th Edition.

storage. Measured Service— Cloud computing resource usage can be measured. 5th Edition. Inc. applications. Instructor’s Manual Answer: Problems associated with software obsolescence include the need for new hardware at times. to quickly scale out and rapidly released to quickly scale in. The Platform as a Service allows the user to run their own applications. Software as a Service. PaaS. 3.4 Information Systems Today. which allows basic skills of processing. and products that may have been designed to certain life spans without the capability to work with newer upgrades. 13. Infrastructure as a Service is a form of cloud computing that provides virtualized computing resources over the Internet. Resource Pooling— The provider’s computing resources are pooled together to serve multiple consumers using multiple-tenant model. Rapid Elasticity— Cloud services can be rapidly and elastically provisioned. in some cases automatically. and IaaS? Software as a Service is an application provided via a cloud infrastructure. reluctance of users in switching to new software. 14 Define grid computing and describe its advantages and disadvantages. incapability of older application software to the new system software. What is the difference between SaaS. Describe the characteristics of the cloud computing model. network or server service can be provided without requiring human interaction with each service provider. with different physical and virtual resources dynamically assigned and reassigned according to consumer demand. 4. Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education. 2. Publishing as Prentice Hall . and reported providing transparency for both the provider and consumer of the utilized service. controlled. software distribution model in which the software is hosted by a service provider and licensed for the use by the user. Characteristics of cloud computer include: 1. and networking. On demand self-services: computer services such as email. 12.

and the flexibility to use a grid for large-scale computing problems and for multiple. waste disposal.Information Systems Today. and carbon taxes. that are coordinated to solve a common problem. Green computing has become so important to modern organizations because of the large increase in the demand for and cost of energy. Describe why green computing has become so important to modern organizations. 15. often geographically dispersed.” IP convergence is the use of the Internet Protocol for transporting voice. Inc. Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education. which allows enterprises to make use of new forms of communication and collaboration as well as outdated forms of communication at a much lower costs. Green computing can save money on energy usage. which has been an influence on public issues. Describe what is meant by the term “IP convergence. A disadvantage would be the difficulty of managing computing grids. concurrent. Instructor’s Manual Grid computing is a collection of computers. fax. Publishing as Prentice Hall 5 . video. smaller problems. but mainly heterogeneous grids. 5th Edition. and data traffic. 16. The primary advantages of grid computing are relatively low costs.

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