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Original Title: Averages

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CLASS EXERCISE

HOME EXERCISE

1.

is also included, then the new average age of all the students

increases by 1. The age of the new student is?

(a) 21

(b) 30

(c) 31

(d) 41

If the highest and lowest scores were excluded, the average

score of the class would decrease by 1. If the difference of

these 2 scores is 60, find the highest score?

(a) 84

(b) 95

(c) 99

(d) 115

2.

points. If she exceeds her previous average score by 20 points

on her fourth test, then what is the average score for the first

4 tests?

(a) N + 20

(b) N + 10

(c) N + 4

(d) N + 5

3.

of kerosene is Rs. 12 per litre and the price of petrol is Rs. 33

per litre. The average price of the mixture per litre is?

(a) Rs. 15

(b) Rs. 17

(c) Rs. 23

(d) Rs. 27

4.

profit and the rest at 18% profit. On the whole, he gains 14%

profit. What quantity of rice is sold at 18% profit? (in kgs)

(a) 40

(b) 35

(c) 30

(d) 45

years. This was 2 years more than the correct average as there

was an error in noting the age of 2 persons as 32 and 36 instead of 21 and 23. How many persons were there in the

group?

(a) 8

(b) 10

(c) 15

(d) 12

13. In an examination conducted among 13 students, the average

of their scores was 60. The top 7 scores have an average of 66

whereas the least 7 scores have an average of 54. Find the 7th

highest score?

(a) 52

(b) 55

(c) 59

(d) 60

14. The average weight of the 5 officers of a regiment is 42 kg. If

a senior officer was replaced by a new officer and thus the

average increased by 500 gm, the weight of the new officer

is?

(a) 44.5 kg

(b) 45 kg

(c) 42.5 kg

(d) Cannot be determined

5.

A sum of Rs. 410 was divided among 50 boys and girls. Each

boy got Rs. 9 and each girl got Rs. 6.50. Find the number of

girls?

(a) 18

(b) 12

(c) 20

(d) 16

6.

such a mixture, how many litres of water is required to

increase the percentage of water to, 50%?

(a) 20

(b) 15

(c) 30

(d) 45

and the average income of B, C and D is Rs. 15,000 per month.

If the average salary of D be twice that of A, then the average

salary of B and C is (in Rs.)?

(a) 8,000

(b) 18,000

(c) 13,500

(d) 9,000

7.

: 3 and 4 : 5. In what ratio we are required to mix the mixtures

of two containers in order to get the new mixture in which

the ratio of alcohol and water be 7 : 5?

(a) 7 : 3

(b) 5 : 3

(c) 8 : 5

(d) 2 : 7

two more such numbers, just next to these five numbers are

added. the new average will be?

8.

D

I

F

N

O

C

spirit, then he replenished it by different wine containing 20%

sprit. Thus there was only 30% strength (spirit) in the new

mixture. How much of the original wine did he steal?

(a)

9.

1

3

(b)

2

3

(c)

1

2

(d)

1

4

and 2 : 3 respectively. In what ratio the liquids in both the

vessels should be mixed to obtain a new mixture in vessel C

containing half milk and half water?

(a) 1 : 1

(b) 1 : 3

(c) 1 : 2

(d) 7 : 5

L

A

I

T

N

E

(a)

2

7

k + 1

(b) 2k - 3

(c) 2k + 1

(d) k + 2

17. In 2008. Ravi spent Rs. 5000 per month on an average for the

first 4 months, Rs. 6500 per month on an average in the next

5 months and Rs. 4500 per month on the average in the last 3

months. His savings were Rs. 18,000 in the year. Find his average monthly income for given year (in Rs.)?

(a) Rs. 6000

(b) Rs. 6400

(c) Rs. 6600

(d) Rs. 7000

18. Consider the following information regarding the

performance of a class of 1000 students in four different tests.

teachers age is also included, the average age goes up by 2

years. Find the number of students in the class, if the teacher

was 47 years old?

(a) 9

(b) 12

(c) 14

(d) 18

of the following tests is her performance the best

comparitively?

(a) Test I

(b) Test II

(c) Test III

(d) Test IV

-1-

average weight of a class of 20 students is 15. Find the average

weight of both the combined classes?

(a) 20

(b) 25

(c) 17.5

(d) 15

mixture having milk and water in the ratio of 3 : 1, to make it

a mixture with milk concentration as 40% (in litres)?

(a) 40

(b) 50

(c) 60

(d) 70

boys is 30 and the average weight of boys and girls both is

25. If the number of boys are 12, then the number of girls is?

(a) 4

(b) 6

(c) 10

(d) 18

of water is added to it, the vessel would have milk and water

in the reverse ratio. Find the initial quantity of mixture in the

vessel, in litres?

(a) 15

(b) 30

(c) 31

(d) 35

21. The ratio in which the price at Rs 7.20 a kg be mixed with rice

at Rs 5.70 a kg to produce a mixture worth Rs 6.30 a kg, is?

(a) 1 : 3

(b) 2 : 3

(c) 3 : 4

d) 4 : 5

22. The average monthly income of a person in a certain family

of 5 is Rs. 1000/-. What will be the monthly average income

of a person in the same family if the income of one person

will be increased by Rs. 12000/- per year?

(a) 1200/(b) 1600/(c) 2000/(d) 3400/23. Out of three annual examinations, each with a total of 500

marks, a student secured average marks of 45% and 55% in

the first and second annual examinations. To have an overall

average of 60%, how many marks does the student need to

secure in the third annual examination?

(a) 450

(b) 400

(c) 350

(d) 300

24. Two varieties of soda water with different prices is mixed in

the ratio of 2 :3. The price of first soda water is Rs. 10 per litre

while the price of second soda water is Rs. 15 per litre,

respectively. The average price of the mixture (per litre) is?

(a) Rs. 12

(b) Rs. 13

(c) Rs. 14

(d) Rs. 15

33. Two solutions of acid and water with ratio 2 : 7 and 4 : 5 are

mixed in 2 : 1 ratio. What is the ratio of acid to water in the

resulting mixture?

(a) 8 : 19

(b) 1 : 2

(c) 3 : 4

(d) 4 : 5

34. In a municipal parking there are some two wheelers and rest

are 4 wheelers. If wheels are counted, there are total 520

wheels but the incharge of the parking told me that there are

only 175 vehicles. If no vehicle has a stepney, then the no. of

two wheelers is?

(a) 75

(b) 100

(c) 90

(d) 85

35. There are some shepherds and there sheep in a grazing field.

The number of heads is 60 and total legs are 168 including

both men and sheep. The number of sheep is?

(a) 18

(b) 26

(c) 24

(d) 36

D

I

F

N

O

C

interest such that the simple interest on the whole sum at

the end of 2 years is Rs 1944. Find the sum that is lent out at

5% simple interest?

(a) Rs 15600 (b) Rs 17200

(c) Rs 14400 (d)Rs 15500

26. A man bought a certain quantity of sugar for Rs 8000. He

sells 1/4th of it at 10% loss. At what percent profit should he

sells the remaining stock so as to make an overall profit of

20%?

(a) 32%

(b) 19%

(c) 25%

(d) 30%

L

A

I

ENT

36. Two jars contain milk and water in the ratio 2 : 1 and 3 : 2

respectively. What volume should be taken out from the first

jar if volumes have to be taken out from both the jars so as to

fill up a 30 litre jar with milk and water in the ratio 1 : 1?

(a) 7.5 litre

(b) 15 litre

(c) 22.5 litre

(d) Not possible

37. A can contains a mixture of two liquids A and B in the ratio 7

: 5. When 9 liters of mixture are drawn off and the can is

filled with B, the ratio of A and B becomes

7 : 9. How many liters of liquid A was there in the can initially?

(a) 10 litres

(b) 20 litres

(c) 21 litres

(d) 25 litres

40 liters of milk at the cost price of Rs 3.50 per litre so that

the cost of milk reduces to Rs 2 per liter(Assume that water is

available free of cost)?

(a) 25 litres

(b) 28 litres

(c) 30 litres

(d) 35 litres

28. Rs 675 were divided among 75 boys and girls. Each boy gets

Rs 20 whereas a girl gets Rs 5. Find the number of girls?

(a) 45

(b) 55

(c) 25

(d) 35

29. In what ratio must water be mixed with milk to gain 20% on

selling the mixture at cost price(Assume that water is available

free of cost)?

(a) 1 : 6

(b) 2 : 3

(c) 4 : 3

d) 1 : 5

30. A merchant has 1000 kg of sugar, part of which he sells at 8%

profit and the rest at 18% profit. He gains 14% on the whole.

The quantity sold at 8% profit is?

(a) 400 kg

(b) 560 kg

(c) 600 kg

(d) 640 kg

-2-

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