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AVERAGES, ALLIGATION

CLASS EXERCISE

HOME EXERCISE

1.

The average age of 10 students in a class is 20. If a new student

is also included, then the new average age of all the students
increases by 1. The age of the new student is?
(a) 21
(b) 30
(c) 31
(d) 41

11. The average score of 40 students in a Mathematics test is 50.

If the highest and lowest scores were excluded, the average
score of the class would decrease by 1. If the difference of
these 2 scores is 60, find the highest score?
(a) 84
(b) 95
(c) 99
(d) 115

2.

A student on her first 3 tests received an average score of N

points. If she exceeds her previous average score by 20 points
on her fourth test, then what is the average score for the first
4 tests?
(a) N + 20
(b) N + 10
(c) N + 4
(d) N + 5

3.

16 litres of kerosene is mixed with 5 litres of petrol. The price

of kerosene is Rs. 12 per litre and the price of petrol is Rs. 33
per litre. The average price of the mixture per litre is?
(a) Rs. 15
(b) Rs. 17
(c) Rs. 23
(d) Rs. 27

4.

A shopkeeper has 50 kgs of rice, part of which he sells at 8%

profit and the rest at 18% profit. On the whole, he gains 14%
profit. What quantity of rice is sold at 18% profit? (in kgs)
(a) 40
(b) 35
(c) 30
(d) 45

12. The average age of a group of people was calculated as 28

years. This was 2 years more than the correct average as there
was an error in noting the age of 2 persons as 32 and 36 instead of 21 and 23. How many persons were there in the
group?
(a) 8
(b) 10
(c) 15
(d) 12
13. In an examination conducted among 13 students, the average
of their scores was 60. The top 7 scores have an average of 66
whereas the least 7 scores have an average of 54. Find the 7th
highest score?
(a) 52
(b) 55
(c) 59
(d) 60
14. The average weight of the 5 officers of a regiment is 42 kg. If
a senior officer was replaced by a new officer and thus the
average increased by 500 gm, the weight of the new officer
is?
(a) 44.5 kg
(b) 45 kg
(c) 42.5 kg
(d) Cannot be determined

5.

A sum of Rs. 410 was divided among 50 boys and girls. Each
boy got Rs. 9 and each girl got Rs. 6.50. Find the number of
girls?
(a) 18
(b) 12
(c) 20
(d) 16

6.

A mixture of water and milk contains 80% milk. In 50 litres of

such a mixture, how many litres of water is required to
increase the percentage of water to, 50%?
(a) 20
(b) 15
(c) 30
(d) 45

15. The average income of A, B and C is Rs. 12,000 per month

and the average income of B, C and D is Rs. 15,000 per month.
If the average salary of D be twice that of A, then the average
salary of B and C is (in Rs.)?
(a) 8,000
(b) 18,000
(c) 13,500
(d) 9,000

7.

The ratio of water and alcohol in two different containers is 2

: 3 and 4 : 5. In what ratio we are required to mix the mixtures
of two containers in order to get the new mixture in which
the ratio of alcohol and water be 7 : 5?
(a) 7 : 3
(b) 5 : 3
(c) 8 : 5
(d) 2 : 7

16. The average of any 5 consecutive odd natural numbers is k. If

two more such numbers, just next to these five numbers are
added. the new average will be?

8.

D
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A butler stole wine from a butt of sherry containing 50% of

spirit, then he replenished it by different wine containing 20%
sprit. Thus there was only 30% strength (spirit) in the new
mixture. How much of the original wine did he steal?
(a)

9.

1
3

(b)

2
3

(c)

1
2

(d)

1
4

Milk and water in two vessels A and B are in the ratio 4 : 3

and 2 : 3 respectively. In what ratio the liquids in both the
vessels should be mixed to obtain a new mixture in vessel C
containing half milk and half water?
(a) 1 : 1
(b) 1 : 3
(c) 1 : 2
(d) 7 : 5

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(a)

2
7

k + 1

(b) 2k - 3

(c) 2k + 1

(d) k + 2

17. In 2008. Ravi spent Rs. 5000 per month on an average for the
first 4 months, Rs. 6500 per month on an average in the next
5 months and Rs. 4500 per month on the average in the last 3
months. His savings were Rs. 18,000 in the year. Find his average monthly income for given year (in Rs.)?
(a) Rs. 6000
(b) Rs. 6400
(c) Rs. 6600
(d) Rs. 7000
18. Consider the following information regarding the
performance of a class of 1000 students in four different tests.

10. The average age of the students in a class is 21 years. If the

teachers age is also included, the average age goes up by 2
years. Find the number of students in the class, if the teacher
was 47 years old?
(a) 9
(b) 12
(c) 14
(d) 18

If a student scores 74 makrs in each of the four tests, in which

of the following tests is her performance the best
comparitively?
(a) Test I
(b) Test II
(c) Test III
(d) Test IV

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19. The average weight of a class of 40 students is 30 and the

average weight of a class of 20 students is 15. Find the average
weight of both the combined classes?
(a) 20
(b) 25
(c) 17.5
(d) 15

31. How many litres of water have to be added to 80 litres of a

mixture having milk and water in the ratio of 3 : 1, to make it
a mixture with milk concentration as 40% (in litres)?
(a) 40
(b) 50
(c) 60
(d) 70

20. The average weight of girls is 15 and the average weight of

boys is 30 and the average weight of boys and girls both is
25. If the number of boys are 12, then the number of girls is?
(a) 4
(b) 6
(c) 10
(d) 18

32. A vessel contains milk and water in the ratio of 3 : 2. If 15 litres

of water is added to it, the vessel would have milk and water
in the reverse ratio. Find the initial quantity of mixture in the
vessel, in litres?
(a) 15
(b) 30
(c) 31
(d) 35

21. The ratio in which the price at Rs 7.20 a kg be mixed with rice
at Rs 5.70 a kg to produce a mixture worth Rs 6.30 a kg, is?
(a) 1 : 3
(b) 2 : 3
(c) 3 : 4
d) 4 : 5
22. The average monthly income of a person in a certain family
of 5 is Rs. 1000/-. What will be the monthly average income
of a person in the same family if the income of one person
will be increased by Rs. 12000/- per year?
(a) 1200/(b) 1600/(c) 2000/(d) 3400/23. Out of three annual examinations, each with a total of 500
marks, a student secured average marks of 45% and 55% in
the first and second annual examinations. To have an overall
average of 60%, how many marks does the student need to
secure in the third annual examination?
(a) 450
(b) 400
(c) 350
(d) 300
24. Two varieties of soda water with different prices is mixed in
the ratio of 2 :3. The price of first soda water is Rs. 10 per litre
while the price of second soda water is Rs. 15 per litre,
respectively. The average price of the mixture (per litre) is?
(a) Rs. 12
(b) Rs. 13
(c) Rs. 14
(d) Rs. 15

33. Two solutions of acid and water with ratio 2 : 7 and 4 : 5 are
mixed in 2 : 1 ratio. What is the ratio of acid to water in the
resulting mixture?
(a) 8 : 19
(b) 1 : 2
(c) 3 : 4
(d) 4 : 5
34. In a municipal parking there are some two wheelers and rest
are 4 wheelers. If wheels are counted, there are total 520
wheels but the incharge of the parking told me that there are
only 175 vehicles. If no vehicle has a stepney, then the no. of
two wheelers is?
(a) 75
(b) 100
(c) 90
(d) 85
35. There are some shepherds and there sheep in a grazing field.
The number of heads is 60 and total legs are 168 including
both men and sheep. The number of sheep is?
(a) 18
(b) 26
(c) 24
(d) 36

D
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25. A sum of Rs 18000 is lent out in two parts at 5% and 8% simple

interest such that the simple interest on the whole sum at
the end of 2 years is Rs 1944. Find the sum that is lent out at
5% simple interest?
(a) Rs 15600 (b) Rs 17200
(c) Rs 14400 (d)Rs 15500
26. A man bought a certain quantity of sugar for Rs 8000. He
sells 1/4th of it at 10% loss. At what percent profit should he
sells the remaining stock so as to make an overall profit of
20%?
(a) 32%
(b) 19%
(c) 25%
(d) 30%

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36. Two jars contain milk and water in the ratio 2 : 1 and 3 : 2
respectively. What volume should be taken out from the first
jar if volumes have to be taken out from both the jars so as to
fill up a 30 litre jar with milk and water in the ratio 1 : 1?
(a) 7.5 litre
(b) 15 litre
(c) 22.5 litre
(d) Not possible
37. A can contains a mixture of two liquids A and B in the ratio 7
: 5. When 9 liters of mixture are drawn off and the can is
filled with B, the ratio of A and B becomes
7 : 9. How many liters of liquid A was there in the can initially?
(a) 10 litres
(b) 20 litres
(c) 21 litres
(d) 25 litres

27. How much water must be added to a bucket which contains

40 liters of milk at the cost price of Rs 3.50 per litre so that
the cost of milk reduces to Rs 2 per liter(Assume that water is
available free of cost)?
(a) 25 litres
(b) 28 litres
(c) 30 litres
(d) 35 litres
28. Rs 675 were divided among 75 boys and girls. Each boy gets
Rs 20 whereas a girl gets Rs 5. Find the number of girls?
(a) 45
(b) 55
(c) 25
(d) 35
29. In what ratio must water be mixed with milk to gain 20% on
selling the mixture at cost price(Assume that water is available
free of cost)?
(a) 1 : 6
(b) 2 : 3
(c) 4 : 3
d) 1 : 5
30. A merchant has 1000 kg of sugar, part of which he sells at 8%
profit and the rest at 18% profit. He gains 14% on the whole.
The quantity sold at 8% profit is?
(a) 400 kg
(b) 560 kg
(c) 600 kg
(d) 640 kg

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