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ANALISIS Y DISEO DE LOSAS ALIGERADAS

TIPO DE ALIGERADO :

TIPO 2

e losa
h lad.

0.10 m

0.30 m

bw

l. lad.

Determinacin del Espesor de la Losa

h
luz =

bw

luz
25

6.00 m

_ h=

Se toma =

l. lad.

0.24 m

0.25 m

esp. Losa =
h ladrillo =

0.05 m
0.20 m

Determinacin de la Carga Ultima


Peso propio de la losa
P. Losa =
120 kg/m2
P. Vigueta = 120 kg/m2
P. Ladrillo = 120 kg/m2
Peso muerto
Carga de tabiquera equivalente
Sobrecarga
Wcm =

P.P. =

100 kg/m2
200 kg/m2
250 kg/m2
924 kg/m2

Wcv =
Wcu =

Vigas =
Columnas =

360 kg/m2

425 kg/m2

1349 kg/m2

0.3 x 0.35
0.3 x 0.30

6.45 m

5.45 m

Verificaremos si es que es aplicable los coeficientes del ACI:


1. Nmero de tramos =
2
OK
2. Diferencia de longitud =
Tramo 1 - Tramo 2 =
3. Relacin Carga Viva / Carga Muerta =
0.38
OK
S es aplicable los coeficientes

-0.16

OK

ANALISIS
2.43 Tn-m/m

4.53 Tn-m/m

3.47 Tn-m/m

0.3 m

6m

1.69 Tn-m/m

2.41 Tn-m/m

0.3 m

5m

0.3 m

DISEO DEL REFUERZO DE LA LOSA


A. Para Momentos Positivos:
Mu =
fy =
rec. =
=
f'c =
b=
h=
A=
d=

b
5 cm

20 cm

Posicin del eje neutro:

A s=

asumir que:

Mu

c = hf = 5 cm
As =

a = 4.25 cm

4.53 cm2/m

0 . 9f y( da / 2)

A cada vigueta le corresponde (As/2.5) =

1.81 cm2

Area de acero en un metro de aligerado:

a=

3.47 Tn-m/m
4200 kg/cm2
2 cm
1/2 ''
210 kg/cm2
100 cm
25 cm
2 cm2
22.37 cm

A sf

0. 85f 'cb

1/2 ''
2 cm2

As =
a=

1
As =

1.18 cm
c = 1.38 cm

5 cm2/m
c=

<

1.38 cm
hf = 5 cm

El eje neutro est en el ala y se analiza como viga rectangular.

Mr=Asfy d
Tramo 1 - 2 : 3468.86 kg-m/m
4115.81 kg-m/m

a
2

Mr =

As
5 cm2/m

A cada vigueta le corresponde (As/2.5) =

1.69 cm2

4115.81 kg-m/m

As = ###

1
As =

1/2 ''
2 cm2

B. Para Momentos Negativos:


Mu =
fy =
rec. =
=
f'c =
bw =
h=
A=
d=

5 cm

20 cm

bw
Asumir:

A s=

a = 0.15d

Mu
0 . 9f y( da / 2)

As =
As =
As =

a=

5.76 cm2/m
5.79 cm2/m
5.79 cm2/m

2428.20 kg-m/m
4534.14 kg-m/m

A cada vigueta le corresponde (As/2.5) =

Apoyo 3 :

a=

3.38 cm

A sf

y
'
0. 85f cb

a=
a=
a=

A cada vigueta le corresponde (As/2.5) =

Apoyo 1:

###
4200 kg/cm2
2 cm
3/8 ''
210 kg/cm2
37.5 cm
25 cm
1.29 cm2
22.52 cm

1686.25 kg-m/m
4534.14 kg-m/m

A cada vigueta le corresponde (As/2.5) =

C. Acero por temperatura:

3.61 cm
3.63 cm
3.63 cm

2.32 cm2

2
As =

As
###

As = ###

1.24 cm2

1
As =

As
###
0.86 cm2

1/4 ''

Astemp =

0.90 cm2
Usar:

1/4 ''

1
As =

A =

0.32 cm2

s=

35.56 cm

@ 36 cm

D. Distribucin del refuerzo:

0.97 m

1.61 m

3/8 ''

1/2 ''

1.36 m

0.82 m

3/8 ''

3/8 ''
1.29 cm2
As = ###

Astemp = 0.0018*b*hf

3/8 ''
2.58 cm2

1/2 ''

3/8 ''

3/8 ''
1.29 cm2

VERIFICACION POR CORTANTE


V1

V'' 2

V' 2

V3

A. Determinacin de los momentos nominales:

Mr1 :

Mr2 :

Mr3 :

As/vig =
As =
a=

1.775 cm2
1.11 cm

3/8 ''

As/vig =
As =
a=

3.55 cm2
2.23 cm

3/8 ''

As/vig =
As =
a=

1.775 cm2
1.11 cm

3/8 ''

Mr1 =

Mr2 =

Mr3 =

(Ao =0.71 cm2)


1473.87 kg-m/m
(Ao =0.71 cm2)
2873.01 kg-m/m
(Ao =0.71 cm2)
1473.87 kg-m/m

B. Determinacin del cortante:

WuiLi
Mi+ Mj
Vi=

2
Li

V1 =
V' 2 =
V'' 2 =
V3=

4280.19 kg
3813.81 kg
3092.67 kg
3652.33 kg

Cortante a una distancia "d":

Vud =

3976.35 kg

Corte que toma el Concreto:

Vc=0.53 f ' cbd

Vc =

Verificar que Vc > Vud :

6487.20 kg

CORRECTO

_Vc = 5514.12 kg

ANALISIS Y DISEO DE LOSAS ALIGERADAS


TIPO DE ALIGERADO :

TIPO 2

e losa
h lad.

0.10 m

0.30 m

bw

l. lad.

Determinacin del Espesor de la Losa

h
luz =

bw

luz
25

6.00 m

_ h=

Se toma =

l. lad.

0.24 m

0.25 m

esp. Losa =
h ladrillo =

Determinacin de la Carga Ultima


Peso propio de la losa
P. Losa =
120 kg/m2
P. Vigueta = 120 kg/m2
P. Ladrillo = 120 kg/m2
Peso muerto
Carga de tabiquera equivalente
Sobrecarga
Wcm =

P.P. =

100 kg/m2
200 kg/m2
250 kg/m2
924 kg/m2

Wcv =
Wcu =

Vigas =
Columnas =

1349 kg/m2

0.3 x 0.35
0.3 x 0.30

5.8 m

360 kg/m2

4.2 m

425 kg/m2

0.05 m
0.20 m

Verificaremos si es que es aplicable los coeficientes del ACI:


1. Nmero de tramos =
2
OK
2. Diferencia de longitud =
Tramo 1 - Tramo 2 =
3. Relacin Carga Viva / Carga Muerta =
0.38
OK

-0.28

OK

S es aplicable los coeficientes


ANALISIS
1.93 Tn-m/m

3.10 Tn-m/m

2.76 Tn-m/m

0.3 m

5.35 m

0.95 Tn-m/m

1.36 Tn-m/m

0.3 m

3.75 m

0.3 m

DISEO DEL REFUERZO DE LA LOSA


A. Para Momentos Positivos:
Mu =
fy =
rec. =
=
f'c =
b=
h=
A=
d=

b
5 cm

20 cm

Posicin del eje neutro:

A s=

asumir que:

Mu

c = hf = 5 cm
As =

a = 4.25 cm

3.60 cm2/m

0 . 9f y(da /2)

A cada vigueta le corresponde (As/2.5) =

1.44 cm2

Area de acero en un metro de aligerado:

a=

2.76 Tn-m/m
4200 kg/cm2
2 cm
1/2 ''
210 kg/cm2
100 cm
25 cm
1.29 cm2
22.37 cm

A sf

0. 85f 'cb

1/2 ''
1.29 cm2

As =
a=

1
As =

0.76 cm
c = 0.89 cm

###
c=

<

El eje neutro est en el ala y se analiza como viga rectangular.

a
2

( )

Mr=Asfy d

Mr =

2680.15 kg-m/m

0.89 cm
hf = 5 cm

a
2

( )

Mr=Asfy d

Tramo 1 - 2 : 2757.98 kg-m/m


2680.15 kg-m/m

As
###

A cada vigueta le corresponde (As/2.5) =

As = ###

1.33 cm2

1
As =

1/2 ''
1.29 cm2

B. Para Momentos Negativos:


Mu =
fy =
rec. =
=
f'c =
bw =
h=
A=
d=

5 cm

20 cm

bw
Asumir:

A s=

Mu
0 . 9f y(da /2)

As =
As =
As =

a = 0.15d

a=

3.94 cm2/m
3.97 cm2/m
3.97 cm2/m

1930.59 kg-m/m
3103.07 kg-m/m

A cada vigueta le corresponde (As/2.5) =

Apoyo 3 :

948.52 kg-m/m
3103.07 kg-m/m

A cada vigueta le corresponde (As/2.5) =

C. Acero por temperatura:


=

a=

3.38 cm

A sf

y
'
0. 85f cb

a=
a=
a=

A cada vigueta le corresponde (As/2.5) =

Apoyo 1:

###
4200 kg/cm2
2 cm
3/8 ''
210 kg/cm2
25 cm
25 cm
1.29 cm2
22.52 cm

1.59 cm2

3.71 cm
3.74 cm
3.74 cm
2
As =

As
###
0.99 cm2

As = ###

1
As =

As
###
0.49 cm2

A =

3/8 ''
1.29 cm2
As = ###

1
As =

Astemp = 0.0018*b*hf
1/4 ''

3/8 ''
2.58 cm2

0.32 cm2

3/8 ''
1.29 cm2

Astemp =

0.90 cm2

s=

Usar:

1/4 ''

35.56 cm

@ 36 cm

D. Distribucin del refuerzo:

0.87 m

1.45 m

3/8 ''

1.05 m

0.63 m

3/8 ''

1/2 ''

3/8 ''

1/2 ''

VERIFICACION POR CORTANTE


V1

V'' 2

V' 2

V3

A. Determinacin de los momentos nominales:

Mr1 :

Mr2 :

Mr3 :

As/vig =
As =
a=

1.775 cm2
1.67 cm

3/8 ''

As/vig =
As =
a=

3.55 cm2
3.34 cm

3/8 ''

As/vig =
As =
a=

1.775 cm2
1.67 cm

3/8 ''

Mr1 =

Mr2 =

Mr3 =

(Ao =0.71 cm2)


1455.19 kg-m/m
(Ao =0.71 cm2)
2798.29 kg-m/m
(Ao =0.71 cm2)
1455.19 kg-m/m

B. Determinacin del cortante:

WuiLi Mi+ Mj
Vi=

2
Li

V1 =
V' 2 =
V'' 2 =
V3=

3859.62 kg
3357.53 kg
2171.22 kg
2887.53 kg

Cortante a una distancia "d":

Vud =

3555.78 kg

Corte que toma el Concreto:

Vc=0.53 f ' cbd

Vc =

Verificar que Vc > Vud :

4324.80 kg

CORRECTO

_Vc = 3676.08 kg

ANALISIS Y DISEO DE LOSAS ALIGERADAS


TIPO DE ALIGERADO :

TIPO 2

e losa
h lad.

0.10 m

0.30 m

bw

l. lad.

Determinacin del Espesor de la Losa

h
luz =

bw

luz
25

6.00 m

_ h=

Se toma =

l. lad.

0.25 m

0.24 m
esp. Losa =
h ladrillo =

Determinacin de la Carga Ultima


Peso propio de la losa
P. Losa =
120 kg/m2
P. Vigueta = 120 kg/m2
P. Ladrillo = 120 kg/m2
Peso muerto
Carga de tabiquera equivalente
Sobrecarga
Wcm =

P.P. =

100 kg/m2
200 kg/m2
250 kg/m2
924 kg/m2

Wcv =
Wcu =

Vigas =
Columnas =

1349 kg/m2

0.3 x 0.35
0.3 x 0.30

6.45 m

360 kg/m2

5.35 m

425 kg/m2

0.05 m
0.20 m

Verificaremos si es que es aplicable los coeficientes del ACI:


1. Nmero de tramos =
2
OK
2. Diferencia de longitud =
Tramo 1 - Tramo 2 =
3. Relacin Carga Viva / Carga Muerta =
0.38
OK

-0.17

OK

S es aplicable los coeficientes


ANALISIS
2.43 Tn-m/m

4.45 Tn-m/m

3.47 Tn-m/m

0.3 m

6m

1.62 Tn-m/m

2.31 Tn-m/m

0.3 m

4.9 m

0.3 m

DISEO DEL REFUERZO DE LA LOSA


A. Para Momentos Positivos:
Mu =
fy =
rec. =
=
f'c =
b=
h=
A=
d=

b
5 cm

20 cm

Posicin del eje neutro:

A s=

asumir que:

Mu

c = hf = 5 cm
As =

a = 4.25 cm

4.53 cm2/m

0.9f y(da/2)

A cada vigueta le corresponde (As/2.5) =

1.81 cm2

Area de acero en un metro de aligerado:

a=

3.47 Tn-m/m
4200 kg/cm2
2 cm
1/2 ''
210 kg/cm2
100 cm
25 cm
1.99 cm2
22.37 cm

A sf

0. 85f 'cb

1/2 ''
1.99 cm2

As =
a=

1
As =

1.17 cm
c = 1.38 cm

###
c=

<

El eje neutro est en el ala y se analiza como viga rectangular.

a
2

( )

Mr=Asfy d

Mr =

4095.78 kg-m/m

1.38 cm
hf = 5 cm

a
2

( )

Mr=Asfy d

Tramo 1 - 2 : 2313.54 kg-m/m


4095.78 kg-m/m

As
###

A cada vigueta le corresponde (As/2.5) =

As = ###

1.12 cm2

1
As =

1/2 ''
1.99 cm2

B. Para Momentos Negativos:


Mu =
fy =
rec. =
=
f'c =
bw =
h=
A=
d=

5 cm

20 cm

bw
Asumir:

A s=

Mu
0 .9f y(da/2)

As =
As =
As =

a = 0.15d

a=

5.65 cm2/m
5.68 cm2/m
5.68 cm2/m

2428.20 kg-m/m
4452.07 kg-m/m

A cada vigueta le corresponde (As/2.5) =

Apoyo 3 :

1619.47 kg-m/m
4452.07 kg-m/m

A cada vigueta le corresponde (As/2.5) =

C. Acero por temperatura:


=

a=

3.38 cm

A sf

y
'
0. 85f cb

a=
a=
a=

A cada vigueta le corresponde (As/2.5) =

Apoyo 1:

###
4200 kg/cm2
2 cm
3/8 ''
210 kg/cm2
37.5 cm
25 cm
1.29 cm2
22.52 cm

2.27 cm2

3.55 cm
3.56 cm
3.56 cm
2
As =

As
###
1.24 cm2

As = ###

1
As =

As
###
0.83 cm2

A =

3/8 ''
1.29 cm2
As = ###

1
As =

Astemp = 0.0018*b*hf
1/4 ''

3/8 ''
2.58 cm2

0.32 cm2

3/8 ''
1.29 cm2

Astemp =

0.90 cm2

s=

Usar:

1/4 ''

35.56 cm

@ 36 cm

D. Distribucin del refuerzo:

0.97 m

1.61 m

3/8 ''

1.34 m

0.80 m

3/8 ''

1/2 ''

3/8 ''

1/2 ''

VERIFICACION POR CORTANTE


V1

V'' 2

V' 2

V3

A. Determinacin de los momentos nominales:

Mr1 :

Mr2 :

Mr3 :

As/vig =
As =
a=

1.775 cm2
1.11 cm

3/8 ''

As/vig =
As =
a=

3.55 cm2
2.23 cm

3/8 ''

As/vig =
As =
a=

1.775 cm2
1.11 cm

3/8 ''

Mr1 =

Mr2 =

Mr3 =

(Ao =0.71 cm2)


1473.87 kg-m/m
(Ao =0.71 cm2)
2873.01 kg-m/m
(Ao =0.71 cm2)
1473.87 kg-m/m

B. Determinacin del cortante:

WuiLi Mi+ Mj
Vi=

2
Li

V1 =
V' 2 =
V'' 2 =
V3=

4280.19 kg
3813.81 kg
3019.51 kg
3590.59 kg

Cortante a una distancia "d":

Vud =

3976.35 kg

Corte que toma el Concreto:

Vc=0.53 f ' cbd

Vc =

Verificar que Vc > Vud :

6487.20 kg

CORRECTO

_Vc = 5514.12 kg