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# TECHNOLOGICAL INSTITUTE OF THE PHILIPPINES

## 938 Aurora Blvd Cubao, Quezon City

In Partial fulfillment of the Prelim Period in PHYS 002 Calculus Based Physics 2

## Volumetric Flow Rate

Submitted by:
Canoy, Minchu L.
Eledia, Ritz Kenneth J.
Ison, Kimberly L.
Navarro, Louie I.
Ruenata, Cassandra Mae E.
Tarinay, Kriezel Marie B.

Submitted to:
Prof. Amparo L Faraon

July 2015

I.

Problem
According to the principle of continuity, the volumetric flow rate from one pipe to another should be the

same regardless of the size, length or elevation of the piping system. This is defined by the equation A 1V1=
A2V2 where A is the cross sectional area of the pipe and V is the speed of the water.
However, we still would like to verify if this is true in every situation just like the theory suggests, so we
decided to conduct an investigation on it by comparing the flow rate that comes from the water meter and the
faucet on the first floor and second floor of the house.

II.
III.

Hypothesis
The volumetric flow rate is constant regardless of the orientation of the pipes at home.
Findings
In this investigation, we compared the first floor and the second floor by recording the amount of time it

takes their faucet to fill a 16-liter pale. Using the water meter, we were able to verify the following results:
First Floor (Time)

Volume of water

Trial 1

16 Liters

Trial 2

16 Liters

Trial 3

## 1 minute & 5 seconds

16 Liters

The average flow rate from each trials and floor is at 0.25 L/s.

IV. Observation
There is a little discrepancy with the amount of time it takes the water to flow into the second floor of the
house. This is probably because the elevated pipes are of the same size with the pipes on the ground. It could

have helped if the elevated pipes are thinner because they have lower pressure which will help the water to go
up.
We have also observed that there is almost no margin of error when it comes to the flow rate that the water
meter displays. This proves how strong our hypothesis is.
It is also worth mentioning in our observation that even if the flow rate changes due to water supply, there is
still no change in the comparison of the water meter and the second or first floor. We actually saw the difference
when we conducted a mock experiment at night time where water supply is higher.
V. Scientific Facts
Using the Bernoullis Equation, we can get the pressure difference of the pipes, since they are of the same
size, our equation would be

P1-P2 = gh

In the illustration above, we can see that the height difference of the pipes is 3m, therefore

## P1-P2 = (1000kg/m3)(9.8m/s2)(3m) =29400 Pa

We can also solve for the speed of the water knowing the pipes diameter is inch and flow rate is at 0.25L/s.

VI.

Conclusion

The hypothesis is indeed true, flow rate is always constant regardless of the orientation of the piping system
in the house. This makes sense because according to the