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Uploaded by Louie Navarro

An investigator project on showing that volume flow rate is constant regardless of the house's piping system.

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In Partial fulfillment of the Prelim Period in PHYS 002 Calculus Based Physics 2

Submitted by:

Canoy, Minchu L.

Eledia, Ritz Kenneth J.

Ison, Kimberly L.

Navarro, Louie I.

Ruenata, Cassandra Mae E.

Tarinay, Kriezel Marie B.

Submitted to:

Prof. Amparo L Faraon

July 2015

I.

Problem

According to the principle of continuity, the volumetric flow rate from one pipe to another should be the

same regardless of the size, length or elevation of the piping system. This is defined by the equation A 1V1=

A2V2 where A is the cross sectional area of the pipe and V is the speed of the water.

However, we still would like to verify if this is true in every situation just like the theory suggests, so we

decided to conduct an investigation on it by comparing the flow rate that comes from the water meter and the

faucet on the first floor and second floor of the house.

II.

III.

Hypothesis

The volumetric flow rate is constant regardless of the orientation of the pipes at home.

Findings

In this investigation, we compared the first floor and the second floor by recording the amount of time it

takes their faucet to fill a 16-liter pale. Using the water meter, we were able to verify the following results:

First Floor (Time)

Volume of water

Trial 1

16 Liters

Trial 2

16 Liters

Trial 3

16 Liters

The average flow rate from each trials and floor is at 0.25 L/s.

IV. Observation

There is a little discrepancy with the amount of time it takes the water to flow into the second floor of the

house. This is probably because the elevated pipes are of the same size with the pipes on the ground. It could

have helped if the elevated pipes are thinner because they have lower pressure which will help the water to go

up.

We have also observed that there is almost no margin of error when it comes to the flow rate that the water

meter displays. This proves how strong our hypothesis is.

It is also worth mentioning in our observation that even if the flow rate changes due to water supply, there is

still no change in the comparison of the water meter and the second or first floor. We actually saw the difference

when we conducted a mock experiment at night time where water supply is higher.

V. Scientific Facts

Using the Bernoullis Equation, we can get the pressure difference of the pipes, since they are of the same

size, our equation would be

P1-P2 = gh

In the illustration above, we can see that the height difference of the pipes is 3m, therefore

We can also solve for the speed of the water knowing the pipes diameter is inch and flow rate is at 0.25L/s.

VI.

Conclusion

The hypothesis is indeed true, flow rate is always constant regardless of the orientation of the piping system

in the house. This makes sense because according to the

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