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SAMPLE UNIVERSITY QUESTIONS

Class: B.E Vth Semester

Subject: Aerodynamics-II

Subject code: AE2303

compressible steady flow.

2. What is under-expanding nozzle flow?

3. What are the properties of flow medium on which the velocity of sound through the

medium depends upon?

4. Write internal energy equation for one dimensional high speed flow in general partial

differential form.

5. What are the properties of flow medium that determine the velocity of sound wave in the

medium?

6. Write down the Bernoullis equation for compressible flow.

7. Explain zone of action and zone of silence for a body moving at a speed of sound.

8. Explain Mach number spectrum.

9. What is isentropic compressibility?

10. With a suitable sketch illustrate the propagation of waves from a sound source moving at

a speed of sound.

11. Why is a convergent divergent nozzle required to expand a flow from stagnation

condition to supersonic velocity?

12. Explain the phenomenon of choking in a nozzle.

13. Explain why a converging diverging configuration is required for the acceleration of

flow from subsonic to supersonic conditions

(8)

14. What are the flow losses that are suffered by a compressible flow in variable area ducts?

How does the back pressure affect the losses?

(8)

15. Derive an expression for choked mass flow rate through a converging diverging nozzle

in terms of total pressure, total temperature and throat area.

(10)

16. Sketch the pressure variation along the centerline of a converging diverging nozzle for

optimum expansion. What is the influence of back pressure on this variation?

(6)

2

17. Obtain an expression for velocity of sound on terms of specific heats and local

temperature in air medium from one dimensional continuity, momentum and energy

equations.

(8)

18. Derive relationship between the ratio of stagnation pressure to static pressure and Mach

number for an isentropic flow. Derive similar relations for temperature and density

ratios.

(8)

19. Derive a general expression for the speed of sound in a compressible gas from first

principle.

(10)

20. Derive an expression for the correction factor to be applied to pitot-static probe readings

in compressible subsonic flows.

(6)

21. Derive energy equation for one-dimensional steady compressible flow from first

principle. Deduce the isentropic relation between stagnation and sonic conditions for

temperature, pressure and density.

(10)

22. Air flow is discharged to sea level atmosphere through a sonic nozzle. If the air storage

pressure at the reservoir is 40x105 N/m2, determine the pressure, temperature density at

the exit of the nozzle. Assume that the reservoir air is at ambient temperature.

(6)

23. Derive an expression connecting area and velocity variations with Mach number for a

one-dimensional compressible flow.

(8)

24. Explain with suitable sketches the effect of pressure ratio on flow in a Laval nozzle.(8)

25. Sketch the pressure variation along a Laval nozzle for different back pressures.

(6)

26. An airplane flying at 1500 kmph at an altitude where the pressure and temperature are

respectively 3x104 N/m2 and -50 degree C. Calculate the pressure, density and

temperature at the leading edge of the wing.

(10)

28. Give any two practical examples of interaction and reflection of shock waves.

29. Under what conditions an attached shock wave to solid body like wedge is detached?

30. What is shock polar?

31. Bring out two important differences between Rayleigh Flow and Fanno Flow.

32. What is Rayleigh correction formula for pressure measurements in supersonic flows?

33. What are the applications of Rankine-Hugoniot relation?

34. How is the strength of a shock wave determined in a supersonic flow?

3

35. Bring out any two important differences between shock waves and expansion waves in a

supersonic flow.

36. Illustrate Prandtl-Meyer expansion round a convex corner with a neat sketch.

37. What is Rayleighs correction for total pressure measurement in supersonic flows? Why

is the correction required?

(8)

38. With a neat sketch, explain Prandtl-Meyer expansion. Derive an expression for PrandtlMeyer function.

(8)

39. Bring out the essential differences between Rayleigh flow and Fanno flow. Give at least

two examples for each type of flow

(8)

40. With a neat illustration distinguish between reflection and refraction of shock waves.

(8)

41. With a neat sketch explain the concept of Prandtle-Meyer expansion waves. How do

flow properties like total pressure and Mach number change across the expansion

waves.

(8)

42. What conditions favour detachment of shock waves in supersonic flows over solid

bodies?

(8)

(6)

(4)

45. Explain briefly the procedure to be followed for the design of a supersonic nozzle using

method of characteristics.

(6)

46. Derive a relation connecting flow turning angle, shock angle and free stream Mach

number for oblique shock waves.

(8)

supersonic flow at Mach 5, calculate the shock wave angle and pressure & Mach number

behind the shock wave.

48. Explain shock reflection from a solid boundary with a suitable sketch.

(8)

(6)

49. An incident shock wave with wave angle=35 degree impinges on a straight wall. If the

upstream flow properties are M1 = 3, P1 =1 atm, T1 =300 K, calculate the reflected shock

wave angle with respect to the wall.

50. What is the importance of Rankine-Hugoniot relationship for shock waves?

(10)

(4)

51. Sketch the shock polar for M=2.5 and explain the method of finding the Mach numbers

and shock angles for a turning angle of 5 deg.

(8)

4

52. Explain why shocks cannot occur in subsonic flows

(4)

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