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VBV System

Lisbon A320/CFM56-5/5B Focus Team Conference


June 2012
CFM International Proprietary Information
The information in this document is CFM Proprietary Information and is disclosed in confidence. It is the property of CFM
International and its parent companies, GE and Snecma (SAFRAN Group), and shall not be used, disclosed to others or
reproduced without the express written consent of CFM. If consent is given for reproduction in whole or in part, this
notice shall appear in any such reproduction in whole or in part. The information contained in this document may also be
controlled by the U.S. and French export control laws. Unauthorized export or re-export is prohibited

Background

CFM International Proprietary Information subject to the restrictions on the cover of this presentation
Lisbon CFM56-5ABC Focus Team June 2012
CFM, CFM56, LEAP56, LEAP-X and the CFM logo are trademarks of CFM International, a 50/50 joint company between Snecma and GE

Fleet data
VBV issue can lead to operational events including ATB & ATO
9 ATOs & 9 ATBs on the 5B fleet through May 2012
Fleet disruptions related to EGT shift, Compressor Vane E/W or fuel
leak at the gear motor location

Main on-wing discrepancies reported


Ball screw actuators (master or slave actuators) hard to rotate
Stop mechanism seized
Flex shaft (main or slave) broken
Gear Motor

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Lisbon CFM56-5ABC Focus Team June 2012
CFM, CFM56, LEAP56, LEAP-X and the CFM logo are trademarks of CFM International, a 50/50 joint company between Snecma and GE

Distribution of removed components


Detail of component removals
5A/B engines
Based on data supplied to CFM since 2009
Gear Motor, Stop Mechanism and Flexshafts are the most removed VBV
components
About 85% of the total removals
VBV components removed since 2009 (Quantity)
180
160
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
Gear motor

Flex Shaft

Stop mec

RVDT

Slave Act

Master Act

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Lisbon CFM56-5ABC Focus Team June 2012
CFM, CFM56, LEAP56, LEAP-X and the CFM logo are trademarks of CFM International, a 50/50 joint company between Snecma and GE

Main flexshaft

VBV system event contributors 2011

Rpartition
par cause
racine
Defective
components
( 2011
events)
Quantity;
percentage
(quantit
; pourcentage)
5; 10%
5; 10%

13; 25%

Gear Motor
Stop Mechanism

5; 9%

Flexible Shaft
12; 23%
12; 23%

Slave Actuator
Position Sensor
Master Actuator

Gear Motor, Stop Mechanism and Flex shafts contribute to 71% of the VBV
related events
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Lisbon CFM56-5ABC Focus Team June 2012
CFM, CFM56, LEAP56, LEAP-X and the CFM logo are trademarks of CFM International, a 50/50 joint company between Snecma and GE

Analysis

Stop mechanism

CFM/Honeywell Root Cause analysis on-going

Flexible shaft

Typically a secondary damage of ballscrew actuators hard to rotate


Several cases reported without findings on the other VBV components

Gear motor

Major observations from investigations:

Nut seized on screw

Fretting damage to screw threads

Bearings difficult to rotate / seized

Significant Lack of grease

suffering from the kinematics getting harder to actuate, also from pollution within the fuel.

CFM additional preventive maintenance recommendation:

CFM recommends to apply the SB 75-0043 - regreasing of master and slave


actuators - to relief VBV system.

Re-greasing procedure will improve the VBV system kinematics


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Lisbon CFM56-5ABC Focus Team June 2012
CFM, CFM56, LEAP56, LEAP-X and the CFM logo are trademarks of CFM International, a 50/50 joint company between Snecma and GE

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Regreasing procedure of Master and Slave actuators
SB 75-0043

>>

This document is a Bullet Point presentation. It may be misinterpreted without the proper comments from an appropriate CFM representative.
CFM International Proprietary Information subject to the restrictions on the cover of this presentation
Lisbon CFM56-5ABC Focus Team June 2012
CFM, CFM56, LEAP56, LEAP-X and the CFM logo are trademarks of CFM International, a 50/50 joint company between Snecma and GE

Ballscrew on-wing regreasing procedure SB 75-0043


On-wing regreasing procedure
Approved & Issued early May 2012
Master and slave ballscrew actuators concerned
Regreasing reduces the actuation torque of the complete VBV system
Full efficiency if 1st regreasing prior to 3000FH then every 3000FH

Appropriate tooling supplied by Honeywell

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Lisbon CFM56-5ABC Focus Team June 2012
CFM, CFM56, LEAP56, LEAP-X and the CFM logo are trademarks of CFM International, a 50/50 joint company between Snecma and GE

Ballscrew on-wing regreasing procedure SB 75-0043


Procedure sequence

Get access to VBV doors (11 slaves & 1 master)


Prepare Mobil 28 grease hand pump
Localize grease fitting hole of each door & clean it
Apply 0,1 Oz (2,8 g) via the grease fitting hole
Actuate VBV system from 2 Oclock door at least 3 times
open / close to distribute grease into ballscrews make
sure system operates smoothly & freely
Perform RVDT rigging & MCDU check

CFM International Proprietary Information subject to the restrictions on the cover of this presentation
Lisbon CFM56-5ABC Focus Team June 2012
CFM, CFM56, LEAP56, LEAP-X and the CFM logo are trademarks of CFM International, a 50/50 joint company between Snecma and GE

Ballscrew on-wing regreasing procedure SB 75-0043


Procedure feedback (tested with operators in April 2012)
Doors near 12 oclock position are the most difficult to get access to. If possible thrust
reverser cowls should be fully deployed
Mirror shall be used in this area
Amount of grease shall be measured pending on customer own tooling
4 hours with 2 mechanics
Greasing gun

CFM International Proprietary Information subject to the restrictions on the cover of this presentation
Lisbon CFM56-5ABC Focus Team June 2012
CFM, CFM56, LEAP56, LEAP-X and the CFM logo are trademarks of CFM International, a 50/50 joint company between Snecma and GE

Mirror to help fitting


greasing hole

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Regreasing experience

TAM Fleet: 184 Engines


2000 FH to 22000 FH

Implemented the regreasing procedure via Engineering


Order 2 years ago into their Fleet ( 2000- 22000FH)
No VBV-ballscrew-event reported since.

CFM International Proprietary Information subject to the restrictions on the cover of this presentation
Lisbon CFM56-5ABC Focus Team June 2012
CFM, CFM56, LEAP56, LEAP-X and the CFM logo are trademarks of CFM International, a 50/50 joint company between Snecma and GE

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Regreasing experience
CFM would like to thank all operators for their
support during the development of this procedure

CFM International Proprietary Information subject to the restrictions on the cover of this presentation
Lisbon CFM56-5ABC Focus Team June 2012
CFM, CFM56, LEAP56, LEAP-X and the CFM logo are trademarks of CFM International, a 50/50 joint company between Snecma and GE

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Troubleshooting improvements

>>

This document is a Bullet Point presentation. It may be misinterpreted without the proper comments from an appropriate CFM representative.
CFM International Proprietary Information subject to the restrictions on the cover of this presentation
Lisbon CFM56-5ABC Focus Team June 2012
CFM, CFM56, LEAP56, LEAP-X and the CFM logo are trademarks of CFM International, a 50/50 joint company between Snecma and GE

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Troubleshooting modifications
Objective: Improve the on-wing troubleshooting in case of VBV issue
Proposal draft
Current
Remove GM/SM assy
Operate VBV manually
Check resistance
/ RVDT/J8/HMU

Hard to rotate?

N
Y

replace

Operate SM/ freely?

replace

Operate GM/ freely?

Remove/Insp/replace flexshafts
damaged
Operate each VBV slave doors
manually/ replace any suspect
Remove GM/SM assy
replace

Operate GM/ freely?

replace

Operate SM/ freely?

replace

Operate master door/ freely?


Inspec Main flexshaft

Inspec Main flexshaft

T/S Gear motor &


Stop mechanism
first
Check resistance
/ RVDT/J8/HMU

Operate VBV with tooling at Master


door position/ mesure the torque

Torque > CMM


limit?

Under
Evaluation

Remove/Insp/replace flexshafts
damaged
Operate each VBV slave doors
manually/ replace any suspect

New T/S will reduce the time needed by testing of gear motor and stop
CFM International Proprietary
Information subject to the restrictions
on the cover of this presentation
mechanism
first.
Lisbon CFM56-5ABC Focus Team June 2012
CFM, CFM56, LEAP56, LEAP-X and the CFM logo are trademarks of CFM International, a 50/50 joint company between Snecma and GE

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Troubleshooting modifications
Perform T/S of Gear Motor and Stop Mechanism as first T/S operations
Main advantage :
First component inspected are the most removed one decreasing the time
spent for T/S

Development of a system torque check


procedure (after removal of GM and SM)
Introduction of a torque key in the Master
ballscrew Socket to measure the actuation
torque of the system
Maintenance Torque limits to be defined
Maintenance limits defined and to be
substantiated

Trouble Shooting procedure update expected 4Q12


CFM International Proprietary Information subject to the restrictions on the cover of this presentation
Lisbon CFM56-5ABC Focus Team June 2012
CFM, CFM56, LEAP56, LEAP-X and the CFM logo are trademarks of CFM International, a 50/50 joint company between Snecma and GE

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Maintenance proposition to reduce VBV system
related events

>>

This document is a Bullet Point presentation. It may be misinterpreted without the proper comments from an appropriate CFM representative.
CFM International Proprietary Information subject to the restrictions on the cover of this presentation
Lisbon CFM56-5ABC Focus Team June 2012
CFM, CFM56, LEAP56, LEAP-X and the CFM logo are trademarks of CFM International, a 50/50 joint company between Snecma and GE

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Fleet status, prediction and go forward


Based on above Weibulls, CFM evaluates a soft time for the VBV system
at 15,000hrs, 2nd C-check

No Maintenance

Overhaul at SV
Soft time
implementation
10,000 hrs /15,000 hours

CFM International Proprietary Information subject to the restrictions on the cover of this presentation
Lisbon CFM56-5ABC Focus Team June 2012
CFM, CFM56, LEAP56, LEAP-X and the CFM logo are trademarks of CFM International, a 50/50 joint company between Snecma and GE

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Fleet status, prediction and go forward


Introduction of soft time scheduled for sept. 2012
Service Bulletin Cat. 7

Pending efficiency of re-greasing procedure, CFM propose implementation of


15,000 hrs threshold for VBV System Preventive Maintenance
Recommendation to be updated with CFM56-5B fleet re-greasing feedback

CFM International Proprietary Information subject to the restrictions on the cover of this presentation
Lisbon CFM56-5ABC Focus Team June 2012
CFM, CFM56, LEAP56, LEAP-X and the CFM logo are trademarks of CFM International, a 50/50 joint company between Snecma and GE

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Summary
CFM recommends VBV system overhaul at SV (SB 75-0032, cat 3)
CFM recommends application of re-greasing to the ball screw actuators
using SB 75-0043, cat 7
CFM proposes a modification to the VBV system Trouble shooting.
Available by 4Q12
Based on actual and predicted fleet data, CFM recommends a soft time at
15000 hours, in order to decrease the amount of VBV system related
events
Availability by September 2012
to be updated with CFM56-5B fleet re-greasing feedback

CFM International Proprietary Information subject to the restrictions on the cover of this presentation
Lisbon CFM56-5ABC Focus Team June 2012
CFM, CFM56, LEAP56, LEAP-X and the CFM logo are trademarks of CFM International, a 50/50 joint company between Snecma and GE

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QUESTIONS / DISCUSSION
CFM International Proprietary Information subject to the restrictions on the cover of this presentation
Lisbon CFM56-5ABC Focus Team June 2012
CFM, CFM56, LEAP56, LEAP-X and the CFM logo are trademarks of CFM International, a 50/50 joint company between Snecma and GE

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The information in this document is CFM Proprietary Information and is disclosed in confidence. It is the property of CFM International and its parent companies, General Electric and Snecma, Safran
group and shall not be used, disclosed to others or reproduced without the express written consent of CFM. If consent is given for reproduction in whole or in part, this notice shall appear in any such
reproduction in whole or in part. The information contained in this document may also be controlled by the U.S. and French export control laws. Unauthorized export or re-export is prohibited
This document is a Bullet Point presentation. It may be misinterpreted without the proper comments from an appropriate CFM representative.
CFM International Proprietary Information subject to the restrictions on the cover of this presentation
Lisbon CFM56-5ABC Focus Team June 2012
CFM, CFM56, LEAP56, LEAP-X and the CFM logo are trademarks of CFM International, a 50/50 joint company between Snecma and GE

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Related Interests