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LICEO TAJAMAR

PROVIDENCIA
Depto.Ingls
GUA DE APRENDIZAJE N 4
SECTOR: Ingls

NIVEL: 1Medio

PROFESOR Roy Gatica D


FECHA: Noviembre 2011
UNIDAD TEMTICA: Unit 5 How about working?

CONTENIDOS: Present perfect and Future with will and going to


OBJETIVO DE APRENDIZAJE: Comprender y usar de acuerdo a las situaciones y
correctamente los tiempos verbales : Presente Perfecto y los Futuros con Will y going to

Esta cuarta gua de aprendizaje corresponde a los ltimos contenidos del 2 semestre de
2011. Trabjala con esmero y dedicacin.
Una vez finalizada la gua, debes enviarla al correo de tu profesor o profesora
correspondiente para su evaluacin.
Profesora Georgina Collao
geocollaoingles@gmail.com
Profesor Roy Gatica
roygatica@yahoo.com
Profesora Patricia Ramrez
pramirezbrun@gmail.com
Puedes trabajar la gua individualmente o en grupo (mximo 4 alumnas)

Evaluacin
Puntaje mximo = 22 puntos.
Para obtener la calificacin mnima (4.0) debes tener correcto el 60% del test.
Present Perfect:
EL PRESENTE PERFECTO O PASADO PARTICIPIO COMO SE LE LLAMA COMUNMENTE
EN CASTELLANO, SE UTILIZA PARA EXPRESAR ACCIONES QUE SE INICIARON EN
ALGUN TIEMPO EN EL PASADO Y QUE EVENTUALMENTE PODRIAN SEGUIR EN EL

PRESENTE. TAMBIEN SE USA CUANDO UNA ACCION RECIEN HA OCURRIDO Y


FINALMENTE INDICA LA DURACION DE UNA ACCION O CUANDO SE INICIO ESA ACCION.
EJEMPLOS:
I HAVE STUDIED THE VERBS SINCE MARCH= YO HE ESTUDIADO LOS VERBOS DESDE
MARZO
WE HAVE LIVED IN SANTIAGO FOR EIGHT MONTHS. = NOSOTROS HEMOS VIVIDO EN
SANTIAGO POR OCHO MESES
SHE HAS JUST ARRIVED HOME. = ELLA RECIEN HA LLEGADO A CASA
HAVE YOU EVER BEEN TO THE UNITED STATES? = ALGUNA VEZ HAS ESTADO EN
ESTADOS UNIDOS?
NO, I HAVEN`T BEEN TO THE UNITED STATES YET. = NO, NO HE ESTADO EN LOS
ESTADOS UNIDOS AUN.
THEY HAVEN`T FINISHED THE EXERCISES YET. = ELLOS NO HAN TERMINADO LOS
EJERCICIOS AUN.
WE HAVE ALREADY SEEN THAT MOVIE. = NOSOTROS YA HEMOS VISTO ESA PELICULA
HAVE YOU FINISHED YET? = YA HAS TERMINADO?
LAS PALABRAS SUBRAYADAS CORRESPONDEN A PALABRAS TIPICAS DE ESTA FORMA
VERBAL
Te recuerdo que el presente perfecto se forma de la siguiente manera:
Subject + has / have (not) + past participle
We
havent
seen
that film yet.
Susan
has
made
a delicious cake.
FUTURE
Hay muchas formas de hablar sobre el futuro en ingls. Qu modo usar depende de cmo veas
el futuro. Es el evento de futuro planeado o no?, una programacin o una prediccin?
- El futuro con WILL se forma as:
Subject + WILL + Verb in infinitive + Complemente
I will help you = YO TE AYUDARE
WILL YOU GO? - IRAS?
I WON`T STUDY. YO NO ESTUDIARE. WILL NOT = WON`T

El futuro con GOING TO se forma as:

Subject + BE+ GOING TO + Verb in infinitive + Complement


I am going to study this guideline - YO VOY A ESTUDIAR ESTA GUIA
Is she going to come tonight? ELLA VA A VENIR ESTA NOCHE?
WE AREN`T GOING TO LEAVE AT 10:00. NOSOTROS NO VAMOS A SALIR A LAS 10:00
PREDICCIONES
PARA HACER PREDICCIONES PUEDO USAR WILL O GOING TO , SIN EMBARGO, SI BASO
MI PREDICCION EN LOS HECHOS QUE VEO USO GOING TO.
EX: YOU ARE DRIVING TOO FAST, YOU ARE GOING TO CRASH. =ESTAS MANEJANDO
DEMASIADO RAPIDO, VAS A CHOCAR.

CUANDO DOY MI OPINION USO WILL.


EX: I THINK HE WILL BE ELECTED AGAIN.= PIENSO QUE EL SERA ELEGIDO OTRA VEZ.
PLANES Y PROGRAMAS
AQU DE TODAS MANERAS VA GOING TO, CUANDO ALGO HA SIDO PLANEADO
ANTICIPADAMENTE.
EX: I AM GOING TO VISIT MY FRIEND TONIGHT = VOY A VISITAR A MI AMIGO ESTA
NOCHE.
FUTURO NO PLANEADO
CUANDO OCURRE ESTO USO WILL AL TOMAR UNA DECISION AL MOMENTO DE HABLAR.
EX: THE PHONE IS RINGING I`LL ANSWER IT = EL TELEFONO ESTA SONANDO YO
RESPONDERE

EXERCISES

I Complete the sentences in present perfect, using one of the following verbs. (10 points)
travel sing understand forget play run read write go draw finish forgive win - wear swim jump buy sleep study work
.
1- She ____________ a lot for the science test.
2- My parents ______________a new computer.
3 -Tom and his cousin __________ in the river this summer.
4- My best friend _______________a medal in the competition.
5- I _________________my exercises yet.
6 -They _______________to the south of Chile twice this year.
7- Mum ________________an interesting book this weekend.
8 -We ____________________different musical instruments in the class.
9- Alice _________________ the class content yet.
10 -He _________never _______ by plane anywhere.

II Use will or going to where necessary


11- Its raining I ________________ (take) my umbrella along.
12- We _____________________ (study) the verbs after 7:00 o`clock.
13- Look at those black clouds It ________________ (rain).
14- My friends ___________________ (help) me for the test this weekend .
15-_______ you _____________(come) to my party after class tomorrow?

III PART READING COMPREHENSION SKILLS

OBJECTIVE: TO IMPROVE READING COMPREHENSION SKILL BY MEANS OF


COMPREHENSION ACTIVITIES

INSTRUCTIONS: Read each advertisement carefully and decide which alternative A-B-

C means the same. =Lee cada aviso y decide que alternativa A-B-C significa lo mismo.
-16NO BICYCLES AGAINST
GLASS. PLEASE!

A. Do not leave your bicycle touching


the window
B. Broken glass may damage your
bicycle tires.

C. Your bicycle may not be safe here.

-17UNIVERSIT
Y LIBRARY
Please wait
here while we
check your
books

-18To sally

A. Do not go away until we have checked


your books.
B. Check you have all your books before
you leave the library
C. Do not leave books here for checking
without telling us.

Why has Kim emailed Sally?


from kim

Feeling any better?


When youre back to
college, remember to
register for the film
course. Email me if
you want any
information about it.

A. To give her some details


B. To let her know that hes ill
C. To remind her to do something

-19HOSPITAL
WAITING ROOM
Please put all
childrens toys back
in this room before
you leave.

-20Ed:
Dennis,called:
DONT take the
main road to
Madingley, theres
been an accident
and you wont get
to the match on
time. Go through
Drayton instead.

A. We leave some toys at the back of


this room for children
B. Please dont leave any toys outside his room when
you go.
C. Remember to take your childrens
toys with you when you leave.

A. To arrive punctually, Ed should use a


different route.
B .Dennis suggests that its quicker to go on
the main road.
C. If theres enough time, She would
like to see the match

ACCORDING TO MARTYNA, THE CITYS DISADVANTAGE IS:


-21Not as big city as
we expected, but
thats okay. limited
nightlife, through
theres plenty to see
everyday and
travelling around is
painless.

A. Its actual size


B .Its transport system
C. Its evening entertainment

Martyna

-22NOTHING OF
VALUE IS LEFT
IN THIS VAN AT
NIGHT

A. Valuable objects are removed at night


B .Valuables should not be left in the van
C. This van is locked at
night.