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UC3843

Fixed Frequency Current Mode PWM Controller


DESCRIPTION

PIN CONFIGURATION

UC3843 is a fixed frequency current-mode PWM controller.


It is specially designed for Off Line and DC-to-DC converter
applications with minimal external component. This
integrated circuit features a trimmed oscillator for precise
duty cycle control, a temperature compensated reference, a
high gain error amplifier, a current sensing comparator, and
a high current totem pole output ideally suited for driving a
power MOSFET.

Compensation

Vref

Voltage Feedback

VCC

Current Sense

Output

RT/CT

GND

(Top View)

The device is protective features consisting of input and


reference under-voltage lockouts each with hysteresis,
cycle-by-cycle current limiting.

FEATURES

Automatic Feed Forward Compensation


High Current Totem Pole Output
Internally Trimmed Bandgap Reference
Undervoltage Lockout with Hysteresis
Low Start Up Current
Optimized for offline converter
Double pulse suppression
Current mode operation to 500kHz

APPLICATION
Wireless Base Station Power
Telecom and Datacom Power
Industrial Power Systems
PC Power Supplies

ORDERING INFORMATION
Temperature Range
0C to +70C

Package
DIP8L
SOP8L

Pb-Free

Jun. 2008
Rev 1.0

Orderable
Device

Package Qty

UC3843D

75Units/Tube

UC3843P

50Units/Tube

UC3843
SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM
VCC 7(12)

Vref
8(14)

R
R

RTCT
4(7)
Voltage
Feedback
Input
2(3)
Output
Compensation
1(1)

VCC
Undervoltage
Lockout

5.0V
Reference
Vref
Undervoltage
Lockout

VC
7(11)
Output

Oscillator
Latching
PWM
+
-

Error
Amplifier

6(10)
Power
Ground
5(8)
Current
Sense
3(5) Input

GND 5(9)
Pin numbers in parenthesis are for the D suffix SOIC-14 package.

Figure 1. Simplified Block Diagram

PIN DESCRIPTION
No.

Name

Function Description

Compensation

This pin is the Error Amplifier output and is made available for loop
compensation.

Voltage
Feedback

This is the inverting input of the Error Amplifier. It is normally


connected to the switching power supply output through a resistor
divider.

A voltage proportional to inductor current is connected to this input


Current Sense The PWM uses this information to terminate the output switch
conduction.

RT/CT

The Oscillator frequency and maximum Output duty cycle are


programmed by connecting resistor RT to VREF and capacitor CT to
ground. Operation to 500kHz is possible.

GND

This pin is the combined control circuitry and power ground.

Output

This output directly drives the gate of a power MOSFET.


Peakcurrents up to 1.0A are sourced and sunk by this pin.

VCC

This pin is the positive supply of the control IC.

VREF

This is the reference output. It provides charging current for capacitor


CT through resistor RT

Jun. 2008
Rev 1.0

UC3843
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
Parameter

Symbol

Value

Unit

ICC + IZ

30

mA

VCC

30

Output Current

Io

1.0

Output Energy (Capacitive Load per Cycle)

5.0

Error Amp Output Sink Current

Ioe

10

mA

Current Sense and Voltage Feedback Inputs

VIN

-0.3 to 5.5

Maximum Power Dissipation @TA=25C

PD

0.862

RBIA

145

C/W

TJ

+150

TSTG

-65 to +150

Total Power Supply and Zener Current


DC Supply Voltage

Thermal Resistance, Junction-to-Air


Maximum Operating Junction Temperature
Storage Temperature Range

RECOMMENDED OPERATION CONDITIONS


Parameter

Symbol

Min

Max

Unit

VCC

12

25

TA

70

Min

Max

Unit

IO = 1.0mA, VCC = 15V,


TA = 2510C

4.9

5.1

IO = 1.0mA, VCC = 15V,


TA = TLOW to THIGH

4.865

DC Supply Voltage
Operating Temperature

ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
(Vcc = 15V unless otherwise noted)
Parameter

Symbol

Test Conditions

Reference Section

Reference Out

VREF

V
5.135

Line Regulation

RegLINE

VCC = 12V to 25V,


TA = TLOW to THIGH

20

mV

Load Regulation

RegLOAD

IO = 1.0 to 20mA,
TA = TLOW to THIGH

25

mV

4.82

5.18

-30

-180

mA

Total Output Variation


over Line, Load,
Temperature (Note1)
Output Short Circuit
Current

VFINAL

ISC

VCC = 12V, IO = 1.0mA,


TA = TLOW to THIGH
VCC = 25V, IO = 20mA,
TA = TLOW to THIGH

VCC =15V

Jun. 2008
Rev 1.0

UC3843
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
Parameter
Oscillator Section

Frequency

Symbol

fosc

Frequency Change
with Voltage

Discharge Current

Test Conditions

Min

Max

VCC = 15V, TJ = 25C


RT=10K, CT = 3.3nF

47

57

VCC = 15V,
TA = TLOW to THIGH,
RT = 10KCT = 3.3nF

kHz
46

VCC = 12V to 25V,


fosc/V TA= TLOWto THIGH,
RT=10k, CT=3.3nF

Idisch

Vosc = 2.0V
VCC = 15V

TJ = 25C

Unit

60

1.0
7.5

9.3
mA

TA = TLOW to
THIGH

7.2

9.5

2.42

2.58

-2.0

Error Amplifier Section


Voltage Feedback
Input

VFB

VO = 2.5V,VCC = 15V,
TA = TLOW to THIGH

Input Bias Current

IIB

VFB = 2.7V,VCC = 15V,


TA = TLOW to THIGH

Open Loop Voltage


Gain

AVOL

VO = 2.0V to 4.0V,
VCC = 15V,
TA = TLOW to THIGH

Unity Gain Bandwidth

BW
PSRR

Power Supply
Rejection Ratio
Sink

Output
Current

Source

Output
Voltage
Swing

High
State
Low
State

65

dB

VCC = 15V,
TA = TLOW to THIGH

0.7

MHz

VCC = 12V to 25V,


TA = TLOW to THIGH

60

dB

ISINK

VO = 1.1V, VFB = 2.7V,


VCC = 15V,
TA = TLOW to THIGH

ISOURCE

VO = 5.0V, VFB = 2.3V,


VCC = 15V,
TA = TLOW to THIGH

VOH

VFB = 2.7V, VCC = 15V


RL(GND) = 15K,
TA = TLOW to THIGH

VOL

VFB = 2.7V, VCC = 15V


RL(5.0) = 15K,
TA = TLOW to THIGH

Jun. 2008
Rev 1.0

2.0
mA
-0.5

5.0
V
1.1

UC3843
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS(CONTINUE)
Parameter

Symbol

Test Conditions

Min

Max

Unit

Current Sense Section


Current Sense Input
Voltage Gain

AV

VFB = 0V, VCC = 15V,


TA = TLOW to THIGH

2.85

3.15

Maximum Current
Sense Input
Threshold

VTH

VFB = 0V,VCC = 15V,


TA = TLOW to THIGH

0.9

1.1

Input Bias Current

IIB

VCC = 15V,
TA = TLOW to THIGH

-10

tPLH

VCC = 15V,
TA = TLOW to THIGH

300

ns

ISINK = 20mA, VCC = 15V

0.4

ISINK = 200mA, VCC = 15V


ISINK = 20mA, VCC = 15V
ISINK = 200mA, VCC = 15V
VCC = 6V, ISINK = 1.0mA,
TA = TLOW to THIGH

2.2

Propagation Delay
(Current Sense Input
to Output)
Output Section
Output
Voltage

Low
State
High
State

Output Voltage with


UVLO Activated

VOL
VOH
VOL(UVLO)

13
12

1.1

Output Voltage
Rise Time

tr

CL = 1.0nF,VCC= 15V,
TA = TLOW to THIGH

150

ns

Output Voltage Fall


Time

tf

CL = 1.0nF, VCC = 15V,


TA = TLOW to THIGH

150

ns

7.8

7.9

7.0

8.2

94

Under Voltage Lockout Section


Startup Threshold

Vth

Minimum Operating
VCC(MIN)
Voltage After Turn-On

VCC = 0V to 25V,
TA = TLOW to THIGH
VCC = 0V to 25V,
TA = TLOW to THIGH

PWM Section
Duty Cycle

DC

VCC = 15V,
TA = TLOW to THIGH,
RT = 10K, CT = 3.3nF

Total Device
Power Supply Current
Power Supply Zener
Voltage

ICC
Vz

Startup: VCC = 14V

1.0

Operating: VCC = 15V

17

ICC = 25mA, VCC = 0 to 40V

30

40

mA

Note 1: VFINAL = VREF25(RegLINE+RegLOAD)/1000IVREF70(VREF0)-VREF25I VREF25 = VREF@TA=25C;


VREF70=VREF@TA=70C;VREF0=VREF@TA=0C.
Note 2: TLOW = 0C,THIGH=+70C

Jun. 2008
Rev 1.0

UC3843
TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS
% DT,PERCENT OUTPUTDEADRME

RT, TIMING RESISTOR (k)

80
50

20

8.0
5.0

2.0

VCC = 15V
TA = 25C

0.8
10K

20K

50K
100K
200K
500K
fOSC,OSCILLATOR FREQUENCY (Hz)

100

1.0M

VCC = 15V
TA = 25C

50

20
10
5.0
2.0
1.0

10K

20K

VCC = 15V
VOSC = 20V
8.5

8.0

7.5

-25

0
25
50
75
TA, AMBIENT TEMPERATURE (C)

100

125

100
90
80

60
50

Idischg = 9.5 mA

40
800 1.0k

2.0k

3.0k

4.0k

6.0k

Figure 5. Maximum Output Duty Cycle


versus Timing Resistor

VCC = 15 V
AV = -1.0
TA = 25C

20 mV/DIV

3.0V

2.5V

2.0V

2.45V

8.0k

RT, TIMING RESISTOR ()

VCC = 15 V
AV = -1.0
TA = 25C

2.5V

Idischg = 7.2 mA

70

Figure 4. Oscillator Discharge Current


versus Temperature

2.55V

VCC = 15 V
CT = 3.3 nF
TA = 25C

20 mV/DIV

Idischg, DISCHARGE CURRENT (mA)

9.0

7.0
-55

1.0M

Figure 3. Output Deadtime versus


Oscillator Frequency

Dmax , MAXIMUM OUTPUT DUTY CYCLE (%)

Figure 2. Timing Resistor versus


Oscillator Frequency

50K
100K
200K
500K
fOSC,OSCILLATOR FREQUENCY (Hz)

0.5 s/DIV

0.1 s/DIV

Figure 6. Error Amp Small Signal


Transient Response

Figure 7. Error Amp Large Signal


Transient Response

Jun. 2008
Rev 1.0

UC3843

Gain

30
60

60

90

40
Phase
20

120

150

-20
10

100

1.0k

10k

100k

1.0M

180
10M

1.2
VCC= 15V
1.0
0.8

TA= 25C

0.6
TA = 125C
0.4

TA= -55C

0.2
0
2.0

4.0

6.0

8.0

f, FREQUENCY (Hz)

VO, ERROR AMP OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)

Figure 8. Error Amp Open Loop Gain and


Phase versus Frequency

Figure 9. Current Sense Input Threshold


versus Error Amp Output Voltage

0
VCC=15V
-4.0

-8.0
-12
-16

TA =125C
TA=-55C
TA =25C

-20
-24
0

Vth, CURRENT SENSE INPUT THRESHOLD (V)

80

f, EXCESS PHASE (DEGREES)

VCC = 15 V
VO = 2.0 V to 4.0 V
RL = 100 K
TA = 25C

20

40

60

80

100

Iref, REFERENCE SOURCE CURRENT (mA)

120

ISC,REFERENCE SHORT CIRCUIT CURRENT(mA)

110
VCC = 15 V
RL 0.1
90

70

50
-55

-25

25

50

75

100

TA, AMBIENT TEMPERATURE (C)

Figure 10. Reference Voltage Change


versus Source Current

Figure 11. Reference Short Circuit Current


versus Temperature

VO,OUTPUT VOLTAGE CHANGE(2.0mV/DIV)

Vref , REFERENCE VOLTAGE CHANGE (mV)

100

VO,OUTPUT VOLTAGE CHANGE(2.0mV/DIV)

AVOL, OPEN LOOP VOLTAGE GAIN (dB)

TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS(CONTINUE)

VCC = 15 V
IO = 1.0 mA to 20 mA
TA = 25C

2.0 ms/DIV

VCC =12V to 25V


TA = 25C

2.0 ms/DIV

Figure 13. Reference Line Regulation

Figure 12. Reference Load Regulation

Jun. 2008
Rev 1.0

125

UC3843
Vsat,OUTPUT SATURATION VOLTAGE(V)

TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS(CONTINUED)


0

Source Saturation
VCC = 15V
(Load to Ground) 80 s Pulsed Load
TA = 25C
120 Hz Rate

VCC
-1.0

VCC = 15V
CL = 1.0nF

90%

TA = 25C

-2.0
TA =-55C

3.0
TA =-55C
2.0

TA = 25C

1.0

Sink Saturation
(Load to VCC)

10%

GND

0
0

200

400

600

50 ns/DIV

800

IO, OUTPUT LOAD CURRENT (mA)

Figure 15. Output Waveform

25
20

15

5
0

100 ns/DIV

RT = 10K
CT = 3.3nF
VFB = 0V
ISense =0V
TA = 25C

10
UCX842A

ICC,SUPPLY CURRENT(mA)

100 mA/DIV

TA = 25C

20 V/DIV

VCC = 15V
CL = 15pF

UCX843A

ICC,SUPPLY CURRENT,VO,OUTPUT VOLTAGE

Figure 14. Output Saturation Voltage


versus Load Current









VCC, SUPPLY VOLTAGE(V)

Figure 16. Output Cross Conduction

Figure 17. Supply Current versus Supply Voltage

Jun. 2008
Rev 1.0

UC3843
TYPICAL APPLICATION
R1
5 1W

T1

D6
U9D946

L1
+6V

117 VAC

C1
250F
250V

VARO
VM 68

C9
3300pF
600V

R12
4.7k
2W
R2
56k 2W

R4
4.7k

C10
N5
4700F
10V

NP

D4
1N3613

R5 150 k

2
1

C3
22F

R9
68
3W

C4
47F
25V

N12

C5
0.01F

R6
10 k

12V
D8
UES1002

R7
22

UC3844
8
4

C6
0.0022F

12V COM

C13
2200F
16V

NC

C14
100 pF

+12V

C12
2200F
16V

N12
C2
100F
25V

Q1
UFN833

C8
680pF
600V

R8

3
5
USD1120

1k
C7
470pF

Jun. 2008
Rev 1.0

R13
20k

COM

D7
UF81002

D3
1N3612

D2
1N3612

R3
20k

C11
4700F
10V

R10
0.55
1W

D8
1N3613

R11
2.7k
2W

UC3843
PHYSICAL DIMENSIONS
SOP8L
A3

A1

A2

B1

R2

A
R1

C3

C4

C2

C1

B2

D1
D

Symbol
A
A1
A2
A3
B
B1
B2
C
C1
C2

Dimension(mm)
Max
Min
4.95
0.37

Symbol
C3

5.15
0.47

C4
D

1.27(TYP)
0.41(TYP)

D1
R1
R2
1
2
3
4

5.80

6.20
4.00
3.80
5.0(TYP)
1.30
0.55
0.55

1.50
0.65
0.65

Jun. 2008
Rev 1.0

10

Dimension(mm)
Min
Max
0.05

0.20
0.20(TYP)
1.05(TYP)
0.40
0.60
0.07(TYP)
0.07(TYP)
17 (TYP)
13 (TYP)
4 (TYP)
12 (TYP)

UC3843
DIP8L
D2

A
1

D1

C3

C2

C1

C4

A5

A1
A3

A4
A2

Symbol
A

Dimension(mm)
Min

Max

9.30

9.50

A1
A2

Symbol

Min

1.524(TYP)
0.39

Dimension(mm)

0.53

Max

C2

0.5(TYP)

C3

3.3(TYP)

C4

1.57(TYP)

A3

2.54(TYP)

8.20

8.80

A4

0.66(TYP)

D1

0.20

0.35

A5

0.99(TYP)

D2

7.62

7.87

6.3

7.20(TYP)

C
C1

6.5

3.30

3.50

Jun. 2008
Rev 1.0

11

8 (TYP)

8 (TYP)

5 (TYP)