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Construction Abbreviations

2W-B

Two Wire, Base mounted smoke detector

2WT-B

Two Wire, Base mounted smoke detector with Thermal detector

4W-B

Four Wire, Base mounted smoke detector

4WA

Type 4 White Ash Lumber

4WP

Four-inch Wellpoint Pump

Area

Ampere

A&E

Architecture and Engineering

A&E

Accident & Emergency

AA

Anchor Assembly

aaa

l'American Arbitration Association

AAC

Autoclave Aerated Concrete

AAC

Autoclaved Aerated Concrete

AAC

Acute Angle Closure

AACE

American Association of Cost Engineers

AAEC

Australian Atomic Energy Commission

AAH

Academy on Architecture for Health

AAM

Application Activity Model

AAMA

American Architectural Manufacturer's Association

AASHTO

American Association of State Highway and Transportation


Officials

AB

Asbestos Board

AB

Anchor Bolt

ABC

activity based costing

ABS

Anchor Bolt Stabilizer

ABS

Acrylonitrile, Butadiene, and Styrene

ABV

Above

AC

Acre

AC

Asphalt Concrete

aca

Australian Communications Authority's

ACC

Accessible Congregations Campaign

ACC

Accessory

ACC

Access Control Center

ACCEL

Accelerate

ACCL

American College of Construction Lawyers

ACCMP

Asphalt-Coated Corrugated Metal Pipe

ACCU

Air Cooled Condensing Unit

ACI

American Concrete Institute

ACI

Allied Construction Industries

ACN

Australian Company Number

ACOSS

Australian Council of Social Service

ACPA

American Concrete Pipe Association

Acr

acrylic

ACSM

American Congress on Surveying and Mapping

ACSP

Aluminized (Type 2) Round Corrugated Steel Pipe

ACT

Actual

ACTU

Australian Council of Trade Unions

ADAAG

Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines

ADAAG

Americans with Disabilities Act Architectural Guidelines

ADAB

Australian Development Assistance Bureau

ADACT

Associate Degree in Architecture Construction Technology

ADC

Automatic Data Collection

ADC

Analogue to Digital Converter

ADD

Addendum

add

Additional Degree of Difficulty

ADD

Addition

add

Additional Download Details

ADD

Additional Driver Discovery

ADDL

Additional

ADF

Approved Deposit Fund

ADF

Australian Defence Force

ADFP

Australian Defence Force Publication

ADH

ADaptive Hydraulics

ADH

Adhesive

ADJ

Adjust

ADL

Aerially Deposited Lead

ADO

ActiveX Data Objects (Microsoft)

ADR

Alternative Dispute Resolution

AEC

Architecture, Engineering, Construction

AECO

Architectural Engineering Construction and Owner

AECOM

Architecture Engineering Construction Operations and


Management

AESS

Architecturally Exposed Structural Steel

AEW&C

Airborne Early Warning and Control

AF

All Flat

AF

After Foundation

AF

Agreed Framework

AF

Audio Frequency

AFC

Approved For Construction

AFD

Approval for Design (AFD)

AFF

Above Finish Floor

Afnor

Association Francaise De Normalisation

Ag

Aggregate Grizzly

AGA

American Gas Association

AGC

Associated General Contractors of America

AGCR

Assurex Global Construction Risks

AGD

Australian Geodetic Datum

Aggr

Aggregate

AGM

Annual General Meeting

AGP

Accelerated Graphics Port

AGPS

Australian Government Publishing Service

AGSO

Australian Geological Survey Organisation

AGST

Above Ground Storage Tank

AH

After Hours

AHA

Australian Hotels Association

AHAM

Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers

AHD

Australian Height Datum

AI

Articulation Index

AIA

American Insurance Association

AIA

American Institute of Architecture

AIBD

American Institute of Building Design

AIDC

Australian Industry Development Corporation

AIIA

Australian Information Industry Association

AIM

Application Interpreted Model

AIMP

Impervious Area

AINF

Infiltration Area

AISC

American Institute of Steel Construction, Inc.

AISI

American Iron and Steel Institute

AITC

American Institute of Timber Construction

AL

Aluminium

AL

Alabama

ALA

American Lung Association

ALM

Alarm Local Mode

ALM

Alarm List Manager

ALM

Alarm Module

ALO

Architectural Liaison Officer

ALRC

Australian Law Reform Commission

ALT

Alternate

ALT

Altitude

ALT

Alteration

AM

Amplitude Modulation

AMB

Ambient

AMBER

Atlas Muon Barrel and Endcap Reconstruction

AMCA

Air Movement and Control Association International, Inc.

amcu

Association of Mineworkers and Construction Union

AMCU

Association of Mining and Construction Union

AMDEL

Australian Mineral Development Laboratories

AMG

Australian Map Grid

AMO

Aircraft Maintenance Officer

AMP

Ampere

AMT

Amount

AN

Ammonium Nitrate

AN

Anode

ANCA

Australian Nature Conservation Agency

ANCR

Australian National Construction Review

ANFO

Ammonium Nitrate and Fuel Oil

ANMC

American National Metric Council

ANN

Annunciator

ANSI

American National Standards Institute, Inc.

ANT

Antenna

ANU

Australian National University (Canberra, Australia)

AP

Access Panel

AP

Application Protocol

APAC

Ashland Paving and Construction

APEO

alkylphenol ethoxylates

APHA

American Public Health Association

APHA

Australian Private Hospitals Association

APHC

Association of Plumbing Heating Contractors

API

Application Programming Interface

appd

Approved

approx

Approximate

APRC

Alliance for Patriotic Reorientation and Construction

APT

Apartment

apwa

American Public Works Association's

AQ

Air Quality

AQL

Acceptable Quality Level

AQMD

Air Quality Management District

AR

As Required

AR

Approved Roofing

AR

Aluminum Roofing

Ar.

Architect

Arch

Architect

ARM

Application Reference Model

ARO

Abrasion Resistant Overlay (Pipeline Coating)

ARS

United States Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Research


Service

ARSE

Analysis and Reconstruction Sound Engine

AS

Australian Standard

ASAP

As Soon As Possible (pronounced AY-sap)

ASC

Associated Schools of Construction

asce

l'American Society of Civil Engineers

ASD

Allowable Stress Design

ASE

Alliance to Save Energy

ASHRAE

American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning


Engineers

ASIC

Australian Securities & Investments Commission

ASME

American Society of Mechanical Engineers

asnt

American Society for Nondestructive Testing's

ASSOC

Associate(d)

ASSY

Assembly

ASTM

American Society for Testing and Materials (Philadelphia,


Pennsylvania)

AT

Atmosphere

AT

Air Temperature

ATC

Air traffic control

ATM

Automatic Teller Machine

atm

atmospheric pressure

ATM

Alternative Test Method

ATM

Asynchronous Transfer Mode

ATS

Abstract Test Suites

ATTEN

Attenuation

AU

Astronomical Unit

auth

authorized, authority

AUTO

Automatic

AV

Audio-visual aids

AVB

Atmospheric Vacuum Breaker

Ave.

Avenue

AVG

Average Voltage Gain

AW

Acid Waste

AWCI

Association of the Wall and Ceiling Industry

AWF

Animal Welfare Foundation

AWG

American Wire Gage

AWG

American Wire Gauge

AWI

Architectural Woodwork Institute

AWIC

Advancing Women in Construction

aws

American Welding Society's

AWT

Abstract Windowing Toolkit

AWWA

American Water Works Association (Denver)

AX

Axis

B&B

Bed and Breakfast

B&W

Babcock & Wilcox - Black And White - Bowers & Wilkins

BA

Building Approval

BAA

Business Area Analysis

BAC

Building Automation and Controls

Baf

Baffle

BAL

Ballast

BAL

Balance

BAPI

Business Application Programming Interface (SAP)

BASA

British Adhesives and Sealants Association

BASE

Buildings, Antennas, Spans, and Earth

BAT

Best Available Technology

BB

Ball Bearing

BB

Bulletin Board

BBL

Barrel

BBS

Bulletin Board Service

BC

The Best Construction

BC

Bituminous Concrete

BCA

Building and Construction Authority

BCATS

Building Construction and Allied Trades Skills

BCC

Blind Carbon Copy

BCC

Bearings, Chains, and Cables

BCCM

Building Construction Core Model

BCCMP-FP

Bituminous-Coated Corrugated Metal Pipe - Fully Paved

BCCSP-FP

Bituminous-Coated Corrugated Steel Pipe - Fully Paved

BCT

Best Conventional Technology

BCT

Building and Construction Technology

BCTC

Building and Construction Trades Council

BD

Board

BDCA

Bronx Design and Construction Academy

BDY

Boundary

BETEC

Building Environment & Thermal Envelope Council

betw

between

Bev

Bevel

BF

Board Foot

BF

Back Face

BFP

Bonded Fiber Matrix

BFP

Boiler Feed Pump

bifr

Board for Industrial Financial Reconstruction

BIFR

Bureau of Industrial Financial Reconstruction

BIOS

Basic Input Output System

BKR

Breaker

BL

Base Line

BLDG

Building

BLEVE

Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapour Explosion

BLF

Builders Labourers Federation

BLK

Block

Blvd.

Boulevard

BM

Beam

BM

Building Materials

BMP

Best Management Practice

BMT

Bellamuel Motoradd Triada

BMTPC

Building Materials & Technology Promotion Council

Bncc

Babbit Neuman Construction Company

BO

Business Object

BOCA

Building Officials and Code Administrators International, Inc.

BOCA

Building Officials Code Administrators International

BOD

Biochemical Oxygen Demand

BOM

Build of Material

BOP

Bottom of Pipe

BOT

Bottom

BOWEC

Building Operations and Work of Engineering Construction

BP

Beam Pipe

BP

Bypass

BP

Boiling Point

BPAC

Building Performance Assessment Centre

BPF

British Property Federation

BR

Bedroom

BRA

Breast Reconstruction Awareness

BRD

Bureau for Reconstruction and Development

BRDG

Bridge

BRE

Building Research Establishment

BRG

Bearing

BRI

Building Related Illnesses

BRK

Brick

BRKR

Breaker

BRKT

Bracket

BS

British Standard

BSC

Business Steering Committee

BSI

British Standards Institution

Bsmnt.

Basement

BSMT

Basement

BSOD

Blue Screen Of Death

BSR

Basic Semantic Repository

BSU

Basic Structural Unit

BSU

Basic Semantic Unit

BTCS

Bard's Tale Construction Set

BTR

Better

BTU

British Thermal Unit

BU

Bushel

BUDF

BUilder Data Form

BUR

Built-Up Roof

BUREC

BUReau d'Etudes et de Construction

BV

Brick Veneer

BYO

Bring Your Own

Coulomb

Centigrade

C of Q

Certificate of Qualification

C/min

Cycles Per Minute

C/O

Care Of (postal Code Indicating Temporary Address Change)

C/S

Cycles Per Second

CA

Catchment Area

CA

Cellulose Acetate

CA

Contractor Activities

CA

Compressed Air

CAA

Civil Aviation Authority

CAB

Cabinet

CABO

Council of American Building Officials

CABO (ICC)

Conference of American Building Officials (International Code


Council)

CACP

Chinese American Construction Professionals

CAD

Computer-Aided Drafting

cad

Computer Aided Designer

CADM

Computer-Aided Document Management

CADP

Construction and Analysis of Distributed Processes

CAE

Computer-Aided Engineering

CAL

Calorie

CAL-EPA

California Environmental Protection Agency

CAL-OSHA

California Division of Occupational Safety and Health


Administration

CALP

Constructionist Approaches to Language Pedagogy

CAM

Computer Aided Manufacture

CAM

Content Addressable Memory

cam

Construction Association of Michigan

CANS

Construction Association of Nova Scotia

CAP

Capacity Assurance Plan

CAP

Capacity

cap

Capacity Assurance Program

CAP

Cellulose Acetate Propionate

CAP

Capacity Market Programs

CAPPS

Clearance Assessment Program for Power Systems

CAR

Contract Acceptance Review

CAS

Chemical Abstract Service

CAS

Complete Active Space

CASA

Civil Aviation Safety Authority

CASF

Construction Association of South Florida

CASQA

California Stormwater Quality Association

CAT

Catalog

CAT

Computer Aided Testing

CAT

Computer-Aided Tomography

CAT

Compact All Terrain

CAV

Cavity

CB

Construction Battalion

CBA

Cost Benefit Analysis

CBB

Construction and Business Bank

CBC

Construction Building Committee

CBC

Construction By Cosets

CBC

California Building Code

CBD

Cash Before Delivery

CBI

Confidential Business Information

CBI

Confederation of British Industry

CBM

Construction Building Materials

CBO

Common Business Object

CBR

Construction Build Rating

CBR

California Bearing Ratio

CBR

Case-Based Reasoning

CBT

Center for Building Technology

CC

construction chemicals

cc

with food, (but also cubic centimetre)

CC

Carbon Copy

CC

City Council

CC

Cubic Centimeter

CC

Cooling coil

CCA

Canadian Construction Association

CCB

China Construction Bank

ccb

Contractors Construction Board

CCB

Construction Criteria Base

CCB

Connecticut Community Bank

CCB

Charpentes Constructions Bois

CCBFC

Canadian Commission on Building and Fire Codes

CCCP

Cosmic Communist Constructions Photographed

CCDC

Canadian Construction Documents Committee

CCDI

China Construction Design International

CCHT

Canadian Centre for Housing Technology (part of NRC)

CCI

Construction Cost Index

CCIA

Connecticut Construction Industries Association

CCIR

Centre for Construction Innovation and Research

CCMC

Canadian Construction Materials Centre

CCN

Contract Change Notification

CCN

Contract Change Notice

CCPR

Certified Construction Product Representative

CCQ

Commission de la Construction du Qubec

CCR

California Code of Regulations

CCS

Cellular Confinement System

CCS

Corinthian Cast Stone (New York)

CCT

Compatible Construction Technology

cct

Closed-Circuit Television

CCT

Closed Circuit Test

CCT

Circuit Configuration Table

CCT

Circuito Cerrado de Televisin

CCT

Circuit

CCT

Court Circuit Team

CCT

Circuit Connection Table

CCU

Coronary Care Unit

CCW

Counter Clockwise

CD

Cadmium

CD

Cold Drawn

CD

Compact Disc

CD

Committee Draft

CDA

Copper Development Association Inc.

CDA

Cofficient of Dynamic Augment

CDAO

Construction and Design Alliance of Ontario

CDL

Component Description Language

CDM

Cement Deep Mixing

CDM

Construction Design and Management

CDMCS

Council for Dredging and Marine Construction Safety

CDR

Concept Design Report

CDS

Cold Drawn Steel

CDW

Construction and Demolition Waste

CE

Cost Estimate

CE

Civil Engineer

CE

Concurrent Engineering

CEA

Cost Effective Analysis

CEA

Construction Employers Association

CEC

Civil Engineering Corporation

CEC

Construction Equipment Company

CEC

Cation Exchange Capacity

CEC

Canadian Electrical Code

CECCO

Construction Employers Coordinating Council of Ontario

cefa

Construction Education Foundation of Alabama

CEMP

Comprehensive Emergency Management Plan

CEMT

Construction Engineering Management Technology

CEO

Consulting Engineers of Ontario

CEO

Chief Executive Officer

cep

Construction Electrical Products

CEPI

Construction Equipment Parts Inc

CEQA

California Environmental Quality Act

CERL

Construction Engineering Research Laboratory

CEWA

Critical Equipment Work Authorization

CF

Complete Finisher

CF

Cold Finish

CF

Cubic Feet

CFD

computational fluid dynamics

CFD

Centre for Design

CFM

Construction Facilities Management

CFM

Cubic Feet per Minute

CFMEU

Construction Forestry Mining and Energy Union

CFMO

Construction And Facilities Management Office

CFMO

Construction and Facilities Maintenance Office

CFMS

Construction Finance Management System

CFP

call for papers

CFR

Code of Federal Regulations

CFRD

Concrete Face Rockfill Dams

CFRP

Carbon Fibre Reinforced Panel

CFS

Cubic Feet per Second

CG

centre of gravity

CG

Computer Graphics

CGI

Common Gateway Interface

CGMP

Current Good Manfacturing Practice

CGP

Construction General Permit

cgs

Centimetre-gram-second

CGT

Capital Gains Tax

CHAN

Channel

CHASE

construction health and safety excellence

CHICO

Cmara Hondurea de la Industria de la Construccin

CHIP

Conical Hull Intersection Property

CHMM

Construction Hazardous Material And Management

CHST

Construction Health Safety Technician

CHT

Ceiling Height

CHW

Chilled Water

CI

Construction Index

CI

Cast Iron

CIA

Cold Inducted Air

CIACO

Construction Industry Advisory Council of Ontario

CIB

Construction Industries Board

CIC

Construction Industry Council

CICC

Construction Industry Computing Council

CICC

Construction Industry Coalition Council

CICC

Construction Industry Coalistion Council

CICU

Construction Industries Credit Union

CID

Construction Industries Division

CIDB

Construction Industry Development Board

CIE

Construction Information Executives

CIF

Construction Innovation Forum

CII

Confederation of Indian industry

CIIC

Construction in Indian Country

CIM

Computer Integrated Manufacturing

CIM

Construction Industries of Massachusetts

CIP

Construction In Progress

CIP

Cast Iron Pipe

CIPE

Certified In Plumbing Engineering

CIPG

Construction Industry Practice Group

CIPP

Cast Iron Pressure Pipe

CIR

Circular

CIR

Circle

Circ

Circumference

CIRIA

Construction Industry Research and Information Association

CISC

Canadian Institute of Steel Construction

CISCA

Ceilings Interior Systems Construction Association

CISP

Cast-Iron Soil Pipe

CISP

Construction Industry Service Program

CITC

Canadian Institute for Timber Construction

CITC

Construction Industry Training Council

CKT

Circuit

Cl

Closing

Cl

closure

CL

Clearance

CL

Classic

CL

Class

CLG

Ceiling

CLGHT

Ceiling Height

Clk/Rm

Cloakroom

Clo.

Closet

CLP

Clamp

CLR

Clear

CLSAB

Canadian Lumber Standards Accreditation Board

CM

Construction Management

CM

Corrective Maintenance

CM

Corrugated Metal

CM

Configuration Management

CMA

Congestion Management Program

CMB

Construction Materials Board (DND, Canada)

CMC

computer-mediated communication

CMCEF

Canadian Mechanical Contractors Education Foundation

CMIE

Construction Management and Industrial Engineering

CMMA

Corrugated Metal - Metal Arch

CMMAC

Corrugated Metal-Metal Arch Culvert

CMMS

Computerized Maintenance Management System

CMOS

Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductors

CMP

Corrugated Metal Pipe

CMP

Corrugated Metal Pipe (Round)

CMPA

Construction Material Processors Association

CMST

Construction Management Skills Training

CMU

Concrete Masonry Unit

CN

Change Notice

CN

Cellulose Nitrate

CN

Construction Number

CNB

Construction Navale Bordeaux

CNCS

Cherokee Nation Construction Services

CNG

Compressed natural gas

CNSTR

Construction

CNTR

Center

CO

Company

CO

Change Order

COAA

Construction Owners Association of Alberta

COAA

Construction Owners Association of America, Inc

COAX

Coaxial Cable

COAX

Coaxial Machinegun

COCA

Council of Ontario Construction Associations

COCA

Council of Owners and Construction Associates

COCP

Code of Construction Practice

COD

Chemical Oxygen Demand

COE

Creek Corps of Engineers

COE

Army Corps of Engineers

COEF

Coefficient

COL

Column

COM

Common

COMB

Combustion

COMB

Combination

COML

Commercial

COMP

Composition

COMP

Compressed

COMPT

Compartment

COND

Condenser

CONN

Connection

CONST

Under Construction

CONSTRUC
Computer-Aided Knowledge Engineering for Construction Tasks
T
CONT

Control

CONT

Continue

COP

Code of Practice

COP

Coefficient of Performance

COR

Corner

CORBA

Common Object Request Broker Architecture

CORR

Corrugate

COSA

Construction Open Software Alliance

COTS

Commercial Off the Shelf Software

COV

Cover

CP

Constant Pressure

CP

Construction Planning

CP

Cathodic Protection

CP

Cost Proposal

CP-ES

Clay Pipe - Extra Strength

CPA

Critical Path Analysis

CPAM

Construction Project Administration Manual

CPAP

Construction Premium Adjustment Program

CPAR

Construction Productivity Advancement Research

CPB

Construction Programs Bureau

CPCI

Canadian Precast/Prestressed Concrete Institute

CPCK

Class Poppy Construction Kit

CPCS

Construction Plant Competence Scheme

CPD

Continuous Professional Development

CPDM

Comprehensive Pavement Design Manual

CPE

Chlorinated Polyethylene

CPI

Consumer Price Index

CPI

Coalescing Plate Interceptor

CPIBC

Centre for Process Innovation in Building and Construction

CPIC

Construction Project Information Committee

CPM

Critical Path Method

CPMIS

Construction Project Management Information System

CPRS

Construction Progress Reporting Surveys

CPSISC

Construction & Property Services Industry Skills Council

CPT

Carpet

CPTC

Constructioncentral Passenger Terminal Complex

CPU

Central Processor Unit

CQ

Commercial Quality

CR

Control Room

CR

Chromium

CRAR

Construction Regulations And Rules

CRAW

Construction Risk Assessment Workshop

CREWS

Construction Recruitment External Workers Services

CRIS

Construction Risk and Insurance Specialist

crm

Customer Relationship Management

CRPH

Cross Recess Pan Head

CRS

Cold Rolled Steel

CRS

Course

CRS

Course Request System

crs

Coursed Rubble Stone

CRS

Commonwealth Rehabilitation Service

CRSI

Concrete Reinforcing Steel Institutetute

CRT

Cathode Ray Tube (type of TV)

CS

Carbon Steel

CS

Corrugated Steel

CS

Cast Steel

CS

compressive strength

CSC

Construction Specifications Canada

CSCS

Construction Skills Certification Scheme

csct

Colombo School of Construction Technology

CSCW

Computer Supported Collaborative Work

CSDFMA

Canadian Steel Door and Frame Manufacturers' Association

CSEA

Construction Safety and Excellence Awards

CSG

Casing

CSI

Construction Specifications Institute

CSIC

Centre for Smart Infrastructure and Construction

CSIRO

Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization

CSK

Countersink

CSLM

Controlled Low Strength Material

CSMA

Corrugated Steel - Metal Arch

CSMAC

Galvanized Corrugated Steel - Metal Arch Culvert

CSP

Corrugated Steel Pipe

CSPI

Corrugated Steel Pipe Institute

CSS

Cascade Style Sheet

CSS

Complete Sewer Separation

CSSBI

Canadian Sheet Steel Building Institute

CSSD

Central Sterile Supply Department

CSTC

Construction Skills Training Center

CSW

Critical Structural Weakness

CSW

Certified Structural Welder

CTB

Cement Treated Base

CTC

Centralized Traffic Control

CTL

Construction Technology Laboratories, Inc.

CTR

Center

cts

Construction Testing Services

CU

Copper (Latin Cuprum)

CU

Cubic

CUC

Currently Under Construction

CUP

Construction Of Useful Parsers

CUR

Current

CUSUM

cumulative summation

CV

Check Valve

CV

Control Valve

CVC

Conventional Concrete

CVDG

Construction Vibration Damage Guide

CW

Clockwise

CWA

Clean Water Act of 1982

CWC

Canadian Wood Council

CWDS

Cold Water Down Service

CWIP

Construction Work in Process

CWT

Copper Water Tube

CY

Cubic Yard

CY

Cycle

CYL

Cylinder

CZAR

Construction Zone Accident Reduction

Dayton

Drain

Day

DAC

Digital to Analogue converter

DAS

Department of Administrative Services

dB

Decibel

DB

Dry Bulb

DB

Distribution Box

DBFO

Design, Build, Finance, and Operate

DBL

Double

DBST

Double Bituminous Surface Treatment

DBT

Dry Bulb Temperature

DC

Direct Current

DCD

Document Content Definition

DCD

Deputy Construction Director

DCE

Distributed Computing Environment

DCEN

Direct Current Electrode Negative

DCEP

Direct-Current Electrode Positive

DCF

discounted cash flow rate

DCG

Dominion Construction Group

DCI

Darex Corrosion Inhibitor

DCIA

Directly Connected Impervious Area

DCK

Diversified Construction Knowledge

DCK

Doom Construction Kit

DCM

Design Construction Maintenance

DCM

Design and Construction Management

dcn

Design and Construction Network

DCN

Direction des Constructions Navales (France)

DCN

Daily Commercial News

DCOM

Distributed Component Object Model

DCS

Distributed Control System

DD

degree day

DDC

Department of Design and Construction

DDC

Direct Digital Control

DDE

Dynamic Data Exchange (in software parlance)

DEFRA

Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs

DEG

Degree

DEPR

Depression

Dept

Department

DES

Data Exchange Standard

DET

Detail

DFI

Defining Formula for Inhabitation

DFL

Doug Fir Lumber

DFLC

Dan Fix Landscape Construction

DFRCC

Ductile Fiber Reinforced Cementitious Composites

DFS

Decayed and Filled Surfaces

DGH

District General Hospital

DGW

Double-Glazed Window

DH

Drill Hole

DI

Ductile Iron

DIA

Diameter

DIAG

Diagonal

DIAM

Diameter

DiBt

Deutsches Institut fr Bautechnik

DIM

Dimension

DIP

Ductile Iron Pipe

DIR

Direction Interdpartementale des Routes

DIS

Draft International Standard

Div

Divisionsion

DIY

Do-It-Yourself

DL

Drawing List

DL

Drainage Layer

DL

Dead Load

DLT

Discharge Line Temperature

DM

Document Management

DMA

Dead Man Anchor

DMH

Drainage Manhole

DMU

Digital Mock-Up

DN

Down

DNV

Det Norske Veritas

DO

Ditto

DO

Do Over

DOAS

Dedicated Outdoor Air System

dod

Department of Defence

DOE

United States Department of Energy (government)

DOM

Document Object Model

DP

drain point

DP

Dew Point

DP

Down Pipe

DPA

Digital Pre-Assembly

DPC

Damp Proof Course

DPC

Dredging and Port Construction

DPDT

double pole double throw switch

DPI

Differential Pressure Indicator

DPST

double pole single throw switch

dr

drain

DR

Door

DRA

Differential Reinforcement of Alternative

DS

Disconnect Switch

DS

Double Strength

DS

Door Switch

DSA

Division of the State Architect (California)

DSA

Department of State Architects

DSC

Differential Scanning Calorimetry

DSEAR

Dangerous Substances and Explosive Atmospheres Regulations


2002

DSS

Decision Support System

DST

Drill Stem Test

dsto

Defence Science and Technology Organisation's

DTA

Differential Thermal Analysis

DTD

Document Type Definition (XML)

DTI

Direct Tension Indicator

DTSC

California Department of Toxic Substances Control

DVD

Dual View Display

DW

Distilled Water

DW

Drinking Water

DWG

Drawing

dwr

Drawer

DX

Duplex

dyn

dyne

East

E&C

Engineering & Construction

E&OE

Errors and Omissions Excepted

E-E

End-To-End

E-MAIL

Electronic Mail

EA

Each (as in a unit of measurement - one each)

EAI

Enterprise Application Integration

EBV

Exhaust Back-pressure Valve

EC

ethyl cellulose

ECA

Electrical Contractors Association

ECAO

Electrical Contractors Association of Ontario

Ecc

Eccentric

ECCI

Engineering and Construction Cost Index

ECCI

Elite Custom Construction Inc

ECD

Estimated Completion Date

ECDA

External Corrosion Direct Assessment

ECK

Entity Construction Kit

ECM

Electronic Counter Measures

ECMS

Engineering and Construction Management

ECWC

Employers' Council on Workers' Compensation

ED&P

Engineering Design and Procurement

EDC

Environmental Design Construction

EDI

Electronic Data Interchange

EDM

Electronic Data Management

EDM

Electronic distance measurement

EDP

Electronic Data Processing Plc (London Stock Exchange [LSE])

EDR

Equivalent Direct Radiation

EEBA

Energy and Environmental Building Association

EEC

Eggart Engineering Construction

EEC

Effect Effluent Concentration

EECC

Enron Engineering And Construction Company

EEIG

European Economic Interest Group

EEMAC

Electrical and Electronic Manufacturers Association of Canada

EEO

Equal Employment Opportunity

EERE

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Clearing House (DOE


program)

EF

earliest finish

EF

Exhaust Fan

EFT

Electronic Funds Transfer

EGA

Evolved Gas Analysis

EGA

Enhanced Graphics Array

EGM

Extraordinary General Meeting

EH

Extremely High

EHV

Extra High Voltage

EI

Engineering and Installation

EI

Enterprise Integration

EI SIT

Engineering and Installation Site Implementation Team

EIA

Environmental impact assessment (international)

EIA

Extended Interaction Amplifier

EIB

European Installation Bus (home automation)

EINECS

European Inventory Of Existing Commercial Chemical


Substances

EIR

Environmental Impact Report

EIS

Environmental Impact Statement (US)

EJB

Enterprise Java Bean

EL

Elevator

EL

Elastic Limit

EL

Elevation Limit

ELB

Elbow

ELCB

Earth Leakage Circuit Breaker

ELEC

ELECTRICAL, ELECTRIC, ELECTRICIAN

ELEV

Elevator

ELSA

European Laboratory for Structural Assessment

ELV

Extra Low Voltage

EM

Emergency

EM

Emergency Medicine

EMC

Equilibrium Moisture Content

EMC

Event Mean Concentration

EMER

Emergency

EMER

Emergency Monitoring Equipment Room

EMER

Emergency Medical Expense Requirement

EMP

Energy Management Program

EMP

Environmental Management Plan

ENCL

Enclosure

ENG

Engineering Department

Engr

Engineer

ENTR

Entrance

EO

Explosive Ordnance

EOD

Explosive Ordnance Device

EOR

Engineer of Record

EOS

Equivalent Opening Size

EPA

Environmental Protection Agency (US)

EPC

Engineering Procurement and Construction

EPC and
BOP

Engineering, Procurement, and Construction, and Balance of


Plants

EPCC

Engineering Procurement Construction Contractor

EPCC

Engineering Procurement Construction and Commissioning

EPCM

Engineering, Procurement, Construction, and Management

EPCT

Engineering Procurement and Construction

epdm

Ethylene Propylene Diene Monomere

EPIC

Excavation Pipeline Inspection And Construction

EPP

Environmentally Preferable Product

EPR

Earth Potential Rise

EPR

Ethylene-Propylene Rubber

EPROM

Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory

EPS

Expanded Polystrene

EPS

Emergency Power Supply

EPSCA

Electrical Power Systems Construction Association

EPSCC

Engineering Procurement Supply Construction and


Commissioning

EQP

Equipment

EQPT

Equipment

EQUIP

Equipment Usage Information Program

EQUIP

Equipment

EQUIP

Equipment Query User Interface Program

ER

Epoxy Resin

ER

Emergency Room

ERA

Environmental Risk Assessment

ERD

Entity Relationship Diagram

ERP

Enterprise Resource Planning

ES

Edge Split

ES

earliest start

ESA

Equipment Stop Area

ESA

Electrical Safety Authority

ESA

Environmentally Sensitive Area

ESC

Erosion and Sedimentation Control

ESD

Ecologically Sustainable Development

ESD

Electrostatic Discharge

ESDV

Emergency Shutdown Valve

ESP

Exchangeable Sodium Percentage (soils)

ESP

Electrical Submersible Pump

EST

Estimate

EST

Energy Saving Trust

est

Estimated Ship Time

EST

Estimated Starting Time

EST

Earliest Start Time

ET

Effective Temperature

ETABS

Extended Three-dimensional Analysis of Building Systems

EU

European Union (1994; formerly referred to as the EEC or EC)

EVAP

Evaporator

EWI

External Wall Insulation

EWS

Emergency Warning System

EXEC

Executive

EXH

Exhaust

EXP

Expansion

EXT

Exterior

Farad (SI Unit Of Capacitance)

F/I

Furnish and Install

FA

Fire Alarm

FAA

Federal Aviation Administration

FAC

Federal Airports Corporation

FACP

Fire Alarm Control Panel

FAD

Fresh Air Damper

FAHU

Fresh Air Handling Unit

Fam/Rm

Family Room

FAQ

Fair Average Quality

FAQ

Frequently Asked Questions (sometimes Pronounced Fak)

FBE

Fusion Bonded Epoxy

FBM

Foot Board Measure

FC

Flexi Crete

FCAW

Flux-cored Arc Welding

FCCC

FALLS CHURCH CONSTRUCTION CORPORATION

FCD

Field Change Document

FCFG

Facing Gauge for Fiber Cement

FCR

Fast Cast Rate

FD

Forced Draft

fdt

Field Density Test

FEA

Finite Element Analysis

FEMA

Federal Emergency Management Agency

FENSA

Fenestration Self-Assessment Scheme

FEP

Fluorinated Ethylene Propylene

FF

Free Float

FGL

Finish Ground Level

FH

Fire Hydrant

FHWA

Federal Highway Administration

FI

Flow Indicator

Fil

Fillet

FIN

Finished

FIRM

Flood Insurance Rate Map

FIS

Flood Insurance Study

FLIC

Flexible Learning in Construction

FLK

Fritiof Larssons Konstruktionsbyr

FLT

Flowline Lifting Tool

fm

Field Memorandum

FM

Force Main

fm

Force Maintenance

fm

Field Memory

FMA

Final Mechanical Art

FMC

Facility Management Centre

Fnc.Rm.

Furnace Room

FO

Field Order

FOU

Foundation

FR

Fire Retardant

FRC

Fire Resistant Construction

FRC

Flow Rate Controller

FRP

Fiberglass Reinforced Plastics

FSEC

Florida Solar Energy Center

FT

Frame Thickness

FWD

Field Work Directive

G1S

Good One Side

GBC

Green Building Council

GC

General Contractor

GCL

Geometry Construction Language

GFRC

Glass Fiber Reinforced Composite

GFS

Ground floor slab

GIRI

GirryRigged

GIS

Geographical Information System

GLCM

Global Leaders in Construction Management

GLULAM

Glue-Laminated Beam

GMP

Goat Manure Plaster

GR

Galvanized Roofing

GRCS

Ground Rigging Control System

Grt/Rm

Large Formal Reception Room

GS

Grid Standpipe

GS

Grade Stamped

GSFT

Glazed Structural Facing Tile

Gst/BR

Guest Bedroom

GTAW

gas tungsten arc welding

GVCA

Grand Valley Construction Association

GWB

Gypsum Wall Board

HAZMAT

Hazardous Material

HBC

house building construction

HCA

Hamilton Construction Association

HCME

Hitachi Construction Machinery Europe

HCSS

Hand Cut Shingle Shakes

HDO

High Density Overlaid

hdpe

High Density Polyethylene Electrical

HET

High-Efficiency Toilet

HFS

High-Friction Surfacing

HGS

Hurricane Gate Structure

HGS

Horizontal General Purpose Standard

HICC

Heavy Industry Construction Co

HOA

Height of Attachment

HOW

head-of-wall

HPFRCC

High Performance Fiber Reinforced Cement Composites

HPFS

Hign Point of Finished Surface

hrf

Haiti Reconstruction Fund

hs

Home Sitemap

Hs

Home Site

Hs

Hard Surface

HSG

hydrologic soil group

HVEC

Hudson Valley Environmental Construction

IAQA

Indoor Air Quality Association

IBACOS

Integrated Building and Construction Solutions

IBC

International Building Code

IBC

Insurance Bureau of Canada

IBRC

Innovative Bridge Research and Construction

IBRD

International Bank of Reconstruction and Development

ICA

Industrial Construction Association

ICBO

International Conference of Building Officials

ICC

International Code Council

ICCT

Image Construction and Composition Tool

ICET

Institute for Construction Education and Training

ICG

Interior Construction Group

ICIS

International Construction Information Society

ICK

Invocation Construction Kit

ICPM

Innovative Construction Project Management

ID

Inside Dimensions

IFDC

International Facade Design and Construction

IGU

Insulated Glass Units

IHC

Interstate Highway Construction

IIRP

Iraq Infrastructure Reconstruction Program

ILS

Intense Lighting System

IMC

In Mold Cutting

IMPACT

International Missions Projects And Construction Teams

IMR

Iterative Model Reconstruction

IMT

Immersed Tube Tunnel

IP

Internet Protocol

IP

Intellectual Property

IPCS

International Programme on Chemical Safety

IPD

Integrated Product Development

IPM

Integrated Pest Management

IPO

Initial Public Offering

IPS

Iron Pipe Size

IPT

Integrated Product Teams

IR

Industrial Relations

IR

Inspection Request

IR

Infrared

IRR

Internal Rate of Return

IS

International Standard

ISDN

Integrated Services Digital Network

ISES

International Solar Energy Society

ISMB

Indian Standard Medium-weight Beam

ISOP

Interim Structural and Operational Plan

ISP

Internet Service Provider

ISP

Information Strategy Planning

IT

Information Technology

ITP

Inspection And Test Plan

ITU

Intensive Therapy Unit

IUPAC

International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry

IW

Induction Welding

Joule

JAE

Journal of Architectural Education

JAL

Jaiprakash Associates Limited

JB

Junction Box

jcdc

Journal of Construction in Developing Countries

JCT

Junction

JDAC

Joint Development and Adjacent Construction

JFCC

Japan Federation of Construction Contractors, Inc.

JHSC

Joint Health and Safety Commission

JISC

Japanese Industrial Standards Committee

JIT

Just in time

JO

Job Order

JOD

Joint Occupancy Date

JRC

Jewish Reconstructionist Congregation

JSM

Job Site Measurement

jt

Joint

JURMP

Jurisdictional Urban Runoff Management Program

JVM

Java Virtual Machine

JWC

Jon Wayne Construction

Kelvin (absolute temperature scale)

Kilogram

Kilo-

K3U

Keep Three Units

KB

Knee Brace

KBC

Kliewer Brothers Construction

KBS

Knowledge Based System

KC

Kilocycle

KCI

Keesling Construction Inc

kg

Kilogram

Kgf

Kilogram Force

KHz

kilohertz (1000 cycles per second)

KIF

Knowledge Interchange Format

KIP

Kilopound

KIT

Kitchen

kJ

kilojoule (energy measure)

Km

Kilometer (1,000 meters)

kN

Kilonewton

kPa

kiloPascal (pressure above ambient (100 kPa = 1 atmosphere


excess))

KS

Kum Shing

KSC

Knowledge Sharing and Construction

KSI

Kips Per Square Inch

kV

Kilovolt (one thousand volts) (measurement)

KVA

Kilovolt-Ampere

Kw

Kilowatt (one thousand watts) (measurement)

KWC

Kurt Wimberg Construction

kWh

Kilowatt hour (one thousand watt hours) (measurement)

Line

Left

Length

Litre

Long

LA

Lightning Arrester

LA

Local Authority

LA

Lambert

lab

Laboratory Accreditation Board

LAB

Laboratory

Lab

Laboratory Animals Bureau

lab

Laboratory Assessments Board

LADC

Library of Architecture Design and Construction

LAN

Local Area Network

LARS

Ligament Augmentation Reconstruction System

LAT

Latitude

Lat

Lateral

LAV

Lavatory

lb

Pound

lbf

pound force

LBL

Label

LC

Level Compressed

LCA

Life cycle assessment for steel construction

LCC

Life Cycle Costing

LCD

Liquid Crystal Diode

LCD

Liquid Crystal Display

LCI

Lean Construction Institute

LCL

Lower Confidence Limit

LDPE

Low-Density Polyethylene (#4 plastic)

LED

law enforcement desk; light emitting diode

LEED

Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design

LEL

Lower Explosive Limit

LENI

Lighting Energy Numeric Indicator

LF

Low Frequency

LF

latest finish

LF

Load Factor

LFL

Lower Flammability Limit

LGA

Local Government Area

LH

Left Hand

LHD

Left Hinged Door

LHS

Left Hand Side

LIB

Object Code Library

Liby

Library

LIN

Linear

LINAC

Linear Accelerator

LIQ

Liquid

LISA

LCA (Life Cycle Assessment) In Sustainable Architecture

LL

Live Load

LLDPE

Linear Low Density Polyethylene

LLT

Liquid Line Temperature

LLV

Long Leg Vertical

LM

Lumen

LN

length

Ln.

Lane

LNDG

Landing

LNG

Liquefied Natural Gas

LOA

Length Overall

LOC

Locate

loc.

location

LOD

Level Of Detail

LONG

Longitude

LP

Low Pressure

LP

Level Points

LP

Loft Plan

LPM

Litres Per Minute

LPS

Low Pressure Sodium

lpW

lumens per watt

LR

Living Room

LR

Long Radius

LRFD

Load and Resistance Factor Design

LRTI

Ligament Reconstruction and Tendon Interposition

LS

Low Speed

LS

Loud Speaker

LSAW

Longitudinally Submerged Arc Welding

LSL

Laminated Strand Lumber

LSS

Logistics Support Squadron

LSSB

Large Secondary Side Break

LT

Light

LT

Line Termination

LTB

Lateral Torsional Buckling

LUCR

Land Use Construction Review

LUTR

lower urinary tract reconstruction

LV

Low Voltage

LVF

Low Velocity Fasteners

LW

Light Weight

LWM

Low Water Mark

LX

Lux

Motor

Motorsport

Meter

Million

M&E

Mechanical & Electrical

M&F

Male & Female

M&R

Maintenance & Repair

M/BR

Master Bedroom

M/F

male to female

M/S

Meter(s) per Second

M/Supp Rm Maintennance Supply Room


MAC

Metal Arc Cutting

MAF

Minimum Audible Field

MAH

Mahogany

MAID

Mandatory Asset Information Database

MAINT

Maintenance

MAN

Metropolitan Area Network

MAP

Manufacturing Automation Protocol

MAR

Marble

MARS

Monotone Advection and Reconstruction Scheme

MASCOT

Modular Appproach to Software Construction Operation and Test

MAT

Material

MATL

Material

MAWL

Maximum Allowable Working Load

MAX

Maximum

MB

Millibar(s)

MB

Megabyte

MBR

Master Bedroom Real

MBS

Management Board Secretariat

MC

Moisture Content

MC

Megacycle

MCA

Metal Construction Association

MCAA

Mechanical Contractors Association of America, Inc.

MCAC

Mechanical Contractors Association of Canada

MCC

Motor Control Center (JSC)

MCCI

Mark Carrier Construction Inc

MCCPAP

Massachusetts Construction Classification Premium Adjustment


Program

MCGP

Maine Construction General Permit

MCIOB

Membership of the Chartered Institute of Building

MCM

Marine Construction Management

MCS

Maintenance Control Section

MD

Medium Density

MDF

Main Distribution Frame

MDF

Medium Density Fibreboard

MDO

Medium Density Overlaid

MDPE

Medium Density Polyethylene

MDS

Microwave Distribution System

ME

Metal Edge

ME

Mechanical Engineer

MEC

Materials Energy and Constructions

MEC

Model Energy Code

Mech

Mechanical Equipment

MechC

Mechanisation Credit

MED

Medium

MEK

Methyl Ethyl Ketone (butanone)

Memb

Membrane

MEP

Maximum Extent Practicable

MES

Manufacturing Execution System

MEWP

Mobile Elevating Work Platform

MF

Medium Frequency

MF

Melamine-Formaldehyde

MFG

Manufacturers Focus Group

MFG

Manufacturer

MG

Motor Generator

MG

milligram; 1/1000 gram

MGP

Machine Graded Pine

MH

Manhole

MHZ

Megahertz (Megacycles Per Second)

MI

Mile

MIA

Marble Institute of America

MIAC

Mechanical Industry Advisory Committee

MICE

Member of the Institution of Civil Engineers

MIEE

Member of the Institute of Electrical Engineers

MIKE

Microphone

MILCON

Military Construction

MILTFD

Make It Like The Frigging Drawing

MIN

Minute

MIN

Minimum

MIPS

Millions of Instructions Per Second

MIR

Mirror

MIS

Management Information System (OSHA)

MISC

Miscellaneous

MJ

Megajoule

MK

Mark (Navy weapon designation)

MK

Market

MLS

Multi-Layered Steel

mm

Millimeter

mm3

Cubic Millimetre

MMAW

Manual Metal Arc Welding

MMC

Maximum Material Condition

MMU

Memory Management Unit

MN

Magnetic North

MNECH

Model National Energy Code of Canada for Houses

MOC

Materials Of Construction

MOD

Module

MOL

Mole

MOL

Ministry of Labour

MOR

Modulus of Rupture

MOU

Memorandum of Understanding (an MOU between Food & Drug


Administratin and a regulatory agency in another country allows
mutual recognition of inspections)

MP

Medium Pressure

MP

melting point

MPE

Male Plain End

MPG

Miles Per Gallon

MPH

Miles Per Hour

MPMS

Maintenance Painting Management System

MPR

Multi Planar Reconstruction

MRI

Magnetic Resonance Imaging

MRRD

Ministry Of Rural Reconstruction And Development

MRRR

Ministry of Rehabilitation Reintegration and Reconstruction

MRT

Mean Radiant Temperature

ms

Millisecond

MS4

Municipal Separate Storm Sewer System

MSB

Main Switch Board

MSCE

Master of Science in Civil Engineering

MSDS

Material Safety Data Sheets

MSHA

Mine Safety and Health Administration (US)

MSL

Mean Sea Level

MSSS

Multi-Span Simply Supported

MT

Mountain

MTBC

Mechanical Trades Bargaining Committee

MTBE

Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether

MTBF

Mean Time Before Failure

MTBM

Mean Time Between Maintenance

MTD

Mounted

MTL

Material Technology Laboratory

MTL

Materials Testing Laboratory

MTL

Material

MTR

Motor Technical Reference

MTR

MOTORCRAFT

MTR

Motorized Transportation Regiment

MTR

Motor Transport Regiment

MTTR

Mean Time To Repair

MUC

Mud Under Construction

MV

Medium Voltage

mV

Millivolt

MW

Megawatt (one million watts)

mW

Milliwatts

MWO

Modification Work Order

MWP

Maximum Working Pressure

North

Nitrogen

Newton

N.E.

North East or Northeast

N.W.

North West or Northwest

N/A

Not Applicable

NA

Not Available

NACE

National Association of Corrosion Engineers

NAHB

National Association of Home Builders

NAHBRC

National Association of Home Builders Research Center

NAPHCC

National Association of Plumbing Heating & Cooling Contractors

NAT

Natural

NATA

National Association of Testing Authorities

NAVD

North American Vertical Datum

NAVFAC

Naval Facilities Engineering Command

NB

Nota Bene. Abbreviation of the Latin expression commonly used


to emphasise the importance of a statement, literally meaning
'observe well'. Or less politely and more amusingly, No Bullshit.

NBC

National Building Code of Canada

NBCC

National Buildings Construction Corporation

NBS

National Bureau of Standards (US)

NC

Noise Criteria

NC

Nitrocellulose

NC

Normally Closed

NC

Non-Collapse

NC

No Change

NCC

Naval Construction Contractr

NCCER

National Center for Construction Education and Research

NCCI

National Council For Construction Information

NCCT

Northern California Construction Training

NCIDQ

National Council for Interior Design Qualification

NCMA

National Concrete Masonry Association

NCO

Non-Commissioned Officer

NCPDP

National Construction Productivity Development Project

NCSA

National Centre for Supercomputing Applications

NDE

Non-Destructive Evaluation

NDI

Non-Destructive Inspection

NDT

Nondestructive Test

NE

North-East

NEAT

Novel Environmental Advanced Technology

NEC

National Electrical Code

NECB

National Energy Code of Canada for Buildings

NEF

Noise Exposure Forecast

NEMA

National Electric Manufacturer's Association

NER

National Evaluation Report

NES

National Evaluation Service

NEUT

Neutral

Nf

Noise Frequency

NFBC

National Farm Building Code of Canada

NFC

National Fire Code (Canada)

NFPA

National Fire Protection Association

NFRC

National Federation of Roofing Contractors

NFS

Not Frigging Stable

NG

Natural Gas

NG

No Good

NGC

National Guidelines Clearinghouse

NGS

United States National Geodetic Survey

NGVD

National Geodetic Vertical Datum

NHBRC

National Home Builders Regulatory Council (South Africa)

NI

Nickel

NIBS

National Institute of Building Sciences

NIC

Not In Contract

NIIIP

National Industrial Information Infrastructure Protocols

NIST

National Institute of Standards and Technology

NL

Noise Level

NL

No Liability

NLTF

North LPG Tank Farm (Kuwait) (project name)

NMFS

National Marine Fisheries Services

NNF

Not Normally Flowing

NNI

Nederlands Normalisatie-instituut

NNW

North North-West

NO

Number

NO

Normally Open

NOAA

National Oceanographic & Atmospheric Administration

NOI

Notice of Intent

NOM

Nominal

NPC

Net Present Cost

NPCP

National Photovoltaic Construction Partnership

NPDES

National Pollution Discharge Elimination System

NPS

Non-Point Source pollution

NPT

National Pipe Taper (thread); (cf. NPS)

NPV

Net Present Value {economics}

NR

Noise Reduction

NR

Not Recommended

NRC

Noise Reduction Coefficient

NRC

National Response Center

NRC

National Research Council (Canada)

NRCS

Natural Resources Conservation Service

NS

Near Side

NSAI

National Standards Authority of Ireland

NSW

New South Wales

NT

Northern Territory

NTC

Negative Temperature Coefficient

NTS

Not To Scale

NUC

Neutral Unit of Construction

NURP

National Urban Runoff Program

NVD

Night Vision Device

NVLAP

National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program

NVSD

Non-Vibration Sand Drain

NW

North West

NW

Northwest Wisconsin

NW

Northwest Airlines

NW

Northwest Women's

NWSP

North West Shelf Project

NWT

Noise When Tapped

NYS

Not Yet Started

Oxygen

O&G

Oil and Grease

O/C

On Centre

O/M

Operations and Maintenance

O/S

Out Of Service

OA

Overall

OA

Office Automation

OASIS

Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information


Systems

OBC

Ontario Building Code

OBDC

Ontario Bid Depository Council

Obix

Open Building Information Exchange

OBS

Organizational Breakdown Structures

OBSROV

Observation class Remotely Operated Vehicle

OC

On Center

OC

Operation Center

OCA

Ottawa Construction Association

OCB

Oil Circuit Breaker

OCCA

Ontario Control Contractors Association

OCCA

Offsite Contemporary Construction for Accommodation

OCCM

Office of Court Construction and Management

OCEW

On Center Each Way

OCI

Orascom Construction Industries

OCR

Optical Character Recognition

OCS

Olori Construction Services

oCS

Ontario Construction Secretariat

OCSA

Ohio Construction Suppliers Association

OD

Outside Diameter

ODA

Open Document Architecture

ODAC

Open Distributed Application Construction

ODBC

Open Database Connectivity

ODIF

Office Document Interchange Format

ODL

Object Definition Language

ODMA

Open Document Management API

ODP

Ozone Depletion Potential

OEA

Office of the Employers' Advisory (for WCB)

OEM

Original Equipment Manufacturer (usually in reference to car


parts)

OESC

Ontario Electrical Safety Code

OF

Outside Face

OFC

Ontario Fire Code

OFCC

Ohio Facilities Construction Commission

OFL

Ontario Federation of Labour

OGCA

Ontario General Contractors Association

OGIS

Open Geodata Interoperability Specification

OH

Over Hang

OH

Overhead

OH&S

Occupational Health and Safety

OHBA

Ontario Home Builders' Association

OHSA

Occupational Health and Safety Act

OHTR

optimal Hankel Transform Reconstruction

OHW

Oil-fired Hot Water heater

OIRCA

Ontario Industrial Roofing Contractors Association

OITAB

Ontario Industry Training & Adjustment Board

OJSPC

Ontario Joint Standard Practice Committee

OLE

Object Linking and Embedding (Microsoft communication


protocol)

OLRB

Ontario Labour Relations Board

OM

Operational Maintenance

OMA

Object Management Architecture

OMC

Odhisa Mining Corporation

ON

Osterreichisches Normungsinstitut

ONO

Or Near Offer

OO

Object Oriented

OOPL

Object Oriented Programming Language

OOTW

Out Of This World

OP

Opaque

OPC

Ordinary Portland Cement

OPCEA

Ontario Pollution Control Equipment Association

Opg

Opening

OPIA

Ontario Plumbing Inspectors Association, Inc.

OPP

Opposite

OPSD

Ontario Provincial Standard Drawing

OPSS

Ontario Provincial Standard Specification

OPTC

Ontario Pipe Trades Council

or

outside radius

OR

Operations research

ORB

Object Request Broker

OREL

Overload Relay Elevator Loading

ORP

Operational Readiness Platform

ORSA

Orbit Reconstruction Simulation and Analysis

OSCV

Offshore Subsea Construction Vessel

OSCV

offshore support and construction vessel

OSDS

On-Site Disposal System

OSHA

Occupational Safety & Health Administration

OSM&AHG Ontario Sheet Metal & Air Handling Group


OSV

Outside Stop Valve

OT

Occupational Therapy

OTAB

Ontario Training Adjustment Board

OTW

'OFF THA WALL'

OUT

Outlet

OVFL

OVerFLow

OWST

Organic Waste Storage Tanks

OZ

Ounce

Poise

Pitch

P2

Pollution Prevention

Pa

Pascal (1N/m2)

PA

Public Addresses

PA

Per Annum

PAC

Plasma Arc Cutting

PAC

Provincial Advisory Committee

PAF

Plant Availability Factor

PAGERR

plan for Albay Glenda early recovery and reconstruction

PAH

Polyaromatic Hydrocarbon

PAM

Poly-Acrylamide

PAP

permit application package

PAPI

Precision Approach Path Indicator (aviation)

PAR

Parallel

PASC

Pacific Area Standards Congress

PASS

Passenger

Pat.

Patio

PATCH

Public Art Through Construction Hoarding

PAW

Plasma Arc Weld

PAX

Private Automatic Exchange

PAYE

Pay-As-You-Earn

Pb

Push-button

PB

Pull Box

PC

Personal computer (host)

PC

Primary Circuit

PC/Rm

Computer Room

PCA

Printed Circuit Assembly

PCB

printed circuit board

PCB

Poly-chlorinated biphenyl

PCC

Portland cement concrete

PCCA

Pennsylvania Construction Codes Academy

PCcM

Prestressed Concrete Construction Manual

PCCO

Prime Contract Change Order

PCE

Prestressed Concrete Erection

PCEPC

Personal Computer for EPC

PCEPC

Petrochemical engineer of Phuong Company

Pch

Porch

PCHWP

Process CHilled Water Pump

PCM

Per Calendar Month

PCM

Providing for Construction Management

PCN

Pre-Construction Notification

PCO

Potential Change Order

PCO

Proposed Change Order

PCR

Project Completion Report

PCRA

Pre-Construction Risk Assessment

PCRD

Post-Conflict Reconstruction and Development

PCS

Portable Construction System

pctfe

Polychlorotrifluoroethylene

PCWBS

Preliminary Control Work Breakdown Structure

PD

Potential Difference

PD

pump discharge

PDA

Personal Digital Assistant

PDE

Product Data Exchange

PDES

Product Data Exchange Using Step

PDF

Portable Document Format (created by Adobe Acrobat)

PDM

Product Data Management

PDM

Precedence Diagramming Method

PDML

Product Data Markup Language

PDO

Project Design Outline

PDP

Positive Displacement Pump

PDS

Project Data Sheet

PE

Protective Earth

PED

Preconstruction Engineering and Design

PED

Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics

PED

Pedestal

PED

Pedestrian

PEEK

Polyetheretherketone

PEI

PolyEtherImide

PEP

PolyEthylene Pipe

PEP

Project Execution Plan

PERF

Performance

PeRF

Performance Requirements Framework

Perp

Perpendicular

PET

Pile Echo Tester

PF

Picofarad

PFC

Power Factor Correction/Correcting

PG

Paving Grade

PG

Pressure Gauge (Report)

PGCA

Prince George Construction Association

PGML

Precision Graphics Markup Language

PGP

Pretty Good Privacy (encryption)

PH

Phase

PHCT

Primary Health Care Team

PI

Performance Indicator

PIA

Peripheral Interface Adaptor

PIB

PolyIsoButylene

PIC

Programmable Interrupt Controller

PII

PROFESSIONAL INDEMNITY INSURANCE

PIM

Personal Information Manager

PIN

Personal Identification Number

PKWY

Parkway

PL

Plate

Pl

plastic

PLC

Power Line Carrier

PLD

Programmable Logic Device

PLF

Plant Load Factor

PM

Preventive Maintenance

PM

Project Manager

PMCS

Project Management Control System

PME

Participatory Monitoring and Evaluation

PMG

Project Management Group

PMI

Project Management Institute

PMMA

Polymethyl Methacrylate

PMP

Project Management Plan

PMS

Power Management System

PMV

Plant Machinery and Vehicles

PN

Part Number (P/N Preferred)

PNC

Preferred Noise Criteria

PNEU

Pneumatic

PNL

Panel

PO

Post Office

PO

Project Originals

POC

Point of Creation

POD

Position, Orientation, and Direction

PORT

Portable

POTW

Publicly Owned Treatment Works

PP

Pages

PPC

Portland Pozzolona Cement

PPFA

Plastic Pipe and Fittings Association

PPP

Public Private Partnership

PPS

Polyphenylene Sulfide

PPSU

polyphenylene sulfone

PPT

Pollution Prevention Team

PPVC

Prefabricated Pre-finished Volumetric Construction

PQ

Pre-Qualification

PR

Pair

PRES

Pressure

PRESS

Pressure

PRI

Primary

PROT

Protection

PRV

Pressure Reducing Valve

PSIG

Pounds per square inch gage

PSTC

Pressure Sensitive Tape Council

PT

Point

PT

Potential Transformer

PT

Pint

PT

Part

PTBA

Professional Trail Builders Association

PTC

Positive Temperature Coefficient [elec. Conducting Material]

PTO

Please Turn Over

PVA

Polyvinyl Acetate

PVB

PolyVinyl Butyral

PVC

Polyvinyl Chloride

PVCA

polyvinyl chloride acetate

PVCP

PolyVinyl Chloride Pipe

PVD

Prefabricated Vertical Drain

PVDC

Polyvinylidene Chloride

PVDF

Polyvinylidene Fluoride

PVF

Poly(vinyl Fluoride)

PVK

Polyvinyl Carbazole

PVP

Polyvinylpyrrolidone

PVT

Private

pW

Picowatt

PW

Per Week

PW

Poured Wall

PWC

Professional Women in Construction

PWGSC

Public Works and Government Services Canada

PWR

Power

Q&A

Questions & Answers

Q&T

Quench and Temper

Qa

Center for Quality Assurance in International Education

QAD

Quick And Dirty

QC

Quality Control

QDVC

Qatari Diar Vinci Construction

QI

Quality Improvement

QM

Quality Management

QPL

qualified products list

QS

quantity surveyor

QS

Quality System

QSAR

Quantitative Structure-activity Relationship(s)

QT

Quart

QTR

Quarter

QTY

Quantity

QUAL

Quality

QUANT

Quantity

QWC

Quality West Construction

QWC

Q Williams Construction

Reduction

Required

Resist

Red

Radius

R&M

Refurbishment & Maintenance

R&R

Remove & Replace

RA

Return Air

RAAF

Royal Australian Air Force

RABS

Restricted Access Barrier System

RAC

Rgime d'Apprentissage en Construction

Rad

Radiator

RAD

Radius

RAD

Return Air Damper

Rad

Radiant

RADHAZ

Radiation Hazard

RAME

Rush Architectural Metal Erectors

RAP

Regimental Aid Post

RBEC

Registered Building Envelope Consultant

RC

Reinforced Concrete

rCA

Reinforced Concrete Arch

RCC

Reinforced Cement Concrete

RCC

Residential Construction Certified

RCD

Residual Current Device

RCF

Relative Centrifugal Force

RCHE

Reinforced Concrete Horizontal Elliptical

RCP

Reinforced Concrete Pipe

RCP

Round Reinforced Concrete Pipe

RCP

Reflected Ceiling Plans

RCPA

Reinforced Concrete Pipe-Arch

RCPHE

Reinforced Concrete Pipe Horizontal Elliptical

RCRA

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (1976, 1984)

RD

Relative Density

RDO

Rostered Day Off

Rec

Receiver-Exciter-Controller

REC

Receiver

RECD

Real Estate Construction Design

RECP

Receptacle

Ref

Refer

REG

Register

REG

Regular

REHC

Real Estate Hospitality And Construction

REM

Remove

Req

Require

REQD

Required

RET

Return

REV

Revision

REV

Reverse

RF

Radio Frequency

RFI

Radio Frequency Interference

RFID

Radio Frequency Identification

RFP

Request For Proposal

RFP

Request for Pricing

RFPR

REQUEST FOR PROPOSAL REQUIREMENTS

RFS

Regardless of Feature Size

RFSW

Raised Face Socket Weld (i.e., face of a pipe flange)

RFT

Request for Tender

RGS

Rigid Galvanized Steel

RH

Right Hand

RH

Relative Humidity

RHC

Robert Heely Construction

RHD

Right Hinged Door

RHS

Rectangular Hollow Section

RHS

Right Hand Side

RI

Radio Interference

RIA

Regulatory Impact Assessment

RISC

Reduced Instruction Set Computing

RLR

Reciprocal Licensing Review Board

RM

Room

RMI

Remote Method Invocation

RMO

Resident Medical Officer

RMV

Remove

RO

Reverse Osmosis

ROH

RUNNING OPERATING HOURS

ROJ

Required On Job site

ROM

Rough Order of Magnitude

ROR

Repair Of Repairables

ROW

Right-Of-Way

RPA

Radiant Professionals Alliance

RPM

Resale Price Maintenance. The UK Net Book Agreement, as was.


Means by which retail prices are controlled by primary suppliers.
(Alternatively, Revolutions Per Minute, as in engine speed and
78, 33 and 45 records. In years to come how many people will
know

RPM

Revolutions Per Minute, (Rotations Per Minute)

rps

revolutions per second

RPT

Repeat

RR

Railroad

RR

Rolled Roofing

RRN

Rural Reconstruction Nepal

RRP

Recommended Retail Price

RS

Roof Shingles

RSPC

Regulated Set Portland Cement

RSW

Resistance Spot Welding

RT

Right

RTA

Ready-To-Assemble

RTAH

Roof-Top Air Handler

RTAU

Round Tapered Aluminum with Upswept mast

RTF

Revision Task Force

RTFO

Rolling Thin Film Oven

RTRC

Reinforced Thermosetting Resin Conduit

RTRP

Reinforced Thermosetting Resin Pipe

RTS

Recessed Toe Space

RTU

Remote Terminal Unit

RV

Roughing Valve

RV

Relief Vent

RVA

Recorded Voice Announcement

RVE

R Value Equivalency of insulation

RW

Rotary Wing

RW

Resistance Welding

RWDP

Rain Water Drain Pipe

RWQCB

Regional Water Quality Control Board

RWY

Runway

second (do NOT use "sec" for "second;" use "sec" for "secant")

South

S.E.

South East or Southeast

S.W.

South West or Southwest

SA

Standards Australia

SAA

Standards Association of Australia

SABS

South African Bureau of Standards

SAD

Supply Air Duct

SAD

supply air diffuser

SADT

Self-accelerating Decomposition Temperature

SAF

supply air filter

SAG

Supply Air Grills

SAH

Society of Architectural Historians

san

Sanitary

SANZ

Standards Association of New Zealand

SAP

Sampling and Analysis Plan

SAPS

Site Assessment Prioritization System

SAR

Structure-Activity Relationship

SARA

Superfund Amendment And Reauthorization Act

SARFAESI

Securitisation and Reconstruction of Financial Assets and


Enforcement of Security Interests

SATCO

Senior Air Traffic Control Officer

SAW

Submerged Arc Welding

SB

Storage Battery

SB

Square Bracket

SBCCI

Southern Building Codes Congress International

SBCCI

Southern Building Code Congress International, Inc.

SBR

styrene-butadiene rubber production

SBS

Sick Building Syndrome

SC

Short Circuit

SC

Sliding Clamp

SCA

School Construction Authority

SCADA

Supervisory Control And Data Aquisition

SCBA

Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus

SCC

Standards Council of Canada

SCC

Sodor Construction Company

SCH

Schedule

SCHED

Schedule

SCIP

Shuswap Construction Industry Professionals

SCM

Supply Chain Management

SCME

School of Construction Management and Engineering

SCO

State Construction Office

SCP

Sand Compaction Piles

sCr

State Construction Registry

SCRMU

Sustainable Construction Research Management Unit

SCS

Soil Conservation Service (Anchorage, Alaska) (USDA and DOA)

SD

Smoke Detector

SD

Sand Drain

SDC

School of Design and Construction

SDF

Single Degree of Freedom

SDR

Standard Dimension Ratio

SDS

Safety Data Sheet

SDSS

Super Duplex Stainless Steel

SE

Southeast

SE

Southeast Euro

SEC

Second

SECT

Section

secy

secretary

SEL

Select

SELV

Safety Extra Low Voltage

SERC

Science and Engineering Research Council

SERV

Service

SET

Secure Electronic Transaction

SF

Square Foot

SFFC

Strategic Forum for Construction

SFHA

Special Flood Hazard Area

SFL

Structural Floor Level

SFPM

Surface Feet Per Minute

SFRC

Steel Fiber Reinforced Concrete

SG

Specific Gravity

She

Safety, Health and Environmental

SI

Super Insulation

SI

safety index

SIC

Standard Industrial Classification (Code)

SICA

Southern Interior Construction Association

SIG

Special Interest Group

SIG

Signal

SIL

Speech Interference Level

SINA

Safety Is No Accident

SIP

Structural Insulated Panel

SJI

Steel Joist Institute

SK

Skein = Hank

SL

Sea Level

SLC

Self-Leveling Compound

SLT

Suction Line Temperature

SMC

Sheet molding compound

SMIL

Synchronized Multimedia Integration Language

SMK

Stone Mastic Kerosene

SMPS

Switched Mode Power Supplies

SMS

Site management system

SMS

Steel Making Section

SMT

Surface Modification Technology

snc

Sierra Nevada Construction

SNEBRN

Smart Net-Zero Energy Buildings Strategic Research Network

SNG

Synthetic Natural Gas

SOR

Specifications of Requirements

SOV

Shut Off Valve

SP

Single Pole

SP

Static Pressure

SP

Steel Pipe

SP

Special Purpose

SPCC

Spill Prevention Control And Countermeasures

SPDT

Single Pole Double Throw

SPEC

Specification

Specs

Specifications

SPI

Society of the Plastics Industry

SPL

Special

SPL

Sound Pressure Level

SPST

Single Pole, Single Throw

SPT

Standard Penetration Test (soil science)

Sq

Square shield

sq

square Quadrat

SQ

Square

SQL

Structured Query Language

SR

Steradian

SR

Sod Roofing

SRW

Segmental Retaining Wall

SS

Stainless Steel

SSHO

Site Safety and Health Officer

SSL

Stainless Steel Look

SSL

Secure Socket Layer

SSPC

Steel Structures Painting Council (19501997)

SSPC

Society for Protective Coatings

SSW

Solid-State Welding

ST

Stokes

STA

Station Line

STA

Station

STC

Sound Transmission Class

STD

Standard

STD

Secondary Telecom District

STEL

Short Term Exposure Limit

stg

Storage

STMS

Site Traffic Management Supervisor

stor

Storage

STP

standard temperature and pressure (0 and 1 atm)

STR

Straight

STRL

Structural

STRUCT

Structural

STW

Sewage Treatment Works

STWY

Stairway

SUC

A Site Under Construction

SUD

Stretched Upper Deck

SUP

Support

SUPT

Superintendent

SUSMP

Standard Urban Stormwater Mitigation Plan

SUSP

Suspend

SV

Safety Valve

SV

Solenoid Valve

SV

Stop Valve

SVG

Scalable Vector Graphics

sw

Southwest Wings

SW

South West

sw

Southwest Washington

sw

Southwest Waterfront

sw

Southwest Welcome

SW

Sea Water

SW

Switch

SWBD

Switchboard

SWL

Safe Working Load

SWMP

StormWater Management Program

SWP

Safe Working Pressure

SWPCP

StormWater Pollution Control Plan

SWPPP

Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan

SWRCB

State Water Resource Control Board

SY

Square Yard

SYM

Symmetric

SYN

Synthetic

SYS

System

tonne

Tesla

T&G

Tar and Gravel

tacc

Tennessee Association of Construction Counsel

TAN

Tangent

Tan

Tangent Delta

TARO

Traffic Accident Reconstruction Origin

TB

Terminal Board

TBM

Tunnel Boring Machine

TBP

Technologies for Business Processes

TBR

Toleranced By References

TBS

To Be Supplied(by government)

Tbto

Tributyltin Oxide

TC

Technical Committee (HL7)

TCA

Toronto Construction Association

TCRM

Theory Construction and Research Methodology

TD

Tender Design

TD

Time Delay

Tdc

Time Delay Closing

TDO

Time Delay Opening

TDS

Total Dissolved Solids

TE

Terminal Equipment

TEC

Thermal Efficient Control

TECHCON

Technological Construction

TEL

Telephone

Telarc

Testing Laboratory Registration Council of New Zealand

TEMP

Temperature

TERM

Terminal

TESC

Temporary Erosion and Sedimentation Control

TF

Total Float

TGA

thermal gravimetric analysis

THC

Triple Hybrid Construction

THK

Thick

THKNS

Thickness

THR

Threshold

THRU

Through

TI

Temperature Indicator

TIG

Tungsten Inert Gas

TIPS

Temporary Interior Protection System

TL

Transmission Loss

TLRTD

Tube Latch Ready To Drill

TLV

Threshold Limit Value

TMDL

Total Maximum Daily Load

TN

Town

TOC

Total Organic Carbon

TOC

Theory of Constructions

TOL

Tolerance

TOP

Technical And Office Protocol

TP

True Position

TPIF

Two Point Incremental Forming

TQA

Trades Qualification Act

TQM

Total Quality Management

TR

Temperature Recorder

TRACE

Theft Reports of Agricultural and Construction Equipment

Trans

Transformer

TS

Tensile Strength

TS

Time Switch

TSA

Thermally Sprayed Aluminum

TSP

total suspended particles

TSS

Total Suspended Solids

TT

Turning Tree

TTMAC

Terrazzo, Tile & Marble Association of Canada

TV

Television

twa

Time Weighted Averages

TWU

Transport Workers Union of Malaysia

TWU

Transport Workers Union of America

Typ

Typical

U&L

Upper and lower

UBC

Uniform Building Code

UC

Universal Column

UC

Universityrsal Column

UC

Under Construction

UCA

Under Construction Always

UCA

Underground Construction Association

UCC

uniform construction code

uct

Underground Construction Technology

UEL

Upper Explosive Limit

UFC

Uniform Fire Code

UFL

Upper Flammability Limit

UG

User Group

Uh

Unit Heater

UHF

Ultra High Frequency (300-3000 MHz; 1m-10cm)

UI

User Interface

UL

Underwriters Laboratories

ULC

Underwriters Laboratories Canada

Ulp

Unleaded Petrol

UMAC

Upper Midwest Athletic Construction

uml

Unified Modelling Language

UNEP

United Nations Environment Program

UON

Unless Otherwise Noted

UP

Unsaturated Polyester

UPCC

Upper Peninsula Construction Council

UPS

Uninterruptible Power Supply

UR

Urinal

USACE

United States Army Corps of Engineers

USBIC

Sustainable Buildings Industry Coucil

USDA

United States Department of Agriculture

USEPA

United States Environmental Protection Agency

USGBC

United States Green Building Council

USGS

United States Geological Survey (DOI)

USS

United States Standard

UTS

Ultimate Tensile Strength

UV

Ultraviolet (Light)

UVR

Ultraviolet Radiation

Volt (measurement)

Valve

Virgin

V/V

Volume Per Volume

VA

Volt Ampere

VAC

Vacuum

VAR

Value Added Reseller

vat

Value-added taxes

VAT

Vinyl Asbestos Tile

VAV

Variable Air Volume

VB

Vapor Barrier

VB

Visual Basic

VCCO

VIRGINIA CONSTRUCTION CONTRACTING OFFICER

VCD

Volume Control Damper

VCI

Construction Inc

VCM

Vinyl Chloride Monomer

VCP

Visual Comfort Probability

VCP

Vitrified Clay Pipe

VCR

video cassette recorder/player

VDC

Virtual Design and Construction

VDR

Voltage Dependent Resistor

VDT

Visual Display Terminal

VDU

Visual Display Unit

VE

Virtual Enterprise

VEC

Value Engineering Cost

VENT

Ventilator

VERT

Vertical

VESDA

Very Early Smoke Detection Apparatus

VF

Voice Frequency

VGC

Very Good Condition

VH

Very High

VHF

Very High Frequency

VHSIC

Very High-Speed Integrated Circuit

VI

Vertical Injector

VICE

Veterans In Construction Electrical

VIN

Vinyl

VLF

Very Low Frequency

VM

Value Management

VM

Volatile Matter

VM

Virtual Manufacturing

VMB

Valve Manifold Box(es)

VMC

visual meteorological conditions

VML

Vector Markup Language

VMS

Variable Message Signboards

VO

Virtual Organization

VO

Variation Order

VOC

Volatile Organic Compounds (air pollution)

VOICE

Volunteer Organizer In Construction Empowerment

VOL

Volume

VOR

Variation Order Request

VOU

voussoir(=arch brick)

VP

Vacuum Pump

VPN

Virtual Private Network (ATM)

VR

Voltage Regulator

VR

Virtual Reality

VRL

Vertical Reference Line

vrml

Virtual Reality Modelling Language

VRO

VILLAGE RECONSTRUCTION ORGANISATION

VSD

Variable Speed Drive

VSIC

Vertical Spindle Impact Crusher

VTL

Vertical Turret Lathe

VTS

Vendor Technical Specification

VVMA

Variable air-Volume Modular Assembly

Watt

West

Width

Wide

W/

With

W/O

Without

WAJ

Wipe A Joint

WAN

Wide Area Network

WB

Wet Bulb

WB

Weber

WBS

Work Breakdown Structure

wc

Water Closet (in building plans)

WC

Water Chiller

WC

Water Capacity

WCAT

Workers' Compensation Appeals Tribunal

WCCG

Warehouse Cubed Consulting Group

WCID

Whole Column Imaging Detection

WCK

World Construction Kit

WCR

Western Construction Resources

WEF

Water Environment Federation (formerly WPCF)

WFM

Work Flow Management

WG

Water Gauge

WG

Wire Gauge

WH

Warnock Hersey Mark

WHMIS

Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (Canada)

WHO

World Health Organization

WHSA

Workplace Health and Safety Association

WI

Wrought Iron

WIC

Walk In Closet

WIP

Work In Progress (process)

WL

Water Line

WMO

World Meteorological Organization (ICSU)

WN

Work Notification

WOCC

Warwick Online Course Construction

WP

Working Point

WP

Working Pressure

WP

Waterproof

WPB

Wrought Pipe Bend

wpc

Winter Park Construction

WPHY

Wrought Pipe High-Yield

WS

water-soluble

WS

Water Supply

WSDC

Web Site Design And Construction

WSIB

Workplace Safety and Insurance Board

WT

Weight

Wt

Water Treatment

WTIA

Welding Technology Institute of Australia

WTP

Water Treatment Plant

wu

Window Unit

WV

Wing Valve

WW

Waste Water

WWT

Waste Water Treatment

WWW

World Wide Web

XL

Extra Large

XML

Extensible Markup Language

XSL

EXtensible Style Language

YD

Yard

yd

Yard Dyed

YD2

Square yard

YP

Yield Point

YR

Year

YS

Yield Strength

ZDT

Z-Directional tensile Tester