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1. Find the sum of the harmonic series 3/2+6/7+3/5+...6/19. What did you find out when
you explored the sum, we need to find the number of terms in this sequence. We
compute n by using the formula an=a1+(n-1)d.
We have a1=2/3, an= 19/6 and d=7/6-2/3 or 1/2
an=a1+(n-1)d
so, 19/6=2/3=(n-1)1/2
1/2n=19/6-2/3+1/2
There are two missing terms, a4 and a5.
a4=a3+d

a5=a4+d

=5/3+1/2

=13/6+1/2

=13/6

=8/3

We now have the complete terms of the harmonic series,


3/2+6/7+3/5+6/13+3/8+6/19.
Sn= 3/2+6/7+3/5+6/13+3/8+6/19
=3(1/2+2/7+1/5+2/13+1/8+2/19)
= 94737 / 69160
2. Insert two harmonic means between 6 and 3/2. We first find the arithmetic means
between 1/6 and 2/3. Since we have to insert two terms,
then we have n= 4, a1= 1/6 and a4= 2/3
Using the formula an= a1+(n-1)d, we can find the common difference.
a4= a1+(n-1)d
2/3= 1/6+(4-!)d
d=1/6
So the arithmetic means are:
a2= a1+d

a3=a2+d

=1/6+1/6

=1/3+1/6

=1/3

=1/2

The reciprocals of these two terms result in the harmonic means between 6 and
3/2 which are 3 and 2
3. Find the sum of all positive integers, from 5 to 1555 inclusive, that are divisible by 5.
Solution:
The first few terms of a sequence of positive integers divisible by 5 is given by
5 , 10 , 15 , ...
The above sequence has a first term equal to 5 and a common difference d = 5. We
need to know the rank of the term 1555. We use the formula for the n th term as
follows
1555 = a1 + (n - 1 )d
Substitute a1 and d by their values
1555 = 5 + 5(n - 1 )
Solve for n to obtain
n = 311

We now know that 1555 is the 311 th term, we can use the formula for the sum as
follows
s311 = 311 (5 + 1555) / 2 = 242580
4. An arithmetic sequence has a its 5 th term equal to 22 and its 15 th term equal to 62.
Find its 100 th term.
Solution:
We use the n th term formula for the 5 th and 15 th terms to write
a5 = a1 + (5 - 1 ) d = 22
a15 = a1 + (15 - 1 ) d = 62
e obtain a system of 2 linear equations where the unknown are a 1 and d. Subtract the
right and left term of the two equations to obtain
62 - 22 = 14 d - 4 d
Solve for d.
d=4
Now use the value of d in one of the equations to find a 1.
a1 + (5 - 1 ) 4 = 22
Solve for a1 to obtain.
a1 = 6
Now that we have calculated a1 and d we use them in the n th term formula to find the
100 th formula.
a100 = 6 + 4 (100 - 1 )= 402
5. Find the sum of all the integers from 1 to 1000.
Solution:
The sequence of integers starting from 1 to 1000 is given by
1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , ... , 1000
The above sequence has 1000 terms. The first term is 1 and the last term is 1000 and
the common difference is equal to 1. We have the formula that gives the sum of the
first n terms of an arithmetic sequence knowing the first and last term of the
sequence and the number of terms (see formula above).
s1000 = 1000 (1 + 1000) / 2 = 500500
6. Out of 7 consonants and 4 vowels, how many words of 3 consonants and 2 vowels can
be formed?
Solution

Number of ways of selecting 3 consonants out of 7 = 7C3


Number of ways of selecting 2 vowels out of 4 = 4C2
Number of ways of selecting 3 consonants out of 7 and 2 vowels out of 4 = 7C3 x 4C2
=(765321)(4321)=210
It means that we can have 210 groups where each group contains total 5 letters(3
consonants
and 2 vowels).
Number of ways of arranging 5 letters among themselves = 5!
= 5 x 4 x 3 x 2 x 1 = 120
Hence, Required number of ways = 210 x 120 = 25200
7. Solve the equation (1/2)2x + 1 = 1
Solution:
Rewrite equation as (1/2)2x + 1 = (1/2)0
Leads to 2x + 1 = 0
Solve for x: x = -1/2

8. In a lottery, each ticket has 5 one-digit numbers 0-9 on it.


a) You win if your ticket has the digits in any order. What are your changes of winning?
b) You would win only if your ticket has the digits in the required order. What are your
chances of winning?
Solution:
There are 10 digits to be taken 5 at a time.
a) Using the formula:
The chances of winning are 1 out of 252.
b) Since the order matters, we should use permutation instead of combination.
P(10, 5) = 10 x 9 x 8 x 7 x 6 = 30240
The chances of winning are 1 out of 30240.
9. We need to form a 5 a side team in a class of 12 students. How many different teams can
be formed?
Solution:
There is nothing that indicates that the order in which the team members are selected is
imoportant and therefore it is a combination problem. Hence the number of teams is
given
by
12

10.

Solution:

12! / [ (12 - 5)!5! ] = 792


Evaluate: