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Tutorial and Assignment-1

OPTICS
Module No.1 A: INTERFERENCE OF LIGHT
1.

TUTORIAL:1
The double slit arrangement is illuminated by light of wavelength 546nm. The
slits are 0.12mm apart and the screen on which interference pattern appears is
55cm away.
a) What is the angular position of (i) first minima and (ii) tenth maxima?
b) What is the separation between two adjacent maxima?

2.

Two slits are 0.08 mm apart, and the screen is 2 m away. How far is the third
dark fringe located from the central maximum if λ = 600 nm?

3.

In a Young’s interference experiment, the two slits are separated by 0.0250
mm and the incident light includes two wavelengths:  1 = 510 nm (green) and
 2 = 430 nm (blue). The overlapping interference patterns are observed on a
screen 1.50 m from the slits. Calculate the minimum distance from the center
of the screen to a point where a bright fringe of the green light coincides with a
bright fringe of the blue light.

4.

Measurements are made of the intensity distribution within the central bright
fringe in a Young’s interference pattern. At a particular value of y, it is found
that I/Imax = 0.90 when 600-nm light is used. What wavelength of light should
be used to reduce the relative intensity at the same location to 64.0% of the
maximum intensity?

5.

A thin film of oil (n = 1.25) is located on smooth, wet pavement. When viewed
perpendicular to the pavement, the film reflects most strongly red light at 640
nm and reflects no green light at 512 nm. How thick is the oil film?

6.

An oil film (n = 1.45) floating on water (n = 1.33) is illuminated by white light
at normal incidence. The film is 280 nm thick. Find (a) the wavelength and

0 cm long are in contact at one end and separated at the other end by a thread with a diameter d = 0.30 is used as an antireflective coating on a piece of glass of refractive index 1.048mm in diameter at the other end. A disabled tanker leaks kerosene (n=1.050 0 mm.20) into the Persian Gulf. 14 In a Newton’s ring experiment. When a liquid is introduced into the air space between the lens and the plate in a Newton’s-rings apparatus. creating a large slick on top of water (n = 1. Determine the minimum thickness of the film needed to minimize reflection of 500nm light. 8.0m . 7.color of the light in the visible spectrum most strongly reflected and (b) the wavelength and color of the light in the spectrum most strongly transmitted. the diameter of the tenth ring changes from 1. for which wavelengths of visible light is the reflection is greatest? (b) If you are scuba diving directly under this region of slick. A material having an index of refraction of 1.31 cm.50 to 1. the radius of curvature R of the lens is 5. Explain your reasoning. Light containing the two wavelengths 400 nm and 600 nm is incident perpendicularly and viewed by reflection. A broad source of light (wavelength = 680nm) illuminates normally two glass plates 120 mm long that touch at one end and are separated by a wire 0. (a) If you look straight down from aeroplane on to the region of slick where thickness is 460nm. 30 dark fringes are observed.5. 10 . Calculate the diameter d of the wire. How many bright fringes appear over 120 mm distance? 12 . 9. When the wedge is illuminated from above by 600-nm light and viewed from above. Two glass plates 10.33). At what distance from the contact point is the next dark fringe? 11 . for which wavelengths of visible light is the transmitted intensity is strongest? TUTORIAL: 2 An air wedge is formed between two glass plates separated at one edge by a very fine wire of circular cross section as shown in Figure. Find the index of refraction of the liquid.

0 cm? In a Michelson interferometer 100 fringes cross the field of view when the movable mirror is displaced by 0. from a double-slit of slit-separation d. and its diameter is 20mm. 10 TUTORIAL: 3 Yellow light (wavelength = 589nm) illuminates a Michelson interferometer. Explain the term coherence. Prove that the diameter of n th dark circular fringe in the Newton’s ring . In a Newton’s-rings experiment. How many bright fringes will be counted as the mirror is moved through 1. Calculate the wavelength of the monochromatic light. 2. 3. 8. with the last one precisely on the edge of the lens.. (a) How many rings are produced? (b) How many rings would be seen if the arrangement is immersed in water (n = 1. Discuss the origin of circular fringes in Newton’s rings? Obtain an expression for the radius of m TH order bright ring in the case of Newton’s rings. 17 . what change occurs to the fringe width if the wavelength of the laser light is changed from green to red? Derive an expression for the intensity of light on screen in Young’s double slit experiment by phasor method and with the help of a neat diagram.52) lens having radius r = 5.00 cm is placed on a flat plate. 1. 5.0229 m. Prove with proper diagram that the diameter of the bright circular fringe(s) in a Newton ring set up is proportional to the square root(s) of the odd natural numbers. Obtain an expression for the fringe-width in the case of interference of light of wavelength λ. In Young’s double slit experiment.33)? (Assume wavelength = 589nm) 15 . Write the condition for maxima for Newton’s rings (Given: the thickness of the air film in between the glass plate and the lens = t). 55 bright rings are observed. 9. 6. 7. Assignment: Theory Questions What is the necessary condition on the path length difference (and phase difference) between two waves that interfere (A) constructively and (B) destructively ? Explain the Interference phenomena? State the necessary condition to produce interference of light. a plano-convex glass (n =1. Prove that in this case of interference dark and bright bands are of equal width. When light of wavelength = 650 nm is incident normally. 4. Draw a schematic plot of the intensity of light in a double-slit interference against phase-difference (and path-difference). What is the radius R of curvature of the convex surface of the lens? 16 .

11 .. Explain Michelson’s interferometer. length . Explain how microscopic measurements are made in this. experiment is proportional to the square root of the natural number.