455
STATISTICAL
METHODS
I
Jan
Hannig
11/18/10
STOR455 Lecture 23
STOR455 Lecture 23
Project
I
have
decided
to
assign
a
project.
It
will
be
part
of
the
midterm
exam
score
(10%
of
the
nal
grade).
The
two
inclass
midterm
score
make
40%
of
the
grade.
Due
December
2.
There
are
three
les
(info,
more
info
and
data)
11/18/10
STOR455 Lecture 23
Remedial Measures
Discard outlier
Transforma<on data to
11/18/10
STOR455 Lecture 23
BoxCox Transforma<ons
11/18/10
STOR455 Lecture 23
=
1,
Y
=
Y1,
no
transforma<on
=
.5,
Y
=
Y1/2,
square
root
=
.5,
Y
=
Y1/2,
one
over
square
root
=
1,
Y
=
Y1
=
1/Y,
inverse
=
0,
(Y
=
(Y

1)/),
log
is
the
limit
11/18/10
STOR455 Lecture 23
BoxCox
Details
We
can
es<mate
by
including
it
as
a
parameter
in
a
non
linear
model
Y
=
0
+
1X
+
Choose
that
give
the
best
t
SAS
code
is
in
proc
transreg
11/18/10
STOR455 Lecture 23
Plutonium Example
11/18/10
STOR455 Lecture 23
Do
it
in
SAS
proc
transreg
data=plu;
model
boxcox(y)=iden<ty(x);
run;
11/18/10
STOR455 Lecture 23
Do
it
in
SAS
*Data
transforma<on;
data
plu1;
set
plu;
where
NOT
(
x
EQ
0
AND
y
GE
0.09
);
sqy=sqrt(y);
sqx=sqrt(x);
run;
proc
print
data=plu1;
run;
*
transform
y
and
x;
proc
reg
data=Plu1;
model
sqy
=
sqx;
plot
sqy*sqx
rstudent.*p.
r.*nqq.;
run;
N
23
Rs q
0. 9450
Adj Rs q
0. 9424
RM
SE
0. 0248
 1
 2
0. 050
0. 075
0. 100
0. 125
0. 150
0. 175
0. 200
0. 225
0. 250
0. 275
0. 300
0. 325
0. 350
Pr edi c t ed Val ue
N
23
Rs q
0. 9450
0. 04
Adj Rs q
0. 9424
RM
SE
0. 0248
0. 02
0. 00
 0. 02
 0. 04
 0. 06
 3
 2
 1
0
Nor m
al
Quant i l e
11/18/10
STOR455 Lecture 23
Do
it
in
SAS
Analysis
of
Variance
Sum
of
Mean
Source
DF
Squares
Square
F
Value
Pr
>
F
Model
1
0.22142
0.22142
360.92
<.0001
Error
21
0.01288
0.00061348
Corrected
Total
22
0.23430
Root
MSE
0.02477
RSquare
0.9450
Dependent
Mean
0.18483
Adj
RSq
0.9424
Coe
Var
13.40098
Parameter
EsSmates
Parameter
Standard
Variable
DF
EsSmate
Error
t
Value
Pr
>
t
Intercept
1
0.07301
0.00783
9.32
<.0001
sqx
1
0.05731
0.00302
19.00
<.0001
11/18/10
STOR455 Lecture 23
Do
it
in
SAS
The
nal
model
we
t
is
sqrt(y)=0.07301+0.05731*sqrt(x)+
Be
careful
when
interpre<ng
the
predicted
values
are
sqrt(y),
to
get
a
predicted
value
for
y
need
to
square!
11/18/10
STOR455 Lecture 23
Do
a
model
selec<on
proc
reg,
%allsubsreg.sas
11/18/10
STOR455 Lecture 23
11/18/10
STOR455 Lecture 23
SENIC
Data
Info
about
113
hospitals
between
1975
and
1976
Variables:
id,
length
of
stay,
age,
infec<on
risk,
rou<ne
culturing
ra<o,
rou<ne
chest
Xray
ra<o,
number
of
beds,
medical
school
alia<on,
region
(1=NE,
2=NC,
3=S,
4=W),
average
daily
census,
number
of
nurses,
available
facili<es
File
AppendixC01.txt
in
the
extra
data
sets
11/18/10
STOR455 Lecture 23
STOR455 Lecture 23
11/18/10
STOR455 Lecture 23
STOR455 Lecture 23