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"MONORRIEL-W.

xls" Programa
Versin 2.0

PREDIMENSIONAMIENTO DE VIGAS CARRILERAS


Proyecto:

ESTRUCTURAS INDUSTRIALES EGA SA

DATOS DE LA VIGA CARRILERA PARA

2 Tn

Long =

7.000

PERFIL CON SOLDADURA 500 x 250


Peralte =
Espesor del alma =
Ancho del ala =
Espesor del ala =
refuerzo =

d
tw
bf
tf
t

500
4.50
250
6.00
0

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

20
0.18
10
0.24
0

Datos:
RL(min)=0.31

Perfil de la Viga Carrilera:


500 x 250
Parmetros de Diseo:
Viga Fy =
36
ksi
Luz de Viga, L = 22.9600 ft.
Luz Sin Soporte, Lb = 22.9600 ft.
Coef. Flexin, Cb =
1.00
Luz en Voladizo, Lo = 0.0000 ft.
Luz Sin Soporte, Lbo = 0.0000 ft.
Coef. Flexin, Cbo =
1.00
Carga Izada, P = 4.400 kips
Peso Viga Princ y testera, Wt =
1.100 kips
Peso Polipasto, Wh =
0.220 kips
Factor Impact. Vert., Vi =
15
%
Fact. Carga Horz., HLF =
10
%
No. Total Ruedas, Nw =
2
Esp. Ruedas, S = 0.0000 ft.

RR(max)=6.69
L=22.96

x=11.48
S=0

Pv=6.38

W44x335

Nomenclatura

A=
d=
tw =
bf =
tf =
k=
rt =

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500 x 250 Propiedades del Elemento:


8.05
d/Af =
8.56
in.^2
20.000 in.
Ix =
544.56
0.180 in.
Sx =
55.29
10.000 in.
Iy =
37.55
0.240 in.
Sy =
7.63
1.340 in.
J=
78.776
2.545 in.
Cw = 90189.6

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"MONORRIEL-W.xls" Programa
Versin 2.0
Distancia del ala, a =

2.0000

Reacciones en los Apoyos:


RR(max) =
6.69
RL(min) =
0.31

Resultados:
Parmetros y Coeficientes:
Pv =
6.380
Pw =
3.190
Ph =
0.440
ta =
0.240
=
0.407
Cxo =
-1.196
Cx1 =
1.291
Czo =
0.319
Cz1 =
1.624

in.

kips
kips/rueda
kips
in.

(sin voladizo)
= Pv+w/1000*L/2
= 0+w/1000*L/2

Pv = P*(1+Vi/100)+Wt+Wh (carga vertical)


Pw = Pv/Nw (carga por rueda)
Ph = HLF*P (carga horizontal)
ta = tf (para perfiles-W)
= 2*a/(bf-tw)
Cxo = -2.110+1.977*+0.0076*e^(6.53*)
Cx1 = 10.108-7.408*-10.108*e^(-1.364*)
Czo = 0.050-0.580*+0.148*e^(3.015*)
Cz1 = 2.230-1.490*+1.390*e^(-18.33*)

Momentos Flexionantes para Luz Simple:


x=
11.480
x = L/2 (localizacin del momento mximo del extremo izq. De la luz simple)
ft.
Mx =
38.42
Mx = Pv/*L/4+w/1000*L^2/8
ft-kips
My =
2.53
My = Ph*L/4
ft-kips
(por Manual de Diseo en Acero USS, 1981)
Momento Lateral Flexionante por Torsin en el Ala para Luz Simple:
e=
10.000
e = d/2 (asumir carga horizontal tomada en el ala inferior)
in.
at =
54.447
at = SQRT(E*Cw/(J*G)) , E=29000 ksi and G=11200 ksi
Mt =
0.50
Mt = Ph*e*at/(2*(d-tf))*TANH(L*12/(2*at))/12
ft-kips
Esfuerzos Eje-X para Luz Simple:
fbx =
8.34
ksi
Lb/rt =
108.28
Fbx =
14.07
ksi

fbx = Mx/Sx
Lb/rt = Lb*12/rt
Fbx = (2/3-Fy*(Lb*12/rt)^2/(1530000*Cb)*Fy <= 0.60*Fy

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fbx <= Fbx, O.K.

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"MONORRIEL-W.xls" Programa
Versin 2.0

Esfuerzos Eje-Y para Luz Simple:


fby =
3.97
ksi
fwns =
1.57
ksi
fby(total) =
5.54
ksi
Fby =
19.59
ksi

fby = My/Sy
fwns = Mt*12/(Sy/2) (esfuerzo normal de pandeo)
fby(total) = fby+fwns
Qs*0.6*Fy

Radio de Esfuerzos Combinados para Luz Simple:


S.R. =
0.876
S.R. = fbx/Fbx+fby(total)/Fby

fby <= Fby, O.K.

S.R. <= 1.0, O.K.

Deflexin Vertical para Luz Simple:


Pv =
5.720
kips
(max) =
0.1687
in.
(ratio) =
L/1634
(allow) =
0.6123
in.

Pv = P+Wh+Wt (sin impacto vertical)


(max) = Pv*L^3/(48*E*I)+5*w/12000*L^4/(384*E*I)
(ratio) = L*12/(max)
(allow) = L*12/450
Defl.(max) <= Defl.(allow), O.K.

Flexin Local Ala Inferior (simplificado):


be =
2.880
in.
am =
3.810
in.
Mf =
12.154
in.-kips
Sf =
0.028
in.^3
fb =
439.59
ksi
Fb =
27.00
ksi

be = 12*tf (longitud efectiva flexin en patn)


am = (bf/2-tw/2)-(k-tf) (donde: k-tf = radio del filete)
Mf = Pw*am
Sf = be*tf^2/6
fb = Mf/Sf
Fb = 0.75*Fy

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"MONORRIEL-W.xls" Programa
Versin 2.0

Flexin en Ala Inferior por Especificaciones CMAA No. 74 (2004):


Esfuerzo Local Flexionante del Ala @ Punto 0:
xo =
xo = Cxo*Pw/ta^2
-66.24
ksi
zo =
zo = Czo*Pw/ta^2
17.67
ksi

(Nota: torsin esta despreciada)


(Convencin de Signos: + = tensin, - = compresin)

Esfuerzo Local Flexionante del Ala @ Punto 1:


x1 =
x1 = Cx1*Pw/ta^2
71.51
ksi
z1 =
z1 = Cz1*Pw/ta^2
89.93
ksi
Esfuerzo Local Flexionante del Ala @ Punto 2:
x2 =
x2 = -xo
66.24
ksi
z2 =
z2 = -zo
-17.67
ksi
Esfuerzo Biaxial Resultante @ Punto 0:
z =
25.57
ksi
x =
-49.68
ksi
xz =
0.00
ksi
to =
66.27
ksi

z = fbx+fby+0.75*zo
x = 0.75*xo
xz = 0 (asumido despreciable)
to = SQRT(x^2+z^2-x*z+3*xz^2)

> Fb = 0.66*Fy = 23.76 ksi

Esfuerzo Biaxial Resultante @ Punto 1:


z =
79.76
ksi
x =
53.63
ksi
xz =
0.00
ksi
t1 =
70.43
ksi

y = fbx+fby+0.75*z1
x = 0.75*x1
xz = 0 (asumido despreciable)
t1 = SQRT(x^2+z^2-x*z+3*xz^2)

> Fb = 0.66*Fy = 23.76 ksi

Esfuerzo Biaxial Resultante @ Punto 2:


z =
-0.94
ksi
x =
49.68
ksi
xz =
0.00
ksi
t2 =
50.16
ksi

z = fbx+fby+0.75*z2
x = 0.75*x2
xz = 0 (asumido despreciable)
t2 = SQRT(x^2+z^2-x*z+3*xz^2)

> Fb = 0.66*Fy = 23.76 ksi

tf

tw
X

Pw

Pw

Z
Punto 2

tf

Punto 0
Punto 1
bf

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"MONORRIEL-W.xls" Programa
Versin 2.0

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"MONORRIEL-W.xls" Programa
Versin 2.0

del Elemento:
in.^4
in.^3
in.^4
in.^3
in.^4
in.^6

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"MONORRIEL-W.xls" Programa
Versin 2.0

o izq. De la luz simple)

e Diseo en Acero USS, 1981)

fbx <= Fbx, O.K.


(contina)

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"MONORRIEL-W.xls" Programa
Versin 2.0

fby <= Fby, O.K.

S.R. <= 1.0, O.K.

(max) <= Defl.(allow), O.K.

fb > Fb

(contina)

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"MONORRIEL-W.xls" Programa
Versin 2.0

torsin esta despreciada)

s: + = tensin, - = compresin)

> Fb = 0.66*Fy = 23.76 ksi

> Fb = 0.66*Fy = 23.76 ksi

> Fb = 0.66*Fy = 23.76 ksi

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Versin 2.0

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