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This2007publicationisarevisionofDescriptiveCatalogingofRareBooks,1991,itselfa

revisionofBibliographicDescriptionofRareBooks,1981.
Copyright2007bytheLibraryofCongressexceptwithintheU.S.A.
Thirdprintingwithcorrections,November2011
ForsalebytheLibraryofCongressCatalogingDistributionService,101Independence
Avenue,S.E.,Washington,D.C.205414912.ProductcatalogavailableontheWebat
<http://www.loc.gov/cds>
ISBN:9780844411620

LibraryofCongressCataloginginPublicationData

AssociationofCollegeandResearchLibraries.RareBooksandManuscriptsSection.Bibliographic
StandardsCommittee
Descriptivecatalogingofrarematerials(books)/BibliographicStandardsCommittee,RareBooks
andManuscriptsSection,AssociationofCollegeandResearchLibraries,incollaborationwiththe
CatalogingPolicyandSupportOfficeoftheLibraryofCongress.
p. cm.

This2007publicationisarevisionofDescriptivecatalogingofrarebooks,1991,itselfarevisionof
Bibliographicdescriptionofrarebooks,1981T.p.verso.Includesbibliographicalreferencesandindex.
ISBN:9780844411620(alk.paper)

1.CatalogingofrarebooksHandbooks,manuals,etc. 2.DescriptivecatalogingUnited
StatesHandbooks,manuals,etc.3.AngloAmericancataloguingrules.I.LibraryofCongress.
CatalogingPolicyandSupportOffice.II.Descriptivecatalogingofrarebooks.III.Title.IV.Title:
DCRM(B)

Z695.74.U542007

025.3416dc22

2006051905

ThefrontcoverimageistakenfromleafIofJacobdeVoraginesTheGoldenLegend,
translatedintoEnglishbyWilliamCaxtonandprintedbyJulianNotaryin1504(Folger
shelfmarkSTC24877);thebackcoverimageistakenfromthecolophonofthe
HeidelbergerKatechismus,1584,printedbyMatthiasHarnisch(Folgershelfmark218
098.3q).

PREFACE
Background
DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books),referredtohereafterasDCRM(B),is
thirdindirectdescentfromBibliographicDescriptionofRareBooks(BDRB).BDRB
waspublishedin1981astheinterpretationsoftheLibraryofCongressforAACR2,
rules2.122.18,onearlyprintedmonographs.Whenitwasdueforrevision,the
RBMSBibliographicStandardsCommitteeunderJackieM.Dooleyteamedupwith
BenR.TuckerandRobertEwaldoftheLibraryofCongresstoproduceDescriptive
CatalogingofRareBooks(DCRB),whichappearedin1991.In1998,RobertL.
Maxwell,thenchairoftheBibliographicStandardsCommittee,inauguratedthe
currentrevision.
Incontrasttotheprevioustwoeditionsoftherarebookcatalogingrules,theLibrary
ofCongresspreferredtoberesponsibleforcommentingonandapprovingthetext
ratherthanactivelyengagedinwritingit.DirectorforCatalogingBeacherWiggins
(nowDirectorforAcquisitionsandBibliographicAccess)firstauthorizedthe
revisionandtheBibliographicStandardsCommitteesleadroleinit,andBarbaraB.
Tillett,ChiefoftheCatalogingPolicyandSupportOffice,confirmedhisdecision.
AlongwithElizabethRobinson(teamleaderforrarebookcataloging),Cataloging
PolicyandSupportOfficemembersMargaretDetweilerandRobertEwald(both
nowretired)andJudithKuhagenhavescrutinizeddraftsandmonitoredDCRM(B)s
progress.
DCRM(B)wasalreadywellunderwaywhenworkonRDA:ResourceDescriptionand
Access(thencalledAACR3)wasannounced.TheDCRM(B)editorsbriefly
considered,thenrejected,postponingfurtherworkuntilafterRDAspublication.
Weagreeditwouldbeunwisetodelay,giventheprogressalreadymadeon
DCRM(B)andtheconsiderableinvestmenttodateoftime,labor,andmoney.

ChangesfromDCRB
ThemostsignificantchangesfromDCRBare:newintroductorysectionson
ObjectivesandPrinciplesandPrecatalogingDecisions;theexplicit
incorporationofmachinemadebooksintotheruletextandexamples;theaddition
ofArea6;anexpandedappendixonearlyletterformsandsymbols(including
imagesofearlylettersandsymbolsaccompaniedbytheircorrecttranscriptions);
andnewappendixesoncollectionlevelcataloging,corelevelcataloging,variations
requiringthecreationofanewbibliographicrecord,andindividualissuesofserials.

PREFACE
DCRM(B)givesexpandedguidanceandprescribesamorerigorousandconsistent
approachtotranscriptionthandidDCRB,andincorporatesasharpdistinction
betweeninformationtranscribedfromthesourceandinformationthathasbeen
suppliedbythecataloger.Transcribedinformationisnevertobeplacedwithin
squarebrackets(unlesstheletterorcharacterisunclear;see0G6.2).Conversely,the
presenceofsquarebracketsinthoseareasofthedescriptionthatrequire
transcription(seeintroductorysectionIII.2.2)immediatelyandunambiguously
identifiestextassuppliedorinterpolated.Anothernotablechangerelatedtomore
rigoroustranscriptionprinciplesisthatromandatesinthesourcearetranscribedas
romanratherthanarabicnumerals.
Otherchangesincluderestrictingtranscriptionofthestatementofresponsibilityto
thechiefsourceofinformation;theinclusionofdustjacketsasaprescribedsourceof
informationforareas2,4,and6;adiscussiononthetranscriptionofmanufacturers
inArea4;theexclusionofcopyrightdatesfromthedateofpublicationelement;the
eliminationofspecialstatusforengravedtitlepagesinthestatementofextent;the
droppingofperiodsaftercmandmm(approvedforAACR2in2002but
implementationdeferreduntilpublicationinRDA),andanexpandedsectionon
localnotes.Area0issubstantiallyreorganized,andthelanguagethroughouthas
beenmademoreconsistentandexplicit.

Acknowledgments
ManypeoplehavecontributedtheirtimeandeffortinbringingDCRM(B)tofruition.
MembersoftheBibliographicStandardsCommitteesinceDCRBwentintorevision
inthespringof1998:

RandalS.Brandt
ChristineClarke
AnnW.Copeland
LaurenceS.Creider
EmilyEpstein
DavidM.Faulds
SarahSchmidtFisher
JainFletcher
JaneGillis
MelindaHayes
EileenHeeran
RyanHildebrand
JamesLarrabee

DeborahJ.Leslie
MeganLewis
M.WinslowLundy
JulietMcLaren
RussellMartin
RobertL.Maxwell
KateMoriarty
R.ArvidNelsen
RichardNoble
GregoryA.Pass
ElizabethRobinson
JenniferOBrienRoper
PatrickRussell

NinaSchneider
E.C.Schroeder
SandraSider
StephenSkuce
EileenL.Smith
JoeA.Springer
JamesStephenson
BruceTabb
ManonThroux
AlexThurman
GeraldR.Wager
BethM.Whittaker

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

PREFACE
TheBibliographicStandardsCommitteeisprofoundlygratefultotheBeineckeRare
BookandManuscriptLibraryofYaleUniversity,fortheirabundantgenerosityin
bringingtwentyfiveparticipantstoNewHavenfortheDCRMWorkingConference
in2003,andprovidingfood,housing,space,andstaffassistanceforanenormously
productivefourdaymeeting.ItisnotanexaggerationtosaythatDCRM(B)would
havebeenmuchthepoorerandmuchtheslowerwithouttheBeineckesunstinting
support.Conferenceparticipantswere:

JohnAttig
AnnW.Copeland
LaurenceS.Creider
JackieM.Dooley
SarahSchmidtFisher
JainFletcher
JaneGillis
BrianHillyard
ElizabethL.Johnson

BarbaraM.Jones
JamesLarrabee
DeborahJ.Leslie
RobertL.Maxwell
JulietMcLaren
GregoryA.Pass
ElizabethRobinson
JenniferOBrienRoper
StephenSkuce

EileenL.Smith
JoeA.Springer
LauraStalker
BruceH.Tabb
SuzyTaraba
ManonThroux
BethM.Whittaker

Ourheartfeltthanksgo,too,totheFolgerShakespeareLibraryforgenerously
providingmeetingspaceforthreeDCRM(B)editorialmeetings.Allimagescome
fromthecollectionsoftheFolgerShakespeareLibrary.
ConscientiousandinsightfulcommentonearlierdraftsofDCRM(B)wasprovided
bytheRareBooksDepartmentofCambridgeUniversityLibrary;theBibliographic
StandardsCommitteeoftheRareBooksandSpecialCollectionsGroup,Chartered
InstituteofLibraryandInformationProfessionals(UK);CC:DA;theRareBookTeam
ofYaleUniversityLibrary,andofcourseourpartnerinthisendeavor,the
CatalogingPolicyandSupportOfficeoftheLibraryofCongress.
Weextendourwarmgratitudetoallthosewho,inadditiontothoselistedabove,
contributedtoDCRM(B)byparticipatingactivelyatthepublichearing,commenting
onorproofreadingdrafts,andprovidingvaluableresearchandexpertopinion.This
issurelyacommunitydocument:KarenAttar,DorothyAuyong,MatthewBeacom,
ErinC.Blake,RonaldBogdan,J.P.Brigham,LyleE.Buettner,DeannaChavez,Ellen
Ellickson,WillEvans,ToddFell,CarolFink,LisaFurubotten,BenjaminGriffin,John
J.Hall,MatthewHeintzelman,BarryE.Hinman,EricHolzenberg,NancyA.
Kandoian,JimKuhn,DanielLovins,LucyMarks,AlexandraMason,ChristopherS.
Motta,WalterF.Nickeson,MichaelNorth,DorisN.OKeefe,CarolE.Pardo,
MitchellPendleton,SaraPiasecki,DanielRettberg,JosephRipp,JosephRoss,Lenore
M.Rouse,ChristopherSmith,KarenSpicher,StephenTabor,PennyWelbourne,
KathleenWhalen,JaneWickenden,DavidWoodruff,andStephenR.Young.

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

PREFACE
ThescoresofstudentswhohavepassedthroughmyRareBookSchoolcataloging
courseattheUniversityofVirginia,andnow,California,havehelpedshapethis
documentimmeasurably,whethertheyknowitornot.Byapplyingtheirfreshand
inquisitivemindstoDCRBandthedraftsofDCRM(B),theyhavekeptmyownfrom
thedangersofablindnessbornoftoolongacquaintance.
TheindexwaspreparedbyJeanSkippofIncludesIndex.Thecoverandtitlepage
designisbyKathyBowlinofGraphicAnswersInc.
Finally,Iwanttoacknowledgeandthankthefourpeoplewhoagreedtoservewith
measDCRM(B)editors,whohavegivengenerouslyoftheirtimeandconsiderable
intellect;ithasbeenadelightaswellasaneducationworkingwiththem:JohnAttig,
RobertL.Maxwell,JoeA.Springer,andManonThroux.Editorspreparingtheother
DCRMcomponentshaveaswellprovidedsmart,substantive,cheerful,andmost
welcomeeditorialhelpandadvice:RandalS.Brandt,AnnW.Copeland,Jain
Fletcher,JaneGillis,JulietMcLaren,andStephenSkuce.
ManonThrouxdeservesspecialrecognition:aschairoftheEditorialTeam,shehas
devoteduncountablehours(manyofthemwhiletherestofusslept,nottomention
postponingherhoneymoon)toorganizingtheworkoftheeditorialteam,setting
meetingagendas,keepingtrackofitsprogress,takinguptheslackwhenassigned
tasksfellthrough,carefullyevaluatingeachproposedchangeandaddition,writing
portionsofnewtext,andmakingpainstaking,welldocumentededits.Myesteem,
gratitude,andadmirationknownobounds.

DeborahJ.Leslie
Chair,RBMSBibliographicStandardsCommittee
7December2006

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DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

INTRODUCTION
Contents:
I. Scopeandpurpose
II. Relationshiptootherstandards
III. Objectivesandprinciples
IV. Options
V.Languagepreferences
VI.Spellingandstyle
VII.Acronyms
VIII.Examplesandnotes
IX. Integrityofthecopy
X.Precatalogingdecisions

I.Scopeandpurpose
I.1.DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials
DCRM(B)isthefirstofseveralmanualsprovidingspecializedcatalogingrules
forvariousformatsofrarematerialstypicallyfoundinrarebook,manuscript,
andspecialcollectionrepositories.1Together,thesemanualsformDescriptive
CatalogingofRareMaterials(DCRM),anoverarchingconceptratherthana
publicationinitsownright.DCRMcomponentmanualsforserialsandmusicare
inpreparation.OthercomponentswillbeaddedtotheDCRMfamilyastheyare
developed.
I.2.DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)
DCRM(B)providesguidelinesandinstructionsfordescriptivecatalogingofrare
books,thatis,printedtextualmonographsreceivingspecialtreatmentwithina
repository.Unlikeitspredecessors,whichwereintendedtoapplyexclusivelyto
pre1801imprints,DCRM(B)maybeusedforprintedmonographsofanyageor
typeofproduction.Raremaps,music,serials,andmanuscriptsofanytypeare

Thetermrarematerialsisusedtorefertoanyspecialmaterialsthatrepositorieshave
chosentodistinguishfromgeneralmaterialsbythewaysinwhichtheyhouse,preserve,or
collectthem.Rarityinthenarrowsenseofscarcemayormaynotbeafeatureofthese
materials.
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DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

11

INTRODUCTION
outofscope,withtheexceptionofindividualandspecialissuesofserialstreated
asmonographs(seeAppendixH).
I.3Needforspecialrules
Printedmaterialsinspecialcollectionsoftenpresentsituationsnotordinarily
encounteredinthecatalogingoftypicalmodernpublications(e.g.,variation
betweencopies,cancelledleaves,etc.)andmayrequireadditionaldetailsof
descriptioninordertoidentifysignificantcharacteristics(e.g.,bibliographical
format,typeface,etc.).Suchdetailsareimportantfortworeasons.Theypermit
thereadyidentificationofcopiesofaresource(e.g.,aseditions,impressions,or
issues),andtheyprovideamoreexactdescriptionoftheresourceasanartifact.
I.4.Scopeofapplication
DCRM(B)isespeciallyappropriateforthedescriptionofpublicationsproduced
beforetheintroductionofmachineprintinginthenineteenthcentury.However,
itmaybeusedtodescribeanyprintedmonograph,includingmachinepress
publications,artistsbooks,privatepressbooks,andothercontemporary
materials.
Theserulesmaybeappliedcategoricallytobooksbasedondateorplaceof
publication(e.g.,allBritishandNorthAmericanimprintspublishedbefore1831),
ormaybeappliedselectively,accordingtotheadministrativepolicyofthe
institution,whichmaychoosetocatalogsomeorallofitsholdingsatamore
detailedlevelofdescriptionthanthatprovidedforinAACR2.(Seeintroductory
sectionX.1fordiscussiononchoosingappropriatecatalogingcodesandlevels.)
I.5.Applicationwithinthebibliographicrecord
Theserulescontaininstructionsforthedescriptiveelementsinbibliographic
recordsonly.Theydonotaddresstheconstructionandassignmentofcontrolled
headingsusedasmainandaddedentries,althoughbriefinstructionsrelatingto
headingsandotheraccesspointsdoappearthroughout(e.g.,AppendixFis
entirelydevotedtorecommendationsforuncontrolledtitleaddedentries).

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INTRODUCTION

II.Relationshiptootherstandards
II.1.AACR2,ISBD(A),andothercatalogingdocumentation
AsarevisionofDCRB,DCRM(B)isbasedonAACR2asamendedbytheLibrary
ofCongressRuleInterpretations(LCRI),aswellasonthesecondeditionof
ISBD(A).TheLibraryofCongressauthorizesDCRM(B)asitsinterpretationof
AACR2,2.1218.DCRM(B)deviatesinsubstancefromAACR2andLCRIonly
whenrequiredbytheparticulardescriptiveneedsofrarematerials.Inmattersof
style,presentation,wording,andsubarrangementwithinareas,DCRM(B)
followsitsownconventions.
RefertoAACR2andLCRIforguidanceandinstructionsonmattersof
descriptionnotcoveredinDCRM(B).TherelevantsectionsofAACR2andLCRI
mustbeconsultedforrulesgoverningnameanduniformtitleheadingstobe
usedasaccesspointsforauthors,editors,illustrators,printers,series,etc.For
subjectheadings,numerouscontrolledvocabulariesareavailable;withinthe
UnitedStates,thesubjectheadingsoftheLibraryofCongressarewidelyused.
Consultclassificationdocumentationforassignmentofcallnumbers.For
genre/formheadings,consultthevariousspecializedthesauriissuedbythe
RBMSBibliographicStandardsCommittee.Termsfromotherauthorized
thesauri(e.g.,theArt&ArchitectureThesaurusOnline)mayalsobeusedas
appropriate.
II.2.MARC21
MARC21FormatforBibliographicDataisthepresumedformatforpresentation
andcommunicationofmachinereadablecataloging.UseofDCRM(B),however,
neednotberestrictedtoamachineenvironment,andMARC21isnot
mandatory.ExamplesinthebodyofDCRM(B)areshownusingISBD
punctuation;useofMARC21codingappearsonlyinsomeoftheappendixes.
CatalogersusingMARC21shouldfollowMARC21documentationforinput,
andbeawareofhowtheirbibliographicsystemsinterpretMARC21codesto
automaticallygeneratedisplayfeatures.Thisusuallymeans,forexample,that
thecatalogeromitspunctuationbetweenareas,parenthesesenclosingaseries
statement,andcertainwordsprefacingformalnotes.

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

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INTRODUCTION

III.Objectivesandprinciples
TheinstructionscontainedinDCRMareformulatedaccordingtotheobjectives
andprinciplessetforthbelow.Theseobjectivesandprinciplesseektoarticulate
thepurposeandnatureofspecializedcatalogingrulesforrarematerials.They
areinformedbylongacceptedconceptsinbibliographicscholarshipandthe
AngloAmericancatalogingtradition,aswellasbymorerecenttheoreticalwork
importanttotheconstructionandrevisionofcatalogingcodes,namelythe
InternationalFederationofLibraryAssociationsandInstitutionsFunctional
RequirementsforBibliographicRecords(FRBR)andElaineSvenoniussThe
IntellectualFoundationofInformationOrganization.Assuch,theobjectivesand
principlesarealsoinconformitywiththeIFLAStatementofInternational
CataloguingPrinciples(2009).TheyassumefamiliaritywiththeFRBRterms
usedtocategorizeentitiesthataretheproductsofintellectualorartistic
endeavor(work,expression,manifestation,anditem)aswellasbibliographic
termsusedtodifferentiateamongtextualvariants(edition,issue,impression,
andstate).Itishopedthattheseobjectivesandprincipleswillprovidecatalogers,
andadministratorsofcatalogingoperations,withabetterunderstandingofthe
underlyingrationaleforDCRMinstructions.
III.1.FunctionalobjectivesofDCRM
Theprimaryobjectivesincatalogingrarematerialsarenodifferentfromthosein
catalogingothermaterials.Theseobjectivesfocusonmeetinguserneedstofind,
identify,select,andobtainmaterials.However,usersofrarematerialsoften
bringspecializedrequirementstothesetasksthatcannotbemetbygeneral
catalogingrules,suchasthosecontainedinthelatestrevisionofAACR2.In
addition,thestandardproductionpracticesassumedingeneralcatalogingrules
donotalwaysapplytorarematerials.ThefollowingDCRMobjectivesare
designedtoaccommodatetheseimportantdifferences.
III.1.1.Usersmustbeabletodistinguishclearlyamongdifferent
manifestationsofanexpressionofawork
Theabilitytodistinguishamongdifferentmanifestationsofanexpressionofa
workiscriticaltotheusertasksofidentifyingandselectingbibliographic
resources.IngeneralcatalogingcodeslikeAACR2,itisassumedthat
abbreviatedandnormalizedtranscriptionissufficienttodistinguishamong
manifestations.Usersofrarematerials,however,oftenrequirefuller,more
faithfultranscriptions,greaterdetailinthephysicaldescriptionarea,andcareful
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INTRODUCTION
recordingofvariousdistinguishingpointsinthenotearea,inordertoidentify
separatemanifestations.Additionally,usersofrarematerialsaretypically
interestedindrawingfinerdistinctionsamongvariantswithinmanifestations
thanareusersofothermaterials,includingnotsimplybetweeneditionsand
issuesbutbetweenvariantimpressionsandstates;manyalsoneedtodistinguish
betweencopiesattheitemlevel.
III.1.2.Usersmustbeabletoperformmostidentificationandselectiontasks
withoutdirectaccesstothematerials
Usersofrarematerialsfrequentlyperformidentificationandselectiontasks
undercircumstancesthatrequirethebibliographicdescriptiontostandasa
detailedsurrogatefortheitem(e.g.,consultationfromadistance,limitedaccess
duetothefragileconditionoftheitem,inabilitytophysicallybrowsecollections
housedinrestrictedareas,etc.).Accuracyofbibliographicrepresentation
increasessubsequentefficiencyforbothusersandcollectionmanagers.Thesame
accuracycontributestothelongtermpreservationofthematerialsthemselves,
byreducingunnecessarycirculationandexaminationofmaterialsthatdonot
preciselymeetusersrequirements.
III.1.3.Usersmustbeabletoinvestigatephysicalprocessesandpost
productionhistoryandcontextexemplifiedinmaterialsdescribed
Usersofrarematerialsroutinelyinvestigateavarietyofartifactualandpost
productionaspectsofmaterials.Forexample,theymaywanttolocatematerials
thatarerelatedbyprintingmethods,illustrationprocesses,bindingstylesand
structures,provenance,genre/form,etc.Theabilityofuserstoidentifymaterials
thatfitthesecriteriadependsuponfullandaccuratedescriptionsandthe
provisionofappropriateaccesspoints.
III.1.4.Usersmustbeabletogainaccesstomaterialswhoseproductionor
presentationcharacteristicsdifferfrommodernconventions
Inordertodistinguishamongmanifestations,generalcatalogingcodeslike
AACR2relyonexplicitbibliographicevidencepresentedinconventionalform
(e.g.,aformaleditionstatementonthetitlepageoritsverso).Inrarematerials,
suchexplicitevidencewilloftenbelackingorinsufficienttodistinguishamong
differentmanifestations.Thatwhichisbibliographicallysignificantmaythusbe
obscured.

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

15

INTRODUCTION

III.2.PrinciplesofDCRMconstruction
Tomeettheobjectiveslistedabove,DCRMreliesuponthefollowingsix
principles.Theseprinciplesareinfluencedbythegeneralprinciplesof
bibliographicdescriptionofferedbySvenonius:userconvenience;
representation;sufficiencyandnecessity;standardization;andintegration.
III.2.1.Rulesprovideguidancefordescriptionsthatallowuserstodistinguish
clearlyamongdifferentmanifestationsofanexpressionofawork
Thisprinciplederivesfromthegeneralprincipleofuserconvenienceandhas
implicationsforallareasofthebibliographicdescription.Theprinciplerelatesto
objective1statedabove.
III.2.2.Rulesprovideforaccuraterepresentationsoftheentityasitdescribes
itself,notablythroughinstructionsregardingtranscription,
transposition,andomission
Thisprinciplederivesfromthegeneralprinciplesofrepresentation(withits
relatedsubprincipleofaccuracy)andofstandardization.Preciserepresentation
isofparticularrelevanceinthoseareasofthedescriptionthatrequire
transcription(thetitleandstatementofresponsibilityarea,theeditionarea,the
publication,distribution,etc.,area,andtheseriesarea),butshouldnotbe
ignoredinthephysicaldescriptionandnoteareas.Thegeneralprinciplesof
representationandstandardizationstandingreatertensionwitheachother
whencatalogingrarematerials.Faithfulnesstobothprinciplesmayrequire
descriptiveandannotativetreatmentnecessarilyexceedingthenorms(andat
timesthevocabulary)establishedassufficientforthedescriptionofgeneral
materials.Theprinciplerelatestoobjectives2and4statedabove.
III.2.3.Rulesprovideguidancefortheinclusionofmanifestationspecificand
itemspecificinformationthatpermitsuserstoinvestigatephysical
processesandpostproductionhistoryandcontextexemplifiedinthe
itemdescribed
Thisprinciplederivesfromthegeneralprincipleofsufficiencyandnecessity
(withitsrelatedsubprincipleofsignificance).Applicationoftheprinciple
requiresthatrulesforrarematerialscatalogingprovideadditionalguidanceon
accesspoints,particularlyincaseswheresuchinformationisnotintegraltothe
manifestation,expression,orworkdescribed.Rulesforitemspecificinformation
appearinginthenoteareamayrecommendstandardformsforpresentationof

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INTRODUCTION
information(addressingthegeneralprincipleofuserconvenienceanditsrelated
subprincipleofcommonusage).Applicationofsuchrulespresumesbothausers
needforsuchinformationandacatalogersabilitytoproperlydescribesuch
aspects.Theprinciplerelatestoobjective3statedabove.
III.2.4.Rulesprovidefortheinclusionofallelementsofbibliographical
significance
GeneralcatalogingcodeslikeAACR2routinelystriveforbothbrevityand
clarity,principlesaffiliatedwiththegeneralprincipleofsufficiency.In
describingrarematerials,toogreatanemphasisonbrevitymaybecomethe
occasionforinsufficiencyandlackofclarity.Brevityofdescriptionmaybe
measuredbestagainstthefunctionalrequirementsoftheparticularbibliographic
descriptionratherthanagainsttheaveragephysicallengthofotherbibliographic
descriptionsinthecatalog.Thetensionbetweenrulesforrarematerialsthat
promoteaccuraterepresentationofanitemandyetdonotexceedthe
requirementsofsufficiencyisgreat.Referencetotheprincipleofuser
conveniencemayoffercorrectresolutionofsuchtensions.Thisprincipleis
relatedtoalloftheobjectivesstatedabove.
III.2.5.Rulesconformtothesubstanceandstructureofthelatestrevisionof
AACR2totheextentpossible;ISBD(A)servesasasecondaryreference
point
Thisprinciplerelatestogeneralprinciplesofstandardizationanduser
convenience(withthelatterssubprincipleofcommonusage).DCRMassumes
thatusersofbibliographicdescriptionsconstructedinaccordancewithits
provisionsoperateincontextswhereAACR2(oftenasinterpretedandapplied
bytheLibraryofCongress)istheacceptedstandardforthecatalogingofgeneral
materials.Therefore,DCRMusesexistingAACR2vocabularyinamanner
consistentwithAACR2;anyadditionalspecializedvocabularynecessaryfor
descriptionandaccessofrarematerialsoccursinaclearandconsistentmanner
inDCRMrules,appendixes,andglossaryentries.DCRMdoesnotintroduce
rulesthatarenotrequiredbydifferencesexpectedbetweenrareandgeneral
materials.NumberingofareaswithinDCRMconformstothestructureofISBD
asimplementedinAACR2.WhenanexistingAACR2rulesatisfiesthe
requirementsofcatalogingrarematerials,DCRMtextismodeledonAACR2text
(substitutingexamplesdrawnfromrarematerialsforillustration).Incaseswhere
thelanguageofAACR2isnotpreciseenoughtoconveynecessarydistinctionsor

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

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INTRODUCTION
mayintroduceconfusionwhendealingwithrarematerials,DCRMusescarefully
consideredalternativewording.WordingofrelevantISBD(A)standardswasalso
consideredwhendeviatingfromAACR2.
III.2.6.RulesarecompatiblewithDCRBexceptincaseswherechangesare
necessarytoalignmorecloselytocurrentrevisionsofAACR2orto
conformtotheaboveprinciples
Thisprinciplerelatestogeneralprinciplesofstandardizationanduser
convenience(withthelatterssubprincipleofcommonusage).DCRMassumes
thatusersofbibliographicdescriptionsconstructedinaccordancewithits
provisionsoperateincontextswheremonographicmaterialsinspecial
collectionswerecataloged,untilrecently,usingDCRB.Therefore,changesto
DCRBcatalogingpracticeswereintroducedonlyaftercarefulconsiderationof
thevalueornecessityofsuchchanges.

IV.Options
Availableoptionsareindicatedinoneofthreeways.
Alternativeruledesignatesanalternativeoptionwhichaffectsallorseveral

areasofthedescription,andwhichmustbeusedconsistentlythroughout.In
DCRM(B),alternativerulesapplytothetranscriptionoforiginalpunctuation
andtothecreationofseparaterecordsforindividualimpressions,states,
bindingvariants,orcopies.
Optionallyintroducesanalternativetreatmentofanelement.
Ifconsideredimportantindicatesthatmoreinformationmaybeaddedina

note,andthussignalschoicesformoreorlessdepthinthedescription.This
phrasecoverstheentirerangebetweenbestpracticeontheoneend,and
highlyspecializedpracticesontheother.
Thecatalogingagencymaywishtoestablishpoliciesandguidelinesonthe
applicationofoptions,leavetheuseofoptionstothediscretionofthecataloger,
oruseacombinationofthetwo.

V.Languagepreferences
DCRM(B)iswrittenforanEnglishspeakingcontext.Catalogingagencies
preparingdescriptionsinthecontextofadifferentlanguageshouldreplace

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INTRODUCTION
instructionsandguidelinesprescribingorimplyingtheuseofEnglishintotheir
preferredlanguage(see4B34,4B812,4E,andareas5and7).

VI.Spellingandstyle
DCRM(B)usesMerriamWebstersCollegiateDictionary,eleventhedition,asits
authorityinmattersofspelling,andinmattersofstyle,thefifteentheditionof
theChicagoManualofStyle.

VII.Acronyms
AACR2
BDRB
BIBCO
CC:DA

DCRB
DCRM
DCRM(B)
ISBD
ISBD(A)
LC
LCRI
PCC
RBMS
RDA

AngloAmericanCataloguingRules,secondedition
BibliographicDescriptionofRareBooks
MonographicBibliographicProgramofthePCC
CommitteeonCataloging:DescriptionandAccess,Associationfor
LibraryCollectionsandTechnicalServices,AmericanLibrary
Association
DescriptiveCatalogingofRareBooks
DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials
DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)
InternationalStandardBibliographicDescription
InternationalStandardBibliographicDescriptionforOlderMonographic
Publications(Antiquarian)
LibraryofCongress
LibraryofCongressRuleInterpretations
ProgramforCooperativeCataloging
RareBooksandManuscriptsSection,AssociationofCollegeand
ResearchLibraries,AmericanLibraryAssociation
ResourceDescriptionandAccess

VIII.Examplesandnotes
VIII.1.Examples.Theexamplesarenotinthemselvesprescriptive,butaremeant
toprovideamodelofreliableapplicationandinterpretationoftherulein
question.Aword,phrase,element,orentireareamaybeillustrated;ISBD
punctuationisgivenasneededonlyfortheportionillustrated.
VIII.2.Notes.Theinstructionsandguidelinesinarea7arewritteninimperative
form.Thisdoesnotimplythatallnotesarerequired;onthecontrary,mostnotes

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

19

INTRODUCTION
arenot(see7A1.5).ConsulttheotherareasofDCRM(B)inordertoascertain
whatisrequiredandwhatisoptionalinanygivensituation(see7A1).The
conventionsfornotesincludedaspartoftheexamplesareasfollows.
Noteindicatesthatthenoteisrequiredifapplicable.
Optionalnoteindicatesthatthenoteisnotrequired.Thelabelingofanote

asoptionalintheserulescarriesnojudgmentaboutitsimportance(see
introductorysectionIV);certainnotesdesignatedasoptionalmayinfact
bealmostuniversallyapplied.
Localnoteindicatesanotedescribingcopyspecificinformationnot

affectingareas16thatisrequiredifapplicable(see7B19).Itmustbeclearly
identifiedasalocalnoteaccordingtotheprovisionsof7B19.1.1.Copy
specificinformationthatdoesaffectareas16,suchasbasingthedescription
onanimperfectcopy(see0B2.2),isrequiredandrecordedinageneralnote.
Optionallocalnoteindicatesthatthenotedescribingcopyspecific

informationisnotrequired.
Commentprefacesdetailsneededtoadequatelyexplaintheexample,and

arenottobeconfusedwithnotesappearingwithinthebibliographical
description.

IX.Integrityofthecopy
IX.1.Defectsandsophistication
Agreatervulnerabilitytodamage,defect,andlossmeansthatrarematerials,
especiallyolderprintedmaterials,arelesslikelythanmodernmaterialstobeina
perfectorcompletestatewhentheyreachthecataloger.Oneofthecatalogers
tasksistoascertain(withinreasonableconstraints)whetherandhowmuchthe
copyinhanddeviatesfromitsoriginalstateasissued.Imperfectionsanddefects
areusuallyeasytospot.Hardertospotduringcasualexaminationare
replacementleaves,plates,orsectionsfromanothercopy,andthecatalogeris
notexpectedtoverifytheintegrityofeachleafinapublicationunlessthereis
reasontosuspectthatthecopyinhandmayhavebeenmadeup,doctored,or
falsified(sophisticated).Bibliographersandbooksellersdescriptionsarethe
usualsourceofsuchinformation.

20

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

INTRODUCTION
IX.2.Dustjackets
Inthecontextofrarematerialscataloging,dustjacketsissuedbythepublisher
areappropriatelyconsideredpartofapublication,andareincludedinthese
rulesasprescribedsourcesforareas2,4,and6.Dustjacketsoftencontain
valuableinformationnotfoundinanyothersourceinthepublication.Theireasy
detachability,however,coupledwiththeiroriginalfunctionasprotectionforthe
bindingonlyuntilitwassafelyinthehandsofareader,poseconsiderable
difficultiesfortherarematerialscataloger.Afinedustjacketfromapoorcopy
mayhavebeenexchangedwithapoordustjacketfromafinecopy;thedust
jacketofanoriginalprintingmayenduponthecopyofalatermanifestation,
andsoon.Whenconsideringwhethertotranscribeinformationthatappears
onlyonadustjacket,considerthatthedustjacketwasissuedwiththe
publication,unlessthereisreasontosuspectotherwise.

X.Precatalogingdecisions
Beforeabibliographicrecordcanbecreatedforamonographorgroupof
monographsawaitingcataloginginaninstitutionsspecialcollections,
appropriatedecisionsmustbemaderegardingthearrayofdescriptiveoptions
availabletothecataloger.Theseprecatalogingdecisionsinclude:determining
whetherDCRM(B)orAACR2ruleswillgovernthedescription,choosingthe
levelofcatalogingthatwillbeapplied,anddeterminingtheextenttowhich
variousoptionsintheruleswillbeexercised.
BecauseDCRM(B)waswrittentoaddressthespecialneedsofusersofrare
materials,itislikelytobetheappropriatecatalogingcodeforthemajorityof
printedmonographsheldinspecialcollections.However,forsomecategoriesof
materials,thecatalogingobjectives(seeintroductorysectionIII)maybemetby
useofAACR2orbytheapplicationofoptionswithintheDCRM(B)rulesthat
permitlessdetailinthedescription.FulllevelDCRM(B)recordsthatemployall
possibledescriptiveoptionswillnotnecessarilybethebestchoiceforeveryitem.
Thefollowingsectionprovidesguidanceforcatalogersandcataloging
administratorsfacedwiththesedecisionsandidentifiessomeoftheinstitutional
andcontextualfactorsthatshouldbetakenintoconsideration.Itassumesthat
certainroutinechoiceswillalreadyhavebeenmade,suchaswhetherthe
encodingstandardforthedescriptionwillbeMARC21andwhetheraresource
issuedaspartofamonographicseriesormultipartmonographwillbeanalyzed.

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

21

INTRODUCTION
Institutionsmaypromoteefficiencybysettingcatalogingpoliciesforspecific
categoriesofmaterialsintheircollectionsratherthanmakingdecisionsonan
itembyitembasis.Forexample,aninstitutionmaydecidetocatalogallpre1831
booksusingDCRM(B),traceprintersandbooksellersforallpre18thcentury
books,butgivesignaturestatementsandexpansivedescriptivenotesfor15th
and16thcenturybooksonly.Itmaychoosetocatalogalllaterbooksaccording
toAACR2,butaddselectedgenre/formorprovenancenameheadings.Itmay
decidethatcollectionlevelcatalogingissufficientforbrochures.Amechanism
foreasilymakingexceptionstogeneralcatalogingpolicyisdesirableaswell.If,
forexample,acuratorbuysabookforitsnotableclothbinding,descriptionof
andaccesstothebindingoughttobegiveninthebibliographicrecord,evenifit
isnottheinstitutionsusualpolicytodescribebindings.
X.1.Decisionstomakebeforebeginningthedescription
X.1.1.Itemlevelvs.collectionleveldescription
Determinewhetherthematerialwillreceiveitemleveldescription,collection
leveldescription,orsomecombinationofthetwo.
ItemlevelcatalogingrepresentsthenormativeapplicationoftheDCRM(B)rules.
GuidelinesforcreatingcollectionleveldescriptionsarefoundinAppendixB.
Collectionlevelcatalogingisusuallyfasterthanitemlevelsometimes
dramaticallysobutisattendedbysuchasubstantiallossofspecificitythatits
useasthesolefinalcatalogingforagroupofitemsshouldbechosenonlyafter
carefulconsideration.Thelackofspecificitycanbemitigatedthroughprovision
ofsomesortofitemlevelcontrol,suchasaninventorylist,findingaid,or
database,andsuchanapproachishighlyrecommended.Collectionlevel
catalogingofrarematerialsismostsuitablewhenitemshaveminimalvaluein
themselvesbutderivevalueaspartofacollection.Useofcollectionlevelcontrol
byitselfmaybeappropriatewhenusersareunlikelytobeseekingknownitems,
ortheriskofinadvertentpurchaseofduplicateindividualitemsisconsidered
insignificant.Collectionlevelcontrolaloneisunlikelytoprovideadequate
evidencetoidentifymaterialsfollowingatheft.
Acombinationapproachwouldentailindividualcatalogingofallorselected
itemsinthecollectioninadditiontothecreationofacollectionlevelrecord.Such
anapproachmayinvolvephasedprocessing,wherebythecatalogercreatesa
collectionlevelrecordtoprovideimmediatebasicaccesstothecollection,and

22

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

INTRODUCTION
thenlatercreatesitemlevelrecordsforpriorityitemsastimeandresources
permit.
X.1.2.Catalogingcode:AACR2vs.DCRM(B)
Determinewhichcatalogingcodewillgovernthedescription.Bothcodescontain
optionalrulesinadditiontotherequiredones,andeachallowsvaryinglevelsof
catalogingdepth.
Initemlevelbibliographicrecords,useofAACR2resultsinadescriptionthat
highlightsthebasicfeaturesofapublicationandobscuressomeofthe
differencesbetweenmanifestationsorbetweenvariantsofasinglemanifestation.
AACR2isgenerallyconsideredtobeeasierandquickertoapplythanDCRM(B).
AACR2ismostsuitablewhen,inaninstitutionalcontext,anitemwasacquired
andisofsignificanceprimarilyforitscontentratherthanitsartifactualvalue.In
contrast,useofDCRM(B)producesmorefaithfultranscriptionsandmore
accuratephysicaldescriptions.Itwillbemorelikelytofacilitatedifferentiation
betweenmanifestationsandrevealthepresenceofbibliographicvariantsamong
seeminglyidenticalitems.DCRM(B)ismostsuitablewhenanitemcarries
artifactualorbibliographicalsignificance,oritisotherwiseimportanttoprovide
distinctionsbetweenissues,bibliographicalvariants,orindividualcopies.
X.1.3.Encodinglevel:DCRM(B)minimalvs.corevs.full
Determinewhetherthedescriptionwillbedoneataminimal,core,orfulllevel.
Eachlevelhasitsparticularuseswithattendantadvantagesanddisadvantages.
DCRM(B)minimallevelprovidesforfaithfultranscriptionandexactphysical
description,butrequiresneithernotesnorheadings.Minimallevelrecordscan
beproducedquitequickly.Becausenameandsubjectheadingsmaybelacking,
thematerialsrepresentedbytheserecordsmaybeinaccessiblethroughallbut
knownitemsearches,andsoshouldbeusedonlyaftercarefulconsideration.
DCRM(B)minimallevelmaybesuitablewhenaccuratephysicaldescriptionis
desiredbutarecordwithfewornoaccesspointsisacceptable,orwhen
particularlanguageexpertiseamongcurrentcatalogingstaffisinsufficientfor
propersubjectanalysis.ForfurtherinformationoncreatingDCRM(B)minimal
leveldescriptions,seeAppendixD.

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

23

INTRODUCTION
DCRM(B)corelevelprovidesforfaithfultranscriptionandexactphysical
description,afullcomplementofnameheadings,andatleastonesubject
heading,butrequiresfewnotes.2Corelevelrecordsmaybesuitableforitemsor
collectionsthatcarryenoughbibliographicalorartifactualsignificancetobenefit
fromdetaileddescriptionandcontrolledheadingaccess,butforwhichthe
omissionofmostnotesisacceptable.Forfurtherinformationoncreating
DCRM(B)coreleveldescriptions,seeAppendixC.
DCRM(B)fulllevelrepresentsthenormativeapplicationoftheserules,yet
encompassesarangeofpotentiallevelsofdetail.Fulllevelrecordsprovidefor
faithfultranscriptionanddetailed,completephysicaldescription.Although
somenotesarerequired(e.g.,thesourceofthetitleproperifnotthetitlepage),
mostareoptionalandcanbeappliedselectivelydependingonthenatureofa
collectionoraninstitutionsneeds.Forexample,signaturestatements,
descriptionsofillustrativeelements,namesofillustratorsandothersresponsible
forsuchelements,andparticularattributesoftheiteminhandmaybeincluded
oromittedasdesired.
AlthoughtreatmentofheadingsisoutsidethescopeofDCRM(B),fulllevelrecords
typicallycontainafullcomplementofnameandsubjectheadings.Inadditionto
thosetypicallygiventogeneralmaterials,DCRM(B)fulllevelrecordsmaycontain
headingsforprinters,publishers,illustrators,engravers,formerowners,binders,etc.
Thenameheadingsneednotbeestablishedusingauthorityrecords,althoughfull
authoritywork,especiallyifcontributedtotheLC/NACOAuthorityFile,willresult
ingreaterconsistencyofheadingsandimprovedaccess.3
Theadditionofgenre/formheadingsisparticularlyencouragedinfulllevelrecords.
Thesemaybeusedtoprovideaccessbyliterarygenre(e.g.,Herbals,Booksellers
catalogs)orbyphysicalform(e.g.,Impositionerrors,Annotations).Preferthe
terminologyusedincontrolledvocabulariesissuedbytheRBMSBibliographic
StandardsCommittee.Termsfromotherauthorizedvocabularies(e.g.,theArt&
ArchitectureThesaurus)mayalsobeusedasappropriate.

IfaninstitutionisaBIBCOparticipantcontributingcorelevelrecordsaspartoftheProgram
forCooperativeCataloging(PCC),allheadingsmustbeestablishedintheLC/NACOand
LC/SACOAuthorityFiles.
2

IfaninstitutionisaBIBCOparticipantcontributingfulllevelrecordsaspartoftheProgram
forCooperativeCataloging(PCC),allheadingsmustbeestablishedintheLC/NACOand
LC/SACOAuthorityFiles.
3

24

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

INTRODUCTION
X.1.4.Bibliographicvariants
Iftwoormoreitemscanbeidentifiedasbibliographicvariantsofanedition,
decidewhethertodescribethemusingasinglebibliographicrecordormultiple
records.
ItistakenasadefaultapproachinDCRM(B)thataseparaterecordwillbemade
foreachvariantthatrepresentswhatisreferredtoasaneditioninAACR2and
anissueinbibliographicscholarship.However,thisdefaultapproachisnot
prescriptiveandindeedmaynotbedesirableineverysituation.Withintherules,
alternativesareprovided(see2B3.2,2B4.2,2D2,4G)thatpermitthecreationof
separaterecordsforindividualimpressions,states,bindingvariants,orcopies.
Oncethedecisionhasbeenmadetoapplythesealternativerules,thecataloger
mustbeconsistentinapplyingthemtoallareasofthedescription.Forfurther
guidanceonthecatalogingofbibliographicvariants,seeAppendixE.
X.2.Factorstoconsiderinmakingthesedecisions
Considerthefollowingfactorswhendeterminingappropriatelevelsof
descriptionandaccessformaterialsawaitingcataloging.Thesefactorswillhelp
toidentifyitemsthatmightdeservemoredetaileddescriptionsorhigherpriority
treatment.
X.2.1.Institutionsmissionanduserneeds
Evaluatetherelevanceoftheitemsawaitingcatalogingtotheinstitutions
missionandtheneedsofitsusers.Ideally,theinstitutionwillhavedeveloped
internaldocumentationthatwillfacilitatesuchanevaluation,includinga
missionstatement,collectiondevelopmentguidelines,andalistingofconstituent
usersandtheiranticipatedneeds.Theneedsofbothpatrons(researchers,
teachers,students,etc.)andstaff(collectiondevelopment,reference,technical
services,etc.)shouldbetakenintoconsideration.
X.2.2.Institutionalanddepartmentalresources
Evaluateinstitutionalanddepartmentalresources,especiallystaffinglevels,
expertise,andcurrentworkloads.
Isstaffabletokeepupwiththeinflowofnewmaterials?
Isthereareasonablebalancebetweenresourcesdevotedtoacquiring

materialsandthosedevotedtoprocessingthem?
DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

25

INTRODUCTION
Iscurrentstaffexpertiseinlanguages,subjectareas,descriptivestandards,

andencodingstandardsadequateforimplementingand/orcompleting
proposedworkplans?
Isstaffabletoworkconcurrentlywithmorethanonecodeand/or

descriptionlevel?
Arefundingandspaceavailableforhiringnewtemporaryorpermanent

staffwiththenecessaryqualifications?
Areadequatereferencesources,suchasspecializedbibliographies,available

forstaffuse?
Howmanyotherprojectsareinprocessandwhataretheirrequirementsand

priorities?
Theregularreviewofcatalogingprioritiesishighlyrecommendedandshould
includediscussionswithcuratorial,publicservices,technicalservices,and
preservationstaff.
X.2.3.Marketvalueandconditionsofacquisitionoftheitemorcollection
Considertheconditionsofacquisitionandtheestimatedmarketworthofthe
itemorcollectionawaitingcataloging.
Doesthemonetaryorpublicrelationsvalueofthematerialjustifyahigher

levelofaccessthanwouldotherwiseapply?
Haveanyaccessrequirementsbeenimposedbyadonoraspartoftheterms

ofacquisition?
Istheitemorcollectionaccompaniedbybibliographicdescriptionsthatwill

facilitatecataloging?
X.2.4.Intellectualandphysicalcharacteristicsoftheitemorcollection
Finally,evaluatetheintellectualandphysicalcharacteristicsoftheitems
awaitingcataloging.
Isthereaunifyingcharacteristicthatwouldjustifyandfacilitatethe

descriptionofthematerialsasacollection(e.g.,author,publisher,placeof
publication,genre/form,etc.)?
Isaparticularcollectionrenowned?
Dothematerialshaveatopicalfocusthathasrecentlyacquiredimportance

26

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

INTRODUCTION
orurgency(e.g.,duetoascholarlyconferencehostedbytheinstitutionorthe
hiringofanewprofessorwithaparticularspecialty)?
Iscatalogingcopygenerallyavailable?
Weretheitemspurchasedprimarilyfortheircontent?
Dothespecificcopieshavebibliographicorartifactualvalue?
Istheinstitutioncollectingdeeplyinthearea?
Aredetaileddescriptionslikelytorevealbibliographicvariantsthatwillbe

ofinteresttoresearchers?
Aredetaileddescriptionslikelytohelppreventtheinadvertentpurchaseof

duplicatesorthefailuretoacquiredesirablevariants?
Istheitemorcollectionvulnerabletotheftorvandalism?
Wouldamoredetaileddescriptionhelppreventunnecessaryhandlingby

staffandresearchers?

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

27

0.GENERALRULES
Contents:
0A.Scope
0B.Thebasicdescription
0C.Chiefsourceofinformation
0D.Prescribedsourcesofinformation
0E.Prescribedpunctuation
0F.Languageandscriptofthedescription
0G.Transcription

0A.Scope
Theserulesprovideinstructionsforcatalogingprintedmonographsbooks,
pamphlets,andsinglesheetpublications,otherthanmapsandmusicwhose
rarity,value,orinterestmakespecialdescriptionnecessaryordesirable.They
coverinstructionsforthedescriptiveareasinbibliographicrecordsonly(seealso
introductorysectionsIII).Individualandspecialissuesofserialsand
unnumberedspecialissuesmayalsobedescribedasmonographs(see
AppendixH).

0B.Thebasicdescription
0B1.Requiredelements
Thedescriptionmustalwaysincludethefollowingelements,regardlessofthe
completenessoftheinformationavailable:
titleproper
dateofpublication,distribution,etc.
extent
size

Alsoincludeotherelementsofdescriptionassetoutinthefollowingrules,if
availableandappropriatetothechosenlevelofdescription.
0B2.Basisofthedescription
0B2.1.Generalrule.Basethedescriptiononthecopyinhand.
DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

29

GENERALRULES
0B2.2.Imperfectcopies.Ifdescribingacopyknowntobeimperfect,anddetails
ofaperfect(ormoreperfect)copycanbedetermined,basethedescriptiononthe
perfectcopy.Usesquarebracketsonlywhererequiredfordescriptionofthe
perfectcopy.Insuchcases,thedetailsmaybedeterminedbyexamining
additionalcopiesorbyreferringtoreliabledescriptionsinothersources.As
appropriate,citethesourceusedforthedescriptioninanote(see7B3,7B14).
Makealocalnotedescribingtheimperfectionofthecopyinhand(see7B19.1).
Ifnoreliableevidenceofthedetailsofaperfectcopyisavailable,describethe
copyasitis.Makeageneralnoteindicatingthatthedescriptionisbasedonan
imperfectcopy.

0C.Chiefsourceofinformation
0C1.Singletitlepage
0C1.1.Thechiefsourceofinformationforapublicationotherthanasinglesheet
(see1G)isthetitlepage,or,ifthereisnotitlepage,thesourcefromwithinthe
publicationthatisusedasasubstituteforit.Ifinformationtraditionallygivenon
thetitlepageisgivenontwofacingpagesoronpagesonsuccessiveleaves,with
orwithoutrepetition,treatallofthesepagesasthechiefsourceofinformation.
0C1.2.However,ifthepublicationbearsacoverissuedbythepublisher,andthe
covercontainsalltheelementstypicallygivenonatitlepagebutwithmore
recentinformationthanthatprovidedonthetitlepage(e.g.,alateredition
statementandpublicationdate),choosethecoverasthechiefsourceof
information.Makeanotetoindicatethatthecoverhasbeenchosenasthechief
sourceofinformation(see7B3.1).
Poetry of animated nature illustrated : a chaste, interesting and
instructive present for juveniles. -- Second edition. -Philadelphia : Published by Robert A. Smith, 1848
Note: Title, edition statement, and imprint taken from printed
wrapper. Title page reads: Poetry of animated nature
illustrated. In a series of numbers. Philadelphia: Published by
Robert A. Smith, 1846

0C2.Multipletitlepages
Ifthepublicationhasmorethanonetitlepage,chooseasthechiefsourceof
informationoneofthefollowing,applyingthefirstapplicablecriterion:

30

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

GENERALRULES
a) Ifthetitlepagespresentthepublicationindifferentaspects(e.g.,asan
individualpublicationandaspartofamultipartmonograph),preferthe
onethatcorrespondstotheaspectinwhichthepublicationistobe
treated.
b) Ifthepublicationisinmorethanonevolume,eachofwhichhasatitle
page,usethetitlepageinthefirstvolume(orthelowestnumbered
volumeifthefirstvolumeisnotavailable).
c) Ifthepublicationisinonevolumeandthechiefdifferencebetween
multipletitlepagesisimprintdate,choosetheonewiththelatestdate.
d) Ifthepublicationisinonevolumeandthechiefdifferencebetweentwo
titlepagesisthatoneisletterpressandtheotherisnot,choosethe
letterpresstitlepage.
e) Ifthepublicationhasthesametitlepageinmorethanonelanguageor
script,choosethetitlepagethatisinthelanguageorscriptofthemain
partofthepublication.
f) Iftwotitlepagesfaceoneanother,choosetheoneontherectoofitsleaf.
g) Iftwoormoretitlepagesfollowoneanother,choosethefirstone.
Makeanoteindicatingthesourcechosenasthechiefsourceofinformationif
otherthantheusualtitlepage,or,inamultipartmonograph,ifotherthanthe
titlepageofthefirstvolume(see7B3).
0C3.Notitlepage
Forpublicationsissuedwithoutatitlepage(andforpublicationsissuedwitha
titlepagewhenthetitlepageismissingandnoreliabledescriptionofitis
available),ifasingletitleproperisavailableinasinglesourcewithinthe
publication,usethissourceasthetitlepagesubstitute.Ifthesametitleproperis
availableinmorethanonesourcewithinthepublication,chooseasthetitlepage
substitutethesourcethatsuppliesthemostadditionalinformation.Ifdifferent
titles,ordifferingformsofthesametitle,appearwithinthepublication,choose
asthetitlepagesubstituteoneofthefollowing,inthisorderofpreference:
a) asourcewithinthepreliminariesorthecolophon
b) asourceelsewherewithinthepublication
c) areferencesource

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

31

GENERALRULES
Makeanoteindicatingthesourcechosenasthetitlepagesubstitute(see7B3).
Hereafterintheserules,titlepagemeanstitlepageortitlepagesubstitute.

0D.Prescribedsourcesofinformation
Theprescribedsource(s)ofinformationforeachareaofthedescriptionissetout
inpreferredorderbelow.
Area

1.Titleandstatementofresponsibility
2.Edition
3.Material(ortypeofpublication)specific
details
4.Publication,distribution,etc.
5.Physicaldescription
6.Series
7.Note
8.Standardnumberandtermsofavailability

Prescribedsourcesofinformation
Titlepage
Titlepage,otherpreliminaries,colophon,dust
jacket(seeintroductorysectionIX.2)
(Notapplicable)
Titlepage,colophon,otherpreliminaries,dust
jacket(seeIX.2)
Thewholepublication
Seriestitlepage,monographtitlepage,cover,4
dustjacket(seeIX.2),restofthepublication
Anysource
Anysource

Donottranscribeinformationfromthesourceinareas1,2,4,and6unlessitis
presentinaprescribedsourceforthatarea.Inallcasesinwhichinformationfor
areas1,2,and4istakenfromelsewherethanthetitlepage,makeanoteto
indicatethesourceoftheinformation(see7B3,7B6,7B7.1,7B8).Inallcasesin
whichinformationforarea6istakenfromelsewherethantheseriestitlepage,
makeanotetoindicatethesourceoftheinformation(see7B12).
Theprescribedsourceofinformationforareas16ofasinglesheetpublicationis
theentiresheet,bothrectoandverso.

Considerthecovertobeaprescribedsourceonlyifitwasissuedbythepublisher.Series
likestatementspresentoncoversnotissuedbythepublisherusuallyrepresentbinderstitlesand
shouldbetreatedascopyspecificinformation.Theymaybetranscribedinalocalnote,if
consideredimportant.Incaseofdoubt,donotconsiderthecovertobeaprescribedsourceof
information.
4

32

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

GENERALRULES

0E.Prescribedpunctuation
Precedeeacharea,otherthanthefirst,byaperiodspacedashspace(.)unless
theareabeginsanewparagraph.
Precedeorencloseeachoccurrenceofanelementofanareawithstandard
punctuationasindicatedintheprescribedpunctuationsectionsoftheserules.
Precedeeachmarkofprescribedpunctuationbyaspaceandfollowitbyaspace,
withthefollowingexceptions:thecomma,period,closingparenthesis,and
closingsquarebracketarenotprecededbyaspace;theopeningparenthesisand
openingsquarebracketarenotfollowedbyaspace.
Endparagraphswithnormalpunctuation(usuallytheperiod).
Ifanentireareaorelementisomittedfromthebibliographicdescription(e.g.,
becauseitisnotpresentinthesource),alsoomititscorrespondingprescribed
punctuation.Donotusethemarkofomission.

0F.Languageandscriptofthedescription
0F1.Generalrule
0F1.1.Inthefollowingareas,transcribeinformationfromthepublicationitselfin
thelanguageandscript(whereverfeasible)inwhichitappearsthere:
titleandstatementofresponsibility5
edition
publication,distribution,etc.
series

0F1.2.Giveinterpolationsintotheseareasinthelanguageandscriptoftheother
informationinthearea,exceptforprescribedinterpolationsandothercases
specifiedintheserules(e.g.,1E5,4B5,4B6.2,4C6.2).Iftheotherinformationin
theareaisromanized,giveinterpolationsaccordingtothesameromanization.

Ifnonromantexthasbeentranscribedwithinthefirstfivewordsofthetitleproper,provide
additionaltitleaccessforaromanizedformofthetitleproper(seeAppendixF).
5

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

33

GENERALRULES
0F1.3.Giveanyotherinformation(otherthantitles,citations,signatures,and
quotationsinnotes)inthelanguageandscriptofthecatalogingagency.
0F2.Romanization
0F2.1.Ifitisnotfeasibletotranscribefromthepublicationusinganonroman
script,romanizethetextaccordingtotheALALCRomanizationTables.Donot
enclosetheromanizedtextwithinsquarebrackets.Makeanotetoindicatethat
theromanizedtextappearsinnonromanscriptinthepublication(see7B2.2).
Source:

Transcription:
Dionysiou oikoumens perigsis
Note: Title in Greek script

Source:
Hendecasyllabn
Transcription:
Hendecasyllabn
Note: In the title, the in Hendecasyllabn is printed in Greek
script

0F2.2.Optionally,ifitisfeasibletotranscribefromthepublicationusinga
nonromanscript,alsoprovideparallelromanizedfieldsusingtheALALC
RomanizationTables.Donotenclosetheromanizedtextwithinsquarebrackets,
butmakeanoteindicatingthattheromanizationdoesnotappearinthesource.
Note: Romanization supplied by cataloger

0G.Transcription
Transcribeinformationintheformandorderinwhichitispresentedinthe
source,accordingtothesegeneralrules0B0G,unlessinstructedotherwiseby
specificrules.Donotusethemarkofomissiontoindicatetransposition.
0G1.Letters,diacritics,andsymbols
0G1.1.Lettersanddiacritics.Ingeneral,transcribelettersastheyappear.Donot
addaccentsandotherdiacriticalmarksnotpresentinthesource.Convertearlier
formsoflettersanddiacriticalmarkstotheirmodernform(seeAppendixG2).If

34

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

GENERALRULES
thesourceusesagothictypefacethatdoesnotdistinguishbetweenuppercaseI
andJorbetweenuppercaseUandV,andthereisnoneedtoconverttheletters
tolowercase(see0G2.2),transcribethemasIandVrespectively,eventhough
theactualletterformswillmorecloselyresembleamodernJandamodernU
(seeAppendixG4.1).
Source:

Transcription:
Vnspotted Iacob
(Comment:Sourceusesagothictypefacethatdoesnotdistinguishbetweenthe
letterformsI/JortheletterformsU/V)

Inmostlanguages,includingLatin,transcribealigaturebygivingitscomponent
lettersseparately.Donot,however,separatethecomponentlettersofin
AngloSaxon;inFrench;orandinancientormodernScandinavian
languages.Ifthereisanydoubtastothecorrectconversionoflettersand
diacriticalmarkstomodernform,transcribethemfromthesourceasexactlyas
possible.
0G1.2.Symbols,etc.Replacesymbolsorothermatterthatcannotbereproduced
usingavailabletypographicalfacilitieswithacatalogersdescriptioninsquare
brackets.Makeanexplanatorynoteifnecessary.
0G2.Capitalizationandconversionofcase
0G2.1.Generalrule.Convertletterstouppercaseorlowercaseaccordingtothe
rulesforcapitalizationinAACR2,AppendixA.Donotconvertcasewhen
transcribingromannumerals.
0G2.2.LetterformsI,V,i,j,u,andv.Iftherulesforcapitalizationrequire
convertingIorVtolowercase,ori,j,u,orvtouppercase,followthepatternof
usageinthetexttodeterminewhichletterformtouseinthetranscription.6

ForinformationonearlyprintingasitpertainstothetranscriptionofI,J,U,V,i,j,u,andv,
andguidanceonhowtodeterminethepatternofusage,seeAppendixG4.Ifanyletterform
withinthefirstfivewordsofthetitlehasbeenconvertedfromItoj,fromjtoI,fromVtou,or
fromutoV,provideadditionaltitleaccessusingalternativeformsofthetitleproperasneeded
(seeAppendixF).
6

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

35

GENERALRULES
Source:
LESOEVVRESMORALESDEPLVTARQVE,TRANSLATEESDEGREC
ENFRANOIS,REVEVESETcorrigeesenplusieurspassagesparle
translateur
Transcription:
Les oeuures morales de Plutarque / translatees de grec en
franois, reueues et corrigees en plusieurs passages par le
translateur
(Comment:Inthepublication,thebodyofthetextinromantypeshowsconsistent
useofvforvowelsorconsonantsininitialpositionanduforvowelsor
consonantselsewhere,e.g.,ville,vn,conuersation,tout,andentendu)

0G2.3.FinalcapitalIinLatin.DonotconverttolowercaseafinalcapitalIin
LatintextswhenthefinalIisuppercaseandtheimmediatelyprecedinglettersin
thewordarelowercaseorsmallercapitalletters.Sincethisusageisnotmerely
typographicbutaffectsmeaning,thecapitalmustbeleftinthatform.7
Source:
M.AccIPlautiquaesupersuntComoediae
Transcription:
M. AccI Plauti quae supersunt Comoediae

0G2.4.Chronograms.Capitallettersoccurringapparentlyatrandomorina
particularsequenceonatitlepageorinacolophonmayrepresentachronogram.
Wherethereisgoodreasontoassumethatachronogramisbeingused,donot
convertlettersconsideredpartofthechronogramfromuppercasetolowercase,
orfromlowercasetouppercase(seealso4D2.2).
0G3.Punctuationinthesource
0G3.1.Generalrule.Donotnecessarilytranscribepunctuationasitappearsin
thesource.Instead,followmodernpunctuationconventions,usingcommon
senseindecidingwhethertoincludethepunctuation,omitit,replaceit,oradd
punctuationnotpresent.

Iftheletteroccurswithinthefirstfivewordsofthetitleproper,provideadditionaltitle
accessfortheformoftitlewiththefinalcapitalIconvertedtoii(seeAppendixF).
7

36

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

GENERALRULES
Source:
Theunhappyfavourite;or,TheEarlofEssex.Atragedy.WrittenbyJno;
Banks
Transcription:
The unhappy favourite, or, The Earl of Essex : a tragedy /
written by Jno. Banks

Source:
London:PrintedforAMillar,overagainstCatharinestreetintheStrand.
M,DCC,LI.
Transcription:
London : Printed for A. Millar, over-against Catharine-Street in
the Strand, MDCCLI [1751]

Alternativerule:Transcribeallpunctuationasfoundinthesourceofinformation,
withtheexceptionofthosemarkscoveredinrules0G3.50G3.7.Whenfollowing
thisalternativerule,alwaysincludeprescribedpunctuationaswell,evenifthis
resultsindoublepunctuation.Prescribedpunctuationistreatedatthebeginningof
eachchapterwithintheserules.
The unhappy favourite; or, The Earl of Essex. : A tragedy. /
Written by Jno; Banks
(Comment:Commasarenotaddedaroundorwhenapplyingthisoption;
commassurroundingaconjunctionintroducinganalternativetitleisan
AACR2convention,notprescribedISBDpunctuation.)
London: : Printed for A Millar, over-against Catharine-Street
in the Strand., M,DCC,LI. [1751]

0G3.2.Apostrophes.Transcribeapostrophesasfound.Donotsupply
apostrophesnotpresentinthesource.
Uncle Wiggly's picture book
Scotlands speech to her sons

0G3.3.Hyphens.Transcribehyphensusedtoconnecttheconstituentpartsof
compoundwords,normalizingtheirformasnecessary(seeAppendixG2).Do
notsupplyhyphensnotpresentinthesource.
A catalogue of the library of Yale-College in New-Haven

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

37

GENERALRULES
Report of the Boston Female Anti Slavery Society

0G3.4.Punctuationwithinromannumerals.Donottranscribeinternalmarksof
punctuationappearingwithinromannumerals.Omitthemwithoutusingthe
markofomission.
The bye-laws and regulations of the Marine Society, incorporated
in MDCCLXXII

0G3.5.Ellipses,squarebrackets,andvirgules.Donottranscribeellipses...or
squarebrackets[]whenpresentinthesource;replacethemwithadashand
parentheses()respectivelyoromitthem,asappropriate.Donotconfusea
virgule(/)ingothictypefaceswithaslash;replaceitwithacommaoromitit,as
appropriate.Makeanexplanatorynote,ifconsideredimportant.
Source:
Leominster,[Mass.]
Transcription:
Leominster, Mass.
Optional note: On t.p., "Mass." is enclosed by square brackets

0G3.6.Lineendings.Donottranscribeahyphenorothermarkofpunctuation
usedtoconnectasingleworddividedbetweentwolines;transcribeasasingle
word,ignoringthepunctuation.Ifthefunctionofthehyphenisindoubt(e.g.,if
itmightformpartofacompoundword),transcribeit.
Source(showinglineendings):
IDISCORSIDINICO
LOMACHIAVELLI,SO
PRALAPRIMADECADI
TITOLIVIO
Transcription:
I discorsi di Nicolo Machiauelli, sopra la prima deca di Tito
Liuio

0G3.7.Punctuationsubstitutingforletters.Transcribeashyphensanyhyphens,
dashes,orunderscorecharactersusedinthesourceasasubstituteforoneor
morelettersinawordoranentireword.Useonehyphenforeachdistinctpiece
oftype.

38

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

GENERALRULES
Source:
Sectsofstte,theLdsoftheAdty
Transcription:
Sec--t----s of st--te, the L----ds of the Ad------ty

Transcribeasterisksasasterisks.
par Mr. B***

Ifthevaluesofthemissinglettersareknown,providetheinformationinanote,
ifconsideredimportant.
Source:
ClaraH_____d
Transcription:
Clara H-d
Optional note: Clara H-d is Clara Hayward

0G4.Spacing
0G4.1.Spacingwithinwordsandnumbers.Ingeneral,followmodernspacing
conventionswhentranscribingfromthesource.Makenoattempttopreservefull
orirregularspacesbetweenletterswithinwords.Ifawordisdividedbetween
theendofonelineandthebeginningofthenext,transcribeitasasingleword,
ignoringthelinebreak.
Omitinternalspaceswhentranscribingnumbers(includingromannumerals).
Source:
GRAECAEGRAMMATICES
Transcription:
Graecae grammatices

Source(showinglineendings):
DELAVDI
BVSVRBISETRVRIAE
ETITALIAE
Transcription:
De laudibus urbis Etruriae et Italiae

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

39

GENERALRULES

Alternativerule:Transcribeinternalspaceswithinnumbers(includingroman
numerals).Ifmultiplespacesordifferentsizesofspacesappearbetweentwo
characterswithinthenumber,transcribethemasasinglespace.

Source:
M.D.CC.XLIV
Transcription:
M. D. CC. XLIV

0G4.2.Spacingbetweenwords.Ifspacingbetweenwordsinthesourceis
ambiguous,orlacking,includespacesinthetranscriptiontoseparatethewords
asneeded.8
Source:
LAMORTEDORFEO
Transcription:
La morte d'Orfeo

0G4.3.Variantspellings.Donotinsertspaceswithinsinglewordsthatmerely
representvariantorarchaicspellings.9
Source:
Newhampshire&VermontALMANAC
Transcription:
Newhampshire & Vermont almanac

0G5.Omissions
0G5.1.Generalrule.Indicateomissionsinthetranscriptionorinaquotednote
byusingthemarkofomission.Whenusingthemarkofomission,generallygive
itwithaspaceoneitherside.However,giveaspaceononlyonesideifthemark
comesattheendofanarea,isprecededbyanopeningparenthesisoropening

Ifthemissingspacesoccurinthefirstfivewordsofthetitleproper,provideadditionaltitle
accessfortheformoftitleasitappearsinthesource,withoutthespaces(seeAppendixF).
8

Ifthevariantorarchaicspellingsoccurinthefirstfivewordsofthetitleproper,provide
additionaltitleaccessfortheformofthetitlewiththespacinginserted(seeAppendixF).
9

40

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

GENERALRULES
squarebracket,orisfollowedbyaclosingparenthesis,closingsquarebracket,or
comma.
Oxford : Printed by Leon. Lichfield ... and are to be sold by the
Widow Howell, 1698
Amsterdam : Printed for the Widow Swart ..., 1688
(Comment:Themarkofomissionhasaspaceononlyonesidebecauseitis
followedbyacomma)

0G5.2.Informationnotconsideredpartofanyarea.Ifomittinggrammatically
separableinformationfromthetranscriptionbecauseitisnotconsideredpartof
anyarea(piousinvocations,etc.;see1A2.2),donotusethemarkofomission.If
consideredimportant,givetheomittedinformationinanote.
0G5.3.Informationnottakenfromthechiefsourceofinformation.If
transcribinginformationfromasourceotherthanthechiefsourceof
information,omitanywordsprecedingorfollowingtheinformationiftheyare
notconsideredpartoftheelementandaregrammaticallyseparable.Donotuse
themarkofomission.Ifconsideredimportant,givetheomittedtextinanote.
The second edition
Note: Edition statement from colophon; full colophon reads: This,
the second edition of Le morte Darthur, with Aubrey Beardsley's
designs ... is limited to 1000 copies for the United Kingdom
and 500 for America, after printing which the type has been
distributed

0G6.Interpolations
0G6.1.Generalrule.Indicateaninterpolationinthetranscriptionorinaquoted
notebyenclosingitinsquarebrackets.Iftranscribingtextwithmissingor
obscuredlettersorwordsthatcanbereconstructedwithsomecertainty,include
theseinthetranscription,enclosingtheminsquarebrackets.Makean
explanatorynote,ifconsideredimportant.
amico[rum]
(Comment:Thewordendswitha )

0G6.2.Conjecturalandindecipherabletext.Indicateaconjecturalinterpolation
byaddingaquestionmarkimmediatelyaftertheinterpolation,withinthesquare
brackets.Supplyaquestionmarkenclosedinsquarebracketsforeach
indeterminablewordorportionofword.Makeanotetojustifythe

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

41

GENERALRULES
interpolations,provideexplanations,oroffertentativereadingsof
indecipherableportionsoftext,ifconsideredimportant.
amico[rum?]
(Comment:Thewordendswithasymbolofcontractionthatisconjecturedtobea
)
amico[?]
(Comment:Thesymbolofcontractionattheendofthewordcannotbe
determined)
El[speth?] [?] McWhorter
(Comment:Anautographwithsomeconjecturedlettersintheforenameandan
indecipherablemiddleinitial,transcribedinalocalnote)

0G6.3.Lacunaeinimperfectcopies.Ifthedescriptionisbasedonanimperfect
copy(see0B2.2),usethemarkofomissionenclosedinsquarebrackets([...])to
showlacunaeintheresource.
En Barcelo[na] : Por Sebastian Mateu[...]
Note: Description based on an imperfect copy; title page torn
with partial loss of imprint

0G6.4.Blankspaces.Iftranscribingtextcontainingablankspaceintendedtobe
completedinmanuscript,asiscommoninformsandcertaingovernment
documents,supplythewordblankenclosedinsquarebrackets.10Iftheblank
hasbeencompletedintheitembeingdescribed,indicatethisinalocalnote,if
consideredimportant.
A catalogue of books, to be sold on [blank] the [blank] day of
February, 1755 ...
Optional local note: Library's copy has date of auction supplied
in manuscript: [Wednesday] the [26th] day of February, 1755

0G6.5.Adjacentelementswithinasinglearea.Ifadjacentelementswithinone
areaaretobeenclosedinsquarebrackets,generallyenclosetheminonesetof
squarebrackets.
[Leipzig : W. Strmer], 1572

Iftheblankoccursinthefirstfivewordsofthetitleproper,provideadditionaltitleaccess
fortheformoftitlewithouttheinterpolatedword[blank](seeAppendixF).
10

42

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

GENERALRULES
Ifthesquarebracketsareduetointerpolationssuchascorrectionsorexpansions
(see0G8.2,4B3,4B4,4B5),however,useseparatepairsofsquarebrackets.
Lugduni [Lyon] : [Philippe Tighi?], 1573

0G6.6.Adjacentelementsinseparateareas.Ifadjacentelementsareindifferent
areas,encloseeachelementinasetofsquarebrackets.
At London : Imprinted for VVilliam Aspley, [1613] -- [48], 418 p.

0G7.Misprints,etc.
0G7.1.Misprints.Transcribeamisprintasitappearsinthepublication.Follow
suchaninaccuracyeitherby[sic]orbytheabbreviationi.e.andthe
correctionwithinsquarebrackets.11
Of the knowledeg [sic] whiche maketh a wise man
The notted [i.e. noted] history of Mother Grim
One day's dty [i.e. duty]

Donotcorrectwordsspelledaccordingtoolderornonstandardorthographic
conventions,e.g.,franoiseforfranaise,orantientforancient.
0G7.2.Turnedandapproximatedletters.Transcribeaturnedletter(i.e.,aletter
setupsidedown),whetherinadvertentordeliberate,astheintendedletter.
Transcribetwolettersusedtoapproximateathirdletterastheintendedletter.
However,transcribevvasvv(seeAppendixG5).Makeanexplanatorynote,if
consideredimportant.12
London
Optional note: First "n" in "London" printed with a turned "u"
Wittenberg
Optional note: The "W" in "Wittenberg" is formed using "rv"

Ifthemisprintoccursinthefirstfivewordsofthetitleproper,provideadditionaltitle
accessfortheformoftitlewithouttheinterpolationandfortheformoftitleasifithadbeen
printedcorrectly(seeAppendixF).
11

Ifthetwolettersusedtoapproximateathirdletteroccurinthefirstfivewordsofthetitle
proper,provideadditionaltitleaccessfortheformoftitlewiththeletterstranscribedasset(see
AppendixF).
12

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

43

GENERALRULES
0G7.3.Blankspacesforinitialletters.Whentheprinterhasleftablankspacefor
aninitialletter,supplytheintendedletterinsquarebrackets,regardlessof
whethertheletterhasbeenexecutedinmanuscript,andmakeanexplanatory
note.Ifaguideletterhasbeenprinted,transcribeitwithoutsquarebrackets.In
caseofdoubtaboutwhetheraprintedguideletterispresent,transcribetheletter
withoutsquarebrackets.Makealocalnotetoindicatethepresenceorabsenceof
manuscriptexecutioninthecopy,ifconsideredimportant.
[H]istoriarum libri XXXV
Note: Space for initial letter of first word of title left blank
by printer
Optional local note: LC copy: Initial letter executed in red and
green ink
Historiarum libri XXXV
Optional local note: LC copy: Printed guide letter "H" at
beginning of title not executed in manuscript

0G8.Abbreviationsandcontractions
0G8.1.Whentranscribingfromthepublication,donotabbreviateanywordsnot
abbreviatedinthesource.
0G8.2.Ifspecialmarksofcontractionhavebeenusedbytheprinterin
continuanceofthemanuscripttradition,expandaffectedwordstotheirfullform
andenclosesuppliedlettersinsquarebrackets(seeAppendixG3).Makean
explanatorynote,ifconsideredimportant(see7B4.2).Ifacontractionstanding
foranentirewordappearsinthesource,supplyinsteadtheworditself,enclosed
insquarebrackets.However,transcribeanampersandoraTironiansign( )as
anampersand.Encloseeachexpansionorsuppliedwordinitsownsetofsquare
brackets.
Esopus co[n]structus moralizat[us] & hystoriatus ad vtilitate[m]
discipulo[rum]

Ifthemeaningofacontractionisconjectural,applythebracketingconventions
givenin0G6.2.
0G9.Superscriptsandsubscripts
Transcribesuperscriptandsubscriptcharactersonthelineunlessthesense
wouldbeaffected(e.g.,inamathematicalformula).

44

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

GENERALRULES
Source:
M.rJ.asMcAdam
Transcription:
Mr. Jas. McAdam

0G10.Initials,etc.
0G10.1.Transcribeinitials,initialisms,andacronymswithoutinternalspaces,
regardlessofhowtheyarepresentedinthesourceofinformation.
Pel battesimo di S.A.R. Ludovico ...
KL Ianuarius habet dies xxxi
Monasterij B.M.V. Campililioru[m]
J.J. Rousseau

0G10.2.Treatanabbreviationconsistingofmorethanasingleletterasifitwerea
distinctword,separatingitwithaspacefromprecedingandsucceedingwords
orinitials.
Ph. D.
Ad bibliothecam PP. Franciscan. in Anger
Mr. J.P. Morgan

0G10.3.Iftwoormoredistinctinitialisms(orsetsofinitials),acronyms,or
abbreviationsappearinjuxtaposition,separatethemwithaspace.
M. J.P. Rabaut
(Comment:ThefirstinitialstandsforMonsieur)

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

45

1.TITLEANDSTATEMENTOFRESPONSIBILITYAREA
Contents:
1A.Preliminaryrule
1B.Titleproper
1C.Paralleltitles
1D.Othertitleinformation
1E.Statementsofresponsibility
1F.Publicationswithoutacollectivetitle
1G.Singlesheetpublications

1A.Preliminaryrule
1A1.Prescribedpunctuation
Forinstructionsontheuseofspacesbeforeandafterprescribedpunctuation,see
0E.
Precedethetitleofasupplementorsection(see1B6)byaperiod.
Precedeeachparalleltitlebyanequalssign.
Precedeeachunitofothertitleinformationbyacolon.
Precedethefirststatementofresponsibilitybyadiagonalslash.
Precedeeachsubsequentstatementofresponsibilitybyasemicolon.
Forthepunctuationofthisareawhenapublicationhasnocollectivetitle,see1F.
1A2.Sourcesofinformation
1A2.1.Generalrule.Theprescribedsourceofinformationforthetitleand
statementofresponsibilityareaisthetitlepage.Forspecialprovisionsrelatingto
singlesheetpublications,see1G.
1A2.2.Omissionofpiousinvocations,etc.Omit,withoutusingthemarkof
omission,informationfoundonthetitlepagethatconstitutesneithertitle
informationnorastatementofresponsibility.Suchinformationmayinclude
piousinvocations,quotations,devices,announcements,epigrams,mottoes,
prices,etc.(see0G5.2).Transcribeordescribethiskindofinformationinanoteif
DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

47

AREA1.TITLEANDSTATEMENTOFRESPONSIBILITY
itisconsideredimportant.Ifsuchinformationisagrammaticallyinseparable
part(see1B1)ofoneoftheelementsofthetitleandstatementofresponsibility
area,however,transcribeitassuch.Ifsuchinformationconstitutestheonlytitle
likeinformationpresentinthesource,itmaybeusedasadevisedtitleaccording
totheprovisionsof1B5.
1A2.3.Multipartmonographs.Ifthevolumeispartofamultipartmonograph,
andthetitlepagegivesastatementofthevolumeorpartnumberwithinthe
largerwork,omitthisstatementwithoutusingthemarkofomission,unlessitis
agrammaticallyinseparablepart(see1B1,1B4)oftheinformationbeing
transcribed.Dotranscribestatementssuchasintwovolumes,however(see
1D3).
1A3.Formandorderofinformation
Transcribetitleandstatementofresponsibilityinformationintheformandorder
inwhichitispresentedinthesource,unlessinstructedotherwisebyspecific
rules(see0G).

1B.Titleproper
1B1.Wordsconsideredpartofthetitleproper
1B1.1.Thetitleproperisthefirstelementofthedescription.Titleinformation
precedingthechieftitleonthetitlepageisconsideredpartofthetitleproper.If
thechieftitleisprecededorfollowedinthesourcebyotherelementsof
information,transposetheseelementstotheirappropriateareasinthe
description(orgivetheminanote)unlesscaseendingswouldbeaffected,the
grammaticalconstructionoftheinformationwouldbedisturbed,orthetextis
otherwisegrammaticallyinseparablefromthetitleproper.Inthelattercases,
transcribetheinformationaspartofthetitleproper.
The post-humous works of Robert Hooke
Monsieur Bossu's treatise of the epicke poem
M. Tullii Ciceronis de officiis libri tres
Bell's edition of Shakspere

48

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

AREA1.TITLEANDSTATEMENTOFRESPONSIBILITY

1B1.2.Makeanotetoindicatetheoriginalpositiononthetitlepageof
transposedelements.
Prudence Palfrey : a novel / Thomas Bailey Aldrich
Note: Author's name at head of title

1B2.Noteonthesourceofthetitleproper
Makeanoteonthesourceofthetitleproperifitisatitlepagesubstitute,e.g.,the
captiontitle,dockettitle,etc.
A new list of fifty two ships sent to the East-Indies
Note: Docket title

1B3.Formsofthetitleproper
Thetitlepropercantakeavarietyofforms,someofwhichareexemplified
below:
1B3.1.Titleproperinclusiveofothertitlesorothertitleinformationappearing
beforethechieftitleonthetitlepage:
Seculum Davidicum redivivum, The divine right of the revolution
scripturally and rationally evinced and applied
(Comment:Byvirtueofitstypographicalprominence,theEnglishtitleisclearly
thechieftitle)
Prize dissertation, which was honored with the Magellanic Gold
Medal, by the American Philosophical Society, January, 1793.
Cadmus, or, A treatise on the elements of written language
(Comment:CadmusisclearlymoreprominentthanPrizedissertation)
Hereafter foloweth a litel boke called Colyn Cloute
(Comment:ColynClouteisthechieftitle)

1B3.2.Titleproperinclusiveofalternativetitles:
Christianographie, or, The description of the multitude and
sundry sorts of Christians in the vvorld not subject to the
Pope

1B3.3.Titleproperconsistingsolelyofthenameofaresponsiblepersonorbody:
Salustius

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

49

AREA1.TITLEANDSTATEMENTOFRESPONSIBILITY
1B3.4.Titleproperinclusiveofacaption.(See1G4forcaptiontitlesonsingle
sheetpublications):
Source:
TotheHonourableCommissionersappointedbyActofParliamentfor
enquiringintotheLossesandServicesoftheAmericanLoyalists.The
memorialofSilvesterGardinerhumblysheweth,...
Transcription:
To the Honourable Commissioners appointed by act of Parliament
for enquiring into the losses and services of the American
loyalists. The memorial of Silvester Gardiner humbly sheweth
...

1B4.Titleproperwithgrammaticallyinseparabledesignation
Ifapublicationisinmorethanonevolumeandthetitleproperofeachvolume
includesagrammaticallyinseparabledesignationsuchasnumberingthatis
specifictothatvolume,supplyinsquarebracketsafterthefirstdesignationa
hyphenandthefinaldesignation,omittingintermediatedesignations.Dothe
sameforsinglevolumepublicationsthatcontainmultipleparts.
Quinti Horatii Flacci epistolarum liber primus[-secundus]
Thomas Masterson his first[-second] booke of arithmeticke
Le premier[-quart] volume de messire Jehan Froissart lequel
traicte des choses dignes de memoire aduenues tant es pays de
France, Angleterre, Flanders, Espaigne que Escoce, et autres
lieux circonuoisins

Ifitisnotfeasibletodothis,transcribethetitleproperofthefirstvolumeorpart
withoutthisinterpolationandmakeanoteaboutthelaterdesignation(s).
1B5.Notitleproper
Ifnotitlecanbefoundinanysource,useasthetitlepropertheopeningwordsof
thetextiftheseprovideareasonablydistinctivetitle.Iftheopeningwordsofthe
textarenotsuitable,orifthebeginningofthetextislacking,deviseabrief
descriptivetitle,preferablyinthelanguageandscriptofthecatalogingagency,
andusethisdevisedtitle,enclosedinsquarebrackets,asthetitleproper.Makea
noteindicatingwhetherthetitleproperistakenfromtheopeningwordsofthe
textorhasbeendevisedbythecataloger.

50

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

AREA1.TITLEANDSTATEMENTOFRESPONSIBILITY

I am a jolly huntsman, my voice is shrill and clear


Note: Title from opening two lines of poem
(Comment:Titleisnotbracketedbecausethefirstpageoftextisherethetitlepage
substitute)
[Observations on a bill relative to the militia]
Note: Title devised from content
(Comment:OpeningwordsHerewithandthedesireofbeingserviceableinthe
smallestdegreetomycountry...notsuitableastitle)
[Sermon on Christian baptism]
Note: Title devised from content of sermon

1B6.Titleproperwithsupplementaryorsectiondesignationortitle
Ifthetitleproperforaworkthatissupplementaryto,orasectionof,another
workappearsintwoormoregrammaticallyseparableparts,transcribethetitle
ofthemainworkfirst,followedbythedesignation(s)and/ortitle(s)ofthe
supplement(s)orsection(s)inorderoftheirdependence.Makeanoteindicating
theoriginalpositiononthetitlepageofanytransposedelements.
Faust. Part one
Note: Title page reads: Part one. Faust

Ifdescribinganindividualissueofaserial,transcribethenumberingoftheissue
asinstructedinAppendixH.
1B7.Abridgmentsofthetitleproper
1B7.1.Generalrule.Abridgealongtitleproperonlyifitcanbedonewithout
lossofessentialinformation.Donotomitanyofthefirstfivewords.Indicate
omissionsbythemarkofomission.
An act or law passed by the General Court or Assembly of His
Majesty's English colony of Connecticut ... on the seventh day
of February ... 1759

1B7.2.Alternativetitle.Ifthetitlepropercontainsanalternativetitle,donot
omitanyofthefirstfivewordsofthealternativetitle.
England's alarm, or, A most humble declaration, address, and
fervent petition ...

1B7.3.Chieftitle.Extendthetranscriptionofthetitleproperatleastthroughthe
endofthechieftitleoftheresource.Applythisprovisionevenifotherwordsin

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

51

AREA1.TITLEANDSTATEMENTOFRESPONSIBILITY
thetitleproperprecedethechieftitle(see1B1.1,1B3.1).Iftheendofthechieftitle
cannotbedetermined,breakoffthetranscriptionatthefirstgrammatically
acceptableplace,butinnoeventwithinthefirstfivewordsofthechieftitle.
Jo. Danielis Schoepflini consil. reg. ac Franciae historiogr.
vindiciae typographicae
(Comment:ThechieftitleisVindiciaetypographicae)
A brand new song, entitled The Irishman's address to the twentysix Nottingham worthies ...
(Comment:ThechieftitlebeginsTheIrishmansaddressbutitsendingis
ambiguous)

1C.Paralleltitles
1C1.Orderandsourceofparalleltitles
Transcribeparalleltitlesintheorderindicatedbytheirsequenceon,orbythe
layoutof,thetitlepage.Iftheoriginaltitleappearselsewherethanonthetitle
page,transcribeitinanote,ifconsideredimportant.
1C2.Languageofparalleltitlesandrelationshiptotitleproper
1C2.1.Transcribeanoriginaltitleinalanguagedifferentfromthatofthetitle
properappearingonthetitlepageasaparalleltitle,unlessitisgrammatically
inseparablefromanotherpartofthedescription.
Fables = Fabulae

1C2.2.Transcribeasothertitleinformationanoriginaltitleinthesamelanguage
asthetitleproper(see1D).
The adventures of Red Riding Hood : Little Red Riding Hood

1D.Othertitleinformation
1D1.Orderandsourceofothertitleinformation
Transcribeothertitleinformationappearingonthetitlepageintheorder
indicatedbythesequenceon,orlayoutof,thetitlepage.Transcribeothertitle
informationnotappearingonthetitlepageinanote,ifconsideredimportant.

52

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

AREA1.TITLEANDSTATEMENTOFRESPONSIBILITY
1D2.Othertitleinformationbeginningwithprepositions,conjunctions,etc.
1D2.1.Generalrule.Transcribetitleinformationthatappearsfollowingthetitle
properasothertitleinformation,evenifitbeginswithapreposition,
conjunction,prepositionalphrase,etc.
The English Parliament represented in a vision : with an afterthought upon the speech delivered to His Most Christian Majesty
by the deputies of the states of Britany on the 29th day of
February last ... : to which is added at large the memorable
representation of the House of Commons to the Queen in the year
1711/12 ...

1D2.2.Ifthisothertitleinformationappearsfollowingthestatementof
responsibility,transcribeitasasubsequentstatementofresponsibility(see
1E14.2).
1D2.3.Ifthisothertitleinformation,orsomeportionofit,constitutesaformal
statementofthecontentsofthework,andisgrammaticallyseparablefromthe
titleproperandothertitleinformation,transcribeitinanote,ifconsidered
important(see7B16.2).Whentheseformalstatementsareomittedfromthetitle
andstatementofresponsibilityarea,usethemarkofomission.
The spinning wheel's garland : containing several excellent new
songs ...
Optional note: Contents: (from t.p.) I. The good housewife's coat
of arms -- II. The spinning wheels glory -- III. The taylor
disappointed of his bride -- IV. The changeable world

1D2.4.Distinguishtheabovesituationsfromthoseinwhichtitlesofotherworks
aregivenequalprominencewiththefirstnamedwork(see1F1).
1D3.Statementsaboutillustrationsorvolumes
Treatanillustrationstatementorastatementsuchasintwovolumesasother
titleinformation,unlessthestatementisgrammaticallyinseparablefrom
informationtranscribedaspartofanotherelementorarea(see1E13and2B8).If
thestatementappearsfollowingthestatementofresponsibility,transcribeitasa
subsequentstatementofresponsibility.
The American child's pictorial history of the United States :
illustrated by sixty engravings
General index to fifty-six volumes of the Gentleman's magazine :
from its commencement in the year 1731 to the end of 1786 /

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

53

AREA1.TITLEANDSTATEMENTOFRESPONSIBILITY
compiled by Samuel Ayscough, clerk, assistant librarian of the
British Museum ; in two volumes

1D4.Abridgmentofothertitleinformation
Optionally,ifothertitleinformationisverylengthyandcanbeabridgedwithout
lossofessentialinformation,omitlessimportantwordsorphrases,usingthe
markofomission.Ifconsideredimportant,transcribeomittedwordsorphrases
inanote(includingtheothertitlesorphrasesreferredtoin1D2.3).
1D5.Othertitleinformationwithgrammaticallyinseparableelements
Iftheothertitleinformationincludesastatementofresponsibilityoranelement
belongingtoanotherarea,andtheelementisagrammaticallyinseparablepartof
theothertitleinformationaccordingtooneormoreoftheconditions
enumeratedin1B1.1,transcribeitasothertitleinformation.
Constitutiones legitime seu legatine regionis Anglicane : cu[m]
subtilissima interpretatione d[omi]ni Johannis de Athon
(Comment:Statementofresponsibilitytranscribedaspartofothertitle
informationbecauseofgenitivecaseending)

1D6.Parallelstatementscontainingothertitleinformation
Transcribeparallelstatementscontainingothertitleinformationintheorderin
whichtheyappearonthetitlepage.

1E.Statementsofresponsibility
1E1.Statementsofresponsibilityonthetitlepage
Transcribestatementsofresponsibilityfoundonthetitlepageintheformin
whichtheyappear.
The history of the long captivity and adventures of Thomas
Pellow, in South-Barbary ... / written by himself
De indiciis et praecognitionibus : opus apprime utile medicis /
Dauide Edguardo Anglo authore
I dieci libri di architettura / di Leon Battista Alberti
Thoughts on education / by the late Bishop Burnet
Moore's Irish melodies / illustrated by D. Maclise, R.A.

54

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

AREA1.TITLEANDSTATEMENTOFRESPONSIBILITY
1E2.Statementsofresponsibilityonothersources
Ifastatementofresponsibilityappearsinasourceotherthanonthetitlepage,or
istakenfromoutsidethepublication,recordthestatementanditssourceina
note.
Note: Pref. signed: Thomas Hopkins
(Comment:Hopkinsisnotrecordedinthestatementofresponsibilityareaeven
thoughheisknowntobetheauthor)
Note: "By an engineer"--Introd.

1E3.Transpositionofstatementsofresponsibility
Ifastatementofresponsibilityprecedesthetitleproperinthesource,transposeit
toitsrequiredpositionunlessitisagrammaticallyinseparablepartofthetitle
properaccordingtooneormoreoftheconditionsenumeratedin1B1.1.When
transposingthestatementofresponsibility,donotusethemarkofomission.
Makeanoteindicatingthetransposition.
Hanc dissertationem medicam de hydrope tympanite ... submittit ad
diem [blank] Martii MDCLXXII ... David Richter, Zitt-Lusatus,
autor / praeside ... Dn. Johanne Arnoldo Friderici
Note: "Praeside" statement precedes title on t.p.

1E4.Singlestatementsofresponsibilitywithtwoormorenames
1E4.1.Transcribeasinglestatementofresponsibilityassuchwhetherthetwoor
morepersonsorcorporatebodiesnamedinitperformthesamefunctionor
differentfunctions.
Puzzled people : a study in popular attitudes to religion,
ethics, progress, and politics in a London borough / prepared
for the Ethical Union by Mass-Observation
A new method of discovering the longitude both at sea and land
... / by William Whiston and Humphry Ditton
A treatise of health and long life, with the sure means of
attaining it : in two books / the first by Leonard Lessius, the
second by Lewis Cornaro ...

1E4.2.Ifarespondentandpraesesaregivenforanacademicdisputation,treat
bothnamesandthewordsindicativeoftheirfunctionaspartofasingle
statementofresponsibility(unlessgrammaticallyinseparablefromthetitle
properorothertitleinformation).

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

55

AREA1.TITLEANDSTATEMENTOFRESPONSIBILITY
/ pro disputatione publica proponebatur praeside Jacobo Fabricio,
respondente Johanne Reembbelt
but De peripneumonia disputationem ... sub praesidio ... Dn. Jacobi
Fabricii ... publice examinandam proponit Johannes Hellinger

1E5.Omissionofnamesinstatementsofresponsibility
Whenasinglestatementofresponsibilitynamesmorethanonepersonor
corporatebodyperformingthesamefunctionorwiththesamedegreeof
responsibility,transcribeallthenamesmentioned.Optionally,iftheresponsible
personsorbodiesnamedinasinglestatementareconsideredtoonumerousto
listexhaustively,allafterthethirdmaybeomitted.Indicatetheomissionbythe
markofomission,andsupplyafteritinsquarebracketsaphraseinthelanguage
andscriptofthecatalogingagencytoconveytheextentoftheomission.
/ idee e motti di Giannino Antona-Traversi ; disegni di G. Ardy,
A. Bonzagni, A. Cagnoni ... [and 7 others] ; sculture di V.
Franco

1E6.Twoormorestatementsofresponsibility
Iftherearetwoormorestatementsofresponsibility,transcribethemintheorder
indicatedbytheirsequenceon,orbythelayoutof,thetitlepage.Ifthesequence
andlayoutareambiguousorinsufficienttodeterminetheorder,transcribethe
statementsintheorderthatmakesthemostsense.
El Fuero Real de Espaa / diligentemente hecho por el noble Rey
don Alonso noveno ; glossado por Alonso Daz de Montalvo ...

1E7.Termsofaddress,etc.,instatementsofresponsibility
Includetitlesandabbreviationsoftitlesofnobility,address,honor,and
distinctionthatappearwithnamesinstatementsofresponsibility.
/ by Horatio Walpole, Earl of Orford ...
/ par Monsieur Guilliaulme Staundforde, chiualer
/ by the late Sir Thomas Fitzosborne, bart. ...
/ con un prlogo del Excmo. Sr. D. Manuel Danvila y Collado
/ by the Rev. Daniel Lysons ...

56

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

AREA1.TITLEANDSTATEMENTOFRESPONSIBILITY
1E8.Qualificationsinstatementsofresponsibility
Qualificationssuchasinitialsindicatingmembershipinsocieties,academic
degrees,andstatementsofpositionsheldmaybeomittedfromthestatementof
responsibility,usingthemarkofomission,unless:
thequalificationsarenecessarygrammatically
or

thequalificationsarenecessaryforidentifyingthepersonorareusefulin
establishingacontextforthepersonsactivity(initialsofreligiousorders,
phrases,oradjectivesdenotingplacenames,etc.)

or

thestatementofresponsibilityrepresentstheauthoronlybya
pseudonym,adescriptivephrase,ornonalphabeticsymbols.

1E9.Ambiguousstatementsofresponsibility
Iftherelationshipbetweenthetitleofaworkandtheperson(s)orbody(bodies)
namedinthestatementofresponsibilityisnotclear,supplyanexplanatoryword
orshortphraseinthelanguageofthetext,withinsquarebrackets,ormakea
note.
De l'humour noir / [compil par] Andr Breton

Ifconsideredimportant,makeanoteaboutexpansions,explanations,and
correctionsofstatementsofresponsibilitywhenneededforclarity(see7B6).
1E10.Statementsofresponsibilityfollowingtitlesinmorethanonelanguage
orscript
1E10.1.Iftherearetitlesinmorethanonelanguageorscript,butonlyasingle
statementofresponsibility,transcribethestatementofresponsibilityafterallthe
titleinformation.
Jeux de cartes pour enfants = Children's playing cards / par
Giovanni Belgrado et Bruno Munari

1E10.2.Iftherearebothtitlesandstatementsofresponsibilityinmorethanone
languageorscript,transcribeeachstatementofresponsibilityafterthetitle
proper,paralleltitle,orothertitleinformationtowhichitrelates.Ifanyofthese
titleslackamatchingstatementofresponsibility,transcribetheinformationin
theorderindicatedbythesequenceon,orbythelayoutof,thetitlepage.

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

57

AREA1.TITLEANDSTATEMENTOFRESPONSIBILITY
Anatomia uteri humani gravidi tabulis illustrata / auctore
Gulielmo Hunter ... = The anatomy of the human gravid uterus
exhibited in figures / by William Hunter

1E10.3.Makeanotetoindicatetheoriginalpositiononthesourceofany
transposedstatements.
1E11.Nounsandnounphrases
1E11.1.Treatanounornounphraseoccurringinconjunctionwithastatementof
responsibilityasothertitleinformationifitisindicativeofthenatureofthe
work.
Comus : a mask / by John Milton

1E11.2.Ifthenounornounphraseisindicativeoftheroleoftheperson(s)or
body(bodies)namedinthestatementofresponsibilityratherthanofthenature
ofthework,treatitaspartofthestatementofresponsibility.
Paradise lost : a poem in twelve books / the author John Milton
A cushion of downe / text by Gilbert Frye ; drawings by Charles
Cox
Life and adventures of Valentine Vox, the ventriloquist / with
illustrations by Phiz

1E11.3.Incaseofdoubt,treatthenounornounphraseaspartofthestatementof
responsibility.
1E12.Personsorbodiesnotexplicitlynamedinstatementsofresponsibility
Transcribeastatementofresponsibilityassuchevenifnopersonorbodyis
explicitlynamedinthatstatement.Suchstatementswillgenerallycontainwords
liketranslated,edited,compiled,etc.
The folovving of Christ / translated out of Latin into English

1E13.Statementsofresponsibilitywithgrammaticallyinseparableelements
Ifthestatementofresponsibilityincludesinformationbelongingtoanotherarea,
andtheinformationisgrammaticallyinseparablefromthestatementof
responsibilityaccordingtooneormoreoftheconditionsenumeratedin1B1.1,
transcribeitaspartofthestatementofresponsibility.

58

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

AREA1.TITLEANDSTATEMENTOFRESPONSIBILITY
L'hymne au soleil / traduit en vers latins, sur la troisime
dition du texte franois, par M. l'abb Mtivier

1E14.Phrasesaboutnotes,appendixes,etc.
1E14.1.Transcribephrasesaboutnotes,appendixes,andsuchaccompanying
matterintheorderindicatedbythesequenceonthetitlepage.Ifsuch
informationappearsbeforethestatementofresponsibility,transcribeitasother
titleinformation(see1D2.1).
Chemische Erfahrungen bey meinem und andern Fabriken in
Deutschland : nebst einem Anhang besonderer chemischer
Geheimnisse / von J.A. Weber
Clarion call : with Franklin Phelps' criticisms / by Lunceford
Yates

1E14.2.Ifsuchinformationappearsafterthestatementofresponsibility,
transcribeitasasubsequentstatementofresponsibility,whetherornotitnames
apersonorbody.
High life below stairs : a farce / by James Townley ; with a
variety of German notes explanatory of the idioms ... alluded
to by John Christian Huttner
Some remarks on the Barrier Treaty, between Her Majesty and the
States-General / by the author of The conduct of the allies ;
to which are added the said Barrier-Treaty ; with the two
separate articles ...
Monsieur Bossu's treatise of the epick poem ... / done into
English from the French, with a new original preface upon the
same subject, by W.J. ; to which are added An essay upon Satyr
by Monsieur d'Acier ; and A treatise upon pastorals by Monsieur
Fontanelle

1E14.3.Optionally,ifthephrasesareverylengthyandcanbeabridgedwithout
lossofessentialinformation,omitlessimportantwordsorphrases,usingthe
markofomission.Ifconsideredimportant,transcribeomittedphrasesinanote.
Ifthephrasesareactuallytitlesofotherworksgivenequalprominencewiththe
titleofthefirstwork,see1F.

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

59

AREA1.TITLEANDSTATEMENTOFRESPONSIBILITY

1F.Publicationswithoutacollectivetitle
1F1.Twoormoreworksnamedonthetitlepage
1F1.1.Bysamepersonorbody.Ifthepublicationhasnocollectivetitleandthe
titlepagebearsthetitlesoftwoormoreindividualworks,otherthan
supplementarymatter,thatarecontainedinthepublication,transcribethetitles
oftheindividualworksintheorderinwhichtheyappearonthetitlepage.
Separatethetitlesbyaspacesemicolonspaceiftheworksareallbythesame
person(s)orbody(bodies),evenifthetitlesarelinkedbyaconnectingwordor
phrase.
Les Akanas : prologue mlo-dramatique, en un acte et en prose ;
suivi Des Espagnols dans la Floride : pantomime en trois actes
et spectacle

1F1.2.Bydifferentpersonsorbodies.Iftheindividualworksarebydifferent
personsorbodies,ortheauthorshipisindoubt,precedeeachtitleotherthanthe
firstbyaperiodandonespace,unlessalinkingwordorphraseisalready
present.Precedeeachstatementofresponsibilitybyaspaceslashspace.
The serving-man become a queen. Jockey of the green. The lass of
Richmond Hill
Franklins way to wealth and Penns maxims

1F2.Oneormoreworksnotnamedonthetitlepage
Ifthepublicationhasnocollectivetitle,andoneormoreworkscontainedinthe
publicationarenotnamedonthetitlepage:
transcribethetitleandstatementofresponsibilityfromthetitlepage,and
nametheotherwork(s)inacontentsnote(see7B16)
or

make a separate description for each separately titled work,


linking the separate descriptions with With notes (see 7B18)

or

deviseacollectivetitleforthewholepublication,preferablyinthe
languageandscriptofthecatalogingagency,andusethisdevisedtitle,
enclosedinsquarebrackets,asthetitleproper
[Acts of Parliament enacted in 1732]

60

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

AREA1.TITLEANDSTATEMENTOFRESPONSIBILITY

1G.Singlesheetpublications
1G1.Chiefsourceofinformation
Thechiefsourceofinformationforsinglesheetpublicationsisthewholesheet,
rectoandverso.
1G2.Generalrule
Ingeneral,transcribetheinformationpresentedbeginningwiththefirstlineof
printing.Iftheprintingisarrangedincolumnswithnoinformationpreceding
thebodyofthetext,beginthetranscriptionwiththetoplineoftheextremeleft
column(extremerightcolumninthecaseoflanguagesthatarereadrighttoleft).
Retaininthetranscriptiondates,addresses,andotherinformationnecessaryfor
identification.Usejudgment,butincaseofdoubt,startthetranscriptionwiththe
firstwordsofprintedtextonthesheet.Iftheinitialtextisgrammatically
independentofthesucceedingmaterialandisoneofthefollowing,however,
beginthetranscriptionafteritwithoutusingthemarkofomission:
captiontoanillustration
copyrightstatement
device
editionstatement
publication,distribution,etc.,statement
motto
officialnumbering
pagenumber
partofanillustrationorornament
price
tabularmaterial

Iftheinitialtexthasbeenomitted,indicatethenatureandpositionoftheomitted
materialinanote,ifconsideredimportant.

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

61

AREA1.TITLEANDSTATEMENTOFRESPONSIBILITY
1G3.Chieftitle
Ifthereisawordorphraseobviouslyintendedasthechieftitleofthepublication
thatisnotthefirstlineofprinting,transcribeitastheentiretitleproper,omitting
informationappearingbeforeitonthepagewithoutthemarkofomission.In
general,applythisinstructiononlywhensuchatitleisnotintegrated
grammaticallywiththerestofthetext,issetofftypographically,andhasasits
solefunctionthenamingofthepieceasawhole.Whensuchatitleisselected,
alsogiveinanoteatleastthefirstfivewordsofthefirstlineofprintingas
describedabove.Incaseofdoubtastotheselectionofthechieftitle,startthe
transcriptionwiththefirstlineasdescribedabove.
1G4.Captiontitle
Ifacaptiontitleispresent,normallytranscribethistitleinfull.Ifthereisno
captiontitle,transcribethetextasfoundatleastuntilarelativelydistinctive
wordorphraseisincluded.Ifthedistinctivewordorphraseisnotnearthe
beginningofthetranscription,lessimportantwordsorphrasesprecedingitmay
beomitted,usingthemarkofomission.Donot,however,abridgethe
transcriptionbeforethesixthword.Ifthetextisverylengthy,endthe
transcriptionatthefirstgrammaticallyacceptableplaceafterthecaptiontitleor
thedistinctivewordorphrase;theomittedmaterialmaybesummarizedina
note,ifconsideredimportant.
1G5.Prescribedpunctuation
Informationtranscribedfromsinglesheetpublicationsusuallydoesnotlend
itselftotheapplicationofthepunctuationprescribedin1A1forthetitleand
statementofresponsibilityarea.If,however,theinformationcanbeseparated
clearlyandunmistakablyintotitleproper,othertitleinformation,orstatementof
responsibilitywithoutanytransposition,supplytheprescribedpunctuation.
1G6.Twoormoreworkswithacollectivetitle
Iftherearetwoormoreworksprintedonasinglesheethavingacollectivetitle,
transcribeonlythecollectivetitleasthetitleproper.Makeaformalorinformal
contentsnotefortheworks.

62

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

AREA1.TITLEANDSTATEMENTOFRESPONSIBILITY
1G7.Twoormoreworkswithoutacollectivetitle
Iftherearetwoormoreworksprintedonasinglesheetthatdoesnothavea
collectivetitle,transcribeasthetitlestatementthefirsttitleoropeningwordsof
thetext.Makeaformalorinformalcontentsnoteandincludeinitthetitlesofthe
additionalworks.Ifthesheetisprintedonbothsidesanditisimpossibleto
determinewhichsideshouldbereadfirst,makeaseparatebibliographicrecord
foreachsideofthesheet,andincludeaformalWith,onversonoteineach
record(see7B18).
1G8.Twoormoreworkswithseparatepublication,distribution,etc.,
statements
Iftherearetwoormoreworksprintedonasinglesheetandeachhasitsown
publication,distribution,etc.,statement,orthereisotherconclusiveevidence
thattheywereintendedtobeseparatelyissued,makeaseparatebibliographic
recordforeachworkthatwasintendedtobeissuedseparately.Includeaformal
Withnoteineachrecord(see7B18)indicatingthattheworkswereprintedona
singlesheetandthattheywereintendedtobeseparated.Iftherearetwoor
moreworksprintedonasinglesheetgivingtheappearancethattheywere
possiblyintendedtobeseparated,butthereisnoconclusiveevidencethatthisis
thecase,followtheprovisionsof1G7,andincludeanoteindicatingthatthey
werepossiblyintendedtobeseparated.

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

63

2.EDITIONAREA
Contents:
2A.Preliminaryrule
2B.Editionstatement
2C.Statementsofresponsibilityrelatingtotheedition
2D.Statementrelatingtoanamedrevisionofanedition
2E.Statementsofresponsibilityrelatingtoanamedrevisionofanedition

2A.Preliminaryrule
2A1.Prescribedpunctuation
Forinstructionsontheuseofspacesbeforeandafterprescribedpunctuation,see
0E.
Precedetheeditionareabyaperiodspacedashspace.
Precedeastatementrelatingtoanamedrevisionofaneditionbyacomma.
Precedethefirststatementofresponsibilityfollowinganeditionstatementbya
diagonalslash.
Precedeeachsubsequentstatementofresponsibilitybyasemicolon.
Fortheuseoftheequalssigntoprecedeparallelstatements,seetheappropriate
rulesfollowing.
2A2.Sourcesofinformation
Theprescribedsourcesofinformationfortheeditionareaarethetitlepage,other
preliminaries,colophon,anddustjacket(seeintroductorysectionIX.2),inthat
orderofpreference.Ifaneditionstatementoranypartoftheeditionareais
transcribedfromelsewherethanthetitlepage,indicateitssourceinanote.
The third edition corrected, and considerably enlarged
Note: Edition statement from half-title
Book Club edition
Note: Edition statement from dust jacket

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

65

AREA2.EDITION
2A3.Formandorderofinformation
Transcribeeditioninformationintheformandorderinwhichitispresentedin
thesource,unlessinstructedotherwisebyspecificrules(see0G).

2B.Editionstatement
2B1.Generalrule
Transcribeastatementrelatingtoaneditionorissueofapublicationasit
appears,accordingtothegeneralrules0B0G.Includeanyexplanatorywordsor
phrasesappearingwiththeeditionstatement.
2B2.Wordsconsideredpartoftheeditionstatement
2B2.1.Editionstatementsnormallyincludeeitherthewordedition(orits
equivalentinotherlanguages),orarelatedtermsuchasrevisionorissue.
The second edition
Cinquiesme dition, reueu, corrige, & augmente
Nunc primum in lucem aedita
Editio secunda auctior et correctior

2B2.2.Treataphrasesuchasnewlyprintedasaneditionstatementunlessitis
partofastatementbeingtranscribedinthepublication,distribution,etc.,area.In
caseofdoubt,treatsuchastatementasaneditionstatement.
Newly imprinted and very necessary vnto all youthe
(Comment:ButtranscribeastatementsuchasPhiladelphiaprinted,London
reprintedinthepublication,distribution,etc.,arearatherthantheeditionarea)

2B3.Wordssuchasimpressionorprinting
2B3.1.Usejudgmentintranscribingstatementscontainingwordssuchas
impressionorprinting.Inbooksfromthehandpressera,suchstatements
usuallysignalaneweditionorissue.Inthesecases,thestatementmayproperly
beconsideredaneditionstatement.
The second impression
A new printing

66

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

AREA2.EDITION
2B3.2.Inbooksfromthemachinepressera,statementscontainingwordssuchas
impressionorprintingaremorelikelytoindicatethatthepublicationis
simplyanewimpressionofthesameedition.Omitstatementsofimpression
suchasthesefromthetranscriptionwithoutusingthemarkofomission.Local
notesmaybemadeaboutthestatements,ifconsideredimportant.
Optional local note: Library's copy has "ninth printing" on t.p.
verso

Alternativerule:Ifadecisionhasbeenmadetocreateaseparatebibliographic
descriptionforanindividualimpression,state,bindingvariant,orcopywithina
singleeditionorissue(seeintroductorysectionX.1.4andAppendixE),transcribe
statementscontainingwordssuchasimpressionorprintingintheeditionarea.
Indicatethesourceofthestatement,ifotherthanthetitlepage,inanote.
Ninth printing
Note: The words "ninth printing" taken from t.p. verso

2B4.Editionstatementswithspecialcharactersoranumericemphasis
2B4.1.Ifaneditionstatementconsistsentirelyorchieflyofcharactersthatare
neithernumericnoralphabetic,transcribethecharactersastheyappearifthe
necessarytypographicalfacilitiesareavailable.Forcharactersthatcannotbe
reproduced,substitutethenamesordescriptionsofthecharactersinsquare
brackets.
&&& edition
[alpha chi] edition

2B4.2.Ifaneditionstatementconsistsofoneormorelettersornumberswithout
accompanyingwords,oronlywordsthatconveynumbers,supplyan
appropriatewordorabbreviationinsquarebrackets.Ifnoappropriatewordor
abbreviationcanbedetermined,orincasesofdoubt,simplytranscribethe
statementasfound.
3e [d.]
Second [ed.]

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

67

AREA2.EDITION
Ifsuchastatementsignalsasubstantiallyunchangedimpressionofanedition,
omititfromthetranscriptionwithoutusingthemarkofomission.Localnotes
maybemadeaboutsuchstatements,ifconsideredimportant.
Optional local note: Library's copy: "Fifth ten thousand"
Optional local note: Library's copy: Number "2" on t.p. indicates
2nd printing
Optional local note: Library's copy: "51st-100th"--T.p. verso
Optional local note: Library's copy: "163-173 Tausend"
Optional local note: Library's copy: Number line on t.p. verso
indicates 3rd printing: "8 7 6 5 4 3 88 89 90 91 92"
Optional local note: Library's copy: Publisher's code "B-O" on
t.p. verso indicates printed Feb. 1914; see Boutell, H.S. First
editions (4th ed., rev. and enl.)

Alternativerule:Ifadecisionhasbeenmadetocreateaseparatebibliographic
descriptionforanindividualimpression,state,bindingvariant,orcopywithina
singleeditionorissue(seeintroductorysectionX.1.4andAppendixE),transcribe
statementssuchasthefollowingintheeditionarea,eveniftheyrepresenta
substantiallyunchangedimpressionofthatedition:astatementconsistingentirely
orchieflyofcharactersthatareneithernumericnoralphabetic;astatement
consistingofoneormorelettersornumberswithoutaccompanyingwords;ora
statementconsistingonlyofwordsthatconveynumbers.Supplyappropriatewords
orabbreviationsinsquarebrackets,asneeded.Indicatethesourceofthestatement,
ifotherthanthetitlepage,inanote.
51st-100th
Note: The words "51st-100th" taken from t.p. verso

Ifidentificationofthesubstantiallyunchangedimpressionisbasedonapublishers
codeornumberlineoroninformationfoundinareferencesource,supplyan
appropriatestatementinsquarebrackets,asneeded.Indicatethebasisforthe
statementinanote.
[3rd printing]
Note: Number line on t.p. verso indicates 3rd printing: "8 7 6
5 4 3 88 89 90 91 92"

68

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

AREA2.EDITION
2B5.Noeditionstatement
2B5.1.Ifthepublicationdoesnotcontainaneditionstatement,butisknownto
containsignificantchangesfromothereditions,oraneditionstatementforitis
providedbyareferencesource,donotsupplyaneditionstatementbasedonthis
information.Givetheinformationinanote.
Note: "Sixth ed."--Tchemerzine, v. 6, p. 117-131

2B5.2.Ifthepublicationcontainsonlyastatementthatreferstoanotheredition
(e.g.,aspartofaprefacetoanearliereditionorasummaryoftheworks
publicationhistory),donottranscribetheinformationasaneditionstatement
anddonotsupplyaneditionstatementbasedontheinformation.Notesmaybe
madeonsuchstatements,ifconsideredimportant.
Optional note: "Preface to the first edition": p. 5-7
(Comment:Thepublicationisnotthefirstedition)

2B6.Editionstatementsthataregrammaticallyinseparablepartsofotherareas
Ifaneditionstatementisagrammaticallyinseparablepartofanotherarea
accordingtooneormoreoftheconditionsenumeratedin1B1.1,andhasbeen
transcribedassuch,donotrepeatitasaneditionstatement.
Old New York, or, Reminiscences of the past sixty years : being
an enlarged and revised edition of the anniversary discourse
delivered before the New York Historical Society ...
Chirurgia / nunc iterum non mediocri studio atque diligentia a
pluribus mendis purgata

2B7.Transpositionofeditionstatements
Transposegrammaticallyseparableeditionstatementsintotheeditionareafrom
otherpartsofthetitlepage.Providedetailsofthetranspositioninanote.
2B8.Editionstatementswithgrammaticallyinseparableinformation
Ifinformationpertainingtootherelementsofthedescription(e.g.,anoriginal
titleorotherinformationconcerningtheoriginalwork)isgrammatically
inseparablefromtheeditionstatementaccordingtooneormoreofthe
conditionsenumeratedin1B1.1,transcribeitaspartoftheeditionstatement.If
illustrationstatementsorstatementssuchasintwovolumesappearwithan
editionstatement,transcribethemastheyappear(seealso1D3).

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

69

AREA2.EDITION
2B9.Editionstatementsinmorethanonelanguageorscript
2B9.1.Ifthepublicationbearseditionstatementsinmorethanonelanguageor
script,transcribethestatementthatisinthelanguageorscriptofthetitleproper.
Ifthiscriteriondoesnotapply,transcribethestatementthatappearsfirstinthe
source.Transcribetheremainingstatement(s),togetherwithanyassociated
statementsofresponsibility,asparalleleditionstatements.Precedeeachparallel
statementbyanequalssign.Makeanotetoindicatetheoriginalpositiononthe
sourceofanytransposedstatements.
2B9.2.Optionally,ifitisconsideredthattheparallelstatementsaretoonumerous
tolistexhaustively,andthatsomemaybeomittedwithoutsignificantlossof
identification,omitparallelstatementsafterthefirstusingthemarkofomission.
Transcribetheomittedstatement(s)inanote,ifconsideredimportant.
2B10.Twoormoreworksonthetitlepagewithatleastoneeditionstatement
Ifthetitlepagebearsthetitlesoftwoormoreindividualworkscontainedinthe
publication,andoneormoreoftheseworkshasaneditionstatementassociated
withit,transcribeeacheditionstatementinthetitleandstatementof
responsibilityareaalongwiththetitletowhichitpertains.
An examination of Dr. Burnet's theory of the earth ... / by J.
Keill, The second edition corrected ... To the whole is annexed
A dissertation on the different figures of coelestial bodies,
&c ... / by Mons. de Maupertuis

2B11.Editionstatementsonmultipartmonographs
2B11.1.Ifcatalogingamultipartmonograph,andtheeditionstatementvariesor
doesnotappearonallofthevolumes,ascertainwhetherthesetwasissuedas
such.Ifthepublicationwasissuedassuch,basethetranscriptiononthefirst
volumeandmakeanotetoindicatevariationin,orabsenceof,theedition
statementsinthesubsequentvolumes.Incaseofdoubt,assumethesetwasnot
issuedassuch.
Revised edition
Note: Vol. 2 issued without the edition statement

2B11.2.Ifthemultipartmonographisknownorassumedtobeamadeupset
(assembledfromdifferenteditionsbyanowner)andreliabledescriptionsofthe
editionsareavailable,makeseparatedescriptionsforeachedition.Ineach

70

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

AREA2.EDITION
description,makealocalnoteindicatingthatthesetisimperfectandidentifying
whichvolumesarewanting.
Second edition
Local note: Library's copy imperfect: v. 2 wanting; a previous
owner has supplied v. 2 from the 3rd ed. to create a made-up
set
(Comment:Thefirstoftwodescriptionsassociatedwiththemadeupset)
Third edition
Local note: Library's copy imperfect; v. 1 wanting; a previous
owner has supplied v. 1 from the 2nd ed. to create a made-up
set
(Comment:Thesecondoftwodescriptionsassociatedwiththemadeupset)

2B11.3.Ifthemultipartmonographisknownorassumedtobeamadeupset
andreliabledescriptionsoftheeditionsarenotavailable,basethedescriptionon
thecopyinhand.Makeanotetoindicatethatthedescriptionisbasedona
madeupset.
First edition
Note: Description based on a made-up set; v. 3 has "second
edition"

2C.Statementsofresponsibilityrelatingtotheedition
2C1.Generalrule
2C1.1.Transcribeastatementofresponsibilityrelatingtooneormoreeditions,
butnottoalleditions,ofagivenworkfollowingtheeditionstatementifthereis
one.Suchstatementsmayincludethereviserorillustratorofanewedition,ora
corporatebodyresponsibleforanewedition.Followtheinstructionsin1Efor
thetranscriptionandpunctuationofsuchstatementsofresponsibility.
The second edition / with notes of various authors by Thomas
Newton

2C1.2.Donot,however,applythisprovisiontosuchstatementsthatdonot
nameorotherwiseidentifyapersonorcorporatebody.
The second edition revised and corrected
not The second edition / revised and corrected

2C1.3.Indeterminingtheextentoftheeditionstatementandthebeginningofthe
statementofresponsibilityrelatingtotheedition,itmaybenecessarytotakeinto

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

71

AREA2.EDITION
accountthelayout,punctuation,andtypographyofthetitlepageaswellasthe
senseofthetext.SuchwordsasRevisedandenlarged,whenappearingwith
thenameofapersonorbody,mightbetranscribedeitheraspartoftheedition
statementoraspartofthestatementofresponsibilityrelatingtotheedition,
dependingontheirpresentationonthetitlepage.
2C2.Transpositionofstatementsofresponsibilitynotrelatingtotheedition
Ifastatementofresponsibilityappearsaftertheeditionstatement,transposeitto
thetitleandstatementofresponsibilityareainallcasesexceptwhenitclearly
appliesonlytotheeditionbeingcataloged.Makeanotetoindicatethis
transposition.
An inquiry into the original state and formation of the earth :
deduced from facts about the laws of nature / by John
Whitehurst. -- The second edition, considerably enlarged, and
illustrated with plates
Note: The statement "by John Whitehurst" appears on the t.p.
after the edition statement
(Comment:Statementofresponsibilityappliestoalleditions)

2C3.Phrasesaboutnotes,appendixes,etc.
2C3.1.Iftherearephrasesaboutnotes,appendixes,andsuchsupplementary
matterandtheyapplytotheeditioninhandbutnotnecessarilytoalleditionsof
thework,transcribethemasstatementsofresponsibilityrelatingtotheedition
onlyinthecasewhenthephrasenamesorotherwiseidentifiesapersonor
corporatebodyandappearsinthesamesourceastheeditionstatement.
The fourth edition / with a new epilogue by the author
Editio altera, ab innumeris erroribus emendata / huic editioni
accessere Jacobi Bongarsii excerptiones chronologicae ad
Justini historias accommodatae

2C3.2.Ifthephrasedoesnotnameapersonorcorporatebody,transcribeitas
partoftheeditionstatementproperoraspartofthefirststatementof
responsibilityrelatingtotheedition,asappropriate.Donotintroducethe
semicolon(asin1E14.2)toseparatesuchphrasesfromprecedingstatementsof
responsibility.
The fourth edition, with notes
A new edition / by Grace Webster, to which is added a life of the
author

72

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

AREA2.EDITION
2C3.3.Ifsuchphraseshavebeentransposedfromapositionprecedingthe
editionstatement,providedetailsofthetranspositioninanote.
2C4.Statementsofresponsibilityrelatingtotheeditioninmorethanone
languageorscript
2C4.1.Ifthepublicationhasparalleleditionstatements(see2B9)butastatement
ofresponsibilityrelatingtotheeditioninonlyonelanguageorscript,transcribe
thestatementofresponsibilityafteralltheeditionstatements.
2C4.2.Ifthepublicationhasparalleleditionstatements(see2B9)andstatements
ofresponsibilityrelatingtotheeditioninmorethanonelanguageorscript,
transcribeeachstatementofresponsibilityaftertheeditionstatementtowhichit
relates.
2C4.3.Makeanotetoindicatetheoriginalpositiononthesourceofany
transposedstatementsofresponsibility.

2D.Statementrelatingtoanamedrevisionofanedition
2D1.Ifthepublicationisanamedrevisionofanedition,transcribethestatement
relatingtothatrevisionasinstructedin2B.
The third edition, Reprinted with a new preface
(Comment:Statementindicatesthepublicationisarevisionofthethirdedition)

2D2.Donottranscribeastatementrelatingtoareissueofaneditionifit
representsasubstantiallyunchangedimpressionofthatedition.Omitthe
impressionstatementwithoutusingthemarkofomission.Localnotesmaybe
madeaboutsuchstatements,ifconsideredimportant.
The second edition
Optional local note: Library's copy is "The fifth impression"

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

73

AREA2.EDITION

Alternativerule:Ifadecisionhasbeenmadetocreateaseparatebibliographic
descriptionforanindividualimpression,state,bindingvariant,orcopywithina
singleeditionorissue(seeintroductorysectionX.1.4andAppendixE),transcribea
statementrelatingtoareissueofanedition,evenifitrepresentsasubstantially
unchangedimpressionofthatedition,intheeditionarea.Indicatethesourceofthe
statement,ifotherthanthetitlepage,inanote.
The second edition, The fifth impression
Note: "The fifth impression" taken from the t.p. verso

2E.Statementsofresponsibilityrelatingtoanamedrevisionofan
edition
2E1.Transcribeastatementofresponsibilityrelatingtoanamedrevisionofan
editionfollowingthestatementrelatingtotherevision.
Third edition, The second revision / with considerable additions
and an appendix by George Wither

2E2.Transcribesuchstatementsofresponsibilityaccordingtotheapplicable
provisionsof2C.

74

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

3.MATERIAL(ORTYPEOFPUBLICATION)SPECIFICDETAILSAREA
Nogeneraluseofthisareaismadeforprintedmonographs.

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

75

4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,ETC.,AREA
Contents:
4A.Preliminaryrule
4B.Placeofpublication,distribution,etc.
4C.Nameofpublisher,distributor,etc.
4D.Dateofpublication,distribution,etc.
4E.Placeofmanufacture
4F.Nameofmanufacturer
4G.Dateofmanufacture

4A.Preliminaryrule
4A1.Prescribedpunctuation
Forinstructionsontheuseofspacesbeforeandafterprescribedpunctuation,see
0E.
Precedethisareabyaperiodspacedashspace.
Precedeasecondorsubsequentlynamedplaceofpublication,distribution,etc.,
byasemicolon,unlessalinkingwordorphraseisgiveninthepublication.
Precedethenameofthefirstpublisher,distributor,etc.,byacolon.Precedethe
nameofasecondandanysubsequentpublisher,distributor,etc.,byacolon,
unlessalinkingwordorphraseisgiveninthepublication.
Precedethedateofpublication,distribution,etc.,byacomma.
Enclosethedetailsofmanufacture(place,name,date)withinparentheses.
Precedeasecondorsubsequentlynamedplaceofmanufacturebyasemicolon,
unlessalinkingwordorphraseisgiveninthepublication.
Precedethenameofthefirstmanufacturerbyacolon.Precedethenameofa
secondandanysubsequentmanufacturerbyacolon,unlessalinkingwordor
phraseisgiveninthepublication.
Precedethedateofmanufacturebyacomma.

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

77

AREA4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,ETC.
Fortheuseoftheequalssigntoprecedeparallelstatements,seetheappropriate
rulesfollowing.
4A2.Sourcesofinformation
4A2.1.Theprescribedsourcesofinformationforthepublication,distribution,
etc.,areaarethetitlepage,colophon,otherpreliminaries,anddustjacket(see
introductorysectionIX.2),inthatorderofpreference.Iftheinformationforan
elementisnotpresentinthesesources,anysourcemaybeusedtosupply
neededinformation(see0G6).Ifstatementsbelongingtodifferentelementsare
foundinseparatesources,combinethemtomakeacompletestatementinthe
publication,distribution,etc.,area.However,donotcombinestatements
belongingtoasingleelementwhentheyappearindifferentsourceswithinthe
publication.
4A2.2.Ifanypartofthepublication,distribution,etc.,areaistakenfromasource
otherthanthetitlepage,makeanotetoindicatethesource(see7B8).Makea
noteaboutinformationnottranscribedinthepublication,distribution,etc.,area,
ifitisconsideredimportant.
4A3.Formandorderofinformation
4A3.1.Transcribepublication,distribution,etc.,informationintheformand
orderinwhichitispresentedinthesource,unlessinstructedotherwiseby
specificrules(see0G).
4A3.2.Ifstatementsbelongingtodifferentelementsappearoutoforder,oras
partofanotherarea,andtheyaregrammaticallyseparable,transposethemas
needed.Makeanoteindicatingtheoriginalpositionofthetransposedelements.
Mexico : Imprenta de la Escalerillas dirigida por Manuel Ximeno,
1828
Note: Date follows place of publication in imprint
Philadelphia : Published by Johnson & Warner, 1813
([Philadelphia] : William Greer, printer)
Note: Printer precedes date of publication on t.p.
[Jena] : Verlegt zu Jena von Joh. Jacob Ehrdten, anno 1698
([Mhlhausen] : Gedruckt zu Mhlhausen von Tobias David
Brcknern)
Note: Printer statement appears before date on t.p.

78

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

AREA4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,ETC.
4A3.3.Iftheelementsarenotgrammaticallyseparable,ortheirtransposition
wouldresultinanambiguousorotherwiseconfusingconstruction,transcribe
themintheorderfoundandsupplymissingelementsinsquarebracketsas
needed(see0G6).
[London] : Emprynted the yere of oure Lorde a. MCCCCC & xiij by
Richard Pynson, prynter vnto the kyng[es] noble grace, [1513]
(Comment:Thedateofpublicationhasnotbeentransposedbecauseitisnota
grammaticallyseparableelement)

4A4.Fictitiousorincorrectinformation
Ifallinformationrelatingtothepublication,distribution,etc.,areaappearingin
thepublicationisknowntobefictitiousorincorrect,transcribeitnonethelessand
makeanexplanatorynote.Iftheactualdetailsareknown,orcanbereasonably
surmised,supplythemattheendoftheareaasacorrectioninsquarebrackets.
Includethesourceofthisinformationinthenote.Ifsomebutnotallofthe
informationisknowntobefictitiousorincorrect,applytheappropriaterule(see
4B9,4C5,4D2.4).
Sadopolis : Chez Justin Valcourt ... l'enseigne de la
Vertumalheureuse, an 0000 [i.e. Brussels : Jules Gay, 1866]
Note: Corrected imprint from: Pia, P. Livres de l'Enfer

4A5.Informationcoveredbylabels,etc.
Ifanyoftheoriginaldetailsrelatingtothepublication,distribution,etc.,areaare
coveredbyalabelorothermeansshowinglaterinformation,transcribethelater
information.Iftheoriginaldetailsarevisibleorotherwiseavailable,transcribeor
givetheminanote.
4A6.Elementsrelatingtopublication,distribution,etc.,vs.elementsrelating
tomanufacture
Considerthewording,layout,andtypographyofthepublicationitselfwhen
determiningthemostappropriateplacetotranscribeinformationrelatingtothe
publication,distribution,etc.,area.Keepinmindthatstatementsrelatingto
printingwillsometimesbemoreappropriatelytranscribedaselementsof

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

79

AREA4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,ETC.
publication,distribution,etc.,andsometimesaselementsofmanufacture.13
Consultthefollowinginstructionsforguidance.
4A6.1.Statementsrelatingtopublication,distribution,etc.,only
Ifthepublicationbearsonlyastatementrelatingtopublication,distribution,etc.,
ormultiplesuchstatements,transcribethestatement(s)accordingtothe
instructionsin4B,4C,and4D.
Geneuae : Sumptibus Petri Chout, 1651
Viennae : Impensis Joannis Pauli Kraus, bibliopolae Viennensis,
1768
New-York : Sold by D. Felt & Co. ; Boston : Published by Cha's
Ellms, agent, [1835?]

4A6.2.Statementsrelatingtomanufactureonly
4A6.2.1.Ifthepublicationbearsonlyastatementrelatingtomanufacture,or
multiplesuchstatements,generallyassumethemanufacturer(s)toalsobe
functioningaspublisher(s),distributor(s),etc.Transcribethestatement(s)
accordingtotheinstructionsin4B,4C,and4D.Considerthewordsplaceof
publicationandpublisherinthoseinstructionstoreferequallytotheplaceof
manufactureandnameofmanufacturerinsuchcases.
Moguntiae : In typographeio Ioannis Albini, anno 1602
Edmonton : Jas. E. Richards, government printer, 1907
Te Philadelphia : Gedrukt bij Hendrik Miller, in de Twede Straat,
MDCCLXII [1762]
Albany : Printed by Websters and Skinners ; New-York :
Stereotyped by G. Bruce, 1822

Therolesofpublishers,printers,andbooksellerswerenotclearlydelimitedinthehand
pressperiod.Statementsrelatingtoprintingfrequentlyappearprominentlyonearlyprinted
materials,reflectingthetendencyofprinterstofunctionasmorethansolelymanufacturers.As
thebooktradeindustrybecameincreasinglyspecializedovertime,however,theroleofthe
publishergraduallyassumedgreaterimportance,whiletherolesofmanufactureranddistributor
cametobesubordinate.
13

80

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

AREA4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,ETC.
4A6.2.2.However,ifthemanufacturerisknownnottobethepublisher,
distributor,etc.,andtheidentityofthepublisher,distributor,etc.,canbe
determinedorreasonablysurmised,supplythenameofthepublisher,
distributor,etc.,insquarebracketsandtranscribethemanufacturerstatementas
suchaccordingtotheinstructionsin4E,4F,and4G.
[Boston : New York & Erie Railroad Company, 1856] (Boston :
Farwells & Forrest, steam job printers, 5 Lindall Street)

4A6.3.Statementsrelatingbothtopublication,distribution,etc.,andto
manufacture
Ifthepublicationbearsstatementsrelatingbothtopublication,distribution,etc.,
andtomanufacture,determinewhetherornotthestatementsaregrammatically
separable.
4A6.3.1.Ifthestatementsaregrammaticallyinseparable,transcribethem
accordingtotheinstructionsin4B,4C,and4D.Considerthewordsplaceof
publicationandpublisherinthoseinstructionstoreferequallytotheplaceof
manufactureandnameofmanufacturerinsuchcases.
Boston : Printed by Robert Hodge, for Nathaniel Coverly, in
Newbury-Street, [1782]
[Westzaandam] : Gedrukt voor den uitgever by H.J. de Roode te
Westzaandam, en zyn te bekomen te Amsteldam by B. van der Klok,
boekverkooper op de Blaauw Burgwal, 1765
Germantown, in Pennsylvania : Printed by Christopher Sower and
sold in Charles-Town, South-Carolina, by Jacob Viart, bookseller in Elliot Street, [1757]

4A6.3.2.Ifthestatementsaregrammaticallyseparable,determinewhich
statementisemphasizedinthesource,whethertypographically(largerfontsize,
uppercaseletters,boldface,etc.)orbyappearingfirst.
4A6.3.2.1.Ifamanufacturerstatementhasbeenemphasized,transcribeallofthe
statementsaccordingtotheinstructionsin4B,4C,and4D.Considerthewords
placeofpublicationandpublisherinthoseinstructionstoreferequallyto
theplaceofmanufactureandnameofmanufacturerinsuchcases.
Londini : Typis H. Parker : Cura Josephi Pote, bibliopolae
Etonensis, 1732

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

81

AREA4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,ETC.
Oppenheimio : Ex officina typographica Hieronymi Galleri :
Sumptibus Johannis Theodori de Bry, 1617
Manchester : Printed at the office of G. Nicholson, No. 9,
Spring-Gardens ; London : Sold by T. Knott, No. 47, LombardStreet and Champante & Whitrow, Jewry-Street, 1796

4A6.3.2.2.Ifapublisher,distributor,etc.,statementhasbeenemphasized,
transcribethepublisher,distributor,etc.,statement(s)accordingtothe
instructionsin4B,4C,and4Dandtranscribethemanufacturerstatement(s)
accordingtotheinstructionsin4E,4F,and4G.
Boston : Published by William Parker, 1816 (Brookfield [Mass.] :
E. Merriam & Co., printers)
Tot Middelburgh : By Zacharias Roman, boeck-vercooper ..., anno
1636 (Tot Middelburgh : Gedruckt by Hans vander Hellen ...)
New York : Livermore & Rudd, 1856 ([New York] : Electrotyped by
Thomas B. Smith, 82 & 84 Beekman Street : Printed by J.D.
Torrey, 18 Spruce Street)

4B.Placeofpublication,distribution,etc.
4B1.Generalrule
4B1.1.Transcribethenamesofplacesassociatedwithpublishers,distributors,
andbooksellersaspartofthiselement.Transcribethenamesofplacesassociated
withprintersandothermanufacturersonlyifappropriateaccordingtothe
instructionsin4A6(i.e.,whenthewording,layout,ortypographyofthe
publicationsuggeststhatthemanufacturerisalsofunctioningasthepublisher,
distributor,etc.).
4B1.2.Transcribetheplaceofpublication,distribution,etc.,asitappearsinthe
source.Iftheplaceappearstogetherwiththenameofalargerjurisdiction(e.g.,
country,state,orsimilardesignation),ormultiplesuchjurisdictions,transcribe
thisaswell.
Elizabeth-Town
Kln
Apud inclytam Germaniae Basileam
Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Boston
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada

82

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

AREA4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,ETC.
4B2.Placesofpublication,distribution,etc.,withinitialprepositions,etc.
Includeinthetranscriptionanyprepositionsappearingbeforetheplaceof
publication,distribution,etc.,aswellasanyaccompanyingwordsorphrases
associatedwiththeplacename.
A Lyon
In London
In Boston, printed
(Comment:Titlepagereads:InBoston,printed.1705.Followingprovisionsof
4D1.3,printedisheretranscribedwiththeplace)
Printed at Bennington
Impressum fuit hoc opus Venetiis

4B3.Suppliedmodernformsofplacenames
Ifconsiderednecessaryforidentificationandifknown,supplyinsquarebrackets
themodernformofthenameoftheplace.UseanEnglishformofthename,if
thereisone.
Christiania [Oslo]
Eboracum [York]
Monachii [Munich]

4B4.Suppliedfullerformsofplacenames
Ifaplacenameisfoundonlyinanabbreviatedforminthesource,transcribeitas
found.Supplyinsquarebracketsthefullformofthename,ortheremainderof
thename,ifconsiderednecessaryforidentification.
Mpls [i.e. Minneapolis]
Rio [de Janeiro]

4B5.Suppliedlargerjurisdictions
Supplyinsquarebracketsthenameofthecountry,state,province,etc.,afterthe
nameoftheplaceifitisconsiderednecessaryforidentification,orifitis
considerednecessarytodistinguishtheplacefromothersofthesamename.Use

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

83

AREA4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,ETC.
amodernEnglishformofthename,ifthereisone.Applytheabbreviations
appearinginAACR2,AppendixB.
Cambridge [England]
Newport [R.I.]
Washington [Pa.]

4B6.Twoormoreplacesofpublication,distribution,etc.
4B6.1.Ifthesourceofinformationshowstwoormoreplacesandallarerelated
tothesamepublisher,distributor,etc.,transcribeallintheorderinwhichthey
appear.
London ; York
A Lausanne & se trouve Paris

4B6.2.Optionally,ifitisconsideredthattheplacesaretoonumeroustolist
exhaustively,andthatsomemaybeomittedwithoutsignificantlossof
identification,theplaceofpublication,distribution,etc.,statementmaybe
shortenedbyomittingalltheplacesafterthethird.Insuchcases,usethemarkof
omissionandsupplyafteritinsquarebracketsaphraseinthelanguageand
scriptofthecatalogingagencytoconveytheextentoftheomission.Includethe
numberofomittedplaces(ifmorethanone)inthesuppliedphrase.
London ; Reading ; Bath ... [and 6 other cities in England]

4B6.3.Ifasubsequentplaceofpublication,distribution,etc.,isnotrelatedtothe
samepublisher,distributor,etc.,,transcribeitinassociationwiththepublisher,
distributor,etc.,towhichitcorresponds.
New York : Ivison, Phinney, and Co. ; London : Trbner & Co.

4B6.4.Donot,however,transcribeasubsequentplaceasaplaceofpublication,
distribution,etc.,ifitmustberecordedasagrammaticallyinseparablepartof
anotherelement.
Printed at Worcester, Massachusetts : By Isaiah Thomas : Sold by
him in Worcester, by said Thomas and Andrews in Boston, and by
said Thomas and Carlisle, in Walpole, Newhampshire

4B6.5.Ifaplaceofpublication,distribution,etc.,associatedwithanearlier
editionappearstogetherwiththeactualplaceofpublication,distribution,etc.,of

84

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

AREA4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,ETC.
theeditionbeingdescribed,transcribetheplacesasasingleelementintheorder
inwhichtheyappear.
Philadelphia printed, London reprinted

4B6.6.Ifboththeplaceandpublisher,distributor,etc.,associatedwithanearlier
editionappeartogetherwiththeplaceandpublisher,distributor,etc.,ofthe
editionbeingdescribed,transcribeeachplacewiththepublisher,distributor,etc.,
towhichitcorresponds.
London : Printed for Knight and Lacy, Paternoster-Row ;
Greenfield, Mass. : Re-printed by Ansel Phelps, and for sale by
him at his bookstore, also by West & Richardson, Cummings,
Hilliard & Co., Boston, and Wilder & Campbell, New-York

4B7.Placesofpublication,distribution,etc.,inmultipartmonographs
Ifthepublicationisissuedinmorethanasinglephysicalpart,andtheplaceof
publication,distribution,etc.,changesinthecourseofpublication,givetheplace
ofpublication,distribution,etc.,ofthelaterpart(s)inanote.
Stuttgart ; Tbingen
Note: Place of publication in v. 33-40: Stuttgart ; Augsburg

4B8.Placenamesthataregrammaticallyinseparablepartsofotherareas,etc.
Iftheplaceofpublication,distribution,etc.,appearsonlyasagrammatically
inseparablepartofanotherareaandistranscribedthere,orappearsonlyasa
grammaticallyinseparablepartofthepublisher,distributor,etc.,statementand
istranscribedthere,supplyinsquarebracketstheplaceofpublication,
distribution,etc.,asthefirstelementofthepublication,distribution,etc.,area
(see4C3).UseamodernEnglishformofthename,ifthereisone.
[Munich] : Durch Peter Clement, Kunstfhrer zu Mnchen

4B9.Fictitiousorincorrectplacesofpublication,distribution,etc.
Iftheplaceofpublication,distribution,etc.,appearinginthepublicationis
knowntobefictitiousorincorrect,transcribeitnonethelessandmakean
explanatorynote.Iftheactualplaceisknown,orcanbereasonablysurmised,
supplyacorrectioninsquarebrackets.UseamodernEnglishformofname,if
thereisone,andgivethebasisforthecorrectioninthenote.If,however,the
entirestatementconsistingofplace,publisher,anddateisknowntobefictitious
orincorrect,apply4A4.
DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

85

AREA4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,ETC.
Londres [i.e. Paris]
Note: Actual place of publication from: Weller, E.O.
Druckorte

Falsche

4B10.Noplaceofpublication,distribution,etc.
4B10.1.Ifnoplaceofpublication,distribution,etc.,appearsinthepublication,
supplyoneinsquarebrackets.UseamodernEnglishformofthename,ifthereis
one,andincludethenameofthelargerjurisdictionifconsiderednecessaryfor
identification.Usethelocationassociatedwiththefirsttranscribedpublisher,
distributor,etc.,ifoneispresent.Provideajustificationforthesuppliedplacein
anoteifnecessary.
[Cambridge, Mass.] : Printed by Samuel Green, 1668
Note: Samuel Green was located in Cambridge, Mass., from 1660 to
1672

4B10.2.Ifthenameoftheplacehaschangedovertime,supplythename
appropriatetothedateofpublication,distribution,etc.,ifknown(e.g.,
Leningrad,notSt.Petersburg,forworkspublishedinthatcitybetween1924and
1991).Ifconsiderednecessaryforidentification,alsosupplythemodernplace
nameandthenameofthelargerjurisdiction.
[Christiania i.e. Oslo]
[Leona Vicario i.e. Saltillo, Coahuila, Mexico]

4B11.Placeofpublication,distribution,etc.,suppliedbasedonaddressorsign
Supplyinsquarebracketsthenameoftheplaceofpublication,distribution,etc.,
usingamodernEnglishformofthename,ifthereisone,whenonlyanaddress
orsignappearsinthepublication.(Transcribetheaddressorsignasthe
publisher,distributor,etc.,statement;see4C4.1.)Whensupplyingtheplace,give
ajustificationinanoteifnecessary.
[Paris]
(Comment:Imprintreads:lenseignedellphant,thetradesignofaParisian
printer)
[London]
(Comment:Imprintreads:soldinSt.PaulsChurchYard)

86

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

AREA4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,ETC.
4B12.Placeofpublication,distribution,etc.,uncertainorunknown
4B12.1.Iftheplaceofpublication,distribution,etc.,isuncertain,supplythe
nameoftheprobableplaceofpublication,distribution,etc.,withaquestion
mark,usingamodernEnglishformofthename,ifthereisone,allinsquare
brackets.
[Amsterdam?]
[Newport, R.I.?]
[St. Petersburg?]

4B12.2.Ifnocityofpublication,distribution,etc.,canbeconjectured,supplythe
nameofastate,province,country,orotherlargergeographicentityastheplace
ofpublication,distribution,etc.,withaquestionmarkifnecessary,usinga
modernEnglishformofthename,ifthereisone,allinsquarebrackets.
[Canada]
[Surrey?]
[Prussia?]
[South America?]

4B12.3.Ifthereasonforsupplyingtheplaceisnotapparentfromtherestofthe
description,makeanotetoindicatethesourceoftheinformation.
Note: Place of publication suggested by Alden

4B12.4.Ifnoplaceofpublication,distribution,etc.,canbesupplied,usethe
abbreviations.l.(sineloco)insquarebrackets.
[S.l.]

4B13.Placenamesinmorethanonelanguageorscript
4B13.1.Ifthenameoftheplaceofpublication,distribution,etc.,appearsinmore
thanonelanguageorscript,transcribethestatementinthelanguageorscriptof
thetitleproper,orifthiscriteriondoesnotapply,transcribethestatementthat
appearsfirst.Transcribetheremainingstatement(s)asparallelstatements,
precedingeachbyanequalssign.Makeanotetoindicatetheoriginalpositionon
thesourceofanytransposedstatements.

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

87

AREA4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,ETC.
4B13.2.Optionally,ifitisconsideredthattheparallelstatementsaretoo
numeroustolistexhaustively,andthatsomemaybeomittedwithoutsignificant
lossofidentification,omitparallelstatementsafterthefirstusingthemarkof
omission.Transcribetheomittedstatement(s)inanote,ifconsideredimportant.

4C.Nameofpublisher,distributor,etc.
4C1.Transcribethenamesofpublishers,distributors,andbooksellersaspartof
thiselement.Transcribethenamesofprintersandothermanufacturersonlyif
appropriateaccordingtotheinstructionsin4A6(i.e.,whenthewording,layout,
ortypographyofthepublicationsuggeststhatthemanufacturerisalso
functioningasthepublisher,distributor,etc.).
4C2.Transcribethenameofthepublisher,togetherwithanyassociatedwordsor
phrases,asitappearsinthepublication.
: Em caza de Guilherme Strahan
: Printed, and re-printed by E. Waters
: In the Flete Strete in the sygne of the Sonne by Wynkyn de
Worde
: Imprimerie d'E. Duverger, rue de Verneuil, no 4

Optionally,omitaddressesandinsignificantinformationinthemiddleoratthe
endofthepublisher,distributor,etc.,statement,unlesstheinformationaidsin
identifyingordatingthepublicationorisdeemedimportanttothecataloging
agency(e.g.,forthepurposeofcapturingbooktradedata).Indicateallomissions
bythemarkofomission.
: Chez Testu, imprimeur-libraire ... Blanchon, libraire ... et
les marchands de nouveauts

IfastatementsuchasPrivatelyprintedappearsonthetitlepage,transcribeit
as,oraspartof,thepublisher,distributor,etc.,statement.
: Privately printed

4C3.Publisher,distributor,etc.,statementscontaininggrammatically
inseparableplacenamesordates
Ifthepublisher,distributor,etc.,statementcontainsgrammaticallyinseparable
statementsrelatingtoplaceordateofpublication,distribution,etc.,transcribe
88

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

AREA4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,ETC.
theinformationaspartofthepublisher,distributor,etc.,element.Supplythe
placeordateofpublication,distribution,etc.,insquarebracketsinthe
appropriateelement(see4B8,4D1.4;seealso4A3.3).
[London] : Printed in the year of our Lord 1665 for the author
Lodowick Muggleton, in Great Trinity-Lane London, near the sign
of the Lyon and Lamb, [1665]

4C4.Publisher,distributor,etc.,statementscontainingonlyaddresses,signs,or
initials
4C4.1.Ifonlytheaddress,sign,orinitialsofthepublisher,distributor,etc.,
appearinlieuofthename,transcribethestatementcontainingtheaddress,sign,
orinitialsasthepublisher,distributor,etc.,statement(seealso4B11).Ifthe
publishers,distributors,etc.,namecanbeidentified,supplyitinsquare
bracketsaftertheinitialsorbeforeoraftertheaddressorsign,asappropriate,or
givetheinformationinanote.
: Printed for W.W. [i.e. William Welby] and are to be solde in
Paule's Church yarde at the signe of the Grey-hound
Note: Bookseller's name identified in STC (2nd ed.)
: Printed for I.T.
Note: Printed by Miles Flesher for John Trundle; see STC (2nd
ed.)
: [Jean-Pierre Costard] rue Saint-Jean-de-Beauvais, la premiere
porte cochere au dessus du College
Note: Costard listed as printer in Qurard
: Ad insigne Pinus [i.e. Hans Schultes, the Elder]
Note: Colophon: Augustae Vindel. Ex officina typographica
Iohannis Praetorii, anno MDCI. Praetorius was a latinized form
used by Hans Schultes in some imprints; see Benzing, J.
Buchdrucker (1982 ed.)

4C4.2.Iftheidentificationofthepublisher,distributor,etc.,isbasedonadevice,
supplythenameofthepublisher,distributor,etc.,insquarebrackets,evenifthe
deviceincludesthepublishers,distributors,etc.,initialsorspelledoutname.
Makeanoteasnecessaryaboutthebasisfortheidentification,thesourceofthe
informationused,thepresenceofthedevice,etc.
4C5.Fictitiousorincorrectpublisher,distributor,etc.,statements
Ifthepublisher,distributor,etc.,statementisknowntobefictitiousorincorrect,
transcribeitnonethelessandmakeanexplanatorynote.Iftheactualdetailsare

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

89

AREA4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,ETC.
known,orcanbereasonablysurmised,supplyacorrectioninsquarebrackets
andgivethebasisforthecorrectioninthenote.If,however,theentirestatement
consistingofplace,publisher(distributor,etc.),anddateisfictitiousorincorrect,
apply4A4.
: Par Mathurin Marchant [i.e. John Wolfe]
Note: Printer identified in STC (2nd ed.)

4C6.Twoormorenamesofpublishers,distributors,etc.
4C6.1.Ifthepublisher,distributor,etc.,statementincludesmorethanone
publisher,distributor,etc.,inasinglesource,transcribeallthenamesinthe
orderinwhichtheyappear.Transcribethemassubsequentstatementsof
publication,distribution,etc.,onlywhentheyarenotlinkedbyconnecting
wordsorphrases.
: Par Ian de Tournes pour Antoine Vincent
: Printed for the author and sold by J. Roberts
: Printed for J. Newbery, T. Becket, T. Davies, W. Jackson, in
Oxford, and A. Kincaid, and Company, in Edinburgh
: Ex officina Ascensiana : Impendio Joannis Parui

4C6.2.Optionally,ifitisconsideredthatthenamesaretoonumeroustolist
exhaustively,andthatsomemaybeomittedwithoutsignificantlossof
identification,thepublisher,distributor,etc.,statementmaybeshortenedby
omittingallthenamesafterthethird.Insuchcases,usethemarkofomission
andsupplyafteritinsquarebracketsaphraseinthelanguageandscriptofthe
catalogingagencytoconveytheextentoftheomission.Includethenumberof
omittedpublishers(orfirms)andthenumberofomittedplaces(ifmorethan
one)inthesuppliedphrase.
: Printed for F.C. and J. Rivington, Otridge and Son, J. Nichols
and Co. ... [and 26 others]
: Printed and sold by J. Newbery and C. Micklewright, also by
Mess. Ware, Birt, Astley, Austen, Robinson, Dodsley, and
Needham, in London ...[and 8 others in 8 other places]

4C6.3.Ifthenameofapublisher,distributor,etc.,associatedwithanearlier
editionappearstogetherwiththenameoftheactualpublisher,distributor,etc.,
oftheeditionbeingdescribed,transcribethenamesasasingleelementinthe
orderinwhichtheyappear.

90

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

AREA4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,ETC.
: Printed for T. Cooper, at the Globe in Pater-noster-Row, 1742,
and reprinted for J. Wilkie, St. Paul's Church-yard

4C6.4.Ifboththeplaceandpublisher,distributor,etc.,associatedwithanearlier
editionappeartogetherwiththeplaceandpublisher,distributor,etc.,ofthe
editionbeingdescribed,transcribeeachpublisher,distributor,etc.,withtheplace
towhichitcorresponds.
London : Printed by G. Riebau, no. 439, Strand ; Edinburgh :
Reprinted, with permission, and sold by J. Robertson, no. 4,
Horse-Wynd ...

4C7.Namesofpublishers,distributors,etc.,inmultipartmonographs
Ifthepublicationisissuedinmorethanonephysicalpartandthenameorform
ofnameofthepublisher,distributor,etc.,changesinthecourseofpublication,
transcribethepublisher,distributor,etc.,statementofthefirstorearliestpart
andgivethepublisher,distributor,etc.,statementofthelaterpart(s)inanote.
: G.J. Gschen'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung
Note: Vols. 8-10 have publisher statement: Verlag von G.J.
Gschen

4C8.Suppliedandconjecturednamesofpublishers,distributors,etc.
Ifnoname,address,ordeviceofapublisher,distributor,etc.,appearsinthe
publication,supplythenameofthepublisher,distributor,etc.,insquarebrackets
ifknown.Iftheresponsibilityofapublisher,distributor,etc.,foraparticular
publicationisconjectured,eitheraddaquestionmarktoanysuppliednameor
givetheinformationinanote.Inanycaseofasuppliedpublisher,distributor,
etc.,givesupportingevidenceinanote.
4C9.Nosuppliednameofpublisher,distributor,etc.
Ifnopublisher,distributor,etc.,statementcanbesupplied,usetheabbreviation
s.n.(sinenomine)insquarebrackets.
Paris : [s.n.]
[S.l. : s.n.]

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

91

AREA4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,ETC.
4C10.Publisher,distributor,etc.,transcribedaspartofanotherarea
Ifnopublisher,distributor,etc.,statementappearsinthepublication,butthe
nameofthepublisher,distributor,etc.,hasalreadybeentranscribedaspartof
anotherarea,supplyitinashortidentifiableformwithinsquarebrackets.
[Paris : Symon Vostre, 25 Apr. 1500]
(Comment:Titlereads:CespresentesheuresalusaigedeParis...fure[n]t
acheueeslanmilcincqce[n]slexxviourdapurilpourSymonVostre,libraire)

Iftranscribingapublisher,distributor,etc.,statementinthepublication,
distribution,etc.,area,however,donotabridgeorexpandthestatementsimply
becauseitrepeatsoromitsinformationgivenelsewhereinthedescription.
4C11.Publisher,distributor,etc.,statementsinmorethanonelanguageor
script
4C11.1.Ifthenameofthepublisher,distributor,etc.,appearsinmorethanone
languageorscript,transcribethestatementinthelanguageorscriptofthetitle
proper,orifthiscriteriondoesnotapply,transcribethestatementthatappears
first.Transcribetheremainingstatement(s)asparallelstatements,preceding
eachbyanequalssign.Makeanotetoindicatetheoriginalpositiononthe
sourceofanytransposedstatements.
4C11.2.Optionally,ifitisconsideredthattheparallelstatementsaretoo
numeroustolistexhaustively,andthatsomemaybeomittedwithoutsignificant
lossofidentification,omitparallelstatementsafterthefirstusingthemarkof
omission.Transcribetheomittedstatement(s)inanote,ifconsideredimportant.

4D.Dateofpublication,distribution,etc.
4D1.Generalrule
4D1.1.Transcribedatesofpublication,distribution,etc.,aspartofthiselement.
Transcribedatesofprintingorothermanufactureonlyifappropriateaccording
totheinstructionsin4A6(i.e.,whenthewording,layout,ortypographyofthe
publicationsuggeststhatthemanufacturerisalsofunctioningasthepublisher,
distributor,etc.).
4D1.2.Transcribedatesastheyappearinthepublication,includingthedayand
month,ifpresent.

92

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

AREA4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,ETC.
, 7th July 1766
, 1732, reprinted 1734

4D1.3.Transcribewordsandphrasessuchasintheyearandannoaspartof
thiselement.Ifboththeplaceandthedateofprintingappearinconjunctionwith
thephraseprintedintheyear,determinewhetherprintedistobe
transcribedwiththeplaceorthedateaccordingtothepunctuationor
typographyofthesource.
London printed : [s.n.], in the year 1742
(Comment:Imprintreads:Londonprinted,intheyear1742)
London : [s.n.], printed in the year 1742
(Comment:Imprintreads:London,printedintheyear1742)

4D1.4.Ifthedateisgrammaticallyinseparablefrominformationtranscribedas
partofanotherelementorareaaccordingtooneormoreoftheconditions
enumeratedin1B1.1,transcribeitwithinthatareaorelementandsupplythe
dateinsquarebracketsasthedateofpublication,distribution,etc.
4D2.Transcriptioninvolvingadjustmentsoradditions
4D2.1.Romannumerals.Ifthedateappearsinromannumerals,transcribethe
dateasitappears.Omitinternalspacesandpunctuation(see0G3.4,0G4.1).
Supplytheyearinarabicnumeralsinsquarebrackets.
, anno Domini MDCXIV [1614]
, anno gratiae Mdiij [1503]
, MCCCCLXXXII le XV jour de decembre [1482]
, MDCCXLIV [1744]
(Comment:Onpublication:M.D.CC.XLIV)

4D2.2.Chronograms.Ifthedateappearsonlyintheformofachronogram,
substituteforitthedateinarabicnumeralsinsquarebrackets.Ifthesupplied
dateincludesaday/month,usethesequence:day,month,year.Makeanote
explainingthesourceofthedate.Includeatranscriptionoftheoriginal
chronograminthenote,ifconsideredimportant.
, [1740]
Note: Date of publication derived from chronogram: Ipso anno
tertIo saeCVLarI typographIae DIVIno aVXILIo a gerManIs
InVentae

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

93

AREA4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,ETC.
(Comment:Transcribingthechronograminthisnoteisoptional)
, [8 Mar. 1643]
Note: Date of publication derived from chronogram in colophon

4D2.3.Verylongdates.Ifthestatementofthedateinthepublicationisvery
long,substituteforitaformalizedstatementinsquarebrackets.Ifthesupplied
dateincludesaday/month,usethesequence:day,month,year.Makeanote
concerningthesourceandtheoriginalformofthestatement.
, [18 May 1507]
Note: Date expressed in Latin words on t.p.
(Comment:Inpublication:Annogratiaemillesimoquingentesimoseptimodie
verodecimoctavoMaij)

4D2.4.Fictitiousorincorrectdates.Ifthedateofpublication,distribution,etc.,is
knowntobefictitiousorincorrect,transcribeitasitappearsandsupplythe
actualdateinsquarebrackets.If,however,theentirestatementconsistingof
place,publisher(distributor,etc.),anddateisfictitiousorincorrect,apply4A4.
, DMLII [i.e. 1552]
, 1703 [i.e. 1730]

Ifadatefromthetitlepagehasbeentranscribedasthepublication,distribution,
etc.,date,andevidenceforalaterdateofpublication,distribution,etc.,appears
inasourceotherthanthetitlepage,supplythelaterdateinsquarebracketsasa
correction.Ifnecessary,makeanotetoclarifythatthedateaddedasacorrection
isadifferingdateofpublication,notacorrectionofanerroronthetitlepage.
, 1786 [i.e. 1788]
Note: Dedication and preface both dated 1788

4D2.5.Julian/OldStyledates.Iftheyearofpublication,distribution,etc.,is
basedontheJuliancalendar(sometimescalledtheOldStylecalendar)andthe
publicationisknowntohavebeenpublishedinthefollowingyearaccordingto
theGregoriancalendar,transcribethedateasitappearsandsupplythe
Gregorianyearinsquarebrackets.14Makeanotetoindicatethebasisforthe

TheJuliancalendarwasgraduallyabandonedinfavoroftheGregoriancalendarbeginning
in1582,withdifferentcountriesadoptingthecalendarindifferentyears.Thedifficultyin
determiningdatesduringthisperiodisfurthercomplicatedbythefactthatJanuary1wasnot
universallyusedtoreckonthestartofanewyear(e.g.,beforeadoptingtheGregoriancalendar,
14

94

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

AREA4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,ETC.
suppliedyear.Donotamendthemonthandday,ifpresent,bysupplying
Gregorianequivalents.Incaseofdoubt,donotadjusttheyear.
, printed anno Domini 1640 [i.e. 1641]
Note: Date of publication based on the Julian calendar; see STC
(2nd ed.)
, Februar. 8. anno 1588 [i.e. 1589]
Note: Imprint uses Lady Day dating; see Steele, R. Tudor and
Stuart proclamations

Iftwodatesappearinthepublication,representingbothJulian(OldStyle)and
Gregorian(NewStyle)dating,transcribebothdates,separatedbyaslash.Supply
theGregorianyearinsquarebrackets,ifnecessary.
, 2/13 September 1750
, 1690/1 [i.e. 1691]
, 1690/1691 [i.e. 1691]

4D2.6.DatesnotoftheJulianorGregoriancalendar.Ifthedateofpublication,
distribution,etc.,isbasedonacalendarotherthantheJulianorGregorian
calendar,transcribethedateandsupplytheequivalentJulianorGregorian
year(s)insquarebrackets.15
, shenat 627 [1866 or 1867]
(Comment:YearfollowsHebrewcalendar)
, an VII [1798 or 1799]
(Comment:YearfollowsFrenchRevolutionarycalendar)

Optionally,ifthedateofpublication,distribution,etc.,includesaday/month
basedonacalendarotherthantheJulianorGregoriancalendar,transcribethe
dateandsupplytheequivalentJulianorGregorianday/monthinsquare
brackets.Usethesequence:day,month,year.
, prid. Kal. Dec. [30 Nov.] 1488

GreatBritainanditscolonieslongcalculatedtheturnoftheyearonMarch25,theFeastofthe
AnnunciationorLadyDay).ForassistanceinestablishingGregoriandates,consultareference
sourcesuchasAdrianoCappellisCronologiaeCalendarioPerpetuoorC.R.CheneysHandbookof
DatesforStudentsofEnglishHistory.
Forpublicationsissuedbefore1582,supplytheequivalentJuliandate(s).Forlater
publications,supplytheequivalentGregoriandate(s).
15

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

95

AREA4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,ETC.
(Comment:DayandmonthfollowRomanstylecalendar)
, die visitationis Beatae Virginis Mariae [2 July] 1497
(Comment:Dayandmonthfollowecclesiasticalcalendar)

4D2.7.Multipleadjustmentsoradditions.Ifthedateofpublication,
distribution,etc.,requiresmorethanasingleadjustmentoraddition,provideall
thesuppliedinformationwithinthesamesetofsquarebrackets.
, MDCXIII [1613 i.e. 1693]
Note: Corrected imprint date from Wing
, anno MDCXVIII [1618 i.e. 1619]
Note: Imprint from colophon. Date of publication given in Old
Style; see STC (2nd ed.)
, [620 i.e. 1859 or 1860]
Note: Date of publication derived from chronogram on t.p.

4D3.Dateofpublication,distribution,etc.,suppliedfromreferencesources
Ifthedateofpublication,distribution,etc.,doesnotappearinthepublicationbut
isknown,supplyitinsquarebracketsfromanysource,preferablyareliable
bibliographyorreferencework.Givethesourceofthesupplieddateandany
neededexplanationinanote.
, [1876]
Note: Publication date from BAL

4D4.Conjecturaldateofpublication,distribution,etc.
4D4.1.Supplyinsquarebracketsaconjecturaldateofpublication,distribution,
etc.,basedonanyinformationavailable.Indicatethebasisfortheconjectureina
note.
4D4.2.Ifthetitlepagebearsaprominentdatethatdoesnotclearlyrepresentthe
dateofpublication,eithertranscribeitaspartofthetitleandstatementof
responsibilityareaorgiveitinanote.
, [1814?]
Note: At head of title: December 25, 1814
(Comment:Dateatheadoftitleisthedateoftheproclamation,notthedateof
publication)

96

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

AREA4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,ETC.
4D5.Patternsforsupplyingaconjecturaldate
Giveaprobabledateorperiodofpublication,distribution,etc.,accordingtoone
ofthepatternsshownintheexamplesbelow.Indicatethebasisfortheconjecture
inanote.
, [1560?]
, [ca. 1580]
, [ca. 1580?]
, [not before 1479]
, [not after 21 Aug. 1492]
, [1727 or 1728]
,[between 1711 and 1749]
,[between 1711 and 1749?]
, [167-]
, [167-?]
, [16--]
, [16--?]

probabledate
approximatedate
probableapproximatedate
terminaldate
terminaldate
oneyearortheother
spancertain
spanuncertain
decadecertain
probabledecade
centurycertain
probablecentury

4D6.Copyrightdatesanddatesofdeposit
4D6.1.Donottranscribeacopyrightdateoradateofdepositinthepublication,
distribution,etc.,area.
4D6.2.Ifadateofpublication,distribution,etc.,doesnotappearinthesource
anditislikelythatthedateofcopyrightordepositrepresentsthedateof
publication,supplythedateinsquarebracketsasthedateofpublication.Include
aquestionmarkifthesupplieddateisconjectural.Makeanotetoindicatethat
thebasisforthesupplieddateisthedateofcopyrightordeposit.Includeinthe
noteasmuchinformationasisdeemedimportanttothecatalogingagency.If
transcribingacopyrightsymbolinthenote,usealowercasectorepresentthe
symbolifitcannotbereproducedusingavailabletypographicfacilities.
, [1850?]
Note: Copyright statement dated 1850 on t.p. verso
, [1866?]
Note: "Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1866
... in the clerk's office of the Dist. Court of the U.S., for
the Southern District of New York"--T.p. verso
, [1976]
Note: Date of deposit in colophon: 1er trimestre 1976

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

97

AREA4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,ETC.
, [1988]
Note: Page [4] of cover: c1988

4D6.3.Ifadateofpublication,distribution,etc.,doesnotappearinthesource,
andthedateofcopyrightordepositdoesnotrepresenttheprobabledateof
publication,distribution,etc.,noteitnonethelessandsupplyamoreaccurate
dateofpublication,distribution,etc.,insquarebrackets.Provideanexplanation
forthesupplieddateinanote.
, [194-]
Note: Publication date suggested by WWII imagery on cover;
copyright date of 1929 in colophon

4D6.4.Ifthepublicationbearsbothadateofpublication,distribution,etc.,anda
dateofcopyrightordeposit,thelatterinformationmaybegiveninanote,if
consideredimportant.
, 1880
Optional note: "Copyright, 1878, by F.B. Greene"--T.p. verso

4D7.Dateofpublication,distribution,etc.,inmultipartmonographs
4D7.1.Indescribingapublicationconsistingofvolumes,parts,orfascicles
publishedoveranumberofyears,transcribethedateofthevolume,part,or
fasciclepublishedfirstandthedateofthevolume,part,orfasciclepublishedlast,
andconnectthemwithahyphen.
, 1692-1702
, MDXIII-MDXXIIII [1513-1524]
, MDLVIII-1570 [1558-1570]

4D7.2.Recordthedateofeachvolumeinanote,ifconsideredimportant.Sucha
noteisparticularlyusefulwhentheorderofpublication,distribution,etc.,does
notcorrespondtotheorderofthevolumenumeration.
, 1560-1564
Optional note: Vol. 1: 1561; v. 2: 1564; v. 3: 1562; v. 4: 1560

4D8.Dateofpublication,distribution,etc.,onpartpages
Ifpartsofapublicationhaveindividualtitlepagesbearingdatesthatdifferfrom
thedatepertainingtothewholepublication,givetheseadditionaldatesina
note.If,however,oneofthesedatesisamoreaccuratereflectionoftheactual

98

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

AREA4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,ETC.
dateofpublication,distribution,etc.,thanthedatepertainingtothewhole
publication,giveitasacorrectionasinstructedin4D2.4.

4E.Placeofmanufacture
4E1.Generalrule
Transcribenamesofplacesassociatedwithprintersandothermanufacturersas
partofthiselementwhenappropriateaccordingtotheinstructionsin4A6.
London and New York : Frederick Warne & Co., [1878?] (London and
Edinburgh : Printed by Ballantyne, Hanson and Co.)

4E2.Suppliedplaceofmanufacture
Iftheplaceofmanufacturedoesnotappear,oristranscribedaspartofanother
areaorelement,supplytheplaceofmanufactureinsquarebrackets.Usea
modernEnglishformofthename,ifthereisone,andincludethenameofthe
largerjurisdictionifconsiderednecessaryforidentification.Providea
justificationforthesuppliedplaceinanoteifnecessary.
New Haven, Ct. : Published by E.L. & J.W. Barber, 1840 ([New
Haven] : Hitchcock & Stafford, printers)
London : Collins ..., MCMXLVII [1947]([Northampton, England] :
Printed in Great Britain by Clarke & Sherwell Ltd, Northampton,
on Mellotex book paper made by Tullis Russell & Co. Ltd,
Markinch, Scotland)

4F.Nameofmanufacturer
Transcribethenamesofprintersandothermanufacturersaspartofthiselement
whenappropriateaccordingtotheinstructionsin4A6.
New York : G.P. Putnam's Sons ; London : John Murray, 1901
(London : Printed by William Clowes and Sons, Limited ...)
New York : Oakley & Mason ..., 1868 ([New York] : Davies & Kent,
electrotypers and stereotypers ... : Press of the New York
Printing Company ...)

4G.Dateofmanufacture
Transcribeadateofimpressionorothermanufactureaspartofthiselementonly
ifithasnotbeentreatedasthedateofpublication,distribution,etc.,following
DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

99

AREA4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,ETC.
theinstructionsin4A6,andonlyifitapplies,orislikelytoapply,toallcopiesof
theeditionorissuebeingcataloged.Suchsituationswilloccuronlyrarely.Dates
ofimpressionorothermanufactureassociatedwithasubstantiallyunchanged
impressionofaneditionorissuemaybetranscribedinalocalnote,ifconsidered
important.
, 1989
Optional local note: Library's copy: "1990 printing"--T.p. verso

Alternativerule:Ifadecisionhasbeenmadetocreateaseparatebibliographic
descriptionforanindividualimpression,state,bindingvariant,orcopywithina
singleeditionorissue(seeintroductorysectionX.1.4andAppendixE),transcribea
dateofimpressionorothermanufactureassociatedwithasubstantiallyunchanged
impressionaspartofthedateofmanufactureelement.Transcribethedateasit
appears,togetherwithanyassociatedwordsorphrases.
, 1989 (1990 printing)
Note: Date of impression from t.p. verso

Ifthedateofmanufactureappearsinthesourcewithoutanaccompanyingwordor
phrase,supplyoneinsquarebracketsasappropriate.
, 1956 (1959 [impression])

Ifthedateofimpressionisknownfromasourceoutsidethepublication,supplyit
insquarebrackets.
, 1923 ([1924 impression])

Iftheactualdateofimpressionisknowntodifferfromthedateofimpressiongiven
insidethepublication,supplyitasacorrectionwithinsquarebrackets.
, 1923 (1924 [i.e. 1925] printing)

Intheabovecases,givethesourceofthedateofimpression,ifotherthanthetitle
page,andanyexplanationsinanote.

100

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

5.PHYSICALDESCRIPTIONAREA
Contents:
5A.Preliminaryrule
5B.Extent
5C.Illustration
5D.Sizeandformat
5E.Accompanyingmaterial

5A.Preliminaryrule
5A1.Prescribedpunctuation
Forinstructionsontheuseofspacesbeforeandafterprescribedpunctuation,see
0E.
Precedethisareabyaperiodspacedashspaceorstartanewparagraph.
Precedeanillustrationstatementbyacolon.
Precedethesizebyasemicolon.
Encloseastatementofformatinparentheses.
Precedeastatementofaccompanyingmaterialbyaplussign.
Enclosephysicaldetailsofaccompanyingmaterialinparentheses.
5A2.Sourcesofinformation
Takeinformationforthisareafromthepublicationitself.

5B.Extent
5B15B14.PUBLICATIONSINONEPHYSICALUNIT
5B1.Generalrule
5B1.1.Thestatementofextentshouldaccountforeveryleafinthevolumeas
issuedbythepublisher,includingleavesoftext,leavesofplates,andblank

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

101

AREA5.PHYSICALDESCRIPTION
leaves.Itshouldnotincludeleavesaddedaspartofthebindingorthebinding
itself.
5B1.2.Recordthecompletenumberofleaves,pages,orcolumnsinaccordance
withtheterminologysuggestedbythevolume(orotherphysicalunit)itself.
Describeavolumewithleavesnumberedonbothsides,orwithleaves
unnumberedandprintedonbothsides,intermsofpages.Describeavolume
withleavesnumberedononesideonly,orwithleavesunnumberedandprinted
ononesideonly,intermsofleaves.Iftheleavesofavolumearenumberedand
printedononesideonly,statethisfactinanote.Describeintermsofcolumnsa
volumesonumberedwhenitisprintedwithmorethanonecolumntothepage.
Ifapublicationcontainssequencesinmorethanonekindofnumbering,record
eachsequenceinitsappropriatetermaspages,leaves,orcolumns.
5B1.3.Recordingthecompletenumberasstatedabovemeansrecordingthe
numberonthelastnumberedpageorleafofeachnumberedsequenceasthe
basicstatementofextent,withanynecessaryadditionsaccordingtosucceeding
rules,e.g.,5B3,fortheadditionofunnumberedpagesorleaves.Recordarabic
andromannumeralsastheyappearinthepublication.Recordromannumerals
uppercaseorlowercaseastheyappear.Ifthepagesorleavesareletteredrather
thannumbered,recordthefirstandlastlettersfollowedbythewordor
abbreviationindicatingpagesorleaves.Usearabicnumeralstodesignatepages,
etc.,thatarenumberedinwordsorincharactersotherthanarabicorromanand
makeanexplanatorynote.
x, 32 p., 86 leaves
lxiij, [1] p.
XII, 120 leaves
381 columns
a-h p.
99, [1] p.
Note: Pages numbered in words "one" to "ninety-nine"

5B1.4.Iftheleavesareallorchieflynonletterpress,recordthemasleavesor
pagesoftextratherthanasleavesorpagesofplatesasin5B9.Makeanoteto
indicatethattheleavesarenonletterpress.
LXXVI leaves
Note: Wholly engraved

102

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

AREA5.PHYSICALDESCRIPTION
[1], 13 leaves
Note: Engraved, with a letterpress t.p.

5B2.Normallyimposedsinglesheets
Foranormallyimposedsinglefolded(i.e.,4page)sheet,recordthestatementof
extentinthesamemannerasforavolume.Applythisruleevenifonlyoneof
thefourpagesisprinted.
1, [3] p.
Note: Last three pages are blank

See5B135B14forallothersinglesheetpublications.
5B3.Unnumberedpagesorleaves
5B3.1.Ifunnumberedpagesorleaves(printedorblank)arenotincludedina
sequenceofpaginationorfoliation,countthemaccordingtothetermsusedto
describetherestofthepublicationorthepartofthepublicationwithwhichthey
areassociated.Inambiguouscasescountthemasleaveswhentheyareall
printedononesideonly;otherwisecountthemaspages.Usearabicnumerals
withinsquarebrackets.Ifthegatheringsarediscernible,includeinthecount
blankleavesatthebeginningofthefirstgatheringorattheendofthefinal
gatheringwhentheyarepresentinacopyinhandorknowntobepresentin
othercopies.Donotcountpossiblyblankleaveswantingaccordingtosignature
countandnotknowntoexistinothercopies.
[8], 328 p.
[2], 328, [6] p.
iii, [1], 88 p.
64, [2] p., [3], 16 leaves
64 p., [2], 16 leaves
(Comment:Theunnumberedleavesintroducethefollowingsection)
64, [4] p., 16 leaves
(Comment:Theunnumberedpagesarenotcloselyassociatedwitheitheradjacent
sectionandoneormoreareprintedonaverso)

5B3.2.Considernumberedsequencestoincludeunnumberedpagesorleaves
fallinglogicallywithinthesequence,countingbackfromtherecordednumber
to1.

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

103

AREA5.PHYSICALDESCRIPTION
[2], 40 p.
(Comment:Pagesarenumbered340withfourunnumberedpagesatthe
beginning)
but [2], 5-40 p.
(Comment:Pagesarenumbered540withtwounnumberedpagesatthe
beginning;thereisnoevidencethatanyleavesaremissing)

5B3.3.Recordinthefollowingmannerunnumberedblankpagesorblankleaves
interruptinganumberedsequence:
200, [8], 201-232 p.

5B4.Errataleaves
Includeerrataleaves(butnoterrataslips)intheextentstatementwhetherornot
theyareconjugatewithanotherleafofthepublication.Mentionthepresenceof
errataleavesanderrataslipsinanote(see7B16.1).
136, [2] p.
Note: Errata on p. [137]

5B5.Advertisements
5B5.1.Forpagescontainingonlyadvertisements,includetheminthestatement
ofextentwhentheyareclearlyintegraltothepublication.Thisisthecasewhen
they:
areincludedinthesamepaginationsequenceasthetext;
or

areprintedonthepagesofaninitialorfinalgatheringalsocontaining
leavesorpagesoftext;

or

areprintedonaseparategatheringinapublicationthatiscontinuously
signed.

5B5.2.Makeanotetoindicatethepresenceofpagesthatonlycontain
advertisements.
124 p.
Note: Advertisements on p. 119-124
121, [3] p.
Note: Advertisements on [3] p. at end
124, 8 p.

104

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

AREA5.PHYSICALDESCRIPTION
Note: Advertisements on 8 p. at end
(Comment:Advertisementsprintedonthefinalgatheringinapublicationthatis
continuouslysigned)

5B5.3.Donotincludeinthestatementofextentpagescontainingonly
advertisementsthatdonotfallintoanyofthesecategories.Recordthemina
localnote,ifconsideredimportant(see7B19.1).Optionally,makeaseparate
descriptionfortheadvertisements.
278 p.
Optional local note: LC copy has publisher's catalog on an
additional 8 p. at end
(Comment:Advertisementsprintedonafinalunsignedgathering)
32 p.
Optional local note: UCLA copy has an additional leaf at end,
with advertisements on recto and the verso blank

5B6.Multiplesequencesofnumbering
5B6.1.Ifthestyleofnumberingwithinasequencechanges(e.g.,fromromanto
arabicnumerals),recordeachdifferentlynumberedpartofthesequence.If
unnumberedpagesappearbetweenthetwostylesofnumbering,recordthetotal
numberofunnumberedpagesinarabicnumeralswithinsquarebrackets.
xii, 13-176 p.
xii, [1], 14-176 p.

5B6.2.Ifthepublicationhasduplicatesequencesofpaging,asissometimesthe
casewithpublicationshavingparalleltexts,recordbothpagingsandmakean
explanatorynote.
xii, [1], 35, 35, [1] p.
Note: Opposite pages bear duplicate numbering

5B6.3.Ifavolumehasgroupsofpagesnumberedinoppositedirections,asis
sometimesthecasewithpublicationshavingtextsintwolanguages,recordthe
pagingsofthevarioussectionsinorder,startingfromthetitlepageselectedfor
cataloging.
ix, [1], 155, [1], 126, x p.

5B6.4.Ifavolumehaspaginationofitsownandalsobearsthepaginationofa
largerpublicationofwhichitisapart,recordthepagingoftheindividual
volumeinthisareaandthecontinuouspaginginanote.
DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

105

AREA5.PHYSICALDESCRIPTION
328 p.
Note: Pages also numbered 501-828

5B6.5.Ifthepages,leaves,orcolumnsofapublicationarenumberedaspartofa
largersequence(e.g.,onevolumeofamultipartpublication),orthecopyappears
tobeanincompletepartofawhole,recordthenumberofthefirstandthelast
numberedpage,leaf,orcolumn.(Seealso5B12forincompletenessatend.)
Generallyprecedethenumberswiththewordorabbreviationindicatingpages,
leaves,orcolumns.
leaves 81-94
p. 713-797, [1]
(Comment:Fragment,detachedfromlargerwork)
but [2], 713-797, [1] p.
(Comment:Acompletepublication,suchasanoffprint,issuedseparatelywith
thispagination)

5B6.6.Ifapublicationcontainsmorethanthreesequencesofnumberedormore
thanfivesequencesofnumberedandunnumberedpagesorleaves,preferably
recordallofthesequences.Ifitisnotpracticaltorecordallthesequences(e.g.,if
theyareexceedinglynumerous),thenemployoneofthefollowingmethods:
a) Recordthetotalnumberofpagesorleavesfollowedbyinvarious
pagingsorinvariousfoliations.
1024 p. in various pagings
256 leaves in various foliations

b) Ifoneofthesequencesisclearlythemainsequence,recordthemain
sequenceandthetotalnumberofotherpagesorleaves.
416 p., 98 p. in various pagings

c) Asalastresort,giveoneofthedesignationsusedforpublicationsissued
inmorethanonephysicalunit(see5B15.1).
1 v. (various pagings)

Ifoneofthesemethodsisemployed,recordallofthesequencesinanote,if
consideredimportant.

106

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

AREA5.PHYSICALDESCRIPTION
5B7.Expansionsorcorrections
5B7.1.Makeanotegivingmorepreciseinformationaboutpaginationor
foliation,blankpagesorleaves,orotheraspectsofcollation,ifconsidered
important(see7B10).
91, [1] leaves
Optional note: Last leaf blank
216 p.
Optional note: Pages [205]-[206] blank
vi, 744, [2] p.
Optional note: Leaves A7, B3, and C7 are cancels in some copies
Optional local note: LC copy: Leaves A7, B3, and C7 are
uncancelled; the cancel leaves are between p. 742 and p. 743

5B7.2.Ifthenumberofthelastnumberedpage,leaf,orcolumnofasequence
doesnotindicatethecorrectnumberofpages,etc.,eitherrecordthesequences
exactlytoindicatethesourceoftheerrororrecordthenumberasgiveninthe
publicationandsupplyacorrectioninsquarebrackets.Provideanexplanatory
note,ifconsideredimportant.
xiv, 823 [i.e. 328] p.
Optional note: Page 328 wrongly numbered 823
232, 221-252 p.
or

252 [i.e. 264] p.


Optional note: Numbers 221-232 are repeated in pagination
(Comment:Samenumberingasinprecedingexample)

5B8.Lackofnumbering
5B8.1.Ifthewholevolumeisunpaginatedorunfoliated,countthepagesor
leavesandrecordthetotalinarabicnumeralswithinsquarebrackets.Statethe
totalintermsofpagesorleaves,butnotofboth.Beginthecountwiththefirst
pageorleafofthefirstgatheringandendthecountwiththelastpageorleafof
thelastgathering,asinstructedin5B3.Countallblankpagesorleaves.
[104] p.
[88] leaves

5B8.2.Optionally,ifdeterminingthetotalnumberofpagesorleavesofan
unnumberedvolumemightdamageaniteminfragilecondition,giveoneofthe

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

107

AREA5.PHYSICALDESCRIPTION
designationsusedforpublicationsissuedinmorethanonephysicalunit(see
5B15.1)followedbyunpagedorunfoliated.
1 v. (unpaged)

5B9.Leavesorpagesofplates
5B9.1.Recordthenumberofleavesorpagesofplatesattheendofthe
sequence(s)ofpaginationorfoliation,whethertheplatesarefoundtogetheror
distributedthroughoutthepublication.Recordthenumberevenwhenthereis
onlyoneplate.Countaplatefoldedandboundattheinnermarginastwoleaves
ofplates.Countunnumberedleavesorpagesofplateswithoutregardforthe
termsusedtodescribetherestofthepublication(accordingly,leavesofplates
mayfollowsequencesofpagesandpagesofplatesmayfollowsequencesof
leaves).
246 p., 24 leaves of plates
246 p., [12] p. of plates
(Comment:Platesareprintedonrectosandversosof6leaves)
x, 32, 74 p., [1] leaf of plates
[12], 275, [1] p., [1], XII leaves of plates
(Comment:Allplatesexceptthefrontispiecearenumberedconsecutively)
246 p., 38 leaves of plates, 24 p. of plates

5B9.2.Ifavolumecontainsamixtureofunnumberedleavesandpagesofplates,
recordthenumbereitherintermsofleavesorofpages.
5B9.3.Recordfoldedleavesasleavesorpagesofplates.Makeanotetoindicate
anyfoldedletterpressleaves,ifconsideredimportant.
50, [2] p., [2] folded leaves of plates
Optional note: The folded leaves are letterpress tables

5B9.4.Counttitlepages(andaddedtitlepages)asleavesorpagesofplatesif
theyareentirelyorchieflynonletterpress(e.g.,engravedorlithographed)and
notintegraltoanyletterpressgatherings.Makeanotetoindicateanytitlepage
countedasaplate.
64 p., [1] leaf of plates
Note: Plate has engraved t.p. on recto and blank verso

108

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

AREA5.PHYSICALDESCRIPTION
5B9.5.Asalastresort,ifapublicationsgatheringscannotbeascertained,oritis
otherwisedifficulttotellwhetheraleafconstitutesaplate,recorditintermsof
pagesorleavesofplatesifunnumberedandpagesorleavesoftextifincludedin
thepagination.
5B10.Foldedleaves
Describefoldedleavesassuch.
122 folded leaves
230 p., 25 leaves of plates (some folded)
306 p., [12] leaves of plates (1 folded)

5B11.Doubleleaves
Countnumbereddoubleleaves(leaveswithfoldateithertoporforeedgeand
boundattheinnermargin)aspagesorasleavesaccordingtotheirnumbering.
Countunnumbereddoubleleavesaspages(2printedpagesperdoubleleaf)or
asleaves(1printedpageperdoubleleaf).Alwaysindicatethepresenceof
doubleleavesinanote.
[36] p.
Note: Printed on double leaves
[18] leaves
Note: Printed on 18 double leaves
72 p., 1 leaf of plates
Note: Plate printed on a double leaf

5B12.Incompletepublications
Ifavolume,oranindividualsequenceofpagesorleaveswithinavolume,lacks
pagesorleavesatitsendoranunpaginatedorunfoliatedvolumeorsequence
lacksanypagesorleavesandthepagingorfoliationofacompletecopycannot
beascertained,recordthenumberofthelastnumberedorunnumberedpageor
leaffollowedby+p.or+leaves.Makeanoteoftheimperfection.
xxiv, 178+ p.
Note: Description based on incomplete copy; all after p. 178
wanting
[8+], 237, [1] leaves
Note: Description based on incomplete copy; one or more prelim.
leaves (incl. t.p.) wanting

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

109

AREA5.PHYSICALDESCRIPTION
5B13.Sheets,rolls,cases,portfolios,etc.
Forapublicationinasinglephysicalunitotherthanavolume(e.g.,asheet,a
roll,acase,oraportfolio),useanappropriatedesignation(sheet,etc.)
precededbythearabicnumeral1.Ifaddingastatementofpaginationor
foliation,placeitinparenthesesfollowingthedesignation.
1 portfolio (26 sheets)
1 portfolio ([44] sheets)

5B14.Singlesheetpublications
5B14.1.Forapublicationconsistingofasinglesheetdesignedtobeused
unfolded(whetherissuedfoldedorunfolded),addastatementofpagination
basedonthenumberofpagesprinted,notcountingblanks,asfollows:
1 sheet (2 p.)
(Comment:Sheetofanysizeprintedonbothsides,numbered)
1 sheet ([2] p.)
(Comment:Sheetofanysizeprintedonbothsides,unnumbered)
1 sheet ([3] p.)
(Comment:Foldedsheetwithtitleandcolophonprintedas2pagesonoutside;
alltextprintedasonepageoccupyingtheentireinside)
1 sheet (1 p.)
(Comment:Broadsideorothersheetprintedononeside,numbered)
1 sheet ([1] p.)
(Comment:Broadsideorothersheetprintedononeside,unnumbered)

5B14.2.Forapublicationconsistingofasinglesheetfoldedintomultiplepanels,
includeinparenthesesacountofthenumberofphysicalpanelsononesideof
thesheetwhenunfolded.Includebothblankpanelsandpanelscontainingtext
orillustrationsinthecount.Enclosethenumberinsquarebrackets.Provide
detailsofthesheetslayout(includingthenumberingofthepanels)inanote,if
consideredimportant.
1 folded sheet ([16] panels)
Optional note: A folded sheet with 16 panels on each side when
unfolded. All panels are unnumbered.
1 folded sheet ([4] panels)

110

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

AREA5.PHYSICALDESCRIPTION
Optional note: A folded sheet with 4 panels on each side when
unfolded. The "outside" contains a title panel, two panels
numbered 1-2, and a final blank panel. The "inside" contains a
large map spread over all four panels.

Foranormallyimposedsinglefolded(i.e.,4page)sheet,see5B2.

5B155B20.PUBLICATIONSINMORETHANONEPHYSICALUNIT
5B15.Generalrule
5B15.1.Ifapublicationisissuedinmorethanonephysicalunit,givethenumber
ofphysicalunitsinarabicnumeralsfollowedbytheappropriatedesignationfor
theunit(seealso5E).
3 v.
2 portfolios
6 sheets

5B15.2.Ifapublicationhasbeenissuedinfasciclesintendedtobeboundintoone
ormorephysicalunits,givethenumberofpages,leaves,orvolumesappropriate
toitsfinalform,withanoteindicatingthatitwasissuedinfascicles.
5B15.3.Ifthenumberofphysicalunitsinwhichapublicationisbounddiffers
fromthenumberinwhichitwasactuallyissued,statethisfactinalocalnote,if
consideredimportant(see7B19.1).
6 v.
Optional local note: LC copy bound in 3 v.

5B16.Bibliographicvolumesvs.physicalvolumes
Ifthenumberofbibliographicvolumesdiffersfromthenumberofphysical
volumesinwhichapublicationisactuallyissued,givethenumberof
bibliographicvolumesfollowedbyinandthenumberofphysicalvolumes.
Givedetailsofthepublicationsnumberinginanote,unlessthenumberingis
giveninacontentsnote(see7B10).
3 v. in 5
Note: Vols. numbered 1, 2A, 2B, 2C, 3
8 v. in 5
Note: The t.p. of the 5th vol. bears the designation "Bde. 5-8"

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

111

AREA5.PHYSICALDESCRIPTION
5B17.Paginationcontinuous
5B17.1.Ifthepaginationofapublicationinmorethanonephysicalunitis
continuous,givethepaginationinparenthesesafterthenumberofunits.
8 v. (894 p.)

5B17.2.Donotusethephysicaldescriptionareatorecordpreliminarysequences
unlessonlythefirstvolumecontainssuchasequence.Acompleterecordof
sequencesmaybegiveninanote,ifconsideredimportant.
3 v. (xx, 804 p.)
(Comment:Preliminariesareinv.1only)
3 v. (804 p.)
Optional note: Vol. 1: xx, 202 p.; v. 2: xx, 203-512 p.; v. 3:
xxi, [1], 513-804 p.
(Comment:Preliminariesarepresentinallvolumes)

5B18.Paginationnotcontinuous
Optionally,ifthepaginationofapublicationinmorethanonephysicalunitisnot
continuous,recordthepaginationofeachuniteitherinparenthesesafterthe
numberofunitsorinanote.
2 portfolios (12, 18 leaves)
5 v. (32, 36, 48, 36, 18 p.)
3 v. (v, [1], 31, [1]; vi, 32; iii, [1], 49, [1] p.)
or

3 v.
Optional note: Vol. 1: v, [1], 31, [1] p.; v. 2: vi, 32 p.; v. 3:
iii, [1], 49, [1] p.
(Comment:Samepaginationasinprecedingexample)

5B19.Leavesandpagesofplates
Ifapublicationinmorethanonephysicalunitcontainsleavesorpagesofplates,
donotrecordtheminthestatementofextent.Notethepresenceoftheplatesina
note,ifconsideredimportant.
2 v.
Optional note: Vol. 1: viii, 100, [4] p., [12] leaves of plates
(2 folded); v. 2: iv, 112 p., [9] leaves of plates

112

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

AREA5.PHYSICALDESCRIPTION
5B20.Discontinuedpublications
Ifapublicationplannedformorethanonephysicalunithasbeenorappearsto
havebeendiscontinuedbeforecompletion,describetheincompletesetas
appropriate(i.e.,recordpagingforasinglevolumeorthenumberofvolumesfor
multiplevolumes).Makeanexplanatorynote.
2 v.
Note: No more published?
627, [1] p.
Note: Vol. 2 was never published

5C.Illustration
5C1.Generalrule
5C1.1.Toindicatethepresenceofillustration,usetheabbreviationill.afterthe
statementofextent.
8 v. : ill.
492 p. : ill.
246 p., 32 p. of plates : ill.

5C1.2.Optionally,disregardminorillustrations.
5C1.3.Donotregardornaments(e.g.,headpieces,vignettes,tailpieces,printers
devices),pictorialcovers,orpictorialdustjacketsasillustrations.Ifconsidered
important,thesemaybementionedinanote(see7B10).
5C1.4.Optionally,treatsignificanttitlepageillustrationsasillustrationsrather
thanornaments.Makeanotetoindicateanytitlepageillustrationsotreated,if
consideredimportant(see7B10).
5C1.5.Optionally,addthegraphicprocessortechniqueinparentheses,preferably
usingatermfoundinastandardvocabulary.16Givemoredetaileddescriptions
oftheillustrationsinanote,ifconsideredimportant.

VocabulariesusefulforthispurposeincludetheArt&ArchitectureThesaurusOnline(AAT)
andtheThesaurusforGraphicMaterialsII:Genre&PhysicalCharacteristicTerms(TGMII).
16

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

113

AREA5.PHYSICALDESCRIPTION
: ill. (woodcuts)
: ill. (steel engravings)

5C2.Typesofillustrations
5C2.1.Optionally,specifyparticulartypesofillustrations.Useinalphabetical
orderoneormoresuchtermsasthefollowing:coatsofarms,diagrams,facsims.,
forms,geneal.tables,maps,music,plans,ports.(useforsingleorgroup
portraits),samples.
5C2.2.Replaceill.withtermsspecifyingparticulartypesofillustrationsifthe
particulartypesaretheonlyillustrationsinthepublication.
: maps
: ports. (Woodburytypes)

5C2.3.Precedetermsspecifyingparticulartypesofillustrationswithill.ifthe
particulartypesarenottheonlyillustrationsinthepublication.
: ill., maps, plans
: ill. (wood engravings), maps (lithographs)

5C3.Colorillustrations
5C3.1.Describecolorillustrationsassuchusingtheabbreviationcol.Treat
illustrationsprintedwithatintblock(e.g.,chiaroscurowoodcuts,tinted
lithographs)ascolorillustrations.
: col. ill.
: ill., col. maps, ports. (some col.)
: ill. (some col.), maps, plans
: col. ill. (Baxter prints)

5C3.2.Donotdescribehandcoloredillustrationsascol.unlessthereis
evidencethatthepublicationwasissuedwiththehandcoloring.Incaseof
doubt,consideranymachinepresspublicationwithhandcoloringtohavebeen
issuedthatwaybythepublisher.Alwaysmentionpublisherissuedhand
coloringinanote(see7B10.3);makealocalnoteonthepresenceofotherhand
coloring,ifconsideredimportant(see7B19.1.3).

114

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

AREA5.PHYSICALDESCRIPTION
: col. ill.
Note: With hand-colored wood engravings
(Comment:Titlecontainsstatementwithcoloredengravings)
: col. ill. (lithographs)
Note: Lithographs are hand colored, as issued; see Sitwell, S.
Fine bird books, p. 78

5C3.3.Ifboththetextandillustrationsareprintedinasinglecolor,donot
describetheillustrationsascol.Makeanotetoindicatethecoloroftheink,if
consideredimportant.
: ill.
Optional note: Printed in green throughout

5C4.Numberofillustrations
Recordthenumberofillustrationswhentheirnumbercanbeascertainedreadily
(e.g.,whentheillustrationsarelistedandtheirnumbersstated).
: 94 ill.
: ill., 8 facsims.
: 3 ill., 1 map
: 6 col. ill. (tinted lithographs)
: 2 maps (lithographs), 1 port. (mezzotint)
: 1 ill. (engraving)
Note: Illustration is a t.p. vignette depicting a woman with
raised sword and torch, with two serpents rising out of an
inferno in the background

5C5.Publicationsconsistingentirelyorchieflyofillustrations
Ifapublicationconsistsentirelyorchieflyofillustrations,accountforthisfactby
specifyingallill.orchieflyill.Optionally,whentheillustrationsareallor
chieflyofaparticulartype(see5C2.2),replaceill.withthetermspecifyingthe
particulartype.
: all ill.
: chiefly maps

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

115

AREA5.PHYSICALDESCRIPTION

5D.Sizeandformat
5D1.Generalrule
5D1.1.Givetheheightofapublication(basedonthecopyinhand)in
centimeters,roundingafractionofacentimeteruptothenextfullcentimeter.Ifa
publicationmeasureslessthan10centimeters,givetheheightinmillimeters.If
morethanonecopyofthepublicationisheld,andtheheightsofthedifferent
copiesvary,recordtheheightofthetallestcopyandgivetheheightoftheother
copiesinalocalnote.
; 18 cm
(Comment:Apublicationmeasuring17.1centimetersinheight)
; 99 mm
(Comment:Apublicationmeasuringbetween98and99millimetersinheight)

5D1.2.Ifapublicationisbound,measuretheheightofthebinding.Whenthe
heightofthepublicationdiffersby3centimetersormorefromtheheightofthe
binding,specifyboth.
; 12 cm bound to 20 cm

5D1.3.Forhandpresspublications,addthebibliographicalformatofthe
publicationinparenthesesfollowingthesizestatementwhenevertheformatcan
bedetermined.Optionally,givetheformatalsoformachinepresspublications.
Givetheformatinabbreviatedform(fol.,4to,8vo,12mo,etc.).Usefullsheet
forpublicationsmadeupofunfoldedsheets.
; 20 cm (4to)
(Comment:Apublicationinquarto)
; 20 cm (4to and 8vo)
(Comment:Apublicationconsistingofamixtureofquartoandoctavosheets)
; 51 x 38 cm (full-sheet)

5D2.Width
Ifthewidthofavolumeisgreaterthantheheight,orlessthanhalftheheight,
givetheheightxwidth.

116

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

AREA5.PHYSICALDESCRIPTION

; 20 x 32 cm
; 20 x 8 cm

Ifoneofthemeasurementswouldnormallybegiveninmillimetersandonein
centimeters,givebothmeasurementsinmillimeters.
; 95 x 120 mm

5D3.Differingsizes
Ifthevolumesofamultipartsetdifferinsize,givethesmallestorsmallersize
andthelargestorlargersize,separatedbyahyphen.
; 24-28 cm

5D4.Singlesheetpublications
5D4.1.Forasinglesheetpublicationissuedunfolded,givetheheightxwidth.If
asheetisissuedinfoldedform,butisdesignedtobeusedunfolded(e.g.,with
thechiefpartoccupyingawholesideofthesheet),addthedimensionsofthe
sheetwhenfolded.
1 sheet ([1] p.) ; 48 x 30 cm, folded to 24 x 15 cm

5D4.2.Whendescribingotherfoldedsheets(see5B14),givetheheightofthe
sheetwhenfolded.
1 folded sheet ([8] panels) ; 18 cm

5E.Accompanyingmaterial
5E1.Generalrule
5E1.1.Ifapublicationanditsaccompanyingmaterialareissuedsimultaneously
(ornearlyso)andareintendedtobeusedtogether,givethenumberofphysical
unitsofaccompanyingmaterialinarabicnumerals,andthenameofthematerial
attheendofthephysicaldescription.
; 24 cm (8vo) + 1 price list

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

117

AREA5.PHYSICALDESCRIPTION

5E1.2.Optionally,givethephysicaldescriptionofaccompanyingmaterialin
parenthesesfollowingitsname.
; 21 cm (8vo) + 1 atlas (38 p., 19 leaves of plates : col. maps ;
37 cm (fol.))
; 25 cm (8vo) + 1 map (col. ; 65 x 40 cm)

or

describetheaccompanyingmaterialindependently

or

mentionitinanote(see7B11).

5E2.Issuedinpocket
Ifaccompanyingmaterialisissuedinapocketattachedtoapublication,specify
thelocationinanote.
; 30 cm (4to) + 2 folded maps
Note: Maps in pocket on inside back cover

118

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

6.SERIESAREA
Contents:
6A.Preliminaryrule
6B.Titleproperofseries
6C.Paralleltitlesofseries
6D.Othertitleinformationofseries
6E.Statementsofresponsibilityrelatingtoseries
6F.ISSNofseries
6G.Numberingwithinseries
6H.Subseries
6J.Morethanoneseriesstatement

6A.Preliminaryrule
6A1.Prescribedpunctuation
Forinstructionsontheuseofspacesbeforeandafterprescribedpunctuation,see
0E.
Precedethisareabyaperiodspacedashspace.
Encloseeachseriesstatementinparentheses.
Precedeeachparalleltitlebyanequalssign.
Precedeothertitleinformationbyacolon.
Precedethefirststatementofresponsibilitybyadiagonalslash.
Precedeeachsubsequentstatementofresponsibilitybyasemicolon.
PrecedetheISSNofaseriesorsubseriesbyacomma.
Precedethenumberingwithinaseriesorsubseriesbyasemicolon.
Encloseadatefollowinganumericand/oralphabeticdesignationinparentheses.
Precedethetitleofasubseries,orthedesignationforasubseries,byaperiod.

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

119

AREA6.SERIES
Precedethetitleofasubseriesfollowingadesignationforthesubseriesbya
comma.
6A2.Sourcesofinformation
6A2.1.Theprescribedsourcesofinformationfortheseriesareaaretheseriestitle
page,monographtitlepage,cover,17dustjacket,andrestofthepublication,in
thatorderofpreference.Ifthepublicationhasbothmainseriesandsubseries
titles,however,preferasourcecontainingbothtitles.
6A2.2.Iftheseriesstatement,oranyofitselements,istakenfromasourceother
thantheseriestitlepage,makeanotetoindicatethesource.
(The penny library of popular authors ; number 1)
Note: Series statement from t.p.
(E.D.E.N. Southworth series ; 35)
Note: Series statement from dust jacket
(Britain in pictures : the British people in pictures / general
editor, W.J. Turner)
Note: Series editor from verso of series t.p.

6A2.3.Iftheseriesstatementappearsonboththeseriestitlepageandthe
monographtitlepage,indicatethisinanote,ifconsideredimportant,andrecord
thetextofthelatterstatementifthetwodiffer.
(British poets)
Optional note: Series statement also appears at head of t.p.
(Blue and gold series ; no. 5)
Optional note: Series statement also appears on t.p. as: Blue &
gold series. Num. 5

6A2.4.Iftheseriesstatementappearsasastamporonalabel,transcribeitas
foundandmakeanotetoindicatethepresenceofthestamporlabel.
(New poetry series ; IV)
Note: Series statement from label on t.p.

Considerthecovertobeaprescribedsourceonlyifitwasissuedbythepublisher.Series
likestatementspresentoncoversnotissuedbythepublisherusuallyrepresentbinderstitlesand
shouldbetreatedascopyspecificinformation.Theymaybetranscribedinalocalnote,if
consideredimportant.Incaseofdoubt,donotconsiderthecovertobeaprescribedsourceof
information.
17

120

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

AREA6.SERIES
6A2.5.Ifaseriesstatementisnotpresentinthepublication,butreferencesources
provideevidencethatthebookwasissuedaspartofapublishersseries,donot
supplyaseriesstatementintheseriesarea.Rather,providetheseries
informationinanote,ifconsideredimportant.
Optional note: Issued as no. 14 in the Brocade series. See
Bishop, P.R. Mosher, 148

6A3.Formandorderofinformation
Transcribeseriesinformationintheformandorderinwhichitispresentedin
thesource,unlessinstructedotherwisebyspecificrules(see0G).

6B.Titleproperofseries
6B1.Transcribethetitleproperoftheseriesasitappearsinthepublication,
accordingtothegeneralrules0B0G.
(The Edinburgh cabinet library)
(Harper's black & white series)

6B2.Iftheseriestitleproperincludesastatementofresponsibilityornumbering
thatisgrammaticallyinseparablefromotherwordsinthetitleproper,transcribe
itaspartofthetitleproper.
(Tract no. I of the American Peace Society)

6C.Paralleltitlesofseries
6C1.Ifthesourcebearsaseriestitleinmorethanonelanguageorscript,
transcribeastheseriestitleproperthetitlethatisinthelanguageorscriptofthe
titleproper.Ifthiscriteriondoesnotapply,transcribethetitlethatappearsfirst
inthesource.Transcribetheremainingtitle(s),togetherwithanyassociated
information,asparallelseriestitles.Precedeeachparallelseriestitlebyanequals
sign.Makeanotetoindicatetheoriginalpositiononthesourceofany
transposedtitles.
6C2.Optionally,ifitisconsideredthattheparallelseriestitlesaretoonumerous
tolistexhaustively,andthatsomemaybeomittedwithoutsignificantlossof
identification,omitparallelseriestitlesafterthefirstusingthemarkofomission.

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

121

AREA6.SERIES
Transcribetheomittedtitle(s),togetherwithanyassociatedinformation,ina
note,ifconsideredimportant.

6D.Othertitleinformationofseries
6D1.Transcribeothertitleinformationrelatingtotheseries,ifpresent,following
theseriestitleproper.
(The mermaid series : the best plays of the old dramatists)

6D2.Ifthereareparallelseriestitles(see6C),transcribetheothertitle
informationaftertheseriestitletowhichitrelates.Ifanyparalleltitleshavebeen
omittedfromthetranscription,alsoomittheassociatedothertitleinformation.
Transcribetheomittedinformationinanote,ifconsideredimportant.

6E.Statementsofresponsibilityrelatingtoseries
6E1.Transcribeastatementofresponsibilityrelatingtotheseries,ifpresent,
followingtheseriestitle.Ifthestatementofresponsibilitydoesnotappearinthis
positioninthesource,transposeasneeded.Providedetailsofthetransposition
inanote.However,ifthestatementofresponsibilityisgrammatically
inseparablefromtheseriestitle,see6B2.
(Serie de libros de lectura / Mantilla)
Note: Series editor precedes series title at head of t.p.

6E2.Parallelstatementsofresponsibilityrelatingtoseries
6E2.1.Ifthereareparallelseriestitles(see6C)butthestatementofresponsibility
relatingtotheseriesappearsinonlyonelanguageorscript,transcribethe
statementofresponsibilityafterthelastparalleltitle(followinganyothertitle
informationassociatedwiththetitle).
6E2.2.Ifthestatementofresponsibilityappearsinmorethanonelanguageor
script,transcribeeachstatementaftertheseriestitle(orothertitleinformation)to
whichitrelates.
6E2.3.Ifanyparallelseriestitleshavebeenomittedfromthetranscription,also
omittheirassociatedstatementsofresponsibility.Transcribetheomitted
statement(s)inanote,ifconsideredimportant.

122

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

AREA6.SERIES

6F.ISSNofseries
TranscribeanInternationalStandardSerialNumber(ISSN)ofaseriesifit
appearsinthepublication.
(Graeco-Roman memoirs, ISSN 0306-9222 ; no. 62)

6G.Numberingwithinseries
6G1.Generalrule
6G1.1.Ifseriesnumberingispresent,transcribeitasthelastelementintheseries
statement.Ifthenumberingdoesnotappearinthisorderinthesource,transpose
itasneeded.Providedetailsofthetranspositioninanote.However,ifthe
numberingisgrammaticallyinseparablefromtheseriestitle,see6B2.
(Modern standard drama / edited by Epes Sargent ... ; no. XXXII)
Note: Series from t.p.; series numbering precedes series title

6G1.2.Transcribethenumberingasitappearsinthepublication.Donotuseany
abbreviationsnotpresentinthesourceanddonotconvertromanorspelledout
numeralstoarabic.
(... ; num. II)
(... ; volume six)

6G2.Ifseriesnumberingappearswithoutaseriestitle,transcribethenumbering
inanote.Provideanyadditionalinformationabouttheseries(e.g.,asfoundin
referencesources)inanote,ifconsideredimportant.
Note: Number "6" appears at head of t.p.; issued as part of the
American tract series; see BAL
(Comment:Makinganoteonthenumberisrequired;providingtheadditional
informationfromBALisoptional)

Incaseofdoubtastowhetheranumberappearinginthepublicationisseries
numbering,transcribethenumberinginanote.
6G3.Numberingrelatingtoparallelseriestitles
6G3.1.Ifthereareparallelseriestitles(see6C)andtheseriesnumberingalso
appearsinmorethanonelanguageorscript,transcribeeachnumberafterthe

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

123

AREA6.SERIES
seriestitletowhichitrelates(followinganyothertitleinformationorany
statementofresponsibilityassociatedwiththetitle).
(O.B.E.M.A ; number 11 = O.B.E.M.A. ; Nummer 11)

6G3.2.Iftheseriesnumberingappearsonlyonce,transcribeitaftertheseriestitle
towhichitrelates.However,ifthenumberingrelatestoall,morethanone,or
noneoftheseriestitles,transcribeitattheendoftheseriesstatement.
(Srie bilingue = Bilingual series ; 5)

6G3.3.Ifanyparallelseriestitleshavebeenomittedfromthetranscription,also
omittheirassociatednumbers.Transcribetheomittednumber(s)inanote,if
consideredimportant.

6H.Subseries
6H1.Ifbothamainseriesandasubseriesappearinthepublication,givethe
detailsofthemainseriesfirst,followedbythedetailsofthesubseries.Ifthemain
seriesandsubseriesdonotappearinthispositioninthesource,transposethem
asneededandprovidedetailsofthetranspositioninanote.
(Parlour library. Shilling series)

6H2.Ifaphrasesuchasnewseries,secondseries,etc.,appearswithan
unnumberedseries,transcribethephraseasasubseriestitle.Ifthephrase
appearswithanumberedseries,transcribethephraseaspartofthenumbering
oftheseries.
(Studies in verse. Second series)
(Comment:Seriesisunnumbered)
(Killaly chapbooks ; 2nd series, no. 6)
(Comment:Seriesisnumbered)

6H3.Ifthereareparallelseriestitles(see6C),transcribeeachsubseriesafterthe
seriestitletowhichitrelates.Ifanyparalleltitleshavebeenomittedfromthe
transcription,alsoomittheirassociatedsubseries.Transcribetheomitted
subseriesinanote,ifconsideredimportant.

124

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

AREA6.SERIES

6J.Morethanoneseriesstatement
Theinformationrelatingtoasingleseries,orseriesandsubseries,constitutesone
seriesstatement.Iftwoormoreseriesstatementsappearinapublication,
transcribeeachstatementseparately.
(American poets profile series ; 1) (Thunder City Press poetry
series ; number 19)

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

125

7.NOTEAREA
Contents:
7A.Preliminaryrule
7B.Notes

7A.Preliminaryrule
7A1.Generalinstructions
7A1.1.Notesqualifyandamplifytheformaldescription,andareespecially
importantforrecordingtypesofinformationnotaccountedforinotherareasof
thedescription.Notescanthereforedealwithanyaspectofthepublication.
7A1.2.Notes,bytheirnature,cannotbeenumeratedexhaustively,butcanbe
categorizedintermsoftheareasofdescriptiontowhichtheypertain.Inaddition
tonotesrelatingtotheseareas,therearenotesthatdonotcorrespondtoanyarea
oftheformalizedareasofdescription.Occasionallyitmaybeusefultogroup
togethernotesthatrefertomorethanonearea,forinstance,whentheyareall
basedononesourcewithinthework,suchasaprivilegestatement.
7A1.3.Ifthedescriptionintheareasprecedingthenoteareadoesnotclearly
identifytheresourcebeingcataloged,makewhatevernotesarenecessaryfor
unambiguousidentification.Whenappropriate,refertodetaileddescriptionsin
standardcatalogsorbibliographies.Providesufficientinformationtoidentifythe
specificsource,whetherusingageneralnote,aformalReferencesnotegiving
thesourceinprescribedform(see7B14),orsomecombinationofthetwo.
7A1.4.Notesmayalsobemadetojustifyaddedentriesintendedforspecial
indexesofpersonalorcorporatenames,titles,genres/forms,physical
characteristics,provenance,etc.Wheneverpossible,usetermstakenfromlistsof
controlledvocabularieswhenmakingsuchnotesandaddedentries.Preferthe
terminologyusedincontrolledvocabulariesissuedbytheRBMSBibliographic
StandardsCommittee.Termsfromotherauthorizedvocabularies(e.g.,theArt&
ArchitectureThesaurusOnline)mayalsobeusedasappropriate.

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

127

AREA7.NOTE
7A1.5.Ingeneral,notesarenotrequired,butsomenotesarerequiredin
particularsituationsandaresoindicatedinpreviousrules,e.g.,1E3,2A2,or4A4,
andinsomeoftherulesforthisarea.18
7A2.Punctuation
Startanewparagraphforeachnote.Endeachparagraphwithaperiodorother
markoffinalpunctuation.
Separateintroductorywordingfromthemaincontentofanotebyacolon
followedbutnotprecededbyaspace.
7A3.Sourcesofinformation
Takeinformationrecordedinnotesfromanysuitablesource.Squarebracketsare
requiredonlyforinterpolationswithinquotedmaterial.
7A4.Formofnotes
7A4.1.Orderofinformation.Ifinformationinanotecorrespondstoinformation
foundinthetitleandstatementofresponsibility,edition,publication,
distribution,etc.,physicaldescription,orseriesareas,usuallygivetheelements
ofinformationintheorderinwhichtheyappearinthoseareas.Insuchcases,use
prescribedpunctuation,exceptsubstituteaperiodforaperiodspacedashspace.
Revision of: 3rd ed. London : Macmillan, 1953

7A4.2.Quotations.Recordquotationsfromthepublicationorfromothersources
inquotationmarks.Followthequotationbyanindicationofitssource,unless
thatsourceisthetitlepage.Donotuseprescribedpunctuationwithin
quotations.
"Extracted from the minutes of the Society for the Propagation of
the Gospel in Foreign Parts"
"Generally considered to be by William Langland"--Harvey, P.
Oxford companion to Engl. lit.
"The principal additional music, contained in 72 pages, may be
had, half bound, with or without the rules, price four
shillings and ninepence"--Pref.

AcompletelistofrequirednotesmaybefoundintheIndexunderRequirednotes.

18

128

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

AREA7.NOTE
7A4.3.Formalnotes.Useformalnotesemployinganinvariableintroductory
wordorphraseorastandardverbalformulawhenuniformityofpresentation
assistsintherecognitionofthetypeofinformationbeingpresentedorwhen
theiruseprovideseconomyofspacewithoutlossofclarity.
7A4.4.Informalnotes.Whenmakinginformalnotes,usestatementsthatpresent
theinformationasbrieflyasclarity,understandability,andgoodgrammar
permit.
7A5.Notescitingothereditionsandworks
7A5.1.Othereditions.Incitinganothereditionofthesamework,giveenough
informationtoidentifytheeditioncited.
Revision of: 2nd ed., 1869

7A5.2.Otherworksandothermanifestationsofthesamework.Incitingother
worksandothermanifestationsofthesamework(otherthandifferenteditions
withthesametitle),givewhateverinformationisappropriate,suchasthemain
entryheading,titleproper(oruniformtitle),statementofresponsibility,edition
statement,ordateofpublication.Arrangetheinformationprovidedintheform
thatmakesmostsenseintheparticularcase.Abridgetheinformationasneeded
withoutusingthemarkofomission.
Adaptation of: Bunyan, John. Pilgrim's progress
or

Adaptation of: Pilgrim's progress / by John Bunyan

7B.Notes
Someofthemostcommontypesofnotesarelistedbelow;othernotesthanthose
providedformaybemade,ifconsideredimportant.Specificapplicationsof
manyofthesenotesareprovidedintheprecedingsections.Makenotesascalled
forinthefollowingsubrules,and,generally,intheorderinwhichtheyarelisted
here.Ifaparticularnoteisofprimaryimportance,itmaybegivenfirst,
regardlessofitsorderinthislist.Whenappropriate,combinetwoormorenotes
tomakeonenote.
7B1.Nature,scope,orartisticform
Makeanoteonthenature,scope,orartisticformwhenusefultoamplifyor
explainthetitleproperandothertitleinformation.
DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

129

AREA7.NOTE
An advertisement
A satire against William Pulteney
Prospectus for: Pope, Alexander. Essay on criticism. London, 1745

7B2.Languageandscriptofpublication;translationoradaptation
7B2.1.Makeanoteonthelanguageandscriptofthepublication,oronthefact
thatitisatranslationoradaptation,unlessthisisapparentfromtherestofthe
description.
Parallel Iroquois and English texts
English text with Latin and French prose translations
Text in romanized Arabic
Author's adaptation of his Latin text
Translation of: Gulliver's travels
In part a translation of: Le dserteur / M.-J. Sedaine
Adaptation of: Breviarium monasticum

7B2.2.Alwaysnotethepresenceofnonromanscriptinthepublicationifithas
beentranscribedonlyinromanizedforminthedescription(see0F2.1).
Church Slavic in Cyrillic script
Title in Greek script

7B3.Sourceofdescription;sourceoftitleproper
7B3.1.Alwaysmakeanoteonthesourceofthetitleproperifitisfroma
substituteforthetitlepage.
Caption title
Title from colophon
Title from incipit on leaf [2]a
Title and imprint from printed wrapper

7B3.2.Formultipartmonographs,ifthedescriptionisnotbasedonthefirstpart,
identifythepartusedasthebasisofthedescription.

130

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

AREA7.NOTE
Description based on: v. 2, published in 2001

7B4.Variationsintitle
7B4.1.Makeanoteontitlesbornebythepublicationotherthantheonechosenas
thetitleproper.Ifnonromantexthasbeentranscribedinthetitleproperwithout
parallelromanization(e.g.,astranscribedfromthesourceorprovidedby0F2.2),
givearomanizationofthetitleproper.
Title on added t.p.: La naturaleza descubierta en su modo de
ensenar las lenguas a los hombres
Spine title: Bath Road acts
Engraved t.p. reads: The continental tourist

7B4.2.Ifconsideredimportant,alsoincludeherepartialorcomplete
transcriptionsoftitleinformationtoshowtheactualwordingofthetitlepage
(e.g.,wheninformationhasbeenomitted)andexplanationsofcatalogersupplied
lettersorwords(e.g.,whenspecialmarksofcontractionhavebeenusedbythe
printerincontinuanceofthemanuscripttradition).
Marks of contraction in title have been expanded

7B5.Paralleltitlesandothertitleinformation
Makeanoteonparalleltitlesappearinginthepublicationbutnotonthetitle
page;alsogiveothertitleinformationappearinginthepublicationbutnotonthe
titlepageifitisconsideredimportant.Ifparalleltitlesandothertitleinformation
appearingonthetitlepagehavebeenomittedfromthetitleandstatementof
responsibilityarea(e.g.,becausetheycouldnotbefittedintothebodyofthe
entry,orbecausetheywereverylengthy),theymaybegivenhereasnotes.
Title on added t.p.: The book of exposition = Liber rubens
Subtitle: The medicinal, culinary, cosmetic, and economic
properties, cultivation, and folklore of herbs, grasses, fungi,
shrubs, and trees, with all their modern scientific uses

7B6.Statementsofresponsibility
7B6.1.Statementofresponsibilityinsourceotherthantitlepage.Ifastatement
ofresponsibilityappearsinasourceotherthanonthetitlepage,giveitandits
sourceinanote.

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

131

AREA7.NOTE
Dedication signed: Increase Mather
Signed at end: A lover of truth

7B6.2.Transposedstatementsofresponsibility.Notetheoriginalpositionon
thetitlepageofstatementsofresponsibilitythathavebeentransposedtothetitle
andstatementofresponsibilityarea.
On t.p., editor's name precedes title

7B6.3.Attributions
7B6.3.1.Ifastatementofresponsibilityforapersonorcorporatebodyconnected
withtheworkdoesnotappearinthepublication,andanattributionisavailable,
givetheinformationinanote.Includetheauthorityfortheattributionwhenever
possible.
Attributed to Jonathan Swift. See Teerink
(Comment:TheformalcitationforTeerinkisgiveninaReferencestopublished
descriptionsnote)
Published anonymously. By Stephen Jerome. Editor's dedication
signed "R.H.," i.e., Robert Hobson, to whom the whole is
sometimes erroneously attributed. Also erroneously attributed
to Robert Harris and to Robert Henderson
Variously attributed to Dudley Fenner and to William Stoughton;
sometimes also attributed to Henry Jacob

7B6.3.2.Ifastatementofresponsibilityrecordedinthetitleandstatementof
responsibilityareaorinanoteisknowntobefictitiousorincorrect,makeanote
statingthetrueormostgenerallyacceptedattribution.Givetheauthorityforthe
informationwheneverpossible.
By John Locke. Author's name appears on t.p. of 3rd and
subsequent editions
"[Gregory King] was consulted about the coronation ... and was
the principal author of the ... volume containing descriptions
and splendid engravings of that ceremony ... though he allowed
Francis Sandford to affix his name to the title-page"--Dict.
nat. biog., v. 10, p. 131
"The identity of Junius, which he concealed with great skill, has
never been definitely established ... He is now generally
thought to have been Sir Philip Francis"--Oxford companion to
Engl. lit. (6th ed.), p. 546
(Comment:ThepseudonymJuniusappearsonthetitlepage)

132

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

AREA7.NOTE
7B6.3.3.Falseattributionsappearinginthebibliographicalliteratureorinlibrary
catalogsmayalsobenoted,alongwiththeauthorityforthefalseattributionand
theauthorityforquestioningit.
Attributed to Daniel Defoe (see Moore); attribution challenged
by: Secord, A.W. Robert Drury's journal and other studies
(Comment:TheformalcitationforMooreisgiveninaReferencestopublished
descriptionsnote)

7B6.4.Otherstatements.Recordthenamesofpersonsorbodiesconnectedwith
awork,orwithpreviouseditionsofit,iftheyhavenotalreadybeennamedin
thedescription;givetheauthorityfortheinformation,ifnecessary.
At head of title: Sub Carolo. V. Romanorum maximo Imperatore,
primo Hispaniarum Rege
Illustrations are woodcuts by Dora Carrington. See Kirkpatrick,
B.J. Virginia Woolf, A2a
Woodcuts on leaves B2b and C5b signed: b

7B6.5.Variantformsofnames.Notevariantformsofnamesofpersonsor
bodiesnamedinstatementsofresponsibilityifthevariantformsclarifythe
namesusedinmainoraddedentryheadings.
By Gilbert Burnet, Bishop of Salisbury
(Comment:Statementofresponsibilityreads:bytheRightReverendFatherin
God,GilbertLordBishopofSarum)
Charles Pigott is the author of The virtues of nature
(Comment:Statementofresponsibilityreads:bytheauthorofThevirtuesof
nature)

7B7.Editionandbibliographichistory
7B7.1.Notethesourceofanyelementoftheeditionareawhenitistakenfrom
elsewherethanthetitlepage.Notetheoriginalpositionofanyelementthatis
transposedtoanotherpositionintranscription.
The statement "corrected printing" from colophon
The statement "amplified edition" precedes title on t.p.
Edition statement precedes author's name on t.p.

7B7.2.Makeothernotesrelatingtotheeditionbeingdescribedortothe
bibliographichistoryofthework,iftheyareconsideredimportant.Inciting
DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

133

AREA7.NOTE
otherworks,andothermanifestationsofthesamework,see7A5.Inciting
bibliographiesandcatalogs,however,usethepatternforreferencestopublished
descriptionsshownin7B14wheneversuchacitationoccursinaformal
Referencesnote.
Revision of: 2nd ed., 1753
Sequel to: Mmoires d'un mdecin
A reissue of the 1756 ed., without the plates
Previous ed.: Norwich, Conn. : Trumbull, 1783
Detailed description of plates in: Abbey, J.R.

Travel, 23

7B7.3.Ifastatementastoalimitednumberofcopiesoftheeditionappears,give
thisstatementoflimitationinanote,preferablyinquotedform.
"250 copies printed"--Pref.
"Limited edition of 20 copies"--T.p. verso

7B7.4.Ifthestatementoflimitationisaccompaniedbystatementsof
responsibilityorotherinformationrelatingtotheproductionoftheedition,
includeasmuchoftheadditionalinformationinthenoteasisconsidered
important.
"350 copies of this book have been designed and printed by
Sebastian Carter at the Rampant Lions Press ... hand-set in
Hunt Roman, and ... Monotype Plantin Light with Monotype
Albertus for the title. The paper is Zerkall mould-made wove.
50 have been signed by Ronald Blythe, include an additional set
of prints from the five blocks and are specially bound. Both
bindings are by the Fine Bindery, Wellingborough"--Colophon

7B7.5.Ifthestatementoflimitationincludestheuniquenumberofthecopy
beingcataloged,giveonlythestatementoflimitationhere.Givethecopy
numberinaseparatelocalnote,ifconsideredimportant(see7B19.1.3).
"Special edition of 200 copies on handmade paper"--Colophon
LC has no. 20, signed by author
(Comment:Giveninalocalnote)

134

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

AREA7.NOTE
7B8.Publication
Makeanoteonpublicationdetailsthatarenotincludedinthepublication,
distribution,etc.,areaiftheyareconsideredimportant.Ifelementsofthe
publication,distribution,etc.,areahavebeentakenfromasourceotherthanthe
titlepage,makeanotespecifyingthesource.
Published in parts
Publication date from Evans
Imprint from colophon
Publisher named in privilege statement as Sulpice Sabon
Publisher statement on cancel slip. Original publisher statement
reads: Sold by G. Walsh
Imprint judged to be false on the basis of printing of catchwords
and signatures. See Sayce, R.A. Compositorial practices (1979,
reprint ed.), p. 3-6, 31
No more published
"Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1853, by O.K.
Kingsbury"--T.p. verso
"Price three pence"
Publication date from outside back cover
At head of title: On the day of Lord Byron's death 1824
"Set by hand in Truesdell type by Arthur & Edna Rushmore at the
Golden Hind Press, Madison, New Jersey. Printed on Rives handmade paper from France"--Colophon

7B9.Signatures
7B9.1.Generalrule.Makeanotegivingdetailsofthesignaturesofavolume,if
consideredimportant.Givethesesignaturedetailsaccordingtotheformulain
PhilipGaskellsANewIntroductiontoBibliography(seep.328332),insofaras
typographicalfacilitiespermit.PrefacethisnotewiththewordSignaturesand
acolon.
Signatures: [A]4 B-C4 D2 E-G4 H2
Signatures: A-C4 D4(-D3) E-F4

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

135

AREA7.NOTE
Signatures: A-2Z8, 2A-M8
Signatures: [1-68]
(Comment:Volumeiscompletelyunsigned)

Itisgenerallydesirabletogivesignaturesforincunabula,especiallyifidentical
signaturesarenotgiveninastandardbibliographicsource.Itisalsodesirableto
providesignatureswhenavolumehasnopaginationorfoliation.
7B9.2.Unavailablecharacters.Ifthegatheringsaresignedwithamarkof
contraction(see0G8.2,AppendixG3)thatcannotbereproducedusingavailable
typographicalfacilities,substitutethespelledoutformandencloseitinsquare
brackets.
Signatures: )(8 a-z8 &8 [con]8 [rum]8

Ifthegatheringsaresignedwithotherunavailablecharacters,substitutea
descriptivetermoranabbreviationforthattermifastandardoneexists.
[dagger]
(Comment:Gatheringissignedwith )
[double dagger]
(Comment:Gatheringissignedwith

[fist]
(Comment:Gatheringissignedwith

[fleuron]
(Comment:Gatheringissignedwith

[maltese cross]
(Comment:Gatheringissignedwith

(Comment:Gatheringissignedwith

[par.]

[sec.]
(Comment:Gatheringissignedwith )

7B9.3.Specialusesofpiandchi.Indicateunsignedleavesthatfalloutsidethe
signaturesequence(seeGaskell,p.330)byusingthewordspiandchi.Donot
enclosethewordsinsquarebrackets.DonotusetheGreekcharactersand,as
thesewillgivetheimpressionthattheleaveshaveactuallybeensignedwith
Greekletters(see7B9.9).

136

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

AREA7.NOTE
Signatures: pi4 A-C4 chi2 D-Z4

Indicatepartialduplicationsofanalphabet(seeGaskell,p.331)byusing
superscriptpiandsuperscriptchior,ifsuperscriptlettersarenotavailable,by
substituting[superscriptpi]and[superscriptchi].
Signatures:

or

pi 4

A A-D4

chi 4

D E-F4

Signatures: [superscript pi]A4 A-D4 [superscript chi]D4 E-F4

7B9.4.NonconventionalLatinalphabet.Ifthegatheringsaresignedwith
romanlettersaccordingtoapatternotherthantheconventional23letterLatin
alphabet(i.e.,AZ,lessIorJ,UorV,andW),makethisexplicitbyrecordingthe
additionallettersinthesignaturestatement.
Signatures: A-V4 W4 X-Z4
(Comment:Printeruseda24letteralphabet)
Signatures: A-I8 J8 K-U8 V8 W8 X-2I8 2J8 2K-2M8
(Comment:Printeruseda26letteralphabet)

7B9.5.Signaturesdonotmatchgatherings.Ifitcanbedeterminedthatthe
signingofthevolumedoesnotmatchitsactualgatherings,indicatethisinthe
note.
Signatures: [1]8 2-38; volume actually gathered in twelves

7B9.6.Concurrentsignatures.Ifthevolumeissignedusingtwoconcurrent
sequences,providebothsetsofsignaturesinthenote.Givethesignaturesthat
correspondtotheactualgatheringsfirst,ifthiscanbedetermined.
Signatures: 1-1212; also signed A-S8
Signatures: 1-1212 and A-S8; actual gatherings cannot be determined

7B9.7.Nonromansignatures(numericsequence).Ifthegatheringsaresigned
withnonromancharactersthatfollowanumericsequence,representthe
charactersusingarabicnumeration.Includeanindicationofthescriptusedin
thesignaturesinthenote.
Signatures (in Hebrew characters): [1]4 2-114
(Comment:Indicatesanumericsequenceinwhichthefirstgatheringisunsigned,
followedbygatheringssigned211inHebrewnumeration)

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

137

AREA7.NOTE
Ifthenonromancharactersareaccompaniedbyparallelnumerationusing
anotherscript,notethisaswell.
Signatures (in parallel Hebrew and arabic numerals): pi8 1-48
(Comment:Indicatesanumericsequenceinwhichthefirstgatheringisunsigned,
followedbygatheringssigned14inbothHebrewcharactersandarabic
numerals)

Incaseofdoubtastowhetherasequenceisnumericoralphabetic,assumea
numericsequence.
Signatures (in Hebrew characters): 2-38
(Comment:Indicatestwogatheringssignedwithcharactersthatcouldbelongto
eitheranalphabeticornumericsequence)

7B9.8.Nonromansignatures(alphabeticsequence).Ifthegatheringsaresigned
withnonromancharactersthatfollowanalphabeticsequence,transcribein
originalscriptiftypographicalfacilitiespermit,orinromanizedformusingthe
ALALCRomanizationTables.Useuppercaseorlowercasecharactersaccordingto
theusageofthepiece.Ifthescriptisonethatdoesnotemploycase,orifthecase
ofthecharacterscannotbedetermined,uselowercasecharacters.Includean
indicationofthescriptusedinthesignaturesifrecordingtheminromanized
form,orifthesignaturestatementwouldotherwisebeambiguous.
7B9.9.Greekalphabeticsignatures.ForgatheringssignedinGreekalphabetic
sequences,usethe24letteralphabetinthefollowingchartasthebasisfor
compressedsignaturestatements(Greeklettersaregiveninthetoprow,their
romanizedequivalentsinthebottomrow):

a b g d e z th i k l

m n x o p

y ph ch ps

Signatures: pi1 -2 -22


or

Signatures (in Greek characters): pi1 a-g2 A-2L2


(Comment:Indicatesanalphabeticsequencewithaninitialunsignedleaf,three
gatheringssignedinlowercase,afullsequenceof24gatheringssigned
uppercase,finishingwithapartialsequencesignedAinuppercase)

7B9.10.Hebrewalphabeticsignatures.ForgatheringssignedinHebrew
alphabeticsequences,usethe22letteralphabetinthefollowingchartasthebasis

138

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

AREA7.NOTE
forcompressedsignaturestatements(Hebrewlettersaregiveninthetoprow,
theirromanizedequivalentsinthebottomrow):

ts

sh

Signatures: -8, a-k8


or

Signatures: -sh8(in Hebrew characters), a-k8


(Comment:IndicatesaHebrewalphabeticsequencefollowedbyaroman
sequence)

7B9.11.Othernonromanalphabeticsignatures.Forallothernonroman
alphabeticsignaturesequences,donotassumethatastandardsigningpattern
canbeusedasthebasisforcompressedsignaturestatements.Givethefirstand
lastcharactersineachsequence,followedbyatotalcountofthegatheringsin
thatsequenceinsquarebrackets.
Signatures: -2 [=41], 2-22 [=41], 3-32 [=24]

or

Signatures (in Church Slavic characters): A-2 [=41], 2A-22 [=41], 3A3T2 [=24]

7B9.12.Fullcollation.Ifconsideredimportant,makeanotegivingthefull
collationinsteadofanoterecordingonlythesignatures.
Collation: 8vo: A-H4; 32 leaves: p. [1-2] 3-62 [63-64];
$3(-H3) signed. H4 blank

7B10.Physicaldescription
7B10.1.Makeanoteonimportantphysicaldetailsthatarenotalreadyincluded
inthephysicaldescriptionarea,ifconsideredimportant.
The first and last leaves are blank
Title and headings printed in red
Volumes numbered: 1, 2A, 2B, 2C, 3
Printed on vellum
Printed on a quarter sheet

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

139

AREA7.NOTE
7B10.2.Forincunabula,notecolorprintingandrecordthenumberofcolumns(if
morethanone),thenumberoflines,andtypemeasurementsifnoaccountis
foundinabibliographicalsourceandtheprinterisunidentifiedorhasbeen
identifiedfromthisinformation.Dothesameforlaterpublications,ifconsidered
important.
Printed in 2 columns; 38 lines; type 76/7

7B10.3.Givefullerdetailsoftheillustrations,ifconsideredimportant.Always
notethepresenceofhandcoloringinpublicationsissuedassuch.
Frontispiece on leaf A1
Woodcuts: ill., initials, publisher's and printer's devices
Engraved port. of author on t.p.
With hand-colored wood engravings, as issued

7B10.4.Describedetailsofanartistsbookorapublisherissuedbinding,if
consideredimportant.
Pictorial cloth binding with gold, brown, and green stamping on
brown calico-textured cloth, designed by Margaret Armstrong;
signed: M.A.
Toy book cut in the shape of a standing Robinson Crusoe
Collages of marbled paper squares and rectangles mounted on
cream-colored Italian handmade paper (watermarked Umbria,
Italy, C.M.F.)

7B10.5.Detailsofphysicaldescriptiongivenhereusuallyapplytoallcopiesofan
editionorissue.Summariesofdetailsthatapplytoparticulargroupsofcopies
withinaneditionorissuemayalsobegiven.Notespertainingtoindividual
copiesmaybegivenseparatelyaslocalnotes,ifconsideredimportant(see7B19).
Two binding variants noted, one in red cloth and one in blue
cloth
"The edition consists of 190 copies on Pescia paper and 10 copies
on Japanese paper marked with the letters A to J"--Colophon

7B11.Accompanyingmaterial
Makeanoteforanyaccompanyingmaterialnotrecordedinthephysical
descriptionarea.Givethelocationofaccompanyingmaterialifappropriate.

140

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

AREA7.NOTE
Accompanied by: "Star guide" (1 sheet ; 12 x 36 cm), previously
published separately in 1744

7B12.Series
Notethesourceofanyelementoftheseriesareawhenitistakenfromelsewhere
thantheseriestitlepage.Ifanyelementhasbeentransposedinthedescription,
noteitsoriginalpositioninthepublication.Noteanyseriesinformationnot
transcribedintheseriesarea,ifconsideredimportant.Giveinformationabouta
seriesinwhichthepublicationhasbeenissuedpreviously,ifconsidered
important.
Series statement from dust jacket
Series numbering precedes series title
Originally issued in series: Novelistas de nuestra poca
Also issued without series statement

7B13.Dissertations
Ifthepublicationbeingdescribedisadissertationorthesispresentedinpartial
fulfillmentoftherequirementsforanacademicdegree,givethedesignationof
thethesis(usingtheEnglishwordthesis)followedifpossiblebyabrief
statementofthedegreeforwhichtheauthorwasacandidate(e.g.,M.A.or
Ph.D.,or,forthesestowhichsuchabbreviationsdonotapply,doctoralor
masters),thenameoftheinstitutionorfacultytowhichthethesiswas
presented,andtheyearinwhichthedegreewasgranted.
Thesis--Harvard College, 1786
Thesis (doctoral)--Universitt Tbingen, 1805

Ifthepublicationisarevisionorabridgmentofathesis,statethis.
Abstract of thesis--Yale College, 1795

Ifthepublicationlacksaformalthesisstatement,abibliographichistorynote
maybemade.
Originally presented as the author's thesis (Universitt
Heidelberg) under title: ...

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

141

AREA7.NOTE
7B14.Referencestopublisheddescriptions
7B14.1.Givereferencestopublisheddescriptionsinbibliographiesorother
authoritativereferencesourcesifthesehavebeenusedtosupplyelementsofthe
description.Usetheformandpunctuationconventionsrecommendedby
StandardCitationFormsforPublishedBibliographiesandCatalogsUsedinRareBook
Cataloging.BeginthenotewiththewordReferencesandacolon.
References: Evans 24658
(Comment:Madeinconjunctionwithageneralnotereading:Publicationdate
fromEvans)

7B14.2.Makeotherreferencestopublisheddescriptions,ifconsideredimportant.
Suchreferencesareespeciallyusefulwheneverthecitedsourcewouldserveto
distinguishanedition(orvariant)fromsimilareditions(orvariants),
substantiateinformationprovidedbythecataloger,orprovideamoredetailed
descriptionofthepublicationbeingcataloged.
References: Gaskell, P.

Baskerville, 17

References: ESTC (CD-ROM, 2003 ed.) T60996


References: Lindsay & Neu.

French political pamphlets, 2194

References: BM STC Italian, 1465-1600, p. 368


References: Ritter, F.
Strasbourg, 277

Incun. alsaciens de la Bib. nat. de

References: Palau y Dulcet (2. ed.) 19161

7B14.3.Ageneralnotemaybemadeifadescriptionofthepublicationbeing
catalogeddoesnotappearinaspecificbibliographicalreferencesource.Make
suchanoteonlyifthepublicationfitsthescopeforthatsourceandthesource
purportstobecomprehensiveforitsscope.Prefacethegeneralnotewiththe
wordsNotinandacolon.
Not in: Martin & Walter. Rvolution franaise. Cf. IV:2, 9093

7B15.Summary
Giveabriefsummaryofthecontentofthepublication,ifconsideredimportant.

142

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

AREA7.NOTE
7B16.Contents
7B16.1.Listthecontentsofapublication,eitherselectivelyorfully,ifitis
considerednecessarytoshowthepresenceofmaterialnotimpliedbytherestof
thedescription,tostresscomponentsofparticularimportance,toprovidethe
contentsofacollectionorofamultipartmonograph,ortoprovideadditional
titlesinapublicationwithoutacollectivetitle.Notethepresenceoferrataleaves
anderrataslips(see5B4).Notethepresenceoferratalistedinothersourcesin
thepublication,ifconsideredimportant.
Includes bibliographical references (p. 43-58)
Includes bibliographical references
Includes index
"List of the author's unpublished poems": p. 151-158
Errata on last leaf
With an errata slip
Includes Joseph Pike's An epistle to the national meeting of
Friends in Dublin

7B16.2.Transcribecontentsfromthetitlepageiftheyarepresentedthere
formallyandhavenotbeentranscribedaspartofthetitleandstatementof
responsibilityarea.Insuchcases,followthewordContentswithacolonand
theparentheticalphrase(fromt.p.).Ifaformalstatementofcontentsisnot
presentonthetitlepage,takecontentsfromtheheadofthepartstowhichthey
refer,or,ifthisisnotfeasible,fromanycontentslist,etc.,thatispresent.For
publicationsintwoormorevolumes,transcribethevolumeorpartdesignations
asfound.
Contents: (from t.p.) I. The good housewife's coat of arms -- II.
The spinning-wheels glory -- III. The taylor disappointed of
his bride -- IV. The changeable world
Contents: Love and peril / the Marquis of Lorne -- To be or not
to be / Mrs. Alexander -- The melancholy hussar / Thomas Hardy

7B16.3.Ifacompletelistingofcontentscannotbeassembledbyoneoftheabove
means,thecatalogermaydeviseacontentsnotefromanyappropriatesourceor
combinationofsources.

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

143

AREA7.NOTE
7B17.Numbers
Makeanoteofanynumbersassociatedwiththepublicationnottranscribedin
anotherarea,ifconsideredimportant.
7B18.Withnotes
7B18.1.Ifthedescriptioncorrespondstopartofapublicationthatismadeupof
twoormoreseparatelytitledpartsthatarealsoseparatelypaginatedorfoliated
andhaveseparatesignatures,butwhichhavebeenissuedtogether,makeanote
beginningWithfollowedbyacolon.Listtheotherpartsofthepublicationin
thenote,intheorderinwhichtheyarefound.Inthecaseofboundvolumes,list
alltheotherpartsontherecordforthefirstpartand,ingeneral,onlythefirston
therecordsforthesubsequentparts.(DonotmakesuchWithnoteswhenthe
pagination,foliation,orsignaturesofseparatelytitledpartsarecontinuouswith
thepartbeingdescribed.Instead,recordthesetitlesinacontentsnoteas
instructedin7B16.)
7B18.2.Foreachworklisted,giveonlytheelementslistedbelow:
a)
theheading;normallygivethiselementfirst,usuallyincatalogentryform
(e.g.,withinversionofpersonalnamesundersurname,butnotnecessarily
includingpersonalbirth/deathdates,corporatequalifiers,etc.)
b)
thetitleproperasfoundintherecordforthework;longtitlesmaybe
shortened(whenevertheuniformtitleisconsideredusefulfortheidentification
ofthework,recorditwithinsquarebracketsprecedingthetitleproper)
c)
theprimarystatementofresponsibilityasfoundinthetitleandstatement
ofresponsibilityareaoftherecordforthework,unlessitisredundantofthe
headingorexceedinglylengthy
d)
thepublication,distribution,etc.,areaasfoundintherecordforthework,
abridgedasnecessary,withoutusingthemarkofomission
With: Dunton, John. The merciful assizes, or, A panegyric on the
late Lord Jeffreys hanging so many in the West. London :
Printed for Eliz. Harris, 1701

7B18.3.Iftheworkswereboundtogethersubsequenttopublication,ratherthan
issuedtogetherbythepublisher,distributor,etc.,makealocalnoteaccordingto
theinstructionsin7B19.3.4,ifconsideredimportant.

144

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

AREA7.NOTE
7B19.Copybeingdescribedandlibraryholdings(Localnotes)
7B19.1.Generalrule
7B19.1.1.Makelocalnotesonanyspecialfeaturesorimperfectionsofthecopy
beingdescribedwhentheyareconsideredimportant.Copyspecificinformation
ishighlydesirableinthecontextofrarematerialscataloging,whichputsgreater
emphasisonmaterialsasartifactsthanisusualingeneralcatalogingpractice.
Localnotescanalsoprovidewarrantforaddedentries(e.g.,addedentriesforthe
namesofformerownersorbinders,forvariouskindsofprovenanceevidence,
bindingcharacteristics,etc.).Carefullydistinguishlocalnotesfromotherkindsof
notesthatrecordinformationvalidforallcopiesofthebibliographicunitbeing
cataloged.
Formanyolderpublications,however,itwillnotbereadilyascertainable
whetherthecharacteristicsofasinglecopyareinfactsharedbyothercopies.In
caseofdoubt,considerthatthecharacteristicsofthecopyinhandarenotshared
byothercopies.
7B19.1.2.Theextentanddepthofdetailprovidedinlocalnoteswillbe
determinedbythelocalpoliciesofthecatalogingagency.Therulessetforthin
thisareaareintendedprimarilytoprovideguidanceandexamples;the
instructionsarenottobeseenasprescriptive.
7B19.1.3.Featuresthatmaybebroughtouthereincludeknownimperfections
andanomalies,thepresenceofadvertisementsnotrecordedinarea5(see5B5),
illumination,rubrication,andotherhandcoloring(unlessissuedthatwaybythe
publisher;see7B10.5),provenanceevidence(suchasbookplates,stamps,
autographs,andmanuscriptannotations),thenamesofpersonsorinstitutions
associatedwithspecificcopies,copyspecificbindingdetailsandthenamesof
binders,copynumbers(see7B7.5),andBoundwithnotes.
7B19.1.4.Includeinlocalnotesoneormoreofthefollowingidentifiers,if
consideredimportant:adesignationoftheholdinginstitution(e.g.,alibrarys
name,acronym,orcode),adesignationoftheitemsphysicallocation(e.g.,a
shelfmark),oranindicationoftheitemscopynumber(iftheinstitutionholds
morethanonecopy).Suchidentifiersareespeciallyrecommendedifthe
bibliographicrecordistobecontributedtoaunioncatalogorothershared
database.

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

145

AREA7.NOTE
Copy 1: Imperfect: leaves 12 and 13 (b6 and c1) wanting; without
the last blank leaf (S8)
Copy 2: Extra-illustrated
Folger copy on vellum; illustrations and part of borders hand
colored; with illuminated initials; rubricated in red and blue
LC has no. 20, autographed by author

7B19.2.Provenance
Makealocalnotetodescribedetailsofanitemsprovenance,ifconsidered
important.Inlessdetaileddescriptions,itisadvisabletosummarizeprovenance
information,withoutprovidingexacttranscriptionsordescriptionsofthe
evidence.Includethenamesofformerownersorotherindividualsofinterest
andapproximatedates,wheneverpossible.
National Library of Scotland copy: inscription of John Morris,
17th-century; stamped as a British Museum Sale Duplicate, 1787
Beinecke Library copy with inscription of Langston Hughes dated
1954

Moredetaileddescriptionsofprovenancemightincludesuchadditionalfeatures
as:exacttranscriptionsofautographs,inscriptions,bookplates,stamps,
shelfmarks,etc.;locationofeachintheitem;approximatedateswhenknown;
descriptionsofbookplatesusingstandardizedterminology;descriptionsof
anonymousheraldicbookplatesaccordingtoheraldicblazon;referencesto
publisheddescriptionsofthecollectionsofformerownersoftheitem,
particularlyiftheitemiscitedinthesource,etc.
National Library of Scotland copy: "Ioh. Mauritius" (17th-century
inscription on t.p.; see Birrell, T.A. Library of John Morris,
no. 410); "Museum Britannicum" (ink stamp, in blue, ca. 1760,
on t.p. verso); "British Museum Sale Duplicate 1787" (ink
stamp, in red, on verso of t.p.)
Beinecke Library copy inscribed by Langston Hughes on t.p.:
"Especially for Louise Bennett with admiration, Sincerely,
Langston, New York, Oct. 8, 1954"

7B19.3.Bindings
7B19.3.1.Uselocalnotesfordescriptionsofcopyspecificbindings,ifconsidered
important;fordescriptionsofpublisherissuedbindingscommontoallcopiesof
aneditionorissue,see7B10.45.

146

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

AREA7.NOTE
7B19.3.2.Makealocalnotewhenthenumberofphysicalunitsinwhicha
publicationisbounddiffersfromthenumberinwhichitwasactuallyissued,if
consideredimportant(see5B15.3).
Grolier Club's copy bound in 4 v.

7B19.3.3.Makealocalnotetoindicateanyerrorsinbinding,ifconsidered
important.
Huntington copy: leaves I5-6 incorrectly bound between h3 and h4

7B19.3.4.Makealocalnote,ifconsideredimportant,wheneverapublicationhas
beenboundwithoneormoreworkssubsequenttopublication.Prefacethenote
withthewordsBoundwithfollowedbyacolon.Formulatetheremainderof
thenoteaccordingtotheinstructionsin7B18.
Special Collections copy bound with: The Bostonian Ebenezer.
Boston : Printed by B. Green & J. Allen, for Samuel Phillips,
1698 -- The cure of sorrow. Boston : Printed by B. Green, 1709

7B19.3.5.Ifitisconsideredthattheworksaretoonumeroustobelisted
exhaustively,makeaninformalnotesuchasthefollowing:
University of Pennsylvania copy: No. 3 of 7 works in a vol. with
binder's title: Brownist tracts, 1599-1644

7B19.3.6.Makealocalnotetodescribeotherdetailsofacopyspecificbinding,if
consideredimportant.Lessdetaileddescriptionsmightincludethecolorand
natureofthecoveringmaterial,asummaryofanydecorationpresent(e.g.,
goldtooled,blindtooled),and(ifthesecanbedetermined)anapproximate
dateandthenameofthebinder.
British Library copy: late 17th-century binding in red goatskin,
gold-tooled

7B19.3.7.Moredetaileddescriptionsofabindingmightincludesuchadditional
featuresas:natureoftheboards(e.g.,wood,paper);detailsofdecoration;
countryorcityofproduction;natureanddecorationofspine;presenceorformer
presenceofties,clasps,orotherfurniture;flaps;descriptionofheadbands,page
edgeandendpaperdecoration;referencestopublisheddescriptionsor
reproductionsofthebinding(orrelatedbindings),etc.
British Library copy: late 17th-century English binding; red
goatskin, gold-tooled, over paper boards; gold-tooled spine

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

147

AREA7.NOTE
with five raised bands; gilt edges; gold roll on edges of
boards; marbled endpapers

148

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

8.STANDARDNUMBERANDTERMSOFAVAILABILITYAREA
Contents:
8A.Preliminaryrule
8B.Standardnumber
8C.Termsofavailability
8D.Qualification

8A.Preliminaryrule
8A1.Prescribedpunctuation
Forinstructionsontheuseofspacesbeforeandafterprescribedpunctuation,see
0E.
Precedethisareabyaperiodspacedashspaceorstartanewparagraph.
Precedeeachrepetitionofthisareabyaperiodspacedashspace.
Precedetermsofavailabilitybyacolon.
Encloseaqualificationtothestandardnumberortermsofavailabilityin
parentheses.
8A2.Sourcesofinformation
Takeinformationincludedinthisareafromanysource.Donotencloseany
informationinsquarebrackets.

8B.Standardnumber
8B1.GivetheInternationalStandardBookNumber(ISBN).Givesuchnumbers
withtheagreedabbreviationandwiththestandardspacingorhyphenation.
ISBN 0-552-67587-3

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

149

AREA8.STANDARDNUMBERANDTERMSOFAVAILABILITY
8B2.Optionally,givemorethanonenumber,followedbyabriefqualificationas
necessary.Giveanumberforacompletesetbeforethenumber(s)forthepart(s).
Givenumbersforpartsintheorderoftheparts.Giveanumberfor
accompanyingmateriallast.
ISBN 0-379-00550-6 (set). -- ISBN 0-379-00551-4 (v. 1)

8B3.Fingerprints
Ifconsideredimportant,recordthefingerprintderivedaccordingtoapublished
standardinarea8orinanote.19
165204-b1 A2 ade : b2 L we
(Comment:FingerprintconstructedaccordingtotherulesforTheShortTitle
Catalogue,Netherlands)

8C.Termsofavailability
Optionally,ifthepublicationbearsapriceorothertermsofavailability,record
theinformationinthisareaorgiveitinanote(see7B8).

8D.Qualification
Optionally,addqualifications(includingthetypeofbinding)totheISBNand/or
termsofavailability.Additionally,ifvolumesinasethavedifferentISBNs,
followeachISBNwiththedesignationofthevolumetowhichitapplies.

Forfurtherinformationonthismethodofidentificationandrecommendedformsof
recordingit,seeFingerprints=Empreintes=Impronte,supplementedbyNouvellesdesempreintes=
FingerprintNewsletter,orVriesema,P.C.A.TheSTCNFingerprint.
19

150

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

APPENDIXA.MARC21DESCRIPTIVECONVENTIONSCODE
A1.Introduction
InMARC21bibliographicrecords,acodemaybeusedinfield040,subfielde,
toindicatewhenspecificcatalogingconventionshavebeenfollowedinadditionto
theconventionsidentifiedinthedescriptivecatalogingform(Leader/18).This
appendixoffersguidanceinusingdcrmb,thecodedesignatingDCRM(B),in
040subfielde.

A2.FulllevelDCRM(B)
Applythecodedcrmbtorecordsforresourcescatalogedatfulllevel(i.e.,the
normativeapplicationoftheserules).Thefactthatsuchrecordsfollowthefull
levelprovisionsofDCRM(B)isindicatedbytheblankvalueassignedinthe
encodinglevel(Leader/17)andthecodedcrmbin040subfielde.

A3.CollectionlevelDCRM(B)
Donotapplythecodedcrmbtorecordsforresourcescatalogedaccordingto
thecollectionlevelguidelinesfoundinAppendixB.Thefactthatsuchrecords
containcollectionleveldescriptionsisindicatedbythevaluecassignedinthe
bibliographiclevel(Leader/07).TheguidelinesinAppendixBsuggestfactorsto
considerinconstructingcollectionlevelrecordsforrarematerialsandprovide
examplesusefulinaspecialcollectionscontext.However,theconventions
conformsubstantiallytothosegoverningstandardcollectionleveldescriptions,
aspresentedinCatalogingServiceBulletin,no.78(Fall1997).

A4.CorelevelDCRM(B)
Applythecodedcrmbtorecordsforresourcescatalogedaccordingtothecore
levelguidelinesfoundinAppendixC.Thefactthatsuchrecordsfollowthecore
levelprovisionsofDCRM(B)isindicatedbythevalue4assignedintheencoding
level(Leader/17)andthecodedcrmbin040subfielde.

A5.MinimallevelDCRM(B)
Applythecodedcrmbtorecordsforresourcescatalogedaccordingtothe
minimallevelguidelinesfoundinAppendixD.Thefactthatsuchrecordsfollow
DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

151

APPENDIXA.MARC21DESCRIPTIVECONVENTIONSCODE
theminimallevelprovisionsofDCRM(B)isindicatedbythevalue7assignedin
theencodinglevel(Leader/17)andthecodedcrmbin040subfielde.

A6.Microformsanddigitalreproductionsofbooks
Applythecodedcrmbtorecordsformicroformsanddigitalreproductionsof
booksifthedescriptiveportionoftherecordconformstoDCRM(B)(full,core,or
minimallevel).If,however,DCRM(B)(full,core,orminimallevel)isnotusedin
allaspects(e.g.,ifthesizeofthebookisnotrecordedinthephysicaldescription
area),donotusethecodedcrmb.

A7.Nonbookformats
Donotapplythecodedcrmbtorecordsfornonbookmaterialssuchasserials,
maps,music,andgraphics,eventhoughtheymayhavebeencataloged
accordingtoanadapted,DCRM(B)likestandard.20Do,however,applythe
codedcrmbtoindividualandspecialissuesofserialscatalogedseparatelyas
monographsaccordingtotheprovisionsofAppendixH.

A8.Specialcollectionscataloging
Inthiscontextspecialcollectionscatalogingmeansfulleruseofnotes,access
points,andotherelementsthatarenotspecificallycalledforinAACR2orits
predecessors,butthatfollowthespiritofDCRM(B)withoutfollowingitsrules
completely.Suchcatalogingisfrequentlydonefor19thcenturyandlater
materialshousedinspecialcollections.Donotapplythecodedcrmbtorecords
forspecialcollectionscatalogingunlessthecatalogingfollowsthedescriptive
requirementsofDCRM(B)completely(full,core,orminimallevel).

A9.Earliercodes
Ifanexistingrecordcontainsanearliercodein040subfielde,suchasdcrb
(DescriptiveCatalogingofRareBooks)orbdrb(BibliographicDescriptionofRare
Books),andthedescriptionisbeingupdatedtoDCRM(B)standards,deletethe
earliercodeandaddthedcrmbcodetotheendofthe040fieldinsubfielde.

UseaDCRMcomponentmanualfortheformatbeingdescribedifoneexists.

20

152

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

APPENDIXB.COLLECTIONLEVELRECORDS
B1.Introduction
B1.1.Thisappendixoffersguidanceinthecreationofbibliographicrecordsfor
collectionsofprinteditemsthatwillreceivecollectionleveltreatmentbasedon
administrativeorcuratorialdecisions.Severalrationalescanbecitedtojustifya
decisiontousecollectionlevelcataloging:
Itcanbeameansofhighlightingthesharedcharacteristicsofacollectionof

materialsbyprovidingasummaryleveldescription,therebyaddingvalue
toanyotherformsofintellectualaccess,suchasitemlevelrecords,and
revealingcollectionstrengthsthatmaynototherwisebeobvious.
Itcanbeameansofprovidingtemporarycontrolofunprocessedcollections.
Itcanbeacosteffectivemeansofprovidingbibliographiccontrolforlow

priorityitems.Althoughthismightseemtopromiseasolutiontothe
problemofaninstitutionslimitedmeans,itshouldbeunderstoodthat
adequatelyarrangingandprocessingcollectionspriortocatalogingalso
takestime.Sincetherearesignificantcostsassociatedwithundercataloged
materials,thisrationaleshouldbeusedwithcarefulconsideration.
B1.2.Acollectionlevelrecordmayserveasthesolemethodofaccessforthe
collection,withcontentsinformationprovidedinnotes.Someorallofthe
collectionmayalsoberepresentedbyitemlevelbibliographicrecords,which
maybecreatedatanyleveloffullnessusingcatalogingrulessuchasAACR2or
componentsofDCRM.Itemlevelaccessmayalsobeprovidedforsomeorallof
thecollectionthroughinventories,findingaids,ordatabases(referredto
hereafterasfindingaids),whichmaybelinkedtocollectionlevelrecords.
Providingsomeformofitemlevelaccesstoresourcesrepresentedbya
collectionlevelrecordofferssignificantbenefitsforusersandreducestheriskof
redundantacquisitionofthoseresources.Decisionsabouttheappropriatetype
andlevelofdescriptionshouldbemadebasedoninstitutionalgoals,priorities,
andresources,aswellastheattributesofthecollectionsthemselves.
B1.3.ThefollowingguidelinesarebasedonthoseissuedbytheLibraryof
CongressforcollectionlevelcatalogingpublishedinCatalogingServiceBulletin,
no.78(Fall1997).Exampleshavebeenadded,drawnfromthetypesof
collectionslikelytobefoundinrarebooksandspecialcollectionslibraries.
Catalogerscreatingcollectionlevelrecordswillalsoneedtoconsultthe
DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

153

APPENDIXB.COLLECTIONLEVELRECORDS
appropriatecatalogingrules,MARC21FormatforBibliographicData,andtheir
localsystemdocumentationinordertocreateuseful,descriptive,andcomplete
recordsusingthevariousfieldsavailabletodescribecollections,aswellasto
createadditionalaccesspoints.Catalogerswishingtocontributecollectionlevel
recordsaspartoftheProgramforCooperativeCatalogingwillneedtoconsult
therelevantinstructionsinBIBCOCoreRecordStandards.
B1.4.Theseguidelinesarenotintendedfordescriptionoftraditionalarchivalor
manuscriptcollections.Rulesforcatalogingsuchcollectionsareaddressedin
specializedsetsofrulessuchasDescribingArchives:AContentStandard.However,
manyoftheactivitiesassociatedwitharranginganddescribingtraditional
archivalormanuscriptcollectionsalsopertaintocollectionsofprintedmaterials
andinformtheseguidelines.

B2.Selectionofmaterials
B2.1.Collectionsnormallyfallintooneofthreecategories:
groupsofitemsthatcometoalibraryalreadywellorganizedbyaprevious

owner
groupsofitemsthatcomefromasinglesource,butwithminimalorno

previousorganization
groupsofitemsthatareassembledintocollectionsbythelibraryforthe

purposeofprocessingandstorage,andarethereforetermedintentionally
assembledcollections(previouslycalledartificialcollections)
B2.2.Allthreetypesofcollectionstendtobeorganizedaroundoneormore
unifyingfactors,whichmayinclude:
personalauthor
issuingbody
genre/form
subject
languageornationality
provenance
timeperiod

154

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

APPENDIXB.COLLECTIONLEVELRECORDS
B2.3.Typesofmaterialsappropriatetoconsiderforcollectionleveltreatment
include:
groupsofmaterialsthatshareoneormoreoftheabovefactors,andfor

whichaccesscanadequatelybeprovidedwithasingleclassificationnumber
and/oracollectivesetofaccesspoints
groupsofpamphletsorephemerainvariousformatsthatarejudgednotto

merititemlevelcataloging,butthatcollectivelyareofresearchvalue

B3.Arrangementanddescription
B3.1.Arrangementanddescriptionaretermsusedtodescribevarioustypesof
processingactivitiesthatbringorderandcontroltocollectionsofmaterials.They
commonlyinvolvethephysicalhandling,sorting,andlistingofmaterials,aswell
aspreservationandhousingactivities.Additionalguidanceinthesemattersmay

befoundinKathleenRoesArrangingandDescribingArchivesandManuscripts.
B3.2.Arrangement.Arrangementistheprocessofsortingindividualitemsinto
meaningfulgroupsandplacingthosegroupsintousefulrelationshipswitheach
other.Materialscanbearrangedinmanylogicalways,andthedesignofthe
arrangementshouldbedeterminedbyexaminingthematerialtoconsiderthe
typesofaccessmostlikelytoservetheneedsofresearchersandotherpotential
users.Differentcollectionswillrequiredifferinglevelsandmethodsof
arrangement.Forthesereasons,decisionsaboutarrangementmustbemade
individuallyforeachcollection.
B3.2.1.Organizedpriortoacquisition.Forcollectionsthatcometothelibrary
alreadywellorganized,everyeffortshouldbemadetomaintainthisorder.
Maintainingtheoriginalorderofacollectioncanrevealsignificantinformation
aboutthepreviousownersuseofthematerialsandis,forthisreason,abasic
tenetofarchivalpractice.
B3.2.2.Organizedbythelibrary.Collectionsthatcometothelibrarylackingany
recognizableordermustbeexamined,sorted,andarrangedinsomefashion
priortocataloging.Collectionsconsistingofmanyitemsarenormallydivided
intohierarchicalsubgroupings.Customarytypesofarrangementinclude:
bysourceorprovenance
bygenre/form

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

155

APPENDIXB.COLLECTIONLEVELRECORDS
bycontentortopic
inchronologicalorder
inalphabeticalorder(byauthor,title,etc.)

B3.2.3.Acquiredindividually.Materialsoriginallyacquiredasindividualitems
(whethersimultaneouslyorovertime)maybegroupedinintentionally
assembledcollections,asnotedabove.Appropriatelibrarystaff,whichmay
includecuratorsandcatalogers,mustdeterminewhichmaterialswillbeso
combined,howtheywillbearranged,andatwhatleveloffullnesstheywillbe
described(e.g.,whetherthematerialwillreceivecontentsnotesand/orauthor
titleanalytics,whetheritwillbeclassifiedandshelvedwithbookcollectionsor
boxedandtreatedarchivally,etc.).
B3.3Description.Descriptionistheprocessofrecordingtheinformationthat
wasgatheredduringthesortingandarrangingstages.Forlargecollections,
findingaidstypicallyarecompiledtoprovideagreaterlevelofdetail.Finding
aidsvarywidelyinformat,style,andcomplexity.Theygenerallyconsistoftwo
parts.Thefirstisanarrativeintroductionthatincludes:biographicalsketchesor
historicalcontextualinformation;acontentsummaryhighlightingstrengths,
gaps,weaknesses,andcharacterizingthecollectionsextentanddepth;and
informationconcerningthecollectionsadministrationanduse,suchas
restrictionsonaccess.Thesecondpartisalistingoftheitemsorgroupsofitems
thatcomprisethecollection.Forcollectionsarrangedhierarchically,thelistings
maystopatacollectivesubgrouplevelormayextenddowntothefileoritem
level.

B4.Elementsofthebibliographicrecord
Therulesthatguidethebibliographicdescriptionandaddedentryportionsof
collectionlevelcatalogingarethelatesteditionofAACR2,supplementedbyuse
ofappropriatenationalruleinterpretations.Usetherulesinconjunctionwith
theseguidelines,whicharearrangedbyMARC21field.Fieldsforwhichno
specificcollectionlevelinstructionsarerequiredarenotincludedherebutmay
beusedasappropriate.
Leaderanddirectory
06:Typeofrecord.Ifthecollectioncontainsonlyprinted,microform,
and/orelectroniclanguagematerial(e.g.,books,broadsides,pamphlets,
156

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

APPENDIXB.COLLECTIONLEVELRECORDS
serials,etc.),codeasLanguageMaterial,typea.Ifthecollectionalso
includesothermaterialtypes(e.g.,cartographic,music,manuscript,etc.),
codeasMixedMaterials,typep.
07:Bibliographiclevel.Usethevaluec(collectionlevel).
Controlfield:008
06:Typeofdate.Codingchoicesare:i(inclusivedatesofcollection),k
(rangeofyearsofbulkofcollection),andm(multipledates).
0710:Date1.Givetheearliestdate,orsingledate,fromthe260field.
1114:Date2.Givethelatestorclosingdatefromthe260field.Enter9999
in008/1114ifthecollectionisopenornotyetcompleteandusemin
008/06.
15:Countryofpublication.Ifalltheitemswerepublishedinasingle
country(orstate,province,etc.),enterthecodeforthatcountry.Ifthe
itemswerepublishedinmorethanonecountry,enterthecodevp_.
1XXfield:Mainentry
Themainentryheadingisdeterminedbyapplicationoftheappropriate
catalogingrules.Titlemainentryisappropriateformanycollections(seeAACR2
rule21.7).A1XXnamemainentryisappropriatewhenallmaterialshavethe
samepersonalauthor(s)oremanatefromasinglecorporatebody(AACR2rule
21.4),includingcollectionsoflawswithmainentryunderjurisdiction(AACR2
rule21.31B1).
110

a Austria.

Whenacollectionisknownbythenameofitscollector,entertherecordunderthe
headingforthatpersonorbody.Optionally,followtheheadingbytherelatorterm
collectorinsubfieldeortherelatorcodecolinsubfield4.21
100
245

1
10

a Purland, Theodocius, e collector.


a [Theodocius Purland collection of materials on
mesmerism].

Formoreinformation,seetheguidelinesinRBMSControlledVocabularies:RelatorTerms
forRareBookandSpecialCollectionsCataloguing.
21

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

157

APPENDIXB.COLLECTIONLEVELRECORDS
240field:Uniformtitle
SupplyauniformtitleforthecollectionifappropriateaccordingtoAACR2
chapter25.
110
240

1
10

a Austria.
a Laws, etc. (Royal decrees)

245field:Titlestatement
Constructatitleforthecollectionandencloseitinsquarebrackets.Devisedtitles
shouldgenerallybeinthelanguageandscriptofthecatalogingagencyand
shouldbebothdescriptiveanddistinctive,therebyhighlightingthefactor(s)that
characterizethecollectionasawhole.Striveforconsistencyintitleconstruction
acrosscollections.Typesofdataappropriateforinclusionincollectivetitles
include:
nameofcollection(forpreviouslynamedcollections)
nameofcreator,creatingbody,collector,orsource(provenance)
languages
geographiclocations
genre/formofmaterial
principalsubjectspersons,events,topics,activities,objects,anddatesof

subjectcoverage
110
240
245

1
10
10

a Austria.
a Laws, etc. (Royal decrees)
a [Collection of decrees of Emperor Francis I of
Austria].

245

00

a [Association of American Railroads collection of


pamphlets].

245

00

a [Analecta Anglicana : b commonplace books].

245

00

a [Spanish Civil War news releases].

246field:Variantformoftitle
Recordvarianttitlesbywhichacollectionmaybeknowniftheydiffer
substantiallyfromthe245titlestatementandprovideausefulaccesspoint.If
mostoralloftheitemsinthecollectionhavethesametitleinformationanditis
consideredimportant,makeanaddedentryforthetitle.
158

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

APPENDIXB.COLLECTIONLEVELRECORDS
245
246

10
3

a [William J. Griffith collection on Central America].


a Griffith Guatemala collection

245

10

246

a [Collection of decrees of Emperor Francis I of


Austria].
i Decrees begin: a Wir Franz der Erste, von Gottes
Gnaden Kaiser von Oesterreich ...

260field:Publication,distribution,etc.(Imprint)
Allelementsoftheimprintmaybeincludedincollectionlevelrecordsif
appropriate.Bracketallelementsthatareused.Inmostcases,onlythedate
element(subfieldc)isappropriate.Use260subfieldsa,b,e,andfonlyif
thesameplaceand/orthesamepublisher,printer,orbooksellerapplytoall
itemsinthecollection.Ifthecollectionisfinite,useasingledateorinclusive
datesinthesubfieldc,asappropriate.
260

c [1780-1860, bulk 1795-1840]

260

c [1655-1687]

260

c [ca. 1500-ca. 1600]

260

a [Madrid : b El Partido Nacional, c 1835-]

260

a [Philadelphia, c 1850-1890]

300field:Physicaldescription
Extent.Givetheextentofthecollectionbycountingorestimatingthenumberof
itemsitcontains.Optionally,provideaseparatephysicaldescriptionforeach
format.
300

a 17 v.

300

a 25 items

300

a ca. 350 pieces

300

a ca. 450 broadsides

Otherphysicaldetails.Provideotherdetailsofparticularsignificance.
Dimensions.Optionally,providedetailsofthesizeoftheitemsand/ortheir
containers.Arangeofsizesmaybeusediftheitemsorcontainersarenotof
uniformsize.
300

a ... ; c 28 cm.

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

159

APPENDIXB.COLLECTIONLEVELRECORDS
300

a ... ; c 23-30 cm.

300

a ... ; c 60 x 90 cm or smaller.

300

a 20 pamphlets ; c in box 12 x 26 x 35 cm.

351field:Organizationandarrangement
Describethewayinwhichmaterialshavebeensubdividedintosmallerunitsor
theorderinwhichparticularunitshavebeenarranged.
351

a Organized in three series: 1. Poetry. 2. Fiction. 3.


Essays.

351

a Items are arranged chronologically.

4XXfields:Seriesstatement
Donotuse.Ifseriestitlesofitemsinthecollectionaresignificant,tracethemin
theappropriate7XXfield.Anotesupportingthetracingmayalsobeprovided.
500
730

a Most of the pamphlets are from the series Dicks'


standard plays.
a Dicks' standard plays.

5XXfields:Notes
Inclusionofavarietyofnoteswillhelpprovidecollectivecontexttothematerials
beingdescribed.Itisparticularlyimportanttodescribethecontentsofthe
collectionina505contentsnoteand/ora520summarynote,asdescribedbelow.
Theorderofnotespresentedbelowisrecommendedbasedonarchival
collectionlevelcatalogingpractice.
500field:Generalnote
AlwaysincludeasthefirstnotethestatementCollectiontitledevisedby
cataloger.
506field:Restrictionsonaccess
Whenaccesstoacollectionoraportionthereofisrestricted,explainthenature
andextentoftherestrictions.
506

160

a Restricted: Original materials are extremely fragile;


c Researchers must use microfilm.

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

APPENDIXB.COLLECTIONLEVELRECORDS
506

3 All materials except pamphlets are restricted until


Jan. 1, 2050.

545field:Biographicalorhistoricalnote
Providebiographicalorhistoricalinformationabouttheindividualor
organizationreferencedinthe1XXor245field.
545

a Screenwriter for film and television, playwright and


author.

545

a George Heard Hamilton was born June 23, 1910, in


Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He studied at Yale
University where he received a B.A. in English in
1932, an M.A. in History in 1934, and a Ph.D. in Art
History in 1942 ...

110
245
545

2
10

a Monday Evening Concerts of Los Angeles.


a [Monday Evening Concerts programs].
a The Monday Evening Concerts, first known as Evenings
on the Roof, began in 1939 under the direction of
Peter Yates. The concerts featured his wife Frances
Mullen, among others, playing chamber music and other
experimental works ...

520field:Summary,etc.
Summarynotesarenarrative,freetextstatementsofthescopeandcontentsof
collections.Detailsmayincludeformsofmaterials,datesofsubjectcoverage,and
themostsignificanttopics,persons,places,orevents.Asummarynotemaybe
usedinlieuoforinadditiontoa505note.Ifthecollectioncontentsarelistedina
separatefindingaid,useonlya520noteandalsomakea555findingaidnote.
520

a Pamphlets relating to the High Church's disciplinary


hearings on Karl Sydow, held because of Sydow's
position (both preached and published) on the
interpretation of Christ's birth.

505field:Formattedcontentsnote
Formattedcontentsnotesprovideastructuredmethodofrecordingitemlevel
information.Elementsmayincludeauthor,title,edition,dateofcreationor
publication,extent,scale,etc.Assignanumbertoeachitem,recorditwithin
squarebracketsinthe505note,andwriteitoneachitem.Formaterialsthatlack
routinebibliographicindicia,orforlargecollectionsofmanyitems,preferthe
narrative520summarynotetothe505note.

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

161

APPENDIXB.COLLECTIONLEVELRECORDS
505

a [1] Espagne rouge & noire [1963?] -- [2] The Spanish


regime helps communism [1960?] -- [3] El marxismo en
Espaa / por Luis Araquistain [1957?] ...

524field:Preferredcitation
Usetoprovideaspecificcitationformatforcitingthecollection.
524

a Early Paperback Collection. Rare Books and


Manuscripts Library, The Ohio State University.

541field:Immediatesourceofacquisition
Recordtheimmediatesourcefromwhichthelibraryacquiredthecollection.Use
onlyformaterialsacquiredasacollection.
541

a Acquired by exchange from Auburn University; d 1954.

541

3 Master copy c Gift; a Mrs. James Hickey; d


received: 5/22/1989.

541

a On permanent loan from the J. Paul Getty Museum.

555field:Cumulativeindex/findingaidsnote
Specifytheexistenceofanyseparatefindingaid.Anexternalelectronicfinding
aidmaybelinkedtofromthisfield,ifpermittedbythelocalsystem(seealsothe
856field).
555

a Inventory available in the Wesleyan University


Department of Special Collections and University
Archives; c item-level control.

561field:Provenancenote
Brieflydescribeanyrelevanthistoryconcerningtheownershipofthematerials
fromthetimeoftheircreationupuntilthetimeoftheiracquisitionbythelibrary.
561

a The collection belonged to the Earls of Westmoreland


from 1759-1942.

580field:Linkingentrycomplexitynote
Usethisnotetostatetherelationshipbetweenthematerialsdescribedanda
broadercollectionofwhichitisapart.Useonlywhenpartsofthecollectionare
beingdescribedinseparaterecords(seealsothe7XXfields).

162

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

APPENDIXB.COLLECTIONLEVELRECORDS
580
773

a Forms part of the Margaret Mead Collection.


t Margaret Mead Collection

6XXfields:Subjectheadings
Assignsubjectheadingsasspecificasthecollectionwarrants.
245
610
600
650
650

00
20
10
0
0

a
a
a
a
a

[Janus Press miscellaneous printed ephemera].


Janus Press.
Van Vliet, Claire.
Artists books z Vermont z West Burke.
Paper, Handmade z Vermont z West Burke.

245
610
651

00
20
0

a [Italian Communist Party pamphlets].


a Partito comunista italiano.
a Italy x Politics and government y 20th century.

Assignasmanysubjectheadingsasseemappropriate,rememberingthat
economyinprocessingmaysuggestthatareasonablelimitbeobserved.
655fields:Genre/formheadings
Assignasapplicable.Prefertheterminologyusedincontrolledvocabularies
issuedbytheRBMSBibliographicStandardsCommittee.Termsfromother
authorizedvocabularies(e.g.,theArt&ArchitectureThesaurusOnline)mayalso
beusedasappropriate.Aswithsubjectheadings,assignheadingsasspecifically
andnumerouslyasthecollectionandinstitutionalpolicywarrant.
245

00

655

655

100
245

1
10

655
655

7
7

a [American theater programs of the late 19th and 20th


centuries].
a Theater programs z United States y 19th century. 2
rbgenr
a Theater programs z United States y 20th century. 2
rbgenr
a Elliott, Harrison, d 1879-1954, e collector.
a [Paper specimens and research material relating to
the history of papermaking].
a Handmade papers (Paper). 2 rbpap
a Mould-made papers (Paper). 2 rbpap

7XXfields:Addedentries
Typesofaddedentriesconsideredusefulforvarioustypesofmaterialsinclude:
author/titleanalytics,governmentbodiesorindividualsovereigns(e.g.,as
authorsofthelaws,etc.),creatorsofcollections,namesofcollections,etc.Incases
whereapersonorcorporatebodyisboththeauthororissuingbodyandthe
subjectofacollection,itmaybeappropriatetoprovidebotha6XXsubjectentry

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

163

APPENDIXB.COLLECTIONLEVELRECORDS
anda1XXor7XXentry.Ifalinkingentrycomplexitynotehasbeenusedinfield
580todescribetherelationshipofthecollectionbeingcatalogedtoalarger
collection,makeanaddedentryforthelargercollectionusingfield773.
856field:Electroniclocationandaccess
Usetospecifythelocationormeansofaccesstoanelectronicfindingaid
preparedforthecollectionorforotherreasons,suchastopointtoscanneditems
ordigitalimagesselectedfromthecollection.Takespecialnoteofthesecond
indicator,whichspecifiestherelationshipoftheelectronicresourcebeinglinked
totheitemdescribedintherecord.
856

42

3 Finding aid u
http://lcweb2.loc.gov/ammem/ead/jackson.sgm

B5.Additionalconsiderations
B5.1.Lengthydescriptionsdividedintomorethanonerecord.Itmaybe
desirabletodividethedescriptionofacollectionintomorethanone
bibliographicrecordduetofactorssuchascomplexityorlengthofthe
descriptionorsystemlimitationsonrecordlength.Thedescriptionmaybe
dividedinwhateverwayismostsensible.Forexample,thecollectionmaybe
organizedinlogicalgroupings,eachofwhichcanberepresentedinasingle
record(e.g.,pamphletsconcerningtobaccoconsumption,pamphletsencouraging
smoking,andpamphletsdiscouragingsmoking).Alternatively,anewrecord
maybestartedatalogicalbreakingpoint,suchaswitheverytwentiethitem,
basedonchronology,etc.
Whenmultiplebibliographicrecordsarecreatedforonecollection,mostdata
elementswillbethesameacrossallrecords,accordingtotheguidelines
discussedabove,withthefollowingexceptions:
245field:Titlestatement.Indicateinsubfieldnorinsubfieldp,as
appropriate,whichpartofthecollectionisbeingrepresentedinthe
record.
260field:Publication,distribution,etc.(Imprint).Ifthecollectionis
dividedbasedonchronology,includetheappropriaterangeofdatesin
eachrecord.

164

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

APPENDIXB.COLLECTIONLEVELRECORDS
300field:Physicaldescription.Indicateintheextentstatementinthe
subfieldaofeachrecordthenumberofitemsrepresentedintherecord
outofthetotalnumberofitemsinthecollection,usingterminology
appropriatetothematerialbeingdescribed.
300

a Items 1-40 of 80 in 1 bound volume

300

a Items 41-80 of 80 in 1 bound volume

5XXfields:Notes.Withtheexceptionofthe505contentsnote(seebelow),
givethesame5XXfieldsineachrecord.Inaddition,makeanoteineach
recordindicatingthatthecollectionbeingcatalogedisrepresentedby
morethanonerecord,andprovidereferencestotheotherrecords.
505field:Contentsnote.Listina505noteonlythoseitemsdescribedin
theparticularrecord.Numberingwithincontentsnotesshouldbe
consecutivefromonerecordtoanother.
B5.2.Considerationswhenaddingtocollections.Sometimesitemsareaddedto
collectionsafterinitialprocessingorcataloginghasbeencompleted.Insuch
cases,editoraddtothedescriptionasnecessary,payingparticularattentionto
thefollowingelements:
Dates(260fieldandfixedfields)
Extent(300field)
Contents(505and/or520field)
Subjectandgenre/formheadings(6XXfields)
Addedentries(7XXfields)

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

165

APPENDIXC.CORELEVELRECORDS
C1.Introduction
TheelementsofdescriptionprovidedinDCRM(B)constituteafullsetof
informationfordescribingrarematerials.Thisappendixsetsoutalessthanfull
levelofdescriptioncontainingthoseelementsrequiredbytheProgramfor
CooperativeCataloging(PCC)initsstandardforcorelevelrecordsforrare
materials.ThecorerecordstandardwasdefinedbythePCCforusewithinthe
contextofitsnationalcatalogingprogram,BIBCO,tosupportthegoalof
providingcosteffectivecatalogingthatmeetscommonlyacceptedstandards.
AlthoughthecorerecordstandardoriginatedwiththeBIBCOprogram,itcanbe
usedbyanylibrary,BIBCOparticipantornot.HeadingsonallDCRM(B)core
levelrecordscontributedtoBIBCOmustbesupportedbyauthorityrecordsin
theLC/NACOandLC/SACOAuthorityFiles,withtheexceptionofcertainseries
headings.AuthorityrecordsarenotrequiredforheadingsonotherDCRM(B)
corelevelrecords.

C2.Application
Catalogersmayapplythecorelevelstandardtoanyrarematerialsdescribed
usingDCRM(B),withoneexception:itisnottobeappliedtobooksprinted
before1501(incunabula).DCRM(B)corelevelrecordsareespeciallyappropriate
whenfaithfulandaccuratedescriptionsaredesirable,andtheprovisionof
subjectandotheraccesspointsisimportant,butabridgedtranscriptionsand
fewernotesareacceptable.
Forrarebooks,thecommitment,onthecatalogerspart,istorender
bibliographicdetailsofthebookasaccuratelyaspossibleinsofarastheyare
presentedbythespecimeninhand;also,toensurethattheyarescrupulously
stated,accordingtotheprovisionsofDCRM(B).ThestrengthofDCRM(B)isthat
itprovidesforexpandedcoverageofbooksdeservingsuchtreatment;
conversely,itispossibletousethoseprovisionsforexpansionasguidelinesfor
trimmingthedescription.Byomittingmostnotesandtakingtheoptionsgivenin
DCRM(B)forabbreviatingdescriptiveareas,orbynottakingtheoptionsto
expandthesameareas,aneffectiveDCRM(B)corelevelrecordcanbecreated.

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

167

APPENDIXC.CORELEVELRECORDS

C3.Elementsofthebibliographicrecord
Usetheguidelinessetforthbelow,takenfromtheBIBCOCoreRecord
Standards,tocreatecorelevelrecordsusingDCRM(B).
Leaderanddirectory
Dependingontheindividualautomatedsystemorbibliographicutility,partor
alloftheleaderanddirectorymaybesystemsupplied.Generallyspeaking,the
catalogerwillhavetosupplyvaluesforthefollowingleaderpositions:

06
07
17
18

Typeofrecord
Bibliographiclevel
Encodinglevel
Descriptivecatalogingform

Givetheencodinglevel(Leader/17)avalueof4toindicateacorelevelrecord.
Controlfields:001,003,005
Thesefieldsaregenerallysystemsupplied.
Controlfield:007
CodethefollowingpositionsoftheMicroform007ifappropriate:

00
01

Categoryofmaterial
Specificmaterialdesignation

Controlfield:008
Codeatleastthefollowingpositions:

168

06
0710
1114
1517
22
23
28
33

Typeofdate/Publicationstatus
Date1
Date2
Placeofpublication,productionorexecution
Targetaudience
Formofitem
Governmentpublication
Literaryform
DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

APPENDIXC.CORELEVELRECORDS

34
3537
38
39

Biography
Language
Modifiedrecordcode
Catalogingsource

010field:LibraryofCongresscontrolnumber(LCCN)
Mandatoryifapplicable.
020field:Internationalstandardbooknumber(ISBN)
Mandatoryifapplicable.
040field:Catalogingsource
BibliographicrecordsforbooksthatreflecttheDCRM(B)corelevelstandard
mustcontainthedesignationdcrmbinsubfieldeoffield040.
042field:Authenticationcode
ForDCRM(B)corelevelrecordscontributedbymembersofthePCCBIBCO
program,includethedesignationpccinfield042.ForotherDCRM(B)core
records,leavethefieldblank.

050,082,086,090,etc.,fields:Callnumbers
Assignmentofatleastoneclassificationnumberfromanestablishedclassification
systemrecognizedinMARC21FormatforBibliographicDataisencouraged,butnot
mandatory.
Sinceinstitutionalpracticesforrarebooksofteninvolvelocallyformulatedcall
numbers,arequirementforanationalstandardclassificationcouldcauseadditional
orundueeffortforcreatorsofDCRM(B)corelevelrecords.However,ifan
institutionsuppliesstandardcallnumberstomaterialscoveredbytheDCRM(B)
corerecordstandard,itisencouragedtoaddthesenumbersintheappropriatecall
numberfield.

1XXfield:Mainentry
Mandatoryifapplicable.HeadingsonallDCRM(B)corelevelrecordscontributedto
BIBCOmustalsobesupportedbynationallevelauthorityrecords.Authority
recordsarenotrequiredforheadingsonotherDCRM(B)corelevelrecords.

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

169

APPENDIXC.CORELEVELRECORDS
240field:Uniformtitle
Mandatoryifapplicable.Supplyauniformtitleifitisknownorcanbereadily
inferredfromthepublication.
2454XXfields
Mandatoryifapplicable.OneofthebasicdifferencesbetweenAACR2andDCRM(B)
isthemethodandextenttowhichbibliographicdetails(fields2454XX)are
recorded.Astomethod,bibliographicdetailsshouldberecordedascorrectlyas
possible,accordingtothedescriptiveconventionsexpectedforthefield.Asto
extent,DCRM(B)providessomeoptionsforabridgingdescriptivefields,and
creatorsofcorelevelrecordsforrarebooksareencouragedtoimplementthese
optionswhereverappropriate.
245field:Titlestatement
Subfieldaismandatory;allothersubfieldsaremandatoryifapplicable.Subfieldh
ismandatoryformicroforms.
246field:Varyingformoftitle
Mandatoryifapplicable.Usejudgmentinassessingeachitemorcollectionand
assignacomplementoftitlevariantsthatcoversvariationsdeemedimportant.The
variantsassignedareintendedtoreflectcatalogerjudgmentand/orlocal
institutionalpolicy.
250field:Editionstatement
Mandatoryifapplicable.
260field:Publication,distribution,etc.(Imprint)
Subfieldcismandatory.Supplythedataappropriatetosubfieldsaandbif
readilyavailable;otherwise,use[S.l.]and[s.n.]asappropriate.Allother
subfieldsaremandatoryifapplicable.

300field:Physicaldescription
Subfieldaandsubfieldcaremandatory.Allothersubfieldsaremandatoryif
applicable.

170

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

APPENDIXC.CORELEVELRECORDS
4XXfields:Seriesstatements
Mandatoryifapplicable.Transcribeallseriesasfoundinthepublicationineithera
490ora440field.ForDCRM(B)corelevelrecordsbeingcontributedtoBIBCO,all
tracedseriesmustbesupportedbyanationallevelauthorityrecord.Untracedseries
neednotbesupportedbyanationallevelauthorityrecord.Ifanationallevelseries
authorityrecordalreadyexistsfortheseries,followthefirsttracingpractice
indicatedontherecordandrecordtheseriesandtracingappropriately(i.e.,ina490
field,a440fieldora490/8XXpairing).

5XXfields:Notes
InDCRM(B)corelevelrecords,anoteindicatingthetranspositionofanytitlearea
elementsinthetranscriptionismandatoryifapplicable.Othernotesarenotrequired
inDCRM(B)core,exceptasindicatedbelow,althoughtheymaybeincluded,if
consideredimportant.Notesarenotrequiredtojustifyaddedentries.

500field:Sourceoftitleproper(ifotherthanchiefsource)
Mandatoryifapplicable.

501field:Withnote
Mandatoryifapplicable.

502field:Dissertationnote
Mandatoryifapplicable.

505field:Formattedcontentsnote
Mandatoryifapplicable.Supplyasappropriateforcollections,compilations,orfor
multipartmonographswithseparatetitles.
510field:Citation/referencesnote
Additionofcitationnotesasameansofabbreviatingdetaileddescriptionofthe
publicationisencouraged.Prefersourcesthatprovidethefullestormost
authoritativeinformation,tokeepthenumberofcitationstoaminimum.

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

171

APPENDIXC.CORELEVELRECORDS
6XXfields:Subjectheadings
Mandatoryifapplicable.Usejudgmentinassessingthepublicationand,if
appropriate,assignacomplementofheadingsthatprovidesaccesstothe
primary/essentialsubjectofthework(asopposedtosecondaryortertiaryaspects)at
theappropriatelevelofspecificity.Assignsuchheadingsfromanestablished
thesaurusorsubjectheadingsystemrecognizedbytheMARC21Formatfor
BibliographicData.Infocusingontheprimarysubject,followtheconventionsofthe
particularsubjectheadingsystembeingused,includingtheuseofpairedorrelated
headingswherenecessarytorepresentthesubjectfully.

655field:Genre/formheadings
Additionofgenre/formtermstotheDCRM(B)corelevelrecordisencouragedif
localpolicycallsforuseofsuchterms,asappropriatetothepiece.Preferthe
terminologyusedincontrolledvocabulariesissuedbytheRBMSBibliographic
StandardsCommittee.Termsfromotherauthorizedvocabularies(e.g.,theArt&
ArchitectureThesaurusOnline)mayalsobeusedasappropriate.
7XXfields:Addedentries
Mandatoryifapplicable.Usejudgmentinassessingeachitemandassigna
complementofaddedentriesthatcoverstheprimaryrelationshipsassociatedwith
themanifestationofwhichtheitemisapart.Theinclusionandimportanceofadded
entriesareintendedtoreflectindividualcatalogersjudgmentand/orlocal
institutionalpolicy.
HeadingsonallDCRM(B)corelevelrecordscontributedtoBIBCOmustbe
supportedbynationallevelauthorityrecords.Authorityrecordsarenotrequiredfor
headingsonotherDCRM(B)corelevelrecords.

8XXfields:Seriesaddedentries
Mandatoryifapplicable.

172

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

APPENDIXD.MINIMALLEVELRECORDS
D1.Introduction
TheelementsofdescriptionprovidedinDCRM(B)constituteafullsetof
informationfordescribingrarematerials.Thisappendixsetsoutalessthanfull
levelofdescriptioncontainingthoseelementsrecommendedasaminimumfor
effectivedescriptionofearlyprintedbooksandotherrarematerials.
Librariesmostoftenturntominimallevelcatalogingtocreateaccessionrecords
fornewacquisitions,toprovideaccesstolowpriorityunprocessedcollectionsin
backlogs,andforitemlevelaccesstodigitalimages.Theseguidelinesare
providedinresponsetosuchneeds.Theirpurposeisnottopromotetheuseof
DCRM(B)minimallevelcataloging,butrathertoprovideausablestandardfor
thoseinstitutionswishingtoadoptit.

D2.Application
Catalogersmayapplytheminimallevelstandardtoanyrarematerialsdescribed
usingDCRM(B).DCRM(B)minimallevelrecordsareespeciallyappropriate
whenfaithfulandaccuratedescriptionsaredesirable,theprovisionofsubject
andotheraccesspointsisnotnecessarilyimportant,andabridgedtranscriptions
andfewernotesareacceptable.
Aminimallevelcatalogingpolicyisbestkeptsimple.Complexrulesforomitting
orshorteningavarietyofrecordelementswouldrequirecatalogerstodevote
timetolearningthesenewrules,therebyeliminatingaportionoftheintended
gainsintimeandexpense.Inaddition,tamperingwiththefulldescription
providedbyDCRM(B)areas06and8wouldnegatetheverypurposeofusing
DCRM(B)fordescriptionofrarematerials.Theconclusionthenisthat
eliminatingnotesaccomplishesmuchofthepurposeofminimallevelcataloging
becauseitsavesconsiderabletimewhilenotundulylimitingaccess.
Bibliographicrecordsfollowingthisapproachwill,inmostcases,stillidentify
thebooksbeingdescribedanddistinguishthemfromsimilareditionsorissues.

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

173

APPENDIXD.MINIMALLEVELRECORDS

D3.Elementsofthebibliographicrecord
D3.1.FollowtherulesinDCRM(B)areas06and8.Abridgethedescription
whereverpossibleasallowedbytherules.Itisnotnecessarytomakethenotes
usuallyconsideredrequired.
D3.2.Optionally,addanyadditionalelementsinaccordancewithinstitutional
policy.Inparticular,consideraddingoneormoreofthefollowing,eachofwhich
cansignificantlyenhancethevalueofminimallevelDCRM(B)recordsfor
identifyingrarematerials:
referencestopublisheddescriptionsinstandardbibliographies(see7B14),

particularlywhenthesourcecitedprovidesmoredetailedinformationthan
theminimallevelbibliographicrecord
therequirednotescalledforinDCRM(B)(acompletelistofrequirednotes

maybefoundintheIndexunderRequirednotes)
oneormorelocalnotesdescribingprovenance,copynumbering,

imperfections,binding,oranyotherinformationthatwillallowthe
bibliographicrecordtodescribetheparticularcopyinhandwithsufficient
precisiontoindicatetheinstitutionsownershipofthatparticularcopy
optionalnotesbasedonreliabledealersdescriptionsaccompanyingtheitem

beingdescribed
D3.3.Minimallevelcatalogingpoliciesofteneliminateorsimplifyadditional
areasofthebibliographicrecordsuchassubjectheadings,classification,orother
accesspoints.Thisappendixdoesnotaddresssuchquestions,butusersof
DCRM(B)mayalsowishtostreamlinetheseareasaccordingtolocalneeds,
takingintoconsiderationtheeffectthatsuchpolicieswillhaveonspecialfilesfor
printers,binders,bindings,genre/forms,provenance,andthelike.

174

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

APPENDIXE.VARIATIONSREQUIRINGANEWRECORD
E1.Defaultguidelines
E1.1.Thisappendixaddressestheissueofwhethertodescribebibliographic
variantsusingasinglebibliographicrecordorseparaterecords.Asadefault
approach,therulescontainedinDCRM(B)assumethataseparatebibliographic
recordwillbecreatedforeachbibliographicvariantthatrepresentswhatis
referredtoasaneditioninAACR2andanissueinbibliographicscholarship.
E1.2.Followingthisdefaultapproach,generallyconsiderthatanew
bibliographicrecordisrequiredwheneverthepublicationdistinguishesitself
fromothervariantsbyoneormoreofthefollowingcharacteristics:
changeincontent(e.g.,changesinthetitle,statementofresponsibility,or

editionstatementthatindicatecorrections,revisions,expansions,
abridgments,ortheinclusionofsupplementarymaterials)
differentsettingoftype(e.g.,changesinthestatementofextent,achangein

bibliographicformat,ordifferencesinlineendingsandcatchwordsrevealed
bythecomparisonofmultiplecopies)
changeinpublicationstatus(e.g.,anoriginaltitlepagehasbeencancelled

andreplaced;anoriginalpublication,distribution,etc.,statementhasbeen
coveredwithanewlabel;originalsheetshavebeenissuedinanew
publisherscoverbearingmorerecentdatathanthatprovidedonthetitle
page,orwithanewseriestitlepage)
E1.3.Ingeneral,donotconsiderdifferencesrelatingsolelytosubstantially
unchangedimpressions,states,bindingvariants,orcopiesasanindicationthata
newrecordisrequired.Examplesofdifferencesthatdonotinthemselves
necessarilysignaltheneedforanewrecordintheabsenceofotherdifferences
include:
adifferenceinastatementofprinting(e.g.,fifthprinting)
adifferenceintheprinterorothermanufacturerifthepublisherhasnot

changed
adifferenceintheprintingorcopyrightdateifthepublicationdatehasnot

changed
adifferenceinthepublisherscoverthatdoesnotprovideevidenceofa

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

175

APPENDIXE.VARIATIONSREQUIRINGANEWRECORD
discretepublishingunit(e.g.,achangeofcolorinpublisherscloth)
adifferencerelatingtoinsertedpublishersadvertisementsandcatalogs

(unlesstheyareintegraltothepublication)
stoppresscorrections
thepresenceorabsenceofanerrataslip
theaddition,deletion,orchangeofanISBN

E1.4.Thesebasicdefaultguidelinesresultinasinglebibliographicrecordbeing
usedtorepresentmultipleimpressions,states,andbindingvariantsrelatingtoa
singleeditionorissue.Thisrecordmayinclude,inlocalnotes,informationthat
doesnotapplytoallcopiesoftheeditionorissue,whethertheinformation
appliestoanimpression,astate,abindingvariantoranindividualitem.

E2.Alternativeguidelines
E2.1.Thedefaultapproachpresentedaboveisnotprescriptiveandindeedmay
notbedesirableineverysituation.Institutionsmaysometimeswanttocreate
separaterecordsfordifferentimpressionsorforotherbibliographicvariants.
Somemaywanttocreateseparaterecordsforeachindividualcopy.
E2.2.Numerousfactorswillinfluencethedecisionofwhentocreateseparate
bibliographicrecordsforvariants,including:
thecomprehensivenessofaninstitutionscollections
theperceivedneedsoftheusersofthesecollections
whetherandhowthepublicationhasbeendescribedinastandard

bibliography
whetherthepublicationcanbecomparedtoothercopies
thedesireforconsistencywithotherrecordsintheinstitutionscatalog
thequalityoftherecordsavailableforuseincopycataloging
thestructureofanyshareddatabasetowhichaninstitutioncontributesits

records
thenatureofaninstitutionspolicies,priorities,andstaffinglevels

176

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

APPENDIXE.VARIATIONSREQUIRINGANEWRECORD

E2.3.Withintherules,alternativesareprovidedthatallowacatalogertocreate
separaterecordsforindividualimpressions,states,bindingvariants,orcopies
(seerules2B3.2,2B4.2,2D2,4G).Thecatalogermustbeconsistentinapplying
thesealternativerulestoallareasofthedescriptiononcethedecisionhasbeen
madetoapplythem.

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

177

APPENDIXF.TITLEACCESSPOINTS
F1.Introduction
Titleaccessplaysanimportantroleinenablinguserstoidentifyandlocate
specialcollectionsmaterials.Whilesometitleaccesswillbehandledby
controlledforms,thisappendixlistsspecificsituations,commonlyencountered
byrarematerialscatalogers,inwhichtheprovisionofuncontrolledtitleaccess
pointsislikelytobeuseful.
Thisappendixisnotintendedasanexhaustivelistofallinstancesinwhich
uncontrolledtitleaccesspointsmaybemade.Usejudgmentindetermining
whichformsofaccesswillbemostusefulfortheiteminhand.Ingeneral,donot
includeaccesspointsthatduplicatenormalizedformsofexistingtitleaccess
points(e.g.,thetitleproper,auniformtitle,etc.).Taketheindexingcapabilitiesof
theinstitutionslocalsystemintoconsiderationwhendeterminingwhetherthe
additionalaccesspointsareneeded.

F2.Rulesrelevanttotheprovisionoftitleaccesspoints
ThelistispresentedinDCRM(B)rulenumberorder.Titleaccesspoints
consideredoptionalarelabeledassuch.
0B1.Titleproper
Provideaccessfortheentiretitleproperexactlyastranscribed,disregarding
initialarticlesasrequiredbyfilingrules.
0F1.1.Titleproperinnonromanscript
Ifnonromantexthasbeentranscribedwithinthefirstfivewordsofthetitle
proper,provideadditionaltitleaccessforaromanizedversionofthetitleproper
usingtheALALCRomanizationTables.
Transcription:

Additionaltitleaccess:
Heike monogatari

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

179

APPENDIXF.TITLEACCESSPOINTS
0G2.2.TitleproperwithconvertedletterformsI,J,i,j,u,orv
IfanyofthefirstfivewordsinthetitlepropercontainsaletterformI,J,i,j,u,or
vthathasbeenconvertedtouppercaseorlowercaseaccordingtoapatternof
usagethatfollowspremodernspellingconventions,provideadditionaltitle
accessfortheformofthetitleproperthatcorrespondstomodernorthography
(i.e.,usingianduforvowels,jandvforconsonants,andwforconsonantalvv).
Ifitdiffersfromtitleaccesspointsalreadyprovided,alsoprovidetitleaccessfor
theformofthetitleproperthatcorrespondstothegraphicalappearanceofthe
lettersinthesource,convertingthemfromuppercaseorlowercasewithout
regardforthepatternofusageinthepublicationbeingdescribed.
Source:
LESOEVVRESMORALESDEPLVTARQVE
Transcription:
Les oeuures morales de Plutarque

Additionaltitleaccess(normalizedmodern):
Oeuvres morales de Plutarque

Additionaltitleaccess(convertedgraphical):
Oevvres morales de Plvtarqve

0G2.3.LatintitleproperwithfinalcapitalIrepresentingii
IfanyofthefirstfivewordsinthetitleproperisaLatinwordwithafinalcapital
Ithathasbeenretainedinthetranscription,provideadditionaltitleaccessforthe
formoftitleproperwiththefinalcapitalIconvertedtoii.
Source:
M.AccIPlautiquaesupersuntComoediae
Transcription:
M. AccI Plauti quae supersunt Comoediae

Additionaltitleaccess:
M. Accii Plauti quae supersunt Comoediae

180

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

APPENDIXF.TITLEACCESSPOINTS
0G3.7.Titlepropercontainingcharactersassubstitutesforletters(Optional)
Ifatitlepropercontainshyphensorothercharactersassubstitutesforletters,
andthemeaningofthecharactersisknown,provideadditionalaccesstothe
decodedformofthetitle.
0G4.2.Titleproperwithinsertedspacing
Ifanyspacinghasbeeninsertedinthetranscriptionofthefirstfivewordsofthe
titleproper,provideadditionaltitleaccessfortheformoftitlewiththewords
closedup.
Source:
LAMORTEDORFEO
Transcription:
La morte d'Orfeo

Additionaltitleaccess:
Lamorte d'Orfeo

0G6.4.Titleproperwithaninterpolatedblank
Ifablankspaceintendedtobefilledinmanuscripthasbeentranscribedwithin
thefirstfivewordsofthetitleproperasthewordblankenclosedinsquare
brackets,provideadditionaltitleaccessfortheformoftitleproperwithoutthe
interpolatedblank.
Transcription:
This certifies that [blank] by a contribution of [blank] is a
member for life of the American Tract Society

Additionaltitleaccess:
This certifies that by a contribution of is a member for life of
the American Tract Society

0G7.1.Titleproperwithcorrectedmisprint
Ifanyofthefirstfivewordsinthetitlepropercontainsamisprintthathasbeen
correctedinthetranscriptionthroughtheinsertionof[i.e....],provideadditional
titleaccessfortheformoftitleproperasitappearsinthesource,withoutthe
correction.Inaddition,providetitleaccessfortheformoftitleasifithadbeen
printedcorrectly.

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

181

APPENDIXF.TITLEACCESSPOINTS
Source:
ThenottedhistoryofMotherGrim
Transcription:
The notted [i.e. noted] history of Mother Grim

Additionaltitleaccess(withoutinterpolation):
Notted history of Mother Grim

Additionaltitleaccess(withcorrectspelling):
Noted history of Mother Grim

Ifanyofthefirstfivewordsinthetitlepropercontainsamisprintthathasbeen
qualifiedinthetranscriptionbytheinsertionof[sic],provideadditionaltitle
accessfortheformoftitleproperwithoutthe[sic].Inaddition,providetitle
accessfortheformoftitleasifithadbeenprintedcorrectly.
Source:
Oftheknowledegwhichemakethawiseman
Transcription:
Of the knowledeg [sic] whiche maketh a wise man

Additionaltitleaccess(withoutinterpolation):
Of the knowledeg whiche maketh a wise man

Additionaltitleaccess(withcorrectspelling):
Of the knowledge whiche maketh a wise man

0G7.1.Titleproperwithnonstandardorthography(Optional)
Ifthetitlepropercontainswordsspelledaccordingtoolderornonstandard
orthographicconventions,provideadditionaltitleaccessforthetitlespelled
accordingtomodernorthography.
0G7.2.Titleproperwithapproximatedletters
Ifanyofthefirstfivewordsinthetitlepropercontainstwolettersusedto
approximateathirdletter,provideadditionaltitleaccessfortheformoftitle
properwiththeletterstranscribedasset.
Source:
DierveyssederMesszvnndGeniessungdeshochwirdigSacraments

182

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

APPENDIXF.TITLEACCESSPOINTS
Transcription:
Die Weysse der Messz vnnd Geniessung des hochwirdige[n]
Sacraments

Additionaltitleaccess:
Rveysse der Messz vnnd Geniessung des hochwirdigen Sacraments

0G8.2.Titleproperwithspecialmarksofcontraction(Optional)
Ifthetitlepropercontainsacatalogersexpansionsofspecialmarksof
contraction,provideadditionaltitleaccessforthetitleasitappearsinthe
publication,ignoringthemarksofcontraction.Inaddition,providetitleaccess
forthetranscribedformofthetitleproper,butwithoutthesquarebrackets.
Transcription:
Sermones Bertra[n]di de tempore et de sanctis

Additionaltitleaccess(withoutexpansion):
Sermones Bertradi de tempore et de sanctis

Additionaltitleaccess(withoutsquarebrackets):
Sermones Bertrandi de tempore et de sanctis

0G10.Titleproperwithinitials,etc.(Optional)
Ifthetitlepropercontainsinitials,initialisms,oracronymswithinternalspaces,
provideadditionaltitleaccessforthetitlewiththespacesclosedup.Conversely,
ifthetitlepropercontainsinitials,initialisms,oracronymswithoutinternal
spaces,providetitleaccessforthetitlewiththespacesinserted.
1B1.1.Titleproperwithtransposedelements(Optional)
Ifanelementappearingbeforethetitleproperonthetitlepagehasbeen
transposed,provideadditionaltitleaccessforthetitleinclusiveofthepreceding
element.Iftheprecedingelementhasnotbeentransposed,sothatthetitle
properincludesit,provideadditionaltitleaccessforthetitlewithoutthe
precedingelement.
1B3.2.Titleproperinclusiveofanalternativetitle(Optional)
Provideadditionaltitleaccessforanalternativetitle.

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

183

APPENDIXF.TITLEACCESSPOINTS
1B6.Titleproperwithsupplementaryorsectiontitle(Optional)
Provideadditionaltitleaccessforatitlethatissupplementaryto,orasectionof,
anotherworkwhenbothtitles,whetherornotgrammaticallyseparable,are
recordedtogetherasthetitleproper.Ifthesupplementorsectiontitleisatitle
suchasSupplementorChapterone,however,andsoisindistinctiveand
dependentforitsmeaningonthemaintitle,generallydonotprovideadditional
access.
1C.Paralleltitles(Optional)
Provideadditionaltitleaccessforaparalleltitle.
1E14.Phrasesaboutnotes,appendixes,etc.(Optional)
Provideadditionaltitleaccessforphrasesconcerningnotes,appendixes,etc.,if
thephraseisdistinctiveandtheadditionalaccessseemsuseful.
1F11F2.Titlesofadditionalworks(Optional)
Forotherthansupplementarymatter,provideaccessforthetitlesofadditional
worksnamedonatitlepagewithoutacollectivetitle.Also,selectivelyprovide
accessfortitlesofadditionalworksfoundinsuchapublicationalthoughnot
namedonthetitlepage.
1G11G8.Titlesofworksonsinglesheetpublications(Optional)
Provideadditionalaccessfortitlesofindividualworksonasinglesheet
publication,whetherornotthepublicationhasacollectivetitle.Alsoprovide
accessforatleastthefirstfivewordsinthefirstlineofprintingiftheyhavenot
beentranscribedaspartofthetitleproper.
6B1.Titleproperofseries(Optional)
Provideaccessfortheseriestitleproperexactlyasitappearsinthepublication,
unlesstitleaccessisprovidedusingauniformseriestitle.
7B47B5.Titlevariantsandothertitles(Optional)
Provideadditionalaccessforcovertitles,addedtitlepagetitles,captiontitles,
halftitles,runningtitles,spinetitles,andsignificantothertitleinformation.

184

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APPENDIXF.TITLEACCESSPOINTS
7B11.Titlesofaccompanyingmaterial(Optional)
Provideadditionalaccessforanyseparatetitleonaccompanyingmaterial
deemeduseful.
7B19.Copyspecifictitles(Optional)
Provideadditionalaccessforcopyspecifictitles,suchasabinderstitle.

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

185

APPENDIXG.EARLYLETTERFORMSANDSYMBOLS
G1.Introduction
Thisappendixprovidesguidancefortranscriptionofarchaicletterformsand
characters,includingmarksofpunctuation,andarchaicconventionsof
contraction.Althoughthisappendixcannotbeexhaustive,itisintendedto
providesufficientguidanceforthemostcommonoccurrences,andtogivea
basisforjudgmentinambiguoussituations.Fortranscriptionofcharacters
commonlyfoundinsignaturestatementsthatcannotbereproducedusing
availabletypographicalfacilities,see7B9.2.

G2.Earlyletterformsandsymbols
Accordingtotheinstructionsfortranscriptioninrule0G1.1,earlierformsof
lettersandsymbolsareconvertedtotheirmodernforms.

Earlyletterformsandsymbols
Source

Example

d
ij

Transcription

M
D

r
s

Transcriptionof
example

Notes

dethe
alijs
ooghelijck

Ligatureditalicijmay

Typicalinearly
Frenchsignatures

MDCCV

InvertedCusedto
formRomannumeral

for
refuse

looklike

MorDiscalledan
apostrophus

Longs(anfhasa
crossbaronthestem;
thebaronalongs,if
present,extendsfrom
onesideonly)

ss
sz

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

dess

desz

Longsandzare
spacednormally,no

187

APPENDIXG.EARLYLETTERFORMSANDSYMBOLS
ligature

WestRiding
mss
Bche

&

&c.

Superscripte
functioningasan
umlaut

G3.Earlycontractions
Accordingtotheinstructionsfortranscriptioninrule0G8.2,symbolsof
contractionusedincontinuanceofthemanuscripttraditionareexpandedtotheir
fullform,withcatalogersuppliedlettersorwordsenclosedinsquarebrackets.
Thevaluesofmanycontractionsaredependentoncontext,withthemost
commonvaluesprovidedhere.

Earlycontractions
Source

Transcription

[missing
letter(s)]

188

[ae]
[Christus]
[con]
[es]

[ius]
[m]
[us]
[habet]
[hoc]
[per]
[par]

Example

Transcriptionof
example

h[ae]c

co[n]summatu[m] Overavowel,usually
norm;overa
D[omi]n[u]s
consonant,often
replacesseveralletters

Notes

[con]cor[di]a
statut[es]
Ross[es]
cu[ius]
impressu[m]
ei[us]

su[per]
[par]ticulari[bus]

Acontractionusing
bothGreekandLatin
letters

Ahighlyversatile
symbol;seealso,for
example,[habet],
[que],[scilicet],
and[sed]below

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

APPENDIXG.EARLYLETTERFORMSANDSYMBOLS

[pro]
[pri]
[quam]
[quan]
[que]

[qui]
[quia]
[quo]
[quod]
[recta]
[rum]
[scilicet]
[sed]
[th]

[pro]pter
[pri]ma
vn[quam]
[quan]tum
quo[que]
Herculeae[que]
quos[que]
[qui]b[us]

quo[rum]
libro[rum]

[the]
[that]

Whenyisusedto
representtheOld
English/Icelandic
character[thorn],
enclosethplus
additionallettersin
squarebrackets.

[ur]
[us]
[bus]

[ver]

nascunt[ur]
reb[us]
[par]ticulari[bus]
[ver]tuoso

Superscript;asimilar
characteratbaseline
represents[con]

G4.LetterformsI/J,U/V,i/j,andu/v
G4.1.Historicalbackground.Someknowledgeofthehistoryofprintingasit
appliestoI/J,U/V,i/j,andu/vishelpfulwhenapplyingtheprovisionsof0G2.2.
Untiltheearlyseventeenthcentury,thestandardLatinalphabetcontained23
letters.Thelettersweknowasiandjwereconsidereddifferentminuscule
shapes(orletterforms)ofthesameletter,aswerethelettersuandv.Theletterw
wasnotpartofthestandardLatinalphabet.Aprinterschoicefortheu
letterforminpreferencetothevletterform(ortheitothej)dependedonits

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

189

APPENDIXG.EARLYLETTERFORMSANDSYMBOLS
placementinawordandwasgovernedbyconvention.Conventionsvaried
somewhatfromprintertoprinter,butoftenreflectednationalandregional
preferences.Whiletherewerevariantletterformsforlowercaseletters,inthepre
moderndistributiontherewasonlyoneletterformforeachoftheselettersused
ascapitals:I(withthegothicformresemblingamodernJ),andV(withthe
gothicformresemblingamodernU).Forexample,
=Iacob;
=
Vnspotted(capitalizedasthefirstwordofatitle).
Thedominantpatternsinusebeforetheseventeenthcenturywere:
iusedintheinitial,medial,andfinalposition,withoutsignifyingvocalicor

consonantaluse;e.g.,iustice(modernform:justice)
jusedinthemedialorfinalpositiononlyafteraprecedingi(moretypicalon

theEuropeancontinent),signifyingvocalicuse;e.g.,commentarij(modern
form:commentarii)
uusedintheinitial,medialorfinalposition,withoutsignifyingvocalicor

consonantaluse;e.g.,oeuures(modernform:oeuvres)
vusedintheinitialposition,withoutsignifyingvocalicorconsonantaluse;

e.g.,vtilita(modernform:utilita)
Iusedinallpositions,withoutsignifyingvocalicorconsonantaluse;e.g.,

Iuan(modernform:Juan)
Vusedinallpositions,withoutsignifyingvocalicorconsonantaluse;e.g.,

Vrsprung(modernform:Ursprung)
Agradualshifttookplaceovertime,fromthelatefifteenthcenturythroughthe
middleoftheseventeenthcentury,withU/ucomingtophoneticallysignifya
vowelandV/vtosignifyaconsonant,regardlessofcaseorpositionintheword.
Likewisewithiandj,althoughthatshiftwasmoreirregular,withI/icomingto
phoneticallysignifyavowelandJ/jaconsonant.Inthemodern26letterLatin
alphabet,iandjanduandvareallconsideredseparateletters.
G4.2.Transcription.Asinstructedinrule0G2.2,whentherulesforcapitalization
requireconvertingIorVtolowercase,ori,j,u,orvtouppercase,followthe
patternofusageinthetexttodeterminewhichletterformtouseinthe

190

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

APPENDIXG.EARLYLETTERFORMSANDSYMBOLS
transcription.22Establishthepatternofusagebyexaminingtextinthesame
typeface(i.e.,roman,italic,orgothic)inthepublicationbeingdescribed.Lookfor
lettersexpressedintheoppositecasefromtheletterformstobeconverted,but
havingthesamefunction(vowelorconsonant)andsamerelativeposition
(appearingininitial,medial,orfinalpositions)astheletterformstobeconverted.
Beginbyexaminingtheremainderofthetitlepageandthen,ifnecessary,
proceedtoexaminethebodyofthetextinotherpartsofthebookinthesame
typeface.Ifthepatternofusagecannotbedeterminedwithinareasonable
amountoftime,usethisconversiontableasasolutionoflastresort.

Uppercaseletterformtobeconverted

Lowercaseconversion

I(vowelorconsonant)anywhereinword23

IIatendofword

ij

IIelsewhereinword

ii

V(vowelorconsonant)atbeginningofword

V(vowelorconsonant)elsewhereinword

VVrepresentingsingleletter24

vv

Lowercaseletterformtobeconverted

Uppercaseconversion

i(vowelorconsonant)anywhereinword

j(vowelorconsonant)anywhereinword

u(vowelorconsonant)anywhereinword

v(vowelorconsonant)anywhereinword

AnuppercaseJinthesourceusuallysignalsthatiandjarefunctioningasseparateletters,
asareuandv,requiringnospecialconsiderationofI,J,i,orjwhileconvertingcaseintextwith
thattypeface.Likewise,anuppercaseUinthesourceusuallysignalsthatuandvarefunctioning
asseparateletters,requiringnospecialconsiderationofU,V,u,orvwhenconvertingcaseintext
inthattypeface.
22

DonotconvertafinaluppercaseImeanttorepresentaniiending(see0G2.3).

23

ThismustbedistinguishedfromVVorvvasacombinationofavowelandaconsonantas
intheexamplesVVLTorvvlt(vult,hewants)andVVAorvva(uva,grape).
24

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

191

APPENDIXG.EARLYLETTERFORMSANDSYMBOLS
vvrepresentingsingleletter25

VV

G5.Letterw
G5.1.Historicalbackground.Therepresentationoftheletterwisnottobe
confusedwiththedevelopmentsoftheu/vletterforms.Thewletterformwas
partofthestandardalphabetforGermaniclanguages.Mostearlyprintingwasin
Latin,shiftinggraduallytoincludeagreaterproportionofvernacularlanguages
throughoutEurope.Wandwmusthavebeenscantyincasesofromantype,and
theyappeartohavebeenfrequentlyexhaustedwhensettingtextinDutch,
English,orGerman.Whenthathappened,compositorsusuallydidoneoftwo
things:usedVVorvvtostandinforWorw,orpermanentlyalteredVorvtype
piecesachievedbyfilingorshavingoneoftheserifs,oftentherightserifonthe
leftpiecesothatthetwotypepieceswouldsitcloselytogetherintheforme,
therebymorecloselyresemblingaw.InearlyGermantexts,printerssometimes
usedacurvedrfollowedbyavtoapproximateaw.
G5.2.Transcription.WhenVVandvvletterformshavebeenusedtorepresent
thesingleletterWorw,transcribethemasVVorvvasappropriate.Whenthere
isclearevidenceofthefilingofoneorbothpiecesoftypeshowingtheintention
ofcreatingtheWorwletterform,transcribeasWorw,makinganexplanatory
note,ifconsideredimportant.Incasesofdoubt,transcribeasVVandvv.When
separatervletterformshavebeenusedbytheprintertoapproximatethesingle
letterWorw,transcribeasWorw,makinganexplanatorynote,ifconsidered
important(see0G7.2).

FormsofW
Source Transcription

vv
w
w

Example

Transcriptionof
example

vvhole
whole
weysse

Notes

ThismustbedistinguishedfromVVorvvasacombinationofavowelandaconsonantas
intheexamplesVVLTorvvlt(vult,hewants)andVVAorvva(uva,grape.

25

192

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

APPENDIXH.INDIVIDUALANDSPECIALISSUESOFSERIALS
Applytheseguidelineswhencreatingabibliographicrecordforanindividualor
specialissueofaserial,whetherornotalsocreatingarecordfortheserialasa
whole.Individualandspecialissuesmaybecatalogedasmonographsand
relatedtotheserialasawhole.

H1.Bibliographiclevel
Thebibliographiclevelforanissueofaserialism(monograph),justasitisfor
anindividualpartofamultipartmonographcatalogedseparately.

H2.Bodyofthedescription
H2.1.Generalrule
FormulatethebodyofthedescriptionaccordingtotherulesinDCRM(B).
Transcribeinformationintheformandorderinwhichitispresentedinthe
source,unlessinstructedotherwisebyspecificrules(see0G).
H2.2.Issueswithdistinctivetitles
Iftheissuehasadistinctivetitle,transcribethattitleinthetitleandstatementof
responsibilityarea.
H2.3.Issueswithoutdistinctivetitles
H2.3.1.Iftheissuehasnodistinctivetitle,transcribethetitleoftheserialandthe
numberingoftheissue(includingnumericand/orchronologicaldesignations)in
thetitleandstatementofresponsibilityarea.
245

04

a The post boy. n Numb. 2436, from Thursday December


21 to Saturday December 23, 1710.

245

04

a The American printer. p Franklin bi-centennial


number. n January 20, 1923.

245

14

a The foundling hospital for wit : b intended for the


reception and preservation of such brats of wit and
humour whose parents chuse to drop them. n Number
III, to be continued occasionally / c by Timothy
Silence, Esq.

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

193

APPENDIXH.INDIVIDUALANDSPECIALISSUESOFSERIALS
H2.3.2.Iftheissuenumberingappearsattheheadoftitle,transposeitandmake
anoteindicatingthetransposition(see1B6).
H2.3.3.Iftheissuenumberingappearsfollowingastatementofresponsibility,
transcribeitasasubsequentstatementofresponsibility.

H3.Relatingindividualissuestotheserialasawhole
H3.1.Generalrule
Torelatethedescriptionofanindividualissuetothedescriptionoftheserialasa
wholeandtoprovideorganizedaccesstotherecordsinthecatalog,makea
seriesaddedentryusingtheuniformtitlefortheserial.ApplyAACR2andLCRI
informulatingtheuniformtitle.
H3.2.Issueswithdistinctivetitles
Foraccesstotheserialtitleonamonographicrecordforanissuethathasa
distinctivetitle,giveasimpleseriesstatement(440)iftheserialtitlewillbe
tracedintheforminwhichitappearsonthepiece.Iftheserialtitleappearingon
thepieceisnotintheforminwhichitwillbetraced,giveanuncontrolledseries
statement(490)withaseriesaddedentry(8XX).
245

02

440

245
490

00
1

830

a A book of humorous limericks / c edited by Clement


Wood.
a Little blue book ; v no. 1018
a Earthquake potential in Colorado.
a Bulletin / Colorado Geological Survey, Department of
Natural Resources, State of Colorado ; v 43
a Bulletin (Colorado Geological Survey) ; v 43.

H3.3.Issueswithoutdistinctivetitles
Foraccesstotheserialtitleonamonographicrecordforanissuethatdoesnot
haveadistinctivetitle,giveaseriesaddedentry(8XX).

194

245

14

800

a The foundling hospital for wit : b intended for the


reception and preservation of such brats of wit and
humour whose parents chuse to drop them. n Number
III, to be continued occasionally / c by Timothy
Silence, Esq.
a Silence, Timothy. t Foundling hospital for wit ; v
no. 3.

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

APPENDIXH.INDIVIDUALANDSPECIALISSUESOFSERIALS
245
830

00
0

a Hoopoe. n Spring 1991, issue no. 7.


a Hoopoe ; v issue no. 7.

245
830

00
0

a Almanacco anti letterario Bompiani. n 1937-XV.


a Almanacco anti letterario Bompiani ; v 1937.

H3.4.Issuenumbering
H3.4.1.Generalrule.Transcribeissuenumbering(includingnumericand/or
chronologicaldesignations)infullinthedescriptiveareas,butstandardizeissue
numberingintheaddedentryfortheserial.Thiswillprovideboththeaccurate
representationofindividualissuesaswellasanorganizeddisplayofsequential
issueswithinthecatalog.
245

04

830

a The post boy. n Numb. 2436, from Thursday December


21 to Saturday December 23, 1710.
a Post boy (London, England) ; v no. 2436.

H3.4.2.Chronologicaldesignationonly.Iftheissuehasonlyachronological
designation,useyearmonthdayasthestandardizedformofthechronological
designationintheaccesspoint.
245

04

830

a The English Lucian, or, Weekly discoveries of the


witty intrigues, comical passages, and remarkable
transactions in town and country with reflections on
the vices and vanities of the times. n Friday the
17th of January, 1698.
a English Lucian ; v 1698 Jan. 17.

H4.Relatingspecialissuestotheserialasawhole
H4.1.Specialissues
Aspecialissueofaserialusuallycoversaparticulartopic.Itmayhavea
distinctivetitleoritmaysimplybecalledspecialissueortheequivalent.Some
specialissuesarepublishedwithinthenumberingsystemofaserial;othersare
publishedoutsidethenumberingsystemofaserial.Thestatementidentifyinga
specialissueassuchmaybepresentedformallyinthepublicationoritmay
presentedinformally(e.g.,embeddedintext).
H4.2.Specialissuesoutsidethenumberingofaserial
Ifthespecialissueisoutsidethenumberingoftheserial,relatethemonographto
theserialtitlebygivingauniformtitleaddedentry(7XX)fortheserial.Ifthe

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

195

APPENDIXH.INDIVIDUALANDSPECIALISSUESOFSERIALS
statementidentifyingthespecialissueassuchisnotpresentedformally,givethe
informationinanoteinordertojustifytheaddedentry.
245

00

730

245

04

500
730

a Champions in the sun : b a special issue of


California history, the magazine of the California
Historical Society / c Frances Ring, guest editor.
a California history.
a The trout season of 1883 : b the trout of American
waters.
a "The American angler. A weekly journal of fish and
fishing. Special issue for the trout season of
1883"--P. [1].
a American angler (New York, N.Y. : 1881)

H4.3.Specialissueswithinthenumberingofaserial
Specialissuesthatarepublishedwithinthenumberingoftheserialarerelatedto
theserialbymeansofasimpleseriesstatement(440)iftheserialtitlewillbe
tracedintheforminwhichitappearsonthepiece.Iftheserialtitleappearingon
thepieceisnotintheforminwhichitwillbetraced,giveanuncontrolledseries
statement(490)withaseriesaddedentry(8XX).Ifthestatementidentifyingthe
specialissueassuchisnotpresentedformally,givetheinformationinanotein
ordertojustifytheaddedentry.
100
245
500

1
10

830

245
490
500
830

00
1

245
490

04
1

830

a Berrigan, Ted.
a Carrying a torch / c Ted Berrigan.
a "Published as Clown war 22 in January 1980"--P. [2]
of cover.
a Clown war ; v 22.
a
a
a
a

Chelsea retrospective 1958-1983.


Chelsea, x 0009-2185 ; v 42/43
"25th anniversary, 1958/1982"--P. [4] of cover.
Chelsea (New York, N.Y.) ; v 42/43.

a The black press : b special issue.


a Harvard journal of Afro-American affairs ; v volume
2, number 2, 1971
a Harvard journal of Afro-American affairs ; v v. 2,
no. 2.

H5.Relatingseparatelypublishedmonographstotheserialasawhole
Serialissueswithdistinctivetitlesmayalsohavebeenpublishedseparatelyas
monographs.Donottreatthesemonographsaspartoftheserial.When
catalogingsuchamonograph,makeanotetoindicatethatthetitlewasalso

196

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

APPENDIXH.INDIVIDUALANDSPECIALISSUESOFSERIALS
publishedasanissueoftheserial.Giveauniformtitleaddedentry(7XX)forthe
serial.
245

04

500
730

245
500

04

730

a The forbidden stitch : b an Asian American women's


anthology / c edited by Shirley Geok-lin Lim, Mayumi
Tsutakawa, Margarita Donnelly (managing editor).
a "Also published as vol. 11 #2&3 of Calyx, a journal
of art and literature by women"--Half-title verso.
a Calyx (Corvallis, Or.)
a The black revolution : b an Ebony special issue.
a "First published as a special issue of Ebony magazine
August, 1969"--T.p. verso.
a Ebony (Chicago, Ill.)

H6.Linkingrecordsforindividualissuestotheserialrecord
Optionally,whencataloginganindividualissueofaserial,providealinking
entrybetweentherecordfortheindividualissueandtherecordfortheserialas
awholebymeansofahostitementry(773):
773

a Silence, Timothy. t Foundling hospital for wit. g


No. 3

773

a Post boy (London, England). g No. 2436

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

197

GLOSSARY
ThisglossaryisintendedtosupplementtheglossaryinAACR2,AppendixD.
ThetermsincludedhereareeitherlackinginAACR2,or,thoughpresentthere,
requiresomeamendmenttoaccommodatetheserulestothedescriptionof
specialprintedmaterials.Thedefinitionsmarkedwithanasteriskhavebeen
derivedfromG.ThomasTansellesThebibliographicalconceptsofissueand
state,inThePapersoftheBibliographicalSocietyofAmerica,69(1975),p.1766.
Bibliographicdescription.Asetofbibliographicdatarecordingandidentifying
apublication,i.e.,thedescriptionthatbeginswiththetitleproperandends
withthelastnote.
Broadside,broadsheet.SeeSinglesheetpublication.
Cancellation.Asubstitutionforsomethingoriginallyprinted.Usuallyappliesto
leavesbutmayapplytoportionsofleaves,pairsofleaves,orentire
gatherings.Thereplacementleaf,etc.,iscalledthecancelorcancellans(plural
cancelsorcancellantia).Theoriginalleaf,etc.,isvariouslycalledthecancelled
leaf,theuncancelledleaf(ifitisstillpresent),thecancelland,orthe
cancellandum(pluralcancellanda).
Chieftitle.Thedistinguishingwordorsequenceofwordsthatnamesa
publication,asgivenonthetitlepage(orsubstitute).Thisdefinitionexcludes
alternativetitles,paralleltitles,othertitleinformation,andsubsidiarytitle
informationprecedingthechieftitleonthetitlepage,suchexclusionresulting
usuallyinashorttitle.SeealsoTitleproper.
Chronogram.Aphrase,sentence,orothertextinwhichthenumericvaluesof
certainletters(usuallydistinguishedtypographically)expressadatewhen
addedtogether.
Device.Aprinteddesign,generallysymbolic,emblematic,orpictorialrather
thantextual,usedtoidentifyaprinter,bookseller,orpublisher.Tobe
distinguishedfromalogothatrendersanameasastylized,primarilytextual
design.
Dockettitle.Atitlewritten,typed,orprintedonadocument,oronalabel
affixedtothedocument,brieflyindicatingitscontentsorsubject.Usually

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

199

GLOSSARY
foundperpendiculartothemaintext,onanotherwiseblankpage(e.g.,the
versoofthelastleaf),onadocumentdesignedtobefoldedforfiling.
*Edition.Allcopiesresultingfromasinglejoboftypographicalcomposition.
Fingerprint.Agroupofcharactersselectedfromspecificlocationsinthe
publication,which,whencombinedwiththedateofpublication,etc.,serves
toidentifyabookashavingbeenprintedfromacertainsettingoftype.
Gathering.Oneormorepairsofleavesmadeupofafoldedsheet,afractionof
asheet,orseveralfoldedsheetstuckedoneinsideanotherthattogether
formadistinctunitforbindingpurposes.SeealsoSignature.
Illustration.Apictorial,diagrammatic,orothergraphicrepresentationoccurring
withinapublication,exceptingminordecorativeelementssuchasvignettes,
headandtailpieces,historiatedinitials,andprintersornaments.
Impression.Allcopiesproducedinthecourseofoneprintingevent;thetermis
synonymouswithprinting.
Integral.1.Aleafisintegraltoagatheringifitisconjugatewithanotherleafin
thegathering.2.Aleafisintegraltoapublicationifitcanbeassumedtobe
presentinallcopiesrepresentedbythebibliographicdescription.Leaves
addedafterpublicationbyanowner(e.g.,extraillustratedcopies)orbya
binderarenotconsideredintegraltothepublicationandthusmustbe
describedinlocalnotes.
*Issue.Agroupofpublishedcopieswhichconstitutesaconsciouslyplanned
publishingunit,distinguishablefromothergroupsofpublishedcopiesby
oneormoredifferencesdesignedexpresslytoidentifythegroupasadiscrete
unit.
Leafofplates.Aplateinapublicationthatalsohasoneormoreleavesorpages
oftext(whetherpreliminarytextortextproper).Platesmaybedescribedin
termsofpagesofplatesiftheyarenumberedaspagesorareunnumbered
andhaveillustrativematteronbothsides.SeealsoPlate.
Letterpress.Printingdonedirectlyfromraisedsurfaces.Includesprintingdone
fromtype,fromwoodblocks(e.g.,woodcutsandwoodengravings),and
frommetalsurfacesdesignedforreliefprinting(e.g.,stereotypesand
electrotypes).
200

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

GLOSSARY
Panel.Arectangularsectionformedbythecreasesinasinglesheetpublication
thathasbeenissuedfoldedbutisintendedtobeusedunfolded.
Perfectcopy.Acopyofapublicationthatisphysicallycompleteandcorrectly
arranged,asissued.
Plate.Aleafthatischieflyorentirelynonletterpress,orafoldedleafofany
kind,insertedwithletterpressgatheringsoftext.Aplateusuallycontains
illustrativematter,withorwithoutaccompanyingtext,butmaycontainonly
text(e.g.,anengravedtitlepageorafoldedletterpresstable).SeealsoLeafof
plates.
Signature.Aletter,numeral,symbol,oragroupofsuchcharacters,printedat
thefootoftherectosofthefirstfewleavesofanintendedgatheringforthe
purposeofaidingbindersincorrectlyassemblingthesections.Seealso
Gathering.
Singlesheetpublication.Apublicationprintedonasingleorcompositepieceof
paperorothermaterial;itmaybeprintedononeorbothsidesandmaybe
boundorunbound.Thecontentofasinglesheetpublication,asheredefined,
ispredominantlytextualinnature,thoughitmaycontainillustrationsthat
aresubordinateorcoordinatetothetext.(See5B2fornormallyimposed
singlesheetsand5B14forsinglesheetsdesignedtobereadunfolded.)
*State.Acopyoragroupofcopiesofaprintedsheetorapublisherscasing
whichdiffersfromothercopies(withinthesameimpressionorissue)ofthat
sheetorcasinginanyrespectwhichthepublisherdoesnotwishtocalltothe
attentionofthepublicasrepresentingadiscretepublishingeffort.
Titleproper.Thechieftitleofapublication,togetherwithanytitleinformation
precedingthechieftitleandanyalternativetitle.Thisdefinitionexcludes
paralleltitlesandanyothertitleinformationfollowingthechieftitle.Seealso
Chieftitle.
Variant.Acopyshowinganybibliographicallysignificantdifferencefromoneor
moreothercopiesofthesameedition.Thetermmayrefertoanimpression,
issue,orstate.

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

201

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FunctionalRequirementsforBibliographicRecords.IFLAStudyGrouponthe
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Gaskell,Philip.ANewIntroductiontoBibliography.Oxford:OxfordUniversity
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ISBD(A):InternationalStandardBibliographicDescriptionforOlderMonographic
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http://www.ifla.org/VII/s13/pubs/isbda.htm
MARC21FormatforBibliographicData.NetworkDevelopmentandMARC
StandardsOffice,LibraryofCongress,incooperationwithStandardsand
Support,NationalLibraryofCanada.Washington,D.C.:Cataloging
DistributionService,LibraryofCongress,1999(andupdates).Conciseformat:
http://www.loc.gov/marc/bibliographic/ecbdhome.html

MerriamWebstersCollegiateDictionary.11thed.Springfield,Mass.:Merriam
Webster,2003.
RBMSControlledVocabularies:ControlledVocabulariesforUseinRareBookand
SpecialCollectionsCataloging.
http://www.rbms.info/committees/bibliographic_standards/controlledvocabularies/

Roe,Kathleen.ArrangingandDescribingArchivesandManuscripts.Chicago:
SocietyofAmericanArchivists,2005.
Svenonius,Elaine.TheIntellectualFoundationofInformationOrganization.
Cambridge:TheMITPress,2000.
Tanselle,G.Thomas.TheBibliographicalConceptsofIssueandState.Papersof
theBibliographicalSocietyofAmerica,v.69(1975),p.1766.
ThesaurusforGraphicMaterials.LibraryofCongress.
http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/tgm/
VanWingen,PeterM.andBelindaD.Urquiza.StandardCitationFormsforPublished
BibliographiesandCatalogsUsedinRareBookCataloging.Incollaborationwiththe
BibliographicStandardsCommittee,RareBooksandManuscriptsSection,
AssociationofCollegeandResearchLibraries.2nded.Washington,D.C.:
CatalogingDistributionService,LibraryofCongress,1996.
Vriesema,P.C.A.TheSTCNFingerprint.StudiesinBibliography,v.39(1986),p.93
100.http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/bsuva/sb/
204

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

INDEX
Symbols
&(ampersand).SeeAmpersands
(apostrophe).SeeApostrophes,transcriptionof
*(asterisk).SeeAsterisks
:(colon).SeePrescribedpunctuation
,(comma).SeePrescribedpunctuation
(dash).SeeDashes
=(equalssign).SeePrescribedpunctuation
(hyphen).SeeHyphens
(markofomission).SeeOmission,marksof
()(parentheses).SeeParentheses,useof;Prescribedpunctuation
.(periodorfullstop).SeePrescribedpunctuation
?(questionmark).SeeQuestionmarks
;(semicolon).SeePrescribedpunctuation
/(slash).SeeDiagonalslash;Prescribedpunctuation
[](squarebrackets).SeePrescribedpunctuation;Squarebrackets
/(virgule).SeeVirgules

AACR2:VII
choosingbetweenDCRM(B)and:X.1.2
relationshiptoDCRM(B):II.1,III.2.5,AppendixC3(2454XXfields)
specialcollectionscataloging:AppendixA8
usedinconjunctionwithDCRM(B):II.1,AppendixB4
Abbreviations:0G8.SeealsoSpacing
ondissertations:7B13
inplaceofpublication:4B44B5
oftwoormoreletters:0G10.2
Abridgmentofinformation.SeeOmissions
Academicdegrees,memberships,etc.:1E8
Academicdisputations:1E4.2
Academicdissertations.SeeDissertations,noteson
Access,restrictionson:AppendixB4(506)

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

205


INDEX
Accesspoints:III.2.3.SeealsoAddedentries;Headings;Mainentries;Title
accesspoints
Accompanyingmaterial:5E
generalrules:5E1
noteson:5E1.2,5E2,7B11
standardnumberfor:8B2
titleaccesspoints:AppendixF2(7B11)
Acquisition,sourceof:AppendixB4(541)
Acronyms:VII
Acronyms(insource).SeeInitials,initialisms,acronyms(insource)
Adaptations,noteson:7B2.1
Addedentries:AppendixB4(7XX),AppendixB5.2,AppendixC3(7XX).Seealso
Headings;Mainentries;Titleaccesspoints
notesjustifying:7A1.4,7B19.1.1,AppendixC3(5XX)
Addedtitlepages:5B9.4,AppendixF(7B47B5)
Additionaltitles.SeeOthertitleinformation
Addresses,transcriptionofpublishers,etc.:1G2,4B11,4C4
Advertisements:5B5,7B19.1.3
ALALCRomanizationTables:7B9.8,AppendixF2(0F1.1)
Alphabets,nonroman.SeeNonromanscripts
Alternativerules:IV,AppendixE2.3.SeealsoOptionaltreatmentsinrules
intheeditionarea:2B3.2,2B4.2,2D2
inthepublicationarea:4G
intranscription:0G3.1,0G4.1
Alternativetitles:1B3.2,1B7.2,AppendixF(1B3.2)
Alternativetreatmentsinrules.SeeOptionaltreatmentsinrules
Ampersands:0G8.2,AppendixG2
AngloAmericanCataloguingRules.SeeAACR2
Announcements:1A2.2
Apostrophes,transcriptionof:0G3.2
Apostrophus:AppendixG2
Appendixes,subsidiarytexts,etc.:1E14,2C3,AppendixF(1E14)
Arabicnumerals:5B8.1
multiplesequencesofnumbering:5B6.1
inphysicaldescriptionarea:5B1.3
inseriesnumbering:6G1.2
substitutionfornonromannumericsequence:7B9.7
unnumberedpages:5B3.1

206

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

INDEX
vsromannumeralsindates:4D2.1
vsspelledoutnumerals:6G1.2
Archaicplacenames:4B3
Archivalcollections:AppendixB1.4
Areasofdescription.SeeEditionarea;Material(ortypeofpublication)specific
detailsarea;Notearea;Physicaldescriptionarea;Publication,
distribution,etc.area;Seriesarea;Standardnumberandtermsof
availabilityarea;Titleandstatementofresponsibilityarea
Arrangement(ofcollections):B3.2
Articles(partofspeech):AppendixF2(0B1)
Artisticform,noteson.SeeNotes:Nature,scopeorartisticformofitem
Artistsbooks,noteson:7B10.4
Asterisksinnames:0G3.7.
Attributions,noteson:7B6.3
Authenticationcode:AppendixC3(042)
Authorstatement.SeeStatementsofresponsibility
Availability,termsof.SeeTermsofavailability

B
BDRB:Preface,AppendixA9
BIBCOCoreRecordsStandards:B1.3,C1
elementsofbibliographicrecord:AppendixC3
Bibliographiccitations,preferredform:7B14
Bibliographicdescription,definitionof:Glossary
BibliographicDescriptionofRareBooks.SeeBDRB
Bibliographichistory,noteson:2B5.1,7B7,7B127B13
Bibliographiclevelofdescription.SeealsoLevelofdescription
choiceofcatalogingcode:X.1.2
collectionlevelrecords:AppendixB
corelevelrecords:AppendixC
minimallevelrecords:AppendixD
Bibliographicvariants.SeeVariants
Bibliographicvolumesdifferentfromphysicalvolumes:5B16
Binderstitles:AppendixF2(7B19).SeealsoTitles:variants
Binding
heightdifferentfrompublication:5D1.2
noteson:5B15.3,7B10.4,7B19

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

207


INDEX
Blankleavesorpages:5B1.1,5B3.1,5B7.1,5B8.1,5B14.1,7B10.1
Blankspaces:0G6.4
forinitialletters:0G7.3
withintitleproper:AppendixF2(0G6.4)
Bookjackets.SeeDustjackets
Booksellers:4A6n
nameofpublisher,distributor,etc.:4C1
placeofpublication,distribution,etc.,4B1.1
Boundwithnotes.SeeNotes:Withnotes
Broadsides(broadsheets).SeeSinglesheetpublications
Bytheauthorof...SeeWordsorphrases:asnames

C
Calendars,Gregorian/Julian.SeeGregoriancalendar
Callnumberfields,changetocommasin:AppendixC3(050.082.086.090.etc.)
Cancellation,definitionof:Glossary
Cancelledtitlepages:AppendixE1.2
Capitalletters.SeeCase,conversionof;Chronograms
Capitalization:0G2
oflettersI/JandU/V:AppendixG4.2
Captiontitles.SeealsoTitles:variant
asformoftitleproper:1B3.4
assourceofinformation:1B2
noteson:7B3.1
singlesheetpublications:1G4
titleaccesspoints:AppendixF2(7B47B5)
Case,conversionof:0G2
ofI/JandU/V:AppendixG4.2
ofW:AppendixG5.2
Catalogingsourcefield:AppendixC3(040)
chi,insignaturestatements:7B9.3
Chiefsourceofinformation:0C.SeealsoSourcesofinformation
informationtakenfromsourcesotherthan:0G5.3
itemslackingtitleproper:1B5
singlesheetpublications:1G1
Chieftitle.SeealsoTitleproper
definitionof:Glossary

208

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

INDEX
singlesheetpublications:1G3
transcriptionof:1B7.3
Chronograms:0G2.4,4D2.2
definitionof:Glossary
Citation,bibliographic,preferredformof:SeeBibliographiccitations,preferred
form
Citationofcollection,preferredformof:AppendixB4(524)
Collaborators.SeeSharedresponsibility,worksof
Collation,noteon:7B9.12
Collectionlevelrecords:X,X.1.1,AppendixA3,AppendixB
additionofnewitems:AppendixB5.2
arrangementanddescriptionfor:AppendixB3
bibliographicelementsfor:AppendixB4
rationalefor:AppendixB1.1
selectionofmaterialsfor:AppendixB2
Collectivetitle,itemswithout:1F.SeealsoCollectivetitles;Titles:devised
singlesheetpublications:1G7
titleaccesspoints:AppendixF2(1F11F2)
Collectivetitles.SeealsoCollectivetitle,itemswithout;Titles:devised
singlesheetpublications:1G6
titleaccesspoints:AppendixF2(1G11G8)
Collector,nameasmainheading:AppendixB4(1XX)
Colons.SeePrescribedpunctuation;Punctuationinsource
Colophonsasprescribedsourceofinformation:0C3,0D
editionarea:0G5.3,2A2
publication,distribution,etc.,area:4A2
Colorillustrations:5C3
Colorprinting,incunabula:7B10.2
Columns:1G2,5B1.25B1.3,5B6.5,7B10.2.SeealsoPagination
Commas.SeePrescribedpunctuation;Punctuationinsource
Conjecturalinformation.SeeUncertaininformation
Constructedtitles.SeeTitles:devised
Content,summaryof.SeeSummaryofcontent,noteson
Contentsnotes:7B16,AppendixB4(5XX)
forcollectionswithmorethanonerecord:AppendixB5.1
formatted:AppendixB4(505),AppendixC3(505)
itemswithcollectivetitles:1G6,AppendixB1.2
itemswithoutcollectivetitle:1G7

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

209


INDEX
summaryofcontents:7B15,AppendixB4(520)
titleandstatementofresponsibilityarea:1D2.3
Contractions:0G8,AppendixF2(0G8.2),AppendixG3
Controlfields:AppendixC3(007008)
Conversionofcase.SeeCase,conversionof
Copybeingdescribed.SeeCopyspecificnotes
Copynumbers:7B7.5,7B19.1.3
Copyrightdates:4D6,AppendixE1.3
Copyspecificinformation:0Dn,6A2.1n,7B19.1.1
Copyspecificnotes:III.2.3,VIII.2,7B19,AppendixF2(7B19).SeealsoCopy
specificinformation;Localnotes
Corelevelrecords:X.1.3,AppendixA4,AppendixC
Corrections.SeeInaccuracies(insource)
Countries
placenames,addedto:4B5
asplaceofpublication:AppendixB4(008)
placeofpublication,distribution,etc.,addedto:4B1.2,4B12.2
Coverpages:0C1.2
Covertitles.SeeTitles:variant
Coversasprescribedsourcesofinformation:0D,6A2n
Curvedr:AppendixG2

D
DCRB:VII,AppendixA9
changesfrom:Preface
compatibilitywith:III.2.6
DCRM(B):I.1,VII
alternativerules:IV
comments:VIII.2
changesfromDCRB:Preface
determiningwhenuseissuitable:X.1.2
differencesbetweenAACR2and:AppendixC3
languagepreferences:V
objectives:III.1
optionallocalnotes:VIII.2
precatalogingdecisions:X
principlesofconstruction:III.2

210

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

INDEX
relationshiptoothercatalogingstandards:II
scope:I.2,I.4,0A
Dashes:0G3.5,0G3.7.SeealsoPrescribedpunctuation
Dateofdeposit:4D6
Dateofdistribution.SeeDateofpublication
Dateofmanufacture:4G.SeealsoDateofpublication
Dateofprinting:4D1.1,4D1.3
Dateofpublication:0C2,4D
conjectured:4D4
onpartpages:4D8
patternsforsupplyingconjectured:4D5
suppliedfromothersources:4D3
transcriptionof:4D1.2
Dates.SeealsoChronograms;Gregoriancalendar
copyright:4D6
Julian/OldStyle:4D2.5
notbasedonJulianorGregoriancalendar:4D2.6
otherthanpublication:4D4.2
romannumeralsin:0G3.4,0G4.1
verylong:4D2.3
Defects.SeeImperfectcopies
Degrees.SeeAcademicdegrees,memberships,etc.
Description,levelof.SeeLevelofdescription
Descriptionofcollections:B3.3
basisfor:B5.2
multiplebibliographicrecords:B5.1
Descriptionofitem:0B.Seealsonamesofspecificareas,e.g.,Editionarea
basisfor:0B2
noteson:7B3
requiredelements:0B1
DescriptiveCatalogingofRareBooks.SeeDCRB
DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books).SeeDCRM(B)
Detail,levelsof.SeeLevelofdescription
Devices:1A2.2
definitionof:Glossary
Devisedtitles.SeeTitles:devised
Diacriticalmarks:0G1
Diagonalslash.SeealsoPrescribedpunctuation

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

211


INDEX
dateofpublication:4D2.5
virgulesvs:0G3.5
Digitalreproductions:A6
Digraphs.SeeLigatures
Dimensions:5D,AppendixB4(300)
singlesheetpublications:5D4.1
Discontinuedpublications:5B20
Dissertations,noteson:7B13,AppendixC3(502)
Distributionarea.SeePublication,distribution,etc.area
Distributiondate.SeeDateofdistribution
Distributors.SeePublishers,distributors,etc.
Dockettitle,definitionof:Glossary
Doubleleaves:5B11
Doublepunctuationoption.SeePunctuationinsource:alternativetranscription
of
Doubtfulinformation.SeeUncertaininformation
Dustjackets:IX.2
asprescribedsourceofinformation:0D,2A2,4A2.1,6A2.1

E
E(letterofalphabet),superscript:AppendixG2
Edition,dateof.SeeDateofpublication
Editionarea:2
corelevelrecords:AppendixC3(250)
generalrules:2B
multipartmonographs:2B11
namedrevision:2D
noteson:7B7
prescribedpunctuation:2A1
sourcesofinformation:2A2
specialcharactersornumericemphasis:2B4
statementsofresponsibility:2C,2E
Editionstatement.SeeEditionarea
Editionstatementlackingordoubtful:2B5
Editions.SeealsoEditionarea;Impressions
definitionof:Glossary
determinationofbibliographicvariants:X.1.4,AppendixE1

212

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

INDEX
Electroniclocationandaccess:AppendixB4(856)
Ellipses.SeeOmission,marksof
Encodinglevels:X.1.3
Engravedtitlepages:5B9.4
Entries.SeeAddedentries;Headings
Epigrams:1A2.2
Equalssigns.SeePrescribedpunctuation
Errata:5B4,7B16.1,AppendixE1.3
Erroneousattributionstoname,noteson.SeeFictitiousorincorrectinformation:
attributionstoname,noteson
Errors(insource).SeeInaccuracies(insource)
Esszet:AppendixG2
etal.,useof:1E5
Excerpts.SeePartsofworks
Examples,conventionsfor:VIII
Explanatorynotes.SeeNotes
Extentofitem:5B.SeealsoPagination
Extracts.SeePartsofworks

F
FRBR:III
Fascicles:5B15.2
Fictitiousorincorrectinformation.SeealsoInaccuracies(insource);Uncertain
information
attributionstoname,noteson:7B6.3.2
dates:4D2.4
placeofpublication:4B9
publication,distribution,etc.:4A4
publisherstatement:4C5
Figures.SeeNumerals
Findingaids:AppendixB1.2,AppendixB3.3,AppendixB4(555)
Fingerprints:8B3
definitionof:Glossary
Foldedleaves:5B9,5B10
Foldedsheets:5B2,5B14,5D4.SeealsoGatherings
Foliation.SeeLeaves;Pagination
Formandorderofinformation:0G,1A3,2A3,4A3,5B1,5B15,6A3,7A4,7B,8B

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

213


INDEX
Formheadings.SeeGenre/formheadings
Formalnotes:7A4.3
Format:5D1.3
Formerowners.SeeProvenance,noteson
FulllevelDCRM(B)cataloging:X.1.3,AppendixA2
Fullpunctuationoption.SeePunctuationinsource:alternativetranscriptionof
Fullstops.SeePrescribedpunctuation
Function,designationsof
instatementsofresponsibility:1E4
publishers,distributors,etc.:4A6
FunctionalRequirementsforBibliographicRecords.SeeFRBR

G
Gatherings
definitionof:Glossary
insignaturestatement:7B9
unnumberedleavesorpages:5B3
Genre/formheadings:X.1.3,7A1.4,AppendixC3(655)
Grammaticallyinseparableelements
dateofpublication:4A3.3,4D1.4
editionarea:2B6,2B8
illustrationstatements:1D3
othertitleinformation:1D5
placeofpublication:4A3.3,4A6.3.1,4B6.4,4B8,4C3
publisherstatements:4A3.3,4C3
seriesnumbering:6B2,6G1.1
sourcesofinformation:1A2
statementsofresponsibility:1E3,1E4.2,1E8,1E13,6B2,6E1
titleproper:1B1,1B4,1C2
volumestatements:1D3
Graphicprocesses:5C1.5
Greekcharacters:7B9.3,7B9.9.SeealsoNonromanscripts
chart(signaturestatements):7B9.9
Gregoriancalendar:4D2.5,4D2.6n.SeealsoDates

214

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

INDEX

H
Halftitles:AppendixF(7B47B5)
Handcoloring:5C3.2,7B19.1.3
Headings:II.SeealsoAccesspoints;Addedentries;Genre/formheadings;Main
entries;Subjectheadings;Titleaccesspoints
encodinglevelrequirements:X.1.3
name:X.1.3
inWithnotes:7B18.2
Hebrewcharacters:7B9.10.SeealsoNonromanscripts
chart(signaturestatements):7B9.10
Height:5D1.SeealsoDimensions
Historyofitem
noteson:7B7
userneeds:III.1.3,III.2.3
Holdings.SeeLocalnotes
Honors.SeeAcademicdegrees,memberships,etc.
Hyphens:0G3.3,0G3.7,AppendixG2.SeealsoPunctuationinsource
lineendingsand:0G3.6

I
I(letterofalphabet):AppendixG4.1
asLatinfinalcapital:0G2.3
transcriptionof:0G2.2,AppendixG4.2
i.e.,useof:1G7.1,App.F(0G7.1)
ISBDpunctuation.SeePrescribedpunctuation
ISBD(A):II,III.2.5,VII
ISBN:8B,AppendixC3(020)
ISSN:6F
Illuminations:7B19.1.3
Illustrations:5C.SeealsoColorillustrations;Graphicprocesses;Handcoloring
definitionof:Glossary
noteson:7B10.3
othertitleinformationandstatementabout:1D3
Imperfectcopies:IX.1.SeealsoIncompleteitems;Madeupsets
basisfordescriptionof:0B2.2
noteson:7B19

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

215


INDEX
Impressions:X,AppendixE.SeealsoIssues
dateof:4G
definitionof:Glossary
editionarea:2B3
noteson:2B4.2,2D2
Imprint:SeePublication,distribution,etc.area
Inaccuracies(insource):5B7
datesofpublication:4D2.4
fictitiousinformation:4A4
localnotes:7B19.3.3
misprints:0G7.1,4C5,AppendixF2(0G7)
pagenumbering:5B7.2
placeofpublication,distribution,etc.:4A4,4B9
publisherstatements:4A4,4C5
statementsofresponsibility:1E9
Incipit.SeeOpeningwordsoftext
Incompleteitems:5B6.5,5B12.SeealsoCopyspecificnotes;Imperfectcopies;
Madeupsets
Incunabula
corelevelcatalogingand:C2
notesfor:7B10.2
signaturesfor:7B9.1
Individualissuesofserials.See
Informalnotes:7A4.4
Initialarticles:AppendixF2(0B1)
Initialletters,blankspacesfor:0G7.3
Initialprepositions:4B2
Initials,initialisms,acronyms(insource):0G10.1
Integral,definitionof:Glossary
InternationalStandardBibliographicDescription(Antiquarian).SeeISBD(A)
InternationalStandardBookNumber(ISBN).SeeISBN
InternationalStandardSerialNumber(ISSN).SeeISSN
Interpolations:0F1.2,0G6.SeealsoSuppliedwords
Invertedletters.SeeLetters(alphabetic),turned
Invocations:1A2.2
Issues:X.1.4
definitionof:Glossary
Issuingagents.SeePublication,distribution,etc.area

216

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

INDEX
Itemdescribednote.SeeCopyspecificnotes
Itemleveldescription
bibliographicvariants:AppendixE1
choiceofcatalogingcode:X.1.2
collectionleveldescriptionvs:X.1.1,AppendixB1
corelevelrecords:AppendixC1
minimallevelrecords:AppendixD1
noteson.SeeCopyspecificnotes

J
J(letterofalphabet):AppendixG4.1
transcriptionof:0G2.2,AppendixG4.2
Jointauthors.SeeSharedresponsibility,worksof
Juliancalendar.SeeGregoriancalendar
Jurisdictionsinplacenames:4B45,4B10.2

L
LCRI:II,VII
LC/NACOAuthorityFiles:X.1.3,AppendixC1
LC/SACOAuthorityFiles:X.1.3n,AppendixC1
Labels:4A5
assourceofinformation:6A2.4,AppendixE1.2
Lackoftitle.SeeCollectivetitle,itemswithout;Openingwordsoftext
Lacunae:0G6.3
LadyDaydating:4D2.5n
Language.SeealsoMultilingualeditionstatements;Multilingualitems
ofadaptations,noteson:7B2
ofdescription:0F
ofparalleltitles:1C2
preferencesinDCRM(B):V
LatinfinalcapitalI:0G2.3
Latinplacenames.SeeArchaicplacenames
Leaderanddirectoryvalues:AppendixB4,AppendixC3
Leaf.SeeLeaves
Leafofplates,definitionof:Glossary
Leaves.SeealsoPagination

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

217


INDEX
double:5B11
errata:5B4,7B16,AppendixE1.3
folded:5B9.3,5B10
multiplesequencesof:5B6.6
inmultipartmonographs:5B19
nonletterpress:5B1.4,5B9.4
ofplates:5B9,5B19
unnumbered:5B3,5B8
unsigned:7B9.3
Letterforms:AppendixG1G2
Letteredsequences:5B1.3
Letterpress,definitionof:Glossary
Letters(alphabetic).SeealsoE(letterofalphabet),I(letterofalphabet);J(letter
ofalphabet);O(letterofalphabet),Thorn(letterofalphabet)U(letterof
alphabet),V(letterofalphabet);W(letterofalphabet)
initial.SeeInitialletters
modified.SeeDiacriticalmarks
substitutedbypunctuation:0G3.7
transcriptionof:0G1.1
turned:0G7.2
Levelsofdescription
collection:X.1.1,AppendixA3,AppendixB
considerationsinchoosing:X.2
core:X.1.3,AppendixA4,AppendixC
full:X.1.3,AppendixA2
item:X.1.1
minimal:X.1.3,AppendixA5,AppendixD
LibraryofCongresscontrolnumber(LCCN):AppendixC3(050)
LibraryofCongressRuleInterpretations.SeeLCRI
Librarysholdings,noteson.SeeCopyspecificnotes;Localnotes
Ligatures:0G1.1
Limitation,statementof:7B7.37B7.5
Lineendings:0G3.6
Linkingentrycomplexitynotes:AppendixB4(580)
Localnotes:VIII.2,7B7.5,7B18.3,7B19.SeealsoCopyspecificnotes;Notes
onprovenance:7A1.4,7B19.1.3,7B19.2,AppendixB4(561)
Longs:AppendixG2
Longsandz:AppendixG2

218

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

INDEX
Longtitles:SeeTitles:lengthy

M
Machinereadablecataloging:II.2
Madeupcopies:IX.1
Madeupsets:2B11.22B11.3.SeealsoImperfectcopies;Incompleteitems
Mainentries:AppendixB4(1XX),AppendixC3(1XX).SeealsoAccesspoints;
Addedentries
Mandatorynotes.SeeRequirednotes
Manifestations:III.1.1,III.2.1,III.2.3.SeealsoEditions;Impressions
Manufacture
dateof:4G
detailsof:4A1,4A6,4E
Manufacturers:4A6n,4A6.2.1,4A6.3,4B1.SeealsoPublishers,distributors,etc.
nameof:4F
Manuscriptcollections:AppendixB1.4
Mapsasillustrations:5C2
MARC21FormatforBibliographicDescription:II.2,X,AppendixA1,Appendix
B1.3
Marksofomission.SeeOmission,marksof
Material(ortypeofpublication)specificdetailsarea:3
Microforms:AppendixA6
Minimallevelrecords:X.1.3,AppendixA5,AppendixD
Misprints.SeeInaccuracies(insource)
Missingparts.SeeIncompleteitems
Misspelledwords.SeeInaccuracies(insource)
Modifiedletters.SeeDiacriticalmarks
Mottoes:1A2.2
Multilingualeditionstatements:2B9
statementsofresponsibility:2C4
Multilingualitems:1E10.1.SeealsoLanguage
choiceoftitlepageaschiefsourceofinformation:0C2
paralleltitlesofseries:6C
publication,distribution,etc.,area:4B13
publisherstatements:4C11
statementsofresponsibility:1E10,6E2
Multipartmonographs

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

219


INDEX
chiefsourceofinformation:0C2
bibliographicvolumesdifferentfromphysicalvolumes:5B16
datesofpublicationin:4D7
editionstatementon:2B11
multiplepublishernamesin:4C7
numberingintitleproper:1B4
noteson:7B3.2,7B16.1
placesofpublicationin:4B7
sourcesofinformation:1A2.3
varyingsizes:5D3
Musicasillustrations:5C1

N
Names.SeeStatementsofresponsibility
Names,variantformsof.SeeVariantformsofname
Namesofmanufacturers.SeeManufacturers
Namesofpublishers,distributors,etc.SeePublishers,distributors,etc.
NewStylecalendar.SeeGregoriancalendar
Newlyprintedineditionstatement:2B2.2
Nomorepublishednote:5B20
Nonarabicandnonromannumerals
inpagination:5B1.3
insignatures:7B9.3,7B9.7
Nonbookformatsanddcrmbcode:A7
Nonletterpressleavesorpages:0C2,5B1.4
Nonromanscripts.SeealsoLanguage;Romanization
insignatures:7B9.87B9.11
intitleproper:AppendixF2(0F1.1)
notesonuseof:7B2.2
Notinnotes:7B14.3
Notearea:VIII.2,7,AppendixB4(5XX),AppendixB4(5XX),AppendixC3
(5XX).SeealsoNotes
formandorderofinformation:7A7B
prescribedpunctuation:7A2,7A4.17A4.2
Notes:VIII.2.SeealsoCopyspecificnotes;Localnotes;Requirednotes
accompanyingmaterial:7B11
adaptations:7B2

220

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

INDEX
artistsbooks:7B10.4
attributions:7B6.3
bibliographiccitations:SeeNotes:referencestopublisheddescriptions
binding:7B10.4
blankspaces:0G7.3
collation:7B9.12
collectionlevel:B5.1
contents:7B16,AppendixB4(5XX).SeealsoContentsnotes
contractions:7B4.2
discontinuedpublications:5B20
dissertations:7B13,AppendixC3(502)
editionandbibliographichistory:7A5.1,7B7
ellipses,squarebracketsandvirgules:0G3.5
falseattributions:7B6.3.3
foldedletterpressleaves:5B9.3
formofnotes:7A4
illustrations:7B10.3
incunabula:7B10.2
languageandscriptofpublication:7B2
limitation,statementof:7B7.37B7.5
linkingentrycomplexitynotes:AppendixB4(580)
multipartmonographs:7B3.2,7B16.1
nature,scope,orartisticform:7B1
Notinreferencesources:7B14.3
numbersbornebypublication:7B17
othermanifestationsandworks:7A5.2
othertitleinformation:1D2.3,7B5
paralleltitles:7B5
physicaldescription:5B1.3,5B17.2,7B10
plates:5B9.4,5B19
publicationdetails:7B8
referencestopublisheddescriptions:7A1.3,7B14,AppendixC3(510)
revisions:7B7.2,7B13
series:7B12
signatures:7B9
sourceofdescription:7B3.2
sourceoftitleproper:1B2
sourcesofinformation:7A3

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

221


INDEX
statementsofresponsibility:1E9,7B6
summaryofcontents:7B15,AppendixB4(520)
symbols:0G1.2
transcriptionoflettersV/W:AppendixG5.2
translations:7B2
turnedandapproximatedletters:0G7.2
variationsintitle:7B4
Withnotes:1G8,7B18,7B19.1.3,7B19.3.4,AppendixC3(501)
Nounsandnounphrases.SeeWordsorphrases
Numbering.SeeMultipartmonographs;Pagination;Series:numbering
Numbers.SeealsoStandardnumbers
Numbersassociatedwithitem
noteson:7B17
withinseries.SeeSeries:numbering
Numerals:6G1.2.SeealsoArabicnumerals;Nonarabicandnonromannumerals;
Romannumerals

O
O(letterofalphabet),superscript:AppendixG2
Obsoleteplacenames.SeeArchaicplacenames
OldStylecalendar.SeeGregoriancalendar
Omission,marksof:0G5.1,0G6.3.SeealsoOmissions
omitwithoutusing:0E,0G,0G3.4,0G5.20G5.3,1A2.21A2.3,1E3,1G21G3,
2B3.2,2B4.2,2D2,7A5.2,7B18.2
Omissions:III.2.2,0G5.
fromcaptiontitles(singlesheetpublications):1G4
fromchiefsourceofinformation:0G5.3,1G3
fromeditionstatements:2B4.2,2B9.2,2D2
fromminimallevelrecords:AppendixD3.1
fromothertitleinformation:1D2.3,1D4
fromplaceofpublication,distribution,etc.:4B6.2,4B13.2
frompublisher,distributor,etc.:4C2,4C6.2,4C11.2
fromseriesinformation:6C2,6D2,6E2.3,6G3.3,6H3
fromstatementsofresponsibility:1E5,1E8,1E14.3
fromtitleproper:1A2.2,1B7
Openingwordsoftext:1B5,1G2,1G7
noteson:7B3.1

222

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

INDEX
Optionaltreatmentsinrules:IV.SeealsoAlternativerules
abridgments:1D4,1E5,1E14.3,2B9.2,4B6.2,4B13.2,4C2,4C6.2,4C11.2,6C2
accompanyingmaterial:5E1.2
advertisements:5B5.3
dateofpublication,distribution,etc.:4D2.6
format:5D.13
illustrations:5C1.2,5C1.45C1.5,5C2.1,5C5
minimallevelrecords,additionsto:AppendixD3.2
titleaccesspoints:AppendixF2
transcriptioninnonromanscript:0F2.2
pagination:5B8.2,5B18
physicaldescription:AppendixB(300)
relatorterms:AppendixB(1XX)
standardnumbers:8B2,8D
termsofavailability:8C,8D
Orderofinformation.SeeFormandorderofinformation
Organizationandarrangementfield:AppendixB4(351)
Ornaments:5C1.3
Otherphysicaldetails.SeeIllustrations
Othertitleinformation:1D
abridgmentsof:1D4
withgrammaticallyinseparableelements:1D5
noteson:1D2.3,7B5
otherinformationtranscribedas:1C2.2,1D3,1E11.1,1E14.1
paralleltitlesand:1D6
seriesarea:6D
statementsofresponsibilityand:1D2.2
transcribedwithtitleproper:1B3.1
Owners,previous.SeeProvenance,noteson

P
Pagination.SeealsoLeaves
continuous:5B17
errorsin:5B7.2
expansionsorcorrections:5B7
generalrules:5B1
incompletepublications:5B12

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

223


INDEX
inmorethanonephysicalunit:5B155B20
multiplesequencesof:5B6,5B9,5B18
sheets,rolls,cases,portfolios,etc.:5B13
singlesheetpublications:5B14
unnumbered:5B3,5B8
Panel,definitionof:Glossary
Paralleleditionstatements:2B9,2C4
Parallelstatementsofresponsibility:1E10.2,6E2
Paralleltitles
accesspoints:AppendixF2(1C)
generalrules:1C
noteson:7B5
othertitleinformationand:1D6
ofseries:6C,6H3
Parentheses,useof:0E,4A1,5A1,5B13,5B14.2,5B175B18,5C1.5,5D1.3,5E1.2,
6A1,7B16.2,8A1
replacingsquarebracketsintranscription:0G3.5
Partialcontents.SeeContentsnotes
Partsofworks
dateofpublication:4D74D8
linkingentrycomplexitynotes:AppendixB4(580)
noteson:7B8
standardnumberandtermsofavailabilityarea:8B2
titleproper:1B6
Withnotes:7B18
Perfectcopies,definitionof:Glossary
Periodicals.SeeSerials,individualissuesof;Series
Periods(fullstops).SeePrescribedpunctuation;Punctuationinsource
Phrases.SeeWordsorphrases
Physicalcharacteristics
evaluationof:X.2.4
noteson:7A1.4
Physicaldescriptionarea:5,AppendixB4(300),AppendixB5.1,AppendixC3
(300)
noteson:5B1.35B1.4,5B16,7B10
prescribedpunctuation:5A1
singlesheetpublications:5B2
Physicalprocesses:III.1.3

224

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

INDEX
Physicalvolumesdifferentfrombibliographicvolumes:5B16
pi,insignaturestatements:7B9.3
Placenames
abbreviations:4B5
modernformsof:4B3,4B104B11
inmorethanonelanguage:4B13
Placeofmanufacture:4A6,4E
Placeofpublication,distribution,etc.:4B
basedonaddressorsign:4B11
fromearliereditions:4B6.54B6.6,4C6.4
elementsrelatingto:4A6
grammaticallyinseparableelements:4B8
initialprepositionswith:4B2
lacking:4B10
inmultipartmonographs:4B7
twoormore:4B6
uncertaininformation:4B12
Plates
definitionof:Glossary
noteson:5B19
pagination:5B9
Plussigns.SeePrescribedpunctuation:physicaldescriptionarea
Pocketswithaccompanyingmaterial:5E2
Postproductionhistory:III.1.3
Praeses(academicdisputations):1E4.2
Precatalogingdecisions:X
Preferredcitationofcollection:AppendixB4(524)
Preliminaries
instatementsofextent:5B1.2,5B3.1
noteson:5B17.2
asprescribedsourcesofinformation:0D,2A2
Prepositionswithplaceofpublication:4B2
Prescribedpunctuation:II.2,0E.SeealsoPunctuationinsource
editionarea:2A1
notearea:7A2,7A4.17A4.2
physicaldescriptionarea:5A1
publication,distributionarea:4A1
inpublicationswithoutcollectivetitle:1F1

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

225


INDEX
seriesarea:6A1
singlesheetpublications:1G5
standardnumberandtermsofavailabilityarea:8A1
titleandstatementofresponsibilityarea:1A1
Prescribdsourcesofinformation.SeealsoChiefsourceofinformation;Sources
ofinformation
editionarea:2A2
generalrules:0D
notearea:7A3
physicaldescriptionarea:5A2
publication,distribution,etc.,area:4A2.1
seriesarea:6A2.1
standardnumberandtermsofavailabilityarea:8A2
titleandstatementofresponsibilityarea:1A2.1
Preservation:III.1.2
Previousowners.SeeProvenance,noteson
Prices:1A2.2.SeealsoTermsofavailability
Printer.SeeManufacturer
Printings.SeealsoImpressions;Issues
aseditionstatements:2B3.1
Privatelyprintedstatement:4C2
Privilegestatements,noteson:7A1.2
Probableinformation.SeeUncertaininformation
ProgramforCooperativeCataloging(PCC):C1
Provenance,noteson:7A1.4,7B19.1.3,7B19.2,AppendixB4(561)
Publication,distribution,etc.area:4,AppendixB4(260),AppendixB5.1,
AppendixC3(260).SeealsoDateofpublication;Placeofpublication,
distribution,etc.;Publishers,distributors,etc.
manufacturevspublication:4A6
morethanone:4B6,4C6,4D78
noteson:7B8
orderofelements:4A3
prescribedpunctuation:4A1
singlesheetpublications:1G8
sourcesofinformation:4A2
uncertaininformation:4A4,4C5
Publicationdate.SeeDateofpublication
Publisheddescriptions,noteson:7B14

226

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

INDEX
Publisherstatements:4C
fromearliereditions:4B6.6,4C6.34
fictitiousinformation:4C5
formandorderofelements:4A3
grammaticallyinseparableelements:4C3
missing:4C9
inmorethanonelanguage:4C11
repetitionof:4C10
twoormorenamesin:4C6
Publishers,distributors,etc.:4C.SeealsoManufacturers
addressofpublisher:4C2,4C4
emphasizedinsource:4A6.3.2
fictitiousorincorrect:4C5
function:4A6,4A6n
morethanone:4C6
suppliedorconjectured:4C8
Publishersdevices:4C4.2
Punctuationinsource:0G3.SeealsoPrescribedpunctuation
alternativetranscriptionof:0G3.1
substitutedforletters:0G3.7
transcriptionof:0G3,0G3.1
withinromannumerals:0G3.4

Q
Questionmarks:0G6.2
Quotations:1A2.2
Quotationsinnotes:7A4.2

R
RBMSBibliographicStandardsCommittee:Preface,VII,7A1.4
RDA:Preface,VII
Referencesources,noteson:6A2.5,7B14
Reissues:2D
Requiredelements:0B1
Requirednotes:7A1.5.SeealsoNotearea
accompanyingmaterial:5E2

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

227


INDEX
advertisements:5B5.2
bibliographicvolumesdifferentfromphysicalvolumes:5B16
chronograms:4D2.2
collectionlevelrecords:AppendixB4(500)
conjecturaldatesofpublication:4D4
dateofpublication:4D2.5,4D8
devisedtitles:AppendixB4(500)
discontinuedpublications:5B20
doubleleaves:5B11
editionstatement:2B11,2D2(alt),7B7.1
editionstatementlacking:2B5.1
errataleaves:5B4
fascicles:5B15.2
handcoloredillustrations:5C3.2
inaccuracies:4A4,4B9,4C5
informationcoveredbylabels:4A5
madeupsets:2B11.3
minimallevelrecords:E1.2
physicaldescriptionarea:5B1.35B1.4
placeofpublicationinmultipartmonographs:4B7
publisherstatements:4C7,4C8,4C4.1
romanization:0F2.1,7B2.2,7B4.1
series:7B12
sourcesofinformation:0D,2A2,4D6,4B12.3,4D2.3,4D3,6A2.2
statementsofresponsibilitynotontitlepage:1E2
titlepagecountedasplate:5B9.4
titleproper:1B2,1B5,1B6,7B3.1,AppendixC3(500)
transposition:1B1.2,1E3,2B7,2B9,2C2,2C3.3,2C4.3,4A3.2,4B13.1,4C11.1,
6C1,6E1,6G1.1,6H1
Withnotes:1G8,AppendixC3(500)
Revisions
editionstatement:2B2.1,2D
noteson:7B7.2
ofdissertations:7B13
statementsofresponsibility:2E
Romannumerals
datein:0G3.4,0G4.1,4D2.1
inpagination:5B1.3,5B6.1

228

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

INDEX
punctuationwithin:0G3.4
inseriesnumbering:6G1.2
spacingwithin:0G4.1,4D2.1
uppercaseorlowercase:0G2.1,5B1.3
Romanization:0F1.2,0F2,7B2.2,7B4.1.SeealsoNonromanscripts
Romanizationtables:7B9.810,AppendixF2(0F1.1)
Rubrication:7B19.1.3

S
Scopeofitem,noteson.SeeNotes:Nature,scopeorartisticformofitem
Scripts,Nonroman.SeeNonromanscripts
Semicolons.SeePrescribedpunctuation;Punctuationinsource
Serials,individualandspecialissuesof:AppendixH.SeealsoSeriesarea
asseparatelypublishedmonograph:AppendixH4
chronologicaldesignation:H2.3.1,H3.4.1,H3.4.2
distinctivetitles,with:H2.2
distinctivetitles,without:H2.3
linkingrecords:H6
monographs,alsopublishedas:H5
numericdesignation:H2.3.1,H3.4.1
relatetoserialasawhole:AppendixH36
specialissues:H4.1
Series.SeealsoSeriesarea
addedentries:AppendixC3(8XX)
numbering:6G,6H2
othertitleinformation:6D
paralleltitles:6C,6H3
seriesstatements:6A2,AppendixB4(4XX)
seriesstatements,morethanone:6J
statementsofresponsibility:6E
standardnumbers(ISSN):6F
subseries:6H
titleproper:6B,AppendixF(6B1)
Seriesarea:6.SeealsoSerials,individualissuesof
formandorderofinformation:6A3
noteson:7B12
prescribedpunctuation:6A1
sourcesofinformation:6A2

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

229


INDEX
statementsofresponsibility:
Sharedresponsibility,worksof:1E4,1E6
Sheets,folded:5B2
singlesheetpublications:5B14,5D4
Sheets,rolls,cases,portfolios,etc.,physicaldescriptionof:5B13
sic,useof:0G7.1,AppendixF(0G7.1)
Signatures:7B9
definitionof:Glossary
Silentomissions.SeeOmission,marksof:omitwithoutusing
Sineloco:4B12.4
Sinenomine:4C9
Singlesheetpublications
definitionof:Glossary
sizeandformat:5D4
statementofpagination:5B2,5B14
titleaccesspoints:AppendixF2(1G11G8)
titleandstatementofresponsibilityarea:1G
Size:5D
S.l.SeeSineloco
s.n.SeeSinenomine
Sophisticatedcopies.SeeMadeupcopies
Sourcesofinformation.SeealsoChiefsourceofinformation;Prescribedsources
ofinformation
coversasprescribed:0Dn,6A2n
dustjackets:VIII.2,0D
interpolationsto:7A3
titleproper:1B2
Spaces.SeePrescribedpunctuation
Spaces,blank:0G6.4
forinitialletters:0G7.3
Spacing:0G4
abbreviations,initials,andinitialisms:0G10,AppendixF2(0G10)
omissions:0G5
intitleproper:AppendixF2(0G4.2)
Specialcharactersineditionstatements:2B4
Specialcollectionscataloging:AppendixA8
Spelling,preferredauthorityfor:VI
Spellings,variant.SeeVariantspellings

230

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

INDEX
Squarebrackets.SeealsoPrescribedpunctuation
descriptionofimperfectcopies:0B2.2,0G6.3
devisedtitles:1B5,1F2.1,AppendixB4(245)
interpolationsandcorrections:0G6,0G7.1,0G7.3,0G8.2,1E9,2B4.2,4passim,
5B7.2,7B,7B9.11,AppendixG3
innotes:7A3,7B18.2,AppendixB4(505)
paginationstatements:5B3.1,5B6.1,5B8.1
replacedbyparenthesesoromittedintranscription:0G3.5
romanizedtext,notusedwith:0F2
signaturestatements,notusedwithpi/chi:7B9.3
singlesheetpublications:5B14.2
standardnumberandtermsofavailabilityarea,notused:8A2
symbolsorcharactersnotavailable:0G1.2,2B4.1,7B9.2
StandardCitationFormsforPublishedBibliographiesandCatalogsUsedinRareBook
Cataloging:7B14.1
Standardnumbers:8B,AppendixC3(020)
Standardnumberandtermsofavailabilityarea:8
State,definitionof:Glossary
Statementsofresponsibility:1E
editionstatement:2C
grammaticallyinseparableelements:1E13
morethanone:1E6
withmorethanonename:1E4.1
namedrevision:2E
omissionofnamesfrom:1E5
qualificationsin:1E8
seriesarea:6E
inseriestitleproper:6B2
fromsourceotherthantitlepage:7B6.1
supplyingwordsfor:1E9
transposedtotitle:7B6.2
Styleguide,preferredauthorityfor:VI
Subjectheadings:X.1.3,AppendixB4,AppendixC3
Subscripts:0G9
Subseries:6H
Summaryofcontentnotes:SeeContentsnotes:summaryofcontents
Superscripts:0G9,AppendixG2
Suppliedtitles.SeeTitles:devised

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

231


INDEX
Suppliedwords.SeealsoInterpolations
dateofpublication:4D24D3
earlycontractions:G3
fullerformsofplacenames:4B5
jurisdictionsinplacenames:4B4,4B10.2
modernformsofplacenames:4B3,4B10.2
namesofpublishers,distributors,etc.:4C8
placeofpublication:4B11
publication,distribution,etc.,area:4A3.3
statementsofresponsibility:1E9
Svenonius,Elaine:III
Symbols,transcriptionof:0G1.2,AppendixG1G5

T
Termsofaddress:1E7
Termsofavailability:8D.SeealsoPrices
Text,printedinasinglecolor,noteson:5C3.3
Thesauri:7A1.4
Theses.SeeDissertations,noteson
Thorn(letterofalphabet):AppendixG3
Tintblockillustrations:5C3.1
Tironiansigns:0G8.2
Titleaccesspoints:AppendixF
forvariantformsoftitle:AppendixB4(246),AppendixC3(246)
Titleandstatementofresponsibilityarea:1,AppendixB4(245),AppendixB5.1,
AppendixC3(245)
noteson:7B37B6
prescribedpunctuationfor:1A1
sourcesofinformation:1A2
Titlepage
asprescribedsource:0D
lacking:0C3
multiple:0C2
nonletterpress:5B9.4
single:0C1
statementsofresponsibilityon:1E1
twoormoreworkson:1F1

232

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

INDEX
Titleproper:1B.SeealsoChieftitle,Othertitleinformation,Titles
abridgmentsof:1B7
alternativetitlesin:1B3.1,1B7.2
approximatedlettersin:AppendixF2(0G7.2)
definitionof:Glossary
formsof:1B3
lacking:1B5
series:6B
singlesheetpublications:1G3
sourceof:1B2,7B3,AppendixC3(500)
withsupplementaryorsectiontitle:1B6
Titles
additional.SeeOthertitleinformation
alternative.SeeAlternativetitles
binders.SeeBinderstitles
caption.SeeCaptiontitles
chief.SeeChieftitle
collective.SeeCollectivetitles
devised:1A2.2,1B5,1F2,AppendixB4(245)
docket.SeeDockettitle,definitionof
half.SeeHalftitles
lengthy:1B7.1,7B18.2
parallel.SeeParalleltitles
romanizationof:7B4.1
series.SeeSeries
variant:7B4,7B5,AppendixB4(246),AppendixC3(246),AppendixF2(7B4
7B5)
Transcription:0G.SeealsoRomanization
ofarchaicletterandcharacterforms:AppendixG
needforstandardizationof:III.2.2
ofsinglesheetpublications:1G2
Transliteration.SeeRomanization
Transposition:III.2.2
ineditionarea:2B7,2B9.1,2C2,2C3.3,2C4.3
inpublication,distribution,etc.,area:4A3.2,4B13.1,4C11.1
inseriesarea:6E1,6G1.1,6H1
intitleandstatementofresponsibilityarea:1B1.11B1.2,1B6,1E3,1E10.3
markofomissionand:0G

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

233


INDEX
noteson.SeeRequirednotes:transposition
titleaccesspoints:AppendixF2(1B1.1)
Turnedletters.SeeLetters(alphabetic),turned
Typemeasurements:7B10.2
Typographicalornaments.SeeOrnaments

U
U(letterofalphabet):AppendixG4.1
transcriptionof:0G2.2,AppendixG4.2
Umlaut:AppendixG2
Uncertaininformation.SeealsoFictitiousorincorrectinformation
datesofpublication,distribution,etc.:4D4,4D6.2
patternsforsupplyingconjecturaldates:4D5
placeofpublication,distribution,etc.:4B12.2
publishers,distributors,etc.:4C8
useofquestionmark:0G6.2
useofsquarebracketsforcontractions:0G6.2
Uniformtitles:AppendixB4(240),AppendixC3(240)
Withnotesand:7B18.2
Unnumberedsequences,paginationof:5B3
Unnumberedseries:6H2
Use,restrictionson.SeeAccess,restrictionson
Userrequirements:III.1

V
V(letterofalphabet):AppendixG4.1
transcriptionof:0G2.2,AppendixG4.2
Variantformsofname:7B6.5
Variantformsoftitle.SeeVarianttitles
Variantspellings:0G4.3,0G7.1
Varianttitles.SeeTitles:variant.
Variants:X.1.4
definitionof:Glossary
guidelinesforcreatingnewrecords:AppendixE
precatalogingdecisions:X.1.4
publishedreferencesand:7B14.2

234

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

INDEX
Virgules:0G3.5
Volumestatements
nottranscribed1A2.3
transcribed:1B4
Volumes
bibliographicdifferentfromphysical:5B16
multiple.SeeMultipartmonographs
usedasothertitleinformation:1D3

W
W(letterofalphabet):AppendixG4.1,AppendixG5.1
transcription:0G2.2,AppendixG5.2
Width:5D2.SeealsoDimensions
Withnotes:SeeNotes:Withnotes
Wordsorphrases.SeealsoOpeningwordsoftext
indateofpublication:4D1.3
editionarea:2C3
editionstatement:2B2
asnames:7B6.5
withplaceofpublication:4B2
spacingbetween:0G4.2
spacingwithin:0G4.1
statementsofresponsibility:1E11,1E14

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Books)

235