NIVEL AVANZADO 2 1

EOI RAIMUNDO DE TOLEDO

Part 1: Multiple-choice activity
Environmental Concerns
Earth is the only (0) ... we know of in the universe that can support human life. (1) ...
human activities are making the planet less fit to live on. As the western world (2) ... on
consuming two-thirds of the world's resources while half of the world's population do so
(3) ... to stay alive we are rapidly destroying the (4) ... resource we have by which all
people can survive and prosper. Everywhere fertile soil is (5) ... built on or washed into
the sea. Renewable resources are exploited so much that they will never be able to
recover (6) ... We discharge pollutants into the atmosphere without any thought of the
consequences. As a (7) ... the planet's ability to support people is being (8) ... at the
very time when rising human numbers and consumption are (9) ... increasingly heavy
demands on it.
The Earth's (10) ... resources are there for us to use. We need food, water, air, energy,
medicines, warmth, shelter and minerals to (11) ... us fed, comfortable, healthy and
active. If we are sensible in how we use the resources they will (12) ... indefinitely. But
if we use them wastefully and excessively they will soon run out and everyone will
suffer.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A

Although
continues
already
alone
sooner
quite
development
stopped
doing

10 A natural
11 A hold
12 A last

B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B

Still
repeats
just
individual
neither
greatly
result
narrowed
having

B real
B maintain
B stand

C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C

Yet
carries
for
lone
either
utterly
reaction
reduced
taking

C living
C stay
C Go

D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D

Despite
follows
entirely
only
rather
completely
product
cut
making

D genuine
D keep
D remain

Part 2: Open-cloze text

Paper bags or plastic bags: which are best?
From Topshop to Nike to Primark, brown paper bags are back in abundance on the high street. But are they any
(1) _____________the environment than plastic bags?
When we are spending more money than we (2) _____________ in tough economic times at least we are being
served the perfect (3) ____________ in which to hide our guilty purchases: the discreet paper bag.
The war against plastic bags seems to have been (4) __________on the high street this Christmas. Everyone
from classy French label APC to the likes of Nike (complete with swoosh), Topshop and even Primark hand
out brown paper bags. An armful of paper bags feels so much less trashy than a swaddling of plastic; they recall
the classic brown paper groceries bag of old.
(5) ________ victory for paper bags – they are the children of trees! – in the war against decadent, dolphinsmothering plastic. Except, like most wars, it is far from clear if it has left the world a better place. Wrap, the
government-funded company (5) ___________to reduce waste, summarises the drawbacks of paper bags: (6)
___________ from a renewable source and biodegradable, compostable and recyclable, they require far more

TEACHER: Encarni González Lara

ACADEMIC YEAR 2016-17

8. whales and panda bears are all ________ species.com. When ________ gases are released into the atmosphere. The effect of gases in the earth's atmosphere is preventing the earth from losing heat. Tigers. We take all our empty bottles to the ________ so that the glass can be used again. 10. 4. "Faced with the question of paper or plastic. an economic nudge that (15) __________ we can't shop less we should at least reuse those bags stuffed under the kitchen sink. the answer should always be (7)_______. Paper-bag manufacture uses 20 times (9) __________ water as plastic and paper requires more energy to be (10)__________. the obvious solution is a (14) ________ on all bags. The hole in the ________ is getting larger every year. we really need to change our habits. 9. VOCABULARY: NATURE AND THE ENVIRONMENT Complete the following sentences with a word or expression from the box. Cloth bags are far from perfect. 6. CFC • unleaded petrol • endangered • tidal energy • ozone layer natural resources • desertification • fumes • greenhouse effect pollution • acid rain • extinct • global warming • fossil fuels • rainforest solar power • wildlife • recycle • bottle bank • ecological 1.NIVEL AVANZADO 2 2 EOI RAIMUNDO DE TOLEDO energy to make and transport than plastic. plastic bag use has actually (12) ________. There are some that you do not need. TEACHER: Encarni González Lara ACADEMIC YEAR 2016-17 . 11. it takes almost four times as much energy to manufacture a paper bag as a plastic bag. 5. An Environment Agency report this year found that a resusable cloth bag would have to be taken out 131 times to reduce its environmental (11) _________ to that of a single-use plastic bag. have less re-use potential and produce methane if dumped in landfill." says Reuseit. Long periods of drought have brought about the ________ of whole areas of central Africa. this is called the ________. 3. they rise slowly. there is a danger that the polar ice-cap will start to melt. 7. Rather than pitching paper against plastic. If ________ continues. People are worried that soon whales will become ________. 12. The council is encouraging us to ________ more household rubbish. ________ of the atmosphere has increased over the last 50 years. (13) __________ banning ourselves from buying more than we can carry loose in our arms. and look to other energy sources such as ________ and ________. ________ falling on forests has killed a lot of trees in the last 20 years. making the environment very dirty. And despite all our fretting. Factories and vehicles produce a lot of dangerous ________. According to a 2007 study (funded by US plastic bag (8) _________). 13. We should use fewer ________ such as oil and coal. 2.

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