You are on page 1of 50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

DonaldTrump
FromWikipedia,thefreeencyclopedia

DonaldJohnTrump(/dnlddntrmp/bornJune14,
1946)isanAmericanbusinessmanandpoliticianwhoisthe
PresidentelectoftheUnitedStates.Since1971hehas
chairedTheTrumpOrganization,theprincipalholding
companyforhisrealestateventuresandotherbusiness
interests.Duringhisbusinesscareer,Trumphasbuiltoffice
towers,hotels,casinos,golfcourses,andotherbranded
facilitiesworldwide.Hewaselectedasthe45thU.S.
presidentinthe2016electionontheRepublicanticket,
defeatingDemocraticnomineeHillaryClinton,andis
scheduledtotakeofficeonJanuary20,2017.
TrumpwasbornandraisedinNewYorkCityandreceiveda
bachelor'sdegreeineconomicsfromtheWhartonSchoolof
theUniversityofPennsylvaniain1968.In1971,hewas
givencontrolofhisfatherFredTrump'srealestateand
constructionfirm.TrumphasappearedattheMissUSA
pageants,whichheownedfrom1996to2015,andhasmade
cameoappearancesinfilmsandtelevisionseries.Hesought
theReformPartypresidentialnominationin2000,but
withdrewbeforevotingbegan.Hehostedandcoproduced
TheApprentice,arealitytelevisionseriesonNBC,from
2004to2015.Asof2016,hewaslistedbyForbesasthe
324thwealthiestpersonintheworld,and156thintheUnited
States,withanetworthof$3.7billioninOctober2016.[4]
InJune2015,Trumpannouncedhiscandidacyforpresident
asaRepublicanandquicklyemergedasthefrontrunnerfor
hisparty'snomination.InMay2016,hisremaining
Republicanrivalssuspendedtheircampaigns,andinJulyhe
wasformallynominatedforpresidentatthe2016Republican
NationalConvention.Trump'scampaignreceived
unprecedentedmediacoverageandinternationalattention.
Manyofhisstatementsininterviews,onTwitter,andat
campaignrallieshavebeencontroversialorfalse.Several
ralliesduringtheprimarieswereaccompaniedbyprotests.
OnOctober7,a2005audiorecordingsurfacedinwhich
Trumpbraggedaboutforciblykissingandgropingwomenor
beingabletodosomultiplewomenaccusedhimofsimilar
conductshortlythereafter.Heapologizedforthe2005
commentsanddeniedtheallegations,describingthemaspart
ofawidersmearcampaign.At70yearsold,Trumpwillbe
theoldestpersontoassumethepresidency.
Trump'splatformincludedrenegotiationofU.S.Chinatrade
deals,oppositiontoparticulartradeagreements,suchas
NAFTAandtheTransPacificPartnership,stronger
enforcementofimmigrationlawstogetherwithbuildinga
wallalongtheU.S.Mexicoborder,reformofveterans'care,
repealandreplacementoftheAffordableCareAct,andtax
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

DonaldTrump

PresidentelectoftheUnitedStates
Takingoffice
January20,2017
VicePresident MikePence (elect)
Succeeding

BarackObama
Personaldetails

Born

DonaldJohnTrump
June14,1946
NewYorkCity,NewYork,U.S.

Politicalparty Republican (198799,200911,2012


present)

Other
political
affiliations

Democratic (before1987,
200109)

Reform (19992001)
Independent (201112)[1][2]

Spouse(s)

IvanaZelnkov
(m.1977div.1991)

MarlaMaples
(m.1993div.1999)

MelaniaKnauss
(m.2005)

Children

DonaldJr.
Ivanka
Eric
Tiffany
Barron
1/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

cuts.FollowingtheNovember2015Parisattacks,Trump
calledforatemporarybanonMuslimimmigration,later
statingthatthebanwouldfocusinsteadoncountrieswitha
provenhistoryofterrorism,untilthescreeningforpotential
terroristsisredressed.[5]

Contents

Almamater
Networth

FordhamUniversity
UniversityofPennsylvania (BS)
US$3.7billion(October2016)[3]

Signature

Website

greatagain.gov(https://www.greata
gain.gov/)

1 Earlylife
2 Businesscareer
2.1 Realestate
2.1.1 Earlycareer
2.1.2 TrumpTower
2.1.3 Expansion
2.1.4 Businessbankruptcies
2.1.5 Inheritanceandfurther
acquisitions
2.1.6 Golfcourses
2.2 Sportsevents
2.3 Beautypageants
2.4 TrumpUniversity
2.5 DonaldJ.TrumpFoundation
2.6 Brandingandlicensing
2.7 Incomeandtaxes
2.8 Networth
3 Entertainmentandmedia
3.1 TheApprentice
3.2 TrumpModelManagement
3.3 Professionalwrestling
4 Politics
4.1 Politicalaffiliations
4.2 Involvementinpolitics,19882015
4.3 Presidentialcampaign,2016
4.3.1 Primaries
4.3.2 Generalelectioncampaign
4.3.3 Generalelectiondebates
4.3.4 Sexualmisconductallegations
4.3.5 Generalelection
4.4 Politicalpositions
4.4.1 Socialissues
4.4.2 Economicissues
4.4.3 Healthcare,educationand
environment
4.4.4 Foreignpolicy
4.4.5 Immigrationpolicies
4.4.6 Commentsaboutfringetheories
5 Personallife
5.1 Family
5.2 Religiousviews
5.3 Health
6 Appearancesinpopularculture
7 Legalmatters
8 Awardsandaccolades
9 Seealso
10 Notes
11 References
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

2/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

11 References
12 Externallinks

Earlylife
TrumpwasbornonJune14,1946,inJamaica,Queens,aneighborhoodinNewYorkCity.[6]Hewasthesecond
youngestchildoffivechildren.Ofhisfoursiblings,threeareliving:Maryanne,Elizabeth,andRobert.Trump's
olderbrotherFredJr.diedin1981fromalcoholism,whichTrumpsaysledhimtoneverdrinkalcoholorsmoke
cigarettes.[7]
TrumpisofGermanancestryonhisfather'ssideandScottishancestryonhismother'ssideallfourofhis
grandparentswereborninEurope.HisfatherFredTrump(19051999)wasborninQueenstoparentsfrom
Kallstadt,Germany,andbecameoneofthebiggestrealestatedevelopersinNewYorkCity.[8][9]Hismother,
MaryTrump(neMacLeod,19122000),wasborninTong,Lewis,Scotland.[10]FredandMarymetinNew
Yorkandmarriedin1936,settlingtogetherinQueens.[10][11]HisuncleJohnG.Trump,aprofessorat
MassachusettsInstituteofTechnologyfrom1936to1973,wasinvolvedinradarresearchfortheAlliesinthe
SecondWorldWar,helpeddesignXraymachinesthatprovidedadditionalyearsoflifetocancerpatients,and
in1943,theFederalBureauofInvestigationrequestedhimtoexamineNikolaTesla'spapersandequipment
whenTesladiedinhisroomattheNewYorkerHotel.[12]Trumps'grandfatherwasFrederickTrumpwho
amassedafortuneoperatingboomtownrestaurantsandboardinghousesintheregionofSeattleandKlondike,
Canada.[13]
TheTrumpfamilywereoriginallyLutherans,butTrump'sparentsbelongedtotheReformedChurchin
America.[14]ThefamilynamewasformerlyspelledDrumpforDrumpft,andlaterevolvedtoTrumpduringthe
ThirtyYears'Warinthe17thcentury.[15]TrumphassaidthatheisproudofhisGermanheritageheservedas
grandmarshalofthe1999GermanAmericanSteubenParadeinNewYorkCity.[16]
ThefamilyhadatwostoryTudorRevivalhomeonMidlandParkwayin
JamaicaEstates,whereTrumplivedwhileattendingTheKewForest
School.[17]Trumplefttheschoolatage13andwasenrolledintheNewYork
MilitaryAcademy(NYMA),[18]inCornwall,NewYorkwherehefinished
eighthgradeandhighschool.In1983,FredTrumptoldaninterviewerthat
Donald"wasaprettyroughfellowwhenhewassmall."[19]Trumpparticipated
inmarchingdrills,woreauniform,andduringhissenioryearattainedtherank
ofcaptain.Hewastransferredfromastudentcommandpositionafterthe
allegedhazingofanewfreshmaninhisbarracksbyoneofTrump's
subordinatesTrumpdescribesthetransferas"apromotion".[20]In2015,hetold
abiographerthatNYMAgavehim"moretrainingmilitarilythanalotofthe
guysthatgointothemilitary".[21]

Trumpatage18attheNew
YorkMilitaryAcademy,
June30,1964

TrumpattendedFordhamUniversityintheBronxfortwoyears,beginningin
August1964.HethentransferredtotheWhartonSchoolattheUniversityof
Pennsylvania,whichofferedoneofthefewrealestatestudiesdepartmentsin
UnitedStatesacademiaatthetime.[22][23]Whilethere,heworkedatthefamily'scompany,ElizabethTrump&
Son,namedforhispaternalgrandmother.[24]TrumpgraduatedfromWhartoninMay1968withaB.S.in
economics.[23][25][26]
TrumpwasnotdraftedduringtheVietnamWar.[27]Whileincollegefrom1964to1968,heobtainedfour
studentdeferments.[28]In1966,hewasdeemedfitforservicebaseduponamilitarymedicalexamination,and
in1968wasbrieflyclassifiedasfitbyalocaldraftboard,butwasgivena1YmedicaldefermentinOctober
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

3/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

1968.[29]Inaninterviewfora2015biography,Trumpattributedhismedicaldefermenttoheelspurs.[21]In
December1969Trumpreceivedahighnumberinthedraftlottery,whichwouldalsohaveexemptedhimfrom
service.[29][30][31]

Businesscareer
AnanalysisofTrump'sbusinesscareerbyTheEconomistin2016,concludesthathis"...performance[from
1985to2016]hasbeenmediocrecomparedwiththestockmarketandpropertyinNewYork",notingbothhis
successesandbankruptcies.[32]AsubsequentanalysisbyTheWashingtonPost,whosereportersweredenied
presscredentialsbytheTrumppresidentialcampaign,concludedthat"Trumpisamixofbraggadocio,business
failures,andrealsuccess."[33]

Realestate
Earlycareer
Priortograduatingfromcollege,Trumpbeganhisrealestatecareerathisfather,FredTrump'scompany,[34]
ElizabethTrumpandSon,[35]whichfocusedonmiddleclassrentalhousingintheNewYorkCityboroughsof
Brooklyn,Queens,andStatenIsland.Duringhisundergraduatestudy,FredandDonaldTrumpuseda$500,000
investmenttosuccessfullyreopentheforeclosedSwiftonVillageapartmentcomplexinCincinnati,Ohio.[36]
Hewasgivencontrolofthecompanyin1971and,inoneofhisfirstacts,renamedittoTheTrump
Organization.[37][38]Hebecamethepresidentoftheorganizationin1973.Thatyear,heandhisfatherdrew
widerattentionwhentheJusticeDepartmentallegedthattheywerediscriminatingagainstblackswhowanted
torentapartments,ratherthanmerelyscreeningoutpeoplebasedonlowincomeastheTrumpsstated.An
agreementwaslatersignedinwhichtheTrumpsmadenoadmissionofwrongdoing,andunderwhichqualified
minorityapplicantswouldbepresentedbytheUrbanLeague.[39][40]
Trump'sfirstbigdealinManhattanwastheremodelingoftheGrandHyattHotelin1978nexttoGrandCentral
TerminalfromanolderCommodoreHotel,whichwaslargelyfundedbya$70millionconstructionloanjointly
guaranteedbyFredTrumpandtheHyatthotelchain.[41][42]
TrumpTower
In1978,TrumpfinishednegotiationstodevelopTrumpTower,a58
story,202metre(663foot)skyscraperinMidtownManhattan,for
whichTheNewYorkTimesattributedhis"persistence"and"skillsasa
negotiator".[43]Thebuildingwascompletedin1983,andhousesboth
theprimarypenthousecondominiumresidenceofDonaldTrumpand
theheadquartersoftheTrumpOrganization.[44]TrumpTowerwasthe
settingoftheNBCtelevisionshowTheApprentice,includingafully
functionaltelevisionstudioset.[45]
Thebuildingoccupiestheformersiteofthearchitecturallysignificant
TrumpTowerseenfromtheentrance
BonwitTellerflagshipstore.Itsdemolitionin1980wascontroversial
onFifthAvenueinMidtown
duetothedestructionofvaluableArtDecobasreliefsculpturesonits
Manhattan
[46][47]
facade,
aswellasacontractor'suseofsome200undocumented
Polishimmigrantworkers,whowerereportedlypaid45dollarsperhourforworkin12hourshifts.[48][49]
Trumptestifiedin1990thatherarelyvisitedthesiteandwasunawareoftheillegalworkers.[50][51]
Expansion
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

4/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

Harrah'satTrumpPlazaopenedinAtlanticCityin1984.Thehotel/casinowasbuiltbyTrumpwithfinancing
byHolidayCorp.[52]andoperatedbytheHarrah'sgamblingunitof
HolidayCorp.Thecasino'spoorresultsexacerbateddisagreements
betweenTrumpandHolidayCorp.[53]Trumpalsoacquiredapartially
completedbuildinginAtlanticCityfromtheHiltonCorporationfor
$320million.Whencompletedin1985,thehotel/casinobecameTrump
Castle.Trump'swife,Ivana,managedtheproperty.[54]
TrumpacquiredtheMaraLagoestateinPalmBeach,Florida,in1985
for$5million,plus$3millionforthehome'sfurnishings.Inadditionto
usingthehomeasawinterretreat,Trumpalsoturneditintoaprivate
clubwithmembershipfeesof$150,000.Ataboutthesametime,he
acquiredacondominiumcomplexinPalmBeachwithLeeIacoccathat
becameTrumpPlazaofthePalmBeaches.[55]

WollmanRinkinCentralPark

RepairsontheWollmanRinkinCentralPark,builtin1955,werestartedin1980byageneralcontractor
unconnectedtoTrump,withanexpected212yearconstructionschedule,butwerenotcompletedby1986.
Trumptookovertheproject,completeditinthreemonthsfor$1.95million,whichwas$750,000lessthanthe
initialbudget,andthenoperatedtherinkforoneyearwithallprofitsgoingtocharityinexchangefortherink's
concessionrights.[56]
TrumpacquiredthePlazaHotelinManhattanin1988.Hepaid$400millionforthepropertyandonceagain
tappedIvanatomanageitsoperationandrenovation.[57]
Laterin1988,TrumpacquiredtheTajMahalCasinoinAtlanticCity,
NewJersey,inatransactionwithMervGriffinandResorts
International.[58]ThecasinowasopenedinApril1990,andwasbuiltat
atotalcostof$1.1billion,whichatthetimemadeitthemostexpensive
casinoeverbuilt.[59][60]Financedwith$675millioninjunkbonds[61]at
a14%interestrate,theprojectenteredChapter11bankruptcythe
followingyear.[62]Banksandbondholders,facingpotentiallossesof
hundredsofmillionsofdollars,optedtorestructurethedebt.
TrumpTajMahal,at1000Boardwalk
inAtlanticCity,NewJersey

TheTajMahalemergedfrombankruptcyonOctober5,1991,with
Trumpceding50percentownershipinthecasinotothebondholdersin
exchangeforloweredinterestratesandmoretimetopayoffthe
[63]
debt. HealsosoldhisfinanciallychallengedTrumpShuttleairlineandhis282foot(86m)megayacht,the
TrumpPrincess.[61][64][65]Thepropertywasrepurchasedin1996andconsolidatedintoTrumpHotels&Casino
Resorts,whichfiledforbankruptcyin2004with$1.8billionindebt,filingagainforbankruptcyfiveyearslater
with$50millioninassetsand$500millionindebt.TherestructuringultimatelyleftTrumpwith10%
ownershipintheTrumpTajMahalandotherTrumpcasinoproperties.[65]Trumpservedaschairmanofthe
organization,whichwasrenamedTrumpEntertainmentResorts,frommid1995untilearly2009,andservedas
CEOfrommid2000tomid2005.[66]
Businessbankruptcies
Trumphasneverfiledforpersonalbankruptcy,buthotelandcasinobusinessesofhishavebeendeclared
bankruptsixtimesbetween1991and2009torenegotiatedebtwithbanksandownersofstockand
bonds.[67][68]BecausethebusinessesusedChapter11bankruptcy,theywereallowedtooperatewhile
negotiationsproceeded.TrumpwasquotedbyNewsweekin2011saying,"Idoplaywiththebankruptcylaws
theyreverygoodforme"asatoolfortrimmingdebt.[69][70]
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

5/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

ThesixbankruptciesweretheresultofoverleveragedhotelandcasinobusinessesinAtlanticCityandNew
York:TrumpTajMahal(1991),TrumpPlazaHotelandCasino(1992),PlazaHotel(1992),TrumpCastleHotel
andCasino(1992),TrumpHotelsandCasinoResorts(2004),andTrumpEntertainmentResorts
(2009).[71][72][73]Trumpsaid,"I'veusedthelawsofthiscountrytoparedebt....We'llhavethecompany.We'll
throwitintoachapter.We'llnegotiatewiththebanks.We'llmakeafantasticdeal.Youknow,it'slikeonThe
Apprentice.It'snotpersonal.It'sjustbusiness."[62]
Inheritanceandfurtheracquisitions
Trumpacquiredanold,vacantofficebuildingonWallStreetinManhattanin1996.Afteracomplete
renovation,itbecametheseventystoryTrumpBuildingat40WallStreet.[74]Afterhisfatherdiedin1999,
Trumpandhissiblingsreceivedequalportionsofhisfather'sestatevaluedat$250300million.[75]
In2001,TrumpcompletedTrumpWorldTower,a72storyresidentialtoweracrossfromtheUnitedNations
Headquarters.[76]TrumpalsobeganconstructiononTrumpPlace,amultibuildingdevelopmentalongthe
HudsonRiver.HecontinuedtoowncommercialspaceinTrumpInternationalHotelandTower,a44story
mixeduse(hotelandcondominium)toweronColumbusCirclewhichheacquiredin1996,[77]andalso
continuedtoownmillionsofsquarefeetofotherprimeManhattanrealestate.[78]
TrumpacquiredtheformerHotelDelmonicoinManhattanin2002.Itwasreopenedwith35storiesofluxury
condominiumsin2004astheTrumpParkAvenue.[79]
Trumphaslicensedhisnameandimageforthedevelopmentofanumberofrealestateprojectsincludingtwo
TrumpbrandedrealestateprojectsinFloridathathavegoneintoforeclosure.[80]TheTurkishownerofTrump
TowersIstanbul,whopaysTrumpfortheuseofhisname,wasreportedinDecember2015tobeexploringlegal
meanstodissociatethepropertyafterthecandidate'scalltotemporarilybanMuslimsfromenteringtheUnited
States.[81]
TrumpalsolicensedhisnametosoninlawJaredKushner'sfiftystoryTrumpBayStreet,aJerseyCityluxury
developmentthathasraised$50millionofits$200millioncapitalizationlargelyfromwealthyChinese
nationalswho,aftermakinganinitialdownpaymentof$500,000inconcertwiththegovernment'sexpedited
EB5visaprogram,canusuallyobtainUnitedStatespermanentresidencyforthemselvesandtheirfamilies
aftertwoyears.[82]TrumpisapartnerwithKushnerPropertiesonlyinnamelicensingandnotinthebuilding's
financing.[82]
Golfcourses
TheTrumpOrganizationoperatesmanygolfcoursesandresortsinthe
UnitedStatesandaroundtheworld.Thenumberofgolfcoursesthat
Trumpownsormanagesisabout18,accordingtoGolfweek.[83]Trump's
personalfinancialdisclosurewiththeFederalElectionsCommission
statedthathisgolfandresortrevenuefortheyear2015wasroughly
$382million.[84][85]
In2006,TrumpboughttheMenieEstateinBalmedie,Aberdeenshire,
Scotland,creatingagolfresortagainstthewishesoflocalresidents[86]
AviewoftheTurnberryHotel,in
onanareadesignatedasaSiteofSpecialScientificInterest.[87][88]A
Ayrshire,Scotland
2011independentdocumentary,You'veBeenTrumped,byBritish
filmmakerAnthonyBaxter,chronicledthegolfresort'sconstructionand
thesubsequentstrugglesbetweenthelocalsandDonaldTrump.[89]DespiteTrump'spromisesof6,000jobs,in

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

6/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

2016,byhisownadmission,thegolfcoursehascreatedonly200jobs.[90]InJune2015,Trumpmadeanappeal
objectingtoanoffshorewindfarmbeingbuiltwithinsightofthegolfcourse,[91]whichwasdismissedbyfive
justicesattheUKSupremeCourtinDecember2015.[92]
InApril2014,TrumppurchasedtheTurnberryhotelandgolfresortinAyrshire,Scotland,whichisaregular
fixtureintheOpenChampionshiprota.[93][94]Afterextensiverenovationsandaremodelingofthecourseby
golfarchitectMartinEbert,TurnberrywasreopenedonJune24,2016.[95]

Sportsevents
In1983,Trump'sNewJerseyGeneralsbecameachartermemberofthe
newUnitedStatesFootballLeague(USFL).TheUSFLplayeditsfirst
threeseasonsduringthespringandsummer,butTrumpconvincedthe
majorityoftheownersofotherUSFLteamstomovetheUSFL1986
scheduletothefall,directlyoppositetheNationalFootballLeague
(NFL),arguingthatitwouldeventuallyforceamergerwiththeNFL,
whichwouldsupposedlyincreasetheirinvestmentsignificantly.[96]
Afterthe1985season,theGeneralsmergedwiththeHoustonGamblers,
buthadcontinuingfinancialtroubles.TheUSFL,whichwasdownto
just7activefranchisesfromahighof18,wassoonforcedtofold,
despitewinninganantitrustlawsuitagainsttheNFL.[97]
Trumpatabaseballgamein2009

TrumpattemptedtobuytheNFL'sBuffaloBillsin2014butwasunsuccessful.Duringhis2016presidential
run,hehasbeencriticaloftheNFL'supdatedconcussionrules,complainingonthecampaigntrailthatthe
gamehasbeenmade"soft"and"weak,"sayingaconcussionisjust"adingonthehead."Heaccusedreferees
ofthrowingpenaltyflagsneedlesslyjusttobeseenontelevision"sotheirwivesseethemathome."[98]
TrumpremainedinvolvedwithothersportsaftertheGeneralsfolded,operatinggolfcoursesinseveral
countries.[97]HealsohostedseveralboxingmatchesinAtlanticCityattheTrumpPlaza,includingMike
Tyson's1988fightagainstMichaelSpinks,andatonetime,actedasafinancialadvisortoTyson.[97][99][100]
In1989and1990,TrumplenthisnametotheTourdeTrumpcyclingstagerace,whichwasanattemptto
createanAmericanequivalentofEuropeanracessuchastheTourdeFranceortheGirod'Italia.Theinaugural
racewascontroversial,andTrumpwithdrewhissponsorshipafterthesecondTourdeTrumpin1990,because
hisotherbusinessventureswereexperiencingfinancialwoes.Theracecontinuedforseveralmoreyearsasthe
TourDuPont.[101][102]

Beautypageants
From1996until2015,[103]TrumpownedpartoralloftheMissUniverse,MissUSA,andMissTeenUSA
beautypageants.TheMissUniversepageantwasfoundedin1952bytheCaliforniaclothingcompanyPacific
Mills.[104]TrumpwasdissatisfiedwithhowCBSscheduledhispageants,andtookbothMissUniverseand
MissUSAtoNBCin2002.[105][106]
In2006,MissUSAwinnerTaraConnertestedpositiveforcocaine,butTrumpletherkeepthecrown,forthe
sakeofgivingherasecondchance.[107]ThatdecisionbyTrumpwascriticizedbyRosieO'Donnell,whichled
toaverybluntandpersonalrebuttalbyTrumpcriticizingO'Donnell.[108]In2012,Trumpwona$5million
arbitrationawardagainstacontestantwhoclaimedtheshowwasrigged.[109]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

7/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

In2015,NBCandUnivisionbothendedtheirbusinessrelationshipswiththeMissUniverseOrganizationafter
Trump'scontroversial2015presidentialcampaignremarksaboutMexicanillegalimmigrants.[110][111]Trump
subsequentlyfileda$500millionlawsuitagainstUnivision,allegingabreachofcontractand
defamation.[112][113]
OnSeptember11,2015,TrumpannouncedthathehadbecomethesoleowneroftheMissUniverse
OrganizationbypurchasingNBC'sstake,andthathehad"settled"hislawsuitsagainstthenetwork,[114]though
itwasunclearwhetherTrumphadyetfiledlawsuitsagainstNBC.[115]Hesoldhisowninterestsinthepageant
shortlyafterwards,toWME/IMG.[103]The$500millionlawsuitagainstUnivisionwassettledinFebruary
2016,buttermsofthesettlementwerenotdisclosed.[116]

TrumpUniversity
TrumpUniversityLLC[117]wasanAmericanforprofiteducationcompanythatranarealestatetraining
programfrom2005untilatleast2010.Aftermultiplelawsuits,itisnowdefunct.ItwasfoundedbyDonald
Trumpandhisassociates,MichaelSextonandJonathanSpitalny.[118]Thecompanyofferedcoursesinreal
estate,assetmanagement,entrepreneurship,andwealthcreation,chargingbetween$1,500and$35,000per
course.[119]In2005theoperationwasnotifiedbyNewYorkStateauthoritiesthatitsuseoftheword
"university"violatedstatelaw.Afterasecondsuchnotificationin2010,thenameoftheoperationwaschanged
tothe"TrumpEntrepreneurialInstitute".[120]Trumpwasalsofoundpersonallyliableforfailingtoobtaina
businesslicensefortheoperation.[121]In2013thestateofNewYorkfileda$40millioncivilsuitclaimingthat
TrumpUniversitymadefalseclaimsanddefraudedconsumersthelawsuitisongoingasof2016.[120][122]In
addition,twoclassactioncivillawsuitsarependinginfederalcourtrelatingtoTrumpUniversitytheyname
DonaldTrumppersonallyaswellashiscompanies.[123]Oneofthecases,Lowv.Trump,issetfortrialon
November28,2016.[124]
Trumprepeatedlycriticizedajudge,GonzaloP.Curiel,whoisoverseeingtwooftheTrumpUniversitycases.
DuringcampaignspeechesandinterviewsupuntilJune2016,TrumpcalledCuriela"haterofDonaldTrump",
sayinghisrulingshavebeenunfair,andthatCuriel"happenstobe,webelieve,Mexican,whichisgreat.Ithink
that'sfine",[125]whilesuggestingthatthejudge'sethnicityposedaconflictofinterestinlightofTrump's
proposaltobuildawallontheUnitedStatesMexicanborder.[124][126][127][128]Manylegalexpertswerecritical
ofTrump'sattacksonCuriel,oftenviewingthemasraciallycharged,unfounded,andanaffronttotheconcept
ofanindependentjudiciary.[129][130][131]OnJune7,2016,Trumpissuedalengthystatementsayingthathis
criticismofthejudgehadbeen"misconstrued"andthathisconcernsaboutCuriel'simpartialitywerenotbased
uponethnicityalone,butalsouponrulingsinthecase.[132][133]

DonaldJ.TrumpFoundation
TheDonaldJ.TrumpFoundationisaU.S.basedprivatefoundation[134]establishedin1988fortheinitial
purposeofgivingawayproceedsfromthebookTrump:TheArtoftheDealbyTrumpandTony
Schwartz.[135][136]Thefoundation'sfundsmostlycomefromdonorsotherthanTrump,[137]whohasnotgiven
personallytothecharitysince2008.[137]Thetopdonorstothefoundationfrom2004to2014wereVinceand
LindaMcMahonofWorldWrestlingEntertainment,whodonated$5milliontothefoundationafterTrump
appearedatWrestleManiain2007.[137]
Thefoundation'staxreturnsshowthatithasgiventohealthcareandsportsrelatedcharities,aswellas
conservativegroups.[138]In2009,forexample,thefoundationgave$926,750toabout40groups,withthe
biggestdonationsgoingtotheArnoldPalmerMedicalCenterFoundation($100,000),theNewYork
PresbyterianHospital($125,000),thePoliceAthleticLeague($156,000),andtheClintonFoundation
($100,000).[139][140]
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

8/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

Startingin2016TheWashingtonPostbeganreportingonhowthefoundationraisedandgrantedmoney.The
Postuncoveredseveralpotentiallegalandethicalviolations,suchasallegedselfdealingandpossibletax
evasion.[141]TheNewYorkStateAttorneyGeneralisinvestigatingthefoundation"tomakesureitis
complyingwiththelawsgoverningcharitiesinNewYork."[142][143]ATrumpspokesmancalledthe
investigationa"partisanhitjob".[142]OnOctober3,2016,theNewYorkAttorneyGeneral'sofficenotifiedthe
TrumpFoundationthatitwasallegedlyinviolationofNewYorklawsregardingcharities,andordereditto
immediatelyceaseitsfundraisingactivities"inNewYork".[144]

Brandingandlicensing
Trumphasmarketedhisnameonalargenumberofbuildingprojectsaswell
ascommercialproductsandservices,achievingmixedsuccessdoingsofor
himself,hispartners,andinvestorsintheprojects.[145][146][nb1]In2011,
Forbes'financialexpertsestimatedthevalueoftheTrumpbrandat
$200million.Trumpdisputedthisvaluation,sayinghisbrandwasworth
about$3billion.[165]
ManydeveloperspayTrumptomarkettheirpropertiesandtobethepublic
TrumpIcebottledwater
facefortheirprojects.[166]Forthatreason,Trumpdoesnotownmanyofthe
buildingsthatdisplayhisname.[166]AccordingtoForbes,thisportionof
Trump'sempire,actuallyrunbyhischildren,isbyfarhismostvaluable,havinga$562millionvaluation.
AccordingtoForbes,thereare33licensingprojectsunderdevelopmentincludingseven"condohotels"(the
sevenTrumpInternationalHotelandTowerdevelopments).InJune2015,ForbespeggedtheTrumpbrandat
$125million[167]asretailerslikeMacy'sInc.andSertaMattressesbegandroppingTrumpbranded
products.[168][169]

Incomeandtaxes
PursuanttotheFECregulations,Trumppublisheda92pagefinancialdisclosureformlistingallhisassets,
liabilities,incomesourcesandhundredsofbusinesspositions.[84]AccordingtoaJuly2015campaignpress
release,Trump'sincomefortheyear2014was$362million.[170]However,Trumphasrepeatedlydeclinedto
publiclyreleaseanyofhisfulltaxreturns,citingapendingIRSaudit.[171]
InOctober2016,itwasrevealedthatTrumphadclaimedalossof$916milliononhis1995taxreturns.Asnet
operatinglossesfromoneyearcanbeappliedtooffsetincomefromfutureyears,thislossallowedhimto
reduceoreliminatehistaxableincomeduringtheeighteenyearcarryforwardperiod.[172]Trump
acknowledgedusingthedeductonbutdeclinedtoprovidedetailssuchasthespecificyearsitwasapplied.[173]
TheNewYorkTimesfoundthatsomeaccountantsconsideredTrump'staxdeductionmethodsintheearly1990s
"legallydubious".[174]Independenttaxexpertsstatedthat"Whateverloopholeexistedwasnotexploitedhere,
butstretchedbeyondanyrecognition"andthatitinvolved"sleightofhand",furtherspeculatingthatTrump's
casinobankruptcieswereprobablyrelatedtoTrump's1995reportedloss.[175]

Networth
In2016,ForbesestimatedTrump'snetworthat$3.7billion,andBloomberg$3billion.[178][179]Theseestimates
wouldmakehimoneoftherichestpoliticiansinAmericanhistory.Hehasoftengivenmuchhigherestimates,
sometimesover$10billion,withthediscrepancydueinparttotheuncertaintyofappraisedpropertyvalues,as
wellashisownassessmentofthevalueofhispersonalbrand.[178][180]Asof2016,Forbesrankedhimthe
156thwealthiestpersonintheU.S.[179]andthe324thwealthiestintheworld.[181]
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

9/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

OnJune16,2015,justpriortoannouncinghiscandidacyforpresident
oftheUnitedStates,Trumpreleasedaonepagefinancialstatement
"fromabigaccountingfirmoneofthemostrespected"[182]statinga
networthof$8,737,540,000.[183]"I'mreallyrich",Trumpsaid.[182]
Forbesbelievedhisclaimof$9billionwas"awhopper,"figuringitwas
actually$4.1billion.[184]InJune2015,BusinessInsiderpublished
Trump'sBoeing757,nicknamed
Trump'sJune2014financialstatement,notingthat$3.3billionofthat
"TrumpForceOne"duringTrump's
totalisrepresentedby"RealEstateLicensingDeals,BrandandBranded
2016presidentialcampaign[176][177]
Developments",describedbyBusinessInsideras"basically[implying]
thatTrumpvalueshischaracterat$3.3billion."[185]InJuly2015,
federalelectionregulatorsreleasednewdetailsofTrump'sselfreportedwealthandfinancialholdingswhenhe
becameaRepublicanpresidentialcandidate,reportingthathisassetsareworthabove$1.4billion,which
includesatleast$70millioninstocks,andadebtofatleast$265million.[186]AccordingtoBloomberg,forthe
purposesofTrump'sFECfilingsTrump"onlyreportedrevenuefor[his]golfpropertiesinhiscampaignfilings
eventhoughthedisclosureformasksforincome",notingindependentfilingsshowingallthreeofhismajor
Europeangolfpropertieswereunprofitable.[178]

TrumpHotelLasVegas
whoseexteriorwindowsare
gildedwith24karat

TrumpwaslistedontheinitialForbesListofwealthyindividualsin1982as
havinganestimated$200millionfortune,includingashareofhisfather's
estimated$200millionnetworth.[188]Afterseveralyearsonthelist,Trump's
financiallossesinthe1980scausedhimtobedroppedfrom1990to1995,and
reportedlyobligedhimtoborrowfromhissiblings'trustsin1993[188]in2005,
TimothyL.O'BrienfromtheTheNewYorkTimesreferredtoTrump's"verbal
billions"inaskepticalarticleaboutTrump'sselfreportedwealth.[188]Claiming
libel,Trumpsuedthereporter(andhisbookpublisher)for$5billion,lostthe
case,andthenlostagainonappealTrumprefusedtoturnoverhisunredacted
taxreturnsdespitehisassertiontheysupportedhiscase.[189]Inasworn
deposition,Trumptestifiedthatheonceborrowed$9.6millionfromhisfather,
callingit"averysmallamountofmoney",butcouldnotrecallwhenhedid
so[190]Trumphassincetoldcampaignaudienceshebeganhiscareerwith"a
smallloanofonemilliondollars"fromhisfather,[190]whichhepaidbackwith
interest:"ithasnotbeeneasyforme",TrumptoldoneNewHampshire
crowd.[191]

gold[187]

ForbesreduceditsestimateofTrump'snetworthby$125millionfollowing
Trump'scontroversial2015remarksaboutMexicanillegalimmigrants,which
endedTrump'sbusinesscontractswithNBCUniversal,Univision,Macy's,Serta,PVHCorporation,and
Perfumania.[192]
ThevalueoftheTrumpbrandmayhavefallenduetohispresidentialcampaign.Someconsumerssaytheyare
avoidingpurchasingTrumpbrandedproductsandservicesasaprotestagainstTrumpandhiscampaign.[193]
BookingsandfoottrafficatTrumpbrandedhotelsandcasinosfelloffsharplyin2016,primarilydrivenbya
decreaseinvisitstothepropertiesbywomen.[194][195]FollowingthereleaseoftheAccessHollywoodtape
recordingsinOctober2016,thevalueoftheTrumpbrandwasreportedtohavetakenafurtherhit,with
estimatesofthereductioninthebrand'saddedvalueofupto13percentagepoints.[196][197]

Entertainmentandmedia
TrumphastwicebeennominatedforanEmmyAwardandhasmadecameoappearancesin12filmsand14
televisionseries.[198]HehasalsoplayedanoiltycooninTheLittleRascals.TrumpisamemberoftheScreen
ActorsGuildandreceivesanannualpensionofmorethan$110,000.[199][200]Hehasbeenthesubjectof
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

10/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

comedians,flashcartoonartists,andonlinecaricatureartists.Trumpalsohadhisowndailytalkradioprogram
calledTrumped![201][202][203]

TheApprentice
In2003,TrumpbecametheexecutiveproducerandhostoftheNBCreality
showTheApprentice,inwhichagroupofcompetitorsbattledforahighlevel
managementjobinoneofTrump'scommercialenterprises.Contestantswere
successively"fired"andeliminatedfromthegame.In2004,Trumpfileda
trademarkapplicationforthecatchphrase"You'refired."[1][2][3]
Forthefirstyearoftheshow,Trumpearned$50,000perepisode(roughly
$700,000forthefirstseason),butfollowingtheshow'sinitialsuccess,hewas
paid$1millionperepisode.[204]InaJuly2015pressrelease,Trump'scampaign
managerclaimedthatNBCUniversalhadpaidhim$213,606,575forhis14
seasonshostingtheshow,[170]althoughthenetworkdidnotverifytheclaim.[205]
In2007,TrumpreceivedastarontheHollywoodWalkofFameforhis
contributiontotelevision(TheApprentice).[146][206]Thestarhasbeentargeted
byvandalsmultipletimesthemostrecentcasewasinOctober2016.[207]
AlongwithBritishTVproducerMarkBurnett,TrumpwashiredashostofThe
CelebrityApprentice,inwhichcelebritiescompetetowinmoneyfortheir
charities.WhileTrumpandBurnettcoproducedtheshow,Trumpstayedinthe
forefront,decidingwinnersand"firing"losers.

Trumpposingwithguest
basketballpersonalityDennis
Rodman,duringRodman's
2009participationon
CelebrityApprentice

OnFebruary16,2015,NBCannouncedthattheywouldberenewingTheApprenticefora15thseason.[208]On
February27,Trumpstatedthathewas"notready"tosignonforanotherseasonbecauseofthepossibilityofa
presidentialrun.[209]Despitethis,onMarch18,NBCannouncedtheyweregoingaheadwithproduction.[210]
OnJune29,afterwidespreadnegativereactionstemmingfromTrump'scampaignannouncementspeech,NBC
releasedastatementsaying,"DuetotherecentderogatorystatementsbyDonaldTrumpregardingimmigrants,
NBCUniversalisendingitsbusinessrelationshipwithMr.Trump,"apparentlyendingTrump'sroleinThe
Apprentice.[211]

TrumpModelManagement
In1999,Trumpfoundedamodelingcompany,TrumpModelManagement,whichoperatesintheSoHo
neighborhoodofLowerManhattan.[212]TogetherwithanotherTrumpcompany,TrumpManagementGroup
LLC,TrumpModelManagementhasbroughtnearly250foreignfashionmodelsintotheUnitedStatestowork
inthefashionindustrysince2000.[213]In2014,presidentofTrumpModelManagementCorrineNicolas,other
managers,andthecompanyweresuedbyoneoftheagency'sformermodels,AlexiaPalmer,alleging
racketeering,breachofcontract,mailfraud,andviolatingimmigrantwagelaws.[214]Thecasewasdismissed
fromU.S.federalcourtinMarch2016.[215]

Professionalwrestling
TrumpisaWWE(WorldWrestlingEntertainment)fan,andafriendofWWEownerVinceMcMahon.Hehas
hostedtwoWrestleManiaeventsintheTrumpPlazaandhasbeenanactiveparticipantinseveralofthe
shows.[216]Trump'sTajMahalinAtlanticCitywashosttothe1991WBFChampionship(whichwasownedby
WWE,knownatthetimeasthe"WorldWrestlingFederation").HealsoappearedinWrestleManiaVII.Hewas
interviewedbyJesseVenturaringsideatWrestleManiaXX.[217]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

11/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

TrumpappearedatWrestleMania23inamatchcalled"TheBattleoftheBillionaires."[216]Hewasinthe
cornerofBobbyLashley,whileVinceMcMahonwasinthecornerofLashley'sopponentUmagawithStone
ColdSteveAustinasthespecialguestreferee.[216]ThedealwasthateitherTrumporMcMahonwouldhave
theirheadshavediftheircompetitorlost.[216]Lashleywonthematch,andsoMcMahongotthehaircut.[216]
OnJune15,2009,aspartofastoryline,McMahonannouncedonMondayNightRawthathehad"sold"the
showtoTrump.[216]Appearingonscreen,Trumpdeclaredhewouldbeatthefollowingcommercialfree
episodeinpersonandwouldgiveafullrefundtothepeoplewhopurchasedticketstothearenaforthatnight's
show.[216]McMahon"boughtback"Rawthefollowingweekfortwicetheprice.[216]
TrumpwasinductedintothecelebritywingoftheWWEHallofFamein2013atMadisonSquareGardenfor
hiscontributionstothepromotion.HemadehissixthWrestleManiaappearancethenextnight.[218]

Politics
Trumphasdescribedhispoliticalleaningsandpositionsinvariouswaysovertime.[219][220][221]Politicohas
describedhispositionsas"eclectic,improvisationalandoftencontradictory".[221]Hehaslistedseveraldifferent
partyaffiliationsovertheyears[221][222]andhasalsorunasaReformPartycandidate.[222]Thepositionsthathe
hasrevisedorreversedincludestancesonprogressivetaxation,abortion,andgovernmentinvolvementin
healthcare.[221]

Politicalaffiliations
Trump'spartyaffiliationhaschangedovertheyears.Althoughhisparty
affiliationpriorto1987isunclear,Trumpwasanearlysupporterof
RepublicanRonaldReaganforUnitedStatesPresidentinthelate
1970s.[223]By1987,heidentifiedasaRepublican.[224]In1999,Trump
switchedtotheReformPartyforthreeyearsandranapresidential
exploratorycampaignforitsnomination.Afterhisrun,Trumpleftthe
partyin2001duetotheinvolvementofDavidDuke,PatBuchanan,and
LenoraFulaniwithintheparty.[225]
WithPresidentRonaldReaganat

From2001to2008,hewasaDemocratbut,in2008,heendorsed
WhiteHousereceptionin1987
RepublicanJohnMcCainforPresidentandofficiallychangedhisparty
registrationtoRepublicanin2009.[226]InDecember2011,Trump
becameanIndependentforfivemonthsbeforereturningtotheRepublicanParty,wherehehaspledgedto
stay.[227][228]

TrumphasmadecontributionstocampaignsofbothRepublicanPartyandDemocraticPartycandidates,with
thetoptenrecipientsofhispoliticalcontributionsbeingsixDemocratsandfourRepublicans.[229]After2011,
hiscampaigncontributionsweremorefavorabletoRepublicansthantoDemocrats.[230]InFebruary2012,
TrumpendorsedRepublicanMittRomneyforPresident.[231]Whenaskedin2015whichrecentPresidenthe
prefers,TrumppickedDemocratBillClintonovertheRepublicanBushes.[232][233]
AccordingtoaNewYorkstatereport,Trumpcircumventedcorporateandpersonalcampaigndonationlimitsin
the1980salthoughnolawswerebrokenbydonatingmoneytocandidatesfrom18differentbusiness
subsidiaries,ratherthandonatingprimarilyinhisownname.[234][235]Trumptoldinvestigatorshedidsoonthe
adviceofhislawyers.Healsosaidthecontributionswerenottocurryfavorwithbusinessfriendlycandidates,
butsimplytosatisfyrequestsfromfriends.[234][236]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

12/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

Involvementinpolitics,19882015
Trumpfloatedtheideaofrunningforpresidentin1988,2004,and2012,and
forGovernorofNewYorkin2006and2014,butdidnotenterthose
races.[239][240]HewasconsideredasapotentialrunningmateforGeorgeH.W.
BushontheRepublicanParty's1988presidentialticketbutlostouttofuture
VicePresidentDanQuayle.ThereisdisputeoverwhetherTrumportheBush
campmadetheinitialpitch.[241]
In1999,Trumpfiledanexploratorycommitteetoseekthepresidential
nominationoftheReformPartyin2000.[225][242]AJuly1999pollmatching
himagainstlikelyRepublicannomineeGeorgeW.BushandlikelyDemocratic
nomineeAlGoreshowedTrumpwithsevenpercentsupport.[243]Trump
eventuallydroppedoutoftheraceduetopartyinfighting,butstillwonthe
party'sCaliforniaandMichiganprimariesafterdoingso.[244][245][246][247]
InFebruary2009,TrumpappearedonTheLateShowwithDavidLetterman,
andspokeabouttheautomotiveindustrycrisisof200810.Hesaidthat
"insteadofaskingformoney",GeneralMotors"shouldgointobankruptcyand
workthatstuffoutinadeal".[248]

Trumpfirstexpressed
interestinrunningforoffice
in1987,whenhespent
$100,000toplacefullpage
adscritiquingU.S.defense
policyinseveral

newspapers. [237][238]
AsTrumppubliclyspeculatedaboutseekingthe2012Republicanpresidential
nomination,aWallStreetJournal/NBCNewspollreleasedinMarch2011
foundTrumpleadingamongpotentialcontenders,onepointaheadofformer
MassachusettsGovernorMittRomney.[249]ANewsweekpollconductedinFebruary2011showedTrump
withinafewpointsofBarackObama,withmanyvotersundecidedintheNovember2012generalelectionfor
presidentoftheUnitedStates.[250]ApollreleasedinApril2011byPublicPolicyPollingshowedTrump
havinganinepointleadinapotentialcontestfortheRepublicannominationforpresidentwhilehewasstill
activelyconsideringarun.[251][252]Hismoveswereinterpretedbysomemediaaspossiblepromotionaltoolsfor
hisrealityshowTheApprentice.[253][254][255]

Trumpplayedaleadingroleinlongstanding"birther"conspiracy
theories.[256][257]BeginninginMarch2011,Trumppubliclyquestioned
BarackObama'scitizenshipandeligibilitytoserveas
President.[258][259][260]AlthoughObamahadreleasedhisbirthcertificate
in2008,[261]Trumpclaimedthatitwasmissing.[262]anddemandedto
seeit.[258]TrumpsaidthathehadsentinvestigatorstoHawaiito
researchthequestion,buthedidnotfollowupwithanyfindings.[258]
HealsorepeatedadebunkedallegationthatObama'sgrandmothersaid
TrumpspeakingattheConservative
shehadwitnessedhisbirthinKenya.[263][264]WhentheWhiteHouse
PoliticalActionConferencein2011
laterreleasedObama'slongformbirthcertificate,[261]Trumptook
creditforobtainingthedocument,saying"Ihopeitchecksout."[265]His
officialbiographymentionshispurportedroleinforcingObama'shand,[266]andhehasdefendedhispursuitof
theissuewhenprompted.In2013hesaid,"Idon'tthinkIwentoverboard.Actually,Ithinkitmademevery
popular."[267]Whenaskedin2015whetherObamawasbornintheUnitedStates,Trumpsaidhedidnotwant
todiscussitfurther.[268][269]Earlier,TrumphadalsocalledforObamatoreleasehisstudentrecords,
questioningwhetherhisgradeswarrantedentryintoanIvyLeagueschool.[270]InSeptember2016,Trump
publiclyacknowledgedthatObamawasbornintheU.S.,andfalselyclaimedthatrumorstothecontraryhad
beenstartedbyHillaryClintonduringher2008presidentialcampaign.[259]
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

13/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

Inthe2012Republicanprimaries,Trumpgenerallyhadpolledatorbelow17percentamongthecrowdedfield
ofpossiblecandidates.[271]OnMay16,2011,Trumpannouncedhewouldnotrunforpresidentinthe2012
election,whilealsosayinghewouldhavewon.[253]
In2013,TrumpwasafeaturedspeakerattheConservativePoliticalActionConference(CPAC).[272]During
thelightlyattendedearlymorningspeech,TrumpsaidthatPresidentObamagets"unprecedentedmedia
protection,"hespokeagainstillegalimmigration,andadvisedagainstharmingMedicare,MedicaidandSocial
Security.[273][274]
Alsoin2013,hespentover$1milliontoresearchapossiblerunforpresidentoftheUnitedStates.[275]In
October2013,NewYorkRepublicanscirculatedamemosuggestingTrumpshouldrunforgovernorofthestate
in2014,againstAndrewCuomoTrumpsaidinresponsethatwhileNewYorkhadproblemsandtaxeswere
toohigh,runningforgovernorwasnotofgreatinteresttohim.[276]Healsomadestatementsdenyingclimate
changethatwerediscordantwiththeopinionofthescientificcommunity.[277]InFebruary2015,Trumpsaidhe
toldNBCthathewasnotpreparedtosignonforanotherseasonofTheApprenticeatthattime,ashemulledhis
politicalfuture.[278]

Presidentialcampaign,2016
OnJune16,2015,TrumpannouncedhiscandidacyforPresidentofthe
UnitedStatesatTrumpTowerinNewYorkCity.Inthespeech,Trump
drewattentiontodomesticissuessuchasillegalimmigration,offshoring
ofAmericanjobs,theU.S.nationaldebt,andIslamicterrorism,which
allremainedlargethemesduringthecampaign.Healsoannouncedhis
campaignslogan,"MakeAmericaGreatAgain."[279]
Trumpranasaselfdescribedconservative,particularlyinsocialand
religiousmatters.HiscampaignemphasizedAmericanpatriotism,with
adisdainfornotionssuchaspoliticalcorrectnessandmediabias.[280]In
partduetohisfame,Trump'srunforpresidentreceivedan
unprecedentedamountofmediaattention.[281]

TrumpcampaigninginPhoenix,
Arizona,inAugust2016

RepublicanleaderssuchasHouseSpeakerPaulRyanwerehesitanttosupporthimearlyon.Theydoubtedhis
chancesofwinningthegeneralelectionandfearedhecouldharmtheimageoftheRepublicanParty.[282][283]
ThealtrightmovementcoalescedaroundTrump'scandidacy,[284]dueinparttoitsoppositionto
multiculturalismandimmigration.[285][286]Trumpwasaccusedofpanderingtowhitenationalists.[287]Some
ralliesduringtheprimaryseasonwereaccompaniedbyprotestsorviolence,includingattacksonprotesters
insidetherallies,andclashesbetweenprotestersandTrumpsupportersoutsidethevenues.[288][289][290]
FactcheckingorganizationshavedenouncedTrumpformakingarecordnumberoffalsestatementscompared
toothercandidates.[291][292][293]AtleastfourmajorpublicationsPolitico,TheWashingtonPost,TheNew
YorkTimes,andtheLosAngelesTimespointedoutlies,whoppers,orfalsehoodsinhiscampaign
statements.[294]Trump'spenchantforexaggeratingmayhaverootsintheworldofNewYorkrealestatewhere
hemadehisfortune,andwherehyperboleisawayoflifeTrumpcallsit"truthfulhyperbole".[295][296]Lucas
Graves,aprofessorattheUniversityofWisconsinMadisonSchoolofJournalism&MassCommunication,
saysthatTrumpoftenspeaksinasuggestivewaythatmakesitunclearwhatexactlyhemeant,sothatfact
checkers"havetobereallycarefulwhenyoupickclaimstocheck."[297]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

14/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

Trumphasstatedthatthemediahasintentionallymisinterpretedhiswords.[298][299]TheNewYorkTimes
reportedinAugust2016thatjournalisticstandardsnormallypreventmainstream,nonopinionjournalistsfrom
becomingoppositionalagainstaparticularcandidate,butopinedthattheTrumpcampaignwas"not
normal".[300]
Primaries
Trumpenteredalargefieldofcandidatesagainst16otherRepublicanscampaigningforthenomination,the
largestpresidentialfieldinAmericanhistory.[301]TrumpparticipatedinelevenofthetwelveRepublican
debates,skippingonlytheseventhdebateonJanuary28(thatwasthelastdebatebeforeprimaryvotingbegan
onFebruary1).Thedebatesreceivedhistoricallyhighviewership,increasingthevisibilityofTrump's
campaign.[302]
Byearly2016,theracehadmostlycenteredonDonaldTrumpandU.S.SenatorTedCruz.[303]OnSuper
Tuesday,Trumpwonthemajorityofthevoteandremainedthefrontrunnerthroughouttheprimaries.By
March2016,Trumpreachedover50%innationalsupportfromRepublicanprimaryvotersandbecamepoised
towintheRepublicannomination.[304]AfteralandslidewininIndianaonMay3,2016,whichpromptedthe
remainingcandidatesTedCruzandJohnKasichtosuspendtheirpresidentialcampaigns,RNCChairman
ReincePriebusdeclaredTrumpthepresumptiveRepublicannominee.[305]Withnearly14millionvotes,Trump
brokethealltimerecordforwinningthemostprimaryvotesinthehistoryoftheRepublicanParty.[306]
Generalelectioncampaign
AfterbecomingthepresumptiveRepublicannominee,Trump'sfocusshiftedtothegeneralelection,urging
remainingprimaryvotersto"save[their]voteforthegeneralelection."[307]TrumpbegantargetingHillary
Clinton,whobecamethepresumptiveDemocraticnomineeonJune6,2016,andcontinuedtocampaignacross
thecountry.OnemonthbeforetheRepublicanNationalConvention,SecretServiceagentsthwartedan
assassinationattemptonTrumpbya20yearoldBritishmanillegallyresidingintheU.S.duringoneofhis
ralliesinLasVegas.[308]
ClintonhadestablishedasignificantleadinnationalpollsoverTrump
throughoutmostof2016.InearlyJuly,Clinton'sleadnarrowedin
nationalpollingaveragesfollowingtheFBI'sconclusionofits
investigationintoherongoingemailcontroversy.[309][310][311]FBI
DirectorJamesComeyconcludedClintonhadbeen"extremely
careless"inherhandlingofclassifiedgovernmentmaterial.[312]

TrumpacceptingtheRepublican
nominationattheRNC,July2016

OnJuly15,2016,TrumpannouncedIndianaGovernorMikePenceas
hisrunningmate.[313]TrumpandPencewereofficiallynominatedby
theRepublicanPartyonJuly19,2016,attheRepublicanNational
Convention.[314]Thelistofconventionspeakersandattendeesincluded
formerpresidentialnomineeBobDolebuttheotherpriornomineesdid
notattend,thoughJohnMcCainendorsedTrumppriortothe

convention.[315][316]
Twodayslater,Trumpofficiallyacceptedthenominationina76minutespeechinspiredbyRichardNixon's
1968acceptancespeech.[317]Thehistoricallylongspeechwaswatchedbynearly35millionpeopleand
receivedmixedreviews,withnetnegativeviewerreactionsaccordingtoCNNandGalluppolls.[318][319][320]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

15/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

InlateJuly,TrumpcameclosetoClintoninnationalpollsfollowinga3to4percentagepointconvention
bounce,inlinewiththeaveragebounceinconventionssince2004,althoughitwastowardthesmallsideby
historicalstandards.[321]FollowingClinton's7percentconventionbounce,sheextendedherleadsignificantly
innationalpollsatthestartofAugust.[322][323]
Trumphasdeclinedtopubliclyreleaseanyofhisfulltaxreturns,[324]whichledtospeculationaboutwhether
hewashidingsomething.[325]Trumpsaidthathistaxreturnsarebeingauditedandhislawyersadviseagainst
release.[326][327]Highincomeindividualsareauditedmorefrequentlythantheaveragetaxpayer,butitis
unusualforanindividualtobeauditedforseveralconsecutiveyears.[327]Trumphastoldthenewsmediathat
histaxratewas"noneofyourbusiness,"butadded,"Ifightveryhardtopayaslittletaxaspossible".[328][329]
EverycandidatesinceGeraldFordin1976releasedtheirtaxesbeforetheelection.[330]Althoughnolaw
prohibitsreleaseoftaxreturnsduringanaudit,taxattorneysdifferaboutwhethersuchareleaseiswiselegal
strategy.[331][332]
Generalelectiondebates
OnSeptember26,2016,DonaldTrumpandHillaryClintonfacedoffinthefirstpresidentialdebateatHofstra
UniversityinHempstead,NewYork.LesterHolt,ananchorwithNBCNews,wasthemoderator.[333]Thiswas
themostwatchedpresidentialdebateinUnitedStateshistory.[334]Thesecondpresidentialdebatewasheldat
WashingtonUniversityinSaintLouis,Missouri.Muchofthenarrativeofthatdebatewasdominatedbya
leakedtapeofTrumpmakinglewdcomments(seebelow),andcounteraccusationsbyTrumpofsexual
misconductbyBillClinton.TrumphadinvitedfourwomenwhohadaccusedClintonofimproprietytoapress
conferencepriortothedebate.ThefinalpresidentialdebatewasheldattheUniversityofNevada,LasVegason
October19.Trump'srefusaltosaywhetherhewouldaccepttheresultoftheelectiondrewparticularpress
attention.[335][336]
Sexualmisconductallegations
Twodaysbeforethesecondpresidentialdebate,a2005recordingsurfaced,madeonastudiobuswhile
preparingtofilmanepisodeofAccessHollywood.Onthetape,Trumpisheardbraggingaboutforciblykissing
andgropingwomenwiththeshow'sthencohostBillyBush.[337][338][339]"Ijuststartkissingthem",hesays,"I
don'tevenwait.Andwhenyou'reastar,theyletyoudoit,youcandoanything...grabthembythepussy."[340]
Healsospeaksofhiseffortstoseduceamarriedwoman,sayinghe"movedonherveryheavily."[340]
Trump'slanguagewasdescribedbythemediaas"vulgar","sexist",anddescriptiveofsexualassault.The
incidentpromptedhimtomakehisfirstpublicapologyduringthecampaign,[341][342]andcausedoutrageacross
thepoliticalspectrum,[343][344]withmanyRepublicanswithdrawingtheirendorsementsofhiscandidacyand
someurginghimtoquittherace.[345]Subsequently,atleast15women[346]cameforwardwithaccusationsof
sexualmisconductincludingunwantedkissingandgroping,resultinginwidespreadmediacoverage.[347][348]
Trumpandhiscampaignhavedeniedallofthesecharges,andthreatenedthattheyhavebegundraftinga
lawsuitagainstTheNewYorkTimesforlibel.[349][350]Hehascalledthem"falsesmears"andalleged"a
conspiracyagainst[...]theAmericanpeople".[351]
Generalelection
OnNovember8,2016,Trumpwonthepresidencywith306electoralvotesto232receivedbyClinton.Trump
becamethefourthU.S.candidatetowintheElectoralCollegedespitereceivingfewerpopularvotesthanhis
opponent.[352]
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

16/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

Trump'svictorywasseenasoneofthebiggestpolitical
upsetsinAmericanhistory,asnearlyallpollsatthetime
showedHillaryClintonwithamodestleadoverTrump.[353]
ThiswaslaterattributedtopollstersoverestimatingClinton's
supportamongwelleducatedandnonwhitevoters,while
underestimatingTrump'ssupportamongwhiteworkingclass
voters.[354]Trump'swinsimultaneouslymarkedthefirsttime
thatRepublicansgainedcontroloverboththeWhiteHouse
andCongresssince2006.[355]

Trump'svictoryspeech,November9,2016

Trumpwasthesecondmajorpartypresidentialnomineein
Americanhistorywhoseexperiencecomesprincipallyfromrunningabusiness(WendellWillkiewasthe
first).[356]Whenhetakesoffice,TrumpwillbecomethefirstUnitedStatesPresidentwithoutpriorgovernment
ormilitaryexperience,andthefirstwithoutpriorpoliticalexperiencesinceDwightD.Eisenhower.Trumpwill
alsobetheoldestfirsttermpresidentRonaldReaganwasolderwhenhetookofficeforasecondterm.[357]
IntheearlyhoursofNovember9,2016,TrumpreceivedaphonecallinwhichClintonconcededthepresidency
tohim.TrumpthendeliveredhisvictoryspeechbeforehundredsofsupportersintheHiltonHotelinNewYork
City.Thespeechwasinstarkcontrastwithhispreviousrhetoric,withTrumppromisingtohealthedivision
causedbytheelection,thankingClintonforherservicetothecountry,andpromisingtobeapresidenttoall
Americans.[358][359]Thefollowingday,TrumphadafirsttimemeetingwithPresidentObamatodiscussplans
forapeacefultransitionofpower.Themeetingwasnotablycordial,withTheNewYorkTimesstating:"Itwas
anextraordinaryshowofcordialityandrespectbetweentwomenwhohavebeenpoliticalenemiesandare
stylisticopposites."[360]

Politicalpositions
Trump'spoliticalpositionsarewidelydescribedbythemediaas
"populist".[361][362]Hehasdescribedhispoliticalpositionsinvarious
andoftencontradictorywaysovertime.[219][363]Trumpstated,"Ihave
evolvedonmanyissues.Therearesomeissuesthatareverymuchthe
same,I'vebeenconstantonmanyissues.ButIhaveevolvedoncertain
issues."[364]PolitiFact.comwrotethatitisdifficulttodetermine
Trump'sstanceonissues,givenhisfrequentchangesinpositionand
"hispenchantforusingconfusing,vagueandevencontradictory
language".[365]PolitiFact.comcountedatleast17timeswhenTrump
saidsomethingandthendeniedhavingsaidit.[366]

Trumpandhisrunningmate,Indiana
GovernorMikePence,July2016

Socialissues
Trumpdescribeshimselfasprolifeandgenerallyopposesabortionwithsomeexceptions:rape,incest,and
circumstancesendangeringthehealthofthemother.[367]TheSusanB.AnthonyList,anantiabortiongroup,
praisedTrump'slistofpotentialSupremeCourtnomineesas"exceptionallystrong",whileNARALProChoice
Americacalledthecandidatesonthelist"awoman'sworstnightmare".[368]Trumphasstatedthathesupports
"traditionalmarriage".[369]Heopposesthe2015Obergefellv.HodgesSupremeCourtrulingthatlegalized
samesexmarriagenationwide[369][370][371]andbelievesthedecisionshouldbelefttoindividualstates.[370]
Trumphadstatedthatifhewereelected,hewould"stronglyconsider"appointingSupremeCourtjusticesthat
wouldoverturntheruling.[372]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

17/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

TrumpsupportsabroadinterpretationoftheSecondAmendmentandsaysheisopposedtoguncontrolin
general,[373]althoughhisviewshaveshiftedovertime.[374]Hesupportsfixingthefederalbackgroundcheck
systemsothatcriminalandmentalhealthrecordsarealwaysputintothesystem.[375]Trumpopposeslegalizing
recreationalmarijuanabutsupportslegalizingmedicalmarijuana.[376]Trumpfavorscapital
punishment.[377][378]
Economicissues
Trump'scampaign'staxplancallsforreducingthecorporatetaxrateto15%,concurrentwiththeeliminationof
variousbusinessloopholesanddeductions.[379]Personalincometaxeswouldalsobereducedthetoprate
wouldbereducedfrom39.6%to25%,alarge"zerobracket"wouldbecreated,andthealternativeminimum
taxwouldbeeliminated,aswouldtheestatetax(whichcurrentlyappliestoindividualestatesover
$5.45millionor$10.9millionpermarriedcouple).[380]UnderTrump'seconomicplan,familieswithheadof
householdfilingstatusmakingbetween$20,000and$200,000,includingmanysingleparents,wouldpaymore
intaxesthanundercurrenttaxlaw,duetoTrump'seliminationofsomedeductionsandexemptions.[381][382]
Severalreportsassessthattheeconomywouldbe"diminished"byheavyjoblossesandrecessionunder
Trump'seconomicpolicies,[383][384][385]withalargenumberofeconomists,including19of32livingNobel
laureates,warningagainsthiseconomicpolicies.[386][387]TwoanalysesfindthatTrump'seconomicplanwill
havemixedresultsoneanalysisfindsthatTrump'splanwouldcreateshorttermeconomicgainsbutmajor
longtermeconomiclossesintermsofjobs,[388]andanotheranalysisfindsthattheplanwillcreate2.2million
jobs,amajorincreaseincapitalstockandsomewagegrowth,butbyincreasingfederaldebtbybetween$2.6
trillionand$3.9trillion.[389]
Trump'scommentsabouttheminimumwagehavebeeninconsistent:[390][391][392]hehassaidthatalow
minimumwageisgood[393]thattheminimumwageshouldnotberaised[394][395][396]thattheminimumwage
shouldberaised[397][398]thathewouldlikeanincrease,butthestatesshoulddotheincreasing[399][400]thathe
isagainstanyfederalminimumwagefloor[401]andthatheisinfavorofa$10federalminimumwage,but"let
thestatesmakethedeal".[402]
Trumpidentifiesasa"freetrader",butsaysthattrademustbe"reasonablyfair",andhasdescribedsupporters
ofinternationaltradedealsthataregoodforothercountriesbutnotgoodfortheUnitedStatesas"blood
suckers".[403][404][405]Hehasoftenbeenreferredtoas"protectionist".[406][407][408][409][410]HesaysNAFTAhas
beenthe"worsttradedealinhistory",andwouldaspresidenteitherrenegotiateorbreaktheNAFTA
agreement.[411][412]HeopposestheproposedTransPacificPartnership(TPP).[413]Trumpproposestoraise
tariffsonChineseexportstotheUnitedStatesby45%,andhasraisedtheideaofplacing35%tariffson
MexicanexportstotheUnitedStates.[414][415]TrumphascalledtheWorldTradeOrganization(WTO)a
"disaster",[416]andfavorsrenegotiatingorleavingtheWTOunlessitallowshisproposedtariffincreases.[417]
ThedomesticandfiscalpoliciespromotedbyPresidentelectoftheUnitedStatesDonaldTrumpduringthe
20152016USpresidentialcampaignhavesometimesbeencalledTrumponomics,echoingearlier
designationsofeconomicdoctrinesspearheadedbynewlyelectedAmericanpresidentsmostfamously
Reaganomics.
Healthcare,educationandenvironment
TrumpfavorsrepealingandreplacingtheAffordableCareAct("Obamacare")withadifferentfreemarketplan
thatwouldallowhealthinsurancetobesoldacrossstatelines,enableindividualstodeducthealthinsurance
premiums,expandhealthsavingsaccounts,andgivemorecontrolofMedicaidtothestates.[418]Hehasvoiced
supportforasinglepayerhealthcaresysteminthepast,butdistancedhimselffromtheideaduringhis2016
campaign.[419]InOctober2016hefalselysaidthathehadsaidtheACAwasa"disaster"sincebeforeitwas
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

18/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

passedbyCongress.[420]HesaidinJune2009thathelovedtheidea,butquestionedwhetherthecountrycould
affordit.[421]TrumpfavorsgettingridofbacklogsandwaitliststhatarethefocusoftheVeteransHealth
Administrationscandal,andbelievesthatVeteransAffairsfacilitiesneedtobeupgraded.[422]
Trumphasstatedhissupportforschoolchoiceandlocalcontrolforprimaryandsecondaryschools.[423]He
opposestheCommonCoreStateStandardsInitiativeforprimaryandsecondaryschools,[424]andhascalled
CommonCore"adisaster"thatmustbeended.[425]HehasstatedhewouldabolishallorpartoftheDepartment
ofEducation.[426]
Trumprejectsthescientificconsensusonclimatechange,[427][428]repeatedlycontendingthatglobalwarmingis
a"hoax."[369][429]TrumphassaidthattheEPAisa"disgrace"andhaspromisedtocutitsbudget.[430]Hehas
pledgedto"canceltheParisClimateAgreement",whichcallsforreductionsincarbonemissionsinmorethan
170countries,claimingittreatstheUnitedStatesunfairlyandgivesfavorabletreatmenttocountrieslike
China.[431]WithMyronEbell,Trumphasnominatedanoutspokenclimatechangedenierasheadofthefuture
EPAtransitionteam.[432]
Foreignpolicy
Trumphasbeendescribedasnoninterventionalist[433][434]andnationalist.[435]Trumphasrepeatedlystatedthat
hesupports"AmericaFirst"foreignpolicy,thoughheisnotlinkedtothehistoricalisolationistAmericaFirst
Party(1944)orthedefunctpaleoconservativeAmericaFirstParty(2002).[436]HesupportsincreasingUnited
Statesmilitarydefensespending,[435]butfavorsdecreasingUnitedStatesspendingonNATOandinthePacific
region.[437]HesaysAmericashouldlookinward,stop"nationbuilding",andreorientitsresourcestoward
domesticneeds.[434]Hequestionswhetherhe,aspresident,wouldautomaticallyextendsecurityguaranteesto
NATOmembers,[438]andsuggeststhathemightleaveNATOunlesschangesaremadetothealliance.[439]
TrumphascalledforJapantopayforthecostsofAmericantroopsstationedthereandthatitmightneedto
developnuclearweaponsinordertoprotectitselffromNorthKorea.[413][440]
InordertoconfrontISIS,Trumpin2015calledforseizingtheoilin
ISISoccupiedareas,usingU.S.airpowerandgroundtroops.[441]In
2016,Trumpadvocatedsending20,000to30,000U.S.troopstothe
region,[219][442][443]apositionheretracted.[444]Hehassincearguedthat
regionalalliesoftheU.S.,suchasSaudiArabiashouldprovidetroops
inthefight.[445]HealsobelievesthatoilfieldsinISIScontrolledareas
shouldbebombed.[445]Hesupportstheuseofwaterboarding,aformof
torture,andhassaidhewould"bringbackahellofalotworse".[446][447]
Trumpandformergovernorof
Trumpwouldaspresidentdismantletheinternationalnuclearagreement
Alaska,SarahPalin,January2016
withIran.[448]RegardingtheIsraeliPalestinianconflict,Trumphas
statedtheimportanceofbeinganeutralpartyduringpotential
negotiations,whilealsohavingstatedthatheis"abigfanofIsrael."[449]HesupportsIsraelisettlement
constructionintheWestBank.[450]
Duringhis2016Presidentialcampaign,TrumprepeatedlyclaimedthatheopposedtheIraqWarevenbeforeit
waslaunched,althoughhispublicpositionhadbeenunclearatthetime.[451][452]In2002,whenaskedwhether
hesupportedinvadingIraq,Trumpresponded,"Yeah,Iguessso"andadded"Iwishthefirsttimeitwasdone
correctly"inreferencetotheGulfWarof19901991.[451][453]Shortlybeforethe2003invasion,hesaid:"Well,
[Bush's]eithergottodosomethingornotdosomething,perhaps.[]Andperhapsweshouldbewaitingfor

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

19/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

theUnitedNations."[454][455]Trumppubliclyreferredtothewarasa"mess"withinaweekafteritbegan,and
by2004hesaidhewasopposedtoit.[453]Since2004,hehasrepeatedlycriticizedthewar,especiallyduringthe
primarydebateswithJebBush.[456][457]
TrumphasattimesduringhispresidentialcampaignstatedthattheAfghanistanWarwasamistake,andat
othertimesstatedthatitwasnecessary.[458]HesupportskeepingalimitednumberofUnitedStatestroops
there.[458]Trumpwasastrongsupporterofthe2011militaryinterventioninLibyaatthetime.[459][460]Hehas
sincethenreversedhispositionseveraltimes,sayingfinallyinJune2016thathewouldhavesupported
"surgical"bombingagainstGaddafi.[459][460][461]
TrumpwouldconsiderrecognizingCrimeaasRussianterritoryandliftingsanctionsonRussia.[462][463]He
addedthatRussiacouldhelptheUnitedStatesinfightingISISmilitants.[464]Inthesameinterview,Trump
sarcastically[465]statedthathehopedRussiawouldunearthHillaryClinton'smissingemailsfromhertimeas
SecretaryofState.[466]
Immigrationpolicies
Trump'simmigrationpolicieshavebeenamonghismosthighlydiscussedpoliciesduringthecampaign.Some
ofhisproposalshavecomeunderscrutinybyseveralexpertsonimmigrationwhoquestiontheeffectiveness
andaffordabilityofhisplans.[467][468]TrumpvowstobuildasubstantialwallontheMexicoUnitedStates
bordertokeepoutillegalimmigrants,awallwhichTrumppromisesMexicowillpayfor.[469][470]Trumpwould
alsocreatea"deportationforce"todeportaround11millionpeopleillegallyresidingintheU.S.,stating"Day1
ofmypresidency,[illegalimmigrants]aregettingoutandgettingoutfast."[471]Trumpopposesbirthright
citizenship.[472]
InlateAugust2016,Trumphintedhemightsoftenhispositioncallingforthedeportationofallundocumented
immigrants.[473][474]OnAugust31,2016,hemadeavisittoMexicoandmetwithMexicanPresidentEnrique
PeaNieto,sayinghewantedtobuildrelationswiththecountry.[475]However,inamajorspeechlaterthat
night,Trumplaidouta10pointplanreaffirminghishardlinepositions,includingbuildingawallalongthe
MexicanbordertobepaidforbyMexico,potentiallydeporting"anyonewhohasenteredtheUnitedStates
illegally,"denyinglegalstatustosuchpeopleunlesstheyleavethecountryandapplyforreentry,andcreating
adeportationtaskforce.[476]Hesaidthefocusofthetaskforcewouldbecriminals,thosewhohaveoverstayed
theirvisas,andother"securitythreats".[477]
OneofTrump'smostcontroversialproposalswashisoriginalproposalin2015fora"totalandcomplete"
temporarybanonforeignMuslimsenteringtheUnitedStates.[478][479][480]Trumplaterchangedhispositionin
2016bystatingthatthetemporarybanwouldapplyonlytopeopleoriginatingfromcountrieswitha"proven
historyofterrorismagainsttheUnitedStatesoritsallies",orcountries"compromisedby
terrorism".[481][482][483][484][485]Trumpcharacterizedthisasanexpansion,notrollback,ofhisoriginal
proposal.[486]
Commentsaboutfringetheories
AccordingtopoliticalwriterSteveBenen,unlikepastpoliticalleaders,Trumphasnotkeptfringetheoriesand
theirsupportersatarm'slength.[487]PoliticalwriterJackShafersaysthatTrumpmaybea"fairlyconventional
Americanpopulistwhenitcomestohispolicyviews",buthehasarevolutionaryabilitytoattractfreemedia
attention,sometimesbymakingoutrageouscomments.[488][489]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

20/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

Formanyyears,beginninginatleast2011,TrumppubliclyquestionedPresidentObama'scitizenship
status[490]in2016,duringhispresidentialcampaign,TrumpstatedthatObamawasbornintheU.S.[491][492]In
thepast,hehasalsoalludedtotheconspiracytheorythatPresidentObamaissecretlyaMuslim.[493][494]
Trumphasdiscussedtheunfoundednotionthatvaccinedosescauseautismifadministeredtooquicklyin
succession,[495][496]andtheconspiracytheorythatformerSupremeCourtJusticeAntoninScaliamightnot
havediedofnaturalcausesbutwasmurdered.[497]HerepeatedaNationalEnquirerallegationthatRafaelCruz,
fatherofTedCruz,mayhavebeeninvolvedintheassassinationofJohnF.Kennedy.[498]

Personallife
Family
Trumphasfivechildrenbythreemarriages,andhaseight
grandchildren.[499][500]Hisfirsttwomarriagesendedindivorcesthat
werepublicizedinthetabloidmedia.[501]
Trumpmarriedhisfirstwife,CzechmodelIvanaZelnkov,onApril
Ata2016campaignevent,fromleft:
7,1977,attheMarbleCollegiateChurchinManhattan[502]ina
soninlawJared,eldestdaughter
ceremonyperformedbyoneofAmerica'smostfamousministers,the
Ivanka,Trump,wifeMelania,
[503]
ReverendNormanVincentPeale.
Theyhadthreechildren:son
daughterinlawLara,andsecond
DonaldJr.(bornDecember31,1977),daughterIvanka(bornOctober
eldestsonEric
30,1981),andsonEric(bornJanuary6,1984).DonaldJr.,Ivanka,and
EricnowserveasexecutivevicepresidentsoftheTrump
Organization.[504]IvanabecameanaturalizedUnitedStatescitizenin1988.[505]
Trumphasbeennicknamed"TheDonald"sinceIvanareferredtohimassuchina1989Spymagazinecover
story.[506][507]Byearly1990,Trump'stroubledmarriagetoIvanaandaffairwithactressMarlaMapleshadbeen
reportedinthetabloidpress.[508][509][510]IvanaTrumpwasgrantedanuncontesteddivorcein1990,onthe
groundsthatTrump'streatmentofher,suchashisaffairwithMaples,hadbeen"cruelandinhuman".[511][512]In
1992,hesuccessfullysuedIvanaforviolatingagagclauseintheirdivorceagreementbydisclosingfactsabout
himinherbook.[513][514][515]In2015,IvanasaidthatsheandDonald"arethebestoffriends".[516]
MaplesgavebirthtotheirdaughterTiffany,namedafterTiffany&Company(Trump'spurchaseoftheair
rightsabovethestoreinthe1980sallowedhimtobuildTrumpToweronFifthAvenue),onOctober13,
1993.[517]TheymarriedtwomonthslateronDecember20,1993.[518]ThecoupleformallyseparatedinMay
1997,[519]withtheirdivorcefinalizedinJune1999.[520][521]TiffanywasraisedbyhermotherinCalabasas,
California,wheresheliveduntilhergraduationfromViewpointSchool.[522]
In1998,TrumpbeganarelationshipwithSlovenemodelMelaniaKnauss,whobecamehisthirdwife.[523][524]
TheywereengagedinApril2004[525]andweremarriedonJanuary22,2005,atBethesdabytheSeaEpiscopal
Church,ontheislandofPalmBeach,Florida,followedbyareceptionatTrump'sMaraLago
estate.[526][527][528]In2006,MelaniabecameanaturalizedUnitedStatescitizen.[524]OnMarch20,2006,she
gavebirthtotheirson,whomtheynamedBarronTrump.[529][530](Trumphadpreviouslyusedthepseudonym
"JohnBaron"or"Barron"insomebusinessdealsandforotherpurposes.[48][531][532])Havingheardthe
languagesincehisbirth,BarronisfluentinSlovene.[533]InaFebruary2009interviewonABC'snewsprogram
Nightline,Trumpcommentedthathisloveforhisbusinesshadmadeitdifficultforhisfirsttwowivesto
competewithhisaffectionforwork.[534]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

21/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

Trump'sbrother,FredJr.,predeceasedtheirfatherFred.Shortlyafterthelatter
diedin1999,thewifeofFredJr.'ssongavebirthtoasonwithseriousmedical
problems.TrumpandhisfamilyofferedtopaythemedicalbillsthroughFred
Sr.'scompany(FredSr.freelyprovidedmedicalcoveragetohisfamilythrough
hiscompanyfordecades).[535]FredIIIthensuedthefamilyforallegedlyhaving
used"undueinfluence"onadementiastrickenFredSr.togetFredIIIandhis
sisterMaryareducedsharefromtheirgrandfather'swill,butTrumpattributedthe
reducedsharetohisfather'sdislikeofFredIII'smother,andTrumpstoppedthe
aidforFredIII'sson.Theaidwasresumedbycourtorderpendingoutcomeofthe
lawsuit,whichwasthensettled.[536][537]

Religiousviews
TrumpisaPresbyterian.[538]Hehassaidthathebegangoingtochurchatthe
FirstPresbyterianChurchintheJamaicaneighborhoodinQueensasachild.[539]
WithwifeMelaniaata
TrumpattendedSundayschoolandhadhisconfirmationatthatchurch.[539]Inan
2016campaignevent
April2011interviewonThe700Club,hecommented:"I'maProtestant,I'ma
Presbyterian.AndyouknowI'vehadagoodrelationshipwiththe
churchovertheyears.Ithinkreligionisawonderfulthing.Ithinkmy
religionisawonderfulreligion."[540][541]Trumptolda2015South
CarolinacampaignaudienceheattendsMarbleCollegiateChurch,
wherehemarriedhisfirstwifeIvanain1977.Marblehassaidthat,
thoughTrumphasalongstandinghistorywiththechurch,heisnotan
activememberofMarble.[539][nb2]Trumphassaidthatalthoughhe
participatesinHolyCommunion,hehasnotaskedGodforforgiveness
forhissins.Hestated,"IthinkifIdosomethingwrong,Ithink,Ijust
TrumpreceivesblessingfromGreek
tryandmakeitright.Idon'tbringGodintothatpicture."[542]
OrthodoxpriestEmmanuel

TrumpcallshisownbookTheArtoftheDeal(1987)"mysecond
Lemelson,September30,2015
favoritebookofalltime,"andhastoldcampaignaudiences:"Doyou
knowwhatmyfirstis?TheBible!NothingbeatstheBible."[543][544]
DecliningtonamehisfavoriteBibleverse,Trumpsaid"Idon'tlikegivingthatouttopeoplethatyouhardly
know."[539]However,hisreligiousknowledgewasquestionedafteraspeechhegavetoLibertyUniversity,in
whichhereferredtoSecondCorinthiansas"TwoCorinthians,"elicitingchucklesfromsomeinthe
audience.[545]
TrumpmaintainsrelationshipswithseveralprominentnationalEvangelicalProtestantandotherChristian
leaders,includingTonyPerkinsandRalphE.ReedJr.[546]Duringhis2016presidentialcampaign,hereceiveda
blessingfromGreekOrthodoxpriestEmmanuelLemelson.[547]TrumphastiestotheJewishAmerican
community.[548]AtanAlgemeinerJournalawardsceremonyhonoringhimwiththeAlgemeinerLibertyAward,
hewasaskedabouthavingJewishgrandchildren.InreferencetodaughterIvanka,whoconvertedtoJudaism
beforehermarriagetoJaredKushner,Trumpsaid:"NotonlydoIhaveJewishgrandchildren,IhaveaJewish
daughterandIamveryhonoredbythat...itwasn'tintheplanbutIamverygladithappened."[549]
ControversyinvolvingthePope
InFebruary2016,whileonhiswayhomefollowingavisittoMexico,PopeFrancissaidthefollowingwhen
askedaboutTrump:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

22/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

Apersonwhothinksonlyaboutbuildingwallswherevertheymaybeandnotbuildingbridges,
isnotChristian....I'djustsaythatthisman[Trump]isnotChristianifhesaiditthisway....We
mustseeifhesaidthingsinthatwayandinthisIgivethebenefitofthedoubt.[550]
Trumprespondedthatitwas"disgraceful"forthePopetoquestionhisfaith,suggestingthattheMexican
governmentwas"usingthePopeasapawn"forpoliticalpurposes,"becausetheywanttocontinuetoripoffthe
UnitedStates."[551][552]Trumpaddedthat"ifandwhen"IslamicStateattackstheVatican,thePopewouldhave
"wishedandprayed"TrumpwerePresidentbecauseunderhisleadershipsuchanattackwouldnothappen.[552]
Thefollowingday,DirectoroftheHolySeePressOfficeFedericoLombardiinsistedthatthePopewasnot
launchinganattackonTrumpnortryingtoswayvotersbydeclaringthatsomeonewhoadvocatesbuilding
wallsisnotChristian.[553][554]AftertheclarificationbyLombardi,Trumpdownplayedhisdifferenceswiththe
Pope,saying"Idon'tthinkthisisafight."[555]

Health
Amedicalreportbyhisdoctor,HaroldBorsteinM.D.,showedthatTrump'sbloodpressure,liverandthyroid
functionwereinnormalrange.[556][557]Trumpsaysthathehasneversmokedcigarettesormarijuana,or
consumedotherdrugs.[558]Hedoesnotdrinkalcohol.[559][560][561]Healsohasgermaphobictendencies,and
prefersnottoshakehands.[562]
InSeptember2016,TrumpdiscussedhishealthinmoredetailonTheDr.OzShow,providingactualresults
fromrecentphysicalexaminations.[563]

Appearancesinpopularculture
EvenbeforeTrump'sveryhighlypublicizedpresidentialcampaignthatbeganin2015,hehadappearedmany
timesinpopularculture.
Comics
Since1986,hehasbeendepictedintheDoonesburycomicstripbyGarryTrudeau[564][565]promptingan
unfavorableresponsefromTrump.[566]
Films
TrumpplayedhimselfasthePlazaHotelownerinacameoappearanceinthemovieHomeAlone2:Lostin
NewYork(1992).[567]
You'veBeenTrumped(2011),adocumentaryfilmbyAnthonyBaxter,followsTrump'seffortstodevelopa
Scottishgolfresort.[568][569][570]WhenitwasannouncedthatthedocumentarywastopremiereonBBCTwo
televisionintheUK,onOctober21,2012,[571]Trump'slawyerscontactedtheBBCtodemandthatthefilm
shouldnotbeshown,claimingitwasdefamatoryandmisleading.Thescreeningwentahead,withtheBBC
defendingthedecisionandstatingthatTrumphadrefusedtheopportunitytotakepartinthefilm.[572]
FunnyorDiereleasedaparodyfilmcalledDonaldTrump'sTheArtoftheDeal:TheMovie(2016).[573]
Literature

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

23/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

AndrewShaffer'ssatiricalbook,TheDayoftheDonald(2016),imaginesTrumpwinningtheelectionand
discusseshissecondyearasAmerica's45thpresident.[574]
Music
WhentherapperMacMillerreleasedhissong,"DonaldTrump"(2011),aboutbecomingasrichasits
namesake,Trumprequestedroyaltiesfromthesongforusinghisname,startingafeudbetweenhimselfand
Miller.[575]
Television
OnJimmyKimmelLive!,KimmelfeaturedTrump'stwoDr.Seusslikebooks,WinnersAren'tLosersandits
sequelWinnersStillAren'tLosers,whenTrumpwasthegueststar.Onbothoccasions,Kimmelreadthebooks
outloudtoTrumpandhadTrumpreadthelastword.[576]
IntheFebruary28,2016,episodeoftheHBOseriesLastWeekTonightwithJohnOliver,Oliverreferredto
Trumpas"DonaldDrumpf".[577][578]
OnTheLateShowwithStephenColbert,ColbertfrequentlyfeaturesacaricatureofTrump,called"Cartoon
DonaldTrump".[579]
DescribingtheMarch2000TheSimpsonsepisodeBarttotheFutureas"awarningtoAmerica",writerDan
GreaneysaidinMarch2016:"WhatweneededwasforLisatohaveproblemsbeyondherfixing,that
everythingwentasbadasitpossiblycould,andthat'swhywehadTrumpbepresidentbeforeher.Thatjust
seemedlikethelogicallaststopbeforehittingbottom.ItwasconsistentwiththevisionofAmericagoing
insane".[580]
Since1988,TrumpandmembersofhisfamilyhavebeenparodiedonSaturdayNightLive,andhehostedthe
showtwice,inApril2004andNovember2015.[581][582]
Hair
Trump'siconiccomboverhairstylehasbeenmentionedfrequentlybythe
media.In2004,theChicagoTribunewrotethatTrumpis"knownforhisgaudy
casinosandunusualmaneofcopperhair."[583]Duringa2011interviewwith
RollingStone,hesaid,"Igetalotofcreditforcombovers.Butit'snotreallya
combover.It'ssortofalittlebitforwardandback.I'vecombeditthesameway
foryears.Samething,everytime."[584]Invariouslatenighttalkshowsand
interviews,Trump'shairhashumorouslybeensuggestedtobeawig,sohehas
lettheinterviewerstouchhishairtoverifyitsauthenticity.[585][586]

Trump'strademarkcomb
overhairstyle

InaJune2015speechforhis2016presidentialcampaign,Trumpsaidhewould
changehishairstyleifhewereelected.[587]

Legalmatters
AnanalysisbyUSAToday,publishedinJune2016,foundthatoverthepreviousthreedecades,Trumpandhis
businesseshadbeeninvolvedin3,500legalcasesinU.S.federalcourtsandstatecourts,anunprecedented
numberforaU.S.presidentialcandidate.[588]Ofthe3,500suits,mostlyinthecasinoindustry,Trumporoneof
hiscompanieswastheplaintiffin1,900defendantin1,450andthirdparty,filerofbankruptcy,orotherin
150.[588]Trumpwasnamedinatleast169suitsinfederalcourt.[589]Althoughlitigationovercontractdisputes
andothermattersiscommonintherealestateindustry,[590]USAToday's2016analysisfoundthatTrumphad
beeninvolvedinlegaldisputesmorethanEdwardJ.DeBartoloJr.,DonaldBren,StephenM.Ross,SamZell,
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

24/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

andLarrySilversteincombined.Inabout500cases,judgesdismissedplaintiffs'claimsagainstTrump.In
hundredsmore,casesendedwiththeavailablepublicrecordunclearabouttheresolution.[588]Wheretherewas
aclearresolution,hehaswon451times,andlost38,butinmanycases"thepublicrecordsavailablewere
unclearabouttheresolution".[591]
1980s
In1985,Trumpwassuedforallegedlytryingtoforceouttenantstoenabledemolition.[592]Thematterwas
settledandthedemolitioncanceled.[593]In1988,Trumppaid$750,000tosettlethecivilpenaltiesinan
antitrustlawsuitstemmingfromstockpurchases.[594]
1990s
In1991,abusinessanalystpredictedthattheTrumpTajMahalwouldsoonfail,andhethenlosthisjobthe
analystsuedTrumpforallegedlyhavinganunlawfulroleinthefiring,andthatmatterwassettled
confidentiallyoutofcourt.[595]Afterahelicoptercrashed,killingthreeexecutivesofhisNewJerseyhotel
casinobusiness,Trumpsuedthemanufacturers,[596]andthatcasewasdismissed.[597]TrumpPlazawasfined
$200,000formovingAfricanAmericanandfemaleemployeesawayfromaracistandsexistgamblerto
accommodatehim,butTrumpwasnotevidentlyinvestigated,norheldpersonallyliable,andsaidhewouldnot
evenrecognizethatgambler.[598]In1991,Trump'sfather,FredTrump,madeanunlawfulloantoTrump's
Castletohelpitmakeamortgagepayment,andthecasinowasrequiredtopaya$30,000fine,buthissonwas
notpenalized.[599]
In1993,TrumpsuedhisbusinesspartnerJayPritzkerforallegedlycollectingexcessivefees,andthematter
wassettled.[600][601][602]BoardinghouseownerVeraCokingsuedfordamageduringconstructionofan
adjacentcasino,andlaterdroppedthesuitagainstTrumpwhilesettlingwithhiscontractorshealsoprevailed
againstTrumpandotherdevelopersinaneminentdomaincase.[603][604][605]
In1997,DonaldTrumpandrivalAtlanticCitycasinoownerStephenWynnengagedinanextendedlegal
conflictduringtheplanningphaseofnewcasinosWynnhadproposedtobuild,andthecaseswere
settled.[606][607][608]
2000s
In2000,Trumpwaschargedwithlobbyingforgovernmentrejectionofproposedcasinosthatwouldcompete
withhiscasinos,andhepaid$250,000tosettleresultingfines.[609][610]Thechargesrelatedtoaproposed
NativeAmericanruncasinointheCatskills,NewYork,whichwouldhavecompetedwiththreeofTrump's
casinosinAtlanticCity.[611]
WhentheSecuritiesandExchangeCommissionchargedoneofhiscompanieswithpoorfinancialreporting,
Trump'sattorneysaidtheculprithadbeendismissed,andthatTrumphadpersonallybeenunawareofthe
matter.[612][613][614]FollowinglitigationwithLeonaHelmsleythatstartedinthe1990sregardingcontrolofthe
EmpireStateBuilding,[615][616]Trumpin2002soldhisshareinthatbuildingtorivalsofHelmsley's.[617][618]
In2004TrumpsuedformerbusinesspartnerRichardFieldsforallegedlysayinghestillconsultedforTrump.
Fieldscountersued,[619][620][621][622]andthelawsuitwasdismissed.[623]
ThetownofPalmBeach,Florida,finedTrumpforbuildingan80foot(24meter)polefortheAmericanflagat
hisMaraLagoproperty.Trumpthensued,andasettlementrequiredhimtodonate$100,000toveterans'
charities,whilethetownagreedtolethimenrolloutoftownersinhissocialclubandpermitteda10foot
shorterflagpoleelsewhereonhislawn.[624]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

25/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

WhentheCaliforniacityofRanchoPalosVerdesthwartedluxuryhomedevelopmentonalandslidepronearea
ownedbyTrump,hesued,[625]andthecityagreedtopermitextensionsforsome20moreproposedluxury
homes.[626][627]
Trumpsuedalawfirmhehadused,MorrisonCohen,forusinghisname,forprovidingnewslinksatits
website,andforchargingexcessivefees,[69]afterwhichthefirmhalvedthefees,andthecourtruledthatthe
linkswereallowable.[628]
In2009,TrumpwassuedbyinvestorsinthecanceledTrumpOceanResortBajaMexico[629]Trumpsaidhe
hadmerelybeenaspokesperson,[629][630]andhesettledthelawsuitforanundisclosedamount.[631]
In2004,theTrumpOrganizationlicensedtheTrumpbrandtoahotelandcondo
projectinFortLauderdalescheduledtoopenin2007,[145]butdelaysin
constructionandtheburstingoftheU.S.realestatebubbleledTrumpto
withdrawhisnamefromthedealin2009,[145]afterwhichtheprojectdefaulted,
investorssued,[632]andTrumpwascaughtintheongoinglawsuitsbecausehe
hadparticipatedinadvertising.[145][633]
Trumppersonallyguaranteed$40milliontosecurea$640millionloanfor
TrumpInternationalHotelandTowerinChicago.WhenDeutscheBanktriedto
collectit,Trumpsuedthebankforharmingtheprojectandhisreputation,[634]
andthebankthenagreedtoextendtheloantermbyfiveyears.[635]
2010s
In2015,Trump'sclaimthattheScottishGovernmentimproperlyapproveda
windfarmprojectnearhisgolfcourseandplannedhotelwasrejectedbythe
SupremeCourtoftheUnitedKingdom,followingalengthylegalbattle.[636]

TrumpInternationalHotel
andTowerinChicago

InJuly2015,TrumpsuedtheformerMissPennsylvania,SheenaMonnin,aftersheallegedthattheMissUSA
2012pageantwasrigged.[637]Afederaljudgeupheldthesettlement,obliginghertopayTrump$5
million.[637][638][639]
TrumpsuedPalmBeachCounty,allegingthatthecountyhadpressuredtheFAAtodirectairtrafficover
Trump'sMaraLagoclubandestate.[640]HealsosuedchefsGeoffreyZakarianandJosAndrsthelattersaid
therewasnomeritinTrump'sallegationthatthechefbackedoutofadealattheOldPostOffice
Pavilion.[641][642][643][644]
TrumpsuedthetownofOssining,NewYork,overthepropertytaxvaluationonhisgolfcoursethere,[645][646]
afterseparatelybeingsuedformodifyingadrainagesystemthatallegedlydamagedalibrary,publicpool,and
parkfacilities.[646]
InconnectionwithaTrumppresidentialcampaigneventatTrumpTowerinNewYorkCity,fivemensued
Trump,whosesecuritystaffallegedlypunchedoneofthem.[647][648]
In2016theDemocratssuedTrumpaccusinghimofvoterintimidationbecausehecalledonhissupportersto
"watch"pollingstationsininnercityneighborhoods.TheOhioDemocraticPartywroteinalegalfiling,
"Trumphassoughttoadvancehiscampaign'sgoalof'votersuppression'byusingtheloudestmicrophoneinthe
nationtoimplorehissupporterstoengageinunlawfulintimidation."[649]Rulingonthiscase,ajudgeinOhio
orderedTrumptorefrainfromvoterintimidation.[650]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

26/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

Awardsandaccolades
TheJewishNationalFund'sTreeofLifeAwardfor
outstandingcontributionstoIsraelUnitedStates
relations.[651](1983)
TheEllisIslandMedalofHonorincelebrationof
"patriotism,tolerance,brotherhoodanddiversity."[652]
(1986)
GoldenRaspberryAwardforWorstSupportingActor
forhisroleinGhostsCan'tDoIt[653](1990)
GamingHallofFame[654](1995)
StarontheHollywoodWalkofFame[655][656](2007)
MuhammadAliEntrepreneurAward[657](2007)
Trumpreceivingthe2015MarineCorpsLaw
Trumpwasawardedanhonorarydoctorateofbusiness
EnforcementFoundation'sannualCommandent's
administrationbyRobertGordonUniversity.[658]The
LeadershipAwardinrecognitionofhis
degreewasrevokedonDecember9,2015,because
contributionstoAmericanmilitaryeducation
Trumphadmadestatementsthattheuniversitydeemed
programs
"whollyincompatible"withits"ethosandvalues."[659]
(2010)
NYRideofFame[660](2010)
Honorarydoctorateofbusiness,LibertyUniversity[661][662](2012)
WWEHallofFame[663](2013)
TheAlgemeinerLibertyAwardforcontributionstoIsraelUnited
Statesrelations.[664](2015)
NewJerseyBoxingHallofFame[665](2015)
MarineCorpsLawEnforcementFoundationCommandant's
LeadershipAward[666](2015)
KeytotheCityofDoral,Florida[667][668](2015)
Trump'sstarontheHollywood
TIME100,annuallistofthemostinfluentialpeoplebyTIME
[669]
WalkofFame
magazine.
(2016)

Seealso
BibliographyofDonaldTrump
ListofrichestAmericanpoliticians

Notes
1.HisexternalentrepreneurialandinvestmentventuresincludeTrumpFinancial(amortgagefirm),TrumpSalesand
Leasing(residentialsales),TrumpInternationalRealty(aresidentialandcommercialrealestatebrokeragefirm),The
TrumpEntrepreneurInitiative(aforprofitbusinesseducationcompany,formerlycalledtheTrumpUniversity),
TrumpRestaurants(locatedinTrumpTowerandconsistingofTrumpBuffet,TrumpCatering,TrumpIceCream
Parlor,andTrumpBar),GoTrump(anonlinetravelsearchengine[147][148][149]),SelectByTrump(alineofcoffee
drinks),[150]TrumpDrinks(anenergydrinkfortheIsraeliandPalestinianmarkets)[151][152][153][154]DonaldJ.
TrumpSignatureCollection(alineofmenswear,men'saccessories,andwatches),DonaldTrumpTheFragrance
(2004),SUCCESSbyDonaldTrump(asecondfragrancelaunchedbyTheTrumpOrganizationandtheFiveStar
FragranceCompanyreleasedinMarch2012),TrumpIcebottledwater,theformerTrumpMagazine,[155]Trump
Golf,TrumpChocolate,TrumpHome(homefurnishings),[156]TrumpProductions(atelevisionproduction
company),TrumpInstitute,Trump:TheGame(1989boardgamewitha2005rereleaseversiontiedtoThe
Apprentice),[148]DonaldTrump'sRealEstateTycoon(abusinesssimulationgame),TrumpBooks,TrumpModel
Management,TrumpShuttle,TrumpMortgage,TrumpNetwork(amultilevelvitamin,cosmetic,andurinalysis
marketingcompany),[157][158]TrumpVodka,[156][159][160]TrumpSteakhouse[147][161]andTrumpSteaks.[148]In
addition,Trumpreportedlyreceived$1.5millionforeachonehourpresentationhedidforTheLearningAnnex.[162]
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

27/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

TrumpalsoendorsedACNInc.,amultilevelmarketingtelecommunicationscompany.HehasspokenatACN
InternationalTrainingEventsatwhichhepraisedthecompany'sfounders,businessmodelandvideophone.[163]He
earnedatotal$1.35millionforthreespeechesgivenforthecompany,amountingto$450,000perspeech.[164]
2.TheMarbleCollegiateChurchisapartoftheReformedChurchinAmerica,whichisMainlineReformedandnot
necessarilyPresbyterian.ThoughTrumpisnotamemberofthisparticulardenomination,thecongregationwelcomes
everybody.HewasconfirmedattheFirstPresbyterianChurch,whichbelongstothePresbyterianChurch(USA).
Sincehetravelsalot,TrumphasattendedvariousReformedchurches,regardlessoftheirdenomination.

References
Thissectionisverylong.Youcanclickheretoskipit.
1.Gillin,Joshua(August24,2015)."BushsaysTrumpwasaDemocratlongerthanaRepublican`inthelastdecade' ".
PolitiFact.RetrievedOctober21,2015.
2.Sargent,Hilary(January22,2014)."TheManResponsibleforDonaldTrump'sNeverEndingPresidential
Campaign".Boston.com."ANewHampshireRepublicanactivistnamedMikeDunbardreameduptheideaofa
DonaldTrumppresidency[in]earlysummerof1987...DunbarlaunchedaDraftTrumpcampaign...Storiesabouta
possibleTrumppresidencyraninnewspapersacrossthecountry...(TrumpwasregisteredasaDemocratatthe
time...)"
3."#156DonaldTrump".
4."#156DonaldTrump".Forbes.
5."DonaldJ.TrumpStatementOnPreventingMuslimImmigration"(PressRelease).donaldjtrump.com.December7,
2015.
6.JamaicaHospital(June14,1946)."CertificateofBirth:DonaldJohnTrump"(PDF).FoxNewsChannel.Archived
(PDF)fromtheoriginalonApril9,2011.RetrievedMay31,2016.
7.Horowitz,Jason(January2,2016)."ForDonaldTrump,LessonsFromaBrother'sSuffering".TheNewYorkTimes.
RetrievedJuly24,2016.
8.Blair,Gwenda(August24,2015)."TheManWhoMadeTrumpWhoHeIs".Politico.RetrievedJuly24,2016.
9."MaryMacLeodTrumpPhilanthropist,88".TheNewYorkTimes(Obituary).August9,2000.RetrievedMay12,
2016.
10.Pilon,Mary(June24,2016)."DonaldTrump'sImmigrantMother".TheNewYorker.
11.McGrane,Sally(April29,2016)."TheAncestralGermanHomeoftheTrumps".TheNewYorker.
12.Davidson,Amy(April8,2016)."DonaldTrump'sNuclearUncle".TheNewYorker.RetrievedJuly24,2016.
13."DonaldTrump'sgrandfatherranCanadianbrothelduringgoldrush".CBCNews.September19,2015.Retrieved
December10,2015.
14.Blair,Gwenda(2001).TheTrumps:ThreeGenerationsofBuildersandaPresidentialCandidate(1sted.).Simon&
Schuster.pp.2829andp.453.ISBN9780743210799.
15.Blair,Gwenda(2001).TheTrumps:ThreeGenerationsThatBuiltanEmpire.NewYork:Simon&Schuster.p.26.
ISBN9780743210799.
16.Frates,Chris(August24,2015)."DonaldTrump'sImmigrantWives".CNN.RetrievedSeptember3,2015.
17.Horowitz,Jason(September22,2015)."DonaldTrump'sOldQueensNeighborhoodContrastsWiththeDiverseArea
AroundIt".TheNewYorkTimes.RetrievedJanuary17,2016.
18.Strauss,Valerie(July17,2015)."Yes,DonaldTrumpreallywenttoanIvyLeagueschool".TheWashingtonPost.
RetrievedFebruary27,2016.
19.Bender,Marylin(August7,1983)."TheempireandegoofDonaldTrump".TheNewYorkTimes.RetrievedMay22,
2008.
20.Miller,Michael(January9,2016)."50yearslater,disagreementsoveryoungTrump'smilitaryacademyrecord".The
WashingtonPost.RetrievedApril9,2016.
21.Barbaro,Michael(September8,2015)."DonaldTrumpLikensHisSchoolingtoMilitaryServiceinBook".TheNew
YorkTimes.RetrievedSeptember8,2015.
22.Blair,Gwenda(2005).DonaldTrump:MasterApprentice.SimonandSchuster.pp.16.ISBN9780743275101.
23.Viser,Matt(August28,2015)."Evenincollege,DonaldTrumpwasbrash".TheBostonGlobe.
24.Ehrenfreund,Max(September3,2015)."TherealreasonDonaldTrumpissorich".TheWashingtonPost.Retrieved
January17,2016.
25."TheBestKnownBrandNameinRealEstate".TheWhartonSchool.Spring2007.
26."TwoHundredandTwelfthCommencementfortheConferringofDegrees"(PDF).UniversityofPennsylvania.May
20,1968.Archivedfromtheoriginal(PDF)onJuly19,2016.
27.Montopoli,Brian(April29,2011)."DonaldTrumpavoidedVietnamwithdeferments,recordsshow".CBSNews.
RetrievedJuly17,2015.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

28/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

28.Lee,Kurtis(August4,2016)."HowdefermentsprotectedDonaldTrumpfromservinginVietnam".LosAngeles
Times.ISSN04583035.RetrievedAugust4,2016.
29.Whitlock,Craig(July21,2015)."QuestionslingeraboutTrump'sdraftdefermentsduringVietnamWar".The
WashingtonPost.
30.Goldman,Russell(April29,2011)."DonaldTrump'sOwnSecret:VietnamDraftRecords".ABCNews.Retrieved
August1,2016."Nordothedocumentscategoricallysuggestitwasdefermentsandnotahighdraftnumberthat
ultimatelyallowedhimtoavoidthedraft."
31.Eder,StevePhilipps,Dave(August1,2016)."DonaldTrump'sDraftDeferments:FourforCollege,OneforBad
Feet".TheNewYorkTimes.ISSN03624331.RetrievedAugust2,2016."Becauseofhismedicalexemption,his
lotterynumberwouldhavebeenirrelevant,saidRichardFlahavan,aspokesmanfortheSelectiveServiceSystem,
whohasworkedfortheagencyforthreedecades....Still,Mr.Trump,intheinterviews,saidhebelievedhecouldhave
beensubjecttoanotherphysicalexamtocheckonhisbonespurs,hadhisdraftnumberbeencalled.'Iwouldhavehad
togoeventuallybecausethatwasaminormedical....'ButthepubliclyavailabledraftrecordsofMr.Trumpinclude
theletters'DISQ'nexttohisexamdate,withnonotationindicatingthathewouldbereexamined."
32."FromtheTowertotheWhiteHouse".TheEconomist.February20,2016.RetrievedFebruary29,2016."Mr
Trump'sperformancehasbeenmediocrecomparedwiththestockmarketandpropertyinNewYork."
33.Swanson,Ana(February29,2016)."ThemythandtherealityofDonaldTrump'sbusinessempire".TheWashington
Post.
34."InStepWith:DonaldTrump".Parade.November14,2004.ArchivedfromtheoriginalonOctober14,2010.
35.Trump,DonaldJ.Schwartz,Tony(January1989)[Firstpublished1987].Trump:TheArtoftheDeal.Warner
Books.p.46.ISBN9780446353250."HecalledhiscompanyElizabethTrump&Son..."
36."DonaldTrump'sBondHillconnection".TheEnquirer.August12,2015.
37.Blair,Gwenda(2005).DonaldTrump:MasterApprenticel.Simon&Schuster.p.23.ISBN9780743275101.
38.Kelly,Conor(July27,2015)."MeetDonaldTrump:EverythingYouNeedToKnow(AndProbablyDidn'tKnow)
AboutThe2016RepublicanPresidentialCandidate".ABCNews.
39.Dunlap,David(July30,2015)."1973:MeetDonaldTrump".TheNewYorkTimes.Archivedfromtheoriginalon
July31,2015."TrumpManagement...wasalsotoallowtheleaguetopresentqualifiedapplicantsforeveryfifth
vacancy...Trumphimselfsaidhewassatisfiedthattheagreementdidnot'compeltheTrumpOrganizationtoaccept
personsonwelfareastenantsunlessasqualifiedasanyothertenant.'"
40.Kranish,MichaelO'Harrow,Robert(January23,2016)."Insidethegovernment'sracialbiascaseagainstDonald
Trump'scompany,andhowhefoughtit".TheWashingtonPost."CivilrightsgroupsinthecityviewedtheTrump
companyasjustoneexampleofanationwideproblemofhousingdiscrimination.ButtargetingtheTrumpsprovided
achancetohaveanimpact,saidEleanorHolmesNorton,whowasthenchairwomanofthecity'shumanrights
commission.'Theywerebignames.'"
41.Wooten,SaraMcIntosh(2009).DonaldTrump:FromRealEstatetoRealityTV.pp.3235.ISBN0766028909.
42.Kessler,Glenn(March3,2016)."Trump'sfalseclaimhebuilthisempirewitha'smallloan'fromhisfather".The
WashingtonPost.
43."TheExpandingEmpireofDonaldTrump".TheNewYorkTimes.April8,1984.
44.Flegenheimer,MattHaberman,Maggie(March29,2016)."WiththeNewYorkPresidentialPrimary,theCircusIs
ComingHome".TheNewYorkTimes.RetrievedMarch29,2016.
45."History".TrumpTowerNewYork.n.d.RetrievedMay24,2016.
46.Gray,Christopher(October3,2014)."TheStoreThatSlippedThroughtheCracks".TheNewYorkTimes.Retrieved
August22,2015.
47.Leccese,Michael(July1,1980)."NewYorkCityTrumped:DeveloperSmashesPanels".PreservationNews.
RetrievedAugust22,2015.
48.Baquet,Dean(July13,1990)."TrumpSaysHeDidn'tKnowHeEmployedIllegalAliens".TheNewYorkTimes.
RetrievedAugust23,2015.
49.Daly,Michael(July8,2015)."TrumpTowerWasBuiltonUndocumentedWorkers'Backs".TheDailyBeast.
RetrievedAugust24,2015.
50.Hays,ConstanceL.(April27,1991)."JudgeSaysTrumpTowerBuildersCheatedUniononPensionFunds".The
NewYorkTimes.RetrievedMarch9,2016.
51.Raab,Selwyn(June14,1998)."After15YearsinCourt,Workers'LawsuitAgainstTrumpFacesYetAnother
Delay".TheNewYorkTimes.RetrievedAugust24,2015."Bothsides,however,appealedthefindingsandeachwon
partialvictories.AFederalappealscourtupheldmostofJudgeStewart'sdecisionsbutruledthatTrumpEquitable
hadbeendeniedafullopportunitytorebutthechargethatthefundshadbeendamagedbythelossofcontributionsfor
thePolishworkers.TheappealscourtalsoruledthatJudgeStewartwronglydismissedaclaimbytheplaintiffsthat
theTrumpgroupwasresponsibleforpaymentstothefundsbecauseithadbeentheworkers'actualemployer."
52.Wooten,SaraMcIntosh(2009).DonaldTrump:FromRealEstatetoRealityTV.pp.5758.ISBN0766028909.
53.Swartz,Steve(November11,1985)."Holiday,TrumpdraftingtermstoendrockyallianceoverAtlanticCitycasino".
TheWallStreetJournal.viaProQuest(subscriptionrequired)
54.Wooten,SaraMcIntosh(2009).DonaldTrump:FromRealEstatetoRealityTV.pp.5960.ISBN0766028909.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

29/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

55.Wooten,SaraMcIntosh(2009).DonaldTrump:FromRealEstatetoRealityTV.p.62.ISBN0766028909.
56.Freedlander,David(September29,2015)."A1980sNewYorkCityBattleExplainsDonaldTrump'sCandidacy".
BloombergL.P.Bloomberg.RetrievedOctober23,2016.
57.Wooten,SaraMcIntosh(2009).DonaldTrump:FromRealEstatetoRealityTV.pp.6566.ISBN0766028909.
58.Cuff,Daniel(December18,1988)."SevenAcquisitiveExecutivesWhoMadeBusinessNewsin1988:Donald
TrumpTrumpOrganizationTheArtistoftheDealTurnsSourintoSweet".TheNewYorkTimes.Retrieved
May27,2011.
59.Glynn,Lenny(April8,1990)."Trump'sTajOpenatLast,WithaScaryAppetite".TheNewYorkTimes.
RetrievedAugust14,2016.
60.Parry,Wayne(May20,2016)."NewownerwantstomakeTrump'sTajMahalcasinogreatagain".PBSNewsHour.
AssociatedPress.RetrievedAugust14,2016.
61."TrumpreachesagreementwithbondholdersonTajMahal".UnitedPressInternational.April9,1991.Retrieved
March21,2016.
62.Bingham,Amy(April21,2011)."DonaldTrump'sCompaniesFiledforBankruptcy4Times".ABCNews.
RetrievedFebruary20,2015.
63."TajMahalisoutofBankruptcy".TheNewYorkTimes.October5,1991.RetrievedMay22,2008.
64.Schneider,KarenS.(May19,1997)."TheDonaldDucksOut".People.RetrievedSeptember10,2015.
65.McQuade,Dan(August16,2015)."TheTruthAbouttheRiseandFallofDonaldTrump'sAtlanticCityEmpire".
PhiladelphiaMagazine.RetrievedMarch21,2016.
66.Tully,Shawn(March10,2016)."HowDonaldTrumpMadeMillionsOffHisBiggestBusinessFailure".Fortune.
RetrievedMarch21,2016.
67.Hood,Bryan(June29,2015)."4TimesDonaldTrump'sCompaniesDeclaredBankruptcy".VanityFairNews.
RetrievedJanuary17,2016.
68.HaoLi(April12,2011)."DonaldTrumpQuestionedonHisBankruptcies".InternationalBusinessTimes.Retrieved
February19,2015.
69.Stone,Peter(May5,2011)."DonaldTrump'slawsuitscouldturnoffconservativeswhoembracetortreform".The
CenterforPublicIntegrity.RetrievedMarch14,2016.
70.Kurtz,Howard(April24,2011)."Kurtz:TheTrumpBacklash".Newsweek.RetrievedMarch14,2016.
71.Winter,Tom."TrumpBankruptcyMathDoesn'tAddUp".NBCNews.RetrievedOctober8,2016.
72.O'Connor,Clare(April29,2011)."FourthTime'sACharm:HowDonaldTrumpMadeBankruptcyWorkForHim".
Forbes.RetrievedFebruary19,2015.
73.Hirby,James."HowisDonaldTrumpAbletoFileforBankruptcySoManyTimes?".TheLawDictionary.Retrieved
February19,2015.
74.Wooten,SaraMcIntosh(2009).DonaldTrump:FromRealEstatetoRealityTV.pp.8182.ISBN0766028909.
75.Rozhon,Tracy(June26,1999)."FredC.Trump,PostwarMasterBuilderofHousingforMiddleClass,Diesat93".
TheNewYorkTimes.RetrievedAugust19,2015.
76."TrumpWorldTower".Emporis.RetrievedMay22,2008.
77.Wooten,SaraMcIntosh(2009).DonaldTrump:FromRealEstatetoRealityTV.p.108.ISBN0766028909.
78.Fitch,Stephane(September21,2006)."WhatisTrumpWorth?".Forbes.RetrievedJuly4,2008.
79.Wooten,SaraMcIntosh(2009).DonaldTrump:FromRealEstatetoRealityTV.pp.8687.ISBN0766028909.
80.Hiaasen,Carl(July11,2015)."CarlHiaasen:TherewillneverbeaPresidentTrump".TheMiamiHerald.Retrieved
September1,2015.
81."TurkishpartnercondemnsDonaldTrump'santiMuslimremarks,reviewsties".Reuters.December11,2015.
RetrievedDecember11,2015.
82.Drucker,Jesse(March6,2016)."TrumpTowerFundedbyRichChineseWhoInvestCashforVisas".Bloomberg
Politics.RetrievedMarch7,2016.
83.Romine,Brentley(July14,2015)."DonaldTrumpannounceshewillrunforpresidentin2016".Golfweek.
84."DonaldTrumpPersonalFinancialDisclosureForm2015"(PDF).TheWashingtonPost.
85.Alesci,CristinaFrankel,LaurieSahadi,Jeanne(May19,2016)."ApeekatDonaldTrump'sfinances".CNN.
RetrievedMay20,2016.
86.Lidz,Franz(February22,2008)."LandingInTheRoughWithTrump' ".CondeNastPortfolio.RetrievedMarch14,
2016.
87.Churchill,Carolyn(February16,2010)."FirstlookatTrumpplanfor'world'sbestcourse' ".TheHerald.Glasgow.
ArchivedfromtheoriginalonMay21,2013.RetrievedJune18,2012.
88.Tuffrey,Laurie."TrumpopenscontroversialScottishgolfcourse".RetrievedAugust9,2015.
89.Ebert,Roger(October17,2012)."You'veBeenTrumped".Rogerebert.com.RetrievedJanuary19,2016.
90.Sweeney,John(July7,2013)."Donaldtrumpfailstodeliverongolfresortjobspledge".TheIndependent.Retrieved
January19,2016.
91.Enoch,Nick(June5,2015)."DonaldTrumploseslatestlegalchallengeagainstanoffshorewindfarmprojectnear
hisScottishgolfresort".DailyMail.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

30/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

92.Bowcott,OwenAddley,Esther(December16,2015)."AlexSalmondbrandsTrump'loser'afterjudgesreject
windfarmappeal|Environment".TheGuardian.RetrievedDecember16,2015.
93."USpropertytycoonDonaldTrumpbuysTurnberryresort".BBCNews.April29,2014.RetrievedApril29,2014.
94.Carter,Iain(April29,2014)."Turnberry:DonaldTrumpdealshouldnotaffectOpenstatus".BBCNews.Retrieved
April29,2014.
95.Shackelford,Geoff(July20,2016)."DonaldTrump'sTurnberry:thePresidentialNomineeDeliversWithhis
RenovatedAyrshireCourse".GolfDigest.
96.Terris,Ben(October19,2015)."AndthentherewasthetimeDonaldTrumpboughtafootballteam".The
WashingtonPost.RetrievedJanuary17,2016.
97.Markazi,Arash(July14,2015)."5thingstoknowaboutDonaldTrump'sforayintodoomedUSFL".ESPN.
98.http://www.latimes.com/sports/nfl/laspdonaldtrumpnflconcussions20161013snapstory.html
99.Anderson,Dave(July12,1988)."SportsofTheTimesTrump:PromoterOrAdviser?".TheNewYorkTimes.
RetrievedFebruary11,2011.
100."TrumpGetsTysonFight".TheNewYorkTimes.February25,1988.RetrievedFebruary11,2011.
101.http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2016/04/donaldtrump2016tourdetrumpbikerace213801
102.Litsky,Frank(May15,1989)."DisputeMarsEndoftheTourdeTrump".NewYorkTimes.RetrievedApril12,
2016.
103."TrumpSellsMissUniverseOrganizationtoWMEIMGTalentAgency".TheNewYorkTimes.September15,2015.
RetrievedJanuary9,2016.
104."DonaldTrumpjustsoldofftheentireMissUniverseOrganization".BusinessInsider.September14,2015.
RetrievedMay6,2016.
105.Rutenberg,Jim(June22,2002)."ThreeBeautyPageantsLeavingCBSforNBC".TheNewYorkTimes.Retrieved
August14,2016.
106.deMoraes,Lisa(June22,2002)."ThereSheGoes:PageantsMovetoNBC".TheWashingtonPost.Retrieved
August14,2016.
107."BeautyQueenTaraConner'sRevelations".HarpoProductions.TheOprahWinfreyShow.April28,2010.Retrieved
October22,2016.
108.Stack,Liam(September28,2016)."DonaldTrumpKeepsInsultingRosieO'Donnell.Here'sHowTheirFeud
Started.".ArthurOchsSulzbergerJr.NewYorkTimes.RetrievedOctober22,2016.
109.Ross,BarbaraMcShane,Larry(July5,2013)."MissUSAcontestantorderedtopay$5milliontoDonaldTrumpfor
callingpageant'rigged' ".NewYorkDailyNews.
110.Tadena,Natalie(July2,2015)."DonaldTrump'sMissUSAPageantLandsonReelzCableChannel".TheWallStreet
Journal.
111.WashingtonPostStaff(June16,2015)."Fulltext:DonaldTrumpannouncesapresidentialbid".TheWashington
Post.
112.Littleton,Cynthia(June30,2015)."DonaldTrumpFiles$500MillionLawsuitAgainstUnivisionOverMissUSA
Contract".Variety.
113.Campbell,Colin(June30,2015)."DonaldTrumpsayshe'sfileda$500millionlawsuitagainsttheUS'largest
SpanishlanguageTVnetwork".BusinessInsider.
114.Corriston,Michele(September11,2015)."DonaldTrumpSaysHeBoughtOutNBC,NowOwnsAllofMiss
UniverseOrganization".People.RetrievedSeptember11,2015.
115.Koblin,John."DonaldTrumpSaysHeHasBoughtNBC'sMissUniverseStake".TheNewYorkTimes.Retrieved
September11,2015.
116.Yu,Roger(February11,2016)."Trump,Univisionsettlebeautypageantlawsuit".USAToday.
117.Gitell,Seth(March8,2016)."ISurvivedTrumpUniversity".Politico.RetrievedMarch18,2016.
118.Cohan,WilliamD."BigHaironCampus:DidDonaldTrumpDefraudThousandsofRealEstateStudents?".Vanity
Fair.RetrievedMarch6,2016.
119.Barbaro,Michael(May19,2011)."NewYorkAttorneyGeneralIsInvestigatingTrump'sForProfitSchool".The
NewYorkTimes.
120.Halperin,David(March3,2016)."NYCourtRefusestoDismissTrumpUniversityCase,DescribesFraud
Allegations".TheHuffingtonPost.
121.Freifeld,Karen(October16,2014)."NewYorkjudgefindsDonaldTrumpliableforunlicensedschool".Reuters.
RetrievedFebruary20,2015.
122.Lee,MichelleYeHee(February27,2016)."DonaldTrump'smisleadingclaimthathe's'wonmostof'lawsuitsover
TrumpUniversity".TheWashingtonPost.RetrievedFebruary27,2016.
123.McCoy,Kevin(August26,2013)."Trumpfacestwofrontlegalfightover'university' ".USAToday.
124."TrialdatesetinTrumpUniversitylawsuit".CBSNews.May6,2016.RetrievedMay28,2016.
125.Liptak,Adam(June3,2016)."DonaldTrumpCouldThreatenU.S.RuleofLaw,ScholarsSay".TheNewYork
Times."Mr.Trumpaccusedthejudgeofbias,falselysaidhewasMexicanandseemedtoissueathreat"
126.Rappeport,Alan(June3,2016)."ThatJudgeAttackedbyDonaldTrump?He'sFacedaLotWorse".TheNewYork
Times.RetrievedJune4,2016.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

31/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

127.Ford,Matt(June3,2016)."WhyIsDonaldTrumpSoAngryatJudgeGonzaloCuriel?".TheAtlantic.Retrieved
June3,2016.
128.Finnegan,Michael(May27,2016)."TrumptrashesjudgeoverseeingTrumpUniversityfraudcase,saysit'sfinethat
he'sMexican".LosAngelesTimes.RetrievedMay29,2016.
129.Kendall,Brent(June3,2016)."TrumpSaysJudge'sMexicanHeritagePresents'AbsoluteConflict' ".TheWallStreet
Journal."DonaldTrumponThursdayescalatedhisattacksonthefederaljudgepresidingovercivilfraudlawsuits
againstTrumpUniversity,amidcriticismfromlegalobserverswhosaythepresumptiveGOPpresidentialnominee's
commentsareanunusualaffrontonanindependentjudiciary"
130.DelReal,JoseZezima,Katie(June1,2016)."Trump'spersonal,raciallytingedattacksonfederaljudgealarmlegal
experts".TheWashingtonPost."DonaldTrump'shighlypersonal,raciallytingedattacksonafederaljudge
overseeingapairoflawsuitsagainsthimhavesetoffawaveofalarmamonglegalexperts,whoworrythatthe
Republicanpresidentialcandidate'svendettasignalsaremarkabledisregardforjudicialindependence"
131.Walshe,ShushannahKeneally,Meghan(June3,2016)."LegalExpertsWorryAfterTrumpAttacksJudgefor
AllegedBias,Judge'sBrotherCallsTrumpa'Blowhard' ".ABCNews.
132.Jackson,David(June7,2016)."Trumpsaysjudgecomments'misconstrued'amidGOPuprising".USAToday.
RetrievedJune8,2016."Idonotintendtocommentonthismatteranyfurther"
133.[fulltext]Trump,DonaldJ.(June7,2016)."DonaldTrump'sStatementonTrumpUniversity".TheNewYorkTimes.
134.ProPublica,MikeTigas,SisiWei,."NonprofitExplorerProPublica".RetrievedSeptember9,2016.
135."DonaldJTrumpFoundationIncGuideStarProfile".guidestar.org.RetrievedSeptember9,2016.
136.Fahrenthold,DavidA.(September1,2016)."TrumppaysIRSapenaltyforhisfoundationviolatingruleswithgiftto
aidFloridaattorneygeneral".TheWashingtonPost.
137.Fahrenthold,DavidA.Helderman,RosalindS.(April10,2016)."MissingfromTrump'slistofcharitablegiving:
Hisownpersonalcash".TheWashingtonPost.
138.Solnik,Claude."TakingapeekatTrump's(foundation)taxreturns"(http://libn.com/2016/09/15/takingapeekattru
mpsfoundationtaxreturns/),LongIslandBusinessNews(September15,2016):"charitablegivingtoconservative
politicalgroups,healthcareandsportsrelatedcharities".
139.Fahrenthold,DavidA.Rindler,Danielle(August18,2016)."SearchingforevidenceofTrump'spersonalgiving".
TheWashingtonPost.
140.Qiu,Linda(August28,2016).Yes,DonaldTrumpdonated$100,000totheClintonFoundation.(http://www.politifac
t.com/punditfact/statements/2016/aug/28/davidplouffe/yesdonaldtrumpdonated100000clintonfoundation/)
PolitiFact.com.RetrievedSeptember16,2016.
141.Cillizza,ChrisandFahrenthold,David."Meetthereporterwho'sgivingDonaldTrumpfits"(https://www.washington
post.com/amphtml/news/thefix/wp/2016/09/15/howthereporterbehindthetrumpfoundationstoriesdoesit/),The
WashingtonPost(September15,2016).
142."NYattorneygeneralisinvestigatingTrumpFoundationpractices".CNN.September14,2016.Retrieved
September25,2016.
143."TrumpFoundationFallsUnderInvestigationByNewYorkAttorneyGeneral".Fortune.September14,2016.
RetrievedSeptember27,2016.
144.Farenthold,David."TrumpFoundationorderedtostopfundraisingbyN.Y.attorneygeneralsoffice"(https://www.wa
shingtonpost.com/politics/trumpfoundationorderedtostopfundraisingbynyattorneygeneralsoffice/2016/10/03/1
d4d295a898711e6bff0d53f592f176e),TheWashingtonPost(October3,2016).
145.Sallah,Michael(March3,2016)."FromtheHeraldarchives:DonaldTrump'stoweroftrouble".TheMiamiHerald.
RetrievedMarch11,2016.
146.Johnson,M.Alex(July13,2015)." 'TheAnswerIsNo':BillCosby'sHollywoodWalkofFameStarIsStaying
Put".NBCNews.RetrievedAugust1,2015.
147.Holodny,Elena(October10,2014)."12DonaldTrumpbusinessesthatnolongerexist".YahooFinance.Retrieved
January17,2016.Seealsoarchivedwebsite(http://web.archive.org/web/*/http://www.gotrump.com)ofthisbusiness.
148.Koffler,Jacob(August7,2015)."DonaldTrump's16BiggestBusinessFailuresandSuccesses".Time.Retrieved
August29,2015.
149."5screwupsthattellusdonaldtrumpshouldnotteachbusinessdegreeclasses".
150."SelectByTrump".RetrievedJanuary17,2016.
151.Abelson,Max(September3,2015)."HowTrumpInventedTrump".BloombergBusiness.RetrievedJanuary17,
2016.
152.Levine,Matt(September3,2015)."ShouldTrumpHaveIndexed?".BloombergView.RetrievedJanuary17,2016.
153.Moore,Heidi(July22,2015)."TheweirdestwaysDonaldTrumpmakeshismoney".Mashable.Retrieved
January17,2016.
154."6waysTrumpmakeshismoney".Politico.July22,2015.RetrievedJanuary17,2016.
155.Purcell,Carey(August14,2016)."ISurvived'Trump'MagazineBarely".Politico.RetrievedAugust15,2016.
156."You'veBeenTrumpedMovieReview2011".About.com.May3,2011.RetrievedDecember12,2011.
157.Pressler,Jessica(January11,2011)." 'IfICan'tTrustDonaldTrump,WhoCanITrust?' ".NewYork.Retrieved
March5,2016.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

32/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

158.Tuttle,Ian(March8,2016)."AddAnotherYuugeFailuretoTrump'sPile:TheTrumpNetwork".NationalReview.
RetrievedMarch8,2016.
159.Tuttle,Brad(June16,2015)."8EpicBusinessFailureswithDonaldTrump'sNameonThem".Time.Retrieved
January17,2016.
160.Snyder,Benjamin(July6,2015)."DonaldTrump'sbusinessfumbles".Fortune.RetrievedJanuary17,2016.
161."TrumpSteakhousehitwith51violationsafterofficialsfindmontholdcaviar,expiredyogurt".DailyNews.New
York.November17,2012.RetrievedJanuary17,2016.
162."That'srich!TheDonaldcashadvicecosts1.5m".DailyNews.NewYork.October23,2005.Archivedfromthe
originalonOctober29,2008.RetrievedJuly4,2008.
163."DonaldJ.TrumponACN'sHomeBasedBusiness".ArchivedfromtheoriginalonAugust2,2012.Retrieved
July20,2012.
164.Conlin,Michelle(July18,2015)."PresidentialhopefulTrumprivalsClintoninspeechfees".Reuters.Retrieved
January17,2016.
165.Blankfeld,Keren."DonaldTrumponHisBrandValue:Forbes'NumbersAreRidiculous".Forbes.
166.Frangos,Alex(May18,2009)."TrumponTrump:TestimonyOffersGlimpseofHowHeValuesHisEmpire".The
WallStreetJournal.RetrievedApril14,2011.
167.Carlyle,Erin(June16,2015)."TrumpExaggeratingHisNetWorth(By100%)InPresidentialBid".Forbes.
RetrievedJanuary27,2016.
168.Lee,MJ(July1,2015)."FirstonCNN:Macy'sdumpsDonaldTrump".CNN.RetrievedJanuary27,2016.
169."SertaMattressMakerLatesttoDumpTrump".NBCNews.July2,2015.RetrievedJanuary27,2016.
170.Lewandowski,CoreyR.(July15,2015)."DonaldJ.TrumpFilesPersonalFinancialDisclosureStatementWith
FederalElectionCommission"(PDF).RetrievedMarch8,2016.
171."DonaldTrump'sTaxObligation".TheWallStreetJournal.February19,2016.RetrievedFebruary22,2016.
172."DonaldTrumpTaxRecordsShowHeCouldHaveAvoidedTaxesforNearlyTwoDecades,TheTimesFound".The
NewYorkTimes.October2,2016.
173.Eder,SteveTwohey,Megan(October10,2016)."DonaldTrumpAcknowledgesNotPayingFederalIncomeTaxes
forYears".TheNewYorkTimes.
174.Salisbury,Ian(November1,2016)."DidTrumpReallyLose$1BillioninOneYear?".TIME.NewYork.Retrieved
November1,2016."Trump,orhistaxadvisers,hadsomehowdevisedawaytoclaimlargebusinesslossestiedto
debtsthathadbeenforgivenwithoutreportingoffsettingincomethatwouldhavereducedhisstaggeringloss...
documentsthatappeartoshowduringtheearly1990sTrumpindeedusedastrategyofswappingpartnershipinterests
tohiscreditorsinexchangeforhavinghisbusinessesdebtsforgiven,eliminatingtheneedforhimtoreportthisrelief
asincome.Therearestillplentyofunknowns."
175."DonaldTrumpUsedLegallyDubiousMethodtoAvoidPayingTaxes".TheTimes.November1,2016.Retrieved
November1,2016.
176.Campbell,Colin(January30,2016)."DonaldTrump'splanelandinginIowaBusinessInsider".BusinessInsider.
RetrievedApril22,2016.
177." 'TrumpForceOne'theplanethatcarriesDonaldTrumpfromcampaignstoptocampaignstopKTAR.com".
KTAR.com.August2,2015.RetrievedApril22,2016.
178.Melby,Caleb(July19,2016)."TrumpIsRicherinPropertyandDeeperinDebtinNewValuation".Bloomberg
Politics."IntheyearthatDonaldTrumpwastransformed...intothepresumptiveRepublicannominee,thevalueof
hisgolfcoursesandhisnamesakeManhattantowersoared...Hisnetworthroseto$3billionontheBloomberg
BillionairesIndex..."
179."Forbes400:DonaldTrump".Forbes.RetrievedOctober21,2016.
180.Cassidy,John(May17,2016)."JustHowRichIsDonaldTrump?".TheNewYorker."[He]hasstatedthatheis
worthmorethantenbilliondollars....Forbesconcluded[in2015]thatTrumpwasworthabout$4.5billion,while
Bloombergestimated$2.9billion.TheForbesfigurewashighenoughtoputTrumpinatieatNo.324onthe
magazine'sglobalrankingofbillionaires...ThegapbetweenForbes's$4.5billionfigureandBloomberg's$2.9billion
figureislargelyattributabletodifferencesinhowthetwopublicationsappraisedindividualproperties."
181."TheWorld'sBillionaires:DonaldTrump".Forbes.RetrievedOctober21,2016.
182.Overby,PeterMontanaro,Domenico(June17,2015)."TheProblemWithDonaldTrump'sOnePageSummaryon
HisWealth".NPR.RetrievedAugust17,2015.
183.Costa,RobertGold,Matea(June15,2015)."DonaldTrumpwilldeclare$9billioninassetsashereveals2016
plans".TheWashingtonPost.
184.Carlyle,Erin(June16,2015)."TrumpExaggeratingHisNetWorth(By100%)InPresidentialBid".Forbes.
RetrievedAugust17,2015.
185.Udland,Myles(June16,2015)."DonaldTrump'sselfdescribednetworthis$8.7billionhere'sthebreakdown".
BusinessInsider.
186."DonaldTrumpwealthdetailsreleasedbyfederalregulators".YahooNews.ArchivedfromtheoriginalonAugust1,
2015.RetrievedAugust9,2015.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

33/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

187.Mishak,MichaelJ.(April30,2011)."Trump'stowerasorespotontheStrip".LosAngelesTimes.Retrieved
November11,2016.
188.O'Brien,TimothyL.(October23,2005)."What'sHeReallyWorth?".TheNewYorkTimes.RetrievedFebruary25,
2016.
189.Geraghty,Jim(February25,2016)."WhatifTrumpDoesn'tHaveBillions?".NationalReview.Retrieved
February25,2016.
190.Massie,Christopher(November5,2015)."TrumpInDeposition:$9.6MillionIBorrowedFromDad'sEstateA
"SmallAmount" ".Buzzfeed.RetrievedFebruary29,2016.
191.Olen,Helaine(October26,2015)."DonaldTrump,Citing$1MillionLoanHisDadGaveHimtoStartOut:'ItHas
NotBeenEasy' ".Slate.RetrievedFebruary29,2016.
192.Carlyle,Erin(July15,2015)."AsTrumpFilesFECDisclosure,HeRaisesClaimedNetWorthTo$10Billion
ForbesDisagrees".Forbes.RetrievedAugust17,2015.
193.Barbaro,Michael(October17,2016)."TheNewProtestersDefyingDonaldTrump:HisCustomers".TheNewYork
Times.ISSN03624331.RetrievedOctober18,2016.
194.WolffMann,Ethan(May26,2016)."HotelBookingsatDonaldTrump'sHotelsAreWayDown".MoneyMagazine.
RetrievedOctober18,2016.
195."TrumphotelsandcasinotraffichastakenahugehitsinceTrumpstartedrunningforpresident".CNBC.August4,
2016.RetrievedOctober18,2016.
196.Bruell,Alexandra(October11,2016)."IsTrumpTeflon?MostSayNoasBrandPerceptionTakesaHit".WallStreet
Journal.ISSN00999660.RetrievedOctober12,2016.
197.Castillo,Michelle(October10,2016)."TapereleasefurthererodesTrumpbrand:Survey".CNBC.Retrieved
October12,2016.
198."CastingNotes:DonaldTrumpCameosinWallStreet2JeremyPivenandKateWalshgotoCanada".
Slashfilm.com.November30,2009.RetrievedApril21,2011.
199.Handel,Jonathan(July22,2015)."HowDidDonaldTrumpGeta$110KSAGPension?".TheHollywoodReporter.
RetrievedJanuary17,2016.
200.Palmeri,Christopher(July22,2015)."InsideDonaldTrump's$110,000HollywoodPensionDisclosure".Bloomberg.
RetrievedJanuary17,2016.
201.Payment,Simone(2007).DonaldTrump:ProfileofaRealEstateTycoon.RosenPublishing.p.85.ISBN9781
404219090.RetrievedNovember19,2013.
202.Silverman,StephenM.(April29,2004)."TheDonaldtoGetNewWife,RadioShow".People.Retrieved
November19,2013.
203."DonaldTrumpBiography".trump.com.ArchivedfromtheoriginalonMarch17,2009.RetrievedMarch17,2009.
204.Koffler,Jacob(August7,2015)."DonaldTrump's16BiggestBusinessFailuresandSuccesses".Time."The
ApprenticepremieredonNBCin2004togreatratings.Trumpservedasnotonlythehostbutalsotheexecutive
producer,rakingin$1millionperepisode.Theshowwassuccessfulenoughthatitinspiredaspinoff,TheCelebrity
Apprentice."
205.Byers,Dylan(July15,2015)."Trumpclaims$213Mpayoutfor'Apprentice' ".Politico.com.RetrievedJuly15,
2015.
206.Dent,Millie(July10,2015)."15FactsYouDidn'tKnowAboutDonaldTrump".TheFiscalTimes.Retrieved
August1,2015.
207.Dobuzinskis,AlexYounis,Omar(October26,2016)."DonaldTrump'sHollywoodWalkofFamestarvandalizedon
video".Reuters.RetrievedOctober26,2016.
208.Swift,Andy(February16,2015)."TheApprenticeRenewedforSeason15".RetrievedJuly28,2015.
209.Feeley,Paul(February27,2015)."Trumpwon'trenew'Apprentice'sothathemightfocusonapresidentialrun".
RetrievedJuly28,2015.
210.Byers,Dylan(March18,2015)."NBCstillplanningfor'Apprentice,'despiteDonaldTrump'spresidentialclaims".
RetrievedJuly28,2015.
211.Siegel,Jacob(June29,2015)."NBCJustFiredPresidentialHopefulDonaldTrumpfrom'TheApprentice' ".
RetrievedJuly28,2015.
212.Ellis,BlakeHicken,Melanie(March10,2016)."Trump'smodelingagencybrokeimmigrationlaws,attorneyssay".
CNN.RetrievedMarch17,2016.
213.Rosenberg,MicaMcNeill,RyanTwohey,MeganConlin,Michelle(August1,2015)."ExclusiveDonaldTrump's
companieshavesoughtvisastoimportatleast1,100workers".ReutersUK.RetrievedMarch17,2016.
214.Calder,Rich(October18,2014)."TrumpagencystiffedJamaicanmodeloutof$200K:suit".NewYorkPost.
RetrievedMarch17,2016.
215.Cam,Deniz(March23,2016)."TrumpModelManagementLawsuitDismissedByFederalJudge".Forbes.
RetrievedMay24,2016.
216."DonaldTrumpbio".WWE.RetrievedMarch14,2015.
217.Powell,John."WrestleManiaXXbombs".SLAM!Wrestling.RetrievedMarch14,2015.
218.Murphy,Ryan."DonaldTrumpannouncedforWWEHallofFame".WWE.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

34/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

219.Fahrenthold,DavidA.(August17,2015)."20timesDonaldTrumphaschangedhismindsinceJune".The
WashingtonPost.
220.Hensch,Mark(July12,2015)." 'MeetthePress'tracksTrump'sflipflops".TheHill.
221.Noah,Timothy(July26,2015)."WilltherealDonaldTrumppleasestandup?".Politico.
222.Cannon,Carl(July21,2015)."WhyDonaldTrumpDidn'tRunasaDemocrat".RealClearPolitics.
223.Martosko,David(May12,2015)."Exclusive:Trumptrademarkedslogan'MakeAmericaGreatAgain'justdaysafter
the2012electionandsaysTedCruzhasagreednottouseitagainafterScottWalkerboomsittwiceinspeech".Daily
Mail.
224."Tycoonwithtoweringambition"(PDF).fultonhistory.com.February8,1988.RetrievedAugust11,2016.
225.Trump,DonaldJ.(February19,2000)."WhatISawattheRevolution".TheNewYorkTimes.
226."TrumpendorsesMcCain".CNN.September18,2008.RetrievedJuly12,2016.
227.Lee,MJMoody,Chris(September3,2015)."DonaldTrumpsignsRNCloyaltypledge".CNN.RetrievedJuly12,
2016.
228."DonaldTrump(NYRIDRNPR)HasTwiceDumpedTheGOP,ButRemainsARepublicanAtPressTime".The
SmokingGun.RetrievedJuly12,2016.
229.Newkirk,Zachary(February17,2011)."DonaldTrump'sDonationstoDemocrats,ClubforGrowth'sBusyDayand
MoreinCapitalEyeOpener".CenterforResponsivePolitics,OpenSecrets.org.
230.Cabaniss,Will(July9,2015)."DonaldTrump'scampaigncontributionstoDemocratsandRepublicans".
PolitiFact.com.
231."TrumpendorsesRomney,citestoughChinapositionandelectability".FoxNews.February2,2012.
232.Lerner,AdamB.(June17,2015)."DonaldTrumpnameshisfavoriteprez:BillClinton".Politico.
233."MorningJoe:Trumpweighsinonbestpresident".MSNBC.June17,2015.
234.O'Harrow,Jr.,Robert(October16,2015)."TrumpswaminmobinfestedwatersinearlyyearsasanNYC
developer".TheWashingtonPost.RetrievedOctober16,2015.
235.Goldstock,Ronald(January1,1991)."CorruptionandRacketeeringintheNewYorkCityConstructionIndustry:
FinalReporttoGovernorMarioM.Cuomo".NewYorkStateOrganizedCrimeTaskForce:120.ISBN97808147
30348.RetrievedMarch9,2016.
236."RestoringthePublicTrust:ABlueprintforGovernmentIntegrity".NewYorkStateCommissiononGovernment
Integrity.18(2Article3):177179.1990.RetrievedMarch9,2016.
237.Oreskes,Michael(September2,1987)."TrumpGivesaVagueHintofCandidacy".TheNewYorkTimes.Retrieved
February17,2016.
238.Kurtz,Howard(September2,1987)."BetweentheLinesofaMillionaire'sAd".TheWashingtonPost.Retrieved
February17,2016.
239.Smith,Kyle(May30,2015)."StoppretendingDonaldTrumpisnotrunningforpresident".NewYorkPost.
RetrievedJune7,2015.
240.Travis,Shannon(May17,2011)."Washeeverserious?HowTrumpstrungthecountryalong,again".CNN.
RetrievedJune7,2015.
241.Schultz,Marisa(November9,2015)."WasDonaldTrumpalmostontheGeorgeH.W.Bushticket?".NewYorkPost.
RetrievedDecember28,2015.
242.Winger,Richard(December25,2011)."DonaldTrumpRanForPresidentin2000inSeveralReformParty
PresidentialPrimaries".BallotAccessNews.
243.Johnson,Glen."DonaldTrumpeyeingarunattheWhiteHouse".StandardSpeaker.Hazelton,Pennsylvania.
244."BallotAccessNewsDonaldTrumpRanForPresidentin2000inSeveralReformPartyPresidentialPrimaries".
ballotaccess.org.RetrievedJuly1,2015.
245."CASecretaryofStatePrimary2000StatewideTotals".ca.gov.RetrievedJuly1,2015.
246.Madison,Lucy(October4,2010)."DonaldTrumpforPresidentin2012?".CBSNews.RetrievedOctober4,2010.
247.Zwick,Jesse(October4,2010)."DonaldTrumpforPresident?".TheWashingtonIndependent.RetrievedOctober4,
2010.
248.Chang,RichardS.(February19,2009)."Trump:G.M.ShouldFileforBankruptcy".TheNewYorkTimes.
249.Haberman,Maggie(March7,2011)."TrumpTopsRomney,Pawlenty".WNBCTV.NewYork.RetrievedMarch7,
2011.
250.Schoen,Douglas(February21,2011)."ObamaHits50PercentApprovalRating,AccordingtoNewNewsweek/Daily
BeastPoll".Newsweek/DailyBeastCompanyLLC.RetrievedApril14,2011.
251.Shahid,Aliyah(April15,2011)."DonaldTrumptakesleadinGOPprimarypoll,beatsRomney,Huckabee,Palin,
Gingrich,Bachmann,Paul".NewYorkDailyNews.RetrievedApril17,2011.
252."PublicPolicyPolling"(PDF).RetrievedSeptember25,2011.
253.CNNPoliticalUnit(May16,2011)."Trumpnotrunningforpresident".CNN.RetrievedMay16,2011.
254."DonaldTrumpsayshemightrunforpresident.Threereasonshewon't.".TheChristianScienceMonitor.February
10,2011.RetrievedApril21,2011.
255.Linkins,Jason(February11,2011)."DonaldTrumpBringsHis'PretendToRunForPresident'ActToCPAC".The
HuffingtonPost.RetrievedApril21,2011.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

35/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

256.Collinson,StephenDiamond,Jeremy(September16,2016)."Trumpfinallyadmitsit:'PresidentBarackObamawas
bornintheUnitedStates' ".CNN.
257.Abramson,Alana(September16,2016)."HowDonaldTrumpPerpetuatedthe'Birther'MovementforYears".ABC
News.
258.Parker,AshleyEder,Steve(July2,2016)."InsidetheSixWeeksDonaldTrumpWasaNonstop'Birther' ".TheNew
YorkTimes.
259.Haberman,MaggieRappeport,Alan(September16,2016)."TrumpDropsFalse'Birther'Theory,butFloatsaNew
One:ClintonStartedIt".TheNewYorkTimes.
260.Kiely,Eugene(September19,2016)."TrumpSurrogatesSpin'Birther'Narrative".FactCheck.org.
261.Shear,MichaelD.(April27,2011)."WithDocument,ObamaSeekstoEnd'Birther'Issue".TheNewYorkTimes.
RetrievedAugust27,2016.
262."TrumpclaimsObamabirthcertificate'missing' ".CNN.April25,2011.RetrievedMay14,2011.
263.Farley,Robert(April7,2011)."DonaldTrumpSaysPresidentObama'sgrandmothercaughtontapesayingshe
witnessedhisbirthinKenya".PolitiFact.com.RetrievedAugust25,2016.
264."AffidavitofReverendKweliShuhubia"(PDF).FactCheck.org.UnitedStatesDistrictCourtfortheEasternDistrict
ofPennsylvania.October30,2008.RetrievedMay27,2016.
265.Madison,Lucy(April27,2011)."TrumptakescreditforObamabirthcertificaterelease,butwonders'isitreal?' ".
CBSNews.RetrievedMay9,2011.
266."DonaldJ.TrumpBiography".TheTrumpOrganization.RetrievedAugust27,2016."In2011,afterfailedattempts
bybothSenatorMcCainandHillaryClinton,Mr.TrumpsinglehandedlyforcedPresidentObamatoreleasehisbirth
certificate,whichwaslaudedbylargesegmentsofthepoliticalcommunity."
267.Keneally,Meghan(September18,2015)."DonaldTrump'sHistoryofRaisingBirtherQuestionsAboutPresident
Obama".ABCNews.RetrievedAugust27,2016.
268.Lee,MJ(July9,2015)."Trumpsayshestilldoesn'tknowwhereObamawasborn".CNN.RetrievedAugust18,
2015.
269."AndersonCooper360Degrees:Transcript".CNN.July9,2015."Ireallydon'tknow.Imean,Idon'tknowwhyhe
wouldn'treleasehisrecords.Butyouknow,honestly,Idon'twanttogetintoit."
270.Madison,Lucy(April26,2011)."Trump:HowdidObamagetintotheIvyLeague?".CBSNews.Retrieved
August27,2016.
271.Cunion,William."WhiteKnightstotheRescue!TheNonCandidatesof2012"inThe2012Nominationandthe
FutureoftheRepublicanParty,pp.4748(https://books.google.com/books?id=TQWaAAAAQBAJ&pg=PA47)
(WilliamJ.Miller,ed.,2013).CunionwritesthatTrumpnevergotabove17percentinpollsagainsttherestofthe
Republicanfield,butatleastoneexceptionwasaPPPpollinApril2011thatputhimat26%.SeeJensen,Tom.
"Trumpcollapses"(http://publicpolicypolling.blogspot.com/2011/05/trumpcollapses.html),PublicPolicyPolling
Blog(May10,2011).
272."DonaldTrumptoaddressCPAC".Yahoo!News.RetrievedMarch6,2013.
273.Madison,Lucy(March15,2013)."Trump:Immigrationreforma"suicidemission"forGOP".CBSNews.
274.Amira,Dan(March15,2013)."PhotosofDonaldTrumpDeliveringHisSelfAggrandizingCPACSpeechtoaHalf
EmptyBallroom".NewYork(magazine).
275.PageSix.comStaff(May27,2013)."Trumpresearching2016run".PageSix.
276.Spector,Joseph(October14,2013)."N.Y.RepublicanswantDonaldTrumptorunforgovernor".USAToday.
RetrievedOctober31,2013.
277.Mooney,Chris."DearDonaldTrump:WinterDoesNotDisproveGlobalWarming".TheHuffingtonPost.Retrieved
July12,2015.
278.Feely,Paul(February27,2015)."Trumpwon'trenew'Apprentice'sothathemightfocusonapresidentialrun".New
HampshireUnionLeader.
279."Here'sDonaldTrump'sPresidentialAnnouncementSpeech".Time.June16,2015.
280.Blake,Aaron(July6,2015)."DonaldTrumpiswagingwaronpoliticalcorrectness.Andhe'slosing.".The
WashingtonPost.
281.Cillizza,Chris(June14,2016)."ThisHarvardstudyisapowerfulindictmentofthemedia'sroleinDonaldTrump's
rise".TheWashingtonPost.
282.Confessore,Nicholas(March26,2016)."HowtheG.O.P.EliteLostItsVoterstoDonaldTrump".TheNewYork
Times.
283.Stewart,Emily(February24,2016)."DonaldTrumpNominationWouldForeverChangetheRepublicanParty".
TheStreet.
284.Ohlheiser,Abby(June3,2016)."AntiSemiticTrumpsupportersmadeagiantlistofpeopletotargetwitharacist
meme".TheWashingtonPost.
285.Krieg,Gregory(August25,2016)."Clintonisattackingthe'AltRight'Whatisit?".CNN.RetrievedAugust25,
2016.
286.Sevastopulo,Demetri." 'Altright'movementmakesmarkonUSpresidentialelection".FinancialTimes.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

36/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

287."WhiteNationalistsandtheAltRightCelebrateTrump'sVictory".SouthernPovertyLawCenter.Retrieved
10November2016.
288."TrumpsupporterchargedaftersuckerpunchingprotesteratNorthCarolinarally".TheWashingtonPost.March11,
2016.RetrievedAugust31,2016.
289."Ugly,bloodyscenesinSanJoseasprotestersattackTrumpsupportersoutsiderally".TheWashingtonPost.June3,
2016.RetrievedAugust31,2016.
290.Diamond,Jeremy(May28,2016)."ProTrump,antiTrumpgroupsclashinSanDiego".CNN.RetrievedAugust31,
2016.
291."The'KingofWhoppers':DonaldTrump".FactCheck.org.December21,2015.
292.Holan,AngieDrobnicQiu,Linda(December21,2015)."2015LieoftheYear:thecampaignmisstatementsof
DonaldTrump".PolitiFact.com.
293.Farhi,Paul(February26,2016)."ThinkTrump'swrong?Factcheckerscantellyouhowoften.(Hint:Alot.)".The
WashingtonPost.
294.Stelter,Brian(September26,2016)."TheweekendAmerica'snewspaperscalledDonaldTrumpaliar".CNN.
295.Flitter,EmilyOliphant,James(August28,2015)."Bestpresidentever!HowTrump'sloveofhyperbolecould
backfire".Reuters."Trump'spenchantforexaggerationcouldbackfireheriskspromisingvotersmorethanhecan
deliver....Optimisticexaggeration...isahallmarkofthecutthroatNewYorkrealestateworldwheremanydevelopers,
accustomedtorammingtheirwayintodeals,puffuptheirportfolios.'Alittlehyperboleneverhurts,'hewrote....For
Trump,exaggeratinghasalwaysbeenafrequentimpulse,especiallywhenthevalueofhisTrumpbrandisdisputed."
296.AgenceFrancePresse(August16,2016)."Trumptics:Makinghyperbolegreatagain"viaYahoo!News.
297.Graves,Lucas(August10,2016)." "Decidingwhat'strue"withLucasGraves".WORT.Thisisanaudiointerviewof
Graves,authorofDecidingWhat'sTrue:TheRiseofPoliticalFactCheckinginAmericanJournalism(https://books.
google.com/books?id=VcGlDAAAQBAJ)(ColumbiaUniversityPress2016).Noteparticularlytheportionofaudio
beginningat50:30.
298.Walsh,KennethT.(August15,2016)."Trump:MediaIs'DishonestandCorrupt' ".U.S.News&WorldReport."'If
thedisgustingandcorruptmediacoveredmehonestlyanddidn'tputfalsemeaningintothewordsIsay,Iwouldbe
beatingHillaryby20percent,'TrumpalsotweetedSunday."
299.Koppel,Ted(July24,2016)."Trump:"IfeelI'manhonestperson" ".CBSNews."'Well,IthinkthatI'manhonest
person,'Trumpsaid.'IfeelI'manhonestperson.AndIdon'tmindbeingcriticizedatallbythemedia,butIdo
wannayouknow,Idowantthemtobestraightaboutit.'"
300.Rutenberg,Jim(August7,2016)."TrumpIsTestingtheNormsofObjectivityinJournalism".TheNewYorkTimes.
"IfyouviewaTrumppresidencyassomethingthat'spotentiallydangerous,thenyourreportingisgoingtoreflect
that.Youwouldmovecloserthanyou'veeverbeentobeingoppositional.That'suncomfortableanduncharted
territoryforeverymainstream,nonopinionjournalistI'veeverknown,andbynormalstandards,untenable...Mr.
Trumpisconductinghiscampaigninwayswe'venotnormallyseen."
301.Linshi,Jack(July7,2015)."MorePeopleAreRunningforPresidentialNominationThanEver".Time.Retrieved
February14,2016.
302.Howell,Kellan(March9,2016)."DonaldTrumphelpsGOPpresidentialdebatesbreakTVratingsrecords".Time.
RetrievedOctober8,2016.
303."DonaldTrump,TedCruzAnglingForOneOnOneRepublicanRace".Fortune.March6,2016.
304.Bump,Philip(March23,2016)."WhyDonaldTrumpispoisedtowinthenominationandlosethegeneralelection,
inonepoll".TheWashingtonPost.
305.Nussbaum,Matthew(May3,2016)."RNCChairman:Trumpisournominee".Politico.com.RetrievedMay4,2016.
306.Bump,Philip."TrumpgotthemostGOPvoteseverbothforandagainsthimandotherfunfacts".The
WashingtonPost.RetrievedJuly12,2016.
307.Berenson,Tessa(May5,2016)."DonaldTrumpTellsWestVirginiaPrimaryVoterstoStayHome".Time.
308."FullerpictureemergesofmanarrestedatTrumprally".AssociatedPress.
309.Hartig,HannahLapinski,JohnPsyllos,Stephanie(July19,2016)."Poll:ClintonandTrumpNowTiedasGOP
ConventionKicksOff".NBCNews.
310."2016GeneralElection:Trumpvs.ClintonPollsHuffPostPollster".RetrievedOctober3,2016.
311."GeneralElection:Trumpvs.Clinton".RealClearPolitics.RetrievedOctober3,2016.
312.Barro,Josh(July14,2016)."ThepollsareswingingagainstHillaryClintonbecauseshegavevotersreasonto
distrusther".BusinessInsider.
313.Levingston,Ivan(July15,2016)."DonaldTrumpofficiallynamesMikePenceforVP".CNBC.
314."Trumpclosesthedeal,becomesRepublicannomineeforpresident".FoxNewsChannel.July19,2016.
315.Timm,JaneC.(July17,2016)."9ElephantsintheRoomatRNC:Who'sMissingFromtheSpeakersList".NBC
News.RetrievedAugust16,2016.
316.Raju,Manu(May5,2016)."Flake,McCainsplitoverbackingTrump".CNN.RetrievedMay7,2016.
317.Frank,Jeffrey(July20,2016)."Trump,InspiredbyNixon?".TheNewYorker.RetrievedJuly23,2016.
318.Battaglio,Stephen(July22,2016)."35millionTVviewerswatchDonaldTrump'sacceptancespeechatGOP
convention".LosAngelesTimes.RetrievedJuly23,2016.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

37/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

319.Director,JenniferAgiesta,CNN."Trumpbouncesintothelead".CNN.RetrievedAugust3,2016.
320.Inc.,Gallup,."ForFirstTime,Trump'sImageonParWithClinton's".RetrievedAugust3,2016.
321."ElectionUpdate:WhyOurModelIsBullishOnTrump,ForNow".July28,2016.RetrievedAugust3,2016.
322."PostDemocraticconventionbounce:7pointsforClinton".RetrievedAugust3,2016.
323."ElectionUpdate:Clinton'sBounceAppearsBiggerThanTrump's".August1,2016.RetrievedAugust3,2016.
324."RomneycallsdecisionbyTrumpnottoreleasetaxreturns'disqualifying' ".FoxNewsChannel.May11,2016.
RetrievedJuly18,2016.
325.Collinson,StephenDiamond,JeremyKhan,Hasan(February25,2016)."DonaldTrumprejectsMittRomney's
ironictaxattack".CNN.RetrievedFebruary25,2016.
326."Trumpsayshecan'treleasetaxreturnsbecauseofaudits".CNN.February26,2016.RetrievedFebruary26,2016.
327.Browning,Lynnley(February26,2016)."Trump's12YearsofAudits'VeryUnusual,'ExIRSAgentSays".
Bloomberg.RetrievedFebruary26,2016.
328.Kopan,Tal(May13,2016)."Trumponhistaxrate:'Noneofyourbusiness' ".CNN.
329.Wilhelm,Colin(January24,2016)."Trumpvowstoreleasehistaxreturns".Politico.RetrievedFebruary22,2016.
"It'salittletax"
330.Rappeport,Alan(May11,2016)."DonaldTrumpBreaksWithRecentHistorybyNotReleasingTaxReturns".The
NewYorkTimes.RetrievedJuly19,2016.
331.Stewart,Emily(August27,2016)."WouldNoTaxLawyerAdviseTrumpReleaseHisTaxReturns?It's
Complicated".TheStreet.com.
332.Zarroli,Jim(February26,2016)."FactCheck:DonaldTrumpCan'tReleaseHisTaxesWhileBeingAudited?".
NPR.
333.Central,2016Election(September23,2015)."2016PresidentialDebateSchedule".RetrievedSeptember30,2016.
334.Stelter,Brian(September27,2016)."DebatebreaksrecordasmostwatchedinU.S.history".CNNMoney.Retrieved
September30,2016.
335."USpresidentialdebate:Trumpwon'tcommittoacceptelectionresult".BBCNews.October20,2016.Retrieved
October27,2016.
336."HowUSmediareactedtothethirdpresidentialdebate".ABCNews.October20,2016.RetrievedOctober27,2016.
337.AmandaSakuma,"DonaldTrumpSurrogatesHaveTheirOwnBaggageWithWomenVoters(http://www.nbcnews.co
m/politics/2016election/donaldtrumpsurrogateshavetheirownbaggagewomenvotersn673056)"NBCNews,
October26,2016.
"newlyunearthedaudiorecordingsshowedTrumpbraggingaboutforciblykissingwomenandgrabbingthem
bythegenitals."
338.TracyJan,"MorewomenaccuseTrumpofaggressivesexualbehavior(https://www.bostonglobe.com/news/politics/2
016/10/14/morewomenaccusedonaldtrumpaggressivesexualbehavior/Dq1F8bLwre4dOAgEeFazxN/story.html),"
BostonGlobe,October14,2016.
"Trumphasbeenconfrontedwithaslewofallegationsofsexualmisconductoverthepastweek,startingwith
aWashingtonPostreportofa2005tapefeaturinghimbraggingaboutforciblykissingwomenandgrabbing
thembythegenitals."
339.:"USpresidentialdebaterecap:PollssplitonwhetherDonaldTrumporHillaryClintonwonpoisonousargument(htt
p://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2016/10/09/uselectiondonaldtrumpcallsrepublicanleaderstraitorsandh/),"The
Telegraph',October13,2016.
"itwasamatterofminutesbeforethelewdtape,inwhichMrTrumpbragsaboutgrabbingp"andforcibly
kissingwomen,wasbroughtup."
340.Fahrenthold,DavidA.(October8,2016)."Trumprecordedhavingextremelylewdconversationaboutwomenin
2005".TheWashingtonPost.
341.Burns,AlexanderHaberman,MaggieMartin,Jonathan(October7,2016)."DonaldTrumpApologyCapsDayof
OutrageOverLewdTape".TheNewYorkTimes.RetrievedOctober8,2016.
342.Jensen,Salvatore(October8,2016)."DonaldTrump'svulgarconversationaboutwomencaughtonhotmic".
CosumnesConnection.ArchivedfromtheoriginalonOctober9,2016.RetrievedOctober8,2016.
343.Hagen,Lisa(October7,2016)."KaineonlewdTrumptapes:'Makesmesicktomystomach' ".TheNewYorkTimes.
RetrievedOctober8,2016.
344.Stacey,Madison(October8,2016)."PencetofillinforDonaldTrumpSaturdayfollowingvideoleak".WXINTV.
Indianapolis,Indiana.RetrievedOctober8,2016.
345.Blake,Aaron(October8,2016)."Here'sthefastgrowinglistofRepublicanscallingforDonaldTrumptodropout".
WashingtonPost.RetrievedOctober8,2016.
346.Nelson,LibbyFrostenson,Sarah(October20,2016)."Abriefguidetothe17womenTrumphasallegedlyassaulted,
gropedorharassed".VoxMedia.Vox.RetrievedOctober21,2016.
347.Helderman,Rosiland."ThegrowinglistofwomenwhohavesteppedforwardtoaccuseTrumpoftouchingthem
inappropriately".washingtonpost.com.WashingtonPost.RetrievedOctober16,2016.
348.Stableford,Dylan(October17,2016)."ThewomenwhohaveaccusedDonaldTrump".YahooNews.Retrieved
October18,2016.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

38/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

349.Byers,Dylan(October12,2016)."DonaldTrumpthreatenstosueNewYorkTimesoversexualharassmentreport".
CNNMoney.RetrievedOctober13,2016.
350."TrumpdemandsNYTretracts'libelousarticle'aboutallegedassaultasnewclaimsemerge".FoxNews.October13,
2016.RetrievedOctober13,2016.
351.Healy,PatrickRappeport,Alan(October13,2016)."DonaldTrumpCallsAllegationsbyWomen'FalseSmears' ".
TheNewYorkTimes.RetrievedOctober13,2016.
352.Chang,Alvin(November9,2016)."Trumpwillbethe4thpresidenttowintheElectoralCollegeaftergettingfewer
votesthanhisopponent".Vox.RetrievedNovember11,2016.
353.Tani,Maxwell(November9,2016)."TrumppullsoffbiggestupsetinU.S.history".Politico.RetrievedNovember9,
2016.
354.Cohn,Nate(November9,2016)."WhyTrumpWon:WorkingClassWhites".TheNewYorkTimes.Retrieved
November9,2016.
355.Murse,Tom."ThePoliticalMakeupofCongress".About.com.RetrievedNovember10,2016.
356.Beschloss,Michael(August29,2015)."BeforeTrumporFiorina,ThereWasWendellWillkie".TheNewYork
Times.
357.Schonfeld,Zach(March29,2016)."ForElection2016,70istheNew45".Newsweek.
358.Darcy,Oliver(November9,2016)." 'It'stimeforustocometogether':Trumpstrikesconciliatorytoneinvictory
speech".BusinessInsider.RetrievedNovember9,2016.
359.Swift,Andy(November9,2016)."DonaldTrumpMakesFirstSpeechasPresidentElect,ThanksHillaryClintonfor
Her'Service'WatchVideo".Yahoo.RetrievedNovember9,2016.
360.Davis,Julie(November10,2016)."TrumpandObamaHoldCordial90MinuteMeetinginOvalOffice".TheNew
YorkTimes.RetrievedNovember10,2016.
361.Kazin,Michael(March22,2016)."HowCanDonaldTrumpandBernieSandersBothBe'Populist'?".TheNewYork
Times.
362.Becker,Bernie(February13,2016)."Trump's6populistpositions".Politico.
363.Timm,JaneC.(March30,2016)." 'MeetthePress'tracksTrump'sflipflops".NBCNews.
364.Bradner,Eric(January24,2016)."Trump:LikeReagan'Ihaveevolvedonmanyissues' ".CNN.
365.Jacobson,Louis(May11,2016)."TryingtopindownwhatDonaldTrumpthinksaboutabortion,theminimumwage,
taxes,andU.S.debt".PolitiFact.com.
366.Qiu,Linda(July6,2016)."17timesDonaldTrumpsaidonethingandthendeniedit".PolitiFact.com.Retrieved
July24,2016.
367.Wright,David(April21,2016)."Trump:IwouldchangeGOPplatformonabortion".CNN.
368.Kendall,Brent(May18,2016)."DonaldTrumpReleasesNamesof11PotentialSupremeCourtChoices".TheWall
StreetJournal.ISSN00999660.RetrievedJune22,2016.
369.Ehrenfreund,Max(July22,2015)."Here'swhatDonaldTrumpreallybelieves".TheWashingtonPost.
370."DonaldTrumppunchingback".MediaBuzz.FoxNewsChannel.July5,2015.
371.Smith,Allan(June13,2016)."DonaldTrumpjustmadesomeofthemostproLGBTremarkswe'veseenfroma
Republicancandidate".BusinessInsiderUK.RetrievedJuly12,2016.
372."TedCruzattacksDonaldTrump'sfinancialrecordTrumpresponds".January31,2016.RetrievedAugust4,2016.
373.Gorman,Michele(May20,2016)."AbriefhistoryofDonaldTrump'sstanceongunrights".Newsweek.
374.Krieg,Gregory(June20,2016)."ThetimesTrumpchangedhispositionsonguns".CNN.
375.Officialwebsite.ProtectingourSecondAmendmentrightswillmakeAmericagreatagain(https://www.donaldjtrump.
com/positions/secondamendmentrights)."Therehasbeenanationalbackgroundchecksysteminplacesince1998...
Toomanystatesarefailingtoputcriminalandmentalhealthrecordsintothesystem...Whatweneedtodoisfixthe
systemwehaveandmakeitworkasintended."Retrieved:October21,2015.
376.February27,2015.(ExcerptfromDonaldTrumpRemarksatCPAC).DonaldTrumponMarijuana.(http://www.csp
an.org/video/?c4541840/donaldtrumpmarijuana)CSpan.RetrievedOctober21,2015.
377.Diamond,Jeremy(December11,2015)."Trump:Deathpenaltyforcopkillers".CableNewsNetwork(CNN).
RetrievedMarch15,2016.
378.Foderaro,Lisa(May1,1989)."AngeredbyAttack,TrumpUrgesReturnOftheDeathPenalty".TheNewYork
Times.RetrievedMarch15,2016.
379."TaxReform|DonaldJTrumpforPresident".Donaldjtrump.com.RetrievedJanuary6,2016.
380."DetailsandAnalysisofDonaldTrump'sTaxPlan".TheTaxFoundation.RetrievedJuly17,2016.
381.Rubin,Richard(October11,2016)."PresidentialCandidates'PlansWouldCarryTaxCodeinDifferentDirections".
WallStreetJournal.ISSN00999660.RetrievedOctober11,2016.
382."AnewstudysaysTrumpwouldraisetaxesformillions.Trump'scampaigninsistshewon't.".WashingtonPost.
RetrievedOctober11,2016.
383.Timiraos,Nick(June20,2016)."U.S.EconomyWouldBe'Diminished'UnderTrump'sEconomicPlan,New
AnalysisSays".WallStreetJournal.
384."WhataDonaldTrumppresidencywoulddototheglobaleconomy".WashingtonPost.RetrievedSeptember19,
2016.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

39/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

385.Davis,Bob(September19,2016)."TrumpTradePlanCouldPushU.S.intoRecession,StudySays".WallStreet
Journal.ISSN00999660.RetrievedSeptember19,2016.
386."WhiteHousebattlesettochillUSeconomy,saysFTsurvey".FinancialTimes.
387.Timiraos,Nick."ProminentEconomists,IncludingEightNobelLaureates:'DoNotVoteforDonaldTrump' ".WSJ.
RetrievedNovember1,2016.
388."TrumpTaxPlanSeenAddingJobs,ThenErasingThemLongTerm".Bloomberg.RetrievedNovember4,2016.
389."DetailsandAnalysisoftheDonaldTrumpTaxReformPlan,September2016".TheTaxFoundation.Retrieved
November4,2016.
390.Jacobson,Louis(May19,2016)."ElizabethWarrengetsbetterofDonaldTrumponhisstanceonabolishingfederal
minimumwage".PolitiFact.com.RetrievedMay23,2016.
391.Greenberg,Jon(July26,2016)."Sanders:Trumpwouldallowstatestolowertheminimumwage".PolitiFact.com.
RetrievedJuly27,2016.
392.Jacobson,Louis(July28,2016)."DonaldTrumpgetsaFullFlopforstanceonminimumwage".PolitiFact.com.
RetrievedJuly30,2016.
393.Heavey,Susan(August20,2015)."RepublicancandidateTrumpsayslowU.S.wages'notabadthing' ".Reuters.
394.Engel,Pamela(November11,2015)."DonaldTrumpsaidwagesare'toohigh'inhisopeningdebatestatement".
BusinessInsider.RetrievedNovember11,2015.
395.Alter,Charlotte(November11,2015)."ReadTranscriptoftheRepublicanDebateinMilwaukee".Time.Retrieved
May12,2016.
396.Gass,Nick,Trumpdefendsminimumwagecomments(http://www.politico.com/story/2015/11/donaldtrumpminimu
mwage215787),Politico(November12,2015).
397." 'Transcript:DonaldTrump".ThisWeek.ABCNews.May8,2016.
398.Rossoll,Nicki(May9,2016)."TrumpWalksBackTaxPlan,Saying'I'mAllowedtoChange' ".ABCNews.
RetrievedMay12,2016.
399."MeetthePress".NBCNews.May8,2016.
400.Wright,Austin(May8,2016)."Trump:'Idon'tknowhowpeoplemakeiton$7.25anhour' ".POLITICO.Retrieved
May12,2016.
401.Worstall,Tim(May9,2016)."DonaldTrump'sExcellentEconomicIdea:AbolishTheFederalMinimumWage".
Forbes.RetrievedMay12,2016.
402.Kludt,Tom(July27,2016)."Trumpsayshe'dsupport$10minimumwage".CNN.RetrievedJuly28,2016.
403.MaggieHaberman,DonaldTrumpSaysHeFavorsBigTariffsonChineseExports(http://www.nytimes.com/politics/
firstdraft/2016/01/07/donaldtrumpsayshefavorsbigtariffsonchineseexports/),TheNewYorkTimes(January7,
2016).
404."AsnewsofTrump'staxesbreaks,hegoesoffscriptatarallyinPennsylvania".TheWashingtonPost.Retrieved
October2,2016.
405.Boggioni,Tom."WATCH:DonaldTrumpholdsrallyinManheim,PA"(http://www.rawstory.com/2016/10/watchliv
edonaldtrumpholdsrallyinmanheimpa/),RawStory(October1,2016):"Youcan'tletithappen.Andtheseblood
suckerswantittohappen.They'repoliticiansthatarebeingtakencareofbypeoplethatwantittohappen.Other
countrieswantittohappenbecauseit'sgoodforthembutnotgoodforus"(see31:00to32:00ofvideo).
406."TrumpupendsGOPmessageoneconomy".TheWashingtonPost.RetrievedJuly22,2016.
407."DonaldTrump'sprotectionismhasagoodpedigree".RetrievedJuly22,2016.
408."LawrenceSolomon:DonaldTrump'sprotectionismfitsrightinwithRepublicans".RetrievedJuly22,2016.
409.Epstein,ReidJ.Nelson,ColleenMcCain(June28,2016)."DonaldTrumpLaysOutProtectionistViewsinTrade
Speech".TheWallStreetJournal.ISSN00999660.RetrievedJuly22,2016.
410.Appelbaum,Binyamin(March10,2016)."OnTrade,DonaldTrumpBreaksWith200YearsofEconomic
Orthodoxy".TheNewYorkTimes.ISSN03624331.RetrievedJuly22,2016.
411."TrumpcallsNAFTAa"disaster" ".60Minutes,CBS.September25,2015.
412."Election2016:Yourmoney,yourvote.Yes,'PresidentTrump'reallycouldkillNAFTAbutitwouldn'tbepretty".
CNN.July6,2016.RetrievedSeptember1,2016.
413."PresidentTrump?AmongU.S.allies,Japanmaybeoneofthemostanxiousaboutthatidea".LosAngelesTimes.
June26,2016.RetrievedJuly12,2016.
414.Lane,Charles(October21,2015)."DonaldTrump'scontemptforthefreemarket".TheWashingtonPost.
ISSN01908286.RetrievedJuly22,2016.
415.Haberman,Maggie(January7,2016)."DonaldTrumpSaysHeFavorsBigTariffsonChineseExports".TheNew
YorkTimesFirstDraft.RetrievedJuly22,2016.
416."Trump:I'mRunningAgainstClinton,Not'RestoftheWorld' ".RetrievedJuly31,2016.
417.Needham,Vicki(July24,2016)."TrumpsuggestsleavingWTOoverimporttaxproposal".RetrievedJuly31,2016.
418.Levey,Noam(March3,2016)."Trumppromiseda'beautiful'healthcareplan,butit'sprettybasic".LosAngeles
Times.RetrievedJune4,2016.
419.Kertscher,Tom."DonaldTrumpwantstoreplaceObamacarewithasinglepayerhealthcaresystem,GOP
congressmansays".PolitiFact.com.RetrievedDecember5,2015.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

40/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

420.Dale,Daniel(October26,2016)."DonaldTrumpsaidhehasopposedObamacaresince'beforetheyevenvotedonit.'
Thatisalie.".TheTorontoStar.
421."Trump'sWorldView"(http://www.foxnews.com/story/2009/06/30/trumpworldview.html),FoxNews(June30,
2009):"Well,Ithinkit'snoble,exceptIjustdon'tknowhowacountrythat'sinsuchdebtwearereallyadebtor
nationrightnow,andIjustdon'tknowhowacountryinthiskindoftroublecanaffordit."
422."VeteransAdministrationReformsThatWillMakeAmericaGreatAgain".DonaldJ.TrumpforPresident,Inc.
October31,2015.RetrievedNovember1,2015.
423."DonaldTrumponSchoolChoice".AmericanPrinciplesinAction.ArchivedfromtheoriginalonNovember25,
2015.RetrievedNovember25,2015.
424.Trumpsetsrecordforlongest2016GOPannouncementspeech(http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2015/06/16/trumps
etsrecordforlongest2016gopannouncementspeech/).FoxNewsChannel,June16,2015
425.Moser,Laura(January26,2016)."TrumpReleasesVideoAiringHisCompletelyVagueViewsonEducationand
CommonCore".Slate.
426.Richwine,Jason(October23,2015).WhyNotAbolishtheDepartmentofEducation?(http://www.nationalreview.co
m/corner/425991/whynotabolishdepartmenteducationjasonrichwine)NationalReview.RetrievedJuly27,2016.
427.Parker,AshleyDavenport,Coral(May26,2016)."DonaldTrump'sEnergyPlan:MoreFossilFuelsandFewer
Rules".TheNewYorkTimes.
428.Samenow,Jason(March22,2016)."DonaldTrump'sunsettlingnonsenseonweatherandclimate".TheWashington
Post.
429."WhatDonaldTrumpsaidabouttheChineseinventingthe'hoax'ofclimatechange".PolitiFact.com.Retrieved
May16,2016.
430.NelsonD.Schwartz.May21,2016.EconomicPromisesaPresidentTrumpCould(andCouldn't)Keep(http://www.n
ytimes.com/2016/05/22/business/economicpromisesapresidenttrumpcouldandcouldntkeep.html?_r=0)TheNew
YorkTimes.RetrievedMay22,2016.
431."InTheirOwnWords:2016PresidentialCandidatesonClimateChange"(PDF).RetrievedJuly12,2016.
432.Bravender,Robin."TrumpPicksTopClimateSkeptictoLeadEPATransition".ScientificAmerican.
433.Cassidy,John(February29,2016)."DonaldTrumpIsTransformingtheG.O.P.IntoaPopulist,NativistParty".The
NewYorker.RetrievedMarch5,2016.
434.PhilipRucker(March21,2016)."TrumpquestionsneedforNATO,outlinesnoninterventionistforeignpolicy"(http
s://www.washingtonpost.com/news/postpolitics/wp/2016/03/21/donaldtrumprevealsforeignpolicyteaminmeeting
withthewashingtonpost/).TheWashingtonPost.
435."DonaldTrump,AmericanNationalist".TheNationalInterest.November3,2015.
436.Amanpour,Christiane(July22,2016)."DonaldTrump'sspeech:'Americafirst,'butanAmericaabsentfromthe
world".CNN.
437."AIPACandforeignpolicy"(http://www.economist.com/blogs/democracyinamerica/2016/03/aipacandforeignpolic
y).TheEconomist.March22,2016.
438.Sanger,DavidE.Haberman,Maggie(July20,2016)."DonaldTrumpSetsConditionsforDefendingNATOAllies
AgainstAttack".TheNewYorkTimes.ISSN03624331.RetrievedJuly31,2016.
439."What'sTrump'sPositiononNATO?".factcheck.org.RetrievedJuly31,2016.
440."FullRushTranscript:DonaldTrump,CNNMilwaukeeRepublicanPresidentialTownHall".CNN.Retrieved
June26,2016.
441."TrumponcecalledforsendingUSgroundtroopstofightISISand"takethatoil" ".motherjones.com.
442.Gaouette,Nicole(March11,2016)."Trumpwants30,000troops.WouldthatdefeatISIS?".CNN.RetrievedJuly12,
2016.
443."TrumpCallsfor20,00030,000TroopstoFightISIS".TheWeeklyStandard.March10,2016.RetrievedJuly12,
2016.
444."TheLatest:TrumpbacktracksonUSforcestofightmilitants".U.S.News&WorldReport.AssociatedPress.
March21,2016.RetrievedJuly12,2016.
445.Timm,JaneC."AFullListofDonaldTrump'sRapidlyChangingPolicyPositions".NBCNews.RetrievedJuly12,
2016.
446.McCarthy,Tom."DonaldTrump:I'dbringback'ahellofalotworsethanwaterboarding' ".TheGuardian.Retrieved
February8,2016.
447."TedCruz,DonaldTrumpAdvocateBringingBackWaterboarding".ABCNews.February6,2016.Retrieved
February9,2016.
448.Begley,Sarah."ReadDonaldTrump'sSpeechtoAIPAC".Time.RetrievedJuly22,2016.
449.Sherman,Amy(March1,2016).WouldDonaldTrumpbe'neutral'betweenIsraelanditsenemies?(http://www.politi
fact.com/florida/statements/2016/mar/01/conservativesolutionspac/woulddonaldtrumpbeneutralbetweenisraelan
di/)TampaBayTimes.RetrievedApril10,2016.
450.Trump:Israelshould'keepgoing'withsettlementsexpansions(http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L4799194,
00.html)OrlyAzoulay,ynetews
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

41/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

451.Finnegan,Michael(July12,2016).TrumpstickstofalsestatementthatheopposedIraqwarfromthestart.(http://w
ww.latimes.com/politics/lanatrailguideupdatestrumpstickstofalsestatementthathe1468378104htmlstory.html)
LosAngelesTimes.RetrievedSeptember28,2016.
452."DonaldTrumpAgainSaidHeOpposedtheWarinIraq.It'sStillNotTrue".Fortune.September26,2016.
453.Kiely,Eugene(February19,2016)."DonaldTrumpandtheIraqWar".Factcheck.org.RetrievedJuly12,2016.
454."2003clipbacksupTrumponIraqWaropposition"(http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2016/09/27/2003clipbacksu
ptrumponiraqwaropposition.html),FoxNewsChannel(September27,2016).cf."WhatDonaldTrumpsaidabout
theIraqWarin2003".FoxBusinessviaYouTube.September27,2016.RetrievedNovember5,2016.Eventoccursat
1:15.
455.Concha,Joe."'False'ratingonTrumpIraqstanceshouldbeatleast'halftrue'"(http://thehill.com/blogs/punditsblog/
media/298439politifactsfalseratingontrumpiraqwarstanceshouldbeatleast),TheHill(September29,2016).
456.Greenberg,Don(February16,2016)."It'strue:DonaldTrumponcesupportedimpeachingGeorgeW.Bush".
RetrievedFebruary20,2016.
457."Republicandebate:DonaldTrump,JebBushengageinbitterclashoverIraqwar,BushfamilyandTrump'sbusiness
dealings".AustralianBroadcastingCorporation.February14,2016.RetrievedJuly12,2016.
458.CNN,TomLoBianco."DonaldTrumponAfghanistan:Notamistake".CNN.RetrievedJuly22,2016.
459."APFACTCHECK:TrumpdisplaysspottymemoryonhisviewsaboutLibyaindebate".RetrievedJuly22,2016.
460.Sharockman,Aaron(February25,2016)."DonaldTrump'sPantsonFireclaimheneverdiscussedLibya
intervention".PolitiFact.com.
461.CNN,EricBradner."TrumpagainreversesLibyaposition".CNN.RetrievedJuly22,2016.
462."TrumpsaysPutinis'notgoingtogointoUkraine,'despiteCrimea".CNN.August1,2016.
463.Fisher,Max(July28,2016)."DonaldTrump'sAppealtoRussiaShocksForeignPolicyExperts".TheNewYork
Times.ISSN03624331.RetrievedJuly31,2016.
464."TrumpsuggestsU.S.acceptRussia'sannexationofCrimea".PBS.August1,2016.
465.Winsor,Morgan(July28,2016)."Trump:'IWasBeingSarcastic'AboutRussiaFindingClinton'sEmails".ABC
News.RetrievedAugust1,2016.
466."TrumpurgesRussiatohackClinton'semailsasPencecondemnscyberspying".AssociatedPress.July27,2016.
RetrievedAugust1,2016.
467.Galston,WilliamA.(November17,2015)."TrumpRidesaBlueCollarWave".TheWallStreetJournal.
468.StephenLoiaconi,Experts:Trump'sborderwallcouldbecostly,ineffective(http://wjla.com/news/nationworld/trump
sborderwallcouldbecostlyineffectiveexpertssay),SinclairBroadcastGroup(August18,2015).
469.Johnson,Jenna(May13,2016)."Trump:Allpolicyproposalsarejustflexiblesuggestions".TheWashingtonPost.
470.Woodward,Bob(April5,2016)."TrumprevealshowhewouldforceMexicotopayforborderwall".The
WashingtonPost.RetrievedJuly12,2016.
471.DonaldTrumpemphasizesplanstobuild'real'wallatMexicoborder,CanadianBroadcastingCorporation,August
19,2015,retrievedSeptember29,2015
472.Oh,Inae(August19,2015)."DonaldTrump:The14thAmendmentisUnconstitutional".MotherJones.Retrieved
November22,2015.
473.Miller,ZekeJ.(August23,2016)."DonaldTrumpSignals'Softening'ofImmigrationPosition".Time.Retrieved
September1,2016.
474.Bradner,Eric(August28,2016)."Trumptogiveimmigrationspeechamidmajorquestions".CNN.Retrieved
September1,2016.
475."DonaldTrumpvisitsMexicotobuildrelationsinthecountry".BBCWorldNews.August31,2016.Retrieved
August31,2016.
476."DonaldTrumpPivotsBacktoHardLineImmigrationStance".Time.August31,2016.RetrievedSeptember1,
2016.
477."Trumpretreatsondeportations,vowsnoamnesty".AssociatedPress.September1,2016.RetrievedSeptember2,
2016.
478.Scott,Eugene."Trump:MyMuslimfriendsdon'tsupportmyimmigrationban"(http://www.cnn.com/2015/12/13/poli
tics/donaldtrumpmuslimbanstateoftheunion/),CNN(December13,2015).
479.Barro,Josh."HowUnpopularIsTrump'sMuslimBan?DependsHowYouAsk"(http://mobile.nytimes.com/2015/1
2/16/upshot/howunpopularistrumpsmuslimbandependshowyouask.html?_r=0&referer=https://www.google.co
m/),TheNewYorkTimes(December15,2015):"DonaldJ.Trump'sproposaltobarMuslimnoncitizensfrom
enteringtheUnitedStates...."
480.Colvin,JillBarrow,Bill(December14,2015)."DonaldTrump'ssupportersseeplentyofsenseinviewsthathis
criticsdenounce".U.S.News&WorldReport."HesaidAmericancitizens,includingMuslimmembersofthe
military,wouldbeexempt,aswouldcertainworldleadersandathletescomingtotheU.S.tocompete."

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

42/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

481.Johnson,Jenna."TrumpnowsaysMuslimbanonlyappliestothosefromterrorismheavycountries"(http://www.chi
cagotribune.com/news/nationworld/politics/ctdonaldtrumpmuslimban20160625story.html),ChicagoTribune
(June25,2016):"[A]reporteraskedTrumpif[he]wouldbeOKwithaMuslimfromScotlandcomingintothe
UnitedStatesandhesaidit'wouldn'tbotherme.'Afterward,[spokeswoman]HickssaidinanemailthatTrump'sban
wouldnowjustapplytoMuslimsinterrorstates...."
482.Detrow,Scott.TrumpCallsToBanImmigrationFromCountriesWith'ProvenHistoryOfTerrorism'(http://www.np
r.org/2016/06/13/481910989/trumpexpandsimmigrationbantocountrieswithprovenhistoryofterrorism),NPR
(June13,2016):"Iwillsuspendimmigrationfromareasoftheworldwherethere'saprovenhistoryofterrorism
againsttheUnitedStates,Europeorouralliesuntilwefullyunderstandhowtoendthesethreats."
483.Park,Haeyoun(July22,2016)."TrumpVowstoStopImmigrationFromNations'Compromised'byTerrorism.How
CouldItWork?".TheNewYorkTimes.ISSN03624331.RetrievedJuly25,2016.
484."DonaldTrumpsaysFrenchandGermanstoface'extremevetting'enteringtheUS".RetrievedJuly25,2016."Mr
TrumpsaidthetwoEuropeannationshadbeen'totallycompromisedbyterrorism'becausetheyhad'allowedpeople
in.'"
485.Dann,Carrie(July24,2016)."Trump:I'mRunningAgainstClinton,Not'RestoftheWorld' ".NBCNews.
RetrievedJuly24,2016.
486.Johnson,Jenna(July24,2016)."DonaldTrumpisexpandinghisMuslimban,notrollingitback".TheWashington
Post.RetrievedSeptember24,2016.
487.Benen,Steve."Aconspiracytheoristandhispowerfulpals"(http://www.msnbc.com/rachelmaddowshow/conspiracy
theoristandhispowerfulpals),MSNBC(December3,2015).
488.Shafer,Jack."DidWeCreateTrump?"(http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2016/04/didmediareporterscreatet
rump2016campaign213840),Politico(May2016):"Trump'soutrageouscommentsaboutJohnMcCain,Muslims,
the14thAmendmentandalltherest...."
489.Trump,DonaldJ.Schwartz,Tony(1987).Trump:TheArtoftheDeal.RandomHouse.p.56.ISBN978
0446353250."Ifyouarealittledifferent,oralittleoutrageous,orifyoudothingsthatareboldorcontroversial,the
pressisgoingtowriteaboutyou."
490.Krieg,Gregory(September16,2016).14ofTrump'smostoutrageous'birther'claimshalffromafter2011.(http://e
dition.cnn.com/2016/09/09/politics/donaldtrumpbirther/)CNN.RetrievedOctober8,2016.
491."TrumpsaysObamaborninUS,'period'afternew'birther'dustup"(http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2016/09/16/
trumpclintontradebarbsoverobamabirthermovement.html),FoxNewsChannel(September16,2016).
492.MaggieHaberman,EvenasHeRises,DonaldTrumpEntertainsConspiracyTheories(http://www.nytimes.com/2016/
03/01/us/politics/donaldtrumpconspiracytheories.html),TheNewYorkTimes(February29,2016).
493.Moody,ChrisHolmes,Kristen(September18,2015)."DonaldTrump'shistoryofsuggestingObamaisaMuslim".
CNN.
494.Colvin,Jill(January6,2016)."TrumpjosheswithaudienceoverMuslimcomments,Clinton".AssociatedPress.
495.Mahoney,Emily."FactCheck:DonaldTrump'sclaimonspacedoutvaccines,autismrate"(http://www.azcentral.co
m/story/news/politics/factcheck/2015/10/16/donaldtrumpspacedoutvaccinesreduceautismfactcheck/72828934/),
ArizonaRepublic(October16,2015).
496.Krieg,GregoryJ.(August23,2012)."DonaldTrumpPlaysDoctoronTwitter".ABCNews.RetrievedFebruary25,
2014.
497.Pearce,Matt."Scalia'sdeathandlackofanautopsybringouttheconspiracytheorists"(http://www.latimes.com/natio
n/lanascaliaconspiracy20160217story.html),LosAngelesTimes(February16,2016).
498.Qiu,Linda(May6,2016)."Anatomyofatalkingpoint:DonaldTrumpontheJFKassassination".TampaBayTimes.
PolitiFact.com.
499.Michaud,Sarah(October3,2011)."DonaldTrump,Jr.WelcomesSonTristanMilos".People.RetrievedOctober5,
2011.
500."Trump'sdaughter,Ivanka,givesbirthtothirdchild".FoxNewsChannel.March27,2016.RetrievedMarch28,
2016.
501."MelaniaTrump,theSilentPartner".TheNewYorkTimes.October1,2015.
502."AfterTheGoldRush".VanityFair.August1990.RetrievedJanuary10,2016."TheyweremarriedinNewYork
duringEasterof1977.MayorBeameattendedtheweddingatMarbleCollegiateChurch.Donaldhadalreadymade
hisalliancewithRoyCohn,whowouldbecomehislawyerandmentor.
503."OverlookedInfluencesonDonaldTrump:AFamousMinisterandHisChurch".TheNewYorkTimes.September
2016.RetrievedOctober13,2016."Mr.Trumpmarriedhisfirstwife,Ivana,atMarble,inaceremonyperformedby
oneofAmerica'smostfamousministers,theRev.NormanVincentPeale.
504.Alter,Charlotte(May4,2016)."AReader'sGuidetoDonaldTrump'sFamily".Time.
505."IvanaTrumpbecomesU.S.citizen".AssociatedPress.May27,1988.RetrievedAugust21,2015.
506.Argetsinger,Amy(September1,2015)."WhydoeseveryonecallDonaldTrump'TheDonald'?It'saninteresting
story.".TheWashingtonPost.RetrievedSeptember4,2015.
507.Fleischer,Matt(January25,1999)."TrumpvsTrumpinBattleoftheExes".TheNewYorkObserver.Retrieved
April5,2015.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

43/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

508.Triggs,Charlotte(April20,2016)."MarlaMaplesRecalls'Awful'TabloidScandalSurroundingDonaldTrump's
FirstDivorce,SaysSheTriedtoMakeAmendswithIvana:'IReallyHope,forHerSake,ThatSheCanForgive
Me' ".People.RetrievedSeptember1,2016.
509.Brenner,Marie(September1990)."AftertheGoldRush".VanityFair.RetrievedAugust21,2015.
510.Lavin,Cheryl(February18,1990)."With'Dynasty'Dead,JustTunetotheTrumps".TheChicagoTribune.
RetrievedAugust21,2015.
511."IvanaTrumpGetsHerDayinCourt,butfortheDonald,AprilCouldBetheCruelestMonth"(http://www.people.co
m/people/archive/article/0,,20114003,00.html),People(magazine)(December24,1990).
512.Hylton,RichardD.(March21,1991)."TrumpsSettleSheGets$14MillionPlus".TheNewYorkTimes.Retrieved
August21,2015.
513.Baumgold,Julie(November9,1992)."FightingBack:TrumpScramblesofftheCanvas".NewYork.pp.36,40."He
sufferedoverherfewweeksonthebestsellerlistandfinallywonhisgagorder...."
514."JusticesWon'tConsiderLiftingIvana'sGagOrder".DeseretNews.October23,1992.RetrievedMarch14,2016.
515.Lacher,Irene(April26,1992)."Ivana'sNewTrumpCard:TheDonald'sHistory,butHisExIsConqueringOther
Worlds,IncludingPriceClub".LosAngelesTimes.RetrievedMarch14,2016.
516.Collins,Eliza(July28,2015)."IvanaTrumpdeniesaccusingDonaldTrumpofrape".Politico."DonaldandIarethe
bestoffriendsandtogetherhaveraisedthreechildrenthatweloveandareveryproudof.Ihavenothingbutfondness
forDonaldandwishhimthebestofluckonhiscampaign.Incidentally,Ithinkhewouldmakeanincredible
president."
517.Graham,Ruth(July20,2016)."TiffanyTrump'sSad,VagueTributetoHerDistantFather".Slate.RetrievedJuly24,
2016.
518."TheDonaldBidsHeartsForMarlaTrumpWeddingDraws1,100Friends,ButNotManyStars".DailyNews.New
York.December21,1993.RetrievedAugust21,2015.
519.Arena,SalvatoreBaker,K.C.(June9,1999)."Marlacavesonprenupbattle,takes$2millionindivorce".Daily
News.NewYork.RetrievedJanuary9,2016.
520."MarlaMaplesStillLovesDonaldTrump".People.August2013.
521."Trumpalwayssays'Ido'tohavingaprenup".ChicagoTribune.January21,2005.
522.Walloga,April(July12,2015)."MeetthewildcardTrumpdaughternooneistalkingabout".BusinessInsider.
RetrievedJune29,2016.
523.Johnson,Richard(April30,2004)."HowTrumpIcedtheDeal:$2MilSparklerforhisYugoGirl".TheNewYork
Post.RetrievedAugust21,2015.
524.Charles,Marissa(August16,2015)."MelaniaTrumpwouldbeafirstladyfortheages".TheNewYorkPost.
RetrievedAugust21,2015.
525."TheDonaldisgettingmarriedagain".CNN.April29,2004.RetrievedJanuary10,2016.
526.Gillin,Joshua(July21,2015)."TheClintonsreallydidattendDonaldTrump's2005wedding".PolitiFact.com
(TampaBayTimes/MiamiHerald).RetrievedAugust21,2015.
527.Krueger,Alyson(June27,2011)."Top12MayDecemberRomances:DonaldTrumpandMelaniaTrump&Ivana
TrumpandRossanoRubicondi(24years)".Time.RetrievedAugust29,2015.
528.Brown,Tina(January27,2005)."DonaldTrump,SettlingDown".TheWashingtonPost.RetrievedMay22,2008.
529.Choron,HarryChoron,Sandy(2011).Money.ChronicleBooks.p.251.ISBN9781452105598.
530."DonaldTrumpFastFacts".CNN.March7,2014.RetrievedMarch10,2015.
531.Daly,Michael(February25,2016)."Trump'sFemaleTowerBossTalksAboutHisHalfBillionDollarDebt,
WomanizingAndHowHeLearnedToBeShameless".TheDailyBeast.RetrievedFebruary25,2016.
532.Fisher,Marc(January27,2016)."DonaldTrump,remadebyrealityTV".TheWashingtonPost.RetrievedMay18,
2016.
533.Katz,Celeste(September3,2015)."TrumpstillquestioningJebBushforusingSpanish".DailyNews.NewYork.
RetrievedSeptember4,2015.
534.Bashir,Martin(February26,2009)."DonaldTrump'sBusinessObsession".ABCNews.RetrievedAugust23,2015.
535.Evans,Heidi(December19,2000)."InsideTrumps'BitterBattleNephew'sailingbabycaughtinthemiddle".New
YorkDailyNews.RetrievedJuly12,2016.
536."ForDonaldTrump,LessonsFromaBrother'sSuffering".TheNewYorkTimes.January2,2016.RetrievedMay26,
2016.
537.Evans,Heidi(December19,2000)."InsideTrumps'BitterBattle:Nephew'sailingbabycaughtinthemiddle".The
DailyNews."'Giventhisfamily,itwouldbeutterlynavetosayithasnothingtodowithmoney.Butforbothme
andmybrother,ithasmuchmoretodowiththatourfather[FredJr.]berecognized.'"
538.Mattera,Jason(March14,2011)."TrumpUnplugged".HumanEvents.RetrievedMarch16,2011.
539.Shabad,Rebecca(August29,2015)."ChurchsaysTrumpisn'tan'activemember' ".TheHill.RetrievedAugust29,
2015.
540.Jones,Lawrence(April12,2011)."DonaldTrump:Christianityisa'wonderfulreligion' ".TheChristianPost.
RetrievedApril13,2011.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

44/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

541.Haberman,Maggie(April11,2011)."DonaldTrumpTalksReligion:'IAmaChristian' ".Politico.Retrieved
April13,2011.
542.Scott,Eugene(July19,2015)."TrumpbelievesinGod,buthasn'tsoughtforgiveness".CNN.
543.Weigel,David(August11,2015)."InMichigan,TrumpattacksChina,critiquesautobailout,andjudgesBernie
Sanders'weak' ".TheWashingtonPost.RetrievedAugust22,2015.
544.Blinder,Alan(August21,2015)."DonaldTrumpFailstoFillAlabamaStadium,butFans'ZealIsUndiminished".
TheNewYorkTimes.RetrievedAugust22,2015.
545.Allen,Nick(January18,2016)."DonaldTrumpfacesquestionsover'TwoCorinthians' ".TheDailyTelegraph.
546."'IbelieveintheBible':TrumpcourtsChristianright,"byJillColvin,AssociatedPress,September25,2015(http://b
igstory.ap.org/article/182ce6ff69484377abadf7bcbe3f8bdc/playboynomoretrumpcourtschristianright).Retrieved
November21,2015.
547.Salo,Jackie(October27,2017)."WhoIsTheHedgeFundPriest?MeetEmmanuelLemelson,TheReverendOfWall
Street".InternationalBusinessTimes.RetrievedJanuary23,2016.
548.Heilman,Uriel(August7,2015)."TrumpHasStrongestJewishTiesofallGOPCandidates".TheForward.
RetrievedJanuary17,2016.
549.AlgemeinerJournalJewish100GalaHonorsDonaldTrump,JoanRiversandYuliEdelstein(http://www.jewishvoice
ny.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=10058:algemeinerjournaljewish100galahonorsdonaldtr
umpjoanriversandyuliedelsterin&catid=121:specialfeatures&Itemid=325),TheJewishVoice,February11,2015,
TzviAllenFishman
550.Bever,LindseyJohnson,Jenna(February19,2016)."Vaticansayspope'sremarksonTrumpwerenota'personal
attack' ".TheWashingtonPost.ISSN01908286.RetrievedMarch30,2016.
551.Rappeport,Alan(February18,2016)."TrumpCallsPope'sCriticism'Disgraceful' ".TheNewYorkTimes.Retrieved
February18,2016.
552."Trump:PopeWillHave"WishedAndPrayed"IWasPresidentIfISISAttackedVatican"(http://www.realclearpoliti
cs.com/video/2016/02/18/trump_pope_will_have_wished_and_prayed_i_was_president_if_isis_attacked_vatican.html),
RealClearPolitics(February18,2016).
553."Vatican:PopeFrancisWasNotSinglingOutDonaldTrumpWith'Wall'Remarks".NBCNews.Retrieved
March30,2016.
554.Nadeau,Barbie."WhatPopeFrancisReallySaidAboutTrumpNotBeingChristian"(http://www.thedailybeast.com/a
rticles/2016/02/20/whatpopefrancisreallysaidabouttrumpnotbeingchristian.html),DailyBeast(February20,
2016):"thepope'sremarksareafarcryfrommanyoftheheadlines".
555.Allen,Cooper."Vatican:Pope'scommentsonTrumpnot'personalattack' ".USAToday.RetrievedMarch30,2016.
556.Frizell,Sam."DonaldTrump'sDoctor'sLetterRevealsHeisOverweight,But'InExcellentHealth'"(http://time.com/
4495117/donaldtrumpdoctorsletter/?xid=homepage),Time(September15,2016).
557.Bornstein,Harold.DonaldJ.TrumpMedicalRecords(https://assets.donaldjtrump.com/DJT_Medical_Records_.pdf)
(September13,2016).
558."Part2:DonaldTrumpon'Watters'World' ".Watters'World.FoxNewsChannel.February6,2016.Retrieved
September4,2016."WATTERS:"Haveyoueversmokedweed?"TRUMP:"No,Ihavenot.Ihavenot.Iwouldtell
you100percentbecauseeveryoneelseseemstoadmititnowadays,soIwouldactuallytellyou.Thisisalmostlike,
it'salmostlike'Hey,it'sasign'.No,Ihavenever.Ihaveneversmokedacigarette,either.""
559.McAfee,Tierney."DonaldTrumpOpensUpAboutHisBrother'sDeathfromAlcoholism:ItHada'ProfoundImpact
onMyLife'"(http://www.people.com/article/donaldtrumpbrotherfreddeathalcoholism),People(magazine)
(October8,2015):"[T]hereareafewhardandfastprinciplesthathehimselflivesby:nodrugs,nocigarettesandno
alcohol.Trump'sabstinencefromalcoholwaslargelyshapedbythedeathofhisbrother,FredJr.,fromalcoholismin
1981."
560.Dent,Millie(July10,2015)."15FactsYouDidn'tKnowAboutDonaldTrump".TheFiscalTimes.Retrieved
August1,2015."TheDonaldhasneversmokedcigarettes,drankalcoholordonedrugs.Hisolderbrother,Fred,was
analcoholicformanyyearsandwarnedTrumptoavoiddrinking.Fredultimatelydiedfromhisaddiction."
561.Morgan,Piers.TheHotSeat:Love,War,andCableNews(https://books.google.com/books?id=0AA7BAAAQBAJ&pg
=PA31),p.31(SimonandSchuster2014):"[H]e'snevertouchedadropofalcohol,smokedacigarette,ortrieda
drug".
562.Amira,Dan."DoesDonaldTrumpHaveaFleshPressingProblem?"(http://nymag.com/daily/intelligencer/2011/02/do
es_donald_trump_have_a_glad.html),NewYorkCity(February25,2011).
563.Sifferlin,Alexandra(September15,2016)."DonaldTrumphealthreport".Time.RetrievedSeptember16,2016.
564."Theothertimetrumpwashuge:newsweek's1987lookatthepresidentialcandidate".September30,2015.Retrieved
March5,2016.
565."DoonesburyCollection:Trump".RetrievedMarch5,2016.
566."GarryTrudeau:'Doonesburyquicklybecameacauseoftrouble' ".October26,2010.RetrievedMarch5,2016.
567."HomeAlone2:LostinNewYork".InternetMovieDatabase.1992.RetrievedAugust13,2016.
568.Ward,Bob(September14,2011)."You'veBeenTrumped:filmrevealstycoon'sruthlesseffortstobuildScottishgolf
resort".TheGuardian.London.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

45/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

569."DegreereturnedoverDonaldTrump'sRGUaward".BBCNews.September28,2010.
570."DonaldTrumpfightsbackover'Menie:TheMovie' ".TheScotsman.June10,2011.RetrievedDecember12,2011.
571."You'veBeenTrumped".BBCNews.October21,2012.Archivedfromtheoriginal(iPlayer)onOctober22,2012.
RetrievedOctober23,2012.
572.Carrell,Severin(October22,2012)."DonaldTrumplawyerstriedtostopBBCshowingScottishbullyingfilm".The
Guardian.London.RetrievedOctober20,2014.
573.Lee,Benjamin(February10,2016)."FunnyorDiereleasesspoofDonaldTrumpbiopicstarringJohnnyDepp".The
Guardian.ISSN02613077.RetrievedFebruary11,2016.
574.Wilwol,John(July7,2016)."TheDayoftheDonald'imagineslifeunderPresidentTrump".TheWashingtonPost.
RetrievedSeptember28,2016.
575.Makarechi,Kia(January25,2016)."MacMiller,DonaldTrump'sLeastFavoriteRapper,RevisitsFeud".Vanity
Fair.RetrievedJune13,2016.
576.Campbell,Colin(December17,2015)."JimmyKimmelandDonaldTrumpreadoverthetopchildren'sbook,
'WinnersAren'tLosers' ".BusinessInsider.RetrievedJune10,2016.
577.Locker,Melissa."JohnOliverTakesOnDonaldTrumpOnLastWeekTonight".Time.ISSN0040781X.
OCLC1311479.RetrievedMarch28,2016.
578."JohnOliverSellsOutof'MakeDonaldDrumpfAgain'Caps".TheNewYorkTimes.March9,2016.ISSN0362
4331.OCLC1645522.RetrievedMarch27,2016.
579.Nededog,Jethro(April5,2016)."StephenColbertbroughtoutcartoonDonaldTrumptospinhisfallingpoll
numbers".BusinessInsider.RetrievedJune10,2016.
580.Parker,Ryan(March16,2016)." 'Simpsons'WriterWhoPredictedTrumpPresidencyin2000:"ItWasaWarningto
America" ".TheHollywoodReporter.LosAngeles,CA.RetrievedNovember10,2016.
581.Price,Lydia."DonaldTrumponSaturdayNightLive".People.RetrievedMarch19,2016.
582."DonaldTrumpHosted'SNL'WatchedBy9.3MDemoBestSinceJanuary".Deadline.com.November12,2015.
583."Trump'strademarkplanisunderfire".March30,2004.RetrievedOctober21,2016.
584."DonaldTrumpLetsHisHairDown".May11,2011.RetrievedOctober21,2016.
585."InterviewWith"TheApprentice"HostDonaldTrump".RetrievedOctober21,2016.
586."DONALDTRUMP'SHAIR".May13,2010.RetrievedOctober21,2016.
587."TrumpsaysfamoushairwillgetnewlookinWhiteHouse".June28,2015.RetrievedOctober21,2016.
588.Penzenstadler,NickPage,Susan(June2,2016)."Exclusive:Trump's3,500lawsuitsunprecedentedforapresidential
nominee".USAToday.RetrievedJune2,2016.
589.Stockman,Rachel(February16,2016)."WeInvestigated,DonaldTrumpisNamedinatLeast169Federal
Lawsuits".LawNewzbyDanAbrams.RetrievedMarch9,2016.
590.BrodyMullinsJimOberman(March13,2016)."Trump'sLongTrailofLitigation".TheWallStreetJournal.
RetrievedMarch14,2016."Litigationisn'tunusualforresolvingbusinessdisputesorenforcingcontracts,
particularlyintherealestateindustry..."
591."Trumpbragsaboutwinningrecordinlawsuits".TheHill.June2,2016.
592.Schanberg,SydneyH.(March9,1985)."NewYorkDoerandSlumlordBoth".TheNewYorkTimes.Retrieved
March14,2016.
593.Rozhon,Tracie(March26,1998)."AWinbyTrump!No,byTenants!Battleofthe80'sEnds,WithGladHanding
AllAround".TheNewYorkTimes.RetrievedMarch14,2016.
594.Rowley,James(April5,1988)."TrumpAgreesToPay$750,000PenaltyToSettleAntitrustLawsuit".Associated
Press.RetrievedMarch10,2016.
595."AnalystSettlesTrumpLawsuit".TheNewYorkTimes.Reuters.June11,1991.RetrievedMay27,2011.
596.Johnston,David(March2,1991)."TrumpFilesSuitOverCrashThatKilledExecutives".PhiladelphiaInquirer.
RetrievedMarch14,2016.
597.Asseo,Laurie(October5,1992)."CourtWon'tReviveTrumpSuitinEmployeeDeaths".AssociatedPress.
RetrievedMarch14,2016.
598.Isikoff,Michael(March7,2016)."Trumpchallengedovertiestomoblinkedgamblerwithuglypast".Yahoo!News.
RetrievedMarch7,2016.
599.Johnston,David(April9,1991)."N.j.AgencySaysTrumpLoanIllegal".PhiladelphiaDailyNews.Retrieved
March10,2016.
600.Henriques,Diana(July29,1993)."TrumpSuesPritzkerAsaFeudGoesPublic".TheNewYorkTimes.Retrieved
March10,2016.
601.Henriques,Diana(March29,1994)."CompanyNewsPritzkervs.Trump,andViceVersa".TheNewYorkTimes.
RetrievedMarch10,2016.
602.Henriques,Diana(May6,1995)."COMPANYNEWSTrumpAgreesToEndFeudOverHotel".TheNewYork
Times.RetrievedMarch10,2016.
603.Rosenberg,AmyS.(February19,1997)."HomeownerDropsTrumpSuitVeraCokingAcceptedA$90,000
SettlementFromTheCasinoMogul'sContractor,ForDamagesToHerHome.She'sStillFightingToKeepThe
House".PhiladelphiaDailyNews.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

46/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

604.Cohen,Linda(September24,2013)."AskingpricedropsonhouseVeraCokingrefusedtoselltoTrump".ThePress
ofAtlanticCity.
605."OnetimeTrumpnemesis,91,ismovingon".CBSNews.AssociatedPress.July31,2014.
606."MirageSuesTrumponAtlanticCityPlan".TheNewYorkTimes/MetroBusinessN.Y./Region.September10,
1997.RetrievedMarch14,2016.
607.Kershaw,Sarah(March15,1997)."TrumpSuesonCasinoRoad".TheNewYorkTimes.RetrievedMarch14,2016.
608.Anastasia,George(March12,2000)."DonaldTrumpVs.SteveWynnInAReallifeSpyTaleARecentBattle
BetweenTheCasinoMogulsIsFilledWithClaimsOfMoneylaundering,DoubleAgentsAndHighlevelSecret
Snooping.".ThePhiladelphiaInquirer.RetrievedMarch14,2016.
609.Mahoney,Joe(October5,2000)."ForTrump,250GFineinLobbying".DailyNews.NewYork.RetrievedMarch10,
2016.
610.Dicker,FredricU.(July17,2000)."TrumpProbedinCasinoLobbyingBlitz".NewYorkPost.RetrievedMarch10,
2016.
611.Tanfani,Joseph(June30,2016)."TrumpwasoncesoinvolvedintryingtoblockanIndiancasinothathesecretly
approvedattackads".LosAngelesTimes.RetrievedJuly5,2016.
612."SECBringsFirstProFormaFinancialReportingCase".U.S.SecuritiesandExchangeCommission.January16,
2002.RetrievedApril10,2011.
613."SECcitesTrumpHotels".CNN/Money.January16,2002.RetrievedMarch10,2016."TrumpHotels&Casino
ResortsInc.hasconsentedtoaSecuritiesandExchangeCommissionceaseanddesistorderafterbeingaccusedby
regulatorsofmakingmisleadingstatementsinthecompany'sthirdquarter1999earningsrelease."
614.Tully,Shawn(March14,2016)."WhenDonaldTrumpGotinTroublewiththeSEC".Fortune.RetrievedMarch16,
2016.
615."TrumpWantsHelmsley,RatsOutOfEmpireState".OrlandoSentinel.February18,1995.
616.Johnston,DavidCay(May31,1995)."Helmsley,inaCountersuitAgainstTrump,AllegesaConspiracyasBigas
theEmpireState".TheNewYorkTimes.
617.Lewis,Mark(March19,2002)."SoapOperaEndsAsTrumpSellsOut".Forbes.
618.DiCarlo,Lisa(September27,2001)."TaleOfTheTape".Forbes.
619.EamonJaversAmyBorrusDavidPolek(December11,2005)."Trump'sAngryApprentice".BloombergBusiness.
RetrievedMarch11,2016.
620.Peer,Melinda(May29,2008)."TheDonaldvs.TheRichard".Forbes.RetrievedMarch11,2016.
621."TrumpinTrouble?TheDonaldresignsfromTrumpEntertainmentboardasbankruptcyrumorsloom".Bloomberg
News.February16,2009.RetrievedMarch11,2016.
622.Musgrove,Martha(October27,2015)."DonaldTrumpalwaysclaimsvictorywillheactuallygetthisone?".Sun
Sentinel.RetrievedMarch11,2016.
623."CourtRecords:TrumpHotels&CasinoResortsvs.RichardTFields,etal".BrowardCountyClerkofCourts.
RetrievedMarch11,2016.
624.Cerabino,Frank(September5,2015)."Trump'sWarWithPalmBeach".Politico.RetrievedMarch10,2016.
625.Kim,Victoria(December20,2008)."Trumpsuescityfor$100million".LosAngelesTimes.RetrievedAugust28,
2015.
626.Pamer,Melissa(January11,2011)."Trumplosesroundinalocallawsuit".PasadenaStarNews.Retrieved
August28,2015.
627.Mooradian,Nicole(September12,2012)."RPV,TrumpSettle$100MLawsuit".PalosVerdesPatch.Retrieved
August28,2015.
628.Jones,Ashby(July22,2009)."TheDonaldEffusiveAfterSettlementWithLawFirm".TheWallStreetJournal.
RetrievedMarch14,2016.
629."TrumpBajaventureleavesbuyershighanddry".LosAngelesTimes.March7,2009.RetrievedSeptember13,2015.
630.Barbaro,Michael(May12,2011)."BuyingaTrumpProperty,orSoTheyThought".TheNewYorkTimes.Retrieved
August31,2015.
631."DonaldTrumpsettleslawsuitoverBajacondoresortthatwentbust".LosAngelesTimes.RetrievedSeptember13,
2015.
632.Bagli,CharlesV.(December17,2007)."RealEstateExecutiveWithHandinTrumpProjectsRoseFromTangled
Past".TheNewYorkTimes.RetrievedMarch11,2016.
633.MichaelSallahMichaelVasquez(March13,2016)."FailedDonaldTrumptowerthrustintoGOPcampaignfor
presidency".TampaBayTimes.RetrievedMarch16,2016.
634.Norris,Floyd(December4,2008)."TrumpSeesActofGodinRecession".TheNewYorkTimes.Retrieved
March10,2016.
635.TheEditors(March20,2013)."TheLawsuitsofDonaldTrump".TheAtlantic.RetrievedMarch10,2016.
636.Flynn,Alexis(December16,2015)."TrumpLosesBattletoStopWindFarmNearHisScottishGolfResort".The
WallStreetJournal.RetrievedMarch14,2016.
637.Zadrozny,BrandyMak,Tim(July31,2015)."TrumpLawyerBragged:I'Destroyed'aBeautyQueen'sLife".Daily
Beast.RetrievedAugust2,2015.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

47/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

638.Finn,Natalie(July5,2013)."SheenaMonninLosesDonaldTrumpAppeal:ExMissPennsylvaniaSaysShe'sGlad
TruthisOut,SolicitsDonationsforLegalFees".E!.RetrievedAugust2,2015.
639."SheenaMonninMustPayDonaldTrump$5Million,JudgeRules".Inquisitr.July5,2013.RetrievedAugust2,
2015.
640.Sedensky,Matt(January13,2015)."Trumpsuesfor$100M,saysairtraffictargetshim".USAToday.Retrieved
February23,2015.
641.Heil,Emily(July31,2015)."TrumpsuesJosAndrsfor$10Mforbackingoutofrestaurantdeal".TheWashington
Post.RetrievedAugust1,2015.
642.Bennett,KateStrauss,Daniel(July31,2015)."DonaldTrumpdeliversonpromisetosuechefJosAndrs".
Politico.RetrievedAugust19,2015.
643.Sidman,Jessica(August5,2015)."TrumpSuesCelebrityChefGeoffreyZakarianForBackingOutofHotel
RestaurantDeal".WashingtonCityPaper.RetrievedAugust26,2015.
644.Cooper,Rebecca(February17,2016)."TrumpwillhavetoshowupforD.C.hotellawsuit".WashingtonBusiness
Journal.RetrievedMarch4,2016.
645.Wilson,DavidMcKay(September3,2015)."seeks90percenttaxcutatWestchestergolfclub".TheJournalNews.
RetrievedMarch12,2016.
646.Swaine,Jon(March12,2016)."HowTrump's$50mgolfclubbecame$1.4mwhenitcametimetopaytax".The
Guardian.RetrievedMarch12,2016.
647.Diamond,Jeremy(September9,2015)."ProtesterssueTrumpafterviolentencounterwithsecurity".CableNews
Network(CNN).RetrievedMarch14,2016.
648.Jackson,LucasFlitter,EmilyShumaker,Lisa(September9,2015)."Trumpsecurityguardsassaultedprotesterson
NYsidewalk,lawsuitclaims".Reuters.RetrievedMarch14,2016.
649.DemocratssueTrumpforallegedvoterintimidationinfourstates(http://www.reuters.com/article/ususaelectioninti
midationidUSKBN12V28G?feedType=RSS&feedName=topNews)Reuters
650.Sullivan,Andy(November4,2016)."OhiojudgeordersTrumpcampaigntoavoidvoterintimidation".Reuters.
651.JewishNationalFundTreeofLifeAwardPresentationtoDonaldJ.Trump:TuesdayEveningMarch1,1983,Gala
DinnerDance,GrandHyattHotel,NewYork
652.Evon,Dan."TrumpReceivedEllisIslandAwardin1986".
653.Weisman,Aly(September1,2015)."DonaldTrumpwona'worstsupportingactor'Razzieawardforhisroleinthis
1989film".BusinessInsider.RetrievedApril23,2016.
654."TheGamingHallofFame".UniversityofNevadaLasVegas.RetrievedAugust30,2009.
655."DonaldTrump".HollywoodWalkofFame.
656.Robinson,Joanna(April3,2016)."PeopleCan'tStopVandalizingDonaldTrump'sStarontheHollywoodWalkof
Fame".VanityFair.
657."March24,2007MuhammadAli'sCelebrityFightNightXIII".Blacktie.March24,2007.RetrievedJuly12,2016.
658.PaulineSmithandAndrewYoungson.(September16,2010).DonaldTrumpHonouredbyRobertGordonUniversity
(http://www.rgu.ac.uk/news/donaldtrumpdoctorofbusinessadministration).RobertGordonUniversity.
659.Holton,Kate(December9,2015)."Morethan250,000BritonspetitiontobanTrumpfromUK".Reuters.
660.DonaldTrumpHonoredInGrayLineNewYork'sRideOfFameCampaign(http://www.forbes.com/pictures/mfg45el
mf/donaldtrumphonoredingraylinenewyorksrideoffamecampaign6/)Forbes.June8,2010.
661.MitziBible(September24,2012).DonaldTrumpaddresseslargestConvocationcrowd,praisesLiberty'sgrowth(htt
p://www.liberty.edu/news/index.cfm?PID=18495&MID=65182).LibertyUniversityNewsService,September.
LibertyUniversityNewsService.
662."DonaldTrumptoTalkPolitics,BusinessandFaithatLibertyUniversityConvocation".TheChristianPost.
RetrievedMarch9,2016.
663."DonaldTrumpcementshisWWElegacy:2013WWEHallofFameInductionCeremony".wwe.com.2013.
664."AlgemeinerHonorsJoanRivers,DonaldTrump,YuliEdelsteinatSecondAnnual'Jewish100'Gala".Algemeiner
Journal.Brooklyn,NY.February5,2015.
665.Hascup,Henry(March27,2015)."2015NewJerseyBoxingHallofFameInductees".NewJerseyBoxingHallof
Fame.
666."MCLEFEvents".MarineCorpsLawEnforcementFoundation.2015.ArchivedfromtheoriginalonAugust19,
2015."DonaldTrumpreceivedourCommandant'sLeadershipAward."
667.Madan,Monique(March4,2015)."DonaldTrumpgetshiskeytoDoral".TheMiamiHerald.Miami.Archivedfrom
theoriginalonJuly8,2015.RetrievedAugust19,2015.
668.Hidalgo,Daniel(August5,2015)."DoralletsDonaldTrumpkeepkeytocityalsogivesinitialOKtofournew
developments".TheMiamiHerald.Miami.ArchivedfromtheoriginalonAugust19,2015.RetrievedAugust19,
2015.
669.Ellmers,Renee(April21,2016)."DonaldTrump:'Therulebreaker' ".Time.

Externallinks
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

48/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

Officialwebsite(https://www.donaldjtrump.com/)
DonaldTrump(https://www.greatagain.gov/meetpresidentelect.html)attheOfficeofthePresident
Elect
DonaldTrump(http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0874339/)attheInternetMovieDatabase
DonaldTrump(http://www.politifact.com/personalities/donaldtrump/)atPolitiFact.com
"DonaldTrumpcollectednewsandcommentary".TheWallStreetJournal.
"DonaldTrumpcollectednewsandcommentary".TheGuardian.
Appearances(http://www.cspan.org/person/?donaldtrump)onCSPAN
DonaldTrump(https://www.dmoz.org/Regional/North_America/United_States/Society_and_Culture/Pol
itics/Candidates_and_Campaigns/President/Candidates/Donald_Trump)atDMOZ
Businesspositions
Precededby
FredTrump

ChairandPresidentofTheTrump
Organization
1971present

Incumbent

Politicaloffices
Precededby
BarackObama

PresidentoftheUnitedStates
Elect
Takingoffice2017

Incumbent

Partypoliticaloffices
Precededby
MittRomney

RepublicannomineeforPresidentofthe
UnitedStates
2016

Mostrecent

Retrievedfrom"https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Donald_Trump&oldid=749313704"
Categories: DonaldTrump 1946births 20thcenturyAmericanbusinesspeople
20thcenturyAmericanpoliticians 20thcenturyAmericanwriters 21stcenturyAmericanbusinesspeople
21stcenturyAmericanpoliticians 21stcenturyAmericanwriters Americanbeautypageantowners
Americandrinkindustrybusinesspeople Americanbillionaires Americanbusinesswriters
Americanbusinesspeopleinretailing Americancasinoindustrybusinesspeople AmericanChristians
Americancommoditiestraders Americanconspiracytheorists Americanconstructionbusinesspeople
Americancosmeticsbusinesspeople Americaneducationbusinesspeople
Americanfashionbusinesspeople Americanfinanceandinvestmentwriters
Americanfinancialcommentators Americanfinancialcompanyfounders Americanfinanciers
Americanfoodindustrybusinesspeople Americanhoteliers Americaninfotainers Americaninvestors
Americanmalewriters AmericanpeopleofGermandescent AmericanpeopleofScottishdescent
Americanpoliticalfundraisers Americanpoliticalwriters Americanrealestatebusinesspeople
Americanrealitytelevisionproducers Americanrestaurateurs Americanstocktraders
Americantelevisionhosts Businesseducators BusinesspeoplefromNewYorkCity
Businesspeopleinconfectionery Climatechangeskepticismanddenial ConservatismintheUnitedStates
CriticsoftheEuropeanUnion FordhamUniversityalumni JohnF.Kennedyconspiracytheorists
Livingpeople NewYorkMilitaryAcademyalumni NewYorkRepublicans
ParticipantsinAmericanrealitytelevisionseries PeoplefromManhattan PeoplefromQueens,NewYork
PeoplenamedinthePanamaPapers PoliticiansfromNewYorkCity PresidentsoftheUnitedStates
RadiopersonalitiesfromNewYorkCity RepublicanPartyPresidentsoftheUnitedStates
RepublicanParty(UnitedStates)presidentialnominees RightwingpopulismintheUnitedStates
Stockandcommoditymarketmanagers TelevisionproducersfromNewYork TheApprentice(TVseries)
TheTrumpOrganizationemployees UnitedStatesFootballLeagueexecutives
UnitedStatespresidentialcandidates,2000 UnitedStatespresidentialcandidates,2016
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

49/50

11/14/2016

DonaldTrumpWikipedia

WhartonSchooloftheUniversityofPennsylvaniaalumni WritersfromNewYorkCity
WWEHallofFame
Thispagewaslastmodifiedon13November2016,at18:25.
TextisavailableundertheCreativeCommonsAttributionShareAlikeLicenseadditionaltermsmay
apply.Byusingthissite,youagreetotheTermsofUseandPrivacyPolicy.Wikipediaisaregistered
trademarkoftheWikimediaFoundation,Inc.,anonprofitorganization.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump

50/50