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Findtherequiredtermsinthefollowingseries

1.Thefifthtermof2,4,8,16...
2.Thetenthtermof1,3,9,27...
3.Thefifteenthtermof64,32,16,8...
4.Then'^termof2,6,18,54...
5.The{2n1)"^termof4,8,16,32...
6.Then^^termofa,arr,aV*,*r....
a^^
7.The2n^^termof,a,b,.
a
8.The(n1)"^termof3a,5aV,7aV,9aV...
V3VS3VJ
9.Then^^termof
10.The(2n+3)"^termof
v/3+1'^3+2'^3+2
VJ+l11
,_JV212V22
11.Sum1+2+4+8..,.totentermsandtonterms.
,c>c,8840
12.hum++....toSIXtermsandtonterms.
539
13.Sum12+48....to2wtermsandto2?i+1terms.
..o1111
14.humK+T+?:+T^totentermsandtonterms.
24816
15.Sumo.r~^ff^+*i'rt^.r....to?ttermsandto27i
3terms.
16.Sum(2a/3")+1+(2+VJ)....toi+1terms.
17.Sumto?itermstheserieswhosei"^termisr"~^.
18.Sumtow+3termstheserieswhosen^^termisa^~%^'*~\/
11319.Sum+++....tort+1terms.
20.Sum2+V^8+V'2+tonterrasandto16terms.
5510
21.Sum+....toritermsandto2?i+1tei'ms.
692/
22.Thefirsttermofageometricalseriesis5andthethird
termis80;findthecommonratio.
23.Thefifthtermofageometricalseriesis48,andtheratio
is2;findthefirstand>i"^terms.
24.If=2andr=3,whichtermwillbe162?
25.Thesumofthreetermsofageometricalseriesis14J,and
theirproductis8;findtheterms.
26.ThesumoftlireenumbersinG.P.is13,andthesumof
theirsquaresis91;findthenumbers.

27.Thesumoftwonumbersism,andtheirgeometricmean
isn;findthenumbers.
28.Inserttwogeometricalmeansbetween9and21J.
29.Insertsixgeometricalmeansbetween^"yand5^.
30.Wliatisthecommonratioofageometricalserieswhenthe
differencebetweenthefirstandii^^termsisequaltothe
sumoinIterms1
31.Thesumofthefirstthreetermsofageometricalseriesis
4|,andthesumofthefirst,thirdandfifthtermsisSi^',
find
theseries.
32.Thesumofthefirstsixtermsofageometricalseriesis
157^,andthesumofthethirdtotheeighthinclusiveis630]
findtheseries.
33.ThefirstoffournumbersinG.P.is,andtheirsumis
1(
greaterbjonethanthecommonratio;findthenumbers.
34.Therearefivenumbers,thefirstthreeofwhicharein
G.P.,andthelastthreeinA.P.,thesecondnumberbeingthe
commondifferenceofthesethreeterras.Thesumofthelast
fouris40,andtheproductofthesecondandlastis64;find
the
numbers.
35.Threenumberswhosesumis27areinA.P.;if1,3and
11beaddedtothemrespectivelytheresultswillbeinG.P.;
find
thenumbers.
36.Toeachofthefirsttwoofthenumbers,3,3.5,190,990,is
addedx,andtoeachofthelasttwoisadded3/;theresulting
numbeisareinG.P.;findxandy.
37.Theseriesofnaturalnumbersaredividedintogroups
thus:1,2+3,4+5+6+7,etc.,eachgroupcontainingtwice
as
manynumbersasthepreceding;findthesumoftheji**"group
andthesumofallthegroups.
38.Theoddnumbersaredividedintogroupsthus:1,3+5,
7+9+11+13,etc.,eachgroupcontainingtwiceasmany
numbers
asthepreceding;findthelastnumberofthe71^^group,the
sumofthe?i*''group,andthesumofallthegroups.
39.Thetermsofthegeometricalseries,1,2,4,8.,are
arrangedingi'oupsthus:1,2+4,8+16+32,etc.,eachgroup
containingonenumbermorethanthepreceding;findthesum
ofthe?i"'groupandthesumofngroups.

40.Thetermsofthegeometricalseries,1,2,4,8....,are
arrangedingroupsthus:1,2+4,8+16+32+64,etc.,each
groupcontainingtwiceasmanytermsasthepreceding;find
thesumofallthegroupsandthesumofn^^group.
41.Ifageometricprogressionconsistof4?iterms,showthat
theratioofthesumofthefirstntermsandthelastntermsis
tothesumoftheremaining2ntermsasj*^"?"+1to?".
42.Findthesumofthesquaresofthedifferencesofevery
twoconsecutivetermsinaG.P.ofw+1terms.
43.Determinemandnmtermsoraandosothatm+n
mayhethearithmeticalmeanbetweenmandw,andthegeometrical
meanbetweenaandb.
44.InaG.P.withtheusualnotationprove
aS^n='S^('S'+ir.>S'_i)and.S'('S'3S^^)={S^,,
S^)\
45.IfPbethecontinuedproductofnquantitiesinG.P.,
aS'theirsum,and*S^'thesumoftheirreciprocals,showthat
46.IfSndenotesthesumofntermsofaG.P.,S^nthesumof
thenext2riterms,andSo,^thesumofthefollowing3nterms,
thenr".,V=,S'.<S'3+r^.>S?.
47.If{a^+a^+a^\....a^,.^){a^+a^+rt^^+)
=(a,2+a./i2+_^a)^
andtti,ttj....areallreal,theni,Ojj"u^^^
inG.P.
Exercise2
Sumthefollowingseriesadinfinitum:
l,_1j114._4.2^114111
*248'24816
111333
^
3+9+27'"^48+I6
6.2+a/2"+1+...
5.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.

12.
13.
14.SumI+^+^+^+'tontermsamiadirtj.
357
15.Sum1+^+<^>+^+to?itermsandadinf.
357
16.SumI^+<vi~03"^'''"^^**termsandadinf.
17.Sumar+(+ah)r~+(+ab+oi*)?^+....towterms
and
adinf.,randhrbeingeachlessthanunity.
18.Inageometricalseriesconsistingofanoddnumberof
termsprovethattheproductofthefirstandlastequalsthe
squareofthemiddleterm.
19.The(+l)*'^termofageometricalseiiesisc;findthe
productof2n+1terms.
20.Ifngeometricalmeansbeinsertedbetweenaandh,what
istheproductofthetermsofthewholeseriesthusformed1
21.InaG.P.the(p+q)^^termism,andthe{pqY^term
isn;findthep"^^andtheq^^terms.
22.IftheyterminaG.P.isP,andthe^"^termisQ,what
isthe71^^term?
23.Ifa,bandcbethep^^,q^^andr"*termsofageometrical
progression,thena'^'".b'''^'.c^"3=1.
24.Ifthe^y^^*^r"^ands"'termsofanA.P.areinG.P.,
thenpq,qrandrsarealsoinG.P.
25.InaG.P.,ifeachtermbeaddedto,orsubtractedfrom,
thepreceding,theresultsineithercasewillbeinG.P.
26.Ifthetermsofageometricalseriesbearrangedingroups
ofptermseach,thesumsofthesuccessivegroupswillbeinG.
P.
Findthesumofngroups,andshowthatitisequaltothesum
ofthesametermstakenseparately.
27.IfSbethesumofanoddnumberoftermsinG.P.,andif
aS"bethesumoftheserieswhenthesignsoftheeventerms
arechanged,showthatthesumofthesquaresofthetermswill
beSS'.
28.IftherebeanynumberofquantitiesinG.P.,rthecommon
ratioand*S'thesumofthefirstnterms,provethatthe
sumoftheproductsofeverytwotermsis
r
r+1
29.IfPbethesumoftheseries,1+r^+?^^+r^^+...
ao?inf.,

andifQbethesumoftheseries,\+r"^+ir'^+r^+...ad
inf.,
showthatP\Ql)P=QP{Piy.
22
30.Sumtheseries,V^2+V3+5V2+adtrif.
oo
31.Sumtheseries,
111,.,
H^^+=^+admj.
a/2(1+V2)(1+v^2)(2+a/2)(2+a/2)(3+\/2)
32.Sumtonterms3+33+333+...
33.Findtheseriesinwhicheachtermequalsntimesthesum
ofallwhichfollowit,thesumofthefirsttwotermsbeingi.
34.If>S'bethesumofntermsofaG.P.,whatarethesums
of/Sj+aS'j+....'S'and*S'+Sn\v+**^n+2p+
SnJ^^^\)p'
35.Showthat2^.4^.8*.16''....at/inf.=4,
andthat3^.9^.
27^'''
.81"....adinf.=3^.
36.If>S'i,S2,"S'a....*S'bethesumsofutermsofn
geometrical
progressions,ofwhichallthefirsttermsare1andcommon
ratios
1,2,3....71re.spectively,showthat
,S',+,S;+'IH.,+3.S',+....(7i1)^S'=1"+2"+3''
+....".
37.IfS'denotethesumofthe?*"'powersofthetermsofan
infinitegeometricfilseries,showthat111;w1
Si^2031r
38.GivenSthesumands"thesumofthesquaresofthe
termsofaninfiniteG.P.,showthatthesumoftheserieston
termsis
39.Themiddlepointsofthesidesofatrianglearejoined,the
middlepointsofthesidesofthetrianglesoformedareagain
joined,andsoonadinfinitum.Showthatthesumoftheareas
ofallthetrianglessoformedisonethirdtheareaofthe
original
triangle.
40.Twostraightlinesmeetforminganacuteangle;fromany
pointinoneaperpendicularisdrawntotheother;fromthefoot
ofthisperpendicularaperpendicularisdrawntotheformer,and
soonadinfinitum.Thelengthsofthefirsttwoperpendiculars
areaandb;findthesumofthelengthsofallthe
perpendiculars

andthesumoftheareasofalltherightangledtrianglesthus
formed.
41.ThetriangleABChaseachoftheanglesatBandCdouble
theangleatA;linesaredrawnwitliinthetriangle,makingthe
trianglesCDB,DEB,etc.,eachsimilartotheoriginaltriangle.
IfAdenotetheareaoftheoriginaltriangle,findthesumof
the
areasoftheinfiniteseriesoftriangles,ABC,CDB,DEB,etc..
andalsooftheinfiniteseries,CDA,DEC,etc.