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Works Cited
Primary Sources
Bishop, Marlon, and Julia Shu. The History of Anti-Mexican Violence and Lynching. Latino
USA, 11 Mar. 2016, latinousa.org/2016/03/11/the-history-of-anti-mexican-violence-andlynching/. Accessed 22 Dec. 2016. Summary:
The history of Anti-Mexican racism in America in the South West. For example,
lynching.

Annotation:
This article is a great source of information because it has a lot of facts and details. The
article is relevant to my topic of Anti-Latino racism because this is the history of Latino
racism. This photo has no opinion.
A Class Apart. Latino LA, 27 Jan. 2009, www.latinola.com/story.php?story=7151. Accessed 8
Jan. 2017. Summary:
A Latino was discriminated, and killed his discriminator. The story of a Latino and his
journey in court. The movie that was about this court case.

Annotation:
The author talked about Latino racism, in the 1950s. The article was very detailed on the
history of the story. The author wrote a lot of dates of events about this case. The author
has an unbiased opinion, just telling the story. This photo does not have an opinion.
JCPenney- Woman Bullies Latino Women in Louisville,Ky Racist Yes or No. 2016. Summary:

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A Kentucky woman has a rant because, two Hispanic women in front of her are in line.
One has to leave the line because she forgot something. When she came back, the two
Hispanic women were in the front of the line. This video shows the womans reaction to
the Latino women.

Annotation:
This source has good information because it is the actual video of the Anti-Latino woman
giving her opinion on Latino immigrants. The video has a lot of detail I could use in my
research. The video was clear and I could understand all the women were saying. This
video does not have an opinion.
Rowling, J.K. Quotes about Unity. Good Reads, www.goodreads.com/quotes/tag/unity.
Accessed 22 Jan. 2017. Summary:
A quote about unity, and how powerful we are together than apart.

Annotation:
This source is good because it is about unity. This is helpful because it is my plan to
create unity with my website. This relates to my website because it is about
discrimination, and trying to reduce it.

Secondary Sources
Amitai, Etzioni. Leaving Race Behind: On Growing Hispanic Population Creates a Golden
Opportunity. American Scholar, Phi Beta Kappa Society. EBSCO Host,
web.b.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail/detail?sid=c8824f1f-e1d8-4110-8077-

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5edc3ef322b6%40sessionmgr107&vid=0&hid=125&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2Z
Q%3d%3d#AN=20200687&db=khh. Accessed 29 Sept. 2016. Summary:
This article is about different races that are effected by racism in America. The article
also talks about how the new age is leaving racism behind.

Annotation:
This article is a good source for learning about Latino racism and the new age. This gives
you information about past racism as well. This gives you information about how now
racism is very different compared to racism in the past. It also gives you stories about
famous people like Roger Clemens. It also gives information about African American
racism. This article gives the bias opinion that racism will always be around no matter
what.
Cowan, Gloria, et al. Predictors of Attitudes toward Illegal Latino Immigrants. Hispanic
Journal of Behavioral Science, 1 Dec. 2016, hjb.sagepub.com/content/19/4/403.short.
Accessed 1 Dec. 2016. Summary:
Illegal immigrants are being hurt by officer officials. Predictors think that many have a
negative attitude to Latino illegal immigrants.

Annotation:
This is a good article for information because it is very detailed. It tells a lot about illegal
immigrants, and as well as predictors. The authors made the article very clear to
understand. This authors have an unbiased opinion on anti-Latino racism.

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Cuban Americans in the American Hispanic Community. DISCovering Multicultural
America:African Americans, Hispanic Americans, Asian Americans, Native Americans.
Detroit: Gale, 2003. Research in Context. Web. 29 Sept. 2016 Summary:
This article talks about the discrimination Latinos specifically, Cubans had to go
through. This article also talks about the difference in Latino lives compared to other
American races.

Annotation:
This article is a good source for Latino history. It gives you information about Latinos
and their history in America. It is good information about racial discrimination as well.
This article gives an unbiased opinion on Latinos history and racism.
Espuelas, Fernando. Trumps Anti-Latino Message Infects Nevada Senate Race. The Hill, 6
Oct. 2016, thehill.com/blogs/pundits-blog/campaign/299596-trumps-anti-latino-messageinfects-nevada-senate-race. Accessed 10 Oct. 2016. Summary:
This article talks about the affect of Latino votes in the race to the White House. This
article talks about how Donald Trumps insults affect Latino votes in Nevada.

Annotation:
This article gives great information about recent remarks that have been said by Donald
Trump. Donald Trump has said many rude comments about Latinos. Donald Trump has
also said things about Latinos affecting education and jobs. This article gives a bias
opinion that Donald Trump is insulting, we the Latinos.

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Holley, Peter. KKKs Official Newspaper Supports Donald Trump for President. The
Washington Post, 2 Nov. 2016, www.washingtonpost.com/news/postpolitics/wp/2016/11/01/the-kkks-official-newspaper-has-endorsed-donald-trump-forpresident/?utm_term=.b7673bd8dad1. Accessed 1 Dec. 2016. Summary:
KKK supports Donald Trump. Donald Trump says he has nothing to do with them.

Annotation:
This article is a great source of information for the elections. It gives you lots of
information about KKK and Donald Trump. The author is very detailed and clear. The
author gives his unbiased opinion on KKK.
Immigrants (We Get the Job Done). Directed by Lin-Manuel Miranda. Genius,
genius.com/Knaan-snow-tha-product-riz-mc-and-residente-immigrants-we-get-the-jobdone-lyrics. Accessed 15 Dec. 2016. Summary:
Lyrics to Hamiltons America song, Immigrants (We Get the Job Done).

Annotation:
These are great articles because they put the difficulties of immigration into a song. The
lyrics have a biased opinion.
Kilty, Keith M., and Maria Vidal Haymes. Racism, Nativism, and Exclusion. Taylor and
Francis Online, Informa Group plc, 20 Oct. 2008,
www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1300/J134v04n01_01. Accessed 29 Sept. 2016.
Summary:

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This article talks about the Mexican-American war. It talks about the affect of that war,
on Latino immigrants.

Annotation:
This article explains the Latino culture and the affect it has in America. The article has
the Latino history in America. For example, in the article they mention the MexicanAmerican war. This articles gives awareness of the the unknown history of Latinos. This
authors, Keith M. Kilty and Maria Vidal de Haymes give awareness of the Hispanic
culture.
Krogstad, Jens Manuel. Key Facts about How the U.S. Hispanic Population Is Changing. Pew
Research, 8 Sept. 2016, www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2016/09/08/key-facts-abouthow-the-u-s-hispanic-population-is-changing/. Accessed 12 Dec. 2016. Summary:
Data of the increase in Latinos from 2000. The everchanging growth of Latinos in
America.

Annotation:
This is great data about the amount of Latinos in America from 2000 to 2015. The article
is very detailed. It is as well informative. The article gives a lot of information about how
there has been growth in the Latino community in America.
List of U.S. States by Hispanic and Latino Population. Wikipedia, 20 Dec. 2016,
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_U.S._states_by_Hispanic_and_Latino_population.
Accessed 20 Dec. 2016. Summary:
This article is about the population of Latinos in each state in the U.S.

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Annotation:
This is a great source of information because it is reliable information. The table also
gives data that is needed for my research topic. The information is very detailed on what
the amount of Latinos are in each state in the U.S. This article has unbiased information,
only about the data of how many Latinos there are in the U.S.
Martinelli, Marissa. The New Hamilton Mixtape Track Is the Proud, Furious Immigrant Anthem
We Need Right Now. Brow Beat, 15 Dec. 2016,
www.slate.com/blogs/browbeat/2016/11/11/two_new_hamilton_mixtape_tracks_immigra
nts_we_get_the_job_done_and_satisfied.html. Accessed 15 Dec. 2016. Summary:
Hamiltons Revolution creates a song about being an immigrant in America.

Annotation:
This is a great article because it has a lot of information about the songs Hamilton
Americas director Lin-Manuel Miranda wrote. The article is very detailed. The article
has an unbiased opinion about the songs written by Lin-Manuel Miranda.
Moreno, Carolina. 9 Outragous Things Donald Trump Has Said about Latinos. The Huffington
Post, 31 Aug. 2016, www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/9-outrageous-things-donald-trumphas-said-about-latinos_us_55e483a1e4b0c818f618904b. Accessed 11 Oct. 2016.
Summary:
This article talks about he insults Donald Trump has said. The article also talks about
what the author thinks of these insults.

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Annotation:
This article is a great source for recent information about the Presidential Debate. This
gives you information of racist Latino comments that Donald Trump (Presidential
Candidate) has said. This gives you a lot of information about affect that it has made from
a Latino. This article gives a bias opinion that Donald Trump is racist to Latinos.
My encounter with anti-Latino racism. CNN Wire 29 Sept. 2011. Research in Context. Web. 29
Sept. 2016. Summary:
This article talks about the authors journey through racism. This article talks about his
opinion of Latino racism.

Annotation:
This article explains racism and gives first-hand experiences of racism. This article gives
you the authors life stories, and his feelings toward racism. The author shares his stories
about racism in concerts and and even in junior high. This articles give you information
about how people feel offended that the Latino culture come to America. This article
shows the affect of the Latino culture and how many Americans dont try to learn about
the Latino culture. My Encounter with Anti-Latino Racism, shows the authors
awareness of Latino racism.
Orozco, Cynthia E. Hispanic Americans. World Book Student. World Book, 2016. Web. 7
Oct. 2016. Summary:
This article talks about the Latino culture. This article also talks about Latinos in
America.

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Annotation:
This article gives very good information about Latino history. This give you information
about the population of Latinos all across the world. It also gives you information about
Latino history in America. This article gives the authors an unbiased opinion on
Hispanic history.
Racism against Latinos, Hispanics Ugly Sign of the Times in 1960s America. UT Tower:
Shooting Controversy Exposed, 18 Oct. 2016, towershooting.com/2016/05/11/racismlatinos-hispanics-ugly-sign-times-1960s-america/. Accessed 18 Oct. 2016. Summary:
This article is about an operation the government had to deport all Latinos. This article
also talks about Austin and Latinos there.

Annotation:
This articles gives great information about Latino Racism in the 1960s. This gives plots
that were made against Latinos. This is a good source because this information relates to
my topic. My topic is Latino racism, and this is about racism in the 1960s. The author
gives an unbias opinion about Operation Wetback.
Rodriguez, Michael A., and Claire D. Brindis. Violence and Latino Youth: Prevetion and
Methodology Issues. ProQUEST, SIRS Knowledge Source, 3 May 1995,
sks.sirs.com/webapp/article?artno=0000084384&type=SYL%20MAJ. Accessed 12 Dec.
2016. Summary:
Latino violence and the health problems that can be caused by this.

Annotation:

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The article is a great source of information for the health problem caused by violence.
The author is very detailed. The information is very well written such as the health
problems that can be caused by violence. It is a great source about the 1990s to now. The
author has an unbiased opinion.
Romero, Denis. In the Era of Trump, Anti-Latino Hate Crimes Jumped 69% in L.A. L.A.
Weekly, 21 Dec. 2016, www.laweekly.com/news/in-the-era-of-trump-anti-latino-hatecrimes-jumped-69-in-la-7443401. Accessed 21 Dec. 2016. Summary:
Latino racism hate crimes have increased because of Donald Trumps influence.

Annotation:
This a great article for information because it is detailed. The article has a lot of
information relevant to my topic of Latino racism. The article has a biased opinion about
Latino racism hate crimes.
Sanchez, Mary. Republicans Are about to Experience That Mexican Thing on Election Day.
Chicago Tribune, 9 Oct. 2016. Chicago Tribune,
www.chicagotribune.com/news/opinion/commentary/ct-republicans-mike-pencehispanic-voters-20161009-story.html. Accessed 10 Oct. 2016. Summary:
This article talks about Mike Pence in the Vice-Presidential debate. This talks about what
he said in the debate.

Annotation:
This article gives great information about the elections. This article is about Tim Kaine
and Mike Pence and the rude comments that the the Republican partys candidates made.

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This article gives you recent information about the election and and Latino racism. This
article give a bias opinion that Mike Pence and Donald Trump are racist because of their
comments. The purpose of this research is for the information of Aan example of Latino
racism.
The State of Hate: Escalating Hate Violence against Immigrant. The Leadership Conference,
2007, www.civilrights.org/publications/hatecrimes/escalating-violence.html. Accessed 10
Jan. 2017. Summary:
The population growth of Latinos has grown into the increase in hate crimes.

Annotation:
This is a great source of information because it is statistics. The data is from the FBI,
which means it must be accurate. The hate information is detailed on why there has been
an increase of hate crimes. This chart has information that I need, because my research
topic is How have Latinos been affected by racism over the last 40 years?
The State of Hate: Escalating Hate Violence against Immigrants. The Leadership Conference,
20 Dec. 2016, www.civilrights.org/publications/hatecrimes/escalating-violence.html?
referrer=https://www.google.com/. Accessed 20 Dec. 2016. Summary:
This article is about the escalating violence against Anti-Latino racism.

Annotation:
This source is very helpful because it is detailed and gave much information about my
research topic. The purpose of using this research is to create awareness of this escalating
problem. My research topic is Latino racism. The author put an unbiased opinion.

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Stepler, Renee, and Mark Hugo Lopez. U.S. Latino Population Growth and Dispersion Has
Slowed since Onset of the Great Recession. Pew Research, 8 Sept. 2016,
www.pewhispanic.org/2016/09/08/latino-population-growth-and-dispersion-has-slowedsince-the-onset-of-the-great-recession/. Accessed 9 Dec. 2016. Summary:
The flow of Latinos into America has decreased from 2007 to 2014. The way Latinos
have increased because of the births. The highest growth of population was in the 1980s
to 1990s. By the mid 2000s, the flow of Latinos to America slowed down.

Annotation:
The article is helpful because t is statistical. The purpose of using this is it has data and a
chart because it is related to my topic of Latino racism. The author has an unbiased
opinion.
Vasquez, Tina. Ive Experienced a New Level of Racism since Donald Trump Went after
Latinos. The Guardian, 9 Sept. 2015,
www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/sep/09/donald-trump-racism-increaselatinos. Accessed 9 Jan. 2017. Summary:
Tina Vasquez told her story of being discriminated because many thought it was okay to
practice racism after Donald Trumps speech.

Annotation:
The source is very helpful because it is a first hand account. The purpose of using this
source is to give an example of Latino discrimination. My topic is Latino racism. The
author has a biased opinion on Latino Racism.

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Webb, Chris. The Arizona Calture Strike. EBSCO host, 18 Oct. 2016,
web.a.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail/detail?vid=5&sid=ddca73bf-d754-4be3-b0d1fa4226efeef4%40sessionmgr4006&hid=4001&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d
%3d#AN=71604314&db=khh. Accessed 18 Oct. 2016. Summary:
This article talks about events in Arizona defending Latinos. This article is about the
awareness of Latino racism.

Annotation:
This article is very helpful because it is informative of the event that happened. The
purpose of using this source is because this is related to my topic of Latino Racism. My
research topic is about Latino racism. The author put an unbiased opinion.
Westfall, Sandra Sobieraj, et al. Trumps Trouble with Women: Inside His Shocking Behavior.
People, digital ed., 24 Oct. 2016, pp. 59-61. Summary:
During Donald Trumps past years, he has said things to women that are discriminatory.
He says that he never said this comments. But others think different.

Annotation:
This source is helpful because it is detailed and informative about the past of Donald
Trump. The purpose of the use of this article is because it has information that is related
to my research topic. My research topic is Hispanic Racism, and this article talks about
what someone said about Latinos.The authors have an unbiased opinion.