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2017
JANUARY
SCIENCE&TECHNOLOGY2017JANUARY

January1
GujaratCMdedicatesIndiasfirstlasertechnologybasedcheckpost.
Gujarat chief minister Vijay Rupani launched Indias first laser technologybased
advanced AVMS RTO checkpost and also laid foundation stones of various
developmentalworksworthRs.30croreatShamlajiofAravallidistrictinGujarat.
This new checkpost is equipped with advanced ray technology with a cost of Rs.
4.72crore.
Allthecheckpostsinthestatewillbemadeadvanced,automaticandtransparent
with a cost of Rs. 35 crore during next financial year.The income from this check
postswillbeusedforwelfareofpoor,deprivedandlastpersonofthestate.
RussiaDelivers4SukhoiSu35FighterJetstoChinaafterTwoYearDelay.
Russia finally delivered 4 Sukhoi Su35 Fighter Jets to China on December 25,
2016, after a delay of two years. The Su35 is an advanced version of the Su
30soperatedbytheIndianAirforce.
Moscowcitedthereasonfordelaytothefearthatitsfifthgenerationjetwilllose
valueinChineseMarketonceChinesemilitarycommissioneditsJ20stealthfighter.
RussiadidnotchangeitsstanceontheexportoftheSu35untiltheJ20fighterwas
unveiled.
WhileChinahasmadeadvancesinmanufacturingofnewtypeoffighterjets,itis
still dependent on Russia for engines as well as avionics. Russia has been selling
some of its advanced weaponry to China in recent years to overcome economic
crisis.
LeapSecondaddedtoIndianClocktoSynchronizewithEarthsSpin.
An extra second was added to the Indian clock at 5:29.59 hours at the National
PhysicalLaboratory(NPL).
The leap second was added to the Indian clock to synchronize the Indian
Standard Time (IST) with the Earths Rotational Clock. The atomic clock was
programmed to add an extra second to 2017 to compensate for a slowdown in the
Earthsrotation.
Addition of the leap second to the Indian clock is done by the NPL under
the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research. The NPL, one of the oldest
laboratories in the country, has five atomic clocks and nearly 300 such pieces exist
acrosstheglobe.
ImageofworldsmostpowerfulRocketFalconHeavysharedbySpaceX.
SpaceExplorationTechnologiesCorporationorSpaceXhasreleasedanewteaser.
ImageoftheworldsmostpowerfulrocketFalconHeavyrocketwhichwillferrya
crewedRedDragoncapsuleonMarsin2018.
FalconHeavyrockethavetheabilitytoliftover54metrictons(119,000lbs)into
orbit,whichisequivalentto737jetlinersloadedwithpassengers,crew,luggageand
fuel.
This rocket is designed to carry humans into space and it restores the possibility
offlyingmissionswithacrewtotheMoonorMars.
January2
IndiasuccessfullytestfiresintercontinentalballisticmissileAgniIV.
India successfully test fired the nuclearcapable AgniIV ballistic missile from the
AbdulKalamIslandofftheOdishacoast.
The missile was launched at about 11.50 a.m., from a mobile launcher off the
Balasorecoast.Thisissixthtestofthemissileandseconduserassociatelaunch.
The twostage solidpropelled, surfacetosurface ballistic missile is designed to
carrya1tonnepayloadtoadistanceof4,000km.
The test comes within a week of the successful test firing of AgniV
intercontinentalballisticmissile.
MUILaunchesAndroidAppforIndianMerchantNavyOfficers.
Countrys oldest union, the Maritime Union of India (MUI), representing Indian
Merchant Navy Officers since 1939, has launched an android based mobile app
namedMUI.
The app was launched in the presence of MPs Kirit Somaiya (Mumbai NorthEast
constituency)andGajendraSinghShekhawat(Jodhpur).
The app will help Indian merchant navy officers to share, comment, knowledge,
latestupdates,andalsoengageinvideochatstobolsterthegrowthofskilledIndian
seafarersworkingaboardspecializedcargoshipsacrosstheglobe
District Administration of Ludhiana develops Mobile App for Election
CommissionofIndia.
The District Administration of Ludhianahas developed a mobile application
named ''ECI360'' for the benefit of voters, candidates, election staff as well as
theElectionCommissionofIndia(ECI).
TheApphasbeendevelopedbyHarpreetSinghChandokeonbehalfofthedistrict
administrationanddeputycommissionerRaviBhagat.
TheECI360willhelpbringtransparencyandaccountabilityregardingtheelections
andvoting.
Besides, a webbased application, RoNET, was also developed to be used by ECI,
CEO, DEO and RO that would enable the candidates to know what exactly they are
required to do and when without the burden of creating an additional reporting
forum.

January4
PowerMinisterPiyushGoyalLaunchesMobileAPPandWebPortalonUDAY.
Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Power, Coal & New and Renewable
Energy and Mines, Piyush Goyal launched the Web Portal and the Mobile
AppforUjwalDISCOMAssuranceYojana(UDAY)scheme
Aim: The main objective of the Portal and App would be to protect
the state power distribution companies suffering financial losses and to boost their
operationalrevenues.
The Government of India started the Ujwal DISCOM Assurance Yojana (UDAY)
scheme in November 2015 to improve the operational and financial turnaround of
thestatepowerdistributioncompanies(DISCOMS).

January5
Scientistsdiscoveranewhumanorgan,Mesentery,indigestivesystem.
ScientistsinIrelandhavediscoveredabrandneworgannamedMesentery,inside
thedigestivesystemwhichwasnotknowntilldate.
As per the research published in the journal, The Lancet Gastroenterology
and Hepatology, J. Calvin Coffey, Professor of Surgery at University of Limerick in
Ireland described mesentery as an organ which was for past 100 years being
consideredasafragmentedstructuremadeupofmultipleseparateparts.
Mesentery is a fold of the peritoneum which attaches the stomach, small
intestine,pancreas,spleen,andotherorganstotheposteriorwalloftheabdomen
Twomissions''Lucy''and''Psyche''toexploreearlySolarSystemannounced
byNASA.
NASAhasannouncedtwomissionstoexploretheearlySolarSystembystudying
themetallicasteroidPsycheandperformthefirstorbitalreconnaissanceofJupiters
Trojanasteroids.
Chosen out of 27 submissions, each investigative team received 3 million dollars
to design concept studies. The two selected missions will cost approximately 500
million dollars each, not including launch and postlaunch operations. The two
missionshavebeendubbed''Lucy''and''Psyche''.
GoogleintroducestoolsforsmallbusinessesinIndia.
GoogleIndiahascreatedtwotoolsMyBusinessandDigitalUnlockedforthesmall
and medium businesses in India,that would help to create an online presence,
besidesadigitaltrainingprogramme.ItisanIndiafirsttoolwhichintroduced.
GoogleMyBusinesswouldhelpsmallbusinessessetupwebsitefromtheirmobile
devices.
January6
A newgeneration telecommunications satellite launched successfully by
China.
China has successfully launched a newgeneration telecommunications satellite,
the countrys Defense Ministry has announced. The launch was carried out at 15:19
GMTtheXichangSatelliteLaunchCenterusingtheChangZheng3Bcarrierrocket.
The second Tongxin Jishu Shiyan satellite will help test multifrequency high
speeddatatransmission.Chinaplanstocarryoutabout30spacelaunchesin2017.
January7
Astronomersdiscover'powerfulcosmicdoublewhammy'withhelpofIndias
GMRT.
Astronomers, using data from Indias Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (GMRT),
have Astronomers discover 'powerful cosmic double whammy' with help of Indias
GMRTdiscovered two of the most powerful phenomena in the universe a super
massive black hole and the collision of giant galaxy clusters about two billion light
yearsfromEarth.
The two phenomenons have combined to create a stupendous cosmic particle
accelerator,researchers.
BycombiningdatafromNASAsChandraXrayObservatory,theGiantMetrewave
Radio Telescope (GMRT) in Pune and other telescopes, researchers found what
happenswhenmatterejectedbyagiantblackholeissweptupinthemergeroftwo
enormousgalaxyclusters.
Cosmic double whammy is found in a pair of colliding galaxy clusters called Abell
3411andAbell3412locatedabouttwobillionlightyearsfromEarth.
China to set up world's highest altitude Gravitational Wave telescopes in
Tibet.
China is setting up the world's highest altitude gravitational wave telescopes in a
Tibet prefecture close to Line of Actual Control with India with a budget of $18.8
million to detect faintest echoes resonating from universe which may reveal more
abouttheBigBangtheory.
Construction has started for the first telescope, codenamed Ngari No 1, 30 km
south of Shiquanhe Town in Nagri Prefecture, Yao Yongqiang chief researcher with
theNationalAstronomicalObservatoriesoftheChineseAcademyofSciences.
PartsofNagriislastTibetanprefectureatChina'sborderwithIndia.

January9
HumanoidrobotIratobedeployedatHDFCBankbranch.
Private lender HDFC Bank launched what it claimed to be the first 'humanoid' in
the domestic banking space, and also it is looking to partner with startups having
technologicalsolutionsforruraloperations.
The bank showcased humansized robot Ira, developed in association with Kochi
basedAsimovRobotics,
Therobotwillperformalimitedroleandactlargelyasareceptionist,thoughthe
humanoid can also move around in the branch. Chugh claimed this is the first
'humanoid'inthedomesticbankingspace
Chinese Kuaizhou 1A Rocket Successfully Launches First Commercial
Mission.
A Chinese rocket Kuaizhou 1A (KZ 1A) successfully launched three
satellitesintospaceinitsfirstcommercialmission.ChinasJiuquanSatelliteLaunch
CenterinGansu.
TheKZ1AisanadvancedversionoftheKuaizhou1rocketwithimprovements
in adaptability. It is a lowcost solidfuelled carrier rocket with high reliability and
short preparation period and was designed to launch loworbit satellites weighing
lessthan300kg.
The three satellites launched by KZ 1A included JL 1, CubeSats XY S1 and
Caton1.
January10
MaharashtragovtlaunchesIndia'slargestWiFiservice.
Maharashtra government has launched Indias largest public WiFi service called
'MumbaiWiFi'.
The facility inaugurated by Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis in Mumbai and
initially provides 500 Wifi hotspots across various locations like Vidhan Bhawan,
KalanagarinBandra,BombayHighCourt,andMumbaiPoliceCommissionersoffice.
IndianArmyconductedtrialsofIndigenousArtilleryGunSystemDhanushin
theHimalayas.
TheIndianArmyissuccessfullyconductedtheuservalidationtrialsofindigenous
artillerygunDhanushintheHimalayassothattheyarereadytobeinductedintothe
Army.
The exercise is being conducted under the aegis of the Srinagarbased 15
CorpsandtheLehbased14Corps.The15CorpsistaskedtofacePakistanwhilethe
14CorpsistaskedtofacePakistanaswellasChina.
A total of six guns are being testedfired in snow and in conditions where
temperatures are at minus 10 degrees. With the successful testfiring the Ordnance
FactoryBoardwillstartitsbulkproduction
ISROandCNESinkpactforsatellitelaunchtechnology.
ISRO Chairman Kiran Kumar and CNES President JeanYves Le Gall signed a
partnership agreement in satellite launch technology in the presence of visiting
FrenchMinisterofForeignAffairsJeanMarcAyraultinBengaluru.
SpacecooperationbetweenFranceandIndiaspansover50years,thispartnership
will enable France to benefit from the Indian model of streamlining the costs of
spaceprogrammes.
Ayrault, accompanied by the French delegation, was given a guided tour of
ISTRAC (ISRO Telemetry Tracking and Command Network) which monitors Indian
space missions, including the two IndoFrench satellites currently in orbit for
collectingdatatotrackclimatechange.
Health Ministry to Introduce MeaslesRubella vaccine in its Universal
ImmunizationProgramme.
The Union Health Minister J.P. Nadda is all set to introduce the measlesrubella
vaccine(MR)fromFebruary2017infivestatesandUnionterritoriesintheUniversal
Immunisation Programme (UIP) to provide preventive medications to every child
borninIndia.
Beside, an additional vaccine, Pneumococcal conjugate (pneumococcal
pneumonia) will also become a part of the UIP basket from March 2017 in three
otherstates.
The UIP basket already has ten vaccines including measles and once MR is
introduced,monovalentmeasleswillbediscontinued.
The MR vaccine will be introduced in Goa, Karnataka, Lakshadweep, Puducherry
and Tamil Nadu between February 3 and 4 while the pneumonia vaccine will be
introducedinHimachalPradeshandpartsofUttarPradeshandBihar.
January11
ResearchfindsHumanAppendixtoSupportImmuneSystem.
As per a study published in Comptes Rendus Palevol and conducted by the
Researchers from Midwestern University, Human Appendix which is regarded as a
vestigialorgancanactuallyserveanimportantbiologicalfunction.
Researchers traced the appearance, disappearance, and reemergence of the
appendix in several mammal lineages over the past millions of years, to figure out
howmanytimesitwascutandboughtbackduetoevolutionarypressures.
Newmaterial10timesstronger,20timeslighterthansteel.
MITresearchersclaimtohavedesigneda3Dformofgraphene,whichis10times
stronger than steel with a density of just 5% of steel. The 3D graphene structures
have been created by compressing flakes of twodimensional graphene forms using
heatandpressure.Thesewerethenfusedtoformoneofthestrongestandlightest
materialsknowntilldate.
WeChatlaunchesappsthatworkwithoutdownloading.
China's WeChat has launched 'Mini Programs', which apps are built into the
messaging service and do not need to be downloaded to use. Users can directly
search and use an app on WeChat instead of downloading it from App Store or
Google Play. The mini apps include a photo editing app, productivity app, flight
searchengine,andrecipesearchengine.
January12
Alphabetshutsdownprojectofsolarpoweredinternetdrone.
Google parent Alphabet has confirmed that the company has dropped the 'Titan'
plantoprovidetheinternetthroughsolarpowereddrones.
The company has instead decided to go ahead with Project Loon, where it will
provide the internet through highaltitude balloons in remote locations. Staffers
working on Titan have been absorbed by Project Loon, and drone delivery plan
ProjectWing.
Dutchtrainsbecome100%poweredbywindenergy.
All Dutch trains have become 100% powered by wind energy since January 1,
accordingtothenationalrailwaycompany.Awindmillrunningforanhourcanpower
atrainforabout200kilometres.
Theinitiative,incollaborationwithelectricitycompanyEneco,aimstoreducethe
energyusedperpassengerbyfurther35%by2020,ascomparedto2005.
INSKhanderi,SecondScorpeneClassSubmarineLaunchedinMumbai.
INS Khanderi, Indias second Frenchdesigned Scorpeneclass dieselelectric
attacksubmarinewaslaunchedinMumbaionJanuary12,2017attheMazagonDock
ShipbuildersLimited(MDL).
TheSubmarinewaslaunchedbyBinaBhamre,wifeoftheUnionMinisterofState
(MoS) for Defence, Subhash Bhamre in the presence of Chief of the Naval Staff,
AdmiralSunilLanba.
Chinese Navy Commissions Sophisticated Ship CNS Kaiyangxing into its
Fleet.
The Chinas Navy commissioned a sophisticated electronic reconnaissance
shipCNSKaiyangxingorMizartoNorthSeaFleetinQingdao,Shandongprovinceon
January10,2017
The new ship with hull code 856 is capable of conducting allweather, roundthe
clockobservationonmultipletargets.
LowCost Hand Powered Blood Centrifuge Developed by Stanford
Bioengineers.
The Stanford Bioengineers including Indian Origin among them have created
aultralowcost,humanpoweredcentrifugedevicethatiscapabletoseparateblood
intoitsindividualcomponentsinonly1.5minutes
He Bioengineers have developed a prototype of this Centrifuge using 20 cents of
paper, twine and plastic. This ''paperfuge'' can spin at speeds of 125,000 rpm and
exertcentrifugalforcesof30,000Gs.
NGTDirectsCentretoTestUseofMicrobeadsinCosmetics.
The National Green Tribunal has directed the Central Drugs Standard Control
Organisation (CDSCO) under Ministry of Health and Family Welfare to test cosmetic
productscontainingmicrobeadsandsubmitareportinfourweeks.
A Bench headed by Justice Jawad Rahim it is the duty of the government to
ensure that no dangerous product is allowed to be manufactured or sold to public
andhasscheduledthenexthearingforthematter.
January13
Guided Pinaka successfully testfired at Chandipur in OdishaGoogle parent
Alphabet.
The Pinaka Rocket converted to a Guided Pinaka was successfully testfired from
Integrated Test Range at Chandipur in Odisha,. The Pinaka Rocket MarkII, which
evolved from Pinaka MarkI is equipped with a navigation, guidance and control kit
andhasbeentransformedtoaGuidedPinaka.
According to an official release, this conversion has considerably enhanced the
range and accuracy of Pinaka. The Guided Pinaka is developed jointly by the ARDE
Pune,RCIHyderabadandDRDLHyderabad.
India'sfirstsolarpoweredboatlaunchedinKerala.
India's first ever solar powered boat called 'Aditya' was launched at Kochi's
VembanadlakeinKerala.
The 75seater boat fitted with 78 rooftop solar panels, will ferry along a 2.5
kilometre route 22 times a day. The boat can travel at a maximum speed of about
14kmphandcruiseswithoutnoiseandminimalvibration,unlikethedieselferries.
Physicistscreateanewformofhydrogen.
Austrian physicists created negatively charged hydrogen clusters, a previously
unseenformofhydrogen.Theexistenceofhydrogeninionclustershasbeenknown
forthepast40years,withpositivelychargedclustersalreadyexisting.
The researchers injected cold liquid helium droplets with hydrogen before
exposing it to an electron beam, resulting in creation of negatively charged
hydrogenions
January14
India'sfirstsolarpoweredboatlaunchedinKerala.
India's first ever solar powered boat called 'Aditya' was launched at Kochi's
VembanadlakeinKerala.
The 75seater boat fitted with 78 rooftop solar panels, will ferry along a 2.5
kilometre route 22 times a day. The boat can travel at a maximum speed of about
14kmphandcruiseswithoutnoiseandminimalvibration,unlikethedieselferries.
Gujaratteendesignsdronetodetectlandmines,bagsMoUfromgovtworth
Rs.5crore.
A 14yearold in Gujarat received a Rs. 5 crore Memorandum of Understanding
(MoU) for the production of drones designed by him, Harshwardhan Zala signed a
deal with the Department of Science and Technology, Government of Gujarat for
manufacturingdronesthatwouldbeabletodetectanddefuselandminesonabattle
field.
21megapixel camera for taking high resolution pictures. ''The drone has been
equippedwithinfrared,RGBsensorandathermalmeteralongwitha21megapixel
camerawithamechanicalshutterthatcantakehighresolutionpicturesaswell''.
SpaceX'sFalcon9Vehiclelaunches10satellitesintoOrbit.
The American rocket manufacturing company SpaceX launched 10 satellites into
orbit on a two stage Falcon 9 Rocket from the Vandenberg Air Force Base on
the California coast. The satellites were a part of the NEXT Mission of the
communicationscompanyIridium.
ThiswasSpaceXsfirstflightafterfourmonths,whenoneofitsoneofitsFalcon9
vehicles exploded on a Florida launchpad in Cape Canaveral in September 2016
destroying$200millionAmos6communicationssatellite.
TamilNaduGovlaunchedmobileapp'pinakin'forTourism.
Tamil Nadu government lead by O.Panneerselvam has launched a mobile
application'Pinakin'toprovideinformationoffamousdestinationsinTamilNadu.
The app will provide information on world heritage tourist spots like
Mammalapuram, the Big Temple in, Thanjavur and Gangai Konda Cholapuram and
soonitwillincludeotherplacesinthestate.
TheapplicationcompatibleforbothAndroidandiOSdevices.
HeritagesitesinTamilNadu.
Airavateshwarar Temple at Darasuram, Brihadeeswarar Temple at Thanjavur
andMahabalipuram.

January15
Appnamed'SEZIndia'launchedbyCommerceMinistry.
The Commerce Secretary has launched a mobile app named 'SEZ India' for
SpecialEconomicZones(SEZs).
SEZIndiaappwillbeusedforSEZDevelopers&Unitstransactionsandtrackthe
status.TheappisavailableonAndroidPlatformandithas4sections.
(1)SEZInformation:This section will contain the information about the SEZ Act,
2005,SEZRules,2006,MOCICirculars,detailsofSEZsandUnitsetc.
(2) Trade Information: This section will gives access to important information/
tools such as Foreign Trade Policy, Hand Book of procedure, Duty Calculator,
Customs&ExciseNotificationandMEISRates.
(3)ContactDetails:ThissectionwillcontainthecontactdetailsofallDevelopment
CommissionersOffice,DGFT,DGSystem,DGCI&SandSEZonline.
(4) SEZ Online Transaction: This is a dynamic submenu that tracks the Bill of
Entry/ Shipping Bill processing status and also does verification. The app also helps
the Importers/ Exporters to track the status of ''Bill of Entry/ Shipping Bill''
integrationandprocessingintheEDIsystemoftheICEGATE.
Startupmakesapptoturnanyphoneintoattendanceregister.
A Kolkatabased startup has built an app called 'Regular.li' that can turn any
smartphoneorcomputerintoanattendanceregister.
The app uses GPS and Wi Fi SSID to mark the presence of a user in a selected
areaandusesselfiestoensurethecheckin.
It also allows tracking users in realtime and provides a detailed report every
month.
'SuperbugfromIndiaresistanttoallavailableantibiotics'.
A woman in the US died after being infected by a superbug during her visit to
India, say doctors who found that the "nightmare" bacteria was resistant to all
availableantibiotics.
The infection was caused by carbapenemresistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE), a
multidrugresistantorganismassociatedwithhighmortality.While CRE are not new
to the US, what was new in this case is that the infection was resistant or non
susceptibletoallavailableantimicrobialdrugs.
SocialNetworkingGiantFacebooktoRolloutFakeNewsToolsforGermany.
Worldslargestsocialnetworkingplatform,FacebookannouncedtointroduceFake
News Tools for Germany Facebook to help the residents in combating the Fbspread
ofunrealisticnewsstories.
Under the fake news tool would pass the story that is believed to be false for
testing. It will be send to a German nonprofit body of investigative
journalists,''Correctiv''tocheckthefact.
EarlierinDecember2016,FacebookrolloutasimilartoolforUS.
January16
ResearchersidentifiesSiliconasUndiscoveredElementofEarthsCore.
Researchers from Tohoku University in Japan have claimed that they have
discovered the unidentified element that formed the 5 percent of earths
core after Iron and Nickel leading to new ways for better understanding of earths
formation
According to the researchers, earths core is composed of 85 per cent Iron, 10
percentNickelandtherest5percentwascomposedofSilicon.
BSNLlaunchesmobileTVservice'DittoTV'.
Indian stateowned telecommunications company Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited
(BSNL) has launched mobile TV service 'Ditto TV' and 'Limited Fixed Mobile
Telephony'inNewDelhi.
Ditto TV is a mobile TV service wherein subscriber can view live TV for 80 plus
channelswith7daysbackupfacility.
LimitedFixedMobileTelephoneisfacilityoffixedtelephonenumberwithO/Gand
I/CcallsonsmartmobiledevicessuchassmartphoneswithWiFifacility.
High Resolution Weather Prediction System Commissioned by Ministry of
EarthSciences.
The Union Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) led by Dr. Harsh
Vardhancommissionedaveryhighresolutionof12kmglobaldeterministicweather
prediction model, Ensemble Prediction System (EPS), on January 16, 2017 that will
beusedtogenerateoperationalweatherforecasts.
Aim: The new system would be beneficial to overcome the problem of
uncertaintiesintheforecasts.Itwouldalsohelptogeneratemultipleforecastswith
slightly varying initial conditions and predict probabilistic forecasts and quantify the
uncertainties.
January17
World'slightestwatchcreatedusinggraphene.
The worlds ultralight highperformance mechanical watch RM 5003 was
inauguratedonJanuary16,2017atthe27theditionoftheSalonInternationalDeLa
HauteHorlogerie(SIHH)inGeneva.
ThewatchmadeupofgraphenecompositehasbeendevelopedbytheUniversity
of Manchester, UK in collaboration with the watchmaking brand Richard Mille and
McLaren F1. The overall weight of the ultralight watch is 40 grams only and is
extremelydurable.
Graphene: Graphene is the worlds thinnest and lightweight material having the
potential to enhance the quality of composites. Scientists and researchers have
namedit''amiraclematerial''.
January18
RobotJournalistXiaoNanWritesItsFirstNewsArticle.
A first of its kind robot journalist named Xiao Nan made debut in the world of
journalismbywritinga300characterlongarticleinjustasecond.
The article written on the Spring Festival travel rush was published in
theGuangzhoubasedSouthernMetropolisDaily.
"When compared with the staff reporters, Xiao Nan has a stronger data analysis
capacityandisquickeratwritingstories''.
NASASettoExploreIronRichAsteroid''16Psyche''.
TheNationalAeronauticsandSpaceAdministration(NASA)hasgivenitsapproval
to explore an ironrich asteroid ''16 Psyche'' as a part of its mission to learn more
aboutthehistoryandcompositionofthecelestialbody
Scientists believe that 16 Psyche is one of the most mysterious objects in the
solar system at a distance of about 230 million miles (370 million km) away from
EarthandlocatedinthelargeasteroidbeltbetweenMarsandJupiter.
Scientistsnames3diseasesthatcouldcausenextglobalhealthemergency.
Scientists have named three relatively littleknown diseases they think could
causethenextglobalhealthemergency.
A coalition of governments and charities has committed 460 million dollars to
speed up vaccine development for Mers, Lassa fever and Nipah virus. They are
askingfundersattheWorldEconomicForumDavosforanother500milliondollars.
Government Launches WebPortal 'ShaGun' for Monitoring Sarva Shiksha
Abhiyan.
The Union Human Resource Development Minister Prakash Javadekar launched a
dedicatedwebportal'ShaGun'forcontinuousmonitoringoftheelementaryeducation
scheme Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) and promote the development of education
sectorofIndia.
The portal has been developed by World Bank in collaboration with Ministry of
Human Resource Development. ShaGun has been coined from the words 'Shala'
meaningschoolsand'Gunvatta'meaningquality.

January19
ISROrealignsorbitofMarsmissionspacecraftMangalyaan.
TheIndianSpaceResearchOrganisation(ISRO)successfullyrealignedtheorbitof
its Mars Orbiter Mission 'Mangalyaan' on January 19, 2017 since it could not
withstandlongdurationeclipse.
TheneedforchangingtheorbitofMangalyaanwasfelttoprotectitfromthelong
duration eclipse otherwise the Mangalyaans battery capacity would have got
exhaustedduetolackofsunrays.
IsraeliAirForceReceivesFirstAntiMissileInterceptorsforArrow3System.
The first antimissile interceptors for the Arrow 3 Missile Defense System was
inductedintotheIsraelDefenseForcesonJanuary18,2017bybothIsraelsDefense
Ministry and the US Missile Defense Agency during a ceremony held on the
PalmachimAirBase.
Each Arrow 3 Missile is estimated to cost about $2.2 million. They have been
designedtoenableinterceptionofballisticmissilesbeyondtheearthsatmosphere.
HeArrow3interceptorisapartofIsraelsArrowweaponsystem(AWS)andhas
been jointly developed by Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI), U.S. Department of
DefensesMissileDefenseAgencyandBoeing.

January20
USlaunchesGeo3satelliteintoSpacetoDetect&DefeatMissiles.
The US military launched a SpaceBased Infrared System (SBIRS) GEO Flight 3
mission.
Underthemission,Geo3satellitehasbeensendintothespacemountedonAtlas
V. rocket from Florida where it will detect any possible missile attack to meet
nationalsecuritythreats.
January21
INSVikramadityaBecomesIndia'sFirstWarshiptoHaveATMOnboard.
INS Vikramaditya, India's biggest aircraft carrier ship has become the country's
firstwarshiptohaveanAutomatedTellerMachine(ATM)onboardthevessel.
The ATM has been installed by the State Bank of India (SBI) and will
becomeoperationalfromJanuary21,2017.Itwillbeoperatedthroughsatellitelink.
Wolf1061ccouldbethenexthabitableplanetafterEarth.
An exoplanet called Wolf 1061 could be habitable in the future according to
astronomerStephenKanefromSanFranciscoStateUniversity.
ScientistshavediscoveredanexoplanetnamedWolf1061locatedaround14light
yearsawayfromEarththatcouldbethehabitableplanetinthefutureafterEarth.
They discovered that one of the three planets in the Wolf 1061 system
named Wolf 1061 could, a rocky planet is entirely within the habitable zone, the
areawhereliquidwatercouldexistonthesurfaceofthecelestialbody.
ScientistsDevelopRoboticSleevetoPumpBloodinWeakHear.
Researchers from Harvard University and Boston Childrens Hospital have
developedacustomizablesoftroboticsleevetoencaseadiseasedheartandhelpit
beat.
The newly developed device is designed to help people who are experiencing
heart failure. The soft, cupshaped robotic device fits around the heart like
a sleeve to give it gentle squeezes to help pump blood in patients with weakened
hearts.
AOBA VELOXIII: Singapore's 1st ISS satellite can orbit twice as long as
others.
Singapore'sfirstsatellitewhichwaslaunchedfromtheInternationalSpaceStation
(ISS), AOBA VELOXIII, is claimed to stay in orbit for twice as long as similar
satellites.
A new thruster technology will keep the 110metre habitable satellite at an
orbitingspeedof27,000kilometresperhourforuptosixmonths,doublethethree
monthlifespanofsuchsatellites.
PVRlaunchestheatreondemandserviceVkaao,eyes100screens.
Multiplex chain operator PVR launched theatre on demand service 'Vkaao' and
planstoadd100screensbyendofnextfiscalacrossthecountry.
Vkaao is an online platform that will enable consumers to watch any movie of
their choice at a theatre of their choice. It would empower the viewers to choose
whattheywanttowatch,whenandwhere.
PVRaimstooffer1000titlesin3monthstimeandincreaseitto2,500filmtitles
byendof2017.

January22
Yournameplateonthemoon,foraprice.
ABangalorestartupsaysdonorstoitsmoonlanderprojectwillbeimmortalized.
ABengalurustartupTeamIndusproposesnameplateontheMoonforRs.500.
Indiansarebeingofferedtheopportunitytoleavetheirnameonthemoon,fora
price.
SpacestartupTeamInduswillgetthenamesofpublic'donors'microengravedon
a smallsized aluminium object, which will be placed on the lunar surface when its
landerdescendsonthemoon.
Indianscientistsexploitinghealingpowersofplasma.
Indian scientists at the Institute for Plasma Research (IPR), lying between
Sabarmati River in Gandhinagar and Amul Diary have taken steps to make use of
plasmaforhealingnotonlyhumansbutalsotheearth.
Plasma is a unique state of matter (other than solid, liquid and gas) in which
charged ions are bound in gaseous form but since the whole mass is charged they
behaveuniquelyunlikeanyotherknownformofmatter.
Coolplasmacanbeusedtocurehumanfungalinfections.Besides,itisalsoused
to treat a type of very warm wool called Angoora that produces some of
thewarmestwoollenclothing.
NewtechniqueforfasterdiagnosisofHIV.
Scientists have developed a new method for medical testing that may lead to
fasterdiagnosisofHIV,Lymedisease,syphilisandrotavirusinfections.
Researchers at the University of Central Florida (UCF) in the U.S. combined
cuttingedge nanoscience with a magnetic phenomenon discovered more than 170
yearsagotocreatethemethodforspeedymedicaltests.
January23
Periodictablecreatedwithelementslinkstooursolarsystem.
USbased astronomer Jennifer Johnson has created a periodic table which links
elementsinoursolarsystemwiththeirorigin.
It categorizes the sources of elements under six physical processes of the
universe,includingthe'BigBangfusion'and'cosmicrayfission'.
For instance, oxygen originated from supernovae and is listed under 'exploding
massivestars'category
.

InternationalChinacommissions31ststealthwarship.
Rapidly expanding its naval fleet, China has commissioned its 31st stealth
warship as it got its battle group under its first aircraft carrier ready amid tensions
with the U.S. and other nations over its assertiveness in the disputed South China
Sea.
With the commissioning of the 31st Type056 class corvette warship, CNS
Ezhou,Chinahasbecometheworldslargestfleetofmoderncorvettes.
TheCNSEzhouwithahullnumberof513wasdeliveredtotheEastSeaFleetina
navalbaseinEastChinasFujianprovinceonJanuary18,2017.Itis89meterslong
and11mwideandhasafulldisplacementof1,254metrictons.
UberToBringFoodDeliveryApp'UberEATS'InIndia.
Transportation app Uber will soon launch its ondemand food delivery
app'UberEATS'intheIndianmarket.
UberEATS is currently available in 58 cities globally, including Bangkok,
Singapore,Tokyo,HongKongandTaipei.
The new app will give consumers, restaurant partners, and delivery partners
moreoptionsacrossIndia.
Rubber Soil Information System (RubSIS) launched by the Ministry of
Commerce&IndustryforRubberGrowers.
The Minister of Commerce & Industry, Smt Nirmala Sitharaman launched Rubber
Soil Information System (RubSIS) on January 23, 2017 in New Delhi to provide the
detail about the soil quality to the rubber growers to enhance productivity besides
reducingthecostofproduction.
RubSIS is an online platform developed to recommend application of appropriate
mix of fertilizers to the specific plantations of rubber growers depending upon their
soilnature.
January24
GuidedPinakatestfiredsuccessfullyagain.
The Guided Pinaka was successfully test fired from the Launch ComplexIII, ITR,
Chandipurforafurtherenhancedrange.
The Pinaka Rocket MarkII, equipped with Navigation, guidance and control kit,
wastransformedintoaguidedPinaka.
The conversion has facilitated to enhance the range and improve the accuracy of
Pinaka.
According to defence sources, the mission met all the objectives. The Radars,
Electro Optical and Telemetry Systems at ITR Chandipur tracked and monitored the
vehicleallthroughtheflightpath.
The guided Pinaka is developed combinedly by ARDE Pune, RCI and DRDL,
Hyderabad.ITR,ChandipurprovidedtherangeandLaunchsupport.
January25
'InstantApps'Google'snewappscanbeusedwithoutdownloadingisbegins
testing.
Google has started testing 'Instant Apps' that can be used without downloading
overhalfayearafterfirstannouncingthefeature.Appsarebrokenintoverysmall
packets that can run almost instantly by tapping on a URL. The limited test by
GoogleincludesappsfromBuzzFeedandlivevideostreamingstartupPeriscope
JapanlaunchesfirstmilitarycommunicationssatelliteKirameki2.
Japan launched Kirameki2 communications satellite, which will enable it to
quicklyshareinformationaboutballisticmissileslaunchedbyNorthKoreaorvideos
ofJapanesetroopsdeployedoverseas.
It is the first of three satellites that will replace three civilian satellites currently
usedbyJapansmilitary.Thenewsatelliteswillallowmilitaryunitstocommunicate
onahighspeedandhighcapacitynetwork.
Japan has recently launched its first military communications satellite in a bid to
provide the much needed impetus to the broadband capacity of its SelfDefense
Forces.
ThesatelliteKirameki2waslaunchedfromJapanAerospaceExplorationAgency's
TanegashimaSpaceCentre,onboardofH2Arocketandsuccessfullyenteredorbit.
Pakistanconductsfirstflighttestofnuclearcapable'Ababeel'missile.
Pakistan successfully conducted the first test flight of the surfacetosurface
ballisticmissile(SSM),'Ababeel'.
TheradarevadingAbabeelhasthecapablilityofcarryinganuclearwarheadupto
2,200 kms and deliver multiple warheads using Multiple Independent Reentry
Vehicle(MIRV)technology.
The development of the Ababeel weapon system is a huge step from Pakistan to
ensure survivability in the growing regional Ballistic Missile Defence (BMD)
environment.
Punecopslaunchapptomaprealtimelocationsofpatrollingteams.
The Police Department of Pune has launched a Mobile App ''Beat Marshall
Monitoring Mobile App'' to trace the location of the patrolling teams from police
stations.
TheApphasbeendevelopedbyPunebasedITfirm''Sapience''andisbeingused
byPuneCityPoliceonexperimentalbasis.
Themobilephonebasedappwillrecordthetime,routeandnumberofstoppages
duringthecourseofpatrolling.Theapplicationwillbeinstalledonthecellphonesof
Beat Marshals or patrolling cops so that their movements can be mapped on real
timebythecontrolroomstaffers.
World'sfirststablesemisyntheticorganismcreated.
Scientists have created the first stable semisynthetic organism a singlecelled
bacteriumthatmayplayimportantrolesindrugdiscoveries.
U.S. scientists from The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have announced the
development of the first stable semi synthetic organism, ''Escherichia coli
bacteria'' on January 23, 2017 that has DNA made up of both natural and artificial
bases.
The study was published in the JournalProceedings of the National Academy of
Sciences.
Ingeneral,theDNAofeverylivingbeingiscomposedof4naturalbases,Adenine
(A),Cytosine(C),Guanine(G)andThymine(T).Thesesbasesarepaireduptoform
twobasepairs,ACandGT.
ScientistsWarnsCookingStarchyFoodtoBrownMayLeadtoCancer.
According to the Experts from Food Standards Agency's (FSA) based in United
Kingdom, Bread, chips and potatoes should be cooked to a golden yellow colour,
ratherthanbrown,toreduceourintakeofachemicalcalledAcrylamidewhichcould
causecancer.
ForthistheFoodStandardsAgencys(FSA)hasstartedanewcampaignunderthe
theme''GoforGold''.
Acrylamide is a chemical which forms in some foods when they are cooked in
temperatures hotter than 120C. It is formed due to chemical reaction between
certain sugars and an amino acid in the food when fried, roasted, baked, grilled or
toasted,ratherthanboiling,steamingormicrowaving.

January26
NASAwantsyoutopickpicturesitesforJupiterprobe.
USspaceagencyNASAhasdevelopedawebpagewhichallowsthepublictovote
for the best locations in the atmosphere of Jupiter, which would then be imaged by
theJunospacecraft.
JunoCam,thecameraaboardthespacecraft,willtaketheselectedpicturesduring
itscloseflybyoftheplanet,whichwillbethenpostedforthevotersforprocessing.
ScientistsGrowMouseTransplantOrganinRat.
Scientists from Stanford University are trying to find an innovative solution to
dealwiththeshortageofhumantransplantorganslikehearts,kidneys,livers,lungs
andotherorgans
Thus they conducted a study wherein the scientists made an attempt to grow
mousepancreasesinratsandthenusethemtocurediabetesinmice.
He study found that diabetic mice were able to normalise their blood glucose
levelsforoverayearaftertransplantation.
January27
ISRO's indigenous cryogenic engine for upper stage of GSLV Mk III rocket
testedsuccessfully.
Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) successfully tested its indigenously
developedCryogenicenginedesignatedasC25,onJanuary25,2017for50seconds
atISROPropulsionComplex(IPRC)atMahendragiriinTamilNadu.
ThecryogenicenginehasbeendevelopedforuseintheUpperStageofGSLVMk
III rocket, which is scheduled to be launched within the first quarter of 2017.
Cryogenicenginesareusedintheupperstageofarocketlaunchastheyprovidethe
maximumthrusttoalaunchervehicle.
Thiswasthefirsttestinaseriesoftwotests.Thenextonehasbeenplannedfor
flightdurationof640seconds.
GSLVMkIIIisanextgenerationlaunchvehicleofISRO,capableoflaunching4ton
classspacecraftinGeosynchronousTransferOrbit(GTO)
.
AIfoundtobeasgoodasdoctorsatspottingcancer.
Stanford researchers have developed a deep learning based artificial intelligence
that they claim is as good as human doctors at detecting skin cancer by looking at
clinicalimages.
Harnessed using Google's image recognition algorithm, the AI trained using
almost130,000skindiseaseimages,couldfurtherbedevelopedforsmartphonesto
facilitateeasyaccessandearlydetection.
January28
Metalfoundtoconductelectricitybutnotheat.
USbased scientists have found that metal vanadium dioxide (VO2) can conduct
electricity without conducting heat. The material's conductivity can also be fine
tuned by mixing it with other materials. The team found that the thermal
conductivity attributed to its electrons is ten times smaller than what would be
expected.Thefindcouldhelpconvertwasteheatfromappliancesintoelectricity.
Nokiamakesvoiceassistantforengineers,telecomoperators,MIKA.
Nokialauncheditsfirstvoiceassistantforengineersandtelecomoperatorscalled
MIKAor'MultipurposeIntuitiveKnowledgeAssistant'.
Itwillprovidetechnicianswithinformationtofixissueslikenetworkfaultsbased
ondatadrawnfromothernetworksglobally.
Nokia also launched 'Predictive Repair', a service that forecasts potential
hardwarefailuresupto14daysinadvance.

January29
IndianNavylaunchessearchtoprocure57carrierbornefighterjets.
According to IHS Jane's Defense Weekly, the Indian Navy has officially issued a
RequestforInformation(RFI)toprocurenewcarrierbasedmultirolewarplane.
The Navy intends to procure 57 naval fighter aircraft from a foreign supplier for
its rapidly growing fleet of aircraft carriers. The government also wants to
manufacturetheseplanesinIndiaunderIndianPrimeMinistersModisMakeinIndia
initiative and tender has asked the original equipment manufacturers to respond to
it.
USBasedScientistsDevelopsHumanPigHybrid.
Based on a study report published in the journal Cell, an International Team of
ScientistsfromUnitedStateshavecreatedaHumanPigHybridinaresearchproject
pavingwaytoaddressshortageoforganfortransplantation.
The team created an organism scientifically known as a Chimera, an organism
thatcontainscellsfromtwodifferentspecies.Theresearchersinjectedhumanstem
cellsintoearlystagepigembryos.Thesehybridembryoswerethentransferredinto
surrogatesowsandallowedtodevelopuntilthefirsttrimester.

January30
'Vampire'starcaughtintheactbyIndianspaceobservatoryASTROSAT.
BasedonastudypublishedintheAstrophysicalJournalLetters,anunusualaction
ofasmall,sixbillionold,socalledvampirestar,hasbeencapturedbyASTROSAT,
Indias first dedicated multiwavelength space observatory that was preying on
biggercelestialbody.
The smaller star, also called a "blue straggler", feeds off its companion star by
suckingoutitsmassandenergy,causingitseventualdeath.
January31
Scientistsdesignelectricitygeneratorthatmimicstrees.
USbased scientists have built a biomimetic tree that mimics the branches and
leavesofacottonwoodtreeandgenerateselectricitywhenitsartificialleavessway
inthewind.Itworksontheprincipleof'piezoelectriceffect'inwhichsmallstripsof
specialised plastic inside the leaf stalks release an electrical charge when bent by
movingair.

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