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EASTERN SYSTEM UPGRADE

RESOURCE REPORT 9
Air and Noise Quality

FERC Docket No. CP16-__-000

July 2016
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Section Page

9.0 RESOURCE REPORT 9 - AIR AND NOISE QUALITY ........................................................... 9-1


9.1 AIR QUALITY ............................................................................................................................. 9-2
9.1.1 Existing Conditions.......................................................................................................... 9-2
Climate ......................................................................................................... 9-2
National Ambient Air Quality Standards ..................................................... 9-2
New York State Ambient Air Quality Standards ........................................... 9-3
Attainment Status.......................................................................................... 9-3
Ambient Air Quality in the Project Area ...................................................... 9-4
9.1.2 Regulatory Requirements ................................................................................................ 9-4
General Conformity...................................................................................... 9-4
New Source Review ...................................................................................... 9-5
Class I Areas ................................................................................................ 9-6
Title V Operating Permit and State Operating Permit Programs ................ 9-6
Standards of Performance for New Stationary Sources ............................... 9-7
Risk Management Program .......................................................................... 9-9
Greenhouse Gas Mandatory Reporting Rule ............................................. 9-10
9.1.3 Air Quality Impacts ....................................................................................................... 9-10
Project Construction .................................................................................. 9-10
Project Operation ....................................................................................... 9-12
Emissions Health Effect Evaluation ........................................................... 9-13
9.2 NOISE QUALITY ...................................................................................................................... 9-15
9.2.1 Noise Regulations .......................................................................................................... 9-15
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission ................................................... 9-15
State Regulations ........................................................................................ 9-16
County Regulations .................................................................................... 9-16
Local Regulations ....................................................................................... 9-16
9.2.2 Existing Noise Levels .................................................................................................... 9-16
9.2.3 Construction Noise Impacts ........................................................................................... 9-17
Aboveground Facilities .............................................................................. 9-17
Pipeline Facilities ...................................................................................... 9-17
Horizontal Directional Drill Sites .............................................................. 9-17
9.2.4 Operating Noise Impacts ............................................................................................... 9-19
Highland CS (New) .................................................................................... 9-19
Hancock CS (Modified) .............................................................................. 9-19
Ramapo M&R (Modified)........................................................................... 9-20
Huguenot M&R (Modified) ........................................................................ 9-20
9.2.5 Noise Mitigation Measures ............................................................................................ 9-20
9.2.6 Post-Construction Sound Surveys.................................................................................. 9-21
Highland CS (New) .................................................................................... 9-21
Hancock CS (Modified) .............................................................................. 9-21

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality i Eastern System Upgrade


Ramapo M&R (Modified)........................................................................... 9-21
Huguenot M&R (Modified) ........................................................................ 9-21
9.3 REFERENCES ........................................................................................................................... 9-21

LIST OF TABLES
Page

TABLE 9.0-1 Project Compressor Station Summary ............................................................................. 9-2


TABLE 9.2-1 Construction Noise Assessment for the HDD Sites ....................................................... 9-18

LIST OF APPENDICES

APPENDIX 9A Supplemental Tables


TABLE 9A-1 Regional Climate Data
TABLE 9A-2 National Ambient Air Quality Standards
TABLE 9A-3 New York State Ambient Air Quality Standards
TABLE 9A-4 Attainment Status of the Project Areas
TABLE 9A-5 Ambient Air Quality Data for the Project Areas
TABLE 9A-6 Project Construction Emissions in the New York-New Jersey-Long Island, NY-
NJ-CT O3 Nonattainment Area
TABLE 9A-7 Project Construction Emissions in Attainment Areas
TABLE 9A-8 Operational Emissions Summary - Natural Gas Releases
TABLE 9A-9 Hourly Operational Emissions Summary (Excludes Natural Gas Releases)
TABLE 9A-10 Annual Operational Emissions Summary (Excludes Natural Gas Releases)
TABLE 9A-11 Compressor Station AERSCREEN / AERMOD Modeling Results
TABLE 9A-12 Noise Quality Analysis for the Proposed Highland CS
TABLE 9A-13 Noise Quality Analysis for the Modified Hancock CS
TABLE 9A-14 Noise Quality Analysis for the Modified Ramapo M&R
TABLE 9A-15 Noise Quality Analysis for the Modified Huguenot M&R

APPENDIX 9B Construction Emission Calculations


APPENDIX 9C Air Permit Applications
APPENDIX 9D Air Quality Modeling Assessments
APPENDIX 9E HDD Construction Noise Assessment (Eastern System Upgrade)
APPENDIX 9F Highland Compressor Station Ambient Sound Survey and Noise Impact Analysis
(Eastern System Upgrade)
APPENDIX 9G Hancock Compressor Station Noise Impact Analysis (Eastern System Upgrade)
APPENDIX 9H Ramapo Meter Station Pre-Construction Sound Survey and Noise Impact Analysis
(Eastern System Upgrade)

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality ii Eastern System Upgrade


APPENDIX 9I Huguenot M&R Station Ambient Sound Survey and Noise Impact Analysis (Eastern
System Upgrade)

VOLUME IV-B - CRITICAL ENERGY INFRASTRUCTURE INFORMATION


APPENDIX 9J Noise Analysis Plot Plans

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality iii Eastern System Upgrade
RESOURCE REPORT 9 AIR AND NOISE QUALITY

Location in
Filing Requirement
Environmental Report

Describe existing air quality, including background levels of nitrogen dioxide


and other criteria pollutants which may be emitted above EPA-identified Section 9.1.1
significance levels. (18 CFR 380.12(k)(1))
Quantitatively describe existing noise levels at noise-sensitive areas, such as
schools, hospitals, or residences and include any areas covered by relevant
state or local noise ordinances. (18 CFR 380.12 (k)(2)).
(i) Report existing noise levels as the Leq (day), Leq (night), and Ldn and
include the basis for the data or estimates.
(ii) For existing compressor stations, include the results of a sound level
survey at the site property line and nearby noise-sensitive areas while
Section 9.2 and Appendices
the compressors are operated at full load.
9F through 9H
(iii) For proposed new compressor station sites, measure or estimate the
existing ambient sound environment based on current land uses and
activities.
(iv) Include a plot plan that identifies the locations and duration of noise
measurements, the time of day, weather conditions, wind speed and
direction, engine load, and other noise sources present during each
measurement.
Estimate the impact of the project on air quality, including how existing
regulatory standards would be met. (18 CFR 380.12(k)(3))
(i) Provide the emission rate of nitrogen oxides from existing and proposed
facilities, expressed in pounds per hour and tons per year for maximum
operating conditions, include supporting calculations, emission factors, Sections 9.1.2 and 9.1.3
fuel consumption rates, and annual hours of operation.
(ii) For major sources of air emissions (as defined by the Environmental Appendix 9C
Protection Agency), provide copies of applications for permits to
construct (and operate, if applicable) or for applicability determinations
under regulations for the prevention of significant air quality
deterioration and subsequent determinations.

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality iv Eastern System Upgrade


RESOURCE REPORT 9 AIR AND NOISE QUALITY

Location in
Filing Requirement
Environmental Report

Provide a quantitative estimate of the impact of the project on noise levels at


noise-sensitive areas, such as schools, hospitals, or residences. (18 CFR
380.12(k)(4))
(i) Include step-by-step supporting calculations or identify the computer
program used to model the noise levels, the input and raw output data
and all assumptions made when running the model, far-field sound level
data for maximum facility operation, and the source of the data.
(ii) Include sound pressure levels for unmuffled engine inlets and exhausts,
Section 9.2 and Appendices
engine casings, and cooling equipment; dynamic insertion loss for all
9E through 9H
mufflers; sound transmission loss for all compressor building
components, including walls, roof, doors, windows and ventilation
openings; sound attenuation from the station to nearby noise-sensitive
areas, the manufacturers name, the model number, the performance
rating; and a description of each noise source and noise control
component to be employed at the proposed compressor station. For
proposed compressors the initial filing must include at least the
proposed horsepower, type of compression, and energy source for the
compressor.
(iii) Far-field sound level data measured from similar units in service
elsewhere, when available, may be substituted for manufacturer's far-
field sound level data.
(iv) If specific noise control equipment has not been chosen, include a
schedule for submitting the data prior to certification.
(v) The estimate must demonstrate that the project will comply with
applicable noise regulations and show how the facility will meet the
following requirements:
(A) The noise attributable to any new compressor station, compression
added to an existing station, or any modification, upgrade or update
of an existing station, must not exceed a day-night sound level
(Ldn) of 55 dBA at any pre-existing noise-sensitive area (such as
schools, hospitals, or residences).
(B) New compressor stations or modifications of existing stations shall
not result in a perceptible increase in vibration at any noise sensitive
area.
Describe measures and manufacturers specifications for equipment proposed
to mitigate impact to air and noise quality, including emission control
Sections 9.1.3
systems, installation of filters, mufflers, or insulation of piping and buildings,
and 9.2.5
and orientation of equipment away from noise-sensitive areas.
(18 CFR 380.12(k)(5))

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality v Eastern System Upgrade


FERC COMMENTS ON LOCATION OR
DRAFT RESOURCE REPORT 9 RESPONSE TO COMMENT

JULY 1, 2016 COMMENTS

Resource Report 9 Air and Noise Quality


1. Revise Section 9.1.2.2 to clearly identify permitting The NYSDEC permitting requirements and
requirements for the aboveground facilities, explaining which an assessment of major and minor NSR
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation applicability are included in the revised
permits are equivalent to major New Source Review, minor Section 9.1.2.2.
New Source Review, or other state level air permits. Note,
only those emission sources subject to major or minor New
Source Review are exempt from general conformity.
2. Include a discussion on the Project's applicability for the A discussion of the Greenhouse Gas
Greenhouse Gas Mandatory Reporting Rule. Mandatory Reporting Rule is included in
Section 9.1.2.8.
3. Clarify the discrepancy in the acres affected for fugitive dust The acres affected for fugitive dust
emissions in tables 9.B.2.1 through 9.B.2.2 and the land emissions in tables 9.B.2.1 and 9.B.2.2
requirements in Tables 1.4-1 and 1.4-2. Revise the include the land requirements for the
calculations if necessary, based on any revised values Huguenot Loop (159.07 acres from Table
1.4-1), and the land requirements for the
Wagoner Interconnect, Huguenot M&R,
Westtown M&R, Wagoner Interconnect
PAR 13, Pig Launcher / Receiver, and
Alternate Interconnect (5.15 acres from
Table 1.4-2), which results in a total of
164.2 acres affected, and corresponds with
the total acres affected in Tables 9.B.2.1 and
9.B.2.2.
4. Update Table 9A-8, and any other emission estimates of The VOCs that may be emitted during
natural gas releases to include hazardous air pollutants (i.e. natural gas releases (i.e., propane and
some volatile organic compounds may also be hazardous air butane) are not considered Hazardous Air
pollutants). Pollutants (HAPs). Per the gas analysis
provided in Appendix 9C, there are no
constituents in the natural gas that are
considered to be HAPs.
5. Indicate whether Millennium is, or plans to be, a participating Millennium does not plan to be a
member of the US EPA's Natural Gas STAR Program or participating member of the USEPAs
Methane Challenge Program and discuss the scope of the Natural Gas STAR Program as participation
participation. In addition within this program is already covered by
Millenniums operating company.
Millenniums pipeline is operated by
Columbia Gas Transmission, L.L.C. On
July 1, 2016, TransCanada Corporation
acquired Columbia Pipeline Group, Inc.
TransCanada is a partner in the International
Sector of the STAR program and Methane
Challenge.

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality vi Eastern System Upgrade


FERC COMMENTS ON LOCATION OR
DRAFT RESOURCE REPORT 9 RESPONSE TO COMMENT

JULY 1, 2016 COMMENTS


a. indicate if Millennium would install specific equipment to Millennium does not plan to be a partner
reduce fugitive methane emissions identified in EPA's (i.e., participating member) of the EPA
Natural Gas STAR recommended technologies, by state Natural Gas STAR program, however, to
agencies, or in peer-reviewed studies; and the extent practical and in accordance with
40 CFR Part 60 Subparts OOOOa will
install equipment to minimize fugitive
methane emissions.
b. discuss how Millennium would identify leaking valves, Millennium will comply with 40 CFR Part
seals, or other equipment on the pipeline compressor 60 Subpart OOOOa Standards of
facilities, and the criteria for repair/replacement. Performance for Crude Oil and Natural Gas
Production, Transmission and Distribution,
as codified in the Final Rule 81 FR 35824
June 3, 2016. Compliance with OOOOa
will identify leaking valves, seals and other
equipment at the compressor stations to
minimize fugitive methane emissions.
6. Provide an air quality screening (AERSCREEN) or refined A refined air quality modeling assessment
analysis (AERMOD or EPA-approved alternative) analysis of of the Highland Compressor Station is
the Highland Compressor Station identifying the air quality included as Appendix 9D and summarized
impact of criteria pollutants from the facility in comparison in Section 9.1.3.2. The input and output
with the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS). files have been included as text files in
Provide all source input parameters (emission rate, stack Appendix 9C as part of the NYSDEC Air
height, stack temperature, exit velocity, etc.), and justify the Permit Application for the Highland
bases for any assumptions. For any analysis using refined Compressor Station.
modeling (AERMOD or another EPA-accepted model), you
should provide a description on how the modeling was
performed (for example, identify the specific model number,
meteorological data source, terrain data, source parameters,
building information, receptor grids, NO2/NOX conversion,
post-processing assumptions, etc.). You should also provide
the input and output files in a form such that staff or staff
contractors can reproduce the analysis (these may need to be
submitted as text files for compatibility with eLibrary).
7. Provide an air quality screening (AERSCREEN) or refined A refined air quality modeling assessment
analysis (AERMOD or EPA-approved alternative) of the of the Hancock Compressor Station is
Hancock Compressor Station identifying the incremental included as Appendix 9D and summarized
increase in air quality impact of criteria pollutants from the in Section 9.1.3.2. The input and output
entire facility in comparison with the NAAQS. This modeling files have been included as text files in
should: Appendix 9C as part of the NYSDEC Air
a. identify existing emission rates of criteria pollutants from Permit Application for the Hancock
the station, and provide modeling results to identify Compressor Station.
existing local impact levels of criteria pollutants; and
b. identify proposed emission rates of criteria pollutants from
the station and provide modeling results to identify the
local impacts of the new turbines in addition to the existing
equipment at the compressor station.

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality vii Eastern System Upgrade
FERC COMMENTS ON LOCATION OR
DRAFT RESOURCE REPORT 9 RESPONSE TO COMMENT

JULY 1, 2016 COMMENTS


Provide all source input parameters (emission rate, stack
height, stack temperature, exit velocity, etc.), and justify
the bases for any assumptions. Provide a description on
how the modeling was performed (for example, identify
the specific model number, meteorological data source,
terrain data, source parameters, building information,
receptor grids, NO2/NOx conversion, post-processing
assumptions, etc.). Provide input data, as well as output
data showing maximum impacts outside the fence line (the
EPA-defined ambient air boundary), and at sensitive
receptors in the area (schools, hospitals, nursing homes,
etc.). Also provide the input and output files in a form
such that staff or staff contractors can reproduce the
analysis (these may need to be submitted as text files for
compatibility with eLibrary.
8. Clarify whether Millennium commits to implementing the Millennium will commit to implementing
site-specific noise mitigation measures recommended in the site-specific noise mitigation measures
appendix 9E in the event of overnight construction at HDD recommended in Appendix 9E in the event
#1, and for construction at HDD #2. of overnight construction at HDD #1 and or
construction at HDD #2
9. In section 9.2.4.1 clarify how vibration would be adequately Section 9.2.4
mitigated
10. Revise Figure 3, "Proposed Hancock Compressor Station Plot Appendix 9G includes three Noise
Plan," of appendix 9G to include a plot plan that depicts the Assessment Reports for the Hancock CS: 1)
planned new compressor unit at the Hancock Compressor 2012 pre-construction, 2) 2014 post-
Station; the current figure only depicts the existing Hancock construction, 3) 2016 proposed
Compressor Station. modifications. Figure 3 of the 2016 report
depicts the planned new compressor unit at
the Hancock CS.

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality viii Eastern System Upgrade
LIST OF ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS

6 NYCRR Title 6 of the New York Code of Rules and Regulations


AGC Annual Guideline Concentrations
AQCR air quality control region
CAA Clean Air Act
CFR Code of Federal Regulations
CH4 methane
CO carbon monoxide
CO2 carbon dioxide
CO2e carbon dioxide equivalents
dB decibel
dBA A weighting frequency scale
FERC or Commission Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
Hancock CS Hancock Compressor Station
HAP hazardous air pollutant
HDD Horizontal Directional Drill
Highland CS Highland Compressor Station
H&K Hoover and Keith, Inc.
Hp horsepower
Huguenot M&R Huguenot Meter Station
Ldn Day-Night Level
Leq Equivalent Sound Level
3
m cubic meters
Millennium Millennium Pipeline Company, L.L.C.
MMBtu/hr million British thermal units per hour
MOVES 2014 Mobile Vehicle Emissions Simulator, version 2014
MP milepost
NAAQS National Ambient Air Quality Standards
NO2 nitrogen dioxide
NOx nitrogen oxides
NSA Noise Sensitive Area
NSPS New Source Performance Standards

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality ix Eastern System Upgrade


NSR New Source Review
NYNAAQS New York NAAQS
NYSDEC New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
O3 ozone
OTR Ozone Transport Region
Pb lead
PM particulate matter
PM10 particulate matter with a diameter 10 microns
PM2.5 particulate matter with a diameter 2.5 microns
ppmvd @ 15% O2 parts per million by volume at 15% oxygen
Project Eastern System Upgrade
PSD Prevention of Significant Deterioration
Ramapo M&R Ramapo Meter Station
RICE reciprocating internal combustion engines
RMP risk management plan
SGC Short-term Guideline Concentrations
SIP State Implementation Plan
SO2 sulfur dioxide
TAP Toxic air pollutants
Tpy tons per year
USDOT United States Department of Transportation
USEPA United States Environmental Protection Agency
VOC volatile organic compounds
Westtown M&R Westtown Meter Station

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality x Eastern System Upgrade


9.0 RESOURCE REPORT 9 - AIR AND NOISE QUALITY
Millennium Pipeline Company, L.L.C. (Millennium) is seeking authorization from the Federal Energy
Regulatory Commission (FERC or Commission) pursuant to Section 7(c) of the Natural Gas Act to
construct, install, operate, and maintain the Eastern System Upgrade (Project). The Project includes
construction of approximately 7.8 miles of 30- and 36-inch pipeline loop in Orange County, New York
(Huguenot Loop). Millennium proposes to locate a majority of the pipeline loop overlapping with and
adjacent to the permanent easement associated with its existing mainline (Millennium Pipeline).
Additionally, as part of the Project, Millennium proposes to construct and operate (1) a new compressor
station (Highland CS) in Sullivan County, New York, (2) additional horsepower (hp) at the existing
Hancock Compressor Station (Hancock CS) in Delaware County, New York, (3) modifications to the
existing Ramapo Meter and Regulator Station (Ramapo M&R) in Rockland County, New York, (4)
modifications to the existing Wagoner Interconnect in Orange County, New York and (5) additional
pipeline appurtenant facilities at the existing Huguenot Meter Station (Huguenot M&R) and Westtown
Meter Station (Westtown M&R) in Orange County, New York. Dependent upon receipt of necessary
approvals, construction of the Project would be anticipated to commence in the fall of 2017 to meet a target
in-service date in September 2018.

The Project consists of the following components and facilities:

approximately 7.8 miles of new 30- and 36-inch diameter pipeline looping generally overlapping
with and adjacent to Millenniums existing pipeline right-of-way in Orange County, New York
(Huguenot Loop);
construction and operation of a new 22,400 hp compressor station, Highland CS in Sullivan County,
New York;
construction and operation of an additional 22,400 hp at the existing Hancock CS in Delaware
County, New York;
modifications to the Ramapo M&R in Rockland County, New York;
modifications to the Wagoner Interconnect in Orange County, New York;
addition of pipeline appurtenant facilities, which includes pigging facilities, at the Huguenot M&R
and the Westtown M&R in Orange County, New York; and
addition of an alternate interconnect to the 16-inch Valley Lateral at milepost (MP) 7.6.

Resource Report 9 describes the existing air and noise quality within the vicinity of the Project areas, the
potential impacts on air and noise quality associated with construction and operation of the Project, and the
proposed measures to avoid or minimize those impacts. A description of the Project components is included
in Resource Report 1, Section 1.3.2 and Table 1.3-3.

Table 9.0-1, below, summarizes the compressor units at each compressor station.

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality 9-1 Eastern System Upgrade
TABLE 9.0-1
Project Compressor Station Summary
Rated Output (hp)
Station and Manufacturer and Type/Energy
Unit Model No. Source Proposed Proposed Proposed
Existing
Removal Addition Total
Highland CS
Unit 1 Solar Turbines Titan 130E CT / NG N/A N/A 22,400 22,400
Total N/A N/A 22,400 22,400
Hancock CS
Unit 1 Solar Turbines Mars 100 CT / NG 15,900 N/A N/A 15,900
Unit 2 Solar Turbines Titan 130E CT / NG N/A N/A 22,400 22,400
Total 15,900 N/A 22,400 38,300
Notes:
CT = Combustion Turbine
NG = Natural Gas
N/A not applicable

9.1 AIR QUALITY

9.1.1 Existing Conditions

Climate

The Project would be located in south-central New York State. The climate is humid continental in
character, but is modified by the Atlantic Ocean, with cold winter temperatures, hot summers and ample
precipitation throughout the year. However, annual precipitation amounts can vary greatly year to year.
The regional climate can be represented by National Climatic Data Center data for Avoca, Pennsylvania,
which is located approximately 50 miles west of the Project. Table 9A-1 provides climate data for Avoca.
The wind is most often out of the southwest, northwest, and north. The wind is least often out of the
southeast.

National Ambient Air Quality Standards

The United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) has promulgated National Ambient Air
Quality Standards (NAAQS). The NAAQS include primary standards, which are designed to protect
human health, including the health of sensitive subpopulations such as children and those with chronic
respiratory problems, and secondary standards, which are designed to protect public welfare, including
economic interests, visibility, vegetation, animal species, and other concerns. The current NAAQS apply
to the following criteria pollutants:

particulate matter with a diameter 10 microns (PM10)


particulate matter with a diameter 2.5 microns (PM2.5)
nitrogen dioxide (NO2)

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality 9-2 Eastern System Upgrade
sulfur dioxide (SO2)
carbon monoxide (CO)
ozone (O3)
lead (Pb)

Each NAAQS is expressed in terms of a pollutant concentration level and an associated averaging period.
The current NAAQS are summarized in Table 9A-2. Notes to Table 9A-2 list the form of the statistic used
to assess compliance with each NAAQS.

New York State Ambient Air Quality Standards

States may adopt standards that are more stringent or encompassing than the NAAQS. The New York State
Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) has established New York State Ambient Air
Quality Standards for SO2, particulate matter (PM), NO2, CO, photochemical oxidants, non-methane
hydrocarbons, fluorides, beryllium, and hydrogen sulfide. These are listed in Title 6 of the New York Code
of Rules and Regulations (6 NYCRR) Part 257 and summarized in Table 9A-3.

Attainment Status

Section 107 of the Clean Air Act (CAA) directs the USEPA to designate air quality control regions (AQCR)
for any interstate area or major intrastate area which it deems necessary or appropriate. An implementation
plan is developed for each AQCR describing how ambient air quality standards will be achieved and/or
maintained. For each applicable pollutant and averaging period, USEPA designates an areas attainment
status based on monitoring data from the region. Areas that meet the NAAQS are termed attainment
areas. Areas that do not meet the NAAQS are termed nonattainment areas. Areas for which insufficient
data are available to determine attainment status are termed unclassifiable areas. Areas formerly
designated as nonattainment that subsequently reached attainment are termed maintenance areas. The
attainment status designations appear in Title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 81.

The Project would be located in the following:

Huguenot Loop, Huguenot M&R, and Westtown M&R (Orange County) - AQCR 161 (Hudson
Valley Intrastate AQCR)
Highland CS (Sullivan County) and Hancock CS (Delaware County) - AQCR 163 (Southern Tier
East Intrastate AQCR)
Ramapo M&R (Rockland County) - AQCR 43 (New Jersey-New York-Connecticut Interstate
AQCR)

Table 9A-4 summarizes the attainment status of the Project areas.

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality 9-3 Eastern System Upgrade
Ambient Air Quality in the Project Area

Pollutant concentration data to characterize air quality in the Project areas were obtained from the USEPA
AIRDATA database. Typically, the monitoring station nearest a project is used for this purpose. The
Project site is located inland in a semi-rural area at least 50 miles from the nearest seacoast. Therefore, for
some pollutants, more representative inland monitoring stations situated more distant from the Project areas
are used in lieu of closer monitoring stations situated in New York City or the northern New Jersey
communities located near the coast. Ambient air quality monitoring data for the most recent available
three-year period are summarized in Table 9A-5.

9.1.2 Regulatory Requirements

General Conformity

Section 176(c) of the CAA prohibits federal agencies from taking actions which do not conform to the State
Implementation Plan (SIP) for the attainment and maintenance of the NAAQS. The purposes of conformity
are to (1) ensure federal activities do not interfere with the emissions budgets in the SIPs, (2) ensure actions
do not cause or contribute to new violations, and (3) ensure attainment and maintenance of the NAAQS.
General conformity applies only in areas that are designated as NAAQS nonattainment areas or
maintenance areas, and a conformity review is required only for those pollutants designated as
nonattainment or maintenance pollutants. A general conformity analysis must consider both direct and
indirect emissions. Direct emissions are those that occur as a direct result of the action, and occur at the
same time and place as the action. Indirect emissions are those that occur at a later time or distance from
the place where the action takes place, but may be reasonably anticipated as a consequence of the proposed
action.

Some emissions are excluded from the conformity determination, such as those already subject to federal
New Source Review (NSR), those from the type of action included in the SIP, those covered by the
Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act or compliance with other
environmental laws, actions not reasonably foreseeable, and those for which the Agency has no continuing
program responsibility. If the sum of the proposed actions direct and indirect emissions that would
otherwise be subject to a conformity determination are less than de minimis levels, the proposed actions are
not subject to general conformity.

The Ramapo M&R will be located in New York-New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT nonattainment area,
a marginal nonattainment for the 8-hour O3 (2008) standards and in the Ozone Transport Region (OTR).
The de minimis emission rate thresholds for general conformity in such an area are 100 and 50 tons per year
(tpy) of, respectively, nitrogen oxides (NOx) and volatile organic compounds (VOC). As is shown in Table
9A-6, the annual Project construction emission rates in this nonattainment area are far less than these
thresholds.

The Huguenot Loop, Huguenot M&R, and Westtown M&R are located in Orange County, New York. The
Ramapo M&R is located in Rockland County, New York. On April 18, 2014 USEPA published in the
Federal Register a notice approving the re-designation certain counties, including Orange County and

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality 9-4 Eastern System Upgrade
Rockland County, from nonattainment to attainment for the PM2.5 annual and 24-hour NAAQS. USEPA
also approved New York States SIP revision containing a maintenance plan for the affected counties. The
de minimis emission rate thresholds for general conformity in such a maintenance area are 100 of PM2.5 or
any of its precursors (SO2 and possibly NOx, VOCs, and/or ammonia). As is shown in Tables 9A-6 and
9A-7, the annual Project construction emission rates of PM2.5 and its possible precursors are far less than
this threshold.

The remaining Project facilities are located in areas designated as attainment or the equivalent. As such, the
Project is not subject to general conformity.

New Source Review

Preconstruction air permitting programs that regulate the construction of new stationary sources of air
pollution and the modification of existing stationary sources are commonly referred to as NSR. NSR can
be divided into major NSR and minor NSR. Major NSR is comprised of the Prevention of Significant
Deterioration (PSD) and the Nonattainment New Source Review permitting programs. Major NSR
requirements are established on a federal level but may be implemented by state or local permitting
authorities under either a delegation agreement with USEPA or as a SIP program approved by USEPA.
NYSDEC administers its major NSR permitting program through 6 NYCRR Part 231, which establishes
preconstruction, construction, and operation requirements for new and modified sources. Non-major
facilities that meet the criteria of 6 NYCRR 201-4 can register under NYSDEC's permitting program rather
than obtain a permit. Pursuant to 6 NYCRR 201-3.2(c)(1)(i), natural gas-fired heaters with a maximum
rated heat input capacity less than 10 million British thermal units per hour (MMBtu/hr) are exempt from
requirements to obtain a minor facility registration.

The State of New Yorks major source operating permit program is administered through a USEPA-
approved program at 6 NYCRR 201-6. NYSDEC also administers a state operating permit program
through 6 NYCRR 201-5 for certain non-major facilities that do not qualify for a minor facility registration
under 6 NYCRR Subpart 201-4, including synthetic minor facilities and facilities with actual emissions
greater than fifty percent of Title V major source thresholds. Emission sources or activities listed under
NYCRR 201-3 are exempt from the registration and permitting provisions of 6 NYCRR Subparts 201-4,
201-5, and 201-6.

The NSR permit status for Project facilities is as follows:

The Ramapo M&R is an existing non-major facility that was originally permitted by Algonquin
under and operates according to Air State Facility Permit ID: 3-3922-00204/00001. Millennium
proposes to modify its existing Ramapo M&R Station, and the modifications will include a new
natural gas-fired inlet gas heater. The inlet gas heater is currently expected to exceed a maximum
rated heat input capacity of 10 MMBtu/hr and is therefore expected to be subject to permitting by
Algonquin under 6 NYCRR Subpart 201-4. Upon finalization of the station design information,
Millennium will file the appropriate minor source NSR application with the NYSDEC by October
2016.

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality 9-5 Eastern System Upgrade
The Hancock CS is an existing non-major facility that operates according to Air State Facility
Permit ID: 4-1236-00708/00001. The proposed Project involves the installation of new emission
units at an existing minor source with respect to NSR permitting requirements at 6 NYCRR Part
231 and Title V major source permitting requirements at 6 NYCRR Part 201-6. With the addition
of the new emission units, the facility wide potential to emit for one or more criteria air pollutants
will exceed the Title V major source permitting thresholds. As such, Millennium submitted an
initial major source Title V permit application for the modifications to the Hancock Compressor
Station to the NYSDEC in July 2016. A copy of the Title V permit application is provided in
Appendix 9C.
The Highland CS is a proposed new non-major facility. The proposed Project involves the
installation of new emission units that will be considered a minor source with respect to NSR
permitting requirements at 6 NYCRR Part 231 and Title V major source permitting requirements
at 6 NYCRR Part 201-6. As such, Millennium submitted an initial minor source State Facility air
permit application for the new Highland Compressor Station to the NYSDEC in July 2016. A copy
of the application for a permit to construct is provided in Appendix 9C.

Class I Areas

Federal Class I areas are areas established by Congress, such as wilderness areas and national parks, that
are afforded special protection under the Clean Air Act. Class I areas are allowed the smallest degree of
air quality deterioration through major NSR permitting and special considerations must be made during the
PSD permitting process when a Class I area is located close to a proposed site. If a proposed facility does
not require PSD review, Class I modeling is not required regardless of the Projects distances from the Class
I areas. The Project facilities are not subject to PSD review, and hence not subject to Class I modeling.

Title V Operating Permit and State Operating Permit Programs

The Title V permit program in 40 CFR Part 70 requires major sources of air pollutants to obtain federal
operating permits. The major source thresholds under the Title V program, as defined in 40 CFR 70.2 and
which are different from the federal NSR major source thresholds, are 100 tpy of any air pollutant, 10 tpy
of any single hazardous air pollutant (HAP), or 25 tpy of total HAPs. More stringent Title V major source
thresholds apply for VOC and NOx in ozone nonattainment areas, namely 50 tpy of VOC or NOx in areas
defined as serious, 25 tpy in areas defined as severe, and 10 tpy in areas classified as extreme.

The State of New Yorks Title V Operating Permit Program is administered through a USEPA-approved
program at 6 NYCRR 201-6. NYSDEC also administers a state operating permit program through 6
NYCRR 201-5 for certain non-Title V facilities that do not qualify for a minor facility registration under 6
NYCRR Subpart 201-4, including synthetic minor facilities and facilities with actual emissions greater than
fifty percent of Title V thresholds. Emission sources or activities listed under NYCRR 201-3 are exempt
from the registration and permitting provisions of 6 NYCRR Subparts 201-4, 201-5, and 201-6. Millennium
submitted an application for an Air Title V Facility permit for the Hancock CS and a new State Facility air
permit application for the Highland CS in July 2016

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality 9-6 Eastern System Upgrade
Standards of Performance for New Stationary Sources

New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) in 40 CFR Part 60 regulate certain emissions from specific
source categories. The applicability to the Project of several NSPS is discussed below.

40 CFR Part 60 Subpart Dc (Standards of Performance for Small Industrial-Commercial-Institutional Steam


Generating Units)
Subpart Dc applies to steam generating units, as defined in 40 CFR 60.41c, with a maximum design heat
input capacity of greater than or equal to 10 MMBtu/hr but less than or equal to 100 MMBtu/hr for which
construction, modification, or reconstruction is commenced after June 9, 1989. There are no subject steam
generating units with a maximum design heat input capacity of greater than or equal to 10 MMBtu/hr
proposed for any Project facilities. Therefore, this subpart will not apply.

40 CFR Part 60 Subpart Kb (Standards of Performance for Volatile Organic Liquid Storage Vessels
(Including Petroleum Liquid Storage Vessels) for Which Construction, Reconstruction, or Modification
Commenced After July 23, 1984)
Subpart Kb potentially applies to storage vessels with a capacity greater than 75 cubic meters (m3) (19,813
gallons) that will store volatile organic liquids. Tanks with a capacity greater than 75 m3 are not proposed
to be constructed, reconstructed, or modified at any Project facilities. Therefore, this subpart will not apply.

40 CFR Part 60 Subpart JJJJ (Standards of Performance for Stationary Spark Ignition Internal Combustion
Engines)
Subpart JJJJ, applies to an owner or operator of a new or existing stationary spark ignition internal
combustion engine that commence construction, modification, or reconstruction after June 12, 2006. The
Project includes new emergency stationary spark ignition internal combustion engine greater than 25 hp at
the Hancock and Highland Compressor Stations. Therefore, requirements of Subpart JJJJ will apply to the
proposed Project.

40 CFR Part 60 Subpart KKKK (Standards of Performance for Stationary Combustion Turbines)
Subpart KKKK applies to stationary combustion turbines with a heat input rate at peak load of 10
MMBtu/hr or greater that commenced construction, modification, or reconstruction) after February 18,
2005. Subpart KKKK limits emissions of NOx as well as the sulfur content of fuel that is combusted by
subject units. The Project involves the installation of new stationary combustion turbines at Hancock CS
and Highland CS. These new combustion turbines will be subject emissions limitations and the monitoring,
reporting, recordkeeping, and testing requirements under this subpart.

40 CFR Part 60 Subpart OOOO (Standards of Performance for Crude Oil and Natural Gas Production,
Transmission and Distribution)
Subpart OOOO applies to affected facilities that commence construction, reconstruction, or modification
after August 23, 2011. Affected facilities include the following:

Hydraulically fractured natural gas wells.

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality 9-7 Eastern System Upgrade
Centrifugal and reciprocating compressors.
Continuous bleed pneumatic controllers.
Storage vessels with potential VOC emissions of 6 tpy or greater.
Fugitive equipment components at onshore natural gas processing plants.
Sweetening units at onshore natural gas processing plants.

The Project will not include natural gas wells or natural gas processing plants. Centrifugal and reciprocating
compressors and continuous bleed gas driven pneumatic controllers located at the transmission facilities
(e.g., compressor stations) are not subject to Subpart OOOO. The Projects compressor stations will not
use continuous bleed pneumatic controllers or storage vessels with potential VOC emissions of 6 tpy or
greater. Therefore, the Project will not be subject to this regulation.

40 CFR Part 60 Subpart OOOOa (Oil and Natural Gas Sector: Emission Standards for New and Modified
Sources)
On August 18, 2015, USEPA proposed amendments to 40 CFR 60, Subpart OOOO and proposed an entirely
new Subpart OOOOa. Based on the effective date of August 2, 2016 for the new Subpart, the Project will
be required to comply with the requirements of NSPS Subpart OOOOa. While storage tanks remain
covered, Subpart OOOOa also includes provisions intended to reduce emissions from compressors and
equipment leaks at compressor stations. For equipment leaks, Subpart OOOOa proposes requiring periodic
surveys using optical gas imaging (OGI) technology and subsequent repair of any identified leaks. The
Project will comply with all applicable leak detection provisions of proposed Subpart OOOOa.

National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants

The USEPA has established National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) for
specific pollutants and industries in 40 CFR Part 61. The Project does not include any of the specific
sources for which NESHAP have been established in Part 61. Therefore, Part 61 NESHAP requirements
will not apply to the Project. The USEPA has also established NESHAP requirements in 40 CFR Part 63
for various source categories. The Part 63 NESHAP apply to certain emission units at facilities that are
major sources of HAP. The applicability to the Project of several NESHAP rules is discussed below.

40 CFR Part 63 Subpart HHH (National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants from Natural
Gas Transmission and Storage Facilities)
Subpart HHH applies to natural gas transmission and storage facilities that are major sources of HAPs and
that transport or store natural gas prior to entering the pipeline to a local distribution company or to a final
end user (if there is no local distribution company). All Project facilities are area sources (i.e., not major
sources) of HAPs. Therefore, this subpart will not apply because it only applies to major sources.

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality 9-8 Eastern System Upgrade
40 CFR Part 63 Subpart YYYY (National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Stationary
Combustion Turbines)
Subpart YYYY applies to stationary combustion turbines at major sources of HAPs. Emissions and
operating limitations under Subpart YYYY apply to new and reconstructed stationary combustion turbines.
All Project facilities are area sources (i.e., not major sources) of HAPs. Therefore, this subpart will not
apply because it only applies to major sources.

40 CFR Part 63 Subpart ZZZZ (National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Stationary
Reciprocating Internal Combustion Engines)
Subpart ZZZZ, applies to existing, new, and reconstructed stationary reciprocating internal combustion
engines (RICE) depending on size, use, and whether the engine is located at a major or area source of HAP.
The Project includes the installation of one new emergency stationary RICE with a site rating greater than
500 hp at the Hancock and Highland Compressor Stations. New stationary RICE located at area sources
of HAP, such as the emergency engines proposed for the Project, must meet the requirements of Subpart
ZZZZ by meeting the NSPS. As discussed above in Section 9.1.2.5, the new emergency engines proposed
for these facilities are subject to the NSPS at 40 CFR Part 60, Subpart JJJJ, therefore the requirements of
Subpart ZZZZ will be met.

40 CFR Part 63 Subpart DDDDD (National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Major
Sources: Industrial, Commercial, and Institutional Boilers and Process Heaters)
Subpart DDDDD applies to certain new and existing boilers and process heaters at major HAP sources. All
Project facilities are area sources (i.e., not major sources) of HAPs. Therefore, this subpart will not apply
because it only applies to major sources.

40 CFR Part 63 Subpart JJJJJJ (National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Industrial,
Commercial, and Institutional Boilers Area Sources)
Subpart JJJJJJ applies to certain new and existing boilers at area sources, where a boiler is defined as an
enclosed device using controlled flame combustion in which water is heated to recover thermal energy in
the form of steam and/or hot water. The rule does not apply to natural gas fired boilers and does not apply
to process heaters at area sources. All Project facilities are area sources of HAPs, and the Project does not
involve boilers. Therefore, this subpart will not apply.

Risk Management Program

40 CFR Part 68 is a federal regulation established to prevent the accidental release of hazardous substances
and minimize the impacts if releases occur. The regulation contains a list of substances and threshold
quantities. If a facility stores, handles, or processes a listed substance in an amount equal to or greater than
its threshold quantity, the facility must prepare and submit a risk management plan (RMP). If a facility
does not have a listed substance onsite, or the quantity of a listed substance is below the applicability
threshold, the facility is not required to prepare an RMP. However, it must still comply with requirements
of the general duty clause if it has any regulated substance or other extremely hazardous substance onsite.

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality 9-9 Eastern System Upgrade
Natural gas compressor stations, meter stations, and pipelines are not required to have an RMP because
they are regulated by the U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT) or an equivalent state natural gas
program certified by USDOT in accordance with 49 U.S.C. Part 6010-5. Because the Project will be
regulated by USDOT, an RMP is not required for any Project facilities.

Greenhouse Gas Mandatory Reporting Rule

The GHG Mandatory Reporting Rule, at 40 CFR Part 98, requires certain facilities that emit 25,000 metric
tons or more of CO2e per year to report annual emissions of specified GHGs from various processes within
the facility and conduct associated monitoring. Compressor stations include source types that are subject
to the GHG Mandatory Reporting Rule: Subpart C General Fuel Combustion Sources, which became
effective on December 29, 2009, and Subpart W Petroleum and Natural Gas Systems, which became
effective on December 30, 2010. The GHG Mandatory Reporting Rule is managed directly by the USEPA
and not through a sources Title V permit. The Hancock and Highland Compressor Stations associated
with the Project will be required to report GHG emissions under this rule.

9.1.3 Air Quality Impacts

Project Construction

Construction emissions will include the following:

Exhaust emissions from construction equipment and vehicles;


Emissions from vehicles used for transporting construction workers and delivering equipment and
materials to the Project site; and
Fugitive dust from construction activities and wind erosion of disturbed areas prior to revegetation.

Calculations for construction emissions were performed using the following EPA modeling and data
resources in order of precision: (1) Motor Vehicle Emission Simulator, (2) NONROAD model, and (3) AP
42, Compilation of Air Pollutant Emission Factors. Tables 9A-6 and 9A-7 summarize the estimated air
emissions that will result from construction of the Project. Appendix 9B provides detailed emissions
calculations. The following methodologies were used to estimate construction emissions:

Emission factors (grams per vehicle mile traveled) for NOx, CO, PM10, PM2.5, SO2, VOC, HAPs,
and carbon dioxide equivalents (CO2e) for on-road vehicles in New York State during 2017 and
2018 were obtained from the USEPA Mobile Vehicle Emissions Simulator, version 2014 (MOVES
2014).
Annual average emission factors (grams per horsepower hour) for NOx, CO, PM, SO2, VOC1, and
carbon dioxide (CO2) for non-road equipment engines in New York State during 2017 and 2018
were obtained using the most recent version of USEPAs NONROAD model (NONROAD, 2008a).

1 NONROAD does not provide VOC emission factors. Emission factors for total hydrocarbons were used as VOC surrogates.

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality 9-10 Eastern System Upgrade
Non-road equipment emission factors (grams per gallon of fuel) for CH4 and nitrous oxide were
obtained from the 2015 Climate Registry Default Emission Factors2, and apportioned based on CO2
emissions.
The NONROAD model does not provide factors for HAP emission from non-road equipment.
HAP emissions for combustion of diesel and natural gas in RICE were obtained from AP 423.
AP 42 does not provide emission factors for combustion of gasoline in reciprocating internal
combustion engines. HAP emissions were estimated by multiplying the HC emissions from
NONROAD multiplied by ratios of the HAPs to VOC for gasoline engines obtained from MOVES
2014.
Fugitive dust emissions were estimated using the methodology described in Section 3.4 of the
Western Regional Air Partnership Fugitive Dust Handbook4. Use of this methodology is
conservative, as the climates typical of most western states are more arid than in the Project areas.

The impacts of these emissions on air quality are expected to be minor. Construction emissions will be
intermittent, temporary, and local. Mitigation measures will include the following:

Low-sulfur diesel fuel will be used;


The construction equipment will comply with USEPA mobile source emissions performance
standards and will be properly maintained in accordance with manufacturer guidance and industry
best practices. Equipment will be operated on an as-needed basis, primarily during daylight hours5.
Equipment idling will be limited to the extent practical;
To the extent practicable, busses or vans will be used to transport construction workers to the job
site; and
Fugitive dust emissions will be mitigated by minimizing the extent of the areas disturbed,
application of dust suppressants, rinsing construction vehicles before they leave the work site, and
avoiding excessive vehicle speeds on unpaved roads. Disturbed areas will be appropriately
revegetated. Additionally, all areas disturbed by construction will be stabilized in accordance with
FERCs Plan and Procedures6.

2 http://www.theclimateregistry.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/2015-TCR-Default-EF-April-2015-FINAL.pdf Accessed
3/1/2016.
3
AP 42, Fifth Edition Compilation of Air Pollutant Emission Factors, Volume 1: Stationary Point and Area Sources
https://www3.epa.gov/ttnchie1/ap42/ Accessed 3/1/2016.
4 WRAP Fugitive Dust Handbook, Countess Environmental, September 2006
5 The atmospheric stability conditions during daytime typically promote more rapid dispersion of pollutants than during nighttime.
6 Upland Erosion Control, Revegetation, and Maintenance Plan, FERC, May 2013

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality 9-11 Eastern System Upgrade
Project Operation

Natural Gas Releases


Natural gas releases included fugitive and vented emissions. Fugitive emissions are defined as those
emissions which do not pass through a stack, vent, or other functionally equivalent opening7, and include
natural gas leaks from valves, flanges, pumps, compressors, seals, connections, etc. Vented emissions are
defined as those emissions which pass through a stack, vent, or equivalent opening. A compressor may be
vented for startup, shutdown, maintenance, or for protection of gas seals from contamination. An individual
compressor or the entire station may be blown down (i.e., vented) for testing, or in the event of an
emergency.

Operational emission estimates associated with fugitive gas releases from the pipeline, valves, meter
stations, regulation facilities, and pig launcher/receivers along the pipeline, quantified in tpy as CH4 and as
greenhouse gases as CO2e are provided in Appendix 9C. The calculations in Appendix 9C are based on a
methodology described in Interstate Natural Gas Association of America guidelines8 and a recent analysis
of a Millennium Pipeline natural gas sample collected at the Minisink Compressor Station, which is also
included in Appendix 9C.

The calculations for operational vented emissions in Appendix 9C conservatively assume that the Hancock
CS and Highland CS each conduct two full-station blowdowns per year. Millennium is inserting valving
on the station blowdown piping at both the Hancock CS and the Highland CS to contain (not vent) almost
all of the gas normally vented during scheduled testing of the station blowdown. Additionally, Millennium
is implementing a new design on its gas seal compression system whereby electric pumps are being utilized
in place of pneumatic pumps to minimize unit blowdowns. Vented emissions are transmission quality
natural gas.

Other Operational Emissions


Estimated operational emissions, not including natural gas releases, from the compressor and meter stations,
expressed in pounds per hour and tpy are summarized in Tables 9A-9 and 9A-10, respectively. The
combustion turbines will be equipped with Solars dry low NOx emissions combustion system, known as
SoLoNOx. This is a lean-premixed combustion technology designed to ensure uniform air/fuel mixture and
to reduce formation NOx, CO, and unburned hydrocarbons without penalizing stability or transient
capabilities. Warrantied emissions during normal operation are as follows:

NOx - 15 parts per million by volume at 15% oxygen (ppmvd @ 15% O2)
CO - 25 ppmvd @ 15% O2
Unburned hydrocarbons - 25 ppmvd @ 15% O2 (as CH4)

7
40 CFR 52.21(b)(20)
8
Greenhouse Gas Emission Estimation Guidelines for Natural Gas Transmission and Storage, Volume 1 - GHG Emission
Estimation Methodologies and Procedures, Interstate Natural Gas Association of America, September 28, 2005

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality 9-12 Eastern System Upgrade
An ambient air quality analysis of the increase in emissions of criteria pollutants from the Highland and
Hancock Stations was performed using AERMOD. The AERMOD assessment utilized five (5) years
(20112015) of concurrent meteorological data collected from a meteorological tower at the Binghamton
Edwin A Link Field and from radiosondes launched from Albany, New York. Both the surface and upper
air sounding data were processed by the NYSDEC using AERMODs meteorological processor, AERMET
(version 15181). The results are summarized in Table 9A-11. The air quality modeling analysis of the
Hancock and Highland Compressor Stations is provided in Appendix 9D along with additional details on
the selection of representative monitoring sites for use as background and associated modeling inputs. An
electronic copy of the input and output files utilized in the modeling assessment is included in Appendix
9C as part of the air permit applications submitted to the NYSDEC (Appendix 9C).

Emissions Health Effect Evaluation

This section addresses the potential health effects of criteria and toxic air pollutants (TAP) emitted from
the natural gas-fired engines as well as the health effects related to releases of pipeline natural gas from
fugitive emissions and venting operations. As described above, Millennium is proposing to construct a new
Highland CS and to construct additional compression at the existing Hancock CS.

Combustion Emissions
Air emissions resulting from the operation of the compressor stations includes: exhaust emissions from
natural gas combustion from the combustion turbines and ancillary equipment; and emissions resulting
from releases of natural gas from fugitive emissions and from venting.

As outlined in the Ambient Air Quality Modeling Assessment (Appendix 9D), a modeling analysis
addressing criteria pollutants and TAP were performed for the Hancock CS and Highland CS in accordance
with NYSDECs Policy DAR-1 guidance. The criteria pollutants were compared against the applicable
NAAQS and New York Ambient Air Quality Standards (NYAAQS) standard, while the TAPs were
compared against NYSDECs Short-term and Annual Guideline Concentrations (SGCs and AGCs). The
primary NAAQS/NYAAQS standards have been set to protect human health, including the health of at-risk
populations such as people with pre-existing heart or lung disease (such as asthmatics), children and older
adults (USEPA, 2016). The SGCs are chosen to protect the general population from adverse acute one-
hour exposures, while the AGCs are chosen to protect against adverse chronic exposure and based upon the
most conservative (i.e., health protective) carcinogenic or non-carcinogenic annual exposure limit. When
an AGC is based upon carcinogenic effects, the concentration is equivalent to an excess, lifetime cancer
risk of one-in-one-million (NYSDEC, 2010).

As shown in Appendix 9D, Tables 3-5 (Highland CS) and 3-7 (Hancock CS), the maximum modeled air
quality concentrations of the criteria pollutants are well below the applicable NAAQS and NYAAQS
standards, even when combined with a representative background concentration. Therefore, there are no
expected health effects from the emission of criteria pollutants from the proposed compressor stations.

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality 9-13 Eastern System Upgrade
Maximum short-term and annual ground level concentrations of each toxic air pollutant were modeled as
described in Appendix 9D. Unit concentrations (ug/m3 per 1.0 g/s emitted) for the 1-hour and annual
averaging periods were calculated for the combustion turbines using AERMOD. The maximum toxic air
pollutant-specific emission rate was multiplied by the modeled unit concentration to determine the
maximum pollutant-specific concentration. Note that summing the individual maximum source
concentrations, regardless of time and location, provides a conservative estimate of the actual toxic air
pollutant concentrations resulting from the facility. As shown in Appendix 9D, Tables 3-6 (Highland CS)
and 3-8 (Hancock CS) all of the maximum modeled TAPs are well below the corresponding NYSDEC
SGC and AGC. Therefore, there are no expected health effects related to the emissions of TAPs from the
proposed compressor stations. The evaluation for the Hancock CS takes into account total facility
emissions from both the existing Solar Mars 100 and the addition of the Solar Titan 130E.

The results of this analysis are consistent with comprehensive risk assessments recently conducted by the
Center for Disease Controls Agency for Toxic Substances Disease Registry (2011) in Georgia and by
FERC (2015) Dominion Transmission, Inc.s New Market Project, approved by FERC on April 28, 2016,
which indicate that the air concentrations associated with natural gas pipeline compressor stations are not
considered a health concern.

Natural Gas Releases


Natural gas, comprised primarily of methane, is commonly found in nature mixed with other hydrocarbons
and varying amounts of contaminants. While the exact composition of natural gas is chiefly dependent
upon the geological source from which it was extracted, all gas must be processed to pipeline quality
before it is allowed into interstate transmission pipelines (Branosky et al., 2012; Moore et al., 2014). In
addition, interstate transmission pipelines interconnect with many other transmission pipeline systems,
developing a network that may cross various geological gas sources. Therefore, the resulting natural gas
in most transmission pipelines is well mixed and cannot be pinpointed to a single source.

The term pipeline quality is defined in each individual pipelines tariff 9, and these definitions vary from
pipeline to pipeline. Gas quality terms and conditions of the pipelines tariff ensure the hydrocarbons and
contaminants are within acceptable limits for safe and efficient operation of the pipeline. At typical
interstate pipeline operating pressures and temperatures, pipeline quality natural gas remains in a gaseous
state and pipelines, distribution facilities, and end-user equipment are all designed to handle and burn this
gas. Individual pipelines may have different standards, practices, and enforcement mechanisms; however,
the specifications for gas quality should be based upon sound technical, engineering, and scientific
considerations. Columbia has specific Gas Quality Standards in place for its pipeline system. All gas
received by Columbias pipeline system must meet these standards regardless of the source of the gas.

Natural gas releases from compressor stations consist of hydrocarbons plus small amounts of nitrogen (N2)
and CO2. The hydrocarbons are comprised primarily of methane, plus small amounts of ethane, propane,

9
Millenniums FERC Tariff, General Terms & Conditions Section 25.

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality 9-14 Eastern System Upgrade
butane, pentane, and hexane. Natural gas would be released as a result of project related venting and
fugitive emissions.

Vented emissions are defined as those emissions which pass through a stack, vent, or equivalent opening.
A compressor may be vented for startup, shutdown, maintenance, or for protection of gas seals from
contamination. Individual system components, including the filter/separator, fuel gas meter, and/or fuel
filters may be vented for inspection and maintenance. An individual compressor or the entire station may
be vented for testing, maintenance, or in the event of an emergency. Fugitive emissions are defined as those
emissions which do not pass through a stack, vent, or other functionally equivalent opening 10, and include
natural gas leaks from valves, flanges, pumps, compressors, seals, connections, etc.

The risk assessment conducted by FERC for the New Market Project (FERC, 2016) determined that natural
gas emissions due to venting events are below a level of human health concern. Because the calculated
volumes of natural gas that could be vented at the two compressor stations are approximately 30 percent
less than the volume of gas emitted from the facilities approved by FERC in the New Market Project, the
emissions from the Project will be below levels that present potential health concerns.

9.2 NOISE QUALITY

The unit of noise measurement is the decibel (dB), which measures the energy of the noise. Because the
human ear is not uniformly sensitive to noise frequencies, the A weighting frequency scale (dBA) was
devised to correspond with the human ear's sensitivity. The A-weighted frequency scale uses specific
weighting of a sound pressure level for the purpose of determining the human response to sound and the
resulting unit of measure is the dBA.

Because noise levels can vary over a given time period, they are further quantified using the Equivalent
Sound Level (Leq) and Day-Night Level (Ldn). The Leq is an average of the time-varying sound energy for
a specified time period. The Ldn is an average of the time-varying sound energy for one 24-hour period,
with a 10 dB addition to the sound energy for the time period of 22:00 to 07:00 hours.

9.2.1 Noise Regulations

The proposed Project is regulated by FERC. The FERC noise regulations and State, County and Local
noise regulations that may be applicable are presented below.

Federal Energy Regulatory Commission

The USEPA has identified an Ldn of 55 dBA as being the maximum sound level that will not adversely
affect public health and welfare by interfering with speech or other activities in outdoor areas, with an
adequate margin of safety (USEPA, 1971). If the sound energy does not vary with time, the L dn level will
be equal to the Leq level plus 6.4 dB.

10
40 CFR 52.21(b)(20)

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality 9-15 Eastern System Upgrade
FERC regulations require that the noise attributable to new compressor stations or station modifications not
exceed an Ldn of 55 dBA at the nearest noise sensitive area (NSA) (schools, hospitals, or residences) unless
such noise sensitive areas are established after facility construction. In addition, typically the noise
attributable to the full load operation of the Station, including the compressor unit addition(s), should not
exceed the previously existing noise levels produced by the station at any nearby NSA that are above an
Ldn of 55 dBA. FERC regulations also require that new compressor stations or station modifications not
result in a perceptible increase in vibration at any NSAs.

State Regulations

There are no applicable noise regulations within New York State11.

County Regulations

Millennium conducted an initial review and did not identify any applicable Delaware, Sullivan, Orange or
Rockland county noise ordinances or regulations.

Local Regulations

Millennium conducted an initial review and did not identify any noise ordinances for the Town of Highland,
Town of Hancock, Town of Minisink, or Town of Greenville. The Town of Deerpark and the Town of
Ramapo have noise ordinances. The proposed facilities would be sited by FERC and as such are subject to
federal, rather than local, oversight on noise levels.

9.2.2 Existing Noise Levels

Hoover and Keith, Inc. (H&K), an acoustical engineering company, performed pre-construction and/or
ambient sound surveys for the Project facilities on behalf of Millennium. The existing sound levels are
depicted in the following tables:

Proposed Highland CS Table 9A-12


Existing Hancock CS Table 9A-13
Existing Ramapo M&R Table 9A-14
Existing Huguenot M&R Table 9A-15

11
The NYSDEC has a Policy Document (i.e., Program Policy DEP-00-1; Revised Feb. 2, 2001, Assessing and Mitigating Noise
Impacts) to provide guidance and clarify program issues for NYSDEC staff to ensure compliance with statutory and regulatory
requirements for facility operations regulated under New York State Environmental Quality Reviews or SEQR. The Project,
however, is not subject to SEQR.

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality 9-16 Eastern System Upgrade
9.2.3 Construction Noise Impacts

Aboveground Facilities

Construction of the proposed facilities will be temporary and short-term in nature, and primarily limited to
daytime hours. Construction will consist of earth work (e.g., site grading, clearing and grubbing) and
construction of the site foundations and equipment, and it is assumed that the highest level of construction
noise would occur during site earth work (i.e., time frame when the largest amount of construction
equipment would operate).

H&K estimates the following peak noise level of construction activities, at the closest NSAs, for the
aboveground facilities:

Proposed Highland CS 41 dBA Ldn


Proposed Compressor Unit Addition at the Hancock CS 64 dBA Ldn
Proposed Meter and Regulation Facilities (at the Ramapo M&R) 54 dBA Ldn
Proposed Huguenot Regulation Equipment (at the Huguenot M&R) 69 dBA Ldn

Pipeline Facilities

Construction of the Huguenot Loop will cause temporary increases in noise levels in the immediate vicinity
of the construction sites. On-site construction noise will occur mainly from heavy-duty construction
equipment (e.g., trucks, backhoes, excavators, loaders and cranes). Noise from on-site construction
activities that may occur near a noise-sensitive receptor along the pipeline route may be intermittent or
continuous, but will be limited to short durations over a period of three to four weeks at any one location
based on the nature of right-of-way construction sequencing.

Blasting, if required for ditch excavation in shallow bedrock conditions, may also be required during the
right-of-way construction sequencing. Controlled blasting for purposes of making shallow bedrock
excavation feasible will be completed in accordance with the Project blasting plan (see Appendix 1B of
Resource Report 1). The amount of explosives per borehole will be limited by the proximity of existing
structures and utilities. Instantaneous sound levels from typical construction blasting would be more than
typical project construction activities at a distance of 50 feet. In comparison with other construction noise,
the sound from blasting will be brief and infrequent, if blasting is determined to be required on the Project.

Horizontal Directional Drill Sites

Millennium proposes to utilize the Horizontal Directional Drill (HDD) construction method for the
following:

HDD #1: Neversink River (Town of Deerpark, Orange County)


HDD #2: Interstate 84 (Town of Greenville, Orange County)
HDD #3 (Mountain Road (HDD #3A and Bedell Drive (HDD #3B)

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality 9-17 Eastern System Upgrade
The HDD construction technique is an alternative to traditional "open cut" construction and is itself an
"environmental mitigation measure" for avoiding existing infrastructure and sensitive features. A
construction noise assessment was performed for both proposed HDD crossings, and the associated report
is located in Appendix 9E. A 55 dBA Ldn sound level contribution, resulting from HDD operations, at
nearby NSAs is typically utilized by the FERC as a guideline and/or criteria where HDD operations could
be employed for a 24-hour workday. For 24-hour HDD operations, FERC also requires mitigation measures
to minimize the noise impact on nearby NSAs. Table 9.2-1 summarizes the construction noise assessment
for the closest NSAs to the Entry and Exit sites for the proposed HDD sites:

TABLE 9.2-1
Construction Noise Assessment for the HDD Sites

Calculated
Calculated
Peak Ldn due
Peak Ldn due Increase
to HDD Total Ldn
Distance and to HDD Measured above
Entry or (without of HDD +
Direction of (with added Ambient Ambient
Exit Point added noise Ambient
Closest NSA noise control Ldn Ldn
control
measures)
measures)

(dBA) (dBA) (dBA) (dB)

1,000 feet
HDD #1 Entry/Exit 53.2 40.8 40.1 43.5 3.4
SW
Neversink
River Entry/Exit 600 feet SW 62.4 49.3 56.2 57.0 0.8

HDD #2 Entry/Exit 1,100 feet SE 52.2 N/A 53.7 56.0 2.3


Interstate
84 Entry/Exit 950 feet NW 56.8 43.9 44.6 47.3 2.7

500 feet E to
HDD #3A Entry/Exit 63.2 50.1 48.5 52.4 3.8
SE
Mountain
Road Entry/Exit 170 feet NE 78.8 64.7 44.6 64.8 20.2

HDD #3B Entry 150 feet NE 79.9 65.9 44.6 65.9 21.3
Bedell
Drive 450 feet W to
Exit 52.5 N/A 44.6 53.2 8.6
N

Notes:
HDD = Horizontal Directional Drill
NSA = Noise Sensitive Area
Ldn = Day-Night Level
dBA = A weighting frequency scale
dB = decibel
SW = Southwest
SE = Southeast
N/A = Not applicable
NW = Northwest

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality 9-18 Eastern System Upgrade
The results of the acoustical analysis indicates the following:

At three of the eight HDD entry or exit sites, noise levels would meet the FERC guideline of 55
dBA Ldn for a 24-hour drilling schedule with standard equipment with no noise mitigation
measures.

At three of the seven HDD entry or exit sites, noise levels would meet the FERC guideline of 55
dBA Ldn for a 24-hour drilling schedule with noise mitigation measures.

At two of the seven HDD entry or exit sites (Mountain Road and Bedell Road), noise levels would
exceed the FERC guideline of 55 dBA Ldn for a 24-hour drilling schedule with noise mitigation
measures. With respect to 24-hour or daytime only Operations, Millennium will determine with
the selected HDD contractor what hours will be worked at a later date upon receipt of HDD
contractor proposals. Additional noise control measures and noise control strategies will continue
to be developed for these HDD sites.

9.2.4 Operating Noise Impacts

Highland CS (New)

The Noise Impact Analysis for the proposed Highland CS was performed in the following report:

H&K RN 3354, dated July 27, 2016, Proposed Highland CS, Ambient Sound Survey and Noise
Impact Analysis (associated with the Project) (see Appendix 9F).

Table 9A-12 in Appendix 9A summarizes the Noise Quality Analysis, at the nearby NSAs, for the proposed
Highland CS.

The results of the acoustical analysis indicates that the noise attributable to the Highland CS will be
significantly less than an Ldn of 55 dBA at the closest NSAs, which is in compliance with FERC
requirements. Additionally, site sources that could cause perceptible vibration (such as turbine unit exhaust
noise) will be adequately mitigated; therefore, there should not be any perceptible increase in vibration at
the closest NSAs during operation of the Highland CS.

Hancock CS (Modified)

A noise impact analysis was conducted for the proposed compressor unit addition at the existing Hancock
CS (see Appendix 9G). Table 9A-13 in Appendix 9A summarizes the Noise Quality Analysis, at the nearby
NSAs for the modified Hancock CS.

The results of the acoustical analysis indicates that the total noise attributable to the modified Hancock CS
will be significantly less than an Ldn of 55 dBA at the closest NSAs, which is in compliance with FERC
requirements. Additionally, site sources that could cause perceptible vibration (such as turbine unit exhaust

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality 9-19 Eastern System Upgrade
noise) will be adequately mitigated; therefore, there should not be any perceptible increase in vibration at
the closest NSAs during operation of the modified Hancock CS.

Ramapo M&R (Modified)

The Noise Impact Analysis for the proposed modifications at the existing Ramapo M&R was performed in
the following report:

H&K RN 3355, dated July 27, 2016, Ramapo M&R, Pre-Construction Sound Survey and Noise
Impact Analysis (associated with the Project) (see Appendix 9H).

Table 9A-14 in Appendix 9A summarizes the Noise Quality Analysis, at the nearby NSAs, for the modified
Ramapo M&R.

The results of the acoustical analysis indicates that the noise attributable to the modified Ramapo M&R
will be less than an Ldn of 55 dBA at the closest NSAs, which is in compliance with FERC requirements.
Additionally, site sources that could cause perceptible vibration (such as control valve noise) will be
adequately mitigated; therefore, there should not be any perceptible increase in vibration at the closest
NSAs during operation of the modified Ramapo M&R.

Huguenot M&R (Modified)

A noise impact analysis was conducted for the proposed regulation equipment addition at the existing
Huguenot M&R (see Appendix 9I). Table 9A-15 in Appendix 9A summarizes the Noise Quality Analysis,
at the nearby NSAs for the modified Huguenot M&R.

The results of the acoustical analysis indicates that the total noise attributable to the modified Huguenot
M&R will be less than an Ldn of 55 dBA at the closest NSAs, which is in compliance with FERC
requirements. Additionally, site sources that could cause perceptible vibration (such as control valve and
water bath heater noise) will be adequately mitigated; therefore, there should not be any perceptible increase
in vibration at the closest NSAs during operation of the modified Huguenot M&R.

9.2.5 Noise Mitigation Measures

The noise reports included in Appendices 9E through 9H provide detailed noise control recommendations
and equipment noise requirements for the compressor stations and meter station, along with assumptions
that may affect the level of noise during normal operations of the facilities and construction operations.
Millennium intends to implement the recommended noise control measures for the Project facilities. In
general, these noise control measures may include:

High performance acoustically designed compressor buildings;


High performance turbine unit exhaust and air inlet systems;
Low noise lube oil coolers;

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality 9-20 Eastern System Upgrade
Low noise gas aftercoolers;
Locating high pressure gas piping below grade;
Acoustical pipe lagging for aboveground piping, where required;
Low noise control valves and/or buried control valves; and
High performance unit blowdown silencers.

9.2.6 Post-Construction Sound Surveys

Highland CS (New)

Within 60 days of startup of the proposed Highland CS, a Post-Construction Sound Survey will be
performed to document that the full load Station sound level contribution does not exceed an Ldn of 55 dBA
at the surrounding NSAs. The results of the sound survey will be submitted to the Commission.

Hancock CS (Modified)

Within 60 days of startup of the modified Hancock CS, a Post-Construction Sound Survey will be
performed to document that the full capacity station sound level contribution does not exceed an Ldn of 55
dBA at the surrounding NSAs. The results of the sound survey will be submitted to the Commission.

Ramapo M&R (Modified)

Within 60 days of startup of the modified Ramapo M&R, a Post-Construction Sound Survey will be
performed to document that the full load station sound level contribution does not exceed an Ldn of 55 dBA
at the surrounding NSAs. The results of the sound survey will be submitted to the Commission.

Huguenot M&R (Modified)

Within 60 days of startup of the modified Huguenot M&R, a Post-Construction Sound Survey will be
performed to document that the full load station sound level contribution does not exceed an Ldn of 55 dBA
at the surrounding NSAs. The results of the sound survey will be submitted to the Commission.

9.3 REFERENCES

Branosky, E., Stevens, A., Forbes, S. Defining the Shale Gas Life Cycle: A Framework for Identifying
and Mitigating Environmental Impacts; World Resources Institute: Washington, DC, 2012.

Center for Disease Controls Agency for Toxic Substances Disease Registry, 2011. Agency for Toxic
Substances and Disease Registry. Health Consultation. Review of Formaldehyde Emissions
from Transcontinental Pipeline, Compressor Station #130. Comer, Georgia. U.S. Department of
Health and Human Services. April 18.

FERC 2015. New Market Project. Environmental Assessment. Docket No. CP14-497-000. October.

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality 9-21 Eastern System Upgrade
H&K RN 3353, dated July 27, 2016, Hancock Compressor Station, Noise Impact Analysis (Eastern System
Upgrade).

H&K RN 3354, dated July 27, 2016, Proposed Highland Compressor Station, Ambient Sound Survey and
Noise Impact Analysis (Eastern System Upgrade).

H&K RN 3355, dated July 27, 2016, Ramapo Compressor Station, Pre-Construction Sound Survey and
Noise Impact Analysis (Eastern System Upgrade).

H&K RN 3356, dated July 27, 2016, HDD Construction Noise Assessment (Eastern System Upgrade).

H&K RN 2725, dated August 31, 2013, Hancock Compressor Station, Ambient Sound Survey and Noise
Impact Analysis (associated with the Hancock Compressor Project), FERC Docket No. CP-13-14-
000.

H&K RN 2725, dated May 22, 2014, Hancock Compressor Station, Post-Construction Sound Survey,
FERC Docket No. CP-13-14-000.

Moore, C.W., Zielinska, B., Petron, G., and Jackson, R.B. 2014. Air Impacts of Increased Natural Gas
Acquisition, Processing, and Use: A Critical Review. Environ. Sci. Technol., 48, 83498359.

NYSDEC 2010. Division of Air Resources (DAR) 1 AGC/SGC Tables. October 18.

[USEPA] United States Environmental Protection Agency. 1971. Community Noise, NTID 300.3,
Washington, DC, 1974. Information on Levels of Noise Requisite to Protect Public Health and
Welfare with an Adequate Margin of Safety. Washington, DC.

USEPA 2016. Reviewing National Ambient Air Quality Standards Scientific and Technical Information,
on-line at: https://www3.epa.gov/ttn/naaqs/.

United States Code of Federal Regulations. 1983. Title 18, Part 157, Section 157.206(d)(5) Environmental
Compliance, Sound Levels. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality 9-22 Eastern System Upgrade
APPENDIX 9A

Supplemental Tables

TABLE 9A-1 Regional Climate Data .................................................................................................. 9A-1


TABLE 9A-2 National Ambient Air Quality Standards ...................................................................... 9A-2
TABLE 9A-3 New York State Ambient Air Quality Standards .......................................................... 9A-3
TABLE 9A-4 Attainment Status of the Project Areas ......................................................................... 9A-4
TABLE 9A-5 Ambient Air Quality Data for the Project Areas........................................................... 9A-5
TABLE 9A-6 Project Construction Emissions in the New York-New Jersey-Long Island,
NY-NJ-CT O3 Nonattainment Area .............................................................................. 9A-6
TABLE 9A-7 Project Construction Emissions in Attainment Areas ................................................... 9A-7
TABLE 9A-8 Operational Emissions Summary - Natural Gas Releases ............................................ 9A-9
TABLE 9A-9 Hourly Operational Emissions Summary (Excludes Natural Gas Releases) .............. 9A-10
TABLE 9A-10 Annual Operational Emissions Summary (Excludes Natural Gas Releases) .............. 9A-11
TABLE 9A-11 Compressor Station AERSCREEN / AERMOD Modeling Results ........................... 9A-12
TABLE 9A-12 Noise Quality Analysis for the Proposed Highland CS .............................................. 9A-13
TABLE 9A-13 Noise Quality Analysis for the Modified Hancock CS ............................................... 9A-14
TABLE 9A-14 Noise Quality Analysis for the Modified Ramapo M&R ........................................... 9A-15
TABLE 9A-15 Noise Quality Analysis for the Modified Huguenot M&R ......................................... 9A-16

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality 9A-i Eastern System Upgrade
TABLE 9A-1
Regional Climate Data

Parameter Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Annual
Normal Daily
Minimum 18.5 20.7 27.6 38.2 47.6 56.5 60.9 59.5 52.1 41.1 33.3 23.8 40.1
Temperature (F)
Normal Daily
Maximum 33.2 36.8 46.2 59.1 69.7 77.7 81.9 79.9 72.3 60.7 49.4 37.5 58.8
Temperature (F)
Normal Daily
Mean 25.8 28.8 36.9 48.6 58.6 67.1 71.4 69.7 62.2 50.9 41.4 30.6 49.4
Temperature (F)
Average Wind
7.8 8.1 8.4 8.2 7.1 6.4 6.0 5.7 6.1 6.5 7.3 7.5 7.1
Speed (mph)
Mean Number of
Days with 0.01 12 11 12 12 13 12 11 11 10 10 11 12 136
in. Precipitation
Normal
2.37 2.03 2.55 3.33 3.52 4.03 3.79 3.41 4.07 3.34 3.14 2.68 38.26
Precipitation (in.)
Average Snow
11.3 10.6 5.5 2.3 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 3.5 8.6 45.3
Fall (in.)

Source:
Data reported for Avoca, Pennsylvania in Comparative Climatic Data for the United States Through 2014, National
Climatic Data Center. The approximates distances and directions from Project facilities to the meteorological data
station are as follows:
Hancock CS 52 miles SW
Highland CS 61 miles SSW
Huguenot M&R 56 miles WSW
Ramapo M&R 86 miles W
Westtown M&R 75 miles W

Notes:
F = degrees Fahrenheit
in. = inches
T = Trace

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality 9A-1 Eastern System Upgrade
TABLE 9A-2
National Ambient Air Quality Standards

Primary Secondary
Averaging Standard Standard
Pollutant Rank
Time
ppm g/m3 ppm g/m3
99th percentile of 1-hour daily maximum
1-hour 0.075 196 N/A N/A
SO2 concentrations, averaged over 3 years
3-hour N/A N/A 0.5 1,300 Not to be exceeded more than once per year
Not to be exceeded more than once per year
PM10 24-hour N/A 150 N/A 150
on average over 3 years
24-hour N/A 35 N/A 35 98th percentile, averaged over 3 years
PM2.5
Annual N/A 12 N/A 15 Annual mean, averaged over 3 years
98th percentile of 1-hour daily maximum
1-hour 0.100 188 N/A N/A
NO2 concentrations, averaged over 3 years
Annual 0.053 100 0.053 100 Annual Mean
8-hour 9 10,000 N/A N/A Not to be exceeded more than once per year
CO
1-hour 35 40,000 N/A N/A Not to be exceeded more than once per year
8-hour Annual fourth-highest daily maximum 8-hr
0.070 143 0.070 143
(2015) concentration, averaged over 3 years
O3
8-hour Annual fourth-highest daily maximum 8-hr
0.075 150 0.075 150
(2008) concentration, averaged over 3 years
3-month
Pb N/A 0.15 N/A 0.15 Not to be exceeded
rolling
Source:
http://www.epa.gov/air/criteria.html accessed 03/01/2016

Notes:
ppm = parts per million
g/m3 = micrograms per cubic meter
SO2 = sulfur dioxide
PM2.5 particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter 2.5 m
PM10 = particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter 10 m
NOx = nitrogen oxides
CO = carbon monoxide
O3 = ozone
Pb = lead
N/A not applicable

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality 9A-2 Eastern System Upgrade
TABLE 9A-3
New York State Ambient Air Quality Standards

Primary
Averaging Standard
Pollutant Rank
Time
ppm g/m3
0.10 260 99th percentile of 24-hour average concentrations
24-hour
SO2 0.14 365 Not to be exceeded more than once per year
Annual 0.03 80 Not to be exceeded
See 6 NYCRR 257-3
(https://govt.westlaw.com/nycrr/Browse/Home/NewYork/NewYorkCodesRulesandRegu
PM
lations?guid=Ic4010960b5a011dda0a4e17826ebc834&originationContext=documentto
c&transitionType=Default&contextData=(sc.Default))
NO2 Annual 0.05 100 Annual average of 24-hour concentrations
8-hour 9 10,000 Not to be exceeded more than once per year
CO
1-hour 35 40,000 Not to be exceeded more than once per year
Photochemical
1-hour 0.08 160 Not to be exceeded more than once per year
Oxidants
NMHC 1-hour 0.24 160 Not to be exceeded more than once per year
12-hour 0.0045 3.7 Not to be exceeded

Gaseous 24-hour 0.0035 2.85 Not to be exceeded


Fluorides 1-week 0.0020 1.65 Not to be exceeded
1-month 0.0010 0.8 Not to be exceeded
Be 1-month N/A 0.01 Not to be exceeded
3-month
H2S 0.01 14 Not to be exceeded
rolling

Source:
6 NYCRR Subchapter B (http://www.dec.ny.gov/regs/2492.html) accessed 03/01/2016

Notes:
ppm = parts per million
g/m3 = micrograms per cubic meter
SO2 = sulfur dioxide
PM = particulate matter
NO2 = nitrogen dioxide
CO = carbon monoxide
NMHC = non-methane hydrocarbons
Be = beryllium
H2S = hydrogen sulfide
N/A not applicable

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality 9A-3 Eastern System Upgrade
TABLE 9A-4
Attainment Status of the Project Areas
Pollutant Project Area Status / Designation
SO2 All Project Counties Better Than National Standard
Rockland and Orange Counties Attainment
PM10
Delaware and Sullivan Counties Unclassifiable / Attainment
24-hour PM2.5
All Project Counties Unclassifiable / Attainment
(1997 Standard)

Annual PM2.5 Rockland and Orange Counties Attainment


(2006 Standard) Delaware and Sullivan Counties Unclassifiable / Attainment

Annual PM2.5 Rockland and Orange Counties Attainment


(1997 Standard) Delaware and Sullivan Counties Unclassifiable / Attainment
Annual PM2.5
All Project Counties Unclassifiable / Attainment
(2012 Standard)
1-hour NO2 All Project Counties Unclassifiable / Attainment
Cannot be Classified / Better Than National
Annual NO2 All Project Counties
Standard
CO All Project Counties Unclassifiable / Attainment
Rockland and Orange Counties Severe Nonattainment
1-hour O3 a/
Delaware and Sullivan Counties Unclassifiable / Attainment

8-hour O3 b/ Rockland and Orange Counties Moderate Nonattainment


(1997 Standard) Delaware and Sullivan Counties Unclassifiable / Attainment
Rockland County Marginal Nonattainment
8-hour O3
(2008 Standard) Delaware, Orange, and Sullivan
Unclassifiable / Attainment
Counties
Pb
All Project Counties Unclassifiable
(1978 Standard)
Orange County Unclassifiable
Pb Delaware, Rockland, and
Unclassifiable / Attainment
Sullivan Counties

Source:
40 CFR 81.333 and USEPA Green Book (http://www.epa.gov/oaqps001/greenbk/ancl.html)
Notes:
NA = Not Applicable
a/ Standard revoked effective June 15, 2005.
b/ Standard revoked effective April 5, 2015. (see 80 FR 12264 - 12319, March 6, 2015)
SO2 = sulfur dioxide
PM2.5 particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter 2.5 m
PM10 = particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter 10 m
NO2 = nitrogen dioxides
CO = carbon monoxide
O3 = ozone
Pb = lead

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality 9A-4 Eastern System Upgrade
TABLE 9A-5
Ambient Air Quality Data for the Project Areas

Averaging Concentration Monitoring


Pollutant Rank Years
Period (ppm) (g/m) Station ID

SO2 1-Hour 99th Percentile 2012 - 2014 0.010 25.3 34-027-3001 a/


3-hour H2H 2012 - 2014 0.011 28.8
PM10 24-Hour H2H 2011 - 2013 N/A 53.0 42-095-1000 b/
PM2.5 24-Hour 98th Percentile 2011 - 2013 N/A 19.7 36-071-0002 c/
Annual Arithmetic Mean 2012 - 2014 N/A 7.4
NO2 1-Hour 98th Percentile 2012 - 2014 0.036 68.4 34-027-3001 a/
Annual Arithmetic Mean 2012 - 2014 0.005 9.8
CO 1-Hour H2H 2012 - 2014 1.8 2,062.1 42-069-2006 d/
8-Hour H2H 2012 - 2014 1.4 1,603.8
O3 1-Hour H2H 2012 - 2014 0.082 161.0 36-071-5001 e/
8-Hour 4H 2012 - 2014 0.061 120.4
Pb 3-Month Certified current 3-month average Pb data are unavailable. The best available
data are 24-hour average data collected in 2012 through 2014 at monitoring
station 42-101-0004 f/. The maximum and average 24-hour Pb values during this
3-year period were 0.11 g/m3 and 0.03 g/m3, respectively.

Source:
EPA AirData; http://www.epa.gov/airdata/ accessed March 2016.

Notes:
a/ Building #1, Department of Public Works (DPW) off Route 513, Chester, NJ
b/ South Green & Delaware, Nazareth, PA
c/ 155 Broadway, Newburg, NY; 26 miles east northeast
d/ George Street Troop and the City of Scranton, Scranton, PA; 60
e/ 1175 Route 17K, Montgomery Valley Central HS, Montgomery, NY
f/ 1501 E. Lycoming Ave., Philadelphia, PA

H2H = High 2nd High


4H = 4th High
ppm = parts per million
g/m= micrograms per cubic meter
SO2 = sulfur dioxide
PM2.5 particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter 2.5 m
PM10 = particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter 10 m
NO2 = nitrogen dioxides
CO = carbon monoxide
O3 = ozone
Pb = lead
N/A not applicable

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality 9A-5 Eastern System Upgrade
TABLE 9A-6
Project Construction Emissions in the New York-New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT O3 Nonattainment Area
Emissions (tons)
Construction Activity Total
NOx SO2 CO PM10 PM2.5 VOC CO2e
HAPs
2017
Ramapo M&R
Commuter transit N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
On-road vehicles N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Off-road equipment N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Open burning N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Fugitive dust N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Project Total N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
2018
Ramapo M&R
Commuter transit 0.13 5.5E-04 0.71 3.4E-03 3.1E-03 0.01 78 3.6E-03
On-road vehicles 7.5E-03 2.0E-05 1.7E-03 2.3E-04 2.1E-04 2.8E-04 2 5.8E-05
Off-road equipment 0.19 4.9E-04 0.62 0.01 0.01 0.32 39 4.0E-03
Open burning N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Fugitive dust N/A N/A N/A 1.17 0.12 N/A N/A N/A
Project Total 0.33 1.1E-03 1.33 1.19 0.14 0.34 120 7.7E-03

Notes:
CO = carbon monoxide
CO2e = carbon dioxide equivalent
HAP = hazardous air pollutant
NOx = nitrogen oxides
PM2.5 particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter 2.5 m
PM10 = particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter 10 m
SO2 = sulfur dioxide
VOC = volatile organic compound
N/A not applicable

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality 9A-6 Eastern System Upgrade
TABLE 9A-7
Project Construction Emissions in Attainment Areas
Emissions (tons)
Construction Activity Total
NOx SO2 CO PM10 PM2.5 VOC CO2e
HAPs
2017

Highland CS
Commuter transit 0.22 9.2E-04 1.25 5.8E-03 5.2E-03 0.03 131 7.0E-03
On-road vehicles 0.05 1.3E-04 0.06 1.5E-03 1.4E-03 2.5E-03 15 1.5E-03
Off-road equipment 0.61 1.4E-03 0.27 0.05 0.05 0.07 189 4.2E-03
Open burning N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Fugitive dust N/A N/A N/A 2.40 0.24 N/A N/A N/A
Subtotal 0.88 2.5E-03 1.58 2.45 0.29 0.10 335 0.01
Hancock CS 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0 0.00
Commuter transit 0.08 3.3E-04 0.46 2.1E-03 1.9E-03 0.01 48 2.5E-03
On-road vehicles 0.02 4.6E-05 0.02 5.5E-04 5.0E-04 9.0E-04 6 5.6E-04
Off-road equipment 0.32 6.9E-04 0.13 0.02 0.02 0.03 91 2.0E-03
Open burning N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Fugitive dust N/A N/A N/A 1.68 0.17 N/A N/A N/A
Subtotal 0.42 1.1E-03 0.61 1.71 0.19 0.05 144 5.1E-03
Huguenot Loop, Huguenot M&R, and Westtown M&R
Commuter transit 0.40 1.7E-03 2.47 9.0E-03 8.1E-03 0.05 243 0.01
On-road vehicles 0.18 4.2E-04 0.04 5.7E-03 5.2E-03 6.8E-03 48 1.3E-03
Off-road equipment 11.89 0.02 9.06 0.68 0.68 1.18 3,019 0.07
Open burning N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Fugitive dust N/A N/A N/A 13.76 1.45 N/A N/A N/A
Subtotal 12.46 0.02 11.57 14.45 2.14 1.24 3,309 0.09
Project Total 13.76 0.03 13.76 18.62 2.63 1.38 3,788 0.11

2018

Highland CS
Commuter transit 0.45 2.1E-03 2.70 0.01 0.01 0.05 294 0.01
On-road vehicles 0.35 9.4E-04 0.08 0.01 9.6E-03 0.01 107 2.7E-03
Off-road equipment 3.24 7.3E-03 3.04 0.32 0.32 1.03 921 0.03
Open burning N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Fugitive dust N/A N/A N/A 5.90 0.61 N/A N/A N/A
Subtotal 4.03 0.01 5.82 6.24 0.95 1.10 1,322 0.04
Hancock CS
Commuter transit 0.30 1.4E-03 1.84 7.8E-03 7.1E-03 0.04 200 9.1E-03
On-road vehicles 0.32 9.0E-04 0.30 9.2E-03 8.5E-03 0.01 107 3.1E-03
Off-road equipment 2.20 4.9E-03 2.06 0.22 0.22 0.70 626 0.02
Open burning N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality 9A-7 Eastern System Upgrade
TABLE 9A-7
Project Construction Emissions in Attainment Areas
Emissions (tons)
Construction Activity Total
NOx SO2 CO PM10 PM2.5 VOC CO2e
HAPs
Fugitive dust 0.00 0.00 0.00 4.15 0.43 0.00 0 0.00
Subtotal 2.83 7.2E-03 4.20 4.38 0.66 0.75 933 0.03
Huguenot Loop, Huguenot M&R, and Westtown M&R
Commuter transit 0.79 3.7E-03 5.34 0.02 0.02 0.09 544 0.02
On-road vehicles 0.35 9.4E-04 0.08 0.01 9.6E-03 0.01 107 2.7E-03
Off-road equipment 19.70 0.05 17.80 1.15 1.15 2.20 6,360 0.16
Open burning N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Fugitive dust N/A N/A N/A 24.31 2.91 N/A N/A N/A
Subtotal 20.84 0.05 23.22 25.49 4.08 2.30 7,011 0.18
Project Total 27.70 0.07 33.24 36.11 5.69 4.16 9,266 0.25

Notes:
CO = carbon monoxide
CO2e = carbon dioxide equivalent
HAP = hazardous air pollutant
NOx = nitrogen oxides
PM2.5 particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter 2.5 m
PM10 = particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter 10 m
SO2 = sulfur dioxide
VOC = volatile organic compound
N/A not applicable

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality 9A-8 Eastern System Upgrade
TABLE 9A-8
Operational Emissions Summary - Natural Gas Releases
Emissions (tons per year)
Construction
Activity Total
NOx SO2 CO PM10 PM2.5 VOC CO2e
HAPs
Huguenot Loop N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 4.6E-06 1.5 N/A

Huguenot M&R N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 1.9E-04 6.3 N/A

Westtown M&R N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 1.9E-04 6.3 N/A

Ramapo M&R N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 1.9E-04 6.3 N/A

Highland CS N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0.53 8,466.2 N/A

Hancock CS N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0.54 8,652.0 N/A

Project Total N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 1.07 17,138.6 N/A

Notes:
CO = carbon monoxide
CO2e = carbon dioxide equivalent
HAP = hazardous air pollutant
NOx = nitrogen oxides
PM2.5 particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter 2.5 m
PM10 = particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter 10 m
SO2 = sulfur dioxide
VOC = volatile organic compound
N/A not applicable

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality 9A-9 Eastern System Upgrade
TABLE 9A-9
Hourly Operational Emissions Summary (Excludes Natural Gas Releases)
Emissions (pounds per hour)
Facility/ Emission Source Total
NOx SO2 CO PM10 PM2.5 VOC CO2e
HAPs
Ramapo M&R

Existing

Heater A 1.74 0.01 2.65 0.13 0.13 0.53 2,128 0.18

Heater B 1.21 0.007 1.84 0.09 0.09 0.37 1,477 0.13

Proposed New

Heater C TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD

Highland CS

Proposed New

Solar Titan 130E 11.09 4.57 17.8 12.27 12.27 5.53 21,847 0.57
Waukesha VGF48GL
5.42 0.006 10.85 0.10 0.10 2.71 1,139 0.70
Emergency Generator A
Fuel Gas Heater A 0.12 0.007 0.10 0.01 0.01 0.007 144 0.002

Hancock CS

Existing

Solar Mars 100 7.82 1.89 10.87 2.85 2.85 0.90 15,867 0.14
Waukesha VGF36
3.88 0.004 7.76 0.07 0.07 1.94 874 0.54
Emergency Generator A
Proposed New

Solar Titan 130E 10.94 1.03 17.64 2.76 2.76 1.25 21,546 0.56
Waukesha VGF48GL
5.42 0.006 10.85 0.10 0.10 2.71 1,139 0.71
Emergency Generator A
Fuel Gas Heater A 0.12 0.007 0.10 0.01 0.01 0.007 144 0.002

Notes:
CO = carbon monoxide
CO2e = carbon dioxide equivalent
HAP = hazardous air pollutant
NOx = nitrogen oxides
PM2.5 particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter 2.5 m
PM10 = particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter 10 m
SO2 = sulfur dioxide
VOC = volatile organic compound

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality 9A-10 Eastern System Upgrade
TABLE 9A-10
Annual Operational Emissions Summary (Excludes Natural Gas Releases)
Emissions (tons per year)
Facility/ Emission Source Total
NOx SO2 CO PM10 PM2.5 VOC CO2e
HAPs
Ramapo M&R

Existing

Heater A 7.61 0.05 11.60 0.59 0.59 2.32 9,319 0.80

Heater B 5.28 0.03 8.05 0.41 0.41 1.61 6,469 0.55

Proposed New

Heater C TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD

Facility Total TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD

Highland CS

Proposed New

Solar Titan 130E 48.59 4.57 78.08 12.27 12.27 5.53 95,690 2.48
Waukesha VGF48GL
1.36 0.001 2.71 0.02 0.02 0.68 285 0.18
Emergency Generator A
Fuel Gas Heater A 0.53 0.03 0.44 0.04 0.04 0.03 631 0.01

Facility Total 50.47 4.60 8.23 12.33 12.33 6.23 96,606 2.67

Hancock CS

Existing

Solar Mars 100 34.24 8.26 47.62 12.47 12.47 3.94 69,499 0.61
Waukesha VGF36
0.97 0.001 1.94 0.02 0.02 0.49 219 0.13
Emergency Generator A
Proposed New

Solar Titan 130E 47.92 4.51 77.28 12.10 12.10 5.45 94,373 2.45
Waukesha VGF48GL
1.36 0.001 2.71 0.02 0.02 0.68 285 0.18
Emergency Generator A
Fuel Gas Heater A 0.53 0.03 0.44 0.04 0.04 0.03 631 0.01

Facility Total 85.0 12.8 130.0 24.7 24.7 10.6 165,007 3.4

Notes:
CO = carbon monoxide
CO2e = carbon dioxide equivalent
HAP = hazardous air pollutant
NOx = nitrogen oxides
PM2.5 particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter 2.5 m
PM10 = particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter 10 m
SO2 = sulfur dioxide
VOC = volatile organic compound

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality 9A-11 Eastern System Upgrade
TABLE 9A-11
Compressor Station AERSCREEN / AERMOD Modeling Results

Maximum
Combined Ambient Total
Averaging NAAQS
Pollutant Model Background Concentration
Period (g/m3)
Concentration (g/m3) (g/m3)
(g/m3)
Highland CS (New)

CO 1-hour 312 2,070 2,382 10,000

8-hour 89 1,495 1,584 40,000

NO2 1-hour 20.9 75.8 96.7 188

Annual 1.6 20.0 21.6 100

PM2.5 24-hour 0.7 22.3 23.0 35

Annual 0.1 9.5 9.6 12

PM10 24-hour 2.1 45 47.1 150

SO2 1-hour 1.8 21.0 22.8 196

Hancock CS (Existing and Proposed Equipment Cumulative Impacts)

CO 1-hour 452 2,070 2,522 10,000

8-hour 192 1,495 1,687 40,000

NO2 1-hour 34.9 75.8 110.7 188

Annual 5.0 20.0 25.0 100

PM2.5 24-hour 3.8 22.3 26.1 35

Annual 0.5 9.5 10.0 12

PM10 24-hour 7.8 45 52.8 150

SO2 1-hour 9.2 21.0 30.2 196

Notes:
g/m3 = microgram per cubic meter
CO = carbon monoxide
NOx = nitrogen oxides
PM2.5 particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter 2.5 m
PM10 = particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter 10 m
SO2 = sulfur dioxide

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality 9A-12 Eastern System Upgrade
TABLE 9A-12
Noise Quality Analysis for the Proposed Highland CS
Potential
Estimated Estimated Total Ldn
Distance and Increase
Leq of Ldn of (Ambient +
Direction to Existing Above
Proposed Proposed Proposed
NSAs Proposed Ambient Ldn Existing
Compressor Compressor Compressor
Compressor Ambient
Station Station Station)
Station Level
(dBA) (dBA) (dBA) (dBA) (dB)
NSA #1
3,300 feet NW 41.0 29.0 35.4 42.0 1.0
(Houses)
NSA #2
3,000 feet W 41.0 29.8 36.2 42.2 1.2
(Houses)
NSA #3
2,900 feet SW 41.0 30.1 36.5 42.3 1.3
(House)
NSA #4
3,750 feet N-NW 41.0 27.9 34.3 41.8 0.8
(House)

Notes:
dBA = A weighting frequency scale
dB = decibel
Ldn = Day-Night Level
Leq = Equivalent Sound Level
NSA = Noise Sensitive Area
NW = northwest
W = West
N-NW = North, northwest
SW = Southwest

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality 9A-13 Eastern System Upgrade
TABLE 9A-13
Noise Quality Analysis for the Modified Hancock CS

Potential Potential
Ldn of Total Ldn
Distance and Ldn of Total Ldn Increase Increase
Proposed (Existing
Direction to Existing Existing (Existing Above Above
Station +
Center of Ambient Station at Compressor Station + Existing Existing
NSAs Proposed
Proposed Ldn Full Load Unit Addition Proposed Station Ambient
Unit 2 +
Compressor Operation (Unit 2) Unit 2) Sound Sound
Ambient)
Unit Level Level

(dBA) (dBA) (dBA) (dBA) (dBA) (dB) (dB)

NSA #1
675 feet E 42.6 40.8 44.7 46.2 47.8 5.4 5.2
(House)

NSA #2 1,550 feet


41.5 35.1 37.9 39.7 43.7 4.6 2.2
(House) W-SW

NSA #3
2,175 feet NE 41.1 30.4 33.6 35.3 42.1 4.9 1.0
(House)

NSA #4 3,775 feet


41.6 24.9 29.0 30.4 42.0 5.5 0.4
(House) S-SE

NSA #5 3,475 feet


41.4 25.5 29.4 30.9 41.8 5.4 0.4
(Houses) E-NE

Notes:
dBA = A weighting frequency scale
dB = decibel
E = East
E-NE = East, northeast
Ldn = Day-Night Level
NE = Northeast
NSA = Noise Sensitive Area
S-SE = South, southeast
W-SW = South- southwest

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality 9A-14 Eastern System Upgrade
TABLE 9A-14
Noise Quality Analysis for the Modified Ramapo M&R

Total Ldn Potential


Distance and Estimated Estimated
(Ambient + Increase
Direction to Ambient Ldn Leq of M&R Ldn of M&R
NSAs M&R Above
Proposed M&R Addition Addition
Addition) Ambient
Addition
(dBA) (dBA) (dBA) (dBA) (dB)

NSA #1
975 feet E to SE 58.7 35.9 42.3 58.8 0.1
(Houses)

NSA #2 1,900 feet


45.4 28.7 35.1 45.8 0.4
(Houses) N-NE to NE

NSA #3
1,900 feet
(County 43.3 28.5 34.9 43.9 0.6
S-SW
Park)

Notes:
dBA = A weighting frequency scale
dB = decibel
E = East
Ldn = Day-Night Level
Leq = Equivalent Sound Level
M&R = Metering and Regulating facilities
N-NE = North, northeast
NE = Northeast
NSA = Noise Sensitive Area
S-SW = South, southwest
SE = Southeast

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality 9A-15 Eastern System Upgrade
TABLE 9A-15
Noise Quality Analysis for the Modified Huguenot M&R

Total Ldn Potential


Estimated Estimated
Distance and Direction (Ambient + Increase
Ambient Ldn Leq of M&R Ldn of M&R
NSAs to Proposed M&R M&R Above
Addition Addition
Addition Addition) Ambient

(dBA) (dBA) (dBA) (dBA) (dB)

NSA #1
250 feet S to NE 48.9 42.9 49.3 52.1 3.2
(Houses)

NSA #2
475 feet NE to NW 48.8 36.9 43.3 49.9 1.1
(Houses)

NSA #3
700 feet NW to W-NW 46.5 33.1 39.5 47.3 0.9
(Houses)

Notes:
dBA = A weighting frequency scale
dB = decibel
Ldn = Day-Night Level
Leq = Equivalent Sound Level
M&R = Metering and Regulating facilities
NE = Northeast
NW = Northwest
NSA = Noise Sensitive Area
S = South
W-NW = West, northwest

Resource Report 9 - Air and Noise Quality 9A-16 Eastern System Upgrade
APPENDIX 9B

Construction Emission Calculations

Resource Report 9 Air and Noise Quality 9B-i Eastern System Upgrade
Table9.B.1.1:MillenniumPipelineCompany,L.L.C.EasternSystemUpgradeProjectHuguenotLoop,HuguenotM&R,andWesttownM&R
2017ConstructionEquipmentCriteriaPollutantEmissions
(Continued)
NonroadEquipmentType/ Fuel NONROADSCC Engine No. Load PollutantEmissionFactor EquipmentOperating PollutantEmissions
OnRoadVehicleType MOVESYear/ Rating Factor (g/hphr) Schedule (tons)
State/Vehicle (hp) (g/mile)
Type/Fuel/Road CO NOx SO VOC PM PM. weeks days/ hr/day CO NOx SO VOC PM PM.
Type 2 week mi/day
CommuterTransit
Buses Diesel 2017364323 1 2 1 1.73 5.69 7.7E3 0.36 0.23 0.21 11 6 50 0.01 0.04 5.6E5 2.6E3 1.7E3 1.6E3
LightTrucks Diesel 2017363223 1 4 1 1.08 1.73 5.8E3 0.26 0.09 0.08 11 6 100 0.03 0.05 1.7E4 7.4E3 2.6E3 2.4E3
PassengerCars Gasoline 2017362113 1 48 1 1.49 0.16 2.0E3 0.02 5.3E3 4.7E3 11 6 80 0.42 0.04 5.5E4 6.4E3 1.5E3 1.3E3
PassengerTrucks Gasoline 2017363113 1 48 1 7.21 0.93 3.2E3 0.12 0.01 0.01 11 6 80 2.01 0.26 8.9E4 0.03 3.2E3 2.8E3
Total 2.47 0.40 1.7E3 0.05 9.0E3 8.1E3

OnRoadVehicles
MaterialsDelivery
HeavyTrucks Diesel 2017366123 1 4 1 1.36 6.12 0.01 0.23 0.20 0.18 11 6 100 0.04 0.18 4.2E4 6.8E3 5.7E3 5.2E3
Total 0.04 0.18 4.2E4 6.8E3 5.7E3 5.2E3

OffRoadEquipment
LowboyTruck Diesel 2270002051 400 9 59% 0.37 1.06 3.8E3 0.14 0.06 0.06 11 6 5 0.29 0.82 2.9E3 0.11 0.04 0.04
FlatbedTruck Diesel 2270002051 125 16 59% 0.24 0.67 3.6E3 0.14 0.04 0.04 11 6 5 0.10 0.29 1.6E3 0.06 0.02 0.02
Dozer Diesel 2270002069 250 12 59% 0.42 1.28 3.9E3 0.15 0.08 0.08 11 6 5 0.27 0.82 2.5E3 0.10 0.05 0.05
Backhoe/Excavator Diesel 2270002066 300 12 21% 1.77 3.45 5.1E3 0.50 0.34 0.34 11 6 5 0.49 0.95 1.4E3 0.14 0.09 0.09
Backhoe Diesel 2270002066 80 6 21% 4.89 3.94 5.8E3 0.76 0.71 0.71 11 6 5 0.18 0.14 2.1E4 0.03 0.03 0.03
SideBooms Diesel 2270002069 260 8 59% 0.42 1.28 3.9E3 0.15 0.08 0.08 11 6 5 0.19 0.57 1.7E3 0.07 0.03 0.03
Crane Diesel 2270002045 250 3 43% 0.37 1.67 4.0E3 0.17 0.08 0.08 11 6 5 0.04 0.20 4.7E4 0.02 9.0E3 9.0E3
Crane Diesel 2270002045 680 3 43% 0.92 2.60 4.3E3 0.17 0.11 0.11 11 6 5 0.29 0.83 1.4E3 0.05 0.04 0.04
Loaders/Graders Diesel 2270002048 250 2 59% 0.41 1.25 3.9E3 0.15 0.08 0.08 11 6 5 0.04 0.13 4.2E4 0.02 8.1E3 8.1E3
FarmTractors Diesel 2270002066 175 1 21% 1.77 3.45 5.1E3 0.50 0.34 0.34 11 6 5 0.02 0.05 6.8E5 6.7E3 4.5E3 4.5E3
Forklift/Manlift Diesel 2270002057 60 3 59% 2.01 3.47 4.8E3 0.23 0.23 0.23 11 6 5 0.08 0.13 1.9E4 9.0E3 8.9E3 8.9E3
BendingMachine Diesel 2270002081 85 1 59% 2.34 2.55 4.8E3 0.25 0.31 0.31 11 6 5 0.04 0.05 8.7E5 4.6E3 5.7E3 5.7E3
RoadBoringMachine Diesel 2270002033 90 1 43% 2.17 4.03 5.0E3 0.43 0.40 0.40 11 6 5 0.03 0.06 7.0E5 6.0E3 5.6E3 5.6E3
Fill/TestPumps Diesel 2270006010 40 2 43% 1.32 4.23 4.8E3 0.31 0.26 0.26 11 6 5 0.02 0.05 6.1E5 3.9E3 3.2E3 3.2E3
185acfmCompressor Diesel 2270006015 60 2 43% 1.69 3.67 4.8E3 0.25 0.22 0.22 11 6 5 0.03 0.07 9.0E5 4.7E3 4.2E3 4.2E3
375acfmCompressor Diesel 2270006015 100 2 43% 0.58 2.23 4.2E3 0.20 0.14 0.14 11 6 5 0.02 0.07 1.3E4 6.4E3 4.5E3 4.5E3
1200acfmCompressor Diesel 2270006015 350 2 43% 0.83 3.02 4.3E3 0.20 0.13 0.13 11 6 5 0.09 0.33 4.7E4 0.02 0.01 0.01
WeldingMachine Diesel 2270006025 40 16 21% 3.59 4.72 5.8E3 0.80 0.58 0.58 11 6 5 0.18 0.23 2.8E4 0.04 0.03 0.03
Generator Diesel 2270006005 50 14 43% 2.29 4.64 5.0E3 0.45 0.38 0.38 11 6 5 0.25 0.51 5.5E4 0.05 0.04 0.04
MiscSaws,TrowelMachine, Diesel 2270002008 50 6 43% 4.46 4.64 5.4E3 0.62 0.44 0.44 11 6 5 0.21 0.22 2.5E4 0.03 0.02 0.02
CompactorPlate,etc.
6"WaterPump Diesel 2270006010 60 6 43% 2.31 4.65 5.0E3 0.45 0.40 0.40 11 6 5 0.13 0.26 2.8E4 0.03 0.02 0.02
HDDRig Diesel 2270002033 800 2 43% 1.39 5.36 4.4E3 0.37 0.23 0.23 13 6 12 0.99 3.80 3.1E3 0.26 0.16 0.16
3"WaterPump Diesel 2270006010 40 6 43% 1.32 4.23 4.8E3 0.31 0.26 0.26 11 6 5 0.05 0.16 1.8E4 0.01 9.7E3 9.7E3

Eastern System Upgrade Project 9.B-1 July 2016


Table9.B.1.1:MillenniumPipelineCompany,L.L.C.EasternSystemUpgradeProjectHuguenotLoop,HuguenotM&R,andWesttownM&R
2017ConstructionEquipmentCriteriaPollutantEmissions
(Continued)
NonroadEquipmentType/ Fuel NONROADSCC Engine No. Load PollutantEmissionFactor EquipmentOperating PollutantEmissions
OnRoadVehicleType MOVESYear/ Rating Factor (g/hphr) Schedule (tons)
State/Vehicle (hp) (g/mile)
Type/Fuel/Road CO NOx SO VOC PM PM. weeks days/ hr/day CO NOx SO VOC PM PM.
Type 2 week mi/day
Total 9.06 11.89 0.02 1.18 0.68 0.68
1. UsersGuidefortheFinalNONROAD2005Model ,EPA420R05013,USEPA,December2005
2. MOVES2014aUserGuide,EPA420B15095,USEPA,November2015
3. EPANONROAD2008run
4. EPAMOVES2014run

Eastern System Upgrade Project 9.B-2 July 2016


Table9.B.1.2:MillenniumPipelineCompany,L.L.C.EasternSystemUpgradeProjectHuguenotLoop,HuguenotM&R,andWesttown
2017ConstructionEquipmentGreenhouseGasandHazardousAirPollutantEmissions
(Continued)
NonroadEquipmentType/ Fuel NONROADSCC Engine No. Load PollutantEmissionFactor EquipmentOperating PollutantEmissions
OnRoadVehicleType MOVESYear/ Rating Factor (g/hphr) Schedule (tons)
State/Vehicle (hp) (g/mile)
Type/Fuel/Road CO2 CH NO COe Total weeks days/ hr/day CO2 NO CH COe Total
Type 2 HAPS week mi/day HAPS
CommuterTransit
Buses Diesel 2017364323 1 2 1 861 862 0.06 11 6 50 6 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 6 4.7E4
LightTrucks Diesel 2017363223 1 4 1 657 658 0.05 11 6 100 19 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 19 1.4E3
PassengerCars Gasoline 2017362113 1 48 1 298 299 6.4E3 11 6 80 83 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 83 1.8E3
PassengerTrucks Gasoline 2017363113 1 48 1 477 479 0.03 11 6 80 133 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 134 8.9E3
242 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 243 0.01

OnRoadVehicles
MaterialsDelivery
HeavyTrucks Diesel 2017366123 1 4 1 1,635 1,636 0.05 11 6 100 48 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 48 1.3E3
48 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 48 1.3E3

OffRoadEquipment
LowboyTruck Diesel 2270002051 400 9 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 11 6 5 414 0.01 0.02 418 9.5E3
FlatbedTruck Diesel 2270002051 125 16 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 11 6 5 230 5.8E3 0.01 232 5.3E3
Dozer Diesel 2270002069 250 12 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 11 6 5 345 8.7E3 0.02 348 7.9E3
Backhoe/Excavator Diesel 2270002066 300 12 21% 625 0.04 0.02 631 1.2E02 11 6 5 172 4.3E3 9.7E3 173 3.4E3
Backhoe Diesel 2270002066 80 6 21% 694 0.04 0.02 700 1.2E02 11 6 5 25 6.4E4 1.4E3 26 4.5E4
SideBooms Diesel 2270002069 260 8 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 11 6 5 239 6.0E3 0.01 242 5.5E3
Crane Diesel 2270002045 250 3 43% 531 0.03 0.01 535 1.2E02 11 6 5 62 1.6E3 3.5E3 63 1.4E3
Crane Diesel 2270002045 680 3 43% 530 0.03 0.01 535 5.0E3 11 6 5 169 4.2E3 9.6E3 171 1.6E3
Loaders/Graders Diesel 2270002048 250 2 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 11 6 5 58 1.4E3 3.2E3 58 1.3E3
FarmTractors Diesel 2270002066 175 1 21% 625 0.04 0.02 631 1.2E02 11 6 5 8 2.1E4 4.7E4 8 1.6E4
Forklift/Manlift Diesel 2270002057 60 3 59% 595 0.03 0.01 601 1.2E02 11 6 5 23 5.8E4 1.3E3 23 4.8E4
BendingMachine Diesel 2270002081 85 1 59% 595 0.03 0.01 601 1.2E02 11 6 5 11 2.7E4 6.1E4 11 2.2E4
RoadBoringMachine Diesel 2270002033 90 1 43% 589 0.03 0.01 594 1.2E02 11 6 5 8 2.1E4 4.7E4 8 1.7E4
Fill/TestPumps Diesel 2270006010 40 2 43% 589 0.03 0.01 595 1.2E02 11 6 5 7 1.8E4 4.2E4 7 1.5E4
185acfmCompressor Diesel 2270006015 60 2 43% 590 0.03 0.01 595 1.2E02 11 6 5 11 2.8E4 6.2E4 11 2.3E4
375acfmCompressor Diesel 2270006015 100 2 43% 530 0.03 0.01 535 1.2E02 11 6 5 17 4.2E4 9.4E4 17 3.9E4
1200acfmCompressor Diesel 2270006015 350 2 43% 530 0.03 0.01 535 1.2E02 11 6 5 58 1.5E3 3.3E3 59 1.3E3
WeldingMachine Diesel 2270006025 40 16 21% 693 0.04 0.02 700 1.2E02 11 6 5 34 8.5E4 1.9E3 34 6.0E4
Generator Diesel 2270006005 50 14 43% 589 0.03 0.01 594 1.2E02 11 6 5 64 1.6E3 3.6E3 65 1.3E3
MiscSaws,TrowelMachine, Diesel 2270002008 50 6 43% 588 0.03 0.01 594 1.2E02 11 6 5 28 6.9E4 1.6E3 28 5.8E4
CompactorPlate,etc.
6"WaterPump Diesel 2270006010 60 6 43% 589 0.03 0.01 594 1.2E02 11 6 5 33 8.3E4 1.9E3 33 6.9E4
HDDRig Diesel 2270002033 800 2 43% 530 0.03 0.01 535 5.0E3 13 6 12 376 9.4E3 0.02 379 3.5E3
3"WaterPump Diesel 2270006010 40 6 43% 589 0.03 0.01 595 1.2E02 11 6 5 22 5.5E4 1.2E3 22 4.6E4

Eastern System Upgrade Project 9.B-3 July 2016


Table9.B.1.2:MillenniumPipelineCompany,L.L.C.EasternSystemUpgradeProjectHuguenotLoop,HuguenotM&R,andWesttown
2017ConstructionEquipmentGreenhouseGasandHazardousAirPollutantEmissions
(Continued)
NonroadEquipmentType/ Fuel NONROADSCC Engine No. Load PollutantEmissionFactor EquipmentOperating PollutantEmissions
OnRoadVehicleType MOVESYear/ Rating Factor (g/hphr) Schedule (tons)
State/Vehicle (hp) (g/mile)
Type/Fuel/Road CO2 CH NO COe Total weeks days/ hr/day CO2 NO CH COe Total
Type 2 HAPS week mi/day HAPS
Total 2,996 3,019 7.E02
1. UsersGuidefortheFinalNONROAD2005Model ,EPA420R05013,USEPA,December2005
2. MOVES2014aUserGuide,EPA420B15095,USEPA,November2015
3. EPANONROAD2008run
4. EPAMOVES2014run
5. ComputedfromtheCOemissionsfromNONROADmultipliedbyratiosoftheCHandNOtoCOfromTables13.1and13.7(fordieselandgasoline)
Tables12.1and12.9.1(forCNG)in2015ClimateRegistryDefaultEmissionFactors
6. AP42Table3.32(Diesel,<600hp);AP42Tables3.43&3.44(Diesel,600hp);AP42Table3.22(CNG);computedfromtheHCemissionsfromNONROADmultipliedbyratiosofthe
HAPtoVOCratioforgasolinepassengercarfromMOVES2014(gasoline).
7. TheglobalwarmingpotentialsofCO ,CH,andNOareassumedtobe1,25,and298,respectively.

Eastern System Upgrade Project 9.B-4 July 2016


Table9.B.1.3:MillenniumPipelineCompany,L.L.C.EasternSystemUpgradeProjectHuguenotLoop,HuguenotM&R,andWesttownM&R
2018ConstructionEquipmentCriteriaPollutantEmissions
(Continued)
NonroadEquipmentType/ Fuel NONROADSCC Engine No. Load PollutantEmissionFactor EquipmentOperating PollutantEmissions
OnRoadVehicleType MOVESYear/ Rating Factor (g/hphr) Schedule (tons)
State/Vehicle (hp) (g/mile)
Type/Fuel/Road CO NOx SO VOC PM PM. weeks days/ hr/day CO NOx SO VOC PM PM.
Type 2 week mi/day
CommuterTransit
Buses Diesel 2018364323 1 2 1 1.60 5.19 7.6E3 0.33 0.19 0.18 25 6 50 0.03 0.09 1.3E4 5.5E3 3.2E3 3.0E3
LightTrucks Diesel 2018363223 1 4 1 0.93 1.53 5.7E3 0.21 0.08 0.07 25 6 100 0.06 0.10 3.8E4 0.01 5.0E3 4.6E3
PassengerCars Gasoline 2018362113 1 48 1 1.40 0.13 1.9E3 0.02 4.8E3 4.3E3 25 6 80 0.89 0.08 1.2E3 0.01 3.1E3 2.7E3
PassengerTrucks Gasoline 2018363113 1 48 1 6.88 0.82 3.1E3 0.10 0.01 9.4E3 25 6 80 4.37 0.52 2.0E3 0.06 6.7E3 6.0E3
Total 5.34 0.79 3.7E3 0.09 0.02 0.02

OnRoadVehicles
MaterialsDelivery
HeavyTrucks Diesel 2018366123 1 4 1 1.17 5.23 0.01 0.20 0.16 0.15 25 6 100 0.08 0.35 9.4E4 0.01 0.01 9.6E3
Total 0.08 0.35 9.4E4 0.01 0.01 9.6E3

OffRoadEquipment
LowboyTruck Diesel 2270002051 400 9 59% 0.27 0.82 3.7E3 0.14 0.04 0.04 25 6 5 0.47 1.45 6.4E3 0.24 0.06 0.06
FlatbedTruck Diesel 2270002051 125 16 59% 0.19 0.47 3.6E3 0.13 0.03 0.03 25 6 5 0.19 0.46 3.5E3 0.13 0.03 0.03
Dozer Diesel 2270002069 250 12 59% 0.32 1.04 3.8E3 0.15 0.06 0.06 25 6 5 0.47 1.52 5.5E3 0.21 0.08 0.08
Backhoe/Excavator Diesel 2270002066 300 12 21% 1.61 3.15 5.0E3 0.46 0.31 0.31 25 6 5 1.01 1.97 3.1E3 0.29 0.19 0.19
Backhoe Diesel 2270002066 80 6 21% 4.56 3.63 5.7E3 0.69 0.65 0.65 25 6 5 0.38 0.30 4.7E4 0.06 0.05 0.05
SideBooms Diesel 2270002069 260 8 59% 0.32 1.04 3.8E3 0.15 0.06 0.06 25 6 5 0.33 1.05 3.8E3 0.15 0.06 0.06
Crane Diesel 2270002045 250 3 43% 0.32 1.43 3.9E3 0.16 0.06 0.06 25 6 5 0.08 0.38 1.0E3 0.04 0.02 0.02
Crane Diesel 2270002045 680 3 43% 0.84 2.31 4.2E3 0.17 0.10 0.10 25 6 5 0.61 1.67 3.0E3 0.12 0.07 0.07
Loaders/Graders Diesel 2270002048 250 2 59% 0.31 1.01 3.8E3 0.15 0.05 0.05 25 6 5 0.08 0.25 9.2E4 0.04 0.01 0.01
FarmTractors Diesel 2270002066 175 1 21% 1.61 3.15 5.0E3 0.46 0.31 0.31 25 6 5 0.05 0.10 1.5E4 0.01 9.4E3 9.4E3
Forklift/Manlift Diesel 2270002057 60 3 59% 1.76 3.36 4.7E3 0.21 0.20 0.20 25 6 5 0.15 0.30 4.1E4 0.02 0.02 0.02
BendingMachine Diesel 2270002081 85 1 59% 2.10 2.25 4.6E3 0.23 0.28 0.28 25 6 5 0.09 0.09 1.9E4 9.6E3 0.01 0.01
RoadBoringMachine Diesel 2270002033 90 1 43% 2.03 3.75 4.9E3 0.40 0.37 0.37 25 6 5 0.06 0.12 1.6E4 0.01 0.01 0.01
Fill/TestPumps Diesel 2270006010 40 2 43% 1.18 4.09 4.7E3 0.28 0.23 0.23 25 6 5 0.03 0.12 1.3E4 8.0E3 6.6E3 6.6E3
185acfmCompressor Diesel 2270006015 60 2 43% 1.53 3.55 4.7E3 0.23 0.20 0.20 25 6 5 0.07 0.15 2.0E4 9.8E3 8.4E3 8.4E3
375acfmCompressor Diesel 2270006015 100 2 43% 0.52 1.95 4.1E3 0.19 0.13 0.13 25 6 5 0.04 0.14 2.9E4 0.01 9.2E3 9.2E3
1200acfmCompressor Diesel 2270006015 350 2 43% 0.76 2.76 4.3E3 0.19 0.12 0.12 25 6 5 0.19 0.69 1.1E3 0.05 0.03 0.03
WeldingMachine Diesel 2270006025 40 16 21% 3.21 4.56 5.7E3 0.71 0.53 0.53 25 6 5 0.36 0.51 6.4E4 0.08 0.06 0.06
Generator Diesel 2270006005 50 14 43% 2.15 4.51 5.0E3 0.42 0.36 0.36 25 6 5 0.54 1.12 1.2E3 0.10 0.09 0.09
MiscSaws,TrowelMachine, Diesel 2270002008 50 6 43% 4.46 4.55 5.4E3 0.60 0.42 0.42 25 6 5 0.48 0.49 5.8E4 0.06 0.04 0.04
CompactorPlate,etc.
6"WaterPump Diesel 2270006010 60 6 43% 2.18 4.52 5.0E3 0.42 0.37 0.37 25 6 5 0.28 0.58 6.4E4 0.05 0.05 0.05
HDDRig Diesel 2270002033 800 2 43% 1.29 5.13 4.4E3 0.35 0.21 0.21 13 6 12 0.91 3.64 3.1E3 0.25 0.15 0.15
3"WaterPump Diesel 2270006010 40 6 43% 1.18 4.09 4.7E3 0.28 0.23 0.23 25 6 5 0.10 0.35 4.0E4 0.02 0.02 0.02

Eastern System Upgrade Project 9.B-5 July 2016


Table9.B.1.3:MillenniumPipelineCompany,L.L.C.EasternSystemUpgradeProjectHuguenotLoop,HuguenotM&R,andWesttownM&R
2018ConstructionEquipmentCriteriaPollutantEmissions
(Continued)
NonroadEquipmentType/ Fuel NONROADSCC Engine No. Load PollutantEmissionFactor EquipmentOperating PollutantEmissions
OnRoadVehicleType MOVESYear/ Rating Factor (g/hphr) Schedule (tons)
State/Vehicle (hp) (g/mile)
Type/Fuel/Road CO NOx SO VOC PM PM. weeks days/ hr/day CO NOx SO VOC PM PM.
Type 2 week mi/day
Total 17.80 19.70 0.05 2.20 1.15 1.15
1. UsersGuidefortheFinalNONROAD2005Model ,EPA420R05013,USEPA,December2005
2. MOVES2014aUserGuide,EPA420B15095,USEPA,November2015
3. EPANONROAD2008run
4. EPAMOVES2014run

Eastern System Upgrade Project 9.B-6 July 2016


Table9.B.1.4:MillenniumPipelineCompany,L.L.C.EasternSystemUpgradeProjectHuguenotLoop,HuguenotM&R,andWesttown
2018ConstructionEquipmentGreenhouseGasandHazardousAirPollutantEmissions
(Continued)
NonroadEquipmentType/ Fuel NONROADSCC Engine No. Load PollutantEmissionFactor EquipmentOperating PollutantEmissions
OnRoadVehicleType MOVESYear/ Rating Factor (g/hphr) Schedule (tons)
State/Vehicle (hp) (g/mile)
Type/Fuel/Road CO2 CH NO COe Total weeks days/ hr/day CO2 NO CH COe Total
Type 2 HAPS week mi/day HAPS
CommuterTransit
Buses Diesel 2018364323 1 2 1 858 859 0.06 25 6 50 14 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 14 9.9E4
LightTrucks Diesel 2018363223 1 4 1 650 651 0.04 25 6 100 43 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 43 2.7E3
PassengerCars Gasoline 2018362113 1 48 1 291 291 5.2E3 25 6 80 185 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 185 3.3E3
PassengerTrucks Gasoline 2018363113 1 48 1 473 475 0.03 25 6 80 300 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 302 0.02
542 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 544 0.02

OnRoadVehicles
MaterialsDelivery
HeavyTrucks Diesel 2018366123 1 4 1 1,619 1,620 0.04 25 6 100 107 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 107 2.7E3
107 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 107 2.7E3

OffRoadEquipment
LowboyTruck Diesel 2270002051 400 9 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 25 6 5 942 0.02 0.05 950 0.02
FlatbedTruck Diesel 2270002051 125 16 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 25 6 5 523 0.01 0.03 528 0.01
Dozer Diesel 2270002069 250 12 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 25 6 5 785 0.02 0.04 792 0.02
Backhoe/Excavator Diesel 2270002066 300 12 21% 625 0.04 0.02 631 1.2E02 25 6 5 391 9.8E3 0.02 394 7.7E3
Backhoe Diesel 2270002066 80 6 21% 694 0.04 0.02 700 1.2E02 25 6 5 58 1.5E3 3.3E3 58 1.0E3
SideBooms Diesel 2270002069 260 8 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 25 6 5 544 0.01 0.03 549 0.01
Crane Diesel 2270002045 250 3 43% 531 0.03 0.01 535 1.2E02 25 6 5 141 3.5E3 8.0E3 143 3.3E3
Crane Diesel 2270002045 680 3 43% 531 0.03 0.01 535 5.0E3 25 6 5 385 9.6E3 0.02 388 3.6E3
Loaders/Graders Diesel 2270002048 250 2 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 25 6 5 131 3.3E3 7.4E3 132 3.0E3
FarmTractors Diesel 2270002066 175 1 21% 625 0.04 0.02 631 1.2E02 25 6 5 19 4.8E4 1.1E3 19 3.7E4
Forklift/Manlift Diesel 2270002057 60 3 59% 595 0.03 0.01 601 1.2E02 25 6 5 52 1.3E3 3.0E3 53 1.1E3
BendingMachine Diesel 2270002081 85 1 59% 595 0.03 0.01 601 1.2E02 25 6 5 25 6.2E4 1.4E3 25 5.1E4
RoadBoringMachine Diesel 2270002033 90 1 43% 589 0.03 0.01 594 1.2E02 25 6 5 19 4.7E4 1.1E3 19 3.9E4
Fill/TestPumps Diesel 2270006010 40 2 43% 589 0.03 0.01 595 1.2E02 25 6 5 17 4.2E4 9.5E4 17 3.5E4
185acfmCompressor Diesel 2270006015 60 2 43% 590 0.03 0.01 595 1.2E02 25 6 5 25 6.3E4 1.4E3 25 5.3E4
375acfmCompressor Diesel 2270006015 100 2 43% 530 0.03 0.01 535 1.2E02 25 6 5 38 9.5E4 2.1E3 38 8.8E4
1200acfmCompressor Diesel 2270006015 350 2 43% 530 0.03 0.01 535 1.2E02 25 6 5 132 3.3E3 7.4E3 133 3.1E3
WeldingMachine Diesel 2270006025 40 16 21% 694 0.04 0.02 700 1.2E02 25 6 5 77 1.9E3 4.4E3 78 1.4E3
Generator Diesel 2270006005 50 14 43% 589 0.03 0.01 594 1.2E02 25 6 5 147 3.7E3 8.3E3 148 3.1E3
MiscSaws,TrowelMachine, Diesel 2270002008 50 6 43% 588 0.03 0.01 594 1.2E02 25 6 5 63 1.6E3 3.5E3 63 1.3E3
CompactorPlate,etc.
6"WaterPump Diesel 2270006010 60 6 43% 589 0.03 0.01 594 1.2E02 25 6 5 75 1.9E3 4.3E3 76 1.6E3
HDDRig Diesel 2270002033 800 2 43% 530 0.03 0.01 535 5.0E3 13 6 12 376 9.4E3 0.02 379 3.5E3
3"WaterPump Diesel 2270006010 40 6 43% 589 0.03 0.01 595 1.2E02 25 6 5 50 1.3E3 2.8E3 51 1.1E3

Eastern System Upgrade Project 9.B-7 July 2016


Table9.B.1.4:MillenniumPipelineCompany,L.L.C.EasternSystemUpgradeProjectHuguenotLoop,HuguenotM&R,andWesttown
2018ConstructionEquipmentGreenhouseGasandHazardousAirPollutantEmissions
(Continued)
NonroadEquipmentType/ Fuel NONROADSCC Engine No. Load PollutantEmissionFactor EquipmentOperating PollutantEmissions
OnRoadVehicleType MOVESYear/ Rating Factor (g/hphr) Schedule (tons)
State/Vehicle (hp) (g/mile)
Type/Fuel/Road CO2 CH NO COe Total weeks days/ hr/day CO2 NO CH COe Total
Type 2 HAPS week mi/day HAPS
Total 6,313 6,360 2.E01
1. UsersGuidefortheFinalNONROAD2005Model ,EPA420R05013,USEPA,December2005
2. MOVES2014aUserGuide,EPA420B15095,USEPA,November2015
3. EPANONROAD2008run
4. EPAMOVES2014run
5. ComputedfromtheCOemissionsfromNONROADmultipliedbyratiosoftheCHandNOtoCOfromTables13.1and13.7(fordieselandgasoline)
Tables12.1and12.9.1(forCNG)in2015ClimateRegistryDefaultEmissionFactors
6. AP42Table3.32(Diesel,<600hp);AP42Tables3.43&3.44(Diesel,600hp);AP42Table3.22(CNG);computedfromtheHCemissionsfromNONROADmultipliedbyratiosofthe
HAPtoVOCratioforgasolinepassengercarfromMOVES2014(gasoline).
7. TheglobalwarmingpotentialsofCO ,CH,andNOareassumedtobe1,25,and298,respectively.

Eastern System Upgrade Project 9.B-8 July 2016


Table9.B.1.5:MillenniumPipelineCompany,L.L.C.EasternSystemUpgradeProjectHighlandCS
2017ConstructionEquipmentCriteriaPollutantEmissions
(Continued)
NonroadEquipmentType/ Fuel NONROADSCC Engine No. Load PollutantEmissionFactor EquipmentOperating PollutantEmissions
OnRoadVehicleType MOVESYear/ Rating Factor (g/hphr) Schedule (tons)
State/Vehicle (hp) (g/mile)
Type/Fuel/Road CO NOx SO VOC PM PM. weeks days/ hr/day CO NOx SO VOC PM PM.
Type 2 week mi/day
CommuterTransit
Buses Diesel 2017364323 1 1 1 1.73 5.69 7.7E3 0.36 0.23 0.21 11 6 50 6.3E3 0.02 2.8E5 1.3E3 8.5E4 7.8E4
LightTrucks Diesel 2017363223 1 4 1 1.08 1.73 5.8E3 0.26 0.09 0.08 11 6 100 0.03 0.05 1.7E4 7.4E3 2.6E3 2.4E3
PassengerCars Gasoline 2017362113 1 24 1 1.49 0.16 2.0E3 0.02 5.3E3 4.7E3 11 6 80 0.21 0.02 2.8E4 3.2E3 7.4E4 6.6E4
PassengerTrucks Gasoline 2017363113 1 24 1 7.21 0.93 3.2E3 0.12 0.01 0.01 11 6 80 1.01 0.13 4.4E4 0.02 1.6E3 1.4E3
Total 1.25 0.22 9.2E4 0.03 5.8E3 5.2E3

OnRoadVehicles
MaterialsDelivery
HeavyTrucks Diesel 2017366123 1 1 1.36 6.12 0.01 0.23 0.20 0.18 11 6 100 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Clearing 1 1
DumpTrucks Diesel 2017366123 1 2 1 1.36 6.12 0.01 0.23 0.20 0.18 11 6 50 9.9E3 0.04 1.0E4 1.7E3 1.4E3 1.3E3
PickupTrucks Gasoline 2017363213 1 2 1 7.22 0.91 3.1E3 0.11 0.01 9.3E3 11 6 50 0.05 6.7E3 2.3E5 7.8E4 7.6E5 6.8E5
Demolition 1
PickupTrucks Gasoline 2017363213 1 1 7.22 0.91 3.1E3 0.11 0.01 9.3E3 11 6 50 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
WeldTrucks Gasoline 2017363213 1 1 7.22 0.91 3.1E3 0.11 0.01 9.3E3 11 6 50 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
DumpTrucks Diesel 2017366123 1 1 1.36 6.12 0.01 0.23 0.20 0.18 11 6 50 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Total 0.06 0.05 1.3E4 2.5E3 1.5E3 1.4E3

OffRoadEquipment
Clearing
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 1.39 1.42 4.3E3 0.16 0.17 0.17 11 6 5 0.03 0.03 7.9E5 2.9E3 3.1E3 3.1E3
Bobcat Diesel 2270002072 70 1 21% 5.24 5.15 5.9E3 1.00 0.79 0.79 11 6 5 0.03 0.03 3.2E5 5.4E3 4.2E3 4.2E3
FrontEndLoader Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 0.42 1.28 3.9E3 0.15 0.08 0.08 11 6 5 0.02 0.07 2.0E4 7.9E3 4.0E3 4.0E3
Roller,150HP Diesel 2270002015 150 1 59% 0.74 1.74 4.2E3 0.18 0.18 0.18 11 6 5 0.02 0.06 1.3E4 5.7E3 5.7E3 5.7E3
WaterPump Diesel 2270006010 100 1 43% 1.16 3.86 4.5E3 0.33 0.24 0.24 11 6 5 0.02 0.06 7.0E5 5.2E3 3.8E3 3.8E3
Demolition
D6Dozer Diesel 2270002069 140 1 59% 0.61 1.41 4.0E3 0.16 0.15 0.15 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
FrontEndLoader Diesel 2270002066 240 1 21% 1.77 3.45 5.1E3 0.50 0.34 0.34 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
200TCrane Diesel 2270002045 360 1 43% 0.67 2.58 4.3E3 0.18 0.11 0.11 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
WeldRigs Diesel 2270006025 20 1 21% 5.15 5.33 6.4E3 1.12 0.71 0.71 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Forklift Diesel 2270002057 25 1 59% 0.73 3.54 4.4E3 0.18 0.11 0.11 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Grading
D6Dozer Diesel 2270002069 140 1 59% 0.61 1.41 4.0E3 0.16 0.15 0.15 11 6 5 0.02 0.04 1.2E4 4.9E3 4.4E3 4.4E3
D7Dozer Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 0.42 1.28 3.9E3 0.15 0.08 0.08 11 6 5 0.02 0.07 2.0E4 7.9E3 4.0E3 4.0E3
D8Dozer Diesel 2270002069 305 1 59% 0.78 1.93 4.2E3 0.16 0.12 0.12 11 6 5 0.05 0.13 2.7E4 0.01 7.9E3 7.9E3
Cat330 Diesel 2270002066 268 1 21% 1.77 3.45 5.1E3 0.50 0.34 0.34 11 6 5 0.04 0.07 1.0E4 0.01 6.9E3 6.9E3

Eastern System Upgrade Project 9.B-9 July 2016


Table9.B.1.5:MillenniumPipelineCompany,L.L.C.EasternSystemUpgradeProjectHighlandCS
2017ConstructionEquipmentCriteriaPollutantEmissions
(Continued)
NonroadEquipmentType/ Fuel NONROADSCC Engine No. Load PollutantEmissionFactor EquipmentOperating PollutantEmissions
OnRoadVehicleType MOVESYear/ Rating Factor (g/hphr) Schedule (tons)
State/Vehicle (hp) (g/mile)
Type/Fuel/Road CO NOx SO VOC PM PM. weeks days/ hr/day CO NOx SO VOC PM PM.
Type 2 week mi/day
FrontEndLoader Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 0.42 1.28 3.9E3 0.15 0.08 0.08 11 6 5 0.02 0.07 2.0E4 7.9E3 4.0E3 4.0E3
Paving
Grader Diesel 2270002048 180 1 59% 0.41 1.25 3.9E3 0.15 0.08 0.08 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Paver Diesel 2270002003 174 1 59% 0.69 1.61 4.1E3 0.17 0.17 0.17 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Roller Diesel 2270002015 150 1 59% 0.74 1.74 4.2E3 0.18 0.18 0.18 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 1.39 1.42 4.3E3 0.16 0.17 0.17 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Foundations 0 6 5
D6Dozer Diesel 2270002069 140 1 59% 0.61 1.41 4.0E3 0.16 0.15 0.15 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
FrontEndLoader Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 0.42 1.28 3.9E3 0.15 0.08 0.08 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Cat330 Diesel 2270002066 268 1 21% 1.77 3.45 5.1E3 0.50 0.34 0.34 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Cat318 Diesel 2270002066 125 1 21% 2.13 3.66 5.2E3 0.56 0.44 0.44 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 1.39 1.42 4.3E3 0.16 0.17 0.17 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Bobcat Diesel 2270002072 70 1 21% 5.24 5.15 5.9E3 1.00 0.79 0.79 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
20TCherryPicker Diesel 2270002045 75 1 43% 1.36 2.19 4.6E3 0.21 0.20 0.20 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Electrical 0
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 1.39 1.42 4.3E3 0.16 0.17 0.17 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Manlift CNG 2268003010 70 1 48% 21.31 3.83 0.01 12.37 0.06 0.06 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Buildings/SetEquipment 0
40TCrane Diesel 2270002045 125 1 43% 0.50 1.82 4.1E3 0.18 0.13 0.13 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
20TCherryPicker Diesel 2270002045 75 1 43% 1.36 2.19 4.6E3 0.21 0.20 0.20 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
200TCrane Diesel 2270002045 360 1 43% 0.67 2.58 4.3E3 0.18 0.11 0.11 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Manlift Diesel 2268003010 70 1 48% 21.31 3.83 0.01 12.37 0.06 0.06 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 1.39 1.42 4.3E3 0.16 0.17 0.17 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Forklift Diesel 2270002057 25 1 59% 0.73 3.54 4.4E3 0.18 0.11 0.11 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
WeldingFabrication 0
Weldrigs Diesel 2270006025 80 7 21% 5.59 4.41 5.8E3 0.97 0.81 0.81 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
20TCherryPicker Diesel 2270002045 75 1 43% 1.36 2.19 4.6E3 0.21 0.20 0.20 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Forklift Diesel 2270002057 25 1 59% 0.73 3.54 4.4E3 0.18 0.11 0.11 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
WeldingPipeInstall 0
Weldrigs Diesel 2270006025 80 5 21% 5.59 4.41 5.8E3 0.97 0.81 0.81 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Cat330 Diesel 2270002066 268 1 21% 1.77 3.45 5.1E3 0.50 0.34 0.34 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Cat318 Diesel 2270002066 125 1 21% 2.13 3.66 5.2E3 0.56 0.44 0.44 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
FrontEndLoader Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 0.42 1.28 3.9E3 0.15 0.08 0.08 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
572Sideboom Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 0.42 1.28 3.9E3 0.15 0.08 0.08 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Testing 0
FillPump Diesel 2270006010 150 1 43% 1.16 3.86 4.5E3 0.33 0.24 0.24 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0

Eastern System Upgrade Project 9.B-10 July 2016


Table9.B.1.5:MillenniumPipelineCompany,L.L.C.EasternSystemUpgradeProjectHighlandCS
2017ConstructionEquipmentCriteriaPollutantEmissions
(Continued)
NonroadEquipmentType/ Fuel NONROADSCC Engine No. Load PollutantEmissionFactor EquipmentOperating PollutantEmissions
OnRoadVehicleType MOVESYear/ Rating Factor (g/hphr) Schedule (tons)
State/Vehicle (hp) (g/mile)
Type/Fuel/Road CO NOx SO VOC PM PM. weeks days/ hr/day CO NOx SO VOC PM PM.
Type 2 week mi/day
TestPump Diesel 2270006010 75 1 43% 2.21 3.98 5.0E3 0.44 0.40 0.40 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 1.39 1.42 4.3E3 0.16 0.17 0.17 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Total 0.27 0.61 1.4E3 0.07 0.05 0.05
1. UsersGuidefortheFinalNONROAD2005Model ,EPA420R05013,USEPA,December2005
2. MOVES2014aUserGuide,EPA420B15095,USEPA,November2015
3. EPANONROAD2008run
4. EPAMOVES2014run

Eastern System Upgrade Project 9.B-11 July 2016


Table9.B.1.6:MillenniumPipelineCompany,L.L.C.EasternSystemUpgradeProjectHighlandCS
2017ConstructionEquipmentGreenhouseGasandHazardousAirPollutantEmissions
(Continued)
NonroadEquipmentType/ Fuel NONROADSCC Engine No. Load PollutantEmissionFactor EquipmentOperating PollutantEmissions
OnRoadVehicleType MOVESYear/ Rating Factor (g/hphr) Schedule (tons)
State/Vehicle (hp) (g/mile)
Type/Fuel/Road CO2 CH NO COe Total weeks days/ hr/day CO2 NO CH COe Total
Type 2 HAPS week mi/day HAPS
CommuterTransit
Buses Diesel 2017364323 1 1 1 861 862 0.06 11 6 50 3 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 3 2.3E4
LightTrucks Diesel 2017363223 1 4 1 657 658 0.05 11 6 100 19 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 19 1.4E3
PassengerCars Gasoline 2017362113 1 24 1 298 299 6.4E3 11 6 80 42 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 42 8.9E4
PassengerTrucks Gasoline 2017363113 1 24 1 477 479 0.03 11 6 80 67 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 67 4.5E3
Total 131 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 131 7.0E3

OnRoadVehicles
MaterialsDelivery
HeavyTrucks Diesel 2017366123 1 1 1,635 1,636 0.05 11 6 100 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Clearing 1 1
DumpTrucks Diesel 2017366123 1 2 1 1,635 1,636 0.18 11 6 50 12 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 12 1.3E3
PickupTrucks Gasoline 2017363213 1 2 1 471 473 0.03 11 6 50 3 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 3 2.1E4
Demolition 1 0
PickupTrucks Gasoline 2017363213 1 1 471 473 0.03 11 6 50 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
WeldTrucks Gasoline 2017363213 1 1 471 473 0.03 11 6 50 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
DumpTrucks Diesel 2017366123 1 1 1,635 1,636 0.05 11 6 50 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Total 0 15 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 15 1.5E3

OffRoadEquipment
Clearing
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 596 0.03 0.01 601 1.2E02 11 6 5 11 2.7E4 6.1E4 11 2.2E4
Bobcat Diesel 2270002072 70 1 21% 693 0.04 0.02 699 1.2E02 11 6 5 4 9.3E5 2.1E4 4 6.6E5
FrontEndLoader Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 11 6 5 28 6.9E4 1.6E3 28 6.3E4
Roller,150HP Diesel 2270002015 150 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 11 6 5 17 4.3E4 9.7E4 17 4.0E4
WaterPump Diesel 2270006010 100 1 43% 530 0.03 0.01 535 1.2E02 11 6 5 8 2.1E4 4.7E4 8 1.9E4
Demolition
D6Dozer Diesel 2270002069 140 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
FrontEndLoader Diesel 2270002066 240 1 21% 625 0.04 0.02 631 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
200TCrane Diesel 2270002045 360 1 43% 530 0.03 0.01 535 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
WeldRigs Diesel 2270006025 20 1 21% 692 0.04 0.02 699 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Forklift Diesel 2270002057 25 1 59% 596 0.03 0.01 601 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Grading
D6Dozer Diesel 2270002069 140 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 11 6 5 16 4.0E4 9.1E4 16 3.7E4
D7Dozer Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 11 6 5 28 6.9E4 1.6E3 28 6.3E4
D8Dozer Diesel 2270002069 305 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 11 6 5 35 8.8E4 2.0E3 35 8.1E4
Cat330 Diesel 2270002066 268 1 21% 625 0.04 0.02 631 1.2E02 11 6 5 13 3.2E4 7.2E4 13 2.5E4

Eastern System Upgrade Project 9.B-12 July 2016


Table9.B.1.6:MillenniumPipelineCompany,L.L.C.EasternSystemUpgradeProjectHighlandCS
2017ConstructionEquipmentGreenhouseGasandHazardousAirPollutantEmissions
(Continued)
NonroadEquipmentType/ Fuel NONROADSCC Engine No. Load PollutantEmissionFactor EquipmentOperating PollutantEmissions
OnRoadVehicleType MOVESYear/ Rating Factor (g/hphr) Schedule (tons)
State/Vehicle (hp) (g/mile)
Type/Fuel/Road CO2 CH NO COe Total weeks days/ hr/day CO2 NO CH COe Total
Type 2 HAPS week mi/day HAPS
FrontEndLoader Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 11 6 5 28 6.9E4 1.6E3 28 6.3E4
Paving
Grader Diesel 2270002048 180 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Paver Diesel 2270002003 174 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Roller Diesel 2270002015 150 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 596 0.03 0.01 601 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Foundations
D6Dozer Diesel 2270002069 140 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
FrontEndLoader Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Cat330 Diesel 2270002066 268 1 21% 625 0.04 0.02 631 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Cat318 Diesel 2270002066 125 1 21% 625 0.04 0.02 630 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 596 0.03 0.01 601 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Bobcat Diesel 2270002072 70 1 21% 693 0.04 0.02 699 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
20TCherryPicker Diesel 2270002045 75 1 43% 590 0.03 0.01 595 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Electrical
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 596 0.03 0.01 601 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Manlift CNG 2268003010 70 1 48% 478 9.0E3 9.0E4 479 2.3E01 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Buildings/SetEquipment
40TCrane Diesel 2270002045 125 1 43% 530 0.03 0.01 535 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
20TCherryPicker Diesel 2270002045 75 1 43% 590 0.03 0.01 595 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
200TCrane Diesel 2270002045 360 1 43% 530 0.03 0.01 535 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Manlift Diesel 2268003010 70 1 48% 478 0.03 0.01 483 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 596 0.03 0.01 601 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Forklift Diesel 2270002057 25 1 59% 596 0.03 0.01 601 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
WeldingFabrication
Weldrigs Diesel 2270006025 80 7 21% 693 0.04 0.02 699 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
20TCherryPicker Diesel 2270002045 75 1 43% 590 0.03 0.01 595 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Forklift Diesel 2270002057 25 1 59% 596 0.03 0.01 601 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
WeldingPipeInstall
Weldrigs Diesel 2270006025 80 5 21% 693 0.04 0.02 699 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Cat330 Diesel 2270002066 268 1 21% 625 0.04 0.02 631 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Cat318 Diesel 2270002066 125 1 21% 625 0.04 0.02 630 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
FrontEndLoader Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
572Sideboom Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Testing
FillPump Diesel 2270006010 150 1 43% 530 0.03 0.01 535 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0

Eastern System Upgrade Project 9.B-13 July 2016


Table9.B.1.6:MillenniumPipelineCompany,L.L.C.EasternSystemUpgradeProjectHighlandCS
2017ConstructionEquipmentGreenhouseGasandHazardousAirPollutantEmissions
(Continued)
NonroadEquipmentType/ Fuel NONROADSCC Engine No. Load PollutantEmissionFactor EquipmentOperating PollutantEmissions
OnRoadVehicleType MOVESYear/ Rating Factor (g/hphr) Schedule (tons)
State/Vehicle (hp) (g/mile)
Type/Fuel/Road CO2 CH NO COe Total weeks days/ hr/day CO2 NO CH COe Total
Type 2 HAPS week mi/day HAPS
TestPump Diesel 2270006010 75 1 43% 589 0.03 0.01 594 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 596 0.03 0.01 601 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Total 187 189 4.2E3
1. UsersGuidefortheFinalNONROAD2005Model ,EPA420R05013,USEPA,December2005
2. MOVES2014aUserGuide,EPA420B15095,USEPA,November2015
3. EPANONROAD2008run
4. EPAMOVES2014run
5. ComputedfromtheCOemissionsfromNONROADmultipliedbyratiosoftheCHandNOtoCOfromTables13.1and13.7(fordieselandgasoline)
Tables12.1and12.9.1(forCNG)in2015ClimateRegistryDefaultEmissionFactors
6. AP42Table3.32(Diesel,<600hp);AP42Tables3.43&3.44(Diesel,600hp);AP42Table3.22(CNG);computedfromtheHCemissionsfromNONROADmultipliedbyratiosofthe
HAPtoVOCratioforgasolinepassengercarfromMOVES2014(gasoline).
7. TheglobalwarmingpotentialsofCO ,CH,andNOareassumedtobe1,25,and298,respectively.

Eastern System Upgrade Project 9.B-14 July 2016


Table9.B.1.7:MillenniumPipelineCompany,L.L.C.EasternSystemUpgradeProjectHighlandCS
2018ConstructionEquipmentCriteriaPollutantEmissions
(Continued)
NonroadEquipmentType/ Fuel NONROADSCC Engine No. Load PollutantEmissionFactor EquipmentOperating PollutantEmissions
OnRoadVehicleType MOVESYear/ Rating Factor (g/hphr) Schedule (tons)
State/Vehicle (hp) (g/mile)
Type/Fuel/Road CO NOx SO VOC PM PM. weeks days/ hr/day CO NOx SO VOC PM PM.
Type 2 week mi/day
CommuterTransit
Buses Diesel 2018364323 1 1 1 1.60 5.19 7.6E3 0.33 0.19 0.18 25 6 50 0.01 0.04 6.3E5 2.7E3 1.6E3 1.5E3
LightTrucks Diesel 2018363223 1 4 1 0.93 1.53 5.7E3 0.21 0.08 0.07 25 6 100 0.06 0.10 3.8E4 0.01 5.0E3 4.6E3
PassengerCars Gasoline 2018362113 1 24 1 1.40 0.13 1.9E3 0.02 4.8E3 4.3E3 25 6 80 0.44 0.04 6.1E4 5.9E3 1.5E3 1.4E3
PassengerTrucks Gasoline 2018363113 1 24 1 6.88 0.82 3.1E3 0.10 0.01 9.4E3 25 6 80 2.18 0.26 1.0E3 0.03 3.4E3 3.0E3
Total 2.70 0.45 2.1E3 0.05 0.01 0.01

OnRoadVehicles
MaterialsDelivery
HeavyTrucks Diesel 2018366123 1 4 1 1.17 5.23 0.01 0.20 0.16 0.15 25 6 100 0.08 0.35 9.4E4 0.01 0.01 9.6E3
Clearing 1 1
DumpTrucks Diesel 2018366123 1 1 1.17 5.23 0.01 0.20 0.16 0.15 25 6 50 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
PickupTrucks Gasoline 2018363213 1 1 6.88 0.81 3.1E3 0.09 9.9E3 8.8E3 25 6 50 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Demolition 1 1
PickupTrucks Gasoline 2018363213 1 1 6.88 0.81 3.1E3 0.09 9.9E3 8.8E3 25 6 50 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
WeldTrucks Gasoline 2018363213 1 1 6.88 0.81 3.1E3 0.09 9.9E3 8.8E3 25 6 50 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
DumpTrucks Diesel 2018366123 1 1 1.17 5.23 0.01 0.20 0.16 0.15 25 6 50 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Total 0.08 0.35 9.4E4 0.01 0.01 9.6E3

OffRoadEquipment
Clearing
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 1.04 1.10 4.2E3 0.15 0.12 0.12 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Bobcat Diesel 2270002072 70 1 21% 4.90 4.98 5.9E3 0.93 0.73 0.73 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
FrontEndLoader Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 0.32 1.04 3.8E3 0.15 0.06 0.06 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Roller,150HP Diesel 2270002015 150 1 59% 0.64 1.48 4.0E3 0.17 0.15 0.15 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
WaterPump Diesel 2270006010 100 1 43% 1.06 3.59 4.4E3 0.31 0.23 0.23 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Demolition 0 6 5
D6Dozer Diesel 2270002069 140 1 59% 0.49 1.16 3.9E3 0.15 0.11 0.11 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
FrontEndLoader Diesel 2270002066 240 1 21% 1.61 3.15 5.0E3 0.46 0.31 0.31 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
200TCrane Diesel 2270002045 360 1 43% 0.60 2.31 4.2E3 0.17 0.10 0.10 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
WeldRigs Diesel 2270006025 20 1 21% 4.73 5.17 6.4E3 1.01 0.65 0.65 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Forklift Diesel 2270002057 25 1 59% 0.55 3.35 4.2E3 0.16 0.08 0.08 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Grading 0 6 5
D6Dozer Diesel 2270002069 140 1 59% 0.49 1.16 3.9E3 0.15 0.11 0.11 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
D7Dozer Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 0.32 1.04 3.8E3 0.15 0.06 0.06 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
D8Dozer Diesel 2270002069 305 1 59% 0.68 1.67 4.1E3 0.15 0.11 0.11 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Cat330 Diesel 2270002066 268 1 21% 1.61 3.15 5.0E3 0.46 0.31 0.31 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0

Eastern System Upgrade Project 9.B-15 July 2016


Table9.B.1.7:MillenniumPipelineCompany,L.L.C.EasternSystemUpgradeProjectHighlandCS
2018ConstructionEquipmentCriteriaPollutantEmissions
(Continued)
NonroadEquipmentType/ Fuel NONROADSCC Engine No. Load PollutantEmissionFactor EquipmentOperating PollutantEmissions
OnRoadVehicleType MOVESYear/ Rating Factor (g/hphr) Schedule (tons)
State/Vehicle (hp) (g/mile)
Type/Fuel/Road CO NOx SO VOC PM PM. weeks days/ hr/day CO NOx SO VOC PM PM.
Type 2 week mi/day
FrontEndLoader Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 0.32 1.04 3.8E3 0.15 0.06 0.06 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Paving
Grader Diesel 2270002048 180 1 59% 0.31 1.01 3.8E3 0.15 0.05 0.05 25 6 5 0.03 0.09 3.3E4 0.01 4.7E3 4.7E3
Paver Diesel 2270002003 174 1 59% 0.58 1.35 4.0E3 0.16 0.14 0.14 25 6 5 0.05 0.11 3.4E4 0.01 0.01 0.01
Roller Diesel 2270002015 150 1 59% 0.64 1.48 4.0E3 0.17 0.15 0.15 25 6 5 0.05 0.11 3.0E4 0.01 0.01 0.01
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 1.04 1.10 4.2E3 0.15 0.12 0.12 25 6 5 0.04 0.05 1.7E4 6.2E3 4.8E3 4.8E3
Foundations
D6Dozer Diesel 2270002069 140 1 59% 0.49 1.16 3.9E3 0.15 0.11 0.11 25 6 5 0.03 0.08 2.7E4 0.01 7.7E3 7.7E3
FrontEndLoader Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 0.32 1.04 3.8E3 0.15 0.06 0.06 25 6 5 0.04 0.12 4.4E4 0.02 6.6E3 6.6E3
Cat330 Diesel 2270002066 268 1 21% 1.61 3.15 5.0E3 0.46 0.31 0.31 25 6 5 0.08 0.15 2.3E4 0.02 0.01 0.01
Cat318 Diesel 2270002066 125 1 21% 1.96 3.34 5.1E3 0.52 0.40 0.40 25 6 5 0.04 0.07 1.1E4 0.01 8.8E3 8.8E3
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 1.04 1.10 4.2E3 0.15 0.12 0.12 25 6 5 0.04 0.05 1.7E4 6.2E3 4.8E3 4.8E3
Bobcat Diesel 2270002072 70 1 21% 4.90 4.98 5.9E3 0.93 0.73 0.73 25 6 5 0.06 0.06 7.1E5 0.01 8.9E3 8.9E3
20TCherryPicker Diesel 2270002045 75 1 43% 1.18 1.85 4.5E3 0.19 0.17 0.17 25 6 5 0.03 0.05 1.2E4 5.0E3 4.6E3 4.6E3
Electrical
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 1.04 1.10 4.2E3 0.15 0.12 0.12 25 6 5 0.04 0.05 1.7E4 6.2E3 4.8E3 4.8E3
Manlift CNG 2268003010 70 1 48% 19.15 3.35 0.01 10.81 0.06 0.06 25 6 5 0.53 0.09 2.9E4 0.30 1.6E3 1.6E3
Buildings/SetEquipment
40TCrane Diesel 2270002045 125 1 43% 0.44 1.55 4.0E3 0.17 0.11 0.11 25 6 5 0.02 0.07 1.8E4 7.5E3 4.9E3 4.9E3
20TCherryPicker Diesel 2270002045 75 1 43% 1.18 1.85 4.5E3 0.19 0.17 0.17 25 6 5 0.03 0.05 1.2E4 5.0E3 4.6E3 4.6E3
200TCrane Diesel 2270002045 360 1 43% 0.60 2.31 4.2E3 0.17 0.10 0.10 25 6 5 0.08 0.30 5.4E4 0.02 0.01 0.01
Manlift Diesel 2268003010 70 1 48% 19.15 3.35 0.01 10.81 0.06 0.06 25 6 5 0.53 0.09 2.9E4 0.30 1.6E3 1.6E3
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 1.04 1.10 4.2E3 0.15 0.12 0.12 25 6 5 0.04 0.05 1.7E4 6.2E3 4.8E3 4.8E3
Forklift Diesel 2270002057 25 1 59% 0.55 3.35 4.2E3 0.16 0.08 0.08 25 6 5 6.7E3 0.04 5.2E5 2.0E3 9.4E4 9.4E4
WeldingFabrication
Weldrigs Diesel 2270006025 80 7 21% 5.25 4.13 5.8E3 0.90 0.75 0.75 25 6 5 0.51 0.40 5.6E4 0.09 0.07 0.07
20TCherryPicker Diesel 2270002045 75 1 43% 1.18 1.85 4.5E3 0.19 0.17 0.17 25 6 5 0.03 0.05 1.2E4 5.0E3 4.6E3 4.6E3
Forklift Diesel 2270002057 25 1 59% 0.55 3.35 4.2E3 0.16 0.08 0.08 25 6 5 6.7E3 0.04 5.2E5 2.0E3 9.4E4 9.4E4
WeldingPipeInstall
Weldrigs Diesel 2270006025 80 5 21% 5.25 4.13 5.8E3 0.90 0.75 0.75 25 6 5 0.36 0.29 4.0E4 0.06 0.05 0.05
Cat330 Diesel 2270002066 268 1 21% 1.61 3.15 5.0E3 0.46 0.31 0.31 25 6 5 0.08 0.15 2.3E4 0.02 0.01 0.01
Cat318 Diesel 2270002066 125 1 21% 1.96 3.34 5.1E3 0.52 0.40 0.40 25 6 5 0.04 0.07 1.1E4 0.01 8.8E3 8.8E3
FrontEndLoader Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 0.32 1.04 3.8E3 0.15 0.06 0.06 25 6 5 0.04 0.12 4.4E4 0.02 6.6E3 6.6E3

Eastern System Upgrade Project 9.B-16 July 2016


Table9.B.1.7:MillenniumPipelineCompany,L.L.C.EasternSystemUpgradeProjectHighlandCS
2018ConstructionEquipmentCriteriaPollutantEmissions
(Continued)
NonroadEquipmentType/ Fuel NONROADSCC Engine No. Load PollutantEmissionFactor EquipmentOperating PollutantEmissions
OnRoadVehicleType MOVESYear/ Rating Factor (g/hphr) Schedule (tons)
State/Vehicle (hp) (g/mile)
Type/Fuel/Road CO NOx SO VOC PM PM. weeks days/ hr/day CO NOx SO VOC PM PM.
Type 2 week mi/day
572Sideboom Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 0.32 1.04 3.8E3 0.15 0.06 0.06 25 6 5 0.04 0.12 4.4E4 0.02 6.6E3 6.6E3
Testing
FillPump Diesel 2270006010 150 1 43% 1.06 3.59 4.4E3 0.31 0.23 0.23 25 6 5 0.06 0.19 2.4E4 0.02 0.01 0.01
TestPump Diesel 2270006010 75 1 43% 2.08 3.73 4.9E3 0.42 0.38 0.38 25 6 5 0.06 0.10 1.3E4 0.01 0.01 0.01
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 1.04 1.10 4.2E3 0.15 0.12 0.12 25 6 5 0.04 0.05 1.7E4 6.2E3 4.8E3 4.8E3
Total 3.04 3.24 7.3E3 1.03 0.32 0.32
1. UsersGuidefortheFinalNONROAD2005Model ,EPA420R05013,USEPA,December2005
2. MOVES2014aUserGuide,EPA420B15095,USEPA,November2015
3. EPANONROAD2008run
4. EPAMOVES2014run

Eastern System Upgrade Project 9.B-17 July 2016


Table9.B.1.8:MillenniumPipelineCompany,L.L.C.EasternSystemUpgradeProjectHighlandCS
2018ConstructionEquipmentGreenhouseGasandHazardousAirPollutantEmissions
(Continued)
NonroadEquipmentType/ Fuel NONROADSCC Engine No. Load PollutantEmissionFactor EquipmentOperating PollutantEmissions
OnRoadVehicleType MOVESYear/ Rating Factor (g/hphr) Schedule (tons)
State/Vehicle (hp) (g/mile)
Type/Fuel/Road CO2 CH NO COe Total weeks days/ hr/day CO2 NO CH COe Total
Type 2 HAPS week mi/day HAPS
CommuterTransit
Buses Diesel 2018364323 1 1 1 858 859 0.06 25 6 50 7 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 7 5.0E4
LightTrucks Diesel 2018363223 1 4 1 650 651 0.04 25 6 100 43 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 43 2.7E3
PassengerCars Gasoline 2018362113 1 24 1 291 291 5.2E3 25 6 80 92 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 92 1.7E3
PassengerTrucks Gasoline 2018363113 1 24 1 473 475 0.03 25 6 80 150 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 151 8.6E3
Total 293 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 294 0.01

OnRoadVehicles
MaterialsDelivery
HeavyTrucks Diesel 2018366123 1 4 1 1,619 1,620 0.04 25 6 100 107 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 107 2.7E3
Clearing
DumpTrucks Diesel 2018366123 1 1 1,619 1,620 0.04 25 6 50 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
PickupTrucks Gasoline 2018363213 1 1 467 469 0.03 25 6 50 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Demolition
PickupTrucks Gasoline 2018363213 1 1 467 469 0.03 25 6 50 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
WeldTrucks Gasoline 2018363213 1 1 467 469 0.03 25 6 50 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
DumpTrucks Diesel 2018366123 1 1 1,619 1,620 0.04 25 6 50 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Total 0 107 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 107 2.7E3

OffRoadEquipment
Clearing
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 596 0.03 0.01 601 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Bobcat Diesel 2270002072 70 1 21% 693 0.04 0.02 699 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
FrontEndLoader Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Roller,150HP Diesel 2270002015 150 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
WaterPump Diesel 2270006010 100 1 43% 530 0.03 0.01 535 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Demolition
D6Dozer Diesel 2270002069 140 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
FrontEndLoader Diesel 2270002066 240 1 21% 625 0.04 0.02 631 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
200TCrane Diesel 2270002045 360 1 43% 530 0.03 0.01 535 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
WeldRigs Diesel 2270006025 20 1 21% 693 0.04 0.02 699 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Forklift Diesel 2270002057 25 1 59% 596 0.03 0.01 601 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Grading
D6Dozer Diesel 2270002069 140 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
D7Dozer Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
D8Dozer Diesel 2270002069 305 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Cat330 Diesel 2270002066 268 1 21% 625 0.04 0.02 631 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0

Eastern System Upgrade Project 9.B-18 July 2016


Table9.B.1.8:MillenniumPipelineCompany,L.L.C.EasternSystemUpgradeProjectHighlandCS
2018ConstructionEquipmentGreenhouseGasandHazardousAirPollutantEmissions
(Continued)
NonroadEquipmentType/ Fuel NONROADSCC Engine No. Load PollutantEmissionFactor EquipmentOperating PollutantEmissions
OnRoadVehicleType MOVESYear/ Rating Factor (g/hphr) Schedule (tons)
State/Vehicle (hp) (g/mile)
Type/Fuel/Road CO2 CH NO COe Total weeks days/ hr/day CO2 NO CH COe Total
Type 2 HAPS week mi/day HAPS
FrontEndLoader Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Paving
Grader Diesel 2270002048 180 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 25 6 5 47 1.2E3 2.7E3 48 1.1E3
Paver Diesel 2270002003 174 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 25 6 5 46 1.1E3 2.6E3 46 1.0E3
Roller Diesel 2270002015 150 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 25 6 5 39 9.8E4 2.2E3 40 9.0E4
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 596 0.03 0.01 601 1.2E02 25 6 5 25 6.2E4 1.4E3 25 5.1E4
Foundations
D6Dozer Diesel 2270002069 140 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 25 6 5 37 9.2E4 2.1E3 37 8.4E4
FrontEndLoader Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 25 6 5 63 1.6E3 3.5E3 63 1.4E3
Cat330 Diesel 2270002066 268 1 21% 625 0.04 0.02 631 1.2E02 25 6 5 29 7.3E4 1.6E3 29 5.7E4
Cat318 Diesel 2270002066 125 1 21% 625 0.04 0.02 630 1.2E02 25 6 5 14 3.4E4 7.7E4 14 2.7E4
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 596 0.03 0.01 601 1.2E02 25 6 5 25 6.2E4 1.4E3 25 5.1E4
Bobcat Diesel 2270002072 70 1 21% 693 0.04 0.02 699 1.2E02 25 6 5 8 2.1E4 4.8E4 8 1.5E4
20TCherryPicker Diesel 2270002045 75 1 43% 590 0.03 0.01 595 1.2E02 25 6 5 16 3.9E4 8.9E4 16 3.3E4
Electrical
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 596 0.03 0.01 601 1.2E02 25 6 5 25 6.2E4 1.4E3 25 5.1E4
Manlift CNG 2268003010 70 1 48% 478 9.0E3 9.0E4 478 2.3E01 25 6 5 13 2.5E5 2.5E4 13 6.4E3
Buildings/SetEquipment
40TCrane Diesel 2270002045 125 1 43% 531 0.03 0.01 535 1.2E02 25 6 5 24 5.9E4 1.3E3 24 5.5E4
20TCherryPicker Diesel 2270002045 75 1 43% 590 0.03 0.01 595 1.2E02 25 6 5 16 3.9E4 8.9E4 16 3.3E4
200TCrane Diesel 2270002045 360 1 43% 530 0.03 0.01 535 1.2E02 25 6 5 68 1.7E3 3.8E3 68 1.6E3
Manlift Diesel 2268003010 70 1 48% 478 0.03 0.01 482 1.2E02 25 6 5 13 3.3E4 7.5E4 13 3.4E4
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 596 0.03 0.01 601 1.2E02 25 6 5 25 6.2E4 1.4E3 25 5.1E4
Forklift Diesel 2270002057 25 1 59% 596 0.03 0.01 601 1.2E02 25 6 5 7 1.8E4 4.1E4 7 1.5E4
WeldingFabrication
Weldrigs Diesel 2270006025 80 7 21% 693 0.04 0.02 699 1.2E02 25 6 5 67 1.7E3 3.8E3 68 1.2E3
20TCherryPicker Diesel 2270002045 75 1 43% 590 0.03 0.01 595 1.2E02 25 6 5 16 3.9E4 8.9E4 16 3.3E4
Forklift Diesel 2270002057 25 1 59% 596 0.03 0.01 601 1.2E02 25 6 5 7 1.8E4 4.1E4 7 1.5E4
WeldingPipeInstall
Weldrigs Diesel 2270006025 80 5 21% 693 0.04 0.02 699 1.2E02 25 6 5 48 1.2E3 2.7E3 49 8.5E4
Cat330 Diesel 2270002066 268 1 21% 625 0.04 0.02 631 1.2E02 25 6 5 29 7.3E4 1.6E3 29 5.7E4
Cat318 Diesel 2270002066 125 1 21% 625 0.04 0.02 630 1.2E02 25 6 5 14 3.4E4 7.7E4 14 2.7E4
FrontEndLoader Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 25 6 5 63 1.6E3 3.5E3 63 1.4E3

Eastern System Upgrade Project 9.B-19 July 2016


Table9.B.1.8:MillenniumPipelineCompany,L.L.C.EasternSystemUpgradeProjectHighlandCS
2018ConstructionEquipmentGreenhouseGasandHazardousAirPollutantEmissions
(Continued)
NonroadEquipmentType/ Fuel NONROADSCC Engine No. Load PollutantEmissionFactor EquipmentOperating PollutantEmissions
OnRoadVehicleType MOVESYear/ Rating Factor (g/hphr) Schedule (tons)
State/Vehicle (hp) (g/mile)
Type/Fuel/Road CO2 CH NO COe Total weeks days/ hr/day CO2 NO CH COe Total
Type 2 HAPS week mi/day HAPS
572Sideboom Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 25 6 5 63 1.6E3 3.5E3 63 1.4E3
Testing
FillPump Diesel 2270006010 150 1 43% 530 0.03 0.01 535 1.2E02 25 6 5 28 7.1E4 1.6E3 29 6.6E4
TestPump Diesel 2270006010 75 1 43% 589 0.03 0.01 594 1.2E02 25 6 5 16 3.9E4 8.9E4 16 3.3E4
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 596 0.03 0.01 601 1.2E02 25 6 5 25 6.2E4 1.4E3 25 5.1E4
Total 913 921 0.03
1. UsersGuidefortheFinalNONROAD2005Model ,EPA420R05013,USEPA,December2005
2. MOVES2014aUserGuide,EPA420B15095,USEPA,November2015
3. EPANONROAD2008run
4. EPAMOVES2014run
5. ComputedfromtheCOemissionsfromNONROADmultipliedbyratiosoftheCHandNOtoCOfromTables13.1and13.7(fordieselandgasoline)
Tables12.1and12.9.1(forCNG)in2015ClimateRegistryDefaultEmissionFactors
6. AP42Table3.32(Diesel,<600hp);AP42Tables3.43&3.44(Diesel,600hp);AP42Table3.22(CNG);computedfromtheHCemissionsfromNONROADmultipliedbyratiosofthe
HAPtoVOCratioforgasolinepassengercarfromMOVES2014(gasoline).
7. TheglobalwarmingpotentialsofCO ,CH,andNOareassumedtobe1,25,and298,respectively.

Eastern System Upgrade Project 9.B-20 July 2016


Table9.B.1.9:MillenniumPipelineCompany,L.L.C.EasternSystemUpgradeProjectHancockCS
2017ConstructionEquipmentCriteriaPollutantEmissions
(Continued)
NonroadEquipmentType/ Fuel NONROADSCC Engine No. Load PollutantEmissionFactor EquipmentOperating PollutantEmissions
OnRoadVehicleType MOVESYear/ Rating Factor (g/hphr) Schedule (tons)
State/Vehicle (hp) (g/mile)
Type/Fuel/Road CO NOx SO VOC PM PM. weeks days/ hr/day CO NOx SO VOC PM PM.
Type 2 week mi/day
CommuterTransit
Buses Diesel 2017364323 1 1 1 1.73 5.69 7.7E3 0.36 0.23 0.21 4 6 50 2.3E3 7.5E3 1.0E5 4.8E4 3.1E4 2.8E4
LightTrucks Diesel 2017363223 1 4 1 1.08 1.73 5.8E3 0.26 0.09 0.08 4 6 100 0.01 0.02 6.1E5 2.7E3 9.5E4 8.7E4
PassengerCars Gasoline 2017362113 1 24 1 1.49 0.16 2.0E3 0.02 5.3E3 4.7E3 4 6 80 0.08 8.2E3 1.0E4 1.2E3 2.7E4 2.4E4
PassengerTrucks Gasoline 2017363113 1 24 1 7.21 0.93 3.2E3 0.12 0.01 0.01 4 6 80 0.37 0.05 1.6E4 5.9E3 5.7E4 5.1E4
Total 0.46 0.08 3.3E4 0.01 2.1E3 1.9E3

OnRoadVehicles
MaterialsDelivery
HeavyTrucks Diesel 2017366123 1 1 1.36 6.12 0.01 0.23 0.20 0.18 4 6 100 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Clearing 1 1
DumpTrucks Diesel 2017366123 1 2 1 1.36 6.12 0.01 0.23 0.20 0.18 4 6 50 3.6E3 0.02 3.8E5 6.1E4 5.2E4 4.8E4
PickupTrucks Gasoline 2017363213 1 2 1 7.22 0.91 3.1E3 0.11 0.01 9.3E3 4 6 50 0.02 2.4E3 8.3E6 2.8E4 2.8E5 2.5E5
Demolition 1
PickupTrucks Gasoline 2017363213 1 1 7.22 0.91 3.1E3 0.11 0.01 9.3E3 4 6 50 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
WeldTrucks Gasoline 2017363213 1 1 7.22 0.91 3.1E3 0.11 0.01 9.3E3 4 6 50 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
DumpTrucks Diesel 2017366123 1 1 1.36 6.12 0.01 0.23 0.20 0.18 4 6 50 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Total 0.02 0.02 4.6E5 9.0E4 5.5E4 5.0E4

OffRoadEquipment
Clearing
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 1.39 1.42 4.3E3 0.16 0.17 0.17 4 6 5 9.2E3 9.4E3 2.9E5 1.1E3 1.1E3 1.1E3
Bobcat Diesel 2270002072 70 1 21% 5.24 5.15 5.9E3 1.00 0.79 0.79 4 6 5 0.01 0.01 1.2E5 1.9E3 1.5E3 1.5E3
FrontEndLoader Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 0.42 1.28 3.9E3 0.15 0.08 0.08 4 6 5 7.9E3 0.02 7.3E5 2.9E3 1.5E3 1.5E3
Roller,150HP Diesel 2270002015 150 1 59% 0.74 1.74 4.2E3 0.18 0.18 0.18 4 6 5 8.6E3 0.02 4.9E5 2.1E3 2.1E3 2.1E3
WaterPump Diesel 2270006010 100 1 43% 1.16 3.86 4.5E3 0.33 0.24 0.24 4 6 5 6.6E3 0.02 2.5E5 1.9E3 1.4E3 1.4E3
Demolition
D6Dozer Diesel 2270002069 140 1 59% 0.61 1.41 4.0E3 0.16 0.15 0.15 4 6 5 6.7E3 0.02 4.4E5 1.8E3 1.6E3 1.6E3
FrontEndLoader Diesel 2270002066 240 1 21% 1.77 3.45 5.1E3 0.50 0.34 0.34 4 6 5 0.01 0.02 3.4E5 3.3E3 2.2E3 2.2E3
200TCrane Diesel 2270002045 360 1 43% 0.67 2.58 4.3E3 0.18 0.11 0.11 4 6 5 0.01 0.05 8.7E5 3.6E3 2.2E3 2.2E3
WeldRigs Diesel 2270006025 20 1 21% 5.15 5.33 6.4E3 1.12 0.71 0.71 4 6 5 2.9E3 3.0E3 3.5E6 6.2E4 4.0E4 4.0E4
Forklift Diesel 2270002057 25 1 59% 0.73 3.54 4.4E3 0.18 0.11 0.11 4 6 5 1.4E3 6.9E3 8.6E6 3.5E4 2.1E4 2.1E4
Grading
D6Dozer Diesel 2270002069 140 1 59% 0.61 1.41 4.0E3 0.16 0.15 0.15 4 6 5 6.7E3 0.02 4.4E5 1.8E3 1.6E3 1.6E3
D7Dozer Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 0.42 1.28 3.9E3 0.15 0.08 0.08 4 6 5 7.9E3 0.02 7.3E5 2.9E3 1.5E3 1.5E3
D8Dozer Diesel 2270002069 305 1 59% 0.78 1.93 4.2E3 0.16 0.12 0.12 4 6 5 0.02 0.05 9.9E5 3.7E3 2.9E3 2.9E3
Cat330 Diesel 2270002066 268 1 21% 1.77 3.45 5.1E3 0.50 0.34 0.34 4 6 5 0.01 0.03 3.8E5 3.7E3 2.5E3 2.5E3

Eastern System Upgrade Project 9.B-21 July 2016


Table9.B.1.9:MillenniumPipelineCompany,L.L.C.EasternSystemUpgradeProjectHancockCS
2017ConstructionEquipmentCriteriaPollutantEmissions
(Continued)
NonroadEquipmentType/ Fuel NONROADSCC Engine No. Load PollutantEmissionFactor EquipmentOperating PollutantEmissions
OnRoadVehicleType MOVESYear/ Rating Factor (g/hphr) Schedule (tons)
State/Vehicle (hp) (g/mile)
Type/Fuel/Road CO NOx SO VOC PM PM. weeks days/ hr/day CO NOx SO VOC PM PM.
Type 2 week mi/day
FrontEndLoader Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 0.42 1.28 3.9E3 0.15 0.08 0.08 4 6 5 7.9E3 0.02 7.3E5 2.9E3 1.5E3 1.5E3
Paving
Grader Diesel 2270002048 180 1 59% 0.41 1.25 3.9E3 0.15 0.08 0.08 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Paver Diesel 2270002003 174 1 59% 0.69 1.61 4.1E3 0.17 0.17 0.17 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Roller Diesel 2270002015 150 1 59% 0.74 1.74 4.2E3 0.18 0.18 0.18 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 1.39 1.42 4.3E3 0.16 0.17 0.17 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Foundations 0 6 5
D6Dozer Diesel 2270002069 140 1 59% 0.61 1.41 4.0E3 0.16 0.15 0.15 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
FrontEndLoader Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 0.42 1.28 3.9E3 0.15 0.08 0.08 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Cat330 Diesel 2270002066 268 1 21% 1.77 3.45 5.1E3 0.50 0.34 0.34 0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Cat318 Diesel 2270002066 125 1 21% 2.13 3.66 5.2E3 0.56 0.44 0.44 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 1.39 1.42 4.3E3 0.16 0.17 0.17 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Bobcat Diesel 2270002072 70 1 21% 5.24 5.15 5.9E3 1.00 0.79 0.79 0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
20TCherryPicker Diesel 2270002045 75 1 43% 1.36 2.19 4.6E3 0.21 0.20 0.20 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Electrical 0 6 5
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 1.39 1.42 4.3E3 0.16 0.17 0.17 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Manlift CNG 2268003010 70 1 48% 21.31 3.83 0.01 12.37 0.06 0.06 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Buildings/SetEquipment 0 6 5
40TCrane Diesel 2270002045 125 1 43% 0.50 1.82 4.1E3 0.18 0.13 0.13 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
20TCherryPicker Diesel 2270002045 75 1 43% 1.36 2.19 4.6E3 0.21 0.20 0.20 0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
200TCrane Diesel 2270002045 360 1 43% 0.67 2.58 4.3E3 0.18 0.11 0.11 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Manlift Diesel 2268003010 70 1 48% 21.31 3.83 0.01 12.37 0.06 0.06 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 1.39 1.42 4.3E3 0.16 0.17 0.17 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Forklift Diesel 2270002057 25 1 59% 0.73 3.54 4.4E3 0.18 0.11 0.11 0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
WeldingFabrication 0 6 5
Weldrigs Diesel 2270006025 80 7 21% 5.59 4.41 5.8E3 0.97 0.81 0.81 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
20TCherryPicker Diesel 2270002045 75 1 43% 1.36 2.19 4.6E3 0.21 0.20 0.20 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Forklift Diesel 2270002057 25 1 59% 0.73 3.54 4.4E3 0.18 0.11 0.11 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
WeldingPipeInstall 0 6 5
Weldrigs Diesel 2270006025 80 5 21% 5.59 4.41 5.8E3 0.97 0.81 0.81 0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Cat330 Diesel 2270002066 268 1 21% 1.77 3.45 5.1E3 0.50 0.34 0.34 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Cat318 Diesel 2270002066 125 1 21% 2.13 3.66 5.2E3 0.56 0.44 0.44 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
FrontEndLoader Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 0.42 1.28 3.9E3 0.15 0.08 0.08 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
572Sideboom Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 0.42 1.28 3.9E3 0.15 0.08 0.08 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Testing 0 6 5
FillPump Diesel 2270006010 150 1 43% 1.16 3.86 4.5E3 0.33 0.24 0.24 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0

Eastern System Upgrade Project 9.B-22 July 2016


Table9.B.1.9:MillenniumPipelineCompany,L.L.C.EasternSystemUpgradeProjectHancockCS
2017ConstructionEquipmentCriteriaPollutantEmissions
(Continued)
NonroadEquipmentType/ Fuel NONROADSCC Engine No. Load PollutantEmissionFactor EquipmentOperating PollutantEmissions
OnRoadVehicleType MOVESYear/ Rating Factor (g/hphr) Schedule (tons)
State/Vehicle (hp) (g/mile)
Type/Fuel/Road CO NOx SO VOC PM PM. weeks days/ hr/day CO NOx SO VOC PM PM.
Type 2 week mi/day
TestPump Diesel 2270006010 75 1 43% 2.21 3.98 5.0E3 0.44 0.40 0.40 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 1.39 1.42 4.3E3 0.16 0.17 0.17 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Total 0.13 0.32 6.9E4 0.03 0.02 0.02
1. UsersGuidefortheFinalNONROAD2005Model ,EPA420R05013,USEPA,December2005
2. MOVES2014aUserGuide,EPA420B15095,USEPA,November2015
3. EPANONROAD2008run
4. EPAMOVES2014run

Eastern System Upgrade Project 9.B-23 July 2016


Table9.B.1.10:MillenniumPipelineCompany,L.L.C.EasternSystemUpgradeProjectHancockCS
2017ConstructionEquipmentGreenhouseGasandHazardousAirPollutantEmissions
(Continued)
NonroadEquipmentType/ Fuel NONROADSCC Engine No. Load PollutantEmissionFactor EquipmentOperating PollutantEmissions
OnRoadVehicleType MOVESYear/ Rating Factor (g/hphr) Schedule (tons)
State/Vehicle (hp) (g/mile)
Type/Fuel/Road CO2 CH NO COe Total weeks days/ hr/day CO2 NO CH COe Total
Type 2 HAPS week mi/day HAPS
CommuterTransit
Buses Diesel 2017364323 1 1 1 861 862 0.06 4 6 50 1 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 1 8.5E5
LightTrucks Diesel 2017363223 1 4 1 657 658 0.05 4 6 100 7 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 7 5.0E4
PassengerCars Gasoline 2017362113 1 24 1 298 299 6.4E3 4 6 80 15 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 15 3.2E4
PassengerTrucks Gasoline 2017363113 1 24 1 477 479 0.03 4 6 80 24 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 24 1.6E3
Total 47 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 48 2.5E3

OnRoadVehicles
MaterialsDelivery
HeavyTrucks Diesel 2017366123 1 1 1,635 1,636 0.05 4 6 100 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Clearing 1 1
DumpTrucks Diesel 2017366123 1 2 1 1,635 1,636 0.18 4 6 50 4 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 4 4.8E4
PickupTrucks Gasoline 2017363213 1 2 1 471 473 0.03 4 6 50 1 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 1 7.8E5
Demolition 1 0
PickupTrucks Gasoline 2017363213 1 1 471 473 0.03 4 6 50 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
WeldTrucks Gasoline 2017363213 1 1 471 473 0.03 4 6 50 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
DumpTrucks Diesel 2017366123 1 1 1,635 1,636 0.05 4 6 50 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Total 0 6 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 6 5.6E4

OffRoadEquipment
Clearing
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 596 0.03 0.01 601 1.2E02 4 6 5 4 9.9E5 2.2E4 4 8.2E5
Bobcat Diesel 2270002072 70 1 21% 693 0.04 0.02 699 1.2E02 4 6 5 1 3.4E5 7.6E5 1 2.4E5
FrontEndLoader Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 4 6 5 10 2.5E4 5.7E4 10 2.3E4
Roller,150HP Diesel 2270002015 150 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 4 6 5 6 1.6E4 3.5E4 6 1.4E4
WaterPump Diesel 2270006010 100 1 43% 530 0.03 0.01 535 1.2E02 4 6 5 3 7.6E5 1.7E4 3 7.0E5
Demolition
D6Dozer Diesel 2270002069 140 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 4 6 5 6 1.5E4 3.3E4 6 1.3E4
FrontEndLoader Diesel 2270002066 240 1 21% 625 0.04 0.02 631 1.2E02 4 6 5 4 1.0E4 2.4E4 4 8.2E5
200TCrane Diesel 2270002045 360 1 43% 530 0.03 0.01 535 1.2E02 4 6 5 11 2.7E4 6.1E4 11 2.5E4
WeldRigs Diesel 2270006025 20 1 21% 692 0.04 0.02 699 1.2E02 4 6 5 0 9.6E6 2.2E5 0 6.8E6
Forklift Diesel 2270002057 25 1 59% 596 0.03 0.01 601 1.2E02 4 6 5 1 2.9E5 6.6E5 1 2.4E5
Grading
D6Dozer Diesel 2270002069 140 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 4 6 5 6 1.5E4 3.3E4 6 1.3E4
D7Dozer Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 4 6 5 10 2.5E4 5.7E4 10 2.3E4
D8Dozer Diesel 2270002069 305 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 4 6 5 13 3.2E4 7.2E4 13 2.9E4
Cat330 Diesel 2270002066 268 1 21% 625 0.04 0.02 631 1.2E02 4 6 5 5 1.2E4 2.6E4 5 9.2E5

Eastern System Upgrade Project 9.B-24 July 2016


Table9.B.1.10:MillenniumPipelineCompany,L.L.C.EasternSystemUpgradeProjectHancockCS
2017ConstructionEquipmentGreenhouseGasandHazardousAirPollutantEmissions
(Continued)
NonroadEquipmentType/ Fuel NONROADSCC Engine No. Load PollutantEmissionFactor EquipmentOperating PollutantEmissions
OnRoadVehicleType MOVESYear/ Rating Factor (g/hphr) Schedule (tons)
State/Vehicle (hp) (g/mile)
Type/Fuel/Road CO2 CH NO COe Total weeks days/ hr/day CO2 NO CH COe Total
Type 2 HAPS week mi/day HAPS
FrontEndLoader Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 4 6 5 10 2.5E4 5.7E4 10 2.3E4
Paving
Grader Diesel 2270002048 180 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Paver Diesel 2270002003 174 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Roller Diesel 2270002015 150 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 596 0.03 0.01 601 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Foundations
D6Dozer Diesel 2270002069 140 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
FrontEndLoader Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Cat330 Diesel 2270002066 268 1 21% 625 0.04 0.02 631 1.2E02 0 0 0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Cat318 Diesel 2270002066 125 1 21% 625 0.04 0.02 630 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 596 0.03 0.01 601 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Bobcat Diesel 2270002072 70 1 21% 693 0.04 0.02 699 1.2E02 0 0 0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
20TCherryPicker Diesel 2270002045 75 1 43% 590 0.03 0.01 595 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Electrical
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 596 0.03 0.01 601 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Manlift CNG 2268003010 70 1 48% 478 9.0E3 9.0E4 479 2.3E01 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Buildings/SetEquipment
40TCrane Diesel 2270002045 125 1 43% 530 0.03 0.01 535 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
20TCherryPicker Diesel 2270002045 75 1 43% 590 0.03 0.01 595 1.2E02 0 0 0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
200TCrane Diesel 2270002045 360 1 43% 530 0.03 0.01 535 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Manlift Diesel 2268003010 70 1 48% 478 0.03 0.01 483 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 596 0.03 0.01 601 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Forklift Diesel 2270002057 25 1 59% 596 0.03 0.01 601 1.2E02 0 0 0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
WeldingFabrication
Weldrigs Diesel 2270006025 80 7 21% 693 0.04 0.02 699 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
20TCherryPicker Diesel 2270002045 75 1 43% 590 0.03 0.01 595 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Forklift Diesel 2270002057 25 1 59% 596 0.03 0.01 601 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
WeldingPipeInstall
Weldrigs Diesel 2270006025 80 5 21% 693 0.04 0.02 699 1.2E02 0 0 0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Cat330 Diesel 2270002066 268 1 21% 625 0.04 0.02 631 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Cat318 Diesel 2270002066 125 1 21% 625 0.04 0.02 630 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
FrontEndLoader Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
572Sideboom Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Testing
FillPump Diesel 2270006010 150 1 43% 530 0.03 0.01 535 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0

Eastern System Upgrade Project 9.B-25 July 2016


Table9.B.1.10:MillenniumPipelineCompany,L.L.C.EasternSystemUpgradeProjectHancockCS
2017ConstructionEquipmentGreenhouseGasandHazardousAirPollutantEmissions
(Continued)
NonroadEquipmentType/ Fuel NONROADSCC Engine No. Load PollutantEmissionFactor EquipmentOperating PollutantEmissions
OnRoadVehicleType MOVESYear/ Rating Factor (g/hphr) Schedule (tons)
State/Vehicle (hp) (g/mile)
Type/Fuel/Road CO2 CH NO COe Total weeks days/ hr/day CO2 NO CH COe Total
Type 2 HAPS week mi/day HAPS
TestPump Diesel 2270006010 75 1 43% 589 0.03 0.01 594 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 596 0.03 0.01 601 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Total 90 91 2.0E3
1. UsersGuidefortheFinalNONROAD2005Model ,EPA420R05013,USEPA,December2005
2. MOVES2014aUserGuide,EPA420B15095,USEPA,November2015
3. EPANONROAD2008run
4. EPAMOVES2014run
5. ComputedfromtheCOemissionsfromNONROADmultipliedbyratiosoftheCHandNOtoCOfromTables13.1and13.7(fordieselandgasoline)
Tables12.1and12.9.1(forCNG)in2015ClimateRegistryDefaultEmissionFactors
6. AP42Table3.32(Diesel,<600hp);AP42Tables3.43&3.44(Diesel,600hp);AP42Table3.22(CNG);computedfromtheHCemissionsfromNONROADmultipliedbyratiosofthe
HAPtoVOCratioforgasolinepassengercarfromMOVES2014(gasoline).
7. TheglobalwarmingpotentialsofCO ,CH,andNOareassumedtobe1,25,and298,respectively.

Eastern System Upgrade Project 9.B-26 July 2016


Table9.B.1.11:MillenniumPipelineCompany,L.L.C.EasternSystemUpgradeProjectHancockCS
2018ConstructionEquipmentCriteriaPollutantEmissions
(Continued)
NonroadEquipmentType/ Fuel NONROADSCC Engine No. Load PollutantEmissionFactor EquipmentOperating PollutantEmissions
OnRoadVehicleType MOVESYear/ Rating Factor (g/hphr) Schedule (tons)
State/Vehicle (hp) (g/mile)
Type/Fuel/Road CO NOx SO VOC PM PM. weeks days/ hr/day CO NOx SO VOC PM PM.
Type 2 week mi/day
CommuterTransit
Buses Diesel 2018364323 1 1 1 1.60 5.19 7.6E3 0.33 0.19 0.18 17 6 50 9.0E3 0.03 4.3E5 1.9E3 1.1E3 1.0E3
LightTrucks Diesel 2018363223 1 4 1 0.93 1.53 5.7E3 0.21 0.08 0.07 17 6 100 0.04 0.07 2.6E4 9.6E3 3.4E3 3.1E3
PassengerCars Gasoline 2018362113 1 24 1 1.40 0.13 1.9E3 0.02 4.8E3 4.3E3 17 6 80 0.30 0.03 4.2E4 4.0E3 1.0E3 9.2E4
PassengerTrucks Gasoline 2018363113 1 24 1 6.88 0.82 3.1E3 0.10 0.01 9.4E3 17 6 80 1.49 0.18 6.8E4 0.02 2.3E3 2.0E3
Total 1.84 0.30 1.4E3 0.04 7.8E3 7.1E3

OnRoadVehicles
MaterialsDelivery
HeavyTrucks Diesel 2018366123 1 4 1 1.17 5.23 0.01 0.20 0.16 0.15 17 6 100 0.05 0.24 6.4E4 8.9E3 7.1E3 6.5E3
Clearing 1 1
DumpTrucks Diesel 2018366123 1 1 1.17 5.23 0.01 0.20 0.16 0.15 17 6 50 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
PickupTrucks Gasoline 2018363213 1 1 6.88 0.81 3.1E3 0.09 9.9E3 8.8E3 17 6 50 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Demolition 1 1
PickupTrucks Gasoline 2018363213 1 4 1 6.88 0.81 3.1E3 0.09 9.9E3 8.8E3 17 6 50 0.15 0.02 7.0E5 2.0E3 2.2E4 2.0E4
WeldTrucks Gasoline 2018363213 1 2 1 6.88 0.81 3.1E3 0.09 9.9E3 8.8E3 17 6 50 0.08 9.1E3 3.5E5 1.0E3 1.1E4 9.9E5
DumpTrucks Diesel 2018366123 1 2 1 1.17 5.23 0.01 0.20 0.16 0.15 17 6 50 0.01 0.06 1.6E4 2.2E3 1.8E3 1.6E3
Total 0.30 0.32 9.0E4 0.01 9.2E3 8.5E3

OffRoadEquipment
Clearing
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 1.04 1.10 4.2E3 0.15 0.12 0.12 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Bobcat Diesel 2270002072 70 1 21% 4.90 4.98 5.9E3 0.93 0.73 0.73 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
FrontEndLoader Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 0.32 1.04 3.8E3 0.15 0.06 0.06 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Roller,150HP Diesel 2270002015 150 1 59% 0.64 1.48 4.0E3 0.17 0.15 0.15 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
WaterPump Diesel 2270006010 100 1 43% 1.06 3.59 4.4E3 0.31 0.23 0.23 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Demolition 0 6 5
D6Dozer Diesel 2270002069 140 1 59% 0.49 1.16 3.9E3 0.15 0.11 0.11 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
FrontEndLoader Diesel 2270002066 240 1 21% 1.61 3.15 5.0E3 0.46 0.31 0.31 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
200TCrane Diesel 2270002045 360 1 43% 0.60 2.31 4.2E3 0.17 0.10 0.10 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
WeldRigs Diesel 2270006025 20 1 21% 4.73 5.17 6.4E3 1.01 0.65 0.65 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Forklift Diesel 2270002057 25 1 59% 0.55 3.35 4.2E3 0.16 0.08 0.08 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Grading 0 6 5
D6Dozer Diesel 2270002069 140 1 59% 0.49 1.16 3.9E3 0.15 0.11 0.11 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
D7Dozer Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 0.32 1.04 3.8E3 0.15 0.06 0.06 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
D8Dozer Diesel 2270002069 305 1 59% 0.68 1.67 4.1E3 0.15 0.11 0.11 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Cat330 Diesel 2270002066 268 1 21% 1.61 3.15 5.0E3 0.46 0.31 0.31 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0

Eastern System Upgrade Project 9.B-27 July 2016


Table9.B.1.11:MillenniumPipelineCompany,L.L.C.EasternSystemUpgradeProjectHancockCS
2018ConstructionEquipmentCriteriaPollutantEmissions
(Continued)
NonroadEquipmentType/ Fuel NONROADSCC Engine No. Load PollutantEmissionFactor EquipmentOperating PollutantEmissions
OnRoadVehicleType MOVESYear/ Rating Factor (g/hphr) Schedule (tons)
State/Vehicle (hp) (g/mile)
Type/Fuel/Road CO NOx SO VOC PM PM. weeks days/ hr/day CO NOx SO VOC PM PM.
Type 2 week mi/day
FrontEndLoader Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 0.32 1.04 3.8E3 0.15 0.06 0.06 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Paving
Grader Diesel 2270002048 180 1 59% 0.31 1.01 3.8E3 0.15 0.05 0.05 17 6 5 0.02 0.06 2.2E4 8.7E3 3.2E3 3.2E3
Paver Diesel 2270002003 174 1 59% 0.58 1.35 4.0E3 0.16 0.14 0.14 17 6 5 0.03 0.08 2.3E4 9.4E3 7.8E3 7.8E3
Roller Diesel 2270002015 150 1 59% 0.64 1.48 4.0E3 0.17 0.15 0.15 17 6 5 0.03 0.07 2.0E4 8.4E3 7.5E3 7.5E3
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 1.04 1.10 4.2E3 0.15 0.12 0.12 17 6 5 0.03 0.03 1.2E4 4.2E3 3.3E3 3.3E3
Foundations
D6Dozer Diesel 2270002069 140 1 59% 0.49 1.16 3.9E3 0.15 0.11 0.11 17 6 5 0.02 0.05 1.8E4 7.2E3 5.2E3 5.2E3
FrontEndLoader Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 0.32 1.04 3.8E3 0.15 0.06 0.06 17 6 5 0.03 0.08 3.0E4 0.01 4.5E3 4.5E3
Cat330 Diesel 2270002066 268 1 21% 1.61 3.15 5.0E3 0.46 0.31 0.31 17 6 5 0.05 0.10 1.6E4 0.01 9.8E3 9.8E3
Cat318 Diesel 2270002066 125 1 21% 1.96 3.34 5.1E3 0.52 0.40 0.40 17 6 5 0.03 0.05 7.5E5 7.7E3 6.0E3 6.0E3
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 1.04 1.10 4.2E3 0.15 0.12 0.12 17 6 5 0.03 0.03 1.2E4 4.2E3 3.3E3 3.3E3
Bobcat Diesel 2270002072 70 1 21% 4.90 4.98 5.9E3 0.93 0.73 0.73 17 6 5 0.04 0.04 4.8E5 7.7E3 6.1E3 6.1E3
20TCherryPicker Diesel 2270002045 75 1 43% 1.18 1.85 4.5E3 0.19 0.17 0.17 17 6 5 0.02 0.03 8.1E5 3.4E3 3.1E3 3.1E3
Electrical
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 1.04 1.10 4.2E3 0.15 0.12 0.12 17 6 5 0.03 0.03 1.2E4 4.2E3 3.3E3 3.3E3
Manlift CNG 2268003010 70 1 48% 19.15 3.35 0.01 10.81 0.06 0.06 17 6 5 0.36 0.06 2.0E4 0.20 1.1E3 1.1E3
Buildings/SetEquipment
40TCrane Diesel 2270002045 125 1 43% 0.44 1.55 4.0E3 0.17 0.11 0.11 17 6 5 0.01 0.05 1.2E4 5.1E3 3.3E3 3.3E3
20TCherryPicker Diesel 2270002045 75 1 43% 1.18 1.85 4.5E3 0.19 0.17 0.17 17 6 5 0.02 0.03 8.1E5 3.4E3 3.1E3 3.1E3
200TCrane Diesel 2270002045 360 1 43% 0.60 2.31 4.2E3 0.17 0.10 0.10 17 6 5 0.05 0.20 3.6E4 0.01 8.5E3 8.5E3
Manlift Diesel 2268003010 70 1 48% 19.15 3.35 0.01 10.81 0.06 0.06 17 6 5 0.36 0.06 2.0E4 0.20 1.1E3 1.1E3
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 1.04 1.10 4.2E3 0.15 0.12 0.12 17 6 5 0.03 0.03 1.2E4 4.2E3 3.3E3 3.3E3
Forklift Diesel 2270002057 25 1 59% 0.55 3.35 4.2E3 0.16 0.08 0.08 17 6 5 4.6E3 0.03 3.5E5 1.3E3 6.4E4 6.4E4
WeldingFabrication
Weldrigs Diesel 2270006025 80 7 21% 5.25 4.13 5.8E3 0.90 0.75 0.75 17 6 5 0.35 0.27 3.8E4 0.06 0.05 0.05
20TCherryPicker Diesel 2270002045 75 1 43% 1.18 1.85 4.5E3 0.19 0.17 0.17 17 6 5 0.02 0.03 8.1E5 3.4E3 3.1E3 3.1E3
Forklift Diesel 2270002057 25 1 59% 0.55 3.35 4.2E3 0.16 0.08 0.08 17 6 5 4.6E3 0.03 3.5E5 1.3E3 6.4E4 6.4E4
WeldingPipeInstall
Weldrigs Diesel 2270006025 80 5 21% 5.25 4.13 5.8E3 0.90 0.75 0.75 17 6 5 0.25 0.20 2.7E4 0.04 0.04 0.04
Cat330 Diesel 2270002066 268 1 21% 1.61 3.15 5.0E3 0.46 0.31 0.31 17 6 5 0.05 0.10 1.6E4 0.01 9.8E3 9.8E3
Cat318 Diesel 2270002066 125 1 21% 1.96 3.34 5.1E3 0.52 0.40 0.40 17 6 5 0.03 0.05 7.5E5 7.7E3 6.0E3 6.0E3
FrontEndLoader Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 0.32 1.04 3.8E3 0.15 0.06 0.06 17 6 5 0.03 0.08 3.0E4 0.01 4.5E3 4.5E3

Eastern System Upgrade Project 9.B-28 July 2016


Table9.B.1.11:MillenniumPipelineCompany,L.L.C.EasternSystemUpgradeProjectHancockCS
2018ConstructionEquipmentCriteriaPollutantEmissions
(Continued)
NonroadEquipmentType/ Fuel NONROADSCC Engine No. Load PollutantEmissionFactor EquipmentOperating PollutantEmissions
OnRoadVehicleType MOVESYear/ Rating Factor (g/hphr) Schedule (tons)
State/Vehicle (hp) (g/mile)
Type/Fuel/Road CO NOx SO VOC PM PM. weeks days/ hr/day CO NOx SO VOC PM PM.
Type 2 week mi/day
572Sideboom Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 0.32 1.04 3.8E3 0.15 0.06 0.06 17 6 5 0.03 0.08 3.0E4 0.01 4.5E3 4.5E3
Testing
FillPump Diesel 2270006010 150 1 43% 1.06 3.59 4.4E3 0.31 0.23 0.23 17 6 5 0.04 0.13 1.6E4 0.01 8.3E3 8.3E3
TestPump Diesel 2270006010 75 1 43% 2.08 3.73 4.9E3 0.42 0.38 0.38 17 6 5 0.04 0.07 8.9E5 7.6E3 6.8E3 6.8E3
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 1.04 1.10 4.2E3 0.15 0.12 0.12 17 6 5 0.03 0.03 1.2E4 4.2E3 3.3E3 3.3E3
Total 2.06 2.20 4.9E3 0.70 0.22 0.22
1. UsersGuidefortheFinalNONROAD2005Model ,EPA420R05013,USEPA,December2005
2. MOVES2014aUserGuide,EPA420B15095,USEPA,November2015
3. EPANONROAD2008run
4. EPAMOVES2014run

Eastern System Upgrade Project 9.B-29 July 2016


Table9.B.1.12:MillenniumPipelineCompany,L.L.C.EasternSystemUpgradeProjectHancockCS
2018ConstructionEquipmentGreenhouseGasandHazardousAirPollutantEmissions
(Continued)
NonroadEquipmentType/ Fuel NONROADSCC Engine No. Load PollutantEmissionFactor EquipmentOperating PollutantEmissions
OnRoadVehicleType MOVESYear/ Rating Factor (g/hphr) Schedule (tons)
State/Vehicle (hp) (g/mile)
Type/Fuel/Road CO2 CH NO COe Total weeks days/ hr/day CO2 NO CH COe Total
Type 2 HAPS week mi/day HAPS
CommuterTransit
Buses Diesel 2018364323 1 1 1 858 859 0.06 17 6 50 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 5 3.4E4
LightTrucks Diesel 2018363223 1 4 1 650 651 0.04 17 6 100 29 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 29 1.8E3
PassengerCars Gasoline 2018362113 1 24 1 291 291 5.2E3 17 6 80 63 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 63 1.1E3
PassengerTrucks Gasoline 2018363113 1 24 1 473 475 0.03 17 6 80 102 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 103 5.8E3
Total 199 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 200 9.1E3

OnRoadVehicles
MaterialsDelivery
HeavyTrucks Diesel 2018366123 1 4 1 1,619 1,620 0.04 17 6 100 73 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 73 1.8E3
Clearing
DumpTrucks Diesel 2018366123 1 1 1,619 1,620 0.04 17 6 50 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
PickupTrucks Gasoline 2018363213 1 1 467 469 0.03 17 6 50 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Demolition
PickupTrucks Gasoline 2018363213 1 4 1 467 469 0.03 17 6 50 10 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 11 5.6E4
WeldTrucks Gasoline 2018363213 1 2 1 467 469 0.03 17 6 50 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 5 2.8E4
DumpTrucks Diesel 2018366123 1 2 1 1,619 1,620 0.04 17 6 50 18 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 18 4.6E4
Total 0 107 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 107 3.1E3

OffRoadEquipment
Clearing
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 596 0.03 0.01 601 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Bobcat Diesel 2270002072 70 1 21% 693 0.04 0.02 699 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
FrontEndLoader Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Roller,150HP Diesel 2270002015 150 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
WaterPump Diesel 2270006010 100 1 43% 530 0.03 0.01 535 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Demolition
D6Dozer Diesel 2270002069 140 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
FrontEndLoader Diesel 2270002066 240 1 21% 625 0.04 0.02 631 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
200TCrane Diesel 2270002045 360 1 43% 530 0.03 0.01 535 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
WeldRigs Diesel 2270006025 20 1 21% 693 0.04 0.02 699 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Forklift Diesel 2270002057 25 1 59% 596 0.03 0.01 601 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Grading
D6Dozer Diesel 2270002069 140 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
D7Dozer Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
D8Dozer Diesel 2270002069 305 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Cat330 Diesel 2270002066 268 1 21% 625 0.04 0.02 631 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0

Eastern System Upgrade Project 9.B-30 July 2016


Table9.B.1.12:MillenniumPipelineCompany,L.L.C.EasternSystemUpgradeProjectHancockCS
2018ConstructionEquipmentGreenhouseGasandHazardousAirPollutantEmissions
(Continued)
NonroadEquipmentType/ Fuel NONROADSCC Engine No. Load PollutantEmissionFactor EquipmentOperating PollutantEmissions
OnRoadVehicleType MOVESYear/ Rating Factor (g/hphr) Schedule (tons)
State/Vehicle (hp) (g/mile)
Type/Fuel/Road CO2 CH NO COe Total weeks days/ hr/day CO2 NO CH COe Total
Type 2 HAPS week mi/day HAPS
FrontEndLoader Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 0 6 5 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Paving
Grader Diesel 2270002048 180 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 17 6 5 32 8.0E4 1.8E3 32 7.3E4
Paver Diesel 2270002003 174 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 17 6 5 31 7.8E4 1.7E3 31 7.1E4
Roller Diesel 2270002015 150 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 17 6 5 27 6.7E4 1.5E3 27 6.1E4
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 596 0.03 0.01 601 1.2E02 17 6 5 17 4.2E4 9.5E4 17 3.5E4
Foundations
D6Dozer Diesel 2270002069 140 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 17 6 5 25 6.2E4 1.4E3 25 5.7E4
FrontEndLoader Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 17 6 5 43 1.1E3 2.4E3 43 9.8E4
Cat330 Diesel 2270002066 268 1 21% 625 0.04 0.02 631 1.2E02 17 6 5 20 5.0E4 1.1E3 20 3.9E4
Cat318 Diesel 2270002066 125 1 21% 625 0.04 0.02 630 1.2E02 17 6 5 9 2.3E4 5.2E4 9 1.8E4
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 596 0.03 0.01 601 1.2E02 17 6 5 17 4.2E4 9.5E4 17 3.5E4
Bobcat Diesel 2270002072 70 1 21% 693 0.04 0.02 699 1.2E02 17 6 5 6 1.4E4 3.2E4 6 1.0E4
20TCherryPicker Diesel 2270002045 75 1 43% 590 0.03 0.01 595 1.2E02 17 6 5 11 2.7E4 6.0E4 11 2.2E4
Electrical
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 596 0.03 0.01 601 1.2E02 17 6 5 17 4.2E4 9.5E4 17 3.5E4
Manlift CNG 2268003010 70 1 48% 478 9.0E3 9.0E4 478 2.3E01 17 6 5 9 1.7E5 1.7E4 9 4.3E3
Buildings/SetEquipment
40TCrane Diesel 2270002045 125 1 43% 531 0.03 0.01 535 1.2E02 17 6 5 16 4.0E4 9.0E4 16 3.7E4
20TCherryPicker Diesel 2270002045 75 1 43% 590 0.03 0.01 595 1.2E02 17 6 5 11 2.7E4 6.0E4 11 2.2E4
200TCrane Diesel 2270002045 360 1 43% 530 0.03 0.01 535 1.2E02 17 6 5 46 1.2E3 2.6E3 47 1.1E3
Manlift Diesel 2268003010 70 1 48% 478 0.03 0.01 482 1.2E02 17 6 5 9 2.3E4 5.1E4 9 2.3E4
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 596 0.03 0.01 601 1.2E02 17 6 5 17 4.2E4 9.5E4 17 3.5E4
Forklift Diesel 2270002057 25 1 59% 596 0.03 0.01 601 1.2E02 17 6 5 5 1.2E4 2.8E4 5 1.0E4
WeldingFabrication
Weldrigs Diesel 2270006025 80 7 21% 693 0.04 0.02 699 1.2E02 17 6 5 46 1.1E3 2.6E3 46 8.1E4
20TCherryPicker Diesel 2270002045 75 1 43% 590 0.03 0.01 595 1.2E02 17 6 5 11 2.7E4 6.0E4 11 2.2E4
Forklift Diesel 2270002057 25 1 59% 596 0.03 0.01 601 1.2E02 17 6 5 5 1.2E4 2.8E4 5 1.0E4
WeldingPipeInstall
Weldrigs Diesel 2270006025 80 5 21% 693 0.04 0.02 699 1.2E02 17 6 5 33 8.2E4 1.8E3 33 5.8E4
Cat330 Diesel 2270002066 268 1 21% 625 0.04 0.02 631 1.2E02 17 6 5 20 5.0E4 1.1E3 20 3.9E4
Cat318 Diesel 2270002066 125 1 21% 625 0.04 0.02 630 1.2E02 17 6 5 9 2.3E4 5.2E4 9 1.8E4
FrontEndLoader Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 17 6 5 43 1.1E3 2.4E3 43 9.8E4

Eastern System Upgrade Project 9.B-31 July 2016


Table9.B.1.12:MillenniumPipelineCompany,L.L.C.EasternSystemUpgradeProjectHancockCS
2018ConstructionEquipmentGreenhouseGasandHazardousAirPollutantEmissions
(Continued)
NonroadEquipmentType/ Fuel NONROADSCC Engine No. Load PollutantEmissionFactor EquipmentOperating PollutantEmissions
OnRoadVehicleType MOVESYear/ Rating Factor (g/hphr) Schedule (tons)
State/Vehicle (hp) (g/mile)
Type/Fuel/Road CO2 CH NO COe Total weeks days/ hr/day CO2 NO CH COe Total
Type 2 HAPS week mi/day HAPS
572Sideboom Diesel 2270002069 240 1 59% 536 0.03 0.01 541 1.2E02 17 6 5 43 1.1E3 2.4E3 43 9.8E4
Testing
FillPump Diesel 2270006010 150 1 43% 530 0.03 0.01 535 1.2E02 17 6 5 19 4.8E4 1.1E3 19 4.5E4
TestPump Diesel 2270006010 75 1 43% 589 0.03 0.01 594 1.2E02 17 6 5 11 2.7E4 6.0E4 11 2.2E4
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 596 0.03 0.01 601 1.2E02 17 6 5 17 4.2E4 9.5E4 17 3.5E4
Total 621 626 0.02
1. UsersGuidefortheFinalNONROAD2005Model ,EPA420R05013,USEPA,December2005
2. MOVES2014aUserGuide,EPA420B15095,USEPA,November2015
3. EPANONROAD2008run
4. EPAMOVES2014run
5. ComputedfromtheCOemissionsfromNONROADmultipliedbyratiosoftheCHandNOtoCOfromTables13.1and13.7(fordieselandgasoline)
Tables12.1and12.9.1(forCNG)in2015ClimateRegistryDefaultEmissionFactors
6. AP42Table3.32(Diesel,<600hp);AP42Tables3.43&3.44(Diesel,600hp);AP42Table3.22(CNG);computedfromtheHCemissionsfromNONROADmultipliedbyratiosofthe
HAPtoVOCratioforgasolinepassengercarfromMOVES2014(gasoline).
7. TheglobalwarmingpotentialsofCO ,CH,andNOareassumedtobe1,25,and298,respectively.

Eastern System Upgrade Project 9.B-32 July 2016


Table9.B.1.13:MillenniumPipelineCompany,L.L.C.EasternSystemUpgradeProjectRamapoM&R
2018ConstructionEquipmentCriteriaPollutantEmissions
NonroadEquipmentType/ Fuel NONROADSCC Engine No. Load PollutantEmissionFactor EquipmentOperating PollutantEmissions
OnRoadVehicleType MOVESYear/ Rating Factor (g/hphr) Schedule (tons)
State/Vehicle (hp) (g/mile)
Type/Fuel/Road CO NOx SO VOC PM PM. weeks days/ hr/day CO NOx SO VOC PM PM.
Type 2 week mi/day
CommuterTransit
Buses Diesel 2018364323 1 1 1 1.60 5.19 7.6E3 0.33 0.19 0.18 13 6 50 6.9E3 0.02 3.3E5 1.4E3 8.3E4 7.7E4
LightTrucks Diesel 2018363223 1 2 1 0.93 1.53 5.7E3 0.21 0.08 0.07 13 6 100 0.02 0.03 9.8E5 3.7E3 1.3E3 1.2E3
PassengerCars Gasoline 2018362113 1 12 1 1.40 0.13 1.9E3 0.02 4.8E3 4.3E3 13 6 80 0.12 0.01 1.6E4 1.5E3 4.0E4 3.5E4
PassengerTrucks Gasoline 2018363113 1 12 1 6.88 0.82 3.1E3 0.10 0.01 9.4E3 13 6 80 0.57 0.07 2.6E4 8.1E3 8.7E4 7.7E4
Total 0.71 0.13 5.5E4 0.01 3.4E3 3.1E3

OnRoadVehicles
MaterialsDelivery
HeavyTrucks Diesel 2018366123 1 1 1 1.17 5.23 0.01 0.20 0.16 0.15 13 1 100 1.7E3 7.5E3 2.0E5 2.8E4 2.3E4 2.1E4
Total 1.7E3 7.5E3 2.0E5 2.8E4 2.3E4 2.1E4

OffRoadEquipment
Electrical
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 1.04 1.10 4.2E3 0.15 0.12 0.12 13 6 5 0.02 0.02 9.0E5 3.2E3 2.5E3 2.5E3
Manlift CNG 2268003010 70 1 48% 19.15 3.35 0.01 10.81 0.06 0.06 13 6 5 0.28 0.05 1.5E4 0.16 8.2E4 8.2E4
Buildings/SetEquipment
Manlift Diesel 2268003010 70 1 48% 19.15 3.35 0.01 10.81 0.06 0.06 13 6 5 0.28 0.05 1.5E4 0.16 8.2E4 8.2E4
Forklift Diesel 2270002057 25 1 59% 0.55 3.35 4.2E3 0.16 0.08 0.08 13 6 5 3.5E3 0.02 2.7E5 1.0E3 4.9E4 4.9E4
WeldingFabrication
Weldrigs Diesel 2270006025 80 1 21% 5.25 4.13 5.8E3 0.90 0.75 0.75 13 6 5 0.04 0.03 4.2E5 6.5E3 5.4E3 5.4E3
Forklift Diesel 2270002057 25 1 59% 0.55 3.35 4.2E3 0.16 0.08 0.08 13 6 5 3.5E3 0.02 2.7E5 1.0E3 4.9E4 4.9E4
Total 0.62 0.19 4.9E4 0.32 0.01 0.01
1. UsersGuidefortheFinalNONROAD2005Model ,EPA420R05013,USEPA,December2005
2. MOVES2014aUserGuide,EPA420B15095,USEPA,November2015
3. EPANONROAD2008run
4. EPAMOVES2014run

Eastern System Upgrade Project 9.B-33 July 2016


Table9.B.1.14:MillenniumPipelineCompany,L.L.C.EasternSystemUpgradeProjectRamapoM&R
2018ConstructionEquipmentGreenhouseGasandHazardousAirPollutantEmissions
NonroadEquipmentType/ Fuel NONROADSCC Engine No. Load PollutantEmissionFactor EquipmentOperating PollutantEmissions
OnRoadVehicleType MOVESYear/ Rating Factor (g/hphr) Schedule (tons)
State/Vehicle (hp) (g/mile)
Type/Fuel/Road CO2 CH NO COe Total weeks days/ hr/day CO2 NO CH COe Total
Type 2 HAPS week mi/day HAPS
CommuterTransit
Buses Diesel 2018364323 1 1 1 858 859 0.06 13 6 50 4 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 4 2.6E4
LightTrucks Diesel 2018363223 1 2 1 650 651 0.04 13 6 100 11 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 11 7.0E4
PassengerCars Gasoline 2018362113 1 12 1 291 291 5.2E3 13 6 80 24 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 24 4.3E4
PassengerTrucks Gasoline 2018363113 1 12 1 473 475 0.03 13 6 80 39 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 39 2.2E3
Total 78 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 78 3.6E3

OnRoadVehicles
MaterialsDelivery
HeavyTrucks Diesel 2018366123 1 1 1 1,619 1,620 0.04 13 1 100 2 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 2 5.8E5
Total 0 2 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 2 5.8E5

OffRoadEquipment
Electrical
RTBackhoe Diesel 2270002036 85 1 59% 596 0.03 0.01 601 1.2E02 13 6 5 13 3.2E4 7.2E4 13 2.7E4
Manlift CNG 2268003010 70 1 48% 478 9.0E3 9.0E4 478 2.3E01 13 6 5 7 1.3E5 1.3E4 7 3.3E3
Buildings/SetEquipment
Manlift Diesel 2268003010 70 1 48% 478 0.03 0.01 482 1.2E02 13 6 5 7 1.7E4 3.9E4 7 1.8E4
Forklift Diesel 2270002057 25 1 59% 596 0.03 0.01 601 1.2E02 13 6 5 4 9.5E5 2.1E4 4 7.8E5
WeldingFabrication
Weldrigs Diesel 2270006025 80 1 21% 693 0.04 0.02 699 1.2E02 13 6 5 5 1.3E4 2.8E4 5 8.9E5
Forklift Diesel 2270002057 25 1 59% 596 0.03 0.01 601 1.2E02 13 6 5 4 9.5E5 2.1E4 4 7.8E5
Total 39 39 4.0E3
1. UsersGuidefortheFinalNONROAD2005Model ,EPA420R05013,USEPA,December2005
2. MOVES2014aUserGuide,EPA420B15095,USEPA,November2015
3. EPANONROAD2008run
4. EPAMOVES2014run
5. ComputedfromtheCOemissionsfromNONROADmultipliedbyratiosoftheCHandNOtoCOfromTables13.1and13.7(fordieselandgasoline)
Tables12.1and12.9.1(forCNG)in2015ClimateRegistryDefaultEmissionFactors
6. AP42Table3.32(Diesel,<600hp);AP42Tables3.43&3.44(Diesel,600hp);AP42Table3.22(CNG);computedfromtheHCemissionsfromNONROADmultipliedbyratiosofthe
HAPtoVOCratioforgasolinepassengercarfromMOVES2014(gasoline).
7. TheglobalwarmingpotentialsofCO ,CH,andNOareassumedtobe1,25,and298,respectively.

Eastern System Upgrade Project 9.B-34 July 2016


Table9.B.2.1:MillenniumPipelineCompany,L.L.C.EasternSystemUpgradeProjectHuguenotLoop,
HuguenotM&R,WesttownM&R,andWagonerInterconnect
2017FugitiveDust

AcresAffected
ConstructionArea 89.3
Accessroads 5.3
Pipe/contractoryards/ 69.6
temporaryworkspace
DustControlEfficiency1 50%
Activity EmissionFactor Reference Duration Uncontrolled Controlled
(ton/acremonth) (months) Emissions Emissions
(tons) (tons)
PM10 PM2.5 PM10 PM2.5 PM10 PM2.5

Construction 1.10E01 1.10E02 2,3 2.5 24.55 2.45 12.27 1.23


Winderosion
Constructionarea 1.58E02 2.38E03 3,4,5,6 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Accessroads 1.58E02 2.38E03 3,4,5,6 2.5 0.21 0.03 0.11 0.02
Pipe/contractoryards/ 1.58E02 2.38E03 3,4,5,6 2.5 2.76 0.41 1.38 0.21
temporaryworkspace
TotalFugitiveDustEmissions 27.52 2.90 13.76 1.45

1. Waterandotherapproveddustsuppressantswouldbeusedatconstructionsites.
2. WRAPFugitiveDustHandbook,CountessEnvironmental,September2006,Table32,level1,averageconditions
3. PM2.5/PM10=0.10(WRAPFugitiveDustHandbook,Section3.4.1)
4. Winderosionofexposedareas(seededland,strippedorgradedoverburden)=0.38tonTSP/acre/yr(WRAPFugitiveDust
Handbook,Table116)
5. PM10/TSP=0.5,PM2.5/PM10=0.15,(WRAPFugitiveDustHandbook,Section72)
6. Emissionfactorconvertedfromton/acreyeartoton/acremonthbydividingby12
7. Itisassumedthatatanyareaconstructionwillentail3monthsofcontinuousactivity.
8. Itisassumedthat,onaverage,itwillrequire6monthstofullyrevegetatedisturbedareas.

Eastern System Upgrade Project 9.B-35 July 2016


Table9.B.2.2:MillenniumPipelineCompany,L.L.C.EasternSystemUpgradeProjectHuguenotLoop,
HuguenotM&R,WesttownM&R,andWagonerInterconnect
2018FugitiveDust

AcresAffected
ConstructionArea 89.3
Accessroads 5.3
Pipe/contractoryards/ 69.6
temporaryworkspace
DustControlEfficiency1 50%
Activity EmissionFactor Reference Duration Uncontrolled Controlled
(ton/acremonth) (months) Emissions Emissions
(tons) (tons)
PM10 PM2.5 PM10 PM2.5 PM10 PM2.5

Construction 1.10E01 1.10E02 2,3 3 29.46 2.95 14.73 1.47


Winderosion
Constructionarea 1.58E02 2.38E03 3,4,5,6 6 8.48 1.27 4.24 0.64
Accessroads 1.58E02 2.38E03 3,4,5,6 9 0.76 0.11 0.38 0.06
Pipe/contractoryards/ 1.58E02 2.38E03 3,4,5,6 9 9.92 1.49 4.96 0.74
temporaryworkspace
TotalFugitiveDustEmissions 48.62 5.82 24.31 2.91

1. Waterandotherapproveddustsuppressantswouldbeusedatconstructionsites.
2. WRAPFugitiveDustHandbook,CountessEnvironmental,September2006,Table32,level1,averageconditions
3. PM2.5/PM10=0.10(WRAPFugitiveDustHandbook,Section3.4.1)
4. Winderosionofexposedareas(seededland,strippedorgradedoverburden)=0.38tonTSP/acre/yr(WRAPFugitiveDust
Handbook,Table116)
5. PM10/TSP=0.5,PM2.5/PM10=0.15,(WRAPFugitiveDustHandbook,Section72)
6. Emissionfactorconvertedfromton/acreyeartoton/acremonthbydividingby12
7. Itisassumedthatatanyareaconstructionwillentail3monthsofcontinuousactivity.
8. Itisassumedthat,onaverage,itwillrequire6monthstofullyrevegetatedisturbedareas.

Eastern System Upgrade Project 9.B-36 July 2016


Table9.B.2.3:MillenniumPipelineCompany,L.L.C.EasternSystemUpgradeProjectHighlandCS

2017FugitiveDust

AcresAffected
ConstructionArea 17.4
Accessroads 10.9
Pipe/contractoryards/ 0.0
temporaryworkspace
DustControlEfficiency1 50%
Activity EmissionFactor Reference Duration Uncontrolled Controlled
(ton/acremonth) (months) Emissions Emissions
(tons) (tons)
PM10 PM2.5 PM10 PM2.5 PM10 PM2.5

Construction 1.10E01 1.10E02 2,3 2.5 4.79 0.48 2.40 0.24


Winderosion
Constructionarea 1.58E02 2.38E03 3,4,5,6 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Accessroads 1.58E02 2.38E03 3,4,5,6 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Pipe/contractoryards/ 1.58E02 2.38E03 3,4,5,6 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
temporaryworkspace
TotalFugitiveDustEmissions 4.79 0.48 2.40 0.24

1. Waterandotherapproveddustsuppressantswouldbeusedatconstructionsites.
2. WRAPFugitiveDustHandbook,CountessEnvironmental,September2006,Table32,level1,averageconditions
3. PM2.5/PM10=0.10(WRAPFugitiveDustHandbook,Section3.4.1)
4. Winderosionofexposedareas(seededland,strippedorgradedoverburden)=0.38tonTSP/acre/yr(WRAPFugitiveDust
Handbook,Table116)
5. PM10/TSP=0.5,PM2.5/PM10=0.15,(WRAPFugitiveDustHandbook,Section72)
6. Emissionfactorconvertedfromton/acreyeartoton/acremonthbydividingby12
7. Itisassumedthatatanyareaconstructionwillentail3monthsofcontinuousactivity.
8. Itisassumedthat,onaverage,itwillrequire6monthstofullyrevegetatedisturbedareas.

Eastern System Upgrade Project 9.B-37 July 2016


Table9.B.2.4:MillenniumPipelineCompany,L.L.C.EasternSystemUpgradeProjectHighlandCS

2018FugitiveDust

AcresAffected
ConstructionArea 17.4
Accessroads 10.9
Pipe/contractoryards/ 0.0
temporaryworkspace
DustControlEfficiency1 50%
Activity EmissionFactor Reference Duration Uncontrolled Controlled
(ton/acremonth) (months) Emissions Emissions
(tons) (tons)
PM10 PM2.5 PM10 PM2.5 PM10 PM2.5

Construction 1.10E01 1.10E02 2,3 5.8 11.11 1.11 5.56 0.56


Winderosion
Constructionarea 1.58E02 2.38E03 3,4,5,6 2.5 0.69 0.10 0.34 0.05
Accessroads 1.58E02 2.38E03 3,4,5,6 0.0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Pipe/contractoryards/ 1.58E02 2.38E03 3,4,5,6 0.0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
temporaryworkspace
TotalFugitiveDustEmissions 11.80 1.21 5.90 0.61

1. Waterandotherapproveddustsuppressantswouldbeusedatconstructionsites.
2. WRAPFugitiveDustHandbook,CountessEnvironmental,September2006,Table32,level1,averageconditions
3. PM2.5/PM10=0.10(WRAPFugitiveDustHandbook,Section3.4.1)
4. Winderosionofexposedareas(seededland,strippedorgradedoverburden)=0.38tonTSP/acre/yr(WRAPFugitiveDust
Handbook,Table116)
5. PM10/TSP=0.5,PM2.5/PM10=0.15,(WRAPFugitiveDustHandbook,Section72)
6. Emissionfactorconvertedfromton/acreyeartoton/acremonthbydividingby12
7. January1March15
8. Itisassumedthat,onaverage,itwillrequire6monthstofullyrevegetatedisturbedareas.

Eastern System Upgrade Project 9.B-38 July 2016


Table9.B.2.5:MillenniumPipelineCompany,L.L.C.EasternSystemUpgradeProjectHancockCS

2017FugitiveDust

AcresAffected
ConstructionArea 12.3
Accessroads 0.3
Pipe/contractoryards/ 0.0
temporaryworkspace
DustControlEfficiency1 50%
Activity EmissionFactor Reference Duration Uncontrolled Controlled
(ton/acremonth) (months) Emissions Emissions
(tons) (tons)
PM10 PM2.5 PM10 PM2.5 PM10 PM2.5

Construction 1.10E01 1.10E02 2,3 2.5 3.37 0.34 1.68 0.17


Winderosion
Constructionarea 1.58E02 2.38E03 3,4,5,6 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Accessroads 1.58E02 2.38E03 3,4,5,6 0.0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Pipe/contractoryards/ 1.58E02 2.38E03 3,4,5,6 0.0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
temporaryworkspace
TotalFugitiveDustEmissions 3.37 0.34 1.68 0.17

1. Waterandotherapproveddustsuppressantswouldbeusedatconstructionsites.
2. WRAPFugitiveDustHandbook,CountessEnvironmental,September2006,Table32,level1,averageconditions
3. PM2.5/PM10=0.10(WRAPFugitiveDustHandbook,Section3.4.1)
4. Winderosionofexposedareas(seededland,strippedorgradedoverburden)=0.38tonTSP/acre/yr(WRAPFugitiveDust
Handbook,Table116)
5. PM10/TSP=0.5,PM2.5/PM10=0.15,(WRAPFugitiveDustHandbook,Section72)
6. Emissionfactorconvertedfromton/acreyeartoton/acremonthbydividingby12
7. Itisassumedthatatanyareaconstructionwillentail3monthsofcontinuousactivity.
8. Itisassumedthat,onaverage,itwillrequire6monthstofullyrevegetatedisturbedareas.

Eastern System Upgrade Project 9.B-39 July 2016


Table9.B.2.6:MillenniumPipelineCompany,L.L.C.EasternSystemUpgradeProjectHancockCS

2018FugitiveDust

AcresAffected
ConstructionArea 12.3
Accessroads 0.3
Pipe/contractoryards/ 0.0
temporaryworkspace
DustControlEfficiency1 50%
Activity EmissionFactor Reference Duration Uncontrolled Controlled
(ton/acremonth) (months) Emissions Emissions
(tons) (tons)
PM10 PM2.5 PM10 PM2.5 PM10 PM2.5

Construction 1.10E01 1.10E02 2,3 5.8 7.82 0.78 3.91 0.39


Winderosion
Constructionarea 1.58E02 2.38E03 3,4,5,6 2.5 0.48 0.07 0.24 0.04
Accessroads 1.58E02 2.38E03 3,4,5,6 0.0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Pipe/contractoryards/ 1.58E02 2.38E03 3,4,5,6 0.0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
temporaryworkspace
TotalFugitiveDustEmissions 8.30 0.85 4.15 0.43

1. Waterandotherapproveddustsuppressantswouldbeusedatconstructionsites.
2. WRAPFugitiveDustHandbook,CountessEnvironmental,September2006,Table32,level1,averageconditions
3. PM2.5/PM10=0.10(WRAPFugitiveDustHandbook,Section3.4.1)
4. Winderosionofexposedareas(seededland,strippedorgradedoverburden)=0.38tonTSP/acre/yr(WRAPFugitiveDust
Handbook,Table116)
5. PM10/TSP=0.5,PM2.5/PM10=0.15,(WRAPFugitiveDustHandbook,Section72)
6. Emissionfactorconvertedfromton/acreyeartoton/acremonthbydividingby12
7. January1March15
8. Itisassumedthat,onaverage,itwillrequire6monthstofullyrevegetatedisturbedareas.

Eastern System Upgrade Project 9.B-40 July 2016


Table9.B.2.7:MillenniumPipelineCompany,L.L.C.EasternSystemUpgradeProjectRamapoM&R

2018FugitiveDust

AcresAffected
ConstructionArea 6.3
Accessroads 1.1
Pipe/contractoryards/ 0.0
temporaryworkspace
DustControlEfficiency1 50%
Activity EmissionFactor Reference Duration Uncontrolled Controlled
(ton/acremonth) (months) Emissions Emissions
(tons) (tons)
PM10 PM2.5 PM10 PM2.5 PM10 PM2.5

Construction 1.10E01 1.10E02 2,3 3.0 2.09 0.21 1.05 0.10


Winderosion
Constructionarea 1.58E02 2.38E03 3,4,5,6 2.5 0.25 0.04 0.13 0.02
Accessroads 1.58E02 2.38E03 3,4,5,6 0.0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
Pipe/contractoryards/ 1.58E02 2.38E03 3,4,5,6 0.0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0 0.0E+0
temporaryworkspace
TotalFugitiveDustEmissions 2.34 0.25 1.17 0.12

1. Waterandotherapproveddustsuppressantswouldbeusedatconstructionsites.
2. WRAPFugitiveDustHandbook,CountessEnvironmental,September2006,Table32,level1,averageconditions
3. PM2.5/PM10=0.10(WRAPFugitiveDustHandbook,Section3.4.1)
4. Winderosionofexposedareas(seededland,strippedorgradedoverburden)=0.38tonTSP/acre/yr(WRAPFugitiveDust
Handbook,Table116)
5. PM10/TSP=0.5,PM2.5/PM10=0.15,(WRAPFugitiveDustHandbook,Section72)
6. Emissionfactorconvertedfromton/acreyeartoton/acremonthbydividingby12
7. January1March15
8. Itisassumedthat,onaverage,itwillrequire6monthstofullyrevegetatedisturbedareas.

Eastern System Upgrade Project 9.B-7 July 2016


APPENDIX 9C

Air Permit Applications

Resource Report 9 Air and Noise Quality 9C-i Eastern System Upgrade
July 15, 2016

Mr. Stephen M. Tomasik


DEC - Division of Environmental Permits
625 Broadway, 4th Floor
Albany, NY 12233-1750

Subject: Millennium Pipeline Company Highland Compressor Station


Air State Facility Permit Application

Dear Mr. Tomasik:

On behalf of Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC (Millennium) TRC is submitting the enclosed
ASF Permit application. Millennium has contracted TRC to prepare this application for the
proposed Highland Compressor Station to be located in Sullivan County, NY along the existing
Millennium pipeline. The Project will be constructed on currently undeveloped property and will
consist of the following emission units:

One Solar Titan 130E-22402S, 22,400 HP (ISO) natural gas fired turbinedriven
compressor unit;
One Waukesha VGF48GL (1,230 hp) natural gas fired emergency generator;
One 4,000 gallon waste liquids tank;
One 1.2 MMBtu/hr heat input natural gas fired fuel gas heater; and
One 1,500 gallon oil storage tank.

The enclosed application document includes all the technical support information, NYSDEC air
permit application forms, backup engineering calculations, an air quality impact assessment and
associated air modeling files. A PDF of this complete submittal also will be sent via email.

Please direct any technical questions on this application and supporting documentation to me at
email tmain@trcsolutions.com or by telephone at 201-508-6960.

Sincerely,

TRC

Theodore Main
Permitting Project Manager

Cc: Ron Happach, Millennium


Mike Armstrong, Millennium
Lacey Ivey, Columbia Pipeline Group
John Zimmer, TRC
Nicole Libby, TRC
Darin Ometz, TRC
Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC
Highland Compressor Station
Eastern System Upgrade Project
Air State Facility Permit Application

Prepared for:

Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC

Prepared by:

TRC Environmental Corporation


1200 Wall Street West, 5th Floor
Lyndhurst, New Jersey 07071

July 2016
TABLE OF CONTENTS

Section Page
1.0 Introduction .......................................................................................................... 1-1
1.1 Project Overview................................................................................................ 1-1
1.2 Application Summary........................................................................................ 1-1
2.0 Project Description................................................................................................ 2-1
2.1 Site Location and Surroundings........................................................................ 2-1
2.2 Facility Conceptual Design................................................................................ 2-1
2.2.1 Compressor Turbine ..................................................................................2-2
2.2.2 Ancillary Equipment ................................................................................. 2-4
2.3 Fuel ................................................................................................................... 2-4
2.4 Fugitive Emissions and Tanks.......................................................................... 2-4
2.5 Proposed Project Emission Potential................................................................2-5
3.0 Applicable Requirements and Required Analyses ............................................... 3-1
3.1 Federal New Source Performance Standards ................................................... 3-1
3.1.1 40 CFR Part 60, Subpart A General Provisions......................................... 3-1
3.1.2 40 CFR Part 60 Subpart Kb - Volatile Organic Liquid Storage Vessels
(Including Petroleum Liquid Storage Vessels) ........................................................ 3-1
3.1.3 40 CFR Part 60, Subpart JJJJ Spark Ignition Internal Combustion
Engines 3-2
3.1.4 40 CFR Part 60, Subpart KKKK Stationary Combustion Turbines.......3-2
3.1.5 40 CFR 60, Subparts OOOO and OOOOa Crude Oil and Natural Gas
Production, Transmission and Distribution ............................................................3-3
3.2 Nonattainment New Source Review .................................................................3-3
3.3 Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) .................................................3-4
3.4 Title V Operating Permit and State Operating Permit Programs.....................3-5
3.4.1 Exempt and Trivial Sources .......................................................................3-5
3.5 National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants............................3-6
3.5.1 40 CFR Part 63 Subpart HHH (National Emission Standards for Hazardous
Air Pollutants from Natural Gas Transmission and Storage Facilities) ..................3-6
3.5.2 40 CFR Part 63 Subpart YYYY (National Emission Standards for Hazardous
Air Pollutants for Stationary Combustion Turbines)...............................................3-7
3.5.3 40 CFR Part 63 Subpart ZZZZ (National Emission Standards for Hazardous
Air Pollutants for Stationary Reciprocating Internal Combustion Engines) ..........3-7
3.5.4 40 CFR Part 63 Subpart DDDDD (National Emission Standards for
Hazardous Air Pollutants for Major Sources: Industrial, Commercial, and
Institutional Boilers and Process Heaters) ..............................................................3-7
3.6 New York State Department of Environmental Conservation Regulations.....3-7
4.0 Air Quality Modeling Analysis .............................................................................. 4-1
4.1 Background Ambient Air Quality...................................................................... 4-1
4.2 Modeling Methodology .....................................................................................4-3
4.2.1 Model Selection..........................................................................................4-3
4.2.2 Urban/Rural Area Analysis........................................................................4-3

ii
4.2.3 Good Engineering Practice Stack Height ................................................. 4-4
4.2.4 Meteorological Data ...................................................................................4-5
4.3 Receptor Grid ................................................................................................... 4-6
4.3.1 Basic Grid .................................................................................................. 4-6
4.3.2 Property Line Receptors ........................................................................... 4-6
4.4 Selection of Sources for Modeling.....................................................................4-7
4.4.1 Emission Rates and Exhaust Parameters ..................................................4-7
4.5 Maximum Modeled Facility Concentrations ..................................................4-10
4.6 Toxic Ambient Air Contaminant Analysis ......................................................4-10
4.7 Modeling Data Files......................................................................................... 4-11
4.8 References........................................................................................................ 4-11

LIST OF TABLES

Table 2-1: Proposed Facility Emissions.......................................................................................................... 2-6


Table 3-1: PSD/NNSR Applicability Assessment.......................................................................................... 3-4
Table 4-1: Maximum Measured Ambient Air Quality Concentrations........................................................ 4-2
Table 4-2: Stack Parameters and Emission Rates Proposed Titan 130E Compressor Turbine .............. 4-8
Table 4-4: Stack Parameters and Emission Rates Proposed Emergency Generator............................... 4-9
Table 4-5: Stack Parameters and Emission Rates Proposed Fuel Gas Heater ........................................ 4-9
Table 4-5: Facility Maximum Modeled Concentrations Compared to NAAQS/NYAAQS ....................... 4-10
Table 4-6: Facility Maximum Modeled Concentrations Compared to SGCs and AGCs............................4-13

LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 2-1: Site Location Aerial........................................................................................2-7


Figure 2-2: Site Location Map ........................................................................................ 2-8
Figure 2-3: General Arrangement Plan .......................................................................... 2-9

LIST OF APPENDICES

Appendix A: NYSDEC Application Forms


Appendix B: Detailed Emission Calculations and Vendor Data
Appendix C: Electronic Air Quality Modeling Files (Available Upon Request)

iii
1.0 INTRODUCTION

1.1 Project Overview

Millennium Pipeline Company, L.L.C. (Millennium) is seeking authorization from the


Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC or Commission) pursuant to Section 7(c)
of the Natural Gas Act to construct, install, operate, and maintain the Eastern System
Upgrade (Project). The purpose of the Project is to permit Millennium to transport an
incremental volume of approximately 223,000 dekatherms per day of natural gas from
Millenniums Corning Compressor Station to an existing interconnect with Algonquin
Gas Transmission, L.L.C. (Algonquin) located in Ramapo, New York. As part of the
Eastern System Upgrade Project and in order to boost pressures on Millenniums
transmission pipeline system, Millennium is proposing to construct and operate one Solar
Titan 130E turbine powering a C75 compressor (22,400 hp (ISO)) at a new compressor
station in the town of Highland, Sullivan County, New York, and known as the Highland
Compressor Station. The Highland Compressor Station (CS) will be a new natural gas
transmission facility covered by Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) 4922. Ancillary
project emission sources include one (1) 1,230 hp Waukesha VGF48GL emergency
generator, one (1) 4,000 gallon waste liquids tank, one (1) 1.2 MMBtu/hr gas heater, and
one (1) 1,500 gallon oil tank.

1.2 Application Summary

The Highland Compressor Station (Project) is a proposed minor stationary source (as
defined under the Prevention of Significant Deterioration of Air Quality [PSD] and Title
V rules) located in Sullivan County, New York. As demonstrated in Section 3 of this
application, the proposed project is not subject to major source air permitting
requirements.

The Project will be located in the town of Highland, Sullivan County, which is part of the
Southern Tier East Intrastate Air Quality Control Region in New York State. Sullivan
County is considered attainment or unclassifiable for all criteria pollutants including
ozone and fine particulate matter (PM2.5). However, because New York State is part of
the Northeast Ozone Transport region, the Project area is considered moderate non-
attainment for ozone.

The proposed project involves the installation of new emission units and will be
considered a minor source with respect to New Source Review (NSR) permitting
requirements at 6 NYCRR Part 231 and Title V major source permitting requirements at

Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC 1-1 Highland Compressor Station


6 NYCRR Part 201-6. As such, Millennium is submitting an initial minor source State
Facility air permit application for the new Highland Compressor Station. The new Titan
130E combustion turbine will be subject to 40 CFR 60 Subpart KKKK, New Source
Performance Standards for Stationary Gas Turbines as well as the applicable state
regulations as outlined in Section 3 of this application. The new emergency generator will
be subject to 40 CFR 60, Subpart JJJJ, New Source Performance Standards for Stationary
Spark-Ignition Internal Combustion Engines and 40 CFR 63, Subpart ZZZZ, and National
Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Stationary Reciprocating Internal
Combustion Engines. The project will not trigger permitting requirements for non-
attainment areas per 6 NYCRR Part 231.

Appendix A of this Air State Facility application contains the NYSDEC application forms
and a completed Professional Engineer Certification Form. Emission calculation
spreadsheets providing supporting calculations for the application forms are included as
Appendix B of this application.

Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC 1-2 Highland Compressor Station


2.0 PROJECT DESCRIPTION

2.1 Site Location and Surroundings

The proposed Highland Compressor Station, as shown in Figures 2-1 and 2-2, is located
in a rural area in the town of Highland, Sullivan County, New York. The site is currently
undeveloped.

The approximate Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) coordinates of the facility are:
511,142 meters east and 4,603,785 meters north in Zone 18 (North American Datum of
1983(NAD83)).

2.2 Facility Conceptual Design

As a part of the Eastern System Upgrade project, Millennium is proposing to install the
following equipment at the proposed Highland Compressor Station:
x One Solar Titan 130E-22402S, 22,400 HP (ISO) natural gas fired turbine-driven
compressor unit;
x One Waukesha VGF48GL (1,230 hp) natural gas fired emergency generator;
x One 4,000 gallon waste liquids tank;
x One 1.2 MMBtu/hr heat input natural gas fired fuel gas heater; and
x One 1,500 gallon oil storage tank.

In addition to the single significant emission source consisting of the Solar Titan 130E
combustion turbine, several exempt emission units will be located at the Highland
Compressor Station. These exempt sources include natural gas-fired heaters with heat
inputs less than 10 million British thermal units per hour (MMBtu/hr) and one natural
gas-fired Waukesha VGF48GL emergency generator with a heat input of 9.7 mmBtu/hr.
In addition, the proposed natural gas liquids filter/separators and associated waste
liquids storage tank (4,000 gallon) are typical for natural gas compressor stations, which
may receive small amounts of condensate from upstream natural gas supply and where
pipeline cleaning activities may result in residual condensate collection.

Lastly, emissions include trivial station blowdowns consisting of two types of gas
blowdown events that could occur at the Station: (1) a type of maintenance gas blowdown
that could occur when a compressor is stopped and gas between the suction/discharge
valves and compressors is vented to the atmosphere via a blowdown vent, and (2) an
emergency shutdown (ESD) that would only occur at required U.S. Department of
Transportation (DOT) test intervals or in an emergency situation.

Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC 2-1 Highland Compressor Station


The installation of the above equipment will include a number of piping components at
the station which could result in additional fugitive emissions due to equipment leaks.

The new Waukesha (1,230 hp) emergency generator has a four stroke, lean burn, natural
gas-fired stationary reciprocating internal combustion engine. The proposed emergency
generator will be installed to meet site wide emergency electrical demands as a result of
the Eastern System Upgrade project and will be operated only during normal testing,
maintenance, and emergency situations. Per 6 NYCRR 201-3.2(c)(6), emergency power
generating stationary internal combustion engines, as defined in section 200.1(vq) of this
Title are exempt sources. As such, this generator is an exempt source. Further, the engine
will meet the definition of emergency stationary internal combustion engine per 40 CFR
60.4248 and will comply with the requirements for operating emergency engines in 40
CFR 60.4243(d).

Millennium is proposing to install one natural gas fired fuel gas heater, with a rated heat
input capacity of 1.2 MMBtu/hr. Per 6 NYCRR 201-3.2(c)(1)(i), stationary combustion
installations with a maximum rated heat input capacity less than 10 MMBtu/hr burning
fuels other than coal or wood are exempt from permitting. As such, the heater is an
exempt source.

Millennium has provided fugitive emissions estimates for VOC and greenhouse gas
(GHG) emissions. Estimates of fugitive emissions are required to be included for Title V
applicability assessments, per 6 NYCRR 201-6.2(d)(3)(ii). Typical sources of fugitive
emissions from natural gas compressor stations include leaks from piping components
(valves, flanges, connectors and open-ended lines) as well as potential gas release events.

2.2.1 Compressor Turbine

The proposed Solar Titan 130E natural gas-fired turbine to be installed at the Highland
Compressor Station will be equipped with Solars SoLoNOx dry low NOx combustor
technology for NOx control. Emissions for the Solar Turbine assumes that the unit will
operate up to 8,760 hours per year and up to 100% rated output. The vendor provided
emission rates for normal operating conditions are as follows (all emissions rates are in
terms of parts per million dry volume (ppmvd) @ 15% O2):
15 ppmvd NOx;
25 ppmvd CO;
25 ppmvd unburned hydrocarbons (UHC); and
5 ppmvd VOC.

Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC 2-2 Highland Compressor Station


Depending upon demand, the turbine may operate at loads ranging from 50% to 100% of
full capacity. Because of the different emission rates and exhaust characteristics that
occur at different loads and ambient temperatures, a matrix of operating modes is
presented in this air permit application. Emission parameters for three turbine loads
(50%, 75%, and 100%) and six ambient temperatures (0oF, 20oF, 40oF, 60oF, 80oF and
100oF) are accounted for in this air permit application to cover the range of steady-state
turbine operations.

At very low load and cold temperature extremes, the turbine system must be controlled
differently in order to assure stable operation. The required adjustments to the turbine
controls at these conditions cause emissions of NOx, CO and VOC to increase (emission
rates of other pollutants are unchanged). Low-load operation (non-normal SoLoNOx
operation) of the turbines is expected to occur only during periods of startup and
shutdown and for maintenance or unforeseen emergency events. Solar has provided
emissions estimates during start-up and shutdown and low load operation (see Solar
Product Information Letter (PIL) 170, included as part of the vendor attachments in
Appendix B). The annual hours of operation during low load operation was assumed to
be no more than 10 hours per year.

Similarly, Solar has provided emission estimates for low temperature operation (inlet
combustion air temperature less than 0 F and greater than -20 F). Table 3.1 provides
estimated pre-control emissions from the turbines at low temperature conditions.
120 ppmvd NOx;
150 ppmvd CO;
50 ppmvd unburned hydrocarbons (UHC); and
10 ppmvd VOC.

Millennium reviewed historic meteorological data from the previous five years for the
region to estimate the worst case number of hours per year under sub-zero (less than 0
F) conditions. The annual hours of operation during sub-zero conditions was assumed to
be not more than 120 hours per year.

Turbine emission rates during start-up and shutdown events increase for NOx, CO and
VOC as compared to operating above 50% load. The start-up process for the Solar Titan
130E turbine takes approximately 10 minutes from the initiation of start-up to normal
operation (equal to or greater than 50% load). Shutdown takes approximately 10
minutes. Millennium has estimated there would be 100 start-up/shutdown events per
year. Emissions per start- up and shutdown event for the turbine were estimated based

Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC 2-3 Highland Compressor Station


on Table 3 from the Solar PIL 170 entitled Emission Estimates at Start-up, Shutdown,
and Commissioning for SoLoNOx Combustion Products. Appendix B contains these per-
event emission calculations for start- up and shutdown and the associated Solar PIL 170.

2.2.2 Ancillary Equipment

Millennium is proposing to install a new Waukesha VGF48GL (1,230 hp) four stroke lean
burn natural gas fired emergency generator. The emergency generator will operate for no
more than 500 hours/year, and therefore meets the definition of an emergency power
generating stationary internal combustion engine under 6 NYCRR 200.1(cq). As
previously indicated, the generator is an exempt source per 6 NYCRR 201-3.2(c)(6),
however the potential emissions for this new unit are included for NSR and Title V
applicability purposes. Maximum hourly and annual emission rates for the emergency
generator are provided in Appendix B. Emissions of NOx, CO, and VOC are based on
regulatory limits under New Source Performance Standard (NSPS) Subpart JJJJ.
Emission rates for SO2, particulates, and HAPs are based on US EPA AP-42 emission
factors (Table 3.2-2). GHG emissions are based on 40 CFR Part 98 Tables A-1, C-1, and
C-2. The emission rates are based on the emergency generator operating at peak load.

Millennium is proposing to install one new 1.2 MMBtu/hr (heat input) natural gas heater.
Appendix B provides information on the emission factors used to calculate emissions
from the heater. As previously indicated, the heater is an exempt source per 6 NYCRR
201-3.2(c)(1)(i), however the potential emissions for this new unit are included for NSR
and Title V applicability purposes.

2.3 Fuel

The Highland Station will utilize pipeline natural gas as the sole fuel for all proposed
equipment. The natural gas is assumed to have a higher heating value (HHV) of
approximately 1,024.5 Btu/standard cubic foot (SCF) and will contain no more than 2.0
grains of sulfur per 100 SCF of gas on an annual average basis.

2.4 Fugitive Emissions and Tanks

Fugitive emissions are defined as those emissions which do not pass through a stack, vent,
or other functionally equivalent opening, and include natural gas leaks from valves,
flanges, pumps, compressors, seals, connections, etc. Vented emissions are defined as
those emissions which pass through a stack, vent, or equivalent opening. A compressor
may be vented for startup, shutdown, maintenance, or for protection of gas seals from

Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC 2-4 Highland Compressor Station


contamination. An individual compressor or the entire station may be blown down (i.e.,
vented) for testing, or in the event of an emergency.

Fugitive emissions at natural gas compressor stations include leaks from piping
components (valves, flanges, connectors and open-ended lines) as well as potential gas
release events. The vast majority of gas release events are associated with startup,
shutdown, or maintenance activities. Millennium has provided fugitive emissions
estimates for VOC and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in Appendix B. The calculations
in Appendix B are based on a methodology described in Interstate Natural Gas
Association of America guidelines and a recent analysis of a Millennium Pipeline natural
gas sample, which is also included in Appendix B. The calculations for operational vented
natural gas conservatively assume that the Highland Station will conduct two full-station
blowdowns per year. Estimates of fugitive emissions are required to be included in Title
V permit applicability assessments, per 6 NYCRR 201-6.2(d)(3)(ii).

Proposed tanks at the Highland Station may have associated emissions, such as the
flashing losses that occur when the pressure of a liquid is decreased or the temperature is
increased. At Highland, flashing losses will occur at pipeline liquids storage tanks and
include VOCs and GHGs. Total flashing losses are calculated based on a flash gas rate
and a representative flash gas density. The flash gas rate is calculated based on a liquids
input rate and a flash factor. Emissions of individual VOCs and GHGs are calculated from
total flashing losses using a representative pipeline liquids compositions. The details of
the calculations are provided in Appendix B.

Lastly, Millennium is proposing to install a new 1,500 gallon lube oil tank for the Solar
Titan 130E turbine. The 1,500 gallon oil storage tank is considered an exempt activity per
6 NYCRR 201-3.2(c)(25) as a storage tank with a capacity under 10,000 gallons.
Estimated emissions were calculated using the Tanks 4.09d estimation tool for storage
tank working and standing losses.

2.5 Proposed Project Emission Potential

Table 2-1 presents project emission potentials from the new units to be installed as a part
of the proposed Highland Compressor Station. For new units, project emission potential
is equal to potentials to emit. Detailed emission calculations can be found in Appendix B
of this permit application.

Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC 2-5 Highland Compressor Station


Table 2-1: Proposed Facility Emissions (tons/year)
Exempt
Waukesha Proposed
Solar Exempt Trivial
VGF48GL Exempt Lube Trivial Project
Titan Fuel Gas Station
Oil and Station Total
130E Emergency Heater(1) Fugitives(3)
Condensate Blowdowns(3) (tons/
Pollutant Turbine Generator(1)
Tanks(2) year)
NOx 48.59 1.36 0.53 - - - 50.47
VOC 5.53 0.68 0.03 2.27 0.05 0.49 9.05
CO 78.08 2.71 0.44 - - - 81.23
SO2 4.57 0.0015 0.030 - - - 4.60
PM10/PM2.5 12.27 0.04 0.04 - - - 12.33
CO2e 95,690 285 631 - 758 7,891 105,255
HAPs 2.48 0.18 0.01 0.21 - - 2.87
Maximum
Individual 1.71 0.13 0.0003 - - - 1.84
HAP
(1) Exempt per 201-3.2(c)(6) for emergency power generating stationary internal combustion engines which meet the
requirements of 200.1(cq) of operation when the usual source of electric power is unavailable and no more than 500 hours
per year inclusive of emergency operation, testing, and maintenance.
(2) Exempt per 201-3.2(c)(25) for storage tanks under 10,000 gallons, not otherwise subject to Parts 229 or 233
(3) Trivial per 201-3.3(94) for emissions of .oxygen, carbon dioxide, nitrogen, simple asphyxiants including methane and
propane, trace constituents included in raw materials or byproducts, where the constituents are less than 1 percent by weight
for any regulated air pollutant, or 0.1 percent by weight for any carcinogen listed by the United States Department of Health
and Human Services Seventh Annual Report on Carcinogens (1994). The definition of regulated air pollutant under
200.1(bu) does not include methane or ethane.
(4) Greenhouse gases calculated as CO2e.
(5) The individual HAP with the highest total annual emission rate is formaldehyde.

Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC 2-6 Highland Compressor Station


Town of Tusten

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XREFS: NONE PROJECT NUMBER: 15.5562
FIGURE 2-3 GENERAL A
CAD DWG. FILE NAME:

PROPERTY KEY PLAN


KP SCALE: NONE

LEGEND

DATE REVISIONS RECORD/DESCRIPTION DRAFTER CHECK APPR. UNAUTHORIZED ALTERATION OR


ADDITION TO THIS DOCUMENT IS A
UP PROP. UTILITY POLE VIOLATION OF THE NEW YORK STATE
1 EDUCATION LAW. FIGURE 2-3: GENERAL ARRANGEMENT PLAN
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DESIGNED:
HIGHLAND COMPRESSOR STATION
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PROP. DRAINAGE STRUCT.
5 DRAFTED : GLB TOWN OF HIGHLAND SULLIVAN COUNTY, NEW YORK
BAR SCALE
6 CHECKED : DGD
40 0 20 40 80
7 PROJ. NO : 15.5562 Engineering, Surveying, Architecture & Landscape Architecture, D.P.C.
1 inch = 40 ft. 8 SCALE : 1" = 40' SHEET 1 OF 1
50 CENTURY HILL DRIVE, LATHAM, NY 12110
518.786.7400 * FAX 518.786.7299
9 DATE : JULY 14, 2016 DWG. NO: 16-434

CAD DWG. FILE NAME:


3.0 APPLICABLE REQUIREMENTS AND REQUIRED ANALYSES

This section contains an analysis of the applicability of federal and state air quality
regulations to the proposed project. The specific regulations included in this applicability
review are the Federal New Source Performance Standards (NSPS), Prevention of
Significant Deterioration (PSD) and Non-Attainment New Source Review (NNSR)
requirements, Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) requirements for
HAPs, and NYSDEC Regulations and Policy.

3.1 Federal New Source Performance Standards

The 40 CFR 60 NSPS are technology-based standards that apply to new and modified
stationary sources. The 40 CFR 60 NSPS requirements have been established for
approximately 70 source categories. The proposed project is subject to the following four
subparts: General Provisions (40 CFR Part 60, Subpart A), Standards of Performance for
Stationary Spark Ignition Internal Combustion Engines (40 CFR Part 60, Subpart JJJJ),
Standards of Performance for Stationary Combustion Turbines (40 CFR Part 60, Subpart
KKKK), and the Standards of Performance for Oil and Natural Gas Sector: Emission
Standards for New, Reconstructed, and Modified Sources (40 CFR Part 60, Subpart
OOOOa).

3.1.1 40 CFR Part 60, Subpart A General Provisions

The new Titan 130E turbine is subject to the general provisions for NSPS units in 40 CFR
Part 60 Subpart A. These include the requirements for notification, record keeping, and
performance testing contained in 40 CFR Parts 60.7 and 60.8.

3.1.2 40 CFR Part 60 Subpart Kb - Volatile Organic Liquid Storage Vessels


(Including Petroleum Liquid Storage Vessels)

Subpart Kb potentially applies to storage vessels with a capacity greater than 75 cubic
meters (m3) (19,813 gallons) that will store volatile organic liquids. Tanks with a capacity
greater than 75 m3 are not proposed to be constructed, reconstructed, or modified at
Highland. Therefore, this subpart will not apply.

Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC 3-1 Highland Compressor Station


3.1.3 40 CFR Part 60, Subpart JJJJ Spark Ignition Internal Combustion
Engines

On January 18, 2008, the USEPA promulgated NSPS Subpart JJJJ for new stationary
spark-ignited (SI) internal combustion engines (ICE). Under NSPS Subpart JJJJ, all new,
modified, and reconstructed stationary SI engines, both emergency and non-emergency,
are covered regardless of size and fuel type. Owners/operators have several options to
demonstrate compliance with Subpart JJJJ. The rule allows compliance to be
demonstrated by purchase of a certified engine or a non-certified engine and an initial
performance test. The performance test for a non-certified engine must show compliance
with applicable emission limits of:

NOx 2.0 g/bhp-hr or 160 ppmvd @ 15% O2;


CO 4.0 g/bhp-hr or 540 ppmvd @ 15% O2 ; and
VOC (not including formaldehyde) 1.0 g/bhp-hr or 86 ppmvd @ 15% O2.

If the spark-ignition engine is a non-certified engine, the owner/operator has the option
of complying with the emissions standards in either set of units.

3.1.4 40 CFR Part 60, Subpart KKKK Stationary Combustion Turbines

On July 6, 2006, the USEPA promulgated Subpart KKKK to establish emission standards
and compliance schedules for the control of emissions from new stationary combustion
turbines that commence construction, modification, or reconstruction after February 18,
2005. Note that stationary combustion turbines regulated under Subpart KKKK are
exempt from Subpart GG requirements, which are applicable to units constructed,
modified, or reconstructed prior to February 18, 2005.

Pursuant to 40 CFR 60.4305(a), the new Solar gas turbine is subject to requirements of
40 CFR 60 Subpart KKKK, because the heat input at peak load will be greater than or
equal to 10 MMBtu/hr (HHV) and Millennium will have commenced the construction or
modification of the turbine after February 18, 2005. Pursuant to 40 CFR 60.4320(a) and
Table 1 to Subpart KKKK of Part 60 Nitrogen Oxide Emission Limits for New Stationary
Combustion Turbines, the new gas turbine, which will have HHV heat inputs of between
50 and 850 MMBtu/hr, will comply with a NOx emission standard of 25 ppm at 15 percent
O2 or 1.2 lb/MWh useful output as indicated by the vendor guarantee shown in Appendix
B. Subpart KKKK also includes a NOx limit of 150 ppmvd at 15% O2 or 8.7 lb/MWh for
turbine operation at temperatures less than 0F and turbine operation at loads less than
75 % of peak load which the new turbine will meet as indicated by the vendor guarantee

Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC 3-2 Highland Compressor Station


shown in Appendix B. The new turbine will not burn any fuel that has the potential to
emit in excess of 0.060 lb/MMBtu SO2 heat input, pursuant to 40 CFR 60.4330(a)(1) and
(2), respectively.

3.1.5 40 CFR 60, Subparts OOOO and OOOOa Crude Oil and Natural Gas
Production, Transmission and Distribution

Subpart OOOO currently applies to affected facilities that commenced construction,


reconstruction, or modification after August 23, 2011. Subpart OOOO establishes
emissions standards and compliance schedules for the control of VOCs and SO2
emissions for affected facilities producing, transmitting, or distributing natural gas.
Compressors located between the wellhead and the point of custody transfer to the
natural gas transmission and storage segment are subject to this Subpart. Custody
transfer is defined as the transfer of natural gas after processing and/or treatment in the
producing operations. Highland Station is located after the point of custody transfer, and
therefore centrifugal compressors driven by the proposed turbines are not currently
subject to this regulation. Storage vessels located in the natural gas transmission and
storage segment that have the potential for VOC emissions equal to or greater than 6 tpy
are also subject to this Subpart. All storage vessels at Highland will emit less than this
threshold, and thus will not be subject to this regulation. On August 18, 2015, EPA
proposed amendments to 40 CFR 60, Subpart OOOO and proposed an entirely new
Subpart OOOOa.

Based on the effective date of August 2, 2016 for the new Subpart, this project will be
required to comply with the requirements of NSPS Subpart OOOOa. While storage tanks
remain covered, Subpart OOOOa also includes provisions intended to reduce emissions
from compressors and equipment leaks at compressor stations. For equipment leaks,
Subpart OOOOa proposes requiring periodic surveys using optical gas imaging (OGI)
technology and subsequent repair of any identified leaks. The project will comply with all
applicable leak detection provisions of proposed Subpart OOOOa.

3.2 Nonattainment New Source Review

The location of the Highland Compressor Station is in an area currently designated as


attainment or unclassifiable for SO2, NO2, CO, PM10, PM2.5 and ozone (O3). However,
the project is located in the ozone transport region (OTR). Facilities with the potential to
emit more than 100 tons per year of NOx or 50 tons per year of VOC in an OTR are subject
to NNSR for these pollutants. The proposed Project will not trigger nonattainment NSR
because potential emissions are less than the applicable emissions thresholds as shown

Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC 3-3 Highland Compressor Station


in Table 3-1. As the facility will be a minor source for all nonattainment pollutants, offsets
and the application of the Lowest Achievable Emission Rate (LAER) are not necessary.

Table 3-1: PSD/NNSR Applicability Assessment


Pollutant PSD/NNSR Major Source Total Facility Emissions
Threshold (tons/year) (tons/year)
Carbon Monoxide (CO) 250 81.23
Sulfur Dioxide (SO2) 250 4.60
TSP 250 12.33
PM10 250 12.33
PM2.5 250 12.33
Nitrogen Oxides (NOx) 100 50.47
VOC 50 9.05
Greenhouse Gases (CO2e) 100,000 105,255
Total HAP 25 2.87
Individual HAP - 10 1.84
Formaldehyde

3.3 Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD)

Preconstruction air permitting programs that regulate the construction of new stationary
sources of air pollution and the modification of existing stationary sources are commonly
referred to as NSR. NSR can be divided into major NSR and minor NSR. Major NSR is
comprised of the Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD). Major NSR requirements
are established on a federal level but may be implemented by state or local permitting
authorities under either a delegation agreement with USEPA or as a SIP program
approved by USEPA. NYSDEC administers its major NSR permitting program through 6
NYCRR Part 231, which establishes preconstruction, construction, and operation
requirements for new and modified sources. The Highland Compressor Station is not
classified as one of the 28 named source categories listed in Section 169 of the Clean Air
Act. Therefore, to be considered a major stationary source, the facility would need to
have potential emissions of 250 tons per year or more of any regulated pollutant (except
CO2). The final PSD and Title V GHG Tailoring Rule was published in the Federal Register
on June 3, 2010 (75 FR 31514) but was ultimately overturned on June 23, 2014 by the US
Supreme Court. Under the formerly effective rule, GHGs could, as of July 1, 2011, become
subject to regulation under the PSD program for construction projects that would result
in potential GHG emissions of 100,000 tons per year (tpy) carbon dioxide equivalents
(CO2e) or more. However, the June 23, 2014 Supreme Court Decision clarifies that
construction projects cannot trigger major NSR for GHGs unless major NSR is otherwise
triggered for criteria pollutants.

As shown in Table 3-1, the proposed Highland Compressor Station is a minor stationary
source with respect to PSD.

Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC 3-4 Highland Compressor Station


3.4 Title V Operating Permit and State Operating Permit Programs

The Title V permit program in 40 CFR Part 70 requires major sources of air pollutants to
obtain federal operating permits. The major source thresholds under the Title V program,
as defined in 40 CFR 70.2 and which are different from the federal NSR major source
thresholds, are 100 tpy of any air pollutant, 10 tpy of any single hazardous air pollutant
(HAP), or 25 tpy of total HAPs. More stringent Title V major source thresholds apply for
VOC and NOx in ozone nonattainment areas, namely 50 tpy of VOC or NOx in areas
defined as serious, 25 tpy in areas defined as severe, and 10 tpy in areas classified as
extreme.

The State of New Yorks Title V Operating Permit Program is administered through a
USEPA-approved program at 6 NYCRR 201-6. NYSDEC also administers a state
operating permit program through 6 NYCRR 201-5 for certain non-Title V facilities that
do not qualify for a minor facility registration under 6 NYCRR Subpart 201-4, including
synthetic minor facilities and facilities with actual emissions greater than fifty percent of
Title V thresholds. Emission sources or activities listed under NYCRR 201-3 are exempt
from the registration and permitting provisions of 6 NYCRR Subparts 201-4, 201-5, and
201-6.

As shown in Table 3-1, potential emissions of all regulated pollutants are below the Title
V major source thresholds. As such, the facility is not subject to Title V permitting
requirements for these pollutants and is required to obtain a State Facility operating
permit per 6 NYCRR 201-5.

3.4.1 Exempt and Trivial Sources

Exempt activities cannot be excluded when determining applicability of Title V,


nonattainment NSR, or PSD. Table 3-1 includes emissions from exempt equipment at the
Station (the emergency generators, fuel gas heater, oil storage tank, and waste liquids
storage tank). A list of exempt activities is included with the NYSDEC permit application
forms in Appendix A.

The emergency generator is considered an exempt activity per 6 NYCRR 201-3.2(c)(6) as


an emergency power generating internal combustion engine. The generator conforms to
the definition of such an exempt unit under 6 NYCRR 200.1(cq) because it will operate as
an electric power source only when the usual supply of electric power is unavailable and

Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC 3-5 Highland Compressor Station


will operate for no more than 500 hours per year, inclusive of emergency situations,
maintenance, and testing.

Pursuant to 6 NYCRR 201-3.2(c)(1)(i), natural gas-fired heaters with a maximum rated


heat input capacity less than 10 million British thermal units per hour (MMBtu/hr) are
considered exempt sources. The 4,000 gallon waste liquids storage tank and 1,500 gallon
lube oil tank are considered an exempt activity per 6 NYCRR 201- 3.2(c)(25) as a storage
tank with a capacity under 10,000 gallons.

Blowdowns are considered a trivial activity per 6 NYCRR 201-3.3(94) which covers
Emissions of the following pollutants: water vapor, oxygen, carbon dioxide, nitrogen,
inert gases such as argon, helium, neon, krypton and xenon, hydrogen, simple
asphyxiants including methane and propane, trace constituents included in raw materials
or byproducts, where the constituents are less than 1 percent by weight for any regulated
air pollutant, or 0.1 percent by weight for any carcinogen listed by the United States
Department of Health and Human Services' Seventh Annual Report on Carcinogens
(1994). The natural gas composition at the Highland Station meets the definition in 6
NYCRR 201-3.3 as shown in Appendix B.

3.5 National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants

The USEPA has established National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants
(NESHAP) for specific pollutants and industries in 40 CFR Part 61. The Project does not
include any of the specific sources for which NESHAP have been established in Part 61.
Therefore, Part 61 NESHAP requirements will not apply to the Project. The USEPA has
also established NESHAP requirements in 40 CFR Part 63 for various source categories.
The Part 63 NESHAP apply to certain emission units at facilities that are major sources
of HAP. The applicability to the Project of several NESHAP rules is discussed below.

3.5.1 40 CFR Part 63 Subpart HHH (National Emission Standards for


Hazardous Air Pollutants from Natural Gas Transmission and
Storage Facilities)

Subpart HHH applies to natural gas transmission and storage facilities that are major
sources of HAPs and that transport or store natural gas prior to entering the pipeline to a
local distribution company or to a final end user (if there is no local distribution
company). The Highland Station is an area source (i.e., not major source) of HAPs.
Therefore, this subpart will not apply because it only applies to major sources.

Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC 3-6 Highland Compressor Station


3.5.2 40 CFR Part 63 Subpart YYYY (National Emission Standards for
Hazardous Air Pollutants for Stationary Combustion Turbines)

Subpart YYYY applies to stationary combustion turbines at major sources of HAPs.


Emissions and operating limitations under Subpart YYYY apply to new and reconstructed
stationary combustion turbine. The Highland Station is an area source (i.e., not major
source) of HAPs. Therefore, this subpart will not apply because it only applies to major
sources.

3.5.3 40 CFR Part 63 Subpart ZZZZ (National Emission Standards for


Hazardous Air Pollutants for Stationary Reciprocating Internal
Combustion Engines)

Subpart ZZZZ, applies to existing, new, and reconstructed stationary reciprocating


internal combustion engines (ICE) depending on size, use, and whether the engine is
located at a major or area source of HAP. The Project includes the installation of one new
emergency stationary RICE with a site rating greater than 500 hp at the Highland Station.
New stationary ICE located at area sources of HAP, such as the emergency engine
proposed for the Project, must meet the requirements of Subpart ZZZZ by meeting the
NSPS. As discussed above, the new emergency engine is subject to the NSPS at 40 CFR
Part 60, Subpart JJJJ, therefore the requirements of Subpart ZZZZ will be met.

3.5.4 40 CFR Part 63 Subpart DDDDD (National Emission Standards for


Hazardous Air Pollutants for Major Sources: Industrial,
Commercial, and Institutional Boilers and Process Heaters)

Subpart DDDDD applies to certain new and existing boilers and process heaters at major
HAP sources. The Highland Station is an area source (i.e., not major source) of HAPs.
Therefore, this subpart will not apply because it only applies to major sources.

3.6 New York State Department of Environmental Conservation


Regulations

Applicable NYSDEC air regulations and the associated proposed means of project
compliance are identified below:

x Part 200 defines general terms and conditions, requires sources to restrict
emissions, and allows NYSDEC to enforce NSPS, PSD, and National Emission
Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP). Part 200 is a general applicable
requirement; no action is required by the facility.

Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC 3-7 Highland Compressor Station


x Part 200.1(cq) defines emergency power generating stationary internal combustion
engines as stationary internal combustion engines that operate as mechanical or
electrical power sources only when the usual supply of power is unavailable, and
operate for no more than 500 hours per year (i.e., applicable to the proposed
emergency generator, which has been assumed to operate no more than 500 hours
per year, including periodic testing and maintenance activities to ensure reliability).
x Part 202-1 requires sources to conduct emissions testing upon the request of
NYSDEC. Permit conditions covering construction of the proposed project will likely
require stack testing as a condition of receiving its permit to construct.
x Part 202-2 requires sources to submit annual emission statements for emissions
tracking and fee assessment. Pollutants are required to be reported in an emission
statement if certain annual thresholds are exceeded. Project emissions will be
reported as required.
x Part 211-3 defines general opacity limits for sources of air pollution in New York
State. General applicable requirement facility-wide visible emissions are limited to
20 percent opacity (6-minute average) except for one continuous six-minute period
per hour of not more than 57 percent opacity. Note that the opacity requirements
under Part 227-1 (see below) are more restrictive and effectively supersede the
requirements of Part 211-3.
x Visible emissions (opacity) for stationary fuel-burning equipment are regulated
under 6 NYCRR Subpart 227-1.3. Facility stationary combustion installations must
be operated so that the following opacity limits are not violated; 227-1.3(a) 20
percent opacity (six minute average), except for one six-minute period per hour of
not more than 27 percent opacity.

Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC 3-8 Highland Compressor Station


4.0 AIR QUALITY MODELING ANALYSIS

At the federal level, because the emission increases from the Highland Station
modifications are less than applicable major source thresholds, Millennium will not
trigger federal NSR requirements for any regulated air pollutant under either PSD or
NNSR permitting programs. At the state level, the Project triggers air permitting through
the NYSDEC as a minor source of air emissions subject to State Air Facility permitting. If
the agency considers that any project triggering minor NSR permitting could threaten
attainment with the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQSs) or human health
from toxic air pollutant (TAP) concentrations, NYSDEC can require air dispersion
modeling for the Project. A site wide modeling analysis for criteria pollutants has been
performed in accordance with their impact analysis modeling guidance, Policy DAR-10.
In addition, a modeling analysis that addresses TAPs is performed per Policy DAR-1. This
section details the NAAQS and TAPs modeling assessment for the proposed Highland
Station.

4.1 Background Ambient Air Quality

Background ambient air quality data was obtained from various existing monitoring
locations. Based on a review of the locations of Pennsylvania and New York ambient air
quality monitoring sites, the closest representative monitoring sites were used to
represent the current background air quality in the site area.

Background data for CO, NO2, and PM2.5 was obtained from a monitoring station located
in Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania (USEPA AIRData # 42-069-2006). This monitor
is located in the city of Scranton that has a higher population density and higher density
of industrial facilities than the Highland area in Sullivan County. Further, this monitor is
located in an area with a greater amount of mobile and point sources of air emissions as
compared to the project area. Thus, this monitor is considered to conservatively
represent the ambient air quality within the project area.

Background data for SO2 and PM10 was obtained from a monitoring station located in
Luzerne County, Pennsylvania (USEPA AIRData # 42-079-1101). This monitor is located
in city of Wilkes Barre that has a higher population density and higher density of
industrial facilities than the area around the Highland Station. Further, this monitor is
located in an area with a greater amount of mobile and point sources of air emissions as
compared to the project area. Thus, this monitor is also considered to conservatively
represent the ambient air quality within the project study area.

Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC 4-1 Highland Compressor Station


The monitoring data for the most recent three years (2012 2014) are presented and
compared to the NAAQS in Table 4-1. The maximum measured concentrations for each
of these pollutants during the last three years are all below applicable standards and are
proposed to be used as representative background values for comparison of facility
concentrations to the NAAQS.

Table 4-1: Maximum Measured Ambient Air Quality Concentrations

Maximum Ambient Concentrations


Averaging NAAQS
Pollutant Pg/m3)
(P
Period (Pg/m3)
2012 2013 2014
1-Houra 21.0 18.3 23.6 196
SO2 24-Hour 13.6 13.6 13.9 365
Annual 2.1 1.4 2.1 80
1-Hourb 67.7 75.2 84.6 188
NO2
Annual 16.1 15.4 20.0 100
1-Hour 1,380 2,070 1,725 40,000
CO
8-Hour 920 1,495 1,150 10,000
PM10 24-Hour 34 45 32 150
24-Hour 20 24 23 35
PM2.5c
Annual 8.3 9.2 11.1 12
a1-hour 3-year average 99th percentile value for SO2 is 21.0 Pg/m3.
b1-hour 3-year average 98th percentile value for NO2 is 75.8 Pg/m3.
c24-hour 3-year average 98th percentile value for PM-2.5 is 22.3 Pg/m3; Annual 3-year average value for

PM2.5 is 9.5 Pg/m3.


High second-high short term (1-, 3-, 8-, and 24-hour) and maximum annual average concentrations
presented for all pollutants other than PM2.5 and 1-hour SO2 and NO2.
Bold values represent the proposed background values for use in any necessary NAAQS/NYAAQS analyses.
Monitored background concentrations obtained from the USEPA AirData website
(https://www3.epa.gov/airdata/).

Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC 4-2 Highland Compressor Station


4.2 Modeling Methodology

An air quality modeling analysis was performed consistent with the procedures found in
the following documents: Guideline on Air Quality Models (Revised) (USEPA, 2005),
New Source Review Workshop Manual (USEPA, 1990), Screening Procedures for
Estimating the Air Quality Impact of Stationary Sources (USEPA, 1992), and DAR-10:
NYSDEC Guidelines on Dispersion Modeling Procedures for Air Quality Impact Analysis
(NYSDEC, 2006).

4.2.1 Model Selection

The USEPA has compiled a set of preferred and alternative computer models for the
calculation of pollutant impacts. The selection of a model depends on the characteristics
of the source, as well as the nature of the surrounding study area. Of the four classes of
models available, the Gaussian type model is the most widely used technique for
estimating the impacts of nonreactive pollutants.

The AERMOD model was designed for assessing pollutant concentrations from a wide
variety of sources (point, area, and volume). AERMOD is currently recommended by the
USEPA for modeling studies in rural or urban areas, flat or complex terrain, and transport
distances less than 50 kilometers, with one hour to annual averaging times.

The latest version of USEPAs AERMOD model (Version 15181) was used in the analysis.
AERMOD was applied with the regulatory default options and 5-years (2011-2015) of
hourly meteorological data consisting of surface observations from Binghamton Edwin A
Link Field in Binghamton, NY and concurrent upper air data from Albany, NY.

4.2.2 Urban/Rural Area Analysis

A land cover classification analysis was performed to determine whether the URBAN
option in the AERMOD model should be used in quantifying ground-level concentrations.
The methodology utilized to determine whether the project is located in an urban or rural
area is described below.

The following classifications relate the colors on a United States Geological Survey
(USGS) topographic quadrangle map to the land use type that they represent:

x Blue water (rural);


x Green wooded areas (rural);

Millennium Pipeline Company LLC 4-3 Highland Compressor Station


x White parks, unwooded, non-densely packed structures (rural);
x Purple industrial; identified by large buildings, tanks, sewage disposal or
filtration plants, rail yards, roadways, and, intersections (urban);
x Pink densely packed structures (urban); and,
x Red roadways and intersections (urban)

The USGS map covering the area within a 3-kilometer radius of the facility was reviewed
and indicated that the vast majority of the surrounding area is denoted as blue, green, or
white, which represent water, wooded areas, parks, and non-densely packed structures.
Additionally, the AERMOD Implementation Guide published on August 3, 2015
cautions users against applying the Land Use Procedure on a source-by-source basis and
instead to consider the potential for urban heat island influences across the full modeling
domain. This approach is consistent with the fact that the urban heat island is not a
localized effect, but is more regional in character.

Because the urban heat island is more of a regional effect, the Urban Source option in
AERMOD was not utilized since the area within 3 kilometers of the facility as well as the
full modeling domain (20 kilometers by 20 kilometers) is predominantly rural.

4.2.3 Good Engineering Practice Stack Height

Section 123 of the Clean Air Act (CAA) required the USEPA to promulgate regulations to
assure that the degree of emission limitation for the control of any air pollutant under an
applicable State Implementation Plan (SIP) was not affected by (1) stack heights that
exceed Good Engineering Practice (GEP) or (2) any other dispersion technique. The
USEPA provides specific guidance for determining GEP stack height and for determining
whether building downwash will occur in the Guidance for Determination of Good
Engineering Practice Stack Height (Technical Support Document for the Stack Height
Regulations), (USEPA, 1985). GEP is defined as the height necessary to ensure that
emissions from the stack do not result in excessive concentrations of any air pollutant in
the immediate vicinity of the source as a result of atmospheric downwash, eddies, and
wakes that may be created by the source itself, or nearby structures, or nearby terrain
obstacles.

The GEP definition is based on the observed phenomenon of atmospheric flow in the
immediate vicinity of a structure. It identifies the minimum stack height at which
significant adverse aerodynamics (downwash) are avoided. The USEPA GEP stack height
regulations (40 CFR 51.100) specify that the GEP stack height (HGEP) be calculated in the
following manner:

Millennium Pipeline Company LLC 4-4 Highland Compressor Station


HGEP = HB + 1.5L

Where: HB = the height of adjacent or nearby structures, and


L = the lesser dimension (height or projected width
of the adjacent or nearby structures).

A detailed plot plan of the proposed facility is shown in Figure 2-3. A GEP stack height
analysis has been conducted using the USEPA approved Building Profile Input Program
with PRIME (BPIPPRM, version 04274). The maximum calculated GEP stack height for
the new emission sources is 77.5 feet; the controlling structure is the proposed
compressor building (31.0 feet). Direction-specific downwash parameters were
determined using BPIPPRM, version 04274. Electronic input and output files for the
BPIPPRM model have been provided on the DVD-ROM contained in Appendix C.

4.2.4 Meteorological Data

If at least one year of hourly on-site meteorological data is not available, the application
of the AERMOD dispersion model requires five years of hourly meteorological data that
are representative of the project site. In addition to being representative, the data must
meet quality and completeness requirements per USEPA guidelines. The closest source
of representative hourly surface meteorological data is Binghamton Edwin A Link Field
located in Binghamton, NY located approximately 71 miles to the northwest of the
Highland Compressor Station.

The meteorological data at the Binghamton Edwin A Link Field is recorded by an


Automated Surface Observing System (ASOS) that records 1-minute measurements of
wind direction and wind speed along with hourly surface observations necessary. The
USEPA AERMINUTE program was used by the NYSDEC to process 1-minute ASOS wind
data (2011 2015) from the Binghamton surface station in order to generate hourly
averaged wind speed and wind direction data to supplement the standard hourly ASOS
observations. The hourly averaged wind speed and direction data generated by
AERMINUTE was merged with the aforementioned hourly surface data.

The AERMOD assessment utilized five (5) years (20112015) of concurrent


meteorological data collected from a meteorological tower at the Binghamton Edwin A
Link Field and from radiosondes launched from Albany, New York. Both the surface and
upper air sounding data were processed by the NYSDEC using AERMODs meteorological
processor, AERMET (version 15181). The output from AERMET was used as the
meteorological database for the modeling analysis and consists of a surface data file and

Millennium Pipeline Company LLC 4-5 Highland Compressor Station


a vertical profile data file. These data, which were prepared and processed to AERMOD
format by the NYSDEC, was provided for use in the modeling analyses for the proposed
facility.

4.3 Receptor Grid

4.3.1 Basic Grid

The AERMOD model requires receptor data consisting of location coordinates and
ground-level elevations. The receptor generating program, AERMAP (Version 11103),
was used to develop a complete receptor grid to a distance of 10 kilometers from the
proposed facility. AERMAP uses digital elevation model (DEM) or the National Elevation
Dataset (NED) data obtained from the USGS. The preferred elevation dataset based on
NED data was used in AERMAP to process the receptor grid. This is currently the
preferred data to be used with AERMAP as indicated in the USEPA AERMOD
Implementation Guide published August 3, 2015. AERMAP was run to determine the
representative elevation for each receptor using 1/3 arc second NED files that were
obtained for an area covering at least 10 kilometers in all directions from the proposed
facility. The NED data was obtained through the USGS Seamless Data Server
(http://seamless.usgs.gov/index.php).

The following rectangular (i.e. Cartesian) receptors were used to assess the air quality
impact of the proposed facility:

x Consistent with DAR-10 guidance, fine grid receptors (70 meter spacing) for a 20
km (east-west) x 20 km (north-south) grid centered on the proposed facility site.

4.3.2 Property Line Receptors

The facility has a fenced property line that precludes public access to the site. Ambient
air is therefore defined as the area at and beyond the fence. The modeling receptor grid
includes receptors spaced at 25-meter intervals along the entire fence line. Any Cartesian
receptors located within the fence line were removed.

Millennium Pipeline Company LLC 4-6 Highland Compressor Station


4.4 Selection of Sources for Modeling

The emission source responsible for most of the potential emissions from the Highland
Compressor Station is the single combustion turbine. This unit was included in and is the
main focus of the modeling analyses. The modeling includes consideration of operation
over a range of turbine loads, ambient temperatures, and operating scenarios.

Ancillary sources (emergency diesel generators and fuel gas heater) were included in the
modeling for appropriate pollutants and averaging periods. The emergency equipment
may operate for up to 30 minutes in any day for readiness testing and maintenance
purposes. Operation of the emergency equipment for longer periods of time in an
emergency mode will not be expected to occur when the turbines are operating.

Although only limited operation is expected from the emergency equipment, initial
modeling to assess short-term facility impacts assumed concurrent operation of the
emergency equipment for readiness testing (i.e., up to 30 minutes per day) with the
combustion turbine.

4.4.1 Emission Rates and Exhaust Parameters

The dispersion modeling analysis was conducted with emission rates and flue gas exhaust
characteristics (flow rate and temperature) that are expected to represent the range of
possible values for the proposed natural gas fired turbine. Because emission rates and
flue gas characteristics for a given turbine load vary as a function of ambient temperature
and fuel use, data were derived for a number of ambient temperature cases for natural
gas fuel at 100%, 75% and 50% operating loads. The temperatures were:

<0F, 0F, 20F, 40F, 60F, 80F and 100F.

A detailed summary of the stack exhaust and emissions data for all loads and ambient
temperatures cases are provided in Appendix B. To be conservative and limit the number
of cases to be modeled, the short-term modeling analysis was conducted using the lowest
stack exhaust temperature and exit velocity coupled with the maximum emission rate
over all ambient temperature cases for each operating load (with the exception of 1-hour
NO2 modeling which excluded the <0F data as discussed below). Annual modeling was
based on the 100% load 40F case (vendor performance data for the turbine was available
for 40F and 60F). The annual average temperature for the project area is approximately
50F. Use of the 40F emissions data is conservative as emissions are slightly higher than

Millennium Pipeline Company LLC 4-7 Highland Compressor Station


the 60F case.). Table 4-2 summarizes the stack parameters and emission rates used in
the modeling for the compressor turbine.

Note that the modeling for 1-hour NO2 excluded the emergency generator for which
normal operations (maintenance purposes only) will be limited to no more than 30
minutes per day with an annual limit of 100 hours per year for testing and maintenance
purposes. The 1-hour NO2 modeling also did not consider combustion turbine operations
under sub-zero ambient temperature conditions as these conditions are extremely limited
annually. The exclusion of the emergency generator and sub-zero operations for the
combustion turbines for the 1-hour NO2 modeling is based on USEPA guidance provided
in the March 1, 2011 memorandum, Additional Clarification Regarding Application of
Appendix W Modeling Guidance for the 1-hour NO2 National Ambient Air Quality
Standard for intermittent sources such as emergency generators. In the memo, US EPA
states the following:

Given the implications of the probabilistic form of the 1-hour NO2 NAAQS
discussed above, we are concerned that assuming continuous operation of
intermittent emissions would effectively impose an additional level of stringency
beyond that level intended by the standard itself. As a result, we feel it would be
inappropriate to implement the 1-hour NO2 standard in such a manner and
recommend that compliance demonstrations for the 1-hour NO2 NAAQS be based
on emission scenarios that can logically be assumed to be relatively continuous or
which occur frequently enough to contribute significantly to the annual
distribution of daily maximum 1-hour concentrations.

The emergency generator and sub-zero operation of the combustion turbine are
considered as intermittent emissions, and thus, were excluded from the 1-hour NO2
modeling assessment.

Table 4-2: Stack Parameters and Emission Rates Proposed Titan 130E
Compressor Turbine

Parameter Values
Load 50% 75 100% Annual(2)
Stack Height (m) 18.29 18.29 18.29 18.29
Stack Diameter (m)(1) 3.27 3.27 3.27 3.27
Exhaust Velocity (m/s) 9.60 11.38 12.69 14.33
Exhaust Temperature (K) 720.4 730.9 758.7 765.9
NOx 0.869 1.079 1.271 1.395
Pollutant
Emissions CO 5.292 6.562 7.734 -
(g/s) SO2 0.095 0.115 0.132 0.132
PM10/PM2.5 0.255 0.308 0.353 0.353

Millennium Pipeline Company LLC 4-8 Highland Compressor Station


(1) The turbine stack is square (114 inches x 114 inches). The value listed and used in the modeling is the
effective diameter for an equivalent area circular stack.
(2) Based on conservative annual average exhaust parameters for 40F and annual potential to
emit discussed in Section 2.

Tables 4-3 and 4-4 present the stack parameters and emission rates for the emergency
diesel generator and fuel gas heater. The emergency diesel generator was included in the
modeling analysis for appropriate pollutants and averaging periods when used for
readiness testing (i.e., up to 30 minutes per day).

Table 4-4: Stack Parameters and Emission Rates Proposed Emergency


Generator

Parameter Values
Stack Height (m) 5.94
Stack Diameter (m) 0.30
Exhaust Velocity (m/s) 39.84
Exhaust Temperature (K) 721.5
Averaging Period 1-hr 3-hr 8-hr 24-hr Annual
NOx 0.3422 - - - 0.039
Pollutant CO 0.683 - 0.085 - -
Emissions SO2 0.0004 0.00013 - 0.000015 0.00004
(g/sec)
PM10/PM2.5 0.0061 - - 0.00025 0.00069

Notes:
Hourly emission rate divided by 2 to simulate limit of 30 minutes testing per day. For the 3-, 8- and
24-hour period the hourly emission rate is further divided by the number of hours in the period.

Table 4-5: Stack Parameters and Emission Rates Proposed Fuel Gas
Heater

Parameter Values
Stack Height (m) 4.877
Stack Diameter (m) 0.406
Exhaust Velocity (m/s) 1.86
Exhaust Temperature (K) 510.9
NOx 0.015
Pollutant CO 0.012
Emissions SO2 0.0008
(g/sec)
PM10/PM2.5 0.0012

Millennium Pipeline Company LLC 4-9 Highland Compressor Station


4.5 Maximum Modeled Facility Concentrations

Table 4-5 presents the maximum modeled air quality concentrations of the proposed
facility calculated by AERMOD. As shown in this table, the maximum modeled
concentrations when combined with a representative background concentration, are less
than the applicable NAAQS/NYAAQS for all pollutants.

Table 4-5: Facility Maximum Modeled Concentrations Compared to


NAAQS/NYAAQS

Maximum
NAAQS/ Background Total
Averaging Modeled
Pollutant NYAAQS Concentration Concentration
Period Concentration
Pg/m3)
(P (Pg/m3) (Pg/m3)
(Pg/m3)
1-Hour 40,000 312 2,070 2,382
CO
8-Hour 10,000 89 1,495 1,584
1-Hour 196 1.8 21.0 22.8
3-Hour 1,300 1.7 23.6a 25.3
SO2
24-Hour -/260 0.8 13.9 14.7
Annual -/60 0.09 2.1 2.2
PM-10 24-Hour 150 2.1 45 47.1
24-Hour 35 0.7 22.3 23.0
PM-2.5
Annual 12 0.13 9.5 9.6
1-Hour 188 20.9b 75.8 96.7
NO2
Annual 100 1.6c 20.0 21.6
aConservatively
based upon maximum 1-hour SO2 monitored concentration.
bAssumed 80% of NOx is NO2 per USEPA guidance.
cAssumed 75% of NO is NO per USEPA guidance.
x 2

4.6 Toxic Ambient Air Contaminant Analysis

Air quality modeling was conducted for potential toxic (non-criteria) air pollutant
emissions from the proposed non-exempt facility sources. The modeling methodology
used in the toxic air pollutant analysis was the same as used in the Part 201 air quality
analyses for criteria air pollutants. Maximum modeled short-term and annual ground
level concentrations of each toxic air pollutant were compared to the DECs short-term
guideline concentration (SGC) and annual guideline concentration (AGC), respectively.
The DEC SGCs and AGCs used in the analysis are listed in the DAR-1 (formerly Air
Guide-1) tables that were published by the DEC in February 2014.

Millennium Pipeline Company LLC 4-10 Highland Compressor Station


Unit concentrations for the 1-hour and annual averaging periods were calculated for the
combustion turbine. The maximum toxic air pollutant-specific emission rate was
multiplied by the modeled unit concentration to determine the maximum pollutant-
specific concentration. Presented in Table 4-6 are the NYSDEC SGCs and AGCs and the
facility maximum modeled concentrations for each toxic air pollutant. As shown in the
table, all of the maximum modeled toxic air pollutants are well below their corresponding
NYSDEC SGC and AGC.

4.7 Modeling Data Files

All modeling data files to determine the maximum ambient ground-level concentrations
from the proposed facility are included on DVD-ROM in Appendix C.

4.8 References

NYSDEC, 2006. NYSDEC Guidelines on Dispersion Modeling Procedures for Air Quality
Impact Analysis DAR 10. Impact Assessment and Meteorology Section, Bureau
of Stationary Sources. May 9, 2006.
USEPA, 2015. AERMOD Implementation Guide. AERMOD Implementation
Workgroup, Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, Air Quality Assessment
Division, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina. August 3, 2015.
USEPA, 2014. Clarification on the Use of AERMOD Dispersion Modeling for
Demonstrating Compliance with the NO2 National Ambient Air Quality Standard.
USEPA. September 30, 2014.
USEPA, 2011. Additional Clarification Regarding Application of Appendix W Modeling
Guidance for the 1-Hour NO2 NAAQS. USEPA. March 1, 2011.
USEPA, 2005. Guideline on Air Quality Models (Revised). Appendix W to Title 40 U.S.
Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Parts 51 and 52, Office of Air Quality Planning
and Standards, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Research Triangle Park,
North Carolina. November 6, 2005.
USEPA, 1992. "Screening Procedures for Estimating the Air Quality Impact of Stationary
Sources, Revised". EPA Document 454/R-92-019, Office of Air Quality Planning
and Standards, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina.
USEPA, 1990. "New Source Review Workshop Manual, Draft". Office of Air Quality
Planning and Standards, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Research
Triangle Park, North Carolina.

Millennium Pipeline Company LLC 4-11 Highland Compressor Station


USEPA, 1985. Guidelines for Determination of Good Engineering Practice Stack Height
(Technical Support Document for the Stack Height Regulations-Revised). EPA-450/4-
80-023R. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

Millennium Pipeline Company LLC 4-12 Highland Compressor Station


Table 4-6: Facility Maximum Modeled Concentrations Compared to SGCs and AGCs

Solar Titan 130E SGC AGC % of SGC % of AGC

1-Hour Annual 1-Hour Annual


Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPs) (ug/m3) (ug/m3) (ug/m3) (ug/m3) % %
Acetaldehyde 4.51E-02 3.89E-04 470 0.45 0.01% 0.09%
Acrolein 7.22E-03 6.22E-05 2.5 0.35 0.29% 0.02%
Benzene 1.35E-02 1.17E-04 1,300 0.13 0.00% 0.09%
1,3-Butadiene 4.85E-04 4.18E-06 --- 0.033 --- 0.01%
Ethylbenzene 3.61E-02 3.11E-04 --- 1,000 --- 0.00%
Formaldehyde 8.01E-01 6.90E-03 30 0.06 2.67% 11.51%
Naphthalene 1.47E-03 1.26E-05 7,900 3 0.00% 0.00%
PAH 2.48E-03 2.14E-05 --- 0.02 --- 0.11%
Propylene Oxide 3.27E-02 2.82E-04 3,100 0.27 0.00% 0.10%
Toluene 1.47E-01 1.26E-03 37,000 5,000 0.00% 0.00%
Xylenes 7.22E-02 6.22E-04 22,000 100 0.00% 0.00%
Polycyclic Organic Compounds (POM)
Anthracene 8.99E-07 7.75E-09 --- 0.02 --- 0.00%
Benz(a)anthracene 6.74E-07 5.81E-09 --- 0.02 --- 0.00%
Chrysene 6.74E-07 5.81E-09 --- 0.02 --- 0.00%
Dibenzo(a,h)anthracene 4.49E-07 3.87E-09 --- 0.02 --- 0.00%
Fluorene 1.05E-06 9.04E-09 5.3 0.067 0.00% 0.00%
2-Methylnaphthalene 8.99E-06 7.75E-08 --- 7.1 --- 0.00%
Phenanthrene 6.37E-06 5.49E-08 --- 0.02 --- 0.00%
Pyrene 1.87E-06 1.61E-08 --- 0.02 --- 0.00%

Millennium Pipeline Company LLC 4-13 Highland Compressor Station


APPENDIX A
NYSDEC APPLICATION FORMS
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Air Permit Application
DEC ID
- -
Project Description Continuation Sheet(s)
As part of the Eastern System Upgrade Project and in order to boost pressures on Millenniums transmission pipeline
system, Millennium is proposing to construct and operate one Solar Titan 130E compressor turbine at the Highland
Compressor Station. Ancillary project emission sources include one (1) 1,230 hp emergency generator, one (1) 1.2
MMBtu/hr gas heater, one 4,000 gallon NGL tank, and a 1,500 gallon oil tank.
Section III - Facility Information
Facility Classification
Hospital Residential Educational/Institutional Commercial Industrial Utility
Affected States (Title V Facilities Only)
Vermont Massachusetts Rhode Island Pennsylvania Tribal Land: __________________
New Hampshire Connecticut New Jersey Ohio Tribal Land:
SIC Code(s) NAICS Code(s)
4922
Facility Description Continuation Sheet(s)
Millennium Pipeline Company, L.L.C. (Millennium) is proposing to construct and operate the Highland Compressor
Station located in Sullivan County, New York. The Highland Compressor Station (CS) is a natural gas transmission
facility covered by Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) 4922.

Compliance Statements (Title V Facilities Only)


I certify that as of the date of this application the facility is in compliance with all applicable requirements. Yes No
If one or more emission units at the facility are not in compliance with all applicable requirements at the time of signing this
application (the 'NO" box must be checked), the noncomplying units must be identified in the "Compliance Plan" block on page 8
of this form along with the compliance plan information required. For all emission units at the facility that are operating in
compliance with all applicable requirements, complete the following:
This facility will continue to be operated and maintained in such a manner as to assure compliance for the duration of the
permit, except those emission units referenced in the compliance plan portion of this application.
For all emission units subject to any applicable requirements that will become effective during the term of the permit, this
facility will meet such requirements on a timely basis.
Compliance certification reports will be submitted at least once per year. Each report will certify compliance status with respect
to each applicable requirement, and the method used to determine the status.
Facility Applicable Federal Requirements Continuation Sheet(s)
Title Type Part Subpart Section Subdivision Paragraph Subparagraph Clause Subclause
6 NYCRR 202 1
6 NYCRR 211 1
6 NYCRR 212
6 NYCRR 227 1
Facility State Only Requirements Continuation Sheet(s)
Title Type Part Subpart Section Subdivision Paragraph Subparagraph Clause Subclause
6 NYCRR 201 3
6 NYCRR 201 5

Version 1.2 - 3/4/2015 Page 2


New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Air Permit Application
DEC ID
- -
Facility Compliance Certification Continuation Sheet(s)
Rule Citation
Title Type Part Subpart Section Subdivision Paragraph Subparagraph Clause Subclause

Applicable Federal Requirement CAS Number Contaminant Name


Capping
State Only Requirement
Monitoring Information
Ambient Air Monitoring Work Practice Involving Specific Operations Record Keeping/Maintenance Procedures
Description

Work Practice Process Material


Reference Test Method
Type Code Description

Parameter
Manufacturer's Name/Model Number
Code Description

Limit Limit Units


Upper Lower Code Description

Averaging Method Monitoring Frequency Reporting Requirements


Code Description Code Description Code Description

Facility Emissions Summary Continuation Sheet(s)


Potential to Emit
CAS Number Contaminant Name Range Actual (lbs/yr)
(lbs/yr)
Code
0NY075 - 00 - 5 PM-10 C >= 1
0NY750 - 02 - 5 PM-2.5 C >= 1
007446 - 09 - 5 Sulfur Dioxide B >= 2
0NY210 - 00 - 0 Oxides of Nitrogen F >= 5
000630 - 08 - 0 Carbon Monoxide F >= 5
007439 - 92 - 1 Lead (elemental) -
0NY998 - 00 - 0 Total Volatile Organic Compounds B >= 2
0NY100 - 00 - 0 Total Hazardous Air Pollutants B >= 2
0NY750 - 00 - 0 Carbon Dioxide Equivalents J >= 10
71-43-2 Benzene Y >0b
50-00-0 Formaldehyde Y >0b
-
Version 1.2 - 3/4/2015 Page 3
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Air Permit Application
DEC ID
- -
Section IV - Emission Unit Information
Emission Unit Description Continuation Sheet(s)
Emission Unit U - 0 0 0 0 1
Solar Titan 130E Combustion Turbine

Building Information Continuation Sheet(s)


Building ID Building Name Length (ft) Width (ft) Orientation
1 Compressor Building - Titan 130E 100 60 125
2 Station Control/Auxiliary Building 60 40 125

Emission Point Information Continuation Sheet(s)


Emission Point 0 0 0 0 1
Ground Height Above Inside Diameter Cross Section
Height (ft) Exit Temp. (oF)
Elevation (ft) Structure (ft) (in) Length (in) Width (in)
1,333 60 29 927 114 114
Exit Velocity Exit Flow Distance to Property
NYTM (E) (KM) NYTM (N) (KM) Building Date of Removal
(FPS) (ACFM) Line (ft)
45.9 248,350 511.142 4603.786 1 150
Emission Point
Ground Height Above Inside Diameter Cross Section
Height (ft) Exit Temp. (oF)
Elevation (ft) Structure (ft) (in) Length (in) Width (in)

Exit Velocity Exit Flow Distance to Property


NYTM (E) (KM) NYTM (N) (KM) Building Date of Removal
(FPS) (ACFM) Line (ft)

Emission Source/Control Information Continuation Sheet(s)


Emission Source Date of Date of Date of Control Type Manufacturer's
ID Type Construction Operation Removal Code Description Name/Model Number
T UR B 1 C Solar Titan 130E
Design Design Capacity Units Waste Feed Waste Type
Capacity Code Description Code Description Code Description
167.8 25
Emission Source Date of Date of Date of Control Type Manufacturer's
ID Type Construction Operation Removal Code Description Name/Model Number
S L NX 1 K 103 Solar SoLoNOx
Design Design Capacity Units Waste Feed Waste Type
Capacity Code Description Code Description Code Description

Version 1.2 - 3/4/2015 Page 4


New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Air Permit Application
DEC ID
- -
Process Information Continuation Sheet(s)
Emission Unit U - 0 0 0 0 1 Process 00 1
Description
Solar Titan 130E Combustion Turbine

Total Throughput Throughput Quantity Units


Source Classification Code (SCC)
Quantity/Hr Quantity/Yr Code Description
2-02-002-01
Operating Schedule
Confidential Building Floor/Location
Hours/Day Days/Year
Operating at Maximum Capacity
24 365 1 Ground
Emission Point Identifier(s)
00001
Emission Source/Control Identifier(s)
TURB1
SLNX1
Emission Unit - Process
Description

Total Throughput Throughput Quantity Units


Source Classification Code (SCC)
Quantity/Hr Quantity/Yr Code Description

Operating Schedule
Confidential Building Floor/Location
Hours/Day Days/Year
Operating at Maximum Capacity

Emission Point Identifier(s)

Emission Source/Control Identifier(s)

Version 1.2 - 3/4/2015 Page 5


New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Air Permit Application
DEC ID
- -
Emission Emission Emission Unit Applicable Federal Requirements Continuation Sheet(s)
Emission Unit Process
Point Source Title Type Part Subpart Section Subdiv. Parag. Subparag. Cl. Subcl.
U00001 40 CFR 60 KKKK 4305 a
U00001 40 CFR 60 KKKK 4320 a
U00001 40 CFR 60 KKKK 4330
U00001 40 CFR 60 KKKK 4333 a
Emission Emission Emission Unit State Only Requirements Continuation Sheet(s)
Emission Unit Process
Point Source Title Type Part Subpart Section Subdiv. Parag. Subparag. Cl. Subcl.
U00001
U00001
U00001
U00001
Emission Unit Compliance Certification Continuation Sheet(s)
Rule Citation
Title Type Part Subpart Section Subdivision Paragraph Subparagraph Clause Subclause
40 CFR 60 KKKK 4320 a
Applicable Federal Requirement State Only Requirement Capping
Emission Unit Emission Process Emission CAS Number Contaminant Name
Point Source
U00001 001 0NY210-00-0 Oxides of Nitrogen
Monitoring Information
Continuous Emission Monitoring Monitoring of a Process or Control Device Parameters as a Surrogate
Intermittent Emission Testing Work Practice Involving Specific Operations
Ambient Air Monitoring Record Keeping/Maintenance Procedures
Description
The owner or operator of a stationary combustion turbine must meet the appropriate emission limit for the operation
condition listed in Table 1 of this Subpart. The emission limit is 25 ppm at 15 percent Oxygen for operation at ambient
temperatures greater than 0 degrees F.

Work Practice Process Material


Reference Test Method
Type Code Description

Parameter
Manufacturer's Name/Model Number
Code Description

Limit Limit Units


Upper Lower Code Description
25 275
Averaging Method Monitoring Frequency Reporting Requirements
Code Description Code Description Code Description
20 14 16

Version 1.2 - 3/4/2015 Page 6


New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Air Permit Application Form
DEC ID
- -
Section IV - Emission Unit Information
Emission Unit Compliance Certification (continuation)
Rule Citation
Title Type Part Subpart Section Subdivision Paragraph Subparagraph Clause Subclause
40 CFR KKKK a
Applicable Federal Requirement State Only Requirement Capping
Emission Unit Emission Point Process Emission Source CAS No. Contaminant Name
U00001 001 007446-09-5
Monitoring Information
Continuous Emission Monitoring Monitoring of Process or Control Device Parameters as a Surrogate
Intermittent Emission Testing Work Practice Involving Specific Operations
Ambient Air Monitoring Record Keeping/Maintenance Procedures
Description
The facility may elect not to monitor the total sulfur content of the fuel combusted in the turbine, if the fuel is
demonstrated not to exceed potential sulfur emissions of 0.060 lb/SO2/mmBtu of heat input. The facility must use the
fuel quality characteristics in a current, valid purchase contract, tariff sheet, or transportation contract for the fuel,
specifying that"

1. The total sulfur content for natural gas use is 20 grains of sulfur or less per 100 standard cubic feet, or
2. Has potential sulfur emissions less than 0.060 lb SO2/mmBtu heat input.

The FERC gas tariff will be used to demonstrate compliance with this requirement

Work Practice Process Material


Reference Test Method
Type Code Description

Parameter
Manufacturer Name/Model No.
Code Description

Limit Limit Units


Upper Lower Code Description

Averaging Method Monitoring Frequency Reporting Requirements


Code Description Code Description Code Description
13 14
Continuation Sheet ____ of ____
s
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Air Permit Application Form
DEC ID
- -
Section IV - Emission Unit Information
Emission Emission Emission Emission Unit Applicable Federal Requirements (continuation)
Process
Unit Point Source Title Type Part Subpart Section Subdiv. Parag. Subparag. Clause Subcl.
U00001 40 KKKK 4305 a
U00001 40 KKKK 4320 a
U00001 40 KKKK 4330
U00001 40 KKKK 4333 a

U00001 6 NYCRR 202 1 1


U00001 6 NYCRR 202 1 2
U00001 6 NYCRR 211 1
U00001 6 NYCRR 227 1 2
U00001 6 NYCRR 227 1 3 b

Continuation Sheet ____ of ____


s
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Air Permit Application
DEC ID
- -
Determination of Non-Applicability (Title V Only) Continuation Sheet(s)
Rule Citation
Title Type Part Subpart Section Subdivision Paragraph Subparagraph Clause Subclause
60
Emission Unit Emission Point Process Emission Source Applicable Federal Requirement
U00001/U00002 State Only Requirement
Description

Rule Citation
Title Type Part Subpart Section Subdivision Paragraph Subparagraph Clause Subclause
CFR
Emission Unit Emission Point Process Emission Source Applicable Federal Requirement
State Only Requirement
Description

Process Emissions Summary Continuation Sheet(s)


Emission Unit - Process
CAS Number Contaminant Name % Thruput % Capture % Control ERP (lbs/hr) ERP How Determined
Sulfur Dioxide
Potential to Emit Standard Potential to Emit Actual Emissions
(lbs/hr) (lbs/yr) (standard units) Units How Determined (lbs/hr) (lbs/yr)

Emission Unit - Process


CAS Number Contaminant Name % Thruput % Capture % Control ERP (lbs/hr) ERP How Determined

Potential to Emit Standard Potential to Emit Actual Emissions


(lbs/hr) (lbs/yr) (standard units) Units How Determined (lbs/hr) (lbs/yr)

Emission Unit - Process


CAS Number Contaminant Name % Thruput % Capture % Control ERP (lbs/hr) ERP How Determined

Potential to Emit Standard Potential to Emit Actual Emissions


(lbs/hr) (lbs/yr) (standard units) Units How Determined (lbs/hr) (lbs/yr)

Version 1.2 - 3/4/2015 Page 7


New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Air Permit Application
DEC ID
- -
Emission Unit
Emission Unit Emissions Summary Continuation Sheet(s)
-
CAS Number Contaminant Name

Potential to Emit Actual Emissions


ERP (lbs/yr)
(lbs/hr) (lbs/yr) (lbs/hr) (lbs/yr)

CAS Number Contaminant Name

Potential to Emit Actual Emissions


ERP (lbs/yr)
(lbs/hr) (lbs/yr) (lbs/hr) (lbs/yr)

CAS Number Contaminant Name

Potential to Emit Actual Emissions


ERP (lbs/yr)
(lbs/hr) (lbs/yr) (lbs/hr) (lbs/yr)

CAS Number Contaminant Name

Potential to Emit Actual Emissions


ERP (lbs/yr)
(lbs/hr) (lbs/yr) (lbs/hr) (lbs/yr)

Compliance Plan Continuation Sheet(s)


For any emission units which are not in compliance at the time of permit application, the applicant shall complete the following:
Consent Order Certified progress reports are to be submitted every 6 months beginning / /
Emission Applicable Federal Requirement
Emission Unit Process
Source Title Type Part Subpart Section Subdiv. Parag. Subparag. Clause Subcl.

Remedial Measure(s) / Intermediate Milestone(s) R/I Date Scheduled

Version 1.2 - 3/4/2015 Page 8


New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Air Permit Application
DEC ID
- -
Request for Emission Reduction Credits Continuation Sheet(s)
Emission Source
Emission Reduction Description

Contaminant Emission Reduction Data


Reduction
Baseline Period ____ /____ /________ to ____ / ____ / ________ Date Method

ERC (lbs/yr)
CAS Number Contaminant Name
Netting Offset

Facility to Use Future Reduction


Application ID
Name - - /
Location Address
City/ Town / Village State Zip
Use of Emission Reduction Credits Continuation Sheet(s)
Emission Source
Proposed Project Description

Contaminant Emissions Increase Data


CAS Number Contaminant Name PEP (lbs/yr)

Statement of Compliance
All facilities under the ownership of this "owner/firm" are operating in compliance with all applicable requirements and state
regulations including any compliance certification requirements under Section 114(a)(3) of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990,
or are meeting the schedule of a consent order.
Source of Emission Reduction Credit - Facility
Permit ID
Name - - /
Location Address
City/ Town / Village State Zip
ERC (lbs/yr)
Emission Source CAS Number Contaminant Name
Netting Offset

Version 1.2 - 3/4/2015 Page 9


New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Air Permit Application
DEC ID
- -
Supporting Documentation
Required Supporting Documentation:
List of Exempt Activities (form attached)
Plot Plan
Process Flow Diagram /PU"QQMJDBCMF
Methods Used to Determine Compliance (form attached)
Calculations

Optional Supporting Documentation:


Air Quality Model ( ____ / ____ / _____ )
Confidentiality Justification
Ambient Air Monitoring Plan ( ____ / ____ / _____ )
Stack Test Protocols/Reports ( ____ / ____ / _____ )
Continuous Emissions Monitoring Plans/QA/QC ( ____ / ____ / _____ )
MACT Demonstration ( ____ / ____ / _____ )
Operational Flexibility: Description of Alternative Operating Scenarios and Protocols
Title IV: Application/Registration (where appropriate)
ERC Quantification (form attached)
Baseline Period Demonstration
Use of ERC(s) (form attached)
Analysis of Contemporaneous Emissions Increase/Decrease
LAER Demonstration ( ____ / ____ / _____ )
BACT Demonstration ( ____ / ____ / _____ )
Other Document(s):

( / / )
( / / )
( / / )
( / / )
( / / )
( / / )
( / / )
( / / )
( / / )
( / / )
( / / )
( / / )
( / / )
( / / )

Version 1.2 - 3/4/2015 Page 10


New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Air Permit Application
DEC ID
- -
Methods Used to Determine Compliance
Emission Unit Applicable Compliance
Method Used to Determine Compliance
ID Requirement Date
U00001 40 CFR An initial compliance test will be performed after installation
60.4320(a) and annual stack testing will be performed after installation
as required by the regulation for compliance with the NSPS

U00001 40 CFR The FERC gas tariff will be used to demonstrate


60.4365 compliance with this requirement

U00001 6 NYCRR An initial compliance test will be performed after installation


200.6 and annual stack testing will be performed following the NSPS
requirements to demonstrate compliance with the NOx limit.

Version 1 //201 Sheet _____ of _____


New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Air Permit Application
DEC ID
- -
List of Exempt Activities
Instructions
Applicants for Title V facility permits must provide a listing of each exempt activity, as described in 6 NYCRR Part 201-
3.2(c), that is currently operated at the facility. This form provides a means to fulfill this requirement.

In order to complete this form, enter the number and building location of each exempt activity. Building IDs used on this
form should match those used in the Title V permit application. If a listed activity is not operated at the facility, leave the
corresponding information blank.

Combustion
Rule Number
Building
Citation Description of
Location
201-3.2(c) Activities
Stationary or portable combustion installations where the furnace has a maximum
heat input capacity less than 10 mmBtu/hr burning fuels other than coal or wood; or
(1)
a maximum heat input capacity of less than 1 mmBtu/hr burning coal or wood. This
activity does not include combustion installations burning any material classified as
solid waste, as defined in 6 NYCRR Part 360, or waste oil, as defined in 6 NYCRR
Subpart 225-2.
1 NA
Space heaters burning waste oil at automotive service facilities, as defined in 6
NYCRR Subpart 225-2, generated on-site or at a facility under common control, alone
(2)
or in conjunction with used oil generated by a do-it-yourself oil changer as defined in
6 NYCRR Subpart 374-2.
Stationary or portable internal combustion engines that are liquid or gaseous fuel
powered and located within the New York City metropolitan area or the Orange
(3)(i) County towns of Blooming Grove, Chester, Highlands, Monroe, Tuxedo, Warwick, or
Woodbury, and have a maximum mechanical power rating of less than 200 brake
horsepower.
Stationary or portable internal combustion engines that are liquid or gaseous fuel
powered and located outside of the New York City metropolitan area or the Orange
(3)(ii) County towns of Blooming Grove, Chester, Highlands, Monroe, Tuxedo, Warwick, or
Woodbury, and have a maximum mechanical power rating of less than 400 brake
horsepower.

Stationary or portable internal combustion engines that are gasoline powered and
(3)(iii)
have a maximum mechanical power rating of less than 50 brake horsepower.

(4) Reserved.
(5) Gas turbines with a heat input at peak load less then 10 mmBtu/hour

3/30/2015 Page 1 of 6
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Air Permit Application
DEC ID
- -
Rule Number
Building
Citation Description of
Location
201-3.2(c) Activities

Emergency power generating stationary internal combustion engines, as defined in 6

1 NA
NYCRR Part 200.1(cq), and engine test cells at engine manufacturing facilities that are
(6) utilized for research and development, reliability performance testing, or quality
assurance performance testing. Stationary internal combustion engines used for peak
shaving and/or demand response programs are not exempt.

Combustion Related

Non-contact water cooling towers and water treatment systems for process cooling
(7) water and other water containers designed to cool, store or otherwise handle water
that has not been in direct contact with gaseous or liquid process streams.

Agricultural
Feed and grain milling, cleaning, conveying, drying and storage operations including
grain storage silos, where such silos exhaust to an appropriate emissions control
(8) device, excluding grain terminal elevators with permanent storage capacities over 2.5
million U.S. bushels, and grain storage elevators with capacities above one million
bushels.
Equipment used exclusively to slaughter animals, but not including other equipment
(9) at slaughterhouses, such as rendering cookers, boilers, heating plants, incinerators,
and electrical power generating equipment.
Commercial - Food Service Industries
Flour silos at bakeries, provided all such silos are exhausted through an appropriate
(10)
emission control device.
Emissions from flavorings added to a food product where such flavors are manually
(11)
added to the product.
Commercial - Graphic Arts

Screen printing inks/coatings or adhesives which are applied by a hand-held


(12) squeegee. A hand-held squeegee is one that is not propelled though the use of
mechanical conveyance and is not an integral part of the screen printing process.

Graphic arts processes at facilities located outside the New York City metropolitan
area or the Orange County towns of Blooming Grove, Chester, Highlands, Monroe,
(13) Tuxedo, Warwick, or Woodbury whose facility-wide total emissions of volatile
organic compounds from inks, coatings, adhesives, fountain solutions and cleaning
solutions are less than three tons during any 12-month period.

3/30/2015 Page
g 2 of 6
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Air Permit Application
DEC ID
- -
Rule Number
Building
Citation Description of
Location
201-3.2(c) Activities

Graphic label and/or box labeling operations where the inks are applied by stamping
(14)
or rolling.

Graphic arts processes which are specifically exempted from regulation under 6
(15) NYCRR Part 234, with respect to emissions of volatile organic compounds which are
not given an A rating as described in 6 NYCRR Part 212.
Commercial - Other
Gasoline dispensing sites registered with the department pursuant to 6 NYCRR Part
(16)
612.

Surface coating and related activities at facilities which use less than 25 gallons per
month of total coating materials, or with actual volatile organic compound emissions
of 1,000 pounds or less from coating materials in any 12-month period. Coating
materials include all paints and paint components, other materials mixed with paints
prior to application, and cleaning solvents, combined. This exemption is subject to
the following:
(17)
(i) The facility is located outside of the New York City metropolitan area or the
Orange County towns of Blooming Grove, Chester, Highlands, Monroe, Tuxedo,
Warwick, or Woodbury; and

(ii) All abrasive cleaning and surface coating operations are performed in an enclosed
building where such operations are exhausted into appropriate emission control
devices.

Abrasive cleaning operations which exhaust to an appropriate emission control


(18)
device.
(19) Ultraviolet curing operations.
Municipal/Public Health Related

Landfill gas ventilating systems at landfills with design capacities less than 2.5 million
megagrams (3.3 million tons) and 2.5 million cubic meters (2.75 million cubic yards),
(20) where the systems are vented directly to the atmosphere, and the ventilating system
has been required by, and is operating under, the conditions of a valid 6 NYCRR Part
360 permit, or order on consent.

Storage Vessels
Distillate fuel oil, residual fuel oil, and liquid asphalt storage tanks with storage
(21)
capacities below 300,000 barrels.
3/30/2015 Page
age 3 of
o 6
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Air Permit Application
DEC ID
- -
Rule Number
Building
Citation Description of
Location
201-3.2(c) Activities

Pressurized fixed roof tanks which are capable of maintaining a working pressure at
(22) all times to prevent emissions of volatile organic compounds to the outdoor
atmosphere.
External floating roof tanks which are of welded construction and are equipped with
(23) a metallic-type shoe primary seal and a secondary seal from the top of the shoe seal
to the tank wall.
External floating roof tanks which are used for the storage of a petroleum or volatile
organic liquid with a true vapor pressure less than 4.0 psi (27.6 kPa), are of welded
construction and are equipped with one of the following:

(i) a metallic-type shoe seal;


(24)
(ii) a liquid-mounted foam seal;

(iii) a liquid-mounted liquid-filled type seal; or

(iv) equivalent control equipment or device.

2
Storage tanks, including petroleum liquid storage tanks as defined in 6 NYCRR Part
(25) 229, with capacities less than 10,000 gallons, except those subject to 6 NYCRR Part NA
229 or Part 233.
(26) Horizontal petroleum or volatile organic liquid storage tanks.

Storage silos storing solid materials, provided all such silos are exhausted through an
(27) appropriate emission control device. This exemption does not include raw material,
clinker, or finished product storage silos at Portland cement plants.

Industrial
Processing equipment at existing sand and gravel and stone crushing plants which
were installed or constructed before August 31, 1983, where water is used for
(28) operations such as wet conveying, separating, and washing. This exemption does not
include processing equipment at existing sand and gravel and stone crushing plants
where water is used for dust suppression.

Sand and gravel processing or crushed stone processing lines at a non-metallic


(29)(i) mineral processing facility that are a permanent or fixed installation with a maximum
rated processing capacity of 25 tons of minerals per hour or less.

3/30/2015 Page
g 4 of 6
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Air Permit Application
DEC ID
- -
Rule Number
Building
Citation Description of
Location
201-3.2(c) Activities

Sand and gravel processing or crushed stone processing lines at a non-metallic


(29)(ii) mineral processing facility that are a portable emission source with a maximum rated
processing capacity of 150 tons of minerals per hour or less.

Sand and gravel processing or crushed stone processing lines at a non-metallic


(29)(iii) mineral processing facility that are used exclusively to screen minerals at a facility
where no crushing or grinding takes place.
(30) Reserved.

Surface coating operations which are specifically exempted from regulation under 6
(31) NYCRR Part 228, with respect to emissions of volatile organic compounds which are
not given an A rating pursuant to 6 NYCRR Part 212.

(32) Pharmaceutical tablet branding operations.


Thermal packaging operations, including, but not limited to, therimage labeling,
(33)
blister packing, shrink wrapping, shrink banding, and carton gluing.
(34) Powder coating operations.

All tumblers used for the cleaning and/or deburring of metal products without
(35)
abrasive blasting.

Presses used exclusively for molding or extruding plastics except where halogenated
(36)
carbon compounds or hydrocarbon solvents are used as foaming agents.

Concrete batch plants where the cement weigh hopper and all bulk storage silos are
(37) exhausted through fabric filters, and the batch drop point is controlled by a shroud or
other emission control device.

Cement storage operations not located at Portland cement plants where materials
(38)
are transported by screw or bucket conveyors.

Cold cleaning degreasers with an open surface area of 11 square feet or less and an
(39)(i) internal volume of 93 gallons or less or, having an organic solvent loss of 3 gallons
per day or less.

Cold cleaning degreasers that use a solvent with a VOC content or five percent or less
39(ii)
by weight, unless subject to the requirements of 40 CFR 63 Subpart T.

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Page o 6
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Air Permit Application
DEC ID
- -
Rule Number
Building
Citation Description of
Location
201-3.2(c) Activities

Conveyorized degreasers with an air/vapor interface smaller than 22 square feet (2


(39)(iii)
square meters), unless subject to the requirements of 40 CFR 63 Subpart T.

Open-top vapor degreasers with an open-top area smaller than 11 square feet (1
(39)(iv)
square meter), unless subject to the requirements of 40 CFR 63 Subpart T.

Miscellaneous
Ventilating and exhaust systems for laboratory operations. Laboratory operations do
(40) not include processes having a primary purpose to produce commercial quantities of
materials.

Exhaust or ventilating systems for the melting of gold, silver, platinum and other
(41)
precious metals.

Exhaust systems for paint mixing, transfer, filling or sampling and/or paint storage
(42) rooms or cabinets, provided the paints stored within these locations are stored in
closed containers when not in use.

Exhaust systems for solvent transfer, filling or sampling, and/or solvent storage
(43) rooms provided the solvent stored within these locations are stored in containers
when not in use.

Research and development activities, including both stand-alone and activities within
(44) a major facility, until such time as the administrator completes a rule making to
determine how the permitting program should be structured for these activities.

(45) The application of odor counteractants and/or neutralizers.


(46) Hydrogen fuel cells.
Dry cleaning equipment that uses only water-based cleaning processes or those using
(47)
liquid carbon dioxide.
(48) Manure spreading, handling and storage at farms and agricultural facilities.

3/30/2015 Page 6 of 6
APPENDIX B
EMISSION CALCULATIONS
AND VENDOR DATA
Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC
Highland Compressor Station

Table B-1. Total Facility Potential Emissions Summary

PM/PM-10/
Proposed Sources NOx CO VOC SO2 PM-2.5 CO2 Total HAPS CH4 N2O CO2e
Solar Titan 130E 48.59 78.08 5.53 4.57 12.27 95,591.0 2.48 1.80 0.18 95,690
Waukesha VGF48GL Emergency Engine 1.36 2.71 0.68 0.0014 0.02 284.4 0.18 0.01 0.001 285
Fuel Gas Heater 0.53 0.44 0.03 0.0301 0.04 630.6 0.01 0.01 0.001 631
Lube Oil Tank - 0.0017 - - - - - -
Waste Liquids Tank - 2.27 - - 0.21 - - -
Blowdowns - 0.05 - 0.03 - 30.32 - 758
Station Fugitives - - 0.49 - - 0.27 - 315.64 - 7,891
Totals (ton/year) 50.47 81.23 9.05 4.60 12.33 96,506.38 2.87 347.78 0.18 105,255
Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC
Highland Compressor Station

Table B-2. Solar Titan 130E Specifications

Fuel Natural Gas


Load 50 <50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 75 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

Hp Output (Net) 11,177 11,177 11,177 10,768 10,344 9,920 9,220 8,348 16,766 16,766 16,153 15,516 14,880 13,830 12,523 22,354 22,354 21,537 20,688 19,841 18,440 16,697

Ambient
below 0 0 0 20 40 60 80 100 below 0 0 20 40 60 80 100 below 0 0 20 40 60 80 100
Temperature (F)

% RH 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60
Elevation ft 1,320 1,320 1,320 1,320 1,320 1,320 1,320 1,320 1,320 1,320 1,320 1,320 1,320 1,320 1,320 1,320 1,320 1,320 1,320 1,320 1,320 1,320

Fuel LHV (Btu/scf) 920.90 920.9 920.90 920.90 920.90 920.90 920.90 920.90 920.90 920.90 920.90 920.90 920.90 920.90 920.90 920.90 920.90 920.90 920.90 920.90 920.90 920.90
Heat Inpu LHV
(MMBtu/hr) by 121.15 121.15 121.15 117.34 113.57 110.57 106.05 101.09 146.65 146.65 140.73 135.06 130.03 123.96 117.35 167.83 167.83 161.29 154.82 148.60 140.18 131.30
volume

Heat Input HHV


(MMBtu/hr) 134.78 134.78 134.78 130.54 126.35 123.01 117.98 112.46 163.15 163.15 156.56 150.25 144.66 137.91 130.55 186.71 186.71 179.44 172.24 165.32 155.95 146.07
(=LHV*1.1125)

Exhaust lb/hr 386,517 386,517 386,517 365,304 344,367 322,323 300,087 278,591 443,084 443,084 422,174 400,831 380,133 356,195 328,797 458,609 458,609 445,904 432,581 418,879 396,184 368,082
Exhaust ACFM 213,692 213,692 213,692 206,397 198,741 188,347 179,190 170,540 248,555 248,555 240,148 231,669 223,753 214,221 202,122 267,038 267,038 260,872 254,636 248,350 238,271 225,480

Stack Height (ft) 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60

Stack Height (m) 18.29 18.29 18.29 18.29 18.29 18.29 18.29 18.29 18.29 18.29 18.29 18.29 18.29 18.29 18.29 18.29 18.29 18.29 18.29 18.29 18.29 18.29
Square Stack Side
114 114 114 114 114 114 114 114 114 114 114 114 114 114 114 114 114 114 114 114 114 114
(inches)
Square Stack Side
2.90 2.90 2.90 2.90 2.90 2.90 2.90 2.90 2.90 2.90 2.90 2.90 2.90 2.90 2.90 2.90 2.90 2.90 2.90 2.90 2.90 2.90
(ft)
Square Stack Equiv
10.72 10.72 10.72 10.72 10.72 10.72 10.72 10.72 10.72 10.72 10.72 10.72 10.72 10.72 10.72 10.72 10.72 10.72 10.72 10.72 10.72 10.72
Diameter (ft)
Square Stack
12.03 12.03 12.03 11.62 11.19 10.60 10.09 9.60 13.99 13.99 13.52 13.04 12.59 12.06 11.38 15.03 15.03 14.68 14.33 13.98 13.41 12.69
Exhaust (m/s)
Exhaust M.W. 28.55 28.55 28.55 28.54 28.51 28.47 28.37 28.29 28.55 28.55 28.54 28.51 28.47 28.37 28.29 28.55 28.55 28.54 28.51 28.47 28.37 28.29

Exhaust
837 837 837 865 892 907 932 963 856 856 874 894 917 942 969 906 906 912 919 927 942 964
Temperature (F)

Exhaust
720.4 720.4 720.4 735.9 750.9 759.3 773.2 790.4 730.9 730.9 740.9 752.0 764.8 778.7 793.7 758.7 758.7 762.0 765.9 770.4 778.7 790.9
Temperature (K)

NOX ppm@ 15% O2 120 70 15 15 15 15 15 15 120 15 15 15 15 15 15 120 15 15 15 15 15 15

NOX lb/hr 55.200 32.200 6.900 6.680 6.460 6.270 5.970 5.620 68.480 8.560 8.200 7.860 7.540 7.140 6.680 80.720 10.090 9.680 9.280 8.870 8.310 7.690
NOX g/s 6.955 4.057 0.869 0.842 0.814 0.790 0.752 0.708 8.628 1.079 1.033 0.990 0.950 0.900 0.842 10.171 1.271 1.220 1.169 1.118 1.047 0.969

CO ppm@ 15% O2 150 8,000 25 25 25 25 25 25 150 25 25 25 25 25 25 150 25 25 25 25 25 25

CO lb/hr 42.000 2240.0 7.000 6.780 6.550 6.360 6.060 5.710 52.080 8.680 8.330 7.980 7.650 7.250 6.780 61.380 10.230 9.830 9.410 9.000 8.430 7.800
CO g/s 5.292 282.240 0.882 0.854 0.825 0.801 0.764 0.719 6.562 1.094 1.050 1.005 0.964 0.914 0.854 7.734 1.289 1.239 1.186 1.134 1.062 0.983
UHC ppm@ 15%
50 800 25 25 25 25 25 25 50 25 25 25 25 25 25 50 25 25 25 25 25 25
O2
UHC lb/hr 8.020 128.320 4.010 3.880 3.750 3.640 3.470 3.270 9.940 4.970 4.770 4.570 4.380 4.150 3.880 11.720 5.860 5.630 5.390 5.160 4.830 4.470

VOC ppm@ 15%


10 160 5 5 5 5 5 5 10 5 5 5 5 5 5 10 5 5 5 5 5 5
O2 (20% of UHC)

VOC lb/hr 1.604 25.664 0.802 0.776 0.750 0.728 0.694 0.654 1.988 0.994 0.954 0.914 0.876 0.830 0.776 2.344 1.172 1.126 1.078 1.032 0.966 0.894

sulfur gr/100 scf 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0

SO2 lb/hr 0.753 0.753 0.753 0.730 0.706 0.688 0.660 0.629 0.912 0.912 0.875 0.840 0.809 0.771 0.730 1.044 1.044 1.003 0.963 0.924 0.872 0.817
SO2 g/s 0.095 0.095 0.095 0.092 0.089 0.087 0.083 0.079 0.115 0.115 0.110 0.106 0.102 0.097 0.092 0.132 0.132 0.126 0.121 0.116 0.110 0.103
Particulates
0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015
lb/MMBtu
PM10/2.5 lb/hr 2.02 2.02 2.02 1.96 1.90 1.85 1.77 1.69 2.45 2.45 2.35 2.25 2.17 2.07 1.96 2.80 2.80 2.69 2.58 2.48 2.34 2.19
PM10/2.5 g/s 0.255 0.255 0.255 0.247 0.239 0.232 0.223 0.213 0.308 0.308 0.296 0.284 0.273 0.261 0.247 0.353 0.353 0.339 0.326 0.312 0.295 0.276
CO2 lb/mmBtu 117 117 117 117 117 117 117 117 117 117 117 117 117 117 117 117 117 117 117 117 117 117
CO2 lb/hr 15,754 15,754 15,754 15,259 14,769 14,378 13,791 13,146 19,070 19,070 18,300 17,563 16,909 16,120 15,260 21,824 21,824 20,974 20,133 19,324 18,229 17,074
CH4 lb/mmBtu 0.0022 0.0022 0.0022 0.0022 0.0022 0.0022 0.0022 0.0022 0.0022 0.0022 0.0022 0.0022 0.0022 0.0022 0.0022 0.0022 0.0022 0.0022 0.0022 0.0022 0.0022 0.0022
CH4 lb/hr 0.2971 0.2971 0.2971 0.2878 0.2785 0.2712 0.2601 0.2479 0.3597 0.3597 0.3452 0.3313 0.3189 0.3040 0.2878 0.4116 0.4116 0.3956 0.3797 0.3645 0.3438 0.3220
N2O lb/mmBtu 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002
N2O lb/hr 0.0297 0.0297 0.0297 0.0288 0.0279 0.0271 0.0260 0.0248 0.0360 0.0360 0.0345 0.0331 0.0319 0.0304 0.0288 0.0412 0.0412 0.0396 0.0380 0.0364 0.0344 0.0322
CO2e lb/mmBtu 117.0 117.0 117.0 117.0 117.0 117.0 117.0 117.0 117.0 117.0 117.0 117.0 117.0 117.0 117.0 117.0 117.0 117.0 117.0 117.0 117.0 117.0
CO2e lb/hr 15,771 15,771 15,771 15,275 14,784 14,393 13,805 13,159 19,090 19,090 18,319 17,581 16,926 16,136 15,276 21,847 21,847 20,996 20,153 19,344 18,248 17,092

Notes
1. Data provided by Solar for 100%, 75%, and 50% load cases: net output power, fuel flow (MMBtu/hr, LHV), exhaust flow (lb/hr), exhaust temperature, NO X/CO/UHC concentrations and lb/hr.
2. Below zero and low load operation uses 0F for operating parameters and uses concentrations from Solar PIL 167.
3. Greenhouse gases are calculated using emission factors from Part 98, Tables C 1 and C2 and global warming potentials from Table A1 (CO2 = 1, CH4 = 25, N2O = 298).
Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC
Highland Compressor Station

Table B-3. Solar Titan 130E Potential to Emit

Operations Normal Ambient Startup Shutdown Potential to Emit Low Ambient Low Load Operation Maximum Yearly
Temperatures Including Temperatures (<50%) Potential to Emit
(>0 degrees F) Startup/Shutdown (<0 degrees F)
during Normal
Temperature
Operation
Maximum 8,760 hrs/yr 100 Events/Yr 100 Events/Year 8,760 hrs/yr 120 hrs/yr 10 hrs/yr 8,760 hrs/yr
Annual (10 Minute Event Duration) (10 Minute Event Duration)
Combined Event
Frequency

Pollutant Hourly Maximum Event Maximum Event Maximum Maximum Annual Hourly Maximum Hourly Maximum Maximum Annual
(lb/hr) Annual (lb/event) Annual (lb/event) Annual (tpy) (lb/hr) Annual (lb/hr) Annual (tpy)
(tpy) (tpy) (tpy) (tpy) (tpy)
NOX 10.09 44.19 1.90 0.10 2.40 0.12 44.24 80.72 4.84 32.20 0.16 48.59
CO 10.23 44.81 176.90 8.85 207.60 10.38 63.86 61.38 3.68 2,240.00 11.20 78.08
SO2 1.04 4.57 0 0 0 0 4.57 1.04 0.06 0.75 0.004 4.57
PM10/2.5 2.80 12.27 0 0 0 0 12.27 2.80 0.17 2.02 0.01 12.27
CO2e 21,847 95,690 0 0 0 0 95,690 21,847 1,311 15,771 79 95,690
CO2 21,824 95,591 0 0 0 0 95,591 21,824 1,309 15,754 79 95,591
N2O 0.04 0.18 0 0 0 0 0.18 0.04 0.002 0.03 0.0001 0.18
TOC (Total) 5.86 25.67 10.10 0.51 11.90 0.60 26.67 11.72 0.70 128.32 0.64 27.63
CH4 0.41 1.80 0 0 0 0 1.80 0.41 0.02 0.30 0.001 1.80
VOC (Total) 1.17 5.13 2.02 0.10 2.38 0.12 5.33 2.34 0.14 25.66 0.13 5.53
Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC
Highland Compressor Station

Table B-4. Auxiliary Generator Potential Emissions Summary (Waukesha VGF48GL)

Engine parameters
Power output base load 1,230 hp
Heat Input Capacity (HHV) 9.726 MMBtu/hr
Maximum Annual Operation 500 hr/yr

Potential Emissions

Total Annual
1 2
Pollutant g/bhp-hr lb/MMBtu lb/hr (ton/yr)3
NOx 2.00 5.42 1.36
CO 4.00 10.85 2.71
VOC 1.00 2.71 0.68
PM10/2.5 0.00999 0.10 0.024
SO2 5.88E-04 0.006 0.0014
CO2e 117.10 1138.912 284.73
CO2 116.9800 1137.738 284.43
CH4 0.0022 0.021 0.01
N2O 0.0002 0.002 0.001
Notes:
1
NOx, CO, VOC based on NSPS Subpart JJJJ, Table 1
2
Emissions for PM10/PM2.5 and SO2 calculated using AP-42 emission factors (Table 3.2-2).
Emission for GHGs based upon 40 CFR Part 98, Subpart C
3
Auxiliary Generator is Limited to 500 hours / year.
Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC
Highland Compressor Station

Table B-5. Gas-Fired Heater Potential Emissions Summary

Engine parameters
Heat Input Capacity (HHV) 1.23 MMBtu/hr
Fuel Firing Rate 1,201 SCF/hr
Maximum Annual Operation 8,760 hr/yr

Potential Emissions

Total Annual
Pollutant lb/mmscf lb/hr (ton/yr)
NOx 100 0.12 0.53
CO 84 0.10 0.44
VOC 5.5 0.007 0.03
PM/PM-10/PM-2.5 7.6 0.01 0.04
(2)
SO2 5.71 0.0069 0.03
CO2e 119,970 144.12 631.26
CO2 119,846 143.98 630.61
CH4 2.26 0.0027 0.01
N2O 0.23 0.00027 0.0012

(1)
NOx, CO, VOC and PM emissions are based upon AP-42 Emission Factors
(2)
Emissions of SO2 from based on mass balance of sulfur in fuel:
Sulfur Content 2.0 grains/100 SCF
Higher Heating Value 1,025 Btu/SCF
Molecular Weight of S = 32 lb/lbmol
Molecular Weight of SO2 = 64 lb/lbmol
(3)
GHG Emissions are based upon 40 CFR Part 98, Subpart C
Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC
Highland Compressor Station

Table B-6. Fugitive Blowdowns Potential Emissions Summary

Natural Gas Specifications


Constituent Mol Percent Molecular Weight Lb/Lb-Mol NG Mass Percent VOC
CO2 0.031 44.01 0.014 0.08% No
Nitrogen 0.244 28.01 0.068 0.42% No
Methane 97.794 16.04 15.689 95.90% No
Ethane 1.876 30.07 0.564 3.45% No
Propane 0.053 44.10 0.023 0.14% Yes
N-Butane 0.002 58.12 0.001 0.01% Yes

Natural Gas Properties


Molecular Weight 16.35
Btu/Scf 1024.5
Specific Gravity 0.566
lb/Scf 0.0433
Scf/lb 23.10

Blowdown Events
Parameter
Building Emergency Station
Shutdown Shutdown
Gas Blowdown (scf/event) 61,000 608,474
Blowdowns per Year 4 2
VOC Emissions (lb/event) 4.0 39.5
CO2 Emissions (lb/event) 2.2 22.0
CH4 Emissions (lb/event) 2,532.1 25,257.5
CO2e Emissions (lb/event) 63,304.4 631,460.0
VOC Emissions (tpy) 0.0079 0.0395
CO2 Emissions (tpy) 0.0044 0.0220
CH4 Emissions (tpy) 5.1 25.3
CO2e Emissions (tpy) 126.6 631.5
Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC
Highland Compressor Station

Table B-7. Waste Liquids Tank Potential Emissions Summary

Capacity (gal) 4,000 4,000


Liquids Input Rate (gal/yr) 4,000 667 (gal/hr)

Flash Gas Density (lb/scf) 0.1107 0.1107

Flash Factor (scf/bbl) 640.3 629.71


Flash Gas Rate (scf/yr) 60,980.95 10,000.39 (scf/hr)
Flash Losses (lb/yr) 6,750.59 Maximum 1,107.04 Maximum
Individual Constituents Weight Annual Weight Hourly
Percentage (%) Emissions Percentage (%) Emissions
(tpy) (lb/hr)
VOC (Total) 67.38 2.274 67.38 745.93
HAP (Total) 6.17 0.208 6.17 68.30
Benzene 0.7598 0.026 0.7598 8.41
Ethylbenzene 0.047 0.002 0.047 0.52
Hexane (n) 1.6563 0.056 1.6563 18.34
Toluene 2.4744 0.084 2.4744 27.39
Trimethylpentane (2,2,4)
0.2072 0.007 0.2072 2.29
Xylenes 1.0253 0.035 1.0253 11.35
Notes:
Liquid input rates:
a. maximum hourly based on the minimum of vessel capacity or maximum annual throughput divided by 6;
b. maximum annual based on operating experience and safety factor; and
c. average hourly is the maximum annual divided by 8,760 hrs/yr.

Flash gas density is 110% of the value extracted from laboratory analysis results.
Laboratory Density:
Flash factor extracted from laboratory analysis results:
0.1006 lb/scf Safety Factor: 110%
Speciated emissions vapor weight percentages caculated from laboratory analysis results.
Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC
Highland Compressor Station

Table B-8. Potential Fugitive Emissions Summary

Component CH4 Emission CO2 Emission Units


Factor, Factor,

Compressor Station Fugitives 135,260.0 7,813.1 lb/station-yr


Centrifugal Compressor Fugitives 467,660.0 27,013.7 lb/compressor-yr
1
Greenhouse Gas Emission Estimation Guidelines for Natural Gas Transmission and Storage, Volume 1 - GHG Emission
Estimation Methodologies and Procedures, Interstate Natural Gas Association of America, September 28, 2005. See Table 4.4.

2
Based on 93.4 vol% CH4 and 2 vol% CO2 in natural gas, per INGAA Guideline

Natural Gas Specifications


Constituent Mol Percent Molecular Weight Lb/Lb-Mol NG Mass Percent VOC
CO2 0.031 44.0098 0.014 0.08% No
Nitrogen 0.244 28.0135 0.068 0.42% No
Methane 97.794 16.0428 15.689 95.90% No
Ethane 1.876 30.0696 0.564 3.45% No
Propane 0.053 44.0965 0.023 0.14% Yes
N-Butane 0.002 58.1234 0.001 0.01% Yes

Segment CO Emissions3 CH4 COe VOC


(tpy) Emissions3 Emissions3,4 Emissions3
(tpy) (tpy) (tpy)
Compressor Station Fugitives 0.06 70.8 1,770.4 0.1
Titan 130E Fugitives 0.2 244.8 6,121.0 0.4
Total 0.3 315.6 7,891.3 0.5
3
Based upon natural gas specfications and INGAA factors above.
4
Calculated using global warming potentials from Part 98, Table A1 (CO2 = 1, CH4 = 25)
Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC
Highland Compressor Station

Table B-9. Proposed Project Potential HAP Emissions Summary

Solar Titan 130E Fuel Gas Heater Auxiliary Generator


Annual Annual Annual
Emission Factor Max Hourly Potential Emission Factor Max Potential EF Max Potential Facility
Basis(1) Basis(2) Hourly Basis(3) Hourly PTE
Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPs) lb/MMBtu lb/hr tons/year lb/MMBtu lb/hr tons/year lb/MMBtu lb/hr tons/year tons/yr
VOC-HAP
Acetaldehyde 1.18E-04 2.20E-02 9.66E-02 8.36E-03 8.13E-02 2.03E-02 1.17E-01
Acrolein 1.89E-05 3.53E-03 1.55E-02 5.14E-03 5.00E-02 1.25E-02 2.80E-02
Benzene 3.54E-05 6.61E-03 2.90E-02 2.06E-06 2.53E-06 1.11E-05 4.40E-04 4.28E-03 1.07E-03 3.01E-02
1,3-Butadiene 1.27E-06 2.37E-04 1.04E-03 2.67E-04 2.60E-03 6.49E-04 1.69E-03
Carbon Tetrachloride 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 3.67E-05 3.57E-04 8.92E-05 8.92E-05
Chlorobenzene 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 3.04E-05 2.96E-04 7.39E-05 7.39E-05
Chloroform 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 2.85E-05 2.77E-04 6.93E-05 6.93E-05
Dichlorobenzene 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 1.18E-06 1.45E-06 6.34E-06 6.34E-06
1,3-Dichloropropene 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 2.64E-05 2.57E-04 6.42E-05 6.42E-05
Ethylbenzene 9.45E-05 1.76E-02 7.73E-02 3.97E-05 3.86E-04 9.65E-05 7.74E-02
Ethylene Dibromide 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 4.43E-05 4.31E-04 1.08E-04 1.08E-04
Formaldehyde 2.10E-03 3.91E-01 1.71E+00 7.35E-05 9.05E-05 3.96E-04 5.28E-02 5.14E-01 1.28E-01 1.84E+00
Hexane 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 1.76E-03 2.17E-03 9.51E-03 1.11E-03 1.08E-02 2.70E-03 1.22E-02
Methanol 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 2.50E-03 2.43E-02 6.08E-03 6.08E-03
Methylene Chloride 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 2.00E-05 1.95E-04 4.86E-05 4.86E-05
Naphthalene 3.84E-06 7.17E-04 3.14E-03 5.98E-07 7.36E-07 3.22E-06 7.44E-05 7.24E-04 1.81E-04 3.32E-03
PAH 6.50E-06 1.21E-03 5.31E-03 2.69E-05 2.62E-04 6.54E-05 5.38E-03
Propylene Oxide 8.56E-05 1.60E-02 7.00E-02 7.00E-02
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 4.00E-05 3.89E-04 9.73E-05 9.73E-05
1,1,2-Trichloroethane 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 3.18E-05 3.09E-04 7.73E-05 7.73E-05
2,2,4 Trimethylpentane 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 2.50E-04 2.43E-03 6.08E-04 6.08E-04
Toluene 3.84E-04 7.17E-02 3.14E-01 3.33E-06 4.10E-06 1.80E-05 4.08E-04 3.97E-03 9.92E-04 3.15E-01
Vinyl Chloride 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 1.49E-05 1.45E-04 3.62E-05 3.62E-05
Xylenes 1.89E-04 3.53E-02 1.55E-01 1.84E-04 1.79E-03 4.47E-04 1.55E-01
Polycyclic Organic Compounds (POM)
Acenaphthene 1.76E-09 3.29E-07 1.44E-06 1.76E-09 2.17E-09 9.51E-09 1.25E-06 1.22E-05 3.04E-06 4.49E-06
Acenaphthylene 1.76E-09 3.29E-07 1.44E-06 1.76E-09 2.17E-09 9.51E-09 5.53E-06 5.38E-05 1.34E-05 1.49E-05
Anthracene 2.35E-09 4.39E-07 1.92E-06 2.35E-09 2.90E-09 1.27E-08 1.94E-06
Benz(a)anthracene 1.76E-09 3.29E-07 1.44E-06 1.76E-09 2.17E-09 9.51E-09 1.45E-06
Benzo(a)pyrene 1.18E-09 2.20E-07 9.62E-07 1.18E-09 1.45E-09 6.34E-09 4.15E-07 4.04E-06 1.01E-06 1.98E-06
Benzo(b)fluoranthene 1.76E-09 3.29E-07 1.44E-06 1.76E-09 2.17E-09 9.51E-09 1.66E-07 1.61E-06 4.04E-07 1.86E-06
Benzo(g,h,i)perylene 1.18E-09 2.20E-07 9.62E-07 1.18E-09 1.45E-09 6.34E-09 4.14E-07 4.03E-06 1.01E-06 1.98E-06
Benzo(k)fluoranthene 1.76E-09 3.29E-07 1.44E-06 1.76E-09 2.17E-09 9.51E-09 1.66E-07 1.61E-06 4.04E-07 1.86E-06
Biphenyl 2.12E-04 2.06E-03 5.15E-04 5.15E-04
Chrysene 1.76E-09 3.29E-07 1.44E-06 1.76E-09 2.17E-09 9.51E-09 6.93E-07 6.74E-06 1.69E-06 3.14E-06
Dibenzo(a,h)anthracene 1.18E-09 2.20E-07 9.62E-07 1.18E-09 1.45E-09 6.34E-09 9.68E-07
7,12-Dimethylbenz(a)anthracene 1.57E-08 2.93E-06 1.28E-05 1.57E-08 1.93E-08 8.46E-08 1.29E-05
Fluoranthene 2.94E-09 5.49E-07 2.41E-06 2.94E-09 3.62E-09 1.59E-08 1.11E-06 1.08E-05 2.70E-06 5.12E-06
Fluorene 2.75E-09 5.13E-07 2.24E-06 2.75E-09 3.38E-09 1.48E-08 5.67E-06 5.51E-05 1.38E-05 1.60E-05
3-Methylchloranthrene 1.76E-09 3.29E-07 1.44E-06 1.76E-09 2.17E-09 9.51E-09 1.45E-06
2-Methylnaphthalene 2.35E-08 4.39E-06 1.92E-05 2.35E-08 2.90E-08 1.27E-07 3.32E-05 3.23E-04 8.07E-05 1.00E-04
Indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene 1.76E-09 3.29E-07 1.44E-06 1.76E-09 2.17E-09 9.51E-09 1.45E-06
Phenanthrene 1.67E-08 3.11E-06 1.36E-05 1.67E-08 2.05E-08 8.98E-08 1.04E-05 1.01E-04 2.53E-05 3.90E-05
Phenol 2.40E-05 2.33E-04 5.84E-05 5.84E-05
Pyrene 4.90E-09 9.15E-07 4.01E-06 4.90E-09 6.03E-09 2.64E-08 1.36E-06 1.32E-05 3.31E-06 7.34E-06
Styrene 2.36E-05 2.30E-04 5.74E-05 5.74E-05
Total POM 8.65E-08 1.61E-05 7.07E-05 8.65E-08 1.06E-07 4.66E-07 3.20E-04 3.11E-03 7.78E-04 8.49E-04
Total HAPs 2.48 0.01 0.18 2.67
Maximum Individual HAP: 1.8
Total Project HAPs: 2.7
(1)
Emissions based on AP-42 5th Edition, Section 3.1. Emissions based on scaling of AP-42 values using Vendor Guarantee for TOC
(2)
Emissions based on AP-42 5th Edition, Section 1.4.
(3)
Emissions based on AP-42 5th Edition, Section 3.2.
PREDICTED EMISSION PERFORMANCE

Customer Engine Model


Millenium Pipeline TITAN 130-22402S
Job ID CS/MD 59F MATCH
Highland
Inquiry Number Fuel Type Water Injection
HO15-0146 CHOICE GAS NO
Run By Date Run Engine Emissions Data
Nima Bahrami 14-Apr-16 REV. 0.0

NOx EMISSIONS CO EMISSIONS UHC EMISSIONS

1 11177 HP 50.0% Load Elev. 1320 ft Rel. Humidity 60.0% Temperature 0 Deg. F
PPMvd at 15% O2 15.00 25.00 25.00
ton/yr 30.24 30.68 17.57
lbm/MMBtu (Fuel LHV) 0.060 0.061 0.035
lbm/(MW-hr) 0.83 0.84 0.48
(gas turbine shaft pwr)
lbm/hr 6.90 7.00 4.01

2 10768 HP 50.0% Load Elev. 1320 ft Rel. Humidity 60.0% Temperature 20.0 Deg. F
PPMvd at 15% O2 15.00 25.00 25.00
ton/yr 29.27 29.70 17.01
lbm/MMBtu (Fuel LHV) 0.060 0.061 0.035
lbm/(MW-hr) 0.83 0.84 0.48
(gas turbine shaft pwr)
lbm/hr 6.68 6.78 3.88

3 10344 HP 50.0% Load Elev. 1320 ft Rel. Humidity 60.0% Temperature 40.0 Deg. F
PPMvd at 15% O2 15.00 25.00 25.00
ton/yr 28.28 28.70 16.44
lbm/MMBtu (Fuel LHV) 0.060 0.061 0.035
lbm/(MW-hr) 0.84 0.85 0.49
(gas turbine shaft pwr)
lbm/hr 6.46 6.55 3.75

Notes

1. For short-term emission limits such as lbs/hr., Solar recommends using "worst case" anticipated operating
conditions specific to the application and the site conditions. Worst case for one pollutant is not
necessarily the same for another.
2. Solars typical SoLoNOx warranty, for ppm values, is available for greater than 0 deg F or -20 deg C,
and between 50% and 100% load for gas, fuel, and between 65% and 100% load for liquid fuel (except f
or the Centaur 40). An emission warranty for non-SoLoNOx equipment is available for greater than 0 deg
F or -20 deg C and betwee
3. Fuel must meet Solar standard fuel specification ES 9-98. Emissions are based on the attached fuel
composition, or, San Diego natural gas or equivalent.
4. If needed, Solar can provide Product Information Letters to address turbine operation outside typical
warranty ranges, as well as non-warranted emissions of SO2, PM10/2.5, VOC, and formaldehyde.
5. Solar can provide factory testing in San Diego to ensure the actual unit(s) meet the above values within
the tolerances quoted. Pricing and schedule impact will be provided upon request.
6. Any emissions warranty is applicable only for steady-state conditions and does not apply during start-up,
shut-down, malfunction, or transient event.
PREDICTED EMISSION PERFORMANCE

Customer Engine Model


Millenium Pipeline TITAN 130-22402S
Job ID CS/MD 59F MATCH
Highland
Inquiry Number Fuel Type Water Injection
HO15-0146 CHOICE GAS NO
Run By Date Run Engine Emissions Data
Nima Bahrami 14-Apr-16 REV. 0.0

NOx EMISSIONS CO EMISSIONS UHC EMISSIONS

4 9920 HP 50.0% Load Elev. 1320 ft Rel. Humidity 60.0% Temperature 60.0 Deg. F
PPMvd at 15% O2 15.00 25.00 25.00
ton/yr 27.45 27.85 15.95
lbm/MMBtu (Fuel LHV) 0.060 0.061 0.035
lbm/(MW-hr) 0.85 0.86 0.49
(gas turbine shaft pwr)
lbm/hr 6.27 6.36 3.64

5 9220 HP 50.0% Load Elev. 1320 ft Rel. Humidity 60.0% Temperature 80.0 Deg. F
PPMvd at 15% O2 15.00 25.00 25.00
ton/yr 26.16 26.54 15.20
lbm/MMBtu (Fuel LHV) 0.059 0.060 0.034
lbm/(MW-hr) 0.87 0.88 0.50
(gas turbine shaft pwr)
lbm/hr 5.97 6.06 3.47

6 8348 HP 50.0% Load Elev. 1320 ft Rel. Humidity 60.0% Temperature 100.0 Deg. F
PPMvd at 15% O2 15.00 25.00 25.00
ton/yr 24.64 25.00 14.32
lbm/MMBtu (Fuel LHV) 0.059 0.059 0.034
lbm/(MW-hr) 0.90 0.92 0.53
(gas turbine shaft pwr)
lbm/hr 5.62 5.71 3.27

Notes

1. For short-term emission limits such as lbs/hr., Solar recommends using "worst case" anticipated operating
conditions specific to the application and the site conditions. Worst case for one pollutant is not
necessarily the same for another.
2. Solars typical SoLoNOx warranty, for ppm values, is available for greater than 0 deg F or -20 deg C,
and between 50% and 100% load for gas, fuel, and between 65% and 100% load for liquid fuel (except f
or the Centaur 40). An emission warranty for non-SoLoNOx equipment is available for greater than 0 deg
F or -20 deg C and betwee
3. Fuel must meet Solar standard fuel specification ES 9-98. Emissions are based on the attached fuel
composition, or, San Diego natural gas or equivalent.
4. If needed, Solar can provide Product Information Letters to address turbine operation outside typical
warranty ranges, as well as non-warranted emissions of SO2, PM10/2.5, VOC, and formaldehyde.
5. Solar can provide factory testing in San Diego to ensure the actual unit(s) meet the above values within
the tolerances quoted. Pricing and schedule impact will be provided upon request.
6. Any emissions warranty is applicable only for steady-state conditions and does not apply during start-up,
shut-down, malfunction, or transient event.
PREDICTED ENGINE PERFORMANCE

Customer Model
TITAN 130-22402S
Millenium Pipeline Package Type
CS/MD
Job ID Match
Highland 59F MATCH
Run By Date Run Fuel System
Nima Bahrami 14-Apr-16 GAS
Engine Performance Code Engine Performance Data Fuel Type
REV. 4.17.1.19.11 REV. 0.0 CHOICE GAS

DATA FOR MINIMUM PERFORMANCE

Elevation feet 1320


Inlet Loss in H2O 4.0
Exhaust Loss in H2O 4.0
Accessory on GP Shaft HP 29.2

1 2 3 4 5 6
Engine Inlet Temperature deg F 0 20.0 40.0 60.0 80.0 100.0
Relative Humidity % 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0

Driven Equipment Speed RPM 7139 7024 6916 7187 7065 6932

Specified Load HP 50.0% 50.0% 50.0% 50.0% 50.0% 50.0%


Net Output Power HP 11177 10768 10344 9920 9220 8348
Fuel Flow mmBtu/hr 121.15 117.34 113.57 110.57 106.05 101.09
Heat Rate Btu/HP-hr 10839 10897 10979 11146 11503 12109
Therm Eff % 23.475 23.350 23.175 22.827 22.120 21.013

Engine Exhaust Flow lbm/hr 386517 365304 344367 322323 300087 278591
PT Exit Temperature deg F 889 907 925 929 949 981
Exhaust Temperature deg F 837 865 892 907 932 963

Fuel Gas Composition Methane (CH4) 97.79


(Volume Percent)
Ethane (C2H6) 1.88
Propane (C3H8) 0.05
N-Butane (C4H10) 0.0020
Carbon Dioxide (CO2) 0.03
Nitrogen (N2) 0.24
Sulfur Dioxide (SO2) 0.0001
Fuel Gas Properties LHV (Btu/Scf) 920.9 Specific Gravity 0.5648 Wobbe Index at 60F 1225.4

This performance was calculated with a basic inlet and exhaust system. Special equipment such as low
noise silencers, special filters, heat recovery systems or cooling devices will affect engine performance.
Performance shown is "Expected" performance at the pressure drops stated, not guaranteed.
PREDICTED EMISSION PERFORMANCE

Customer Engine Model


Millenium Pipeline TITAN 130-22402S
Job ID CS/MD 59F MATCH
Highland
Inquiry Number Fuel Type Water Injection
HO15-0146 CHOICE GAS NO
Run By Date Run Engine Emissions Data
Nima Bahrami 14-Apr-16 REV. 0.0

NOx EMISSIONS CO EMISSIONS UHC EMISSIONS

1 16766 HP 75.0% Load Elev. 1320 ft Rel. Humidity 60.0% Temperature 0 Deg. F
PPMvd at 15% O2 15.00 25.00 25.00
ton/yr 37.48 38.03 21.78
lbm/MMBtu (Fuel LHV) 0.060 0.061 0.035
lbm/(MW-hr) 0.68 0.69 0.40
(gas turbine shaft pwr)
lbm/hr 8.56 8.68 4.97

2 16153 HP 75.0% Load Elev. 1320 ft Rel. Humidity 60.0% Temperature 20.0 Deg. F
PPMvd at 15% O2 15.00 25.00 25.00
ton/yr 35.94 36.47 20.89
lbm/MMBtu (Fuel LHV) 0.060 0.061 0.035
lbm/(MW-hr) 0.68 0.69 0.40
(gas turbine shaft pwr)
lbm/hr 8.20 8.33 4.77

3 15516 HP 75.0% Load Elev. 1320 ft Rel. Humidity 60.0% Temperature 40.0 Deg. F
PPMvd at 15% O2 15.00 25.00 25.00
ton/yr 34.43 34.94 20.01
lbm/MMBtu (Fuel LHV) 0.060 0.061 0.035
lbm/(MW-hr) 0.68 0.69 0.39
(gas turbine shaft pwr)
lbm/hr 7.86 7.98 4.57

Notes

1. For short-term emission limits such as lbs/hr., Solar recommends using "worst case" anticipated operating
conditions specific to the application and the site conditions. Worst case for one pollutant is not
necessarily the same for another.
2. Solars typical SoLoNOx warranty, for ppm values, is available for greater than 0 deg F or -20 deg C,
and between 50% and 100% load for gas, fuel, and between 65% and 100% load for liquid fuel (except f
or the Centaur 40). An emission warranty for non-SoLoNOx equipment is available for greater than 0 deg
F or -20 deg C and betwee
3. Fuel must meet Solar standard fuel specification ES 9-98. Emissions are based on the attached fuel
composition, or, San Diego natural gas or equivalent.
4. If needed, Solar can provide Product Information Letters to address turbine operation outside typical
warranty ranges, as well as non-warranted emissions of SO2, PM10/2.5, VOC, and formaldehyde.
5. Solar can provide factory testing in San Diego to ensure the actual unit(s) meet the above values within
the tolerances quoted. Pricing and schedule impact will be provided upon request.
6. Any emissions warranty is applicable only for steady-state conditions and does not apply during start-up,
shut-down, malfunction, or transient event.
PREDICTED EMISSION PERFORMANCE

Customer Engine Model


Millenium Pipeline TITAN 130-22402S
Job ID CS/MD 59F MATCH
Highland
Inquiry Number Fuel Type Water Injection
HO15-0146 CHOICE GAS NO
Run By Date Run Engine Emissions Data
Nima Bahrami 14-Apr-16 REV. 0.0

NOx EMISSIONS CO EMISSIONS UHC EMISSIONS

4 14880 HP 75.0% Load Elev. 1320 ft Rel. Humidity 60.0% Temperature 60.0 Deg. F
PPMvd at 15% O2 15.00 25.00 25.00
ton/yr 33.03 33.52 19.20
lbm/MMBtu (Fuel LHV) 0.060 0.061 0.035
lbm/(MW-hr) 0.68 0.69 0.40
(gas turbine shaft pwr)
lbm/hr 7.54 7.65 4.38

5 13830 HP 75.0% Load Elev. 1320 ft Rel. Humidity 60.0% Temperature 80.0 Deg. F
PPMvd at 15% O2 15.00 25.00 25.00
ton/yr 31.28 31.74 18.18
lbm/MMBtu (Fuel LHV) 0.059 0.060 0.034
lbm/(MW-hr) 0.69 0.70 0.40
(gas turbine shaft pwr)
lbm/hr 7.14 7.25 4.15

6 12523 HP 75.0% Load Elev. 1320 ft Rel. Humidity 60.0% Temperature 100.0 Deg. F
PPMvd at 15% O2 15.00 25.00 25.00
ton/yr 29.26 29.69 17.01
lbm/MMBtu (Fuel LHV) 0.059 0.059 0.034
lbm/(MW-hr) 0.72 0.73 0.42
(gas turbine shaft pwr)
lbm/hr 6.68 6.78 3.88

Notes

1. For short-term emission limits such as lbs/hr., Solar recommends using "worst case" anticipated operating
conditions specific to the application and the site conditions. Worst case for one pollutant is not
necessarily the same for another.
2. Solars typical SoLoNOx warranty, for ppm values, is available for greater than 0 deg F or -20 deg C,
and between 50% and 100% load for gas, fuel, and between 65% and 100% load for liquid fuel (except f
or the Centaur 40). An emission warranty for non-SoLoNOx equipment is available for greater than 0 deg
F or -20 deg C and betwee
3. Fuel must meet Solar standard fuel specification ES 9-98. Emissions are based on the attached fuel
composition, or, San Diego natural gas or equivalent.
4. If needed, Solar can provide Product Information Letters to address turbine operation outside typical
warranty ranges, as well as non-warranted emissions of SO2, PM10/2.5, VOC, and formaldehyde.
5. Solar can provide factory testing in San Diego to ensure the actual unit(s) meet the above values within
the tolerances quoted. Pricing and schedule impact will be provided upon request.
6. Any emissions warranty is applicable only for steady-state conditions and does not apply during start-up,
shut-down, malfunction, or transient event.
PREDICTED ENGINE PERFORMANCE

Customer Model
TITAN 130-22402S
Millenium Pipeline Package Type
CS/MD
Job ID Match
Highland 59F MATCH
Run By Date Run Fuel System
Nima Bahrami 14-Apr-16 GAS
Engine Performance Code Engine Performance Data Fuel Type
REV. 4.17.1.19.11 REV. 0.0 CHOICE GAS

DATA FOR MINIMUM PERFORMANCE

Elevation feet 1320


Inlet Loss in H2O 4.0
Exhaust Loss in H2O 4.0
Accessory on GP Shaft HP 29.2

1 2 3 4 5 6
Engine Inlet Temperature deg F 0 20.0 40.0 60.0 80.0 100.0
Relative Humidity % 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0

Driven Equipment Speed RPM 8243 8138 8024 7909 7709 7439

Specified Load HP 75.0% 75.0% 75.0% 75.0% 75.0% 75.0%


Net Output Power HP 16766 16153 15516 14880 13830 12523
Fuel Flow mmBtu/hr 146.65 140.73 135.06 130.03 123.96 117.35
Heat Rate Btu/HP-hr 8747 8713 8705 8739 8963 9371
Therm Eff % 29.089 29.204 29.231 29.117 28.387 27.153

Engine Exhaust Flow lbm/hr 443084 422174 400831 380133 356195 328797
PT Exit Temperature deg F 879 893 908 927 950 975
Exhaust Temperature deg F 856 874 894 917 942 969

Fuel Gas Composition Methane (CH4) 97.79


(Volume Percent)
Ethane (C2H6) 1.88
Propane (C3H8) 0.05
N-Butane (C4H10) 0.0020
Carbon Dioxide (CO2) 0.03
Nitrogen (N2) 0.24
Sulfur Dioxide (SO2) 0.0001
Fuel Gas Properties LHV (Btu/Scf) 920.9 Specific Gravity 0.5648 Wobbe Index at 60F 1225.4

This performance was calculated with a basic inlet and exhaust system. Special equipment such as low
noise silencers, special filters, heat recovery systems or cooling devices will affect engine performance.
Performance shown is "Expected" performance at the pressure drops stated, not guaranteed.
PREDICTED EMISSION PERFORMANCE

Customer Engine Model


Millenium Pipeline TITAN 130-22402S
Job ID CS/MD 59F MATCH
Highland
Inquiry Number Fuel Type Water Injection
HO15-0146 CHOICE GAS NO
Run By Date Run Engine Emissions Data
Nima Bahrami 14-Apr-16 REV. 0.0

NOx EMISSIONS CO EMISSIONS UHC EMISSIONS

1 22354 HP 100.0% Load Elev. 1320 ft Rel. Humidity 60.0% Temperature 0 Deg. F
PPMvd at 15% O2 15.00 25.00 25.00
ton/yr 44.18 44.83 25.67
lbm/MMBtu (Fuel LHV) 0.060 0.061 0.035
lbm/(MW-hr) 0.61 0.61 0.35
(gas turbine shaft pwr)
lbm/hr 10.09 10.23 5.86

2 21537 HP 100.0% Load Elev. 1320 ft Rel. Humidity 60.0% Temperature 20.0 Deg. F
PPMvd at 15% O2 15.00 25.00 25.00
ton/yr 42.42 43.04 24.65
lbm/MMBtu (Fuel LHV) 0.060 0.061 0.035
lbm/(MW-hr) 0.60 0.61 0.35
(gas turbine shaft pwr)
lbm/hr 9.68 9.83 5.63

3 20688 HP 100.0% Load Elev. 1320 ft Rel. Humidity 60.0% Temperature 40.0 Deg. F
PPMvd at 15% O2 15.00 25.00 25.00
ton/yr 40.64 41.23 23.62
lbm/MMBtu (Fuel LHV) 0.060 0.061 0.035
lbm/(MW-hr) 0.60 0.61 0.35
(gas turbine shaft pwr)
lbm/hr 9.28 9.41 5.39

Notes

1. For short-term emission limits such as lbs/hr., Solar recommends using "worst case" anticipated operating
conditions specific to the application and the site conditions. Worst case for one pollutant is not
necessarily the same for another.
2. Solars typical SoLoNOx warranty, for ppm values, is available for greater than 0 deg F or -20 deg C,
and between 50% and 100% load for gas, fuel, and between 65% and 100% load for liquid fuel (except f
or the Centaur 40). An emission warranty for non-SoLoNOx equipment is available for greater than 0 deg
F or -20 deg C and betwee
3. Fuel must meet Solar standard fuel specification ES 9-98. Emissions are based on the attached fuel
composition, or, San Diego natural gas or equivalent.
4. If needed, Solar can provide Product Information Letters to address turbine operation outside typical
warranty ranges, as well as non-warranted emissions of SO2, PM10/2.5, VOC, and formaldehyde.
5. Solar can provide factory testing in San Diego to ensure the actual unit(s) meet the above values within
the tolerances quoted. Pricing and schedule impact will be provided upon request.
6. Any emissions warranty is applicable only for steady-state conditions and does not apply during start-up,
shut-down, malfunction, or transient event.
PREDICTED EMISSION PERFORMANCE

Customer Engine Model


Millenium Pipeline TITAN 130-22402S
Job ID CS/MD 59F MATCH
Highland
Inquiry Number Fuel Type Water Injection
HO15-0146 CHOICE GAS NO
Run By Date Run Engine Emissions Data
Nima Bahrami 14-Apr-16 REV. 0.0

NOx EMISSIONS CO EMISSIONS UHC EMISSIONS

4 19841 HP 100.0% Load Elev. 1320 ft Rel. Humidity 60.0% Temperature 60.0 Deg. F
PPMvd at 15% O2 15.00 25.00 25.00
ton/yr 38.86 39.43 22.58
lbm/MMBtu (Fuel LHV) 0.060 0.061 0.035
lbm/(MW-hr) 0.60 0.61 0.35
(gas turbine shaft pwr)
lbm/hr 8.87 9.00 5.16

5 18440 HP 100.0% Load Elev. 1320 ft Rel. Humidity 60.0% Temperature 80.0 Deg. F
PPMvd at 15% O2 15.00 25.00 25.00
ton/yr 36.41 36.94 21.16
lbm/MMBtu (Fuel LHV) 0.059 0.060 0.034
lbm/(MW-hr) 0.60 0.61 0.35
(gas turbine shaft pwr)
lbm/hr 8.31 8.43 4.83

6 16697 HP 100.0% Load Elev. 1320 ft Rel. Humidity 60.0% Temperature 100.0 Deg. F
PPMvd at 15% O2 15.00 25.00 25.00
ton/yr 33.69 34.18 19.58
lbm/MMBtu (Fuel LHV) 0.059 0.059 0.034
lbm/(MW-hr) 0.62 0.63 0.36
(gas turbine shaft pwr)
lbm/hr 7.69 7.80 4.47

Notes

1. For short-term emission limits such as lbs/hr., Solar recommends using "worst case" anticipated operating
conditions specific to the application and the site conditions. Worst case for one pollutant is not
necessarily the same for another.
2. Solars typical SoLoNOx warranty, for ppm values, is available for greater than 0 deg F or -20 deg C,
and between 50% and 100% load for gas, fuel, and between 65% and 100% load for liquid fuel (except f
or the Centaur 40). An emission warranty for non-SoLoNOx equipment is available for greater than 0 deg
F or -20 deg C and betwee
3. Fuel must meet Solar standard fuel specification ES 9-98. Emissions are based on the attached fuel
composition, or, San Diego natural gas or equivalent.
4. If needed, Solar can provide Product Information Letters to address turbine operation outside typical
warranty ranges, as well as non-warranted emissions of SO2, PM10/2.5, VOC, and formaldehyde.
5. Solar can provide factory testing in San Diego to ensure the actual unit(s) meet the above values within
the tolerances quoted. Pricing and schedule impact will be provided upon request.
6. Any emissions warranty is applicable only for steady-state conditions and does not apply during start-up,
shut-down, malfunction, or transient event.
PREDICTED ENGINE PERFORMANCE

Customer Model
TITAN 130-22402S
Millenium Pipeline Package Type
CS/MD
Job ID Match
Highland 59F MATCH
Run By Date Run Fuel System
Nima Bahrami 14-Apr-16 GAS
Engine Performance Code Engine Performance Data Fuel Type
REV. 4.17.1.19.11 REV. 0.0 CHOICE GAS

DATA FOR MINIMUM PERFORMANCE

Elevation feet 1320


Inlet Loss in H2O 4.0
Exhaust Loss in H2O 4.0
Accessory on GP Shaft HP 29.2

1 2 3 4 5 6
Engine Inlet Temperature deg F 0 20.0 40.0 60.0 80.0 100.0
Relative Humidity % 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0

Driven Equipment Speed RPM 8856 8856 8844 8738 8544 8284

Specified Load HP FULL FULL FULL FULL FULL FULL


Net Output Power HP 22354 21537 20688 19841 18440 16697
Fuel Flow mmBtu/hr 167.83 161.29 154.82 148.60 140.18 131.30
Heat Rate Btu/HP-hr 7508 7489 7483 7489 7602 7863
Therm Eff % 33.890 33.974 34.001 33.973 33.470 32.358

Engine Exhaust Flow lbm/hr 458609 445904 432581 418879 396184 368082
PT Exit Temperature deg F 906 912 919 927 942 964
Exhaust Temperature deg F 906 912 919 927 942 964

Fuel Gas Composition Methane (CH4) 97.79


(Volume Percent)
Ethane (C2H6) 1.88
Propane (C3H8) 0.05
N-Butane (C4H10) 0.0020
Carbon Dioxide (CO2) 0.03
Nitrogen (N2) 0.24
Sulfur Dioxide (SO2) 0.0001
Fuel Gas Properties LHV (Btu/Scf) 920.9 Specific Gravity 0.5648 Wobbe Index at 60F 1225.4

This performance was calculated with a basic inlet and exhaust system. Special equipment such as low
noise silencers, special filters, heat recovery systems or cooling devices will affect engine performance.
Performance shown is "Expected" performance at the pressure drops stated, not guaranteed.
Solar Turbines Incorporated Product Information Letter 167

PIL 167
Product Information Letter

SoLoNOx Products:
Emissions in Non-SoLoNOx Modes
Leslie Witherspoon
Solar Turbines Incorporated

PURPOSE
Solars gas turbine dry low NOx emissions combustion systems, known as SoLoNOx,
have been developed to provide the lowest emissions possible during normal operating
conditions. In order to optimize the performance of the turbine, the combustion and fuel
systems are designed to reduce NOx, CO and unburned hydrocarbons (UHC) without
penalizing stability or transient capabilities. At very low load and cold temperature
extremes, the SoLoNOx system must be controlled differently in order to assure stable
operation. The required adjustments to the turbine controls at these conditions cause
emissions to increase.
The purpose of this Product Information Letter is to provide emissions estimates, and in
some cases warrantable emissions for NOx, CO and UHC, at off-design conditions.
Historically, regulatory agencies have not required a specific emissions level to be met at
low load or cold ambient operating conditions, but have asked what emissions levels are
expected. The expected values are necessary to appropriately estimate emissions for
annual emissions inventory purposes and for New Source Review applicability
determinations, air dispersion modeling, and permitting.

COLD AMBIENT EMISSIONS ESTIMATES


Solars standard temperature range warranty for gas turbines with SoLoNOx combustion is
 0F (20C). The Titan 250 is an exception, with a lower standard warranty at
 20F (29C). At ambient temperatures below 0F, many of Solars turbine engine
models are controlled to increase pilot fuel which improves flame stability but leads to
higher emissions. Without the increase in pilot fuel at temperatures below 0F the engines
may exhibit combustor rumble, as operation may be near the lean stability limit.
If a cold ambient emissions warranty is requested, a new production turbine configured with
the latest combustion hardware is required. For most models this refers to the inclusion of
Cold Ambient Fuel Control Logic. A cold ambient emissions warranty is only available on
gas turbines being fired on natural gas and not offered for ambient temperatures below
20F (29C). In general, standard natural gas as defined in ES9-98 is required to offer a
cold ambient warranty, but non-standard fuels on a project basis can be reviewed by Solar
to determine applicability. In addition, cold ambient emissions warranties cannot be offered
for the Centaur 40 turbine. Note that a cold ambient warranty cannot be offered for liquid
fuel operation at this time.
Table 1 provides expected and warrantable (upon Solars documented approval) emissions
levels for Solars SoLoNOx combustion turbines. All emissions levels are in ppm at 15%
O2. Refer to Product Information Letter 205 for Mercury 50 turbine emissions estimates.
For information on the availability and approvals for cold ambient temperature emissions
warranties, please contact Solars sales representatives.

PIL 167 Revision 5 1 31 March 2015


2015 Solar Turbines Incorporated
Caterpillar Confidential Green: Information contained herein is to be treated as Confidential and Proprietary to Caterpillar.
Solar Turbines Incorporated Product Information Letter 167

Table 1. Warrantable Emissions Between 0F and 20F (20 to 29C)


for New Production (NOx ppm values corrected to 15% O2.)
Turbine Applicable NOx, CO, UHC,
Fuel System Fuel
Model Load ppm ppm ppm
Gas Only Gas 50 to 100% load 42 100 50
Centaur 50
Dual Fuel Gas 50 to 100% load 72 100 50
Taurus 60 Gas Only or Dual Fuel Gas 50 to 100% load 42 100 50
Taurus 65 Gas Only Gas 50 to 100% load 42 100 50
Taurus 70 Gas Only or Dual Fuel Gas 50 to 100% load 42 100 50
Mars 90 Gas Only Gas 50 to 100% load 42 100 50
Mars 100 Gas Only or Dual Fuel Gas 50 to 100% load 42 100 50
Titan 130 Gas Only or Dual Fuel Gas 50 to 100% load 42 100 50
Gas Only Gas 40 to 100% load 25 50 25
Titan 250
Gas Only Gas 40 to 100% load 15 25 25

Table 2 summarizes expected emissions levels for ambient temperatures below 0F


(20C) for Solars SoLoNOx turbines that do not have current production hardware or for
new production hardware that is not equipped with the Cold Ambient Fuel Control Logic.
The emissions levels are extrapolated from San Diego factory tests and may vary at
extreme temperatures and as a result of variations in other parameters, such as fuel
composition, fuel quality, etc.
For more conservative NOx emissions estimate on new equipment, customers can refer
to the New Source Performance Standard (NSPS) 40CFR60, subpart KKKK, where the
allowable NOx emissions level for ambient temperatures < 0F (20C) is 150 ppm NOx
at 15% O2. For pre-February 18, 2005, SoLoNOx combustion turbines subject to
40CFR60 subpart GG, a conservative estimate is the appropriate subpart GG emissions
level. Subpart GG levels range from 150 to 214 ppm NOx at 15% O2 on natural gas (and
150-210 on liquid fuel) depending on the turbine model.

Table 2. Expected Emissions below 0F (20C) for SoLoNOx Combustion


Turbines (NOx ppm values corrected to 15% O2.)
Turbine Applicable NOx, CO, UHC,
Fuel System Fuel
Model Load ppm ppm ppm
Centaur 40 Gas Only or Dual Fuel Gas 80 to 100% load 120 150 50
Gas Only Gas 50 to 100% load 120 150 50
Centaur 50
Dual Fuel Gas 50 to 100% load 120 150 50
Taurus 60 Gas Only or Dual Fuel Gas 50 to 100% load 120 150 50
Taurus 65 Gas Only Gas 50 to 100% load 120 150 50
Taurus 70 Gas Only or Dual Fuel Gas 50 to 100% load 120 150 50
Mars 90 Gas Only Gas 80 to 100% load 120 150 50
Mars 100 Gas Only or Dual Fuel Gas 50 to 100% load 120 150 50
Titan 130 Gas Only or Dual Fuel Gas 50 to 100% load 120 150 50
Centaur 40 Dual Fuel Liquid 80 to 100% load 150 150 75
Centaur 50 Dual Fuel Liquid 65 to 100% load 150 150 75
Taurus 60 Dual Fuel Liquid 65 to 100% load 150 150 75
Taurus 70 Dual Fuel Liquid 65 to 100% load 150 150 75
Mars 100 Dual Fuel Liquid 65 to 100% load 150 150 75
Titan 130 Dual Fuel Liquid 65 to 100% load 150 150 75

PIL 167 Revision 5 2 31 March 2015


2015 Solar Turbines Incorporated
Caterpillar Confidential Green: Information contained herein is to be treated as Confidential and Proprietary to Caterpillar.
Solar Turbines Incorporated Product Information Letter 167

Table 3 summarizes expected emissions levels for ambient temperatures below 20F
(29C) for the Titan 250.

Table 3. Expected Emissions below 20F (29C) for the Titan 250 SoLoNOx
Combustion Turbine (NOx ppm values corrected to 15% O2.)
Turbine Applicable NOx, CO, UHC,
Fuel System Fuel
Model Load ppm ppm ppm
Titan 250 Gas Only Gas 40 to 100% load 70 150 50

COLD AMBIENT PERMITTING STRATEGY


There are several permitting options to consider when permitting in cold ambient
climates. Customers can use a tiered permitting approach or choose to permit a single
emission rate over all temperatures. Some customers have used a tiered permitting
strategy. For purposes of compliance and annual emissions inventories, a digital
thermometer is installed to record ambient temperature. The amount of time is recorded
that the ambient temperature falls below 0qF. The amount of time below 0F is then used
with the emissions estimates shown in Tables 1 and 2 to estimate actual emissions
during sub-zero operation.
A conservative alternative to using the NOx values in Tables 1, 2 and 3 is to reference
40CFR60 subpart KKKK, which allows 150 ppm NOx at 15% O2 for sub-zero operation.
For customers who wish to permit at a single emission rate over all ambient
temperatures, inlet air heating can be used to raise the engine inlet air temperature (T 1)
above 0F. With inlet air heating to keep T1 above 0F, standard emission warranty
levels may be offered.
Inlet air heating technology options include an electric resistance heater, an inlet air to
exhaust heat exchanger and a glycol heat exchanger.
If an emissions warranty is desired, and ambient temperatures are commonly below
20F (29C), inlet air heating can be used to raise the turbine inlet temperature (T1) to
at least 20F. In such cases, the values shown in Table 1 can be warranted for new
production natural gas fired turbine.

EMISSIONS ESTIMATES IN NON-SOLONOX MODE (LOW LOAD)


At operating loads < 50% (<40% load for the Titan 250) on natural gas fuel and < 65%
(< 80% load for Centaur 40) on liquid fuels, SoLoNOx engines are controlled to increase
stability and transient response capability. The control steps that are required affect
emissions in two ways: 1) pilot fuel flow is increased, increasing NOx emissions, and 2)
airflow through the combustor is increased, increasing CO emissions. Note that the load
levels are approximate. Engine controls are triggered either by power output for single-
shaft engines or gas producer speed for two-shaft engines.
A conservative method for estimating emissions of NOx at low loads is to use the
applicable NSPS: 40CFR60 subpart GG or KKKK. For projects that commence
construction after February 18, 2005, subpart KKKK is the applicable NSPS and contains
a NOx level of 150 ppm @ 15% O2 for operating loads less than 75%.
Table 4 provides estimates of NOx, CO, and UHC emissions when operating in non-
SoLoNOx mode for natural gas or liquid fuel. The estimated emissions can be assumed
to vary linearly as load is decreased from just below 50% load for natural gas (or 65%
load for liquid fuel) to idle.

PIL 167 Revision 5 3 31 March 2015


2015 Solar Turbines Incorporated
Caterpillar Confidential Green: Information contained herein is to be treated as Confidential and Proprietary to Caterpillar.
Solar Turbines Incorporated Product Information Letter 167

The estimates in Table 4 apply for any product for gas only or dual fuel systems using
pipeline quality natural gas. Refer to Product Information Letter 205 for Mercury 50
emissions estimates.

Table 4. Estimated Emissions in non-SoLoNOx Mode


(NOx ppm values corrected to 15% O2.)
Ambient Fuel System Engine Load NOx, ppm CO, ppm UHC, ppm
Centaur 40/50, Taurus 60/65/70, Mars 90/100, Titan 130
Less than 50% 70 8,000 800
20F (29C) Natural Gas
Idle 50 10,000 1,000
Less than 50% 120 8,000 800
< 20F (29C) Natural Gas
Idle 120 10,000 1,000
Titan 250
Less than 40% 50 25 20
20F (29C) Natural Gas
Idle 50 2,000 200
Less than 40% 70 150 50
< 20F (29C) Natural Gas
Idle 70 2,000 200
Centaur 50, Taurus 60/70, Mars 100, Titan 130
Less than 65% 150 1,000 100
20F (29C) Liquid
Idle 150 10,000 3,000
Less than 65% 150 1,000 150
< 20F (29C) Liquid
Idle 150 10,000 3,000
Centaur 40
Less than 80% 150 1,000 100
20F (29C) Liquid
Idle 150 10,000 3,000
Less than 80% 150 1,000 150
< 20F (29C) Liquid
Idle 150 10,000 3,000

Solar Turbines Incorporated


9330 Sky Park Court
San Diego, CA 92123-5398
Caterpillar is a registered trademark of Caterpillar Inc.
Solar, Centaur, Taurus, Mars, Titan and SoLoNOx are trademarks of Solar Turbines Incorporated. All other trademarks
are the intellectual property of their respective companies. Specifications are subject to change without notice.
2015 Solar Turbines Incorporated. All rights reserved. Specifications are subject to change without notice.

PIL 167 Revision 5 4 31 March 2015


2015 Solar Turbines Incorporated
Caterpillar Confidential Green: Information contained herein is to be treated as Confidential and Proprietary to Caterpillar.
PIL 168
Product Information Letter

Volatile Organic Compound, Sulfur Dioxide,


and Formaldehyde Emission Estimates
Leslie Witherspoon
Solar Turbines Incorporated

PURPOSE
This Product Information Letter summarizes methods that are available to estimate emissions of volatile
organic compounds (VOC), sulfur dioxide (SO2), and formaldehyde from gas turbines. Emissions esti-
mates of these pollutants are often necessary during the air permitting process.

INTRODUCTION
In absence of site-specific or representative source test data, Solar refers customers to a United States
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) document titled AP-42 or other appropriate EPA reference
documents. AP-42 is a collection of emission factors for different emission sources. The emission factors
found in AP-42 provide a generally accepted way of estimating emissions when more representative data
are not available. The most recent version of AP-42 (dated April 2000) can be found at:
http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch03/index.html
Solar does not typically warranty the emission rates for VOC, SO2 or formaldehyde.

Volatile Organic Compounds


Many permitting agencies require gas turbine users to estimate emissions of VOC, a subpart of the un-
burned hydrocarbon (UHC) emissions, during the air permitting process. Volatile organic compounds,
non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHC), and reactive organic gases (ROG) are some of the many ways of
referring to the non-methane (and non-ethane) portion of an unburned hydrocarbon emission estimate.

For natural gas fuel, Solars customers use 10-20% of the UHC emission rate to represent VOC emis-
sions. The estimate of 10-20% is based on a ratio of total non-methane hydrocarbons to total organic
compounds. The use of 10-20% provides a conservative estimate of VOC emissions. The balance of the
UHC is assumed to be primarily methane.

For liquid fuel, it is appropriate to estimate that 100% of the UHC emission estimate is VOC.

Sulfur Dioxide
Sulfur dioxide emissions are produced by conversion of sulfur in the fuel to SO2. Since Solar does not
control the amount of sulfur in the fuel, we are unable to predict SO2 emissions without a site fuel compo-
sition analysis. Customers generally estimate SO2 emissions with a mass balance calculation by assum-
ing that any sulfur in the fuel will convert to SO2. For reference, the typical mass balance equation is
shown below.

wt% Sulfur lb fuel 10 Btu MMBtu fuel MW SO2


6
lb SO2

hr 100 Btu MMBtu hr MW Sulfur

Variables: wt % of sulfur in fuel


Btu/lb fuel (LHV)
MMBtu/hr fuel flow (LHV)

1
PIL 168, Revision 5 8 July 2015
Caterpillar: Confidential Green
2015 Solar Turbines Incorporated
Caterpillar Confidential Green: Information contained herein is to be treated as Confidential and Proprietary to Caterpillar.
Solar Turbines Incorporated Product Information Letter 168

As an alternative to the mass balance calculation, EPAs AP-42 document can be used. AP-42 (Table
3.1-2a, April 2000) suggests emission factors of 0.0034 lb/MMBtu for gas fuel (HHV) and 0.033 lb/MMBtu
for liquid fuel (HHV).

Formaldehyde
In gas turbines, formaldehyde emissions are a result of incomplete combustion. Formaldehyde in the ex-
haust stream is unstable and very difficult to measure. In addition to turbine characteristics including
combustor design, size, maintenance history, and load profile, the formaldehyde emission level is also
affected by:

x Ambient temperature
x Humidity
x Atmospheric pressure
x Fuel quality
x Formaldehyde concentration in the ambient air
x Test method measurement variability
x Operational factors

The emission factor data in Table 1 is an excerpt from an EPA memo: Revised HAP Emission Factors for
Stationary Combustion Turbines, 8/22/03. The memo presents hazardous air pollutant (HAP) emission
factor data in several categories including: mean, median, maximum, and minimum. The emission fac-
tors in the memo are a compilation of the HAP data EPA collected during the Maximum Achievable Con-
trol Technology (MACT) standard development process. The emission factor documentation shows there
is a high degree of variability in formaldehyde emissions from gas turbines, depending on the manufac-
turer, rating size of equipment, combustor design, and testing events. To estimate formaldehyde emis-
sions from gas turbines, users should use the emission factor(s) that best represent the gas turbines ac-
tual / planned operating profile. Refer to EPAs memo for alternative emission factors.

Table 1. EPAs Total HAP and Formaldehyde Emission Factors for <50 MW Lean-Premix
Gas Turbines burning Natural Gas
(Source: Revised HAP Emission Factors for Stationary Combustion Turbines, OAR-2002-0060, IV-B-09, 8/22/03)

Engine 95% Upper Confidence of 95% Upper Confidence of


Pollutant Memo Reference
Load Mean, lb/MMBtu HHV Data, lb/MMBtu HHV
Total HAP > 90% 0.00144 0.00258 Table 19
Total HAP All 0.00160 0.00305 Table 16
Formaldehyde > 90% 0.00127 0.00241 Table 19
Formaldehyde All 0.00143 0.00288 Table 16

Solar Turbines Incorporated


9330 Sky Park Court
San Diego, CA 92123-5398

Cat and Caterpillar are registered trademarks of Caterpillar Inc. Solar, Saturn, Centaur, Taurus, Mercury, Mars, Titan, SoLoNOx,
Turbotronic, InSight System, and InSight Connect, are trademarks of Solar Turbines Incorporated. All other trademarks are the intel-
lectual property of their respective companies.
2015 Solar Turbines Incorporated. All rights reserved. Specifications are subject to change without notice.

PIL 168, Revision 5 2 8 July 2015


Caterpillar: Confidential Green
2015 Solar Turbines Incorporated
Caterpillar Confidential Green: Information contained herein is to be treated as Confidential and Proprietary to Caterpillar.
Solar Turbines Incorporated Product Information Letter 170

PIL 170
Product Information Letter

Emission Estimates at Start-up, Shutdown, and


Commissioning for SoLoNOx Combustion
Products
Leslie Witherspoon
Solar Turbines Incorporated

PURPOSE
The purpose of this Product Information Letter (PIL) is to provide emission estimates for
start-up and shutdown events for Solar gas turbines with SoLoNOx dry low emissions
combustion systems. The commissioning process is also discussed.

INTRODUCTION
The information presented in this document is representative for both generator set (GS)
and compressor set/mechanical drive (CS/MD) combustion turbine applications.
Operation of duct burners and/or any add-on control equipment is not accounted for in
the emissions estimates. Emissions related to the start-up, shutdown, and
commissioning of combustion turbines will not be guaranteed or warranted.
Combustion turbine start-up occurs in one of three modes: cold, warm, or hot. On large,
utility size, combustion turbines, the start-up time varies by the mode. The start-up
duration for a hot, warm, or cold Solar turbine is less than 10 minutes in simple-cycle and
most combined heat and power applications.
Heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) steam pressure is usually 250 psig or less. At
250 psig or less, thermal stress within the HRSG is minimized and, therefore, firing ramp-
up is not limited. However, some combined heat and power plant applications will desire
or dictate longer start-up times, therefore emissions assuming a 60-minute start are also
estimated.
A typical shutdown for a Solar turbine is <10 minutes. Emissions estimates for an
elongated shutdown, 30-minutes, are also included.
Start-up and shutdown emissions estimates for the Mercury 50 engine are found in PIL
205.
For start-up and shutdown emissions estimates for conventional combustion turbines,
landfill gas, digester gas, or other alternative fuel applications, contact Solars
Environmental Programs Department.

START-UP SEQUENCE
The start-up sequence, or getting to SoLoNOx combustion mode, takes three steps:
1. Purge-crank
2. Ignition and acceleration to idle
3. Loading / thermal stabilization

During the purge-crank step, rotation of the turbine shaft is accomplished with a starter
motor to remove any residual fuel gas in the engine flow path and exhaust. During

PIL 170 Revision 6 1 19 August 2015


2015 Solar Turbines Incorporated
Caterpillar Confidential Green: Information contained herein is to be treated as Confidential and Proprietary to Caterpillar.
Solar Turbines Incorporated Product Information Letter 170

ignition and acceleration to idle, fuel is introduced into the combustor and ignited in a
diffusion flame mode and the engine rotor is accelerated to idle speed.
The third step consists of applying up to 50% load 1 while allowing the combustion flame
to transition and stabilize. Once 50% load is achieved, the turbine transitions to SoLoNOx
combustion mode and the engine control system begins to hold the combustion primary
zone temperature and limit pilot fuel to achieve the targeted nitrogen oxides (NOx),
carbon monoxide (CO), and unburned hydrocarbons (UHC) emission levels.
Steps 2 and 3 are short-term transient conditions making up less than 10 minutes.

SHUTDOWN PROCESS
Normal, planned cool down/shutdown duration varies by engine model. The Centaur 40,
Centaur 50, Taurus 60, and Taurus 65 engines take about 5 minutes. The Taurus 70,
Mars 90 and Mars 100, Titan 130 and Titan 250 engines take about 10 minutes.
Typically, once the shutdown process starts, the emissions will remain in SoLoNOx mode
for approximately 90 seconds and move into a transitional mode for the balance of the
estimated shutdown time (assuming the unit was operating at full-load).

START-UP AND SHUTDOWN EMISSIONS ESTIMATES


Tables 1 through 5 summarize the estimated pounds of emissions per start-up and
shutdown event for each product. Emissions estimates are presented for both GS and
CS/MD applications on both natural gas and liquid fuel (diesel #2). The emissions
estimates are calculated using empirical exhaust characteristics.

COMMISSIONING EMISSIONS
Commissioning generally takes place over a two-week period. Static testing, where no
combustion occurs, usually requires one week and no emissions are expected. Dynamic
testing, where combustion will occur, will see the engine start and shutdown a number of
times and a variety of loads will be placed on the system. It is impossible to predict how
long the turbine will run and in what combustion / emissions mode it will be running. The
dynamic testing period is generally followed by one to two days of tune-up during which
the turbine is running at various loads, most likely within low emissions mode (warranted
emissions range).

Solar Turbines Incorporated


9330 Sky Park Court
San Diego, CA 92123-5398
Caterpillar is a registered trademark of Caterpillar Inc.
Solar, Titan, Mars, Taurus, Mercury, Centaur, Saturn, SoLoNOx, and Turbotronic are trademarks of Solar
Turbines Incorporated. All other trademarks are the intellectual property of their respective companies.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.

140% load for the Titan 250 engine on natural gas. 65% load for all engines on liquid fuel (except
80% load for the Centaur 40).

PIL 170 Revision 6 2 19 August 2015


2015 Solar Turbines Incorporated
Caterpillar Confidential Green: Information contained herein is to be treated as Confidential and Proprietary to Caterpillar.
Solar Turbines Incorporated Product Information Letter 170

Table 1. Estimation of Start-up and Shutdown Emissions (lbs/event) for SoLoNOx Generator Set Applications
10 Minute Start-up and 10 Minute Shutdown
Natural Gas Fuel

Data will NOT be warranted under any circumstances

Assumes ISO conditions: 59F, 60% RH, sea level, no losses


Assumes unit is operating at full load prior to shutdown.
Assumes natural gas fuel; ES 9-98 compliant.

PIL 170 Revision 6 3 19 August 2015


2015 Solar Turbines Incorporated
Caterpillar Confidential Green: Information contained herein is to be treated as Confidential and Proprietary to Caterpillar.
Solar Turbines Incorporated Product Information Letter 170

Table 2. Estimation of Start-up and Shutdown Emissions (lbs/event) for SoLoNOx Generator Set Applications
60 Minute Start-up and 30 Minute Shutdown
Natural Gas Fuel

Data will NOT be warranted under any circumstances

Assumes ISO conditions: 59F, 60% RH, sea level, no losses.


Assumes unit is operating at full load prior to shutdown.
Assumes natural gas fuel; ES 9-98 compliant.

PIL 170 Revision 6 4 19 August 2015


2015 Solar Turbines Incorporated
Caterpillar Confidential Green: Information contained herein is to be treated as Confidential and Proprietary to Caterpillar.
Solar Turbines Incorporated Product Information Letter 170

Table 3. Estimation of Start-up and Shutdown Emissions (lbs/event) for SoLoNOx CS/MD Applications
10 Minute Start-up and 10 Minute Shutdown
Natural Gas Fuel

Data will NOT be warranted under any circumstances

Centaur 40 4702S Centaur 50 6102S Taurus 60 7802S

NOx CO UHC CO2 NOx CO UHC CO2 NOx CO UHC CO2


(lbs) (lbs) (lbs) (lbs) (lbs) (lbs) (lbs) (lbs) (lbs) (lbs) (lbs) (lbs)

Total Emissions per Start (lbs) 0.7 64.4 3.7 392 0.8 69.1 4.0 469 0.7 64.3 3.7 410

Total Emissions per Shutdown (lbs) 0.3 30.2 1.7 181 0.4 35.4 2.0 217 0.4 33.0 1.9 204

Taurus 70 10802S Mars 90 13002S CSMD Mars 100 16002S CSMD Titan 130 20502S Titan 250 30002S

NOx CO UHC CO2 NOx CO UHC CO2 NOx CO UHC CO2 NOx CO UHC CO2 NOx CO UHC CO2
(lbs) (lbs) (lbs) (lbs) (lbs) (lbs) (lbs) (lbs) (lbs) (lbs) (lbs) (lbs) (lbs) (lbs) (lbs) (lbs) (lbs) (lbs) (lbs) (lbs)

Total Emissions per Start (lbs) 0.9 83.6 4.8 582 1.2 109.3 6.2 805 1.4 123.5 7.1 829 1.9 176.9 10.1 1,161 2.6 26.2 1.7 1,794

Total Emissions per Shutdown (lbs) 1.3 108.2 6.2 665 1.5 132.6 7.6 817 1.7 149.2 8.5 920 2.4 207.6 11.9 1,272 2.9 19.1 1.4 1,918

Assumes ISO conditions: 59F, 60% RH, sea level, no losses.


Assumes unit is operating at full load prior to shutdown.
Assumes natural gas fuel; ES 9-98 compliant.

PIL 170 Revision 6 5 19 August 2015


2015 Solar Turbines Incorporated
Caterpillar Confidential Green: Information contained herein is to be treated as Confidential and Proprietary to Caterpillar.
Solar Turbines Incorporated Product Information Letter 170

Table 4. Estimation of Start-up and Shutdown Emissions (lbs/event) for SoLoNOx Generator Set
10 Minute Start-up and 10 Minute Shutdown
Liquid Fuel (Diesel #2)

Data will NOT be warranted under any circumstances

Assumes ISO conditions: 59F, 60% RH, sea level, no losses.


Assumes unit is operating at full load prior to shutdown.
Assumes #2 Diesel fuel; ES 9-98 compliant.

PIL 170 Revision 6 6 19 August 2015


2015 Solar Turbines Incorporated
Caterpillar Confidential Green: Information contained herein is to be treated as Confidential and Proprietary to Caterpillar.
Solar Turbines Incorporated Product Information Letter 170

Table 5. Estimation of Start-up and Shutdown Emissions (lbs/event) for SoLoNOx Generator Set
60 Minute Start-up and 30 Minute Shutdown
Liquid Fuel (Diesel #2)

Data will NOT be warranted under any circumstances

Assumes ISO conditions: 59F, 60% RH, sea level, no losses.


Assumes unit is operating at full load prior to shutdown.
Assumes #2 Diesel fuel; ES 9-98 compliant.

PIL 170 Revision 6 7 19 August 2015


2015 Solar Turbines Incorporated
Caterpillar Confidential Green: Information contained herein is to be treated as Confidential and Proprietary to Caterpillar.
GAS ANALYSIS REPORT NO.: 46-082715-42 (381316) DATE: 08/27/15

FOR: COLUMBIA PIPELINE GROUP SAMPLE IDENTIFICATION:


ATTN: LORI MARTIN SHAFFER COMPANY: COLUMBIA PIPELINE GROUP
1700 MACCORKLE AVE SE FIELD: N/P
CHARLESTON WV 25314 LEASE: MINISINK C.S.
STA #: CS-7C4175

SAMPLE DATA: DATE: 08/20/15 BY: JOE LASTATZA


PSIG: 700 TEMP: N/P DEG.F. DP: N/P LBS H20

REMARKS:

CYL #1000

SAMPLE TYPE: BY REQUEST FROM: 08/20/15 TO: 08/20/15


HYDROCARBON ANALYSIS - METHOD GPA 2261-13 LAB ANALYST: MP

COMPONENT NAME MOL PERCENT GPM @ 14.730 PSIA

CARBON DIOXIDE (CO2) 0.031


NITROGEN ( N2) 0.244
METHANE ( C1) 97.794
ETHANE ( C2) 1.876 0.502
PROPANE ( C3) 0.053 0.015
ISO-BUTANE (IC4) 0.000 0.000
N-BUTANE (NC4) 0.002 0.001
ISO-PENTANE (IC5) 0.000 0.000
N-PENTANE (NC5) 0.000 0.000
HEXANES PLUS (C6+) 0.000 0.000

TOTAL 100.000
ETHANE + GPM: 0.518
MOL WEIGHT: 16.35 PROPANE + GPM: 0.016
BTU/LB: 23715.3 ISO-PENTANE + GPM: 0.000
COMPRESSIBILITY FACTOR: 0.9979
SPECIFIC GRAVITY @ 60 DEG. F. (AIR = 1): 0.566
BTU/CUFT. (REAL) 60 DEG.F. - PSIA: 14.650 14.696 14.730 15.025
DRY: 1021.3 1024.5 1026.9 1047.4
SAT: 1003.4 1006.6 1009.0 1029.6

REVIEWED BY:

This document shall not be reproduced, except in full, without the written approval of Element Materials Technology.
2129 WEST WILLOW SCOTT LA 70583 337-232-3568
DATE: 08/27/15
SAMPLE IDENTIFICATION
COMPANY: COLUMBIA PIPELINE GROUP SAMPLE DATE: 08/20/15
FIELD: N/P (381316)
LEASE: MINISINK C.S.
STA #: CS-7C4175

CAPILLARY ANALYSIS - METHOD GPA 2286-95


COMPONENTS AS % OF TOTAL SAMPLE
MOL WT.
COMPONENT PERCENT PERCENT

METHANE 0.0000 0.0000


ETHANE 0.0000 0.0000
PROPANE 0.0000 0.0000
ISO-BUTANE 0.0000 0.0000
N-BUTANE 0.0000 0.0000
2,2-DIMETHYLPROPANE (NEOPENTANE) 0.0000 0.0000
ISOPENTANE 0.0000 0.0000
N-PENTANE 0.0000 0.0000
2,2-DIMETHYLBUTANE (NEOHEXANE) 0.0000 0.0000
2,3-DIMETHYLBUTANE 0.0000 0.0000
CYCLOPENTANE
2-METHYLPENTANE 0.0000 0.0000
3-METHYLPENTANE 0.0000 0.0000
N-HEXANE 0.0000 0.0000
2,2-DIMETHYLPENTANE 0.0000 0.0000
METHYLCYCLOPENTANE 0.0000 0.0000
2,4-DIMETHYLPENTANE 0.0000 0.0000
2,2,3-TRIMETHYLBUTANE 0.0000 0.0000
BENZENE 0.0000 0.0000
3,3-DIMETHYLPENTANE 0.0000 0.0000
CYCLOHEXANE 0.0000 0.0000
2-METHYLHEXANE 0.0000 0.0000
2,3-DIMETHYLPENTANE 0.0000 0.0000
1,1-DIMETHYLCYCLOPENTANE 0.0000 0.0000
3-METHYLHEXANE
1,t3-DIMETHYLCYCLOPENTANE 0.0000 0.0000
1,c3-DIMETHYLCYCLOPENTANE 0.0000 0.0000
3-ETHYLPENTANE

PAGE 1

This document shall not be reproduced, except in full, without the written approval of Element Materials Technology.
CAPILLARY ANALYSIS - METHOD GPA 2286-95
COMPONENTS AS % OF TOTAL SAMPLE
MOL WT.
COMPONENT PERCENT PERCENT

1,t2-DIMETHYLCYCLOPENTANE 0.0000 0.0000


2,2,4-TRIMETHYLPENTANE
N-HEPTANE 0.0000 0.0000
METHYLCYCLOHEXANE 0.0000 0.0000
1,1,3-TRIMETHYLCYCLOPENTANE
2,2-DIMETHYLHEXANE
1,C2-DIMETHYLCYCLOPENTANE 0.0000 0.0000
2,5-DIMETHYLHEXANE 0.0000 0.0000
2,4-DIMETHYLHEXANE 0.0000 0.0000
2,2,3-TRIMETHYLPENTANE
ETHYLCYCLOPENTANE
1,t2,c4-TRIMETHYLCYCLOPENTANE 0.0000 0.0000
3,3-DIMETHYLHEXANE
1,t2,c3-TRIMETHYLCYCLOPENTANE 0.0000 0.0000
2,3,4-TRIMETHYLPENTANE 0.0000 0.0000
TOLUENE 0.0000 0.0000
2,3-DIMETHYLHEXANE 0.0000 0.0000
1,1,2-TRIMETHYLCYCLOPENTANE 0.0000 0.0000
2-METHYLHEPTANE 0.0000 0.0000
4-METHYLHEPTANE 0.0000 0.0000
3,4-DIMETHYLHEXANE 0.0000 0.0000
3-METHYLHEPTANE 0.0000 0.0000
3-ETHYLHEXANE
1,c3-DIMETHYLCYCLOHEXANE 0.0000 0.0000
1,c2,t3-TRIMETHYLCYCLOPENTANE
1,c2,t4-TRIMETHYLCYCLOPENTANE
1,t4-DIMETHYLCYCLOHEXANE 0.0000 0.0000
2,2,5-TRIMETHYLHEXANE 0.0000 0.0000
1,1-DIMETHYLCYCLOHEXANE 0.0000 0.0000
1,methyl-t3-ETHYLCYCLOPENTANE
1-methyl-c3-ETHYLCYCLOPENTANE 0.0000 0.0000
1-methyl-t2-ETHYLCYCLOPENTANE 0.0000 0.0000
2,2,4-TRIMETHYLHEXANE
1-methyl-1-ETHYLCYCLOPENTANE 0.0000 0.0000
CYCLOHEPTANE
N-OCTANE
1,T2-DIMETHYLCYCLOCHEXANE 0.0000 0.0000

PAGE 2

This document shall not be reproduced, except in full, without the written approval of Element Materials Technology.
CAPILLARY ANALYSIS - METHOD GPA 2286-95
COMPONENTS AS % OF TOTAL SAMPLE
MOL WT.
COMPONENT PERCENT PERCENT

UNKNOWN 0.0000 0.0000


1,t3-DIMETHYLCYCLOHEXANE 0.0000 0.0000
1,c4-DIMETHYLCYCLOHEXANE
1,c2,c3-TRIMETHYLCYCLOPENTANE
2,4,4-TRIMETHYLHEXANE 0.0000 0.0000
ISOPROPYLCYCLOPENTANE 0.0000 0.0000
UNKNOWN 0.0000 0.0000
2,2-DIMETHYLHEPTANE 0.0000 0.0000
2,4-DIMETHYLHEPTANE 0.0000 0.0000
1-methyl-c2-ETHYLCYCLOPENTANE
2,2,3-TRIMETHYLHEXANE 0.0000 0.0000
1,c2-DIMETHYLCYCLOHEXANE 0.0000 0.0000
2,6-DIMETHYLHEPTANE
N-PROPYLCYCLOPENTANE 0.0000 0.0000
1,c3,c5-TRIMETHYLCYCLOHEXANE
2,5-DIMETHYLHEPTANE 0.0000 0.0000
3,5-DIMETHYLHEPTANE
ETHYLCYCLOHEXANE
1,1,3-TRIMETHYLCYCLOHEXANE 0.0000 0.0000
2,3,3-TRIMETHYLHEXANE
3,3-DIMETHYLHEPTANE
1,1,4-TRIMETHYLCYCLOHEXANE 0.0000 0.0000
UNKNOWN 0.0000 0.0000
2,3,4-TRIMETHYLHEXANE 0.0000 0.0000
ETHYLBENZENE 0.0000 0.0000
1,t2,t4-TRIMETHYLCYCLOHEXANE 0.0000 0.0000
1,c3,t5-TRIMETHYLCYCLOHEXANE
2,3-DIMETHYLHEPTANE
M-XYLENE 0.0000 0.0000
P-XYLENE
3,4-DIMETHYLHEPTANE
2-METHYLOCTANE 0.0000 0.0000
4-METHYLOCTANE
UNKNOWN 0.0000 0.0000
3-METHYLOCTANE 0.0000 0.0000
UNKNOWN 0.0000 0.0000
1,t2,c3-TRIMETHYLCYCLOHEXANE 0.0000 0.0000
1,t2,c4-TRIMETHYLCYCLOHEXANE

PAGE 3

This document shall not be reproduced, except in full, without the written approval of Element Materials Technology.
CAPILLARY ANALYSIS - METHOD GPA 2286-95
COMPONENTS AS % OF TOTAL SAMPLE
MOL WT.
COMPONENT PERCENT PERCENT

O-XYLENE 0.0000 0.0000


1,1,2-TRIMETHYLCYCLOHEXANE 0.0000 0.0000
UNKNOWN 0.0000 0.0000
ISOBUTYLCYCLOPENTANE 0.0000 0.0000
N-NONANE 0.0000 0.0000
UNKNOWN 0.0000 0.0000
1,c2,c3-TRIMETHYLCYCLOHEXANE 0.0000 0.0000
1,c2,t3-TRIMETHYLCYCLOHEXANE
UNKNOWN 0.0000 0.0000
ISOPROPYLBENZENE 0.0000 0.0000
2,2-DIMETHYLOCTANE 0.0000 0.0000
ISOPROPYLCYCLOHEXANE 0.0000 0.0000
CYCLOOCTANE
UNKNOWN 0.0000 0.0000
N-BUTYLCYCLOPENTANE 0.0000 0.0000
N-PROPYLCYCLOHEXANE
3,3-DIMETHYLOCTANE 0.0000 0.0000
UNKNOWN 0.0000 0.0000
N-PROPYLBENZENE 0.0000 0.0000
UNKNOWN 0.0000 0.0000
m-ETHYLTOLUENE 0.0000 0.0000
p-ETHYLTOLUENE 0.0000 0.0000
2,3-DIMETHYLOCTANE
4-METHYLNONANE 0.0000 0.0000
5-METHYLNONANE
1,3,5-TRIMETHYLBENZENE
2-METHYLNONANE 0.0000 0.0000
3-ETHYLOCTANE 0.0000 0.0000
O-ETHYLTOLUENE 0.0000 0.0000
3-METHYLNONANE
UNKNOWN 0.0000 0.0000
1,2,4-TRIMETHYLBENZENE 0.0000 0.0000
t-BUTYLBENZENE
METHYLCYCLOOCTANE
tert-BUTYLCYCLOHEXANE 0.0000 0.0000

PAGE 4

This document shall not be reproduced, except in full, without the written approval of Element Materials Technology.
CAPILLARY ANALYSIS - METHOD GPA 2286-95
COMPONENTS AS % OF TOTAL SAMPLE
MOL WT.
COMPONENT PERCENT PERCENT

ISO-BUTYLCYCLOHEXANE 0.0000 0.0000


N-DECANE 0.0000 0.0000
ISOBUTYLBENZENE 0.0000 0.0000
sec-BUTYLBENZENE 0.0000 0.0000
UNKNOWN 0.0000 0.0000
1-METHYL-3-ISOPROPYLBENZENE 0.0000 0.0000
1,2,3-TRIMETHYLBENZENE 0.0000 0.0000
1-METHYL-4-ISOPROPYLBENZENE
UNKNOWN 0.0000 0.0000
1-METHYL-2-ISOPROPYLBENZENE 0.0000 0.0000
UNKNOWN 0.0000 0.0000
N-BUTYLCYCLOHEXANE 0.0000 0.0000
UNKNOWN 0.0000 0.0000
1,3-DIETHYLBENZENE 0.0000 0.0000
1-METHYL-3-PROPYLBENZENE
1,2-DIETHYLBENZENE 0.0000 0.0000
N-BUTYLBENZENE
1-METHYL-4-PROPYLBENZENE
1,4-DIETHYLBENZENE 0.0000 0.0000
1-METHYL-2-PROPYLBENZENE 0.0000 0.0000
1,4-DIMETHYL-2-ETHYLBENZENE 0.0000 0.0000
UNKNOWN 0.0000 0.0000
1,2-DIMETHYL-4-ETHYLBENZENE 0.0000 0.0000
1,3-DIMETHYL-2-ETHYLBENZENE 0.0000 0.0000
UNKNOWN 0.0000 0.0000
1,2-DIMETHYL-3-ETHYLBENZENE 0.0000 0.0000
UNKNOWN 0.0000 0.0000
N-UNDECANE 0.0000 0.0000
UNKNOWN 0.0000 0.0000
1,2,4,5-TETRAMETHYLBENZENE 0.0000 0.0000
1,2,3,5-TETRAMETHYLBENZENE 0.0000 0.0000
UNKNOWN 0.0000 0.0000
1,2,3,4-TETRAMETHYLBENZENE 0.0000 0.0000
CYCLODECANE

PAGE 5

This document shall not be reproduced, except in full, without the written approval of Element Materials Technology.
CAPILLARY ANALYSIS - METHOD GPA 2286-95
COMPONENTS AS % OF TOTAL SAMPLE
MOL WT.
COMPONENT PERCENT PERCENT

UNKNOWN 0.0000 0.0000


NAPHTHALENE 0.0000 0.0000
N-DODECANE 0.0000 0.0000
ISOTRIDECANES PLUS 0.0000 0.0000

TOTALS 0.0000 0.0000

TOTAL HEXANES = 0.0000 0.0000


TOTAL HEPTANES = 0.0000 0.0000
TOTAL OCTANES = 0.0000 0.0000
TOTAL NONANES = 0.0000 0.0000
TOTAL DECANES PLUS = 0.0000 0.0000

PAGE 6

This document shall not be reproduced, except in full, without the written approval of Element Materials Technology.
APPENDIX C
ELECTRONIC AIR QUALITY
MODELING FILES
July 15, 2016

Mr. Stephen M. Tomasik


DEC - Division of Environmental Permits
625 Broadway, 4th Floor
Albany, NY 12233-1750

Subject: Millennium Pipeline Company Hancock Compressor Station


Title V Facility Application

Dear Mr. Tomasik:

On behalf of Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC (Millennium) TRC is submitting the enclosed
Title V Permit application. Millennium has contracted TRC to prepare this application for the
existing Hancock Compressor Station located in the Town of Hancock, Delaware County, NY. The
Project will be constructed on the existing property of the currently permitted Hancock
Compressor Station and will consist of the following emission units:

One new Solar Titan 130-22402S, 22,400 HP (ISO) natural gas fired turbinedriven
compressor unit;
One new Waukesha VGF48GL (1,230 hp) natural gas fired emergency generator;
One new 1.2 MMBtu/hr heat input natural gas fired fuel gas heater; and
One new 1,500 gallon oil storage tank

The enclosed application document includes all the technical support information, NYSDEC air
permit application forms, backup engineering calculations, an air quality impact assessment and
associated air modeling files. A PDF of this complete submittal also will be sent via email.

Please direct any technical questions on this application and supporting documentation to me at
email tmain@trcsolutions.com or by telephone at 201-508-6960.

Sincerely,

TRC

Theodore Main
Permitting Project Manager

Cc: Ron Happach, Millennium


Mike Armstrong, Millennium
Lacey Ivey, Columbia Pipeline Group
John Zimmer, TRC
Nicole Libby, TRC
Darin Ometz, TRC
Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC
Hancock Compressor Station
Eastern System Upgrade Project
Air Title V Facility Permit Application

Prepared for:

Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC

Prepared by:

TRC Environmental Corporation


1200 Wall Street West, 5th Floor
Lyndhurst, New Jersey 07071

July 2016
TABLE OF CONTENTS

Section Page
1.0 Introduction .......................................................................................................... 1-1
1.1 Project Overview ................................................................................................ 1-1
1.2 Application Summary ........................................................................................ 1-1
2.0 Project Description................................................................................................ 2-1
2.1 Site Location and Surroundings ........................................................................ 2-1
2.2 Existing Facility Description and Emission Potential ...................................... 2-1
2.3 Facility Conceptual Design ................................................................................2-2
2.3.1 Compressor Turbine ................................................................................. 2-4
2.3.2 Ancillary Equipment .................................................................................. 2-5
2.4 Fuel ................................................................................................................... 2-6
2.5 Fugitive Emissions and Tanks.......................................................................... 2-6
2.6 Proposed Project Emission Potential ................................................................ 2-7
3.0 Applicable Requirements and Required Analyses ............................................... 3-1
3.1 Federal New Source Performance Standards ................................................... 3-1
3.1.1 40 CFR Part 60, Subpart A General Provisions ......................................... 3-1
3.1.2 40 CFR Part 60 Subpart Kb - Volatile Organic Liquid Storage Vessels
(Including Petroleum Liquid Storage Vessels) ........................................................ 3-1
3.1.3 40 CFR Part 60, Subpart JJJJ Spark Ignition Internal Combustion
Engines 3-2
3.1.4 40 CFR Part 60, Subpart KKKK Stationary Combustion Turbines .......3-2
3.1.5 40 CFR 60, Subparts OOOO and OOOOa Crude Oil and Natural Gas
Production, Transmission and Distribution ............................................................3-3
3.2 Nonattainment New Source Review .................................................................3-3
3.3 Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) .................................................3-4
3.4 Title V Operating Permit and State Operating Permit Programs ..................... 3-5
3.4.1 Exempt and Trivial Sources ....................................................................... 3-5
3.5 National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants ............................3-6
3.5.1 40 CFR Part 63 Subpart HHH (National Emission Standards for Hazardous
Air Pollutants from Natural Gas Transmission and Storage Facilities) ..................3-6
3.5.2 40 CFR Part 63 Subpart YYYY (National Emission Standards for Hazardous
Air Pollutants for Stationary Combustion Turbines) ............................................... 3-7
3.5.3 40 CFR Part 63 Subpart ZZZZ (National Emission Standards for Hazardous
Air Pollutants for Stationary Reciprocating Internal Combustion Engines) .......... 3-7
3.5.4 40 CFR Part 63 Subpart DDDDD (National Emission Standards for
Hazardous Air Pollutants for Major Sources: Industrial, Commercial, and
Institutional Boilers and Process Heaters) .............................................................. 3-7
3.6 New York State Department of Environmental Conservation Regulations ..... 3-7
4.0 Air Quality Modeling Analysis .............................................................................. 4-1
4.1 Background Ambient Air Quality ...................................................................... 4-1
4.2 Modeling Methodology .....................................................................................4-3
4.2.1 Model Selection ..........................................................................................4-3

ii
4.2.2 Urban/Rural Area Analysis........................................................................4-3
4.2.3 Good Engineering Practice Stack Height ................................................. 4-4
4.2.4 Meteorological Data ...................................................................................4-5
4.3 Receptor Grid ................................................................................................... 4-6
4.3.1 Basic Grid .................................................................................................. 4-6
4.3.2 Property Line Receptors ........................................................................... 4-6
4.4 Selection of Sources for Modeling ..................................................................... 4-7
4.4.1 Emission Rates and Exhaust Parameters .................................................. 4-7
4.5 Maximum Modeled Facility Concentrations .................................................. 4-10
4.6 Toxic Ambient Air Contaminant Analysis ...................................................... 4-11
4.7 Modeling Data Files ......................................................................................... 4-12
4.8 References........................................................................................................ 4-12

LIST OF TABLES

Table 2-1: Existing Facility Emissions ............................................................................. 2-1


Table 2-2: Proposed Facility Emissions ........................................................................... 2-7
Table 3-1: PSD/NNSR Applicability Assessment ...........................................................3-4
Table 4-1: Maximum Measured Ambient Air Quality Concentrations ......................... 4-2
Table 4-2: Stack Parameters and Emission Rates Existing Solar Mars 100 Compressor
Turbine ............................................................................................................. 4-8
Table 4-3: Stack Parameters and Emission Rates Proposed Titan 130E Compressor
Turbine ............................................................................................................. 4-9
Table 4-4: Stack Parameters and Emission Rates Existing Emergency Generator ... 4-9
Table 4-5: Stack Parameters and Emission Rates Proposed Emergency Generator 4-10
Table 4-6: Stack Parameters and Emission Rates Proposed Fuel Gas Heater ......... 4-10
Table 4-7: Facility Maximum Modeled Concentrations Compared to NAAQS/NYAAQS
......................................................................................................................... 4-11

LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 2-1: Site Location Aerial....................................................................................... 2-8


Figure 2-2: Site Location Map ........................................................................................ 2-9
Figure 2-3: General Arrangement Plan ......................................................................... 2-10

LIST OF APPENDICES

Appendix A: NYSDEC Application Forms


Appendix B: Detailed Emission Calculations and Vendor Data
Appendix C: Electronic Air Quality Modeling Files (Available Upon Request)

iii
1.0 INTRODUCTION

1.1 Project Overview

Millennium Pipeline Company, L.L.C. (Millennium) currently owns and operates the
Hancock Compressor Station located in Delaware County, New York. The Hancock
Compressor Station (CS) is a natural gas transmission facility covered by Standard
Industrial Classification (SIC) 4922. The Hancock CS is an existing non-major facility
that was constructed under and operates according to NYSDEC Air State Facility Permit
ID: 4-1236-00708/00001.

Millennium is seeking authorization from the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission


(FERC or Commission) pursuant to Section 7(c) of the Natural Gas Act to construct,
install, operate, and maintain the Eastern System Upgrade (Project). The purpose of the
Project is to permit Millennium to transport an incremental volume of approximately
223,000 dekatherms per day of natural gas from Millenniums Corning Compressor
Station to an existing interconnect with Algonquin Gas Transmission, L.L.C. (Algonquin)
located in Ramapo, New York. As part of the Eastern System Upgrade Project and in
order to boost pressures on Millenniums transmission pipeline system, Millennium is
proposing to construct and operate one Solar Titan 130E turbine powering a C65
compressor (22,400 hp (ISO)) at the Hancock Compressor Station. Ancillary project
emission sources include one (1) 1,230 hp Waukesha VGF48GL emergency generator, one
(1) 1.2 MMBtu/hr gas heater, and one (1) 1,500 gallon oil tank.

1.2 Application Summary

The Hancock Compressor Station is an existing minor stationary source (as defined under
the Prevention of Significant Deterioration of Air Quality [PSD] and Title V rules) located
in Delaware County, New York. As demonstrated in Section 3 of this application, the
proposed project is not subject to PSD requirements.

The Project will be located in the town of Hancock, Delaware County, which is part of the
Southern Tier East Intrastate Air Quality Control Region in New York State. Delaware
County is considered attainment or unclassifiable for all criteria pollutants including
ozone and fine particulate matter (PM2.5). However, because New York State is part of
the Northeast Ozone Transport region, the Project area is considered moderate non-
attainment for ozone.

Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC 1-1 Hancock Compressor Station


The proposed project involves the installation of new emission units at an existing minor
source with respect to New Source Review (NSR) permitting requirements at 6 NYCRR
Part 231 and Title V major source permitting requirements at 6 NYCRR Part 201-6. With
the addition of the new emission units, the facility wide potential to emit for one or more
criteria air pollutants will exceed the Title V major source permitting thresholds. As such,
Millennium is submitting an initial major source Title V permit application for the
modifications to the Hancock Compressor Station. The new Titan 130E combustion
turbine will be subject to 40 CFR 60 Subpart KKKK, New Source Performance Standards
for Stationary Gas Turbines as well as the applicable state regulations as outlined in
Section 3 of this application. The new emergency generator will be subject to 40 CFR 60,
Subpart JJJJ, New Source Performance Standards for Stationary SparkIgnition Internal
Combustion Engines and 40 CFR 63, Subpart ZZZZ, and National Emission Standards
for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Stationary Reciprocating Internal Combustion Engines.
The project will not trigger permitting requirements for nonattainment areas per 6
NYCRR Part 231.

Appendix A of this Title V application contains the NYSDEC application forms and a
completed Professional Engineer Certification Form. Emission calculation spreadsheets
providing supporting calculations for the application forms are included as Appendix B
of this application.

Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC 1-2 Hancock Compressor Station


2.0 PROJECT DESCRIPTION

2.1 Site Location and Surroundings

The existing Hancock Compressor Station, as shown in Figures 2-1 and 2-2, is located in
a rural area in the town of Hancock, Delaware County, New York. The site is currently
developed, consisting of components of the existing Hancock Compressor Station.

The approximate Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) coordinates of the facility are:
488,200 meters east and 4,636,900 meters north in Zone 18 (North American Datum of
1983(NAD83)).

2.2 Existing Facility Description and Emission Potential

Air emissions from the existing facility are permitted under NYSDEC Air State Facility
Permit ID: 4-1236-00708/00001, which became effective on March 18, 2013. The facility
wide potentialtoemit of the Hancock compressor station is as summarized in the
following Table 2-1.

Table 2-1: Existing Facility Emissions

Exempt (1) Exempt (2)


Waukesha Waste
Solar
Mars VGF36GL Liquids Trivial (3) Existing
Storage Station Facility
100 880 hp
Tank Blowdowns Total
Pollutant Turbine Emergency
(4,000 gal)
Generator
NOx 34.24 0.97 - - 35.21
VOC 3.94 0.49 2.41 0.17 7.01
CO 47.62 1.94 - - 49.56
SO2 8.26 0.001 - - 8.26
PM10/PM2.5 12.47 0.02 - - 12.49
(4)
GHG 69,319 219 - 675 70,212
HAPs 0.61 0.13 - 0.09 0.83

Individual HAP(5) - -
0.42 0.10 0.52

Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC 2-1 Hancock Compressor Station


(1) Exempt per 201-3.2(c)(6) for emergency power generating stationary internal combustion engines which
meet the requirements of 200.1(cq) of operation when the usual source of electric power is unavailable
and no more than 500 hours per year inclusive of emergency operation, testing, and maintenance.
(2) Exempt per 201-3.2(c)(25) for storage tanks under 10,000 gallons, not otherwise subject to Parts 229 or 233
(3) Trivial per 201-3.3(94) for emissions of .oxygen, carbon dioxide, nitrogen, simple asphyxiants including
methane and propane, trace constituents included in raw materials or byproducts, where the constituents
are less than 1 percent by weight for any regulated air pollutant, or 0.1 percent by weight for any carcinogen
listed by the United States Department of Health and Human Services Seventh Annual Report on
Carcinogens (1994). The definition of regulated air pollutant under 200.1(bu) does not include methane
or ethane.
(4) Greenhouse gases calculated as CO2e.
(5) The individual HAP with the highest total annual emission rate is formaldehyde.

Based on the potential emissions above, the Hancock Station is currently a minor source
with respect to the Title V permitting program established under 6 NYCRR 2016 and the
major source definition per 6 NYCRR 201 2.1(b)(21). Existing permitted emission units
at the Hancock compressor station include a single Solar Mars 100 natural gas fired
turbine with an ISO rating of 15,900 hp.

In addition to the permitted emission unit described above, several exempt emission units
are located at the Hancock compressor station. These exempt sources include natural
gasfired sources with heat inputs less than 10 million British thermal units per hour
(MMBtu/hr) (i.e., one natural gasfired Waukesha VGF36GL emergency generator with a
heat input of 7.47 mmBtu/hr). In addition, the existing natural gas liquids
filter/separators and associated waste liquids storage tank (4,000 gallon) are typical for
natural gas compressor stations, which may receive small amounts of condensate from
upstream natural gas supply and where pipeline cleaning activities may result in residual
condensate collection.

Lastly, existing emissions include trivial station blowdowns consisting of two types of gas
blowdown events that could occur at the Station: (1) a type of maintenance gas blowdown
that could occur when a compressor is stopped and gas between the suction/discharge
valves and compressors is vented to the atmosphere via a blowdown vent, and (2) an
emergency shutdown (ESD) that would only occur at required U.S. Department of
Transportation (DOT) test intervals or in an emergency situation.

2.3 Facility Conceptual Design

As a part of the Eastern System Upgrade project, Millennium is proposing to install the
following new equipment at the Hancock compressor station:

Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC 2-2 Hancock Compressor Station


x One new Solar Titan 130-22402S, 22,400 HP (ISO) natural gas fired turbine
driven compressor unit;
x One new Waukesha VGF48GL (1,230 hp) natural gas fired emergency generator;
x One new 1.2 MMBtu/hr heat input natural gas fired fuel gas heater; and
x One new 1,500 gallon oil storage tank

The installation of the above equipment will increase the number of piping components
at the station which could result in additional fugitive emissions due to equipment leaks.
The new Waukesha (1,230 hp) emergency generator has a four stroke, lean burn, natural
gasfired stationary reciprocating internal combustion engine. The proposed emergency
generator will be installed to meet site wide emergency electrical demands as a result of
the Eastern System Upgrade project and will be operated only during normal testing,
maintenance, and emergency situations. Per 6 NYCRR 2013.2(c)(6), emergency power
generating stationary internal combustion engines, as defined in section 200.1(vq) of this
Title are exempt sources. As such, this generator is an exempt source. Further, the engine
will meet the definition of emergency stationary internal combustion engine per 40 CFR
60.4248 and will comply with the requirements for operating emergency engines in 40
CFR 60.4243(d).

Millennium is proposing to install one natural gas fired fuel gas heater, with a rated heat
input capacity of 1.2 MMBtu/hr. Per 6 NYCRR 2013.2(c)(1)(i), stationary combustion
installations with a maximum rated heat input capacity less than 10 MMBtu/hr burning
fuels other than coal or wood are exempt from permitting. As such, the heater is an
exempt source. Sitewide potential fugitive emissions may also increase due to the
installation of the new equipment. Typical sources of fugitive emissions from natural gas
compressor stations include leaks from piping components (valves, flanges, connectors
and openended lines) as well as potential gas release events.

Millennium has provided fugitive emissions estimates for VOC and greenhouse gas
(GHG) emissions. Estimates of fugitive emissions are required to be included in Title V
permit applications, per 6 NYCRR 2016.2(d)(3)(ii). Existing storage tanks will not be
physically modified with the project and potential emissions from these emission sources
will not increase as a result of the project. However, there may be associated increases in
actual emissions from these sources which are accounted for in the NSR applicability
calculations for the project.

Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC 2-3 Hancock Compressor Station


2.3.1 Compressor Turbine

The proposed Solar Titan 130E natural gas-fired turbine to be installed at the Hancock
Compressor Station will be equipped with Solars SoLoNOx dry low NOx combustor
technology for NOx control. Emissions for the Solar Turbine assumes that the unit will
operate up to 8,760 hours per year and up to 100% rated output. The vendor provided
emission rates for normal operating conditions are as follows (all emissions rates are in
terms of parts per million dry volume (ppmvd) @ 15% O2):
15 ppmvd NOx;
25 ppmvd CO;
25 ppmvd unburned hydrocarbons (UHC); and
5 ppmvd VOC.

Depending upon demand, the turbine may operate at loads ranging from 50% to 100% of
full capacity. Because of the different emission rates and exhaust characteristics that
occur at different loads and ambient temperatures, a matrix of operating modes is
presented in this air permit application. Emission parameters for three turbine loads
(50%, 75%, and 100%) and six ambient temperatures (0oF, 20oF, 40oF, 60oF, 80oF and
100oF) are accounted for in this air permit application to cover the range of steady-state
turbine operations.

At very low load and cold temperature extremes, the turbine system must be controlled
differently in order to assure stable operation. The required adjustments to the turbine
controls at these conditions cause emissions of NOx, CO and VOC to increase (emission
rates of other pollutants are unchanged). Low-load operation (non-normal SoLoNOx
operation) of the turbines is expected to occur only during periods of startup and
shutdown and for maintenance or unforeseen emergency events. Solar has provided
emissions estimates during start-up and shutdown and low load operation (see Solar
Product Information Letter (PIL) 170, included as part of the vendor attachments in
Appendix B). The annual hours of operation during low load operation was assumed to
be not more than 10 hours per year.

Similarly, Solar has provided emission estimates for low temperature operation (inlet
combustion air temperature less than 0 F and greater than -20 F). Table 3.1 provides
estimated pre-control emissions from the turbines at low temperature conditions.
120 ppmvd NOx;
150 ppmvd CO;
50 ppmvd unburned hydrocarbons (UHC); and

Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC 2-4 Hancock Compressor Station


10 ppmvd VOC.

Millennium reviewed historic meteorological data from the previous five years for the
region to estimate the worst case number of hours per year under sub-zero (less than 0
F) conditions. The annual hours of operation during sub-zero conditions was assumed to
be not more than 120 hours per year.

Turbine emission rates during start-up and shutdown events increase for NOx, CO and
VOC as compared to operating above 50% load. The start-up process for the Solar Titan
130E turbine takes approximately 10 minutes from the initiation of start-up to normal
operation (equal to or greater than 50% load). Shutdown takes approximately 10
minutes. Millennium has estimated there would be 100 start-up/shutdown events per
year. Emissions per start- up and shutdown event for the turbine were estimated based
on Table 3 from the Solar PIL 170 entitled Emission Estimates at Start-up, Shutdown,
and Commissioning for SoLoNOx Combustion Products. Appendix B contains these per-
event emission calculations for start- up and shutdown and the associated Solar PIL 170.

2.3.2 Ancillary Equipment

Millennium is proposing to install a new Waukesha VGF48GL (1,230 hp) four stroke lean
burn natural gas fired emergency generator. The emergency generator will operate for no
more than 500 hours/year, and therefore meets the definition of an emergency power
generating stationary internal combustion engine under 6 NYCRR 200.1(cq). As
previously indicated, the generator is an exempt source per 6 NYCRR 2013.2(c)(6),
however the potential emissions for this new unit are included for NSR and Title V
applicability purposes. Maximum hourly and annual emission rates for the emergency
generator are provided in Appendix B. Emissions of NOx, CO, and VOC are based on
regulatory limits under New Source Performance Standard (NSPS) Subpart JJJJ.
Emission rates for SO2, particulates, and HAPs are based on US EPA AP-42 emission
factors (Table 3.2-2). GHG emissions are based on 40 CFR Part 98 Tables A-1, C-1, and
C-2. The emission rates are based on the emergency generator operating at peak load.

Millennium is proposing to install one new 1.2 MMBtu/hr (heat input) natural gas heater.
Appendix B provides information on the emission factors used to calculate emissions
from the heater. As previously indicated, the heater is an exempt source per 6 NYCRR
2013.2(c)(1)(i), however the potential emissions for this new unit are included for NSR
and Title V applicability purposes.

Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC 2-5 Hancock Compressor Station


2.4 Fuel

The Hancock Station will utilize pipeline natural gas as the sole fuel for all proposed
equipment. The natural gas is assumed to have a higher heating value (HHV) of
approximately 1,024.5 Btu/standard cubic foot (SCF) and will contain no more than 2.0
grains of sulfur per 100 SCF of gas on an annual average basis.

2.5 Fugitive Emissions and Tanks

Fugitive emissions are defined as those emissions which do not pass through a stack, vent,
or other functionally equivalent opening, and include natural gas leaks from valves,
flanges, pumps, compressors, seals, connections, etc. Vented emissions are defined as
those emissions which pass through a stack, vent, or equivalent opening. A compressor
may be vented for startup, shutdown, maintenance, or for protection of gas seals from
contamination. An individual compressor or the entire station may be blown down (i.e.,
vented) for testing, or in the event of an emergency.

Fugitive emissions at natural gas compressor stations include leaks from piping
components (valves, flanges, connectors and openended lines) as well as potential gas
release events. The vast majority of gas release events are associated with startup,
shutdown, or maintenance activities. Millennium has provided fugitive emissions
estimates for VOC and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in Appendix B. The calculations
in Appendix B are based on a methodology described in Interstate Natural Gas
Association of America guidelines and a recent analysis of a Millennium Pipeline natural
gas sample, which is also included in Appendix B. The calculations for operational vented
natural gas conservatively assume that the Hancock Station will conduct two full-station
blowdowns per year. Estimates of fugitive emissions are required to be included in Title
V permit applications, per 6 NYCRR 2016.2(d)(3)(ii).

Existing tanks at the Hancock Station may have associated emissions increases due to the
proposed project; however, the associated tanks will not be physically modified with the
project. Flashing losses occur when the pressure of a liquid is decreased or the
temperature is increased. At Hancock, flashing losses occur at the pipeline waste liquids
storage tank and include VOCs and GHGs. Total flashing losses are calculated based on
a flash gas rate and a representative flash gas density. The flash gas rate is calculated
based on a liquids input rate and a flash factor. Emissions of individual VOCs and GHGs
are calculated from total flashing losses using a representative pipeline liquids
compositions. The details of the calculations are provided in Appendix B.

Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC 2-6 Hancock Compressor Station


Lastly, Millennium is proposing to install a new 1,500 gallon lube oil tank for the Solar
Titan 130E turbine. The 1,500 gallon oil storage tank is considered an exempt activity per
6 NYCRR 201- 3.2(c)(25) as a storage tank with a capacity under 10,000 gallons.
Estimated emissions were calculated using the Tanks 4.09d estimation tool for storage
tank working and standing losses.

2.6 Proposed Project Emission Potential

Table 2-2 presents project emission potentials from the new and modified units to be
installed as a part of the proposed modifications at Hancock. For new units, project
emission potential is equal to potentials to emit. For modified and existing units, the
project emission potential equals the potential emissions of the unit minus baseline actual
emissions. Per 6 NYCRR 2314.1(b)(41)(ii), potential emissions are used in place of
projected actual emissions. For the existing, unmodified units with associated emission
increases, project emission potential may be calculated as projected actual emissions
minus baseline actual emissions. However, project emission potential is conservatively
set equal to potential emissions. Detailed emission calculations can be found in Appendix
B of this permit application.

Table 2-2: Proposed Facility Emissions


Exempt
Solar Waukesha Exempt Trivial
Trivial Proposed
Titan Fuel Gas Station
Emergency Station Project
130E Heater Fugitives
Generator Blowdowns Total
Pollutant Turbine

NOx 47.92 1.36 0.53 - - 49.80


VOC 5.45 0.68 0.03 0.04 0.88 7.08
CO 77.28 2.71 0.44 - - 80.44
SO2 4.51 0.015 0.030 - - 4.54
PM10/PM2.5 12.10 0.04 0.04 - - 12.16
CO2e 94,373 285 631 573 14,012 109,874
HAPs 2.45 0.18 0.01 - - 2.63
Maximum
Individual HAP 1.69 0.13 0.0003 - -
1.82
(Formaldehyde)

Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC 2-7 Hancock Compressor Station


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ADDITION TO THIS DOCUMENT IS A
VIOLATION OF THE NEW YORK STATE
1 EDUCATION LAW. FIGURE 2-3: GENERAL ARRANGEMENT PLAN
2
c 2016
3 C.T. MALE ASSOCIATES

K:\Projects\155562\Survey\Drawings Maps\HANCOCK\FIGURE 2-3 GENERAL ARRANGEMENT PLAN.dwg


DESIGNED:
HANCOCK COMPRESSOR STATION
4
5 DRAFTED : GLB TOWN OF HANCOCK DELAWARE COUNTY, NEW YORK
BAR SCALE
6 CHECKED : DGD
40 0 20 40 80
7 PROJ. NO : 15.5562 Engineering, Surveying, Architecture & Landscape Architecture, D.P.C.
1 inch = 40 ft. 8 SCALE : 1" = 40' SHEET 1 OF 1
50 CENTURY HILL DRIVE, LATHAM, NY 12110
518.786.7400 * FAX 518.786.7299
9 DATE : JULY 14, 2016 DWG. NO: 16-433

CAD DWG. FILE NAME:


3.0 APPLICABLE REQUIREMENTS AND REQUIRED ANALYSES

This section contains an analysis of the applicability of federal and state air quality
regulations to the proposed project. The specific regulations included in this applicability
review are the Federal New Source Performance Standards (NSPS), Prevention of
Significant Deterioration (PSD) and Non-Attainment New Source Review (NNSR)
requirements, Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) requirements for
HAPs, and NYSDEC Regulations and Policy.

3.1 Federal New Source Performance Standards

The 40 CFR 60 NSPS are technology-based standards that apply to new and modified
stationary sources. The 40 CFR 60 NSPS requirements have been established for
approximately 70 source categories. The proposed project is subject to the following four
subparts: General Provisions (40 CFR Part 60, Subpart A), Standards of Performance for
Stationary Spark Ignition Internal Combustion Engines (40 CFR Part 60, Subpart JJJJ),
Standards of Performance for Stationary Combustion Turbines (40 CFR Part 60, Subpart
KKKK), and the Standards of Performance for Oil and Natural Gas Sector: Emission
Standards for New, Reconstructed, and Modified Sources (40 CFR Part 60, Subpart
OOOOa.

3.1.1 40 CFR Part 60, Subpart A General Provisions

The new Titan 130E turbine is subject to the general provisions for NSPS units in 40 CFR
Part 60 Subpart A. These include the requirements for notification, record keeping, and
performance testing contained in 40 CFR Parts 60.7 and 60.8.

3.1.2 40 CFR Part 60 Subpart Kb - Volatile Organic Liquid Storage Vessels


(Including Petroleum Liquid Storage Vessels)

Subpart Kb potentially applies to storage vessels with a capacity greater than 75 cubic
meters (m3) (19,813 gallons) that will store volatile organic liquids. Tanks with a capacity
greater than 75 m3 are not proposed to be constructed, reconstructed, or modified at
Hancock. Therefore, this subpart will not apply.

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3.1.3 40 CFR Part 60, Subpart JJJJ Spark Ignition Internal Combustion
Engines

On January 18, 2008, the USEPA promulgated NSPS Subpart JJJJ for new stationary
spark-ignited (SI) internal combustion engines (ICE). Under NSPS Subpart JJJJ, all new,
modified, and reconstructed stationary SI engines, both emergency and non-emergency,
are covered regardless of size and fuel type. Owners/operators have several options to
demonstrate compliance with Subpart JJJJ. The rule allows compliance to be
demonstrated by purchase of a certified engine or a non-certified engine and an initial
performance test. The performance test for a non-certified engine must show compliance
with applicable emission limits of:

NOx 2.0 g/bhp-hr or 160 ppmvd @ 15% O2;


CO 4.0 g/bhp-hr or 540 ppmvd @ 15% O2 ; and
VOC (not including formaldehyde) 1.0 g/bhp-hr or 86 ppmvd @ 15% O2.

If the spark-ignition engine is a non-certified engine, the owner/operator has the option
of complying with the emissions standards in either set of units.

3.1.4 40 CFR Part 60, Subpart KKKK Stationary Combustion Turbines

On July 6, 2006, the USEPA promulgated Subpart KKKK to establish emission standards
and compliance schedules for the control of emissions from new stationary combustion
turbines that commence construction, modification, or reconstruction after February 18,
2005. Note that stationary combustion turbines regulated under Subpart KKKK are
exempt from Subpart GG requirements, which are applicable to units constructed,
modified, or reconstructed prior to February 18, 2005.

Pursuant to 40 CFR 60.4305(a), the new Solar gas turbine is subject to requirements of
40 CFR 60 Subpart KKKK, because the heat input at peak load will be greater than or
equal to 10 MMBtu/hr (HHV) and Millennium will have commenced the construction or
modification of the turbine after February 18, 2005. Pursuant to 40 CFR 60.4320(a) and
Table 1 to Subpart KKKK of Part 60 Nitrogen Oxide Emission Limits for New Stationary
Combustion Turbines, the new gas turbine, which will have HHV heat inputs of between
50 and 850 MMBtu/hr, will comply with a NOx emission standard of 25 ppm at 15 percent
O2 or 1.2 lb/MWh useful output as indicated by the vendor guarantee shown in Appendix
B. Subpart KKKK also includes a NOx limit of 150 ppmvd at 15% O2 or 8.7 lb/MWh for
turbine operation at temperatures less than 0F and turbine operation at loads less than
75 % of peak load which the new turbine will meet as indicated by the vendor guarantee

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shown in Appendix B. The new turbine will not burn any fuel that has the potential to
emit in excess of 0.060 lb/MMBtu SO2 heat input, pursuant to 40 CFR 60.4330(a)(1) and
(2), respectively.

3.1.5 40 CFR 60, Subparts OOOO and OOOOa Crude Oil and Natural Gas
Production, Transmission and Distribution

Subpart OOOO currently applies to affected facilities that commenced construction,


reconstruction, or modification after August 23, 2011. Subpart OOOO establishes
emissions standards and compliance schedules for the control of VOCs and SO2
emissions for affected facilities producing, transmitting, or distributing natural gas.
Compressors located between the wellhead and the point of custody transfer to the
natural gas transmission and storage segment are subject to this Subpart. Custody
transfer is defined as the transfer of natural gas after processing and/or treatment in the
producing operations. Hancock Station is located after the point of custody transfer, and
therefore centrifugal compressors driven by the proposed turbines are not currently
subject to this regulation. Storage vessels located in the natural gas transmission and
storage segment that have the potential for VOC emissions equal to or greater than 6 tpy
are also subject to this Subpart. All storage vessels at Hancock will emit less than this
threshold, and thus will not be subject to this regulation. On August 18, 2015, EPA
proposed amendments to 40 CFR 60, Subpart OOOO and proposed an entirely new
Subpart OOOOa.

Based on the effective date of August 2, 2016 for the new Subpart, this project will be
required to comply with the requirements of NSPS Subpart OOOOa. While storage tanks
remain covered, Subpart OOOOa also includes provisions intended to reduce emissions
from compressors and equipment leaks at compressor stations. For equipment leaks,
Subpart OOOOa proposes requiring periodic surveys using optical gas imaging (OGI)
technology and subsequent repair of any identified leaks. The project will comply with all
applicable leak detection provisions of proposed Subpart OOOOa.

3.2 Nonattainment New Source Review

The location of the Hancock Compressor Station is in an area currently designated as


attainment or unclassifiable for SO2, NO2, CO, PM10, PM2.5 and ozone (O3). However,
the project is located in the ozone transport region (OTR). Facilities with the potential to
emit more than 100 tons per year of NOx or 50 tons per year of VOC in an OTR are subject
to NNSR for these pollutants. The proposed Project will not trigger nonattainment NSR
because potential emissions are less than the applicable emissions thresholds as shown

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in Table 3-1. As the facility will be a minor source for all nonattainment pollutants, offsets
and the application of the Lowest Achievable Emission Rate (LAER) are not necessary.

Table 3-1: PSD/NNSR Applicability Assessment


Pollutant PSD/NNSR Existing Facility Proposed Total
Major Source Emissions Modification Facility
Threshold (tons/year) Emissions Emissions
(tons/year) (tons/year) (tons/year)
Carbon Monoxide (CO) 250 49.56 77.28 130.00
Sulfur Dioxide (SO2) 250 8.26 4.54 12.80
TSP 250 12.49 12.16 24.65
PM10 250 12.49 12.16 24.65
PM2.5 250 12.49 12.16 24.65
Nitrogen Oxides (NOx) 100 35.21 49.80 85.01
VOC 50 6.87 7.08 13.95
Greenhouse Gases 100,000 70,521 180,395
109,874
(CO2e)
Total HAP 25 1.04 2.63 3.67
Individual HAP - 10 0.52 2.34
1.82
Formaldehyde

3.3 Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD)

Preconstruction air permitting programs that regulate the construction of new stationary
sources of air pollution and the modification of existing stationary sources are commonly
referred to as NSR. NSR can be divided into major NSR and minor NSR. Major NSR is
comprised of the Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD). Major NSR requirements
are established on a federal level but may be implemented by state or local permitting
authorities under either a delegation agreement with USEPA or as a SIP program
approved by USEPA. NYSDEC administers its major NSR permitting program through 6
NYCRR Part 231, which establishes preconstruction, construction, and operation
requirements for new and modified sources. The Hancock Compressor Station is not
classified as one of the 28 named source categories listed in Section 169 of the Clean Air
Act. Therefore, to be considered a major stationary source, the facility would need to
have potential emissions of 250 tons per year or more of any regulated pollutant (except
CO2). The final PSD and Title V GHG Tailoring Rule was published in the Federal Register
on June 3, 2010 (75 FR 31514) but was ultimately overturned on June 23, 2014 by the US
Supreme Court. Under the formerly effective rule, GHGs could, as of July 1, 2011, become
subject to regulation under the PSD program for construction projects that would result
in potential GHG emissions of 100,000 tons per year (tpy) carbon dioxide equivalents
(CO2e) or more. However, the June 23, 2014 Supreme Court Decision clarifies that
construction projects cannot trigger major NSR for GHGs unless major NSR is otherwise
triggered for criteria pollutants.

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As shown in Table 3-1, the existing Hancock Compressor Station is a minor stationary
source with respect to PSD. With the proposed additions to the Hancock Station the
facility will remain a minor source with respect to PSD and thus, the proposed Project is
not subject to PSD.

3.4 Title V Operating Permit and State Operating Permit Programs

The Title V permit program in 40 CFR Part 70 requires major sources of air pollutants to
obtain federal operating permits. The major source thresholds under the Title V program,
as defined in 40 CFR 70.2 and which are different from the federal NSR major source
thresholds, are 100 tpy of any air pollutant, 10 tpy of any single hazardous air pollutant
(HAP), or 25 tpy of total HAPs. More stringent Title V major source thresholds apply for
VOC and NOx in ozone nonattainment areas, namely 50 tpy of VOC or NOx in areas
defined as serious, 25 tpy in areas defined as severe, and 10 tpy in areas classified as
extreme.

The State of New Yorks Title V Operating Permit Program is administered through a
USEPA-approved program at 6 NYCRR 201-6. NYSDEC also administers a state
operating permit program through 6 NYCRR 201-5 for certain non-Title V facilities that
do not qualify for a minor facility registration under 6 NYCRR Subpart 201-4, including
synthetic minor facilities and facilities with actual emissions greater than fifty percent of
Title V thresholds. Emission sources or activities listed under NYCRR 201-3 are exempt
from the registration and permitting provisions of 6 NYCRR Subparts 201-4, 201-5, and
201-6.

As shown in Table 3-1, potential emissions of CO and CO2e exceed the Title V major
source thresholds of 100 and 100,000 tons per year, respectively. As such, the facility is
subject to Title V permitting requirements for these pollutants.

3.4.1 Exempt and Trivial Sources

Exempt activities cannot be excluded when determining applicability of Title V,


nonattainment NSR, or PSD. Table 3-1 includes emissions from exempt equipment at the
Station (the emergency generators, fuel gas heater, oil storage tank, and waste liquids
storage tank). A list of exempt activities is included with the NYSDEC permit application
forms in Appendix A.

The emergency generators are considered an exempt activity per 6 NYCRR 201-3.2(c)(6)
as an emergency power generating internal combustion engine. They conform to the

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definition of such an exempt unit under 6 NYCRR 200.1(cq) because they will operate as
an electric power source only when the usual supply of electric power is unavailable and
will operate for no more than 500 hours per year, inclusive of emergency situations,
maintenance, and testing.

Pursuant to 6 NYCRR 201-3.2(c)(1)(i), natural gas-fired heaters with a maximum rated


heat input capacity less than 10 million British thermal units per hour (MMBtu/hr) are
considered exempt sources. The 4,000 gallon waste liquids storage tank and 1,500 gallon
lube oil tank are considered an exempt activity per 6 NYCRR 201- 3.2(c)(25) as a storage
tank with a capacity under 10,000 gallons.

Blowdowns are considered a trivial activity per 6 NYCRR 201-3.3(94) which covers
Emissions of the following pollutants: water vapor, oxygen, carbon dioxide, nitrogen,
inert gases such as argon, helium, neon, krypton and xenon, hydrogen, simple
asphyxiants including methane and propane, trace constituents included in raw materials
or byproducts, where the constituents are less than 1 percent by weight for any regulated
air pollutant, or 0.1 percent by weight for any carcinogen listed by the United States
Department of Health and Human Services' Seventh Annual Report on Carcinogens
(1994). The natural gas composition at the Hancock Station meets the definition in 6
NYCRR 201-3.3 as shown in Appendix B.

3.5 National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants

The USEPA has established National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants
(NESHAP) for specific pollutants and industries in 40 CFR Part 61. The Project does not
include any of the specific sources for which NESHAP have been established in Part 61.
Therefore, Part 61 NESHAP requirements will not apply to the Project. The USEPA has
also established NESHAP requirements in 40 CFR Part 63 for various source categories.
The Part 63 NESHAP apply to certain emission units at facilities that are major sources
of HAP. The applicability to the Project of several NESHAP rules is discussed below.

3.5.1 40 CFR Part 63 Subpart HHH (National Emission Standards for


Hazardous Air Pollutants from Natural Gas Transmission and
Storage Facilities)

Subpart HHH applies to natural gas transmission and storage facilities that are major
sources of HAPs and that transport or store natural gas prior to entering the pipeline to a
local distribution company or to a final end user (if there is no local distribution
company). The Hancock Station is an area source (i.e., not major source) of HAPs.
Therefore, this subpart will not apply because it only applies to major sources.

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3.5.2 40 CFR Part 63 Subpart YYYY (National Emission Standards for
Hazardous Air Pollutants for Stationary Combustion Turbines)

Subpart YYYY applies to stationary combustion turbines at major sources of HAPs.


Emissions and operating limitations under Subpart YYYY apply to new and reconstructed
stationary combustion turbine. The Hancock Station is an area source (i.e., not major
source) of HAPs. Therefore, this subpart will not apply because it only applies to major
sources.

3.5.3 40 CFR Part 63 Subpart ZZZZ (National Emission Standards for


Hazardous Air Pollutants for Stationary Reciprocating Internal
Combustion Engines)

Subpart ZZZZ, applies to existing, new, and reconstructed stationary reciprocating


internal combustion engines (ICE) depending on size, use, and whether the engine is
located at a major or area source of HAP. The Project includes the installation of one new
emergency stationary RICE with a site rating greater than 500 hp at the Hancock Station.
New stationary ICE located at area sources of HAP, such as the emergency engine
proposed for the Project, must meet the requirements of Subpart ZZZZ by meeting the
NSPS. As discussed above, the new emergency engine is subject to the NSPS at 40 CFR
Part 60, Subpart JJJJ, therefore the requirements of Subpart ZZZZ will be met.

3.5.4 40 CFR Part 63 Subpart DDDDD (National Emission Standards for


Hazardous Air Pollutants for Major Sources: Industrial,
Commercial, and Institutional Boilers and Process Heaters)

Subpart DDDDD applies to certain new and existing boilers and process heaters at major
HAP sources. The Hancock Station is an area source (i.e., not major source) of HAPs.
Therefore, this subpart will not apply because it only applies to major sources.

3.6 New York State Department of Environmental Conservation


Regulations

Applicable NYSDEC air regulations and the associated proposed means of project
compliance are identified below:

x Part 200 defines general terms and conditions, requires sources to restrict
emissions, and allows NYSDEC to enforce NSPS, PSD, and National Emission
Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP). Part 200 is a general applicable
requirement; no action is required by the facility.

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x Part 200.1(cq) defines emergency power generating stationary internal combustion
engines as stationary internal combustion engines that operate as mechanical or
electrical power sources only when the usual supply of power is unavailable, and
operate for no more than 500 hours per year (i.e., applicable to the proposed
emergency generator, which has been assumed to operate no more than 500 hours
per year, including periodic testing and maintenance activities to ensure reliability).
x Part 202-1 requires sources to conduct emissions testing upon the request of
NYSDEC. Permit conditions covering construction of the proposed project will likely
require stack testing as a condition of receiving its permit to construct.
x Part 202-2 requires sources to submit annual emission statements for emissions
tracking and fee assessment. Pollutants are required to be reported in an emission
statement if certain annual thresholds are exceeded. Project emissions will be
reported as required.
x Part 211-3 defines general opacity limits for sources of air pollution in New York
State. General applicable requirement facility-wide visible emissions are limited to
20 percent opacity (6-minute average) except for one continuous six-minute period
per hour of not more than 57 percent opacity. Note that the opacity requirements
under Part 227-1 (see below) are more restrictive and effectively supersede the
requirements of Part 211-3.
x Visible emissions (opacity) for stationary fuel-burning equipment are regulated
under 6 NYCRR Subpart 227-1.3. Facility stationary combustion installations must
be operated so that the following opacity limits are not violated; 227-1.3(a) 20
percent opacity (six minute average), except for one six-minute period per hour of
not more than 27 percent opacity.

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4.0 AIR QUALITY MODELING ANALYSIS

At the federal level, because the emission increases from the Hancock Station
modifications are less than applicable major source thresholds, Millennium will not
trigger federal NSR requirements for any regulated air pollutant under either PSD or
NNSR permitting programs. At the state level, the Project triggers air permitting through
the NYSDEC as a major Title V facility for CO and GHGs. If the agency considers that any
project triggering minor NSR permitting could threaten attainment with the National
Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQSs) or human health from toxic air pollutant (TAP)
concentrations, NYSDEC can require air dispersion modeling for the Project. A site wide
modeling analysis for criteria pollutants has been performed in accordance with their
impact analysis modeling guidance, Policy DAR10. In addition, a modeling analysis that
addresses TAPs is performed per Policy DAR1. This section details the NAAQS and TAPs
modeling assessment for the proposed Hancock Station.

4.1 Background Ambient Air Quality

Background ambient air quality data was obtained from various existing monitoring
locations. Based on a review of the locations of Pennsylvania and New York ambient air
quality monitoring sites, the closest monitoring sites were used to represent the current
background air quality in the site area.

Background data for CO, NO2, and PM2.5 was obtained from a monitoring station located
in Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania (USEPA AIRData # 42-069-2006). This monitor
is located in the city of Scranton that has a higher population density and higher density
of industrial facilities than the Hancock area in Delaware County. Further, this monitor
is located in an area with a greater amount of mobile and point sources of air emissions
as compared to the project area. Thus, this monitor is considered to conservatively
represent the ambient air quality within the project area.

Background data for SO2 and PM10 was obtained from a monitoring station located in
Luzerne County, Pennsylvania (USEPA AIRData # 42-079-1101). This monitor is located
in city of Wilkes Barre that has a higher population density and higher density of
industrial facilities than the area around the Hancock Station. Further, this monitor is
located in an area with a greater amount of mobile and point sources of air emissions as
compared to the project area. Thus, this monitor is also considered to conservatively
represent the ambient air quality within the project study area.

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The monitoring data for the most recent three years (2012 2014) are presented and
compared to the NAAQS in Table 4-1. The maximum measured concentrations for each
of these pollutants during the last three years are all below applicable standards and are
proposed to be used as representative background values for comparison of facility
concentrations to the NAAQS.

Table 4-1: Maximum Measured Ambient Air Quality Concentrations

Maximum Ambient Concentrations


Averaging NAAQS
Pollutant Pg/m3)
(P
Period Pg/m3)
(P
2012 2013 2014
1-Houra 21.0 18.3 23.6 196
SO2 24-Hour 13.6 13.6 13.9 365
Annual 2.1 1.4 2.1 80
1-Hourb 67.7 75.2 84.6 188
NO2
Annual 16.1 15.4 20.0 100
1-Hour 1,380 2,070 1,725 40,000
CO
8-Hour 920 1,495 1,150 10,000
PM10 24-Hour 34 45 32 150
24-Hour 20 24 23 35
PM2.5c
Annual 8.3 9.2 11.1 12
a1-hour 3-year average 99th percentile value for SO2 is 21.0 Pg/m3.
b1-hour 3-year average 98th percentile value for NO2 is 75.8 Pg/m3.
c24-hour 3-year average 98th percentile value for PM-2.5 is 22.3 Pg/m3; Annual 3-year average value for

PM2.5 is 9.5 Pg/m3.


High second-high short term (1-, 3-, 8-, and 24-hour) and maximum annual average concentrations
presented for all pollutants other than PM2.5 and 1-hour SO2 and NO2.
Bold values represent the proposed background values for use in any necessary NAAQS/NYAAQS analyses.
Monitored background concentrations obtained from the USEPA AirData website
(https://www3.epa.gov/airdata/).

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4.2 Modeling Methodology

An air quality modeling analysis was performed consistent with the procedures found in
the following documents: Guideline on Air Quality Models (Revised) (USEPA, 2005),
New Source Review Workshop Manual (USEPA, 1990), Screening Procedures for
Estimating the Air Quality Impact of Stationary Sources (USEPA, 1992), and DAR-10:
NYSDEC Guidelines on Dispersion Modeling Procedures for Air Quality Impact Analysis
(NYSDEC, 2006).

4.2.1 Model Selection

The USEPA has compiled a set of preferred and alternative computer models for the
calculation of pollutant impacts. The selection of a model depends on the characteristics
of the source, as well as the nature of the surrounding study area. Of the four classes of
models available, the Gaussian type model is the most widely used technique for
estimating the impacts of nonreactive pollutants.

The AERMOD model was designed for assessing pollutant concentrations from a wide
variety of sources (point, area, and volume). AERMOD is currently recommended by the
USEPA for modeling studies in rural or urban areas, flat or complex terrain, and transport
distances less than 50 kilometers, with one hour to annual averaging times.

The latest version of USEPAs AERMOD model (Version 15181) was used in the analysis.
AERMOD was applied with the regulatory default options and 5-years (2011-2015) of
hourly meteorological data consisting of surface observations from Binghamton Edwin A
Link Field in Binghamton, NY and concurrent upper air data from Albany, NY.

4.2.2 Urban/Rural Area Analysis

A land cover classification analysis was performed to determine whether the URBAN
option in the AERMOD model should be used in quantifying ground-level concentrations.
The methodology utilized to determine whether the project is located in an urban or rural
area is described below.

The following classifications relate the colors on a United States Geological Survey
(USGS) topographic quadrangle map to the land use type that they represent:

x Blue water (rural);


x Green wooded areas (rural);

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x White parks, unwooded, non-densely packed structures (rural);
x Purple industrial; identified by large buildings, tanks, sewage disposal or
filtration plants, rail yards, roadways, and, intersections (urban);
x Pink densely packed structures (urban); and,
x Red roadways and intersections (urban)

The USGS map covering the area within a 3-kilometer radius of the facility was reviewed
and indicated that the vast majority of the surrounding area is denoted as blue, green, or
white, which represent water, wooded areas, parks, and non-densely packed structures.
Additionally, the AERMOD Implementation Guide published on August 3, 2015
cautions users against applying the Land Use Procedure on a source-by-source basis and
instead to consider the potential for urban heat island influences across the full modeling
domain. This approach is consistent with the fact that the urban heat island is not a
localized effect, but is more regional in character.

Because the urban heat island is more of a regional effect, the Urban Source option in
AERMOD was not utilized since the area within 3 kilometers of the facility as well as the
full modeling domain (20 kilometers by 20 kilometers) is predominantly rural.

4.2.3 Good Engineering Practice Stack Height

Section 123 of the Clean Air Act (CAA) required the USEPA to promulgate regulations to
assure that the degree of emission limitation for the control of any air pollutant under an
applicable State Implementation Plan (SIP) was not affected by (1) stack heights that
exceed Good Engineering Practice (GEP) or (2) any other dispersion technique. The
USEPA provides specific guidance for determining GEP stack height and for determining
whether building downwash will occur in the Guidance for Determination of Good
Engineering Practice Stack Height (Technical Support Document for the Stack Height
Regulations), (USEPA, 1985). GEP is defined as the height necessary to ensure that
emissions from the stack do not result in excessive concentrations of any air pollutant in
the immediate vicinity of the source as a result of atmospheric downwash, eddies, and
wakes that may be created by the source itself, or nearby structures, or nearby terrain
obstacles.

The GEP definition is based on the observed phenomenon of atmospheric flow in the
immediate vicinity of a structure. It identifies the minimum stack height at which
significant adverse aerodynamics (downwash) are avoided. The USEPA GEP stack height
regulations (40 CFR 51.100) specify that the GEP stack height (HGEP) be calculated in the
following manner:

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HGEP = HB + 1.5L

Where: HB = the height of adjacent or nearby structures, and


L = the lesser dimension (height or projected width
of the adjacent or nearby structures).

A detailed plot plan of the proposed facility is shown in Figure 2-3. A GEP stack height
analysis has been conducted using the USEPA approved Building Profile Input Program
with PRIME (BPIPPRM, version 04274). The maximum calculated GEP stack height for
the new emission sources is 131 feet; the controlling structure is the existing compressor
building (52.5 feet). Direction-specific downwash parameters were determined using
BPIPPRM, version 04274. Electronic input and output files for the BPIPPRM model have
been provided on the DVD-ROM contained in Appendix C.

4.2.4 Meteorological Data

If at least one year of hourly on-site meteorological data is not available, the application
of the AERMOD dispersion model requires five years of hourly meteorological data that
are representative of the project site. In addition to being representative, the data must
meet quality and completeness requirements per USEPA guidelines. The closest source
of representative hourly surface meteorological data is Binghamton Edwin A Link Field
located in Binghamton, NY located approximately 48 miles to the northwest of the
Hancock Compressor Station.

The meteorological data at the Binghamton Edwin A Link Field is recorded by an


Automated Surface Observing System (ASOS) that records 1-minute measurements of
wind direction and wind speed along with hourly surface observations necessary. The
USEPA AERMINUTE program was used by the NYSDEC to process 1-minute ASOS wind
data (2011 2015) from the Binghamton surface station in order to generate hourly
averaged wind speed and wind direction data to supplement the standard hourly ASOS
observations. The hourly averaged wind speed and direction data generated by
AERMINUTE was merged with the aforementioned hourly surface data.

The AERMOD assessment utilized five (5) years (20112015) of concurrent


meteorological data collected from a meteorological tower at the Binghamton Edwin A
Link Field and from radiosondes launched from Albany, New York. Both the surface and
upper air sounding data were processed by the NYSDEC using AERMODs meteorological
processor, AERMET (version 15181). The output from AERMET was used as the
meteorological database for the modeling analysis and consists of a surface data file and

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a vertical profile data file. These data, which were prepared and processed to AERMOD
format by the NYSDEC, was provided for use in the modeling analyses for the proposed
facility.

4.3 Receptor Grid

4.3.1 Basic Grid

The AERMOD model requires receptor data consisting of location coordinates and
ground-level elevations. The receptor generating program, AERMAP (Version 11103),
was used to develop a complete receptor grid to a distance of 10 kilometers from the
proposed facility. AERMAP uses digital elevation model (DEM) or the National Elevation
Dataset (NED) data obtained from the USGS. The preferred elevation dataset based on
NED data was used in AERMAP to process the receptor grid. This is currently the
preferred data to be used with AERMAP as indicated in the USEPA AERMOD
Implementation Guide published August 3, 2015. AERMAP was run to determine the
representative elevation for each receptor using 1/3 arc second NED files that were
obtained for an area covering at least 10 kilometers in all directions from the proposed
facility. The NED data was obtained through the USGS Seamless Data Server
(http://seamless.usgs.gov/index.php).

The following rectangular (i.e. Cartesian) receptors were used to assess the air quality
impact of the proposed facility:

x Consistent with DAR-10 guidance, fine grid receptors (70 meter spacing) for a 20
km (east-west) x 20 km (north-south) grid centered on the proposed facility site.

4.3.2 Property Line Receptors

The facility has a fenced property line that precludes public access to the site. Ambient
air is therefore defined as the area at and beyond the fence. The modeling receptor grid
includes receptors spaced at 25-meter intervals along the entire fence line. Any Cartesian
receptors located within the fence line were removed.

Millennium Pipeline Company LLC 4-6 Hancock Compressor Station


4.4 Selection of Sources for Modeling

The emission sources responsible for most of the potential emissions from the Hancock
Compressor Station are the two (2) combustion turbines. These units were included in
and are the main focus of the modeling analyses. The modeling includes consideration of
operation over a range of turbine loads, ambient temperatures, and operating scenarios.

Ancillary sources (emergency diesel generators and fuel gas heater) were included in the
modeling for appropriate pollutants and averaging periods. The emergency equipment
may operate for up to 30 minutes in any day for readiness testing and maintenance
purposes. Operation of the emergency equipment for longer periods of time in an
emergency mode will not be expected to occur when the turbines are operating.

Although only limited operation is expected from the emergency equipment, initial
modeling to assess short-term facility impacts assumed concurrent operation of the
emergency equipment for readiness testing (i.e., up to 30 minutes per day) with the
combustion turbines.

4.4.1 Emission Rates and Exhaust Parameters

The dispersion modeling analysis was conducted with emission rates and flue gas exhaust
characteristics (flow rate and temperature) that are expected to represent the range of
possible values for the proposed and existing natural gas fired turbines. Because emission
rates and flue gas characteristics for a given turbine load vary as a function of ambient
temperature and fuel use, data were derived for a number of ambient temperature cases
for natural gas fuel at 100%, 75% and 50% operating loads. The temperatures were:

<0F, 0F, 20F, 40F, 60F, 80F and 100F.

A detailed summary of the stack exhaust and emissions data for all loads and ambient
temperatures cases are provided in Appendix B. To be conservative and limit the number
of cases to be modeled, the short-term modeling analysis was conducted using the lowest
stack exhaust temperature and exit velocity coupled with the maximum emission rate
over all ambient temperature cases for each operating load (with the exception of 1-hour
NO2 modeling which excluded the <0F data as discussed below). Annual modeling was
based on the 100% load 40F case (vendor performance data for the turbine was available
for 40F and 60F). The annual average temperature for the project area is approximately
50F. Use of the 40F emissions data is conservative as emissions are slightly higher than

Millennium Pipeline Company LLC 4-7 Hancock Compressor Station


the 60F case.). Tables 4-2 and 4-3 summarize the stack parameters and emission rates
used in the modeling for the compressor turbines.

Note that the modeling for 1-hour NO2 excluded the emergency generator for which
normal operations (maintenance purposes only) will be limited to no more than 30
minutes per day with an annual limit of 100 hours per year for testing and maintenance
purposes. The 1-hour NO2 modeling also did not consider combustion turbine operations
under sub-zero ambient temperature conditions as these conditions are extremely limited
annually. The exclusion of the emergency generator and sub-zero operations for the
combustion turbines for the 1-hour NO2 modeling is based on USEPA guidance provided
in the March 1, 2011 memorandum, Additional Clarification Regarding Application of
Appendix W Modeling Guidance for the 1-hour NO2 National Ambient Air Quality
Standard for intermittent sources such as emergency generators. In the memo, US EPA
states the following:

Given the implications of the probabilistic form of the 1-hour NO2 NAAQS
discussed above, we are concerned that assuming continuous operation of
intermittent emissions would effectively impose an additional level of stringency
beyond that level intended by the standard itself. As a result, we feel it would be
inappropriate to implement the 1-hour NO2 standard in such a manner and
recommend that compliance demonstrations for the 1-hour NO2 NAAQS be based
on emission scenarios that can logically be assumed to be relatively continuous or
which occur frequently enough to contribute significantly to the annual
distribution of daily maximum 1-hour concentrations.

The emergency generator and sub-zero operation of the combustion turbine are
considered as intermittent emissions, and thus, were excluded from the 1-hour NO2
modeling assessment.

Table 4-2: Stack Parameters and Emission Rates Existing Solar Mars 100
Compressor Turbine

Parameter Values
Load 50% 75% 100% Annual(2)
Stack Height (m) 18.29 18.29 18.29 18.29
Stack Diameter (m)(1) 2.72 2.72 2.72 2.72
Exhaust Velocity (m/s) 12.23 13.38 14.52 15.94
Exhaust Temperature (K) 737.03 738.71 736.48 752.04
NOx 0.6886 0.8632 0.9236 0.9850
Pollutant
Emissions CO 4.5110 5.2552 5.7442 --
(g/s) SO2 0.1866 0.2174 0.2376 0.2376
PM10/PM2.5 0.2818 0.3283 0.3588 0.3588

Millennium Pipeline Company LLC 4-8 Hancock Compressor Station


(1) The turbine stack is square (95 inches x 95 inches). The value listed and used in the modeling is the
effective diameter for an equivalent area circular stack.
(2) Based on conservative annual average exhaust parameters for 40F and annual potential to
emit discussed in Section 2.

Table 4-3: Stack Parameters and Emission Rates Proposed Titan 130E
Compressor Turbine

Parameter Values
Load 50% 75 100% Annual(2)
Stack Height (m) 21.34 21.34 21.34 21.34
Stack Diameter (m)(1) 2.92 2.92 2.92 2.92
Exhaust Velocity (m/s) 11.83 14.03 15.63 17.66
Exhaust Temperature (K) 720.9 730.9 758.7 765.9
NOx 0.858 1.063 1.254 1.375
Pollutant
Emissions CO 5.224 6.471 7.628 -
(g/s) SO2 0.094 0.113 0.130 0.130
PM10/PM2.5 0.251 0.304 0.348 0.348
(1) The turbine stack is square (102 inches x 102 inches). The value listed and used in the modeling is
the effective diameter for an equivalent area circular stack.
(2) Based on conservative annual average exhaust parameters for 40F and annual potential to
emit discussed in Section 2.

Tables 4-4 through 4-6 present the stack parameters and emission rates for the
emergency diesel generators and fuel gas heater. The emergency diesel generators were
included in the modeling analysis for appropriate pollutants and averaging periods when
used for readiness testing (i.e., up to 30 minutes per day).

Table 4-4: Stack Parameters and Emission Rates Existing Emergency


Generator

Parameter Values
Stack Height (m) 6.25
Stack Diameter (m) 0.30
Exhaust Velocity (m/s) 29.39
Exhaust Temperature (K) 723.7
Averaging Period 1-hr 3-hr 8-hr 24-hr Annual
NOx 0.24 -- -- -- 0.028
Pollutant CO 0.49 -- 0.061 -- --
Emissions SO2 2.77E-04 9.22E-05 -- 1.15E-05 3.16E-05
(g/sec)
PM10/PM2.5 -- -- -- 1.96E-04 5.47E-04

Millennium Pipeline Company LLC 4-9 Hancock Compressor Station


Notes:
Hourly emission rates divided by 2 to simulate limit of 30 minutes testing per day. For the 3-, 8- and
24-hour period the hourly emission rate is further divided by the number of hours in the period.

Table 4-5: Stack Parameters and Emission Rates Proposed Emergency


Generator

Parameter Values
Stack Height (m) 5.94
Stack Diameter (m) 0.30
Exhaust Velocity (m/s) 39.84
Exhaust Temperature (K) 721.5
Averaging Period 1-hr 3-hr 8-hr 24-hr Annual
NOx 0.3422 - - - 0.039
Pollutant CO 0.683 - 0.085 - -
Emissions SO2 0.0004 0.00013 - 0.000017 0.00004
(g/sec)
PM10/PM2.5 0.0061 - - 0.00025 0.00069

Notes:
Hourly emission rate divided by 2 to simulate limit of 30 minutes testing per day. For the 3-, 8- and
24-hour period the hourly emission rate is further divided by the number of hours in the period.

Table 4-6: Stack Parameters and Emission Rates Proposed Fuel Gas
Heater

Parameter Values
Stack Height (m) 4.877
Stack Diameter (m) 0.406
Exhaust Velocity (m/s) 1.86
Exhaust Temperature (K) 510.9
NOx 0.015
Pollutant CO 0.012
Emissions SO2 0.0008
(g/sec)
PM10/PM2.5 0.0011

4.5 Maximum Modeled Facility Concentrations

Table 4-7 presents the maximum modeled air quality concentrations of the proposed
facility calculated by AERMOD. As shown in this table, the maximum modeled

Millennium Pipeline Company LLC 4-10 Hancock Compressor Station


concentrations when combined with a representative background concentration, are less
than the applicable NAAQS/NYAAQS for all pollutants.

Table 4-7: Facility Maximum Modeled Concentrations Compared to


NAAQS/NYAAQS

Maximum
NAAQS/ Background Total
Averaging Modeled
Pollutant NYAAQS Concentration Concentration
Period Concentration
Pg/m3)
(P (Pg/m3) (Pg/m3)
Pg/m3)
(P
1-Hour 40,000 452 2,070 2,522
CO
8-Hour 10,000 192 1,495 1,687
1-Hour 196 9.2 21.0 30.2
3-Hour 1,300 8.9 23.6a 32.5
SO2
24-Hour -/260 5.2 13.9 19.1
Annual -/60 0.35 2.1 2.5
PM-10 24-Hour 150 7.8 45 52.8
24-Hour 35 3.8 22.3 26.1
PM-2.5
Annual 12 0.52 9.5 10.0
1-Hour 188 34.9b 75.8 110.7
NO2
Annual 100 5.0c 20.0 25.0
aConservatively
based upon maximum 1-hour SO2 monitored concentration.
bAssumed 80% of NOx is NO2 per USEPA guidance.
cAssumed 75% of NO is NO per USEPA guidance.
x 2

4.6 Toxic Ambient Air Contaminant Analysis

Air quality modeling was conducted for potential toxic (non-criteria) air pollutant
emissions from the proposed non-exempt facility sources. The modeling methodology
used in the toxic air pollutant analysis was the same as used in the Part 201 air quality
analyses for criteria air pollutants. Maximum modeled short-term and annual ground
level concentrations of each toxic air pollutant were compared to the DECs short-term
guideline concentration (SGC) and annual guideline concentration (AGC), respectively.
The DEC SGCs and AGCs used in the analysis are listed in the DAR-1 (formerly Air Guide-
1) tables that were published by the DEC in February 2014.

Unit concentrations for the 1-hour and annual averaging periods were calculated for the
combustion turbines. The maximum toxic air pollutant-specific emission rate was
multiplied by the modeled unit concentration to determine the maximum pollutant-
specific concentration. Note that summing the individual maximum source

Millennium Pipeline Company LLC 4-11 Hancock Compressor Station


concentrations, regardless of time and location, provides a conservative estimate of the
actual toxic air pollutant concentrations resulting from the facility. Presented in Table 4-
8 are the NYSDEC SGCs and AGCs and the facility maximum modeled concentrations for
each toxic air pollutant. As shown in the table, all of the maximum modeled toxic air
pollutants are well below their corresponding NYSDEC SGC and AGC.

4.7 Modeling Data Files

All modeling data files to determine the maximum ambient ground-level concentrations
from the proposed facility are included on DVD-ROM in Appendix C.

4.8 References

NYSDEC, 2006. NYSDEC Guidelines on Dispersion Modeling Procedures for Air Quality
Impact Analysis DAR 10. Impact Assessment and Meteorology Section, Bureau
of Stationary Sources. May 9, 2006.
USEPA, 2015. AERMOD Implementation Guide. AERMOD Implementation
Workgroup, Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, Air Quality Assessment
Division, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina. August 3, 2015.
USEPA, 2014. Clarification on the Use of AERMOD Dispersion Modeling for
Demonstrating Compliance with the NO2 National Ambient Air Quality Standard.
USEPA. September 30, 2014.
USEPA, 2011. Additional Clarification Regarding Application of Appendix W Modeling
Guidance for the 1-Hour NO2 NAAQS. USEPA. March 1, 2011.
USEPA, 2005. Guideline on Air Quality Models (Revised). Appendix W to Title 40 U.S.
Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Parts 51 and 52, Office of Air Quality Planning
and Standards, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Research Triangle Park,
North Carolina. November 6, 2005.
USEPA, 1992. "Screening Procedures for Estimating the Air Quality Impact of Stationary
Sources, Revised". EPA Document 454/R-92-019, Office of Air Quality Planning
and Standards, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina.
USEPA, 1990. "New Source Review Workshop Manual, Draft". Office of Air Quality
Planning and Standards, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Research
Triangle Park, North Carolina.
USEPA, 1985. Guidelines for Determination of Good Engineering Practice Stack Height
(Technical Support Document for the Stack Height Regulations-Revised). EPA-450/4-
80-023R. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

Millennium Pipeline Company LLC 4-12 Hancock Compressor Station


Table 4-8: Facility Maximum Modeled Concentrations Compared to SGCs and AGCs

% of % of
Solar Titan 130E Solar Mars 100 Facility Total SGC AGC SGC AGC
1-Hour Annual 1-Hour Annual 1-Hour Annual 1-Hour Annual
Hazardous Air
Pollutants (HAPs) (ug/m3) (ug/m3) (ug/m3) (ug/m3) (ug/m3) (ug/m3) (ug/m3) (ug/m3) % %
Acetaldehyde 2.89E-02 3.01E-04 2.65E-02 3.35E-04 5.54E-02 6.36E-04 470 0.45 0.01% 0.14%
Acrolein 4.63E-03 4.82E-05 4.25E-03 5.37E-05 8.88E-03 1.02E-04 2.5 0.35 0.36% 0.03%
Benzene 8.67E-03 9.04E-05 7.96E-03 1.01E-04 1.66E-02 1.91E-04 1300 0.13 0.00% 0.15%
1,3-Butadiene 3.11E-04 3.24E-06 2.93E-04 3.70E-06 6.04E-04 6.94E-06 --- 0.033 --- 0.02%
Ethylbenzene 2.31E-02 2.41E-04 2.12E-02 2.68E-04 4.43E-02 5.09E-04 --- 1000 --- 0.00%
Formaldehyde 5.13E-01 5.35E-03 4.70E-01 5.94E-03 9.84E-01 1.13E-02 30 0.06 3.28% 18.82%
Naphthalene 9.39E-04 9.80E-06 8.80E-04 1.11E-05 1.82E-03 2.09E-05 7900 3 0.00% 0.00%
PAH 1.59E-03 1.66E-05 1.47E-03 1.85E-05 3.06E-03 3.51E-05 --- 0.02 --- 0.18%
Propylene Oxide 2.10E-02 2.19E-04 1.92E-02 2.43E-04 4.02E-02 4.61E-04 3100 0.27 0.00% 0.17%
Toluene 9.39E-02 9.80E-04 8.61E-02 1.09E-03 1.80E-01 2.07E-03 37000 5000 0.00% 0.00%
Xylenes 4.63E-02 4.82E-04 4.24E-02 5.36E-04 8.87E-02 1.02E-03 22000 100 0.00% 0.00%
Polycyclic Organic Compounds (POM)
Anthracene 5.76E-07 6.01E-09 1.53E-06 1.93E-08 2.10E-06 2.53E-08 --- 0.02 --- 0.00%
Benz(a)anthracene 4.32E-07 4.50E-09 1.14E-06 1.45E-08 1.58E-06 1.90E-08 --- 0.02 --- 0.00%
Chrysene 4.32E-07 4.50E-09 1.14E-06 1.45E-08 1.58E-06 1.90E-08 --- 0.02 --- 0.00%
Dibenzo(a,h)anthracen
e 2.88E-07 3.00E-09 7.63E-07 9.64E-09 1.05E-06 1.26E-08 --- 0.02 --- 0.00%
Fluorene 6.72E-07 7.01E-09 1.78E-06 2.25E-08 2.45E-06 2.95E-08 5.3 0.067 0.00% 0.00%
2-Methylnaphthalene 5.76E-06 6.01E-08 1.53E-05 1.93E-07 2.10E-05 2.53E-07 --- 7.1 --- 0.00%
Phenanthrene 4.08E-06 4.25E-08 1.08E-05 1.36E-07 1.49E-05 1.79E-07 --- 0.02 --- 0.00%
Pyrene 1.20E-06 1.25E-08 3.18E-06 4.01E-08 4.38E-06 5.27E-08 --- 0.02 --- 0.00%

Millennium Pipeline Company LLC 4-13 Hancock Compressor Station


APPENDIX A
NYSDEC APPLICATION FORMS
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Air Permit Application
DEC ID
4 - 1 2 3 6 - 0 0 7 0 8

Project Description Continuation Sheet(s)


As part of the Eastern System Upgrade Project and in order to boost pressures on Millenniums transmission pipeline
system, Millennium is proposing to construct and operate one Solar Titan 130E compressor turbine at the Hancock
Compressor Station. Ancillary project emission sources include one (1) 1,230 hp emergency generator, one (1) 1.2
MMBtu/hr gas heater, and a 1,500 gallon oil tank.
Section III - Facility Information
Facility Classification
Hospital Residential Educational/Institutional Commercial Industrial Utility
Affected States (Title V Facilities Only)
Vermont Massachusetts Rhode Island Pennsylvania Tribal Land: __________________
New Hampshire Connecticut New Jersey Ohio Tribal Land:
SIC Code(s) NAICS Code(s)
4922
Facility Description Continuation Sheet(s)
Millennium Pipeline Company, L.L.C. (Millennium) currently owns and operates the Hancock Compressor Station
located in Delaware County, New York. The Hancock Compressor Station (CS) is a natural gas transmission facility
covered by Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) 4922. The Hancock CS is an existing non-major facility that was
constructed under and operates according to NYSDEC Air State Facility Permit ID: 4-1236-00708/00001.
Compliance Statements (Title V Facilities Only)
I certify that as of the date of this application the facility is in compliance with all applicable requirements. Yes No
If one or more emission units at the facility are not in compliance with all applicable requirements at the time of signing this
application (the 'NO" box must be checked), the noncomplying units must be identified in the "Compliance Plan" block on page 8
of this form along with the compliance plan information required. For all emission units at the facility that are operating in
compliance with all applicable requirements, complete the following:
This facility will continue to be operated and maintained in such a manner as to assure compliance for the duration of the
permit, except those emission units referenced in the compliance plan portion of this application.
For all emission units subject to any applicable requirements that will become effective during the term of the permit, this
facility will meet such requirements on a timely basis.
Compliance certification reports will be submitted at least once per year. Each report will certify compliance status with respect
to each applicable requirement, and the method used to determine the status.
Facility Applicable Federal Requirements Continuation Sheet(s)
Title Type Part Subpart Section Subdivision Paragraph Subparagraph Clause Subclause
6 NYCRR 202 1
6 NYCRR 211 1
6 NYCRR 212
6 NYCRR 227 1
Facility State Only Requirements Continuation Sheet(s)
Title Type Part Subpart Section Subdivision Paragraph Subparagraph Clause Subclause
6 NYCRR 201 3
6 NYCRR 201 6

Version 1.2 - 3/4/2015 Page 2


New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Air Permit Application
DEC ID
4 - 1 2 3 6 - 0 0 7 0 8

Facility Compliance Certification Continuation Sheet(s)


Rule Citation
Title Type Part Subpart Section Subdivision Paragraph Subparagraph Clause Subclause

Applicable Federal Requirement CAS Number Contaminant Name


Capping
State Only Requirement
Monitoring Information
Ambient Air Monitoring Work Practice Involving Specific Operations Record Keeping/Maintenance Procedures
Description

Work Practice Process Material


Reference Test Method
Type Code Description

Parameter
Manufacturer's Name/Model Number
Code Description

Limit Limit Units


Upper Lower Code Description

Averaging Method Monitoring Frequency Reporting Requirements


Code Description Code Description Code Description

Facility Emissions Summary Continuation Sheet(s)


Potential to Emit
CAS Number Contaminant Name Range Actual (lbs/yr)
(lbs/yr)
Code
0NY075 - 00 - 5 PM-10 C >= 1
0NY750 - 02 - 5 PM-2.5 C >= 1
007446 - 09 - 5 Sulfur Dioxide C >= 1
0NY210 - 00 - 0 Oxides of Nitrogen F >= 5
000630 - 08 - 0 Carbon Monoxide G >= 1
007439 - 92 - 1 Lead (elemental) -
0NY998 - 00 - 0 Total Volatile Organic Compounds C >= 1
0NY100 - 00 - 0 Total Hazardous Air Pollutants B >= 2
0NY750 - 00 - 0 Carbon Dioxide Equivalents J >= 10
50-00-0 Formaldehyde Y >0b
-
-
Version 1.2 - 3/4/2015 Page 3
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Air Permit Application
DEC ID
4 - 1 2 3 6 - 0 0 7 0 8

Section IV - Emission Unit Information


Emission Unit Description Continuation Sheet(s)
Emission Unit U - 0 0 0 0 1
Solar Mars 100 Combustion Turbine

Building Information Continuation Sheet(s)


Building ID Building Name Length (ft) Width (ft) Orientation
1 Compressor Building - Mars 100 90 60 20
2 Station Control/Auxiliary Building 93 36 20
3 Compressor Building - Titan 130E 100 60 20
Emission Point Information Continuation Sheet(s)
Emission Point 0 0 0 0 1
Ground Height Above Inside Diameter Cross Section
Height (ft) Exit Temp. (oF)
Elevation (ft) Structure (ft) (in) Length (in) Width (in)
1,680 60 7.5 866 95 95
Exit Velocity Exit Flow Distance to Property
NYTM (E) (KM) NYTM (N) (KM) Building Date of Removal
(FPS) (ACFM) Line (ft)
47.6 179,106 488.119 4636.928 1 61
Emission Point 0 0 0 0 2
Ground Height Above Inside Diameter Cross Section
Height (ft) Exit Temp. (oF)
Elevation (ft) Structure (ft) (in) Length (in) Width (in)
1,680 70 26 9.58 919 102 102
Exit Velocity Exit Flow Distance to Property
NYTM (E) (KM) NYTM (N) (KM) Building Date of Removal
(FPS) (ACFM) Line (ft)
58.0 251,130 488.170 4636.919 3 67
Emission Source/Control Information Continuation Sheet(s)
Emission Source Date of Date of Date of Control Type Manufacturer's
ID Type Construction Operation Removal Code Description Name/Model Number
T UR B 1 C 5/2013 11/2013 Solar Mars 100
Design Design Capacity Units Waste Feed Waste Type
Capacity Code Description Code Description Code Description
135.6 25
Emission Source Date of Date of Date of Control Type Manufacturer's
ID Type Construction Operation Removal Code Description Name/Model Number
S L NX 1 K 5/2013 11/2013 103 Solar SoLoNOx
Design Design Capacity Units Waste Feed Waste Type
Capacity Code Description Code Description Code Description

Version 1.2 - 3/4/2015 Page 4


New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Air Permit Application Form
DEC ID
4 - 1 2 3 6 - 0 0 7 0 8

Section IV - Emission Unit Information


Emission Unit Description (continuation)
Emission Unit U - 0 0 0 0 2
Solar Titan 130E Combustion Turbine

Continuation Sheet ____ of ____


s
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Air Permit Application Form
DEC ID
4 - 1 2 3 6 - 0 0 7 0 8

Section IV - Emission Unit Information


Emission Source/Control (continuation)
Emission Unit U - 0 0 0 0 2
Emission Source Date of Date of Date of Control Type Manufacturer's
ID Type Construction Operation Removal Code Description Name/Model No.
TURB2 C Solar Titan 130E
Design Design Capacity Units Waste Feed Waste Type
Capacity Code Description Code Description Code Description
165.5 25
Emission Source Date of Date of Date of Control Type Manufacturer's
ID Type Construction Operation Removal Code Description Name/Model No.
SLNX2 K 103 Solar Turbines SoLoNOx
Design Design Capacity Units Waste Feed Waste Type
Capacity Code Description Code Description Code Description

Emission Source Date of Date of Date of Control Type Manufacturer's


ID Type Construction Operation Removal Code Description Name/Model No.

Design Design Capacity Units Waste Feed Waste Type


Capacity Code Description Code Description Code Description

Emission Source Date of Date of Date of Control Type Manufacturer's


ID Type Construction Operation Removal Code Description Name/Model No.

Design Design Capacity Units Waste Feed Waste Type


Capacity Code Description Code Description Code Description

Emission Source Date of Date of Date of Control Type Manufacturer's


ID Type Construction Operation Removal Code Description Name/Model No.

Design Design Capacity Units Waste Feed Waste Type


Capacity Code Description Code Description Code Description

Emission Source Date of Date of Date of Control Type Manufacturer's


ID Type Construction Operation Removal Code Description Name/Model No.

Design Design Capacity Units Waste Feed Waste Type


Capacity Code Description Code Description Code Description

Continuation Sheet ____ of ____


s
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Air Permit Application
DEC ID
4 - 1 2 3 6 - 0 0 7 0 8

Process Information Continuation Sheet(s)


Emission Unit U - 0 0 0 0 1 Process 00 1
Description
Solar Mars 100 Combustion Turbine

Total Throughput Throughput Quantity Units


Source Classification Code (SCC)
Quantity/Hr Quantity/Yr Code Description
2-02-002-01
Operating Schedule
Confidential Building Floor/Location
Hours/Day Days/Year
Operating at Maximum Capacity
24 365 1 Ground
Emission Point Identifier(s)
00001
Emission Source/Control Identifier(s)
TURB1
SLNX1
Emission Unit U - 00002 Process 0 0 1
Description
Solar Titan 130E Combustion Turbine

Total Throughput Throughput Quantity Units


Source Classification Code (SCC)
Quantity/Hr Quantity/Yr Code Description
2-02-002-01
Operating Schedule
Confidential Building Floor/Location
Hours/Day Days/Year
Operating at Maximum Capacity
24 365 3 Ground
Emission Point Identifier(s)
00002
Emission Source/Control Identifier(s)
TURB2
SLNX2

Version 1.2 - 3/4/2015 Page 5


New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Air Permit Application
DEC ID
4 - 1 2 3 6 - 0 0 7 0 8

Emission Emission Emission Unit Applicable Federal Requirements Continuation Sheet(s)


Emission Unit Process
Point Source Title Type Part Subpart Section Subdiv. Parag. Subparag. Cl. Subcl.
U00001/U00002 40 CFR 60 KKKK 4305 a
U00001/U00002 40 CFR 60 KKKK 4320 a
U00001/U00002 40 CFR 60 KKKK 4330
U00001/U00002 40 CFR 60 KKKK 4333 a
Emission Emission Emission Unit State Only Requirements Continuation Sheet(s)
Emission Unit Process
Point Source Title Type Part Subpart Section Subdiv. Parag. Subparag. Cl. Subcl.

Emission Unit Compliance Certification Continuation Sheet(s)


Rule Citation
Title Type Part Subpart Section Subdivision Paragraph Subparagraph Clause Subclause
40 CFR 60 KKKK 4320 a
Applicable Federal Requirement State Only Requirement Capping
Emission Unit Emission Process Emission CAS Number Contaminant Name
Point Source
U00001/U00002 001 0NY210-00-0 Oxides of Nitrogen
Monitoring Information
Continuous Emission Monitoring Monitoring of a Process or Control Device Parameters as a Surrogate
Intermittent Emission Testing Work Practice Involving Specific Operations
Ambient Air Monitoring Record Keeping/Maintenance Procedures
Description
The owner or operator of a stationary combustion turbine must meet the appropriate emission limit for the operation
condition listed in Table 1 of this Subpart. The emission limit is 25 ppm at 15 percent Oxygen for operation at ambient
temperatures greater than 0 degrees F.

Work Practice Process Material


Reference Test Method
Type Code Description

Parameter
Manufacturer's Name/Model Number
Code Description

Limit Limit Units


Upper Lower Code Description
25 275
Averaging Method Monitoring Frequency Reporting Requirements
Code Description Code Description Code Description
20 14 16

Version 1.2 - 3/4/2015 Page 6


New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Air Permit Application Form
DEC ID
4 - 1 2 3 6 - 0 0 7 0 8

Section IV - Emission Unit Information


Emission Emission Emission Emission Unit Applicable Federal Requirements (continuation)
Process
Unit Point Source Title Type Part Subpart Section Subdiv. Parag. Subparag. Clause Subcl.
U00001,U00002 40 CFR 60 KKKK 4340 a
U00001,U00002 40 CFR 60 KKKK 4365 a
U00001,U00002 40 CFR 60 KKKK 4375 b
U00001,U00002 40 CFR 60 KKKK 4400

U00001,U00002 6 NYCRR 202 1 1


U00001,U00002 6 NYCRR 202 1 2
U00001,U00002 6 NYCRR 211 1
U00001,U00002 6 NYCRR 227 1 2
U00001,U00002 6 NYCRR 227 1 3 b

Continuation Sheet ____ of ____


s
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Air Permit Application Form
DEC ID
4 - 1 2 3 6 - 0 0 7 0 8

Section IV - Emission Unit Information


Emission Unit Compliance Certification (continuation)
Rule Citation
Title Type Part Subpart Section Subdivision Paragraph Subparagraph Clause Subclause
40 CFR KKKK a
Applicable Federal Requirement State Only Requirement Capping
Emission Unit Emission Point Process Emission Source CAS No. Contaminant Name
U00001/U00002 001 007446-09-5
Monitoring Information
Continuous Emission Monitoring Monitoring of Process or Control Device Parameters as a Surrogate
Intermittent Emission Testing Work Practice Involving Specific Operations
Ambient Air Monitoring Record Keeping/Maintenance Procedures
Description
The facility may elect not to monitor the total sulfur content of the fuel combusted in the turbine, if the fuel is
demonstrated not to exceed potential sulfur emissions of 0.060 lb/SO2/mmBtu of heat input. The facility must use the
fuel quality characteristics in a current, valid purchase contract, tariff sheet, or transportation contract for the fuel,
specifying that"

1. The total sulfur content for natural gas use is 20 grains of sulfur or less per 100 standard cubic feet, or
2. Has potential sulfur emissions less than 0.060 lb SO2/mmBtu heat input.

The FERC gas tariff will be used to demonstrate compliance with this requirement

Work Practice Process Material


Reference Test Method
Type Code Description

Parameter
Manufacturer Name/Model No.
Code Description

Limit Limit Units


Upper Lower Code Description
25
Averaging Method Monitoring Frequency Reporting Requirements
Code Description Code Description Code Description
13 14
Continuation Sheet ____ of ____
s
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Air Permit Application
DEC ID
4 - 1 2 3 6 - 0 0 7 0 8

Determination of Non-Applicability (Title V Only) Continuation Sheet(s)


Rule Citation
Title Type Part Subpart Section Subdivision Paragraph Subparagraph Clause Subclause
60
Emission Unit Emission Point Process Emission Source Applicable Federal Requirement
U00001/U00002 State Only Requirement
Description

Rule Citation
Title Type Part Subpart Section Subdivision Paragraph Subparagraph Clause Subclause

Emission Unit Emission Point Process Emission Source Applicable Federal Requirement
State Only Requirement
Description

Process Emissions Summary Continuation Sheet(s)


Emission Unit - Process
CAS Number Contaminant Name % Thruput % Capture % Control ERP (lbs/hr) ERP How Determined
Sulfur Dioxide
Potential to Emit Standard Potential to Emit Actual Emissions
(lbs/hr) (lbs/yr) (standard units) Units How Determined (lbs/hr) (lbs/yr)

Emission Unit - Process


CAS Number Contaminant Name % Thruput % Capture % Control ERP (lbs/hr) ERP How Determined

Potential to Emit Standard Potential to Emit Actual Emissions


(lbs/hr) (lbs/yr) (standard units) Units How Determined (lbs/hr) (lbs/yr)

Emission Unit - Process


CAS Number Contaminant Name % Thruput % Capture % Control ERP (lbs/hr) ERP How Determined

Potential to Emit Standard Potential to Emit Actual Emissions


(lbs/hr) (lbs/yr) (standard units) Units How Determined (lbs/hr) (lbs/yr)

Version 1.2 - 3/4/2015 Page 7


New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Air Permit Application
DEC ID
4 - 1 2 3 6 - 0 0 7 0 8

Emission Unit
Emission Unit Emissions Summary Continuation Sheet(s)
-
CAS Number Contaminant Name

Potential to Emit Actual Emissions


ERP (lbs/yr)
(lbs/hr) (lbs/yr) (lbs/hr) (lbs/yr)

CAS Number Contaminant Name

Potential to Emit Actual Emissions


ERP (lbs/yr)
(lbs/hr) (lbs/yr) (lbs/hr) (lbs/yr)

CAS Number Contaminant Name

Potential to Emit Actual Emissions


ERP (lbs/yr)
(lbs/hr) (lbs/yr) (lbs/hr) (lbs/yr)

CAS Number Contaminant Name

Potential to Emit Actual Emissions


ERP (lbs/yr)
(lbs/hr) (lbs/yr) (lbs/hr) (lbs/yr)

Compliance Plan Continuation Sheet(s)


For any emission units which are not in compliance at the time of permit application, the applicant shall complete the following:
Consent Order Certified progress reports are to be submitted every 6 months beginning / /
Emission Applicable Federal Requirement
Emission Unit Process
Source Title Type Part Subpart Section Subdiv. Parag. Subparag. Clause Subcl.

Remedial Measure(s) / Intermediate Milestone(s) R/I Date Scheduled


N/A - All emission units are in compliance at the time of permit applicaiton

Version 1.2 - 3/4/2015 Page 8


New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Air Permit Application
DEC ID
4 - 1 2 3 6 - 0 0 7 0 8

Request for Emission Reduction Credits Continuation Sheet(s)


Emission Source
Emission Reduction Description

Contaminant Emission Reduction Data


Reduction
Baseline Period ____ /____ /________ to ____ / ____ / ________ Date Method

ERC (lbs/yr)
CAS Number Contaminant Name
Netting Offset

Facility to Use Future Reduction


Application ID
Name - - /
Location Address
City/ Town / Village State Zip
Use of Emission Reduction Credits Continuation Sheet(s)
Emission Source
Proposed Project Description

Contaminant Emissions Increase Data


CAS Number Contaminant Name PEP (lbs/yr)

Statement of Compliance
All facilities under the ownership of this "owner/firm" are operating in compliance with all applicable requirements and state
regulations including any compliance certification requirements under Section 114(a)(3) of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990,
or are meeting the schedule of a consent order.
Source of Emission Reduction Credit - Facility
Permit ID
Name - - /
Location Address
City/ Town / Village State Zip
ERC (lbs/yr)
Emission Source CAS Number Contaminant Name
Netting Offset

Version 1.2 - 3/4/2015 Page 9


New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Air Permit Application
DEC ID
4 - 1 2 3 6 - 0 0 7 0 8

Supporting Documentation
Required Supporting Documentation:
List of Exempt Activities (form attached)
Plot Plan
Process Flow Diagram /PU"QQMJDBCMF
Methods Used to Determine Compliance (form attached)
Calculations

Optional Supporting Documentation:


Air Quality Model ( ____ / ____ / _____ )
Confidentiality Justification
Ambient Air Monitoring Plan ( ____ / ____ / _____ )
Stack Test Protocols/Reports ( ____ / ____ / _____ )
Continuous Emissions Monitoring Plans/QA/QC ( ____ / ____ / _____ )
MACT Demonstration ( ____ / ____ / _____ )
Operational Flexibility: Description of Alternative Operating Scenarios and Protocols
Title IV: Application/Registration (where appropriate)
ERC Quantification (form attached)
Baseline Period Demonstration
Use of ERC(s) (form attached)
Analysis of Contemporaneous Emissions Increase/Decrease
LAER Demonstration ( ____ / ____ / _____ )
BACT Demonstration ( ____ / ____ / _____ )
Other Document(s):

( / / )
( / / )
( / / )
( / / )
( / / )
( / / )
( / / )
( / / )
( / / )
( / / )
( / / )
( / / )
( / / )
( / / )

Version 1.2 - 3/4/2015 Page 10


New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Air Permit Application
DEC ID
4 - 12 3 6 - 0 0 7 0 8
Methods Used to Determine Compliance
Emission Unit Applicable Compliance
Method Used to Determine Compliance
ID Requirement Date
U00001 40 CFR An initial compliance test will be performed after installation
U00002 60.4320(a) and annual stack testing will be performed after installation
as required by the regulation for compliance with the NSPS

U00001 40 CFR The FERC gas tariff will be used to demonstrate


U00002 60.4365 compliance with this requirement

U00001 6 NYCRR An initial compliance test will be performed after installation


U00002 200.6 and annual stack testing will be performed following the NSPS
requirements to demonstrate compliance with the NOx limit.

Version 1 //201 Sheet _____ of _____


New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Air Permit Application
DEC ID
4 - 1 2 3 6 - 0 0 7 0 8

List of Exempt Activities


Instructions
Applicants for Title V facility permits must provide a listing of each exempt activity, as described in 6 NYCRR Part 201-
3.2(c), that is currently operated at the facility. This form provides a means to fulfill this requirement.

In order to complete this form, enter the number and building location of each exempt activity. Building IDs used on this
form should match those used in the Title V permit application. If a listed activity is not operated at the facility, leave the
corresponding information blank.

Combustion
Rule Number
Building
Citation Description of
Location
201-3.2(c) Activities
Stationary or portable combustion installations where the furnace has a maximum
heat input capacity less than 10 mmBtu/hr burning fuels other than coal or wood; or
(1)
a maximum heat input capacity of less than 1 mmBtu/hr burning coal or wood. This
activity does not include combustion installations burning any material classified as
solid waste, as defined in 6 NYCRR Part 360, or waste oil, as defined in 6 NYCRR
Subpart 225-2.
2 NA
Space heaters burning waste oil at automotive service facilities, as defined in 6
NYCRR Subpart 225-2, generated on-site or at a facility under common control, alone
(2)
or in conjunction with used oil generated by a do-it-yourself oil changer as defined in
6 NYCRR Subpart 374-2.
Stationary or portable internal combustion engines that are liquid or gaseous fuel
powered and located within the New York City metropolitan area or the Orange
(3)(i) County towns of Blooming Grove, Chester, Highlands, Monroe, Tuxedo, Warwick, or
Woodbury, and have a maximum mechanical power rating of less than 200 brake
horsepower.
Stationary or portable internal combustion engines that are liquid or gaseous fuel
powered and located outside of the New York City metropolitan area or the Orange
(3)(ii) County towns of Blooming Grove, Chester, Highlands, Monroe, Tuxedo, Warwick, or
Woodbury, and have a maximum mechanical power rating of less than 400 brake
horsepower.

Stationary or portable internal combustion engines that are gasoline powered and
(3)(iii)
have a maximum mechanical power rating of less than 50 brake horsepower.

(4) Reserved.
(5) Gas turbines with a heat input at peak load less then 10 mmBtu/hour

3/30/2015 Page 1 of 6
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Air Permit Application
DEC ID
4 - 1 2 3 6 - 0 0 7 0 8

Rule Number
Building
Citation Description of
Location
201-3.2(c) Activities

Emergency power generating stationary internal combustion engines, as defined in 6

2 NA
NYCRR Part 200.1(cq), and engine test cells at engine manufacturing facilities that are
(6) utilized for research and development, reliability performance testing, or quality
assurance performance testing. Stationary internal combustion engines used for peak
shaving and/or demand response programs are not exempt.

Combustion Related

Non-contact water cooling towers and water treatment systems for process cooling
(7) water and other water containers designed to cool, store or otherwise handle water
that has not been in direct contact with gaseous or liquid process streams.

Agricultural
Feed and grain milling, cleaning, conveying, drying and storage operations including
grain storage silos, where such silos exhaust to an appropriate emissions control
(8) device, excluding grain terminal elevators with permanent storage capacities over 2.5
million U.S. bushels, and grain storage elevators with capacities above one million
bushels.
Equipment used exclusively to slaughter animals, but not including other equipment
(9) at slaughterhouses, such as rendering cookers, boilers, heating plants, incinerators,
and electrical power generating equipment.
Commercial - Food Service Industries
Flour silos at bakeries, provided all such silos are exhausted through an appropriate
(10)
emission control device.
Emissions from flavorings added to a food product where such flavors are manually
(11)
added to the product.
Commercial - Graphic Arts

Screen printing inks/coatings or adhesives which are applied by a hand-held


(12) squeegee. A hand-held squeegee is one that is not propelled though the use of
mechanical conveyance and is not an integral part of the screen printing process.

Graphic arts processes at facilities located outside the New York City metropolitan
area or the Orange County towns of Blooming Grove, Chester, Highlands, Monroe,
(13) Tuxedo, Warwick, or Woodbury whose facility-wide total emissions of volatile
organic compounds from inks, coatings, adhesives, fountain solutions and cleaning
solutions are less than three tons during any 12-month period.

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New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Air Permit Application
DEC ID
4 - 1 2 3 6 - 0 0 7 0 8

Rule Number
Building
Citation Description of
Location
201-3.2(c) Activities

Graphic label and/or box labeling operations where the inks are applied by stamping
(14)
or rolling.

Graphic arts processes which are specifically exempted from regulation under 6
(15) NYCRR Part 234, with respect to emissions of volatile organic compounds which are
not given an A rating as described in 6 NYCRR Part 212.
Commercial - Other
Gasoline dispensing sites registered with the department pursuant to 6 NYCRR Part
(16)
612.

Surface coating and related activities at facilities which use less than 25 gallons per
month of total coating materials, or with actual volatile organic compound emissions
of 1,000 pounds or less from coating materials in any 12-month period. Coating
materials include all paints and paint components, other materials mixed with paints
prior to application, and cleaning solvents, combined. This exemption is subject to
the following:
(17)
(i) The facility is located outside of the New York City metropolitan area or the
Orange County towns of Blooming Grove, Chester, Highlands, Monroe, Tuxedo,
Warwick, or Woodbury; and

(ii) All abrasive cleaning and surface coating operations are performed in an enclosed
building where such operations are exhausted into appropriate emission control
devices.

Abrasive cleaning operations which exhaust to an appropriate emission control


(18)
device.
(19) Ultraviolet curing operations.
Municipal/Public Health Related

Landfill gas ventilating systems at landfills with design capacities less than 2.5 million
megagrams (3.3 million tons) and 2.5 million cubic meters (2.75 million cubic yards),
(20) where the systems are vented directly to the atmosphere, and the ventilating system
has been required by, and is operating under, the conditions of a valid 6 NYCRR Part
360 permit, or order on consent.

Storage Vessels
Distillate fuel oil, residual fuel oil, and liquid asphalt storage tanks with storage
(21)
capacities below 300,000 barrels.
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New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Air Permit Application
DEC ID
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Rule Number
Building
Citation Description of
Location
201-3.2(c) Activities

Pressurized fixed roof tanks which are capable of maintaining a working pressure at
(22) all times to prevent emissions of volatile organic compounds to the outdoor
atmosphere.
External floating roof tanks which are of welded construction and are equipped with
(23) a metallic-type shoe primary seal and a secondary seal from the top of the shoe seal
to the tank wall.
External floating roof tanks which are used for the storage of a petroleum or volatile
organic liquid with a true vapor pressure less than 4.0 psi (27.6 kPa), are of welded
construction and are equipped with one of the following:

(i) a metallic-type shoe seal;


(24)
(ii) a liquid-mounted foam seal;

(iii) a liquid-mounted liquid-filled type seal; or

(iv) equivalent control equipment or device.

2
Storage tanks, including petroleum liquid storage tanks as defined in 6 NYCRR Part
(25) 229, with capacities less than 10,000 gallons, except those subject to 6 NYCRR Part NA
229 or Part 233.
(26) Horizontal petroleum or volatile organic liquid storage tanks.

Storage silos storing solid materials, provided all such silos are exhausted through an
(27) appropriate emission control device. This exemption does not include raw material,
clinker, or finished product storage silos at Portland cement plants.

Industrial
Processing equipment at existing sand and gravel and stone crushing plants which
were installed or constructed before August 31, 1983, where water is used for
(28) operations such as wet conveying, separating, and washing. This exemption does not
include processing equipment at existing sand and gravel and stone crushing plants
where water is used for dust suppression.

Sand and gravel processing or crushed stone processing lines at a non-metallic


(29)(i) mineral processing facility that are a permanent or fixed installation with a maximum
rated processing capacity of 25 tons of minerals per hour or less.

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New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Air Permit Application
DEC ID
4 - 1 2 3 6 - 0 0 7 0 8

Rule Number
Building
Citation Description of
Location
201-3.2(c) Activities

Sand and gravel processing or crushed stone processing lines at a non-metallic


(29)(ii) mineral processing facility that are a portable emission source with a maximum rated
processing capacity of 150 tons of minerals per hour or less.

Sand and gravel processing or crushed stone processing lines at a non-metallic


(29)(iii) mineral processing facility that are used exclusively to screen minerals at a facility
where no crushing or grinding takes place.
(30) Reserved.

Surface coating operations which are specifically exempted from regulation under 6
(31) NYCRR Part 228, with respect to emissions of volatile organic compounds which are
not given an A rating pursuant to 6 NYCRR Part 212.

(32) Pharmaceutical tablet branding operations.


Thermal packaging operations, including, but not limited to, therimage labeling,
(33)
blister packing, shrink wrapping, shrink banding, and carton gluing.
(34) Powder coating operations.

All tumblers used for the cleaning and/or deburring of metal products without
(35)
abrasive blasting.

Presses used exclusively for molding or extruding plastics except where halogenated
(36)
carbon compounds or hydrocarbon solvents are used as foaming agents.

Concrete batch plants where the cement weigh hopper and all bulk storage silos are
(37) exhausted through fabric filters, and the batch drop point is controlled by a shroud or
other emission control device.

Cement storage operations not located at Portland cement plants where materials
(38)
are transported by screw or bucket conveyors.

Cold cleaning degreasers with an open surface area of 11 square feet or less and an
(39)(i) internal volume of 93 gallons or less or, having an organic solvent loss of 3 gallons
per day or less.

Cold cleaning degreasers that use a solvent with a VOC content or five percent or less
39(ii)
by weight, unless subject to the requirements of 40 CFR 63 Subpart T.

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DEC ID
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Rule Number
Building
Citation Description of
Location
201-3.2(c) Activities

Conveyorized degreasers with an air/vapor interface smaller than 22 square feet (2


(39)(iii)
square meters), unless subject to the requirements of 40 CFR 63 Subpart T.

Open-top vapor degreasers with an open-top area smaller than 11 square feet (1
(39)(iv)
square meter), unless subject to the requirements of 40 CFR 63 Subpart T.

Miscellaneous
Ventilating and exhaust systems for laboratory operations. Laboratory operations do
(40) not include processes having a primary purpose to produce commercial quantities of
materials.

Exhaust or ventilating systems for the melting of gold, silver, platinum and other
(41)
precious metals.

Exhaust systems for paint mixing, transfer, filling or sampling and/or paint storage
(42) rooms or cabinets, provided the paints stored within these locations are stored in
closed containers when not in use.

Exhaust systems for solvent transfer, filling or sampling, and/or solvent storage
(43) rooms provided the solvent stored within these locations are stored in containers
when not in use.

Research and development activities, including both stand-alone and activities within
(44) a major facility, until such time as the administrator completes a rule making to
determine how the permitting program should be structured for these activities.

(45) The application of odor counteractants and/or neutralizers.


(46) Hydrogen fuel cells.
Dry cleaning equipment that uses only water-based cleaning processes or those using
(47)
liquid carbon dioxide.
(48) Manure spreading, handling and storage at farms and agricultural facilities.

3/30/2015 Page 6 of 6
APPENDIX B
EMISSION CALCULATIONS
AND VENDOR DATA
Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC
Hancock Compressor Station

Table B-1. Existing, Proposed Project, and Total Facility Potential Emissions Summary

PM/PM-10/
Existing Permitted Sources NOx CO VOC SO2 PM-2.5 CO2 Total HAPS CH4 N2O CO2e
Solar Mars 100 34.24 47.62 3.94 8.26 12.47 69,427.4 0.61 1.31 0.13 69,499
Waukesha VGF36 Emergency Engine 0.97 1.94 0.49 0.0011 0.02 218.3 0.13 0.01 0.001 219
Blowdowns - 0.17 - 0.01 0.09 32.14 0.00 804

Waste Liquids Storage Tank - 2.27 - - - 0.21 - - -


Totals (ton/year) 35.21 49.56 6.87 8.26 12.49 69,645.7 1.04 33.46 0.13 70,521

PM/PM-10/
Proposed Sources NOx CO VOC SO2 PM-2.5 CO2 Total HAPS CH4 N2O CO2e
Solar Titan 130E 47.92 77.28 5.45 4.51 12.10 94,275.3 2.45 1.78 0.18 94,373
Waukesha VGF48GL Emergency Engine 1.36 2.71 0.68 0.0014 0.02 284.4 0.18 0.01 0.001 285
Fuel Gas Heater 0.53 0.44 0.03 0.0301 0.04 630.6 0.01 0.01 0.001 631
Lube Oil Tank - 0.0017 - - - - - -
Blowdowns - 0.04 - 0.02 - 22.92 - 573
Station Fugitives - - 0.88 - - 0.48 - 560.47 - 14,012
Totals (ton/year) 49.80 80.44 7.08 4.54 12.16 95,190.9 2.63 585.18 0.18 109,874

PM/PM-10/
Total Facility NOx CO VOC SO2 PM-2.5 CO2 Total HAPS CH4 N2O CO2e
Existing Mars 100 and Auxiliary Equipment 35.21 49.56 6.87 8.26 12.49 69,645.7 1.04 33.46 0.13 70,521
Proposed Titan 130E and Auxiliary Equipment 49.80 80.44 7.08 4.54 12.16 95,190.9 2.63 585.18 0.18 109,874
Totals (ton/year) 85.01 130.00 13.95 12.80 24.65 164,836.6 3.67 618.64 0.31 180,395
Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC
Hancock Compressor Station

Table B-2. Solar Titan 130E Specifications

Fuel Natural Gas NG NG NG NG NG NG NG NG NG NG NG NG NG NG NG NG NG NG NG NG NG


Load 50 <50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 75 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

Hp Output (Net) 11,021 11,021 11,021 10,619 10,200 9,783 9,092 8,233 16,532 16,532 15,928 15,300 14,674 13,637 12,351 22,043 22,043 21,237 20,400 19,565 18,183 16,467

Ambient
below 0 0 0 20 40 60 80 100 below 0 0 20 40 60 80 100 below 0 0 20 40 60 80 100
Temperature (F)

% RH 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60
Elevation ft 1,695 1,695 1,695 1,695 1,695 1,695 1,695 1,695 1,695 1,695 1,695 1,695 1,695 1,695 1,695 1,695 1,695 1,695 1,695 1,695 1,695 1,695
Fuel LHV
920.90 920.9 920.90 920.90 920.90 920.90 920.90 920.90 920.90 920.90 920.90 920.90 920.90 920.90 920.90 920.90 920.90 920.90 920.90 920.90 920.90 920.90
(Btu/volume)
Heat Inpu LHV
(MMBtu/hr) by 119.49 119.49 119.49 115.74 112.01 109.07 104.62 99.74 144.63 144.63 138.80 133.21 128.26 122.28 115.78 165.52 165.52 159.08 152.69 146.56 138.26 129.52
volume

Heat Input HHV


(MMBtu/hr) 132.93 132.93 132.93 128.76 124.61 121.34 116.39 110.96 160.90 160.90 154.42 148.20 142.69 136.04 128.81 184.14 184.14 176.98 169.87 163.05 153.81 144.09
(=LHV*1.1125)

Exhaust lb/hr 381,214 381,214 381,214 360,284 339,631 317,891 295,948 274,753 436,987 436,987 416,357 395,312 374,898 351,277 324,268 452,300 452,300 439,767 426,625 413,105 390,708 362,990
Exhaust ACFM 210,923 210,923 210,923 203,560 196,008 185,757 176,718 168,190 245,134 245,134 237,017 228,480 220,831 211,414 199,477 263,364 263,364 257,282 251,130 244,926 234,978 222,361

Stack Height (ft) 70 70 70 70 70 70 70 70 70 70 70 70 70 70 70 70 70 70 70 70 70 70

Stack Height (m) 21.34 21.34 21.34 21.34 21.34 21.34 21.34 21.34 21.34 21.34 21.34 21.34 21.34 21.34 21.34 21.34 21.34 21.34 21.34 21.34 21.34 21.34
Square Stack Side
102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102
(inches)
Square Stack Side
2.59 2.59 2.59 2.59 2.59 2.59 2.59 2.59 2.59 2.59 2.59 2.59 2.59 2.59 2.59 2.59 2.59 2.59 2.59 2.59 2.59 2.59
(ft)
Square Stack Equiv
9.59 9.59 9.59 9.59 9.59 9.59 9.59 9.59 9.59 9.59 9.59 9.59 9.59 9.59 9.59 9.59 9.59 9.59 9.59 9.59 9.59 9.59
Diameter (ft)
Square Stack
14.83 14.83 14.83 14.31 13.78 13.06 12.43 11.83 17.24 17.24 16.66 16.06 15.53 14.86 14.03 18.52 18.52 18.09 17.66 17.22 16.52 15.63
Exhaust (m/s)
Exhaust M.W. 28.55 28.55 28.55 28.54 28.51 28.47 28.37 28.29 28.55 28.55 28.54 28.51 28.47 28.37 28.29 28.55 28.55 28.54 28.51 28.47 28.37 28.29

Exhaust
838 838 838 865 892 907 932 963 856 856 875 894 918 943 970 906 906 912 919 927 942 964
Temperature (F)

Exhaust
720.9 720.9 720.9 735.9 750.9 759.3 773.2 790.4 730.9 730.9 741.5 752.0 765.4 779.3 794.3 758.7 758.7 762.0 765.9 770.4 778.7 790.9
Temperature (K)

NOX ppm@ 15% O2 120 70 15 15 15 15 15 15 120 15 15 15 15 15 15 120 15 15 15 15 15 15

NOX lb/hr 54.480 31.780 6.810 6.590 6.370 6.180 5.890 5.550 67.520 8.440 8.090 7.750 7.440 7.040 6.590 79.600 9.950 9.550 9.150 8.750 8.200 7.590
NOX g/s 6.864 4.004 0.858 0.830 0.803 0.779 0.742 0.699 8.508 1.063 1.019 0.977 0.937 0.887 0.830 10.030 1.254 1.203 1.153 1.103 1.033 0.956

CO ppm@ 15% O2 150 8,000 25 25 25 25 25 25 150 25 25 25 25 25 25 150 25 25 25 25 25 25

CO lb/hr 41.460 2211.2 6.910 6.690 6.460 6.180 5.890 5.550 51.360 8.560 8.210 7.870 7.550 7.150 6.690 60.540 10.090 9.690 9.280 8.880 8.320 7.700
CO g/s 5.224 278.611 0.871 0.843 0.814 0.779 0.742 0.699 6.471 1.079 1.034 0.992 0.951 0.901 0.843 7.628 1.271 1.221 1.169 1.119 1.048 0.970
UHC ppm@ 15%
50 800 25 25 25 25 25 25 50 25 25 25 25 25 25 50 25 25 25 25 25 25
O2
UHC lb/hr 7.920 126.720 3.960 3.830 3.700 3.590 3.420 3.220 9.800 4.900 4.700 4.510 4.320 4.090 3.830 11.560 5.780 5.550 5.320 5.090 4.760 4.410

VOC ppm@ 15%


10 160 5 5 5 5 5 5 10 5 5 5 5 5 5 10 5 5 5 5 5 5
O2 (20% of UHC)

VOC lb/hr 1.584 25.344 0.792 0.766 0.740 0.718 0.684 0.644 1.960 0.980 0.940 0.902 0.864 0.818 0.766 2.312 1.156 1.110 1.064 1.018 0.952 0.882

sulfur gr/100 scf 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0

SO2 lb/hr 0.743 0.743 0.743 0.720 0.697 0.678 0.651 0.620 0.899 0.899 0.863 0.828 0.798 0.760 0.720 1.029 1.029 0.989 0.950 0.911 0.860 0.805
SO2 g/s 0.094 0.094 0.094 0.091 0.088 0.085 0.082 0.078 0.113 0.113 0.109 0.104 0.101 0.096 0.091 0.130 0.130 0.125 0.120 0.115 0.108 0.101
Particulates
0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015
lb/MMBtu
PM10/2.5 lb/hr 1.99 1.99 1.99 1.93 1.87 1.82 1.75 1.66 2.41 2.41 2.32 2.22 2.14 2.04 1.93 2.76 2.76 2.65 2.55 2.45 2.31 2.16
PM10/2.5 g/s 0.251 0.251 0.251 0.243 0.236 0.229 0.220 0.210 0.304 0.304 0.292 0.280 0.270 0.257 0.243 0.348 0.348 0.334 0.321 0.308 0.291 0.272
CO2 lb/mmBtu 117 117 117 117 117 117 117 117 117 117 117 117 117 117 117 117 117 117 117 117 117 117
CO2 lb/hr 15,538 15,538 15,538 15,051 14,566 14,183 13,605 12,970 18,808 18,808 18,049 17,322 16,679 15,901 15,056 21,524 21,524 20,687 19,856 19,059 17,979 16,843
CH4 lb/mmBtu 0.0022 0.0022 0.0022 0.0022 0.0022 0.0022 0.0022 0.0022 0.0022 0.0022 0.0022 0.0022 0.0022 0.0022 0.0022 0.0022 0.0022 0.0022 0.0022 0.0022 0.0022 0.0022
CH4 lb/hr 0.2931 0.2931 0.2931 0.2839 0.2747 0.2675 0.2566 0.2446 0.3547 0.3547 0.3404 0.3267 0.3146 0.2999 0.2840 0.4060 0.4060 0.3902 0.3745 0.3595 0.3391 0.3177
N2O lb/mmBtu 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002
N2O lb/hr 0.0293 0.0293 0.0293 0.0284 0.0275 0.0268 0.0257 0.0245 0.0355 0.0355 0.0340 0.0327 0.0315 0.0300 0.0284 0.0406 0.0406 0.0390 0.0374 0.0359 0.0339 0.0318
CO2e lb/mmBtu 117.0 117.0 117.0 117.0 117.0 117.0 117.0 117.0 117.0 117.0 117.0 117.0 117.0 117.0 117.0 117.0 117.0 117.0 117.0 117.0 117.0 117.0
CO2e lb/hr 15,554 15,554 15,554 15,066 14,581 14,198 13,619 12,983 18,827 18,827 18,068 17,340 16,696 15,918 15,071 21,546 21,546 20,708 19,876 19,078 17,998 16,860

Notes
1. Data provided by Solar for 100%, 75% and 50% load cases: net output power, fuel flow (MMBtu/hr, LHV), exhaust flow (lb/hr), exhaust temperature, NO X/CO/UHC concentrations and lb/hr.
2. Below zero and low load operation uses 0F for operating parameters and uses concentrations from Solar PIL 167.
3. Greenhouse gases are calculated using emission factors from Part 98, Tables C 1 and C2 and global warming potentials from Table A1 (CO2 = 1, CH4 = 25, N2O = 298).
Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC
Hancock Compressor Station

Table B-3. Solar Titan 130E Potential to Emit

Operations Normal Ambient Startup Shutdown Potential to Emit Low Ambient Low Load Operation Maximum Yearly
Temperatures Including Temperatures (<50%) Potential to Emit
(>0 degrees F) Startup/Shutdown (<0 degrees F)
during Normal
Temperature
Operation
Maximum 8,760 hrs/yr 100 Events/Yr 100 Events/Year 8,760 hrs/yr 120 hrs/yr 10 hrs/yr 8,760 hrs/yr
Annual (10 Minute Event Duration) (10 Minute Event Duration)
Combined Event
Frequency

Pollutant Hourly Maximum Event Maximum Event Maximum Maximum Annual Hourly Maximum Hourly Maximum Maximum Annual
(lb/hr) Annual (lb/event) Annual (lb/event) Annual (tpy) (lb/hr) Annual (lb/hr) Annual (tpy)
(tpy) (tpy) (tpy) (tpy) (tpy)
NOX 9.95 43.58 1.90 0.10 2.40 0.12 43.63 79.60 4.78 31.78 0.16 47.92
CO 10.09 44.19 176.90 8.85 207.60 10.38 63.25 60.54 3.63 2,211.20 11.06 77.28
SO2 1.03 4.51 0 0 0 0 4.51 1.03 0.06 0.74 0.004 4.51
PM10/2.5 2.76 12.10 0 0 0 0 12.10 2.76 0.17 1.99 0.01 12.10
CO2e 21,546 94,373 0 0 0 0 94,373 21,546 1,293 15,554 78 94,373
CO2 21,524 94,275 0 0 0 0 94,275 21,524 1,291 15,538 78 94,275
N2O 0.04 0.18 0 0 0 0 0.18 0.04 0.002 0.03 0.0001 0.18
TOC (Total) 5.78 25.32 10.10 0.51 11.90 0.60 26.32 11.56 0.69 126.72 0.63 27.27
CH4 0.41 1.78 0 0 0 0 1.78 0.41 0.02 0.29 0.001 1.78
VOC (Total) 1.16 5.06 2.02 0.10 2.38 0.12 5.26 2.31 0.14 25.34 0.13 5.45
Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC
Hancock Compressor Station

Table B-4. Auxiliary Generator Potential Emissions Summary (Waukesha VGF48GL)

Engine parameters
Power output base load 1,230 hp
Heat Input Capacity (HHV) 9.726 MMBtu/hr
Maximum Annual Operation 500 hr/yr

Potential Emissions

Total Annual
1 2
Pollutant g/bhp-hr lb/MMBtu lb/hr (ton/yr)3
NOx 2.00 5.42 1.36
CO 4.00 10.85 2.71
VOC 1.00 2.71 0.68
PM10/2.5 0.00999 0.10 0.024
SO2 5.88E-04 0.006 0.0014
CO2e 117.10 1138.912 284.73
CO2 116.9800 1137.738 284.43
CH4 0.0022 0.021 0.01
N2O 0.0002 0.002 0.001
Notes:
1
NOx, CO, VOC based on NSPS Subpart JJJJ, Table 1
2
Emissions for PM10/PM2.5 and SO2 calculated using AP-42 emission factors (Table 3.2-2).
Emission for GHGs based upon 40 CFR Part 98, Subpart C
3
Auxiliary Generator is Limited to 500 hours / year.
Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC
Hancock Compressor Station

Table B-5. Gas-Fired Heater Potential Emissions Summary

Engine parameters
Heat Input Capacity (HHV) 1.23 MMBtu/hr
Fuel Firing Rate 1,201 SCF/hr
Maximum Annual Operation 8,760 hr/yr

Potential Emissions

Total Annual
Pollutant lb/mmscf lb/hr (ton/yr)
NOx 100 0.12 0.53
CO 84 0.10 0.44
VOC 5.5 0.007 0.03
PM/PM-10/PM-2.5 7.6 0.01 0.04
(2)
SO2 5.71 0.0069 0.03
CO2e 119,970 144.12 631.26
CO2 119,846 143.98 630.61
CH4 2.26 0.0027 0.01
N2O 0.23 0.00027 0.0012

(1)
NOx, CO, VOC and PM emissions are based upon AP-42 Emission Factors
(2)
Emissions of SO2 from based on mass balance of sulfur in fuel:
Sulfur Content 2.0 grains/100 SCF
Higher Heating Value 1,025 Btu/SCF
Molecular Weight of S = 32 lb/lbmol
Molecular Weight of SO2 = 64 lb/lbmol
(3)
GHG Emissions are based upon 40 CFR Part 98, Subpart C
Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC
Hancock Compressor Station

Table B-6. Fugitive Blowdowns Potential Emissions Summary

Natural Gas Specifications


Constituent Mol Percent Molecular Weight Lb/Lb-Mol NG Mass Percent VOC
CO2 0.031 44.01 0.014 0.08% No
Nitrogen 0.244 28.01 0.068 0.42% No
Methane 97.794 16.04 15.689 95.90% No
Ethane 1.876 30.07 0.564 3.45% No
Propane 0.053 44.10 0.023 0.14% Yes
N-Butane 0.002 58.12 0.001 0.01% Yes

Natural Gas Properties


Molecular Weight 16.35
Btu/Scf 1024.5
Specific Gravity 0.566
lb/Scf 0.0433
Scf/lb 23.10

Blowdown Events
Parameter
Building Emergency Station
Shutdown Shutdown
Gas Blowdown (scf/event) 49,000 454,057
Blowdowns per Year 4 2
VOC Emissions (lb/event) 3.2 29.5
CO2 Emissions (lb/event) 1.8 16.4
CH4 Emissions (lb/event) 2,034.0 18,847.7
CO2e Emissions (lb/event) 50,851.1 471,209.7
VOC Emissions (tpy) 0.0064 0.0295
CO2 Emissions (tpy) 0.0035 0.0164
CH4 Emissions (tpy) 4.1 18.8
CO2e Emissions (tpy) 101.7 471.2
Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC
Hancock Compressor Station

Table B-7. Waste Liquids Tank Potential Emissions Summary

Capacity (gal) 4,000 4,000


Liquids Input Rate (gal/yr) 4,000 667 (gal/hr)

Flash Gas Density (lb/scf) 0.1107 0.1107

Flash Factor (scf/bbl) 640.3 629.71


Flash Gas Rate (scf/yr) 60,980.95 10,000.39 (scf/hr)
Flash Losses (lb/yr) 6,750.59 Maximum 1,107.04 Maximum
Individual Constituents Weight Annual Weight Hourly
Percentage (%) Emissions Percentage (%) Emissions
(tpy) (lb/hr)
VOC (Total) 67.38 2.274 67.38 745.93
HAP (Total) 6.17 0.208 6.17 68.30
Benzene 0.7598 0.026 0.7598 8.41
Ethylbenzene 0.047 0.002 0.047 0.52
Hexane (n) 1.6563 0.056 1.6563 18.34
Toluene 2.4744 0.084 2.4744 27.39
Trimethylpentane (2,2,4)
0.2072 0.007 0.2072 2.29
Xylenes 1.0253 0.035 1.0253 11.35
Notes:
Liquid input rates:
a. maximum hourly based on the minimum of vessel capacity or maximum annual throughput divided by 6;
b. maximum annual based on operating experience and safety factor; and
c. average hourly is the maximum annual divided by 8,760 hrs/yr.

Flash gas density is 110% of the value extracted from laboratory analysis results.
Laboratory Density:
Flash factor extracted from laboratory analysis results:
0.1006 lb/scf Safety Factor: 110%
Speciated emissions vapor weight percentages caculated from laboratory analysis results.
Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC
Hancock Compressor Station

Table B-8. Potential Fugitive Emissions Summary

Component CH4 Emission CO2 Emission Units


Factor, Factor,

Compressor Station Fugitives 135,260.0 7,813.1 lb/station-yr


Centrifugal Compressor Fugitives 467,660.0 27,013.7 lb/compressor-yr
1
Greenhouse Gas Emission Estimation Guidelines for Natural Gas Transmission and Storage, Volume 1 - GHG Emission
Estimation Methodologies and Procedures, Interstate Natural Gas Association of America, September 28, 2005. See Table 4.4.

2
Based on 93.4 vol% CH4 and 2 vol% CO2 in natural gas, per INGAA Guideline

Natural Gas Specifications


Constituent Mol Percent Molecular Weight Lb/Lb-Mol NG Mass Percent VOC
CO2 0.031 44.0098 0.014 0.08% No
Nitrogen 0.244 28.0135 0.068 0.42% No
Methane 97.794 16.0428 15.689 95.90% No
Ethane 1.876 30.0696 0.564 3.45% No
Propane 0.053 44.0965 0.023 0.14% Yes
N-Butane 0.002 58.1234 0.001 0.01% Yes

Segment CO Emissions3 CH4 COe VOC


(tpy) Emissions3 Emissions3,4 Emissions3
(tpy) (tpy) (tpy)
Compressor Station Fugitives 0.06 70.8 1,770.4 0.1
Mars 100 Fugitives 0.2 244.8 6,121.0 0.4
Titan 130E Fugitives 0.2 244.8 6,121.0 0.4
Total 0.5 560.5 14,012.3 0.9
3
Based upon natural gas specfications and INGAA factors above.
4
Calculated using global warming potentials from Part 98, Table A1 (CO2 = 1, CH4 = 25)
Millennium Pipeline Company, LLC
Hancock Compressor Station

Table B-9. Proposed Project Potential HAP Emissions Summary

Solar Titan 130E Fuel Gas Heater Auxiliary Generator


Annual Annual Annual
Emission Factor Max Hourly Potential Emission Factor Max Potential EF Max Potential Project
Basis(1) Basis(2) Hourly Basis(3) Hourly PTE
Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPs) lb/MMBtu lb/hr tons/year lb/MMBtu lb/hr tons/year lb/MMBtu lb/hr tons/year tons/yr
VOC-HAP
Acetaldehyde 1.18E-04 2.17E-02 9.52E-02 8.36E-03 8.13E-02 2.03E-02 1.16E-01
Acrolein 1.89E-05 3.48E-03 1.52E-02 5.14E-03 5.00E-02 1.25E-02 2.77E-02
Benzene 3.54E-05 6.52E-03 2.86E-02 2.06E-06 2.53E-06 1.11E-05 4.40E-04 4.28E-03 1.07E-03 2.97E-02
1,3-Butadiene 1.27E-06 2.34E-04 1.02E-03 2.67E-04 2.60E-03 6.49E-04 1.67E-03
Carbon Tetrachloride 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 3.67E-05 3.57E-04 8.92E-05 8.92E-05
Chlorobenzene 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 3.04E-05 2.96E-04 7.39E-05 7.39E-05
Chloroform 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 2.85E-05 2.77E-04 6.93E-05 6.93E-05
Dichlorobenzene 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 1.18E-06 1.45E-06 6.34E-06 6.34E-06
1,3-Dichloropropene 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 2.64E-05 2.57E-04 6.42E-05 6.42E-05
Ethylbenzene 9.45E-05 1.74E-02 7.62E-02 3.97E-05 3.86E-04 9.65E-05 7.63E-02
Ethylene Dibromide 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 4.43E-05 4.31E-04 1.08E-04 1.08E-04
Formaldehyde 2.10E-03 3.86E-01 1.69E+00 7.35E-05 9.05E-05 3.96E-04 5.28E-02 5.14E-01 1.28E-01 1.82E+00
Hexane 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 1.76E-03 2.17E-03 9.51E-03 1.11E-03 1.08E-02 2.70E-03 1.22E-02
Methanol 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 2.50E-03 2.43E-02 6.08E-03 6.08E-03
Methylene Chloride 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 2.00E-05 1.95E-04 4.86E-05 4.86E-05
Naphthalene 3.84E-06 7.07E-04 3.10E-03 5.98E-07 7.36E-07 3.22E-06 7.44E-05 7.24E-04 1.81E-04 3.28E-03
PAH 6.50E-06 1.20E-03 5.24E-03 2.69E-05 2.62E-04 6.54E-05 5.30E-03
Propylene Oxide 8.56E-05 1.58E-02 6.91E-02 6.91E-02
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 4.00E-05 3.89E-04 9.73E-05 9.73E-05
1,1,2-Trichloroethane 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 3.18E-05 3.09E-04 7.73E-05 7.73E-05
2,2,4 Trimethylpentane 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 2.50E-04 2.43E-03 6.08E-04 6.08E-04
Toluene 3.84E-04 7.07E-02 3.10E-01 3.33E-06 4.10E-06 1.80E-05 4.08E-04 3.97E-03 9.92E-04 3.11E-01
Vinyl Chloride 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 1.49E-05 1.45E-04 3.62E-05 3.62E-05
Xylenes 1.89E-04 3.48E-02 1.52E-01 1.84E-04 1.79E-03 4.47E-04 1.53E-01
Polycyclic Organic Compounds (POM)
Acenaphthene 1.76E-09 3.25E-07 1.42E-06 1.76E-09 2.17E-09 9.51E-09 1.25E-06 1.22E-05 3.04E-06 4.47E-06
Acenaphthylene 1.76E-09 3.25E-07 1.42E-06 1.76E-09 2.17E-09 9.51E-09 5.53E-06 5.38E-05 1.34E-05 1.49E-05
Anthracene 2.35E-09 4.33E-07 1.90E-06 2.35E-09 2.90E-09 1.27E-08 1.91E-06
Benz(a)anthracene 1.76E-09 3.25E-07 1.42E-06 1.76E-09 2.17E-09 9.51E-09 1.43E-06
Benzo(a)pyrene 1.18E-09 2.17E-07 9.49E-07 1.18E-09 1.45E-09 6.34E-09 4.15E-07 4.04E-06 1.01E-06 1.96E-06
Benzo(b)fluoranthene 1.76E-09 3.25E-07 1.42E-06 1.76E-09 2.17E-09 9.51E-09 1.66E-07 1.61E-06 4.04E-07 1.84E-06
Benzo(g,h,i)perylene 1.18E-09 2.17E-07 9.49E-07 1.18E-09 1.45E-09 6.34E-09 4.14E-07 4.03E-06 1.01E-06 1.96E-06
Benzo(k)fluoranthene 1.76E-09 3.25E-07 1.42E-06 1.76E-09 2.17E-09 9.51E-09 1.66E-07 1.61E-06 4.04E-07 1.84E-06
Biphenyl 2.12E-04 2.06E-03 5.15E-04 5.15E-04
Chrysene 1.76E-09 3.25E-07 1.42E-06 1.76E-09 2.17E-09 9.51E-09 6.93E-07 6.74E-06 1.69E-06 3.12E-06
Dibenzo(a,h)anthracene 1.18E-09 2.17E-07 9.49E-07 1.18E-09 1.45E-09 6.34E-09 9.55E-07
7,12-Dimethylbenz(a)anthracene 1.57E-08 2.89E-06 1.27E-05 1.57E-08 1.93E-08 8.46E-08 1.27E-05
Fluoranthene 2.94E-09 5.42E-07 2.37E-06 2.94E-09 3.62E-09 1.59E-08 1.11E-06 1.08E-05 2.70E-06 5.09E-06
Fluorene 2.75E-09 5.05E-07 2.21E-06 2.75E-09 3.38E-09 1.48E-08 5.67E-06 5.51E-05 1.38E-05 1.60E-05
3-Methylchloranthrene 1.76E-09 3.25E-07 1.42E-06 1.76E-09 2.17E-09 9.51E-09 1.43E-06
2-Methylnaphthalene 2.35E-08 4.33E-06 1.90E-05 2.35E-08 2.90E-08 1.27E-07 3.32E-05 3.23E-04 8.07E-05 9.98E-05
Indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene 1.76E-09 3.25E-07 1.42E-06 1.76E-09 2.17E-09 9.51E-09 1.43E-06
Phenanthrene 1.67E-08 3.07E-06 1.34E-05 1.67E-08 2.05E-08 8.98E-08 1.04E-05 1.01E-04 2.53E-05 3.88E-05
Phenol 2.40E-05 2.33E-04 5.84E-05 5.84E-05
Pyrene 4.90E-09 9.03E-07 3.95E-06 4.90E-09 6.03E-09 2.64E-08 1.36E-06 1.32E-05 3.31E-06 7.29E-06
Styrene 2.36E-05 2.30E-04 5.74E-05 5.74E-05
Total POM 8.65E-08 1.59E-05 6.97E-05 8.65E-08 1.06E-07 4.66E-07 3.20E-04 3.11E-03 7.78E-04 8.48E-04
Total HAPs 2.45 0.01 0.18 2.63
Maximum Individual HAP: 1.8
Total Project HAPs: 2.6
(1)
Emissions based on AP-42 5th Edition, Section 3.1. Emissions based on scaling of AP-42 values using Vendor Guarantee for TOC
(2)
Emissions based on AP-42 5th Edition, Section 1.4.
(3)
Emissions based on AP-42 5th Edition, Section 3.2.
PREDICTED EMISSION PERFORMANCE

Customer Engine Model


Millenium Pipeline TITAN 130-22402S
Job ID CS/MD 59F MATCH
Hancock
Inquiry Number Fuel Type Water Injection
HO15-0146 CHOICE GAS NO
Run By Date Run Engine Emissions Data
Nima Bahrami 14-Apr-16 REV. 0.0

NOx EMISSIONS CO EMISSIONS UHC EMISSIONS

1 11021 HP 50.0% Load Elev. 1695 ft Rel. Humidity 60.0% Temperature 0 Deg. F
PPMvd at 15% O2 15.00 25.00 25.00
ton/yr 29.82 30.26 17.33
lbm/MMBtu (Fuel LHV) 0.060 0.061 0.035
lbm/(MW-hr) 0.83 0.84 0.48
(gas turbine shaft pwr)
lbm/hr 6.81 6.91 3.96

2 10619 HP 50.0% Load Elev. 1695 ft Rel. Humidity 60.0% Temperature 20.0 Deg. F
PPMvd at 15% O2 15.00 25.00 25.00
ton/yr 28.87 29.29 16.78
lbm/MMBtu (Fuel LHV) 0.060 0.061 0.035
lbm/(MW-hr) 0.83 0.84 0.48
(gas turbine shaft pwr)
lbm/hr 6.59 6.69 3.83

3 10200 HP 50.0% Load Elev. 1695 ft Rel. Humidity 60.0% Temperature 40.0 Deg. F
PPMvd at 15% O2 15.00 25.00 25.00
ton/yr 27.90 28.31 16.21
lbm/MMBtu (Fuel LHV) 0.060 0.061 0.035
lbm/(MW-hr) 0.84 0.85 0.49
(gas turbine shaft pwr)
lbm/hr 6.37 6.46 3.70

Notes

1. For short-term emission limits such as lbs/hr., Solar recommends using "worst case" anticipated operating
conditions specific to the application and the site conditions. Worst case for one pollutant is not
necessarily the same for another.
2. Solars typical SoLoNOx warranty, for ppm values, is available for greater than 0 deg F or -20 deg C,
and between 50% and 100% load for gas, fuel, and between 65% and 100% load for liquid fuel (except f
or the Centaur 40). An emission warranty for non-SoLoNOx equipment is available for greater than 0 deg
F or -20 deg C and betwee
3. Fuel must meet Solar standard fuel specification ES 9-98. Emissions are based on the attached fuel
composition, or, San Diego natural gas or equivalent.
4. If needed, Solar can provide Product Information Letters to address turbine operation outside typical
warranty ranges, as well as non-warranted emissions of SO2, PM10/2.5, VOC, and formaldehyde.
5. Solar can provide factory testing in San Diego to ensure the actual unit(s) meet the above values within
the tolerances quoted. Pricing and schedule impact will be provided upon request.
6. Any emissions warranty is applicable only for steady-state conditions and does not apply during start-up,
shut-down, malfunction, or transient event.
PREDICTED EMISSION PERFORMANCE

Customer Engine Model


Millenium Pipeline TITAN 130-22402S
Job ID CS/MD 59F MATCH
Hancock
Inquiry Number Fuel Type Water Injection
HO15-0146 CHOICE GAS NO
Run By Date Run Engine Emissions Data
Nima Bahrami 14-Apr-16 REV. 0.0

NOx EMISSIONS CO EMISSIONS UHC EMISSIONS

4 9783 HP 50.0% Load Elev. 1695 ft Rel. Humidity 60.0% Temperature 60.0 Deg. F
PPMvd at 15% O2 15.00 25.00 25.00
ton/yr 27.07 27.47 15.73
lbm/MMBtu (Fuel LHV) 0.060 0.061 0.035
lbm/(MW-hr) 0.85 0.86 0.49
(gas turbine shaft pwr)
lbm/hr 6.18 6.27 3.59

5 9092 HP 50.0% Load Elev. 1695 ft Rel. Humidity 60.0% Temperature 80.0 Deg. F
PPMvd at 15% O2 15.00 25.00 25.00
ton/yr 25.80 26.18 14.99
lbm/MMBtu (Fuel LHV) 0.059 0.060 0.034
lbm/(MW-hr) 0.87 0.88 0.50
(gas turbine shaft pwr)
lbm/hr 5.89 5.98 3.42

6 8233 HP 50.0% Load Elev. 1695 ft Rel. Humidity 60.0% Temperature 100.0 Deg. F
PPMvd at 15% O2 15.00 25.00 25.00
ton/yr 24.30 24.66 14.12
lbm/MMBtu (Fuel LHV) 0.059 0.059 0.034
lbm/(MW-hr) 0.90 0.92 0.53
(gas turbine shaft pwr)
lbm/hr 5.55 5.63 3.22

Notes

1. For short-term emission limits such as lbs/hr., Solar recommends using "worst case" anticipated operating
conditions specific to the application and the site conditions. Worst case for one pollutant is not
necessarily the same for another.
2. Solars typical SoLoNOx warranty, for ppm values, is available for greater than 0 deg F or -20 deg C,
and between 50% and 100% load for gas, fuel, and between 65% and 100% load for liquid fuel (except f
or the Centaur 40). An emission warranty for non-SoLoNOx equipment is available for greater than 0 deg
F or -20 deg C and betwee
3. Fuel must meet Solar standard fuel specification ES 9-98. Emissions are based on the attached fuel
composition, or, San Diego natural gas or equivalent.
4. If needed, Solar can provide Product Information Letters to address turbine operation outside typical
warranty ranges, as well as non-warranted emissions of SO2, PM10/2.5, VOC, and formaldehyde.
5. Solar can provide factory testing in San Diego to ensure the actual unit(s) meet the above values within
the tolerances quoted. Pricing and schedule impact will be provided upon request.
6. Any emissions warranty is applicable only for steady-state conditions and does not apply during start-up,
shut-down, malfunction, or transient event.
PREDICTED ENGINE PERFORMANCE

Customer Model
TITAN 130-22402S
Millenium Pipeline Package Type
CS/MD
Job ID Match
Hancock 59F MATCH
Run By Date Run Fuel System
Nima Bahrami 14-Apr-16 GAS
Engine Performance Code Engine Performance Data Fuel Type
REV. 4.17.1.19.11 REV. 0.0 CHOICE GAS

DATA FOR MINIMUM PERFORMANCE

Elevation feet 1695


Inlet Loss in H2O 4.0
Exhaust Loss in H2O 4.0
Accessory on GP Shaft HP 29.2

1 2 3 4 5 6
Engine Inlet Temperature deg F 0 20.0 40.0 60.0 80.0 100.0
Relative Humidity % 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0

Driven Equipment Speed RPM 7139 7024 6915 7186 7064 6932

Specified Load HP 50.0% 50.0% 50.0% 50.0% 50.0% 50.0%


Net Output Power HP 11021 10619 10200 9783 9092 8233
Fuel Flow mmBtu/hr 119.49 115.74 112.01 109.07 104.62 99.74
Heat Rate Btu/HP-hr 10842 10899 10981 11149 11507 12114
Therm Eff % 23.469 23.345 23.171 22.822 22.112 21.004

Engine Exhaust Flow lbm/hr 381214 360284 339631 317891 295948 274753
PT Exit Temperature deg F 889 907 925 929 949 981
Exhaust Temperature deg F 838 865 892 907 932 963

Fuel Gas Composition Methane (CH4) 97.79


(Volume Percent)
Ethane (C2H6) 1.88
Propane (C3H8) 0.05
N-Butane (C4H10) 0.0020
Carbon Dioxide (CO2) 0.03
Nitrogen (N2) 0.24
Sulfur Dioxide (SO2) 0.0001
Fuel Gas Properties LHV (Btu/Scf) 920.9 Specific Gravity 0.5648 Wobbe Index at 60F 1225.4

This performance was calculated with a basic inlet and exhaust system. Special equipment such as low
noise silencers, special filters, heat recovery systems or cooling devices will affect engine performance.
Performance shown is "Expected" performance at the pressure drops stated, not guaranteed.
PREDICTED EMISSION PERFORMANCE

Customer Engine Model


Millenium Pipeline TITAN 130-22402S
Job ID CS/MD 59F MATCH
Hancock
Inquiry Number Fuel Type Water Injection
HO15-0146 CHOICE GAS NO
Run By Date Run Engine Emissions Data
Nima Bahrami 14-Apr-16 REV. 0.0

NOx EMISSIONS CO EMISSIONS UHC EMISSIONS

1 16532 HP 75.0% Load Elev. 1695 ft Rel. Humidity 60.0% Temperature 0 Deg. F
PPMvd at 15% O2 15.00 25.00 25.00
ton/yr 36.96 37.50 21.48
lbm/MMBtu (Fuel LHV) 0.060 0.061 0.035
lbm/(MW-hr) 0.68 0.69 0.40
(gas turbine shaft pwr)
lbm/hr 8.44 8.56 4.90

2 15928 HP 75.0% Load Elev. 1695 ft Rel. Humidity 60.0% Temperature 20.0 Deg. F
PPMvd at 15% O2 15.00 25.00 25.00
ton/yr 35.44 35.96 20.60
lbm/MMBtu (Fuel LHV) 0.060 0.061 0.035
lbm/(MW-hr) 0.68 0.69 0.40
(gas turbine shaft pwr)
lbm/hr 8.09 8.21 4.70

3 15300 HP 75.0% Load Elev. 1695 ft Rel. Humidity 60.0% Temperature 40.0 Deg. F
PPMvd at 15% O2 15.00 25.00 25.00
ton/yr 33.96 34.46 19.74
lbm/MMBtu (Fuel LHV) 0.060 0.061 0.035
lbm/(MW-hr) 0.68 0.69 0.39
(gas turbine shaft pwr)
lbm/hr 7.75 7.87 4.51

Notes

1. For short-term emission limits such as lbs/hr., Solar recommends using "worst case" anticipated operating
conditions specific to the application and the site conditions. Worst case for one pollutant is not
necessarily the same for another.
2. Solars typical SoLoNOx warranty, for ppm values, is available for greater than 0 deg F or -20 deg C,
and between 50% and 100% load for gas, fuel, and between 65% and 100% load for liquid fuel (except f
or the Centaur 40). An emission warranty for non-SoLoNOx equipment is available for greater than 0 deg
F or -20 deg C and betwee
3. Fuel must meet Solar standard fuel specification ES 9-98. Emissions are based on the attached fuel
composition, or, San Diego natural gas or equivalent.
4. If needed, Solar can provide Product Information Letters to address turbine operation outside typical
warranty ranges, as well as non-warranted emissions of SO2, PM10/2.5, VOC, and formaldehyde.
5. Solar can provide factory testing in San Diego to ensure the actual unit(s) meet the above values within
the tolerances quoted. Pricing and schedule impact will be provided upon request.
6. Any emissions warranty is applicable only for steady-state conditions and does not apply during start-up,
shut-down, malfunction, or transient event.
PREDICTED EMISSION PERFORMANCE

Customer Engine Model


Millenium Pipeline TITAN 130-22402S
Job ID CS/MD 59F MATCH
Hancock
Inquiry Number Fuel Type Water Injection
HO15-0146 CHOICE GAS NO
Run By Date Run Engine Emissions Data
Nima Bahrami 14-Apr-16 REV. 0.0

NOx EMISSIONS CO EMISSIONS UHC EMISSIONS

4 14674 HP 75.0% Load Elev. 1695 ft Rel. Humidity 60.0% Temperature 60.0 Deg. F
PPMvd at 15% O2 15.00 25.00 25.00
ton/yr 32.58 33.06 18.93
lbm/MMBtu (Fuel LHV) 0.060 0.061 0.035
lbm/(MW-hr) 0.68 0.69 0.40
(gas turbine shaft pwr)
lbm/hr 7.44 7.55 4.32

5 13637 HP 75.0% Load Elev. 1695 ft Rel. Humidity 60.0% Temperature 80.0 Deg. F
PPMvd at 15% O2 15.00 25.00 25.00
ton/yr 30.85 31.31 17.93
lbm/MMBtu (Fuel LHV) 0.059 0.060 0.034
lbm/(MW-hr) 0.69 0.70 0.40
(gas turbine shaft pwr)
lbm/hr 7.04 7.15 4.09

6 12351 HP 75.0% Load Elev. 1695 ft Rel. Humidity 60.0% Temperature 100.0 Deg. F
PPMvd at 15% O2 15.00 25.00 25.00
ton/yr 28.86 29.28 16.77
lbm/MMBtu (Fuel LHV) 0.059 0.059 0.034
lbm/(MW-hr) 0.72 0.73 0.42
(gas turbine shaft pwr)
lbm/hr 6.59 6.69 3.83

Notes

1. For short-term emission limits such as lbs/hr., Solar recommends using "worst case" anticipated operating
conditions specific to the application and the site conditions. Worst case for one pollutant is not
necessarily the same for another.
2. Solars typical SoLoNOx warranty, for ppm values, is available for greater than 0 deg F or -20 deg C,
and between 50% and 100% load for gas, fuel, and between 65% and 100% load for liquid fuel (except f
or the Centaur 40). An emission warranty for non-SoLoNOx equipment is available for greater than 0 deg
F or -20 deg C and betwee
3. Fuel must meet Solar standard fuel specification ES 9-98. Emissions are based on the attached fuel
composition, or, San Diego natural gas or equivalent.
4. If needed, Solar can provide Product Information Letters to address turbine operation outside typical
warranty ranges, as well as non-warranted emissions of SO2, PM10/2.5, VOC, and formaldehyde.
5. Solar can provide factory testing in San Diego to ensure the actual unit(s) meet the above values within
the tolerances quoted. Pricing and schedule impact will be provided upon request.
6. Any emissions warranty is applicable only for steady-state conditions and does not apply during start-up,
shut-down, malfunction, or transient event.
PREDICTED ENGINE PERFORMANCE

Customer Model
TITAN 130-22402S
Millenium Pipeline Package Type
CS/MD
Job ID Match
Hancock 59F MATCH
Run By Date Run Fuel System
Nima Bahrami 14-Apr-16 GAS
Engine Performance Code Engine Performance Data Fuel Type
REV. 4.17.1.19.11 REV. 0.0 CHOICE GAS

DATA FOR MINIMUM PERFORMANCE

Elevation feet 1695


Inlet Loss in H2O 4.0
Exhaust Loss in H2O 4.0
Accessory on GP Shaft HP 29.2

1 2 3 4 5 6
Engine Inlet Temperature deg F 0 20.0 40.0 60.0 80.0 100.0
Relative Humidity % 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0

Driven Equipment Speed RPM 8242 8137 8023 7908 7709 7440

Specified Load HP 75.0% 75.0% 75.0% 75.0% 75.0% 75.0%


Net Output Power HP 16532 15928 15300 14674 13637 12351
Fuel Flow mmBtu/hr 144.63 138.80 133.21 128.26 122.28 115.78
Heat Rate Btu/HP-hr 8749 8714 8707 8741 8967 9374
Therm Eff % 29.084 29.198 29.224 29.111 28.377 27.142

Engine Exhaust Flow lbm/hr 436987 416357 395312 374898 351277 324268
PT Exit Temperature deg F 879 893 909 928 950 976
Exhaust Temperature deg F 856 875 894 918 943 970

Fuel Gas Composition Methane (CH4) 97.79


(Volume Percent)
Ethane (C2H6) 1.88
Propane (C3H8) 0.05
N-Butane (C4H10) 0.0020
Carbon Dioxide (CO2) 0.03
Nitrogen (N2) 0.24
Sulfur Dioxide (SO2) 0.0001
Fuel Gas Properties LHV (Btu/Scf) 920.9 Specific Gravity 0.5648 Wobbe Index at 60F 1225.4

This performance was calculated with a basic inlet and exhaust system. Special equipment such as low
noise silencers, special filters, heat recovery systems or cooling devices will affect engine performance.
Performance shown is "Expected" performance at the pressure drops stated, not guaranteed.
PREDICTED EMISSION PERFORMANCE

Customer Engine Model


Millenium Pipeline TITAN 130-22402S
Job ID CS/MD 59F MATCH
Hancock
Inquiry Number Fuel Type Water Injection
HO15-0146 CHOICE GAS NO
Run By Date Run Engine Emissions Data
Nima Bahrami 14-Apr-16 REV. 0.0

NOx EMISSIONS CO EMISSIONS UHC EMISSIONS

1 22043 HP 100.0% Load Elev. 1695 ft Rel. Humidity 60.0% Temperature 0 Deg. F
PPMvd at 15% O2 15.00 25.00 25.00
ton/yr 43.57 44.21 25.32
lbm/MMBtu (Fuel LHV) 0.060 0.061 0.035
lbm/(MW-hr) 0.61 0.61 0.35
(gas turbine shaft pwr)
lbm/hr 9.95 10.09 5.78

2 21237 HP 100.0% Load Elev. 1695 ft Rel. Humidity 60.0% Temperature 20.0 Deg. F
PPMvd at 15% O2 15.00 25.00 25.00
ton/yr 41.83 42.45 24.31
lbm/MMBtu (Fuel LHV) 0.060 0.061 0.035
lbm/(MW-hr) 0.60 0.61 0.35
(gas turbine shaft pwr)
lbm/hr 9.55 9.69 5.55

3 20400 HP 100.0% Load Elev. 1695 ft Rel. Humidity 60.0% Temperature 40.0 Deg. F
PPMvd at 15% O2 15.00 25.00 25.00
ton/yr 40.08 40.66 23.29
lbm/MMBtu (Fuel LHV) 0.060 0.061 0.035
lbm/(MW-hr) 0.60 0.61 0.35
(gas turbine shaft pwr)
lbm/hr 9.15 9.28 5.32

Notes

1. For short-term emission limits such as lbs/hr., Solar recommends using "worst case" anticipated operating
conditions specific to the application and the site conditions. Worst case for one pollutant is not
necessarily the same for another.
2. Solars typical SoLoNOx warranty, for ppm values, is available for greater than 0 deg F or -20 deg C,
and between 50% and 100% load for gas, fuel, and between 65% and 100% load for liquid fuel (except f
or the Centaur 40). An emission warranty for non-SoLoNOx equipment is available for greater than 0 deg
F or -20 deg C and betwee
3. Fuel must meet Solar standard fuel specification ES 9-98. Emissions are based on the attached fuel
composition, or, San Diego natural gas or equivalent.
4. If needed, Solar can provide Product Information Letters to address turbine operation outside typical
warranty ranges, as well as non-warranted emissions of SO2, PM10/2.5, VOC, and formaldehyde.
5. Solar can provide factory testing in San Diego to ensure the actual unit(s) meet the above values within
the tolerances quoted. Pricing and schedule impact will be provided upon request.
6. Any emissions warranty is applicable only for steady-state conditions and does not apply during start-up,
shut-down, malfunction, or transient event.
PREDICTED EMISSION PERFORMANCE

Customer Engine Model


Millenium Pipeline TITAN 130-22402S
Job ID CS/MD 59F MATCH
Hancock
Inquiry Number Fuel Type Water Injection
HO15-0146 CHOICE GAS NO
Run By Date Run Engine Emissions Data
Nima Bahrami 14-Apr-16 REV. 0.0

NOx EMISSIONS CO EMISSIONS UHC EMISSIONS

4 19565 HP 100.0% Load Elev. 1695 ft Rel. Humidity 60.0% Temperature 60.0 Deg. F
PPMvd at 15% O2 15.00 25.00 25.00
ton/yr 38.32 38.89 22.27
lbm/MMBtu (Fuel LHV) 0.060 0.061 0.035
lbm/(MW-hr) 0.60 0.61 0.35
(gas turbine shaft pwr)
lbm/hr 8.75 8.88 5.09

5 18183 HP 100.0% Load Elev. 1695 ft Rel. Humidity 60.0% Temperature 80.0 Deg. F
PPMvd at 15% O2 15.00 25.00 25.00
ton/yr 35.91 36.43 20.87
lbm/MMBtu (Fuel LHV) 0.059 0.060 0.034
lbm/(MW-hr) 0.60 0.61 0.35
(gas turbine shaft pwr)
lbm/hr 8.20 8.32 4.76

6 16467 HP 100.0% Load Elev. 1695 ft Rel. Humidity 60.0% Temperature 100.0 Deg. F
PPMvd at 15% O2 15.00 25.00 25.00
ton/yr 33.22 33.71 19.31
lbm/MMBtu (Fuel LHV) 0.059 0.059 0.034
lbm/(MW-hr) 0.62 0.63 0.36
(gas turbine shaft pwr)
lbm/hr 7.59 7.70 4.41

Notes

1. For short-term emission limits such as lbs/hr., Solar recommends using "worst case" anticipated operating
conditions specific to the application and the site conditions. Worst case for one pollutant is not
necessarily the same for another.
2. Solars typical SoLoNOx warranty, for ppm values, is available for greater than 0 deg F or -20 deg C,
and between 50% and 100% load for gas, fuel, and between 65% and 100% load for liquid fuel (except f
or the Centaur 40). An emission warranty for non-SoLoNOx equipment is available for greater than 0 deg
F or -20 deg C and betwee
3. Fuel must meet Solar standard fuel specification ES 9-98. Emissions are based on the attached fuel
composition, or, San Diego natural gas or equivalent.
4. If needed, Solar can provide Product Information Letters to address turbine operation outside typical
warranty ranges, as well as non-warranted emissions of SO2, PM10/2.5, VOC, and formaldehyde.
5. Solar can provide factory testing in San Diego to ensure the actual unit(s) meet the above values within
the tolerances quoted. Pricing and schedule impact will be provided upon request.
6. Any emissions warranty is applicable only for steady-state conditions and does not apply during start-up,
shut-down, malfunction, or transient event.
PREDICTED ENGINE PERFORMANCE

Customer Model
TITAN 130-22402S
Millenium Pipeline Package Type
CS/MD
Job ID Match
Hancock 59F MATCH
Run By Date Run Fuel System
Nima Bahrami 14-Apr-16 GAS
Engine Performance Code Engine Performance Data Fuel Type
REV. 4.17.1.19.11 REV. 0.0 CHOICE GAS

DATA FOR MINIMUM PERFORMANCE

Elevation feet 1695


Inlet Loss in H2O 4.0
Exhaust Loss in H2O 4.0
Accessory on GP Shaft HP 29.2

1 2 3 4 5 6
Engine Inlet Temperature deg F 0 20.0 40.0 60.0 80.0 100.0
Relative Humidity % 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0

Driven Equipment Speed RPM 8856 8856 8843 8738 8544 8285

Specified Load HP FULL FULL FULL FULL FULL FULL


Net Output Power HP 22043 21237 20400 19565 18183 16467
Fuel Flow mmBtu/hr 165.52 159.08 152.69 146.56 138.26 129.52
Heat Rate Btu/HP-hr 7509 7491 7485 7491 7604 7865
Therm Eff % 33.885 33.968 33.995 33.966 33.462 32.350

Engine Exhaust Flow lbm/hr 452300 439767 426625 413105 390708 362990
PT Exit Temperature deg F 906 912 919 927 942 964
Exhaust Temperature deg F 906 912 919 927 942 964

Fuel Gas Composition Methane (CH4) 97.79


(Volume Percent)
Ethane (C2H6) 1.88
Propane (C3H8) 0.05
N-Butane (C4H10) 0.0020
Carbon Dioxide (CO2) 0.03
Nitrogen (N2) 0.24
Sulfur Dioxide (SO2) 0.0001
Fuel Gas Properties LHV (Btu/Scf) 920.9 Specific Gravity 0.5648 Wobbe Index at 60F 1225.4

This performance was calculated with a basic inlet and exhaust system. Special equipment such as low
noise silencers, special filters, heat recovery systems or cooling devices will affect engine performance.
Performance shown is "Expected" performance at the pressure drops stated, not guaranteed.
Solar Turbines Incorporated Product Information Letter 167

PIL 167
Product Information Letter

SoLoNOx Products:
Emissions in Non-SoLoNOx Modes
Leslie Witherspoon
Solar Turbines Incorporated