4 views

Uploaded by Hamza Ali Imran

EMS course

- VFD - A Solution To Energy Crisis
- Optimized Design of Submersible Induction Motor Using Maxwell 16
- open circuit fault in power system.pdf
- lab6a
- [電動機械L15補充教材]NKFUST_Polyphase Induction Machine(1)
- Detailed Content SEM-5
- Quan Trong Day 2C 1100-1200 John Allen EASA Rewind Study1203!02!82
- Extruder
- A New 4_6 Pole-changing Double Layer Winding for Three Phase Electrical Machines
- part A
- 5A0490FDC2E95663E0540010E05DA1DE
- 6c9ea88b579cca8faebabbc758b6276cd0f0.pdf
- EEE3057S-A_EEE3031S+Tutorial+1+_solutions
- three phase induction motor
- Tutorial 6 - Induction Motor
- ADE6698 PT Motor Tech Data
- Main Report.pdf
- Induction Generators With Squirrel-cage Rotors Used in Wind Turbines
- Motor WEG Curve
- bemc_4etrx

You are on page 1of 29

by quantum jumps depending upon the frequency

and the number of poles

It is impossible to build a conventional induction

motor having an acceptable efficiency running at

2000 rpm on a 60 Hz supply

It require 2 poles for ns of 3600 rpm

The slip of (3600 2000)/3600 = 0.444 means that

44.4% of the power supplied would be dissipated as

heat

Choice of Motor Speed

It is preferable to use a high-speed motor and

gearbox

There are several advantages to using a gearbox

For a given output power, the size and cost of a high-

speed motor is less and its efficiency and power factor

are higher

The locked-rotor torque of a high-speed motor is

always greater than similar low-speed motor

Gearbox is mandatory for speed below 100 rpm and

above 3600 rpm

Choice of Motor Speed

Two Speed Motors

The stator of a squirrel-cage induction motor can be

designed so that it can operate at two different

speeds

Used in drill presses, blowers and pumps

Two Speed Motors

One way to obtain two speeds is to wind the stator

with two separate windings having 4 and 6 poles

The problem is that only one winding is in operation

at a time and so only half the copper in the slots is

being utilized

Special windings have been invented whereby the

speed is changed by simply changing the external

stator connections

Two Speed Motors

The synchronous speeds obtained are usually in the

ratio 2:1 (3600/1800 r/min. 1200/600 r/min. etc.)

The lower speed is produced by the creation of

consequent poles

Two Speed Motors

Consider, one phase of a two-

pole, 3-phase motor

When the two poles are

connected in series to a 60 Hz

ac source, current I1 flows into

terminal 1 and current I2 ( = I1)

flows out of terminal 2

ns = 120f/p = 3600 rpm

Two Speed Motors

Connecting the two poles in

parallel

Current I1 flows into terminal 1,

current I2 flows into terminal 2

As a result, two N poles are

created by the windings

Every N pole must have a S

pole, so two S poles will

appear, called consequent

poles

Electro Mechanical System 8

Two Speed Motors

The new connection produces

4 poles in all, and the

synchronous speed is 1800

r/min

Number of poles are doubled

by changing the stator

connections

It is upon this principle that 2-

speed motors are built

Two Speed Motors

Connections for a 2-speed, 4-pole/8-

pole, 3-phase motor

Six leads, numbered l to 6, are

brought out from the stator winding

Two Speed Motors

For high speed

Power applied to 1, 2 and 3

4, 5 and 6 are open-circuit

4 poles/phase produced

For low speed

Power applied to 4, 5 and 6

1, 2 and 3 are short-circuited

8 poles/phase produced having

same polarity

Induction Motor characteristics

under various load conditions

Complete Torque vs Speed

characteristics are shown

Only a part of Torque vs

Speed characteristics are of

interest as Motors run close to

synchronous speed supplying

torque which varies from zero

to full-load

Induction Motor characteristics

under various load conditions

Between these limits the

torque-speed characteristics

are linear

Slope of line depends on rotor

resistance

Lower resistance Steeper

slope

Induction Motor characteristics

under various load conditions

At rated frequency

s = kTR/E2

k: constant, depends on

construction of motor

T: Torque

R: Rotor resistance

E: line voltage

Induction Motor characteristics

under various load conditions

If characteristics of motor

under given load are known,

speed, power, torque can be

predicted for other load

conditions

2

Tx R x En

sx sn

Tn R n E x

n = initial conditions

x = new conditions

Electro Mechanical System 15

Example:

A 3-phase, 208 V induction motor having a

synchronous speed of 1200 rpm runs at 1140 rpm

when connected to a 215 V line and driving a

constant load

Calculate the speed if the voltage increases to 240 V

Slip at 215 V is (1200 1140)/1200 = 0.05

Example:

At 240 V, rotor resistance and load remains

unchanged

2 2

En 215

sx sn 0.05 0.04

E x 240

Slip speed = 0.04 x 1200 = 48 rpm

Speed at 240 V = 1200 - 48 = 1152 rpm

Example:

A 3-phase, 4-pole wound rotor induction motor has

rating of 110 kW, 1760 rpm, 2.3 kV, 60 Hz

Three external resistors of 2 are connected in wye

across the rotor slip-rings

Under these conditions the motor develops a torque

of 300 N.m at a speed of 1000 rpm

Calculate the speed for a torque of 400 N.m

ns = 120 x 60/4 = 1800

sn = (1800 1000)/1800 = 0.444

Example:

All other conditions are fixed, for torque of 400 N.m

sx = sn(Tx/Tn) = 0.444(400/300) = 0.592

Slip Speed = 0.592 x 1800 = 1066 rpm

n = 1800 1066 = 734 rpm

Example:

Calculate the value of the external resistors so that

the motor develops 10 kW at 200 rpm

Tx = 9.55P/n = 9.55 x 10000/200 = 478 N.m

sx = (1800 200)/1800 = 0.89

Tx Rx 478 Rx

s x = sn 0.89 = 0.444

Tn Rn 300 2

Rx = 2.5

Starting an Induction Motor

High-inertia loads prolong the starting period

The starting current is high during this interval

Overheating becomes a major problem

For high power motors, this prolonged starting period

may even overload the transmission line

Induction motors are often started on reduced

voltage

This limits the power drawn by the motor, and

reduces the line voltage drop and heating rate of the

windings

Electro Mechanical System 21

Starting an Induction Motor

Following rule apply for a motor that is not loaded

mechanically

Rule 1 - The heat dissipated in the rotor during the

starting period (from zero speed to final rated speed)

is equal to the final kinetic energy stored in all the

revolving parts

A flywheel is speeded up to store 5000 J of energy,

rotor will dissipate 5000 J of heat

This rule holds true, irrespective of the stator voltage

or the torque-speed curve of the motor

Electro Mechanical System 22

Plugging an Induction Motor

In some industrial applications, the induction motor

and its load have to be brought to a quick stop

This can be done by interchanging two stator leads,

so that the revolving field suddenly turns in the

opposite direction to the rotor

During this plugging period, the motor acts as a

brake

It absorbs kinetic energy from the still-revolving load,

causing its speed to fall

Plugging an Induction Motor

The power Pm is entirely dissipated as heat in the

rotor

Rotor continues to receive Pr from stator, which is

also dissipated as heat

Plugging an Induction Motor

Plugging produces I2R losses in the rotor that even

exceed those when the rotor is locked

Motors should not be plugged too frequently

because high rotor temperatures may melt the rotor

bars or overheat the stator winding

Plugging an Induction Motor

Rule 2 - The heat dissipated in the rotor during the

plugging period (initial rated speed to zero speed) is

three times the original kinetic energy of all the

revolving parts

Braking with DC

An induction motor can

also be brought to a

quick stop by circulating

dc current in the stator

winding

DC Injection Braking

Any two terminals can

be connected to the dc

source

Braking with DC

The direct current produces stationary N, S poles in

the stator

The number of poles created is equal to the number

of poles which the motor develops normally

A 3-phase, 4-pole motor produces 4 dc poles

When the rotor sweeps past the stationary field, an

ac voltage is induced in the rotor bars

Braking with DC

The voltage produces an ac current and the resulting

rotor l2R losses are dissipated at the expense of the

kinetic energy stored in the revolving parts

The advantage of dc braking is that it produces far

less heat than does plugging

- VFD - A Solution To Energy CrisisUploaded byGmail44
- Optimized Design of Submersible Induction Motor Using Maxwell 16Uploaded byIAEME Publication
- open circuit fault in power system.pdfUploaded byrivnad007
- lab6aUploaded byChristian S Durado
- [電動機械L15補充教材]NKFUST_Polyphase Induction Machine(1)Uploaded byleonardo da vinci
- Detailed Content SEM-5Uploaded bysubhash panchal
- Quan Trong Day 2C 1100-1200 John Allen EASA Rewind Study1203!02!82Uploaded byCao Minh Tuấn
- ExtruderUploaded bykvrkp20051269
- A New 4_6 Pole-changing Double Layer Winding for Three Phase Electrical MachinesUploaded byzdrahal
- part AUploaded byVenkat Mani
- 5A0490FDC2E95663E0540010E05DA1DEUploaded bylucas
- 6c9ea88b579cca8faebabbc758b6276cd0f0.pdfUploaded byBhavik Prajapati
- EEE3057S-A_EEE3031S+Tutorial+1+_solutionsUploaded bymoro1992
- three phase induction motorUploaded byAimi Al-Yahya
- Tutorial 6 - Induction MotorUploaded byMohdFirdaus
- ADE6698 PT Motor Tech DataUploaded byberkahharian
- Main Report.pdfUploaded byDivyanshu
- Induction Generators With Squirrel-cage Rotors Used in Wind TurbinesUploaded byFitiu Ioan
- Motor WEG CurveUploaded bywilmanzito
- bemc_4etrxUploaded bymitelectrical1984
- MET-QBUploaded byManojBorle
- ETUploaded byRahulGunde
- Principles_of_Alternating_Current_Machinery_1000193702.pdfUploaded byAhmad Cakep
- amehaUploaded byffffff
- 60 Hz Machines Operated on 50 HzUploaded bySangeet Bhandari
- BEMC_4ETC_120809224001Uploaded bySuma Rani G
- Wound Rotor Induction MotorUploaded byA M Fadly Fajar
- Simulation of Fault Diagnosis of Induction Motor Based on Spectral Analysis of Stator Current Signal Using Fast Fourier TransformUploaded byMuhammadZaydArattKhan
- On Induction Motors ControlUploaded byManu Raj
- @Analysis of Electric Machinary and Drive SystemsUploaded byEdison Rafael Rodelo Forero

- Lecture+39Uploaded byHamza Ali Imran
- Lab_08_itr Intro to roboticsUploaded byHamza Ali Imran
- Load Characteristics, load curve, load factor and max demand detals slidesUploaded byHamza Ali Imran
- entrepreneurshipUploaded byHamza Ali Imran
- Intro To Robotics (Grubler's formula practice Question)Uploaded byHamza Ali Imran
- Average load, load+factor, demand factor and diversity factor easy slidesUploaded byHamza Ali Imran
- Lab_09_itr (2)Intro to roboticsUploaded byHamza Ali Imran
- Lab_06_itr (1)Intro to roboticsUploaded byHamza Ali Imran
- Lab_07_itr (1)Intro to roboticsUploaded byHamza Ali Imran
- Lab%2B01-itr (1)Intro to roboticsUploaded byHamza Ali Imran
- Lecture1_DSP_16012017Uploaded byHamza Ali Imran
- Q1 sol part 1 aUploaded byHamza Ali Imran
- Packet Sniffing and IPv4 HeaderUploaded byHamza Ali Imran
- Lecture+31Uploaded byHamza Ali Imran
- electromagentic problemsUploaded byHamza Ali Imran
- Lecture+34Uploaded byHamza Ali Imran
- Lecture+30Uploaded byHamza Ali Imran
- Lecture+27Uploaded byHamza Ali Imran
- A Survey of Transport Protocols ForWireless SensorUploaded byHamza Ali Imran
- Lecture+28Uploaded byHamza Ali Imran
- HW2EMT.pdfUploaded byHamza Ali Imran

- LNK364PNUploaded byJose Benavides
- 20 ISC Chemistry ScopeUploaded byAnurag Singhania
- FlocculationUploaded byZeinaFarhat
- Exhaust Temperature Spread Logic UnforcingUploaded byChidiebere Samuel Okogwu
- Lng Fuel SystemUploaded byKarim Sowley Delgado
- M526 Jan 2015Combustion Theory (M526)امتحانUploaded bypaula
- Free Piston EngineUploaded byVikas Potluri
- WCA_Basic Coal FactsUploaded byIrsan Farhan
- RG-1_106Uploaded bydefiantone
- 2004-01-0403 - Design and Analysis of Fuel Tank Baffles to Reduce the Noise Generated From Fuel SloshingUploaded byCaio Paim
- LCAUploaded byMarc Thurnheer
- EES 013 Electrical Engineering Safety Technical Reference for NSW Metalliferous and Extractives MinesUploaded byAnonymous NGXdt2Bx
- MicUploaded byUrsula Johnson
- Lesson 4 2Uploaded byAkatew Haile Mebrahtu
- Boiler.pdfUploaded bypvirgosharma
- Solar projectUploaded bymhamdy1986
- Lecture notes on Advanced I.C. Engine part-IUploaded byJaiguru Narayanasamy
- Notice: Environmental statements; availability, etc.: Progress Energy Carolinas, Inc.Uploaded byJustia.com
- paper ID-54201728Uploaded byBharat Shirsath
- Assignment 1Uploaded byNishi
- Energy Conservation and Demand Side ManagementUploaded byRam Krishna Singh
- AnAn experimental investigation of hydrogen-enriched gasoline in a Wankel rotary engine Experimental Investigation of Hydrogen-Enriched Gasoline in a Wankel Rotary EngineUploaded byGiovani Bueno
- Hydrogen Generating CellsUploaded byGennadii Miroshnychenko
- Specification for Electrical ManagementUploaded byAnonymous JJhHAdY5Hz
- DC collection grid with high power securityUploaded byHuibin Zhang
- IRJET-Solar Power Generation with Capacitor Based Seven Level Inverter SystemUploaded byIRJET Journal
- CfD vs RO in the UKUploaded byPam Chantiri
- Solar Farm Policy - Public Consultation DraftUploaded byLuke Psaila
- Problem Set01Uploaded byRob Foreman
- The Francisco Pacheco Hydrogen GeneratorUploaded byLawrence Snurgle