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Morgan, Summers, Williams 1

We thought that coffee has a direct influence on the height of an individual.

Thinking along these lines we hypothesized that if the ounces of coffee consumed

increases then the height of an individual would decrease with a moderate negative

correlation. So we started to collect our data via a sample survey of the DuBois

Area High School.

A population is the entire group of individuals being studied. The population

of our study would be the DuBois area High School. The sample of our study would

be the individuals we interviewed. A sample is a set of data collected and or

selected from a population. Variables are any characteristic of an individual. The

variables in our study would be the ounces of coffee consumed by an individual on a

daily basis (Explanatory Variable) and the individuals height (Response Variable).

A correlation describes the direction and strength of a straight line

relationship (r). The correlation of our study is 0.049 meaning that the correlation is

positive meaning that as the amount of ounces of coffee consumed daily increases,
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height also increases. The correlation of 0.049 means the correlation is weak

making the correlation invalid. The Coefficient of Determination is the variation in

the values of y that is explained by the least squares regression of y on x. Since

r=0.049, then r2 =0.0024 meaning that any prediction has a .24% variation.

We are going to predict the ounces of coffee consumed daily(x) for an

individual that is 73 inches tall (y). Our starting equation is y = 0.0168x + 64.82.

Substituting y with 73 the equation becomes 73 = 0.0168x + 64.82. Subtracting

64.82 from 73 to get 8.18 = 0.0168x then we divide 8.18 by 0.0168 getting x to be

486.905.

We predict that if an individual is 73 inches tall they drink 486.905 ounces of

coffee every day with a .24% variation. One lurking variable could be genetics. It

would affect the scatterplot by fixing the heights of certain individuals. Another

lurking variable could be when the individual started to drink coffee. It affects the

scatterplot by delaying the effects of coffee on their height.

We predicted that if the ounces of coffee consumed daily increases then the

height decreases with a moderate negative correlation. Our hypothesis was

incorrect. The correlation of 0.049 meant that the direction and strength were

positive and weak respectively.


Morgan, Summers, Williams 3

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