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Pure High Output Gain And Stability Control Of Double Boost DC-DC Converter

For Using Solar Energy


(Design calculation of double boost DC-DC converter)
Moe Moe Lwin#1, Htin Lin#2
#
Department of Mechatronic Engineering, Yangon Technological University
Yangon, Myanmar

Abstract This report presents the design calculation of Fig. 1 shows the Double Boost DC-DC converter.
double boost DC-DC converter for solar energy. Boost The inductors L1 &L2 have the same values, the diodes D1-
converter is an indirect energy transfer device. It is one D4 are the same type and the same assumption is for the
type of non-isolated step-up converter. In this paper, transistors (Q1 &Q2). Each inductor has its own switch and
double boost DC-DC converter design is calculated to thus is similar with the cascading of two single/classic
know input and output power conversion. converters.
Keywords non-isolated step-up converter, power
conversion, double boost converter, state space For Switch ON State; (Discharge Time)
modeling. When the transistors Q1 & Q2 are in ON state,
energy transfer from the dc source Vin & V1 into the
inductors L1 & L2 as shown in Fig.2.
I. RELATED WORK
The DC power supply source will obtained from a
solar panel, photovoltaic array or an existing power supply
network. DC-DC boost converter is used to control the high
output gain and to get stability power condition if input
voltage is changing. DC-DC converter can convert low
input voltage to high output voltage. But, the basic boost
topology does not provide a high boost factor. This has led
Fig.2. Double Boost Converter in ON state
to many proposed topologies [1]. If a very high voltage
gain is required it may be more beneficial to use of two or
more series connected (cascaded) boost converters. This dil 1 Vin (1)

approach gives some advantages, but it creates new dt L1
challenges in the same time. Main advantages include a
high voltage gain, a good power decoupling between the Vin
output and input, better utilization of semiconductors, il 1 D1T (2)
L1
presence of an intermediate DC bus. Main drawbacks are
more complex circuit, more complex controls and a dil 2 Vin
potential stability problem [2]. In this paper, the two boost (3)
dt L2
converter is connected in cascade.
V1
II. DESIGN CALCULATION OF PROPOSED CONVERTER il 2 D2T (4)
L2
The double boost DC-DC converter will operate in
Where i1 is the current through inductor/transistor Q1, i2 is
Continuous Conduction Mode (CCM). The voltage gain of
the current through inductor/transistor Q2, io is the output
the converter is the product of the voltage gain of each
current through load RL and C is the smoothing capacitor.
stage. The transistor Q1 and diode D1 and D2 have to handle
the intermediate voltage V1, while the transistor Q2 and
For Switch OFF State; (Charge Time)
diode D3 and D4 have to handle the output voltage Vo. For
For the charging interval (Q1 = Q2 = OFF), the voltage
a large voltage gain M cascading of two or more boost
across each inductor is Vin & V1 and the currents i1(t) and
converters lead to significant reduction of the required
i2(t) will be as following.
transistors power rating, but in the same time it increases
required diodes power rating by number of cascaded
converter stages.

Fig.3. Double Boost Converter in OFF state


Fig.1. Double Boost DC-DC Converter

1
dil 1 Vin V1 (5)
III. STATE-SPACE SIGNAL MODEL

dt L1 The average model of the proposed converter in Fig.1
can be developed by averaging the state equations of the
Vin V1 (6) ON-period and OFF-period. The converter is assumed to
il 1 (T D1T ) operate in a continuous conduction mode (CCM). During
L1
the switch ON instant one get the following equations are;
dil 2 V1 Vout dil1
(7) Vin
dt L2
L1
dt

V1 Vout
il2
(8) dvc1
il 2 (T D2T ) C1
L2 dt
To get duty ratio for single converter;
(16)
Vc1
dil2
By summing eq. (2) & eq.(5); L2
dt
il 1 il 2 0 dvc2 Vo
C2
V1 1 dt R
And the equation of the OFF state is given by
Vin 1 D1
dil1
1 L1 Vin Vc1

M sin g dt
1 D1
(9)
il1 il2
dvc1
To get duty ratio for double boost converter; C1
dt
By summing eq.(4) & eq.(8);
(17)
ic1 ic2 0
Vc1 Vo
dil2
L2
Vout 1 dt
Vo

1 D1 dvc2
V1 C2 il2
dt R
Vout 1

Vin (1 D1 )(1 D2 ) The state space average equations that describe the
converter dynamics are given by
1
Mdou (10)
(1 D1 )(1 D2 )
(1 D1 )
So, the maximum output voltage of the double boost DC- 0 0 0
(1 D ) L 1 1
DC converter is 0
il 1 0
1
0 il L
d Vc1 Vc1 01 0 Vin
1
Vin
C1 C1
Vout (max) (11) 1
dt il2 1 (1 D2 ) il2 0 0 io
(1 D1 )(1 D2 ) Vc2 0 0
Vc2 1
L2 L2
0
The maximum output current is 0
(1 D2 ) 1
C2
0
Vin C2 RC2
Iout (max) (11)
Rload * (1 D1 )(1 D2 )
X = AX + BU (18)
The inductor value can be chosen by using the following
equations. il1

L1
Vin * D1 (12) Vo 0 0 0 1 Vc1
2il 1 * fs1 i 1 0 0 0 il
in 2
V 1* D2
L2 (13) Vc2
2il 2 * fs2
Capacitor values can be selected according to the following Y = CX (19)
equations.
I (out ) * D1
C1 l 2 (14) IV. SIMULATION RESULT
V1 * fs1
In this work, the double boost DC-DC converter is
Iout (max) * D2 implemented in Matlab Simulink. The two inductors values
C2 (15)
Vout * fs2 are 5mH, 780uF and 1200uF of the output capacitor values
are selected and the load resistor value is 3k are selected
according to the design calculation for this simulation.

2
Vin=5V, F1=410Hz,F2=550Hz,C1=780uF,C2=1200uF, L1
& L2=5mH, Rl=3k , D1=0.9, D2=0.85Vout=800V
1000
current
current1
voltage
800

600

Output
400

200

Fig.4. Simulation of double boost DC-DC converter


-200
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 5
Figure.4 describes the simulation diagram of the Time

converter without control algorithm and figure.5 shows the Vin=32V, F1=2010Hz,F2=2250Hz,C1=780uF,C2=1200uF,
results of the converter with various parameter ranges. L1 & L2=5mH, Rl=3k , D1=0.8, D2=0.6Vout=900V
900
current
1000
current1
800 current
voltage
current1
700 voltage
800

600

500
600
Output

400
Output

300 400

200

200
100

0
0
-100
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 5
Time

Vin=12V, F1=710Hz,F2=950Hz,C1=780uF,C2=1200uF, -200


0 0.5 1 1.5
Time
2 2.5 3

L1 & L2=5mH, Rl=3k , D1=0.85, D2=0.8Vout=900V Vin=36V, F1=2310Hz,F2=2250Hz,C1=780uF,C2=1200uF,


L1 & L2=5mH, Rl=3k , D1=0.8, D2=0.6Vout=900V
1000
current
1200
current
current1
800 current1

voltage 1000 voltage

600 800

600
Output

Output

400
400

200 200

0
0

-200
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 5
Time
-200
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 5 Vin=40V, F1=2510Hz,F2=2250Hz,C1=780uF,C2=1200uF,
Time
L1 & L2=5mH, Rl=3k , D1=0.8, D2=0.6Vout=1000V
Vin=28V, F1=2010Hz,F2=2050Hz,C1=780uF,C2=1200uF,
L1 & L2=5mH, Rl=3k , D1=0.8, D2=0.7Vout=900V Fig.5. Simulation results of the converter with various
1000
parameters
current

800
current1 V. CONCLUSION
voltage

This report represents the proposed converter design


600
calculation and state space modeling. According to the
design calculation, the desired data parameters are used in
Output

400
Matlab Simulink to know the nature of the proposed
converter.
200

0
REFERENCES

-200
[1] Slobodan M. Cuk, Modeling, Analysis and
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5
Time
3 3.5 4 4.5 5
Design of Switching Converters, California
Institute of Technology Pasadena, Calfornia, 1977.
3
[2] Mr.Naresh Kumar Gour , Advanced Cascade
DC-DC Boost Converter for Microgrid
Applications, IJEIR, vol. 4, Issue 5, ISSN:2277-
5668, 2015