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MAINTENANCE TRAINING NOTES

T1 42 & 72 PEC-MPC (PWC 120) ref 72-


212A Ver 1.5

ATA 22 AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM

Date of issue 25/04/08


This publication will not be updated on a regular basis.
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General description

The aicraft is equipped with an Automatic Flight Control System (AFCS) which ensures three functions:
Autopilot (AP),
Flight Director (FD),
Yaw Damper / turn coordination (YD).
Autopilot (AP)
The Autopilot system controls the pitch, roll and yaw actuators as well as the elevator trim actuators (autotrim).
It stabilizes the aircraft around its center of gravity while holding pitch attitude and heading (basic mode).
It also flies any Flight Director active mode (AP / FD function) except Go-Around which must be flown manually.

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Flight Director (FD)


The Flight Director provides command bars on the EADIs for manual flying.
When autopilot is engaged it follows the FD bars commands automatically.
Yaw Damper / turn coordination (YD).
The Yaw Damper ensure yaw damping and turn coordination through the rudder control linkage.
Autopilot engagement automatically engages the Yaw Damper.

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Main components are:


one computer (Auto Flight Control System Computer ),
one control panel,
one Advisory Display Unit (ADU),
three servo-actuators (one for each axis).
The computer exchanges data with:
two Air Data Computers (ADC),
two Attitudes and Heading Reference Systems (AHRS),
two Symbol Generator Units (SGU),
the Multi-Purpose Computer (MPC),
and one Advisory Display Unit (ADU), (through the ASCB).
This means that communications between the components are digital, continuous and multidirectional.
Both SGUs receive analog signals coming from their associated NAV Sensors (VOR, ILS, MKR). This data is then transfered to the AFCS computer
through the ASCB.

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Cockpit panels

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Interfaces

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Features

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Safety and precautions

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Autopilot & flight director functions description

The functions performed by the AP / FD are as follows:


Stabilizing the aircraft around its center of gravity while holding pitch attitude and heading (basic mode, available in AP function only).
Flying the aircraft on an acquired flight path ("upper hold modes"). These functions are available in AP and FD as well.
Automatic pitch trim function (autotrim).

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The AutoPilot system controls the pitch, roll and yaw actuators, as well as the elevator trim actuators.

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AP engagement automatically engages the Yaw Damper (YD) which is the third AP axis and controls the yaw actuator.

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When a FD mode is active, the AP automatically follows the guidance given by all FD active modes, except the GO AROUND mode.

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Autopilot & flight director functions operation

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AP engagement activates:
pitch and roll actuator,
yaw actuator if not previously engaged,
autotrim function on the pitch axis.
The AP pushbutton engages the AP and YD functions simultaneously.
The YD pusbutton engages the YD only.
AP and YD engagement is inhibited on ground.
AP engagement is indicated by:
Illumination of the arrows on both sides of the AP and YD pushbuttons on the AFCS control panel .
Display of the green AP ENG message on the EADIs.

When AP is engaged the autopilot operates in BASIC MODE, if no FD mode has been previously selected
Pitch attitude is held and the aircraft holds bank angle or heading, depending on initial angle of bank.
If a FD mode is active before AP engagement, the autopilot progressively maneuvers the aircraft to satisfy the selected mode.

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Manual AP disengagement is achieved by:


pressing AP or YD pushbutton on the AFCS control panel,
using the normal pitch trim on either control wheels,
pressing quick disconnect pushbutton on either control wheels,
pressing GA pushbutton on either Power Levers,
using the standby pitch trim,
applying a force greater than 30 DaN (66 Lbs) on the rudder pedals,
applying a force greater than 10 DaN (22 Lbs) on control column in pitch axis.

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Automatic disengagement occurs when:


one of the engagement conditions of the AP and / or YD is no longer met,
stall warning threshold is reached,
there is a disagreement between the two AHRS's or between the two ADC's,
there is a mismatch between the two pitch trims.

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AP disengagement is indicated by:


Display of the amber steady AP / YD disengaged or Autopilot disengaged message on the ADU. (A flashing message means that the autopilot has
been disengaged by the AFCS.)
the RESET pusbutton illuminates amber,
arrows on both sides of the AP pusbutton on the AFCS control panel are not illuminated.
In case of YD disengagement both AP and YD arrows are no longer illuminated.
the AP OFF warning lights comes on, on the glareshield,
a cavalry charge aural signal is broadcast.

Pressing the quick disconnect pushbutton one more time turns off aural and visual alert. Pushing the RESET pushbutton has the same effect.
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Flight director functions description

The purpose of the Flight Director (FD) is to provide information to the pilot through the command bars on the EADI to enable manual vertical and lateral
guidance of the aircraft.
It provides a Pitch command if a vertical mode is engaged ,
It provides a Roll command if a lateral mode is engaged.

The FD commands are satisfied when the FD bars remain centered on the EADI. If no vertical and / or lateral active mode is selected, the corresponding
command bar is removed.
In addition the two bars can be removed by setting the FD BARS selection switch to OFF (located on the glareshied in front of each pilot). It does not
disengage the FD modes.

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The available modes are the following :


The Vertical modes are:
- IAS,
- VS,
- ALT SEL,
- ALT.
which are Air data modes
The Lateral modes are:
- HDG: Heading selected mode,
- NAV: Navigation mode,
- BC: Back Course localizer.
The Common modes are:
- APP: lateral (LOC) and vertical (GLIDE) guidance for ILS approach.
- GA: lateral and vertical guidance for initial Go Around.

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Yaw damper function description

The Yaw Damper (YD) ensures yaw damping and turn coordination through the rudder control linkage by means of the yaw damper actuator.
The AP yaw actuator is installed in parallel on the flight controls.Therefore when the YD is engaged, the rudder pedals follow the YD commands.
YD engagement controls the clutch of the yaw servo actuator and disengages the Releasable Centering Unit.
The YD can be engaged using the YD pushbutton on the AFCS control panel.
The YD is also automatically engaged by pressing the AP pushbutton. YD is then the third AP axis.

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Auto trim function description

When the AP is engaged the AFCS computer controls, through the normal pitch trim, the elevator trim actuators in order to reduce permanent loads on the
pitch actuator and thus avoid jerks on the elevator in the event of AP disconnection.
The electric trim normal control is inhibited and the actuator control inputs are fed with the AFCS computer autotrim output.

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Touch control steering function description

The AP is provided with a TCS function. The Touch Control Steering (TCS) allows temporary manual control of the aircraft by overriding AP / FD function.
In AP the TCS:
Enables the crew to control the pitch and roll axes by declutching the pitch and roll actuators,
De-activates the pitch autotrim control (the pitch trim normal control is then available).
This function is achieved by depressing the TCS pushbutton located on each control wheel and is activated until the pushbutton is released.

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When the AP is engaged in basic mode the wings are maintened at level off by the heading hold mode.
The Bank angle can be changed in this mode using the TCS pushbutton.
With the TCS pushbutton depressed the aircraft can be manoeuvered to a different bank angle which will be maintained when the pushbutton is released
if within the operating limits of a > 6 and a < 35.
There is no annunciator for the Bank Hold mode on the ADU.

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Coupling function description

For basic attitude control, the AFCS computer produces control signals based on average data received from both ADC and AHRS systems.
For lateral and vertical guidance computations, the AFCS computer receives captain's or first officer's SGU and ADC data, depending on coupling
selection.
At power-up the AFCS computer selects automatically the Captain's SGU and ADC data.
Whenever invalid data from one sensor is detected, the AFCS computer automatically selects the remaining valid data for computation and a
corresponding message is displayed on the ADU. For instance, "AHRS DATA INVALID" is displayed on line two of the ADU, if one AHRU fails.
When the system is transfered to the alternate SGU, all lateral flight director modes except HDG are cancelled. Lateral NAV modes must be reselected.
The vertical modes, except GLIDESLOPE are not cancelled.

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Selection of the coupled side is achieved by pressing the CPL pushbutton located on the AFCS Control Panel, and indicated by illumination of the
adjacent arrow light showing the selected side.
The CPL status is repeated on the EADI's by a green arrow.

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During the tracking phase of an ILS approach, side selection will be inhibited after automatic transition to DUAL CPL when radio altitude is below 1200
feet AGL.
The AFCS then uses the ILS information delivered by the two receivers for guidance.
The dual coupling mode couples both NAV receivers to the AFCS computer which averages the data for guidance computation.
After any disengagement of the approach mode in DUAL CPL phase, the side selected prior to DUAL CPL phase remains.
Note: The DUAL CPL function is mandatory for CAT II operations.

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In DUAL coupling phase both arrows are on.


The DUAL coupling status is repeated on the EADI's by a green double-headed arrow.

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Bank function description & operation

This function enables selection of the bank angle limit ( high or low value), in the HDG SEL mode only.
Selection of either value is made by using the BANK pushbutton on the AFCS control panel.
Alternate action on the pushbutton causes alternate selection of:
a high bank angle limit (27),
a low bank angle limit (15).

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The selected value is shown by the following messages displayed on the fourth line of the ADU:
HDG SEL HI,
HDG SEL LO.
And Heading is displayed on the EADI's. At power up the value of 27 is selected automatically.

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Standby function description & operation

Pushing the STBY pushbutton on the AFCS control panel cancels all previous armed and active modes on both axes, and also FD bars if they are
displayed.
If the AP was engaged this action causes return to AP basic modes.
The ALT SEL mode will be re-armed automatically if the logic conditions are fulfilled.
There are no EADI indications and only ALT SEL remains on the ADU.

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AFCS computer description & location

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The AFCS computer is located in the LH electronics rack (80 VU) on shelf 82VU.
The AFCS computer includes arithmetic, amplification and monitoring units.
The AFCS computer is:
"fail passive" which means in case of a failure occuring on duplicated sensors, this failure does not result in a significant down-grading of the flight.
"fail safe" which means in case of a failure occuring on a single sensor, this failure results in limited down-grading which does not affect the flight
safety .
It includes the following functions:
AP: Autopilot,
FD: Flight Director,
YD: Yaw Damper,
Crosstalk management on ASCB (Avionics Standart Communications Bus).
The AFCS computer is equipped with four power outputs used to control the three AP actuators and the elevator trim actuator (autotrim function).

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Stall function

The purpose of the stall function is to indicate:


An angle of attack which leads to an IAS lower than 1.3 VS (V Stall).
When the AFCS computer receives the discrete signal from the MFCs it automatically disengages the AP function and sends a discrete signal to the
CCAS

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Visual and Aural signals are broadcast as follows:


An "AP/YD DISENGAGED" is displayed on the ADU.
AP OFF indicator illuminates red.
A "CAVALRY CHARGE" alert is also broadcast to confirm AP disconnection.

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ATA 22 Altitude alert function Page 46/ 84
Altitude alert function

The purpose of the Altitude Alert function is to indicate:


Approach of a selected altitude (selected by the ALT knob),
Deviation with regards to this altitude when reached.
The AFCS sends a discrete signal to the CCAS for the aural warning and another discrete signal to altimeter 1 and 2 for the visual warning.

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Selected altitude is displayed on the ADU.


Visual and aural signal are broadcasted as followed:
The altitude alert annunciator light illuminates when the aircraft is within 1,000 feet of the preselected altitude during the capture maneuver.
It goes out when the aircraft is within 250 feet of the preselected altitude.
After capture, the light illuminates if the aircraft departs more than 250 feet from the selected altitude.
A "C CHORD" alert is also broadcasted when the aircraft is 1,000 feet from the preselected altitude or has departed 250 feet from the selected
altitude after capture.

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Decision height function

The Selected Decision Height is displayed in feet in the left bottom part of the EADI and can be adjusted by means of the DH knob on EFIS control panel.
Visual and Aural signals are broadcast as follows:
When aircraft radio-altitude reaches selected Decision Height +100ft, a white box appears near the radio altitude information on the EADI.
When aircraft radio-altitude becomes lower than selected decision height, the amber "DH" symbol illuminates inside the white box.
A "MINIMUMS MINIMUMS" voice alert is broadcasted when the selected decision height is reached, between 1000ft and 50ft with landing gear down.
This aural warning is generated by the GPWS.
Note: Maximum selectable decision height is 990 ft. When the Selected Decision Height is set to zero, the DH indicator disapears.

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AP / YD engagement & disengagement

Warning and caution messages studied in this module are all displayed in amber on line 2 of the ADU and cause the RESET light to come on.
Moreover presence of warning messages on the ADU is indicated by an amber "AP MSG" on the EADI.

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The AFCS computer detects situations prohibiting engagement of the autopilot:


AP/YD or YD engagement is inhibited on ground.
If an attempt to engage is made, an amber "NO ENGAGEMENT ON GROUND" is displayed on the ADU for 5 seconds.
AP engagement is inhibited if one of the following conditions is achieved:
TCS pushbutton is pressed.
An AP quick disconnect pushbutton is pressed.
Normal or standby pitch trim control switch is in UP or DN position.
GA pushbutton is pressed.
A force greater than 30 DaN is applied on rudder pedals.
A force greater than 10 DaN is applied on elevator control wheel.
Stall warning detection.
Elevator tab offset detection.
YD engagement is inhibited if one of the following conditions is achieved:
A force greater than 30 DaN is applied on rudder pedals.
If an attempt to engage is made, "ENGAGE INHIBIT" message is displayed for 5 seconds.

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Let's now see the five conditions which enable the AP to be disengaged automatically:
The Autopilot disengages automatically in case of loss of one AP engagement hold logic condition.
The Autopilot disengages automatically in case of loss of one YD engagement hold logic condition.
The Autopilot disengages automatically in case of IAS < 1.3 VS.
It results in:
AP DISENGAGED message on the ADU with illumination of the RESET pushbutton.
Illumination of the AP OFF indicators.
A "CAVALRY CHARGE" audio signal.
Note: FD is not affected by AP disengagement.

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It results in:
AP DISENGAGED message on the ADU with illumination of the RESET pushbutton.
Illumination of the AP OFF indicators.
A "CAVALRY CHARGE" audio signal.
Note: FD is not affected by AP disengagement.
The Autopilot is disengaged manually by action on the YD pushbutton. Push the YD pushbutton.

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It results in:
AP / YD DISENGAGED message on the ADU with illumination of the RESET pushbutton.
Illumination of the AP OFF indicators.
A "CAVALRY CHARGE" audio signal.
Note: FD is not affected by AP disengagement.
The Autopilot is disengaged manually by action on the AP quick disconnect pushbutton. Push the AP quick disconnect pushbutton.

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It results in:
AP DISENGAGED message on the ADU with illumination of the RESET pushbutton.
Illumination of the AP OFF indicators.
A "CAVALRY CHARGE" audio signal.
Note: FD is not affected by AP disengagement.
The Autopilot is disengaged manually by action on the GO-AROUND pushbutton. Push the GO-AROUND pushbutton.

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It results in:
AP DISENGAGED message on the ADU with illumination of the RESET pushbutton.
Illumination of the AP OFF indicators.
A "CAVALRY CHARGE" audio signal.
Note: All previous armed or active modes (except ALT SEL) are cancelled. GO-AROUND becomes an FD active mode.

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System controls and indicators

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<1> Display:
The first line gives advisory messages in white letters.
The second line gives caution messages in amber letters.
The third line shows armed modes in white letters.
The fourth line shows active modes in green letters.
<2> Reset pushbutton:
This pushbutton is used to cancel a caution message or to confirm an AFCS automatic choice.
<3> L SEL R SEL pushbutton:
These pushbuttons are used in AP ground maintenance test.
<4> BRT knob
The BRT knob is used to adjust ADU brilliance.
<5> CRS1 knob:
The CRS1 knob selects course on the captain EHSI.
<6> HDG knob
The HDG knob selects on both EHSIs, the heading which is used as a reference by the AFCS computer.
<7> HDG pushbutton:
The HDG pushbutton controls selection of heading hold mode.
<8> NAV pushbutton:
The NAV pushbutton arms the lateral guidance for capture of the course selected on the coupled EHSI.
<9> APP pushbutton:
The APP pushbutton arms the vertical and lateral guidance for capture of the selected course and glide slope on the coupled EHSI.
<10> BC:
The BC pushbutton arms the lateral guidance for capture of the localizer Back Course selected on the coupled EHSI.
<11> BANK pushbutton:
The BANK pushbutton controls the bank angle limit during the heading hold mode only.
<12> STBY pushbutton
The STBY pushbutton cancels all previously armed and active modes and reverts the autopilot to basic mode.
<13> IAS pushbutton:

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The IAS pushbutton activates the vertical guidance to maintain the airspeed indicated by the coupled ADC at the time of the selection.
<14> VS pushbutton:
The VS pushbutton activates the vertical guidance to maintain the vertical speed indicated by the coupled ADC at the time of the selection.
<15> ALT pushbutton:
The ALT pushbutton activates the vertical guidance to maintain the altitude indicated by the coupled ADC at the time of the selection..
<16> AP pushbutton:
The AP pushbutton engages the autopilot and Yaw Damper functions simultaneously. All four associated arrows illuminate white. A repeated action
on the pushbutton disengages only the autopilot function.
<17> YD pushbutton:
The YD pushbutton engages the yaw damper function. Both associated arrows illuminate white. A repeated action on the pushbutton disengages the
Yaw Damper function (and the autopilot if engaged).
<18> CPL pushbutton:
The CPL pushbutton enables selection of the panel (CAPT or F/O) to be coupled to the AFCS computer. At power up, selected side is CAPT side.
<19> ALT knob:
The ALT knob controls the preselected altitude which is shown on the ADU.
<20> CRS2 knob:
The CR2 knob selects course on the F/O EHSI.
<21> Pitch thumb wheel The pitch wheel is used to facilitate pitch adjustments during basic pitch hold mode, and also change the reference values for
airspeed and vertical speed hold modes.

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<1> AP OFF light:


The AP OFF annunciators illuminate red when the autopilot is disengaged and are cancelled by pushing either AP disconnect pushbutton or ADU
RESET pushbutton.
<2> GUIDANCE light (if installed):
The GUIDANCE light annunciator illuminates amber if CAT II conditions are lost or if an excess deviation is detected.
<3> FD BARS switch:
The FD BARS switch located on each side of the glareshield selects FD command bars on respective EADI.

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<1> AFCS NORM FLT / TEST toggle switch:


The AFCS NORM FLT / TEST switch, located on the left maintenance panel tests the AFCS when the aircraft is on ground. If an AFCS failure
occurs in flight, the ground maintenance test mode should be entered after landing, and before removing avionics power, in order to retrieve the
FLIGHT FAULT SUMMARY data.
<2> Normal Pitch Trim rocker:
Actuation of the Normal Pitch Trim rocker when the AP is engaged will disconnect AP.
<3> AP quick disconnect pushbutton:
The AP quick disconnect pushbutton disconnects AP when depressed once. When depressed again, it clears AP OFF alert indication.
<4> Touch Control Steering pushbutton:
The TCS pushbutton located on the forward face of each control wheel allows, when depressed, to manually control the aircraft without disengaging
the AP or cancelling FD modes.
<5> Go-Around pusbuttons: Actuation of the Go-Around pushbuttons located at the outboard end of each Power Lever grip:
Disengages the Autopilot.
Cancels all previous FD mode.
- Moreover the FD generates a pitch attitude compatible with single engine performance and flap setting at GoAround selection and the lateral
bar gives a heading hold command.

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<1> Flight Director Command bars:


The Flight Director Command bars display in magenta computed commands to capture and maintain a desired flight path.
<2> Lateral armed mode annunciator:
The Lateral armed mode annunciator displays in white the lateral AFCS armed mode; the annunciator extinguishes when this mode is captured.
Available lateral armed modes are VOR, LOC, BC.
<3> Lateral active mode annunciator:
The Lateral active mode annunciator displays in green the lateral AFCS armed mode; the indication is followed by a star while capture of an armed
mode is in progress. The star disappears when capture is achieved. Available lateral active modes are VOR, LOC, BC, HDG.
<4> Transition box :
The transition box is displayed in white around the green active mode annunciator for the first five seconds of capture of an armed mode.
<5> Vertical armed mode annunciator:
The Vertical armed mode annunciator displays in white the vertical AFCS armed mode; the annunciator extinguishes when this mode is captured.
Available vertical armed modes are ALT, GS.
<6> Vertical active mode annunciator:
The Vertical armed mode annunciator displays in green the vertical AFCS armed mode; the indication is followed by a star while capture of an armed
mode is in progress. The star disappears when capture is achieved. Available vertical active modes are VS, ALT, GS, IAS, GA (FD only).
<7> AP MSG annunciator:
The AP MSG annunciator illuminates amber to indicate that a caution message can be read on the ADU. If no caution message is displayed and the
autopilot is engaged, a green AP ENG message is displayed.
<8> CPL status annunciator:
The CPL status annunciator indicates which SGU and ADC (left or right) data are coupled to the AFCS computer.
<9> Selected heading bug annunciator:
The Selected heading blue bug annunciator is positioned around the rotating heading dial by the remote HDG knob. Heading error between actual
heading and selected heading is sent to the FD. Selected heading is also displayed digitally in blue.
<10> Course pointer annunciator:
The Course pointer annunciator displays in yellow the course which is selected for the respective VOR/ILS. Each pointer is controlled by its
associated CRS knob. Selected course is also displayed digitally in yellow numbers associated with white CRS letters.
<11> Course deviation bar:
The Course deviation bar displays in yellow deviation relative to the course pointer. The scale is marked by dots. The aircraft symbol provides the
position relative to the intended route.

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<12> Glideslope annunciator:


The Glideslope annunciator is indicated by a green index on a white scale which is marked by dots. Index and scale are visible only when an ILS
frequency is selected on the related NAV control box.
<13> STBY PITCH TRIM switch:
The STBY PITCH TRIM switch disengages the Autopilot if it was previously engaged.
<14> The radio altimeter indication is displayed in feet.

<15> The selected decision height displayed in feet can be adjusted by means of the DH knob on EFIS control panel.

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AFCS ground maintenance test

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On ground, once engine shutdown, the maintenance team can localize failed systems by using ground maintenance test of specific LRUs.
During execution of LRU test, the user may be asked to perform certain tasks in the cockpit or answer questions.
To activate the test you must put the AFCS NORM / FLT / TEST switch in TEST position and be sure that aircraft is on ground and that airspeed is less
than 50 kts.
Put the AFCS NORM / FLT / TEST switch in TEST position.
When the test is initiated, the ADU displays "01 FGC TEST?" and becomes the interface to test LRUs.
By pressing R SET and L SET pushbuttons on the ADU, you are able to select an LRU test, in the following vertical test menu.
The AFCS system has built-in diagnostics that are used to determine the cause of in-flight automatic flight control system failures. It is the FLIGHT FAULT
SUMMARY.
If an AFCS failure occurs in flight, the ground maintenance test mode must be achieved after landing and before avionics power is removed in order to
retrieve FLIGHT FAULT SUMMARY data.
Let's now have a look at the FLIGHT FAULT SUMMARY.
The ground maintenance test is started and the ADU displays "01 FGC TEST?".
Push twice the L SET pushbutton to go back to the FLIGHT FAULT SUMMARY test.
Pushing the RESET pushbutton allows you to access to the FLIGHT FAULT SUMMARY of the last leg.
Push the RESET pushbutton to enter test.
The FLIGHT FAULT SUMMARY is a collection of fault data words that are displayed in hexadecimal format coded on 16 bit on the ADU.
On the screen shown here no failures have been registered. If a fault occurs, lines of zero are replaced by characters comprised between 1 and F in
hexadecimal value.
The translation of the fault codes can be achieved by using the AFCS manufacturer description and operation manual.

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Caution: FLIGHT FAULT SUMMARY screen must be displayed on ADU before automatic reading selection otherwise an error will be detected by the
MPC.
AFCS maintenance menu is displayed on the MCDU.
The aim of the first three sub-menus is to help troubleshooting the AFCS. They will guide the operator in identifying the reason of a failure depending of
the level of information the operator gets.
The last one allows to perform an automatic or manual decoding of FLIGHT FAULT SUMMARY (FFS). CAUTION: The AFCS Bites are not saved, in the
event of a battery cut-off, at the end of flight.
Note: The signification of each code is also given in FAULT ISOLATION SECTION of HONEYWELL maintenace manual.

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Troubleshooting help ( function used by the 3 first sub-menus):


It consists in displaying the final message or the question asked to the operator.
It consists in displaying the final message or the question asked to the operator corresponding to the message displayed on ADU.
Caution: FLIGHT FAULT SUMMARY screen must be displayed on ADU before automatic reading selection otherwise an error will be detected by the MPC. It
consists in reading the FFS hexadecimal data on the ASCB bus in plain texte.
FFS "Automatic reading sub-menu" allows an "automatic reading" of ADU fault code by the MPC, with the associated troubleshooting, by following
associated sub-menus.
FFS "Manual input sub-menu" necessite to manually enter ADU data, by using MCDU keyboard, before performing troubleshooting.
Select one of these functions to see troubleshooting example.
Manually enter ADU data by using MCDU keyborad.

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Operational test of AFCS computer

On ground, once engine shutdown, the maintenance team can localize failed systems by using ground maintenance test of specific LRUs.
During execution of LRU test, the user may be asked to perform certain tasks in the cockpit or answer questions.
To activate the test you must put the AFCS NORM / FLT / TEST switch in TEST position and be sure that aircraft is on ground and that airspeed is less
than 50 kts.
Put the AFCS NORM / FLT / TEST switch in TEST position.
When the test is initiated, the ADU displays "01 FGC TEST?" and becomes the interface to test LRUs.
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Let's now have a look at the ADVISORY DSPLY TEST.


By pressing R SEL and L SEL pushbuttons on the ADU, you are able to select an LRU test, in the following vertical test menu.
Push twice the R SEL pushbutton to go to the ADVISORY DSPLY TEST.

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The ADU displays "03 ADVISORY DSPLY TEST ?"


Push the RESET pushbutton to enter test.
The ADU displays on its four lines the following message which can be summed up by the sentences: "If the AP / YD DISENGAGED message is
displayed on line 2, press the R SEL pushbutton."
"If you don't see the AP / YD DISENGAGED on line 2, press the L SEL pushbutton."
Press the R SEL pushbutton to agree and continue the test.
The ADU displays on its four lines the following message which can be summed up by the sentence: "If the MSGS ON 4 LINES message is displayed on
4 lines, press the R SEL pushbutton."
Press the R SEL pushbutton to agree and continue the test.
The ADU displays on its four lines the following message which can be summed up by the sentence: "If lines one, two, three and four are in the right
order, press the R SEL pushbutton."
Press the R SEL pushbutton to agree and continue the test.
The next test enables to test mechanically the pushbuttons of the ADU.
To pass the test, press the RESET pushbutton.
The next test enables to test mechanically the pushbuttons of the ADU.
To pass the test, press the L SEL pushbutton.
The next test enables to test mechanically the pushbuttons of the ADU.
To pass the test, press the R SEL pushbutton.
Congratulations ! The Advisory display test has been performed successfully.

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ATA 22 MFC bite test Page 80/ 84
MFC bite test

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As soon as a failure is recorded in the non volatile memory located in the CPU card of the MFC 1A module, the "BITE LOADED" magnetic indicator turns
amber.
On ground, once engines shutdown, the maintenance team can localize the system failed with the MFC maintenance panel.
This one is initially set on the "NORM-FLT" position.
For example, let's check the navigation system.
Select the "NAV" position.
Once the system selector is set to "NAV" position, the PTA / ERS (Push To Advance) pushbutton has to be depressed in order to check the system.
Press the PTA / ERS pushbutton.
The 8, 2 and 1 "F" lights illuminate amber so a failure has been memorized in the "NAV" system.
To define which kind of failure is detected, you can either note which "F" number is illuminated (her the 8, 2 and 1 "F") or add the "F" numbers ( 8 + 2 + 1 =
11 = B hexadecimal value).
The definition of this failure is given in the Job Instruction Card) or in the Flight Crew Operating Manual and is "AFCS Anomaly".
By depressing once again the PTA / ERS pushbutton, the following failure code will be displayed.
Press the PTA / ERS pushbutton.
The four "F" lights illuminate. This means that all the failure codes related to the selected sytem have been displayed.
Then, MFC memory can be erased (procedure described in ATA 31 - INDICATING AND RECORDING chapter).

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This module describes maintenance code reading inside the Multifunction Computer with MCDU interface.
Caution : APM rotator on max weight to access on MFC bites on MCDU.
Basic memory gives access to the content of the fault codes stored since the last erase (no chronological information).
The basic memory or the flight fault memory choice gives access to the same menu : Select BASIC MEMORY.
Select NAV Sub-menu to access to the maintenance messages.
Fault maintenance codes appears in plain text. Example : code 11 AFCS anomaly.

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ATA 22 Summary Page 83/ 84

ATA 22 AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM


General description 2

Cockpit panels 6

Interfaces 8

Features 9

Safety and precautions 14

Autopilot & flight director functions description 15

Autopilot & flight director functions operation 20

Flight director functions description 25

Yaw damper function description 28

Auto trim function description 29

Touch control steering function description 30

Coupling function description 32

Bank function description & operation 36

Standby function description & operation 38

AFCS computer description & location 40

Stall function 44

Altitude alert function 46

Decision height function 48

AP / YD engagement & disengagement 49

System controls and indicators 58

AFCS ground maintenance test 70

Operational test of AFCS computer 76

MFC bite test 80

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