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4/8/2018 United States presidential election, 1996 - Wikipedia

United States presidential election, 1996
The United States presidential election of
United States presidential election, 1996
1996 was the 53rd quadrennial presidential
election. It was held on Tuesday, November 5,
1996.[2] Incumbent Democratic President Bill
Clinton defeated Senate Majority Leader Bob
November 5, 1996
Dole, the Republican nominee.

Clinton and Vice President Al Gore were re- All 538 electoral votes of the Electoral College

nominated without incident by the Democratic 270 electoral votes needed to win
Party. Numerous candidates entered the 1996 Turnout 49.0%[1] 6.2 pp
Republican primaries, with Dole considered the
early front-runner. Dole clinched the
nomination after defeating challenges by
publisher Steve Forbes and paleoconservative
leader Pat Buchanan. Dole's running mate was
Jack Kemp, a former Congressman and football
player who had served as the Housing
Secretary under President George H. W. Bush.
Ross Perot, who had won 18.9% of the popular
vote as an independent candidate in the 1992
Nominee Bill Clinton Bob Dole Ross Perot
election, ran as the candidate of the Reform Party Democratic Republican Reform
Party. Perot received less media attention in Home state Arkansas Kansas Texas
1996 and was excluded from the presidential Running mate Al Gore Jack Kemp Pat Choate
Electoral vote 379 159 0
Clinton's chances of winning were initially States carried 31 + DC 19 0
considered slim in the middle of his term as his Popular vote 47,401,185 39,197,469 8,085,294
party had lost both the House of
Percentage 49.2% 40.7% 8.4%
Representatives and the Senate in 1994 for the
first time in decades. He was able to regain
ground as the economy began to recover from
the early 1990s recession with a relatively
stable world stage. Clinton tied Dole to Newt
Gingrich, the unpopular Republican Speaker of
the House. Dole promised an across-the-board
15% reduction in federal income taxes and
attacked Clinton as a member of the "spoiled"
Baby Boomer generation. Dole's age was a
persistent issue in the election, and gaffes by
Dole exacerbated the issue for his campaign. Presidential election results map. Blue denotes those won by Clinton/Gore,
red denotes states won by Dole/Kemp. Numbers indicate electoral votes
Clinton maintained a consistent polling edge
allotted to the winner of each state.
over Dole, and he won re-election with a
substantial margin in the popular vote and the
President before election Elected President
Electoral College. Clinton became the first
Democrat since Franklin D. Roosevelt to win Bill Clinton Bill Clinton
two straight presidential elections. Dole won Democratic Democratic,_1996 1/23

4/8/2018 United States presidential election, 1996 - Wikipedia

40.7% of the popular vote and 159 electoral
votes, while Perot won 8.4% of the popular vote. Despite Dole's defeat, the Republican Party was able to maintain a majority in both
the House of Representatives and the Senate. Turnout was registered at 49.0%, the lowest for a presidential election since 1924.

Democratic Party nomination
Candidates gallery
Republican Party nomination
Candidates gallery
Primaries and convention
Major third parties
Reform Party nomination
Libertarian Party nomination
Natural Law Party nomination
U.S. Taxpayers' Party nomination
General election
Campaign donations controversy
Results by state
Close states
Voter demographics
Polling controversy
See also
Further reading
Web references
External links

In 1995, the Republican Party was riding high on the significant gains made in the 1994 mid-term elections. In those races, the
Republicans, led by whip Newt Gingrich, captured the majority of seats in the House for the first time in forty years and the majority
of seats in the Senate for the first time in eight years. Gingrich became Speaker of the House, while Bob Dole elevated to Senate
Majority leader.

The Republicans of the 104th Congress pursued an ambitious agenda, highlighted by their Contract with America, but were often
forced to compromise with President Clinton, who wielded veto power. A budget impasse between Congress and the Clinton
Administration eventually resulted in a government shutdown. Clinton, meanwhile, was praised for signing the GOP's welfare reform
and other notable bills, but was forced to abandon his own health care plan.

Democratic Party nomination
Democratic Candidates,_1996 2/23

98%) https://en. mounted a brief campaign but withdrew after a poor showing in the New Hampshire primary. Former Pennsylvania governor Bob Casey contemplated a challenge to Clinton. Activist from Virginia Jimmy Griffin. but health problems forced Casey to abandon a bid. 1996 Bill Clinton Al Gore for President for Vice President 45th 42nd Vice President of the United President of the United States States (1993–2001) (1993–2001) Campaign Candidates gallery President Activist Former Mayor of Bill Clinton Lyndon LaRouche Buffalo from Virginia Jimmy Griffin from New York With the advantage of incumbency. At the 1996 Democratic National Convention._1996 3/23 .) – 9.wikipedia. President of the United States Lyndon LaRouche.4/8/2018 United States presidential election. New York. Clinton and incumbent Vice President Al Gore were renominated with token opposition. Former Mayor of Buffalo from New York Democratic Party Ticket. Incarcerated fringe candidate Lyndon LaRouche won a few Arkansas delegates who were barred from the convention.802 ( Bill Clinton.706. 1996 .[5] Bill Clinton (inc. Jimmy Griffin.[3][4] Clinton easily won primaries nationwide. former Mayor of Buffalo. with margins consistently higher than 80%. Bill Clinton's path to renomination by the Democratic Party was uneventful.

U. Senator U. U. ECOSOC Ambassador from Maryland Richard Lugar. 1996 Bob Dole Jack Kemp for President for Vice President 9th U.S. U.S._1996 4/23 . CEO from Michigan Republican Party Ticket. former U. Representative from California Arlen Specter.S. Senator from Indiana Bob Dornan. Senator from Texas Alan Keyes.S. conservative columnist from Virginia Steve Forbes.47%) Unpledged – 411.Wikipedia Lyndon LaRouche – 596.S. Secretary of Housing and Urban from Kansas Development (1969–1996) (1989–1993) Campaign Candidates gallery https://en.S.270 (3. Senator from Pennsylvania Pete Wilson. Governor of California Morry Taylor. U.S.S. former Governor of Tennessee Phil Gramm. newspaper and magazine publisher from New York Lamar Alexander.422 (5.4/8/2018 United States presidential election.wikipedia. Senator from Kansas and Republican nominee for Vice President of the United States in 1976 Pat Buchanan. U. 1996 .77%) Republican Party nomination Republican Candidates Bob

in addition to a strong second place in the Iowa caucuses and a surprising victory in the small but key New Hampshire primary.wikipedia.S.4/8/2018 United States presidential election. Dole resigned his Senate seat on June 11 and the Republican National Convention formally nominated Dole on August 15. Steve Forbes finished first in Delaware and Arizona while paleoconservative firebrand Pat Buchanan managed early victories in Alaska and Louisiana. However. The fragmented field of candidates debated issues such as a flat tax and other tax cut proposals. ECOSOC Bob Dole columnist magazine publisher Lamar Alexander Ambassador from Kansas Pat Buchanan Steve Forbes of Tennessee Alan Keyes. More attention was drawn to the race by the budget stalemate in 1995 between the Congress and the President. John Anderson had made first a Republican then Independent Presidential bid in 1980. nearly 20 years after losing the Vice Presidency to Democrat Walter Mondale.S. but declined to formally enter the race. 1996 . Powell announced that he would not seek the nomination. from from Virginia from New York Maryland Senator Senator Representative Senator Governor Richard Lugar Phil Gramm Bob Dornan Arlen Specter Pete Wilson from Indiana from Texas from California from Pennsylvania of California A number of Republican candidates entered the field to challenge the incumbent Democratic President. Senate nominee losing to incumbent Paul Simon conducted a bid for most of 1995.S._1996 5/23 . Republican Leader of the United States Senate and former vice-presidential candidate Bob Dole was seen as the most likely winner. She participated in a number of primary Presidential debates before withdrawing. However. Former Secretary of State James A. Bill Clinton. Simon who defeated Martin for the U.[7] Primaries and convention Ahead of the 1996 primary contest. Former Secretary of Defense and future Vice President of the United States Dick Cheney was touted by many as a possible candidate for the presidency. Former U. Former and future Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld formed a presidential campaign exploratory[8] and Dole won every primary starting with North and South Dakota. but withdrew before the Iowa Caucuses as polls showed her languishing far behind. who served in the United States House of Representatives from Illinois's 16th District and was the 1990 Republican U. and a return to supply-side economic policies popularized by Ronald Reagan. 1996 for President.S. both even set up exploratory committees. Martin's predecessor in Congress. Buchanan's New Hampshire win alarmed the Republican "establishment" sufficiently as to provoke prominent Republicans to quickly coalesce around Dole. on November 8. for a number of months but both finally declared within days of each other they wouldn't run either. but he declared his intentions not to run in early 1995. Senate had run for President as a Democrat in 1988.[6] Ironically. Former Secretary of Labor Lynn Martin of Illinois. 1995. https://en.Wikipedia Senator Conservative Newspaper and Former Governor Former U. Baker III and former Secretary of Education William Bennett both flirted with bids. Also. which caused temporary shutdowns and slowdowns in many areas of federal government service. Army General Colin Powell was widely courted as a potential Republican nominee.

590 (3. candidates are listed alphabetically by surname. or formally announced their candidacy for.140 (0.83%) Unpledged – 123.187 (11. the following day. Major third parties Parties in this section have obtained ballot access in enough states to theoretically obtain the minimum number of electoral votes needed to win the election. formally announced intention to run as an independent candidate and obtained enough ballot access to win the election.278 (0.943 (20. Individuals included in this section have completed one or more of the following actions: received.23%) Alan Keyes – 471.76%) Steve Forbes – 1.82%) Pat Buchanan – 3.wikipedia.41%) Lamar Alexander – 495.4/8/2018 United States presidential election.80%) Phil Gramm – 71.14%) Convention tally: Bob Dole 1928 Pat Buchanan 47 Steve Forbes 2 Alan Keyes 1 Robert Bork 1 Former Representative and Housing Secretary Jack Kemp was nominated by acclamation for Vice President.742 (58.28%) Morry Taylor – Richard Lugar – 127.456 (0.180 (0._1996 6/23 . Reform Party nomination Reform candidates Ross Perot – party founder and businessman from Texas Richard Lamm – former Governor of Colorado David Boren – former Senator from and former Governor of Oklahoma (declined) Lowell Weicker – former Senator from and former Governor of Connecticut (declined) Tim Penny – former Representative from Minnesota (declined) Ross Perot was on the ballot in every state.111 (0.716 (3.Wikipedia Popular primaries vote[9] Bob Dole – 9. https://en. filed as a third party or non-affiliated candidate with the FEC (for other than exploratory purposes).751.47%) Bob Dornan – 42. Within each party.024. the presidential nomination of a third party. 1996 .184.

Ultimately. Libertarian Party nomination Libertarian candidates Harry Browne – writer and investment analyst from Tennessee Rick Tompkins – former candidate for Senator from Arizona Irwin Schiff – writer and prominent figure in the tax protestor movement from Nevada Douglas J.4/8/2018 United States presidential election. his victory at the party's national convention led to a schism as supporters of Lamm accused him of rigging the vote to prevent them from casting their ballots. though all but Lamm decided against it.Wikipedia Party Founder Ross Former Governor Former Senator David Former Governor Perot.wikipedia. David Boren and Richard Lamm were among those who toyed with the notion of seeking its presidential nomination. and attempted to convince Lamm to run as an Independent in the general election. Tim Penny. Ohmen – political activist from California Jeffrey Diket – political activist from Louisiana Harry Browne was on the ballot in every state. Lamm had himself come close to withdrawing his name from consideration. https://en. Lamm declined. Economist Pat Choate was nominated for Vice President. the American Reform Party._1996 7/23 . Lowell 1996 . from Texas Richard Lamm of Boren from Oklahoma Lowell Weicker of Colorado (declined) Connecticut (declined) Former Representative Tim Penny from Minnesota (declined) The United States Reform Party had great difficulty in finding a candidate willing to run in the general election. Although Perot easily won the nomination. the Reform Party nominated its founder Ross Perot from Texas in its first election as an official political party. pointing out a promise he made before running that he would respect the Party's final decision. This faction walked out of the national convention and eventually formed their own group.

Researcher John Hagelin from Iowa The Natural Law Party for a second time nominated scientist and researcher John Hagelin for President and Mike Tompkins for Vice President. a ban on soft money contributions. Those states with a lighter shade are states in which he was an Scientist and official write-in candidate. During his campaigns. Harry Browne from Tennessee. The party platform included preventive health care. 1996 . Hagelin favored abortion rights without public financing. Ohmen 20 Jeffrey Diket 1 Jo Jorgensen 1 Natural Law Party nomination Natural Law candidate: John Hagelin was on the ballot in forty-three states (463 Electoral Votes). campaign finance law reform. sustainable agriculture and renewable energy technologies.798 votes (0. improved gun control. and selected Jo Jorgensen from South Carolina as his running-mate. and school vouchers. the eradication of United States presidential election. The Balloting Presidential Ballot 1st Harry Browne 416 Rick Tompkins 74 None 61 Irwin Schiff 32 Douglas J.1% of the popular vote).671 votes (0.Wikipedia Writer Harry Browne from Tennessee The Libertarian Party nominated free-market writer and investment analyst._1996 8/23 .wikipedia. a flat tax. https://en.5% of the popular vote). Hagelin and Tompkins drew 113. Browne and Jorgensen drew 485.

who is Pro-Life. Senator Bob Dole._1996 9/23 . In 1996 the situation ultimately proved the same. as illustrated by an embarrassing fall off a stage during a campaign event in Chico.wikipedia.S. Dole further enhanced this contrast on https://en. Political adviser Dick Morris urged Clinton to raise huge sums of campaign funds via soft money for an unprecedented early TV blitz of swing states promoting Clinton's agenda and record.Wikipedia U. When Jack Kemp. Phillips and Titus drew 182. Clinton could run a campaign through the summer defining his opponent as an aged conservative far from the mainstream before Dole was in a position to respond. General election Campaign Without meaningful primary opposition.S. Taxpayers Party had run its first presidential ticket in 1992. Taxpayers' Party nomination U. though Pat Buchanan for a time was widely speculated to be planning on bolting to the Taxpayers' Party should the expected Republican nominee.2% of the popular vote). Phillips found himself at a temporary post that was made permanent.4/8/2018 United States presidential election. name a Pro-Choice running-mate. was tapped for the position Buchanan agreed to endorse the Republican ticket. Clinton was able to focus on the general election early. Again. then 73-year-old Dole appeared especially old and frail. 1996 . while Dole was forced to move to the right and spend his campaign reserves fighting off challengers. Taxpayers' candidates Howard Phillips. with Herbert Titus being nominated for the Vice Presidency. Those states with a lighter shade are states in which he was an official write-in candidate. Compared to the 50-year-old Clinton. conservative columnist from Virginia (declined) Alan Keyes. conservative political activist from Virginia Pat Buchanan. As a result. it being head by Howard Phillips who had failed to find any prominent conservative willing to take the mantle. Congressman from California (declined) Howard Phillips was on the ballot in thirty-eight states (414 Electoral Votes). Conservative Former Diplomat Alan Representative Columnist Pat Keyes Bob Dornan Buchanan (Declined) (Declined) (Declined) Conservative Political Activist Howard Phillips The votes (0. Former Diplomat and Political Activist from Maryland (declined) Bob Dornan.S. California.

was used for coordinating contributions to the DNC[16] in violation of U. questioned the age of his ideas. who said it would "blow a hole in the deficit. Dole promised a 15% across-the-board reduction in income tax rates and made former Congressman and supply side advocate Jack Kemp his running mate. surveys found that his age 6.L. dubbed by Clinton as "Dole-Gingrich". Clinton.S. Dole released all of his medical records to the public and published photographs of himself running on a treadmill.S. D." Although his message won appeal with older voters. Central.[15] Campaign donations controversy In late September 1995. locking out Perot and the other minor candidates from the discussion.S.[17] The DNC eventually returned the money donated by the Temple's monks and nuns. To prove that he was still Connecticut. law for religious organizations to donate money to politicians or political groups due to their tax-exempt status. Louis after the 1954 season to become the Baltimore Orioles. would eventually take his case to court. healthy and active.000 in illegal contributions to the 1996 Clinton-Gore re-election campaign through her efforts at the Temple. Louis Browns.Wikipedia September 18 when he made a reference to a no-hitter thrown the day before by Hideo Nomo of the "Brooklyn Dodgers". Justice Department alleged Hsia facilitated $100.4/8/2018 United States presidential election. he joked that he "was trying to do that new Democratic dance. "And I'd like to congratulate the St. Republican National Committee "operatives urg[ed] their party's Congressional candidates to cut loose from Bob Dole and press voters to maintain a Republican majority"[14] and spent $4 million on advertising in targeted districts. questions arose regarding the Democratic National Committee's fund-raising practices. After the falling incident in California. California. Department of Justice investigation had discovered evidence that agents of China sought to direct contributions from foreign sources to the DNC before the 1996 presidential campaign. In October. seeking damages from not being in the debate.S. in speeches and campaign ads "unappealing" to younger voters. instead choosing to confront it in more subtle ways such as the campaign slogan "Building Bridges to the Future" in contrast to the Republican candidate's frequent remarks that he was a "bridge to the past". before the social upheavals of the 1960s. In February the following year. law forbidding non-American citizens from giving monetary donations to" which had been cut nearly in half during his opponent's term. the Macarena". China's alleged role in the campaign finance controversy first gained public attention after the Washington Post published a story stating that a U. Seventeen people were eventually convicted for fraud or for funneling Asian funds into the U. like Medicare and Social Security. Clinton was always leading in the polls." (The Browns had left St.[18] https://en. The U. as well as citing unfair coverage from the major media outlets. "My generation won [World War II]. One of the more notable events learned involved Vice President Al Gore and a fund-raising event held at Hsi Lai Temple in Hacienda Heights. 1996 . warning America that Bob Dole would work in concert with the Republican Congress to slash popular social programs.[10] The Clinton campaign avoided mentioning Dole's age directly.[13] Throughout the run-up to the general election._1996 10/23 .[12] Bob Dole's tax-cut plan found itself under attack from the White House. and we may need to be called to service one first presidential debate on October last time. politicians and political parties. Throughout this campaign. A few days later Dole would make a joke about the remark by saying. painting him as a mere clone of unpopular House Speaker Newt Gingrich. Twelve nuns and employees of the Temple refused to answer questions by pleading the Fifth Amendment when they were subpoenaed to testify before Congress in 1997. Louis Cardinals on winning the N. Notice I said the St. Bill Clinton framed the narrative against Dole early.) Dole chose to focus on Clinton as being "part of the spoiled baby boomer generation" and Dole (left) and Clinton (right) at the stating.C. a team that had left Brooklyn for Los Angeles 38 years earlier. not the St. Louis Cardinals.wikipedia. The televised debates featured only Dole and Clinton. elections. The Temple event was organized by DNC fund-raisers John Huang and Maria Hsia. generally by large margins. It is illegal under U. who had been allowed to participate in the 1992 debates. Clinton maintained comfortable leads in the polls over Dole and Perot. 1996 at The Bushnell Center for was widely held as a liability and his frequent allusions to WWII and the Great Depression the Performing Arts in Hartford. The paper wrote that intelligence information had showed the Chinese Embassy in Washington. Hsia was eventually convicted by a jury in March 2000. without actually calling Dole old.S.[11] With respect to the issues. Perot.

though the margin of victory there was much closer). while Clinton became the first Democrat to win the state of Arizona since Harry Truman in 1948. or his 220 electoral vote margin since 1988. Washington County.2 million votes. This election also constitutes the last time that a Democrat won the presidency without winning Colorado and Virginia. and 1944.5 percentage popular vote margin since 1940. Roosevelt. all went on to vote Democratic in every subsequent Presidential election after having voted Republican in the five prior to 1992.W. he out-polled Dole by over 8. although all three won pluralities [i. In the South. and his running mate hailed from Tennessee.[21] Perot’s best showing was in states that tended to strongly favor either Clinton (such as Maine) or Dole (particularly Montana. Perot once again received his lowest amount of support in the South.4/8/2018 United States presidential election. Kentucky and West Virginia. Clinton took Florida – a state he had failed to win in 1992 – from the Republicans in exchange for the less electoral-vote-rich Georgia. Oneida County. Illinois._1996 11/23 . Although Clinton is a native of Arkansas. Louisiana. Bush he had won less Electoral states due to under- performance in rural counties nationwide – a precursor of the trend where future Democratic contenders for the Presidency perform well in populated metropolitan areas but vastly underperform in rural counties.5 percentage popular vote margin. in 2008. 1940. Clinton also remains the last presidential candidate of either party to win at least one county in every state[a] and the last Democrat to win a majority or plurality in Spokane County. The 1996 national exit poll showed that just as in 1992.[20] Clinton was the first Democrat to win re-election to the presidency since Franklin D. Although President Clinton had won a victory in the popular vote that was slightly greater than that achieved of his previous rival President H. the Democrats were able to win three former Confederate states. the Democratic ticket again carried just four of the eleven states of the American South. Maine. contributing to their defeat both times. Pennsylvania and Michigan both voted Democratic. In the popular vote.Wikipedia Results On election day. Minnesota. Tennessee.e. https://en. New Jersey and Connecticut. New York and Anoka County. with the Democratic incumbent winning 379 votes to the Republican ticket’s 159. Vermont. Arkansas. The Electoral College map did not change much from the previous election. but that was still worse than Clinton’s performances in both 1992 and 1996.[19] Perot drew supporters from Clinton and Dole equally. However. Reform Party nominee Ross Perot won approximately 8% of the popular vote. The election helped to cement Democratic Presidential control in California. a region in which Democrats had held a near monopoly from 1880 to 1948. 1996 remains the last time the following states voted Democratic: Arizona. no winning Presidential candidate has surpassed Bill Clinton’s 8. Missouri. His vote total was less than half of his performance in 1992. Following the 2016 election. 1996 . history that a candidate was elected President twice without receiving an absolute majority of the popular vote in either election (Grover Cleveland and Woodrow Wilson are the others. Pennsylvania. history the winner was elected without winning the male vote and the third time in U. Johnson in that election no Democratic Presidential candidate has surpassed his 8. Clinton consistently held substantial leads. Clinton's performance seems to have been part of a broader decline in support for the Democratic Party in the South. Washington. Since 1984. Roosevelt in 1936. Arkansas. Arizona. This completed the Republican takeover of the American South. President Clinton won a decisive victory over Dole. and would remain in the Democratic presidential fold until 2016. the most votes]). In the West.S.[20] In polls directed at Perot voters as to who would be a second choice. Nevada and Ohio until 2008. 1996 marked the first time that Vermont voted for a Democrat in two successive elections.S. This tied Clinton’s 1992 run for the weakest performance by a winning Democratic presidential candidate in the region before 2000 (in terms of states won). Westmoreland County. and the first Southern Democrat to win re-election since Andrew Jackson in 1832.wikipedia. In the 2000 and 2004 Dole managed to narrowly win Colorado and Montana (both had voted for Clinton four years earlier). the Democrats would fail to carry even one of the former Confederate states. Also note that no Democratic Presidential candidate has surpassed Clinton’s electoral vote margin since 1964 and except Lyndon B. becoming the first Democrat to win two consecutive presidential elections since Franklin D.[22] Clinton was also the last Democrat to win Florida. Pinal and Gila Counties. The election was also notable for the fact that for the first time in U.

000 Percent of voting age population casting a vote for President: 49.44% Electoral vote Clinton   70.htm) unofficial Secondary Source (Popular Vote): Leip.fec.htm) Source (popular and electoral vote): Federal Elections Commission Electoral and Popular Vote Summary (http://w ww.401.fec. Voting age population: 196.71% 159 French New York[24] 159 Dole Kemp Henry Ross Patrick Washington.197.670 0.24% Dole   40.4/8/2018 United States presidential election.Wikipedia Popular vote Running mate Presidential Home Electoral Vice- Party Electoral candidate state Count Percentage vote presidential Home state vote candidate William Albert Jefferson Democratic[b] Arkansas 47. Ralph Winona Green Connecticut 685.656 0.297 0. Dave Leip's Atlas of 0100127215534/http://www.php?year=1996&f=0&off=0&elect=0).469 40.archive.71% Browne 0. Reform[d] Texas 8.498.12% 0 Massachusetts 0 Hagelin Tompkins Other[g] 100% 538 538 Needed to win 270 270 Official Source (Popular Vote): 1996 Official Presidential General Election Results (https://web.294 Others 0.45% Dole Nader   0.00% Popular vote Clinton   49. Retrieved August 7.C. "1996 Presidential Election Results" (http://uselectionatlas.759 0.12% — Other[g] — Total 96.71% 0 California 0 Nader LaDuke[f] Harry Jo Libertarian Tennessee 485. David. 1996 .185 49.085.24% 379 Arnold Tennessee 379 Clinton Gore.40% 0 0 Perot Choate[e] D.277.50% 0 South Carolina 0 Browne Jorgensen Howard Herbert Taxpayers Virginia 184.19% 0 Oregon 0 Phillips Titus John Mike Natural Law Iowa 113. Presidential Elections.667 0. Jr. (Incumbent) Robert Jack Joseph Republican[c] Kansas 39.55% https://en.71% Perot   8._1996 12/23 .S. 2005.wikipedia.

wikipedia. 1996 .Wikipedia United States presidential election._1996 13/23 .

Results by Congressional District https://en. Bill Clinton Bob Dole 1996 Presidential Election._1996 14/23 .4/8/2018 United States presidential election.Wikipedia Election results by 1996 .

shaded according to winning candidate's percentage of the vote Results by state States/districts won by Clinton/Gore States/districts won by Dole/Kemp https://en.4/8/2018 United States presidential Results by county. 1996 .wikipedia._1996 15/23 .

32% – 483.64% – 27.4/8/2018 United States presidential election.016 41.424 41.18% 5 232.408 8.532 39.18% 4 62.95% – 363.611 1.54% 11 890.52% 8 622.134 8.20% – Ohio 21 2.40% – 6 https://en.072 7.378 30.884 7.586 39.149 6.396 8.614 45.380 33.751 41.34% – 3.458 7.10% 10 766.207 54.220 85.400.02% – 483.339 9.21% – 697.222 5.90% – California 54 5.91% – 43.989.530 38.37% – Hawaii 4 205.01% 9 712.244.10% 54 3.476 34.358 7.053.12% – Georgia 13 1.756.13% 12 224.740 52.47% 33 1.76% – 85.65% – 256.788 10.98% – Arkansas 6 475.837 52.50% – Iowa 7 620.073 44.02% – Delaware 3 140.078 35.60% – D.69% – 139.257 5.27% – 115.755 40.922 41.207 10.293 6.120.828.86% – 262.81% – 346.80% 8 99.29% – 112.763 61.26% 8 130.935 47.283 44.217 8.943 31.761 34.390 9.629 6.80% 3 – Kentucky 8 636.69% 18 1.89% – Michigan 18 1.214 49.01% – Alaska 3 80.105 40.90% – Arizona 8 653.225.27% – 122.72% 15 1.467 53.744 54.050 46.125 49.93% 4 199.75% – Minnesota 10 1.652.16% – 769.60% – Idaho 4 165.55% – 1.021 36.495 49.659 36. 1996 .61% – 503.62% 4 186.04% – 1.19% 3 17.835 51.847 6.103.670 8.52% – New Mexico 5 273.025.258 50.148.48% – 336.45% – 582.83% 8 483.639 8.47% – New 4 246.859.986 9.523 10.37% – 48.80% – 69.96% – 257.212 38.52% – Kansas 6 387.91% – Maine 4 312.198.67% – Louisiana 9 927.152 44.518 12.29% 6 92.84% – 1.43% – 691.12% 9 92.085.402 8.50% – Massachusetts 12 1.719 10.165 43. 3 158.01% 13 146.80% – New York 33 3.74% 6 325.47% 12 718.746 50.006.970 14.652 44.23% – 179.09% – 227._1996 16/23 .58% – 28.59% – Connecticut 8 735.595 52.52% – Nevada 4 203.94% – 123.119.11% 3 55.341.849 44.062 36.012 56.870 48.32% 4 196.88% – 120.693 47.443 33.107.315 48.355 51.08% – 583.843 47.812 6.86% – 32.94% 3 32.08% – 439.177 59.69% – Hampshire New Jersey 15 1.848 45.65% 5 71.044 50.278 10.26% 7 492.171 53.245 54.92% – 105.571.13% – 125.02% 25 2.481.883 41.96% – 2 Colorado 8 671.84% – TOTALS: 538 47.229 13.03% – Indiana 12 887.416 36.546.438 51.159 8.788 51.938 48.653 51.337 6.38% 21 1.66% – Oklahoma 8 488.587.24% – 217.71% – Illinois 22 2.870 9.21% 7 52.849 45.Wikipedia Bill Clinton Bob Dole Ross Perot Democratic Republican Reform electoral electoral electoral electoral State votes # % votes # % votes # % votes Alabama 9 662.188 10.380 38.838 49.06% – Montana 3 167.515 12.222 47.80% 3 99.wikipedia.107 28.059 6.492 30.32% 22 1.24% 379 39.19% – Maryland 10 966.94% – Florida 25 2.299 10.75% – Mississippi 7 394.84% – Missouri 11 1.329 53.536 42.56% – Nebraska 5 236.93% 4 113.71% 159 8.022 44.080.905 40.244 42.68% – North Dakota 3 106.73% 14 168.288 46.109 34.933.333 10.C.974 43.704 11.97% – North Carolina 14 1.25% 10 681.84% 8 623.644 39.

36% 7.198.46% 9.402 8. 4.98% – Vermont 3 137.85% – 573.70% 4. Alabama.894 4.41% 7. Kentucky.82% – 43.911 54. 5.633 33.59% – Texas 32 2. Tennessee.37% 5 66. 2.458 49.62% – Washington 11 1.75% – Utah 5 221.946 36. 2.333 43.96% 9.736._1996 17/23 . 1.24% 379 39.339 10.051 43.84% 11 840.09% – 31.543 46. 2.02% 2. 6.17% 23 1.04% 5.221 8.00% 11 863. Missouri.352 31.71% 4 104.35% – Wyoming 3 77.138.93% States where the margin of victory was between 5% and 10% (143 electoral votes): 1.03% – 150.20% – South Carolina 8 504. 1996 . Nevada. Arizona. 5. 6.89% 8 64.83% – 2.146 48.323 49.350 47.wikipedia.22% 6.81% 3 25.32% https://en.00% – Virginia 13 1.683 26. Texas.81% 8.125 49.639 11.123.683 43. 6.712 37.537 6. North Dakota.530 45.641 47. 5.96% States where the margin of victory was under 5% (109 electoral votes): 1. Colorado.30% – 361.15% – 1. Mississippi.400.71% 159 8. 7.934 36.984 9. Ohio.59% – 105.723 11. North Carolina. Georgia.76% – 71.388 49.003 8.918 5.40% – 6 [28] Close states State where the margin of victory was under 1% (8 electoral votes): 1.92% – West Virginia 5 327. South Dakota. 1.812 51.30% 6.48% – 227. 0.459.386 5.65% – Tennessee 11 909.13% 2.97% – 430.58% 3.861 6.69% 10. 1.26% – Wisconsin 11 1.81% 11 845. 3.167 48.60% – South Dakota 3 139.Wikipedia Bill Clinton Bob Dole Ross Perot Democratic Republican Reform electoral electoral electoral electoral State votes # % votes # % votes # % votes Oregon 7 649. Indiana.30% – 201. Montana.84% – 105. 6.250 9.071. Florida. 6.10% 13 159.801.971 48.17% 3. South Carolina.085.029 38.06% – 121.15% 7 538.49% 3 31.4/8/2018 United States presidential election.35% 3 80.060 45.25% – TOTALS: 538 47.091.76% 32 378.169 39.152 39. Virginia.80% – Pennsylvania 23 2.215.88% 8.37% 4.56% – Rhode Island 4 233.024 12. New Mexico.96% 5. 1.928 12.050 59.51% 5 233.461 9.755 40.819 49.

81% 11. 18/23 . New Hampshire.09% 12. 1996 . Oregon. Oklahoma. 8. 9.20% (tipping point state) 13.wikipedia. Pennsylvania. 7.95% Voter demographics https://en.4/8/2018 United States presidential election.Wikipedia 10.

Wikipedia The Presidential vote in social groups (percentages) % of Social group Clinton Dole Perot total vote Total vote 49 41 8 100 Party and ideology Conservative Republicans 6 88 5 21 Moderate Republicans 20 72 7 13 Liberal Republicans 44 48 9 2 Conservative independents 19 60 19 7 Moderate independents 50 30 17 15 Liberal independents 58 15 18 4 Conservative Democrats 69 23 7 6 Moderate Democrats 84 10 5 20 Liberal Democrats 89 5 4 13 Gender and marital status Married men 40 48 10 33 Married women 63 28 7 33 Unmarried men 49 35 12 15 Unmarried women 62 28 7 20 Race White 43 46 9 83 Black 84 12 4 10 Hispanic 72 21 6 5 Asian 43 48 8 1 Religion Protestant 41 50 8 38 Catholic 53 37 9 29 Other Christian 45 41 12 16 Jewish 78 16 3 3 Other 60 23 11 6 None 59 23 13 7 White Religious Right? White Religious Right 26 65 8 17 Everyone else 54 35 9 83 Age 18–29 years old 53 34 10 17 30–44 years old 48 41 9 33 45–59 years old 48 41 9 26 60 and older 48 44 7 24 First time voter? First time voter 54 34 11 9 1996 .wikipedia.4/8/2018 United States presidential election._1996 19/23 .

000 50 39 8 21 Suburbs 47 42 8 39 Rural areas. The odds against this sort of error occurring were 15.4%.000–30. 1996 .Wikipedia Everyone else 48 42 8 91 Sexual orientation Gay.[32] See also List of Presidents of the United States https://en.wikipedia. towns 45 44 10 30 Source: Voter News Service exit poll.[32] there was no major reaction towards the inaccuracy of the polls. lesbian.4/8/2018 United States presidential election.0 45.[31] However. or bisexual 66 23 7 5 Heterosexual 47 43 8 95 Education Not a high school graduate 59 28 11 6 High school graduate 51 35 13 24 Some college education 48 40 10 27 College graduate 44 46 8 26 Postgraduate education 52 40 5 17 Family income Under $15.000 47 45 7 21 $75. November 10. having examined eight pre-election polls.9 7. 28. reported in The New York Times.000–75. almost all of which overstated Clinton's lead over Dole.000 38 54 6 9 Region East 55 34 9 23 Midwest 48 41 10 26 South 46.[32] The polls were also less inaccurate than the overwhelming majority of those taken in 1948.900 elections. the chances of this happening were 10:1 against._1996 20/23 . a CBS/New York Times poll overstated Clinton's lead by 10 points despite having an error margin of 2.000 59 28 11 11 $15. because Clinton won the election by a comfortable margin.000–50.000:1.000 68 25 6 10 Population 50. For example. which predicted that Ronald Reagan would win without a landslide victory.[32] which predicted that losing candidate Thomas Dewey would beat President Harry Truman by a comfortable margin.000 48 40 10 27 $50.000–[30] A less extreme example was a Pew poll that overstated Clinton's lead by 5 points.[30] Gerald Wasserman.[29] Polling controversy Some post-election debate focused on the alleged flaws in the pre-election polls.000 53 36 9 23 $30.000 to 500. argued that pure chance would produce such a skewed result in favor of Clinton only once in 4.3 30 West 48 40 8 20 Community size Population over 500. some by a substantial margin.000 44 48 7 9 Over $100.[32] and in 1980. 1996.

and Bob Dole: A Talk with the President" (https://web. Retrieved 2018-04-04. (October 7. 6. 1996). Holmes.thefreelibrary. Chicago Tribune. "Anyone left? The search for a Clinton challenger in 1996" (http://www. Thomas (September 20. Steven A. Good luck with that" (https://www. "AllPolitics – Tracking Poll – Nov. Townhall.html) April 3.cnn. 2009).org. "Dole Makes Strong Rebound After Fall" ( 1996 References Woodward._1996 21/23 . Time. Washington Post.cnn.html?res=9E0CE0DB1F3FF936A35752C1A964958260) Bob and Duffy. 1998 19. Yahoo! News. Aaiusa. Retrieved December 6. Lewis. 1996). Retrieved August 18. "Down Ticket #3: Republicans want to keep Congress by sacrificing Trump. 10. 3. usinessweek. 1997.-a016914424). 2010. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U. June e. CNN. Uselectionatlas. Jay (November Businessweek. Nathan.a.htm).c-span. attlewis/2008/09/25/mccain_and_obama_can_learn_a_lot_from_past_debaters). "US President – D Primaries Race – Feb 01. May S/stories/03/03/gore3_3. 5.html). CNN.S. 1996" (http://www. "'Stop-Newt' Republicans Confront New Base" ( "09/02/96 Medicare.html) Bloomberg News 3040834.usa. Retrieved March 10. Newton-Small. 2010. 16. "Chinese Embassy Role In Contributions Probed" (https://www. "Clinton And Dole. Matt (September 25. Archived ( Washington watch (1994-06-06).htm).4/8/2018 United States presidential election. 1996).nytimes. June 9. 11. Spar Over Medicare And Taxes" ( Pushes Congress Strategy That Shuns Dole" (https://www. 1996 United States House of Representatives elections. "Election Dates" ( 2016).washingtonpost. 2012). 1995. Retrieved June 17.Wikipedia Second inauguration of Bill Clinton Newspaper endorsements in the United States presidential "Can a Pro-Life Dem Bridge the Health-Care Divide?" (http://www. "G.O. Romano. "AllPolitics – Presidential Election Exit Poll Results" (http://www. Retrieved May 26. 2010. Eskenazi. Michael.html). s/ 2-01-26/-stop-newt-republicans-confront-base-unwilling-to-take-orders. March 3. Retrieved June 17.exit.cnn.businesswee k. "US President – R Primaries Race – July 7. Presidential Elections" (http://uselectionatlas. 1992). Our Campaigns. The New York Times. (November tics/special/campfin/stories/china1. Perot's Strong Showing Raises Questions On What Might Have Been. 060998.ourcampaigns. 1996 . "Republicans Prepare to Run in 1996 . Retrieved October 21. Hardy.aaiusa. CNN.poll/index1. 2008. The New York Times. Retrieved May 26. uselectionatlas. Retrieved June m/gst/fullpage. 13. The New York Times. Retrieved December 6. Adam (October 23. 1996" (http://www. February 13. Face To Face. 1996" (http://www.ourcampaigns. 2010. at the Wayback Machine. The Progressive. 1996 United States gubernatorial elections.8599. https://www. Julie Hirschfeld Davis (January 26. 2010. Archived from the original (http://www. 2010. TheFreeLibrary. Andrew (August 16.nytimes. 2008). American Institute" ( Clyme. "McCain and Obama Can Learn A Lot From Past Debaters" ( ws/9609200264_1_bob-dole-press-secretary-nelson-warfield-drug-abuse). 4. 2.html?RaceID=13494).. and Might Be" ( 4). 2016.archive.htm) on June 28.archive. Washington Post. Richard L. 2000 18. "It's the age of his ideas that I question" 12. "THE 1992 ELECTIONS: DISAPPOINTMENT – NEWS ANALYSIS An Eccentric but No Joke. Taxes. a guilty verdict to watch" ( inton+challenger+in+1996.1942614. "A Look at the 94 Who Aren't Talking" (https://www. Our Campaigns. 1997 17.html?RaceID=55214). 1996 United States Senate 3/ "For both Gore and GOP. s/article/0.chicagotribune.cnn.a.php). 1997.

Cattaraugus https://en.464 votes on the Reform ticket and 36. doi:10.cattaraugus. The 1996 Presidential Election in the South: Southern Party Systems in the Robert David. (1998). New York State. 29. Montana.707 votes on the Republican ticket. Benjamin Harrison in 1888. and Texas election ballots. Perot obtained 27.html). Daily Princetonian Publishing Company.poll/index2. f. John C. . Retrieved June 17.purdue. Winona LaDuke was his vice presidential candidate in eighteen of the twenty-two states where he appeared on the ballot. 2006. Retrieved November 27. CNN.pdf) (PDF).1086%2F297842). W.psych.washingtonpost. ISBN 0-585-22457-9.ia. ISBN 1-4000-3003-X.cerro-gordo. Madelyn Hoffman was his running mate in New Jersey. The Public Opinion Quarterly. South Dakota. Ronald Reagan in 1984 and 1980. Others since the Civil War to win a county in every state have been Clinton in 1992.[26] Muriel Tillinghast was his running mate in New York. 1996 Presidential General Election Data . 32. Moreland and Robert P. "November 12. Kennedy in 1960. (1997)._1996 22/23 .org/web/20060126213548/http://clerk. Further reading Books Laurence W. the Perot vote was a fusion of the Reform and Patriot slates. Retrieved June 17. Archived from the original (http://clerk. Clinton obtained 3. ISBN 0-275-95951-1. " '96 Presidential and Congressional Election Statistics" (https://web. Steed. 1996" (http://www.[23] e. Kansas. Maryland. Woodrow Wilson in 1916 and mbers/electionInfo/1996/96Stat. There. Richard Nixon in 1972 and 1960. "Were The Polls Right?" (http://www2.393 votes on the Freedom ticket.National (http://uselectionatlas. 2010.ny. (1999). Candidates receiving less than 0. 2016 23.psych.4/8/2018 United States presidential election.1086/297842 (https://doi. Perot’s former boss at IBM. June 29.%201996.archive. 2010. America Magazine in The National Catholic Review.392 votes on the Conservative ticket. the Clinton vote was a fusion of the Democratic and Liberal slates.purdue. Tennessee. Cattaraugus County: Board of Elections: 1996 Election Results.htm). Andrew E. James conventional-wisdom/how-red-and-blue-map-evolved-over-past-century).edu. Conservative. Financing the 1996 Election. Matthews.php?year=1996&datatype=national &def=1&f=0&off=0&elect=0). Retrieved February 17. ISBN whose home state of New York saw an even stronger anti-Republican swing in 1996" 25.547 votes on the Liberal ticket. In New York. and Freedom slates. Maine.americamagazine. was listed as a stand-in Vice-Presidential candidate until Perot decided on Pat Choate as his choice for Vice President.738.. . 1936 and 1932. et al.htm) on January ws/234. In South Carolina.shtml). Mitofsky. 1940. Garfield in 1880 and Ulysses S. Busch (1997).913 votes on the Patriot ticket. "Review: Was 1996 a Worse Year for Polls Than 1948?".edu/~codelab/PollOdds.. Dwight D. James Campbell of California. 183. 30. Official website of the Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. Inc.649. The Election of 1996: Reports and Interpretations. Vintage. Ceaser. Cerro Gordo County. 28..html). 26. Oregon. Indiana.[23] c. Grant in 1872. 1996 . There. 2012). James A. "1996 Presidential Exit Polls Results" (http://www. There.html). In New York. Dylan (August 9. Green. the Dole vote was a fusion of the Republican. Anne Goeke was Nader's running mate in Iowa[25] and Vermont. Retrieved March 30. 22. Uselectionatlas. ed. 2000).dailyprincetonian.cnn. Bill (2005). Retrieved March 30. "The effect of veep picks. 2006. Franklin Delano Roosevelt in 1944. b. The Daily Princetonian.[27] g. ‘How the Red and Blue Map Evolved Over the Past Century’ (http://www. (1997). 62 (2): 230–249. Louisiana.05% of the total popular vote. The Washington Post. Notes a. Minutes of the Meetings of the Board of Supervisors. "Jack Kemp. and Losing to Win: The 1996 Elections and American Politics. On the California. "Electors of President and Vice President" (http://www. "Nader '55 to run for president" (http://www.[23] d.psych. John F. 2006. 27. Gerald M. 31. Sullivan. 2006. Retrieved March 30. in two charts" (https://www. eds. ISBN 0-8476-8405-9.630 votes on the Democratic ticket and 106. Missouri. The Green Party vice presidential candidate varied from state to state.purdue.html). Eisenhower in 1956 and 1952. "Polls" (http://www2. Dole obtained Sonia (February 22.purdue. 1996.wikipedia. My Life. 2012/08/09/the-effect-of-veep-picks-in-two-charts/).exit.

The American Review of Politics. 1996 .4/8/2018 United States presidential election.php) 1996 popular vote by counties (http://geoelections.cnn. Inc. Archived from the original ( 1996 popular vote by states (http://psephos.php?title=United_States_presidential_election. Massachusetts Institute of Technology Clinton-Gore 1996 website screen shots (http://www. https://en.html) Popular vote data from the Federal Election Commission (http://www.archive. 2006.Wikipedia Journals a non-profit organization.htm) Dole-Kemp 1996 website (http://www. "Fear & Loathing on the Campaign Trail '96" ( 96) at the Wayback Machine (archived August 25. at at Encyclopædia Britannica The Election Wall's 1996 Election Video Page ( Marthe Chandler (2000).lp..php?year=1996&fips=0&f=1&off=0 &elect=0) CNN: 1996 Presidential Campaign Ads (http://www._1996&oldid=835223838" This page was last edited on 7 April Web references "Libertarian Party Historical Overview" ( Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 1968–1996". Retrieved January 25. 21: 69–87.shtml) on January Ted G.countingthevotes. Retrieved December 21.htm) Election of 1996 in Counting the Votes (http://www. By using this site. "Culture Wars in the Trenches: Social Issues as Short-Term Forces in Presidential Elections.shtm l). External links United States presidential election of 1996 (https://www. additional terms may apply. you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.htm) How close was the 1996 election? ( 2011.lp. 2012) — Michael 1996 popular vote by states (with bar graphs) ( Retrieved from "https://en._1996 23/23 .com/ALLPOLITICS/1996/candidates/ Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia