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Railway Group Standard
GK/RT0058
Issue One
Date December 2014

Lineside Signal Aspect


and Indication
Requirements

Synopsis
This document mandates the
appearance of lineside signalling system
displays and the information they
convey.

This document contains one or more pages which contain colour Copyright in the Railway Group Standards is owned by
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hereby reserved. No Railway Group Standard (in whole
or in part) may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval
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prior written permission of Rail Safety and Standards
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Standards, Rail Safety and Standards Board Limited
accepts no responsibility for, nor any liability in connection
with, the use of such extracts, or any claims arising
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reproduced.

Published by:

RSSB
Block 2
Angel Square
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© Copyright 2014
Rail Safety and Standards Board Limited
Uncontrolled When Printed
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Superseded by RIS-0758-CCS Iss 1 with effect from 03/03/2018
Railway Group Standard
GK/RT0058
Issue One Lineside Signal Aspect and
Date December 2014 Indication Requirements

Issue record
Issue Date Comments
One December 2014 Original document.
This standard is the result of an analysis of technical
compatibility between lineside signalling systems
and train operations. The requirements set out in
this standard are consistent with the development of
products that are capable of being interpretable,
which is a pre-requisite of obtaining an authorisation
for placing a new or modified lineside signalling
system into service.

Superseded documents
The following Railway Group Standard is superseded, either in whole or in part as
indicated:

Superseded documents Sections superseded Date when


sections are
superseded
GK/RT0045 issue three Lineside 2.1.1a; 2.1.1b; 2.1.2; 2.2.1.1; 07 March 2015
Signals, Indicators and Layout of 2.2.1.2a; 2.2.1.2b; 2.2.1.3a;
Signals 2.2.1.3b; 2.2.1.4a; 2.2.1.4b;
2.2.1.4c; 2.2.1.4d; 2.2.2.2;
2.2.4.7; 2.2.4.8; 2.2.5.3; 2.2.5.5;
2.2.5.6; 2.2.5.8a; 2.2.5.8b;
2.2.6.1; 2.2.6.5; 2.2.6.6; 2.2.6.9;
2.2.7.2; 2.2.7.5; 2.2.8.3; 2.2.8.5;
2.3.1.1; 2.3.1.5; 2.3.2.5; 2.3.3.2;
2.3.3.3; 2.4.1.2; 2.4.2.2; 2.4.3.2;
2.4.5.2; 2.4.6.5; 2.4.6.6; 2.4.7.3;
2.4.8.2; 2.4.8.7a; 2.4.8.7b;
2.5.1.1a; 2.5.1.1b; 2.5.2.1;
2.5.3.1a; 2.5.3.1b; 4.1.8; 7.1.1;
7.2.1; 7.3.1; 7.3.2

GK/RT0045 issue three Lineside Signals, Indicators and Layout of Signals, ceases to be in
force and is withdrawn as of 07 March 2015.

Supply
The authoritative version of this document is available at www.rgsonline.co.uk.
Uncontrolled copies of this document can be obtained from Communications, RSSB,
Block 2, Angel Square, 1 Torrens Street, London EC1V 1NY, telephone 020 3142 5400 or
e-mail enquirydesk@rssb.co.uk. Other Standards and associated documents can also be
viewed at www.rgsonline.co.uk.

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Railway Group Standard
GK/RT0058
Lineside Signal Aspect and Issue One
Indication Requirements Date December 2014

Contents
Section Description Page

Part 1 Purpose and Introduction 5


1.1 Purpose 5
1.2 Introduction 5
1.3 Approval and authorisation of this document 5

Part 2 Requirements for Lineside Signal Aspect and Indication Requirements 6


2.1 Signal aspect and indication appearance 6
2.2 Signal aspect and indication combinations 7
2.3 Signal aspect and route indication combinations 8
2.4 Signal aspects and supplementary indication combinations 9

Part 3 Application of this document 10


3.1 Scope 10
3.2 Exclusions from scope 10
3.3 General compliance date 10
3.4 Exceptions to general compliance date 10
3.5 Health and safety responsibilities 11

Appendices
Appendix A Information Conveyed by Lineside Signals 12
Appendix B Information Conveyed by Route Indicators 27
Appendix C System Status Information Conveyed by Lineside Indicators 30
Appendix D Operational Information Conveyed by Lineside Indicators 33

Definitions 35

References 37

Tables
Table 1 Displays that convey signalling information 6
Table 2 Signal aspects that use display combinations 7
Table 3 Permitted signal aspect and route indication combinations 8
Table 4 Signal aspect and supplementary indication display combinations 9
Table A.1 Stop aspects 12
Table A.2 Shunting conditional stop aspects 13
Table A.3 Shunt aspects 13
Table A.4 Calling-on aspects 14
Table A.5 PoSA aspects 15
Table A.6 Cautionary aspects in 3-aspect TCB signalling areas 15
Table A.7 Preferred cautionary aspects in 4-aspect TCB signalling areas 16
Table A.8 Non-preferred cautionary aspects in 4-aspect TCB signalling areas 16
Table A.9 TCB unrestricted proceed-aspects 17
Table A.10 Distant signal aspects 18
Table A.11 Home signal and non-block stop signal OFF aspects 19
Table A.12 Section signal and intermediate block home signal OFF aspects 20
Table A.13 Junction approach flashing cautionary aspects 21
Table A.14 Junction approach splitting cautionary and unrestricted proceed-aspects 23
Table A.15 Banner repeater indications 23

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Railway Group Standard
GK/RT0058
Issue One Lineside Signal Aspect and
Date December 2014 Indication Requirements

Table A.16 Splitting banner repeater indications 26


Table B.1 Junction indications 27
Table B.2 Preliminary junction indications 28
Table B.3 Alphanumeric route indications 29
Table C.1 Locally monitored infrastructure not operated indication 30
Table C.2 Facing points set indication 30
Table C.4 Locally monitored level crossing indications 31
Table C.4 TPWS indications 31
Table C.5 Mechanical trip-cock test indications 32
Table D.1 Train dispatch indications 33
Table D.2 Loading / unloading indications 34

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Railway Group Standard
GK/RT0058
Lineside Signal Aspect and Issue One
Indication Requirements Date December 2014

Part 1 Purpose and Introduction


1.1 Purpose
1.1.1 This document mandates requirements for lineside signal aspects and indications
and the information that they are used to convey.

1.2 Introduction
1.2.1 Background
1.2.1.1 Lineside signalling systems are provided by infrastructure managers to convey
the following types of information to authorised users involved with train
operations:
a) Movement authority information.
b) Routing information.
c) Permissible speed information.
d) Locally monitored infrastructure status information.
e) Operating instructions.

1.2.1.2 The information is conveyed in the form of signal aspects, route indications,
lineside operational signs and other signalling indications. Authorised users read
the information being conveyed on the basis of the appearance of what is being
displayed.

1.2.1.3 This document specifies the appearance and information conveyed by lineside
signal aspects and indications so that they are interpretable and therefore
compatible with the requirement that an authorised user should be able to
understand the information being conveyed.

1.2.1.4 The scope of this document does not include compatibility of lineside signal
aspects and indications with train driving processes when an in-cab signalling
system is in use.

1.2.2 Related requirements in other documents


1.2.2.1 The following Railway Group Standard contains requirements that are relevant to
the scope of this document:

GK/RT0070 Signalling Layout Design Requirements [in preparation, will


replace some parts of GK/RT0045]

GE/RT8102 Signalling Layout Driveability Assessment Requirements [in


preparation, will replace some parts of GK/RT0045]

1.2.3 Supporting documents


1.2.3.1 The following Rail Industry Guidance Note supports this Railway Group Standard:

GK/GN0658 Guidance on Lineside Signal Aspect and Indication


Requirements

1.3 Approval and authorisation of this document


1.3.1 The content of this document was approved by Control Command and Signalling
(CCS) Standards Committee on 16 October 2014.

1.3.2 This document was authorised by RSSB on 24 October 2014.

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Railway Group Standard
GK/RT0058
Issue One Lineside Signal Aspect and
Date December 2014 Indication Requirements

Part 2 Requirements for Lineside Signal Aspect and


Indication Requirements
2.1 Signal aspect and indication appearance
2.1.1 Each lineside signal shall continuously present the relevant signal aspect, except
where the signal is configured with approach lighting functionality.

2.1.2 A signal shall be configured with approach lighting functionality only if both of the
following criteria apply:

a) The signal does not contribute to the overall readability of signals on other
lines.

And

b) The relevant signal aspect is readable whenever the signal is approached by


a train on the line to which it applies.

2.1.3 The interruption of signal aspects and indications that are not designed to flash
shall not exceed a single period of 250 mS in any one hour.

2.1.4 Signalling information shall be conveyed using only the signal aspects and
indications set out in Table 1.

Type of Clause or Table reference


information
Conveyed by
being Individual Display
conveyed displays combinations
Movement
Signal aspect Tables A.1 to A.14 2.2
authority (MA)

Repeat MA Banner repeater indication Table A.15 Not applicable

Junction indication Table B.1


Routing 2.3
Alphanumeric indication Table B.3
Repeat routing Preliminary junction indication Table B.2 Not applicable
Semaphore junction signal Tables A.9, A.11
2.2
OFF aspect and A.12
MA + routing
Flashing signal aspect Table A.13 Not applicable
Splitting distant signal aspect Not applicable Table A.14
Repeat MA + Splitting banner repeater
Not applicable Table A.16
routing indication

Locally Coloured light signalling


monitored indication Tables C.1 to C.5
system status Alphanumeric indication
2.4
Coloured light signalling
Operating indication Tables D.1 and
instruction D.2
Alphanumeric indication
Table 1 Displays that convey signalling information

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Railway Group Standard
GK/RT0058
Lineside Signal Aspect and Issue One
Indication Requirements Date December 2014

2.2 Signal aspect and indication combinations


2.2.1 Signal aspect combinations shall be presented only in accordance with Table 2.

Signal aspect type Display combination requirements


A position light signal aspect presented with a
Subsidiary position light signal OFF
colour light signal red aspect or stop board, as
aspects
set out in A.3, A.4 or A.5.
Splitting distant signal aspects Two colour light signal aspects presented
together, as set out in A.13.
Semaphore main stop and distant The distant arm shall:
signal arm combinations a) Be positioned below the associated main
stop arm and on the same signal post.
And
b) Be presented in the OFF position only
when the associated main stop arm is also
presented in the OFF position.
Semaphore main and subsidiary The calling-on (subsidiary) arm shall:
signal arm combinations a) Be mounted below the associated main
stop arm (and where provided, the
associated distant arm), and on the same
signal post.
And
b) Be presented in the OFF position only
when the associated main stop arm is in
the ON position.
Semaphore junction signal arm
As set out in 2.2.2 and 2.2.3.
combinations
Co-acting signal aspects Duplicated signal aspects.
Table 2 Signal aspects that use display combinations

2.2.2 Semaphore junction signals that convey routing information using stepped,
multiple stop arms shall meet the following principles:

a) A separate stop arm shall be provided for each route.

b) The relative horizontal position of each stop arm shall correspond with the
direction of the applicable diverging route relative to the other signalled
routes beyond the junction.

c) The uppermost stop arm shall apply to the route with the highest permissible
speed.

d) The relative vertical position of the other stop arms shall correspond with the
relative permissible speed on each diverging route.

2.2.3 Semaphore junction signals that convey routing information using stacked,
multiple stop arms or discs shall meet the following principles:

a) A separate stop arm or disc shall be provided for each route.

b) The uppermost stop arm or disc shall correspond with the most extreme left-
hand route.

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Railway Group Standard
GK/RT0058
Issue One Lineside Signal Aspect and
Date December 2014 Indication Requirements

c) The relative vertical position of each additional stop arm or disc shall
correspond with the extent of the divergence from left to right.

2.3 Signal aspect and route indication combinations


2.3.1 Junction signal aspect and route indication combinations shall be presented only
in accordance with Table 3.

Junction signal Permitted route indication type


Junction signal type
aspect type
All junction signals Stop aspect None (#1)
Colour light signal Proceed-aspect (#2) Junction indication

Colour light signal Proceed-aspect (#2) Alphanumeric indication

Colour light signal Proceed-aspect (#2) Junction indication


and
Alphanumeric indication
Semaphore signal Proceed-aspect Alphanumeric indication (#3)

Independent or
subsidiary position Proceed-aspect Alphanumeric indication (#3)
light signal
#1 See 2.3.2; #2 See 2.3.3; #3 See 2.3.4
Table 3 Permitted signal aspect and route indication combinations

2.3.2 A route indication and stop aspect combination shall be presented only for route
indication-proving purposes immediately before the proceed-aspect is presented.

2.3.3 A route indication shall not be presented in combination with any of the following
signal displays:

a) Flashing single yellow.

b) Flashing double yellow.

c) Any splitting distant signal aspect where both signal heads are illuminated.

2.3.4 When an alphanumeric route indication is presented by a main stop signal that
also incorporates a subsidiary signal aspect (unless the exception set out in 2.3.5
applies):

a) The alphanumeric route indications presented with main proceed-aspects


shall be displayed in a different position to any alphanumeric route
indications presented with the subsidiary aspect.

And

b) Any alphanumeric route indications presented with the subsidiary aspect


shall appear to be at least 50% smaller than the alphanumeric route
indications presented with the main proceed-aspects.

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Railway Group Standard
GK/RT0058
Lineside Signal Aspect and Issue One
Indication Requirements Date December 2014

2.3.5 A main stop signal shall present alphanumeric route indications that have a
similar size and positional relationship with the main and subsidiary aspects only
if the following criteria apply:

a) Physical environment and structure gauge limitations mean that compliance


with 2.3.4 is not feasible.

And

b) A signal sighting assessment confirms that sufficient mitigation will be


available to control the risk from a driver misreading the MA.

2.4 Signal aspects and supplementary indication combinations


2.4.1 Signal aspect and supplementary indication combinations shall be presented,
only as set out in Table 4.

Signal type Signal aspect Permitted Additional permitted


supplementary supplementary
indication indication
Stop signal
(excluding stop Stop aspect 'TT' None
board)
‘CD’ or ‘RA’ (#1)
Loading / unloading
All stop signals indication None
Proceed-aspect
Flashing white light

Isolated distant
‘CD’ or ‘RA’ (#1) None
signal
Banner repeater ON aspect None
Banner repeater OFF aspect 'CD' or 'RA' (#1) None
Flashing red light
Stop board Steady yellow light
Stop aspect Flashing white light
(#2) Steady blue light
Flashing blue light
#1 Where both indications are presented at the same signal, the ‘RA’ indication shall
supersede the ‘CD’ indication
#2 The stop board shall also present wording to convey any relevant operating
instructions
Table 4 Signal aspect and supplementary indication display combinations

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Railway Group Standard
GK/RT0058
Issue One Lineside Signal Aspect and
Date December 2014 Indication Requirements

Part 3 Application of this document


3.1 Scope
3.1.1 The requirements of this document apply to all work that affects lineside signal
aspects and indications, whether new or alteration.

3.1.2 Where infrastructure is subject to modification or upgrade and the nature of the
modification or upgrade provides a reasonable opportunity to bring the
infrastructure into conformity, then the requirements of this document applicable
to the alteration apply.

3.1.3 Action to bring existing lineside signal aspects and indications into compliance
with the requirements of this document [or part of document] is not required.

3.1.4 Action to bring existing lineside signal aspects and indications into compliance is
required when that part of the lineside signalling system is modified or renewed
as a whole.

3.2 Exclusions from scope


3.2.1 The requirements in this standard are not applicable where an in-cab signalling
system is in use.

3.3 General compliance date


3.3.1 This Railway Group Standard comes into force and is to be complied with from
07 March 2015.

3.3.2 After the compliance date, or the date by which compliance is achieved, if earlier,
compliance with the requirements set out in this Railway Group Standard is to be
maintained. Where it is considered not reasonably practicable to comply with the
requirements, permission to comply with a specified alternative should be sought
in accordance with the Railway Group Standards Code.

3.4 Exceptions to general compliance date


3.4.1 There are no exceptions to the general compliance date specified in 3.3.

3.4.2 It is permissible to designate specific infrastructure projects, at an advanced


stage of development when this document comes into force, for which
compliance with the requirements of this document applicable to the design,
construction and commissioning of new or altered infrastructure is not mandatory.
When designating such projects, the following shall be considered:

a) Its responsibilities under its current safety authorisation.

b) The stage reached by the project at the time this document comes into force
(for example, approval in principle).

c) Whether compliance is necessary to ensure compatibility with other parts of


the infrastructure.

d) Whether compliance is necessary to facilitate the safe working of the railway


system having regard to changes to related requirements mandated on
another infrastructure manager or a railway undertaking.

e) The economic impact of compliance, but subject to its current safety


authorisation in relation to the infrastructure in question.

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Railway Group Standard
GK/RT0058
Lineside Signal Aspect and Issue One
Indication Requirements Date December 2014

3.4.3 Where any designations are made for infrastructure projects, those projects shall
continue to meet the equivalent requirements in the RGSs applying to the project
before the designation.

3.5 Health and safety responsibilities


3.5.1 Users of documents published by RSSB are reminded of the need to consider
their own responsibilities to ensure health and safety at work and their own duties
under health and safety legislation. RSSB does not warrant that compliance with
all or any documents published by RSSB is sufficient in itself to ensure safe
systems of work or operation or to satisfy such responsibilities or duties.

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Railway Group Standard
GK/RT0058
Issue One Lineside Signal Aspect and
Date December 2014 Indication Requirements

Appendix A Information Conveyed by Lineside Signals


The content of this appendix is mandatory

A.1 Limit of MA
Conveyed information Description Example Designation
Colour light signal
head generating
the red display
Semaphore main
stop arm
horizontally
aligned (+5o, -5o)
and a red signal
light

Main stop
aspect
Stop board

Stop

Retro-reflective
buffer beam in (#1)
combination with
MA information:
two buffer-stop
Limit of MA lights vertically
aligned

Independent
position light
signal generating
the PLS red ON
display
Semaphore
miniature stop
arm horizontally
Shunting stop
aligned (+5o, -5o)
aspect
and a red signal
light
Semaphore
shunting disc
horizontally
aligned (+5o, -5o)
and a red signal
light
#1 Buffer-stop lights coloured either signal red or signal white
Table A.1 Stop aspects

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GK/RT0058
Lineside Signal Aspect and Issue One
Indication Requirements Date December 2014

A.2 Limit of MA on the signalled route


Conveyed information Description Example Designation
MA information Independent position Non-preferred
Limit of MA for train light signal Shunting
movements towards a generating the PLS conditional stop
signalled line yellow ON display aspect

Table A.2 Shunting conditional stop aspects

A.3 Shunting MA
Conveyed information Description Example Designation

Independent position
light signal generating
the PLS steady OFF
display

MA information: Semaphore shunting


Shunting MA. disc aligned at 45o
The line ahead might be (+20o, -10o) above or
occupied. below horizontal and
a green signal light (upper quadrant is shown)
Routing information:
(#1) Semaphore miniature
stop arm aligned at
45o (+20o, -10o)
above or below
horizontal and a
green signal light (upper quadrant is shown)
Shunt aspect

A position light signal


generating PLS
steady OFF display in
combination with a
colour light signal
head generating the
MA information: red display
Shunting MA.
The line ahead might be
occupied. A position light signal
generating PLS
steady OFF display in
combination with a
Stop
stop board

#1 Section 2.2 sets out further requirements for conveying routing information using multiple
semaphore signal arms and discs

Table A.3 Shunt aspects

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Railway Group Standard
GK/RT0058
Issue One Lineside Signal Aspect and
Date December 2014 Indication Requirements

A.4 Calling on MA
Conveyed information Description Example Designation
A position light
signal generating
PLS steady OFF
display in
combination with
a colour light
signal head
generating the red
display

A semaphore
MA information:
calling-on arm Calling-on
Calling-on MA. aligned at 45o aspect
The line ahead is occupied. (+20o, -10o) above
or below
horizontal and a
green signal light
positioned below
a semaphore
main stop arm
horizontally
aligned (+5o, -5o)
and a red signal (upper quadrant is shown)
light

Table A.4 Calling-on aspects

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Railway Group Standard
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Lineside Signal Aspect and Issue One
Indication Requirements Date December 2014

A.5 Proceed-on-Sight Authority (PoSA) MA


Conveyed information Description Example Designation
A position light
signal generating
PLS flashing OFF
display in
Subsidiary
combination with
PoSA aspect
MA information: a colour light
signal head
Proceed-on-sight authority generating the red
(PoSA) MA (#1)
display

A position light
signal generating Independent
PLS flashing OFF PoSA aspect
display (#1)
#1 Flashing aspect parameters:
a) Flashing rate: 60 cycles per minute (+/-10).
b) Flashing pattern:
i) Lit for 50% - 66% of each flashing cycle.
ii) Flashing cycles shall be of equal length.
iii) Multiple display elements flash synchronously.

Table A.5 PoSA aspects

A.6 Cautionary MA in 3-aspect track circuit block (TCB) signalling areas


Conveyed information Description Example Designation
A colour light
signal head
generating the
MA information: single yellow
Non-permissive MA. display
One signal section is clear. 3-aspect caution
Signalling braking distance
is available. A fixed distant
board

Table A.6 Cautionary aspects in 3-aspect TCB signalling areas

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Railway Group Standard
GK/RT0058
Issue One Lineside Signal Aspect and
Date December 2014 Indication Requirements

A.7 Cautionary MA in 4-aspect TCB signalling areas (preferred)


Conveyed information Description Example Designation
MA information:
Non-permissive MA. A colour light
signal head
Two signal sections are generating the 4-aspect first caution
clear. double yellow
Signalling braking distance display
is available.
MA information:
Non-permissive MA. A colour light
signal head
One signal section is clear. 4-aspect single yellow
generating the
At least 33% signalling caution
single yellow
braking distance is display
available.

Table A.7 Preferred cautionary aspects in 4-aspect TCB signalling areas


A.8 Cautionary MA in 4-aspect TCB signalling areas (non-preferred)
Conveyed information Description Example Designation
MA information: (#1 or #2)
Non-permissive MA. Non-preferred
Three signal sections are
clear.
A colour light 4-aspect first caution
Signalling braking distance
is available. signal head
generating the
MA information: (#1) double yellow
Non-permissive MA. display Non-preferred
Two signal sections are
clear. 4-aspect additional double
Less than signalling braking yellow caution
distance is available.
MA information: (#2)
Non-permissive MA. Non-preferred
Two signal sections are
clear.
4-aspect single yellow
At least 33% signalling A colour light caution
braking distance is signal head
available. generating the
MA information: (#2) single yellow
display Non-preferred
Non-permissive MA.
One signal section is clear.
Less than 33% signalling 4-aspect closing-up single
braking distance is yellow caution
available.
#1 Part of YY – YY – Y – R cautionary aspect sequence
#2 Part of YY – Y – Y – R cautionary aspect sequence
Table A.8 Non-preferred cautionary aspects in 4-aspect TCB signalling areas

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Railway Group Standard
GK/RT0058
Lineside Signal Aspect and Issue One
Indication Requirements Date December 2014

A.9 Unrestricted MA in TCB signalling areas


Conveyed information Description Example Designation
A colour light
signal head
MA information: generating the
Non-permissive MA. green display
Line clear.
Semaphore main TCB unrestricted
stop arm aligned proceed-aspect
Routing information:
at 45o (+20o, -10o)
(#1) above or below
horizontal and a
green signal light
(upper quadrant is shown)
#1 Section 2.2 sets out further requirements for semaphore junction signal OFF aspects

Table A.9 TCB unrestricted proceed-aspects

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Railway Group Standard
GK/RT0058
Issue One Lineside Signal Aspect and
Date December 2014 Indication Requirements

A.10 MA information conveyed by distant signal ON and OFF aspects


Conveyed information Description Example Designation

A colour light
signal head
generating the
double yellow
display

A colour light
signal head
MA information: generating the
single yellow
End of MA at the display
associated home signal or Distant ON aspect
non-block stop signal. Semaphore (#2)
Signalling braking distance distant arm
is available (#1). horizontally
aligned (+5o, -5o)
and a yellow
signal light

A fixed distant
board

MA information: A colour light


All associated stop signals signal head
are OFF. generating the
green display
Next block or token section
is clear, or the next signal is
a non-block stop signal
displaying a proceed Semaphore
Distant OFF aspect
aspect. distant arm
(#3)
aligned at 45o
(+20o, -10o) above
or below
horizontal and a
green signal light
(upper quadrant is
shown)

#1 Except for repeat distant ON aspects


#2 Includes intermediate block distant ON aspect
#3 Includes intermediate block distant OFF aspect
Table A.10 Distant signal aspects

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Railway Group Standard
GK/RT0058
Lineside Signal Aspect and Issue One
Indication Requirements Date December 2014

A.11 MA information conveyed by home signal aspects and non-block stop


signal aspects
Conveyed information Description Example Designation

MA information:
Semaphore main
Non-permissive MA. Semaphore home
stop arm aligned
One signal section is clear. signal OFF aspect
at 45o (+20o, -10o)
above or below
Routing information: horizontal and a Non-block
green signal light (upper quadrant is shown) semaphore stop
(#1)
signal OFF aspect

Colour light home


A colour light signal yellow-OFF
MA information: signal head aspect
Non-permissive MA. generating the
One signal section is clear. single yellow Colour light non-
display block yellow-OFF
aspect
Colour light home
MA information: A colour light signal green-OFF
Non-permissive MA. signal head aspect
All associated stop signals generating the Colour light non-
are OFF. green display block green-OFF
aspect
#1 Section 2.2 sets out further requirements for semaphore junction signal OFF aspects

Table A.11 Home signal and non-block stop signal OFF aspects

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Railway Group Standard
GK/RT0058
Issue One Lineside Signal Aspect and
Date December 2014 Indication Requirements

A.12 MA information conveyed by section signal aspects and intermediate


block home signal aspects
Conveyed information Description Example Designation

MA information: (#1) Section signal


Semaphore main OFF aspect
Non-permissive MA.
Block, token or one-train stop arm aligned
staff section is clear. at 45o (+20o, -10o)
above or below
horizontal and a Intermediate
Routing information: green signal light (upper quadrant is shown)
block home signal
(#2) OFF aspect

MA information: (#1)
Non-permissive MA. A colour light
Colour light
Block, token or one-train signal head
section signal
staff section is clear as far generating the
yellow-OFF
as the home signal. single yellow
aspect (#3)
Signalling braking distance display
is available.
Colour light home
MA information: (#1) A colour light signal green-OFF
Non-permissive MA. signal head aspect
Block, token or one-train generating the Intermediate
staff section is clear. green display block home signal
OFF aspect
#1 Electric token block systems and one-train staff systems additionally require the transfer of a
token or staff as part of the MA
#2 Section 2.2 sets out further requirements for semaphore junction signal OFF aspects
#3 Also acts as a distant ON aspect

Table A.12 Section signal and intermediate block home signal OFF aspects

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Railway Group Standard
GK/RT0058
Lineside Signal Aspect and Issue One
Indication Requirements Date December 2014

A.13 Signal aspects that convey MA and routing information


Conveyed information Description Example Designation

MA information:
Non-permissive MA as far A colour light
as the first signal beyond signal head 4-aspect outer
the junction. generating the junction approach
flashing double flashing caution
SBD is available to the yellow display
junction signal.
(#1)

Routing information: A colour light


The next junction signal is signal head 3-aspect junction
displaying a cautionary generating the approach flashing
aspect for a diverging flashing single caution
route. yellow display (#1)
MA information:
Non-permissive MA as far
as the first signal beyond
the junction.
SBD is available.
A colour light
At least 33% SBD is
signal head 4-aspect inner
available to the junction
generating the junction approach
signal.
flashing single flashing caution
yellow display
Routing information: (#1)
The next junction signal is
displaying a cautionary
aspect for a diverging
route.

#1 Flashing aspect parameters:


a) Flashing rate: 60 cycles per minute (+/-10).
b) Flashing pattern:
i) Lit for 50% - 66% of each flashing cycle.
ii) Flashing cycles shall be of equal length.
iii) The flashing double yellow aspect shall flash in synchronism.

Table A.13 Junction approach flashing cautionary aspects

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Railway Group Standard
GK/RT0058
Issue One Lineside Signal Aspect and
Date December 2014 Indication Requirements

Conveyed information Description Example Designation

MA information: Splitting distant


straight ahead
Non-permissive MA. caution – right-
Two signal sections are hand junction
clear.
Signalling braking distance
is available.
Splitting distant
straight ahead
Routing information: caution – left-
Principal set. hand junction

MA information:
Non-permissive MA.
Two signal sections are
clear.
Splitting distant
Signalling braking distance
left-hand junction
is available.
caution

Routing information: Two colour light


Left-hand diverging route signal heads
set. combined as a
junction splitting
MA information: distant signal
Non-permissive MA.
Two signal sections are
clear.
Splitting distant
Signalling braking distance
right-hand
is available.
junction caution

Routing information:
Right-hand diverging route
set.
Splitting distant
straight ahead
MA information: unrestricted
proceed-aspect –
Non-permissive MA.
right-hand
Line clear. junction
Splitting distant
Routing information: straight ahead
Principal set. unrestricted
proceed-aspect –
left-hand junction

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Railway Group Standard
GK/RT0058
Lineside Signal Aspect and Issue One
Indication Requirements Date December 2014

Conveyed information Description Example Designation


MA information:
Non-permissive MA.
Line clear. Splitting distant
left-hand junction
unrestricted
Routing information: proceed-aspect
Left-hand diverging route
set.
MA information:
Non-permissive MA. Splitting distant
Line clear. right-hand
junction
Routing information: unrestricted
proceed-aspect
Right-hand diverging route
set.

Table A.14 Junction approach splitting cautionary and unrestricted proceed-aspects

A.14 Indications that repeat MA information


Conveyed information Description Example Designation

Banner repeater head


The repeated signal is
displaying a horizontal Banner-ON
displaying a main stop
banner arm against a indication
aspect
white background

The repeated signal is


displaying a proceed-
aspect Banner repeater head
(#1) displaying an upper
Banner white-
quadrant banner arm
The repeated signal is OFF indication
against a white
displaying a cautionary background
aspect
(#2)
The repeated colour light Banner repeater head
signal is displaying a green displaying an upper
aspect quadrant banner arm Banner green-
(#2) against a green OFF indication
background

#1 2-state banner repeater indicators only


#2 3-state banner repeater indicators only

Table A.15 Banner repeater indications

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Railway Group Standard
GK/RT0058
Issue One Lineside Signal Aspect and
Date December 2014 Indication Requirements

A.15 Indications that repeat MA and routing information


Conveyed information Description Example Designation

Equal height
Equal height splitting
splitting banner-
banner
ON indication

The repeated signal is


displaying a main stop
aspect.
Two banner ON- Equal height
indications presented splitting banner-
side by side ON indication

The repeated signal is


displaying a proceed-
aspect.
(#1)
A banner white-OFF Splitting white
The left-hand route is set. indication positioned to banner-OFF
The repeated signal is the left-hand side of a indication (equal
displaying a cautionary banner-ON indication height left hand)
aspect.
(#2)
The left-hand route is set.
The repeated colour light
signal is displaying a green A banner green-OFF Splitting green
aspect. indication positioned to banner-OFF
the left-hand side of a indication (equal
(#2)
banner-ON indication height left hand)
The left-hand route is set.

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Railway Group Standard
GK/RT0058
Lineside Signal Aspect and Issue One
Indication Requirements Date December 2014

Conveyed information Description Example Designation


The repeated signal is
displaying a proceed-
aspect.
(#1)
A banner white-OFF Splitting white
The right-hand route is set. indication positioned to banner-OFF
The repeated signal is the right-hand side of a indication (equal
displaying a cautionary banner-ON indication height right hand)
aspect.
(#2)
The right-hand route is set.
The repeated colour light A banner green-OFF Splitting green
signal is displaying a green indication positioned to banner-OFF
aspect. the right-hand side of a indication (equal
(#2) banner-ON indication height right hand)
The right-hand route is set.
The repeated signal is
displaying a proceed-
aspect.
(#1)
Splitting white
The higher speed left-hand A banner white-OFF
banner-OFF
route is set. indication positioned
indication
higher than and to the
The repeated signal is (stepped left
left-hand side of a
displaying a cautionary hand, higher
banner-ON indication
aspect. speed route)
(#2)
The higher speed left-hand
route is set.
The repeated colour light A banner green-OFF Splitting green
signal is displaying a green indication positioned banner-OFF
aspect higher than and to the indication
(#2) left-hand side of a (stepped left
banner-ON indication hand, higher
The higher speed left-hand
speed route)
route is set
The repeated signal is
displaying a proceed-
aspect.
(#1)
Splitting white
The higher speed right- A banner white-OFF
banner-OFF
hand route is set. indication positioned
indication
higher than and to the
The repeated signal is (stepped right
right-hand side of a
displaying a cautionary hand, higher
banner-ON indication
aspect. speed route)
(#2)
The higher speed right-
hand route is set.

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Railway Group Standard
GK/RT0058
Issue One Lineside Signal Aspect and
Date December 2014 Indication Requirements

Conveyed information Description Example Designation


The repeated colour light Splitting green
signal is displaying a green A banner green-OFF
banner-OFF
aspect. indication positioned
indication
higher than and to the
(#2) (stepped right
right-hand side of a
The higher speed right- hand, higher
banner-ON indication
hand route is set. speed route)

The repeated signal is


displaying a proceed-
aspect.
(#1)
The lower speed left-hand A banner white-OFF Splitting white
route is set. indication positioned banner-OFF
lower than and to the indication
The repeated signal is left-hand side of a (stepped left-hand
displaying a cautionary banner-ON indication route)
aspect.
(#2)
The lower speed left-hand
route is set.
The repeated colour light
signal is displaying a green A banner green-OFF Splitting green
aspect. indication positioned banner-OFF
lower than and to the indication
(#2)
left-hand side of a (stepped left-hand
The lower speed left-hand banner-ON indication route)
route is set.
The repeated signal is
displaying a proceed-
aspect.
(#1)
The lower speed right-hand A banner white-OFF Splitting white
route is set. indication positioned banner-OFF
lower than and to the indication
The repeated signal is right-hand side of a (stepped right-
displaying a cautionary banner-ON indication hand route)
aspect.
(#2)
The lower speed right-hand
route is set.
The repeated colour light
signal is displaying a green A banner green-OFF Splitting green
aspect. indication positioned banner-OFF
lower than and to the indication
(#2)
right-hand side of a (stepped right-
The lower speed right-hand banner-ON indication hand route)
route is set.
#1 2-state splitting banner repeater indicators only
#2 3-state splitting banner repeater indicators only

Table A.16 Splitting banner repeater indications

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Railway Group Standard
GK/RT0058
Lineside Signal Aspect and Issue One
Indication Requirements Date December 2014

Appendix B Information Conveyed by Route Indicators


The content of this appendix is mandatory

B.1 Directional information


Conveyed information Description Example Designation
Routing information:
No junction indication is presented
The principal route is set

Routing information:
X Position 1 junction
The 1st left-hand diverging indication
route is set
‘X’ denotes the PIVOT end

Routing information:
Position 2 junction
The 2nd left-hand diverging indication
route is set XX

Routing information:
X
XX
Position 3 junction
The 3rd left-hand diverging indication
route is set
An illuminated
white bar of light

Routing information:
Position 4 junction
The 1st right-hand diverging indication
route is set
X

Routing information:
Position 5 junction
The 2nd right-hand diverging indication
route is set XX

Routing information:
XX
X
Position 6 junction
The 3rd right-hand diverging indication
route is set

Table B.1 Junction indications

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Railway Group Standard
GK/RT0058
Issue One Lineside Signal Aspect and
Date December 2014 Indication Requirements

Conveyed information Description Example Designation

Routing information: Position 0


The principal route is set at preliminary junction
the next diverging junction indication

Routing information:
Position 1
The 1st left-hand diverging preliminary junction
route is set at the next indication
diverging junction
Routing information:
Position 2
The 2nd left-hand diverging preliminary junction
route is set at the next indication
diverging junction
Routing information:
Position 3
The 3rd left-hand diverging An illuminated arrow
preliminary junction
route is set at the next indication (#1)
indication
diverging junction
Routing information:
Position 4
The 1st right-hand diverging preliminary junction
route is set at the next indication
diverging junction
Routing information:
Position 5
The 2nd right-hand diverging preliminary junction
route is set at the next indication
diverging junction
Routing information:
Position 6
The 3rd right-hand diverging preliminary junction
route is set at the next indication
diverging junction
#1 No indication shall be presented when the junction signal is displaying a main stop aspect

Table B.2 Preliminary junction indications

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Railway Group Standard
GK/RT0058
Lineside Signal Aspect and Issue One
Indication Requirements Date December 2014

B.2 Route and destination information


Conveyed information Description Example Designation
Routing information:
No route indication is presented
The principal route is set

Any horizontally
aligned combination
of one, two or three
upper case
alphanumeric
characters, as
follows:

Routing information:
Preferred:

0123456789
M
The route is set towards the
indicated destination ABCDEFGH SDG
KLMN P R Alphanumeric route
(Examples only)
indication
STU W YZ

Non-preferred:

IJOV

Routing information:
The route is set towards a
limit of shunt or along a bi- X (#1)
directional line in the
X
opposite direction to the
normal flow of traffic
#1 Where a signal has more than one contra-direction route, the relevant alphanumeric route
indication shall combine the letter X with one or two additional characters

Table B.3 Alphanumeric route indications

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Railway Group Standard
GK/RT0058
Issue One Lineside Signal Aspect and
Date December 2014 Indication Requirements

Appendix C System Status Information Conveyed by Lineside


Indicators
The content of this appendix is mandatory

C.1 Locally monitored infrastructure not operated


Conveyed information Description Example Designation

Infrastructure not
Locally monitored A flashing red
operated indication
infrastructure not operated light
(#2)
(#1)

#1 Flashing indication parameters:


a) Flashing rate: 120 cycles per minute (+/-6).
b) Flashing pattern:
i) Lit for nominal 20% of each flashing cycle.
ii) Each flashing cycle of equal length.
#2 Locally monitored infrastructure types include facing points and level crossings

Table C.1 Locally monitored infrastructure not operated indication

C.2 Locally monitored facing points status information


Conveyed information Description Example Designation

Locally monitored points are A steady yellow Facing points set


correctly set light indication

Table C.2 Facing points set indication

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Railway Group Standard
GK/RT0058
Lineside Signal Aspect and Issue One
Indication Requirements Date December 2014

C.3 Locally monitored level crossing status information


Conveyed information Description Example Designation

Locally monitored level A flashing white Level crossing


crossing operating correctly light operating indication
(#1)

Barriers are fully raised


Alphanumeric BU ‘Barriers Up’
indication indication
(#2)

#1 Flashing indication parameters:


a) Flashing rate: 60-90 cycles per minute.
b) Flashing pattern:
i) Lit for 50% - 66% of each flashing cycle.
ii) Each flashing cycle of equal length.
#2 Absence of the indication implies that the level crossing has failed after passage of the train

Table C.3 Locally monitored level crossing indications

C.4 TPWS status information


Conveyed information Description Example Designation

TPWS intervention is set


A steady blue light TPWS set indication
at the stop-board

TPWS is disarmed at the TPWS disarmed


A flashing blue light
stop-board indication
(#1)

TPWS has failed No indication presented

#1 Flashing indication parameters:


a) Flashing rate: 120 cycles per minute (+/-6).
b) Flashing pattern:
i) Lit for nominal 20% of each flashing cycle.
ii) Each flashing cycle of equal length.

Table C.4 TPWS indications

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Railway Group Standard
GK/RT0058
Issue One Lineside Signal Aspect and
Date December 2014 Indication Requirements

C.5 Mechanical trip-cock system status information


Conveyed information Description Example Designation

Alphanumeric Trip-cock test


Trip-cock test underway
indication
TT indication

Trip-cock test OK TT extinguishes

Table C.5 Mechanical trip-cock test indications

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Railway Group Standard
GK/RT0058
Lineside Signal Aspect and Issue One
Indication Requirements Date December 2014

Appendix D Operational Information Conveyed by Lineside


Indicators
The content of this appendix is mandatory

D.1 Train dispatch operation indications


Conveyed information Description Example Designation
The associated stop signal is
displaying a proceed-aspect OFF Signal OFF
indication
The train has an MA (#1) (#2)

Close doors
Alphanumeric CD Close doors
indication indication
(#3)

Right away
RA Right away
indication
(#3)

#1 In ETCS areas only, where the MA is not conveyed by a signal aspect


#2 Presented either on its own or in combination with a signal identity or direction identity
#3 Where an indicator displays CD and RA, the CD indication shall be presented first and the RA
indication shall supersede the CD indication

Table D.1 Train dispatch indications

D.2 Loading / unloading operational information


Conveyed information Description Example Designation

Three red lights


Stop immediately aligned Stop indication
horizontally

Three white
lights aligned at Position 1 shunting
Prepare to stop
45o left hand indication
raised

Proceed forwards slowly Position 0 shunting


Three white indication
lights aligned
vertically

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Railway Group Standard
GK/RT0058
Issue One Lineside Signal Aspect and
Date December 2014 Indication Requirements

Conveyed information Description Example Designation

Three flashing
Reverse slowly white lights Position 4 shunting
aligned at 45o indication
right hand
raised
(#1)
#1 Flashing indication parameters:
a) Flashing rate: 60 cycles per minute (+/-10).
b) Flashing pattern:
i) Lit for 50% - 66% of each flashing cycle.
ii) Flashing cycles shall be of equal length.
iii) Multiple display elements flash synchronously.

Table D.2 Loading / unloading indications

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Railway Group Standard
GK/RT0058
Lineside Signal Aspect and Issue One
Indication Requirements Date December 2014

Definitions
Aspect
(See signal aspect).

Authorised user
A person authorised to carry out one or more operational roles defined in GE/RT8000 Rule
Book. Authorised user roles include train driver, shunter, guard and platform staff.

Display (noun)
The overall appearance of the image generated by a lineside signalling product or feature.

Diverging junction
A type of junction incorporating one or more facing points ends where one signalled line
splits into two or more separate signalled lines.

Diverging route
Any route at a diverging junction that is not designated as the principal route.

Indication
(See signal indication.)

Interpret / interpreting (signalling system displays)


The action of understanding the information conveyed by the signal aspect or indication
after it has been read (for example, understanding that a red aspect means ‘end of MA’).

Interpretable (signalling system displays)


The extent to which the information conveyed by a signal aspect or indication can be
reliably interpreted, ranging from not interpretable to easily interpretable.

Interpretability
The ease and reliability with which signal aspects and indications can be interpreted by an
authorised user throughout the range of operational and ambient conditions applicable to
that feature, within the operational context and while performing typical required duties.
This ranges from never interpretable to always interpretable.

Junction signal
A main stop signal that protects a diverging junction.

Lineside operational sign


A sign, positioned at the lineside, that conveys information needed to support the train
driving task.

Lineside signalling system


A system that is used to convey information about the movement authorities, routes,
equipment status, operational information and permissible speeds in the form of lineside
signal aspects, route indications, signalling indications and lineside signs.

Locally monitored system / infrastructure


A signalling system or train protection system that uses a lineside signalling indication to
indicate its operational status to authorised users.

Movement authority (MA) information


Information conveyed by the lineside signalling system describing the permission for a
particular train to run to a specific location within the constraints of the signalling system.

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Railway Group Standard
GK/RT0058
Issue One Lineside Signal Aspect and
Date December 2014 Indication Requirements

Operational information
Operational information conveyed by the lineside signalling system describing an action to
be taken by an authorised user.

Principal route
The signalled line beyond a diverging junction that has the highest permissible speed of all
routes at the junction.

Route indication
A display of specified appearance that is used to conveying routing information to an
authorised user.

Route indicator
A permanent, fixed feature of the lineside signalling system that is capable of displaying a
route indication.

Routing information
Information conveyed by the lineside signalling system describing the route or destination
that is associated with an MA.

Sign
A device that displays a fixed image or text, in order to convey specific information to the
reader.

Signal
A permanent, fixed feature of the lineside signalling system that is capable of displaying a
signal aspect.

Signal aspect / indication


A display of specified appearance that is used to convey a specific set of information to an
authorised user.

Signalling braking distance (SBD)


The distance between the first signal exhibiting a cautionary aspect and the signal at which
the train is required to stop.

Signalling indicator
A permanent, fixed feature of the lineside signalling system that is capable of displaying a
signalling indication.

System status information


Information conveyed by the lineside signalling system concerning the operational status of
a system or infrastructure feature that is designed to be monitored by authorised users.

Un-signalled line
The part of the railway that is operated without the use of lineside signals or indicators.

Page 36 of 37 RSSB
Uncontrolled When Printed
Document comes into force 07/03/2015
Supersedes parts of GKRT0045 Iss 3 as of 07/03/2015 - Please refer to Issue Record for more information
Superseded by RIS-0758-CCS Iss 1 with effect from 03/03/2018
Railway Group Standard
GK/RT0058
Lineside Signal Aspect and Issue One
Indication Requirements Date December 2014

References
The Catalogue of Railway Group Standards gives the current issue number and status of
documents published by RSSB. This information is also available from
www.rgsonline.co.uk.

RGSC 01 Railway Group Standards Code


RGSC 02 Standards Manual

Documents referenced in the text


Railway Group Standards
GE/RT8000 Rule Book
GE/RT8101 Signal Sighting Assessment Requirements [in preparation,
will replace GE/RT8037]
GK/RT0045 Lineside Signals, Indicators and Layout of Signals
GK/RT0057 Lineside Signal and Indicator Product Design and
Assessment Requirements
GK/RT0070 Signalling Layout Requirements [in preparation, will
replace some parts of GK/RT0045]
RSSB documents
GK/GN0658 Guidance on Lineside Signal Aspect and Indication
Requirements

RSSB Page 37 of 37