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ZTE LTE FDD Carrier Aggregation Feature Guide Page 1 of 34

ZTE LTE FDD Carrier Aggregation Feature Guide


Version Date Author Reviewer Notes
Peng Yunjuan
Mi Dezhong,
V1.0 2015/02/16 Zhao Xin First release version
Zhan junpeng
Liu Zhanwei
Doc structure is modified
Add CA classification
V2.0 2015/08/30 Shen Xinle Mi Dezhong Add in Section 4.4.1.2
Configuring CR0 Board (Optional, only Configuring in Inter-BPL CA Case)
Doc structure is modified.
Update to V3.20.50.32
V2.1 2015-10-22 Wang Min Mi Dezhong
Add newly added function in this version

© 2015 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.


ZTE CONFIDENTIAL: This document contains proprietary information of ZTE and is not to be disclosed or used without the prior written
permission of ZTE.
Due to update and improvement of ZTE products and technologies, information in this document is subjected to change without notice.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1 Introduction
1.1 Feature Attribute
1.2 Related Feature List and License Control
1.3 Correlation with Other Feature

2 Function Description

3 Technical Description
3.1 Technical Principle
3.2 Application Scenario
3.3 Carrier Aggregation Type
3.3.1 Intra-Band Contiguous CA
3.3.2 Intra-Band Non-Contiguous CA
3.3.3 Inter-Band CA
3.3.4 Supported Bandwidth Combination
3.3.5 Intra/Inter-Board CA
3.4 Admission of CA
3.4.1 User-Based Admission
3.4.2 PRB Usage-Based Admission
3.5 Load control of CA
3.6 Scheduling of CA
3.7 Scell configuration of CA
3.7.1 Scell Configuration and De-configuration
3.7.2 SCell Activation and Deactivation
3.8 Handover of CA
3.9 CA Enhancement in Network Sharing

4 Engineering Guide
4.1 Related parameters
4.2 Related Counters, KPI and Alarms
4.2.1 Related Counters
4.2.2 Related KPI
4.2.3 Related Alarms
4.3 Application Scenarios (V3.20.50.32)
4.3.1 Hardware Requirements
4.3.2 EPC Requirements
4.3.3 Frequency Band, Frequency and Bandwidth Requirements of Frequency Carrier
4.3.4 UE Requirement
4.3.5 Transmission Bandwidth Requirements
4.3.6 Newly Added CA Functions in V3.20.50.32
4.4 Parameter Configuration Procedure
4.4.1 Enabling the Feature
4.4.2 Data Synchronization
4.4.3 Deactivate feature

5 Impact on Network

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6 Feature Validation
6.1 Topology
6.2 CA Throughput Test (20MHz+20MHz)
6.2.1 Test Specification
6.2.2 Test Result
6.3 SCell Adding and Deleting Test
6.3.1 Test Specification
6.3.2 Test Result
6.4 SCell Modifying Test(A6 Event)
6.4.1 Test Specification
6.4.2 Test Result
6.5 SCell Activating and Deactivating
6.5.1 Test Specification
6.5.2 Test Result

7 Abbreviations

FIGURES

Figure 2-1 Carrier aggregation scenarios


Figure 3-1 Initial Scell Configuration when neighbor relationship is same coverage or containing
Figure 3-2 Initial Scell Configuration when neighbor relationship is neighboring
Figure 3-3 SCell De-configuration Procedure Based on Measurement
Figure 4-1 SCell Adding
Figure 4-2 Configuring Frequency and Bandwidth of CA Cells
Figure 4-3 Adding the CR0 Board
Figure 4-4 Modifying the Board Function Mode of the CR0 Board
Figure 4-5 Complete Creating CR0 Board
Figure 4-6 E-UTRAN Neighbor Relation Window
Figure 4-7 E-UTRAN Neighbor Relation Configuration Windows
Figure 4-8 Neighbor Relation Configuration for Cell0
Figure 4-9 Complete Neighbor Relation Configuration of Cell0
Figure 4-10 Complete Neighbor Relation Configuration of Cell1
Figure 4-11 Neighbor Relation Configuration Records
Figure 4-12 Entering Cell Coordination Management
Figure 4-13 Query Cell Configuration Information of eNodeB
Figure 4-14 Configured Cell List of eNodeB
Figure 4-15 Coordination Configuration
Figure 4-16 Select SCell
Figure 4-17 Configuration Completed
Figure 4-18 Entering PUCH and PDCH Window
Figure 4-19 PUCCH 1b Configuration
Figure 4-20 UE E-UTRAN Measurement List
Figure 4-21 UE E-UTRAN Measurement Window
Figure 4-22 Modify the Parameter RSRP Absolute Threshold of Event Decision for A4 Event
Figure 4-23 The Configuration Record for Remove Scell Measurement
Figure 4-24 Modify the Parameter RSRP Absolute Threshold of Event Decision for A2 Event
Figure 4-25 UE E-UTRAN Measurement Window
Figure 4-26 Modify the Parameter RSRP Absolute Threshold of Event Decision for A6 Event
Figure 4-27 Service MAC List Window
Figure 4-28 Modify the RB Ratio Threshold for SCC Activating/Deactivating
Figure 4-29 Modify the Switch of CA Load Adjust
Figure 4-30 Modify the PRB Threshold of CA Load Adjust
Figure 4-31 Cell Coordination Management
Figure 4-32 Select the eNodeB to split CA Coordination
Figure 6-1 Carrier Aggregation Test
Figure 6-2 UE Capability Information
Figure 6-3 SCell Adding Successfully
Figure 6-4 CA UE Attached Successfully
Figure 6-5 The Downlink Throughput of Pcell and Scell
Figure 6-6 A2 Event Sending
Figure 6-7 A2 Measurement Reporting

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Figure 6-8 The eNodeB Sends A4 Event of SCell and Deletes SCell
Figure 6-9 A4 Measurement Event Reporting
Figure 6-10 A4 Measurement Reporting Triggers Adding SCell
Figure 6-11 A6 Event Configuration
Figure 6-12 A6 Measurement Report
Figure 6-13 Deletes Old SCell and Adds New SCell
Figure 6-14 MAC CE for Activating SCell
Figure 6-15 The Scheduling Information After SCC Activating
Figure 6-16 MAC CE for Deactivating SCell
Figure 6-17 Scheduling Information after SCC Deactivated

TABLES

Table 1-1 Related Feature List


Table 1-2 Correlation with Other Feature
Table 3-1 CA Application Scenarios (F2 > F1)
Table 3-2 Recommended Central Frequency Intervals
Table 4-1 Parameters Configuration Rule
Table 4-2 Related Counters
Table 4-3 E-UTRA CA configurations and bandwidth combination sets defined for intra-band contiguous CA
Table 4-4 E-UTRA CA configurations and bandwidth combination sets defined for non-contiguous intra-band CA (with two sub-blocks)
Table 4-5 E-UTRA CA configurations and bandwidth combination sets defined for inter-band CA (two bands)
Table 4-6 Center Frequency Spacing of Intra-Band Contiguous CA with Different Bandwidths
Table 6-1 Required Devices for the Carrier Aggregation Function
Table 6-2 CA (20MHz+20MHz) Function Test Specification
Table 6-3 CA SCell Adding and Deleting Function Test Specification
Table 6-4 CA SCell Modifying Function Test Specification
Table 6-5 SCell Activating and Deactivating Test Specification

1 Introduction
This document provides the introduction, technical descriptions, parameter configuration, counters, alarms, and validation procedure of the LTE FDD carrier aggregation
feature.

The parameters, alarms and counters in this document are the same as those of the latest software version when this document is released. To obtain the MO, parameters,
alarms, and KPIs of the existing software version, please refer to the product manuals of the existing software version.

This document is applicable to LTE FDD mode. "LTE" and "eNodeB" mentioned in this document respectively refer to "LTE FDD" and "LTE FDD–based eNodeB".

1.1 Feature Attribute


l For FDD single-mode eNodeB V3.20.50.32 series:

EMS: 12.14.52

OMMB: 12.13.62

l For GUL multi-mode eNodeB V4.14.10 series:

OMMB version: V12.14.20

EMS version: V12.14.20

Note:

FDD single-mode V3.20.50.32 corresponds to GUL multi-mode V4.14.10, and LTE technology description and operation requirements in the corresponding versions are the
same.
Involved NEs:
UE eNodeB MME S-GW BSC/RNC SGSN P-GW HSS
√ √ √ - - - - -

Note:
*-: Not involved
*√: involved

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1.2 Related Feature List and License Control

Table 1-1 Related Feature List

No Feature List No. Feature List Name License Control


or not
1 ZLF34-00-013 Carrier Aggregation(Inter- Yes
Band)
ZLF34-00-015 Carrier Aggregation(Intra- Yes
Band)

1.3 Correlation with Other Feature

Table 1-2 Correlation with Other Feature

Feature Feature Name Required Mutually Affected


ID Feature Exclusive Feature
Feature
ZLF34-00-013 Carrier Aggregation None None ZLF31-00-
(Inter-Band) 010 Support
UE category
6
ZLF34-00-015 Carrier Aggregation None None ZLF31-00-
(Intra-Band) 010 Support
UE category
6

2 Function Description
To provide a higher service rate, 3GPP requires that downlink data rate of 1 Gbps should be achieved on the LTE-Advanced phase. Many network operators usually have
non-continuous spectrum resources because of a shortage of radio spectrum resources. Every single frequency band has difficulty in meeting the bandwidth requirements of
LTE-Advanced.

As a result, 3GPP Release 10 (TR36.913) introduced the Carrier Aggregation (CA). By aggregating multiple or discontinuous carriers, larger bandwidth can be achieved to
meet the requirements of 3GPP.

CA can bring about the following benefits:

l Make full use of resources. CA UEs can use idle RBs on two carriers at the same time to realize the maximum resource utilization.

l Effectively use separate spectrum of operators .

l Bring better user experience. In the MIMO 2T2R environment, the downlink peak data rate of a CA UE can reach to 300 Mbps. In the multi-user scenario of a commercial
network, CA UEs can use idle resources after activating Secondary Cells (SCells), thus increasing the throughput of CA UEs when the network is not at full load and
bringing better experience to users.

Carrier aggregation technology is to combine multiple continuous or non-continuous component carriers to obtain greater transmission bandwidth and to gain a higher peak
rates and throughput. This solution can solve the problem of non-continuous spectrum for operators.

To achieve the smooth evolution from LTE to LTE+A, reduce network construction cost for operators and maintain compatibility with LTE system, Release 10 defines that
each component carrier to be aggregated should be totally compatible with LTE terminal and each carrier bandwidth be LTE operating bandwidth, and each component
carrier includes synchronization, broadcast and other messages. Non-compatible carrier is introduced in Release 11.

The carriers to be aggregated can be continuous or non-continuous. And carriers can be in the same band or different bands. Therefore, the carrier aggregation can be
divided into the following categories:

l Intra-band continuous carrier aggregation

l Intra-band non-continuous carrier aggregation

l Inter-band non-continuous carrier aggregation

Figure 2-1 Carrier aggregation scenarios

In LTE system, each cell corresponds to one downlink carrier and uplink carrier (for TDD system, each cell corresponds to the same carrier or band), and each UE accesses
to one cell. Multiple carriers is introduced to carrier aggregation. Considering asymmetric characteristics of uplink and downlink, each cell of carrier aggregation corresponds
to one downlink and selectable carrier. From the perspective of top layer, carrier aggregation can be regarded as cell aggregation, and each UE can access to multiple cells
simultaneously.

Primary serving cell (PCell) and Secondary Cell (SCell) are defined for carrier aggregation. Primary Component Carrier (PCC) includes downlink PCC and uplink PCC and
Secondary Component Carrier (SCC) includes one downlink SCC and optional uplink SCC. Each UE has only one PCel,l and SCell can be configured based on UE
aggregation capability and service requirements.

For carrier aggregation, this document focuses on the following key technologies:

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l Admission for carrier aggregation

l Load adjustment for carrier aggregation

l Scheduling for carrier aggregation

l SCC activation and deactivation for carrier aggregation

l SCC addition and deletion for carrier aggregation

l Handover for carrier aggregation

l Carrier aggregation enhancement for network sharing

This version supports two downlink carrier aggregation, intra-board CA in one base band board and also inter-board carrier aggregation. For inter- board carrier aggregation,
the new board CR0 is must. Otherwise, the two boards must be inserted on Slot 3 and Slot8.

3 Technical Description

3.1 Technical Principle


Each carrier in a carrier aggregation acts as an independent cell, which has no difference to the R8/R9 UE. The CA UE selects and accesses a carrier according to the
signal strength and frequency priority of the carrier. The cell that the UE initially accesses is the PCell. This guide uses two downlink carriers as an example to describe the
features.
l The PCell and SCell are defined only for the UE.
l After accessing the network and being configured with the SCell, a CA UE only establishes an RRC connection with the PCell. The C-RNTI of the SCell is the same as
that of the PCell.
l After the CA UE accesses the network, the e-NodeB determines whether to enable the CA function and configure the SCell according to the CA capability reported by the
UE.
l During the CA UE accessing procedure, the SCell can be directly Neighbor relationship configured as same coverage or containing through the EMS or added through the
A4 measurement report.
l The UE triggers the RLF procedure only on the PCell.

l The PCell of the CA UE can only be changed through the handover procedure, while the SCell can be changed through the A6 measurement Event.
l The PCell of the CA UE is always activated, while the SCell can be deactivated.
l The CSI information of the CA UE PCell is feedback on the PCell.

3.2 Application Scenario


The system configures the neighbor relationship between CA cells according to the actual network deployment, including same coverage, containing, contained and
neighbouring . If the coverage of a CA cell is configured to same converage or containing, the CA UE that has CA capability is configured with the SCell after it initially
accesses the network. If the coverage of a CA cell is configured to adjacent, the CA UE is configured with the A4 measurement for adding the SCell. After receiving the A4
measurement report, the system adds the SCell according to the information in the A4 measurement report.

Table 3-1 CA Application Scenarios (F2 > F1)

# Description Example
1 F1 and F2 are co-site and have the same coverage. The
coverage of F1 is almost the same as that of F2. Both F1
and F2 provide mobility support. The possible scenario
is that F1 and F2 are in the same frequency band, for
example, 2 GHz or 800 MHz. In this scenario, CA can be
implemented in the overlapped area of the cell coverage
of F1 and F2.
2 F1 and F2 are co-site and have overlapped coverage,
but F2 has smaller coverage due to big path loss. Only
F1 provides enough coverage, and F2 is used to
improve throughput. The mobility depends on the
coverage of F1. A possible scenario is that F1 and F2
are in different frequency bands, for example, F1 is {800
MHz, 2 GHz} and F2 is {3.5 GHz}. In this scenario, CA
can be implemented in the overlapped area of cell
coverage of F1 and F2.
3 F1 and F2 are co-site and the F2 antennas is pointed to
the cell edge of F1 to promote throughput for cell edges.
F1 provides enough coverage, but F2 may have
coverage holes due to high path loss. The mobility
depends on the coverage of F1. A possible scenario is
that F1 and F2 are in different frequency bands, for
example, F1 is {800 MHz, 2 GHz} and F2 is {3.5 GHz}.
In this scenario, CA can be implemented in the
overlapped area of F1 and F2 cells of the same
e-NodeB.
4 F1 provides microcell coverage, and F2 is used for an
RRH to improve the throughput in hotspot areas. The
mobility depends on the coverage of F1. The possible
scenario is that F1 and F2 are in different frequency
bands, for example, F1 = {800 MHz, 2 GHz} and F2 =
{3.5 GHz}. In this scenario, CA can be implemented in
the coverage of F2 RRH.
5 This scenario is the same as scenario No. 2. The
additional coverage is provided by the repeaters with
frequency selectivity. In this scenario, CA can be
implemented in the overlapped area of F1 and F2 cells
of the same eNodeB.

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3.3 Carrier Aggregation Type


The uplink and downlink of each carrier in a carrier aggregation can be configured independently on condition that the number of uplink carriers cannot exceed that of
downlink carriers. Each carrier to be aggregated is a component carrier (CC). The bandwidth of a component carrier can be 1.4, 3, 5, 10, 15 or 20 MHz. A maximum of five
carriers can be aggregated and the maximum aggregated bandwidth is 100 MHz. Three types of spectrum allocation are defined in a 3GPP specification to meet the
requirements of different operators.

3.3.1 Intra-Band Contiguous CA

Intra-band CA means that two contiguous component carriers are in the same frequency band, and the central frequency interval between the two component carriers is less
than or equal to the channel spacing. The central frequency interval should be an integral multiple of 300 k. For the recommended central frequency intervals, refer to the
following table.

Table 3-2 Recommended Central Frequency Intervals

BW1 BW2 Nominal channel Min Channel


spacing spacing
20 20 19.8 18.6
20 15 17.1 16.5
20 10 14.4 14.1
20 5 11.7 11.7
20 3 10.5 10.5
15 15 15 14.1
15 10 12 12
15 5 9.3 9.3
15 3 8.4 8.4
10 10 9.9 9.3
10 5 7.2 7.2
10 3 6 6
5 5 4.8 4.8
5 3 3.9 3.9

The position of cell F1 and F2 which are component cell of carrier aggregation are same and overlapping, providing almost the same coverage. Both F1 and F2 provide the
repeated coverage and support mobility respectively as described in scenario 1. The cell locations of F1 and F2 can also be the same but have different coverage, meaning:
F2 antennas point to the F1 cell edges or F1 coverage holes, to change the antenna coverage and/or improve the throughput of cell edges as described in scenario 3.

3.3.2 Intra-Band Non-Contiguous CA

Intra-band non-contiguous CA means that the central frequencies of two component carriers are in the same band, but the central frequency interval is greater than the
channel spacing. This type of CA can be implemented in scenarios 1, 2, and 3.

3.3.3 Inter-Band CA

Inter-band CA means that two component carriers are in different frequency bands.

3.3.4 Supported Bandwidth Combination

This version supports band and bandwidth combinations defined in TS 36.104 and 36.101 B60, supports B3 intra-band continuous and non-continuous CA, and inter-band
CA of Band1+Band3 that are not defined in these specifications.

3.3.5 Intra/Inter-Board CA

This version supports intra-board and inter-board CA. The intra-board CA means that the two cells that implement CA are in the same baseband board. The inter-board CA
means that the two cells that implement CA are in different baseband boards (The two baseband boards can be both BPL1 or BPN boards, or one BPL1 board and one BPN
board).

3.4 Admission of CA
After the CA function is enabled, the user-based and PRB usage-based admission can be affected. The user based admission can be performed on both PCell and SCell at
the same time, and the number of primary and secondary UEs in each cell is considered. The PRB usage-based admission is only performed on PCell.

3.4.1 User-Based Admission

For a CA UE, the PCell and Scell are counted as a UE respectively, and then the corresponding admission is performed. If the number of UEs exceeds the threshold, the
admission fails. To solve the issue that the number of UEs supported in the network decreases, the number of CA UE admission is limited by the system.

After the limitation of the number of CA UEs is enabled, the system capacity and the number of CA UEs achieve relative balance by modifying SCell prohibitive configuration
threshold and CA UE fallback threshold (percent). When an SCell is added, if the number of UEs in the serving cell is larger than or equal to the prohibitive configuration
threshold of the SCell, the UEs which support CA are not configured with the SCell. If the number of UEs exceeds the CA UE fallback threshold, select the UE supporting CA
and SCell is not configured.

3.4.2 PRB Usage-Based Admission

When the CA UE initially accesses or is handed over to a network, the DRB admission is performed according to the residual PRB resources in the Pcell because Scell has
not been successfully configured. The admission processing procedure of the CA UE is the same as that of ordinary UEs.

3.5 Load control of CA

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After the carrier aggregation function is enabled, the number of PRBs occupied by the CA UE on the PCell and SCell is counted by carrier. If the inter-carrier coordination
adjustment is enabled, the GBR carrier in the CA UE of the carrier is moved to another carrier to reduce the handover caused by load balancing, thus achieving faster inter-
carrier load balance.

3.6 Scheduling of CA
As defined in protocols, the carrier aggregation of the CA UE to the PDCP and RLC layers is transparent. Entities that have carriers in the MAC layer are aggregated, and
they are independent HARQ entity and provides resource mapping, data demodulatioin HARQ and channel coding. Therefore, the MAC knows the scheduling activities of
each carrier so that the scheduling becomes more flexible.

The GBR performs scheduling independently on the PCell or SCell according to the load of each carrier and ensures the QoS.

The NGBR, to achieve relative fairness between CA and non-CA UEs, performs differential scheduling through the following two policies:
l Fair scheduling: When the CA UE calculates the priority, the historical traffic uses the total traffic of each carrier as the denominator. Under the same channel conditions,
although the non-CA UE has only one carrier, it has a relative high PF priority. Therefore, the fairness between the non-CA UE and CA UE in terms of traffic and
physical resource is achieved.
l Differential scheduling: When the CA UE calculates the priority, the historical traffic uses the traffic of each carrier as the denominator. Under the same channel
conditions, the non-CA UE and CA UE achieve relative fairness on this carrier. However, the CA UE performs scheduling on two carriers by using double resources
temporarily. Therefore, the CA UE traffic is far more than the non-CA UE traffic.

3.7 Scell configuration of CA


3.7.1 Scell Configuration and De-configuration

Scell configuration: The Scell is added to the serving cell set through the RRC connection reconfiguration. In the scenario of same coverage of containing coverage
(configured on the EMS), after the CA UE accesses the network, the eNodeB configures the Scell according to the UE that has the capability of CA, or delivers A4
measurement configuration to the UE in the scenario of neighboring. After the UE sends a measurement report because the Scell meets the measurement condition, the
eNodeB configures the Scell to the UE.

Figure 3-1 Initial Scell Configuration when neighbor relationship is same coverage or containing

Figure 3-2 Initial Scell Configuration when neighbor relationship is neighboring

Scell de-configuration: When the eNodeB configures an Scell for the CA UE, it also configures an A2 measurement report. If the RSRP of the Scell is lower than the
configured A2 threshold, the UE reports the A2 measurement report, and the eNodeB deletes the Scell and configures an A4 measurement report to the UE.

Figure 3-3 SCell De-configuration Procedure Based on Measurement

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3.7.2 SCell Activation and Deactivation

To better manage CA UE battery consumption, LTE provides SCell activation and deactivation mechanism. The PCC is always activated, and the SCC is deactivated by
default.

When the Scell is activated, the UE performs the following operations on the SCell:

1. Sends SRS;

2. Reports CQI/PMI/RI;

3. Monitors the SCell and the PDCCH transmitted on the SCell.

When the SCell is deactivated, the UE does not perform the following operations on the SCell:

1. Sends SRS;

2. Reports CQI/PMI/RI;

3. Transmit uplink data (only uplink CA)

4. Monitors the SCell and the PDCCH transmitted on the SCell.

The system delivers an MAC CE in the PCC to activate the SCC if the following three conditions are met
1. AMBR in the NGBR service or the GBR service cannot be satisfied.
2. The current PCell cannot satisfy the UE service requirements and cause service congestion.
3. The PCell PRB usage is higher than the configured PCell activation threshold, and the SCell PRB usage is lower than the configured SCell activation threshold (cell
level).

SCC can be deactivated if any of the following conditions is met:


1. The PCell PRB usage is lower than the configured PCell deactivation threshold, and the SCell PRB usage rate is lower than the configured SCell deactivation threshold.
The eNodeB delivers an MAC CE in the PCC to deactivate the SCell.
2. The MCS of the current SCell is lower than a threshold (The MCS Threshold Of SCell DeActive), the SCC delivers an MAC CE through the PCC to deactivate ,including
itself
3. The SCell deactivation timer configured t is not Infinity, or the UE does not receive any data or the PDCCH message at the expiry of the deactivation timer. The UE
automatically deactivates the SCell.

3.8 Handover of CA
In LTE-A, LTE handovers are processed in the same way as that in R9 and R8. The CA-supporting eNB deletes the source-side SCell first, and then adds the destination-
side SCell after handover to enable the UE CA. Meanwhile, CA can be maintained in intra-LTE handovers, that is, the SCell is selected for the UE at the target side, and the
added SCell is configured for the UE in the handover command so that the UE enters CA state. The source eNodeB selects a PCell according to the measurement result
and sends a handover request to the corresponding target eNodeB. The target eNodeB selects and adds a SCell during or after the handover.

LTE-A introduces a new measurement event, that is, A6. When the signal quality of the neighbor cell is better than that of the SCell, the measurement event A6 occurs. This
event has little effect on the intra-frequency band SCells because the PCell and SCell have similar coverage in most cases. For inter-frequency band CA Scenario, , the
PCell may have different coverage from the SCell. Depending on the network conditions, handovers to A6-identified cells may be helpful.

3.9 CA Enhancement in Network Sharing


In the network sharing scenario, the limitation of each PLMN should be considered for the PCell and SCell of the CA UE. During MAC scheduling, the resource scheduled by
the PCell and SCell should be no more than the PRB resource of the local PLMN. The PCell is admitted and the SCell is added based on the number of UEs in network
sharing or the PRB resource proportion.

4 Engineering Guide

4.1 Related parameters

Table 4-1 Parameters Configuration Rule

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Parameter Parameter
SN Parameter name
panel name explanation
Number of Number of
1 PhyChannel.numPucch1b PUCCH PUCCH
Format 1b Format1b
The parameter
The RB
indicates the RB
number of
2 PhyChannel.pucch3RB number of
PUCCH
PUCCH format
format 3
3
The Downlink
Total PRB Ratio
The Downlink
Threshold of
Total PRB
PCell for Active
Ratio
3 ServiceMAC.pCellPRBRatioActThrDl SCell is one
Threshold of
reason of scell
PCell (Active
active, it is valid
SCell)
when CA is
configured
The Downlink
Total PRB Ratio
The Downlink
Threshold of
Total PRB
SCell for Active
Ratio
4 ServiceMAC.sCellPRBRatioActThrDl SCell is one
Threshold of
reason of Scell
SCell(Active
active, it is valid
SCell)
when CA is
configured.
The Downlink
The Downlink PRB Ratio
Total PRB Threshold of
Ratio PCell for
5 ServiceMAC.pCellPRBRatioDeActThrDl Threshold of deactive SCell is
PCell one reason of
(DeActive Scell deactive, it
SCell) is valid when CA
is configured.
The Downlink
The Downlink Total PRB Ratio
Total PRB Threshold of
Ratio SCell for
6 ServiceMAC.sCellPRBRatioDeActThrDl Threshold of deactive SCell is
SCell one reason of
(DeActive Scell deactive, it
SCell) is valid when CA
is configured
This parameter
is the switch of
CA Load Adjust.
When the switch
is open, if the
load of CA cell
is higher than
Switch of CA
7 LoadManagement.caLASwch threshold,
Load Adjust
eNodeB will
choose CA UE
and move the
load to other CA
cell, this make
load of CA Cell
counterbalance.
This parameter
is the Threshold
of CA Load
Adjust. When
the load of CA
cell is higher
PRB
than this
Threshold of
8 LoadManagement.caLAPrbThrd threshold,
CA Load
eNodeB will
Adjust
choose CA UE
and move the
load to other CA
cell, this make
load of CA Cell
counterbalance.
the parameter is
MCS threshold
of SCell
DeActive for CA,
The MCS
when CA is
Threshold Of
9 ServiceMAC.mcs4SCellDeActive configured. if
SCell
MCS of SCell is
DeActive
less or equal to
the threshold,
SCell will be
deactive.

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4.2 Related Counters, KPI and Alarms

4.2.1 Related Counters

Table 4-2 Related Counters

SN Counter ID Counter name


1 C373596932 DL Scheduled RB Number for SCC UE
2 C373596933 DL Scheduled TB Number for SCC UE
3 C373596934 DL Scheduled TB Size for SCC UE
4 C373596951 DL Scheduled RB Number for PCC UE
5 C373596952 DL Scheduled TB Number for PCC UE
6 C373596953 DL Scheduled TB Size for PCC UE(Kbit)
7 C373343812 DL High PDCP Throughput of CA User
8 C373343813 DL Low PDCP Throughput of CA User
9 C373343814 DL PDCP Time of CA User
10 C373384352 Maximum User Number With CA Capability
11 C373384356 Maximum User Number of Enabled CA
12 C373384367 Average User Number of Scell
13 C373384368 Average Active User Number of Pcell
14 C373384369 Average Active User Number of Scell
15 C373596956 PRB Number of PDSCH(DTCH) Borrowed from
Scell
16 C373596957 PRB Number of PDSCH Borrowed from Scell
17 C373596958 Active Scell Number
18 C373596959 Active Scell Success Number
19 C373596960 Deactive Scell Number
20 C373596961 Deactive Scell Success Number

4.2.2 Related KPI

None

4.2.3 Related Alarms

None

4.3 Application Scenarios (V3.20.50.32)

4.3.1 Hardware Requirements

In V3.20.50.30 version, the eNodeB only supports intra-BPL DL CA in intra-eNodeB and inter-BPLs DL CA in intra-eNodeB. It does not support CA in inter-BBUs.

Notes :

The CA in this section is DL CA.

If eNodeB enable intra-BPL CA function, the restrictions of eNodeB is shown below :


- Baseband part : BPL1, BPL1A, BPN0 and BPN0A are all support CA except BPL0.
- RF part: No special requirement for RRU.

Notes:

If eNodeB enable inter-BPL CA function, the CR0 board must be configured, and the function mode of CR0 should be configured to CloudRadio.

4.3.2 EPC Requirements

The UE’s DL AMBR configured in EPC side must be larger than 300Mbit/s, and UL AMBR must be larger than 100Mbit/s.

4.3.3 Frequency Band, Frequency and Bandwidth Requirements of Frequency Carrier

Each carrier frequency band whether is supported intra-band contiguous CA, non-contiguous intra-band CA and inter-band CA is defined in 3GPP specification. And it also
defines the bandwidth combination in each carrier frequency bands. For intra-band CA, the center carrier frequencies of two CA cells have also requirements.

In V3.20.50.30 version, PCell and SCell must belong to the same eNodeB and carrier frequencies must be different. After UE attach or handover, the PCell is fixed and the
corresponding SCell must be satisfied conditions below:

1. UE supports CA function between this cell and PCell;

2. This cell and PCell are configured as neighbor cells;

3. This cell and PCell are configured as CA coordination cells.

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The condition 1 is related with frequency band, carrier frequency and bandwidth of PCell and SCell, which need to judge by 3GPP specification and UE category. Section 5.6
in 3GPP 36.101-c50 defines the channel bandwidth for CA.

& Tips:
Intra-band contiguous CA:Frequency bands of PCell and SCell are same, and the channel spacing is any multiple of 300KHz.

Intra-band non contiguous CA: Frequency bands of PCell and SCell are same, and the channel spacing is not any multiple of 300KHz.

Inter-band CA: Frequency bands of PCell and SCell are different.

Table 4-3 E-UTRA CA configurations and bandwidth combination sets defined for intra-band contiguous CA

E-UTRA E-UTRA Uplink (UL) operating band Downlink (DL) operating band Duplex
CA Band BS receive / UE transmit BS transmit / UE receive Mode
Band FUL_low – FUL_high FDL_low – FDL_high
CA_1 – 1980 MHz – 2170 MHz FDD
1 1920 MHz 2110 MHz
CA_7 7 2500 MHz – 2570 MHz 2620 MHz – 2690 MHz FDD

CA_38 2570 MHz – 2620 MHz 2570 MHz – 2620 MHz TDD
38
CA_40 40 2300 MHz – 2400 MHz 2300 MHz – 2400 MHz TDD

CA_41 41 2496 MHz 2690 MHz 2496 MHz 2690 MHz TDD

Table 4-4 E-UTRA CA configurations and bandwidth combination sets defined for non-contiguous intra-band CA (with two sub-blocks)

E-UTRA E-UTRA Uplink (UL) operating band Downlink (DL) operating band Duplex
CA Band BS receive / UE transmit BS transmit / UE receive Mode
Band FUL_low – FUL_high FDL_low – FDL_high
CA_25- 1850 MHz – 1915 MHz 1930 MHz – 1995 MHz FDD
25 25
CA_41- 2496 MHz – 2690 MHz 2496 MHz – 2690 MHz TDD
41 41

Table 4-5 E-UTRA CA configurations and bandwidth combination sets defined for inter-band CA (two bands)

E-UTRA E-UTRA Uplink (UL) operating band Downlink (DL) operating band Duplex
CA Band BS receive / UE transmit BS transmit / UE receive Mode
Band FUL_low – FUL_high FDL_low – FDL_high
1 1920 MHz – 1980 MHz 2110 MHz – 2170 MHz
CA_1-5 FDD
5 824 MHz – 849 MHz 869 MHz – 894 MHz
1 1920 MHz – 1980 MHz 2110 MHz – 2170 MHz
CA_1-18 FDD
18 815 MHz – 830 MHz 860 MHz – 875 MHz
1 1920 MHz – 1980 MHz 2110 MHz – 2170 MHz
CA_1-19 FDD
19 830 MHz – 845 MHz 875 MHz – 890 MHz
1 1920 MHz – 1980 MHz 2110 MHz – 2170 MHz
CA_1-21 FDD
21 1447.9 MHz – 1462.9 MHz 1495.9 MHz – 1510.9 MHz
2 1850 MHz – 1910 MHz 1930 MHz – 1990 MHz
CA_2-17 FDD
17 704 MHz – 716 MHz 734 MHz – 746 MHz
2 1850 MHz – 1910 MHz 1930 MHz – 1990 MHz
CA_2-29 FDD
29 N/A 717 MHz – 728 MHz
3 1710 MHz – 1785 MHz 1805 MHz – 1880 MHz
CA_3-5 FDD
5 824 MHz – 849 MHz 869 MHz – 894 MHz
3 1710 MHz – 1785 MHz 1805 MHz – 1880 MHz
CA_3-7 FDD
7 2500 MHz – 2570 MHz 2620 MHz – 2690 MHz
3 1710 MHz 1785 MHz 1805 MHz 1880 MHz
CA_3-8 FDD
8 880 MHz 915 MHz 925 MHz 960 MHz
3 1710 MHz – 1785 MHz 1805 MHz – 1880 MHz
CA_3-20 FDD
20 832 MHz – 862 MHz 791 MHz – 821 MHz
4 1710 MHz – 1755 MHz 2110 MHz – 2155 MHz
CA_4-5 FDD
5 824 MHz – 849 MHz 869 MHz – 894 MHz
4 1710 MHz 1755 MHz 2110 MHz 2155 MHz
CA_4-7 FDD
7 2500 MHz 2570 MHz 2620 MHz 2690 MHz
4 1710 MHz – 1755 MHz 2110 MHz – 2155 MHz
CA_4-12 FDD
12 699 MHz – 716 MHz 729 MHz – 746 MHz
4 1710 MHz – 1755 MHz 2110 MHz – 2155 MHz
CA_4-13 FDD
13 777 MHz – 787 MHz 746 MHz – 756 MHz
4 1710 MHz – 1755 MHz 2110 MHz – 2155 MHz
CA_4-17 FDD
17 704 MHz – 716 MHz 734 MHz – 746 MHz
4 1710 MHz – 1755 MHz 2110 MHz – 2155 MHz
CA_4-29 FDD
29 N/A 717 MHz – 728 MHz
5 824 MHz – 849 MHz 869 MHz – 894 MHz
CA_5-12 FDD
12 699 MHz – 716 MHz 729 MHz – 746 MHz
5 824 MHz – 849 MHz 869 MHz – 894 MHz
CA_5-17 FDD
17 704 MHz – 716 MHz 734 MHz – 746 MHz
7 2500 MHz – 2570 MHz 2620 MHz – 2690 MHz
CA_7-20 FDD
20 832 MHz – 862 MHz 791 MHz – 821 MHz
8 880 MHz – 915 MHz 925 MHz – 960 MHz
CA_8-20 FDD
20 832 MHz – 862 MHz 791 MHz – 821 MHz
CA_11- 11 1427.9 MHz – 1447.9 MHz 1475.9 MHz – 1495.9 MHz
FDD
18 18 815 MHz – 830 MHz 860 MHz – 875 MHz

These three tables are given the R11-36.101-B50 protocol to support the content of the Intra-band contiguous CA,Intra-band non contiguous CA,Inter-band CA.

Before CA function activation, it must be confirm the CA is in which frequency bands and the bandwidth information. Configure the corresponding carrier center frequency
and bandwidth. The table below shows center frequency spacing of intra-band contiguous CA with different bandwidths in 3GPP (For intra-band non contiguous CA,
configure the center frequency spacing larger than the maximum spacing of bandwidth combination in the table.); Such as two carrier bandwidth with 20MHz carrier
aggregation, the minimum spacing of two center frequencies is 18MHz, and the maximum spacing is 19.8MHz, and it also can using the value of any multiple of 300KHz
between 18.3MHz and 19.8MHz (Such as 18.6MHz=61*300KHz).

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Table 4-6 Center Frequency Spacing of Intra-Band Contiguous CA with Different Bandwidths

Bandwidth 5M 10M 15M 20M


4.5MHz 9MHz
5M 6.9-7.2MHz 11.4-11.7MHz
Or 4.8MHz Or 9.3MHz
9MHz 13.5MHz
10M 11.4-12MHz
Or 9.3-9.9MHz Or 13.8-14.4MHz
13.5MHz
15M 15.9-17.1MHz
Or 13.8-15MHz
18MHz
20M
Or 18.3-19.8MHz

If any value of frequency band, bandwidth and center frequency are not meet the 3GPP specification for CA, the CA configuration information will not be normal in UE attach
procedure.

4.3.4 UE Requirement

For CA function belongs to LTE-A, the UE must be supported CA function with 3GPP R10 specification. It can be checked by UE Capability Information message. The UE is
compliant with specification R10( AccessStratumRelease is Rel10) and UE category greater than or equal to 4.

Only UE capability and specification are both supported CA, that is the UE supported the frequency band configured in OMC, the neighbor cell can be with a CA cell, and it
can be choose to a SCell. eNodeB notify the UE to add SCell by RRC Connection Reconfiguration message..

Figure 4-1 SCell Adding

4.3.5 Transmission Bandwidth Requirements

The S1 transmission bandwidth must meet sum of throughput for multi cells belonged to the eNodeB.

4.3.6 Newly Added CA Functions in V3.20.50.32

- Supports DL two-carrier CA with different antenna configuration. The primary and subsidiary cell CA are not related with antenna number as long as the cell can
be established normally;

- Supports Band5+band7 CA;

- Supports FDD Band20+Band3 intra-band CA;

- Supports primary cell selection function according to frequency priority

- Supports Band5 5M + Band7 10M CA combination;

- Supports 5M+5M CA;

- Supports Intra-board BPN2 CA test;

- Supports LB after CA is enabled;

- Supports CA different scheduling.

4.4 Parameter Configuration Procedure

4.4.1 Enabling the Feature

There is two DL CA configuration in current version:

- Intra-BPL DL CA: The two CA cells are established in the same BPL board.

- Inter-BPL DL CA: The two CA cells are established in the different BPL board respectively.

The difference between two DL CA configurations is extra configuration for CR0 board and X2+IP in inter-BPL DL CA, other configuration procedure is same with intra-BPL
CA.

If two cells that cell0 and cell1 are configured on eNodeB, the frequency bands are band 3 and band 7, DL center frequencies are 1815MHz and 2630MHz respectively, and
the bandwidths are all 20MHz, then active CA function between the two cells. The DL CA configuration procedure is shown below.

4.4.1.1 Configuring Frequency and Bandwidth of CA Cells

Configure the center frequency and bandwidth of the two cells firstly according to network planning..

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Figure 4-2 Configuring Frequency and Bandwidth of CA Cells

4.4.1.2 Configuring CR0 Board and X2+IP (Optional, only Configuring in Inter-BPL CA Case)

If active inter-BPL CA functions, extra CR0 board and X2+IP must be configured. If there is no CR0 board, BPN (slot 3) +BPN (slot 8), BPL1 (slot 3) +BPL1 (slot 8) can also
be configured Inter- board DL CA, but does not support BPL1(slot 3) +BPN (slot 8) or BPN(slot 3) +BPL1 (slot 8) the mixed in. If you mix it, you must use the CR0 board.

4.4.1.2.1 Configuring CR0 Board

Purpose

Add CR0 board to SRIO switch of baseband data in inter-BPL.

Notes:

CR0 board is usually configured in slot 3 and 4 and in this case, the BPL1 board cannot be configured in uptake slots. Such as, if slot 3 is configured as a CR0
board, the BPL1 board cannot be configured in slot 7; If slot 4 is configured as a CR0 board, the BPL1 board cannot be configured in slot 8.

Preparation

Insert the CR0 board in the corresponding slot according to slot planning.

Procedure

1. Select Managed Element> Device to add the CR0 board on the corresponding slot. Right-click in the blank of slot 3 or slot 4 according planning, then choose Add
board.

Figure 4-3 Adding the CR0 Board

2. In the dialog of Add Board, set the board type to CR0 and Board standard to ALL, Board function mode to LTE-FDD CloudRadio.

Notes:

If inter-BPL CA function is enabled, the Board function mode of CR0 must be configured to LTE-FDD ClouldRadio.

Figure 4-4 Modifying the Board Function Mode of the CR0 Board

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3. Click OK button, and complete creating the CR0 board..

Figure 4-5 Complete Creating CR0 Board

4.4.1.3 Configuring Neigbor Relation

Purpose

Configure neighbor relation for the two CA cells.

Procedure

1. In the Configuration Management window of the EMS, select Modify Area -> Managed Element -> Radio Parameter -> LTE FDD ->Neighbor Relation Configuration
->E-UTRAN Neighbor Relation..

Figure 4-6 E-UTRAN Neighbor Relation Window

2. Click “New” button to open E-UTRAN Neighbor Relation windows..

Figure 4-7 E-UTRAN Neighbor Relation Configuration Windows

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3. In the E-UTRAN Neighbor Relation windows, configure Parent MO description, Neighbor Cell within eNodeB and Intra-LTE Neighbor Relation. In the case, configure
neighbor relation of cell0 firstly. So the paramter Parent MO description is configured to cellLocalId=0, Neighbor Cell within eNodeB is configured to cellLocalId=1, and
Intra-LTE Neighbor Relation is configured to Same Coverage or Neighboring .

Figure 4-8 Neighbor Relation Configuration for Cell0

4. Click button to complete the neighbor relation configuration of cell0.

Figure 4-9 Complete Neighbor Relation Configuration of Cell0

5. Repeat above steps to complete neighbor relation configuration of cell1. In the case, Parent MO description is configured to cellLocalId=1, Neighbor Cell within eNodeB
is configured to cellLocalId=0, and Intra-LTE Neighbor Relation is configured to Same Coverage.

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Figure 4-10 Complete Neighbor Relation Configuration of Cell1

6. The neighbor relation configuration records for the two cells are shown below.

Figure 4-11 Neighbor Relation Configuration Records

4.4.1.4 Configuring Cell Coordination Management

Purpose

Configure the cell coordination relation for the two cells by Cell Coordination Management tools. That means combinating the two cells to a group of CA cell.

Procedure

1. In the Configuration Management window of the EMS, click Confiruration Management -> Special Function of Standard -> Cell Coordination Management..

Figure 4-12 Entering Cell Coordination Management

2. In the Cell Coordination Management view, Select the test eNodeB and click “Query” button to check the cell information of the selected eNodeB..

Figure 4-13 Query Cell Configuration Information of eNodeB

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3. After query successful, the configured cell list of eNodeB is shown in the cell management column. Select one of the serving cell as PCell, and then click “Group”
button.. In this case, the cell with PCI=188 is a PCell, and cell with PCI=189 is a Scell.

Figure 4-14 Configured Cell List of eNodeB

4. Neighbor Cell List dialog box is displayed after click “Group” button. Indicate to select which Scell to group with Pcell..

Figure 4-15 Coordination Configuration

5. Select “DL CA” in the Neighbor Cell List dialog box and select the Scell according to network planning.

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Figure 4-16 Select SCell

6. Then click “OK” button. The system execute CA coordination cells combination. The successfuly result is shown below. In this case, the two cells with PCI=188 and
PCI=189 are grouped to a CA coordination cell.

Figure 4-17 Configuration Completed

4.4.1.5 Configuring PUCCH 1b

Purpose

Configure the parameter Number of PUCCH Format 1b according to network planning.

Procedure

1. In the Configuration Management window of the EMS, click Modify Area -> Managed Element -> Radio Parameter -> LTE FDD-> E-UTRAN FDD Cell->PUCH and
PDCH, select a cell configuation record and click button to enter PUCH and PDCH window..

Figure 4-18 Entering PUCH and PDCH Window

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2. Configure the parameter Number of PUCCH Format 1b according to actual requirement. The parameter Number of PUCCH Format 1b indicates the CA cell which
supports how many UEs that using two carriers and it should be configured according to the number of UEs that the system supported. If the value is larger, the RB
number that PUCCH occupied is more, which will affect the throughput of eNodeB. If the value is 0, the CA service cannot be enabled. Such as, this value is 12, it
indicates that the CA cell can has 120 UE to do two carriers CA service. If there is more than 120 UEs, the other UEs only can do single-carriers service.

Figure 4-19 PUCCH 1b Configuration

3. Click button to complete configuring the parameter of Number of PUCCH Format 1b.

4. Repeat above steps to complete the other cell configuration for Number of PUCCH Format 1b.

4.4.1.6 Configuring Other Relevant Parameters (Optional)

Notes:

The below parameters must not to modify in the case of activating CA function. It can use the default value to enable CA function. If you need to modify it, please
contact network optimization operator to guide.

4.4.1.6.1 Configuring Measurement Parameter for Adding CA Scell

Purpose

Modify the parameter RSRP threshold of Add Scell Measurement A4 event according to test requirement.

Procedure

1. In the Configuration Management window of the EMS, double-click Modify Area ->Radio Parameter -> LTE FDD -> Measurement Parameter Configuration -> UE
E-UTRAN Measurement, the UE E-UTRAN Measurement List window is shown below.

Figure 4-20 UE E-UTRAN Measurement List

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2. In the UE E-UTRAN Measurement List window, select the record whose measurement configuration function name that is Add Scell Measurement, then click button,
enter to UE E-UTRAN Measurement Window..

Figure 4-21 UE E-UTRAN Measurement Window

3. In this window, modify the parameter RSRP Absolute Threshold of Event Decision for A4 event according to test requirement. Scell A4 measurement configuration
parameters ucMaxRptCellNum need according to the actual coverage scene, when site independent covered with a different frequencythere there is only one neighbor
zone, the parameters of the recommended value is 1; When the site between the overlapping coverage, making the same frequency multiple adjacent different
frequency region, the parameters of the recommended value is 3.

Figure 4-22 Modify the Parameter RSRP Absolute Threshold of Event Decision for A4 Event

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4. Click button, and complete the configuration for Add Scell Measurment.

4.4.1.6.2 Configuring Measurement Parameter for Removing CA Scell

Purpose

Modify the parameter RSRP threshold of Remove Scell Measurement A2 event according to test requirement.

Procedure

1. In the Configuration Management window of the EMS, double-click Modify Area -> Radio Parameter -> LTE FDD -> Measurement Parameter Configuration -> UE
E-UTRAN Measurement, the UE E-UTRAN Measurement List window is displayed.

2. In the UE E-UTRAN Measurement List window, select the record whose measurement configuration function name is “Remove Scell Measurement”, then click
button to enter the UE E-UTRAN Measurement window..

Figure 4-23 The Configuration Record for Remove Scell Measurement

3. In this window, modify the parameter RSRP Absolute Threshold of Event Decision for A2 event according to test requirement.

Figure 4-24 Modify the Parameter RSRP Absolute Threshold of Event Decision for A2 Event

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4. Click button, and complete the configuration for Remove Scell Measurment.

4.4.1.6.3 Configuring Measurement Parameter for Modify CA Scell

Purpose

Modify the parameter RSRP threshold of Add Scell Measurement A6 event according to test requirement.

Procedure

1. In the Configuration Management window of the EMS, double-click Modify Area ->Radio Parameter -> LTE FDD -> Measurement Parameter Configuration -> UE
E-UTRAN Measurement, the UE E-UTRAN Measurement List window is displayed.

2. In the UE E-UTRAN Measurement List window, select the record whose measurement configuration function name that is Modify Scell Measurement, then click
button, enter to UE E-UTRAN Measurement Window..

Figure 4-25 UE E-UTRAN Measurement Window

3. In this window, modify the parameter RSRP Absolute Threshold of Event Decision for A6 event according to test requirement.

Figure 4-26 Modify the Parameter RSRP Absolute Threshold of Event Decision for A6 Event

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4. Click button, and complete the configuration for Add Scell Measurment.

4.4.1.6.4 Configuring Service MAC Parameter

Purpose

Modify RB ratio threshold for SCC activating and deactivating according to test requirement.

Procedure

1. In the Configuration Management window of the EMS, double click Modify Area > Radio Parameter > LTE FDD > E-UTRAN FDD Cell > Service MAC, and select a
record of Service MAC in Service MAC List window, then click button , and Service MAC window is shown below.

Figure 4-27 Service MAC List Window

2. In Service MAC window, modify the RB ratio threshold for SCC activating/deactivating..

Figure 4-28 Modify the RB Ratio Threshold for SCC Activating/Deactivating

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3. Click button, and complete a cell configuration parameter for Service MAC.

4. Repeat above steps to complete the other cell configuration for Service MAC.

4.4.1.6.5 Configuring CA Load Adjust Parameter

1. In the Configuration Management window of EMS, click Modify Area > Radio Parameter > LTE FDD> E-UTRAN Service Configuration > Load Management, click
button, and configure the parameters Switch of CA Load Adjust to Open[1] as shown below.

Figure 4-29 Modify the Switch of CA Load Adjust

2. In the Configuration Management window of EMS, click Modify Area > Radio Parameter > LTE FDD > E-UTRAN Service Configuration > Load Management, click
button, and configure the parameters PRB Threshold of CA Load Adjust as shown below.

Figure 4-30 Modify the PRB Threshold of CA Load Adjust

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4.4.2 Data Synchronization

When all the initial parameters including CA part are configured completely, and the configuration is correct after checking, then synchronize all data.

Then the eNodeB will configure the Scell for all the UEs supported this band configured in the EMS in the attaching procedure. Then the test engineer can do CA test
normally.

4.4.3 Deactivate feature

For deactivating the CA function configured already, split the downlink CA coordination relation, then do data synchronization.

1. Split DL CA Coordination Relation:

In the Configuration Management window of the EMS, select EMS -> Configuration Management -> Special Function of Standard -> Cell Coordination Management,
open the Coordination Management Window, select the test eNodeB and split CA coordination relation..

Figure 4-31 Cell Coordination Management

Figure 4-32 Select the eNodeB to split CA Coordination

2. Synchronize data:

After the above steps, then incremental synchronization data to the eNodeb, you can Deactivate the CA function.

5 Impact on Network
1. Impact on Equipment Performance

None

2. Impact on Network KPIs

Advantages of this feature:

Enabling carrier aggregation can increase the peak throughout of UE supporting CA, inter-cell load balance can be enhanced to some extent and reduce the inter-cell
handover triggered by LB can be reduced. But this feature cannot improve the valid throughput of the cell and it has no impact on access success rate, RRC
establishment success rate and handover success rate.

Disadvantage of this feature:

Because CA UE occupies one user in primary and secondary carrier cells, the user index of the system may be affected. But user capacity and CA user index can be
configured on EMS to achieve the relative balance.

6 Feature Validation
There are four specification for CA test with band 3(20MHz)+band7(20MHz), other CA test scenarios is same, they won’t be covered here.

6.1 Topology
For the test environment, see the figure below..

Figure 6-1 Carrier Aggregation Test

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For the required devices, refer to the table below..

Table 6-1 Required Devices for the Carrier Aggregation Function

SN Device Remarks
1 eNodeB One BBU and Two RRU
2 UE One.
3 Adjustable attenuator Two
4 EPC One.
5 FTP server One.

6.2 CA Throughput Test (20MHz+20MHz)

6.2.1 Test Specification

For the CA (20MHz+20MHz) test specification, refer to Table 6-2..

Table 6-2 CA (20MHz+20MHz) Function Test Specification

Test item CA (20MHz+20MHz) Function Test.


Feature ID ZLF34-00-013
Purpose Verify that the DL CA performance.
1. Cell1 and Cell 2 that belong to the same eNodeB are
established successfully and they work properly;
2. The frequency band of Cell 1 belongs to Band 3, and the
frequency band of Cell 2 belongs to Band 7;
3. The bandwidths of Cell 1 and Cell 2 are all 20MHz;
Prerequisites 4. The CA function is open;
5. LTE EPC works normally;
6. The downlink AMBR of UE is larger than 300Mbps, and the
uplink AMBR of UE is larger than 100Mbps;
7. The UE supports CA function.

Step Expected step result


Place the UE to the center of the
1
cell 1 and cell 2.
Power on UE to execute attaches Check the PCell and SCell
2 procedure and make sure cell1 is configuration are normal in attach
PCell and cell2 is SCell. message.
The throughput is normal.
Start FTP download service on the
3 Record the test result of eNodeB side
UE side.
and UE side.
Stop downlink FTP service and
4 The UE detaches successfully.
detach UE.
Expected result The downlink throughput is 300Mbps.
The downlink throughput is 300Mbps when CA function is
Criteria
enabled.
Test result Passed.

6.2.2 Test Result

After UE attaches successfully, the UE support CA function in capability information can be checked in UE Capability Information message. The below figure shows that a
UE with Category 6 is supported CA function.

Figure 6-2 UE Capability Information

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Check whether the SCell is added by RRC Connection Reconfiguration message, Figure 6-3 is shown the SCell(PCI 189) adding successfully.

Figure 6-3 SCell Adding Successfully

Save UE log, and check the PCell and SCell PCI are 188 and 189 respectively after UE attached successfully. See Figure 6-4.

Figure 6-4 CA UE Attached Successfully

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Start downlink FTP or UDP service, and check the downlink throughput by QXDM DL Throughput and BLER view, see Figure 6-5. The downlink throughput of Pcell and
Scell are all 150Mbps. So the downlink total throughput of UE is 300Mbps, which is met the test requirement.

Figure 6-5 The Downlink Throughput of Pcell and Scell

6.3 SCell Adding and Deleting Test

6.3.1 Test Specification

For the CA SCell adding and deleting test specification, refer to Table 6-3.

Table 6-3 CA SCell Adding and Deleting Function Test Specification

Test item CA SCell adding and deleting function test.


Feature ID ZLF34-00-013
Purpose Verify that the CA SCell adding and deleting function.
1. Cell1 and Cell 2 that belong to the same eNodeB are
established successfully and they work properly;
2. The carrier frequency of Cell 1 belongs to Band 3, and the
carrier frequency of Cell 2 belongs to Band 7;
3. The bandwidths of Cell 1 and Cell 2 are all 20MHz;
Prerequisites 4. The LTE EPC works normally;
5. The downlink AMBR of UE is larger than 300Mbps, and the
uplink AMBR of UE is larger than 100Mbps;
6. The A2/A4 events for CA function are configured;
7. The UE supports CA function.

Step Expected step result


The UE is connected to the serving
cell 1 successfully.
Place the UE to the center of the
1 cell 1 and cell 2, and perform the The eNodeB sends RRC Connection
attach operation. Reconfiguration message to add
SCell, and the message carries A2
event.
After the signal quality goes to
weaker, UE reports A2 event, and the
Adjust the signal quality to make it
eNodeB sends RRC Connection
2 weaker, and trigger the A2 event to
Reconfiguration message to delete
delete SCell.
SCell and it also carries A4 event in
the message.
After the signal goes to better, UE
Adjust the signal quality to make it
reports A4 event, and the eNodeB
better, and trigger the A4 event to
3 sends RRC Connection
adding SCell, and activate SCell to
Reconfiguration message to add
sharing partial service.
SCell.
Expected result The function of SCell adding and deleting works normally.

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Criteria SCell adding and deleting flows can be triggered successfully


and the flows are correct.
Test result Passed.

6.3.2 Test Result

After UE attached, the eNodeB sends RRC Connection Reconfiguration message which carries A2 event to trigger SCell deleting.

Figure 6-6 A2 Event Sending

Adjust SCell’s signal quality and make it weaker, the A2 event reporting is triggered.

Figure 6-7 A2 Measurement Reporting

The eNodeB sends A4 event of SCell and deletes SCell.

Figure 6-8 The eNodeB Sends A4 Event of SCell and Deletes SCell

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Adjust the SCell’s signal quality and make it better, the A4 event measurement reporting is triggered to report.

Figure 6-9 A4 Measurement Event Reporting

The eNodeB sends RRC Connection Reconfiguration to add SCell.

Figure 6-10 A4 Measurement Reporting Triggers Adding SCell

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6.4 SCell Modifying Test(A6 Event)

6.4.1 Test Specification

For the CA SCell modifying test specification, refer to Table 6-4.

Table 6-4 CA SCell Modifying Function Test Specification

Test item CA SCell Modifying Function Test.


Feature ID ZLF34-00-013
Verify that the CA SCell modifying function can be used
Purpose
normally.
1. Cell1 and Cell 2 that belong to the same eNodeB are
established successfully and they work properly;
2. The carrier frequency of Cell 1 belongs to Band 3, and the
carrier frequency of Cell 2 belongs to Band 7;
3. The bandwidths of Cell 1 and Cell are all 20MHz;
4. The CA function is enabled;
5. The LTE EPC works normally;
Prerequisites
6. The downlink AMBR of UE is larger than 300Mbps, and the
uplink AMBR of UE is larger than 100Mbps;
7. The A6 event for CA function is configured.
8. The intra-frequency neighbor cell of SCell is configured and
the neighbor cell works normally.
9. The UE supports CA function.

Step Expected step result


The UE is connected to the serving
cell 1 successfully.
Place the UE to the center of the
1 cell 1 and cell 2, and perform the The eNodeB sends RRC Connection
attach operation. Reconfiguration message to adding
SCell and the message carries A6
event configuration.
2

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Adjust the attenuator, make the After A6 measurement event


intra-frequency neighbor cell’s threshold is reached, the UE will
signal quality is better than SCell report A6 measurement event
and reach the threshold of A6 event reporting.
configured on OMC to trigger A6
measurement event reporting.
The eNodeB sends RRC
Connection Reconfiguration After the eNodeB received the
Measurement Report message, it will
3 message, deletes the original SCell send RRC Connection Reconfiguration
and adds the intra-frequency of message to modify SCell.
original SCell to a new SCell.
Expected result The function of SCell modifying works normally.
SCell modifying flows are triggered successfully and they are
Criteria
correct.
Test result Passed.

6.4.2 Test Result

After UE attached, the eNodeB sends RRC Connection Reconfiguration message which carries A6 event.

Figure 6-11 A6 Event Configuration

The intra-frequency neighbor cell’s signal quality is better than SCell and reaches the threshold of A6 event configured on OMC. The UE reports A6 Measurement Report
message.

Figure 6-12 A6 Measurement Report

After the eNodeB received A6 measurement report, the eNodeB deletes old SCell and adds new SCell in RRC Connection Reconfiguration message.

Figure 6-13 Deletes Old SCell and Adds New SCell

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6.5 SCell Activating and Deactivating

6.5.1 Test Specification

For the CA SCell activating and deactivating test specification, refer to Table 6-5.

Table 6-5 SCell Activating and Deactivating Test Specification

Test item CA activating and deactivating function test


Feature ID ZLF34-00-013
Verify that the CA SCell activating and deactivating function
Purpose
can be used normally.
1. Cell1 and Cell 2 that belong to the same eNodeB are
established successfully and they work properly;
2. The carrier frequency of Cell 1 belongs to Band 3, and the
carrier frequency of Cell 2 belongs to Band 7;
3. The bandwidths of Cell 1 and Cell are all 20MHz;
Prerequisites 4. The CA function is enabled;
5. The LTE EPC works normally;
6. The downlink AMBR of UE is larger than 300Mbps, and the
uplink AMBR of UE is larger than 100Mbps;
7. The UE supports CA function.

Step Expected step result


Place the UE to the center of the
1
cell 1 and cell 2.
Power on UE and execute
Check the PCell and SCell
attaching operation, make sure that
2 configuration are normal in attach
the Cell1 as PCell and cell2 as
message.
SCell.
Start ping operation from UE side
The throughput is normal.
3 and downlink FTP service. Check
The SCell is activated.
whether the SCC is activated.
Stop downlink FTP service and
4 keep ping operation, check whether The SCC is deactivated.
the SCC is deactivated.
Stop service; detach UE, and
5 UE detaches successfully.
record log of UE.
The function of SCell activating and deactivating works
Expected result
normally.
SCell activating and deactivating flows are triggered
Criteria
successfully and they are correct.
Test result Passed.

6.5.2 Test Result

When UE keeps downlink FTP service, the SCC active threshold is reached. The eNodeB sends active MAC CE to UE, see Figure 6-14.

Figure 6-14 MAC CE for Activating SCell

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After SCC is active, the service data will transmit on both PCC and SCC.

Figure 6-15 The Scheduling Information After SCC Activating

Then UE does ping operation, and make it reaches deactivating threshold. The eNodeB sends deactivating MAC CE to UE, see Figure 6-16.

Figure 6-16 MAC CE for Deactivating SCell

After SCC deactivated, the data service is only transmits on PCC.

Figure 6-17 Scheduling Information after SCC Deactivated

7 Abbreviations
For the acronyms and abbreviations, see LTE Glossary.

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