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MATHEMATICS 9709/32

Paper 3 Pure Mathematics March 2018

MARK SCHEME

Maximum Mark: 75

Published

This mark scheme is published as an aid to teachers and candidates, to indicate the requirements of the

examination. It shows the basis on which Examiners were instructed to award marks. It does not indicate the

details of the discussions that took place at an Examiners’ meeting before marking began, which would have

considered the acceptability of alternative answers.

Mark schemes should be read in conjunction with the question paper and the Principal Examiner Report for

Teachers.

Cambridge International will not enter into discussions about these mark schemes.

Cambridge International is publishing the mark schemes for the March 2018 series for most

Cambridge IGCSE®, Cambridge International A and AS Level components and some Cambridge O Level

components.

9709/32 Cambridge International A Level – Mark Scheme March 2018

PUBLISHED

These general marking principles must be applied by all examiners when marking candidate answers.

They should be applied alongside the specific content of the mark scheme or generic level descriptors

for a question. Each question paper and mark scheme will also comply with these marking principles.

• the specific content of the mark scheme or the generic level descriptors for the question

• the specific skills defined in the mark scheme or in the generic level descriptors for the question

• the standard of response required by a candidate as exemplified by the standardisation scripts.

Marks awarded are always whole marks (not half marks, or other fractions).

• marks are awarded for correct/valid answers, as defined in the mark scheme. However, credit

is given for valid answers which go beyond the scope of the syllabus and mark scheme,

referring to your Team Leader as appropriate

• marks are awarded when candidates clearly demonstrate what they know and can do

• marks are not deducted for errors

• marks are not deducted for omissions

• answers should only be judged on the quality of spelling, punctuation and grammar when these

features are specifically assessed by the question as indicated by the mark scheme. The

meaning, however, should be unambiguous.

Rules must be applied consistently e.g. in situations where candidates have not followed

instructions or in the application of generic level descriptors.

Marks should be awarded using the full range of marks defined in the mark scheme for the question

(however; the use of the full mark range may be limited according to the quality of the candidate

responses seen).

Marks awarded are based solely on the requirements as defined in the mark scheme. Marks should

not be awarded with grade thresholds or grade descriptors in mind.

9709/32 Cambridge International A Level – Mark Scheme March 2018

PUBLISHED

M Method mark, awarded for a valid method applied to the problem. Method marks are not lost

for numerical errors, algebraic slips or errors in units. However, it is not usually sufficient for a

candidate just to indicate an intention of using some method or just to quote a formula; the

formula or idea must be applied to the specific problem in hand, e.g. by substituting the

relevant quantities into the formula. Correct application of a formula without the formula being

quoted obviously earns the M mark and in some cases an M mark can be implied from a

correct answer.

A Accuracy mark, awarded for a correct answer or intermediate step correctly obtained.

Accuracy marks cannot be given unless the associated method mark is earned (or implied).

• When a part of a question has two or more “method” steps, the M marks are generally

independent unless the scheme specifically says otherwise; and similarly when there are several

B marks allocated. The notation DM or DB (or dep*) is used to indicate that a particular M or B

mark is dependent on an earlier M or B (asterisked) mark in the scheme. When two or more

steps are run together by the candidate, the earlier marks are implied and full credit is given.

• The symbol FT implies that the A or B mark indicated is allowed for work correctly following on

from previously incorrect results. Otherwise, A or B marks are given for correct work only. A and

B marks are not given for fortuitously “correct” answers or results obtained from incorrect

working.

B2/1/0 means that the candidate can earn anything from 0 to 2.

The marks indicated in the scheme may not be subdivided. If there is genuine doubt whether a

candidate has earned a mark, allow the candidate the benefit of the doubt. Unless otherwise

indicated, marks once gained cannot subsequently be lost, e.g. wrong working following a correct

form of answer is ignored.

• Wrong or missing units in an answer should not lead to the loss of a mark unless the scheme

specifically indicates otherwise.

• For a numerical answer, allow the A or B mark if a value is obtained which is correct to 3 s.f., or

which would be correct to 3 s.f. if rounded (1 d.p. in the case of an angle). As stated above, an A

or B mark is not given if a correct numerical answer arises fortuitously from incorrect working. For

Mechanics questions, allow A or B marks for correct answers which arise from taking g equal to

9.8 or 9.81 instead of 10.

9709/32 Cambridge International A Level – Mark Scheme March 2018

PUBLISHED

The following abbreviations may be used in a mark scheme or used on the scripts:

AG Answer Given on the question paper (so extra checking is needed to ensure that the

detailed working leading to the result is valid)

CAO Correct Answer Only (emphasising that no “follow through” from a previous error is

allowed)

SR Special Ruling (detailing the mark to be given for a specific wrong solution, or a case

where some standard marking practice is to be varied in the light of a particular

circumstance)

Penalties

question are genuinely misread and the object and difficulty of the question remain

unaltered. In this case all A and B marks then become “follow through” marks. MR is not

applied when the candidate misreads his own figures – this is regarded as an error in

accuracy. An MR –2 penalty may be applied in particular cases if agreed at the

coordination meeting.

penalty is usually discussed at the meeting.

9709/32 Cambridge International A Level – Mark Scheme March 2018

PUBLISHED

1 M1

Use correct formula, or equivalent, with h = π and four ordinates

12

3 7 A1 + A1

Obtain the next two terms − x 2 − x 3

2 2

1 M1

Substitute in (cos 4 x + cos 2 x )

2

3(ii) 1 1 B1

Obtain integral sin 4 x + sin 2 x

8 4

Obtain the given answer following full, correct and exact working AG A1

9709/32 Cambridge International A Level – Mark Scheme March 2018

PUBLISHED

State that the graph of ln y against ln x has an equation which is linear in ln y and ln B1

x, or has equation of the form nY = ln A + 3X, where Y = ln y and X = ln x, and is

thus a straight line.

for one of the constants

dy dy dx M1

Use = ÷

dx dt dt

dy 4sin 2t A1

Obtain = , or equivalent

dx 2 + 2cos 2t

5(ii) 1 B1

State or imply t = tan −1 −

4

9709/32 Cambridge International A Level – Mark Scheme March 2018

PUBLISHED

6(ii) Separate variables correctly and attempt integration of at least one side B1

1 2 B1

Obtain term x

2

1 M1

Evaluate a constant, or use limits x = 1, θ = π , in a solution with two terms of the

4

form ax and b tan θ , where ab ≠ 0

2

1 3

e.g. x 2 = tan 2θ + tan θ −

2 2

1 A1

Substitute θ = π and obtain x = 2.54

3

Sketch a second relevant graph, e.g. y = 6 + e − x , and justify the given statement B1

expressions at x = 0.5 and x = 1

7(iii) B1

1

(

State a suitable equation, e.g. x = ln 1 + 6e x

3

)

Rearrange this as e2 x = 6 + e− x , or commence working vice versa B1

9709/32 Cambridge International A Level – Mark Scheme March 2018

PUBLISHED

Show sufficient iterations to 5 d.p. to justify 0.928 to 3 d.p., or show there is a sign A1

change in the interval (0.9275, 0.9285)

8(i) A Bx + C B1

State or imply the form + 2

2x + 1 x + 9

8(ii) 3 B1 FT

Integrate and obtain term ln ( 2 x + 1)

2

(FT on A value)

1 A1 FT

Obtain term ln( x 2 + 9)

2

(FT on B value)

( )

Substitute limits correctly in an integral of the form a ln ( 2 x + 1) + b ln x 2 + 9 , M1

where ab ≠ 0

9709/32 Cambridge International A Level – Mark Scheme March 2018

PUBLISHED

Obtain answer k = 15 A1

Carry out a complete method for finding a quadratic factor with zeros 1 + 2i and M1

1 – 2i

Obtain x 2 − 2 x + 5 A1

3 A1

Obtain root − , or equivalent, via division or inspection

2

Carry out a complete method for calculating the least value of arg z M1

r = ( 4 + µ ) i + ( 3 + 2 µ ) j + ( −1 − 2µ ) k , or equivalent

NB: Calling the vector a + µ b, the B1 is earned by a correct reduction of the sum

to a single vector or by expressing the substitution as a distributed sum a.n + µ b.n

9709/32 Cambridge International A Level – Mark Scheme March 2018

PUBLISHED

10(ii) Using the correct process, evaluate the scalar product of a direction vector for l and M1

a normal for p

Using the correct process for the moduli, divide the scalar product by the product of M1

the moduli and find the inverse sine or cosine of the result

ratio, e.g. a : b

Obtain a : b : c = 8 : 3 : 7, or equivalent A1

vectors, e.g. (2i – 3j – k)×(i + 2j – 2k)

relevant vectors

r = 4j – k + λ(i + 2j – 2k) + µ (2i – 3j – k)

Eliminate λ and µ M1

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