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# The point 𝑃(𝑚, 𝑛) is reflected on the line 𝑎𝑥 + 𝑏𝑦 + 𝑐 = 0. The image of P.

## Find the line which is perpendicular to 𝑎𝑥 + 𝑏𝑦 + 𝑐 = 0

𝑎𝑥+𝑐
𝑦=−
𝑏
𝑏
𝑦= 𝑥+𝑐
𝑎
𝑏
𝑛= 𝑚+𝑐
𝑎
𝑏𝑚
𝑐=− +𝑛
𝑎
𝑏 𝑏𝑚
𝑦= 𝑥+𝑛−
𝑎 𝑎
𝑏𝑥−𝑏𝑚
𝑦= +𝑛
𝑎
𝑏𝑥 − 𝑏𝑚 𝑎𝑥 + 𝑐
+𝑛 = −
𝑎 𝑏
𝑎 𝑐 + 𝑎 𝑏 𝑛 − 𝑚 𝑏2
𝑥=−
𝑎2 + 𝑏 2

## Let 𝑃𝑙 (𝑟, 𝑡) be the image point of 𝑃(𝑚, 𝑛)

𝑟+𝑚 𝑎 𝑐 + 𝑎 𝑏 𝑛 − 𝑚 𝑏2
=−
2 𝑎2 + 𝑏2
2 (𝑎 𝑐 + 𝑎 𝑏 𝑛 − 𝑚 𝑏 2 )
𝑟=− −𝑚
𝑎2 + 𝑏 2
𝑡 + 𝑛 −𝑎 𝑏 𝑚 + 𝑛 𝑎2 − 𝑏 𝑐
=
2 𝑎2 + 𝑏 2

2 (−𝑎 𝑏 𝑚 + 𝑛 𝑎2 − 𝑏 𝑐)
𝑡= −𝑛
𝑎2 + 𝑏 2
2 (𝑎 𝑐 + 𝑎 𝑏 𝑛 − 𝑚 𝑏 2 )
𝑟=− −𝑚
𝑎2 + 𝑏 2
−2𝑎(𝑐 + 𝑏𝑛) − 𝑚(𝑎2 − 𝑏 2 )
𝑟=
𝑎2 + 𝑏 2
2 (−𝑎 𝑏 𝑚 + 𝑛 𝑎2 − 𝑏 𝑐)
𝑡= −𝑛
𝑎2 + 𝑏 2
−2𝑏(𝑎𝑚 + 𝑐) + 𝑛(𝑎2 − 𝑏 2 )
𝑡=
𝑎2 + 𝑏 2

𝑦 = 𝑎𝑥 + 𝑏

1
𝑦 =− 𝑥+𝑐
𝑎
1
𝑛 =− 𝑚+𝑐
𝑎
𝑚
𝑐 =𝑛+ ,𝑎 ≠ 0
𝑎
1 𝑚
𝑦 =− 𝑥+𝑛+
𝑎 𝑎
1 𝑚
𝑎𝑥 + 𝑏 = − 𝑥 + 𝑛 +
𝑎 𝑎
𝑎𝑏−𝑎𝑛−𝑚
𝑥=− ,𝑎 ≠ 0
𝑎2 + 1
𝑎𝑏−𝑎𝑛−𝑚
𝑦 = 𝑎 (− )+𝑏
𝑎2 + 1
𝑎 (𝑎 𝑏 − 𝑎 𝑛 − 𝑚)
𝑦=− +𝑏
𝑎2 + 1
𝑟+𝑚 𝑎𝑏−𝑎𝑛−𝑚
=−
2 𝑎2 + 1
2 (𝑎 𝑏 − 𝑎 𝑛 − 𝑚)
𝑟=− −𝑚
𝑎2 + 1
𝑡+𝑛 𝑎 (𝑎 𝑏 − 𝑎 𝑛 − 𝑚)
=− +𝑏
2 𝑎2 + 1
2𝑎(𝑛 − 𝑏) − 𝑚(𝑎2 − 1)
𝑟=
𝑎2 + 1
2(𝑎𝑚 + 𝑏) + 𝑛(𝑎2 − 1)
𝑡=
𝑎2 + 1
2𝑎(𝑛 − 𝑏) − 𝑚(𝑎2 − 1)
𝑟=
𝑎2 + 1

2(𝑎𝑚 + 𝑏) + 𝑛(𝑎2 − 1)
𝑡=
𝑎2 + 1

𝑦 − 2𝑥 + 2 = 0
−2(−2)(2+1(−4))−4(22 −12 )
=−4
4+12

−2∗((−2∗4)+2)−4(4−1)
=0
4+1

## The image of the point 𝑷(𝒙𝟎 , 𝒚𝟎 ) reflected on the line

𝒚 = 𝒎𝒙 + 𝒃, 𝑷𝟏 (𝒙𝟏 , 𝒚𝟏 ) is given by

𝟏 (𝒙𝟏 𝟏)
𝟐𝒎(𝒚𝟎 − 𝒃) − 𝒙𝟎 (𝒎𝟐 − 𝟏) 𝟐(𝒎𝒙𝟎 + 𝒃) + 𝒚𝟎 (𝒎𝟐 − 𝟏)
𝑷 ,𝒚 = ,
𝟏 + 𝒎𝟐 𝟏 + 𝒎𝟐
Find the image ∆𝐴1 𝐵1 𝐶1 of ∆ABC with vertices A(4,-4), B(2,-8) and C(5,-7) reflected on the
line 𝑦 = 2𝑥 − 2, where 𝐴 → 𝐴1 , 𝐵 → 𝐵1 and 𝐶 → 𝐶1
𝟐𝒎(𝒚𝟎 −𝒃)+𝒙𝟎 (𝟏−𝒎𝟐 ) 𝟐(𝒎𝒙𝟎 +𝒃)−𝒚𝟎 (𝟏−𝒎𝟐 )
,
𝟏+𝒎𝟐 𝟏+𝒎𝟐
𝟐(𝟐)(−𝟒−−𝟐)+𝟒(𝟏−𝟐𝟐 ) 𝟐((𝟐)(𝟒)−𝟐)−−𝟒(𝟏−𝟐𝟐 )
, = −4,𝟎
𝟏+𝟐𝟐 𝟏+𝟐𝟐
𝟐(𝟐)(−𝟖−−𝟐)+𝟐(𝟏−𝟐𝟐 ) 𝟐((𝟐)(𝟐)−𝟐)—𝟖(𝟏−𝟐𝟐 )
, = −𝟔,−4
𝟏+𝟐𝟐 𝟏+𝟐𝟐
𝟐∗𝟐(−𝟕−−𝟐)+𝟓(𝟏−𝟐𝟐 ) 𝟐((𝟐∗𝟓)−𝟐)+𝟕(𝟏−𝟐𝟐 )
, = −𝟕, −𝟏
𝟏+𝟐𝟐 𝟏+𝟐𝟐
10

0
-10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10

-2

-4

-6

-8

-10